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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XLL NO. 12,544.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 1901.
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Independence Day and a Time
3Ins Meeting and Rejoicing.
HAVANA, Feb. 24. Independence day
was celebrated with processions, mass
meetings and general demonstrations of
rejoicing. There was a parade of 10,000
school children bearing Cuban flags. Gen
eral and Mrs. Wood were showered with
flowers by the children as they passed.
The Republican party held a meeting.
Senor Capote, who presided, spoke fa
vorably of the United States, while the
remarks of Senor Zayas. were rather
Senor Zayas asserted that the Cuban
leaders should Imitate the martyrs of the
past. He declared that the "trick which
the Americans have been playing upon
the Cubans is the cause of the non-development
of the Island."
He predicted that the end of all would
be dissatisfaction, adding that Inde
pendence would only be attained by the
machets of liberators.
"Cuba," he exclaimed, "should be pre
served for the glory of the Latin race."
Senor Juan Gualberto Gomez arraigned
the advocates of annexation as traitors
to the cause of Cuba.
Rumor of Torres' Surrender.
MANILA, Feb. 24. There are unveri
fied rumors in circulation that General
Torres has surrendered.
Twenty insurgents were captured by a
detachment of native scouts near Polo.
In the Province of Bulacan.
A largely attended meeting was held
this morning In the Tondo ward of Ma
nila, under the auspices of the evan
gelical church, and a great gathering In
furtherance of protestants was held at
J. G. Mack & Co.
. 86-88 Third St,
Opposite Clumber of Commerce
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Estimates given on electric wiring, in
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ARBITER WILL DECIDE.
Kansas City Chinese Factions' Trou
bles to Be Thus Settled.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 24. Sam
Moy, Mayor of Chicago's Chinatown, who
came here recently to Iron out difficul
ties existing between the local Chinese
factions, has found a task beyond his
diplomacy, and has called In City Attor
ney Gordo'n as arbitrator. Both factions
have agreed to abide, by the decision of
Mr. Gordon, and the final hearing is
scheduled for tomorrow. An agreement
has been reached touching certain phases
Of the condition. Dr. Wong Song, against
whom one faction has been warring, is
to leave Kansas City. That Is agreed
upon by both factions. Fantan games
are to be taxed, rnd lottery games will
pay tribute for the support of the Chi
nese Masonic Society. The problem yet
to be solved Involves the method of col
lection. Twenty-five cents Is o be col
lected from the winner of each game of
fantan, and 10 cents is tho contribution
levied for each lottery drawing. But the
contention comes in the selection of the
person who Is to receive and handle the
money for the society, who Is to be the
go-between between the gamblers and
the officers of the society. This is the
question. Mr. Gordon Is to solve tomor
row, and its solution promises to be at
tended with many difficulties. Hereto
fore, the Chinamen have fought each
other through the police courts, causing
endless trouble. The police are willing
to let the Chinamen alone if they cease
to bother them.
Child Died of Bubonic Plague.
CAPE TOWN. Feb. 24. A white child
died here today of bubonic plague, and
three white children have been attacked
by the disease. A white man is suffering
with the plague at Woodstock.
WORK OF CONGRESS
Record of Fifty-Sixth Ses
sion, Which Ends Soon.
EVENTFUL IN MANY RESPECTS
Probably Most Important Legislation
"Was Act Reorganizing Army
and Placing: It on Perma
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. The record of
the Fifty-sixth Congress Is now practi
cally completed, and although a few Im
portant measures are still In the balance,
it Is possible to take a survey of the
wide range of legislation considered and
enacted. It has been an eventful Con
gress in many respects, inheriting as it
did much of the work of reconstruction
and expense made necessary by the
events of the war with Spain. Chief
among these questions has been the at
titude of the Government toward our
new Insular possessions. While this ques
tion is still open to some extent, the
present Congress has passed upon one of
Its most Important phases by enacting
a law for a complete form of governmont
for Porto Rico. The status of the Phil
ippines has been an unfailing source of
debate in both branches of Congress, but
with little tangible result. Cuban legis
lation has been In abeyance, pending the
action of the constitutional convention
of Cuba In framing the constitution of
Another Important achievement In In
sular legislation was that of enacting a
law giving Hawaii a complete form of
territorial government, with an insular
Legislature and judiciary, a Governor
chosen from Hawaii, and a delegate In
the House of Representatives. A Porto
Rlcan commissioner 3lso has been ac
credited to Washington.
