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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOHNINO OKEGONIAX, WEDNESDAY. XOVEMBEB 14, 1900.
"Entered at the Pot3Jce at Portland, Oregon,
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TODAY'S WEATHER. Occasional rain and
cooler, with southerly winds.
PORTLAND, "WEDNESDAY, XOV. 14
It Is nqt difficult to read the double
verdict rendered by the people of
Washington- In the late election. They
rolled up a plurality for McKinley al
most equal to Oregon's, and they elect
ed Rogers, Democrat, Governor by
something like 200 majority over his
Republican antagonist. Testimony from
various sources as to the causes of
these diverse results substantially
agrees. It is clear that the state as a
whole was most earnest in Its intention
to show that its divagation four years
rgo was merely a temporary excursion
from the seats of sanity Into the Bryan
museum of economic freaks and indus
trial prodigies. It has recovered its
mental and moral equilibrium, again
taken Us bearings, and is not soon
likoly to wander from tlfe plain high
way of progress and its own best inter
est. But as to state issues Njt was dif
ferent. We hear from Rogers that it
was his own Impeccable record, the
weakness of his opponent, and the Re
publican divisions that brought about
his triumph. And we have it also upon
the unimpeachable authority of Mr.
Wilson that his association with a can
didate is a blight upon his prospects of
success, and it is no use for him to
struggle longer against the obvious
prejudices and avowed purposes of the
public Therefore his abdication as a
leader and as a Senatorial candidate,
and his assumption of the unadorned
armor of ordinary private In the ranks.
We are given to understand that Mr.
Wilson expects still to wield voice and
pen for the party, and against certain
Individuals therein; but he wants It un
derstood that he is himself out of the
running. Thus it appears that the ex
Senator has discovered what others had
known for some little time.
It is to be supposed that the per
sonal relation of Governor Rogers to
the Issues has given him a somewhat
prismatic view of the proportions of
things. The public attitude towards
his administration was, not that it was
so very good, but that it was not so
very bad. It was something of a reve
lation that a propagandist of danger
ous and unsound theories of govern
ment like Rogers should be measurably
sobered by responsibility, and should
do so little to put them into effect.
What has been done can be done; and
what has not been done during the pre
ceding four years will not be done by
Rogers during his next term, argued
the voter. The alternative to Rogers
was Frink, with his entangling polit
ical alliances and his objectionable leg
islate e record objectionable In the
sense that the farmers of Eastern
Washington did not Hk6 It, and were
alarmed by it, and even thrown Into a
state of panic Mr. Frink might have
surled a single blemish upon his
escutcheon. He could have carried
through the campaign without serious
trouble either Mr. Wilson of Mr. Mc
Graw, or the acute public remembrance
of his own State Senator-ship. He could
not support the accumulation of all.
An Independent Republican of correct
antecedents and good, character and no
embarrassing relationships could easily
hae defeated Governor Rogers. Un
der all the circumstances the Republi
can j ear, known Populist objec
tion to Rogers and his notorious com
bination with Turner, the overwhelm
irg ote for McKinley it Is marvelous
that e en Mr. JTrlnk could not succeed.
If one Democrat or Populist in fifteen
voted for Frink which is likely about
cne Republican in Ave or six voted for
Rogers. The total vote of the state was
some thing- over 1W.GW, of which Mc
Kln.e reoelvd about SS.0M and Bryan
about 46 W. The Populist defection on
the Governorship perhaps reached 3000,
and the errant Republican votes
must have been in the neighborhood of
lOOO. The reasons that Induced these
Republicans to scratch their ticket In
a Presidential year, and with such un
erring singleness of idea aim at one
man only upon It, must have appealed
to them with peculiar power. It Is evi
dent that the spirit of hostility to the
Rrpub.kan machine and the arbitrary
and selfish rule of the bosses was not
confined to any one section of the state,
hut pervaded everywhere. In Eastern
Washington the Republican losses were
heaviest, nd they were sustained with
unaring uniformity In every county
west of the mountains. A single excep
tion was Thurston County, where local
interest in the state capltol made Gov
ernor Rogers particularly unpopular. In
Pierce County, geographical prejudice
against a Seattle candidate was ox
erted . in Seattle, the Republican schism
was wide, but Frink got a much larger
share of the Republican vote than he
did in Taooma. A generalization may
be made that In the western counties,
casting two-thirds of the state's vote,
the Republican defection represented
the Republican opposition to Mr. Wil
son and Mr. McGraw; in Eastern "Wash
ington, the same influences prevailed,
and were heavily accentuated by a pos
itive Rogers sentiment, and by the com
mon opinion that the Republican can
didate did not stand-'for remedial
Joy in Washington over the remark
able victory for the National ticket Is
greatly dampened by chagrin at the
loss of the Governorship. Of course the
Republicans who conspired to accom
plish the Rogers success are not in any
way discomfited; but they are a minor
itya silent minority who are not
boasting of their achievement. We ob
serve that one or two Republican pa
pers heap reproaches upon their heads,
and mournfully complain that they
have not been loyal. We take It that
the party which demands loyalty must
first deserve loyalty. And this rebuke
will simply invoke the respdnse that
every voter must decide for himself
how far his duty as a Republican or as
a Democrat requires that he vote
straight. It l-i to be observed that Re
publican principles were represented
this year by a National ticket, and the
Republicans of Washington, In the view
of the on-looking Nation, seem to have
done very well towards vindication ol
those principles. If they see fit to set
tle the matter of a single state candi
dacy in their own way among them
selves, It Is scarcely proper to claim
that they are not Republicans. If re
fusal to "go the whole hog" on party
nominees is to merit the charge that
one is not a Republican, or Democrat,
there are few such.
