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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 31, 1900)
2r 'f Jf J1 J7
VOL. XL. NO. 12,444.
PORTLAND, OREGON, 'WEDNESDAY, QOTOBEB 31, 1900.
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CENSUS OF NATI
Population of the United States
GAIN IS 13,225.464 .IN DECADE
The Increase Is t the Rate of 21
Per Cent Oregon's Popula
tion Is 413,532.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 3&-The official an
nouncement of the total population of the
United States for 1900 Is 76,205,220, of
which 74,627,507 are contained In the 45
states, representing approximately tho
population to be used for apportionment
purposes. There Is a-total of 331,168 Indians
Hot taxed. The total population in I960,
with which the aggregate population of
the present -census should be compared,
was 63,069,756. Taking the 1590 population
as a basis, there has been a gain lnpop
ulatlonof 13,23M64-durlBg the-'iast. 10
years, representing an Increase -of 'nearly
zi per cent. ,
Following Is theofficW announcement
of the population ofthV United States by
0900. - 1SS0.
Alabama :.... ,.X6.79 1,513,017
Arkansas .111.564 1,128,179
California 1;485,0S3 1,20S,130
Colorado 539,700 412,138
Connecticut ,.. 908,355 746,258
Delaware 151,735 1CS.433
Florida : 528,542 391,422
Georgia ". 1. 2,216.329 1837,353
Idaho .-. 161,771 84,385
Illinois .; 4,821,650 3,826,351
Indiana 516,463 2,122,404
Iowa ..s.. 2,251,829 1,911,806
Kansaa ,...,.. 1.469,496 1,427,096
Kentucky ..... 2,147,174 1,858,635
Louisiana. .1 1,851.637 1118,587
Maine ..... 634,363 . 661.0S6
Maryland ;l 1,189,916 1,042,380
Massachusetts 2,805,346 2,238,943
Michigan 2;419,782 , 2,093,889
Minnesota- . 1.751,395 1,301,826
Mississippi . 1,551,372 1,253,600
Missouri ., 3,107,117 2,679,184
Montana ... 243,289 133,153
Nebraska 1.068.901' 1.058.910
iNVtf.UH. ..i. &Mi - 40, Ml.
Stfew -Hampshire 411,588 ' 376,630
New Jersey SS3,6C0 1,434,933
New York 7,268,009 5,997,853
Uorth Carolina 1,891,992 1,617,947
North Dakota- 319,040 '182,713
Ohio 4,157,545 3.G72.316
Oregon 413,532 313,767
Pennsylvania 6,3)1,S65 5,258,014
Rhode Island 428,555 345,506
South Carolina 1,340,312 VL151.439
South Dakota 401,559 ,, 328,803
Tennessee 2,023,723 1,767,518
Texas ....'. 3,048,828 2,235,523
Utah 276,56? 207,905
Vermont 343,641 332,422
Virginia LS54.184. L6S5.9S0.
Washington 517,672 .. 349,31
West Virginia 958,900 762,794c
Wisconsin z,Q63;9G3 1,686,800.
"Wyoming -.Vr.....;o..." 92;53J. 60,703
Total 40 states 74,2T,007 62,116.811
EHstrlct Of ColumDia.. 278,718
Indian1 Territory . . ... . . 3SliS60
New 'Mexico 193V777
Oklahoma1- ..W. 808,245
Tota.1 7 territories.... 1,667,313 952,943
Indiana, not taxed, in. the states: ' ,
North Dakpta... 4,692
South Dakota... 10,932
Washington .... 2,531
NewtYork 4,7111 Total. .44,617-
Indians, not taxed, in territories J
Arizona, 24,644OkIahoma ....... 6.927
Indian Teri 56,033 -
Nrw 'Mexico.... 2,937 Total S9,5J1
Persons in service of the United
States stationed abroad (estimated) 84,400
Indians, etc., on Indian reservations,
except inaian '.Territory 146,ZS2
The Alaskan figures fcre derived from
partial data only, and all returns from
Alaska and for certain military organiza-
tlous stationed abroad, principally in" tho
Philippines, have not yet been received.
Fast "Work by the Cenans Bureau.
