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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 27, 1900)
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TODAY'S WEATHER, Falrjvarfable winds,
PORTLAWD, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27
BRTA AND THE DOIXAR,
In. "his Thursday speech at "Washing
ton Park, the Democratic candidate
was muph moved. Somebody held up a
silver dollar, and Bryan turned upon
him, with this fierce word of upbraid
ing: I notice a gentleman over there held -up a
diver dollar, and he evidently wants to know
something about sliver, and I will remind him
that his desire to hear something about money
and nothing about human rights Illustrates
the sordid level upon which tho Ttepubllc&n
party Is fighting this campaign.
"Was effrontery ever before personi
fied in one man? Here is an agitator
who has talked of nothing but the dol
lar for six years, the 200-cent dollar Df
the gold standard, the honest silver
dollar he was going to bring in again,
and now when his attention is drawn
to the subject he deprecates the "sor
did level" of suGh discussion!
It is well enough for Bryan to push
aside the question of the dollar, for it
was his undoing In 1896 and will be his
undoing in 1900. The reason why he
will be rejected at the November polls
is because of his long-avowed and now
studiously concealed hostility to the
gold standard. He cannot now blind
the country's eyes to his course for the
past six years, and to the fact that he
is irrevocably committed to the over
throw of the gold standard. Just four
years ago Monday he said;
T -want you to nntlerstnnd that in
this grrent contest for free itllver I
nxn. enlisted not for a yenr, not for
four yearn. I nm enlisted for the
war, no matter how lonpr that war
may last. I shall -not cease to fiffht
until the Rold standard, vrhieh has
cursed every nation thnt ever had it,
Is driven out of the United States
across the ocenn and hack to the Old
"World, -rrhere It belongs.
March 2, 1894, Mr. Bryan introduced
in Congress a bill designed to over
throw the gold standard. It provided:
That -all obligations heretofore -or hereafter
Incurred by the Government of the United
States ... which call for payment In
coin, shall he payable In gold or silver coin of
the present weight and fineness, at the 'discre
tion of the Secretary of the Treasury, and
the rijRTht of the holder of any snch
obligation to demand payment in a
larflcnlar lclnd of coin, whether
cold or silver, is hereby expressly
Those were Bryan's views and pur
poses then. Those are hiB views and
purposes now. He has repeatedly re
affirmed them; but now when he reaU
izes the danger his attitude to money
involves to his candidacy, he evades
and gets mad. As to whether he will
interpret "coin" to mean gold or silver,
he "will enforce the law." As to the
question of the honest dollar, he de
plores the "sordid level" of this cam
paign. In the presence of this grave menace
to all credit and all industry, the froth
and fustian of "anti-imperialism" and
the frenzied appeals to class hatred
lade away into insignificance. Well
may -Bryan turn pale at the question of
the dollar. It Is the Banquo's ghost at
his feast, It is the Insurmountable wall
that rises up between him and his am
bition. 2Co trumped-up issue can be the
issue in this country so long as the
.standard of value is menaced. The
wolf of financial dishonor seeks to
array, itself In the sheep's clothing of
"HbertyW-and sympathy for the poor.
Its hope Is vain. Questions of vital
moment to the whole fabric of our In
dustry cannot be waved aside with the
wand of a traveling mountebank.
In England In 1898, according to the
report of the British Board of Trade,
an agricultural laborer cGuld earn
34 20; in Wales he could earn $410; In
Scotland, $4 52, and in Ireland, only
S2 52. In England, Scotland and Wales
the earnings of agricultural laborers
are highest near- the large industrial
and mining centers. There are six
counties in Great Britain where the
earnings exceeded $5 a week, and .in
one of these, the Scottish County of
Renfrew, tlhey averaged $5 43 a week.
In the English County of Suffolk they
did not exceed ?3 60 a Tveek, and in the
Irish County of Mayo they were only
$23,4 Large numbers of the small
fanners of Gonnaught and of Countyl
Donegal go to work as laborers on
farms in certain counties of England
and Scotland during Spring, Summer
and Autumn. The average increase in
the rates of weekly cash wages from
1S5J) to 1899 amounted to 48 per cent, Ir
England and Wales from 1895 to 1898
the rise in the weekly wages of agri
cultural laborers amounted to about 2'
cents per head. In 1899, compared with
1598, wages rose, by 8 cents per head,
and in June, 1900, cgmpered Tvlth June,
1599, by about 16 cents peread. In
Ireland thejtrate of, agricultural, wage.s J
J1 rotij2sre4 mn.civ iojUke Itasl; ten
years. 'The Tlse'ln wage's ofhgrlcuftural
labor In England, Wales and Scotland' dur
ing recent years is due to its Increasing'
scarcity owing to $he 'competition of
other industries. Tn England the em
ployment of women and children In ag
riculture 'has nearly ceased to exist.
Even in Scotland woman labor Is stead
ily decreasing, owing. to, the preference
of women for town life, either in shops
or domestic service. In Gr,eat Britain
as In America, women flock to large
towns because they would rather be
shopgirls and servants In the bustling
environment of a city than work hard
at monotonous farm labor.
CLOSER, RAILROAD ALLIANCES.
One certain fact stands out promi
nently in all these stories of coalitions
of W. K. Vanderbilt, E. H. Harrlman
and J. J. Hill, and that is the increas
ing closeness of relations between hith
erto antagonistic bodies, of capital.
There Is truth enough in the many
and varied, rumors to Indicate the
rise of constructive and the decline of
destructive financiering, the abandon
ment' of cut-throat competition for
friendly- understandings, and the alli
ance of capital rather than its array
into fiercely hostile camps.
