HE ' MOKNING 0BEGOS1AN, SATURDAY. " gtfPTEMBEB 15, 1900. ta xzeom&n Sintered at -the Portofllco at Portland, Oregon, OS second-class matter. TELEPHONES. H&torlal Rooms.. ..10G 1 Business Office C57 REVISED SUBSCRIPTION BATES. By Mail (postage prepaid). In Advance Dally, with. Sunday, per month. ...........$0 85 lauy, .Hunpay excepted, per sear.......... uv 'iailv. with faundav. uericiir. 0 00 ? Sunday, per year .......................... 2 00 iThe WeftKlvt tier vear ............... 1 50 rThe Weekly, 3 months 50 to City hubscribers "Dally, per week, delivered. Sundays ercepted.l5c Xtlly, per week, delivered. Sundays lncludcd.20o TOSTAGE KATES. United States. Canada and Mexico: 30 to 36-pvre paper ...lc 16 to 32-pJL'C paper ..2e , Foreign rates double. Xcw -or dlreusslon Intended for publication In Tb Oregordan should be addressed Invariably "Editor The Oregonlan," not to the name of any Individual. Letters reratlng to advertising, subscriptions or to any business matter should be addressed simply "The Oregonlan." The Oregonlan does not buy poems or stories from Individuals, and cannot undertake to re turn any manuscripts sent to It without Ilrita Tton. ICo stamps should le Inclosed for this purpose. Pugat Sound Bureau Captain A. Thompson. 31e at llll Pacific avenue, Tacoma. Box 055, Tacoma Postofflce. Eastern Business Office The Tribune bulld 'lng. New Tork City; "The Rookery," Chicago; tth B. C. Beck with special agency, New Tork. For sale in San Francieco by J. K. Cooper. 748 Market street, near the Palace Hotel, and at Goldsmith Bros., 238 Sutter street. For sale in Chicago by the P. O. News Co., 1217 Dearborn street. TODAY'S "WEATHER Showers; warmer: "variable -winds. JPORTLAXD, SATURDAY, SEPT. 15 AJT INTERESTING COMPLAINT. Receipt Ib hereby acknowledged of the following' courteous inquiry from Mr. J. C. Kellyof 111 Broadway, New Tork: A free trader has shown me, what he claims is a quotation from an editorial published In The Oregonlan In March, Because the paper trust has put up the price of jrlntlng paper to an unconscionable figure. Representative DeVrles. of California, has ln trc ' u a bill to repeal the duty on printing paper and the material of which It is made, it la very well; but there are about 40 more TiC trusts that have iielp through protective ntarift, and should be dealt with In the eame way. This Is a strange doctrine to see In a JJlepublican paper, and I can hardly be illeve that it is a correct quotation. I ex pect to see assaults upon the tariff, which Ss the bulwark of our prosperity, in pa pers that are controlled by the Cobden Club or Infatuated by the British policy, jand, of course, pay no attention to any thing from 5uoh a source. If you really printed the above quota tion, will you kindly explain it? On reference to the files of The Orego lilan, "we find that on March 7 the para graph appeared in these columns which 3ilr. Kelly has reproduced with an accu racy at once painful and, considering its progress through at least one un speakable free-trader and one hide abound protectionist, truly remarkable. '"When we consider the entirely variant appearances Tvhich industrial annals present to the free trader and to the protectionist, It is certainly worthy of note that a paragraph can pass through so many interested hands and come out tmscathed. "We must, therefore, plead guilty to the Tvhole damning indictment and throw ourselves humbly on the mercy of the court. If it is permissible at ihis late date to offer an amendment to the utterance, it must be confessed that in one respect the assertion made is liable to grave censure. This Is in reference to the number of trusts that have had help from the tariff and should have help no longer. Forty is doubtless an underes timate. If we consider the wide field the trust movement has occupied, and" the diligence with which our protected Interests have plied Congressional com mittees and conferees, it is hardly sus ceptible of doubt that the number of trusts whose tariff benefactions should at once be withdrawn is somewhere between 41 and 44L "With this amend ment, judgment must be confessed. The Oregonian can see no choice be tween "blinking facts out of devotion to free trade and blinking facts out of de votion to protection. Free trade is' an Impossibility. e must have a tariff, If for no other reason than the necessity of revenue. But the highest Republican tradition has always stood for "a pro jective tariff that leads to free trade.' That is, -we propose to protect our little factories till they are able to stand titlone. Then, when they are once firmly established, the props can be wlth "drawn, and the tax the public has so )lar uncomplainingly borne, that Is, the a&ded price paid In order that home manufactures may be founded and "brought to a place where they