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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1900)
j&mrmx jSk $
VOL. XL. is'O. 12,477.
PORTLAND, ORLGpy, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
MACKINTOSHES, RUBBER AND OIL-CLOTHING
Rubber Boots and Shoes, Belting, Packing and Hose.
Largest and most complete assortment o f all kinds of Rubber Goods.
Goodyear Rubber Company
R. H. PEASE. President.
P. M. 8HEPARD, JR., Treasurer.
J. A. SHEPABD. Secretary.
During the month of December
WE WILL RETAIL
Cameras and Photographic Supplies
AT WHOLESALE PRICES
BLUMAUER.FRANK DRUG CO.
144-146 FOURTH STREET, PORTLAND, OR.
Shaw's Pure Malt
The Condensed Strength and Nutriment of
Barley and Rye
BlUmaiier & HOCfl, IOS and HO Fourth Street
Sole Distributers for Oregon
Fifth and Washington Sts. .... PORTLAND, OREGON
t-i .. - , , -. Rooms-Single 75c to $1-60 per day
First-Class Check Restaurant Rooms Double $1.00 to $2.00 per day
Connected With Hotel. Rooms Family $1.50 to 53.00 per day
St. Charles Hotel
FRONT AND MORRISON STREETS
American and European Plan.
At Special Prices
We Place on Sale This Morning
SPECIAL PER OUNCE.
Pivers Le Trefle Af
Rosirls 4cJC "
Roger & Gallet's
Pinaud's Latest Productions
Le Reine Violelte
An original package of Lundborgs
Hcllo-Vlolet Sachet to every customer at
our perfume counter.
tee their cenuineness.
We have, without niifi;tlrn-th lr
gest and most beautiful variety of articles appropriate
for nrftsftntation VXhthr it'c fhrictmc nut
New Year's Gift, Engagement Gift, Wedding Gift, or
Anniversary Gift, you will find in our Holiday Stock the
finest selection in the Northwest. And allow us to
suggest that you
We Will Reserve Articles If Desired.
Store Open Evenings In
Diamond Importers. Manufacturing Jewelers.
THIRD AND WASHINGTON STREETS
Be Wise in Your Purchases
Before deciding upon the purchase of a piano, you should hear the PIANOLA.
It Is on exhibition at our warerooms. ,You may wish to buy a PIANOLA and In
vest less money than, you originally Intended in the piano itself, and get the full
benefit of It: or you may even wish to -ent a piano temporarily and purchase the
ability to play upon it anything you desire whenever your mood calls for it. It
would be at least judicious to hear the PIANOLA.
M. B. WELLS, Northwest Agent Tor the Aeolian Company
Aeolian Hall, 353-355 Washington Street cor. Park. Portland. Or.
JVe are Sole Agents for the Pianola; also for the Stelnway, Chase and Emerson Pianos.
The Livestock Exhibition.
CHICAGO, Dec 7. This was College
Day at the International Livestock Ex
position. The regular Judging of stock
has been finished, and today 23 students,
representing the agricultural colleges
with the exhibits In the various depart
ments, started Inspecting and passing on
the merits of the animals on exhibition
that had not been passed upon by the
regular Judges. Prizes ot $1000 In cash
and a silver cup are offered to the stu
dents showing the best judgment, this
r.lnt to bo decided by the regular judges,
who will examine the stock passed upon
ty the students and decide on the merits
cf the different animals. The work of
e students drew an immense crowd to
The two days' sale of Aberdeen-Angus
breeding cattle was closed today, 100 ani
mals having been sold at a general aver
ago of $340 each The Shorthorn sale
was also closed today. Nlnety-slx ani
mals brought 522.33, a general average of
$336 per head. In the two days sale of
Galloway cattle, 100 animals were sold
tor $27,E95. an average of $278 each.
73-73 FIRST ST.
C. T. BELCHER. Sec and Trees.
American plan $1.25. J1.&0. JL75
European plan 50c. 75c. $1.00
WOODARD, CLARKE & CO.
Fourth and Washington Sts.
Out-of-Town Orders Given
A Santa Fe Extension.
DENVER, Dec. 7. A special to the Re
publican from Santa Fe. N. M., says:
The Santa Fe, Albuquerque & Pacific
Railroad Company this afternoon filed In
corporation papers at the office of the
Territorial Secretary. The capital stock
is $2,250,000. Altogether, 150 miles of road
Is to be constructed. It is to run from
Santa Fe to Albuquerque, connecting
with the Denver & Rio Grande at San
Pedro. A branch line is to be constructed
commencing 10 miles south of San Pedro,
to connect with the propo-ed extension
of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific
Railroad and the El Paso & Northeastern
To Demand Release of May.
