Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 31, 1900, Page 10, Image 10

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    Tin MOTTNG 0"REGOKIA2s: TVEDESDAY, OCTOBEE 31, 1&00.
10
NOT FIT TO GOVERN
Captain Harry Wells' Analysis
of Filipino Capacity.
NATIVES ARE NOT HARMONIOUS
Attj- Government Set Up for Them
Would Fall After tlie Troops
"Were "WIthdravrn.
Few officers who have served In the
Philippines have acquired so Intimate a
knowledge of Filipino chancter as Cap
tain. Harry I. "Wells, pi the Second Oregon.
He has made frequent contributions to
newspapers on the Filipinos and has al
ways written entertainingly and impar
tially. In a speech at Palo Alto. CaL,
last Friday night, CapUin Wells dis
cussed the governmental capabilities of
the Filipinos and Drought out facts that
will appeal to the unbiased mind as
strong and pertinent. Captain Wells said
that talk of giving the Tagals republi
can, government is nonsense, and that any
government which might be set up would
not hold together after the American
troops had been withdrawn. Captain
Wells' speech follows:
'The Philippine Islands exceed 1200 in
number, only about a dozen of them,
however, being of any considerable size.
Their total arei approximates 140,000
square miles, and they extend from north
io south a distance exceeding 1000 miles.
These various islands are Inhabited by
not less than E0 different tribes, nearly all
of them of 3Ialay stock, but speaking
different languages and dialects to such an
extent that in many places the people
cannot understand the speech of others
living but a. few miles distent. Not only
that, but the great masses of the people
are In utter ignorance of the geography
of the islands and even of the existence
of the other tribes. Many of them do not
know the name, of the adjoining prov
ince to the one In which they live. I
arked quite an intelligent one once In
telligent enough to speak Spanish, at
least about the island of Mlndoro, the
third largest of the group, and he did not
even know of its existence.
"The population is variously estimated
from S.OCO.OO to lO.OOO.OiX). The most nu
merous tribes arc the Tagals, occupying
the centwr of L-uxon Tsland; the Iliocos, oc
cupying he northern end, and the Bicols.
the southern end of the sa.me island: the
"Viavans, inhabiting the central Islands
of the archipelaero, and the Moros, the
great Island of Mindanao, at the south
ern extremity of the group, .and the Sulu
Iplandr. jesf below it Thefe tribes have
a. varying degree of clvJlration, from the
absolute swage of the small interior
tribes, to the partially civilized Tagals
about Manila. Not only ilo they vary
in language, but In customs and religion.
The partly clvil'zed -tribes of the northern
and central Islands are CathMics In vary
ing degrees. In the larger csnters of
population and trade the religion ap
proaches pure Catholicism, but as you
progress from those centers It becomes
mixed with native superstitions and re
ligious rites until at last Christianity dis
appears altos-ctfher. The Moros of the
southern inlands not only rpeak a dif
ferent languap-e from the Tagals of the
north, have different tribal customs md
are In the mass ignorant of their very
existence, but they are utterly hostile to
them In religion, being Mohammedans.
Iernorant and Inharmonious.
"It is all these incongruous elements,
many inharmonious tribes, speaking dif
ferent tongues, mutually ignorant of the
existence of each other and of the very
country In which thpy live, and hostile in
religion and Immemorial customs, which
many ignorant people in this country
Imagine could carry on an independent
republican form of government The idea
is an utter absurdity. There is no com
mon ground for them to stand upon, even
were they possessed of the Intelligence
and the necessary instinct of govern
jnent A common government for the
people of the Philippine Islands is an
Impossibility, especially so one In which
the various tribes are to participate joint
ly; What we shall hre to do will be
to adapt the government in various dis
tricts to xhe capacity and needs of the
popple of tho.-G districts, giving to the
mo're highly civilized h territorial form
of' government, in which they w ill partici
pate, and to the lower permitting their
old tribal relations. to continue, super
vised and restricted by our own author
ity. Any effort to bring them all to
gether under one form of government
which embraces participation of the peo
ple in i representative and legislative
way beyond the purest local affairs will
be. a -failure from- the very beginning.
The Irmnrscnt Tasrnls.
"Now let us put to one side all the
other tribes and turn our attention to
the Tagals, Dae ones who arc in insur
rection .-gainst the authority of the
"United fctates. Tney number approxi
mately 2,0W),C00, or not more than a quir
ttf 6f -the population of the entire 'anchl
pelago. Tney may be divided into two
classes the full-blood Indian and the
Mestizo, or half-cast, though the divid
ing line is not strongly marked, there
existing every degree of mixture from
the single drcp of white blood on one
side to theingic drop of black blood on
the other. The greatest admixture of for
eign blood in the Mestizos Is Chinese, the
next greatest Spanish, and the remainder
of various nationalities English, German,
Japanese, eta The Chinese Mestizos are
the brainiest and most energetic. The
Mestizos, constitute the wealthy class and
transact all the business or the Islands
fioFlh the hands of pure blood Chinese
and .other foreigners. The Tagal proper
has no commercial instinct ana no In
dustrial impulses. It Is this shiftless.
Ignorant Indian class that constitutes SO
per cent of the population, even In the
moit highly civilized tribe of Tagals,
while the Mestizos are but 10 per cent
7t i& heen "then the wealth, education,
enterprise, commercial and industrial ac
tivity are confined to tnls comparatively
small class of Mestizos. They constitute
the aristocracy and are in tiTect feudal
lords of the country. Some of them are
highly educated and very gentlemanly,
indeed, in their deportment I never ex
pect to be treated with more genuine
courtesy and hospitality than I have been
at the homes of some of these Mestizos.