The Director of the Census,, in announc
ing the population of tho United States,
made the- following statement:
"The figures of the population are the
result of a careful computation by means
of-the latest tabulating machines. Bulle
tins will be Issued shortly for the vari
ous minor civil divisions in the different
states and territories, as fast as. possible.
The entlro number, It is hoped, will be
ready for the public use before January 1.
'"The early completion of the tabulation
of the, population of the States will enable
tho Census Office to submit the figures
to Congress as soon as it convenes in De
cember, thus giving that- body the infor
mation reeessary to dispose of tho ques
tion of, the reapportionment of Represen
tatives at the coming session. -All the
field work of tho 12th census, so far as
it relates to the collection of the data re
lating to population, agriculture,, vital
statistics and manufactures, is now com
plete. It is the aim of the ofllclals now
in charge of the work to push the tabula
tion of the returns so as to give tho com
plete report to tho public In accordance
with the law, which requires that - they
shall bo issued July 1, 1902. Up to this
data the number of schedules received
relalng to agriculture is about 5,800,000.
'The "chief statistician in charge of the
details relating to -manufactures , reports
at this time that his work is practically
finished, and that" he has collected ome-
xning over bzi.ooo schedules, as against
855,000 In the former decade, thus show
ing a large increase in this part of the
work. By means of the .plan adopted In
this census, the office has been enabled
to complete the Held work concerning
manufactures more than a year earlier
than was done 10 years ago. It required
nearly 18. months in the last census to
collect the manufacturing sohedules,.but,
as a reMilt of the efforts of those in
charge of this census, practically all of
the data Is now in control of the office.
"Tho enumerators, numbering some
thing over 53,000, have all been paid, with
the exception of 55, whose accounts are
held up for technicalities. In the last
census, It took eight or ten months to
pay all the enumerators. All the super
visors have been paid, with theexception
of a few, which have been delayed for
"The cost of the administration of. the
census bureau up to this date, -Including
the expense Incident to the preliminary
work, as well as the cost of the enumer
ation and supervision, .is $6,361,961, of
which over $4,000,000 has been expended
for supervision and enumeration. .
"The field work, having been completed,
effort will nbW be made-to comply with the
law regarding the publication" of the re
ports concerning tho four geperal topics
named above. The bulletins" thus far Is
sued b.avo been given to the-' public almost
a year in advance of those given out
during thr. last census."
Civil Service Violations.
.WASHINGTON.' Oct. 30. The.. CMl
Service Commission lias just 'completed
investigations of charges bf violat'ons of
the civil eerylce law, mostly of political
assessments against Federal ofllclals
whose names" are withheld, In Philadel
pla, Ixralsvllle, CincinRatl. Topeka, Kan
sas City, JBlrmlngham, Jersey City and
In Iowa. In some of 'these, cases the
commission has recommended to the va
rious executive departments to which the
accused officials belong the- prosecution
end dismissal of tho latter and iix. other
cases action has not yet been taken. Nth
vestlgatlons In other cities are In prog
ress. The commission refuses to disclose
names or any details concerning" th at
RECORD OF THB ARMY.
Annual Report of Aajataat-General
WASHINGTON, Oct. 30. The . annual'
report of Adjutant-General Corbin to1 the
Secretary of "War for the year ending
June. 30, 1900,- is a complete statistical
record otthe Army of the United States.
It shows -What the regular Army consists
of 3535 officers and 63,51 enlisted, men,
and the volunteer Army consists of 1548
officers and 31,039 enlisted men a grand
total of 98,790, not including- the Hosp.tal
CoxpsJ-gjrhlph Js.no counted as a part of
the effective strength of the Army. Tho
regular and volunteer Army at present
fsjdlsjributed as- .follows:
United States, $98 officers, of whom JIB
are volunteer officers, and 18,898 enlisted'
men, all regulars;- Alaska, 41 officers, lOSj
enlisted men; .Porto PJco, 98 officers, 2406
enlisted men; Cuba, VZ60 officers, 5468 en
listed f men; Philippine Islands, 2367 offi
cers, s 69,161 enlisted men; Hawaiian
Islands, 6 officer?, 219 enjisted men; China,
SO offipers, ?Q60, men.
There are 87 volunteer enlisted men in
Porto Rico, and SO.200 in the Philippines.
