Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 03, 1900, Page 6, Image 6

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    3
to rjegomcm.
Entered at tbelPestofSce at Portland Oregon,
as segend-cla-is matter.
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TODAY'S WEATHER. Fair; variable winds,
Snostly westerly.
PORTLAND, SATURDAY, NOV. 3, 1000
BRTAX'S CLASS CIVUSADE.
The main Inspiration of the Bryan
campaign Is a desire to "down" every
body who is doing any business or
'who possesses any property. Bryan
lias made this contest, far more than
any former one, a contest of classes.
31a has made It a crusade against those
who have a little, or something, more
or less, by those who have little or
nothing; a contest between those who
expect to live by social and political
agitation, against those who expect to
live by quiet and prudent industry.
Hence the great mass of our restless
population, the mass of those who are
more or less Inefficient and Improvi
dent, are for Bryan; while the great
mass of the orderly and quiet people,
attentive to business, employed In
careful and provident industry, are
against him.
To every observer this division is ap
parent. Bry&n has forced this class
issue. As a rule, men who feel they
have nothing to lose are for Bryan;
while as a rule those who have a little
or something or much, and who want
to maintain conditions under which
business can be done and Industry will
prosper, are against him.
Bryan forces this political class di
vision, as the "paramount Issue." The
germs of It appeared In his work four
years ago. It Is far more apparent
now. He attacks every considerable
business as a monopoly. He denounces
every association of capital necessary
for prosecution of a large business as
a trust. He tells the apple-grower, the
wage-worker, the butcher and baker
and retail 'dealer, that they would bet
ter quit their present occupations,
which are hopeless, and take up the
line of political agitation.
But Bryan's appeal goes even below
all this. It Is addressed also to those
who, through want of Intelligent energy,
have succeeded in nothing; to those
who have lacked ability or Inclination
to pursue anything with continuous and
persevering effort; to those who have
lived merely in the passing day,
thoughtless of tomorrow, and therefore
may have now neither resources nor
prospects; to theorists and sentimental
ists who argue that the world owes
them a living, without effort or respon
sibility on their part; to those who had
prospects once, but lost them through
indolence or want of capacity for the
steady work of life, or through unwill
ingness to keep up the strain and pres
sure necessary to growth and success
against the strenuous competition
which all men have to meet; to thost
who have been defeated through their
own lack of Judgment, or worse,
through subtle progress of faults and
vices in themselves, against which they
made no effective resistance to all, in
short, who are going aimlessly and un
successfully through the world, ready
to learn from the Bryan politician to
blame society and government for their
failure.
Four years ago the campaign that
bad free coinage of silvor for Us key
note was bad enough; but this In many
ways Is worse. Bryan characterized
the gold standard as "a conspiracy
of the money-changers against the wel
fare of the human race." You might
have supposed this was the .very cli
max of evil. But "worse remains be
hind." Even this terrible conspiracy of
the gold standard against the welfare
of the human race Is nothing compared
with the newly discovered conspiracy
to trample down the holy principles of
freedom as represented by Tagal sav
ages. To make matters even worse,
there Is another conspiracy to -keep
business and industry afoot throughout
the United States, and to maintain ra
tional condition, for continued protec
tion of property and employment of la
bor. The Brj an campaign Is simply a cru
sade against the business, the indus
try and property of the country.
Bryan tries to range on his side every
man who. feels, or is supposed to feel,
that he has nothing to lose. Some men
of property, some-men engaged In busi
ness. Bryan expects to hold through
partisanship. But he hopes to arouse
and toting to -his standard all the hosts
of Jack Cade politics. Evidently he
thinks this sort of men more numerous
than they actually are.
Croker's threats of violence against
the ballot-box are but vain bluster.
The Federal election law pf 1870 was
enacted after the wholesale frauds of
1S6S in th City of New York, by which
the vote of the state was stolen from
Grant, the Presidential candidate, and
Grlsweld. the Gubernatorial candidate,
and given to Seymour and Hoffman.
This crime against the suffrage was
directed by Tweed, thea boss of the
Tammany'Tring, lirfd It was Impossible
to prevent a. repetition ef It. at Na-
tlpnaT elections unless'' the National
Government exercised Its constitutional
right and provided for the regulation
of National elections- by the National
authorities. Hence the law of 1870, en
acted by a Republican Congress and
signed by President Grant, which will
be enforced by the United States Mar
shal arid his deputies In New Yprk
Glty and the leading cities of the state
on election day. This law does not In
terfere with the action of any honest
voter. It does not Interfere with, mod
ify or supplant the election laws of the
state In- any way. It simply provides
for the National supervision and reg
ulation of Congressional elections. No
body opposes it but the municipal
scoundrels in the great cities of the
North, who seek to steal the suffrages
of the people at the National elections
free from Federal Interference. The
lawless people of the South regularly
nullify every Federal law that seeks to
protect the ballot-box, but the law is
of service at the North, where we do
not mob Federal officials, nor treat
tho Federal authority with contempt.
DELL STUARTS INVENTIONS.
