Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 15, 1901, Page 3, Image 3

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    THE MOENTNG OBEGONIAN, FHIDAT, FEBRUARY 15, 1901.
OPENED BY THE KING
First Parliament of the New
Reign Assembled.
WITH FULL STATE CEREMONIAL
Spectacular Procession From Buck
ingham Palace to House of Lords
The Speech From the Throne
Pomp and Scrimmasres.
LONDON. Feb. 14. The first Parliament
of the reign of King Edward VII was
opened this afternoon by the Klngr m
person. His Majesty was accompanied by
Queen Alexandra, the Duke of Connaught
and many others of the royal family. The
last state ceremony of the kind occurred
In 1S61, when Queen Victoria opened Par
liament, accompanied by the Prince Con
sort, and since the death of the latter
nothing to equal today's pomp has been
witnessed In London In connection with
the opening of the Legislature.
Not since the wedding of the then Prince
of "Wales and Princess Alexandra has the
gorgeous state coach used today been
seen In the streets of the capital. In this
coach today the King and Queen rode
froni. Buckingham Palace to the Palace
of Westminster. The route of the royal
party, which lay through the Mall, the
Horse Guards Parade, "Whitehall and
Parliament was guarded by 50,000 soldiers.
Thousands of Londoners packed St.
James' Park, bordered the route of the
procession and filled windows, stands and
roofs. The cortege was short, but spec
tacular. The royal coach, drawn by eight
famous cream-colored Hanoverians, with
postilions in red and gold liveries, and
footmen leading the horses, which were
covered with trappings of morocco and
gilt, was preceded and followed-by life
guards In full uniform, with silver breast
plates and red plumed helmets, and a
small escort of gentlemen-at-arms, In his
toric costumes. Immediately surrounded
the vehicle.
St. James Park was densely packed, the
Wcst-Bnders crowding together. 'The
long steps below Carlton House Terrace
Were a SOlid msss nf npnnlo TV nnnoe.
slon moved through a sea of heads and a
continuous glitter of red and gilt The
spectators were thickest around Bucking
ham Palace, pressing against the Iron
fence for hours before the procession
started.
In the meanwhile the Horse Guards ar
rived and formed In line from the palace
entrance to the principal gate. The mem
bers of the royal family. Including the
Duke and Duchess of Connaught. the
Duchess of Cornwall and York, the Duch
ess of Argyll, the Duke of Cambridge,
Princess Henry of Battenburg and Prince
and Princess Christian of Schlesswlg-Hol-steln.
drove out In plain two-horse
coaches, with two footmen In scarlet
cloaks half an hour before the procession
formed. When the six-horse coaches car
rying the household appeared, the Horse
Guards mounted bands struck up "God
Save the King," the people uncovered, the
state coach rolled out of the archway In
the center of the palace and was greeted
with roars of cheering. The Horse Guards
took up positions In front and behind the
state coach. The heroes of the crowd
were the members of Strathcona's Horse,
who are just back from South Africa,
and who came in several four-horse
brakes, carrying their carbines and wear
ing Informal slouch hats and khaki over
coats. They alighted In front of the pal
ace and marohed down the line to a position-
a short distance from the palace,
where they were drawn up while the pro
cession passed. The King saluted them
most cordially, and the people cheered
them repeatedly.
From Buckingham Palace to the House
of Lords the procession proceeded with
out a hitch, at a walking pace. All along
the route hats and handkerchiefs were
waved, and the greatest enthusiasm was
displayed. The approaches to the houses
of Parliament -were black with people,
who were kept In their places by Irish
and Scots Guards. The King and Queen
quickly got out of the state carriage,
which came to a standstill at the royal
entrance beneath the Victoria tower, and
went up the marble stairway into the rob
Ing-room. Outside the roblng-room. In
the royal gallery which leads to the House
of Lords, were 500 persons, chiefly women,
who had been waiting patiently for hours
on stands especially erected for the cere
mony. Among them were many people
and Commoners, who were unable to g6t
places within the chamber.
In the House of Lords.
After some delay the robing-room doors
swung open and the nrocession. nlroadv
formed up, moved slowly ahead, through
the dingy gallery- No funeral could have
been quieter. The aristocratic spectators
wore perfectly still. Slowly the heralds'
marched towards the upper chamber.
The sight of an usher, walking back
wards, heralded the approach of the King.
The Duke of Devonshire, president of the
Council, immediately preceded him, carry
ing In his arms the cushion on which
rested the crown. Lord Londonderry, with
equal dignity, clasped the sword of state.
The King was half down the gallery be
fore the women remembered to courtesy,
and then black skirts rustled ceaselessly
and noble heads were bowed. Smiling
genially, the King bowed right and left.
He never looked better. His huge ermine
cape gave an enormous breadth to his
shoulders and set off the healthy color
of his face.
Queen Alexandra, wearing an ermine
cape and with a small diamond crown,
formed a remarkable contrast to her hus
band. The pallor of her face and her
downcast eyes enhanced the Idea of
mourning given by the long crepe veil
hanging down her back and hiding the
costly ermine. The ladles of the bed
chamber, walking two abreast directly
behind and deeply veiled, added a touch of
sadness to the scene. This was quickly
dispelled, however, by the glittering uni
forms of the gentlemen-at-arms and high
officers of the army.
Before the end of the procession had
passed out of the royal gallery, the King
had entered the House of Lords, and the
central feature of the day commenced.
It was 2:15 P. M. before the King arrived
in the chamber. Here, for once, the
women were somber-looking, in black, re
lieved only by their white arms and
shoulders and the diamonds and pearls In
their coronets, while the men, usually In
black, were radiant with brilliant robes
of scarlet and ermine. The Peers and
Judges occupied the front benches.