WASHINGTON, Dec 7. The State De
partment has Instructed Minister Hunter,
at Guatemala City, to demand the release
of May, the American engineer who was
arrested while about to leave Guatemala,
if May's statement Is true that he had
undertaken to leave behind him. an at
torney of record.
GROUT BILL PASSED
House Disposed of Oleomar
THE VOTE WA$ 196 TO 92
Substitute Offered by the Minority of
- the Committee "Was Defeated by
a Good Majority A Long
WASHINGTON, Dec 7. The House to
diy passed the Grout oleomargarine bill
by a vote of 1S6 to 92. The substitute of
fered by the minority of the committee
on agriculture, which imposed additional
restrictions on the sale of oleomargarine,
to prevent Its fraudulent sale as butter,
and Increased the penalties for violations,
was defeated by a vote of 113 to ITS.
The bill, as passed, makes all articles
known as oleomargarine, butterine. Imi
tation butter or imitation cheese, trans
ported Into any state or territory for con
sumption or sale, subject to the police
power of such state or territory, but pre
vents any state or territory from forbid
ding the transportation or sale of such
product when produced or sold free from
coloration, in imitation of butter. The
bill increases the tax on oleomargarine,
colored in imitation of butter, from 2 to
10 cents per pound, and decreases the tax
on oleomargarine, uncolored, from 2 cents
to of 1 cent per pound.
A long and interesting debate preceded
the vote, in the course of which those
who favored the Grout bill claimed that
the additional tax on colored oleomar
garine was the only effective remedy for
preventing fraud upon the public while
those who opposed it contended that fraud
would be prevented by the substitute, and
that the real purpose of the Grout bill
was to destroy the oleomargarine Indus
try. The Debate.
Henry (Rep. Conn.), who is in charge
of the measure, opened the debate In its
support. He explained the features of the
bill. The Increase of the tax on colored
Imitation butter, he said, the 'majority
of the committee on agriculture believed
was absolutely necessary to protect the
dairy interests of the country. The enor
mous amount of frajd and illegal selling
of oleomargarine, he said, was due to
the great profits derived from the sale of
the imitation, because of Its absolute
counterfeit of butter. Thirty-two states
already had absolutely forbidden the
manufacture or sale of oleomargarine col
ored in Imitation of butter, he said, and
this fact proved conclusively the pol'cy
of a large majority of the people against
the existence of manufactured butter In
counterfeit form. Henry went exhaust
ively into the figures as to the cost of
the article to show that. Including the
payment of the present Internal revenue
tax of 2 cents. It 'was not more than 10
cents per pound. Henry said the income
of the tax would prevent the large profits
which were the Incentive to violate the
laws of the state and Government and
defraud Innocent purchasers, while the
reduction of the tax on oleomargarine in
its natural color would enable those who
desired to consume it to procure It at a
lower cost than heretofore.
The Minority's Substitute.
Wadsworth (Rep. N. Y.), chairman of
the committee on agriculture, who with
six other members of the committee
signed the minority report against the
Grout bill, asserted with emphasis that
the minority was Just as earnest In its
desire to prevent the fraud now prac
ticed in the sale of imitation butter as
the majority could be. The only dif
ference was that the minority recog
nized the value of oleomargarine as a
wholesome and nutritious article of food,
and entitled to a place as a food product.
In support of this statement he read the
testimony of a number of scientific men.
He charged that the purpose of the sup
porters of the Grout bill was to destroy
the manufacture of oleomargarine, not
to regulate its sale. The bill prepared by
the minority, he added, would eliminate
all possibility of fraud by compelling the
sale of oleomargarine in original pack
ages of one or two pounds, stamped with
the word "oleomargarine," and bearing
the Internal revenue tax stamp, and im
posing additional and heavy penalties for
violation of the law.
Grout (Rep. Vt.), In support of the bill,
declared that Its purpose was to sup
gress 'fraud In the sale of a food product
by preventing the coloring of oleomar
garine In Imitation of butter. Over 104,
000.000 pounds of oleomargarine had been
manufactured and sold last year. That
was about one-ninth of the total of the
butter consumption of the United States.