CAN 1UT3SIA AFFORD TO BREAK
The report that Russia Is about to
annex the whole of Manchuria is prob
ably without foundation. For transient
purposes, until the present state of an
archy in China is replaced by some
thing more than the mere shadow of
the imperial authority, it Is probably
necessary for Russia, In self-protection,
to enforce military occupation and gov
ernment of Manchuria, for Russia has
an Investment of many millions of dol
lars 4n her railway through that prov
ince that she cannot afford to see de
stroyed by the Boxers and other ban
ditti. It is quite possible that the Chi
nese Emperor has asked Russia to es
tablish a temporary protectorate over
Manchuria until order has been re
stored, for the lease of Port Arthur and
Tallen Wan by the Czar, following the
war between China and Japan, showed
plainly that the Chinese Government
was quite willing to transfer Manchuria
to Russia's sphere of Influence, but It
is not credible that a permanent protec
torate o'ver Manchuria is to be at once
established by Russia over this great
Russia has but recently given our
State Department explloit assurances
that she will evacuate Manchuria the
moment that tranquillity and order are
re-established In North China, provided
no other foreign power shall undertake
to execute any further dismemberment
of the Middle Kingdom. The United
States requested and obtained this as
surance from Russia, because the
United States has a large and Increas
ing trade with New Chwang, the prin
cipal port of Manchuria, and, relying on
the good faith of Russia, our govern
I ment has withdrawn all Its foroes from
Pekln to Manila, save the small body of
soldiers detailed to serve as a guard to
our legation Russia cannot afford to
forfeit the good will and confidence and
friendship of the United States byt an
act of gross duplicity. Furthermore,
Russja knows that any attempt on her
part to establish a permanent military
protectorate over Manchuria would be
instantly followed by the establishment
of a Japanese protectorate over Corea
and the x military occupation of that
country. Nothing that -Russia could
possibly gain by the occupation of Man
churia could compensate her for the
Japanese occupation of Corea, for Rus
sia Is not ready yet for a contest with
the Mikado's Empire. Her trans-Siberian
Railway is unfinished, and that
part of it w hlch is nominally completed
Is unfitted for the quick transportation
of large bodies of troops and great
quantities of military supplies. Japan
could put 100,000 admirably armed and
disciplined troops into Corea in ten
days, and in event of a serious war
could put 500,000 soldiers in the field and
support them by a more powerful navy
than Russia has in the Pacific waters.
Russia knows this, and she will surely '
avoid all collision with Japan over
Corea until the trans-Siberian Railway
Is finished and put In effective condi
tion as a highway for the transporta
tion of troops and military supplies.
The occupation of Manchuria would
not only cost Russia the confidence and
friendship of the United States and the
loss of Corea to Japan, but would ex
pose Russia to the hostility of Great
Britain and Germany. The agreement
into which these two powers have lately
entered embodies in its third article a
distinct warning that the annexation
of Manchuria by Russia, would not be
allowed. England and Germany have
promised each other and the rest of the
treaty powers that they will not exe
cute any further mutilation of Chinese
territory. This agreement was signed
October 16. It is unreasonable to sup
pose that Germany and Great Britain
would renounce their claims upon the
Province of Shan Tung and upon the
Yangtse Basin, if they Intended to
allow Russia to annex Manchuria.
This third article of the Anglo-German
agreement was meant to bind the con
tracting parties to take aggressive ac
tion against Russia, should that power
acquire "territorial advantages under
any form whatever."
It may be that the Chinese Govern,
ment has offered to cede Manchuria to
Russia to secure its friendly offices in
the final settlement with Germany and"
England, but against the protest of
Great Britain, Germany and Japan
Russia would not venture to annex
Manchuria, for she is hardly a match
for Japan alone on the Pacific coast
of Asia, and to the joint protest of
Germany and England Russia would
have no choice but submission. Russia
has plenty of men, but she has no
means of quick military transportation
of soldiers and supplies to the Pacific
coast of Asia. Her navy Is compara
tively small, and her purse Is very
short, compared with the army chests
of England and Germany, who have
"money to burn," and In modern war
fare it is money that arms, feeds,
clothes and concentrates troops for bat
tle. It Is money that makes the war
Among the records broken on election
day was that of Indiana and New
York as pendulum states. Since 1SSI
New York's erotral vote has alter-
nated between the two parties with tan
talizing uncertainty, while Indiana's
has performed like vibrations since 1872.