The most interesting personality- in
this stupendous movement is that of
President Hill, of the Great Northern.
A railroad man from the ground up, a
sagacious builder, an efficient operator,
a man of far-sighted discernment In
commercial and economic tendencies,
he is developing now an element , of
strength 'that promises to make him
within a few short months the most
monlentous figure in th&-rallrpad world.
This new demonstration is the. posses
sion of the unlimited confidence-of un
limited capital. Heavy purchases of
almost everything" worth having are
being made in his name, and this mark
of confidence is one to which he is en
titled by the masterly manner, in which
everything put into his hands has beeri
brought to pass.
His impending ascehdency is of trie
gravest coricerh to Portland, for it Is
but a few weeks since In an interview
at Seattle he said about everything a
tman could say In favor of that polnf as
the coming place for about all the trade
of the Pacific Coast. If we put to
gether Mr. Hill's intense predilection
for Seattle and the Harrlman aspira
tions for a through line via the Union
Pacific, Southern Pacific and Pacific
Mall, there is no promise of any Imme
diate relaxation of the hostility and
apathy with which Portland's commer
cial ambitions have been confronted
among the transcontinental railroads.
For a broad view of the problem,
however, we must look beyond the im
mediate future to" the apparent goal of
all these colossal negotiations. The
time seems Inevitable when an alliance
more or less Intimate will exist not
only between the 'capital that owns the
Great Northern and the Union Pacific)
but between the capital that owns
every transcontinental railroad from
the Canada line to the Sartta Fe. The
money that has been wasted in Interne
cine strife will be wasted no more.
Ambitious traffic managers will be for
bidden to employ one block of trust
funds to destroy the value of another,
block of the same trust funds. ' Two
railroads will not be built where one
can do the work, and business will not
be demoralized by sudden cU'ts and res
torations In freight Tales.
An almost Inevitable Incident of such
alliance of great interests will be the
assessment of Portland's advantages
at their natural value. Millions of
money have been spent to keep busi
ness away from Portland that natur
ally belonged here. Every time that
an Oriental steamship Is detained at
Puget Sound for the cargo that is
hauled by rail from Portland to please
Mr. Hill at Seattle or Mr. Mellen at
Tacoma, dividends on somebody's Btock
have to be cut down to pay the ex
pense. So long as the channel Is main
tained from Portland to the sea, and
so, long as cargoes gather here from all
over the Columbia Basin, it Is going
to be money out of somebody's pocket
to haul these cargoes by rail to Puget
Sound and load them there into aves
sel that could get quicker and cheaper
dispatch at Portland.
In a word, these alliances of capital
ought to render Increasingly distasteful
to the owners of that capital the sac
rifice that Is necessary to overcome the
natural advantages of the Columbia
River as a shipping point. In a word,
they ought to. harden the tendency
toward railroading as a business, and
away from railroading as a form of
NOT A LOST ART.
The Hon. Carl Schurz and the Hon. Bourke
Cockran are left alone among the public
speakers of the United" States to preserve the
traditions of the lost art of oratory. When
they so the trolden age of eloquence, with
Wirt and Plnlcney, with Webster and Clay and
Prentiss, with Tanoey and Beeoher and Phil
lips, -w 111 remain but a memory. Louisville
There were brave men before Aga
memnon and after him; there were great
orators before Webster and after him,
and unless we assume that oratory Is
a lost art because of the multiplication
of newspapers and the absence of Issues
that try men's souls to their deepest
moral depths, we need not hastily con
clude that fine eloquence will be, but a
memory when Carl Schurz and Bourke
Cocftran are in their graves. Webster
said that eloquence did not lie simply
in the man, but in the subject and the
occasion or opportunity. The great
English Revolution of 1640-41 was fer
tile in men of powerful Parliamentary
eloquence, for strong men were deeply
stirred and spoke with corresponding
force and fire, but we do not again" .find
a high order of English eloquence until
more than a century has elapsed and
the great debate begins In the British
Parliament over the -taxation of the
American colonies. The Parllamentarj
eloquence of England froni 1Y65 until
the close of the Napoleonic wars -was
sup'erior In range and power to the elo
quence that has illumined, the British
Parliament during" the reign of Tic
toria. The finest Parliamentary elo
quence of France was spoken by Mlra
beau, Danton and Vergnlaud in the
first French Revolution. The period of
our own Revolution was prolific in men
of superior power of eloquence; the
period of the great struggle over slav
ery, from 1820 to 1860, was a time favor
able to public eloquence of high quality.
If we assume that never again -will
there be such penetrating and lmpas
slonate public questions under discus
sion In England as extorted noble elo
quence from Burke, Fox, Pitt and Can
ning; if we assume that never again
will public opinion In America be so
deeply stirred to Its moral depths as i
was between-1830 to 1860, vhy then, the
eloquence of Webster, Clay , and' Phil-
THE MOTjffliyfr; OKEGQBkK; SAfCTK-T, OBBB-JSM
lips Tnay be regarded" as a" lost a'rt:
since the situation that stimulated their
noble eloquence- toits hghest .life ,is
gone never Jto: rgturjvSut-this con
clusion is .absttrd.. . The hour always
finds its man', and -when the hour of
necessity for great" public eloque'nce ai'
rives, the hour wili find its orator.
Webster was right .when he said, that
true eloquence was largely a, thing, of
subject and" opportunity or occasion!