"Do you not think that the enactment of
a substitute would prevent fraud In the
sale of oleomargarine?" asked Burke
"I do not," replied Grout. "The public
would have no more protection than it
Grout produced figures to show that
oleomargarine cost less than 9 cents per
pound, and is worked off on the public
by the retailer at from IS to 30 cents per
pound. He gave a practical Illustration
of the manner in which oleomargarine Is
sold by having brought Into the House a
box full of packages of what looked like
butter. Each was wrapped- in brown
wrapping-paper. The packages were
passed around, and after they had been
examined Grout defied any one to tell
whether they contained butter or oleo
margarine. Then he turned up a cor
ner of the wrapping-paper, which had
been apparently carelessly folded down,
and displayed the printed sign, "oleomar
garine" Lorimer (Rep. 111.) made a vigorous
speech In opposition to the bllL
Bailey (Rep. Kan.) supported the sub
stitute. He said that laboring men from
all parts of the country had protested
to the committee against the Grout bill.
Grosvenor (Rep. O.) opposed the Grout
bill, which, he said, was designed
to destroy one Industry for the
benefit of another. He said that if the
manufacture of oleomargarine was de
stroyed as the bill would destroy It, the
cost of butter to the laboring men would
increase 23 per cent.
Lamb (Dem. Ala.) and Davidson (Rep.
Wis.) supported the bill. Williams (Dem.
Miss.), a member of the agricultural com
mittee, favored the substitute. Tawney
(Rep. Minn.), who has ieen closely identi
fied with the proposed legislation, closed
the debate with a speech In favor of the
Vote on Amendments.
The bill was read for amendment under
the flve-mlnute rule, and many members
secured recognition for the purpose of ex
tending their remarks in the record.
Bartlett (Dem. Ga.) moved to strike out
the proviso that nothing In the bill should
be construed to permit any state to for
bid the manufacture or sale of oleomar
garine In such form as would advise the
consumer of its real character, frea from
color The amendment was Jost, 4S to 117.
An amendment was adopted providing
that the act should go Into effect July
Bailey (Dem. Tex.) closed the debate
against the bill. He contended that the
pretense of the bill that It was to pre
vent fraud was Itself a fraud.
Wadsworth, on behalf of tl(e minority of
the committee, then offered the substi
tute prepared by the mlnorjty. The sub
stitute was defeated, 113 to 78.
Tote on the Bfctl.
The bill was then passed, 196 to 92.
Those voting in the negative were:
Aldrich. Allen (Ky.). Allen (Miss.),
Bailey (Kan.), Bailey (Tex.J. Ball, Bank
head, Bartholdt, Bartlett, Bellamy, Bou
tell, Brantly (Ga.), Bromwill, Broussard
(La.), Burke (Tex.), Burkeson, Burnett,
Burton, Carmack, Catchlngs, Clayton
(Ala.), Clayton (N. T.), Cooper (Tex.),
Cowherd, Cummlngs, Cussack, Davis, De
Graffenreld, Floley, Fleming. Fos'ter,
Fowler, Fox, Gaines, Gayle, Griggs (Ga.),
Grosvenor, Hawley, Hay, Hedge, Henry
(Miss.), Henry (Tex.), Johnstone, Joy,
Kitchln, Kleberg, Lanham, Lasslter, Lat
imer, Lester, Lewis, Llnney, Little. Liv
ingston, Long, Lorimer, Loud, Lovering,
McClellan, McCulloch, McDermott, Mann,
McClaln, McRea, Laphen. Noonan,
Pearce, Pierce, Ransdell, ' Rhea (Ky.),
Rhea (Va.), Richardson, Shephard, Sims,
Slayden, Smith (Ky.), Snotigrass, Park
ham, Stephens (Tex.), Stewart (Wis.),
Stokes, Talbert, Taylor (Ala.).. Terry,
Thomas (N. C), Underwood, Wadsworth,
Wheeler, White, Williams! (Miss.), Wil
son (S. C.) J
Payne, chairman of the w&ys and means
committee, reported the wir revenue re
duction bill. He gave notice that he
would call up the bill after the disposi
tion of the legislative appropriation bill,
probably Tuesday. On account of the
centennial exercises In the House
Wednesday, It was agreed that the ses
sion that day should begin at 3:15
P. M., and at 5:50 o'clock Ihe House adjourned.
PLEASED WITH AMERICANS
Earl LI Says a Good "Vord for Our
PEKIN, Dec 7. LI Hung Chang has
informed General Chaffee that he and all
the people of the Province of Chi LI are
extremely pleased and gratified at the be
havior of the American troops toward the
Chinese. This Is considered no light mat
ter. From all sections of the portion of
the city under American supervision come
words of praise; thankfulness and com
mendation regarding the behavior of the
Germany Wants an Indemnity.