The Republicans haying carried both
states at two successive Presidential
elections, another political superstition
A VITAL FIGURB.
A thought that must have filled the
minds of those of Judge Whalleys
friends who escorted his remains to the
grave yesterday afternoon was that
we shall not soon again look upon his
peer as a man of perennial and at
tractive vivacity and outdoor vitality.
No man ever more thoroughly enjoyed
all sides of human life. He had a tastf
for and knowledge of good literature.
He was an assiduous student of his pro
fession, but his most conspicuous and
winning quality was his hearty relish
of outdoor life. He was emphatically
a man's man; a thorough Englishman
In his good nature, his good fellowship,
his pugnacity and his rollicking- aumor.
The law was his profession, and he did
credit to Its onerous demands and se
vere responsibilities, as he would with
his vigorous mind and energetic tem
perament have done credit to any in
tellectual calling he had embraced. But
the blrth-glft of the man was for out
door life and struggle with his fellow
men. He would have been a successful
man In any kind of business he had
adopted, but he was a natural-born
lover of the woods and fields. He was t
a keen sportsman, and yet he had
poetic sense enough in him to be some
thing more than a sportsman. He knew
when and where to find the beautiful
wood duck's nest In the trees.
Go where he would, he was not solitary;
Flowers nodded gayly to him, wayside brooks
Skipped by him laughingly, while the emulous
Showered lyric raptures that provoked his own.
He led a happy, a useful and an In
dustrious life, and he lived every min
ute of it, for there never was a man
with less of the eremite In his compo
sition. He talked to and played with
every decent dog he met In the street.
He jested with any man, high or low,
who was of jesting humor. He was
ready to dispute with the Archbl3hop
of Canterbury or the President of the
United States, If they invited discus
sion, and he was equally ready to fight
with his hands, his tongue or his pen
before he would confess defeat and
retreat without honor. The greatest
joy of life to him was the joy of the
conflict with the every-day, "breezy,
busy, working outdoor world. Men of
this remarkable outdoor vivacity ard
Individualism make a strong impres
sion on their fellows, for they become,
as It were, part of the stimulating
landscape .and environment of the town.
In nothing perhaps do superior men
differ so much a in their deep relish
for outdoor life and democratic, every
day social intercourse with their fel
lows. A man may be a philanthropist
and not be long remembered by his
fellows, or a money-maker and be a
fleeting figure; but an active, vital
man, full of talk and stir In his every
day walk, who studies books but loves
every-day outdoor human life from top
to bottom better than he does his
library, probably gets more enjoyment
than a tireless, taciturn student.
Tired at last, our eager friend has
sunk to rest, the mountain shadow on
his breast: but he Is not dead, never
will be dead to those whokn,ew him,
"Who can put out the motion or the smtle;
The old ways of being mirthful all with him
HOT AIR, AS A STERILIZER.
The Oregonlan published, a few days
ago, the results of tests made at the
experiment station at Corvallls for the
destruction of smut spores in seed
grain. For many years our farmers
have treated their seed wheat to a vll
rlollzing process, the simplest and
withal the most effective method
known for clearing the grain of this
pernicious parasite. This method has
been popular for the double reason that
any farmer could apply It, and when
thoroughly applied the result was rea
The specialists Of the experiment sta
tion find that the grain may be effect
ively and cheaply treated with hot air
Instead of the vitriol solution. The ex
perimental work is under the supervis
ion of the bacteriological department
of the Agricultural College, and has
been In progress for a number of
months. It has been found that wheat
and -oats subjected In a hot air steril
izer to a temperature of 200 degrees,
and planted almost immediately, ger
minated readily. In the plat planted
with the grain so treated, but a single
smut head appeared, while In similar
areas sown with wheat treated in the
old way by a solution of, blue vitriol
from 14 to 274 smut heads appeared,
the soil and conditions being Identical.
Smut In grain has been for years the
farmers' persistent, insidious enemy.
This enemy they have fought with
their one defense vitriol keeping it
generally in check, but never com
pletely routing, or even being sure of a
victory over It, for a single season. As
shown by these experiments, there Is a
certainty that the hot-air method of
treating the seed will destroy the smut
spores without affecting, or affecting
but slightly, the vitality of the grain.
About 90 per cent of the seed thus
treated and sown In the experiment
plat germinated a percentage that
cannot fall to commend the process to
farmers. It may be Increased after It
has passed well beyond Its experi
mental stage and become settled upon
a specific basis.
It will be Of further Interest to farm
ers to know that these experiments are
to be continued, looking to the perfec
tion of the process and suggestive of
means whereby it can be applied In
farming communities, if not by Individ
ual farmers, at the minimum cost in
time, trouble and money.