There is no lost art ab6ut it. It is the
subject and the pecasion that extorted
from Demosthenes his philippics; itwaa
the subjefit and 4 the occasion that
made Eliot, jPym Hampden and yane
supremely eloquent;' It Is the sutiject
and the occasion 'that has in' critical
times multiplied eloauenf voices - ir
France; in England and America.
When the tremendous times are over
and the ship of state Is sailing in
smooth waters' on even keel( or lying
at safe anchorage, great - orators" are
seldom heard," not because the art of
oratory Is lost, but because its stimu
lating atmosphere, has disappeared. .No
people are always eloquent save the
Irish; they have been called a nation of
orators; and they are always eloquent
because they" are always thinking and
talking about Ireland,' they are like a
,man who not only always talks to you
about himself, but talks to himself
about himself'. For" this reason Ireland
has been able to cultivate eloquence as
a parlor plant. When the Irish orator
Is not cursing England with tragic fer
vor, he is using- his eloquence to cheer
the hearts of her- enemied and invoke
their tears for the fate of Ireland.. But
outside of Ireland, no pe6ple are elo
quent all the time. . They tire of the
concert pitch of public excitement and
emotion, and do-not resort to eloquence
that is n6t prompted In the man by
the subject and the occasion.
WILD SHOTS AT .BIG GA3IB.
The game s.eason,c both at the far
East and? the far WeBt, has a melan
choly record df cases in which the
hunter has mistaken his next friend or
somebody else's hext friend for big
game and added him to- the illegal con
tents of his bag. The State of Maine,
had a record -last season of over 500
persons who were shot to death in her
woods through this propensity of cer
tain persons to "pot" one or more of
their Intimate friends whenever they
seek the' woods In search of "big game.'
Last week in the Maine woods two
young men,, cousins, went deer hunting,
and, one of them managed to mistake
the other for a deer and. shoot him to
death. Last week a shot fired at o.
stuffed bird, which the hunter sup-'
posed tb b'e alive, instantly "killed Ar
thur W. Green, of Denver. The bird
was on a Roman's hat, which Green
had put on as he took his stand in a
bunch of shrubbery, while his sweet
heart was -preparing her camera to
take his picture. A rabbit shooter who
saw" the stuffed bird .over the bushes
fireji at it and'shot Green, through the
head. . , .' .
With" the enlargement of .the game
season th,e number of persons .Whose
Identity will be confused ,with that of
some beast of the -field or fowl ot the
air naturally increases. The Adiron
dack woods were recently the scene of
a sad accident. A Philadelphia doctor
fired his rifle at a group of his frlendB
Which included a handsome and
wealthy widow. The bullet went
through the arm of her -male escort,
and wounded the woman so badly that'
her leg had to be amp'jitatedi above the'
knee. It Is a qold year fo'r sport when
some enthusiastic hunte in 'the Maine
or Adirondack woods- doesn't bag a
blood relation or a brother-in-law 'or
his best friend, before the season closes.
There are spots at the East . where
these accidents are so conjmo that the
new minister .is lucky if he is not shot
before his first donation party, , and
where a man Beems to be false' ko the
best traditions of his town" and county
if he has not a record for shooting his
Winchester over the barn and 'killing
his grandmother. . "Big ,game' will
never become extinct in the Eastern
woods, for there will always b6 reck
less, careless creatures In plenty per
mitted to carry & gun who would shoot
at every rustling leaf, even If they
knew that, their party candidate for
President was behind it. "Blg game"
will never become extinct so long as
fools are trusted with a gun and en
couraged to go hunting. " "
The enlargement of the game season
had its drawbacks some ten yeaVs ago
to a humane and philanthropic ob
server of civilization, even, on the .Pa
cific Coast; for irt those days an ama
teur hunter who" had not shot a' hole
In the family circle or killed a settled
minister for a deer .Was viewed with
distrust as an alien in his ''tastes and
temper, but pf recent years the .prac
tice of shooting your arrow over the
house and killing your brother seems
to have fallen into disrepute '6r willful
neglect 'In Oregon,; The're are those
who wonder that tfce new woman is not
an enthusiastic hunter in "woods that
are frequented by masculine sports
men. Wejieed not go farlo obtain an
explanation, for womfen have noted the
capacity of the 'average hunter to bag
one of his own family whenever he-.
.goes out shooting; he is likely to k'H
nis wiies reunion, or pot nis own. jho
wonaer ooserving women ao not care
to hunt at the risk of being1 nunte'd.
The lady doesn't court being mistaken
by the man for 'the tiger. And then
there is no prudence in leading man
into temptation by giving him an easy
opportunity to ambush his mother-in-Jaw
or his wife's stunt. When the late
Chief Justice -Russell, oft England, was
asked what was' the penalty for -Dig-.
amyf he replied, "Two motfieys-ln-law,"
an answer which lmplleswa considera
ble degree of personal unpopularity,
enough to persuade the average mother-in-law
that she woujd do well to
keep out of the' woods: If women were
asond of himtln&jMi men, the fellow
whajwas fonda"til&" game'r nd a
quiet nre wouia invi,te nis motner-m-ikw
.to-go hunting, and manage to bag
the old lady before sunset, or if he
wanted a divorce he could sijre, delay
and expense by inlstaking .his" wife for
"big game"" and 'having only a Coro
ner's inquest , , y
Of course, there Is one Objection, to
this method of shotgun divorce, and
that Is if the new woman onpe learned
how to shoot as sharply as the other
sex, Miranda could kill Ferdinand and
turn hlmioyer "to the Coroner on her
return from huntlng,saylng she mis
took her jackass husband (for a mule
deer and felt it her duty to bring her
"big game" Into court. A cautious per
son might object to this method of
keeping, up the reputation of the 'far
West as a healthy. hUntingTOurrabuf ,
as Jbngvas .the5.frieridsof the deceased
doh'Vobject seriously to his being sht
atad "blggame,'' qut'ratheY regard It
as a neaand gracefql personal compll
menj:4iwhy should the,wcld cpmplaln?