BERLIN, Dec 7. Before the budget
committee tqday the' Imperial Chancellor,
Count von Bulow asked for an Indem
nity for the dispatch of the expedition to
China, as well as the expenses thereof,
and declared the troops sent to China
would certainly be disbanded as soon as
the work there Is accomplished, as a legal
basis neither existed nor -yfould be1 created
for their permanent embodiment.
After Baron von Reichthofen, the Secre
tary for Foreign Affairs, had anrounced
that the treaty with China would not, pre
sumably. Impose on Germany the obliga
tion of maintaining guards in the Province
of Pe Chi Li. but merely grant the right
of maintaining guardstthe- committee!
adopted the motion for an lndeIstIy2, t
Carrying- Off Chinese Treasares.
BERLIN, Dec 7. The correspondent of
the Deutsche Zeltung writes that German
marine officers discovered Sir Claude Mac
Donald, ex-British Minister at Pekln. and
Lady MacDonald personally superintend
ing coolies who were carrying' off treas
ures from the Chinese Imperial Palace to
the British Legation buildings.
Oxnard Married arolald.
NEW YORK, Dec 8. The "World says:
"On the Deutschland, which arrived
here yesterday, were Henry T. Oxnard, of
San Francisco, president of the two
American beet-sugar associations, and his
bride, formerly Mile. Marie Plchon, maid
of Mr. Oxnard's sister-in-law, Mrs. Robert
Oxnard. They were married in Paris No
vember 15, but the marriage was not an
nounced until the Deutcchland's arrival."
The Manchcsters at Cincinnati.
CINCINNATI, Dec. 7. The Duke and
Duchess of Manchester and Eugene Zim
merman, father of' the Duchess, arrived
here tonight and were Immediately driven
to the Zimmerman residence. The Dake
and Duchess will remain here until after
Christmas, when they will visit Mrs.
Yseaga, the grandmother of the Duke, at
Natchez, Miss. From there they will pro
ceed to the Pacific Coast.
.SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS.
The House passed the Grout oleomargarine bllL
The Senate will take Its first vote on the Hay
Pauncefote treaty Thursday. Page 1.
The war-revenue bill was reported to the
House, and will be called up Tuesday.
Appropriation of $10,000 asked for a launch for
Columbia River customs service. Page 4.
Bids were received at the Navy Department
for five battle-ships and six. cruisers. Page 1.
The Paclflo SQuadron has been ordered to pro
ceed at once to South America. Page 2.
Trade dollars may be coined in the Islands.
Several engagements are reported In Luzon.
Relations are strained between Holland and
Portugal. Page 2.
Kruger abandons bis trip to European capitals.
Chamberlain promises civil government to the
Boer Republics. Page 3.
Countess Castellane's yacht Walhalla has been
seized for debt. Pase 3.
Vice-President Hayden. of the New York Cen
tral, was killed by Jumping or falling from
a window. Page 3.
Jessie Morrison testified In her own behalf In
her trial at Eldorado. Kan. Page 10.
Annual convention of the Oregon-Idaho Y. M.
C. A. began at Eugene yesterday. Page 4.
Captain Worrick. formerly of the Second Ore
gon Volunteers, has been recommended for
promotion. Page 4.
Oregon City will sell $12,000 worth of sewer
bonds. Page 4.
Famous colors of the Second Oregon Volun
teers now adorn the walls of the State-
house. Page 4.
The three victims of the Seattle murderous
assault Wednesday are In a critical condi
tion. Page 4
Commercial and Marine.
The wheat market showing renewed strength.
Weekly trade reviews. Page 5.
Portland ships another 50.000-barrel flour
cargo. Page 10.
Delayed steamship Columbia reaches port.
Vessel property Increasing In value. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Some prUe-wInaers at the Chicago livestock
show have been bought for Oregon. Page 8.
