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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 8, 1901)
THE MORNING OBEGONIAN, MONDAY, APRIL 8, 1901.
INE -EASTER WEATHER
IAItGE COXGREGA-TION'S Ji.TTEXDEI
THE CHURCH SERVICES.
1 3r , v .
Dr. Ackermnn Answers the -Charge
Tnat'Chrlstlanlty Is Losing:
Beautiful weather ushered in Easter
Sunday and. drew large congregations to
the churches. TEaster -sermons -were
preached from all the pulpits. The sig
nificance of resurrection day to the
Christian relfgfau -vfas" 'pointed out and
lwelt upon by .pastors of many creeds
and denominations. The services at the
Roman Catholic and Episcopal churches
were most elaborate. Holy communion
was administered at many of the places
of worship. Baptismal ceremonies were
also performed at several of the churches,.
and many new members were received
in this and other ways. -All of the
churches were brightened in appearance
by the abundance of Easter and calla
lilies aJid other flowers used in the dec
orations. At the First Unitarian Church Dr. Ixrd
preached an Easter sermon. Children,
were christened and new members re
ceived. The church choir rendered a
bright musical programme, assisted by
the tenor soloist, "W. G. Hodson.
At Calvary Presbyterian Church Rev.
W. S. Gilbert preached sermons on the
resurrection. The solo by Mrs. Mann, the
-violin solo by Mrs. Sherman D. Brown,
and a carol, "He Is Risen," by the quar
tet, consisting of Mrs. Mann, Miss Lam
berson, Mr. Streyfeller and Mr. Dun
lam, made the day's music notable.
At the First Christian Church Rev. J.
F. Ghormley preached an Easter ser
mon -on "From the Tomb to the Throne."
and the choir rendered a musical pro
gramme in keeping with the day.
Appropriate sen-Ices were held at Grace
Methodist Episcopal Church, opening
with a sunrise prayer meeting. Dr.
Xathrop preached a sermon on Christ,
the World's Magnet." The choir ren
dered "an excellent programme. Mrs.
Fleming singing a beautiful contralto
solo, "The Holy City."
MESSAGE OF EASTER.
Dr. Aekerman Answers Charges That
Christianity Is Decadent.
At the First Congregational Church
yesterday morning, the Pafr; v.":
thur W Ackerman, preached upon The
Decadence of Christianity and Its
Easter." His text Tvas Mark xvl:3. Who
shall roll us away tne stone from the
door of the sepulcher?" He said in part.
"For 1900 years the Christian world has
cherished a faith in Jesus as the divine
Son of God. the Messiah of blessing,
whose kingdom is the reign of the Holy
Spirit, of joy, peace and Profress But
today there is dissatisfaction. The Gospel
is said to be tame, men's hopes are not
realized, the lives of Christians are not
-what -we could wish, the doctrines of the
church are stereotyped: and In the minds
of many all that remains to be done for
Christianity is to roll away the stone
that the last sad rites may be performed
upon the church and the religion of the
Saviour, which has succumbed to world
liness done to death by the betrayal of
its friends and the hate of Its enemies.
But the- glad Easter day reminds us that
God is above all and in all and the true
Chris't will burst the bonds of. this, as
of all deaths, because the power of God
is in him. and He shall come forth In a
glorified humanity. To the charge that
Christianity is decaying, we bring the
Easter message and declare that although
the depressing Influences are and have
been very great yet we have reason to
iope for a great and blessed revival.
"One of these influences is our peculiar
genius for self-made men. The history of
our nation has been enriched by brilliant
examples of thrift, industry, and applica
tion. The danger Is that we shall go from
self-interest to self-esteem and from self
esteem to conceit, and that the rising
generation shall get a high estimate of
human effort and a iovr valuation of dl
vine help. It -Is plain that such a spirit
is not helpful to the religious life, which
consists in humility, reverence, depend
ence, and the recognition of weakness
and unworthlness in the presence of the
great and worthy. Another Influence is
the introduction of machinery into our
Industrial life. It las been the chief
cause of the destruction of family life,
which ,has been robbed of its old sim
plicity and companionship. Because of it
there is less time for reflection, a lack
of leisure, a loss of domestic tastes, and
a. laxity of parental control. It is the,
chief cause of the factory town and the
increase of the city, and has given us
the greatest problem of the age. Every
one "knows that It is more difficult to
ilyie. a. religious life in a tenement house
than in a. home of one's own, that a
boarding "house Is vastly worse, that to
live In a hotel is to dwarf and smother
religious labits. It is the cause of the
unsettled condition of society. Wealth
travels .for fun! society for novelty; capi
tal for investment; labor for better wages.
Tlie whole movement is possible because
of ihe perfection of our machinery. But
it is the death of the Sabbath; ruinous
to sacred covenants and disastrous to the
sense of responsibility. An investigation
of 15 -factory towns in the East has shown
that among laboring men who handle
machines the church and religion is be
ing Increasingly ignored, while an ex
amination of many cities has revealed
that 55 per cent of the communcants
and 77 per cent of the regular attend
ants of the churches are from the busi
ness -classes. Another Influence Is Immi
gration. Those countries of Europe that
have s furnished a large quota of immi
grants are predominatingly Roman Cath
olicr' By high" authorities of that church
we are told that 50 per cent of the Ro
man Catholic immigration Is lost to the
church. In. a' memorial to the Pope In
1S91 it -was stated that instead of hav
ing 26.000,000 adherents, which they should
have had If the church had kept them
all, only about .10,000,000 could be counted.
For one, I regard that as deplorable.
These have not come into the Protestant
churches and there Is no hope that they
will. They-form a vast body, one-quarter
of our total population, whose influence
is against the religious life.