The monotony of this sea of red and
white was varied by the uniforms of the
Ambassadors, who, sitting en the Bish
ops' beaches with their sashes of blue.
criiueon and greens of all shades, made a
welcome change. The United States Am
bassador, Mr. Choate. as usual was prom
inent on account of his plain evening
drew. He was accompanied by Mr. Car
ter, the second secretary of the Embassy,
and Mr. Cutting, private secretary of the
Ambassador, similarly attired. Mrs.
Choate was with the Ambassadors' wives.
All present arose as the royal proces
sion entered, and all eyes centered on the
Queen's dress, which. It could be seen. In
spite of the ermine cape, was of deep
black and glittered with Jewels, while
across her breast was the ribbon of the
Order of the Garter, her husband's latest
tribute. "When their majesties reached
the throne, the Lord Chancellor stood on
the King's right. On the Queen's left
was Lord Londonderry. Lord Salisbury
stood at the foot of the throne. In the
state chairs were the Duchess of Corn
wall and York, Princess Charles of Den
mark, Princess-Christian of Sohleswlg
Holstein and the Duchesses of Connaught,
Fife and Argyll. The Dukes of Con
naught and Cambridge stood near Lord
Salisbury.
"With a motion of his hand the King
signalled that the distinguished gather
ing should sit, and the Queen, whom His
Majesty had gallantly led to the throne
by the hand, was the first to do so. Her
example was followed on all sides. Then
the gentlemen ushers of the. Black Rod,
after a deep obeisance, hurried to the
House of Commons, and. In a few min
utes, the Speaker, wearing his state
robes and attended by the Sergeant-at-Arms
and Chaplain, appeared at the bar.
Behind them surged members of the
House of Commons. Seldom has Great
Britain's legislators presented such a
turbulent spectacle. Several hundred of
them struggled fiercely to get in a space
which could scarcely hold 5ft persons.
The King's Speech.
In solemn tones, the Lord Chancellor
administered the oath, with the King sit
ting. The Lord Chancellor then, kneel
ing, handed the King a roll, which he
signed, after which all present once more
stood up, and the King put on his Field
Marshal's plumed hat, rose, and. In clear,
ringing tones, read his speech, which was
as follows:
"My Lords and Gentlemen: I address
you for the first time at a moment of
national sorrow, when tHo whole country
Is mourning the irreparable loss we have
so recently sustained, and which has
fallen with peculiar severity on myself.
My beloved mother, during her long and
glorious reign, has set an example before
the world of what a monarch should be.
It Is my earnest desire to walk In her
fotsteps.
"Amid this public and private grief It
la satisfactory to me to be able to assure
you that the relations with the other
powers continue friendly.
"The war In South Africa Is not yet en
tirely terminated, but the capitals of the
enemy and his principal lines of communi
cation are in my possession, and measures
.have been taken which will, I trust, en
able my troops to deal effectually with
the forces by which they are still opposed.
"I greatly regret the loss of life and
expenditure of treasure due to the fruit
less guerrilla warfare maintained by Boer
partisans in the former territories of the
two republics. Their early submission is
much to be desired in their Interests, as
until It takes place It will be Impossible
for me to establish In those colonies the
institutions which will secure the equal
rights of all the white Inhabitants and
protection and justice for the native pop
ulation. "The capture of Pekin by the allied
forces and the happy release of those who
were besieged In the legations, results to
which my Indian troops and my naval
forces largely contributed, have been fol
lowed by the submission of the Chinese
Government to the demands Insisted UDon
by the powers. Negotiations are proceed
ing regarding the manner In which com
pliance with these demands is to be effect
ed
"The establishment of the Australian
commonwealth was proclaimed at Syd
ney January 1 with many manifestations
of popular enthusiasm and rejoicing. My
deeply beloved and lamented mother had
assented to the visit of the Duke of Corn
wall and York to open the first Parlia
ment of the new commonwealth In her
name. A separation from my son, espe
cially at such a moment, cannot be other
wise than deeply painful, but I still de
sire to give effect to her late majesty's
wishes as evidence of her Interest, as
well as my own, In all that concerns the
welfare of my subjects beyond the seas.
I have decided that the visit to Australia
shall not be abandoned, and shall be ex
tended to New Zealand and the Dominion
of Canada.
"The prolongation of the hostilities in
South Africa has led me to make a fur
ther call on the patriotism and devotion
of Canada and Australasia. I rejoice
that my request has met with a prompt
and loyal response and large additional
contingents from those colonies will em
bark for the seat of war at an early date.
"The expedition brganised for the sup
pression of the rebellion Jn Ashantee was
crowned with signal success. The en
durance and gallantry of my native troops,
ably commanded by Sir James "Wllcocks,
and led by British officers, have overcome
both the stubborn resistance of the most
warlike tribes of West Africa and the
exceptional difficulties of a climate and
season of the country In which the oper
ations were conducted. The garrison of
Coomassle, which was besieged by the
enemy, has been relieved af te,r a prolonged
and gallant defense. The principal Kings
nave surrendered, and the chief impedi
ment to the progress of the development
of this rich portion of "West African pos
sessions has now, I hope, been finally
removed. The suffering and mortality
caused by the prolonged drouth In a large
portion, of my Indian empire have been
greatly alleviated by a seasonable rain
fall, but I regret to add that In parts of
the Bombay presidency, distress of a se
rious character still continues, which my
officers are using every endeavor to miti
gate. "Gentlemen of the House of Commons
The estimates for the year will be laid
before you. Every care has been taken to
limit their amount, but the naval and
military requirements of the country, and
especially the outlay consequent upon the
South African War, has Involved an In
evitable Increase.