Aside from these acts, this Congress
has passed a financial law establishing a
permanent gold reserve of about $150,
000,000, fixing the ratio between gold and
silver, and reorganizing the bonding and
the banking systems of the treasury; re
organizing the United States Army on a
basis of 100,000 men; reapportioning the
representation in Congress on the basis
of the 12th census; giving "free homes"
on the Indian lands; providing for Gov
ernment participation in the Louisiana
Purchase Exposition in 1908, as well as
many other measures of wide general Im
portance. But the Congress draws to a
close with some of the most important
measures before it still In doubt, and
quite likely to expire without final ac
tion, including the Nicaragua Canal bill,
the shipping subsidy bill, the Pacific cable
and the oleomargarine bill. The fate of
some of these measures Is very much In
doubt, but at this late day In the session
the chances are decidedly against thorn,
Men "Who Exercised Power.
In the Senate, the death of Vice-President
Hobart made the duties of presid
ing officer of the upper house devolve
ipon Senator Frye, of Maine, the presi
dent pro tempore. His ability as a par
liamentarian has been recognized in his
selection as president pro tempore, and
he has presided' over the Senate in a
most acceptable manner.
The House has been under an entirely
new administration. With the retire
ment of ex-Speaker Read, the majority
selected a new Speaker. This meant
much, for of late years the power in the
hands of the Speaker and his influence
on legislation have grown steadily great
er. General David B. Henderson, of Iowa,
who became the unanimous choice of the
Republican caucus, has been one of the
recognized leaders on the Republican side.
The great success of his administration
has been more surprising for the fact
that he had previously ben considered a
debater and not a parliamentarian. The
Speaker has presided with a firmness
and a fairness that have won for him
the admiration and esteem of the mem
bers of both sides. He has created no
animosity, and his re-election as Speaker
Is a foregone conclusion.
Mr. Payne, of New York, who became
chairman of the ways and means com
mittee, upon the death of the late Rep
resentative DIngley. of Maine, succeeded
to the floor leadership of th majority,
and Mr. Richardson, of Tennessee, be
came leader of the minority, succeeding
Mr. Bailey, of Texas.
Appropriations Unusually Large.
The appropriations of the present Con
gress will reach an unusually large fig
ure, aggregating for the two sessions ap
proximately 51,457,263,457. This Is about
5110,000.000 less than the aggregate appro
priations of tho preceding Congress,
which, however, covered the period of the
Spanish War, when the appropriations
ran, in a single year, up to 5S33.231.615.
The totals for the last two sessions of
the present Congress, as recently sum
marized by Chairman Cannon, of the
House committee on appropriations. Is
Appropriations, first session. Including
sinking fund, 5710,150,862.
Appropriations, second session, includ
ing sinking fund. 5747,118,595.
Reorganization of Army.
The act reorganizing the Army and
placing the military establishment on a
permanent basis probably Is the most Im
portant piece of general legislation en
acted. Instead of planning a temporary exten
sion of the Volunteer establishment made
necessary In the war with Spain, Secre
tary Root devised a measure for a com
plete reorganization of the Army on
modern military lines, with a maximum
force of 100,000 men. and a minimum of
about' 63.000. The House passed the bill
before the holidays, but there was con
siderable delay in the Senate; and it
was not until February 2 that the meas
ure became effective as a law. As finally
enacted, it provides a standing Army to
consist of 15 regiments of cavalry, a
corps of artillery, 30 regiments of infan
try, one Lleutenant-General, six Major
Generals, 15 Brigadier-Generals, and the
usual staff corps. The old regimental or
ganization of the artillery is discontinued.
