Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 28, 1900, Page 10, Image 10

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..xvji KifiUUJNiA, WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 28, 1900.
Senator McBride's Views of
Work for the Session.
Measure In Which Oregon Is Espec
ially Interested Their Condition
and Prospects for Passage.
Senator George W. OIcBrlde left yester
day afternoon over the Northern Pacific
lor "Washington, to be ready for the con
vening of Congress next Monday. His
last hours In Portland were very busy
ones, 60 busy that he got but little time
for sleep Monday night. Yesterday noon,
Just before the train left, a reporter saw
the Senator and asked him his views re
garding the legislation likely to come up
for the attention of the coming session.
"I am unable now to mention more than
a. few of the measures that seem of
special importance, local and National,"
Bald be. "I consider It Important, not
only to Portland but the producers and
the business men of the entire state, that
the Jetty at the mouth of the Columbia
Biver be extended in accordance with the
plana of the engineer corps so as to give
a 40-foot channel on the bar. Directly re
lated to that project Is the plan more
recently adopted by the engineers to In
crease the depth of the river channel be
low Portland to 25 feet at low water,
equivalent to 30 feet at ordinary low
water. The increasing draft of merchant
vessels, enabling them to carry larger
cargoes, renders the carrying out of both
these projects essential to the commerce
of the Columbia River "Valley. Inasmuch
as the surveys for both projects were
ordered in accordance with amendments
proposed by me as a member of the com
mittee on commerce It is hardly neces
sary to say that I shall cordially co
operate with my colleagues in the Oregon
delegation In obtaining appropriations
for these improvements as recommended
by the chief of engineers. I am confident
that the delegation will be able to ob
tain, such appropriation, although It will
require earnest and united effort and all
the support we can get from our repre
sentative business men.
"The necessity for the Jetty was pretty
fully explained to the committee last
Spring in connection with our success
ful effort to obtain J25O.OO0 for repair of
the Jetty an.d preparation for further
improvement. Of course, other rivers and
harbors will receive due attention In ac
cordance with recommendations of the
"I think the House of Representatives
will concur in my colleague's bill, al
ready passed by the Senate, for repairs
and addltone to the Portland Postofnce.
It Is a work which the increased needs of
the office renders absolutely necessary
and one in which the whole state has an
interest, since the Portland ofllce Is the
distributing office for the state, and In
creased facilities will enable the Portland
Postofnce to handle to better advantage
the business of the state.
"I have strong hopes that we shall be
able to pass the bill for the Nicaragua
Canal that is now on the Senate calen
dar, and to pass it substantially In its
present form. Some slight amendments
to the measure may be necessary. I
should feel absolutely certain of the pas
sage of the canal bill If I knew that tht
Hay-Pauncefote treaty would meet with
no partisan opposition In the Senate
After a thorough examination of the
matter the President, Secretary of State
and Senate committee on foreign affairs
all came to the conclusion that the Clay-ton-Bwlwer
treaty was still In force, and
thereupon the President. In order to re
move that obstruction to American con
struction and continuance of the canal,
negotiated what Is known as the Hay
Pauncefote treaty, the terms of which are
fully understood by the public. This. If
ratified, would remove the only serious
obstruction to the passage of the Nlca
ragja Canal bill and to construction of
the canal by the United States. Good
faith to our international obligations re
quires that the treaty be ratified. Every
great Interest of the Pacific Coast States
requires that the canal bill should pass
at this session. I believe that both the
treaty and the canal bill will go through
"A bill for Army reorganization ought
to pass and I think will pass at this ses
sion. The conduct of affairs In the Phil
ippines, the necessity of maintaining gar
risons in the islands In order to protect
both native and foreign residents from
pillage and murder, requires the main
tenance of our present force there", and In
ray opinion the volunteers should be re
placed by regulars for that service and
provision therefor should be made with
out delay. I believe our permanent, reg
ular force should be Increased to 60,000 or
75,000 men and I favor the policy of giv
ing the President power to Increase this
force to 160.000 In case of necessity.
"Owing to the necessity for maintaining
military control of the Philippine Islands
for many months, at least, I doubt that
It will be practicable during the short
session of Congress to provide for a
complete civil government In those
Islands. Sosie short measure like the
Spooner bill may be put through, but
the installation f a full form of civil
Bovernment must wait for the complete
peclfleetlon of the Islands
'I hope we shall be able to pass bills
for the prevention of fraud In the sale of
Imitation butter and other articles of
fodd. The measure known as the Grout
pure -food bill may go through after
amendment so as to remove the objec
tions agtlnst It that are now urged from'
some quarters.
"The WU for reduction of war taxes
will undoubtedly be passed. There k? no
question In my mind but a substantial
reduction cas be made without Impairing
the ability of the Government to meet
all Us obligations and provide Jor public
improvements ant of the current reve
nue. "My bill providing for refunding $1 25
an acre to settlers on railroad lands
that have been forfeited since settlement,
in cases where the Settlers paid double
minimum price. Is on y the House calen
dar and Its passage will be earnestly
pressed by the Oregon Representatives
as well as by the Representatives from
"Washington. This Is a just measure and
ought to pass without delay. I regret,
however, that there Is some strong op
position to it In the House, though I be
lieve our Representatives will be able to
overcome that.