A brief abstract of the report of the
Quartermaster-General, as printed In
yesterday's Oregonlan, again calls at
tention to the unfair discrimination
made against Portland in the matter
of transport business, The report says:
During the fiscal year forty-four ships were
emploed under charter by this department In
connection with the transport service. These
vessels have been discontinued and charters
canceled as rapidly as their sen Ices could be
spared. At the close of the fiscal year eleven
chartered vessels remained In service.
Of the forty-four ships In the service,
one lone vessel, the Lennox, was al
lotted to Portland for regular trips,
and five others made one trip each to
Portland. The remainder of the big
fleet, together with the five which made
one trip to Portland, was divided be
tween Seattle and San Francisco. Of
the eleven mentioned as remaining in
the service at the end. 9, the fiscal year,
one is on the Portland run, the ten oth
ers out of San Francisco and Seattle.
Of the Jarge bands pf horses which
were sent across the Pacific, Oregon
supplied more than all other Pacific
Coast States combined, and over one
half of the animals taken by the Gov
ernment from Seattle and San Fran
cisco could have been placed on trans
ports at Portland at much less ex
pense than attached to their shipment
from the ports farther north and south
than where the animals were secured.
Thousands of tons of forage was forced
to take the same roundabout and ex
pensive route in order to permit of the
disbursement of Government funds at
ports whose only advantage over Port
land was a political pulL
The joint discussion over the revived
Portland-Astoria question seems to be
embossed with one conspicuous point of
dispute. One side declares, or is con
sistently Inferred to declare, that the
added cost of rail transportation would
be borne by benevolent railroad capi
tal; the other .that It would be borne by
others, chiefly the producer. All appear
to agree that rail costs more than water
transportation. However important the
dispute, It should alarm no one. As
matters are, the producer has the ben
efit of an open river from Portland to
the sea, which keeps down transporta
tion charges. Close the channel and
the producer would very soon discover
the measure of the benevolence of rail
road capital. So long as the water
route is clear, railroads will not make
the long haul. If the channel should
be neglected, the long haul would yield
them handsomely. It Is Portland's In
terest to keep the river navigable, and
an open river is the most potent argu
ment in the discussion. If the interest
Is a selfish one, it is no less economic.
If Portland persists in staying at Port
land instead of moving to Astoria, Ta
coma or Seattle, Its selfishness Is justi
fied, not merely by Its own success, but
by economic service to commerce. Fur
thermore, if Portland persists In pay
ing for a free channel, perhaps nobody
has a right to complain. Open river Is
Portland's one argument, and citizens
should not forget It Keep the channel
open and the riddle of long haul and
of ports will solve Itself without polem
ics. Portland need talk about nothing,
therefore, but a deeper channel. And
the more a deeper channel Is agitated
the sooner will we get it.
Bryan telegraphed It was his "lot" to
congratulate McKinley after "another"
four years. The significance of "lot"
bulges out; that of "another" is replete
with meaning. "Lot" hints at disap
pointed ambition, which Is nothing cul
pable In Itself. But it hints further at
deep chagrin, at martyrdom, at unde
served fate, which m itself is a fact of
unworthy self-consciousness. It was
his "lot," and notthe sober Judgment
of the people. It was his misfortune,
and not what citizens would have done
had they been wise. "Lot" is a peevish
word, and does not belong to a Presi
dent of the United States. It reveals
the fact of personality Instead of prin
ciples; of discontent approximating
envy. The p'eople whoBe will has erred
have erred In theft- wisdom. And they
have dorie this not once, but "another"
time. Popular wisdom on which the
Jeffersonlan philosophy Is founded no
longer Is positive, for It has trans
formed, in the single event of a man.
The people are wrong, but I am right,
Is not 'Jeffersonlan, but peremptorily
non-Jeffersorilan and Hamlltonlan.
Ttfus political philosophy has come to
be convenient, where once It was ab
solute, and even so for a man who has
worked It to further his ambition.
The appeal lately made by a corre
spondent that some arrangements be
made whereby the sentence which
sends a woman convicted of crime to
the Penitentiary at Salem may not
mean her transfer in a few years,
more or less, to the Insane Asylum will,
let us hope, reach the ears of our leg
islators to some purpose. No weak
plea based upon the sex of such crim
inals is made. It is simply asked that
they be given something to do; that
means be provided whereby they can get
enough air and exercise to Insure good
health, and that solitary confinement,
that last relic of barbarism in penal
methods and Institutions, be not forced'
upon them to the loss of their reason.
There can be but one reading of the
statement that ultimate Insanity has
been the fate of every woman who has
thus far been Incarcerated for a term
of years In the Oregon Penitentiary.
This fact Is a blot upon our state
which, in the name of common human
ity, should be expunged as far as pos
sible by allowing the shadows of the
past to" fall over it.