"But in the face of all 'this we bring
the Easter message. On that flrst Good
Friday 1000 years ago, no human wisdom
or foresight would have dared to predict
that on the first Sunday in April of the
"twentieth century, time being reckoned
from the birth of Jesus, a company of
disciples of Him who was crucified would
gather on the shores of the Pacific near
the mouth of the Columbia to praise
His name, provided they had known of
such a place. Three hundred years after
the resurrection, the Roman Emperor,
after long consultation which lasted
through the winter, decreed that the
progress of Christianity must be checked,
and he indicated the 23d day of February
as the date. Thirty years after, it was
the nominal religion of the empire. One
hundred and fifty years ago the learned
men of France and England were saying
that no discerning person would deny that
Christianity was no longer a subject of
inquiry, that nothing was left now but
to set. it up as the principal subject of
mirth and ridicule. But the tombs will
not stay closed. There is an Easter power
in this religion of Christianity. The re
vival comes In ways that men thought
not of, but it always comes."
The church was beautifully decorated
with calla lilies and Oregon grape. An
attractive Easter musical programme was
rendered by the choir, consisting of
Mr. Montgomery, bass; Mr. Pease, tenor,
and Mrs. Raley, alto, and Mrs. Rose
Bloch Bauer, soprano. Mrs. Pease gave
a pleasing tenor solo, Shelley's "The
Resurrection," and Mrs. Bauer's soprano
olos Shackley's. "The Resurrection and
the Life." jid Handel's "I Know That. My
Redeemer Llveth' were beautifully
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Dr. Hill Preached on the "Message
of the Day. ;
Special Easter services were held at
First Presbyterian Church last night. The
choir Mrs. Albert C. Sheldon, soprano;
Mrs. Amedee M. Smith, contralto; Harry
W. Hogue, tenor; Dom Zan, bass, and
Edgar E. Coursen, organ! fit was assisted
by Reginald L. Hidden, violinist. Several
appropriate anthems were rendered with
very beautiful effect. Tlie violin obllgato
in such numbers as Dressler's "O Light
That Breaks From Yonder Tomb" and
Dulcken's "Christ the .Lord Is Risen To
day" introduced a pleasant variety. Trios
and solos for the different singers brought
out the contrasts In timbre and "clang
tint" In the four voices. Mr. Hidden gave
a highly enjoyable violin solo for offer
torythe andante from. Mendessohn's vio
lin concerto. Mr. 'Coursen enriched the
programme by two fine organ numbers
Costa's "March of. the Israelites," from
the oratorio "EH,." and Gounod's "Ro
Dr. Hill's sermon, dealt -with the thought
that the message of the day Is one of
hope, rather than knowledge "We are
saved by hope." A slip is bound for port.
One of the passengers on board is long
ing for a sight of the familiar shore,
eager to reach the home fireside, and
take the friends of lis youth once more
by the hand in the hearty grasp of af
fection. But another on board the boat
thinks with repugnance of the arrival In
harbor. The thought of it tortures him,
for he is in chains, and is being carried
to a prison-houBe, where retribution for
his crimes awaits him. So It is with us
In this world, said Dr. Hill. There are
some who honesdy hope there is no world
beyond the present, since it, apparently,
holds no happiness for them. But the
great majority look to It yearningly, con
fident that it will bring them happy re
union with those whom their hearts hold
dear. Dr. Hill continued:
"What Is one to say when asked, 'How
do you know there is another world?'
Ingersoll, when he stood over his brother's
body in the co En. said, 'No sound comes
from the voiceless dead.' And this Is
true. Therefore the only reply one can
make Is to say, I don't know. But, on
the! other hand, how do you know there
Is not? It Is foully as logical one way as
it Is the other.
"We do not taiow. We simply believe.
If we knew, there would be no opportu
nity for faith. ,But the probabilities are
In favor of it. ' Is it reasonable, as Pro
fessor FIske says, that Hamlet (who Is
merely the creation of a man's brain)
should live, century after century, en
dowed with immortality, while the brain
of Shakespeare, -who created Hamlet, ut
"Rather let us remember that Jesus
said, 'Because I go, ye shall go also.' "
AT ST. MARY'S CATHEDRAL.
Easter Services "Were Celebrated.
"With Pomp and Solemnity.
The Easter services at 6t. Mary's Ca
thedral, at the high mass, were of a very
grand and Impressive order. Upon the
entrance of Archbishop Christie, attended
by a procession of priests and acolytes,
the "Ecce Sercados" was sung by a large
chorus. During the ceremony of the
putting on of the pontifical vestments
J. Adrian Epplng sang the aria from Ss.
Paul, "Lord, God, Have Mercy." Haydn's
"First Mass" was rendered, the difficult
fugue movements being given with a pre
cision and certainty that spoke of diligent
rehearsals. Mr. Epptag, the director,
kept control ' of his choir In a masterly
manner, as every passage was perfectly
given. Mrs. Agatha Kelly, at the or
gan, rendered that necessary assistance
which a difficult work requires. Miss
Kathleen Lawler sang Lamblllot's "Re
gina Coell," her sweet voice and thorough
musical Interpretation combining to give
one of the most delightful numbers of the
service. Rev. Father Smith preached on
the proofs of the resurrection of Christ.
After the congregation had received the
papal benediction from Archbishop Chris
tie, the choir ended the cervices by sing
ing Gounod's "Unfold, Ye Portals."
The vesper service was sung by the
Cathedral quartet. Miss Kathleen Lawler,
soprano; Mrs. Walter Reed, contralto; J.
W. Belcher, tenor; J. Adrian Epplng, bar
itone. Marzo's vespers was rendered.
The Juravit, by Mr. Epplng. was especial
ly fine. The sermon by Father McDevitt
was an appeal for belief in the resurrec
tion of Christ. After the sermon Mr.
Belcher sang "The Heavenly Song," by
Hamilton Gray. Mr. Belcher's voice has
gained greatly in tone quality of late, and
his upper notes were strong in the refrain,
"Glory to God." Mrs. Walter Reed's
rendition of Gelbl's "O Salutarls" was
smooth and sweet, her voice being full
to. the lowest note. The trio, "O Jesus,
Del Vivi," tenor, soprano and baritone,
was a brilliant piece of work, the voices
blending perfectly. The Tantum Ergo
quartet was well balanced. After the
benediction, Gounod's "O Praise Ye the
Father," was sung, with full chorus.
St. LaYrrenee'a Church.
The Interior of St. Lawrence's Church
presented a pretty appearance yesterday.