'1 remember particularly attending a
fiesta at San Fernando as the guest of
Senor Hosario, of Manila, going with his
family by train. Agulnaldo was present,
end I had a good opportunity .to observe
niin, as. indeed, I had upon other occa
sions. There was a review by him of the
niipino Army in that department a
grand banquet at the government house,
and in the evening a ball at a fine private
residence. But for the little differences
of costume, complexion and language, the
banquet and ball might well have been
high functions in the United States, so
far as elegance and deportment were con
cerned. If all, or If any considerable
part, of the Filipinos were like these ed
ucated and wealthy Mestizos,, there might
he some hope of a successful effort at
carrying on an Independent government
there by the Tagals and embracing only
the Tagal territory, but with only a few
thousand of this 'class, not all of them
well educated either, and the remainder
of the population densely Ignorant un
ambitious and Indolent the effort would
be a hopeless one. Any government of
the Tagals at all must bo an oligarchy, a
government by this small Mestizo class
only. nd to call it a republican govern
ment would be- farcical. Nor could It
comprehend other tribes, except as it was
iorced upon them at the muzzle of the
rifle by the more -warlike and energetic
Tagals, as is the case with the present
insurgent government Such an effort
would produce a condition ot continuous
Srifej "unless our Government undertook
the task of helping the Tagals impose
their government upon the other tribes,
which Mr. Bryan seems to contemplate
when he declares that he would establish
a stable government of the natives there
and then pull out a government which
would not remain stable 10 minutes after
the United States Army left.
"Now then let us understand what the
Agulnaldo government is, or rather was,
for it has no existence today except in
that leader's hat Agtj'naldo is a Chines;
Mestizo, now about 30 years of age. A
great deal of imaginative romance has
been written about him. The facts are
that he Is not so highly educated as
many others, nor so strong Intellectually
as other leaders of the insurrection, but
he possesses the faculty of leadership and
a good fund of stubbornness and per
sistence, a general Fil'plno characteristic.
They are naturally belligerent, but not
brave: persistent to an. unusual de
gree, but not possessed of stamina. This
explains why they are lighting the Amer
icans and why the war drags along in a
guerrilla fashion, without the Insurgents
over having made a single creditable of
fensive fight or determined stand aga'nst
an attack. If the Filipino had only the
qualities of courage and stamina added
to his belligerence and persistence the
losses of the Americans would have been
far heavier than they have been
"I will not go Into the history of the
frequent Insurrections against Spanish
authority, except to say that the last
one had been completely suppressed at
the time Dewey destroyed the Span'sh
fleet in Manila Bay. During the wait for
sufficient forces to hold Manila the Fili
pinos under Agulnaldo organized an army
of nondescript soldiers, and a revolu
tionary government was formed by a ew
of the Mestizo class. After the capture
of Manila by the Americans and the
signing of the protocol with Spain, which
confined our army to the limits of that
city, the Filipinos were left to do as
they pleased outside these limits. Head
quarters were established at Malolos,
about 30 miles north of Manila, and a
convention of self-selected Mestizos as
sembled there to frame a constitution.
This was finally completed and promul
gated In January and Agulnaldo was pro
claimed President As I said, this con
vention was composed only of the Mes
tizo class. Not one of them had been
elected by the people he affected to rei
resent Furthermore, they were all of
the Tagal tribe and came from only
five of the 28 provinces of Luzon Island,
none of the other islands or tribes being
represented, and most of them not even
being aware of such a convention being
held. The constitution provided for an
oligarchial government, the only kind
possible, the President to be elected by
the Legislature, which -was. under the
circumstances of the case, practically a
self-perpetuating House of Lords, with
no House of Commons to accompany It
Having framed the constitution it was
promulgated without being submitted to
the peop!e for adoption, and the pep'e
who framed it elected and installed
Agulnaldo as President about three week3
hefr.re his army made the attack upon
Manila which marked the beginning of
the insurrection. It will thus be seen
that the people of the Philippine Islands
had no voice In the formation of the
Agulnaldo government, not evn the peo
ple of the Tagal tribe, and that it was
Imposed upon them by a handful of Mes
tizos, backed by an army of the young
and Irresponsible of the full b'oods under
Mestizo officers, the whole representing
but a small part of the entire population.
This government has been completely
dispersed, and nothing is now left of It
but portions of the army broken up into
small bands carrying on a guerrilla war
fare In a country peculiarly well adapted
to that style of operations. The soldiers
are but little more than boys, and most
of them are in the army because they
like that kind of life and would far
rather enjoy themselves as warriors and
live a life of practical brigandage than
to follow more peaceful and Industrial
pursuits for a living.
ImpoxMhllity of Native Government.
"I have tried hastily to give you an
idea of the character of the population
of the Philippine Islands, to make you
realize the impossibility of a government
embracing all the stranger and incom
patible tribes, or even a representative
government for the one the most ad
vanced. I have tried to show you the
character of the Agulnaldo government,
how it does not represent the people of
the various tribes nor even those of-his
own tribe. I have tried to show you that
such a government could only be imposed
upon the people at the point of the
bayonet and American bayonets at that
for Agulnaldo could never bring the other
tribes, especially the Moros, under his
domination writhout help. In doing this
I have tried to make you realize by log
ical inference what would be the state
of anarchy that would soon reign there
if the Americans withdrew; and to make
you realize this still further. I have only
to sav that even the Mestizo ruling class
would not submit to anv regular govern
mental procedure. Individual ambitions
would generate revolts and Insurrections
constantly. The Flllp'no kn.ws no law
but that of force. He has known none
for three centuries of Spanish rule and
from time immemorial in tribal rule prior
to that Ills only idea of power is its
arn'trary and despotic use. A President
could only be a dictator, and only re
main such so long as he was able to
keep his rivals under military subjuga
tion or put them under ground by sum
mary and Illegal execution, as Agulnaldo
has already repeatedlv done.