'Bryan has -asserted over v and, over
again that the- President and the Re
publican. Congress Increased tlje Army
to 100,000 men, and seeks to make the
people, helieve that the increase Is a
permanent one, due exclusively to the
Republican party. In his message of
December 5, 898, the President asked
for a temporary Increase of the Army
to 100,000 men. A bill was passed In
the HouEe, Jahuary 31, 1899, authorizing
the enlargement of the Army to 100,000
men. 'The Seriate committee to which
this. bill was referred unanimously re
ported a substitute bill authorizing the
President "to maintain the1 regular
Amy at.'d strength of-not exceeding
65,000 enlisted men . . . and raise a
force-of not more than 35,000, volunteers
. . . provided that such Increased
regular and volunteer force shall con
tinue in-service only during- the neces
sity therefor, and no later than July 1,",
1901." Ort the official vote upon, the bill,
February , 22, 1899, the ayes Included
Democratic Senators Bacon, Cockrell,
Faulkner, Gorman, Lindsay, McEnery,
Mallory, McLaurln, Money, Morgan,
Murphy, Pasco, Pettus, Rawlins, Smith
and the Populist Senators Allen, Har
ris, Hel.tfeld Senators Teller and
Mantle1 .voted for the bifl, and Demo
cratic. Senator Kenney, of Delaware,
said that If, he" had been , present he
woild. also havej-dona so. Only twelve
Democrats and Populists voted against
the billi while twenty' voted for it.
There were 203 ayes 'in the'House and I
only 33 noes, and Representative sui
zer, a leading Bryan shouter, made a
speech f or the blli, saying, cmong" other
It gives tne "President all the men he wants
to meet tho, present emergency,, and at the
same time It doessnot iricrease the standing
Army tb. alncl6 man. After July li 1001, by
virtue of this hill the regula"f Army -will be
Just- tho .same as it was before ,the war waa
declared With Spain.
The Bryanltes" have reason, to con
gratulate themselves that "Thomas B.
Reed-Is not seen this year on the Re
publican: platform, for Mr. ' Reed IS
easily the greatest m&ster of .political
repartee In "this country. 'At one of his
meetings In Maine a boorish Democrat
on a front seat continually interrupted
him. E""very question that was asked
was courteously answered. Finally this
Democrat grew IrrltatecTand said, "Oh,
go to h l" Mr. Reed, without a mo
ment's pause, remarked In his charac
teristic style that he had traveled
through many parts' of the country,
and had always been most courteously
received everywhere, but that this was
the first time he had "evei been In
vited to the Democratic headquarters."
The Federal Supreme Court has set
down for argument on November 12
two eases Involving the Government's
right "to - deal with the territory ac
quired from Spjln apart from the full
restrldtlons of the Constitution. One of
.these "cases" relates to Pprto' Rico, and
the.dther to the Philippines. This ques
tion whether or no the Constltutloa fol
lows the flag passed Into the hands of
the" Supremo Court- before the meeting
of the Kansas City'conventionj and Its
decision will b.e the law, which cannot
be overthrown even it Bryan Is, elected
President t ., . - ,
jCroker -is- deternilned that at least
one young man in the United States
shall ye safe and. shall be given a show.
Hence he has sent his son away to Cor
nell, outfitted him with a valet, a but
ler, a. kennel of bulldogs, rind grooms
for the beast, arid given him money
so "that the dogs may be fed on choice
beefsteaks at $l-per pound. Ifit takes
all this to give a young man a show,
really it does seem that 'the average
young Absalom is alarmingly unsafe
If Bryan will have It that we paid
$2 50 each for the Filipinos, for heaven's
sake let him have It. Jefferson, his il
lustrious prototype, paid a great deal
more than that per head for the Ill
starred inhabitants of the Louisiana,
territory,' who were overridden by
the tyranny of imperialism. By aH
means let' him have it.
If Uncle Sam were not in the Sulus,
probably, the slavery there' would not
be so flagitious. Anyhow, It Is consist
ent with Bryan's abhorrence "of slavery
that-lf America'had nothing to do with
the Sulus the custom would be not ne
farious, but admirable.
Bryan's ignorance of what honest
wealth Is, aB shown by his arm-in-arm
intimacy j with Croker, -does not sub
stantiate his statement either that he
is the friend of legitimate Industry or
the enemy. of predatory riches.
It Is-1 explained that Jim Ham's habit
of unfinished sentences was formed
Whetf he" was doing the ecstatic practice
of dratihg 'before a mirror.
"Roosevelt's "Why" would "be a fitting
query to shoot at Democrats who want
the colored Vote, is it for further sub-'
jugation of the negro?
The paramount isue has got to be
SU(;n an indeterminate quantity that
Bryan cannot figure it 6ut himself,
Kruger made a poor "investment in
Kriipps and Maxims, but he made ta
poorer by far in Webster Davis.
-Indications Against Btyhn.-
New York Sim."