These are tho only places where volun
teer enllstedmea'are serving. Some staff
officers are 'serving in taearly all of the
places named. ',
Deaths repfePted in tho Army, both reg
ular and volunteer, are:
United States, Q officers, 264 -men.;
Alaska, 3 men; Cuba, 7 officers, 146 men;
Porto Rico, 3fr men.; Hawaii, 1 officer, 4
men; Philippine Islands, 49 officers, 1393
men; at sea, 3 officers, 84- men total, 74
officers, 1930. men. t,Ii several Instances,
owing to error, officers dying have been
counted, twice'' on.ee as regulars and then
as volunteers", the actual totals being 6f
During the year, thero were tlls-chargcd
from service 22,592iymen; deserted, T993.
The casualties'ln'the Chinese campaign
.between July 1 and dotober 1 were 9 offi
cers- ana aw ennsiea' men.
General Corbin commends highly tho
operation of post exchanges and the can
teen, saying that the reports from the
Philippines, Cuba and Porto Rico "Indl
catothat.the post exchange has become
'ah.absolute necessity." He says that the
total amount received from the exchanges
eo far as reports show amount to $1,915,
86S, Tvlth a netpYofl.t.ot $464,504.
.iDlsousslng-'the recruiting service for the
regular Army, General Corbin says:
"Or the 19,549 accepted applicants, 16 543
ware native-born and .3001 of foreign
birth; 18,649 were white, 870 colored, and
W Ilm LJthe enlistments numbergdJS
588, and the re-enlistments 39CJWjBcJud
ing re-enllBtments. the percentage of na1-
tlve-born among the original enlistments
Swag -88 li3. -The 'reprts show that the.
Tecruiting omcero matting tne jv.m? en
listments embraced In the first two
Items of the foregoing list rejected about
78 per cent of the number seeking enlist
ment, . as lacking either jegal, mental,
moral or physical qualifications; 9S7 of.
fithese were rejected as aliens,, and 20S7
In the statistics given is a table show
ing the chronological list of actions in
the Philippine Islands .from February 4,
1899, i to 'June 30, 1900, together with the
losses In killed and wounded. (Tho ,total
shows 33 officers and 467 men killed, and
147 officers and 2076 men woun,ded.
Rnncoclc Arrives at Manila. '
WASHINGTON, Oct 80. A dispatch-received
at the War Department announces
the arrival at Manila of the transport
Hancock with three companies of the
Fourth and four companies of the Twenty-fifth
Infantry and three officers and lOo
men of tho Marine Corps.
SUMMARY ,.0? IMPORTANT NEWS,
Geneva. N. Y., rowdies trled to prevent a
Roosevelfmeetlng. Page 1.
Croker contemplates election riots tocarry
the election for Bryan. Page 1.
Cleveland's views on the leading " ques-
tlons are unchanged. Page 2.
Bryan thinks he has more than an even
cbance In New York. Page 2.
Our dealings with China -will be through
Minister Conger. Page 2.
France may send a large force to Canton.
Pago 2. " ' V
China proposes 'an indemnity of 4flC000,OO0.
Kruger will travel Incognito in Europe.
Boers derailed another train. Page 3.
The .French Ministry is about to fall.
PageS. f '
Salisbury will transfer tho Foreign Secre
taryship to Lord Lansdowue. Page 3.
The population of tho United States is
76,2 5,220. Page 1.
Oregon's population is 415,532. Page 1.
Several bodies were found in the ruins of
the Tarrant flre. Page 3.
A witness at the Caleb Powers, trial con
fesses to perjury. Page 3.
Italian miners attempted to hold up a
pay wagon. Page 5.
Rosslyn Terrell was found guilty of mur
der in the first degree. Page 5.
Estimates above $25,000 for Improvement
of rivers and harbors. Page 4.
It is thought that all the Nome fleet havo
left the gold fields. Pago 4.
Elootrlc plant at Cottage Grove destroyed
by .fire. Page 4.
Burglars made an unsuccessful attempt
to blow up the railroad company's safe
et Brownsville. Page 4.
Governor Geer Is In receipt of a petition
from, the reform party in China. Page4.
Oregon's negro law Is still a burning issue
in the East. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Steamship Caithness coming to Portland
for. Government stores. Page 10.
River ".channel to Astoria is in excellent
condition. Page 10.