"It follows there can be no govern
ment by consent in the Philippines in
the sense In which we understand that
word, whether it be cne of the Mestizo
oligarchy or one of the United States.
There can only be a government of force,
one in which a governing element rules
the great mass that is unfitted to gov
ern itself. We aro then left this ques-
! tion to decide: Shall that government
of force be the force of th Mestizo Ta-
j gnls applied despotically, arbitrarily and
fitfully, without consideration for the in-
dividual rights of the people, or shall it
j be a government founded upon the eter
nal principles of Individual liberty- that
! have made the United States the fore
most nation in the world as a self-governing
people? Shall we permit that l"nd
to lap"e again into barbarism or shall w e
j bestow upon It forever the blessings or
' O'tr free institutions that we promised
i it when the silken folds of Old Glory
were flung to the breeze from the walls
of Fort Santiago on the 13th of August,
1F9S? Wherever that flag gos U means
more liberty, more prosperity and the
elevation of the people in civilization.
That is where our duty lies, and that i
what I believe the American people will
do."
Railroad anil Advertising.
National Advertiser, New York.
One of the most Interesting business
changes, especially to newspaper men, is
in the attitude of railway managers to
ward advertising, says" the Poughkeepsie
(N. Y.) Eagle. We can remember when
the Hudson River Railroad Company
would not so much as give a country
newspaper publisher a free ride to the
city in return for publishing Its time
tables to an amount which at ordinary
advertising rates was worth 20" times the
value of a ticket The argument of the
managers In those days was: "The news
papers have got to publish our time
tables for the benefit of their readers,
whether we pay anything for it or not
and so we won't pay. The. people have
got to ride In our cars when they want
to go anywhere, and there is no use of
our paying anything for advertising."
Since then they have found out that busi
ness can be vastly increased by bringing
it to the attention of the public, and
probably the number who travel is nearly
twice as great as it ever would have been
if they had adhered to the old practice.
All the Important lines make use of as
much advertising matter, both by means
of Illustrated circulars and publications,
and through the newspapers, to bring
their lines and the facilities they offer to
the attention of the puhllc. as do the big
department stores or any other live busl-
l ness concerns of the country.
ME CAITHNESS COMING
BIG TURRET STEAMSHIP CHAR
TERED BY GOVERNMENT.
Will Take the Place of the Normaa
Isles H. Bischoff Wrecked Good
River Channel.
The British turret steamship Caithness
was yesterday chartered by the Pacific
Export ISumber Company, and' will be
substituted for the Norman Isles, which
was under previous charter to load Gov
ernment stores and forage at this port.
The Norman Isles, which is thus released
from the service of Che Government, will
be headed for Portland at once, and will
load a full cargo of lumber at Portland
for Shanghai. She is due at Portland In
about 10 days. The Caithness, which is to'
take her place in the Government serv
ice. Is, with the exception of the Guern
sey, the largest of the turret style of
vessels that has yet been listed for Port
land. She was built at Sunderland In
1S9S, and is 2222 tens net, and 3503 tons
gross register. Her dimensions are:
Length, 340.5 feet; -beam, 45.5 feet; depth
of hold, 24.6 feet. She has a dead weight
carrying capacity of over CO00 tons, and Is
well equipped with power. The Caith
ness sailed from Hamburg for Klao Uhou
September 5, and passed Port Said Sep
tember 22. After discharging her cargo
at Kiao Chou, she will proceed to Moro
ran. the Japanese coaling port, and, after
coaling, will sail direct for Portland, and
Is due to arrive abnut December 1.
BIG SHIPS AND DEEP WATER.
River Chanel Is In Better Shape
Than Ever Before.
The German bark Altalr and the British
ship County of Edinburgh will leave
down the river this morning. The Altalr
is drawing about 23 feet of water, and If
she experiences any delay between Port
land and the sea, It will be after she,
leaves Astoria, as the river channel Is.
In excellent condition. At yesterday',
meeting of the trustees of the Chamber
of Commerce, President Taylor ques
tioned Trustee E. T. Williams, who is a
member of the Port of Portland Com
mission, regarding the depth of water in
the river. Mr. Williams' answered:
"The condition of the channel Is such
that vessels drawing 25 feet of water cap
go through to Astoria without delay."
Despite the fact that the river was for
a long time at a stage considerably below
zero, there has been less cargo lightered
and less delay to the grain fleet between
Portland and Astoria than ever before
The good work that has been done in
the river is showing practical results, for
among the fleet of vessels headed for this
port are some of the largest sailing
ships that have ever entered the Colum
bia River, at least two of them exceeding
in size th mammoth Royal Forth, which
now holds the record, by nearly 100 tons.
UMATILLA AND WALLA WALLA.
Well-Known Passenger Steamers to
Enter Freight Service.