"I have not seen copies of the report
and estimates for the proposed canal and
locks at the dalles of the Columbia, but
I am satisfied that the Oregon delegation
will work earnestly for whatever plan
of improvement to overcome the obstruc
tions there may be recommended by the
engineers. I consider the opening of the
Columbia River to free navigation a mat
ter of great importance to the producers
of the great Columbia Valley and to
Coramtsnlon Reports "Work Done at
Chickaniaufra and Chattanooga.
"WASHINGTON. Nov. 2T. The annual
report of General H. V. Boynton, chair
man of the Chlckamauga and Chatta
nooga National Military Park Commis
sion, to the Secretary of "War, says:
"There arc now erected on the Chlcka
mauga field 107 field guns, mounted on
Iron carriages, to imitate the pattern in
use during the Civil "War. marking 43
union battery positions, and 91 similarly
mounted, marking 33 Confederate battery
positions. On the Chattanooga field S
guns, mounted above, mark 10 Union
and 19 Confederate battery positions
"Historical tablets erected during the
year, 169; foundations for state monu
ments constructed, one; excavated, one;
guns mounted. 12."
In view of the sensational reports cur
rent during- the occupation of the park
by the troops during the Spanish-American
"War, that the park was in an un
healthy region, the Commission called
special attention to the report of the en
gineers, showing In connection with the
last 'annual report, that the entire ab
sence of fever or any general sickness in
the park force has continued from the
time it began to clear up the park after
the troops left to the present time.
i '
Afraid a Naval Station Will lie Built
at St. Thomas.
SAN JUAN. Nov. 2L The American
newspapers of recent date seetn to indi
cate that the United States still enter
tains the lde of purchasing the Danish
"West Indies Governor Allen, accompa
nied by his family, visited the Islands
Saturday last on the Mayflower. This
fact may or may not be of 'any special
significance, but the general opinion here
is that it is. The visit was Informal, but
was attended by mor.o or less secrecy, as
the ship had departed before it became
generally known that the Governor was
a passenger Private correspondence and
talks with natives of St. Thomas resid
ing here tend to show that the belief is
Justified that the bulk of the Inhabitants
of the Island are In favor of annexation
to the United StateB. The annual deficit
in the administration of the islands is
about $250,000. It affords luxurious berths
for a few favored officials. The only
other excuse Denmark has In holding
them is to gratify national pride.
The merchants and property-holders In
this city seem to think that the purchase
of the Islands would tend to retard the
advancement of Porto Rico. A great
naval station must be located In this- sec
tion by the United States In the near fu
ture. San Juan harbor has every advan
tage to offer, but to dredge the harbor
properly would necessitate the expendi
ture of several millions. The harbor is
mud filled, and vessels drawing over 25
feet have difficulty In entering at all.
There are two sunken wrecks, mementoes
of the Spanish-American "War, "located In
the channel at the harbor entrance. A
naval station could be built at St. Thomas
much more cheaply. Porto Rico would
not like to lose the opportunities which a
naval station would bring.
Considerable Interest Is centered on the
new Legislature, or, more properly, on
the newly-elected House of Delegates,
which will hold Its first session Decem
ber 3. The first session will be held In
temporary quarters, as the Island, unfor
tunately, has no public building which
will accommodate legislative bodies. At
this session a bill appropriating funds for
an Insular building probably will be
passed. The entire Legislative Assembly,
Including both houses, Is composed of Re
publicans A split In the lower house ".s
predicted after the first few sessions. The
body has a great work laid out. The first
and most important matter to be dis
posed of will be the remodeling of the
laws of the Island, without which It Is
considered certain. Porto Rico can have
no future. The members are taking a
mutual Interest In their new duties, and
most of them have already prepared
flowery speeches, some of them being
gems of oratory. The whole world, and
particularly the people of the United
States, will watch the proceedings with
"Will Xot Affect All Goods Sent Into
NEW YORK, Nov. 27. A special to the
Journal of Commerce from Washington
The levy of duties on certain im
ports Into Siberia will not affect some of
the Important articles necessary to the
development of the country. The report
that flour would be taxed SO per cent Is
emphatically denied by the official repre
sentatives here of the Russian Govern
ment. It Is declared that the duties will
be the same -s In European Russia on
flour, amounting to about 15 cents per 36
pounds, or SO cents per barrel.
TKe entire European tariff will not be
placed, however, upon Imports Into Siberia,
Many articles like railway equipment, lo
comotives, structural Iron and agricul
tural machinery will- be continued to be
admitted free of duty Into all parts of Asi
atic Russia. The duties announced, more
over, which take effect on January 1, will
apply only to articles Imported at Vladl
vostock and other neighboring ports, and
will not extend to the entire country north
of the trans-Siberian railway. These du
ties will not be levied in any manner in
Manchuria, the Chinese province which
is practically under Russian control, since
the lease was made for the construction
of the eastern branch of the trans-Siberian
The Russian Government, so far as the
State Department Is advised, proposes to
adhere firmly to the agreement for the
open door In all parts of the territory of
China, Including those under temporary
Russian control. The Russian Govern
ment is desirous of raising the revenue
and protecting domestic Industry In Si
beria to a certain extent, but proposes to
leave free of duty such articles as are not
produced In the country, and will con
tribute to Its rapid development. It is de
clared by representatives of the Russian
Government that it Is not proposed at
present to seek any large loan, and that
the expenses of recent military operations
In China will be defrayed from the free
cash balance In the Treasure.
United States "Will Retain Possession
of It.
