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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1900)
THE MORNING OBESOOTAN, - SAffTTCDAT, NOVEitffiPE S, 1900.
KEKT IV TBAOB SITUATIOJC.
Crom. sad Steel Product Snow an
.Improvement In Demand-Tke
. t "Weeltly B&nlc Clearings.
NEW YORK, Nor. 2. Bradstreef s to
tnorrow will say:
'Unseasonable warm -weather continues
4the 'leading: unfavorable feature of dis
tributive trade, because of the check given
to retail distribution, and therefore to re
corder business in most fines of dry goods,
jrwearing apparel and shoes. Conservatism,
in view of the near approach of the elec
tion. Is undoubtedly an element exercis
ing considerable Influence, particularly In
ftock speculation, but a conspicuous ex
ception ot this is found In the reawak
ening of demand and the advance in prices
lehown In the Iron trade in widely sepa
rated sections. This Is really one of the
Snost Important developments of the week,
kind Is taken as Indicating not only that
confidence in election results is felt, but
Jthatt consumers' stocks are down to a
Failures naturally show expansion over
Jtbe same period a year ago, but are much
snore favorable than In preceding years.
peculation on the various exchanges has 4
ruled rather slow. In wheat the moving
tfeiture has been the reiteration of stories
of Argentine crop damage, which was in
strumental in Inducing somo advance,
tnuoh of which was lost later.
Wool is showing Increased activity, while
jprices are firm, in sympathy with the bet
ter tone of London and Melbourne ad
vices. "Western livestock receipts for Oc
tober were very heavyt hut prices have
ueld well, despite this.
A distinct and marked improvement In
the demand for both crude and finished
Iron and steel Is noted. From Chicago,
.Pittsburg, Birmingham and Philadelphia
come confirmations of the better inquiry i
lor pig iron, at a slight advance, ex
cept in the case of the southern product.
The movement is regarded as signifi
cant. In connection witn reported cutting
f prices by the English and Scotch mak
crs. Actual consumptive needs appear to
be at the bottom of the demand. Despite
the claim thit Western railroads will not
5ay $28 per ton for rails, Chicago advices
ore that 800,000 tons have been bought for
this account within the past 10 days.
States are higher on the week, and bars
tire also firmer, with the mills reported
crowded with orders. Steel billets are In
better call, and also higher, although the
manufacturera are expected to let that
jnarket remain an open one.
Wheat (Including flour) shipments for
the week aggregate 3,612.421 bushels,
against 4,932.978 bushels last week. 3,046,556
own els in the corresponding week of 1889,
6,7S.648 bushens in 188, 5,600,488 bushels in
17, and 3,472,878 bushels in 1896.
From July 1 to date this season wheat
texports are 6S.866.GC4 bushels, against 72,
M6.W6 bushels In 1S8S-99.
From July 1 to date this season corn
exports are 57,3S8.3S8 bushels, against 78,
814,300 bushels last season, and 50,954,447
GSB.ttf bushels last season, and 758,455 bush
ete In 1SSS-S&.
FaHwres for the week in the United
States number 165, as against 161' last
week, 174 in this week a year ago, 183 in
38. d 223 in 157.
Oaaadtaa failures number 16. against 31
test week, 21 in ltt, 32 In 1893. and 31 in
MOJV1SY IS SENSITIVE.
Wall-Street Market Awnltlnir
Result of Election.
NBW YORK. Nov. Z Bfadstreefs finan
cial review tomorrow will say:
As the Presidential election draws near
the speculative stock market has become
more sensitive to the uncertainties which
it Involves. The upward movement of
price;, which was the feature of the pre
de&Bg fortnignt, and which- was In elfect
p. disoouHting of the expected result, has
bees checked by the general disposition to
take protlts or to reduee commitments in
the market. The hardening of money rates
over the election has also created con
servatism on the part ot the commission
houses, and the tendency in such quarters
is to have customers restrict transactions
for the moment. It is also noted that
throughout the street the disposition has
been to call for much larger margins, and
te otherwise prepare for any emergency.
The market thus teems to have pi iced
Itself In position- to await the outcome in
a oaliB way, and it is also noted that the
realizing by people who bought early in
the recent rise has not resulted in any
Lirge interests and bull pools have not
Tneee themselves prominent or given much
opea support to the various prominent
etoeks. The professionals, in fact, have
shewn an inclination to hold off, and the
trading element among them were nearly
ry to act en the bear side. It is no
ticed, however, that at any concessions
In prices good stocks have been readily
absorbed by outside buyers. This was
especially the case with the high-grade
dividend-payers, though It extended to
other strocks as well, and represented to
a' considerable extent the outright pur
chase of securities to take them entirely
out f the market. This rrooess was suffi
ciently well marked to afford support to
pMaes at the decline, and to check the
tendency of the room to Indulge in short
mles. It would also seem to result from
the feeling In stock-market circles that
la the event of a satisfactory victory for
tho sound-money cause the market would
be Hkety to broaden and advance. The
foreign markets were dull and heavy this
week, and London did little here, being a
Getter on balance.
SUSPENSE NEARLY OVER.
Business Longrlnjr for a Free Field
In "Which, to Leap Forward.