"The demise of the crown renders It nec
essary that renewed provision shall be
made for the civil list. I place unreserv
edly at your disposal those hereditary
revenues which were so placed by my
predecessor, and I have commanded that
the papers necessary for a full consider
ation of the subject shall be laid before
you.
"My Lords and Gentlemen: Proposals
will be submitted to your Judgment for
Increasing the efficiency of my military
forces.
"Certain changes In the constitution of
the Court of Final Appeal are consid
ered necessary in consequence of the in
creased resort to It wntch has resulted
from the expansion of the Empire during
the last two generations.
"Legislation will be proposed to you
for the amendment of the law relating
to education Leclslatlon has been pre
pared and If the time at your disposal
proves to be adequate It will be laid be
fore you 'for the purpose of regulating the
voluntary eale by landlords of occupying
tenants In Ireland; for amending and con
solidating the factory and workshops
acts; for the better administration of the
law respecting lunatics; for amending the
public health acts In regard to the water
supply; for the prevention of drunkenness
In licensed houses and public places and
for amending the law of literary copy
right. "I pray that Almighty God .may con
tinue to guide you In the conduct of your
deliberations and that he may bless them
with success."
After the reading of the speech the pro
cession was reformed, the King proceed
ed to the roblng-room, unrobed and left
Westminster In the state carriage. In the
same order as It entered.
An Unusual Scramble.
After this there ensued In the House of
Lords a rush and scramble without prec
edent In the history of Westminster. The
crowd In the state gallery poured Into
the chamber. Peers and Peeresses strug
gled to get out, and other members of
the nobility, less lucky, waited to see the
place In which the great ceremony had
been held. Almost half an hour elapsed
before the confusion was over and the
distinguished people were able to find
their carriages and return home.
The absence of the Duke of Cornwall
and York from the ceremonies today Is
explained, to have been due to a cold. It
Is denied! that he has suffered a relapse.
On the resumption of business In the
House of Lords, the Lord Chancellor
read the King's speech, and the Marquis
of Waterford moved the address In re
ply. He Is perhaps, the .youngest mem
ber to which the honor has ever been
accorded. Lord Manners seconded the
motl6n. Lord KImberley, Liberal leader,
afterfcompllmentlng the mover and sec
onder of the . address, said the House
needed no further assurances that the
Kins "would follow in the steps of his
mother, and proceeded to express dissat
isfaction with the conduct of the war in
South Africa- He said the present condi
tions in South Africa filled him with ap
prehension. The government has been liv
ing in a fool's' paradise. Unless they
enabled General Kitchener speedily to
terminate the war, the situation could
easily become more dangerous. If the
government attempted to put the whole
military system on a more satisfactory
basis, they would receive every support
from the Liberals.
Lord Salisbury rose leisurely, and add
ed his congratulations to the mover and
seconder of the address, and proceeded
to refer to the manner in which the
country's loss had been received through
out the world- Continuing, Lord Salis
bury said the country could now hope
confidently that the promise given by the
King that he would follow In his moth
er's steps would be fully and abund
antly borne out. If so. It would be the
greatest triumph for the people of the
monarchy and for the name of the Brit
ish union. Dealing with the war, Lord
Salisbury thought there was nothing un
usual In the length of the campaign. He
referred Lord KImberley to the Indian
mutiny and the American war, between
which and the South African campaign
there was a great resemblance. In Bos
nia, It took two years and the whole
power of Austria to conquer the peas
ants. Where great enthusiasm and per
sistency existed in a country like South
Africa, months must elapse before tran
quillity could be restored. Therefore, he
did not believe there was any real ground
for the discontent or apprehensions ex
pressed by Lord KImberley.
It was four years before the whole
efforts of that very Intelligent and most
efficient community, North America, was
able to bring the war of secession to a
final and successful issue. He would bo
glad to hear Lord KImberley repudiate
all Idea of asking the Government to
alter Its conduct toward the enemy. It
was the business of the Government to
put Its whole heart and strength to the
task before it. A not numerous, but
noisy faction, tried to make out that
the English pepple were not hearty sup
porters of the war, and urged the Gov
ernment to adopt action short of what
was Implied In carrying the operations
to a successful Issue. If the enemy
were allowed to retain any portion of
their Independence, It would Involve in
cessant, continuous warfare. Unless the
British were masters and conquerors of
these territories, there was no hope of
abiding peace. What the country should
do with the power when obtained was
another question, but It was perfectly
obvious that the first purpose to which
the enemy would put any powers granted
them would be to accumulate new forces
and new arms, to await a fitting oc
casion for a new attack. If Great Britain
slackened her efforts It would be an
avowal to the world that her frontier
could be Invaded in the most insulting
manner and that the Empire was power
less effectively to resist it. If Lord KIm
berley could Impose his opinion on his
party generally. It would be a great ad
vantage to the Empire, as It would dis
pel the Impression" in South Africa that
an Important party movement in their
favor existed In this country, and it
would help to bring to an end the Insane
resistance which was bringing desolation
and misery to two territories.
The address was agreed to and their
lordships adjourned until February 19.
The House of Commons, after a brief
recess, reassembled, and a message was
brought in from the King, thanking the
Commons for their address of sympa
thy on the loss of his mother and their
expression of dutiful attachment to his
person. During the formal business, the
members condoled with each other on
the Injuries received in the scrimmages
early in the day, during their attempts
to reach the House of Lords. Among
the measures Introduced, Gerald Balfour,
president of the Board of Trade, gave no
tice that at an early date he would in
troduce a bill to amend apd consolidate
the law concerning literary copyright.