Bryan has refused a 510,000 Job. It
would not fill hlB dinner pail full
enough. Besides, he has no right to ac
cept It when so many trust-ridden citi
zens are living on one-flftleth of that
The New York presbytery and the
Philadelphia presbytery both say pre
destination and foreordination are all
right. Well, If they like that sort of
thing, that's the sort of thing they like.
Several Democratic organs in the
state show lucidly that the election was
not an Indorsement of Imperialism and
militarism. They are to be congratu
lated for their perspicacity.
If that Philadelphia paper has li
beled Clark, by all means let it be
brought to book. It must have been a
peculiarly Infamous achievement.
The talk of reorganizing the Demo
cratic party Is well enough, but first
find ,the Democratic party.
McKinley and Bryan States.
It Is Instructive to compare the McKin
ley and Bryan states. They are:
. COMMENT ON THE. EJECTION.
Bryan Himself to Blame.
Louisville Courier-Journal, Dem.
It Is In the nature of a disaster for a
man to be twice beaten for the Presi
dency of the United States. But In the
case of Mr. Bryan, the twice defeateo.
candidate has to endure the double hard
ship of having no one to blame except
himself, for he was the architect and
builder of the campaign from first to last.
He knows now when it is too late what
was clearly seen and earnestly pro
claimed long ago by thoughtful and ob
serving men, to-wit, that the ruling ele
ments of the country were so convulsed
by the campaign of 1S96 as to make a re
versal of the verdict on the same lines
of battle In 1900 wholly impossible. Ex
planations of this overwhelming defeat
would be idle and unprofitable, even It
they were less complicate and obvious.
There was never the ghost of a ihance
for tiie Democrats to beat the Repub
licans after the collapse of the move
ment Inaugurated in the early Autumn
of 1SSS to make Admiral Dewey tho can
didate and to line up the party 'in his
then transcendent popularity and prestige.
Free Coinage the Milltitone.
New Tork World, Dem.
When the 16-to-l plank was separately
reaffirmed, upon the direct demand t-f
Mr Bryan and with the complacent as
sistance of Croker, though against the
clearly expressed Judgment of he dele
gates, the fate of the ticket was sealed.
That plank became a millstone around
the candidate's neck. It was impossible
to Keep tne money question out of the
campaign, even though as an issue it
was dead. Mr. Bryan's silence on 16 to l
in the East led to attacks upon his sin
cerity, and was regarded as an admission
of the utter defenselessness of tho plank
he had Insisted upon reiterating. If the
free-silver policy was "party suicide" In
1S96, it was.a provocation to "punishment
after death" In 1900. Doubtless the de
cisive Idea In the minds of tens of thou
sands of voters who supported McKinley
unwillingly was to doubly safeguard the
currency, the life-blood of industry, and
to protect prosperity from even the men
ace of danger. They wbuld "rather bear
the ills we have than to fly to others
that we know not of."
Only One Issue.
Philadelphia Public Ledger, Ind.
For four years more a Republican Ad
ministration will control the affairs, for
eign and domestic, of the Nation. To
the Republican party tho people have
voted a continuance of authority. That
does not mean, however, that all the Aa
min.lstration's past policies and acts have
been given a vote of confidence. With
respect to some of these policies and acts
many loyal Republicans were and still
are radically divided in opinion and con
viction, and they stood together at the
polls only upon the vital issue of a sound,
safe, honest currency. To hold them as
a compact party always sufficient to win
the Victory, the Administration must do
that which all sagacious and patriotic
Americans can and will approve and up
hold. The vote of confidence, If given at
all, will be given four years hence. Yes
terday the sole issue was safe, honesv
money, for which McKinley and. Roose
velt unconquerably stood.
Two Detents EnonRh.
Boston Herald, Ind.
The Democratic party was deprived of
that element in its own ranks which
made it safe to be trusted with the Gov
ernment, and It thus parted with all
prospect of carrying a Presidential elec
tion. It should have learned the lesson
of .this by the result of the Presidential
election four years ago. But it doggedly
shut Its eyes to what was then evident
to all thinking men, and it has blindly
fought against fate in this its second
Presidential contest. What the effect of
this defeat Is to be it is perhaps hardly
worth while to dwell upon now. One thing
would seem to be obvious, however, ana
that Is that the Democratic party is not
likely toMnvoke a third defeat with the
issues on which it has now been twice
condemned by the country. There should
be a limit to organized fatuity In politics,
and It would seem now to have been
reached in the Democratic party of the
Independent Vote Did It.
Brooklyn Eagle, Ind.
Mr. McKlnley's wise silence, Mr. Bry
an's damaging loquacity, the Republican
affirmative upon honest money, on ex
pansion and on the paramountcy of Na
tional law, with the Democratic nega
tions on those subjects, are factors to
account for the general result. The pro
portions that result have attained will
be studied with Interest. They are bo
side the question of the result as a fact.