German ship H. Blschoft wrecked. Pago
Wheat market Improves on Russian ci;op
damage reports. Page 11.
New York stock market continues heavy.
Mandamus proceedings begun, against Asr
sessor Greenleaf to compel him to raise
, values: Page 12.-'-
Astoria & Columbia River Railroad shows
handsome earnings. Page 8.
Polling-places in Portland for the electron
thave been selected. Page 7.
War Department-- win ;not allow troop
"ships to.comectbvPortlahd. Page 8.
Principal 3i E.Tousey; of Portsmouth
School... arrested for chastising & boy.
NEW YORK ROWDIES
AgainTrIed to Prevent Roose
D!STUB3WCE WAS AT GENEVA
A-IeHli?:Graftiiff- Vm AMnrdcd
," tlateiat Rochester.
ROCHEgTER N. X., Oct. 20. When
tho Roosevelt train arrived here tonlsrht
ihe party found great crqwds at the sta
tion .nd hotel and splendid greeting
wasw accorded tdtfie Yfce-Presldentlal can
didate. There "was an immense variety
of Clubs and! business men's associations,
and both 'auditoriums where Governor
Roosevelt spoke' were filled.
Besides an enthusiastic gathering at
Corning, the home of the club that was
GROWTH OPTHE UNITED STATES IN HO YEARS.
The Population of the United
to 1900, Is Shown by
assaulted at" Elmira last night, tho only
Incident of'the day occurred at Geneva,
where an attempt -was made to" prevent
the. Governor from speaking. When' Gen
eva was readied at 5:30 o'clock the Gov
ernor was driven to an open stand In the
rain, while the local committee sent word
to stop the blowing of the whistles, which
word of his arrival had started and which
continued. Judging from tho applause,
the crowd was largely with him, but
there were a number on the outskirts of
the crowd, especially In the windows, and
small boys, who did what they coujd to
interrupt jura, x'ne oniy cry tnat was
intelligible from the stand was "Hurrah
"Why?" said the Governor. "Because
he Is for Dick Croker? Because he is
afraid to say what he will do about free
silver? Does the gentleman say 'Hurrah
9J?SBI1, because he wants to bauj dowa
hTffii?rsiartfra'JSal5W he says
Hurrah for Bryan?'
"Now, gentlemen," cdhtiiiue-d the Gov-
ernor, raising his voice so as to bo heard
above the turbulent cries which still con
tinued, "I "want -to say one thing to you
here. Thero. is one thing more Important
than any difference -. of ' policy among
Americans,' and that,,lstho keeping of our
own self-resp'ect Whenever you see a
party that tries to interrupt a public
speaker," you may be sure it is because
they; dare not -hear the truth. Mr. Bryan
comes to this state and I am proud to see
her is listened to with respectful atten
tion " wherever he goes, no matter ho'w
much people may differ from him In opin
ion. The. worst reflection that can be
cast upon the followers of Mr. Bryan Is
cast upon them by their own action when
they try to break up an orderly meeting
and try to interrupt free speech, and
when they do it they hurt no one but
"Gentlemen," continued the speaker, "I
appeal to you forthe honor of the flag."
But he was Interrupted by renewed
shouts of "Hurrah for Bryan."
"Gentlemen," said the Governor, "I
want you to reflect what a poor showing
you make when you try to Interrupt an
appeal to the flag."
This remark caused the noise to diminish
somewhat, Dut it was soon renewed, and
continued until the Governor finished his
remarks. A great many of the disturbers
here, as in other places, were boys, but
those In the windows of the building were
men, one of them having a megaphone.
Some small boys followed the train as it
moved away, calling "What about the
At Canandalgua, where a goodnslzed
crowd had gathered despite the fact that
it was raining and the train was. half an
hour late, the Governor addressed his
audience on the subject of prosperity, and
on the-trust question. He said:
"Prosperity, like this rain, falls upon
the just and the unjust. It is falling on
the just at this moment, but still it is
falling on the unjust, as Mr. Bryan. Is
making a tour of the state."
It was after 9 o'clock when the Gov
ernor's train rolled: Into Rochester. The
Governor proceeded at once, to the hall
Where the speaking was to take place.