Authority is given the President to en
list natives of the Philippines, when ne
cessity requires, not to exceed 12,000 men.
A provisional regiment of Porto RIcans
also is provided. A feature of the act is
the prohibition of the sale of intoxicat
ing liquors in any post, transport or other
military property of the United States.
Financial Legislation. '
The financial legislation of the Con
gress has been of unusual Importance,
and has placed on the statute books the
law establishing the gold standard, pro
viding for the redemption and reissue of
the Interest-bearing bonded obligations
of the United States, establishing a per
manent gold reserve of 5150,000,000, regu
lating national banks, and making nu
merous provisions respecting circulation
and the tax on circulation. This measure
was drafted by leaders of both houses
prior to the meeUng of Congress. After
Its passage some question arose as to the
maintenance of the parity of metals un
der the terms of the bills. At the pres
ent session, bills to rectify this feature
have been reported, specifically requir
ing the exchange of gold for standard
silver dollars. No action has been taken
on them, however.
The revenue legislation has been con
fined to an effort to reduce the taxation
imposed when the war with Spain be
gan. Prior to the opening of the pres
ent session a comprehensive plan of rev
enue reduction was framed by the Re
publican members of the ways and
means committee. This plan was intro
duced at the opening of the session and
passed before the holidays. It aroused
little party opposition, as the mlnorlt'y
supported the reduction, and urged also
an income tax. The bill as it passed the
House reduced the revenue about 540,000,
000, the chief reductions being on beer,
and in the removal of the stamp taxes
on bank checks, telegrams, commercial
papers, life Insurance policies, proprie
tary medicines, and many other articles.
In the Senate anontlrely new substitute
was passed. This; however, retained the
main features of the House bill, but ma
terially changed the rates throughout,
adding reductions on tobacco in various
forms, and restoring the tax on bank
checks. This revenue reduction measure
is still in controversy .between the two
The 12th census disclosed various in
creases in tho states, and a bill provid
ing for a new basis of representation was
enacted. The total representation Is fixed
at 3SS members, or 29 more than in the
Hazing: nt West Point.
Hazing at West Point has received at
tention at the present session, with the
prospects that strong restrictive legisla
tion will be enacted. The Senate adopted
antl-hazing provisions in the Military
Academy appropriation bill. This has
aroused a counter movement, however,
and It will remain for the last days of
the session to determine just what re
strictions on hazing are to be imposed.
Government participation and aid in the
Louisiana Purchase Exposition seems as
sured. A Senate amendment to the sun
dry civil bill pledges the Government to
appropriate 55.000,000 when St. Loui3 has
raised 510.000,000. The bill Is now pend
ing, and Is likely to become a law. The
enterprise will have an International as
well as a national scope, and will take
on the dimensions of the world's exposi
tions at Paris and Chicago.
Important General Measures.
Among the other Important general
measures enacted are those giving "free
homes" on the public lands acquired
from the Indians, and known as the "free
homes" act; providing a system "of ex
tradition for Insular possessions, under
which C. F. W. Necly was extradited to
Cuba for alleged postal frauds; authoriz
ing the "aggregating" of pension disabili
ties, and increasing to 5250 the allowance
to widows In certain cases, on the lines
of recommendations by the G. A. R.;
extending the mining law3 to saline
lands; providing a criminal code of laws
for Alaska; allowing the employes o. the
navy-yards.r arsenals, etc., 15 days . an
nual leave." " (
Out of the Ordinary.
Aside from legislation, the two houses
have seen several animated personal con
troversies. Charges of treason were made
against Robert W. Wilcox, of Hawaii, but
on Inquiry by the House commltttee, the
delegate was upheld In his right to his
seat, on the ground that the charges re
ferred to action before the Hawaiian ter
Brigham H. Roberts, of Utah, was ex
pelled from the House after an exciting
contest. Senator Quay, of Pennsylvania,
was refused a seat In the Senate on the
appointment of Governor Stone. Sensa
tional charges against Senator Clark, of
Montana, were investigated by a Senate
committee, and the exciting mining riots
In the Coeur d'Alene district of Idaho
were Investigated. The Senate also ap
pointed a Cuban inquiring committee, but
little has been accomplished In that line.