It is a result for Republicanism, in large
degree secured by Independent votes con
tributed to that, party. The settlements
which it establishes and the unsottle
ments which it defeats are plain. We
sincerely think it to be a result credttable
to the Intelligence of the people and
commendable to civilization, for it ex
presses the one and helps on the other
in the influences which it sets and pre
serves in our Federal system.
Delivered From a Great Dnnger.
Philadelphia Inquirer, Rep.
They have voted for the financial hon
or, the business honor, the National hon
or and the International honor of the
United States, and they have spurned the
miserable makeshift arguments of the
so-called antl-lmperiallsts and the child
ish talk about militarism. Those "Issues"
were not Issues at all. They were Intend
ed to throw dust in the eyes of the peo
ple, but the people have escaped the dust.
Their vision has not been dimmed, and,
therefore, they have elected McKinley
and have spurned the great apostle of
free silver and the preacher of doctrines
bordering upon anarchy. The Nation has
been delivered from a great danger by
the good sense of the people. Now let
us have done with Bryanlsm for all time.
Onr. Coarse Is Fixed.
New York Mail and Express, Rep.
The people have not hesitated to decide.
They have responded with magnificent
and enthusiastic voice. There can be no
further delusion as to the .attitude of the
country toward the President's policies.
Our future course Is' fixed. t Mr. McKin
ley, himself sprung from the ranks,
rightly Interpreted American sentiment
and American purpose, when those about
him hesitated and doubted, and yester
day's triumph, beyond precedent as It is
In emphasis, is none too great a reward
to him for the wisdom, courage and
patriotism with which he has guided the
Nation's destinies and guarded Its highest
It Makes No Difference.
Atlanta Constitution, Dem.
The result by no means affects serious
ly either the present or the future of the
country. Our people have the happy fac
ulty of taking care of their interests indi
vidually, which constitutes the safety of
the aggregate. They may at times be
blinded to the purposes of a party in
power, hut they will be so quick In re
senting action that even the boldest
would be brought to a halt. The sun
will rise and set, and business will c6n
tlnue In its accustomed course, regardless
of the vagaries of politics. "The people
who have taken care of themselves to
well heretofore will continue to do so.
Must Get Rid of Bryan.
Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph, Ind.
The result of the remarkable campaign
Just closed has been another victory for
the Republican party. 'It has won on the
issues on National honesty and National
honor. The people of the United States
have declared that they are In favor of
expansion, and they have sternly rebukeo.
the "little Americans' and the flag-furl-ers.
William Jennings Bryan has been
defeated, but no doubt be will still con -
sider himself a candidate. He has no
other occupation. But If the Democratic
party wishes to rehabilitate itself, it
must rid itself of Bryan and the political
heresies that Bryan represents.
It Has a Chance for the Fat-axe.
Hero Is the opportunity the Democracy
has been waiting for. The conservative
intelligence and sturdy manhood of that
party since the hour of Bryan's ascend
ancy has recognized in him the very op
posite of all that was desirable- In the
hour of his defeat It Is possible for that
better element to purge the party of
Bryan and Bryanlsm. Quick, concertea
action will do the work, and send Bryai
among the Populists, where he properly
belongs. If such action Is taken, the
Democracy will rid Itself of Bryan and
his nostrums and make possible its re
turn to the faith and deportment of Its
founders. It will then be worthy the
support of reputable and orderly men,
and America will be saved from tho dis
grace of another campaign such as this
has been. The way to regenerate Is to
regenerate, and if the Democracy really
desires regeneration, now is its opportunity.
Silver Did It All.
New York Journal, Dem.
The people have evidently made up
their minds to dispose of free silver once
for all. The effort was superfluous, for
free silver had ceased to exist as a pos
sible policy four years ago, but the vot
ers were determined not to have the re
mains lying around any longer. Unques
tionably, the people are opposed to Mr.
McKinley and his policy in the Philip
pines. But they reason that if the Islands
are retained that policy can be changed
and a truly American system establlihea
In the future, while if they were aban
doned altogether they never could be re
gained. To give liberty to the Filipinos
it was not essential to grant independ
ence. Mr. McKinley, If elected, will
find It absolutely necessary to establish,
liberty In the Philippines and settle the
affairs of Porto Rico in accordance with
American traditions, and if ha defers
that work it will be done by a Demo
Life or Death.
Chicago Chronicle, Dem.
From Maine westward to the Rocky
Mountains, north of the Ohio River line,
there is not a Democratic Governor, there
is not a Democratic United States Sena
tor, there are few Democratic Congress
men, and Democrats In office of any de
scription are so rare that a party em
bracing at least one-half of the popula
tion may be said almost with literal truth
to have been excluded from participation
in public affairs.
To this humiliating estate the mongrel
combination between the worst elements
of Democracy North and South and the
populism of the West has brought a once
proud political organization which has
controlled the affairs of the Republic in
many Important eras and which should
control them today.
French and English Dairies.