In 1836, wheri Bryan first ran- for -Preal-.dent.
atfthe candidate of theDemocraile.
pPopulist arid Sliver Republican fusion, the
total number of votes cast at the election
This was an extraordinary pall. The
percentage of increase over the poll ot
four years before, or 1882, was unprece
dented. Tho increase was- lfS63,7ol, or
hiore than 15 per cent. The galnvln thu
poll of 1$92 as compared With that ot
l&fcS had-been ofy 67891, or about 6 per
That Is, In 1S96 the voters came' out In
greater volurrie both actually an"d pro
portionately than ever before. The in
crease, irtdreover, was almost wholly in
tho states outside of the old Sfiuthem
Confederacy. In those 11 states the' vote
w'as actually less than ln'lSD2, or was
only slightly Increased, and Bfcyan, of
course, got a ' great majority in all of
.them, and from them 112 of the 176 elec
toral vdtes obtained by him.
Thtr registration for this ydar Indicates
that again there Is to be an extraordlhary
increase In tho ntUnber of votes Cast eveL
over the great, aggregate of dSfo . Again,
too, that Increase will be In states other
than,.ihose of the old Southern Confed
eracy, for In those alone comparatively
little, political interest Is now manifested.
Moreover, as tho registration Indicates,, !t
will' be Achlefly in the states carried by Mr.
What' does that mean? Does It mean
, that, wherever p"blitlcal; opinion "and dis
cussion an? free and uurestrlctccVthls ex-
, W, -
traardlnarytmleirest! in'the election tis pro-.
vvoked by a des!reto v6te for Bryan, ana
free silver, when four years-ago its mani
festation In the same states meant his
crushing defeat? . ""
The free and. independent American
citizens have qualified themselves to vott
at the coming election fn-a far greater
volume than ever before because of theli
determination to rid theircoUntfy Of th
peril and the "nuisance-of-Bryanismi
Aff EXODUS OF NEGROES.
Frnlt of Recent Mcnunrcij Affalnfet
Them la Nortli Carolina.
There Is .concern among the farmers of
North Carolina oven the- exodus of negro
laborers from the state. Great numbers
are leaving. In . consequence of tho
adoption of the act to deprive
them of the 'rights guaranteed by
the 14th and 15th amendments. The pros
perity of the South, Is based on cheap
negro labor; and landowners and others
are taking notice bf the exodas and ex.
pressing concern about it. A few days
ago the Commissioners of Agriculture of
the Southern States held their annual con
vention at Raleigh, N. C. and Mr.. Royal
Daniel, secretary of the convention who
heard the farmers discuss the great scar
city of farm labor, wrote a letter to the
Atlanta Journal concerning the exodus,
saying, that it had been going on for
months, and that not less than 600 ne
groes had left Raleigh alone, to say noth
ing about the numbers that had left other
towns in, the, state. Among other things
The whites wonld'do well lo face the equa
tion calmy, coolly. The negroes are -on the
move. They are- very credulous, and will take
risks In tho North. They thlnlc the North la
not a graveyard, but a,ldnd of open doora and
great opportunities. But the crying question
with the farmers la to procure help to gather
the growing crops, already greatly reduced by
the protracted drought. Let all who can give
a helping hand. 4
The Charlotte Dally Observer recog
nizes the danger, and remarks:
The negro Is a failure as a voter, but he has
his, uses as a farm laborer, and there is no
doubt that ihe farmer In some sections of the
statet are sorely ynit to It for helR to,plok their
cotton crops, jt Is right to exclude these people
from tho balldt, but It Is suicidal to drive
them, by bad treatment, out ot the state.
The Raleigh Post says In commenting
upon Mr. Daniel's article:
In the meantime, the farmers are suffering,
for lack of labor the labor oC thlsvvery negro
and the best r.lnsn nt liihnr on onrth tcrr Aiir
Southern people to save the crop after having"
cultivated U. These farmers owe It to them
selves to make" exertions to assure these dis
turbed people of, their good intentions and
friendship. If this exodus keeps on these land
owners and farmers will be fn a worse condi
tion than they have been since the war.
FIMF1NOS JLOOK TO BRYAN.
Letter From Manila Declares the
Outcome Depends on Election.
San Francisco. That Bryan's campaign
speeches are, taken literally." by the Fili
pinos and are keeping alive the struggle
In the Philippines and causing the death
of many American soldiers is declared In
a 'letter from Manila from Daniel S.
Williams, secretary to PYofessor Bernhard
Closes, of the Philippine Commission. Mr.
Williams is an accomplished Spanish
soholar, and as secretary of the commis
sion he has had unusual opportunities for
observation. He declares the Filipinos be
lieve the Islands will be evacuated by
the "Americans should Bryan be elected",
and that In, one case a truce has been
called till after the election. The letter
Much Interest exists here with regard to the
campaign now going on in the United States.
Tho Democrats are quite active,, here now,
Twenty soldiers were killed the other day,
being a contribution to tho campaign material
of the Democrats. This war would have ended
long- aro were It not for Bryan, He' Is more
thd leader of these people now iharf Agulnaldo,
and every American soldier that 'Is1 killed dur
ing these months can be laid directly to his
door. They are- making extra efforts now
simply to make a showing to be used in the
States. If Bryan Is defeated thd whole thing
In Mindanao there is art armed -truce be
tween the Americans and the "Filipinos until
after eleotlon. If Bryan Is elected .the Fil
ipinos expect the Americans to withdraw the
next day, while it he is defeated they will
surrender at once. That Is the best Illustra
tion I can give of the, true conditions here.
Coal Supremacy of America.
R T. Meade in the Forum.