The Speaker, having read the King's
speech, H. A. Forstler, Conservative, who
was in the uniform of the yeomanry,
moved the address in reply to the speech
from the throne. After a reference to the
change of sovereignty, Mr. 'Forstler said
he hoped the House would remember the
dignity of the King's position, and deal
generously with the civil list Sir An
drew Agnew, Unionist, Edinburgh, sec
onded the motion.
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, the
Liberal leader, took up the political par
agraphs of the speech from the throne.
He said the House must not shut eyes
to the gravity of the situation In South
Africa which, he said, presented formida
ble difficulties. Neither in South Africa
was there any Idea of flinching. The
question was, had the Government ade
quately realized the circumstances and
adequately provided for them. The House
would not hesitate to vote anything neces
sary to clear the colony of invaders, but
when that was accomplished, then was
the moment to make to the people of
the two states such terms of settlement
as. while securing for the Empire all they
were contending for, would assuage their
fears, save their dignity and restore their
personal rights. If they were to keep
South Africa, they must win the confi
dence of the Dutch. He asked If It were
true that General Kitchener had asked
for more troops 11 weeks ago.
A. J. Balfour, the government leader,
admitted that the government had not
foreseen that the leaders of the Boers
would be so Ill-advised in their own in
terest and the Interest of their country
as to continue the struggle. The gov
ernment, he said, had exceeded Lord
Kitchener's demands rather than fallen
short of them, adding that the Boer
leaders "knew perfectly well that If they
lay down their arms, their persons and
property will be respected and equal
rights granted to all."
"More than this," continued Mr. Bal
four, "the Boer leaders know that as
soon as It becomes possible, free Insti
tutions will be adopted. Her Majesty's
government holds that It would be per
fect Insanity to grant all the Institutions
of self-government while the effects of
the war are still visible. We have put
our hand to the plow and shall not
withdraw it. The war will be continued
until It comes to the only conclusion
consistent with our honor."
Rostand Sues Mansfield.
NEW YORK, Feb. 14 Justice Fitzger
ald, In the Supreme Court, has reserved
his decision on application for a referee
to take testimony in an action brought by
Elizabeth Marbury, as agent, agiinst
Richard Mansfield to recover royalties
on the play "Cyrano de Bergerac." The
plamtlii claims that Mr. Mansfield ob
tained the American rights to the play
from Edmcnd Bostand, the author, on an
agreement of a royalty of 5 per cent on
the first $5000 of gross receipts and 10 per
cent on all receipts over 510,000.
Ex-Judge Dlttenhoeffer represented Mr.
Mansfield, and he argued that there was
nothing dueBostand, as the play was
public property. He also called attention
to the case now pending In the United
States Court In Illinois, In which action
Samuel Eberley Gross Is suing both Mans
field and Rostand on the claim that "Cyr
ano de Bergerac" was pirated from the
play "The Merchant Prince of Corvllle."
The counsel said that all the expense of
defending that action had been borne by
Mr. Mansfield. '
Memorial to Insersoll.
NEW YORK, Feb. 14. A movement Is on
foot to establish at New Rochelle a pub
lic park in memory of Robert G. Inger
soll. Dr. E. B. Foote, of Larchmon;
Wilson McDonald, of Yonkers; Captain
George W. Lloyd, of New Rochelle, and
the members of the Brooklyn Philosophi
cal Society are behind the movement.
Steps toward the acquirement of the land
are now uhder way. The park will bear
the name, of Colonel Ingersoll and will
provide also a site or the Tom Paine
monument.
SPANISH ROYAL WEDDING
MARRIAGE OF THE PRINCESS OF
ASTURIAS AXD PRIXCE CHARLES.
Madrid, Under Weylers Martial
Law, Was Forced to Remain Quiet
Cabinet Crisis Expected.
MADRID, Feb. 14. In the chapel of the
Royal Palace, In the presence of the royal
family and all the aristocracy and oSl
claldom of Spain, Dona Maria de las
Mercedes de Bourbon y Hapsburg, Prin
cess of Austurias, was today wedded to
Prince Charles of BoUrbon.
Shortly after 10 o'clock the guests be
gan to arrive at the palace, mounting
the grand staircase and traversing the
long corridors, lined on each side by
hallberdlera In red coats, white trousers
and black leggings, to the entrance of
the chapel, where the palace guards, by
thoroughly perfected plans, escorted each
person to a proper seat. Every arrange
ment was accurately made. There was
no crowding and no Jostling. The diplo
matic tribune was first filled. Among the
early comers were Bellamy Storer, United
States Minister, and Mrs. Storer, S.- S.
Cickles, the secretary of the United States
Embassy; Attache Bowler, and H. Sum
mers, the United States VIce-Consul-Gen-eral
at Barcelona. When the" chapel
finally filled, a scene of wondrous color
ing, due to the brilliancy of the dresses
of the court ladies, and the elegant uni
forms of officers and diplomats, was dis
played. Just as the cathedral clock chimed 11
the strains of the Broscle march pealed
from the organ, while the bridegroom's
party entered and took seats before the
altar between the tribune on each side.
Prince Charles wore the simple uniform of
a Captain of artillery, but displayed also
the Order of the Golden Fleece. The
Duke of Calabria wore a similar uniform,
covered with Spanish and Italian decora
tions. Prince Gennaro was In the uni
form of a cadet, and the Count of Caserta
In ordinary evening dress. The Countess
wore a cream-colored court gown, and
her three daughters' dresses were re
lieved with head and neckwear of white
lace. After a moment's waiting the more
imposing cortege of the bride arrived.