The Wolff & Zwlcker Iron -Works placed la the
bands of a receiver. Pare 12. " "
THE CANAL TREATY
Test Vote in the Senate Will
ITS FATE WILL BE DECIDED
Agreement Reached to Vote on the
Fortifications Amendment That
Day Yesterday's Debate in
WASHINGTON. Dec 7. No business nf
Importance was transacted by the Sen
ate today In open session. Practically
The Hay-Pauncefote treaty, .now before the United States Senate, was framed by British
Ambassador Sir Julian Pauncefote and Secretary of State John Hay. It Is designed to re
place the Clayton-Bulwer treaty by enlarging Its provisions so that the Nicaragua Canal,
when constructed and maintained by the United States, shall be neutral and free to the
commerce ot all the world. An amendment to this treaty Is now pending In the Senate pro
viding that the United States shall fortify the approaches to the canal. To this Great Brit
ain will probably not consent. ,
the entire legislative day was consumed
by an executive session.
The developments In executive session
in connection with the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty were: An agreement on the part
of the Senate to vote on the amendment
offered by the committee on foreign re
lations, providing for the policing of the
canal, -next Thursday, at S o'clock; an
amendment offered by Teller striking out
the treaty prohibition, against the fortifi
cation of the Nicaragua Canal when con
structed; the conclusion of Morgan's
speech; a speech by Teller In opposition
to the treaty. An agreement for a vote
on the committee amendment was se
cured soon after the executive session, be
gan. It was reached by unanimous con
sent at a request made by Lodge Lodge
did not ask to have a date fixed for a
vote on the treaty Itself, believing that
the fate of the measure will be deter
mined by the result of the vote on the
In the ppen session. Galllnger (Rep., N.
H.) presented a telegram addresed to the
President of the Senate, from N. F.
Thompson, secretary of the Southern In
dustrial Commission, now in session at
New Orleans, to the effect that the con
vention, had passed a resolution favor
ing the early passage by Congress of a
ship subsidy bill for all American vessels
which shall be equitably based upon the
tonnage actually carried, besides com
pensation for carrying the mails.
In presenting a report of a committee
of physicians upo nthe filtration of the
water supplied to the City of Washing
ton, Galllnger called attention to the
fact that the rate In this city from that
disease was seven or eight times as great
as Jn European cities of the same class.
At 1:35, on motion of Lodge, the Senate
went into executive session. Morgan
(Dem., Ala.) In his speech, went over the
same grounds covered by him yesterday,
saying he desired simply to clear up some
misapprehension concerning his position.
Teller (Sll., Colo.) spoke for about two
hours, giving notice of his amendment
at the beginning of his address. The
amendment suggested relates to section
7 of article 2 of the treaty. As that sec
tion now stands It reads as follows:
"No fortifications shall be erected com
manding the canal or waters adjacent.
The United States, however, shall be at
liberty to maintain such military police
along the canal as may be necessary to
protect it against lawlessness and dis
order." The Colorado Senator's amendment pro
vides for the striking out of the first
sentence of this provision and for verbal
changes in the remaining portion, making
It read as follows:
"The United States shall be at liberty
to maintain such military force along the
canal as may be necessary to protect It
against lawlessness and disorder."
Teller contended that If the United
States desired to build the canal; it
should proceed to do so without trying
to secure the consent ot" Great Britain.
He said that the opinion of Secretary
Hay that the abrogation of the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty was necessary as a pre
ceding performance after all was only
the opinion of one man. Then he quoted
from public documents In which two
former Secretaries of State had differed
In their opinions in this respect.- He also
showed that in some Instances there had
been breaches of the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty. He quoted Secretary Evarts as
saying that the guarantee of neutrality
Is one thing while the question Is un
settled and quite another when the' canal
shall be opened to the interests, ambi
tion and cupidity of the commercial na
tions nd Is occupied by populations of
foreign allegiance and discordant habits.
Secretary Blaine was also quoted on the
Replying to Morgan, Teller expressed
the opinion that Great Britain would
never permit her resentment of independ
ent action by the United States to lead
her to begin hostilities, because her ma
terial Interest in maintaining peace with
this country Is too great, but he argued
that to ask English assent to the con
struction ot the canal was to admit that
that country had a right to express dis
sent. That position, he said, never would
be accepted by the people ot this country.
FATE OF CANAL TREATY.
Awaited in England With More In
terest Than Anxiety.