Nothing can look more Inviting than
the tubs of bright yellow Brittany but
ter, and there is a glamor of romance
about the green meadows and gray
heaths of the Cotes du Nord and the
Morbihan. But we do know something
of those Breton homesteads; of the cess
pools where the water is drawn for do
mestic and dairy use, and of the filthy
raiment that Is seldom changed, and of
the hands that are never washed, except
of a Sunday or a saint day. A deeper
depth still is the unwholsome margarine,
Its substructure being rancid animal fat,
fermented In loathsome heaps, but scent
ed with the sweetest fragrance of the
meads, and colored to reflect the se
ductive tints of' meadowsweet and but
tercups. Contrast modern English meth
ods with those abominations which under
the guise of legitimate trade suggest the
subtle atrocities of the Borgia's and the"
Brinvilllcrs. For they sow the seed3 of
fatal disease in many an unsuspecting
household, and are answerable for ln
fanticlde on a scale from which Herod
would have shrunk in dismay.
In our dairies "the cool hand" which
was the boast of the old-world dairy
woman Is altogether out of date. Now
the hand never touches anything, and,
as we are informed at this year's exhi
bition, even the' skimming will soon be
done by machinery. In the most sultry
of Summer weather the butter Is kept
cool by being immediately transferred to
Ice In the refrigerator. It was said by
those of old time that milk and cream
were only to be enjoyed In perfection in
the country. The novels of last century
tell how blase beaux of St. James re
freshened their vitiated palates with the
unadulterated dairy produce when they
sought change of scene at Tunbrldge
Wells or Epsom. Now the connoisseur can
not take much exception to the cream
and butter of the London clubs, and as
he may be sure that the butter Is all
It seems, there can be no more con
clusive sign of progress.
The Irish Hcdpre School. '
The educational structure for which,
taking advantage of the toleration of
Government, the hedge schoolmaster now
abandoned his al fresco establishment,
was a very humble one of Its kind. Tho
peasantry, animated by the strong Irish
love of learning, built It for him just
as in modern days they assemble and
build huts for evicted tenants. It was
not a very formidable undertaking. A
deep, dry ditch or trench by the roadside
was usually selected for the site. At
the side of the trench an excavation of
the requisite area was dug, so the clay
bank formed three sides of the inclosure;
this saved the trouble of building walls.
Then the fourth side, or front side wall,
with a door and two windows, was built
of green sods laid In courses, while sim
ilar sods raised the back to the required
height and pointed the gable ends. Young
trees and wattles cut from the nearest
wood and bound together with straw
ropes and withes formed the roof tim
bers. Over these were spread brambles,
then came a layer of "scraws," or slabs
of healthy bbg surface, and over all a
thatching of rushes. The "earthen floor
was pared to an approach to a level, the
rubbish cleared away, and a pathway
made to the public road. There was your
hedge schoolhouse, ready for business.
Paris Ontgrrovrs Her Fortifications.
London Dally Mail.
Fdr years it has been evident that Paris
was becoming too big to be confined much
longer within the walls or fortifications
that run round the city. It is now an
nounced that a large section of these
boundaries is to disappear. The part
condemned lies to the northwest of the
city, and stretches from Auteull to St.
Ouen. This Implies a vast extension for
Paris, and the annexation by the city of
all the suburban communes between the
Seine and the fortifications. This great
scheme Is to be carried out gradually, the
first extension comprising Blllancourt,
Auteull and Boulogne; the second, St
James, Neullly and Levallols-Perret, and
the third St. Ouen.
Change of Interest American Trait.
Saturday Evening Post.
This swiftness of life and changeability
of interest do not betoken a lessening of
human sympathy. The splendid response
in cases of Buffering and destitution con
tradicts any such thought But the
American people demand a swift succes
sion of changing events to interest them.
The Wonderful work of the advanced
American newspapers has much to do
with this. What would a few years ago
have taken weeks of Investigation Is now
given to the public within a few hours.
This seems to make the world move
more swiftly, and It makes the American
people Impatient of anything that.seems
out of date.
NOrB AND C0MMEXT. ,
General Rejoicing Is tho officer ai pres
ent In charge of affairs.
Like Oliver Goldsmith, Bryan "still has
hopes, for pride attends him atllL"
An appropriate title for Mr. Bryan's
next book would be "How It Happened."
Tho Electoral College will not confer
a degree on any statesman from Ne
braska this year.
"Not now, but some other time," says
the Atlanta Constitution. It refers to -Democracy,
not to Bryan.
Having won 5 cents on the election. Rus
sell Sage will donate three of them to a.
prominent New York hospital.
The spellbinder is no longer a fair mark
for the paragrapher, but the plumber
comes valiantly forward to take his place.
Dramatic note Black Pattl is rehears
ing for a magnificent production of
"Othello," In which she will essay the tltlo
The returns from Porto Rico Indicate
that tho Democratic howl about oppress
ing the natives of that isle was merely
a beetling bluff.