It was preceded by all the court officials,
who advanced amid an Imposing sound of
trumpets. King Alfonso, dressed In the
simple uniform of a cadet, with a small
sword at his side, led the way. He walked
erect, and firmly, his healthy appearance
giving denial "to the rumors recently cir
culated that he was ailing. Having knelt
at the altar, he turned to salute the diplo
mats. Then he kneeled again and bowed
In the direction of his grandmother, who
watched the ceremony from a private
tribune In the Queen's chapel. Then came
the Queen Regent and the other members
of the royal family.
In the front row before the altar stood
the Count of Caserta, Prince Charles, the
Princess of Asturias and the Queen Re
gent; in the second, the Countess of Cas
erta, the King and Archduke Eugene; In
the third, the Duke and Duchess of Cal
abria and the Infantas, and In the fourth,
Prince Gennaro and his sisters.
The Queen Regent, in a robe of light
cream, wore the crown. The Princess of
Asturias was In white. The ceremony
lasted half an hour. Mass followed and
the cardinal blessed the rings and coins
placed In the bride's palms, and the hands
of the bridegroom above her. He placed
the rings In the hands of the bridegroom,
who placed them In the hands of the bride,
saying: "I give thee this guerdon in token'
of marriage." The bride replied: "I ac
cept." The cardinal wore ancient vestments,
richly studded with gems and pearls, dat
ing from the reign of Ferdinand. At the
conclusion of the mass, the cortege re
traced its steps the King with the Count
ess of Caserta, the Queen Regent with
the Count of Caserta, the bridegroom
with the bride, and Archduke Eugene with
the Infanta Isabella. The entire cere
mony was simple and effective, and was
conducted without a hitch of any char
acter. When Madrid awoke it found Itself un
der military rule. A proclamation was
posted announcing the enforcement of
martial law, owing to the inability of the
civil authorities to cope with the disturb
ances. Mounted troops patrolled the city
and occupied every strategic point, and
a demonstration toward the palace on
account of the wedding was" thus nipped
In the bud, and no disturbance of- any
kind occurred today. Immense crowds
surrounded the palace during the cere
mony, but not a word of disrespect was
'overheard. After the ceremony, the May
or Issued an appeal to the populace, ask
ing for calmness.
General Weyler has issued a proclama
tion prohibiting persons gathering in
groups. Any one found Insulting or in
juring the troops by word or deed will be
tried by court-martial. Parents or guard
ians permitting children to roam In the
streets will be heavily fined. Military
subjects on furlough who take part In
disturbances will be court-martialed.
Persons injuring railways or other means
of transportation, and persons interfer
ing w'ith or Inciting workmen will also be
court-martialed.
The air Is full of a Ministerial crisis,
but there appears to hae been no meet
ing of the Cabinet this evening.
The Count and Countess of Caserta left
Madrid at 8 o'clock. Their departure was
without special incident. The train will
proceed with the greatest circumspection,
.owing to the fear of treacherous attack.
Prince Charles and the Princess of Astu
rias will remain in Madrid for the present.
Madrid is quiet tonight.
The weather this morning was perfect.
The city was absolutely calm, but there
were no decorations, and no flags or bunt
ing were displayed, except on official
buildings. The people were attired In fes
tival dress. The civil authorities resigned
their powers to the military, and cavalry
regiments replaced the civic guards and
patrolled the streets.
Excitement prevailed In Barcelona and
Granada, and the gendarmes were rein
forced. At Malaga, some French priests
on their way to Brazil landed to see the
town. A mob hooted and threatened the
priests, who hastily re-embarked. Toe
mob then stoned the offices of the Clerical
paper. A policeman was wounded by a
revolver shot. The Prefect eventually
succeeded in re-establishing order.
Disorders at Valencia.
VALENCIA, Feb. 14. Serious disorders
occurred here yesteniy. In a fight be
tween rioters and tby gendarmes a num
ber of shots were fired. One person was
killed and one wounded. Rioters took
the Jesuit College by assault. The doors
were broken In, but the police, on charg
ing, were received with a storm of stones.
One person was killed and numbers were
wounded.
Further troubles are reported from Bar
celona and Granada, Rioters at Alicante
stoned the City Hall and Provincial Coun
cil. British Compliment to Morsan.
NEW YORK, Feb. 14. The Herald says:
According to a cable report received
in this city. British Investors have just
paid an extraordinary compliment to J.
Pierpont Morgan. Several men, It is said,
have insured their property at Lloyds
against loss by the death of Mr. Morgan,
paying for the insurance the exceptionally
high premium of 3 per cent for three
months, or at the rate of 12 per cent a
year. It has been the custom of British
property-owners to Insure themselves
against loss by death of the reigning
monarch. In the lifetime of the Queen
her subjects have frequently taken the
precaution of insuring themselves against
loss by her sudden death While no di
rect verification of the report could be
obtained la this city, it is generally con
ceded that Mr. Morgan's remarkable-position
as the supporter of properties which
have an international Interest rould ren
der It a practical Idea for "some persons
to insure themselves against loss by his
death. Mr. Morgan Is 64 years of age.
THE PRESIDENT IS PLEASD
Tatt May Be- Rewarded "With the
Governorship of the Philippines.
NEW YORK, Feb. 14. A special to tha
Times from Washington says
The President Is greatly pleased with
the recent news from the Philippines. He
has been confident that the work
done by President Taft would tell
as soon as It became known that
he was a man determined to ad
minister affairs Justly and gener
ously for the Filipinos, and he did
not, therefore, pay much attention to the
rather gloomy and discouraging reports
made by General MacArthur, who had
been quoted as referring to the situation
as chronically bad.
The report that the President Intends to
make Judge Taft Civil Governor of the
Philippines in case Congress shall pass a
resolution giving him authority to regu
late affairs there entirely In his discre
tion until Congress can make specific laws
for the Islands, Is probably the expression
of a wish entertained by the President
when Judge Taft went to Manila. The
gratification of the wish depends first
upon the action of Congress and next
upon the consent of Commissioner Taft.