NEW VORK. Nov. 27. The United
States will retain possession of the Isle of
Pines, whatever the final disposition of
Cuba, says a Washington dispatch to the
Journal and Advertiser. It wl.l be forti
fied and a strong garrison will bo kept
there. Ljlng south of the western end of
Cuba, the Isle ef Pines commands the
western or Yucatan entrance to the Gulf
and forms an important outpost for the
defense of the Nicaragua Canal.
"When Secretary Root visited Cuba he
went to the island and recognized Its
strategic Importance. The State Depart
ment now holds that under the treaty
or peace tne title or the isle of Pines
passed to the United States. Secretary
Root holds a similar view. The northern
elde of the Island that next to the Cuban
shore Is admirably adapted for the. pur
pose of the Government. It is Ugh. thick
ly studded with valuable woods. and the
climate Is so healthy that prior to the war
a health resort for pulmonary patients
was established there.
Naval officers say that Slguenea Bay,
on the northwest coast, will with but lit
tle dredging afford an excellent and safe
Newport Bank Has Fnntls.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 27. O. P. Tucker,
receivor of the German National Bank, of
Newport, Ky.. has sent his report of the
condition of the bank to the Controller
of the Currency. It appears that there lh
sufficient cash on hand to realize to th.
depositors something over 90 per cent ot
their claims. The amount of the defaJca.
tlon. as given by the examiner, agrees
wltn his first estimate of the same $191.
000. Efforts are being made on the part
of stockholders and directors of the bank
to restore the bank to solvency.
Campaign Against Sunday Theaters.
NEW YORK. Nov. 27. The Actors'
Church Alliance of America has begun an
active campaign against Sunday theatrical
performances, and its members promise
to keep it up until actors have one day
of rest In seven. It claims to have caused
the arrests which have been made at New
York theaters the past three Sundays, and
It is now keeping an. eye on the prosecu
tion of these cases.
Representatives-Elect Think Some
Changes Should Be Made, bnt They
Are Looking? for Light.
That the city charter should either be
amended or an entirely new charter
passed appears to be the opinion of mem
bers of the Legislature seen yesterday,
ahd asked to express their views upon
the matter, but so far nothing definite
has been agreed upon, and the members
were fiot prepared to state what changes
they will advise. The understanding
seems to be that there will be a meet
ing or meetings of the Multrtomah dele
gation later oh. when the question will
be taken tip. There has as yet beefi nb
general meeting, but small parties of the
members have talked over some things
State Senator F. P. Mays, who is looked
upon as a leader of the Cltlsens ticket,
when interrogated as to what his ideas
were upon the subject, begged to be ex
cused, stating that he did not care to say
Representative C. "W. Nottingham was
somewhat more communicative, but still
had "not much to offer at this time. He
Bald: "I think the matter of a charter
ought to be left to men of large experi
ence, men who have had a good deal to
do with city affairs. I would seek the
Judgment of .hose men if I were fram
ing a city charter. "We are studying this
matter a great deal, and I am getting the
advice of every man who has had experi
ence in this l'ne to point out what is .best.
I confess if I used my own judgment it
would not be very satisfactory, as I never
have had anything to do with city affair.
"I believe when , the property-owners
have once fully improved a street the
city should keep It In repair after that,
as we never will have any streets with
out such a law. I have talked with a
large number of property-owners on the
subject, and they avor the plan, and
say we must have streets, and that our
streets are a disgrace to us."
Reform in Expenditure Needed.
F. A. Heltkemper, Representative-elect,
said: "I hear a great deal about changes,
and I know tt Is a pretty big project to
change a city charter. There are some
things which I know ought to be reme
died. This tying up of funds so that we
have no money to pay the police force
and fire department is wrong. It Is all
right to limit expenditures, but It should
be arranged so that these departments
will not get Into such a predicament as
they are now. I have not thought much
about the charter, and have not made up
my mind fully what ought to be done. I
desire to do the greatest good for the
greatest number. I am not prepared to
outline my plans just now. I suppose any
charter after It has been In force a couple
of years may be advantageously amended
and Its faults corrected. For example,
under the present charter much of the
governing power Is placed In the hands of
commissions, and If their work is not sat
isfactory. It takes two elections to make
a change. It might be advisable to put
more power in the Mayor's hands, and
authorize him to remove his associates
if they did not perform their duties prop
erly. Now ho has no more authority than
any other person, and if people are dissat
isfied their only relief Is at the polls. I
desire to be as fair as possible, and will
be glad to consider suggestions from any
Representative Otto Schumann said he
had nothing to suggest at present, not
having considered .the matter very much.
After familiarizing himself thoroughly
with the existing charter, which he In
tended to do, he would be better prepared.
Wants to Go Slovr.
George M. Orton, Representative, began
by saying: "I will do my talking after
awhile. I got a copy of the city charter
only last night, and took it home to read
It. There are probably things that re
quire changing, but I don't desire to dis
cuss the proposition until I know what I
am talking about." After getting start
ed, Mr. Orton loosened' up a little, and
on the question of the city taking care of
streets after they have been Improved,
he said: "I had a conversation with an
ex-clty official, and he said It would take
at least a 3-mlll tax to keep the streets
In repair when once improved. The pub
lic may wonder what we have been doing
all of this time, and think we ought to
have everything prepared, 'but It was de
cided not to do anything until after elec
tion. There has been no general meeting
of the delegation. I don't want to jump
at conclusions. I realize that there has
been considerable waste, and an effort
should be made to reduce thp expenses of
the city, but the question Is where to be
gin and where to stop. X am confident
we will all work conscientiously and don't
want to vent any spleen, but do the great
est good for the greatest number. The
charter Is a heavy question, and I am
willing to leave it to tnose best fitted for
It. "We will probably get "together In a
week or so." Mr. Orton then changed'
the subject and referred to labor laws,
etc., in which he was interested.