The Oregonlan Is credibly Informed
that Hon. Dell Stuart, of Portland, in
a speech at Corvallls, asserted that
under the so-called Sulu treaty, polyg
amy and slavery are .guaranteed by the
United States to the Inhabitants of the
Sulu Archipelago, and used these
words:
This traffic In human blood and lrtue. is rec
ognized, permitted and abetted In this In
famous treaty, which bears the official seal
and clsnature of the United States of Amer
ica. It beare the signature of William McKln
ley. President of ths United States, and is a
contract that is binding, and one from which
the United 8tates cannot retire, and Is in
honor bound to respect.
Mr. Stuart is a lawyer, and knows
the necessity of having authority back
of assertions. If he makes misstate
ments through careless neglect to
verify his authorities, he is as culpa
ble as if he made deliberate misrepre
sentations. In another column we print
the conditional agreement made by
General Bates with the Sultan of Jolo.
There is nothing In It about polygamy,
and the only reference to slavery is a
guarantee of emancipation through
purchase to existing slaves. The vari
ance of Mr. Stuart's assertion from the
truth is too plain to need pointing out.
' Mr. Stuart goeB out of his way to
characterize "this infamous treaty
which bears the official seal and signa
ture of the United States of America."
Of course, Mr. Stuart knows that an
agreement between a Sultan ahd a gen
eral Is not a treaty, and he knows that
a treaty has to be confirmed by the
Senate of the United States before It' 1b
"a contract that Is binding, and one
from which the United States cannot
retire, and is in honor bound to re
spect'' The Bates agreement was sent to the
Senate by President McKlnley, with
the information that he had approved It,
"nbject to the action of Congress,
Trlth. the reservation, which. I have
directed shall be communicated to
the Saltan of Jolo, that tills agree
ment is not to lie deemed in any
Tray to authorise or fflve the con
sent of the United Stntcn to the ex
istence of slavery in the Sulu Archl
pelnfiro." THE SENATE HAS NEVER ACTED
ON THE AGREEMENT.
Mr, Stuart, In common with other
thoughtful and veracious Bryan states
men, goes out over the country spread
ing invented facts and commenting
upon them with spirited oratory. He
Invents the fact that the United States
has recognized polygamy and slavery.
He Invents the fact that the treaty
bears tire official seal of the United
States, and Is a binding treaty when
the truth Is the President confirmed it
(with the exception relating to slavery)
subject to the action of Congress, and
Congress never acted.
Bryanlte Inventions of this sort, like
the bogus sayings of Lincoln, are
spread abroad over the country, and
men like C. E. S. "Wood and Dell Stuart
snap them up and use them without
verification. If they do not Invent them
themselves, they "uset them from some
lying partisan scrapbook without veri
fication a course which, in a lawyer,
is equally reprehensible.
Yet we would not be unreasonable.
How Is a man to do If there are no
facts on his side, unless he can Invent
some?
"WHEAT IS STIIiIi ICING.
Figures printed In The Oregonlan's
marine columns of Thursday show Oc
tober exports of wheat and flour from
Oregon and "Washington amounting to
over 3,000,000 bushels. These shipments
are not record-breakers, even for the
month of October, for Portland alone
has nearly touched the 3,000,000-bushel
mark In a single month, but they are
Interesting In noting the wonderful
growth of the wheat industry In the
Pacific Northwest. A younger genera
tion than the "oldest Inhabitants" can
easily remember the time when the en
tire shipments of wheat from Oregon
and "Washington for an entire year
were sometimes less than 3,000,000 bush
els; and even within the past fifteen
years they have occasionally dropped
down around 5,000,000 and 6,000,000 bush
els. This growth Is not destined to slacken
for many years, for not only Is much
new land annually coming under culti
vation, but the methods of farming
which are applied to land already In
use have Improved to such an extent
that the crop Is annually becoming
more certain. Of course, no amount o(
labor and care can effectually with
stand such assaults as nature made on
the "Willamette Valley wheat crop dur
ing the season just closed; but, as noth
ing so near a failure has before been
experienced In forty years in the Val
ley, the possibility of a repetition Is re
mote. East of the mountains, however,
the wheatgrower Is materially reducing
the percentage of loss which he former
ly suffered through unfavorable cli
matic conditions. In exposed localities,
where early or late frosts destroyed the
tender varieties of club, he now sows
the tough, hardy red wheat, and Is rea
sonably certain of securing a good crop.
On light lands, where a scarcity of
moisture made "Walla "Walla a very un
certain crop, Sonora wheat Is now turn
ing off verj good yields.
Another factor of Very great import
ance In assuring a crop is careful cul
tivation of the solL By plowing deep
and having the soil wcH loosened and
mellow, much better crops are secured
than by the old slipshod method of
scratching over the top and expecting
nature to do the rest
There is yet such, a large area of
good land well adapted to the growth
THE MOIiNIfttf ' OREGOSIAN, UkXUPttAY. KOVEMBEB 5. 1&00,
of wheat that the production "6t the
cereal by the aid of irrigation has not
been resorted to except In 'Isolated
cases. "Wherever this method has been
In use, results have been quite satis
factory, and that it will become more
general In the near future Is a cer
tainty. Diversified farming is destined
to add much to the wealth of our rural
population, and naturally, of course, to
our cities; but at the same time the
Wheatgrowlng industry is bound to
show a steady growth, and the mari
time greatness of Portland and other
Northwestern ports will increase in
keeping with the growing prestige of
the cereal which has made us great.