The floral decorations within the sanctu
ary were simple, but exquisite, azaleas,
lilacs and tall-stemmed Easter lilies pre
dominating. Large congregations filled
the church at all the services. That the
resurrection of Christ was the final test
of his divinity and the proof of his mis
sion on earth to establish a church by
which man might be delivered from the
consequences of Adam'-s fall was Father
Hughes' Easter theme. The music was
In keeping with the service, Gounod's
grand "Messe Solemnelle" was admirably
rendered. The several solos were sung
by Mme. Ferrari and Miss Lizzie Har
was, Messrs. Montag, Hennessy and
Fleming. Miss Mattle Kelly was organ
ist. The choir was under the direction
of Slgnor G. Ferrari.
AT ST. DAVID'S CHURCH.
Rev. George B. Van Waters Spoke
of the Resurrection.
Easter at St. David's Episcopal Church,
East Twelfth and Morrison streets, yes
terday morning was observed with fitting
solemnity, the seating capacity of the
church being inadequate to the large
number in attendance. Exquisite calla
and Easter lilies were used In the
decorations. Following tie song service
by the vested choir, the rector. Rev.
George B. Van Waters, preached on "The
Resurrection." He said:
" I am the resurrection and the life.
He that belleveth in me, though he were
dead, yet shall he live. Very clearly
this doctrine of the resurrection Is the
foundation of Christianity. It Is the key
stone In the arch of Christian life which,
If removed, would cause the entire struc
ture to fall, a ruin. The resurrection
Is the purpose for which Jesus Christ
lived and suffered, and In a most signifi
cant way we are saved because he lived.
"Again, the resurrection is a convinc
ing evidence of Christianity. It Is easy
to accept everything else, all the won
drous miracles wrought by Jesus, If we
believe He was raised from the dead.
If we do not believe In the resurrection,
then all the great revelations of God
which we esteem and hold sacred will
become superstitious legends". The resur
rection Is a compelling fact. It Is Jesus
Christ's credential of divinity, for He
says 'I am the resurrection and the life.'
If God, In Christ Jesus, promises forgive
ness for sins, then we are saved, for
his word is true and glorified.
"Yet some people And it difficult to
believe this foundation of the Christian
fabric. But It is necessary to believe it.
The resurrection was not an expedient
to startle men's souls Into faith, but
the natural result of the divine life of
Jesus. He was divine, so death could
not hold him. and by his resurrection we
are saved. Do you want to be without
hope? Would you stand over the bier of
some beloved child or friend and, while
your bitter tears fell, say, "There is no
hope beyond?' Oh! the bitter, unavail
ing anguish of such a state! In the quiet
contemplation and sad hour when we all
must mourn, when we face the unknown
'and try, but try In vain, to pierce the
veil that hangs between that( world and
this, it Is peace divine to know that God
"Only the man who has no hope in
Jesus Christ will ask the question, 'Is
life worth living?' No, not for such as
have no belief. It Is not worth while to
endure the trials, the discouragements,
If we live not in a Arm belief In the here
after. By His resurrection, Christ has
shown that there is a life beyond. The
death that we dread is the gateway to
a higher state. It is no longer death, but
the portal to life. No hope of Immor
tality can be given you unless you live
in Christ here. This Is the preparatory
state for the passage Into God's haven of
peace, and unless ye embrace the oppor
tunity here given you, what can you ex
pect when you are called? Theh strew
your flowers over the graves of your
friends in the knowledge of the resurrection."
TRINITY EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
An Attractive Musical Programme
Dr. Morrison's Sermon.
A solemn and beautiful Faster service
was held at Trinity. The church was
decorated with choice blossoms. The al
tar was In white, the color of the day.
Calla lilies were the only flowers used.
On either side of the altar, stretching in
stately ranks against the eastern wall,
were St. Joseph Hlles.xl Over the altar
the reredoes was festooned with white
and pink carnations against a delicate
tracery of green leaves. The font to the
left of the choir was Ailed with a huge
bunch of callas, while over the choir
stalls were swinging baskets of
loosely clustered garden flowers. At
the head of the nave was the litany desk,
almost hidden under a mass of pansies,
showing a thousand beautiful tints from
tenderest lavender touched with yellow
to velvet purple. These -were bordered
with delicate sprays of starry white blos
soms. The music was In keeping with the day.
The vested choir, comprising about thirty
five men and boys, rendered the chants
and anthems assigned for the great feast
day of the church with hearty vigor and
spirit The basses did particularly ef
fective work. The high soprano voice of
10-year-old Thomas Dobson, which is of
unusual power and range, was heard
soaring above every voice in the choir.
This boy is a recent addition to the Trin
ity choir. He received his training at St.
Luke's, San Francisco. All the leading
solos were sung by him yesterday, and
he met the difficulties bravely. His most
important work was done in the Easter
anthem by Schilling, "Christ Our Pass
over," In which Gus Cramer also had an
alto solo, the offertory by Barnaby and
In the "Sanctus" (Guonod), In which he
took the well-known tenor solo. The
"Sanctus" was particularly well done by
the choir as a whole, the climax in tri
umphant sweep and power being the most
effective of the entire service. Dr. Mor
rison's singing of the bass solo in the ef
fertory, "King all Glorious,'" was, of
course, both from a purely musical and
a popular standpoint, the most delight
ful feature of the morning, as it called
forth some of his richest and most beau
tiful tones. Among the other important
numbers were "the Te Deum, by Henry
Smart, the "Jubilate," by Field, and an
anthem (introit). by Stainer. When It ts
remembered that a change of choir mas
ters has been made within the past two
weeks, one is surprised that there was not
more roughness in the choral work. The
voices were not always true, nor perfectly
pitched but the tempos were admirably
kept up, and the spirit and life to the
work as a whole could not fall to im
part enthusiasm to the congregation.
Carl Dtnton filled the place lately va
cated by Mr. Lough at the organ. The
flrst chant showed that he has had the
best sort of English cathedral training,
and, as everyone knows, this stands for
dignity, vigor and most of the other Im
portant qualities needed for the work of
organist and choir master.
Dr. Morrison preached a short but
pithy Easter sermon, overturning many
of the old-fashioned, erroneous notions
regarding the nature of the new body
after the resurrection.