Four of Most Important Measures.
Four of the most Important measures
before the present Congress, namely, the
Nicaragua Carral bill, the shipping sub
sidy bill, the Pacific cable bill, and the
oleomargarine bill, have occupied much
time, and have aroused great public at
tention. The canal bill was passed In
the House of Representatives, and au
thorized expenditures of 5140,000.000, with
a present appropriation of 510,000.000. The
measure was favorably reported to the
Senate, but, owing to the complications
arising over the Hay-Pauncefote treaty,
the Senate has not considered the bill,
and It is likely to be one of the meas
ures to die with the Congress. The ship
subsidy bill has been a subject of con
troversy, which In the" Senate has been
very bitter. The House has taken no
action on the bill, pending the contest in
the Senate; so that, according to present
indications, the bill will not have a par
liamentary status as having passed either
branch of Congress.
The Pacific cable bill passed the Sen
ate 'at the first session, and has been
pending In the House since. It provides
for a cable to Hawaii and the Philip
pines, under Government management.
The bill as reported to the House was
favorable to private construction of the
cable. The House failed to act, however,
and the prospects are that the measure
The oleomargarine bill was passed by
the House early In the present session.
Its chief feature Is that placing a tax
of 10 cents per pound on oleomargarine
when colored In Imitation of butter. The
bill has met sharp opposition In the Sen
ate, and Its passage Js still in doubt.
Of More or Less Importance.
A number of other measures of more
or less Importance have received a cer
tain degree of consideration, but will
not pass at this session. They Include
the Joint resolution proposing an amend
ment for the elecUon of United States
Senators by direct vote of the people,
which was passed In the House, but has
remained unacted upon by the Senate,
and bills to establish the Department of
Commerce and Industry, to endow state
schools of mining with a portion of .the
proceeds of public land sales, authoriz
ing the President to appoint a committee
to study the commercial and Industrial
conditions of China and Japan, and to
regulate trusts and other organizations in
restraint of trade.
Besides the anti-trust bill, passed by
the House and not acted upon by the
Senate, a resolution proposing a Con
stitutional amendment giving Congress
more ample power to deal with trusts,
was defeated In the House. Another
measure defeated was that defining tho
power of injunction and limiting the au
thority of the Federal Courts to issue
Much of the time of the Senate has
been occupied In Important treaties, con
sidered behind closed doors. This in
cludes the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, neu
tralizing the Nicaragua Canal; treaties
(Concluded on Second Page.)
Dewet's Forces Put to Flight
FORTY PRISONERS WERE TAKEN
All of Artillery Also Captured Ene-
my Fled, Leaving: Their Horses
Saddled and Cooking:
LONDON, Feb. 25. A correspondent of
the Daily Mail with Henniker's column,
wiring Saturday, says:
"General Dewet was routed yesterday
VETERAN OF THE MEXICAN AND CIVIL WARS.
THE LATE COLONEL
by Colonel Piumer with whom were
Colonels Hennlker, Craddock, Jeffreys and
Drabbo. This success was preceded by a
series of desperate attempts on the part
of the Boers to escape from the water
belt of the Orange and the 'Brak Rivers.
"General Dewet, after unsuccessfully at
tempting to cross the Brak at Klip Drift
and the Orange at Read's Drift and
Mark Drift, moved along tne bank of the
Orange with one gun and one pom-pom
and laagered opposite Kamecl Drift. At
dawn Colonel Piumer left Weldeverder, 22
miles west of the Boer easip, and moved
"At Zurugat he attacked the enemy,
taking 40 prisoners. The pursuit was con
tinued during the afternoon, the Boers
moving toward Hopetown. Toward
evening the leading troop sighted the
enemy, who had laagered beyond range.