SEWING AGAINST MGHT.
The Bryanlte Democracy includes
among Its supporters a few men of pub
lic fame s men of trained Intellect
and high personal accomplishments,
like Olney, Schurz, Bourke Cockran,
meii who have chosen to support the
cause of dishonest money and Popu
lism not for lack of light, but in spite
of light Education will not give a man
robust common sense nor Intellectual
Integrity. United States Senator Jones,
of Nevada, in 1874 made a powerful
argument against flat money and green
backlsm, and defended the gold stand
ard as strenuously as Roosevelt does
today, saying that "gold Is the univer
sal standard of the world," and plead
ing for the gold dollar as fixing a stand-,
ard by which the workman knew ex
actly what his labor was worth. But
when the selfish personal interests of
Senator Jones in 1877 with the depre
ciation of silver made him a sllverlte
because he was a mlneowner and a
Senator from a sliver state, he swal
lowed his own financial logic, and since
1878 has tried to enact legislation which
would make the United States Govern
ment pay him a higher price than the
market offers for his sliver bullion.
Senator Jones sinned against his light
and his learning In order to swindle the
people of the United States for the
benefit of Nevada and his mining prop
erty. Senator Teller, of Colorado, and ex
Senator Hill, of that state, were both
men whose power of intellect to see
through the transparent fallacy of the
false finance they advocated was un
doubted. In the struggle over the ques
tion of repudiation in 1868, whether the
United States bonds should be paid In
gold or greenbacks Benjamin F. Butler
was a "greenbacker," and succeeded in
imposing his financial sophistry upon
an able and absolutely honest man,
"Wendell Phillips, the flaw in whose
diamond Intellect was seen when he
threw up his cap for greenbackism In
America and for nihilism In Russia.
Alexander H. Stephens, Senator Booth,
of California; Senator Thurmaa, of
Ohio; Senator Ingalls, of Kansas, were
all men of superior Intellect and none of
them lacking In culture or political
learning, and yet all of them sinned
against their best lights In becoming
silverltes or greenbackers. President
Eliot confessed with mortification that
the training of Harvard College could
give a man no more moral sense and
common sense than G5d had .given him,
and the proof of It Is found In the fact
that a number of Harvard College
graduates voted tor the Bland 'bill, for
free silver, for Illimitable greenbacks.
There was nothing more remarkable In
this than the failure of Harvard Col
lege to educate Its children to be al
ways faithful to freedom and hostile to
human Blavery. As a matter of fact,
the colleges and churches that were the
special depositories of learning and
culture were the last to feel and yield
to the lift of the great instinct that
hurried the North forward into unre
lenting conflict with slavery.
The truth is that no great names are
weighty enough to commend to popular
reason an intrinsically bad cause; and
no thoroughly good cause will fall be
cause all of learning and culture Is
not with it or Is bitterly against It
Daniel "Webster Is easily our greatest
statesman, measured by his endow
ments of understanding, logic, elo
quence and political genius; and yet
after being the Idol of New England
for nearly forty years he was abso
lutely powerless after his 7th of March
speech of 1850 to obtain tho Indorsement
of his own party In his own State of
Massachusetts.
No learning, no eloquence, no accom
plishments, no weight of character, is
of value with the people when these
great attributes are prostituted to the
worship of folly or fraud or palpable
injustice. "With the exception of Lin
coln, about every conspicuous Republi
can and "War Democrat was for peace
ful secession before the firing on Sum
ter, but after the shot was fired there
was no more talk of peace. The plain
people ordered the peace-at-any-prlce
statesmen to prepare at once for war.
The aggregate culture, learning and
statesmanship of the whole North could
not have stayed the popular uprising.
It would have been a mere light cork
dancing on the crest of a tidal wave.
BRYAN'S PARTY DID IT.
The Bryanlte Democracy is still fret
ting over the two negro provisions In
the Oregon constitution. Both are the
products of pro-Blavery Democracy,
One of these Is section 35 of the BUI of
Rights (article 1). It follows:
No free neero or mulatto, not residing; In this
state at the time ot the adoption of this Con
stitution, shall come, reside or be within thin
state, or hold any real estate, or make any
contract, or maintain any suit therefn; and tho
Leclsl&tlTo Assembly shall provide by penal
laws for the removal by public officers of all
such necroes and mulattces, and1 for their ef
fectual exclusion from the state, and for the
punishment of persons -who shall bring them
Into the state, or employ or harbor thorn.
Ex-Governor I F. Grover, of Port
land, who Is still living, was -chairman
of the committee on Bill of Bights in
the constitutional convention which met
at Salem in 1857. The section which so
grievously offends Bryan was not part
of the Bill of Rights reported by Chair
man Grover August 22, 1S57. Two days
later a special committee on schedule
was appointed, with Mr. Grover as
chairman. He reported the schedule
September 11, and on September 17, it
was debated at great length and adopt
ed as It came from the committee. The
schedule provided for the submission
of the questions of free negroes and
slavery.
The other section that fills the Bryan
Ites with alarm for the safety of the
blaok race is section 6, of article 2, as
follows:
No nesro. Chinaman, or mulatto, shall have
the right ot suffrage.