KHW YORK. Nov. 2. R, G. Dun & Co.'s
weakly review of trade tomorrow will
The period of suspense Is nearly over.
Business has been longing for a free field
la which to leap forward, but restricted
buying is Still confined larcelv to wnntn
for Immediate consumption. Some ei-1
dense appeara.of willingness to take specu
lative chances in the movement of a few
standard goods, notably iron and steel.
The aotual resumption of operations In
the anthracite coal fields has dded large
ly to the working force,ond closing down
of a few email steel plants Is only in the
nature of concentrating operations at
mere advantageous points, and has not
xauoh reduced the number of men em
ployed. The weather In some sections has
favored business, but at "New York has
been unseasonable, accounting for much
of the loss of 15.3 per cent In bank clear-iags-Jiere.
Bncouraglng signs multiply In the Iron
Industry. Strength In bessemer and gray
forge at Pittsburg shows that the recent
Increase in activity of finished forms has
at last aeffcted the market for raw ma
terial. Improvement In domestic buying
of pig Is the more noticeable because of
decrease In exports. Structural shapes
continue In urgent request, plates advanc
ing with active demand rrom shipbuilders,
and with talk of a pool to sustain the
price, bar Iron would sell readily at for
mer prices, but holders grow stubborn.
Reports are current that American con
cerns have contracted for machine shops
In Bremen, and numerous' bridges abroad.
Including some in Africa. Billets' at Phila
delphia cost 960, which does not look like
reduction, in steel rails. Buyers In these
lines decided not to wait for election to
There was also some recovery lit wheat,
started by the statement that Argentina
would not be able to export freely this
rear, because of the Injury to the grow
ing crop. Small concessions are mode by
Importers of raw sugar.
Failures for the week wera 198 in the
United States, against 1S2 last year, and
SB lo Canada, against S3 last yerr.
I Bank Clearlnars.
1 W 'I i hlli 2iCT S--a5bJ!Qof fe&
compiled by Braflstreet shews the bank clear-
inrs at the principal citle for tho week .enaea
NoTembw 3. with the percent of increase
and decrease aa compared -with th corre
sponding week last year:
Clearings. Inc. Deo.
New York $1,050.41X000 .... fB.3
Beaton 101671.000 .... 22.0
Chicago .- IZUZa.WO .... 7.7
Philadelphia .. 82.500.000 .... 14-3
St. JJouis J,200.000 5 0 ....
Pittsburg 33,852,000 0.6 ....
I&ttaore . 10.01T.000 ..X. 0.4
Km Francisco S2.5S6.1&9 .... 7.1
Cincinnati ...". 13.V5t.000 3.1
Kansas Citr aiJ,HK,uw
Providence ....... ..
Grand Rapids .......
Augusta, Gfu.. .....
Dayton. O... ........
Fargo, N. D
Sioux Falls, S. D..
Colorado Springs ..
Totals U. 8 $1,073,134,284 ....
Totals outside N. T..S 622,721,342 ....
DOMINION OF CANADA.
Montreal . $ 14,040,416 ....
Toronto 0.808,503 ....
Winnipeg 2,344,477 ....
Halifax 1,570.412 15.8
Hamilton CSS 552 ....
St. John. N. B C58 802 1L7
Victoria 627,552 ....
Vancouver ........... 1,100,700 ....
Totals $ 80,985.515
Everything: Is in Good Shape for
Profitable "Worlc Next Season.
Fish Commissioner Boardman, of the
State of Washington, was at tho Perkins
yesterday, on his return to Tacoma after
a 40-mlle buggy ride back ot Vancouver.
He was Inspecting a dam that had been
placed across Cedar Creek, in Clark Coun
ty, without a fish ladder, and had ordered
the logger to fix a place for salmon to
Mr. .Boardman said the fishing industry
of Washington, had grown into enormous
proportions, although the pack of 1S00 had.
not gone above 300,000 cases. "Every four
years la an off year in the fishing busi
ness," he said, "and this was our fourth
year. Next year will be tho big year in
tho four, and we expect to pack 1.7GO.O0O
"We havomow 15 hatcheries operated by
the State of Washington, and one by the
Federal Government, and these are all do
ing good work. Tho seven hatcheries on
tho "Washington side of the Columbia will
turn out 23,000,000 fry this season, and we
have already done much more -than Ore
gon has in keeping the supply of salmon
in the Columbia up to the standard. Our
hatcheries are supported by licenses col
lected from the fishermen, and don't cost
the taxpayers of the state anything. The
results of these hatcheries are not so
apparent now as they will be in future,
as we began too late. Both Oregon and
Washington should have established prop
agation plants 10 years before they did."
iMr. Boardman thought tho close 'season
was as well respected on the Washington
ddo of the Columbia as on tho south
side. "The trouble Is the last Legislature
did not appropriate a sufficient sum for
policing that side of the rfver," he said,
"and bo more or less illicit fishing might
have been followed, for a few days after
the close of each season. Then the differ
ence of opinion in regard to where tho
true boundary between the states might
be has been somewhat in favor of the
fishermen, and it may take a United
States Supreme Court decision as to the
true location of the lino." In Mr. Board
man's opinion the boundarywas fixed by
act of Congress when Oregon was made a
state, and this boundary followed the old
ship channel. The changes in thomrront
of the stream would never change this
The Washington Fish Commission, he
said, had been harassed by tho fishermen
of British Columbia of late, as tho men
over there did not seem to know where
the line was. There was no serious trou
ble, however, as the boats of the ma
rauders were simply confiscated -without
parley, and this has had a discouraging
effect on the foreigners.