He discussed the same ground as at other
points, trusts and imperialism, and made
a new issue here, answering in a cer
tain way Mr. Croker8 allusions to tne
lack of opportunity for young men In
this country. He said. In part:
"Thero 'has been much talk, and I fear
by no -means' sincere talk, upon the part
of our antagonists recently to the effect
that the young man has little chance in
America. Well, gentlemen, most of us
here In this meeting who are of middle
age (have sons, and when this is the case.
It may bo set down as certain that we
are deeply concerned as to the future
welfare of those sons. I ask every father
here to answer to himself the question
whether he would prefer his boy to start
in life with the prospect of Bryanism
'ahead of hdm or' with the prospect of con
tinuance of the present policies. Merely
to put Che question in this way Is enough
to show the absurdity of the claim made
"Bryanism means widespread and far
reaching 'business calamity and disaster,
and, therefore. It necessarily means grind
ing poverty for the many and even for
tho few more fortunate, anxiety and
,MIt is an axiom that a young man's
chances are best In a community where
there Is general prosperity. It Is equally
an axiom that In a time of great business
depression a young man's chances are at
a minimum. As a matter of fact, there
is no other country In the world today
whlch begins to offer the chances to
young men that America does. Tho
very combinations of corporate wealth,
of which such bitter and In some cases
such Just complaint is made, have at
their heads men who in 99 'cases out of
100 start as young men with little but
their Jwn energy and brains to help
11 "Undoubtedly, the extraordinary devel
opments of corporate wealth and great
concentration not alone in capital but in
population of the last generation have
produced serious problems problems
which will tax tho skill of tho wisest
legislator, but which all of us are in honor
bound to try to solve. I believe that
much can be done both to better the
condition, of tho wageworker and to les
sen soma of the-undoubted abuses ol cor
porate wealth, r will stand shoulder to
shoulder with any man "who In
good faith works along reasonable
lines towards, these ends, but I will take
part in no crudb. andi vicious efforts -reform
all inequalities of prosperity D7
destroying all prosperity. This is pre
clsely what Mr. Bryan and his associates
propose to do.
"There are many ways in which our
civic and social conditions can b& bet
tered, but such betterment can. be brought
fthout onlv bv honest, kindly, resolute.
facing of facts and seeking new remedies.
not by indiscriminate denunciation ana
pandering 'to evil passion3 for political
Tae, Elmira Riot.
crr.-vrroA 'v. -v.. Oct. SO. Tho Roose
velt party made an early start westward
today. The general conversation, or tne,
party was of the riotous times of last
night. Governor Roosevelt said, that thp
first" attack on. the carriage In. which he
and Senator Fassett were riding came
from small boys.
"I saw the boys fire the vegetables and
States hy Decades, From 1790
the Following Table:
decayed fruit," said the Governor, "and
a few sticks also were thrown. It was a J
body of grown men, however, who pushed
up against the carriage and thrust lith
ographs Of Stanchfleld In my face. Sev
eral times it looked as if it was the in
tention of the corwd to rush U3 out of
the carriage, but several men on horse
back gathered and prevented that. I d'd
not see the fracas la which the men were
The Cornish Club, which srot Into a
fight in attempting to defend its banner
j from attack, suffered severely. Six men
were quite badly wounded with stones and
sticks, and blood flowed quite freely. They
were finally escorted to the station by
the police andt put aboard their special
'.'The city administration here ls Re
publican." Senator Fassett said this
morning, "but the .poUqeforcejsisJDemQ
catfc.,,, - -"-"
A An Incident of th6 morning was the
passing pf. three Presidential trains at
Blmlra. Candidate Woolley; of' the Pro
hibition party, went by on one side of
th,e Roosevelt train and Candidate Bryan
went by on his train a few minutes later,
no courtesies being exchanged.
BATH. N. Y., Oct 30. The first stop
of the day of the" Roosevelt train was
made at Corning, the home of the club
which was assaulted last night during
the parade In Elmira. The Governor said
"It Is perfectly evident that Coming
has not "been "daunted by Its reception in
Elmira last night It Indicates that -inn
have good stuff in you here."