This Is a part of the article on suf
frage and election. Delazon Smith, the
"Hon of I4nn," an ardent pro-slavery
Democrat was chairman of the com
mittee on suffrage and elections In the
constitutional convention. He report-
ed the article August 25, 1857. minus
the word "Chinaman' in eectlon 6.
Asked what the word "free" meant in
the first section: "All elections shall be
free and equal," Chairman Smith re
plied that it did not mean Chinamen
or "niggers," and for that reason he
thought it sufficiently explicit To
strengthen the article, the word "Chi
naman" .was Inserted on motion of Mr.
Grover.
The Oregon constitution is the prod
uct of the Democracy. Its adoption in
November, 1857, was hailed as a great
Democratic victory. The exclusion of
free negroes by a vote of 8640 to 1081
was a Democratic triumph. But the re
jection of slavery bya vote of 7727 to
2645 created a suspicion among the De
mocracy of the time that a cog had
been slipped somewhere in the opera
tion of the machinery. Section 35 ot
article 1 or the Oregon constitution 'was
superseded and annulled by the four
teenth amendment, ahd section 6 of ar
ticle 2 by the fifteenth amendment
Neither has ever been hailed as a great
Democratic victory. And down South
both are being nullified by grandfather
clauses In new state constitutions.
ITS LOGICAL APPLICATION.
Bryan is the conspicuous advocate of
free silver coinage at 16 to 1, whose logic
Is nothing but the logic of socialism,
Populism and paternalism In govern
ment. Reduced to its lowest terms, the
free silver coinage logic means that the
United States Government should con
tinue to pay the price of thirty years
ago for the silver bullion of the silver
producing states. There Is no more
equity In this proposal than there
would be In the proposal that the
United States should take all the oil
of the Standard Oil Company at the
price of thirty years ago, or pay the
old-time price of $3 50 a barrel for salt
which now costs but 50 cents. At the
extra session of August 1893, Bryan
voted and spoke with those who de
nounced Congress for refusing to con
tinue to pay out the gold, which the
Government wanted to Increase, for a
supply of silver It did not want He
argued that if the Government refused
to buy sliver bullion which it did not
want at a price far above the market,
the silver mining Industry would suf
fer. The same kind of logic could have
been Invoked with equal fairness to
Justify the Government In buying Ore
gon's and "Washington's timber, or
Michigan's Iron, to hold up its market
If this is not the logic of Bryanlte Pop
ulism and paternalism, what is It?
If It Is the business of our Govern
ment to- buy silver bullion at a price
far above the market and store It In the
Treasury to hold up a falling .market
for silver-mining states, then It Is the
business of the Government to buy
Michigan's Iron, to buy Oregon's lum
ber at a price far above the market
to help its depression, and It is the
business of the Government to order
public works constructed to furnish
labor to the unemployed at the ex
pense of the whole body of taxpayers.
There Is the same line of logic running
through all this false assumption that
It Is the business of our Government to
support the people Instead of the people
supporting the Government
The Government Is only the trustee
and administrator of the public money
obtained from the citizens of the whole
country by taxation, -and it has no
more business to pay out Its gold to
hold up the price of silver than It has
to pay out Its gold to hold up the price
of Iron or lumber. Bryan voices the
cloud of wasps and locusts of pa
ternalism and Populism which for ten
years have darkened the political sky
of the Middle "West and the trans-Mis-slsslppl
States, and this fact Is entirely
consistent with his logic In favor of
free silver coinage at 16 to 1, for If his
logic In favor of free sliver is sound,
then the so-called logic of Populism
and paternalism Is sound, too. The ar
gument for free silver rests on state
socialism, paternalism and! Populism
for its defense. If it Is the business of
the Government to support the people
of the silver-mining states by taking
all their silver at a price far above the
market at the expense of the rest of the
country, why, then, it Is the business of
the Government to "bull" the falling
price of labor in depressed industries
the country over.
A well-known citizen of German
birth, a business man of Portland and
a Gold Democrat, said yesterday to an
Oregonlan writer, In answer to an in
quiry, that he knew of no one of Ger
man birth who had anything to lose,
who was going to vote for Bryan.
"When Mr Hunt offered a proposition
for saving $13,000 to the city, he ought
to have known it would be turned
down. Since time when the memory of
man runneth not to the contrary, pub
lic money never was intended to be
saved, but to be spent
A vote for Bryan Is a vote for slav
ery and polygamy In the Philippines,
because he wants to clear out of the
Islands and allow the natives to con
tinue their evil practices. Therefore,
vote for Bryan and for slavery and
polygamy.
"When Bryan was asked the other
day why $1 In United States money is
worth $2 in Mexican, he replied that
Lincoln talked human rights, not dol
lars. Yes, and Lincoln didn't get the
thanks of the Democrats for doing it,
either.
It must not be forgotten that a mem
ber of the Legislature Is to be elected
from Multnomah County, at the gen
eral election Tuesday. The names of
the candidates will appear on the ballot-
Let no one overlook It
The Democratic Jeremiah told some
voters the other day he was talking to
their heads, not their pocketbooks. That
Is good. We see now what he meant in
1896. Then, he talked 16 to 1; but not
to their heads.