J. 2kL Morris is erecting a largo grain
warehouse at Stuart.
Captain 3. H. Cheever purchased four
carloads of horses at Stuart for the United
States Army, and shipped them Tuesday.
A. carload of sheep has arrived at the
State University farm for experimental
purposes. They were purchased at Pen
dleton by Professor French.
W. A. Lander of Moscow, is shipping
eeyeral carloads of apples to Kansas. He
says the Idaho apple Is being chosen In
preference to the Eastern and (Sallfomla
product, and the market for It Is grow
ing. A teachers convention will be held at
Troy, November 17. The programme will
be as follows: Address of welcome, A. H.
Charles; response, D. M. Bckman;
"Graduatinxr Country Schools." J. F. Osr-
den; discussion by R. S. MashUtz and
Mrs. Cora Greenstreet; "Old and New in
School Law," J. E. Hoffman; discussion
by B. C. Camp and Robert Plunkett;
"Schoolroom Devices," each teacher to
give one device: "How to Teach State
Constitution," Oscar Hogan: discussion by
Elmer Evans and A. B. Halliday; "The
New Psychology," Superintendent Muer
man: discussion by T. O. Gteene and W.
G. Pike; "Suggestions on Teaching Geog
raphy," Mrs. Carrie Kitchen: discussion
by Mrs. Mashlltz and Lena Olson: "The
Hero of Two Worlds." O. C. Carsaw;
"School Libraries," Mrs. Mary Hall; dis
cussion by Miss Axtell and G. A. Eagle
ton: "School Sanitation and Decoration."
A. M. Holddle; discussion by J. W. Tag
gart and Hulda Anderson; "Grammar and
Composition." James Nelson; discussion
by Norms, Carlton and EHjab. Profltt.
Paper Mills Burned.
GOLDEN, ColoM Nov. 2. The Golden
paper mill, owned fcy R, C. Wells, was
destroyed by fire this morning. Loss,
Why Docs Tonr Head Ac&qY
sSTnttJ SgS&S?Qttjfr ?i!rZV tract, io-fce
LAKE COUNTY THRIVING
OKT3 OB MOST PROSPEROUS SEC
TXOKS IX OREGON.
Industrial Growth. Past Four Tears
Han Been SlarJced RevievroC
LAKEVIEW, Oct. SL Since the begin
ning of the McKlnley Administration,
and more particularly within the past
two years, a vast Improvement has been
made in the industrial conditions of Lake
County. It is today undoubtedly one of
tho most prosperous sections in Oregon.
Its development Is going on, at a sur
prisingly rapid rate. The area of agri
cultural lands Is being enlarged thou
sands of acres. New and comfortable
homes are springing up like mushrooms.
Diversified farming has been taken up
very recently, and is Teing followed ex
tensively and successfully. Agricultural
methods have been Improved, and more
machinery for this class of work has
been purchased In the last five years
than in double that period at any time
in the history of the county.
Above all. Improved breeds of stock are
being Introduced. The watchword here,
as all over Eastern and Southern Ore
gon, 1b more homes, more farm products,
and better grades of horses, cattle and
sheep. While some are turning their at
tention to better grades of draught
horses, others are looking to higher-bred
caddie and race animals. In the course
of a few years the Eastern and Southern
Oregon horse, already famous, will out
strip the Kentucky, or any other thor
oughbred. Tho breed is already Btarted,
the hay and grain here will sustain the
animal, the altitude insures good lungs,
the very air and soil are favorable, and
the stockman is losing no time and spar
ing no means toward the raising of a
In Lakeview there is one of the nqted
horses of the country. Examine any reo
ord of famous races, and the name of
SInfax appears as the fastest horse, at the
ago of 2 years, in the world. At that
ago he ran 14 races, won 12, was second
In, one, and third In another. He tan
on the Bay District track in San Fran
cisco with the fastest horses on the Pa
cific Coast. In the last race he made a
the mlle-and-a-quarter world's recordto
day for a 2-year-old. In this race he
broke down after the finish, and has,
never been put on the track since.
Sinfax was sired by -Wild Idle, out of
Fostress, by Foster. Ho was purchased
for $1000 In Lakeview by John McElhln-
ney, Frank Lane, George P. Lovegrove
and Colonel Frank P. Light. Mr. Mc
Elhlnney has purchased tho Interest of
the company, and will breed the horse
with the best mares of this county. One
of the coming race'horses of this county,
and one that is watched with interest by
all, is a colt out of Delia Walker, tho
famous mother of Al Farrow, by Eln
Finer breeds of cattle are also being
introduced all over tho county. The
Herefords and Durhama are seemingly
the favorites, with the latter In the lead.