RESURRECTION OF CHRIST.
Dr. Blackbnrn Holds it to he Sure
Proof of Divinity.
In the First Baptist Church the Easter
service opened with the baptism of seven
believers, the oldest being a war veteran
of 70 years. Twenty new members were
received Into the church. There was a
large congregation, and the largest num
ber at communion in the history of the
churoh. Dr. Blackburn's sermon was on
the theme, "The Resurrection of the
Christ the Sure Proof of His Divinity."
He took as his text John 20:28, "Thomas
answered and said unto him, My Lord and
"Thomas belonged to a large class of
men," said the speaker, "who are slow
to believe. Nothing short of absolute and
certain proof would satisfy him. This
the Savior granted In the presentation of
his pierced hand and wounded side. The
doubter was convinced. But there was
more proved, than the simple fact that
Christ was alive. He saw that ly his
resurrection Christ received the seal of
his divinity. By falling at his feet and
worshipping him Thomas declared In the
most positive way his faith in the Deity
of his Master. I say Deity, because there
Is a use for the word divinity In some
quarters that takes from It any real sig
nificance. Thomas did not fall at the
feet of one whom he believed to be a
little more divine than other men, but
he acknowledged him as God himself. In
the language of the old creeds, 'Very God
of very God.'
"I do not say that the fact that one
was raised from the dead proves him to
have been divine. The son of Shuem
Ite woman was raised, but that did not
prove him divine. Lazarus came forth
from the grave, but that did not prove
his divinity. In both these cases, and all
others recorded In Scripture, there was an
Instrument or agent -who raised tie dead.
In tie resurrection of our Lord there was
no human or angelic Instrument. He
came of himself. 'He laid down his life
that he might take It again.' As God
he asserted his power over death. His
resurrection Is unique among all others.
The accusation for which the laws cru
cified him was that he 'made himself the
Son of God.' With this charge over him
he went to death, and now with no human
help he comes forth. What, he said was
true before his death was proved true
by his resurrection.
"Now all doubt of his divinity was dis
sipated. They no longer hesitate to at
tribute to him full deity. They go out to
meet the claims of other so-called incar
nations, but not one has this mark of
divinity. Not one of them even claims to
have conquered death. Here is the secret
of the boldness of the early preachers.
They had seen the risen Christ, and were
confident that in declaring him they de
clared the Son of the Blessed God. These
disciples were to write concerning their
master. It was after seeing and hearing
and touching the risen Christ that John
wrpte, 'In the beginning was the word)
and the word was wltl God and the word
was God.' The revelation given to John
on the island of Patmos was to one who
had seen the risen Lord, and he could
well believe that the voice of him who
liveth and was dead was the voice of
"These men were to be bitterly perse
cuted, many of them to seal their faith
with their blood. This could not have
been done but for their sure belief that
he whom they served was God and would
care for thiem, even If they died for him.
They could not understand, but they, did
believe, and trusted him for the final jout
come. "They "were to die. Some by the hand
of the executioner, some In the quiet of
their homes. In that hour they remem
bered, as we may also remember, that
their Lord had fought the battle with
death and had conquered. He was the
first-fruits of tlem that slept.' No
wonder Paul could say, 'If Christ be
not raised your faith is vain. But now is
Christ risen from the deau. for he must
reign till he hath put all enemies under
his feet. The last enemy to be destroyed
Is death.' This Easter, morning we fall
at his feet, as did Thomas, and cry In
an overcoming .faith, 'My Lord and my
At St. Vincent's Hospital.
Easter Sunday brought its season of
Joy to the patients at St. Vincent's Hos
pital yesterday. During the afternoon
W. M. Wilder' s string orchestra de
voted several hours to the entertainment
of the patients. Archbishop Christie was
present during the afternoon, and at the
chapel service delivered a short and In
structive address. He also officiated at
the benediction, and was assisted by
Monsignore Blanche and Fathers Mc
Nally and Stravers. The chapel altar
was decorated with a wreath of lilies
and other flowers, the work of the Mother
Superior, Sister Theresa, and a number
of the Sisters stationed at St. Vincent's.
Easter services were held at Taylor
Street Methodist Church yesterday. The
pulpit platform was a mass of evergreen
and Easter lilies. The musical programme
was rendered by the large chorus choir,
and was very creditable to W. H. Boyer,
the musical director. One distinctly pleas
ing Easter chorus was one for women's
voices Marchell's "O Holy Father." The
service by the Sunday schodl children fol
lowed, and the songs and recitations were
EAST SIDE CHURCHES,
Services "Were Appropriate to the
Day'nnd Largely Attended.
At every East Side church yesterday
the day was taken up with Easter ser
vices'. At the Second Baptist Church the
altar was decorated with flowers and
evergreen, and Di;. Palmer preached
morning and evening. The auditorium of
Sunnyside Congregational Church was
covered with lilies, plants and other
flowers. At morning service 10 new mem
bers were received. New members and
the newly elected elders, G. W. Frank,
M. Godfry, G. E. McRey, Geeorge W.
Theable and J. Barr. were Installed at
the Forbes Presbyterian Church by the
pastor. Rev. W. O. Forbes. In the
evening a special Easter programme was
rendered by the Sunday School. An at
tractive musical programme was given at
Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and the
congregation heard some of the best
singers in the city.
At the Catholic Churches.
A continuous service, beginning at 6
o'clock in the morning, was held In St.
Francis' Church. At the 10:30 o'clock mass
a large congregation was present. Rev.
J. H. Black wa the celebrant; Rev. P. F.
Gibney was deacon, and Rev. L. Servals
had charge of the service. Rev. T. Mc
Devitt delivered the sermon. The music
was high class.
The services at the Holy Rosary and
Church of the Immaculate Heart were at
tended by large congregations.
At Centenary Church.
An all-day Easter service was held at
Centenary Methodist Church, beginning
at the morning hour for public worship.
The decorati6ns of the church auditorium
and Sunday School were attractive. In
the center of the. platform was a cross
covered with lilies and evergreens, and
at the ends were baskets filled with lilies.