Was ever greater imperialism perpe
trated upon the public than Bryan's
Indomitable determination to say noth
ing about 16 to if
Advance in Cnrapalfrn Methods,
Baltimore American.
A gratifying feature of the present
campaign is the very general disuse of
personalities in the political discussions.
Whatever abuse there has been is direct,
ed to the Issues, rather than the nomi
nees. This is a wide departure from p-e-vlous
Presidential struggles. It is quite
common to compare the past with the
present to the disadvantage of the latter,
and yet In some of the earlier National
contests the most Illustrious statesmen,
men whose wisdom Is reverently quoted
today, were abused without measure. It
was regarded as a legitimate method of
conducting a campaign. Recent contests
in this country have been conducted on
similar lines, and It may be that the pub-
He disgust for suph, methods, exhibited
bv giving supoort o ths candidates mrst
outrageously abused, has driven them tut
of use, at least for the moment If poli
ticians have been made to understand
that personal denunciation Is the poorest
of all political devices, the) public will bo
Immensely the gainer. In every campaign
thai which interests tho public Is the
administration of public affairs, and pot
the private affairs of the candidate.
FLAXSEED AND ITS "OIL.
Importance of the Industry and Ef
fect ot the High Prices.
New York Tribune.
The recent advance in the price of lin
seed oil has attracted much attention
In the commercial world to the condi
tion of this year's crop of flaxseed, from
which this important oil is made. The
uses of linseed oil are many and va
ried, but oilcloth and linoleum men are
perhaps those chiefly affected by the pres
ent high values. Several of the larger
oilcloth factories of the country, It is re
ported from Chicago, are either shut
down or able to do little business as a
result of the market conditions. Trade
in tho United States It said to require
something like forty million gallons of.
linseed oil annually.
Estimates of the year's crop of flax
seed have been steadily reduced of late.
The crop year Is supposed 'to begin In
Setember, but It Is as yet practically im
possible to gauge the yield for this year
accurately. The first estimates of the to
tal product were about 25.000,000 bushe's.
Now the figures are about 18,000,000 bush
els. To the average man the mention of
flaxseed brings recollection of younger
days, of poultices and flaxseed tea, of
pneumonia and the drug store, where the
slippery seed Is carefully weighed out In
mlnuta quantities. The commercial uses
of flaxseed, the vast amount used In
making linseed oil. the methods of hand
ling great quantities In bulk, Just as
wheat Is handled, are matters outside the
range of the average man's knowledge
Each bushel of flaxseed yields a little
over two gallons of oil. The pulp or cako
remaining after the extraction of the oil
has a value as fodder, and is an impor
tant by-product "While cottonseed neal
and rice meal are used to some extent
as substitutes for oil meal, yet there has
never been found a satisfactory substi
tute for linseed oil. The painter, the
white lead maker, the oilcloth manufac
turer, must have Unseed oil, and so the
farmer in the far Northwest tends care
fully his flaxseed crop and the mills
crush tho slippery seed In order that their
? rants may be supplied. The centralizing
endency of modern business was never
better illustrated than In the case ot the
linseed oil Industry. In- fact, the history
of this industry shows a competitive pe
riod, a period of combination, when com
petition began to be too severe, and final
ly a , period of centralization, through
which the business Is now passing.
The flaxseed crop of this "country va
ries from ten to twenty millions of bush
els, nearly three-quarters being raised in
Minnesota and the Dakojas. Chicago and
Duluth are the great flax markets of the
count-y, and tho trading In futures ot
flaxseed 'is one of the most hazardous
speculations known. The range of prices
Is extremely wider from 75 cents to $2 a
bushel, and a fluctuation of 10 or 15
cents is an ordinary occurrence. Tho
small size of the crop, as compared with
wheat or corn, tends to encourage cor
ners, and many fortunes have been made
and lost In the uncertain market. At
present tho price Is high, owing to bad
weather in the Northwest, which has
damaged a large portion of the crop and
has delayed threshing. In the process of
extracting the oil from the seed It Is
crushed by rollers, going through set af
ter set until It appears as line meal. Then
it Is steam heated In tanks, to soften it
and free the oil. As It comes from the
tanks, a sticky, sweet-smelling mass, It
Is shaped by a small press Into blocks,
and these blocks are put under powerful
hydraulic presses. The oil begins to flow
In the gutters as soon as the power Is
put on, but It Is an hour before the press
Is opened and the oilmeal taken out
The oil passes through various refining
processes which prepare It for market.
The cake Is elthor shipped unbroken for
export or Is ground Into oilmeal for the
home market. Germany la a large Im
porter of oilmeal.
Bryan's Sermon.
Now York Bun.
In his speech at Morrlstown, N,
Colonel Bryan dripped with unction.
J..
He
was m a nortatory mooa:
I have sometimes felt tempted to deliver a
sermon. My test is already selected, and
when I can no lonxer restrain myself, and
when I preach my sermon you will find my
text In James. It reads like this: "If a man
says that he loves Qod and hites his brother,
he la a liar."
I would not use that strong language myself,
but I have no rlzht to amend the Bible, and
that Is -what tho Bible says, liy text would be
short but my sermon would be long If I tried
to show you how many there are of them. How
many are there -who confess that they love
Qod and hate their neighbors?