Power to Divert Money.
Joint Senator Alex Sweek said: "I have
not given the matter enough study to
know what Is best, but there are some
things which need changing. One thing
Is wrong, the Council not having power
to divert money from the general fund
to the police fund. There Is money In
the generil fund and the policemen can
not be paid. This should be amended.
It is also wrong that the Chief of Police
Is a member of the Police Commission,
and another matter Is the way the Mu
nicipal Court Is fixed, the Mayor and Po
lice Commissioners can remove him from
office. A judicial officer ought to be
there unhampered. These pre only minor
changes, and I have not considered the
charter much otherwie yet."
ClinnRCs Take Time.
Representative Reorgc L. Story has
had previous experience with city char
ters, and says It tikes time. He said:
I have not given the matter any thought
whatever; 1 haven't taken It up yet. I
suppose when I get up there It wstt be
ampl time. A charter Is a very Import
ant thing. I don't believe a man ought
to act on It at all unless he knows about
It. It Is too Important a matter to act
on hastily. I was there when a charter
was amended before, and I know It takes
time to Investigate It In all Its beirlngs."
Should Carry Ont Pledges.
Representative John Driscoll was not
prepared to say much. He said: "We
haven't got together. According to our
platform adopted last Spring, we pledged
ourselves for a direct primary law, and
reforms In local government, and I believe
In carrying out the pledge as near as pos
sible." Wants No Rndicnl Changes.
M. E. Thompson, Representative, said:
"I believe I'll be silent on that until I
see what they propose to do. I don't
know what their plan Is. I am not In
favor of a very radical change. We feel,
all of us. that we want to work for the
best Interest of the city all around. I
know there are defects in the present
charter, but I don't, think we require to
make a new charter. There are good
things In the present charter from which
to make a foundation."
State Senator J. E. Hunt, who previous
ly expressed himself upon the subject of
charter changes in a two-column article,
said: "I have been exploited on that, I
think. My views have been pretty well
expressed, and people know pretty well
what they are."
Mr. Hunt said some of his recommenda
tions previously made might be repub
lished if desired. Mr. Hunt at that time
criticised the present charter at consid
erable length, and in conclusion offered
the following suggestions:
We can have a charter which will abol
ish useless offices and reduce exorbitant
salaries; remove political barnacles and
tax-eaters and make taxes payable in in
stallments by those desiring it. Now that
we will soon have the direct primary
law, all elections ought to come at one
time and place and save expense and an
noyance. Each voter should be made to
pay a poll-tax at the time he registers,
and those not entitled to vote should pay
double the amount. Nontaxpayers should
be obliged to pay all court costs In ad
vance when they apply to It for aid.
Adopt the cumulative sentence plan and
make prisoners work on the rock pile.
The police department should be com
pletely reconstructed, the civil service
feature abolished, special police system
wiped out, and the city jail and police
department moved to the top story of
.the City Hall, where it ought to be. Sell
the old Jail property for more than enough
to make the change. The beats of the
police patrolmen should be changed at
least once a month, so that no one officer
could patrol the same beat more than
dnce a year. The Municipal Judge and
Justices' offices In the city should be con
solidated and clerk employed only whefi
the Judge has too much business to per
form the clerical work himself; the
poUndmaster's office should be abolished
ahdhis duties transferred to the superin
tendent of streets, the patrolmen being
obliged to kill all Unlicensed dogs oiv their
be abolished and patrolmen made to see
that all license ordinances are enforced.
They can find all Chinese and white
gamblers under the new "triple alliance"
arrangement; they surely should be able
to find all decent people needing licenses.
(Some people wonder why onlv Dart of
the specials can find the scarlet women
and other shady people and assess them,
and the proceeds not get into the city
Tho City Physician and health offices
should be combined into one, with an as
sistant for plumbing Inspector, and the
officer should be made ex-ofllclo County.
Coroner and Physician. All city and
county offices should be combined In an
exofilcio manner so far as practicable.
The harbor-master should be a detail
from the police force. All officers receiv
ing $1000 or more per annum should be
elected by the people, and any officer or
employe of the city should be removed
from office if guilty of drunkenness,
gambling or associating with vile women.
Any person not a citizen holding office
should be punished by Imprisonment in
Jail for a term. All repairs for Improved
streets should be paid for out of the gen
eral fund. Books of all officers handling
public funds should be examined once
during each term of office by expert. The
Common Council should be prohibited
from licensing any business not requiring
police supervision. The Legislature should
be prohibited from Interfering In our lo
cal matters, and private and corporate
Interests, should be made to apply to our
city authorities for privileges or ex
emptions. Petitioners asking for street Im
provements should choose their own In
spectors. Remission of fines by Munici
pal Judge should be prohibited. Appoint
ments of relatives of elective officers to
public positions should 'be prohibited.
Contractors not living up to their agree
ments should be prevented doing further
business with the city.
Above all things else, a plan should be
found by which all officers of both high
and low degree can be forced to per
form their duties. Perhaps another board
elected by the people whose sole and only
function should be to hear and determine
all complaints In this line, with power
to discipline or discharge the offender,
might be advisable. Perhaps some better
plan may be suggested.