It is claimed that they are larger and
produce more meat at the ago of 2 and
3 years than any other breed. Besides,
tho stock is hardy and well adapted to
the climate of Eastern and Southern
F. O. Bunting, tho owner of the Lake-view-Alturas
Stage Line, Ihas gone into
the business of raising fine stock in ear
nest. He has a ranch 23 miles west of
Lakeview, in Drew's Valley. The place
embraces 1040 acres of meadow land. Ha
has purchased 65 head of registered thor
oughbred Herefords at at cost of $10,000
laid down" In DakevUw". The bulls will
be sold as fast as they are old enough.
and those, besides many others that will
bo turned off by other stockmen, will
be the means of Introducing finer stock
all over the county. None of the owners
of the Hereford breed of cattle will sell
their cows or heifers. Mr. Bunting puts
up 500 or 600 tons of hay annually, and
this' is ample for all of his purposes. He
is improving natural meadows by sowing
timothy and red top.
Henry Heryford, who lives two miles
north of Lakeview, has a ranch of E00
acres, all fenced, and 25 thoroughbred
Herefords. These cost him $100 per head,
laid down in Reno, Nev. He cuts 250
tons of hay annually for his own use.
Hay here sells for $6 per ton. On 30
acres this year ho cut two crops of al
falfa, which averaged two and a half
tons per acre, and this without water.
Heryford Brothers also have" two large
ranches, one known as the Chewaucan
ranch, and the other as the Goose Lake
Ranch. On tho Chewaucan Ranch there
are 1000 acres of meadow land, and 1000
acres of upland, or grazing lands. There
are 700 or SOO acres in the Goose Lake
Ranch. Each year 1000 to 2003 tons of
hay are harvested.
Among thej larger ranch owners of
Lake County, are Cox & Clark. Felix
Green, late County Commissioner of
Lake, is the foreman of their ranches In
Lake County. They have three, the X L
Ranch, at the head of Albert Lake, 52
miles north of Lakeview; the Cottonwood
Ranch, southwest of Lakeview, and the
Horse Ranch, near Lakeview. The Cot
tonwood ranch contains 2200 acres ot
meadow lands, all of which is inclosed.
About 1500 tons of hay are cut annually
from this ranch. Some of the lands are
not yet subject to irrigation. The Albert
Lake Ranch contains 1400 acres-and the
Horse Ranch, 1200 or 1500 acres. The av
erage annual yield of hay of the three
ranches is 3000 tons. When haying is In
progress about CO men are employed.
During" the r.emaindpr of the season
about 20 men find work.
About COOO cattle and 500 horses are al
ways on hand. Horses are kept princi
pally for use on the ranch. The number
of cattle turned over last year is 1000 to
1200. The stock Is 'driven to Gazellle,
Cal., for shipment. The Jackson bucks
were introduced in the haying fields of
these ranches this season the first ever
brought to Lake County. By this means
eight men were enabled to stack 60 tons
of hay per day.
Other large ranches in the county are
those of John Coglln, on, tho .Chewau
can, and the Inncs Brothers and George
Jones. There Is also the "70 Ranch, In
Drew's Valley, and numerous small
ranches that data is not at hand to do
scribe. The eheep and wool industry is enor
mous, and Is the mainstay and back
bone of this country. But the coming
Industry of tho county has scarcely been
noticed. The small rancher and his little
band of graded stock, will soon be the
ruling power among tho industries. Di
versified farming and stockralslng are
on the way, and they are coming to
The county Is a network of rich, sparse
ly settled valleys. The .waters of many
mountain streams and the snows of Win
ter, which would supply a good Irriga
tion system, are going to waste. Be
sides, It has been found that artesian
water can be obtained at nearly any
point in the valleys, and water being
the only necessity to make anything
grow here in the way of vegetation, the
future possibilities, in agricultural lines,
can easily be realized.
Already Goose Lake Valley Is a veri
table garden. Warner Valley is not far
behind, and Drews and Barnes and a
dozen others are coming to the front. In
Goose Lake Valley, 12 to 15 miles wide,
and 80 miles long, wheat, oats, barley,
hay, potatoes and vegetables of all kinds,
fruit, watermelons and muskraelons
thrive as well as they do anywhere.
Borne of the finest watermelons ever pro
duced were on sale In 'Lakeview this sea
con from tho Goose Lake farm. And
yet, farming is in Its Infancy here. -Thou
sands ot acres along tne snores ox tne
wonderful GoonoXakB He untouched., and
put In a state of cultivation by means
of water, ' which will sooner or later be
Warner Valley, the nearest point of
which Is about 40 miles northeast of
Lakeview, Is next in Importance, to Goose
Lake, and some day may prove a good
rival as a producer. At present, there
is litigation between tho settlers ot this
valley and a large company, that claims
prior rights, but tb,e settlers continue to
make improvements, and raise and har
vest their crops. The valley is about SO
miles long and of. an average- Width ot
seven miles. About 14,000 sheep are
owned by -the settlers of this valley,
25,000 head of cattle, and 2000 he'ad of
horses. As yet there are only about 5000
tons of hay cut eaph season. The largest
portion of the hay Is wild meadow, but
onn.rlflrrable alfalfa is belnc Introduced.