You can see the smug satisfaction on
those thin lips. What a truly pious frame
ot mind the good man was in! Whose
voice is the loudest in preaching the dev
il's gospel of hate and envy? Who is un
wearied in setting neighbor against neigh
bor, "the poor" against "the rich," the
workman against the employer, the un
successful against the successful, the
shiftless against the saving, the loafers
against the industrious, the Incapable
against tho able? Who bellows from a
thousand stumps that this is a Govern
ment of syndicates and trusts, that the
uncommon people grind the faces of the
common, that the Republicans want to
raise armies and build forts to Intimidate
or shoot down their Democratic neigh
bors? Who Improves each shining hour
by belching calumny and false suggestion,
envy, malice and all uncharitableness?
The first man to confess that he hates
his neighbors and puts his whole heart
and goll Into making them hate one an
other should be William Jennings Bryan.
Nebrnulca'n Strike in tHe Election.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
A victory for McKnley In Bryan's
Stato would give Nebraska the greatest
boom which It has ever had. There
would be no more falling off In popula
tion as has taken place In Omaha and
Lincoln, Bryan's home town, In the 'ast
ten years. The Bryanlzatlon which has
hit those two places would be abolished,
the Improvement would Immediately bo
discernible, and the outlook would be
bright From present Indications Ne
braska Is going to get this boom. The
Republicans have high hopes of success
In that state. Nebraska has been cursed
with a very bad dose of Bryanlsm for
many years, and even Bryan's warmest
Nebraska supporters must see by this
time that this is having a disastrous ef
fect on their state. A Republican vic
tory in that commonwealth is among'the
probabilities.
'
West Virginia Democrats Lose
Heart.
It Is known that prominent Democrats
in West Virginia, notwithstanding their
little spurt over Mr. Bryan's tour
through tho statehave really lost heart
and some of them In private conversation
frankly admit that they expect to gain
nothing there, except perhaps, a United
States Senator. The state is so gerry
mandered that McJClnley might carry it
by 10,000 and the Legislature might bo
carried by the Democrats.
Fight tor Congress Cloning-.
The Democratic Congressional Com
mittee at Washington has ceased send
ing out what Is euphemistically stylsd
"literature," and now confines Itself to
answering letters and similar duty. The
Republican sub-comnitttce there is still
active along all the customary lines of
campaign work. The latter's headquar
ters will continue open until election
night it is Bald. Most of the documen-
tary work, however, has been done by the
main committee In Chicago.
THE SO-CALLED SOLD TREATY.
CONDITIONAL AGREEMENT BETWEK2
BRIQADIKR-GBNSRAL JOHN C- BATBS,
REPRESENTING THE TJNITED STATES,
AND THE SULTAN OF JOLO,
Between Brigadier-General John C.
Bates, representing the United States, ef
the one part; and His Highness the Sul
tan of Jolo. the Dato Rajah Muda, the
Dato Atttk, the Dato Calbl, and the Dato
Joakanaln, of the other part; It being un
derstood that this agreement will be in
full force only when approved by the
Governor-General of the Philippine Islands
and copflrmed by the President of the
United States, and will be subject to fu
ture modifications by the mutual consent
of tho parties In interest
Article 1. The sovereignty of the United
States over the whole archipelago of Jole
and its dependencies Is declared and ac
knowledged, r
Art II. Tho United States flag will be
used In the archipelago of Jolo and Its de
pendencies on land and sea.
Art HI. The rights and dignities of His
Highness the Sultan and his datos shall
bo fully respected; the Moros shall not be
interfered with on account of their re
ligion: all their religious customs shall
be respected; and no one shall be prose
cuted on account of his religion.
Art 'IV. While the United States may
occupy and control such points In tha
Archipelago ot Jolo as public Interests
seem to demand, encroachment will not
be mode upon the lands Immediately
about the residence of His Highness the
Sultan, unless military necessity requires
such occupation in case of war with a
foreign power; and where the property ot
Individuals Is taken due compensation will
be made In each case. Any person can
purchase land In the Archipelago of Jolo
and hold the same by obtaining the con
sent ot the Sultan and coming to a satis
factory asrecraent with the owner of the
land, and such purchase shall Immediately
be registered In the proper office of the
United Status Government
Art. V. All trade In domestic products
of tho Archipelago of Jolo, when carried
on by the dulan and his people with any
part of ths Philipolne Islands, and when
conducted uhdei the American flag, shall
be free, unlimited, and undutlable.
Art "VX The Sultan of Jolo shall be al
lowed to communicate direct with the
Governor-General of the Philippine Is
lands In making complaint against the
commanding qfllcer of Jolo or against any
Naval commander.
Art. VH. The introduction of firearms
and war material Is forbidden, except un
der specific authority of the Governor-G-eneral
of the Philippine Islands.
Art. VHI. Piracy mu3t be suppressed,
and the Sultan and his datos agree to
heartily co-operate with the United States
authorities to that end and to make every
possible effort to arrest ant? bring to Jus
tice all persons engaged in piracy.
Art. IX. Where crimes and offenses are
committed by Moroa against Moros, the.