Outbreak of Another Fight Between
the Republican Factions.
HONOLULU, Nov. 20, via San Fran
cisco, Nov. 27. The result of the elec
tion counting in Hawaii has by no means
brought an entente of politics, but has
rather given opportunity for the outbreak
of a more bitter fight than ever between
the so-called missionary and antl-mls-slonary
wings, i or Dole and anti-Dole
factions of the Republican party. Each
Is busily accusing the other of having
knifed the ticket and helped to cause
the Republican defeat and independent
A. B. Lobensteln.. of Hllo, has made two
unsuccessful efforts to have local courts
listen to arguments that the election of
Wilcox as Delegate to Washington was
Illegal. Lobensteln claims that there Is
no law under which the election of a Del
egate could be 'accomplished, territorial
election laws to cover the point not hav
ing been enacted yet. Attorney-General
Dole refused to take any steps, on the
ground that Congress Is the only Judge
of the qualifications of Its members, and
today First Circuit Judge Humphreys
also refused to summon Wilcox to make
answer to the Issues raised.
There is general satlsf acton through
out Hawaii at the re-election of McKln
ley. Robert W. Wilcox, the independent,
who goes to Washington as Delegate, Is
quoted as saying that the result of the
election Is better. In his opinion, for Ha
waii than the contrary result would have
Official notification of the finding of
some more cases of plague In San Fran
cisco, have been received by the United
States quarantine officers here, both from
Washington and from San Francisco.
Precautions will be taken against steam
ers coming from San Francisco hereafter.
Secretary Gage, of the Treasury De
partment, has suggested to Governor Dole
a way that customs duties may be paid
so that the coin used may not leave the
country. He says that duties on Imports
could be paid In San Francisco, and the
receipts accepted here by the local Col
lector of Customs. Nearly or quite all of
the importers of European goods which
are dutiable, have agents In San Fran
cisco and always have money from thai
side to pay duty. The adoption of Sec
retary Gage's plan will put an end to a
serious steady drain of coin from Ha
waii. Washouts and floods continue to be re
ported from all the different islands as
a result of the recent storm, which was
general throughout the group. With the
heavy rains came the strongest "Kona."
or high south wind, known here for many
years. The only lives lost as a result of
the, storm, so far as Is known, were those
of two Japanese fishermen, who were
blown to sea In a small boat, and have
not been heard of since.
The stockholders of Klhel sugar planta
tion passed a resolution accepting an of
fer of H. P. Baldwin and L. A. Thurs
ton .to turn Into the treasury of the cor
poration the sum of $339 000 In paid up
stock and to reduce the stock of the com
pany from $3,000,000 to $2,500,000. Baldwin
states there Is no reason for his action,
except the conclusion that the purchasers
of stock paid too much for the land when
the corporation was formed. Baldwin
sold the plantation to the company.
Florida Murderer Shot by a Mob.
LAKE CITY, Fla., Nov. 27. Spencer
Williams, a negro, wa3 shot to death near
this city today by a mob from Pensa
cola. Last night WllHams shot and dan
gerously wounded City Marshal Strange
and William Strlctland, a business man
of this city, while resisting arrest. As
soon as the news of the shooting became
known, citizens armed themselves, and,
forming a posse, followed the desperado
on horseback and afoot and overtook him
today in a swamp. The negro was lit
erally shot to pieces, fully 200 bullet holes
being found In his body. The body was
brought into town and placed In front of
the Courthouse gate, where It waa viewed
by hundreds.
The Tampa Strike.
TAMPA, Fla.. Nov. 27. Several hundred
men were added to the striking forces
here today. These came from the ranks
of unorganized labor, and building oper
ations have been effectually suspended.
Offers the Usual Advice to the Citi-
seno ot Portland Well-Deserved
Tribute to Mr. Hammond.
WARRENTON, Nov. 13. (To the Edi
tor.) Having been an Interested reader
of The Oregonlan for more than 40 years,
and recognizing the great power and In
fluence of the press In leading, if not
moulding public opinion, in correcting
mistakes and righting wrongs, I was sor
ry to Bee the editorial comments of your
paper of the Eth Inst., In regard to the
transportation or comxnonpolnt question
I for the mouth of the Columbia River.
While it may be true that the railroads
and transportation lines must in the end
settle this question, yet the people of the
Pacific States have a right to be heard
upon a question of such vast im
portance. This la not a Portland vs. Astoria ques
tion In any true sense; indeed, it is not
alone an Oregon question, It is a question
of vital importance to the entire Columbia
basin an empire six times as large as
New England. Much has been said and
written In regard to the natural advan
tages of the down-grade route from this
vast empire to the Pacific Ocean, but let
me ask, What advantage are the people
of Oregon deriving from this gravity
route to the seaboard?
Two lines of railway, with heavy grades
and costly tunnels, have been constructed
over tho Cascade Mountains to Puget
Sound, to compete for the trade which is
naturally tributary to this practically
water-level route. These mountain roads
fix the rate on tonnage satisfactory to
them for service rendered, and our Ore
gon down-grade line charges the same
rate to a point 110 miles distant from the
ocean, and 100 miles shorter haul. From
a table of distances before me, I note the
following: From Pendleton to Seattle, 339
miles; Pendleton to Astoria, 331 miles;
Walla Walla to Seattle, 351 miles; Walla
Walla to Astoria, 345 miles. And yet in
the face of these facts, William Reid tells
as he thinks a credulous constituency
(see Oregonlan November 7) that In case
the Oregon road should deliver the ton
nage at tho mouth of the Columbia River,
practically the same distance that the
mountain roads must haul to Puget
Sound, the farmers would have to pay an
extra charge of 50 cents per ton.