Fine vegetables and some fruit are raised
In this section.
In a salt marshy in this valley 100 tons
aro mined, or rather taken, annually.
This salt supplies the Btockmen of the
Barnes Valley, lying partly in Lake
and partly in Klamath County, 40 mlle3
west of Lakeview, Is making rapid
strides towardsNthe perfecting of an Ir
rigation system. It is only seven miles
long and three miles wide, but Is a factor
In the resources of this section. Six res
ervoirs have been constructed In tho spurs
of the mountains and tho water from the
melting snows of Spring is already be
ing utilized. This is the first storage
system in Lake County, but it is the
beginning of a work that will be earned
on extensively in the future.
The principal gralnproduclng section in
tho county Is Goose Lake. A. M. Smith
owns a flouring mill at Pine CreeTc which
Is located at the extreme south end of
the county, and; of tho state. His mill
has a capacity of 7000 pounds of flour per
day. He iestlmates that there are 20,000
bushels raised in Goose Lake Valley an
nually on tho Oregon side, and the acre
age te being Increased every year. The
farmers get 90 cents por 100 for their
wheat, with sacks furnished. The Hour
sells for $1 75 to ?2 per 100 at the mill.
The crop this year was above the aver
age. Forty or fifty thousand bushels of
barley were also raised on tho Oregon
side. The major portion of the crop
was manufactured at Mr. Smith's mill.
The lumbering business of Lake County
has also been thriving, especially slnco
the destruction of Lakeview by flro last
June. There are several mills in the
county, and all have been kept busy. The
nearest mill to Lakeview is five miles
east of town, and this Is owned by A,
R. Eastwood. It has a capacity of 10,000
feet per day, and, with the othor mills
in the county, is kept running day and
night. Rough lumber sells for $11 per
1000, and dressed lumber at $30. The
timber Is yellow pine, and of a fairly
good quality. There are largo belts of
timber land In the county, and, as the
county settl&s up, their value will be
REDUCE THE DUTY.
Tariff on 'Steel Rails Is Too High
and Should Come Down.
A year ago tho American buyers of
steel rails were payinjg the members of
the rail pool $25 a ton for them. At tho
same time foreign buyers were paying
$30 a ton for American steel rails. They
were able to get better terms because the
pooling arrangement applies to domestic
business alone. Those who made It com
pete abroad with one another and with
foreign manufacturers. They aro content
with small profits, when dealing with for
eigners, but when dealing with their own
countrymen they demand exorbitant prof
its. Members o the steel rail pool have
been accused of being so eager to get
foreign custom as to sell rails at cost.
That is probably untrue except in a few
Instances, but It is certain that they will
Bell in, foreign markets at any price
which will bring them a profit, not mat
ter how email It may be.
The Carnegie Company is making great
efforts to increase its sales in those mar
kets. It is demanding a reduction of rail
road freight rates so that it will havo to
pay less- for the transportation of its
product to the seaboard. At the same
time-it is forcing the roads whose rates
it complains of to pay about $6 more per
ton for rails than they ought to pay. That
company has also chartered boats to
carry Its products direct from Lake Erie
ports to Great Britain, so that it may
compete the moro effectively with tne
English manufacturers in their home
market and give the English consumer
. The selfish unwise reasoning of the
American manufacturers is that they are
so sure of the home market that the
rights of domestic consumers may be
disregarded with impunity. That la not
a safe conclusion. The ability of the steel
rail pool to charge in the United States
prices much higher than those for which
it sells its products in neutral markets
in competition with English manufactur
ers Is due to tho existence of a duty of
$7 84 a ton on foreign rails. That duty,
which would have been merely protec
tive some years ago, is prohibitory now.
The success which the American, steel
makers have had of late years In build
ing up an immense export business is
evidence that they are able to produce
steel quite as cheaply es their foreign
rivals, if not more cheaply. When for
eign railroads flnji that they can save
money by buying rails hero it is appar
ent that domestic producers havo little to
fear from foreign competition so long as
they are satisfied with legitimate profits.
If the duty on steel rails Were to be
Teduced, to $3 a ton, that duty would
suffice to protect the American industry
against the possibility of harmful foreign
competition, while the home manufactur
ers would be unable to keep the price
they ask at home so high above the price
they ask abroad as they are now. It
has been the policy of the Republican
party to reduce protective duties grad
ually a the development ot a protected
Industry made them too high. The tariff
act of 1S83 imposed a duty of $17 a ton
on steel rails. The McKlnley law low
ered it to $13 44. It was made $7 84 by
the Dlngley law. It is evident that a
further reduction will be necessary for
the protection of American rail buyers
unless the steel rail pool gives up its
Washington Farmers' Institute.
A series of farmers' Institutes will bo
held In Southern and Western Washing
ton, beginning December 3 and contin
uing until December 2L under 'the aus
pices of the State Agricultural Collego
and Experiment Station. Professor Splll
man, of the Department of Agriculture;
Professor Fletcher, of the Department of
Horticulture, and Superintendent Brodie,
of the Puyallup Experiment Station, will
be the principal Instructors They will
be aided at local points by Hon. L. L.