Government of the Sultan will bring to
trial and punishment the -criminals and
offeneis, who will be delivered to the
Government of the Sultan by the United
States authorities if In their possession.
In all other cases persons charged with
crimes and offenses will be delivered to
the United States authorities for trial and
punishment
Art X. Any slave In the Archipelago
of Jolo shall have the right to purchase
freedom by paying to the master the usual
market value.
Art XI. In case of any trouble with
subjects of the Sultan, tho American au
thorities in the Islands will be instructed
to make careful investigation before re
sorting to harsh measures, as in most
cases serious trouble can thus be avoided.
Art XII. At present Americans or for
eigners wishing to go into tho country
should state their wishes to tha Moro au
thorities and ask for an escort, but It Is
hoped that this will become unnecessary
as we know each other better.
Art. XI1L The United States will give
full protection to the Sultan and his sub.
jects In case any foreign nation should
attempt to impose upon them.
Art. XIV. The United States will not
sell the Island of Jolo or any other island
of the Jolo Archipelago to any foreign na
tion without the consent of the Sultan of
Jolo.
Art XV. The United States Govern
ment will pay the following monthly sal
aries: Mexican
dollars.
To the Sultan 250 00
To Dato Rajah Muda 75 00
To Dato Attlk 60 00
To Dato Calbl 75 00
To Dato Joakanaln 75 00
To Dato Puyo woo
To Dato Amir Hussln 60 00
TO Hadji Butu 50 00
xo Hablb Mura 40 00
To Serif Saguln 15 00
Total 760 00
Signed in triplicate, In English and Sulu,
at Jolo. this 20th day of August, A. D.
1589 (13 Arabull Ahll 1317).
A Warning- to Kentucky.
Chicago Tribune.
There is one thing which the Kentucky
Democrats should bear In mind. It Is
that If they count out the Republican
candidate for Governor that will be a
local matter. The counting out of Re
publican electors will be a Nat'onal af
fnlr. Suppose the result of the Pres'dcn
tial election should turn on the vote of
Kentucky, and Democratic electors should
be fraudulently given certificates ot elec
tion. There would be great difficulty In
getting these votes 'counted. An attempt
to have Bryan declared elected by rea
Bon of the votes of those electors might
well have serious consequences. It might
bring about a controversy as serious as
that of 1S76. In that instance the Repub
licans were in the majority In the Senate
only. This year they have a majority
In both branches of Congress. Accord
ing to all appearances, the result of the
election will not be decided by the vote
of Kentucky. Assuming that to be the
case, the counting out of Republ'can elec
tors will be a useless piece of rascality,
committed from sheer love of fraud. If,
on the other hand, the vote of Kentucky
lj to decide the contest, it is most desir
able that there should be no question as
to the legality of that vote. Thert, is
another question for Kentuckly Demo
crats to consider. It Is that Senator
elect Blackbdrn has not been sworn In
yet If his friends do any cheating In
Kentucky next month under that Goebel
law whlcfl elected him, he may have to
wait outside the bar of the Senate for
some time. Ho is responsible for mUch
of tho recent fraud and violence which
have dlsraced Kentucky. He Is the man
who said, "If there Is any stealing it
will not be done by the other fellow."
The Senate will lose nothing by taking
Its time about the admission of such a
man. Vaudeville as a Campaign Argu
ment. Voters of the Twelfth Congressional
District of Missouri are reveling in vaude
vlllle entertainment free of all expense.
The Democratic candidate is the pro
prietor of a big vaudeville theater in 8
Louis. Every night now, it is reported,
he takes his stand near the door of his
playhouse, and when a man seeks admis
sion he has only to shew that he Is a
voter In one of the wards of the district,
and the doorkeepers come forward and
welcome him within. All others pay.
Vaudeville is declared to be a winning
card with many voters in this Missouri
constituency.
All Democratic Bupraboon Alike.
Grant's Pass Courier.
All Bryan bugaboos may be classet
alike, trusts, Imperialism, militarism, Dec
laration of Independence, consent of the
governed, the Tagal outlaw, Auglnaldo, a
second Washington: each and all are mero
subterfuges employed to deceive people to
the end that Bryan be exalted to the
Presidency of the United States.
-
A'OCJVaND COMHENJlii
Keep your eye On the prosperity parada
tonight ,
Mr. Woolley is no true Prohibltigpist.
He refuses to take water". 1
Hanna is getting an Insight into &1
meaning of the word strenuous Himself. -
If you reallv ;eet as if you could support
1 Bryan, Debs is the roan you ought to votat
tor.
Bryan has met Croker. and he Is his.
The statement Is true either way yoirr
read it
The football proton is open, and the' cas
ualty columns arc again appearing on thvf
first page. . '
Thanksgiving proclamations are thefe
most effective campaign documents thac
have been issued. t
The Democrats will have to danca lo
the tune if Tho Prosperity March, whetS-
er they want to or not
The Democratic steering committee wUXt
do well to take out a license, to, pllo lat
the waters of Salt River.
Bryan is one of the very few oratdr
who can set his mouth going and then.
Just go away and leave It. ,V
J
It you want to know how Oregon is go
lng. look at the parade this evening. Thoy,
will both jto in the same direction.