So have you!" shouted one of his
"And r think." continued the Gov
ernor, '"that sooner or later our oppi
nents will grow to understand that mob
violence 13 not the way to keep Repub
licans back. Every citizen who believes
In orderly liberty under the law, and
who is against mob violence in all It3
forma, will stand with us, and not mere
ly overthrow Bryanism, but stamp It
unuer rooc, so it. snau never come up.
You may have noticed In this mornings
papers that another mob broke up Sen
ator Depew's meeting at CobleskllL Mr.
Bryan spoke there In the morning, and
was listened to with due respect; then,
when Senator Depew came there later
in the day, they broke up his meeting
by violence and refused to listen to him.
"Now, fundamentally, this contest Is a
contest against just that type of things.
It is impossible that the kind of can
vass which our opponents have waged
could be waged without exciting jut
the spirit that was manifested last nisht.
When Mr. Bryan's supporters his chl f
supporters on the stump and in the press
appeal to the basest passion in. mankind
and seek to persuado some of our peop'e
that they are being cruelly wronged by
others, and must avenge themselves,
when that is done it Js simply a provo
cative to violence. We oan affoffrd to
differ on a question like the tariff; we
cannot afford to differ on the questions
of law and order, of the right of peace
able meeting, of non-Interruption of
speech. Not only do our opponents, when
they act as they did yesterday, cast
shame upon themselves, but they cast
shame upon the country. It is an out
rage that any party should bo conduct
a campaign as to arouse and Inflame a
spirit Hke that which was manifested
last evening. .
"I ask you to support our cause," he
continued, "because under It you havo
ROCHESTER, N. Y., Oct 30. The sec
ond stop of the Roosevelt train was at
Bath, where is located the Soldiers' Homo
for veterans of the Civil War, a large
number of whom were among the crowd
that gathered at the station. Governor
Roosevelt spoke especially to the veter
ans. Avon, the third stop of the day. Is one
of the few villages in Steuben County
which gave a majority for Bryan four
years ago. Governor Roosevelt saldi
"When Mr. Bryan was here X am in
formed that he dwelt upon the fact that
the poor were getting poorer and the rich
richer. Now, I want to test that state
ment by looking back to 1833, and then
again to 1S97."
At Livonia a flvo-mlnute stop was made.
The Governor. compared the right of suf
frage of the black men In Porto Rico
and North Carolina, and said in conclue
sion: "At the coming election in Porto Rico
next Tuesday, when they vote just as we
vote here, one in eight of the inhabitants
of that Island is registered and can vote.
In Mississippi and North Carolina the
Voting has been but one In 18 and one In
16 of the population."
When his train reached the Central
Station here there were hunderds gath
ered to welcome him, but he made no at
tempt to speak, dismissing them with an
Invitation-to come to Fihuh Hall this
ROKER PLANS RIOTS
HIS. B0A5TVM NEW "YORK
Apparently Determined to Prevent
; tho Honeat Tote ofytltePeoplo
Front Belnor Cast;
WASHINGTON. Oct, 30. The alarm
I among Administration men continues. It
Is fully recognised now that organized
labor and the workIngmea votes gener
ally will be cast for Bryan. The demon
strations yesterday for Bryan In New
York State and. the onslaught upon Roose
velt and -Depew gave Republican leaders
here a great deal of concern. Coupled
with this Is the following statement inado
by Croker yesterday to New York re
porters: "My advica to Democratic voters tho
country over is to congregate about tho
polling plaqes on the evening of election
day, count noses and then If the election
returns for Bryan don't tally with their
count, to go Inta the polling places and
throw tho fellow In charge of the re
turns Into the street."
Croker has established an all-day and
all-night telephone connection with Dem
ocratic headquarters In Chicago and It is
possible that he contemplates serious
election riots In order to prevent tho
honest vote of the people being cast
As far as New York 13 concerned, the
Republicans have little fear as they be
llove that the state government In the
hands of a man of Indomitable nerve and
courage like Roosevelt, will check any
attempted riots that Crokqr and the Bry
anltes may provoke. At the same time.
Administration men here fear that the at
tempt to deny free speech and the ac
claim with which Bryan Is received moans
an unseen undercurrent that the Demo
crats claim, is working to their advantage.
Roosevelt on Croker'a Threat.
ROCHESTER, N. Y., Oct S0 Governor
Roosevelt was shown this afternoon Mr.