It seems u waste of time to answer an
argument so devoid of the plainest ele
ments of common sense. Does he think
that the producers of Oregon will forever
sit like blind owls upon the dry limb of
a dead tree and hoot only when they are
told to hoot?
Just a few words In reply to the article
of Major Sears, In The Oregonlan of tho
4th Inst. He says the commercial port
of a region will be as close to the pro
ducer as it is possible to reach with the
class of transportation demanded by the
requirements of tho country. In order to
give all the strength possible to his ar
gument, let us concede this to be true
and see how It will apply to the seaport
of Portland.
Does Major Sears remember that the
United States and the Port of Portland
have expended more than $1,800,000 on
river Improvements between Portland and
Astoria, or. In round numbers, 30 cents
per ton lor all foreign export tonnage
from the Columbia for 10 years, and that
the Engineers report that $3,000,000 will
yet be required to obtain a channel of 25
feet in depth?
Does he bear in mind the fact that the
expenditure in dredging the channel for
1809 was more than $1500 per ship for the
grain fleet of that fiscal year, and that
no permanent Improvements were mad,
but simply the same conditions main
tainedthat Is, a minimum depth of 19
feet of water? (See General Wilson's re
port, Oiegonlan, October 30, 1899.) Does
he take into account the rapid increase
In the size and depth ot the vessels built
and building to carry the tonnage of the
world? And in the face of these facts
can he assert that Portland can afford
to rest on her oars, as It were, and go
to sleep? Surely he must think that no
other port or place has any other mis
sion than to feed the cow from which
Portland draws the milk. If this be so.
I would call his attention to the state
ment of the New York delegation be
fore the House committee on rivers and
harbors In 1898, and from which report
please note the following: "The maxi
mum draft of ships has Increased from
21 feet In 1871 to 32 feet In 1898. and the
maximum freight-carrying capacity from
2000 tons to 12,000 tons, and in exactly the
same period the reduction In freight (to
European ports) was from $8 40 to $2 40
per ton on flour, from $6 32 to $1 92 on
wheat, arid from Jf9 to $3 on provisions."
And, as Mr. Schwab said, the rates come
down with ships of deeper draft. Just as
on railroads they come down with, more
capacious trains and more powerful en
gines. Mr. Boas informed the river and har
bor committee that his steamship line
alone "had seven vessels sailing out of
New York that draw over 30 feet, and
within two years would have seven more,
of which two would draw 34 feet."
Now, when we have In mind the fact
that from the Pacific Coast ports we
have the long voyages ofQthe world's
commerce, and only three possible ports
for deep ships on a coast line of some
1200 miles, and that, as above stated,
freights come down as the size of the
sh'p Is Increased, it Is readily understood
why James J. Hill Is building ships of
34.000 tons capacity.
We cannot bellevo that Portland, tho
queen city of the Northwest, the place in
wnicn every loyal Oregonlan feels a just
pride, will continue to pursue a policy so
narrow as to drive the commerce of a
new era dawning upon us from this ngblc
river to our sister states, north and south,
when, by a liberal policy on her part and
on the part of the O. R. & N. Co., she
can hold the supremacy as a commercial
center and control a good share of the
commerce of tho Northwest.
It Is evident from the foregoing that I
do not pin my faith entirely to the theory
of natural advantages and geographic
conditions, nor concede that commercial
centers are always built In close prox
imity to the producers' back door. This
may look plausible In theory, but when
theory runs up against a fact (as It some
times does) the theory must give way.
For instance, any ship that can enter
New York harbor can ascend the Hudson
Rlvea 100 miles, but neither the" demands
of commerce nor the Major's "immutable
law" causes them to ascend; on the con
trary, practically all ships stop at New
York. Why? Simply because all Inland
transportation lines can reach New York
easily, and without delay or extra ex
pense, while for the ships to ascend the
Hudson means delay and extra expense.
I have read with a great deal of ln
tesest the very able letter of" Mr. C. H.
Sholes, of Butte, Mont.. In The Oregonlan
of the 10th Inst., and as he says. It Is
greatly to be deplored that the first ef
fort of Mr. Hammond to develop, the re
sources of our state should be treated In
so unfriendly a manner that he is com
pelled to put his railroad on the defen
sive. This is a work that has been in
dorsed by many of the great transporta
tion men of' America, and Includes such
master minds as ex-President Clarke, of
the Union Pacific; Hammond and Dickin
son, of New York: Huntington, of the
Southern; Mellen and Winters, of the
Northern, and. finally, by this master in
finance in railroad construction, A. B.
Hammond. If the question is asked why
this work has been so long delayed after
such able indorsement, the answer is
ready and conclusive, but we are now
dealing with the living present and the
hopeful future, and are willing to let the
dead past bury its dead. We are now
-pleading for harmony and justice, and
merely ask the same rates and the same
facilities for the farmer and lumberman
of Oregon, to place their products in the
markets of the world that are accorded
the same industries in Washington and
California. Let us hope that tho writers
upqn this subject will cease to forever
beg the question. It is not satisfactory
when asking a question in regard- to com
mon point rates to be confronted with
the answer: "Was your grandfather a
"Wo are glad to bear testimony -to the
fact that Tho Oregonlan has always oeen
a powerful factor in not only champion
ing the cause ot ths common people, but
pleading for a higher standard, a better
civilization, and for brains and capital
to develop our matchless resources. Then
why should we not welcome men of the
stamp, the energy and the capital of A.