The Pacific Coast Steamship Company"
will put the theory of evolution in prac
tice with the steamers Umatilla and
Walla Walla. Both of these ships came
out from the East about 18 years ago, to
enter the coal trade. In this business
they brought a great many cargoes from
Puget Sound to Portland and San Fran
cisco. After a few years in this service,
the passenger business' lnoreaaed to such
an extent that promotion was extended
to the big colliers, and each of them
was fiibted 'with passenger accommoda
tions, and for the past 10 years they
have been running regularly as passen
ger ships between Seattle. Victoria and
San Francisco. Now President Farrell
announces that the passenger accommo
dations will be removed ana tne vessels
will again enter the freight service and
coal trade.
The Walla Walla has been a very lucky
ship, but the Umatilla has cost the un
derwriters many thousand dollars in the
different accidents which she has met
with. She was abandoned off Flattery
'rocks soon after coming to this coast,
but Captain John O'Brien, who was at
(that time third mate on the vessel, went
back aboard of her, and sailed her Into
EsqulmaK. where she sank and rested
on the bottom several weeks, while the
lawyers fought out the case of salvage,
etc. About two years ago, she took the
rocks at Point Wilson, near Port Town
send and by the time she was ready for
sea again, she had cost the underwriters
over $100,000. The Pacific Coast company
will replace these two steamers n the
passenger service by a couple of larger
and faster boats.
TWO DISABLED VESSELS.
The A. J. West, From Santa Rosalia
for Gray's Harbor, Short of Grab.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 30. The steamer
Walla Walla arrived from the north to
day and reports having passed two dis
abled vessels, one the schooner A. J.
West, bound from Santa Rosalia to Grayis
Harbor, and 60 days out. The West was
short of provi3clons, and Captain Hall,
of the Walla Walla, notified the U. S. S.
Albatross of her plight. The Govern
ment vessel supplied tho necessary pro
visions and the schooner proceeded on her
Journey. Captain Hall also reports hav
ing passed an unknown steamer towing1
the steamer Areata, bound for this -port
from Coos Bay.
THE H. BISCHOFF WRECKED.
Ancient Sailing Ship That Was Well
Known in Portland.
HAMBURG, Oct. SO. The German shlR
H. Blsoh'off. which left Calota Buena,
July 2 for this port, has been wrecked at
Grosser Vogelsand, at the entrance of
Elbe. A boat containing eight of the
srew put off from tho vessel ahd''an-
v CAPTAIN HARRY I,. WEIAS.
other boat in which were f our men,
left" the lightship for the purpose of ren
dering assistance. Bo'th of these boats
are missing and have been given up for
lost.
(The H. BischofC loaded wheat at Port
land Ihree years ago and was one of the
most singular appearing sailing ships
that ever came Into this port. She was
originally the trans-Atlantic steamship
Ville de Paris and was built in 1865. She
was of 2708 tons net register, and was
a very poor carrier for her tonnage,
her wheat cargo out of Portland being
smaller than that of some ot the 2000-ton
ships' which loaded here. The-Bischoff
canie round to Portland In Ballast from
Port Townsend, when she loaded here
In 1898 and that was her last visit to
the Pacific Coast. She was owned by H.
Blschoff, of Bremen.)
Small Schooner Wrecked.
SEATTLE. Wash., Oct. 30. The steam
ship Ohio brought news of the wreck of
the schooner Francis Alice, owned in this
city, on the Siberian coast The schoon
er was 130 tons register, and carried a
crew of seven, all of whom were saved.
The vessel was blown ashore during a
fierce gale.
Marine Note.
The stoamer Columbia sailed from San
Francisco yesterday afternoon and the
Elder left San Francisco at noon.
The steamships Scarpsno, from Hong
Kong and way ports; Buckingham, from
Tacoma; and Kvarvan, from Alaska, aro
due at this port, and some of them, or all
ofthem will probably arrive today.
The British ship Conway arrived down
at Astoria yesterday afternoon Just 16
days after her arrival In the river. Up
to date she has had very quick dlapatoh
from Portland.
Fenrs for Schooner A. J. West.
ABERDEEN, Wash., Oct. 30. West &
Blade, lumbermen of this- city, entertain
fears for the safety of the schooner A.
J. West, on her way here from Old Mex
ico to. load lumber. Tho vessel is 20 days
overdue. Her master is Captain Ogilvie,
of this city, and her crew numbers 10.
West & Slade think the West has been
blown way out of her course In the re
cent storm on the Pacific.
Domestic and Foreign Ports.
ASTORIA, Or., Oct. 30. Sailed Steamer
Columbia, for San Francisco. Arrived
down at 4 P. M., British ship Conway.
Condition of the bar at 5 P. M., moderate;
weather, foggy; wind, southwest.
San Pedro, Cal. Arrived " October 29,
barkentine Monitor, from Grays' Har
bor. San Francisco, Oct. 30. Arrived Steam
er Walla Walla, from Victoria; steamer
Progreso, from Tacoma. Sailed Steamer
Norman Isle, for Comox; steamer Geo.
W. Elder, for Astoria; steamer Macki
naw, for Seattle.
Seattle, Wash. Arrived October 29,
steamer Ohio, from Cape Nome; schoon
er Alcalde, from Nome; steamer Robert
Dollar, from Nome"; U. S. S. Patterson,
-from Alaska; bark Coloma, from Alaska.
Sailed, steamer Signal,' .for Portland;
steamer Palatlna, for Tacoma.
Newport, Or. Arrived October 29,
schooner Excelsior, from Port Blakeley.
Port Blakeley Sailed October 29, bark
Sea King, for Sydney.