Croker's statement, and ho said:
"Mr. Croker seems not to understand
that If this Incitement to riot and mob
violence at the polls should bear fruit, ho
would be an accessory before the fact.
The election laws, like all other laws, ap
ply to Mr. Croker and to everyone else,
and Mr. Croker and everyone else must
and will obey them."
SPEECH BY DEBS.
Advi!ics HI Hearers to Free Them
delves Before Filipinos.
NEW YORK, Oct. 30. Eugene V. Debs,
candidate for President on the Social
Democratic ticket, spoke at Cooper Union
tonight to an audience that filled tho
seats and crowded the aisles. The speak
er referrqdmtsvlhChTCfisfitoCoar strike in
the- anthracite region In Pennsylvania,
where "the mlneowners, ho charged, fix
the rate of vages. Continuing, he said:
"Let me ask both parties what they will
do to rescue the wage-earners from serf
donu No matter whether the Democrats
or Republicans win, there will be no
change in the condition of tho laborer.
In a few years longer the middle class
what's left of it will be in the working
class. The era of small production ha3
gone". If you have a few dollars lef, tho
best thing you can do 13 to Invest In the
In the concluding part of his speech Mr.
"I would scorn to hold public office.
We want only the votes of those who are
Intelligent enough to know what they are
voting for. Fres yourselves before you
free the Filipinos. You are She property
of your masters. Capital owns the tools
and the tools own you. If the flag Is the
symbol of slavery, I defy it and If thl3
be treason, let them make the" most of It""
THE PROHIBITION TRA1X.
Woolley Made Eighteen Speeches In
HARRISBURG, Pa., Oct 30.-nJohn G.
Woolley, Prohibition nominee for Presi
dent, In his trip across Central Pennsyl
vania today, made a total of 17 stops and
13 speeches. Harrlsburg was reached at
7:50 P. M. An extensive parade and dem
onstration preceded tho evening rally,
which was held at Board of Trade Hall.
A force of police led the march from tho
station, followed by a band, after whlcn
came the speakers In carriages, followed
by the Woolley Club of Lebanon and al
most 1000 local Prohibitionists. Over 160u
persons attended the meeting. At WlU
lamsport over 1000 persons, with a mili
tary band, were at the depot to receive
the party. Speeches were made at Mont
gomery, Watertown, Milton, Northumber
land, Sunbury, Millersburg, Halifax and
- Democrats Claim Nevr Yorlc.
NEW YQRKT, Oct. 30. Executive Chair
man James K. McGuIre, or tne Demo
cratic State Committee", gave out tonight
the first estimate from the Democratic
State Committee how the state would go.
"Our canvass of the statev gives Bryan
50,000 majority, and It also shows that
the Republicans will not come to the;
Bronx with more than 70,000 majority. I
have refrained from making any state
ments heretofore until our canvass was
completed. This estimate on our canvass
Is a very conservative one,"
Ronpfh Riders Club Attaclced.
TOLEDO, O., Oct 30. Several members
of the Monclova Rough Riders' Club were
seriously injured as they were boarding a
train at Grand Raptds, O., tonight after
a political demonstration. They were at
tacked by a mob of toughs. John Hemp
was struck with an. Iron missile and will
die. Oscar Johnson was badly injured
by being struck in the back of the head
with a piece of Iron. The postmaster of
Presque Isle was also badly hurt, and a
dozen or more were slightly injured.
Yerlces Resljrns Federal Position.
WASHINGTON, Oct 30. Johm W.
Yerkes, Collector of Internal Revenue for
the Eighth district of Kentucky, has re
signed to take effect November 1. Mr.
Yerkes Is the Republican candidate, for
Governor of Kentucky.
Li Up to HI Old Trlefca.
LONDON, Oct 31. The Shanghai corre
spondent of the Times, wiring yesterday,
"LI Hung Chang has wired to Chang
Chih Tung." the Wu Chang Viceroy, that
the peace negotiations are satisfactory,
but to other leading officials he has tele
graphed exactly the reverse, bidding them
prepare for eventualities."
Mnjor Henry J. Hearsy.
NEW ORLEANS. Oct 30. Major Henry
J. Hearzy, editor of the Dally Sfates.
and one of the strongest newspaper-writ.
er3 in the South, ia dead. He was 60 years