Cqlonel Owen charged the spot where the
Boer artillery was supposed to be and
captured the whole of It. The enemy
lied, leaving their horses ready saddled
and their cooking pots full. .According
to the latest reports only 400 Boers under
General Dewet recrossed to the north side
of the river. The Orange Is greatly
CONFIRMED BY KITCHENER.
Defeat of Devret's Commando Other
EncnKcmnti and Casualties.
LONDON. Feb. 24. The War Office has
received the following dispatch from
"Middleburg. Transvaal, Feb. 24 French
report from Plet Retlcf, February 22, that
the result of the columns sweeping the
country east is that the Boers are re
treating in scattered and disorganized
parties to the number of some 5000 In
front of him.
"Amsterdam and Plet Retlef have been
occupied and troops are protecting the
Swazl frontier. French will push on, but
Is much hampered by the continuous
"Summary ofl osses inflicted on the en
emy up to February IS: Two hundred and
ninety-two Boers known to have been
killed and wounded in action; 56 taken
prisoner; 1S3 surrendered; one 15-pounder
gun; 462. rifles; 160,000 rounds of small
ammunition; 5500 horses: 70 mules; 3530
trek oxen; 18,700 cattle; 155,440 sheep, and
1070 wagons and carts captured.
"Our casualties: Five officers and 41
men killed, and four officers and 10S men
wounded. I regret to say that Major
Howard, a very gallant officer of the Ca
nadian scouts, was killed February 17.
"Piumer reports that Colonel Owen
captured Dewet's 15-pounder and pom
pom February 23, as well as 53 prisoners
and a quantity of amunltion. We had
no casualties, enemy In full retreat and
dispersing after being vigorously pur
sued. "Dewet's attempt to invade Cape Col
ony has evidently completely failed."
Boers Must Shift for Themselves.
LONDON, Feb. 25. The Daily Tele
graph publishes the following from Do
Aar, February 24:
"Mr. Steyn addressed the Boers yester
day, and told them they must all shift for
themselves, returning to Orange River
Colony as best they could. He and Gen
eral Dewet took 300 of tho best horses
with which to escape."
Hlchliorn an Able Offlclal.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. The retire
ment of Rear-Admiral Philip Hlchborn,
for eight years past Chief Constructor
of the American Navy, marks the pas
sage from public life of one of the ablest
naval men In our history. From a ship
wright's apprentice at the Boston navy
yard, he rose steadily through the various
grades of the construction branch of the
service until In July, 1893, he was appoint
ed Chief of the Bureau of Construction
and Repair, the highest position In the
construction corps. Admiral Hlchborn
retires by age limit March 4, but already
has relinquished the active duties of his
MRS. NATION TIRED OF JAIL
Writes Judge Demanding1 Release
He Is Direly Threatened.
TOPEKA, Kan.. Feb. :4. Mrs. Carrie
Nation, tired of jail life, has written
Judge Hazen a letter demanding release.
"I want you to quit your fooling." she
writes, "and let me out of here. If you
cause me to miss my engagements I won't
feel like a ministering angel to you. It
Is time for you to recover yourself before
the devil, your master, makes a clean
sweep with you into hell. You know you
are persecuting one of God's children who
loves you for Jesus' sake. Let me out
that I may go about my business of savr
lng such poor devils as you. Write, or
come to see me right off."
Judge Hazen has ignored the letter,
placing It In the wastebasket with dozens
of others received on the subject from
different parts of the country. Some of
these letters threaten tho Judge. One
from Bunker Hill. Kan., says a commit
teo of 50 will administer a coat of tar
ROBERT POL LOCK.
and feathers to the official If Mrs. NaUon
Is not released by February 27, and an
other, from a woman In Douglas, Mich.,
"We now propose, if Mrs. Nation is held
longer, to raise the greatest army of
women the world has ever lenown and
wipe man out of existence. It is our
intention to begin with you."
Want Prohibition Law Enforced.