The stands, -the railing of the choir loft
and the grand organ were fringed with
white bloom, so that Dr. Gue spoke from
a bower of Eas,ter blosspms. Oregon
grape was placed, in the windows and
mingled with the lilies. The Sunday
school room was tastefully decorated. Dr.
Gue preached on "The Risen Christ." He
spoke hopefully of the progress of the
Christian religion and declared that the
world has opened wide its portals to
the march of the great army of Chris
At the conclusion of the sermon Dr.
Gue asked for a large collection for
missions, and about $200 was raised. Then
followed an interesting service of song
in the Sunday School room. The evening
was taken up with a service of song by
the choir, with comments by Dr. Gue
on the various songs.
Unhappy Men, Who Are Against
Their Own Country Every Time.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
Anti-imperialism is not a theory. It is
a habit. In most of us political opinions
have pretty long" roots, and a good party
mind does all Its political thinking behind
closed doors. Hence controversy in this
field usually lacks Interest, the intellect
ual casualties being so slight. One can
not be-revising an opinion every day, and
the comfortable plan is to divide facts
promptly Into friends and foes and fire
at the latter on sight. You have only to
know the uniform. Fortunately there is
more to us than ever goes into print,
much being kept back lest Tern, Dick oi
Harry should misunderstand, for it Is
a long-established fiction that a .sham
political certainty is the sign of a stanch
political heart. One-sidedncss Is partly
due to laziness and partly to the rules
of the game. Even Lincoln himself was
a conformist, though he had a mind of
his own. As Goldwin Smith points out,
he "played the game." Hence It has come
about In one way or another that there Is
nothing In the actual world that corre
sponds to our paper politics, nature hav
ing left room everywhere for little
doubts. It Is the romance of unearthly
self-assurance, the literature of the fixed
Idea, true to the standard of a Bourbon
orthodoxy, that learns nothing and noth
ing forgets. On the streets and in their
private relations men are much more hu
man than that. Otherwise there would
be no place for curiosity In this sadly
Now here is a group of men who have
pushed the common falling to its farth
est extreme. It is well known that If
an opinion were removed from an antl
lmperlallst the man would bleed to death
at once. Never before has a party
shown quite that temper In the presence
of fact. The Abolitionists in their wild
est days took some notice of the world.
If It had been known that there was
no slavery their opposition to slavery
might have ceased. The Anti-Federalists,
doctrinaire enough in all conscience, with
splinters of the French revolution stick
ing in their heads, seem tame beside
them. We are so used to them that their
present attitude is not surprising, yet it
is novel even In party history. Their
own friends, after Investigating their
charges, report. a total collapse of their
case, shifting the responsibility for the
war on the Filipinos and proving that
what they wanted is what the Taft Com
mission Is giving, them now. The league
has nothing to say about It, and there
Is not one chance In a hundred that it
ever will have anything to say. Long
ago, when It had made up Its mind, it
died to the world. Certainly Its work will
go on, finding new grounds for opposi
tion whenever the old ones give .out. It
has as much reason for continuing as It
had for beginning to be.
The latest suggestion that comes from
this lnexpungeable group of men Is that
Agulnaldo be selected to set things to
rights In the Philippines. Not because
he is In the least degree fit for It, but
because he is the last man the Admin
istration would select. Hence a fresh
ground of opposition that the work of
the league may go on. Habitual dis
agreement can always find a way. The
one thing to aim at is to be against your
own countrymen all the time; never to
commend what an American may do, bt
he civilian or soldier, but ajjvays thrill
with admiration over what the enemy of
your country did In the same emergency.
Of the 6673 students at the University
of Berlin, 4679 came from Prussia, 991
from other German states, and 714 from
KE IT A GREAT FAIR
PORTLAND CEXTEXKIAL AND' THE
Exposition Must ShOTT the Needs and
Opportunities of Pacific
In all matters pertaining to the devel
opment of the Valley of the Columbia,
Portland has a strong friend in the State
of Idaho. Much of that state, particu
larly the region of which Lewlston is the
chief city, would be vastly benefited by
the opening of the Columbia to naviga
tion. Lewlston recognizes Portland as
the chief market of the Columbia Basin
and its chipping port to the world's mar
kets, and is Interested in making the 1905
centennial a fair of large scope.
E. H. LIbby, president of the Lewlston
Commercial Club, writes as follows to
The Oregonian regarding the fair:
"Does America want the over-Pacific
commerce? Can the Lewis and Clark Ex
position at Portand in 1905 be an im
portant factor in capturing the trade?
Let us see what it Is worth. In the last
years of which Uncle Sam's statisticians
have given us the records, varying from
1S98 to 1900 for the several countries, the
principal Asiatic and oceanic lands In or
bordering upon the Pacific Ocean imported
1,000,000,000 dollars' worth of goods and
exported another $1,000,000,000 In products,
a grand total approximating $2,000,000,000
In gold value.
"American's share of that commerce in
1E90 was $40,000,000 in exports from the
United States, Increasing to $100,000,000 In
1200; and $92,000,000 of Imports into the
United States In 1S9S, Increasing to $145,
000,000 in 1S00: a splendid growth of 150
per cent In exports, 58 per cent In im
ports, and 87 per cent In the total com
merce for the decade. But even then
America in 1900 had only 12 per cent of
that magnificent trade. Yet our ports are
only 5000 to 7000 miles distant, while those
of Europe are 10.000 to 12,000 miles away
from Asiatic ports by water routes.
''In 4the past 10 years of phenomenal
foreign trade, our ' European commerce
increased 63 per cent in exports, decreased
8 per cent In Imports, and the total In
creased by 34 per cent. Compare these
percentages with the figures of the trans
pacific traffic given above, and we see
good reason for Frederic Emory's declar
ation that 'the Pacific Slope Is rapidly
being converted from a mere outpost of
trade Into a great beehive of commerce.'