NEW YORK, Dec 7. A dispatch to the
Tribune from London says:
The fate ot the Hay-Pauncefote treaty
is awaited here 'with more Interest than
anxiety. Its rejection" or even an amend
ment In the spirit hostile to the Suez regu
lations will be regarded as a sign that the
American Senate Is bent upon ending
rather than mending the Clayton-Bulwer
convention and upon doing this, more
over. In an offensive way.
The British. Government did not take the
initiative In opening negotiations for a
revision of the convention of 1S30. It
merely responded in a most friendly spirit
to a suggestion, from the State Depart
ment that the time had come for adapting
an antiquated treaty to altered conditions
in a spirit of mutual accommodation and
good will. It conceded everything that
was asked and merely stipulated that the
Suez principles should be applied to any
canal under American control. The re
jection of the convention will be consid
ered as an Indication that the American
Government does not know its own mind
and that it does not value the concessions
made In response to Its own solicitations.
The adoption of a fortifications amend
ment will be the signal for a strong press
agitation here against a departure from
Suez practice, and the Foreign Office will
have the public support If It declines to
accept the treaty in a new form. It is un
derstood in diplomatic circles here that
Lord Salisbury at the outset of the nego
tiations expressed a willingness to settle
the canal question if he could receive an
assurance that the treaty would have the
support of the Senate and that the vari
ous Senators of the foreign relations
committee were consulted in advance
whether they had committed themselves
or not to the treaty.
Territory for the Canal.
CHICAGO. Dec. 7. A special to the
Record from Washington says:
Nicaragua and Costa Rica have an
nounced their willingness to grant a lease
to the United States for a period of 200
years of the territory necessary for the
construction of the projected Nicaragua
Canal. The terms are regarded'aSjSnod
erate. It is understood thatNfcaragua
and Costa Rica will accept bonds, the
value of those to be accepted by the
former government to be less than $6,
OCO.OOO and by the latter to be less than
Committee Draws TJp a. Resolntion
"Which Will He Voted on Today.
WASHINGTON. Dec 7. The Presbyte
rian committee ot 16 today voted seriatim
on tne nve propositions submitted by va
rious members having for their object
the revision of or a supplemental state
ment to the confession of faith. The out
I come of the voting and accompanying
i discussion was the formation of a com
bined resolution embodying as nearly as
, possible the individual views of the mem
bers. The vote on this DroDositlon w:ll
be taken tomorrow. The proposition
adopted by the committee at this session
will be subjected to alteration or change
at a subsequent meeting to be held be
fore the General Assembly convenes In
"W. C. T. XT. Convention Ended.
WASHINGTON, Dec 7. The National
W. C T. U. contention came to a close
today after a successful and Interesting
week. Most of the closing day was de
voted to superintendents' reports. A
recommendation of the executive commit
tee that the National W. C. T. U. should
own and control an official organ was
adopted, a was also a resolution de
claring that the union should work for
the adoption of a Constitutional amend
ment prohibiting polygamy,
IDS FOR WARSHIPS
Tenders Opened by Secre
tary Long Yesterday,
FOR ELEVEN NEW VESSELS
Eight Bidders Competed, but So
Awards Have Been Made Yet
Figures Submitted by Mo
ron Bros., of Seattle. J
WASHINGTON, Dec 7. Never sine
the birth of the new Navy has there:
been such a gathering of shipbuilders and
meUI kings as were assembled In the
office of the Secretary of the Navy today
to witness the opening of bids for an
amount of naval construction which Sec
retary Long denominated as the greatest
Industrial event this or any other coun
try has ever seeiv Involving the placing
of contracts for about $50,000,000. The Sec
retary left the Cabinet meeting for the,
purpose of presiding at the ceremony.
Associated with him were the chiefs of
the great Naval Bureaus, Admiral Hlch
born. Admiral Melville, Admiral O'Nelt
Among the spectators were Henry
Scott, Charles and Edwin Cramp; Mr.
Trigg, of, the Richmond Locomotive
Works; President Morse, Manager New
man and John Lindsay, of the New York
Shipbuilding Compmy. the new Delaware
River concern; Manager Clarke, of the
Miles Tool Company; Lewis Nixon, of the
Crescent Works; President Olcott. Judge
Payson and Manager Post, of the New
port News Works; E. O. Wellington and
H. T. Elwell, of the Fore River Works,
of Massachusetts: the Moran Bros., of
Seattler President Taylor and Mr. Tar
bett. of the Risdon Shipbuilding Com
pany; John Dialogue, ot Camden, and a
number of others Identified with ship
building. There were eight bidders, and most of
the bids were well within the limit of
cost allowed by Congress for the ships.