Cape Nome, Alaska Sailed October 20.
steamers Elihu Thomson and Senator, for
Seattle.
Klao Chou Sailed October 17, Gorman
ship Alsterthal, for Puget Sound.
Limerick Arrived October 29, British
ship St. Mlrren, from Oregon.
Comox Arrived. October 29, British
steamer Manauense, from Skagway.
Kobe Arrived, October 29, Norwegian
steamer Thyra, from Portland, for Ma
nila. Boston, Oct. 30. Arrived Devonian,
from. Liverpool.
Yokohama Sailed October 27, Victoria,
from Hong Kong, for Tacoma.
.Hamburg Sailed October 2S. Pennsylva
nia, for- New York via Boulogne and
Plymouth.
Manila, Oct. 30. Arrived Minnehaha,
from New York.
Moville, Oct. 30. Arrivod Anchorla,
from New York for Glasgow.
Sydney Arrived "previously, Moana, San
Francisco via Honolulu and Auckland.
New York. Oct. 30. Arrived Sardinian,
from Glosgow. Sailed Kaiser Wilhelm
der Grosse, for Bremen via Cherbourg
and Southampton: Cymric, for Liverpool;
American, for San Francisco.
Queenstown, Oct. 30. Arrived Ultonla,
from Boston, for Liverpool.
Auckland. N. Z.. Oct 30. Sailodr
Steamer Mariposi, from Sydney, for Apia,
Honolulu and San Francisco.
Plymouth. Oct. 30. Sailed Steamer
Pennsylvania, from Hamburg and Bou
logne for New York.
France a Loser in War Indemnities.
New York Post.
Of nations engaged in wara of the first
magnitude, France has been both a galne
and a loser in the matter of indemnities.
Havfng, by the treaty of Presburg in 1805,
mulcted Austria of J8.000.000 and 28,00V
square miles of territory, she was in 1SH
compelled to satisfy the allied powers by
a monetary compensation of $140.000,00v
and to suffer the partition of the greater
.part of her colonial possessions, as well as
the severe contraction of her European
boundaries.- Again, in 1870, after hor war
with Germany, she was enabled to div
play her marvelous financial resources b
the speedy payment of the huge sum oi
51,250,000,000, in addition to the Iobs Of 5658
squaro miles of territory.
Bryan, and the .D Inner-Pall.
New York Sun.
Having argued that the dinner-pall was
empty, and found it full, Bryan now ad
vises the owners to kick it over for a
contemptible "argument to the bellv."
The advice of common sense ia to keep
the pall full, and not upset it
.. -
MeGovern to FIrfht Broad.
CHICAGO, Oct. 30. Terry McGovern
has been matched to meet;Kid Broad, of
New York, at Tattersalls, November 13,
nva-six-roUncT contest at catch weights.
SKAGWAVS FINE TRADE
SUCCEEDS SEATTLE IN SUPPLYING
YUKON COUNTRY.
Rev. J. J. Walter Tells of the Alaska
City's Grovrth and Prospects
Work of Methodist Church.
Rev. J. J. Walter, formerly pastor of
Centenary Church, but now superintend
ent of the missions of the Methodist
Episcopal Church in Alaska, returned
yesterday from Skagway, and will leave
tomorrow for New York to meet the mis
sion board, under which he la working.
Two weeks before Mr. Walter left Skag
way aTlch strike was reported on Bear
Creek, at the headwaters of the Chilkat,
and hundreds of prospectors had flocked
thither. Gold in considerable quantities
was found on a bar In the river, and the
bearers of the news to Skagway believed
that the strike was one of the biggest
that had yet been made. Mr. Walter
says that Skagway Is more prosperous
than ever; that the Alaska Commercial
Company, the North American Trading
Company and other big corporations sup
plying the Yukon country have found it
cheaper to send in supplies by way of
Lynn Canal than via St. Michael, and
that as a result a large wholesale and
warehouse business Is being built up at
Skagway. The Atlin country, he says,
continues to produce large quantities of
gold, and appears to be a rich and perma
nent camp.
"New discoveries," said he, "have been
made all through Alaska, and will be
made constantly as the country Is devel
oped. In the Atlin country hydraulic
propositions are being developed with
great success. On Stuart River and Big
Salmon rich strikes have been made, and
each has received its rush of miners,
many of whom have remained, while oth
ers physically unable to endure the hard
ships have returned to Skagway in dis
gust. Skagway now occupies much the
same position with regard to the mines
as did Seattle when the Klondike strikes
were first made. Miners are able to
outfit there, and use the city as a base of
departure, returning from districts that
prove to be 'fakes' and starling out again
at the news of a fresh discovery. When
word is brought to the city that a now
strike is made, the scene on the water
front is remarkable. Every available
craft that is fit for service tugs,
launches, schooners, sloops and steam
shipsis pressed into service, and carry
away loads of argonauts bound for the
new Eldorado, if it happens to be any
where on the coast line. Similar parties
are continually starting out overland
when strikes are reported in the interior.
The population of the city now is between
3000 and 4000, and it is rapidly growing.
Work of the Church.
"There are now five missionaries in
Alaska, and all are doing good work.
We have a mission among the Chilkat
Indians at their old capital on the Chil
kat River, which has met with great suc
cess. The Chilkats are a very intelligent
race of Indians. The Alaska Indians liv
ing on salmon streams are very pros
perous this year, having made big wages
fishing. It was not uncommon this sea
son $or one man to make an average of
$40 a day, which is pretty good wagos for
an Indian. They get 10 cents apiece for
their fish, and 400 was not a big day's
catoh, as all they have to do is to take
gaffs and throw the fish out of the water
near the headwaters of the spawning
stream.