The United States has the most abun
dant, the easiest mined, and the cheapest
coal of any" nation. The proof of this
statement is found in the greater area
of her coal lands, the size and accessi
bility of her coal deposits, and the pres
ent price of her coal. The area of the
cool 'lands of western Europe Is less;
than 10,000 square miles, and practically
all this area has been opened tb mining.
The available coal area of the United
States at the present time Is 50,000 sqiiare
miles. Moreover, the bulk of American
coal Is how produced frotn six states,
Pennsylvania. Ohio. West Virginia, Illi
nois, Alabama and Iowa, and the coal
bearing lands which they contain by no
means represent our total resources. .Coul
Is found In 20 counties In Virginia. Ken
tucky contains two large coal fields, the
western being' 4500" square miles In area.
The Missouri coal fields embrace 25,000
square miles, and the coal s generally
of good quality. Northern Arkansas con
tains a good-sized coal field and Texas
has" a coal-bearing area of 30.000 square
miles. The entire Rocky Mountain re
gion abounds 'in coal, Wyoming having
20,000 square miles of coa. lands, Colo
rado 16,000 square miles, and Montana
60,000 square miles, while large deposits
are found In other states and territories.
Abundance of coal is found In Wash
ington. . '
The production of Greaf Britain froiri
1S70 to 1S98 increased S3 per cent, of Ger
many 176 per cent, of France 128 per cent,
of Belgium 57 per cent, and of the United
States 20 per cent' In other words, the
United States, while drawing upon only
a portion of her available" deposits, In
creased her output during. 23 .years six
times as 'rapidly as. the average , of her
four competitors, who have taxed their
entire resources to supply their needs.
This rapid Increase of American coal pro
duction over the production ot Europo
is due primarily to the greater abun
dance of our coal dGDOslts. and second
arily to the greater thickness" of the veins
In Our country.
Game LavrM in France.
In France the protection of crops and
farm .stock Is among the chief objects of
the gamo laws, so much, so. Indeed, that
a French landowner Is not only prohibit
ed front encouraging on his estate such
noxious animals as the fox, badger,- otter,
bear, roebuck and rabbit, but Is even com
pelled to organize for the suppression of
Ssuch scheduled "Vermin'" by .periodic
drives; and neglect of either obligation
Is likely to land him In costly claims for
agricultural damage. . f
All manner of Interesting legal quibbles
are common whenever the question -crops
up of practical application of the laws.
Thus, whereas in French law the prohibi
tion of "night" shooting covers only the
period of darkness, a similar restriction
applied to 'fls'hlng applies to the entire
period between sUnset and sunrise, a very
different matter in the Summer months.
Again, a very proper consideration of
the extent to-which ".intense cold may de
prive .birds of their wild Instincts and
their powers of night has prompted a
, prohibition In France of shooting in the
t snow; but,, .here .ogalnv, before a ;prosecu
tlon can be established, It must he shown
that the snow wasthlck, enough atB-the
ime of the offense ta jenable anyone to
follow the footprints of the beast or bird.
' THE "STAKDXNC?- ARMY.' (
Present Increase Drac to Democrats
' in Congress. x
Chicago Tribune. '
In all his speeches Mr, "Bryan takes
care t,o refef to the "dangers of miU
arlsm" and to talk of "a large standing
Army." He has repeatedly asserted that
the President and the Republican Con
gress increased the Army to 100,000 men,
"when no tarm waa raised against the
Nation anywhere in the, world." In view
of these assertions Senator Scott, of "Wesjt
Virginia, recently took occasion to inves
tigate the records at" Washington in re
gard to the passage of the bill of Feb
ruary, 1S99, which temporarily increase!
the Army to Its present size. The facts
which he recalls show how utterly un
founded and Insincere are Bryan's at
tempts to make people believe that the
lncerase Is a permanent one and due en
tirely to the Republican party.
Twenty-four days after Dewey's victory
at Manila a proclamation' was Issued by
'Agulnaldo announcing a dictatorial gov
ernment, with himself as .dictator, a.
month later Admiral Dewey cabled that
Merrltt's most difficult problem would be
how to deal with the Insurgents undei
Agulnaldo, who were already threatening
our Army By the time- President AIc
Klnley sent his annual message to Con.
gress In Decembe'r It had become ap
parent to everybody that an Increase ot
troops would be needed to meet the
threatened hostilities of the Filipinos.
The- President suggested that a total ot
100,000 men would be none to many. A
bill enlarging the Army to 100,000 men
was accordingly passed by the House at
tho end of January, and was referred to
a Senate committee, which Included such
Democrats as Cockrell, of Missouri;
Mitchell, of Wisconsin; Pettus,. of Ahir
bama, and Pasco of Florida. This com
.mittee unanimously reported a substi
tute biU authorizing the President to
maintain a regular Army of 65,000 men
and to raise 3S:0ti0 volunteers, the in
crease In both cases to cease after July
1, .1901. This bill became a law, the
vote- being 203 yeas to 33 nays In ther
House and 45 to 13 In the Senate.
S.enator Cockrell, who was a Democrat
before Mr. Bryan was born, spoke strong
ly In favor of this bill, declaring It to be
"right and just and proper and neces
sary." Twenty Democrats and Populists
In the Senate voted for and only 12 agalnsx
-It. Those who voted, yea Included Sena
tors Cockrell, Gorman, Lindsay, Morgan,
Murphy, Teller and similar stanch Bryan
ltes, who are now so deeply alarmea
about "militarism." In the House the
Democratic and Populist support was
oven stronger, the opposition not being
chough to command a yea and nay vote.