W. R. Hearst has offered $1000 reward
for proof of fraud in the eloctlon. Sen
ator Clark can get that- reward if he real-'
ly wants It.
Colonel Bryan advises the people to vat,
the Democratic ticket from top to. bot
tom. They wili ahe his advice they will
vote It do;vn.
The powers Insist that the Empress
Dowager be removed, but they do not re
member that the Chinese must first catch'
their Dowager Empress,
The poor people of New York, who were
robbed during the Summer by Tammany',
ice trust, will get plenty of Ice this Win
ter. So Boss Croker thinks there is' a
pretty even distribution of things, aftee4
all. ,
The writer evidently had a slight cold,
but ho has the right Idea:
Bryanism banishes brosberity, bars brocrees.
balks brains, baffles belief, bankrubts body
belltlc, barters brethren, befools blockheads,
bescars believers, betrays bravery, benefits
bawnbrekers, breathes blight, breeds brothel,
belittles batrtetlsm, blasts blessings, brews
bain, brays brazenly, busts business.
All of the humorists are not out mak
ing campaign speeches or writing for th
almanacs. One of them Is engaged In
poultry-raising up the Valley. He sent in
a orate of ducks yeBterday. The orato
was not of the regulation style, but was
manufactured from a home-made cradle.,
The rockers had been knocked off and
slats nailed across the top to keep tha
ducks from escaping. Across the end was
printed In largo letters: "From the cradlo
to the grave."
At the last session of Congress IS or 20
Senators were talking one day in a cloak
room, relates a cot respondent, regarding
their South Carolina colleague, who had
just delivered one ot his characteristic)
tirades. In the midst of the conversa
tion Senator Hanna walked In, " and fo
him a Democrat in the group said: "Sen
ator, we are holding a caucus to elect
Tillman the champion as of the Senate.
Are you with us?" "You'll have to ex
cuse me," rejoined Senator Hanna, "I
am already pledged to Pettigrew."
In the course of human history there
has bren much "expansion." There; aro
readers who no doubt will recognize Kits
record:
On this side ot Jordan, In the land, ef Moab.
began Moses to declare this law, saying;
"The Lard our God spoke unto us In Horeb.
saying. "To have dwelt long eonugh In thi
mount Turn you and take your yountr, and go
to the mount of the Amorltei, and te all the
places nigh thereunto. In the plain. In the
hills, and In the vale, and In the south, and by
the sea side, to the land of the Canaanltes,
and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, tha
river Euphrates. Behold I have set the land
before you; go In and possess the land.
"And when the Lord thy God shall deliver
them before thee thou shalt smite them and
utterly destroy them "
There Is much more to the same effect.
Indeed, the history of "expansion" and
"Imperialism" Is a very extended one,
both In sacred history and profane. Truth
Is, the history of this world Is a very
dark record, because men haven't stayed;
at home. Expansion has been the devil's
own work. Nothing good ever happened.
The election Tuetday will decide a freak
bet between A. Fleming, deputy under
Collector J. W. Ivey, of Alaska, now vis
iting with his family on the East Side,
and Dr. Hopkins, of Skagway. Dr. Hop
kins is a strong Bryan man, while Mr.
Fleming is equally as strong a supporter
of McKlnley. Before Fleming came on
his vacation he and Dr. Hopkins had
many a hot discussion, and finally they
bet the clothes they had on and then
their watches. But that was not enough,
and they made another bet It was agreed
that In case Bryan Is elected President.
Fleming Is to go down Into the hold of a.
steamship running between Seattle and
Skagway and act as stoker for the round
trip. If McKlnley Is elected, then Dr.
Hopkins is to shovel coal into the firebox
of a steamer for the round trip between
Seattle and Skagway. One is bound to
lose the bet, and the other -wljl insist on
the loser paying the bet according to
agreement The other stokers will, nu
doubt contrive to make the loser as com
fortable as possible, by keeping him in &
hot corner and seeing that he la fully em
ployed shoveling coal on the trip, so that
time will not hang heavily on his hands.
The Neir Battalion.
Stephen Crane in tho Aaadetny.
"Whcn a people reach the top of a hilt
Then does God lean totvard them.
Shortens tongues, lengthens arras.
A vision of their dead come to the weak.
The moon shall net be too old s
Before the new battalion rise
Blue battalions.
The moon shall not be too old
When the children of change shall fall ,
Before the new battalions ,
The blue battalions.
Mistakes and virtues will be trampled deep,
A church and a. th'lef shall fall together '
A sword will come at the bidding of the eye
less. ' ""
The God-led, turning only to beckon.
Swinging a creed, like a censer, '
At the head of the new battalions-
Blue battalions.
March the tools of Nature'a Impulse
Men bora ef wrong, men born ef 'right.
Men of the new battalions
The blue battalions.
The swkh of swords is Thy wisdom.
The wounded make gwturea llko Thy Son',
THa feet of mad horses Is one "part. '
Aye. another is the hand of a mother on ths
brew of a son.
Thea swift as they charge through "ft
shadow.
The men of the new battalions
Blue battalions
God lead thorn high, God lend then far.
Xicad them far lead tKem'high,
These sew battailous- , j
Tho blU5 baitallcnj.
A