When Mr. Taft accepted the appointment
to the commission, he declared that he
could not think of going to the Philippines
for a longer period than 18 months. His
plan was to accomplish as much as was
possible In a year and a half and return
to practice law In Ohio.
Some assurances have been given to the
President, It Is understood, that Mr. Taft,
having become deeply interested in the
task he has accepted, will reconsider his
desire to return home, and consent to stay
long enough to make good his own sug
gestion that the difficulties presented in
the Philippines were so great that no
man could fall to. win credit for overcom
ing them, and that It would not be worth
while to go there merely to deal'With easy
and commonplace problems.
JUSTICE BREWER'S VIEWS.
Conclusions of Congress a Second
ary Matter.
NEW HAVEN, Conn.. Feb.-14. Justice
David J. Brewer, of the United States Su
preme Court, touched upon the Philip
pines problem In his address In the Dodge
lecture course In Yale. He said:
"I have been over 36 "years on the
bench, and no one, Indirectly or directly,
ever has hinted that any decision" I might
make might be for my own benefit, either
socially, pecunlarly", politically or other
wise. If I had wanted to do wrong I
should have been obliged to go out and
hunt for the tempter.
"We enter the new century under
changed conditions; we have been isolat
ed, but now commerce is carrying us,
whether we will or no, to the ends of
the earth. China, that great mass of
effete clvllzatlon, turns with abundant
faith to this Nation In Its time of distress.
"Many people are today wondering
what the outcome of the Philippine War
will be. The press and the halls of legis
lation resound with the momentous ques
tions Involved In the settlement of the
status of the islands. A solemn sense of
responsibility fills Congress. It is, how
ever, a secondary matter what will be
the conclusion of Congress, the policy of
the Administration, or the decision of the
Supreme Court, provided the people of
this country measure their Intercourse
with the residents of these Insular pos
sessions by the Golden Rule."
Accepted Philippine Judgeships.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.-C. A. Wlllard,
of Minneapolis, and J. C. Cooper, of Fort
Worth, Tex., have accepted positions as
Judges of the Supreme 'Court of the Phil
ippines. Henry C. Bates, of St. Johnsbury. Vt;
Fletcher Ladd, of Lancaster, N. H.; F.
F. Johnston, of Ann Arbor, Mich.; L.
R. Wlfly, of St. Louis, and A. F. Odlin,
of San Juan, Porto Rico, have accepted
positions as Judges of the Court of First
Instance of the Philippine Islands. It is
understood they will sail for Manilaabout
April 1. 1901.
Colombia and the Cnnnl.
NEW YORK, Feb. 14. General Rafael
Urlbe, the Colombian revolutionary lead
er, at present in this city, has announced
that he will Inform the State Department
at Washington that the Colombian Gov
ernment had no right to give the French
Panama Canal Company an extension of
time in which to finish building the Pan
ama Canal, and that therefore the United
States cannot acquire the company's
rights and property.
He Is led to take this step, he says, by
the report that Dr. Carlos Martinez, the
Colombian Secretary of State, who ar
rived In New Yorrk from Colombia on
Tuesday, will go to Washington, in the
interest of the French Panama company.
Robbed of ?3000 Worth of Jewelry.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 14. Mrs. F. H.
Osgood, of Seattle, who arrived In this
city on the Oregon express this morning,
has reported to the police and railway of
ficials that she was robbed during last
night of $3000 worth of jewWiry. She
stated that the gems were In a leather
bag which she suspended from her neck,
but that they were taken while she was
sleeping. The police officers have arrest
ed a. man on suspicion.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Feb. 14. Lawrence
V. Hill, about 20 years old, Is under ar
rest here on suspicion of being con
nected with the robbery. No trace of
the Jewels was found on him.
Banish Indies Deal.
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 14. Important
developments In regard to the sale of the
Danish West Indies are expected shortly.
It Is said In well-informed circles that
the Foreign Office is about ready to send
a definite and favorable reply to the
United States. King Christian, It Is un
derstood, gave assurances that while he
preferred the islands to remain Danish,
if the circumstances could be Improved,
he would do nothing to prevent their
transfer. The Rlgsdag has apparently
concluded that enough sacrifices have al
ready been made for the West Indies, so it
Is unwilling to give the further appro
priations necessary to retain their pos
session. Flfrnt at a Dance.
DENVER, Feb. 14. A special to the Re
publican from Santa Fe, N. M., tells of a
fatal shooting affray which occurred at
a dance in Hanover, Grout County. Do
lores Hernandez and Pablo Baca engaged
In a duel with pistols In the ballroom.
Hernandez was shot three times and will
probably die.- Esplrfon Sapata, an on
looker, was Instantly killed, and Baca was
shot In the hand. Hernandez and Baca
were arrested. The cause of the shooting
is not given.
Conference on Revenue BUI.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. The first
conference on the revenue reduction bill
was held today, the Democratic members
attending as well as the Republicans. It
led to a general discussion of both meas
ures, but none of the items was' taken up
in detail, nor was the conference produc
tive of anyjgeneral results In the way of
agreement. No exact time was fixed for
re-assembllng, but It was understood a
meeting tonight be called on Saturday.
-
"WEBFOOT" HARD WHEAT
FLOUR.
Used by housewives because of Its
goodness and economy. Makes the most
bread and makes It most nutritious. For
sale at all grocers..
DEWET IN CAPE COfONY
ENGAGED "WITH A BRITISH FORCE
STBAR-PHILIPSTOWW.
Tvitchener Reports That He Crossed
the Orange River at Sand Drift
Boers Near Cape Town.