Of the greatest commerce of the greatest
decade in American history, the greatest
Increase has been In the department of
Asiatic trade from our Pacific ports. In
fact, it doubled In the last half of the
"Europe is trying to organize a pre
ventive control of American competition
In her own home markets. Asia and
Oceania are nearest to our doors. They
want our products. Our goods are wel
come to the Orientals. In this trade is
the least of competition. There is the
logical field for American commercial ex
pansion. Our present 12 per cent of this
commerce Is only a beginning. We must
continue to educate the peoples of the
far East in the quality and uses of our
wares and produce. We must educate
Americans In the demands of this trade,
and In the merits and uses of Oriental
products, for It is a poor trade that does
not benefit both traders. To capture this
commerce we have more to do "than
merely to sell. We must also buy. Asia
must sell In order to buy. We must ex
change our cottons, woolens, flour and
other cereal foods, manufactures of Iron
and steel, tools and machinery. wagon3
and locomotives, oils, coals and lumber,
fruits and canned goods, in return for
their tea, coffee, sugar, spices, rice, to
bacco, silk, matting, chlnaware, fireworks,
paper, hemp, art work, wood and fancy
articles. By selling their products they
can buy ours. Only by help of return
freights can the ships take out our goods
at rates that will enable us to sell in com
petition with Europe.
"How shall we undertake to educate
Americans on the one hand, and Asiatics
Chinese, Japanese. Russians, Coreans.
Siamese, Filipinos, Malays and Indians
and Australians on the other hand, in
the knowledge of each other and the
needs and resources of America. Asia and
Oceania? How can we so well and so
broadly Instruct them and ourselves as
by means of 'a great international expo
sition of the products, wares, resources,
Ideas, methods, habits, lives, demands of
the many and various peoples con
cerned? Shall the Lewis and Ciark Ex
position be equal to the opportunity?
The occasion is appropriate. Those bold
explorers were the flrst path-finders
from the New East to the -old East, the
far East, the Eldorado of the visions
that started Columbus on his way to the
Indies. The location Is appropriately at
Portland, the entrepot of the Inland Em
pirean empire combining the riches of
Pennsylvania, Michigan. Vermont, Cali
fornia, the Dakotas and Montana In
wheat, gold, copper, lead, coal, timber,
granite, marble, cattle, sheep and wool
unquestionably the richest in resource of
any portion of mighty America, not to
mention almost limitless water powers,
surrounded by ample raw materials for
manufacturing; a territory whose chief
markets will one day be Asia and
Oceania, via Its pott of Portland.
"The opportunity Is a great one, and
the exposition must be International and
truly great in order to fulfill the oppor
tunity. Being held at the only large town
of the Coast situated on the only great
waterway to the interior beyond the
mountain barriers, this Oriental-American
Fair must show this waterway of the
richest portion of America open In fact
to the world's commerce. It must show
the ways and means, needs and oppor
tunities of Pacific Ocean transportation.
It may well Illustrate the advantages of
an Isthmian canal to Pacific trade In
general and to this Coast In particular.
It -must be great enough to attract Intel
ligent Orientals by thousands to exhibit
their own wares and educate Americans
in the use of them, and thousands more
to study and learn of our wares and re
sources; great enough to attract Ameri
cans from every state to exhibit their
products, of every class and variety suit
ed to. the requirements of the dozen dif
ferent nations with which we seek to
"Are Portland and the Pacific North
west equal to the occasion? Are we equal
to the task of convincing America that
here is the opportunity for a decisive
effort to capture the richest commerce
In the world now open to the manufac
turing, trading nations? It offers more
to America than the Pan-American show
possibly can accomplish. It' will require
as many millions and as great labor a3
the Buffalo Exposition.
"The Eastern States are interested to
show their steel, Iron and other manu
factures to the Orientals. The South is
especially Interested, for today cottons
form 25 per cent -to 40 per cent of the
total Imports of China and Japan. The
Pacific slope is Interested because of the
growing Asiatic demand for Its flour and
"Success depends upon Portland's abil
ity to convince the states, the sections
and the nations of the facts of a great
case thus briefly outlined, and to raise
the $10,000,000 necessary to pay the cost
"a cost which is infinitesimal In compari
son with the results sought to bo accom
plished." The Sunset Fair.
THE DALLES, April 6. (To the Editor.)
Permit me to suggest a much shorter,
and, to me, more pleasing name than any
I have seen for the coming exposition.
THE SUNSET FAIR.
This would relieve the users from the
necessity of giving a compendium of his
tory every time they refer to the enter
prise, save the historical incidents from
being utterly worn out by use, and leave
them fresh for the address of welcome and ;
response, which will, surely, be required.
It would be a great saving of breath and
printers' ink. It Is appropriate and eupho
nlus. ' ELIABETH M. WILSON.
Colnmbla Centennial Exposition.
ROSEBURG, Or.. April 6. (To the Ed
itor.) I beg to put In
COLUMBIA CENTENNIAL EXPOSI
TION. ON THE WORLD'S HIGHWAY
TO THE ORIENT. Portland, Or.. 1S05.
Columbia would Indicate a special local
ity on the Pacific Ocean, and the high
way of the world would mean much in a
National sense, and much to Portland and
the mouth of the Columbia River.
W. C. CASSELL.
Nantes Suggested by Correspondent1.
By Fred West. Seattle
LEWIS-CLARK NATIONAL COMMERCIAL
By O. F. Botkin. Portland
COLUMBIA INDUSTRIAL EXPOSITION OF
THE PACIFIC SLOPE. BOTH COS
MOPOLITAN AND ORIENTAL.
PORTLAND. OR. 1005.
By C. R. A., Portland
THE UNITED STATES" PACIFIC COAST
PORTLAND, OR., 1005.
By S., Salem, Or.
MOUNT HOOD EXPOSITION.
WHERE ROLLS THE OREGON.
THE GOLDEN WEST.
By John B. Frost, Portland
LEWIS AND CLARK CENTENNIAL. AMER
ICAN AND ORIENTAL EXPOSITION.
LEWIS AND CLARK CENTENNIAL- WEST
AMERICAN AND ORIENTAL EX
POSITION. LEWIS AND .CLARK CENTENNIAL AND
Lewis and Clark is the leading thought
and the principal object to be kept before
By Austin K., Portland.
Should I go abroad and the question
was asked me, "What have you seen won
derful In the United States?" I would an
swer candidly: Brooklyn Bridge, Niagara
Falls, Mount Hood perpetually covered
with snow, gigantic Columbia River scen
ery, and Celestial parade in Portland, Or.