WICHITA, Kan., Feb. 24. A public mass
meeting of citizens of Wichita, under the
auspices of the Ministerial Association,
was held here today, and a resolution
passed demanding the enforcement of the
prohibitory law. No specific time was set
for the "Jointists" to close their places,
and doubt Is expressed that the citizens
will ever adopt hatchet-smashing as a
means of compelling them to quit busi
ness. The mee'ting was surprisingly tem
perate and the people who attended, most
of them through curiosity, were disap
pointed at its tameness. The resolutions
will be presented to the Mayor, County
Attorney and Sheriff tomorrow. It is said
that no effort will be made by those
officers to chajige the present system of
allowing saloons to run for city revenue.
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS
Dewet's commando was routed by Piumer.
Forty prisoners and all of artillery were
captured. Page 1.
Kitchener reports summary of large losses
Inflicted on Boers up to February IS.
It la reported from a Boer source that General
Delarey has been captured. Page 1.
Execution, Tuesday, of Chlh Slu and Hsu
Cheng Yu, has been ordered. Page 2.
The imperial edict regarding punishments has
been delivered to powers. It meets re
quirements. Page 2.
Resume of the work of the C6th session.
The Nicaragua Canal bill Is not likely to be
reached In tho -Senate this week. Page 1.
Senators held several conferencts and may
get together on Cuban question, thus avoid
ing an extra session. Page 1.
The War Department will dispatch two trans
ports from Portland. Page 1.
Mrs. Nation nan written Kansaii Judge de
manding her release from jail. Page 1.
Oregon Legislative halls wens yesterday
cleared of everything loose by visitors.
The ultimate result of the railroad fight in
"Washington Is division of the state. Page 0.
Washington mother. In fit of Insanity,
drowned her six children. In a well. Page 3.
"Welser. Idaho, Is to get a. steam laundry, a
distillery and a fruit cannery this Summer.
Sodavllle farmers' Institute, which proved a
success, was addressed by prominent col
lege professors. Page 3.
Portland and Vicinity.
Senator-elect Mitchell's trip from Salem, to
Portland an ovation. Page 10.
Democrats who voted for a Democrat for
Senator, satisfied with Mr. Mitchell's elec
tion. Page 10.
Colonel Robert Pollock, TJ. S. A., retired,
died at Cornelius. Page 5.
Senator Andrew C Smith defends the action
of the Multnomah delegation In changing
the personnel of the Port of Portland Com
mission. Page 8.
New legislation will effect large saving to tax
payers In city and county alTalrau Pago 0.
Morrison-street bridge will be reopened for
pedestrian travel In a few days. Page 15.
Memorial services for Dr. Thomas Van Scoy
at the Methodist Church, University Park.
Damage at lower entrance of Cascade Locks,
caused by flood of 1594, repaired. Page 10.
PORTLAND WINS OUT
Two Transports Are to Be
RESULT OF A LONG, HARD FIGHT
The Sound and San Francisco Want-
ed Them One Will Bring: Troops
From Manila, Other Will Take
Horses t Philippines.
WASHINGTON Feb. 24. As a result
of the persistent efforts of Senator Si
mon. Representative Moody and General
Beebe. Portland Is at last to receive de
served recognition at the hands of tho
War Department. The transport Garonno
will sail from. Manila about March 15,
bringing back the- Thirty-fifth Volun
teers, who will be disembarked at Port
land and mustered out at Vancouver bar
racks. Efforts will be made to securo
some arrangement by which tho com
panies of the Thirty-ninth and Forty
fifth Regiments mustered in there can
be disembarked at Portland and be sent
to Vancouver, but this has not yet been
definitely decided upon.
Tho transport Arab, now at Seattle,
has received orders to sail to Portland
and load the 500 horses recently pur
chased by Quartermaster Jacobs, and now
held at Vancouver Barracks. Tho re
mainder of her accompaniment will be
filled up with mules from San Francisco
and other points which will be Imme
diately forwarded' to Portland. This rec
ognition of Portland has been gained
after a long fight, and against great coun
ter efforts, as both Puget Sound and San
Francisco 'have been working persistent
ly to get these two transports.
McKInle's Proposed Const Visit.
In the event of no extra session, and
public business does not interfere. Pres
ident McKlnley expects to reach tho Pa
cific Coast about the middle of May.