LONDON, Feb. 15. The War Office has
received the following dispatch from
Lord Kitchener:
"Pretoria, Feb. 14. Our troops are now
engaged with Christian Dewefs force
north of Phillpstown, which we hold, De
wet having crossed the Orange River at
Sand Drift, apparently moving west.
"French, reporting from a point 25
miles southeast of Ermelo, states that a
large force of the enemy is being driven
on the Piet Rief, their efforts to break
back having so far been frustrated. The
Innlskilllngs charged the enemy, who left
five killed and six wounded on the
ground. Ten Boers were captured, and
there was a large capture of wagons,
carts and cattle. Our casualties were
one killed and five wounded."
The Evening News prints a dispatch
from Cape Town, dated Thursday, Feb
ruary 14, which says:
"The government here is advised that
Christian Dewet and ex-President Steyn
eritered Cape Colony and occupied Phil
lpstown. The British attacked them yes
terday and drove them out of the town
with loss."
CAPE TOWN, Feb. 14. A Boer com
mando crossed the Orange River yester
day. In the Phillpstown district- It is re
ported that Dewet was in command. Van
Wyksvlel was occupied Monday by 300
Boers, who were retreating from Cal
vlnla. The Boers are reported In force
24 miles west of Carnarvon. A Boer con
voy of 63 wagons and 45 prisoners has
been captured north of Amsterdam.
Boers Near Cape Town.
LONDON, Feb. 15. It is reported from
Cape Town that the wife of Commandant
Botha left Pretoria with a military escort
to endeavor to get her husband to surren
der. The Boers tried unsuccessfully to de
stroy a culvert near Cape Town. Se'vera
fighting ensued, the Boers leaving three
killed and 23 wounded. The British lost
one killed and two wounded.
Boers "Worsted at Aberdeen.
CAPE TOWN, Feb. 14. Fighting Is re
ported to have taken place near Aberdeen
Friday and Saturday last, the Boers being
worsted.
REXEWAY OF HOSTILITIES.
China Said to Be Making: Prepara
tions for More Trouble.
LONDON, Feb. 15. The Tien Tsln cor
respondent of the Standard, wiring yester
day says:
"The situation in Pekln is again becom
ing complicated, and the prospects of a
settlement are more remote than ever.
It Is believed that Sir Ernest M. Satow
will take decisive early action. Count von
Waldersee Is reported to have sent an
ultimatum to the Imperial court. All ap
pearances Indicate that China's Immova
ble obstinacy is Intended to facilitate the
active preparations she Is making for a'
renewal of hostilities In the Spring."
RuHso-French-Amerlcon Alliance.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 14. The Rus
sian press is greatly pleased with the
declaration of the French Minister of
Foreign Affairs, M. Delcasse, regarding
the Russo-French-American understand
ing. The Novoe Vremya says: "The
United Stares attaches Itself to the
Franco-Russian alliance for the same rea
sons which united the latter because they
pursue common alms, whose realizations
will benefit all." The paper expects a
closer understanding, which will strength
en reace.
The Novostl expresses Itself In the same
tone, but holds the opinion that American
politics are too changeable to Inspire com
plete trust, Japan, more than the United
States, being entitled to a leading role.
In her conduct in China she displayed
great tact and won universal esteem.
There has been no friction between the
Russo-Japanese troops. The Novostl an
ticipates a more complete understanding
between Russia and Japan, culminating in
a permanent alliance.
Negotiations at a Standstill.
PEKIN, Feb. 14. No official communi
cation has yet been made to the foreign
envoys by the Chinese plenipotentiaries
on behalf of the court. At present, the
negotiations are no further advanced than
they were at the meeting when the Chi
nese plenipotentiaries agreed to the
death of Prince Chwang and Yu Slen.
Private dispatches from Slnan Fu say
that a strong opposition has developed
among the officials to an agreement to
the demands of the powers, as well as an
opposition to the reform edict. Several
memorials have been presented to Em
peror Kwang Hsu urging lilm to refuse
further negotiations and to promote those
whom the foreigners desire executed. On
the other hand, it appears that Shan Chi
Tung, the Viceroy of Hankow,, urges the
Immediate commencement of reform.
IRISH PARTY UNITED.
Will Fight Every British Question
in Parliament.
LONDON, Feb. 14. John Redmond, in
the course of an interview this even
ing, said:
"While the Commoners and Peers were
jostling each other today In haste to pay
obeisance to Edward VII, every Irish
member deliberately abstained from any
participation in the pageant. The Irish
National Party today unanimously decid
ed that In consideration of Ireland's pres
ent position, the Irish members would
take no part In the ceremonies Inaugur
ating the new reign. For the first time
In 10 years, 80 Irish members met in a
united party In Westminster today and
determined on a vigorous campaign
against the new King. They intend not
only to discuss Irish questions, but to
interfere in every British question which
may arise. "We propose to expose tho
Iniquity of the Boer War, .and to make
a general assault upon the whole line."
This evening, Mr. Redmond received a
message from Boston signed by Mr.
O'Callahan, saying: "Members of the
United Irish League, of Boston, bid the
Irish Party Godspeed In beginning the
fight."
Nihilist Rumors in St. Petersburg-.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 14. Since the
Czar's return from Llvidia, the political
police have displayed unusual activity.
There have been many house searches and
arrests, particularly during the last fort
night. This energy occasions uneasiness
and Is accounted for by rumors regarding
conspiracies. P. M. Melukoff, the cele
brated historian, author of a three-volume
history of Russian literature, and of a his
tory of the period of Peter the Great, and
editor of the Russian edition of the Fer
man Encyclopedia, now being Issued, was
arrested Monday.