Blanchard, of Hadlock; A. B. Leckerby,
the grass expert, and Professor J. A.
Balmer, former professor of horticulture
at the Agricultural College. The Itiner
ary Is as follows:
December 3 and 4. at Goldendale;" De
cember 5 and 6, at Vancouver; December
7 and 8, at Centralla; December Id and 11.
two Institutes will be held, one at Sid
ney and the other at Mount Vernon: De
cember 12 and 13. at Kent; December 14
and 15, two institutes will be held, one
on "Dairy and Livestock" at Ellensburg
and the other at North Yakima, which
will be a fruit institute, in charge of
Professors Fletcher and Balmer; Decem
ber II and IS, at Sunnyslde; December 19
and 20. the closing institute of the series,
Numerous applications for institutes
have had to be rejected for lack of suf
ficient time. It is expected -that many?
hundreds of farmers and fruitgrowers
.will be-greatly 'profited by these insti
tutes. --A. second series for ... Eastern
w ss l 8
HowMpsw Bavghep's Life
was Saved hy Lydla Em
j "Lydia R Pinkhom's Vegetable
Compound saved my life and gave back
& loving mother to eleven children,
which was more than any doctor could,
have done or any other medicine in
tho wide world. My trouble was child
bed fever. The third day after my
babe was born I took a chill, which
was followed by ahlgh fever. I would
perspire until my clothes were as wet
as though dipped in a tub of water.
The chills and fever kept up for three
days. My daughter got me a bottle of
your Compound. The fourth dose
stopped the chills, and the fever also
disappeared. My life was saved. My
age at this critical timo was forty
nine." LydlaE. Bougher, Etna, Pa.
HEIFERS FROM ROSEBURG
FIVE OARI.OAD3 GO TO CALIFORNIA
Grovrtli of Largest Creamery in. the
World In One Year Object Les-
son, for Oregon.
J. A. .. Yoakam, representing the San
Joaquin Ice Company, of Fresno, Cal.,
is shipping from Roseburg five carloads
of, heifer calves. The San Joaquin Ice
Company has at Fresno what Is destined
to be, if It Is not already, the largest
creamery In the world, and Is engaged In
gathering up dairy stock wherever avail
able, to sell to tho farmers of that vi
cinity. A year ago this concern started its
creamery with an output of 70 pounds
per day, which has been increased to
3500 pounds, with a prospect of a still
further increase to 10,000 pounds per day.
Between 2500 and 3000 head of dairy cows
have been brought into that district from
other sections of the coast.
Here 13 an object lesson for Oregon,
not so much for the Oregon farmer as for
the Oregon capitalist The Fresno con
cern is backed by Caliornla capitalists
who have thoroughly Investigated the
subject and are showing their good faith
by a free investment of their capital.
When the creamery was started there
wore very few cows in that section, but
the difficulty was met by a free importa
tion of stock from other sections
The fanners there depend almost en
tirely upon alalfa, grown by irrigation.
Every one knows what Caliornla, espe
cially In the San Joaquin Valley is like
like in the summer-time. The thermom
eter goes up to 115 degrees in the shade,
and, as compared with Western Oregon,
dairying is carried on under many dif
ficulties. But the California capitalist
knows a good thing when he sees it
and is not afraid to invest his money.
Some progress is being made along dairy
ing lines In Oregon, but the worst dif
ficulty Is In tho scarcity of cows, added
to the still greater scarcity of ready cash
in the hands of the small farmers, wht
are unable to Import from other locali
ties where cows are more plentiful.
The Fresno people are all boasting that
the patrons of tho creamery always havo
money in their pockets, and instances
aro quoted where the income from a sin
gle cow has run as high as $75 for the
past year. The central plant Is located
at Fresno, and skimming stations ore
situated at different points in the val
ley favorably located. What Is being
done at Fresno can be duplicated, under
more favorable circumstances, here at
Portland. It is merely a matter of capi
tal. Capitalists operating large creamery
enterprises like that at Fresno have to
build up their business; that is, do not
find everything ready for them to open
a creamery and make butter In large
volume at once. If the conditions of the
locality be favorable, then it Is a matter
of establishing the Industry. Usually
there 13 a lack of cows, and to wait for
the natural Increase is too slow. The
farmers seldom have the ct-sh to invest
In many new cows. So the capital be
hind the creamery project can with safe
ty Import the stock needed, sell It to the
farmers at reasonable prices and take
pay as the milk Is delivered to the cream
ery. This brings rapid development and
on safe business lines. The Oregon field
Is deemed to be especially favorable for
this plan of dairying operations.
JAPANESE DEMANDS VOTE.
Wants to Be Placed on List at Van
couverAn Interesting Case.
VANCOUVER, B. C, Nov. 2. A Jap
anese named Tommi has demanded to be
placed on the voters' lists here, threaten
ing appeal to the courts as a naturalized
British citizen. If refused, he will ask
for a declaration that the British Colum
bia law excluding Chinese and Japanese
from voters' rights is unconstitutional.
The question is most important, as the
Japanese would hold the balance of power
In several constituencies if allowed to
Increased Railroad Business.