The details of this trip are now being
arranged. It Is expected that the Pres
ident will bo In Portland between May
20 and 25, and will go from there to Puget
Sound cities. Efforts are being made to
have him extend his trip to Alaska, but
It Is feared that lack of time will Inter
fere In this particular.
DR. JORDAN IN REPLY.
Ross' Discharge Jfot Due to His
Views Xot Right Man Xor Place.
STANFORD TJNWERSITT, Cal., Feb.
24. Dr. David Starr Jordan, president
of the Leland Stanford University, dis
cussing the report of tho committee of
economics on the dismissal of Professor
Ross from the university, said:
"Tho statements of Professors Sells
man, Farnam and Gardner Is not, as
might be Inferred from the newspapers,
the report of an authorized committee of
the American Economic Association. If
we are correctly informed, this body de
clined to appoint a committee of investi
gation. These three gentlemen form a
self-constituted committee, or represent
only a minority of this association.
"Tho facts at their disposal were nono
other than those already made public
by Professor Ross and his friends, and
the attitude they hold in regard to these
matters is evidently that of partisans.
It may be regretted that they did not
see fit to publish tho letters which they
obtained from the president and the com
mittee at Stanford. The following is tho
last communication sent by the president, .
and states the chief essential facts in
the whole affair:
" 'Office of the President, Leland Stan
ford University, Cal., Feb. 17. Professors
Edwin R. A. Sellgman. Henry W. Far
nam, Henry B. Gardner Gentlemen:
"Your letter of January SO Is at hand,
asking further Information as to the rea
sons for the dismissal of Professor Ross.
When I expressed my willingness to an
swer further questions, I did not mean
to indicate that I would enter Into any
circumstantial description of events lead
ing to or following from. Professor Ross
dismissal. Nor do I consider It expedient
or proper to go Into a discussion of
extracts from my letters or conversa
tions, or of my statements, or alleged
statements, or those of others, as pub
lished in tho newspapers. There are,
however, certain assurances which It Is
within the privilege of the public to ask,
and which it Is my desire to furnish,
that the public may be assisted In form
ing a judgment as to the position of the
university upon Important questions. It
seems to me that I shall answer these
questions best by certain plain state
ments, which Involve the Important facts
concerning the position of the university.
" 4It will be necessary for you to as
sume my knowledge of all the facts, also
that the Interpretation herewith present
ed Is authoritative from the university
" 'First Professor Ross was not dis
missed on account of his views on Orien
tal Immigration, nor on account of his
opinions on any economic questions.
" 'Second Professor Ross was dis
missed because, in the judgment of the
university authorities, he was not the
proper man for the place he held. The
responsibility of the correctness of this
Judgment belongs to the university au
thorities, and to them alone.
" 'Third No ground exists for any In
terpretation of his dismlsal reflecting on
his private character, of which your let
ter seems to Imply a fear.
" 'Fourth The judgment that Professor
Ross was not the proper man for the
place he held Is not Incompatible with my
appreciation of many good qualities he
possesses, nor with my wishes or efforts
at any time to further his prospects. I
have been neither Ignorant of his pro
fessional shortcomings nor Inappreclative
of his good qualities. Of such apprecia
tion Professor Ross has himself adduced
several expressions from my leters.
" 'In the hope that you may find In tho
above a substantial answer to your ques
tions and Inquiries, I remain, very truly
" 'DAVID S. JORDAN, President.' "
Sacramento Xenr High-Water Record
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Feb. 24. The Sac
ramento River has today been at 23
feet, the highest point it has passed,
since February. 1S92, when it went to 23
feet, 6 inches. It is causing no trouble
In this vicinity, but several miles down
the river, below Freeport, the water Is
higher than ever before, as there have
been no breaks in the levees on the Yolo
side. At that point the water is over
topping the levee, but the quantity go
ing over Is so small that It will do no
harm. Tonight the American River Is
falling, and as the upper Sacramento Is
falling also, there will probably be a con
siderable fall by tomorrow.