"The now code gave the school direc
tors of Skagway $20,000 a year to spend on
their public schools, which rendered a
church school there unnecessary. Conse
quently wo had our handsome new col
lege buildims on our hands, and arrange
ments were recently made with the
United States Judge at Skagway to sell
It to the Government for a United States
courthouse. The price paid is $9000, and,
as the matter is now In the hands of the
Attorney-General, I suppose that the deal
will be closed very shortly. The building
is the only granite structure in Alaska,
and will serve the needs of the Govern
ment exactly.
"Rev. G. M. Irwin, formerly State Su
perintendent of Schools in Oregon, is In
charge of the mission at Juneau, and Is
doing excellent work. He Is a fine pulpit
orator, and crowds his church every time
he speaks. Mrs. Irwin, who Is a prac
ticing physlcaln, has more patients than
Bhe can attend to, and Is In receipt of a
handsome income from her practice. Ju
noau is a very flourishing city, and prom
ises to be one of the most prosperous in
Alaska.
"The church in Skagway has a large
membership, and is in fine condition. A
new stone church building, costing $5000,
will be built next Summer.
"At Ketchikan, V. Ray Bennett has
charge of a mission, which is doing much
good among the Indians and miners.
Copper and Gold Mines.
"The copper industry of Alaska prom
ises to take a place by the side of gold
mining in developing the country. A fine
property has been developed at White
Horse Rapids, the ore running from 7S to
80 per cent copper. Fine copper mines
on Prince of Wales Island are also in
course of development, and will yield
largo returns to tne men who have In
vested In them. At Douglas City a Phil
adelphia company has dug a tunnel 7x6
feet and I860 feet long, which taps a
gravel bed which is unusually rich. I be
lieve that with tho new mines that will
be discovered, and the development of
those, already discovered, a great future
is In store for Alaska, and that Skagway
will bocome ono of the prominent cities
of the Pacific Coast, as the railroad to
the Interior has made that city the dis
tributing point for the whole territory."
Oregon Industries.
J. M. Young, of Echo, states that one
acre of onions brought him $200.
F. Weber, of Spears Canyon, Umatilla
County, sold 600 yearling wethers at $2'10
per head.
Nearly 6003 50-pound boxes of prunes
have been packed by an evaporator at
Union. Nine carloads is the total ship
ment of tnls drier.
The Sumpter Light & Power Company
has ordered a complete alternating arc
electric light system, which is expected
to be installed within three weeks.
Outside buyers have been purchasing in
tho vicinity of Union every milch cow
they could procure. Good prices wero
offered, but the number of sales was not
large.
Farmers throughout Wasco County say
Fall grain looks better at present than
over before at this season of the year,
according to The Dalles Tlmes-Moun-talneer.
It is up several Inches high and
an even stand all over the ground. They
account for this in the improved sys
tem of farming deep plowing and per
fect cultivation and the favorable
weather that has prevailed since seeding
began. i
The La Grande sugar faotory has
shipped five carloads of Its product to
Portland. The sugar was of excellent
quality and it is expected more orders
will be received. The total output of the
factory this year is estimated at 2.000,000
pounds, which in proportion to acreage
is the best record yet made. Less than
1000 tons of beets remain to be delivered,
and they will be in by the end of the
week. After the last beets are received
the factory will continue work one week
longer. The company will endeavor to
secure a larger amount of beets next
year. An offer has been mode of 3000
acres in Idaho along Snake River. The
managers of the company say the factory
will receive next year three times the
amount of beets handled this season.
Hauling gravel on the Southern Pacific
Mohawk branoh road from the Arlington
gravel pit In the McKenzle River bot
tom, hOS keen -m-ipqrided on account Ot
Miltiosa
havQ Jfoesn reilovBti of
female troubles by Mrs
Pinkham's advice and
medicine
The letters of a few are
geriaiod regularly in this
paper
If any one doubts the
efficiency and sacredly
confidential character of
Mrs Pinitham's methods,
write for a book she has
recently published which
contains letters from the
mayor of Lynn, the posi
masiar, and others of her
city who have made care
ful investigation, and who
verify all of Mrs Pink
ham's statements and
claims
The Pinkh&m claims are
sweeping investigate
them
THIRTY YEARS OF CURES
the rise of the river. The Japanese work
gang employed there has been moved to
the branch road. The work of ballasting
will be continued, but dirt will be used
Instead of gravel. The approaches of
all bridges and trestles have beeen well
graveled, and it is thought by keeping
the construction train at work this Win
ter the road can be kept up with dirt
ballast This track will continue to
transfer lumber cars from Wendling to
Springfield. There is considerable specu
lation as to the feasibility of the dirt
ballast. It Is a question If the line can
be run ore a dirt foundation during Win
ter months.
Oreson Notes.
A football team has been organized at
Sumpter.
The Catholic Fair at La Grande last
week netted $425.
The Stockmen's Union will meet at An
telope, November 3,
A wagonload of Siuslaw salmon found
a ready market at Eugene Monday.
Eugene wants the Southern Pacific local
service to Albany extended to that city.
The Roseburg Water & Light Company
has about 75 men at work on Its various
constructive enterprises.
fininmhla Collece. at Milton, has an en
rollment of SO students, which, it is ex
pected, will be Increased to 100 before the
end of the year.