ALBANY. Or., Nov. 2. The business
of the Southern Pacific office at this
city was 25 per cent more during Octo
ber of this year than October of last
year. Indicating a substantial Improve
ment In the business ot the city. The In
crease is In both passenger and freight
Clarlc County Farmers' Institute
VANCOUVER Wash.. Nov. 2, A farm
$JX instttuto foe Clark County, will toe
' 1 r Mo medicine In tho wcrtf has a greater aeoort8 of cares fop female His thorn 1
g LYBIA E. PINKHAM'S VEGETABLE GOMPBUUB.
ASS the world knows of the wonderful
cures which have been made bylydlm Em
PInkham's Vegetable Compound, yet some
women do not realize that all that &
claimed for It Is absolutely truea
If all suffering women could be made to
believe that Mrsn Plnkltam can do all ahm
says she can, their suffering would be at
an end, for they would at once profit by
her advice and be cured.
To all doubters Mrs. Pinkham can furnish tne most positirs
and convincing proof of these facts.
First Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound holds the record
for tho largest number of absolute .cures of any remedy for f emal
ills ever known in this country.
Second Mrs. Pinkham has on file millions of letters from women,
havo been restored to health by the use of her Compound, and all
that she claxus can be verified by
Third All liters addressed to her at Lynn, Mass., aro received, openee
read, and answered by women only. This is a sacred confidence never violated.
No testimonial ever published without the writer's full and free consent in writing;
Facts About Lydla Em
Pinkham's Ve get able
Compound In Oases of
Change of Life, Bearing"
Down Pains, Etom
"I had falling, inflammation and
ulceration of the womb; backache,
bearing-down pains; was so weak
and nervous that I could not do my
own work; had sick headache, no
appetite, numb spells, bands and feet
cold all the time. I had good doctors,
but none of them did me any good.
Through the advice of a lady friend
I began the use of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable' Compound, and after taking
one bottle I felt greatly relieved, and.
by the time I had used several bottles
waB completely cured, so that I could
do my work again. I am now passing
through the change of life and using
your Compound. It helps me wonder
fully. I want every suffering woman
to know what your medicine has done
for me." Mrs. W. M. Bull, New
held in this city December 5 to 7. Pre
liminary arrangements are now being
made for the meeting, which will be the
first of the kind ever held in the county.
A number of prominent educators from
the Agricultural College ot the state and
of other educational institutions have
been-secured to make addresses and as
sist in tho work of the institute.
Mrs. J. P. Imcn, of The Dalles.
THE DALLES, Nov. 2. Mrs. Elsie
Sturgill Lucas, wife of J. P. Lucas, Reg
ister of The Dalles Land Office, died at
hep home In this city this morning, after
a brief "Illness, ot paralysis of the stom
ach. Mrs. Lucas was born near Baker
City, December 28, 1873, and spent the
early years of her life there. She at
tended college at Camden, Mo., and later
taught In the public schools of Baker
City and the schools of Baker County.
She graduated from the State Normal
School at Monmouth, Or., in 1897, and on
October 13 of the same year was mar
ried to Mr. Lucas. In 1893 they moved
to The Dalles, making this place their
home ever since.
Tho total receipts ot the Spokano expo
sition were $27,098 94, expenditures $25,
The Stetson Trust Company has bought
50 feet on Pacific avenue, Tacoma, pay
The robbers who held up the saloon
at Odessa Monday night were captured
The firemen of Aberdeen will hold a
"kirmiss" and fair during the week be
ginning December 7.
In the month ot October all records
were broken at Seattle in tho number
of arrests and amount of fines.
Monday night about 100 pounds of old
copper were stolen from the street rail
way power-house' at Whatcom.
John Clerf, a wealthy sheepman of Kit
titas Valley, has offered to wager any
sum from $1000 to $10,000 that John K
Rogers will be elected.
Twenty-five cases of scarlet fever are in
quarantine at Walla, Walla. The disease
has been checked and there Is no danger
of it getting headway.
Sixteen Chinamen, native Americans,
have registered and will bo entitled to a
vote at the coming election in Walla
Walla. They will vote for McKlnley.
Hollon Parker will donate property at
iWalla Walla for a United Brethren
church, provided organization of the so
ciety Is effected by Incorporation under
the laws of the state.
Alfred Keane, an employe of tho Export
mill, at Falrhaven, split his left foot Wed
nesday from between the first and second
toes to the Instep. He was on the trim
ming table oiling and stepped upon the
Considerable interest is being manifested
in the report that the Indians on the
Colvllle Reservation intend to vote. The
report comes from Bossburg that all those
living across the river will attempt to
cast their ballots at the Rock Cut precinct
Tho City of Tacoma has a curious Jum
ble of municipal ordinances, says the
Ledger. The records show that ordi
nances have been specifically repealed by
two or three subsequent measures and
then, to add to the confusion, suceedlng
Councils havo solemnly amended th& or
dinances declared dead on so many occa
sions. The City Attorney is preparing an
index of tho ordinances. '
It will be probably January 1 before the
Olympla State Bank Is converted Into the
dympla National Bank. No official au
thorization has yet arrived nor have any
of the Government demands as yet been,
compiled with, and it will probably take
until the first of the year to go through
all tho red tape of the Treasury Depar
The storm of the past week caused a
cessation of work on the Jetty at the
entrance of Gray's Harbor. About a
dozen piles n't thb extreme end of the
Jetty were washed out but no other sen
r were wusiicu out uui uv uiuw o".-
damage was done, and work will be
iilT I" f . .