MoKlnley announces that the Cabinet
will not be reorganized. Goodness knows
he has worked hard enough getting It In
as rood condition as It la now.
This is how a Bakersfleld, Cal., paper
squeezes a drop of comfort out of the
"Oregon The Republicans carried the
state by a plurality of 14,000, but tho
Democrats probably elected the Gover
nor." There Is really but one place In the world
I where violins are mode extensively. That
place Is Markneuklrchen, with its sur
rounding villages. There are altogether
about 15,000 people living there, who do
nothing else but make violins. The In
habitants, from the little urchin to the
old gray-headed man, the small girl, and
the old grandfather, all are engaged In
making some part of a fiddle.
The fact is not generally known that
the Queen has a private railway station.
This is at Gosport, and is used by Her
Majesty when embarking for Osborne.
The station consists of a long semi-circular
platform, the end of which Is con
nected with a pontoon, against which the
royal yacht is usually moored. It 'is a
strange fact that no other member of
the royal family ever uses this station.
The new Marquis of Buto pays J2.25O.C00
death dues on the property he Inherited.
Ho Is now accompanying his mother to the
Holy Land, to bury bis father's heart on
Mount Olivet. It is inclosed in a mag
nificent shrine, in the form of an altar,
which the late Marquis had specially made
for the purpose. In Florence. The heart
Itself Is In a lead-lined oak casket, bound
with silver. When the burial takes place
the shrine will be brought back to Scot
land for use when the present Marquis
Germany possesses a most remarkable
overhead railway running between Elber
feld and Barmen, a distance of SVi miles.
It is known as the Langen Mono-Rail
Suspended Railway, being Invented by
Eugene Langen. It consists of a double
overhead track, along which cars, each
suspended Jroxn, vthe ralli, abpvbtw
boele" wheels, travel" at tho rats of abaat
25 miles an hour. Between the wheels
Is the electric moter which drives the
train. The cost of building this unique
line Is estimated at about 5(1,000 per mile.
Mark Twain, In a recent Interview In
London, Is reported to have said: "Eng
land is the best friend we have in Eu
rope, and wo are the only friend she's
got on earth. No one ventures to sug
gest a formal offensive and defensive al
liance, but it Is to our mutual Interest
that sentiment along that line should
grow in the hearts of our people. The
time is coming when each of the two
great peoples will need It in their busi
ness. It Is out of my line to be pessi
mistic, but I think that the Chinese con
cert, which has already become a com
edy, Is likely to end In a tragedy. When
the crash comes It will bo best for Eng
land, best for America, and best for tha
world that the Union Jack and the Stars
and Stripes should wave together."
The most distinguished clergyman of
the Unitarian Church, Rev; Dr. Edward
E. Hale, was consulted last month by a
yovmg voter In New York, who wrota
h,lm asking advico how to vote on elec
tion day. Mr. Hale replied In a vigorous
letter, advising the young man to vo o
for McKinley and Roosevelt. The present
Administration, Mr. Hale wrote, had
proved Itself so thoroughly bonsai and
Its measures had been so greatly to tho
advantage of the country that It wou'd
be almost unpatriotic to criticise details
in those measures.
"The familiar charge against democ
racies," wrote Dr. Hale, "is that they
are fickle, and that whoever trusts In
them is sure to bo overturned. The
United States will succeed If It will dis
prove this charge. It will fall unle's It
can do so." This advice was worthy
of the author of "A Mas Without a
PLEASANTRIES OF PARAGITAPIIERS
"Very changeable man, isn't he? I wonder
what hts latest whim Is." "Well a I guess I
am. We're engaged." Brooklyn life.
His Suspicions Aroused. "Mamma," said
Johnny, "I don't believe this is a. health food."
"Why hot, son?" "It tastes good." Chicago
Mrs. Neurych (bidding good-bye to her guests
after her first reception) I'm so sorry that tha
rain kept all our best people away! Tlt-Blts.
Jaaksen No, I never take the newspaper
home. I've got a family of grown-up daugh
ters, you know. Friend Papers too full of
crime? Jackson No; too full of bargain sales.
Considerate "Bridget. I think it Is hardly
the thlBg for you to entertain company la the
kitchen. "Don't ye worry, mum, Bhure, an
Ol wouldn't bo afther deprolvln' ye o' th par
ler." Philadelphia Evening Bulletin.
He stayed downtown at night
To hear how matters turned;
He bad five dollars bet.
And he was much concerned.
He mingled with the crowd.
He whooped with all his might;
They smashed his new hat in.
And Jabbed him left and right.
They soiled and tore his clothes
And trod upon his feet;
He missed the latast car.
And bad to tramp tha street.
Seme villain stole his watch.
And as the dawn appeared
He staggered up the steps
And waved his arms and chere4.
And to his wife ha cried:
Tve won ray bet hoorayt
Fly dollars better off.
ary dear, than ywUnlajP