Therefore, I suggest an up-to-date,
comprehensive and attractive name:
TWENTIETH CENTURY PACIFIC COAST
AND ORIENTAL EXPOSITION.
PORTLAND. OR.. 1005.
S. Anne D'Aurny.
In Brittany, ever pious, ever poetical,
nothing has changed since the Middle
Ages, very little since the days of the
Druids. You may witness the cult of an
cient Keltic saints, whose very traditions
have passed away. S. Hucc, S. Widebote,
S. Jubel, S. Judoc we Implore their in
tercession though their lives and their
miracles were shrouded In obMvlon cent
uries ago. Stones and springs, though
they may no longer be openly worshiped,
are accepted by the church as meet to be
revered. At the fountain of S. Anne, from
the beginning to the end of the pardon
are ever-succeeding throngs of halt and
sick and lame, leprous and palsied, pa
tiently pressing to drink and wash In full
confidence that they shall be made whole.
It Is a vision of dramatic contrasts. As
If to heighten the effect of the boundless
faith and hope displayed here, behold the
Intrusion of clamorous appeals for char
ity to the undeserving poor. Valiant beg
gars, every sort of humbug, ragggd
roughs, light-fingered pilgrims are every
where, groveling and whining or demand
ing alms with the sonorous diction of
mummers. By the fountain a sturdy ras
cal Is roaring his plaints In stentorian
tones which almost d6mlnate Monseig
neur's sermon on the bridge. "Oh. ye
charitable souls, I can not work, pause
and have pity," he pleads in anything
but piteous tones.
Only they who use it
know the luxury of it.
Pears' is the purest and
best toilet soap in all the
Meets .the "Weak, VIgorlcss Man or
Woman at Every Turn They Can
not Succeed Because They Have
No Ambition They Are Xevcr Hap
py BccnuNc Their "Weakness Con
tinually Haunts Them Dr. Ben
nett, the Electrical Authority,
Guarantees His Electric Belt to
Cure Every Form of Weakness
Yon Take No Chances The Cure Is
I have discovered a method of applying
Electricity for the cure of the various ail
ments and Weak
nesses of men and
women which will
not fail In any case.
So sure am I that my
Electric Belt will
cure you. I unhesl
t a 1 1 ngly guarantee
tne cure. if my,
.oeit tuns to cure you
(which Is not at all
likely), it shall not
coat you a cent. No
person could ask
more than this. I
am responsible, and
my guarantee genu
ine, as I will con
Write and get
my t book. Every
read It. Sent free,
postpaid, for the
health, vigor and vi
tality is governed en
tirely by the Elec
tricity In the system.
and If the system is lacking Electricity,
you are weak and sick. Electricity must
be supplied before you can again become
well and strong. My Electric Belt Is to
supply the needed Electricity to weak sys
tems. It will not fall. It has cured 20.000
others, and will cure you. I guarantee
the cure, for I know just what my Belt
Dr. Bennett's Electric Belt
Is entirely different and must not be confused
with other so-called electric belts. As a re
ward for my study and discovery, the United
States Government has given me the exclusive
use of my method of applying Electricity.
There are no electric belts "Just as good" as
Dr. Bennett's, for there are none like It. It
has soft, silken, chamois-covered sponge elec
trodes, which do not burn and blister as do
the bare metal electrodes used on all other
makes of belts. My Bert can be renewed
when burned out for only 73c; when others
burn out they are -worthless.
Absolutely guaranteed to cure Varicocele and
all 'Weaknesses In either sex; restore Lost
Vigor and Vitality, check Losses, cur
Rheumatism- In every form. Kidney. Liver and
Bladder Troubles, Constipation. Stomach Dis
orders, Lame Back, all Female Complaints,
If you have an old-style helt vrhlch
barns and blisters, or gives no cur
rent or Is burned out and cannot be
renewed, send It to me as half-payment
of one of mine.
Write today. I have written a book. "The
Finding of the Fountain of Eternal Youth."
which will tell you all about it. Book Is sent
fres, postpaid, for the asking. Advice without
cost. Sold only by
DR. BENNETT Electric Beit Co.
8 to 11 Union Block,
.ot n Unrk .jKIcp In the Itutltllitst
absolutely fireproof; electric lliciit
and artcMlnn vrntcrt perfect aanltiw
Hon and thorough cit cllutlon. Hie
vatora ran day and nlffht.
AINSLIE. DR GEORGE. Physician... UIW-w
ANDERSON. GUSTAV. Attorney-at-Law... UU
ASSOCIATED PriEssj. B. L. Powett. Mgr Sutf
AUSTEN. F. C. Manager for Oregon and
Washington Rankin Life Association, of
Des Moines. la. 5(12-303
BANKERS LIFE ASSOCIATION. OF DES
MOINES. IA.: F. C. Austen. Mgr... 502-303
BAYNTI'N. GEO. R.. Manager lor Chad.
Scrlbner's Sonj 313
BEALT EDWARD A.. Forecast Official U.
S. Weather Bureau ....010
BENJAMIN. R. W.. Dentist 3U
BINSWANGER. DR. O. S.. Phys & Sur.-tlU-Il
BROOKE. DR. J. M.. Phjs. & Surg.... 708-709
BROUN ilTIU. M. r JU-JU
BRUERE. DR. G. E.. Physician... -tlU-i I J-4U
CANNING. M. J (Ktt-OUJ
CAUKIN. G. E.. District Agent Travelers'
Insurance Co.. ..713
CARDWELL. DR. J. U. 500
CHURCHILL. MRS. E. J 71C-717
COFFET. DR. R C. Phys. & Surgeon.. .700
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY....
CORNELIUS, a W. Phya. and Surgeon...20'J
COVER. F. C. Caahler Kfjultable Life 300
COLLIER. P. F.. Publisher. S. P. McGulre.