B. Hammond, who has become so identi
fied with the development of our state?
He has Invested several millions of dol
lars in Oregon during the past three
years; built and thoroughly equipped one
of the finest railroads In the West, and
without placing a bond on the market,
and has taken up the matter of extend
ing a line down the coast to Tillamook.
He is also, reaching out to give South
eastern Oregon railroad communication,
and whether these enterprises shall suc
ceed or fail may depend very largely
upon the moral support of the people of
Oregon to enable him to enlist the capi
tal to carry forward this great work.
All these lines must depend largely upon
lumber and wheat for their support for
many years.
Now. what encouragement are we offeiv
ing this man of brains and tireless en
ergy today, when he asks the people of
Oregon to stand with him In demanding
of all transportation lines that no part
or section of our state shall be discrimi
nated against in marketing the products
of labor? Is it any wonder that he is
reaching out for business In California,
where common-point rates are not de
nied to seaport towns?
As above stated, this is not and must
not be a question of Portland vs. As
toria, but rather a question of Portland
and Astoria against all competitors.
With this policv and a hearty co-operation,
the Columbia River, can easily hold
a leading share of the trans-Pacific com
merce. D. K. WARREN.
North,vrest Postmasters.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 27. The follow
ing Postmasters were appointed today:
Oregon Sanford Skinner, Mohawk, vice
M. M. Hammett, resigned.
Washington F. J. PIngry, SIglake.
In Time of Need Pain-Killer Is a
Welcome friend for all our little "Ills."
Its least virtue is that
it lasts so.
Soap is for comfort; the
clean are comfortable.
Pears' soap cleanliness
is perfect cleanliness.
All sorts of people use It, ail ons of stores
sell it, specially druggists.
No More Dread
of the Dental Chair
late scientific method applied to the
gums. No sleep-producing agents or co
caine. These are the only dental parlors in
Portland having PATENTED APPLI
ANCES and Ingredients to extract, fill
and apply gold crowns and porcelain
crowns undetectable from natural teeth,
and warranted for 10 years, WITHOUT
THE LEAST PAIN. All work done by
20 years' experience, and each depart
ment In charge of a specialist. Give us
a call, and you will find us to do exactly
as we advertise. We will tell you in
advance exactly what your work will
New York Dental Parlors
Fourth and Morrison Sts., Portland, Or.
HOURS 8 to 8; SUNDAYS, 10 to 4.
614 First Ave., Seattle, Wash.
Dr. Sanden's Belt
Has no equal for the cure of
Nervous and Physical De
bility, Exhausted Vitality,
Varicocele, Premature De
cline, Loss of Memory, Wast
ing, etc., which has been
brought about by early in
discretions or later excesses.
Six thousand gave willing testimony
during 1899. Established 30 years.
Call or write for "Three Classes of
Cor. Fourth and Mtrriion Sts.
All Comes From Dandruff, Which la
Canned by a Germ.
Split hair, harsh hair, lusterless hair,
brittle hair falling hair, all owe their
origin to dandruff, which la caused by a
measly little microbe that burrows Into
the scalp, throwing up the cuticle into
dandruff scales and sapping the vitality
of the hair at the root, causing the sev
eral diseased conditions of the hair till
it finally falls out. Modern science has
discovered a remedy to destroy the dan
druff microbe, which Is combined In
Newbro's Herplclde, -which may be had
of any druggist. Allays Itching Instantly
and mabes'halr soft as silk. Take no
substitute; nothing "Just as good."
warn HIM
Not a darlc office in the bnlldinsxi
absolutely fireproof; electxlo lights
and artesian vraterj perfect sanltn.
tlon, and thoroush ventilation. Kle--vatotrs
run day and Bight
AD7SLIE, Br. GEORGE, Physician.... COS-6O0
AN1XERSON. GUSTAV. Attoroey-at-Law...612
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. Mgr.. 604
AUSI33N, F. C, Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers' Llf Association, ot
Des Moines, la.. . 302-GOS
MOINES. IA.: F. C. Austen. Manager.302-503
BAYNTXJN. OEO. R.. Mgr. for Chaa. Scrlb-
nera Sons 513
BEALS. EDWARD A., Forecast Official U.
S. Weather Bureau 310
BENJAMIN". B, W.. Dentlat '.zu
BINSWANGER.DR. O. S.. Pays. & Bur. 410-4 IX
BROOKE. DR. J. M., Pays. & Surg.... 703-709
BROWN. iCTRA. M. D 313-314
BRUERE, DR. O. E., Physician.. ..412-413-414
CANNtNG. M. 3 002-601
CAUKIN; G. E., District Agent Travelers'
Insurance Co 713
COFFBT. DR R. C, Phys. & Burgeon.... 700
CORNELIUS, C. W.. Phys. and Surgeon.... 200
COVER. I. C., Cashier Ecuttablo Life 300
COLLIER, P. K., Publisher; 8. P. McQulre.