Representative Sulzer, now one of the
loudest Bryan shouters, made a speech
In which he called upon all members of
his party to support the bill for the sake
of the "brave, heroic soldiers and sailors
who aro upholding our flag In the Orient.
He said this was "no time to split hairs
or play small politics," and he could not
see how a Republican or a Democrat
could cbnsistently vote against the bill.
The "small politics" which Mr. Sulfcer
and his fellow-Bryanitea refrained from
playing at that time have now become
one of the chief features of the Demo
cratic campaign, but the records show
clearly enough that the bill which the
Bryanltes now call an act of "militarism"
had no terrors for them when they voted
for It. They had not yet realized how
extremely scarce "Issues" would be dur
ing this campaign.
Joe" Bailey as n Swell.
"Joe" Bailey, of Texas, Is about ta
make a radical change in his dress and
manner, says E. K. Crabtree, of Hous
ton, Tex., who arrived In Washington, a
few days ago. Mr. Crabtree told of It
In the following way;
Itlstpld lifwhlspers In whispers vonly
mind you that Bailey has a dress suit.
Nor do the whisperings stop at that.
Along with the dress suit, it Is said, he
has acquired social aspirations. This U
Bailey, mark you; "Joe" Bailey, ho of the
common people, the statesman whose dis
dain for the ornamental things of life
was his chief political stock in trade. It
is said that Bailey has been busy of Late
gaining a share of world goods, and that
now he is to be a Senator he no longer
has need of the "mob" In his particular
line of business, and he proposes, so the
whisperings go, to enjoy to the fullest I
the social advantages that come with his
new distinction. Oh! but what a howl
will ascend to the skies from across the
wide prairies of the Lone Star State
when it is chronicled that Bailey has
blossomed forth In Washington as a so
cial swell. What righteous wrath will be
poured forth at Indignation meetings,
what lamentations there will be in the
city and town and the rancher's lonely
cabin! What an Iconoclast a dres3 suit
is, whht a shitterer of Idols! Clothes
may not make a man, but they may un
.inake Bailey. The people of Texas will
wring Ballej' from their hearts. They
will forget him, or remember him only to
heap maledictions upon him.
A Hnmnn Bible.
The conditions of absolute Infallibility
in such a book are by the necessities of
the case denied to any book that his
not been written, rewritten, handed down,
copied, translated, and the like, by meth
ods and under guards nnd guarantees
which no sarie man would dream of
claiming" for this book, and which, even
If It had had them, would not, because
they could not, have altered the Intel
lectual, moral, social or racial limitations
under which the contents of the B'ble
were, in different ages and by a great
variety of minds, originally given to men.
In other words, the Bibles could not be
the Bible, the book above all other books
for men, If it had not only a dlvino but
r large and constantly recognizable, be
cause constantly characteristic, human,
Siberia d Land of Churches.
New York Post.
Tho three great luxuries in Siberia are
churches, theaters and museums. Even
the smaller villages can usually be sight
ed from afar by means of the white walls
and the towering dome-shaped cupolas of
their churches. These are all amply sup
plied with bells, whose rich tones roll In
majestic harmony .over distant hill and
vale, and break the monotony of the
peasants dally toil. Inside, these
churches are highly ornamented with
paintings, and they are presided over by
married priests, Who take a deep and gen
uine interest In oVen the poorest of the
Educators a. Unit for- McKInley.
President Eliot, of Harvard University,
haB taken a position In the campaign
along with President Hadley, of Yale,
President Low, of Columbia; President
Bchurman. of Cornell, and President Har
per, of Chicago. Each of these university
presidents, along with the president ot
nearly every college, who has expressed
an "opinion, and a great majority of the
members of the different faculties, will
support President McKinley for re-election.
This practical unanimity Is as wel
come as It Is significant.
In Condense! Form.
William' R. Grafce, a lifelong emDocrat
ahd formerly Democratic Mayor of New
York, condensed Mr. Bryan's arguments
Into a single phrase when he character
ized them as an appeal to unreasoning
discontent. For weeks all Mr. Bryan's
speeches have but rung the changes, upon
one Idea. Ho has ,ceased really to argue
even his. so-called "paramount Issues." He
simply say to the people; "Vote for mo
because you have not so much .money
.as.raesjothers bave..'He .appealaYto
'nothing save the passion of envy,
Agulnaldo Is not the only traveling:
man who Is for Bryan. Tho other ono
Is W. J. Bryan.
The census men have finished their
"work, but the real vital statistics of. tho
country- will be gatharedrNovember 6
Bryan says he can- look from -New Yorkt
to Missouri and see nothing but victory.
He must be using an X-ray apparatus.
If Senator Hanna ever fails, to suit
Davenport- as a model, he ought to bei
able to get a Job with Charles Danew
General Joseph Wheeler and Lieutenant
Hobson are both In Atlanta, and the city
looks upon both the sublime and the-til-'
Senator Jones saysr the cotton-bale en
terprise Is not a trust, but a company.
However, a man Is known by the conx-f
pany he keeps.
Worklngmen may get Indigestion by
partaking too freely of the full dlnner
pall, but they can, afford to buy medlcJaar
this year of grace.
If Mr. Bryan had answered the ques
tions that have been put to him, he woulcj;
have made a fine campaign for McKin
ley. No wonder he holds his peace.