Kaiser Thanks the Sultan.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Feb. 14. Emperor
William, in thanking the Sultan for the
reception of the mission sent to attend
the Inauguration of the fountain erected
by the Emperor in Constantinople, to com
memorate his visit and that of Empress
Augusta Victoria, says he considers it a
fresh proof of the Sultan's friendship.
Quarrel for Gojam Throne.
RASKIBUTIL, French East Africa, Feb.
14. Tekla, King of Gojam, northwest of
the kingdom of Shoa, recently died of
poisoning, and two pretenders are now
Quarreling for the throne. Emperor Sleae
Uk has dispatched an. army to restore
peace.
Favorable to German Interests.
BERLIN, Feb. 34. The decision of Ly
man J. Gage, United States Secretary of
the Treasury, to impose an additional duty
on Russian sugar, has caused & sensa
tion here, tho leading papers Interpreting
It as favorable to German Interests.
Edward's Visit to Germany.
LONDON. Feb. 15. A dispatch from
Portsmouth says the royal yacht Victoria
and Albert has been commanded to take
King Edward and Queen Alexandra, to
Germany, and It is expected that the Brit
ish channel squadron "will form the escort.
DEADER THAN CLEVELAND.
Prominent Oregon Democrat's Esti
mate of Bryan.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 14. James D.
Robinson, a prominent Oregon Democrat,
In an interview here, says that all the
talk of Bryan again being the candi
date for the Democratic party Is non
sense. He says he will be before the
convention, but the Democrats will not
nominate him, as he Is deader than
Grover Cleveland.
Senator Shoup has secured a favorable
report on his bill to convert old Fort
Sherman. Idaho, Into a branch Soldiers'
Home.
Delegate Price, of Skagway, is In Wash
ington endeavoring to secure a reversal
of the decision of the Secretary of the
Interior In the Skagway townslte case.
Representative Wilson, of Idaho, today
Introduced a bill providing that all pro
ceeds from the sale of public, lands shall
be devoted to the construction of Irri
gating reservoirs in the state where such
sales occur.
TO BE REORGANIZED.
(Continued from First Pise.)
not to exceed $30, detectives $S0, patrol
men 70.
A personal liability clause pertaining to
the Commissioner was Inserted. The
captains and Jailer are required to give
a bond, but not the patrolmen. There la
no specific number of police provided for
The Chief of the Fire Department shall
receive 5150 per month, assistant chief
$100, district engineer $100. superintendent
fire alarm telegraph $100, foreman steam
engines $30. engineers $1000 per annum,
drivers $S40, foreman hook and ladder
companies $840, extramen $240. suppiy
wagon driver $S40, relief driver, $840, relief
engineer $1000, repairmen fire alarm de
partment $900.
The clause "not to exceed" Is used In
reference to all salaries.
There shall be no removals for political
reasons. The members of the Fire De
partment are made ex-officlo members of
the police force, for the purpose of mak
ing arrests. The civil service clause is
withdrawn, and men may be removed for
cause. Senator Hunt called attention to
the suits of policemen now pending, who
were removed when the funds were law
and who might win their cases. He did
not believe it was a good plan to have a
law that those men cannot be removed.
It Is provided that the Board of Public
Works In purchasing supplies shall In all
cases advertise for and receive competi
tive bids.
The next section to be considered are
those relative to the water works.
The charter will contain a section con
tinuing the present Board of Public
Works in office until the next election,
when the board shall be elected. The
city engineer Is removed as a member of
the Board of Public Works. All Commis
sioners are to be made personally liable
for their actions tho same as the Common
Council.
To Reclaim Arid Lands.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. The House
committee on Irrigation and arid lands to
day voted to report with an amendment
on the Newlands bill providing a com
prehensive plan of Government aid In re
claiming the arid sections of the arid
land states. The aid is accomplished by
devoting the receipts from public land
sales in these states to the purposes of
reclamation. These receipts amounted
this year to about $4,000,000. A sub-committee
was appointed to prepare the bill
In Its final form, with amendments. Con
siderable opposition was developed on the
ground of growing expenditures of the
present Congress and on Constitutional
grounds.
i
To Stop Cone Rushes.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Feb. 14. The
Yale faculty has abolished the time-honored
custom of granting a holiday to the
undergraduates on Washlngton'3 birth
day. The action of the faculty has ex
cited much discussion among the under
graduates, and an attempt will be made
to have the day restored. February 22
Is annually the date when the Yale soph
omores wear high hats and carry canes
for the first time, and when the freshmen
"rush" the sophomores and "take'' the
fence. The fierce fights at the fence and
in and about the campus have made the
custom unpopular witn tne proiessors.
The Rice Poisoning Cose.
NEW YORK, Feb. 14. Professor Witt
haus, the chemist, has not yet made his
supplementary report to the District At
torney In the case of William. Marsh Rice,
the Texas millionaire. Several months
ago he said he had discovered traces of
mercury In the old man's stomach. Until
the result of the chemist's quantitative
analysis Is known, the Coroner's inquest
cannot be held, nor does the District At
torney know whether to seek any Indict
ment for murder or for grand larceny or
forgery against Albert T. Patrick, who
has been confined in the Tombs for
months.
Bad Coughs
I u
There are'hundreds of cough
medicines which relieve coughs,
all coughs, except bad ones!
The medicine which has been
curing the worst of bad coughs
for sixty years is
Ayer's
Cherry
Pectoral
Now you can get a trial
bottle of Cherry Pectoral for
25 cents. Ask your druggist.
Three sizes : 25c, 50c, $1.00.
If your druggist cannot supply you. send
us $1.00 and wo will express a large bottle
to you, all charges prepaid. Be sure and
give us your nearest express office.
T. C Aye Co., tow ell. Mast.