Manager -.... 410-4 13
DAY. J. O. 4 L N 3ia
DAVIS. NAPOLEON. President Columbia
Telephone Co ,507
DICKSON, DR. J. F., Physician 714-714
DRAKE. DR. H. B., Physician... .812-313-314
DWTER, JOE F.," Tobaccoa 402
EDITORIAL ROOM3 Eighth floor
L. Samuel, Manager; F. C. Cover, Cxshler.SOft
EVENING TELEGRAM S23 Alfler street
FENTON, J. D., Physician and Surgon.000-310
FENTON. DR. HICKS C; Eye anV Ear.. .311
FENTON. MATTHEW F., Dentliyt 003
GALVANI, W. H.. Engineer and Draughts
man ,. 600
GAVIN, A., President Oregon O-jnera Club,
GEARY, DR. EDWARD P., Physician and
Surgeon ., 212-213
GEBBIE PUB. CO.. Ltd., Fine. Art Publish
ers; M. C. McGreevy, Mgr;. 313
GIEST, A. J., Physician and Surgeon... 700-7 10
GODDARD, E. C & CO.. Vootwear.......
Ground floor, 129 Sixth, .street
GOLDMAN. WILLIAM, Manager Manhattan
Life Insurance Co., at New York..., 200-210
GRANT. FRANK S.. Attorney-at-Law....017
HAMMAM BATHS; Wm. Cockburn, Prop..
HOLLX3TER. DR. O. C, Fhys. Sur.. 004-603
IDLEMAN, C. M.. Attomey-at -Law.. 410-17-13
JOHNSON. W. C 310-310-317
KADY, MARK T Supervisor ot Agents
Mutual Reserve Fund Lite Ass'n 004-003
LAMONT, JOHN. Vice-President and Gen
eral Manager Columbia. Telephone Co 801
L1TTLEFIELD, H. R., Phys. and,Surgeou.2ou
MACKAY, DR. A. E., Phys. and Surg..711-7U
MARTIN, J. L. A CO.,,Tlmbr Lands 00:
MAXWELL, DR. W. E., Phys. & Surg. 701-2-3
McCOY, NEWTON. Axtomey-at-Law...,.'..713
McFADEN, MISS IDA E., "Stenographer... .201
McOINN. HENRY E., Attorney-at-Law..311-12
MILLER, DR. HEUBERT C, Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 608-009
MOBSMAN, DR. E. P., Dentist 312-313-314
New York; W. Goldman. Manager 200-210
Mark T. Kady, Supervisor ot Agents.,604-003
Mcelroy, dr. j. a.. Phys. & sur.701-702-703
McFARLAXD, E. B., Secretary Columbia
Telephone Co..... ... 600
McGUlRE. S. P., Manager P. F. Collier,
Publisher 410-414
McKIM, MAURICE, Attorney-at-Law COO
York; Wm. S. Pond. State Mgr. ...404-403-404
NICHOLAS, HORACE B.. Atfy-at-Law....713
NILES, M. L., Cashier Manhattan Lite In
surance Co., of New York..... 203
Dr. L. B. Smith. Osteopath 408-409
OREGON CAMERA CLUB 214-213-216-217
ahormloy, Mgr. 303
POND. WM. 8.. State Manager Mutual Life
Ins. Co., ot New York 404-406-404
Ground floor, 133 Sixth street
Marshall, Manager .....,....,..., 513
QUIMBY, L. P. W., Gunand Forestry
Warden 710-717
ROSENDALE. O. M., Metallurgist and Min
ing Engineer 315-318
REED & MALCOLM, Opticians... 133 Sixth at.
REED. F. C, Fish Commissioner 407
RYAN. J. B.. Attorney-at-Law 417
SAMUEL. L, Manager Equltablti Life 300
Co.; H F. Bushong. Gen. Agent for Ore.
and Washington .301
SHERWOOD, J. W., Deputy Supreme Com
mander K. O. T. M 317
SMITH. Dr. L. B., Osteopath 408-409
STUART. DELL.' Attorney-at-Law 617-013
STOLTE. DR. 'CHA3. E., Dentist 704-703
Special AgJ. Mutual Life of New York... .400
TUCKER. DR. OEO. F.. Dentist 610-011
U. S. WEATHER BUREAU.... 007-008-900-010
DIST.; Captain W. C Langfltt. Corps of
Engineers, U. S. A.... .809
C Langfltt. Corps of Engineers, U. S. A.. 810
WATERMAN. C. H., Cashier Mutual Life
of New York 403
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N., Physician
and Surgeon .304-3OT
WILSON. DR. GEO. F., Phys. & Surg..70G-707
WILSON. DR HOLT C, Phys. & Sur..507-B0S
WOOD, DR. W. L., Physician 412-413-414
A fevr more elegant offices amy ho
had by applying; to Portland Traat
Company of Oregon, IOO Third sit., or
to the rent cleric in the building.
Iaai smm fee
ttottld ba deasKjesi.
Hy! Crewa Bala
4nmsW,sootheaaal teal
thr diseased XM&brane.
It tore catarra smd drives
away a cold is fa toad
Creaam Stdaa. U phoad iato aottrfl, (freada
ever fee&flsjferaae) sad is absorbed. 3eHflsba
jBdlatoaBdacarfawa, It is e ary&f ton
aotprodrasneasteg. large Sao, Mtwats at Sn
s4its?D7itta; Trial 81s, 10 cftl by msB.
XLT BSOTHSB3,M Warrea Street. Saw Twrfc.