Manager ......... ......................413
DAY. J. G. & I. N .118
DAVIS, NAPOLEON. President Columbia
Telephone Co 007
DICKSON, Dlt. J. F. Phyilctan 713-7U
DRAKE. DR. H. B.. Physician.. .812-313-511
DWYER. JOE E.. Tobaccos 403
EDITORIAL ROOMS Eighth Floor
EQUITABLE LIFE INSURANCE SOCIETY
L. Samuel. Mgr.; F. C Cover. Cashier. ..30U
EVENING TELEGRAM 325 Alder street
FENTON J D.. Physician and Surg.. 500-510
FENTON. DR. HICKS C; Eyo and Ear. ..511
FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist 60S
GALVANI. W. H.. Engtneor and Draughts
man .......... COO
GAVIN. A. P.esldent Oregon Camera Club.
GEARY. DR EDWARD P.. Physician and
GIESY. A. J.. FhyMclan and Surgeon.. 7uJ-71
GILLESPY, SHERWOOD. General Agent
Mutua. Life In. Co..............40-t-u3-40il
fiODDARD. E. C. & CO.. Footwear..
Ground floor. 120 Sixth street
GOLDMAN. WILLIAM. Manager Manhat
tan L!fi Ins. Co.. of New York 2110-210
GRANT. FRANK S., Attorney-at-Law .. 1117
HAMMOND. A. B 31U
HOLLISTER. DR. O. C.. Phys. & Surg.304-303
IDLEMAN. C M.. Attorney-at-Law .4ia-t7-ti
JOHNSON. W C 3I5-J10-317
KADY. MARK T.. Supervisor of Agents
Mutual 'Reserve Fund Llfa Assn....CO4-C03
LAMONT. JOHN. Vice-President and Gen
eral Manager Columbia Telephone Co..... .000
UTTLEFIELD, H. R. Phys. and Surgeon 20d
MACKAY. DR. A. E.. Phys. and Surg..7ll-712
MANHATTAN L'FE INSURANCE CO.. of
New York; "W. Goldman. Manager... 2U0-210
MARTIN J L & CO.. Timber Lands... flOl
MeCOY. NEWTON. Attorney-at-Law 713
McFADEN MISS IDA E.. Stenographer. .2lH
McGINN. HENRY E.. Attorney-at-Law.JU-U
McKINNON. J. D.. Turkish Bath3.30U-J01-30a
METT. HENP.Y 2l
MILLER. DR HERBERT C. Dentist and
Oral Surgeon ................ .......tiUa-UOD
MOSSMAN OR. E. P.. Dentlit....312-JU-3H
MUTUAL RESERVE FUND LIFE ASS'N.
Mark T. Kady. Supervisor of Agents. IjU4-G03
McDLROY." DR. J. G.. Phys. & Sur.70t-702-70J
McFARLAND. E. B.. Secretary Columbia
Telephone Co....... (50(1
McGUIRE. S. P.. Manager P. F. Collier.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.. of New
York. Sherwood GUlespy. Gen. Agt..4U4-5-a
NICHOLAS. HORACE If.. Atfy-at-Law..713
N1LES. M. L.. Cashier Manhattan Lift In
surance Co., of New York 203
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY:
Dr. L. B. Smith. Osteopath 40S-40O
OREGON CAMERA CLUB 214-215-21(1-217
PACIFIC CHRISTIAN rUlt. CO.; J. F.
Ghormley. Mgr. 303
PORTLAND EXB AND EAlt INFIRMARY.
......Ground floor. Vll Sixth street
PORTLAND MINING & TRUST CO.; J.
H. Marshall. Manager 513
QUIMBY. L. P. W.. Game and Forestry
ROSENDALU. O. M.. MjtallurgHt and Min
ing Engineer .....................515-31(1
REED & MALCOLM. Optlcmnt...J3: Sixth st
REED. F. C KlsH CommlsSroner.1 407
RYAN. J. B.. Attorney-at-Law....... 417
SAMUEL. L.. Manager Equitable LIfe....J(hl
SECURITY MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
CO.; H. F Bushong. Gen. Agent for Ure-
gon and Washington .301
SHERWOOD. J. W.. Deputy Supreme Com
mander K. O. T. M 517
SLOCUM. SAMUEL C. Phys. and Surg. ..700
SMITH. DR. L. B.. Osteoputh 408-100
STUART. DELL. Attorney-at-Law. ...Ul'-titS
STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E.. Dentist 704-703
SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY. AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO 703
STROW BRIDGE. THOMAS H.. Executive
Special Agt. Mutual Life of New York..40d
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE 201
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F.. Dentist ..U10-UU
U. S. WEATHER BUREAU.. .'JO7-0OS-OO"J-9li
U. S. LIGHTHOUSE ENGINEERS. 1.1TH
DIST.; Captain W. C. Langflt. Corps of
Engineers. U. S. A S03
U. S. ENGINEER OFFICE. RIVER AND
HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS; Captain W.
C Langflt. Corps of Engineers. U. S. A..SI0
WATERMAN. C. H.. Cashier Mutual Llfo
of New York . .......4.... ...400
WILSON. Dlt. EDWARD. N.. Phystulan
and Surgeon . ................ ......304-303
WILSON. DR. GEO. F.. Phys. & Surg.70il-707
WILSON. DR HOLT C. Phys. aurg.307-303
WOOD. DR. W L.. Physician 412-413-414
WILLAMETTE VALLE TELEP. CO......0U
A few more elesrant ofllcci may bo
had by applying; to Portland Trust
Company of Oregon. 101) Third t.. or
oX the rent cleric In the bnlldlmr.
Vacuum treatmenL A poattlve euro
without poisonous drucs lor vic
tims of lost manhood, exhausting
drains, seminal weakness and errors
of youth. For circulars or infor
mation, call or address. Vigor
Restorative Co.. 203V. Washington
street. Correspondence confidential.
vT! Bt Gits non.poiaoimn
ftm 1 ta i JijO
iiieet. : p o rm a-1 o r r n e a,
I Whiten, unnatural dir
l$)l sat to itrtttu.
JfJrrTfnta eaatasios. tion of mucous monr
oWtheEvamsChEMIOALCo. branei. Non-astringent
kOlNCW!UTl,0.f I sold by DrtisrrUts,
ti.S.A. j I07 scr,t 'n Plain trrnp'per.
VSwOU $!, or 3 bottlco, $8.73.
qk- uu.ui4. ui vu tcircafc