Arrangements are being made for a
football game between The Dalles and
Goldendalo one week from Sunday.
Scarlet fever is prevalent at The Dalles.
The case of Hugh Strickland at Condon,
who was charged with willful destruction
of a fence, was dismissed last week, the
jury having rendered a verdict on the
first ballot.
John Stiger, o. Condon sheepman, who
ranged his' sheep In the mountainss of
Grant County, was compelled to dip his
herd before he could get a permit to leave
tho county.
The fourth annual meeting of the Ante
lope Fair Association was a big success,
measured by other meotings of the asso
ciation, says tho Herald, and yet In point
of attendance it was not up to expecta
tions. This is attributed primarily to tho
fact that there has been an "over-production"
of fairs this season in Eastern Ore
gon. The paper suggests that next year
the towns intending to have fairs "pool"
the attractions and have one good tran
sient show.
Washington Notes.
The schoolteachers of Aberdeen will
meet every Saturday to study zoology
and botany.
The Commissioners of Pacific County
have ordered construction of bridges
across the North Nema and Salmon Creek.
Young men of Ritzville have formed a
social club called the Manhattan. It will
be incorporated with 1000 shares of $1 each.
The county will build a bridge over Che
halls River, near Garrard Creek. It will
have a 210-foot span. 30-foot cylinder
piers and a 16-foot roadway.
Democrats and Republicans of Farm
lngton have mode a novel election agree
ment If McKInley shall be defeated the
Republicans will buy and set off $25 worth
of fireworks. If he shall bo elected the
obligation will devolve upon the Demo
crats. It Is reported that a rich gold-bearing
lodge has been dlBCOvered on Silver Creek.
25 miles east of Chehalls. The country is
being staked by ronchmon. The shaft
was started several years ago by Daniel
Shaner, who was prospecting for coal.
He found some gold, but abandoned the
work.
The Seattle & International engineers
have been making preliminary surveys
up the Eauk for some time, and It is re
rwirtwi thaf n. contract has been let for
surveying 60 miles of additional road, ex
tending from Arlington tnrougn incuan
Pass, and connecting with a proposed ex
tension of the Washington Central west
ward via Wdterville.
The heavy rains have washed out sev
eral dams at Gray's Harbor and brought
many logs to market. From 3,000.000 to 5,
000.000 feet of logs floated down Hump
tulip and about 600,000 to 800,000 down the
WIthkow. Larklns Bros, have released
3.000.000 or 4.000,000 feet more. Young &
Thompson brought down 2,000,000. The
price on logs seems stationary at $5.
FROM
PURE!
HEALTHFUL!!
I IH IIA" AND
CHOCOLATE
SOLD AT OUR STORES
ANB BY
Grocers everywhere
ffi&bs v""gTT
til P3""V C L --e
ir r Hw
jo v VYJE
vy JV 9
THE PALATIAL
Not a dark office In the hnlldlnpr;
absolutely fireproof; electric llchtrt
and artesian water; perfect anitiv-.
tion and thorough ventilation. Ele
vators run day and night.
Room. .
AINSLIE. Dr. QKORGE.PhyslcIan C08--600
ANDERSON. GXJSTAV. Attorney-at-La-w.012
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. Mffr..S0U
AUSTEN. F. C. Manager for Oregon and
"Washington Bankers' Life- Association, ot
Des Moines, la B02-303
BANKERS' LIFE ASSOCIATION, OF DE3
MOINES. L.: F. C. Austen.. Manager.302-003
BAYNTUN.. GEO. R., Mgr. for Chas. Sorlb-
ner"s Sons 313
BEALS. EDWARD A.. Forecast Official U.
S. Weather Bureau 010
BENJAMIN. R. W.. Dentist 314
BINSWANGER. DR. O. S.. Phys. & Sur.410-41
BROOKE. DR. J. M.. Phys. & Surg 708-703
BROWN. MYRA. M. D 31-.n.14
BRUERE. DR. 6. E... Physician.. ..412-413-1H
CANNING. M. J 602-flM
CAUKIN, G. E.. District Agent Travelers'
Insurance Co 713
CARDWBLL. DR. J. R ...5(W
CHURCHILL. MRS. E. X 710-717
COFFEY. DR. R. C. Phys. & Surgeon... .700
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY....
C04-U05-CO8-6O7-013-014-C13
CORNELIUS. C. W.. Phys. and Surgeon 200
COVER. F. C, Cashier Equitable Llf 300
COLLIER, P. F.. Publisher; S. P. McGulro.
Manager 415-410
DAT. J. G. & I. N 310
DAVIS. NAPOLEON. President Columbia
Telephone Co........................ COT
DICKSON, nil. J. F., Physician 713-711
DRAKE. DR. H. B.. Physician.... 012-513-31 i
DWYER. JOE F.. Tobaccos. 402
EDITORIAL ROOMS. ...Eighth floor
EQUITABLE LIFE INSURANCE SOCIETY;
L. Samuel. Manager; F. C. Cover, Cashler.30S
EVENING- TELEGRAM 323 Alder street
FENTON. J. D.. Physician and Surgeon.500-310
FENTON. DR. HICKS C; Eyo and Ear...31t
FENTON. MATTHEW F., Dentist, 302
GALVANI. W. H.. Engineer and Draughts
man eon
GAVIN, A., President Oregon Camera Club.