The notable feature was an attempt ot
the younger and smaller firms to break
the line of the older organizations which
have constructed all the vessels of the
new Navy up to this time. While It Is
not possible at this moment to forecast
results accurately, there are Indications
that In at least one instance, and perhaps
two Instances, these attempts will be at
tended with some degree of success, for
It looks as If some ot the work will be
bestowed upon the Fore River Company,
which appears for the first time as a bid
der for constructing armored ships. The
Pacific Coast, too, presents a likely can
didate in the Morons' bid.
Because of changes made in the speci
fications, the general tendency of which
is to reduce considerably the equipment of
ships. It is not possible yet to tell which
of. the bids are actually the lowest. A3
Union Iron Works, San Francisco, one
sheathed and coppered. $3,800,000; one
without sheathing, $3,750,000: another un
der the same conditions, $3,750,000, making
two in all.
William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia,
one sheathed, but uncoppered. $3,890,000;
one unsheathed. $3,780,000.
Newport. News Shipbuilding Company,
one sheathed and coppered, $3,883,000; one
without sheathing. $3,775,000.
Moran Bros. & Co., Seattle. Wash., one
sheathed and coppered, $4432,000. or two
at $4.00S,C00 each; one without sheathing,
$3,963,000. or two at J3.SS4.000 each.
Fore River Shipbuilding & Locomotive
Works, Qulncy, Mass.. one sheathed and
coppered. $3,975,000. or two at $3,930,000
each; Iwthout sheathing, one for $3,800,000
and two at $3,775,000 each. The" same bid also
is made for two more ships at the same
price and under the same conditions under
the act of 1900. The preceding bidders,
Moran Bros. & Co. and the Newport
News Company, made similar proposi
tions. John H. Dialogue & Son, Camden, N.
J., one unsheathed for $3,825,000; another
under the act of 1900 at the same price.
Risdon Iron & Locomotive Works. Saa
Francisco, one without sheathing, $4,075,
Cramp & Sons, one sheathed and cop
Newport News Company, one sheathed
and coppered, $3,593,000; one unsheathed,
Fore River Works, one for $3,550,000, or
two for $3,555,000 each, all sheathed and
coppered; without sheathing, one for
$3,430,000, or two for $3,405,000 each. Abid
is also submitted for two more at the
same prices under the act ot 1900.
John H. Dialogue & Son, one sheathed
and coppered. $3,400,000; one without
sheathing, $3,290,000; another at the same
figure under the act ot 1900.
Bath Iron Works, one sheathed and cop
New York Shipbuilding Company, one
sheathed and coppered. $4,200,000, or two
at $4,175,000 each; without sheathing, one
for $4,100,000 or two for $4,075,000 each. This
firm offers to reduce the time limit of
completion six months.
Moran Bros. & Co., Seattle, one
sheathed and coppered, $3,865,000, or two
at $3,697,000 each; without sheathing, one
for $3,697,000, or two for $3,5S5.000 each.
Bids also are made for two more at the
same price under the act of 1900. This
firm also offers to reduce the limit about
Union Iron Works, one unsheathed,
A Naval Board will consider the bids
and report on them. The act of Congress
limits the cost of cruisers to $3,600,000
each, and of the battle-ships to $4,250,000
for the sheathed, and 51,000.000 for the un
sheathed. Secretary Long expressed him
self as pleased with the result of the bid
ding, so far as he could perceive it from
the hasty reading of the bids. He felt
that, on the whole, the latter were very
The Warship Described.
The three battle-ships authorized by the
act of March. 1899, were never contracted
for, owing to delays In the procurement
of armor bids and in the completion of
designs, and controversy as to whether
the new superimposed turrets should be
dsed in their construction. Inability to
reach a satisfactory conclusion In regard
to sheathing delayed construction of the
three armored cruisers authorized by the
same act. These points have been ad
justed. The five new battle-ships, namely, the
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Vir
ginia and Rhode Island, are divided Into
two classes to compromise upon the con
troversy as to their turret systems. Three
are sheathed and copperpd, and will carry
superimposed turrets; the other two are
to be unsheathed vessels, having the
"quadrilateral arrangement" cf eight
Inch turrets. To meet the contingency
that the bids may be In excess of the
authorized cost, the bidders were, how-
(Concluded on Second Pago.)
rcs o-i c