An amusing tale of Army life Is now
being told of a soldier In the Eighteenth
Infantry, who wrote to the President ask
ing for his discharge. He said that ho
controlled at his home In Iowa 12 votear
Including his own, and If he was dis
charged before election he would votw
them all for MbKInley. He further said
the men of his company used profana
language, drank and nearly ail of them
smoked cigarettes, all of which things
were very distasteful" to him. The Iettc?
was sent to his company commander, ask
ing what he meant by allowing his men
to communicate with the Commander-in-Chief
otherwise than through the regulac
military channels. The Captain punished
the man by making, him read the letter
aloud to tho company at morning Inspec
tion. The cities of phenomenal growth In tho
census of 1SC0 were Omaha, SCO per cent...
largely padding, it is now said; Mlnneapo-
lis, 251 per cent.; St. Paul, 221 per cent;
Denver, 199.5: Kansas City, 137.9; Chicago.
IIS; Trenton, 92; and Grand Rapids, S.
The lusty growers for 1900 arer Souths
Omaha. Neb., 221 per cent; Superior City
Wis., 159; New Castle. Pa., 144; Butto,.
Mont., IIS; Atlantic City, 113.34; Passaic,
N. J., 113.21; Los Angeles, 103; St. Joseph.
96; East St. Louis, 95: Portland. Or., 94 !)i
Seattle, 83: Spokane, 81. The most rapid
growing city In the South at the present
time Is Memphis. Tenn.. which, advanced
In the last decade, 5S.63 per cent. The
slowest advancing town in the same pe
riod is Lincoln. Neb., which lost 14.9S3, or
27.17 of Its population, since 1S0O, and felt
In rank from the 52d to the 90st city ia
the Union In point of population.
The mother of an interesting, brood ot
youngsters, whom she is taking great
pains to train up in the way they should,
go, and upon who she has endeavored to
Impress the necessity of always being
strictly truthful, was severely jolted yes
terday by her youngest hopeful, a pre
cocious boy nearly 4 years old. She- ha
called to him to shut the door between tha
sitting-room and the kitchen. After a
few seconds he called back: "All' right,
nmrnma? f hayel mrt ' lH'"cAlhHe-fial
not heard tho door closed, she knew that
he had told an untruth, and said to hlmr
"Why. Russell: what do you mean? You
have not shut that door." There wafl a.
silence that might be felt for a few sec
onds, and then the boy replied: "Well, I
Isn't out here, now." A moment later
the sound of a hairbrush repeatedly aridt
rapidly falling In a succession of dull
sickening thuds, was heird, and tb
neighbors came running in to inquire
what was the matter with Russell. It
requires age and experience to lie suc
cessfully. PLEASANTRIES OF PAltAGItAPHERS
Returns. "Does he get any returns from,
poetry?" "Alt he doe3 set." Philadelphia
Youns Stonr I spoke to the chemist, and h
advised me that I should TJocter (Inter-
ruptlns) Oh, he cave ou name Idiotic advice,
I suppose. Stone He advised me to ace yottJ
Simple and Satlifactory. "Dick and I hav
bought, a horse In partnership." "What's tho
arrangement!" "Dick's gains to feed him and
take care of him, and I'm going to exercla
him." Chicago Record.
Mamma Ethel. I must really "forbid yod
touching that lobster you know It does not
agree with you. Ethel (resignedly) Very
well, mamma, but It docs neem as if every
thing In this world that la nice Is either
wicked or Indigestible. Life.
An Aspersion. "Pollcet Police!" yeHed a.
man on the street "Hre, what's the mat
ter?" exclaimed a policeman. ruMilng around
the corner. "Nothing, of course," explained
the man. "If there had been, you wouldn't
have been anywhere within a mile." Detroit
Up Knew. Sabbath School Teacher (strtvicar
to lnqulcate a love of truth) Now. Willy, sup
pose you were to promise your mother that
you would come right straight home from Sun
day school, and then did not do so. What'
would you be doing? Willy Waters Goln -swlmmln',
A Musical Instrument. Tin Peddler" (wh
has met with an accident) What Vll I do
now? Effery wheel off my wagon Is broke.
Summer Boarder (consolingly) Leave the tins
In tho wacon Just as It Is, and perhapa you
can sell it to one of tho boardlnc-hoUse keep
ers for a piano. Now York Weekly.
Oh. It was Webster Davis
Who stood upon the street
And Wellington, tho mountain Duke
"Twas him he chanced to meet.
And joyfully and gladsomely
They did each other yreet.
Said Wellington: 'Tve bolted!"
Said Davis: "So have II" r
And then both said: "Give ear to nw,
111 tell the reason why."
And to bombard the government
The heroes then stood by. .
"To Africa I wandered."
Said Davis, with a tear.
"The horse dragoons ffew all around
And filled my soul with fear.
I told Oom Paul I'd save him sure.
And then I hurried here."
The Duke then interrupted. ,
In accents of .surprise.
He saidr 'No trqops Hhould go abroad f
Such movements 1 despise."
And "I. I.tr." and "i, I. I." '
He volleyed for his "I's."
jiut Davis was not daunted
Ho pitched his voice In "G."
A fierce oration then he sang.
Composed of "I" and "Me."
And both of them disputed there.
And quarreled fearfutloc.
First Wellington yelled: "I did!"
"I didn't I" then he'd cry.
And Davis broke the clrcultf '
"Now, then, I'll tell you why,"
Till anally the argument
Was one Ions blare of "I." '
Fired with determination
"To Win at any cost.
Each shouted' "I" and snorted, 'T
Till "I's" were wildly tcsqedi
And Ihen they sank; exhausted quits!
Because their "I's" were crowed.