, 2H-213-210-217
GEARY. DR. EDWARD P.. Physician and
Surgeon 212-21.1
GEBBIE PUB. CO.. Ltd.. Fine Art Publish
ers; M. C. McGreevy. Mgr 513
GIESY. A. J.. Physician and Surgeon... 700-710
GODDARD. E. C. & CO.. Footwear
Ground floor. 129 Sixth stroet
GOLDMAN. WILLIAM. Manager Manhattan
Life Insurance Co.. of New York.... 200-2 11
GRANT. FRANK S., Attorney-at-Law....017
HAMMAM BATHS. King & Compton. Props.300
HAMMOND. A. B 310
HOLLISTER. DR. O. C. Phys. & Sur..304-5C5
IDLEMAN. C. M., Attorney-at-LaW. .410-17-13
JOHNSON. W. C 313-310-317
KADY. MARK T.. Supervisor of Agent .
Mutual Reserve Fund Llfo Ass'n 004-005
LAMONT. JOHN. Vice-President and Gen-
o'ral Manager Columbia Telephone Co.....C0l
LITTLEFIELD. II. R.. Phys. and Surgeon.203
MACRUM.W. 8., Sec. Oregon Camera Ciub.214
MACKAY. DR. A. E.. Phys. and Surg. .711-712
MARTIN. J. L. & CO.. Timber Lands 601
MAXWELL, DR. W. E.. Phy3. & Surg.701-2-3
McCOY, NEWTON. Attorney-at-Law 713
McFADEN. MISS IDA E., Stenographer....201
McGINN, HENRY E.. Attorney-at-Law..311-12
McKELL, T. J., Manufacturers' Represen
tative 303
METT. HENRY 213
MILLER, DR. HERBERT C. Dentist and
Oral Surgeon ..C03-000
MOSSMAN, DR. B. P.. Dontlst 312-313-3H
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. of
New York; W. Goldman. Manager 200-210
MUTUAL RESERVE FUND LIFE ASS'N;
Mark T. Kady, Supervisor of Agents..CO4-U03
McELRQY. DR. J. G.. Phya. & Sur.701-702-70J
McFARLAND, E. B.. Secretary Columbia
Telephone Co..... ..................... COO
McGUIRE. S. P., Manager P. F. Collier,
Publisher -.413-4M
McKIM. MAURICE. Attorney-at-Law 300
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. ot Now
York; Wm. S. Pond. Stato Mgr ...404-403-400
NICHOLAS. HORACE B.. Att'y-at-Law....713
NILES. M. L.. Cashier Manhattan Llfo In
surance Co., ot New York 202
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY;
Dr. L. B. Smith, Osteopath 408-109
OREGON CAMERA CLUB. 214-215-210-217;
POND. WM. S., State Manager Mutual Llfo
Ins. Co.. of New York 404-405-400.
PORTLAND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY,
Ground floor, 133 Sixth street
PORTLAND MINING &. TRUST CO.; J. II.
Marshall. Manager 313
QUIMBY, L. P. W.. Goma and Forostry
Warden .710-717
ROSENDALB. O. M.. Metallurgist and Min
ing Engineer ..........................013-310
REED & MALCOLM. Opticians. ..133 Sixth st.
REED, F. C. Fish Commissioner 407
RTAN, J. B., Attorney-at-Law 417
SAMUEL. L.. Manager Equitable Llfo 30rt
SECURITY MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
Co.; H F. Bunhong. Gen. Agent for Ore.
and Washington ..301
SHERWOOD, J. W., Deputy Supreme Com
mander K. O. T. M 3IT
SMITH. Dr. L. B., Osteopath ....408-403
SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. 300
STUART. DELL, Attorney-at-Law... ..81T-C1S
STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E. Dentist...... 704-70V
SUROEON OF THE S. P. RY AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO 1 .700
STROWBRIDGE. THOS. H.. Executive
Special Agt. Mutual Life of New York....40
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE 201
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F.. Dentist 010-611
U S. WEATHER BUREAU. . ..007-008-000-010
u! S- LIGHTHOUSE ENGINEERS. 13TH
DIST.; Captain W. C. Langfltt. Corps of
Enginer3. U. S. A 809
U. S. ENGINEER OFFICE. RIVER AND
HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS; Captain W.
C. Langfltt. Corps ot Engineers. U. S. A..810
WATERMAN. C. H.. Cashier Mutual Life
of New York 40S
WHITE. MISS L. E., Assistant Secretary
Oregon Camera Club 214
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N. Physician
and Surgeon 30-1-305
WILSON, DR. GEO. F.. Phys. & Surg..7OC-70T
WILSON. DR. HOLT C. Phys. & Sur..507-50S
WOOD, DR. W. L.. Physician 412-413-414
WILLAMETTE VALLEY, TELEPH. CO.. .015
A, few more elegrant office may ho
had by applying; to Portland Trout"
Company of Orcpron. 100 Third t orj
to the rent cleric In the bulldlnsf.
TO CUHE DANDltUFF.
It I Necessary That the Dandrnff;
Germ Be Eradicated.
"Destroy the cause, you remove the
effect." Kill the germ that causes dan
druff, falling hair and baldness, you will
have no more dandruff and your hair
must grow luxuriantly. Herplclde not
only contains the dandruff germ destroy
er, but it is also a most delightful hair
dressing for regular toilet use. No other
hair preparation is on this scientific ba
sis of destroying the dandruff germ, and
none other claims to be. for the Blmple
reason that it Is only recently that a de
stroyer of the germ has been discovered
Newbro's Herplclde, the only hair prep
aration that actually kills dandruff.
OBEBHI B0IL0I1
life
f