M '"GUST l-rAV" I
t ? i UL i t- T?'' " i iiyi vT'
gpWDS f :f VA
wf &mHZ&Z Mte!
Jt?y&3&M r.xv -Bfii-ys
IJ it I HOT
an examination of her records.
Still more Facts Showing
Irregularity Is Overcome
by Lydla Em Pinkham's
'DkabMbs.Ptkkhaji lam troubled
with, irregular menstruation, andhavs
begun the use of Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound. Would lika
your advice." Cora L. Pay ton, May
"Deab Mm. PETKHAMrhave taken
three bottles of Lydia E, Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, but I have a bad
discharge and write to ask if X had
better not use your Sanative 7ash
also? Your medicine is helping me.
Cora L. Payton, Ogontz, Pa., July I,
"DkAS.MRS. PlKSHAil I.writft to
tell you f the benefit I havereceived
from the useof your remedies. Before
-using them I was feeling very bad. I
used to go to the hospital, but it did
me no good. Your remedies havo
done wonders for me." Cora L. Pay
ton, Ogontz, Pa. Feb. 35, 1899.
resumed again next week. About Novem
ber 16 all work on the Jetty proper "wia
be discontinued until March.
A peculiar industrial condition has been
brought to light by a shipment of iron
from Japan to Seattle destined for tho
$ast, says the Post-Intelligencer. Tho
same Identical metal went to the Orient
from this port last June, and after cross
ing the ocean twice and paying all freight
charges Is now to be put on the American,
market and sold at a profit. The ship
ment, which consists of several hundred
tons, was made through Seattle wren
iron was selling at a low price. The onKr
was one that had been taken from an
Oriental 'firm some months previous to
its shipment, and tho price at which It
was booked Is said to have been even
less than the list at the time of tne
shipment. There is a greater profit to tho
Oriental merchant In shipping the Iron
back to this eountry than there Is in
holding It longer for sale in the homo
The trim of the "45" mine, in the Sll
vorton district, has been closed for the
The sugar-beet crop Is being harvested
in the vicinky of Guy. The yield 'Is more
The lumber plant of Winslow Bros., at
Colvllle, started up Thursday. It has a
capacity of 75,000 feet of lumber per day.
Colfax dealers will ship within the next
few weeks about 20 cars of apples to
Montana and Dakota points, says the
The Eastern syndicate which recently
purchased the Irondale smelter and other
property at the head of the bay have
leased the Texada Iron mine, and will
operate It, paying a royalty on the iron
taken out. fPhe Irondale property will bo
converted Into a rolling-mill and tin-plate
and culverts on the B. B. & B
C. are finished to Kendall Creek, and. all
Is in readiness for the rails. Work is now
progressing on the five-mile stretch be
tween Kendall Creek and Maple Creek.
Only a few bridges are unfinished on tho
first division. In Soar Creek Canyon there
will be a bridge 75 feet high and- 300 feet
About 10 tons of ore from tho Qullp, In
Republic, have been sent to the Republlo
mill during the last few- days for trial
treatment. As the Republic- people havo
an option on a big block of the stock of
the Qullp, the test is for the purpose of
deciding whether the deal will be consum
mated. There are 25 men working or tho
The California group of mines onC-'Briea
Creek, is one of the most premising of tho
undeveloped mines in the Republic dis
trict. It lies about 10 miles nearly east
of Republic, In a section almost entirely
unknown tothe mining world, for, until it
passed to the control of an Eastern conv
pany, a few months since, its exisxencq,
wns known to few except the locators.
Tho company owns 15 mineral claims and.
a good mlllslte. There are several leases
running through the claims, and consid
erable surface work has been done upon,
them. In. all the cqts on the ledges there.
Is quartz that looks well and earrie3
greater or less value In goM, silver, cop
per and lead. Tho only real development
consists of a shaft 100 feet deep, sunk
during the past three months.
Sunday School Convention.
JACKSONVILLE, Or., Nov. 2. The
Jackson County Sunday School Conven
tion met here last night, and wilt con
tinue In session 'two daysJJ There is a.
large representative aelegatlonvfrobi tho"
several denbmintleww in attendance; Tho"
business of the meeting will embraco all
the details of Sabbath school work.
Football at Forest Grove.
FOREST GROVE. Nov. 2. A game of
football will be played here tomorrow
between the first team of Pacific Univer
sity and the, Portland High School.
For a. Cold In the Head,
. , . , .
Laxative Bromo-Qulnine Tablets.
aThe Best Oooks
in tne Country recognize the.,
IU & PERRIHS'
cwahc or iMmmoNS
Por dame. Steaks. Roasts. Sotns,
Wj, ' () and every variety of maiio dlaaes,
JJt&Z' tfJZ&rriUi U aaost invaluable.
Jomi DuxcAJSoM, Acsxw, Ktw Yost;