can hold their own with foreign competition, will &e no longer required. That is the the ory, but how does it work out in prac tice? "We want "protection that leads to free trade." But when is it to lead to free trade? liow long must we wait? Shall it be until our Iron and steel con cerns organize themselves into mam moth combinations and market their .product in every iron center of the uni verse? Is it until we have sold wool lens in. Bradford, cutlery in Sheffield, "watches in Geneva, bicycles in France, bridges in Germany, locomotives in Russia and Japan, rails and locomo tives and cars in every country in Eu rope? Is it when our so-called infant industries have become giants, and in the camp of industry -where they craved permission to lie down crouching in a corner they have grown strong and spread out over the whole and demand not only the markets of the world, but a monopoly of the home market through tariff protection .secured through pow erful lcbbles at "Washington and heavy campaign contributions? Apparently, none of these circum stances announce the day when protec tion has at last led to free trade or to a. tariff for revenue. Apparently, the cry for tariff aid is as loud as ever, though changed from a pitiful wail to a masterful shout. The suppliant has "become the dictator. The theory that the home manufacturer could not, with out protection, compete with the giant corporations of Europe, has passed into disuse with the rise of our manufac tures to such a point that the foreigner is crying for mercy, and now the plea is shifted to the ground that the tariff is "the bulwark of our prosperity." Maybe it is, but if so, President Mo Kinley should issue a supplement in corporating the fact in his recent letter of acceptance. It is to be feared that Mr. Kelly is not a judicious 'reader of Republican papers, or he would have found in many of them sentiments akin to those lie is so alarmed at. And if it were not so, so much the worse for the papers, not for the facts. Now that the explanation asked for has been given at some length, we have a favor to ask of the correspondent. "Will Mr. Kelly kindly furnish us, as soon as possible consistent with his own convenience, a list of the American newspapers controlled by the Cobden Club, together with particulars of the transactions by which that control was obtained, and the approximate cost to the British society of its American newspaper possessions? The item is one of considerable news value, and will be paid for at our usual space rates for first-class news matter. "GOVERNMENT BY INJUNCTION Six years is a long time for some people to remember anything, especially anything In politics. It is possible, therefore, that when our Bryanite friends denounce "government by in junction," their hearers may not always have distinctly in mind the circum stances to which reference is made. The establishment of "government by injunction" in this country took place in 1894, when President Cleveland sup pressed the Chicago riots. Some 70,000 miles of railway were tied up and 300, 000 men were thrown out of work. Chi cago was at the mercy of an armed mob that tore up rails, burned thou sands of loaded freight-cars, wrecked passenger trains, assaulted Innocent persons. The city police were powerless and Governor Altgeld refused to call out the militia. Appeals were made to the Federal Government, and the Administration felt it a duty to interpose in the inter ests of law and order. Attorney-General Olney, who now stands with the opponents of "government by injunc tion," secured, through his special so licitor at Chicago, an Injunction against the rioters, which declared: Eugene V. Debs and (hero followed a long list of names) and all other persona combining and conspiring with them, and all other per sons whomsoever, are enjoined absolutely to refrain from interfering or stopping any of the business of any of the railroads in Chi cago engaged as common carriers of passen gers and freight between states, and from In terference with mall, express or other trains, whether freight or passenger, engaged in Inter state commerce, or destroying the property of any of the railroads, from entering their grounds for the purpose of stopping trains, 6r interfering with property ... from com pelling or inducing by threats, persuasion or violence, any of the employes of said roads. The injunction was defied, and there seemed no recourse but to order out Federal troops. As Mr. Olney said: "We have been brought to the ragged edge of anarchy, and it is time to see -whether the law is sufficiently strong to prevent this condition of affairs. If not, the sooner we know it the better, that it may be changed." The troops were called out, a proclamation was is sued ordering all crowds to disperse, order was restored, Debs and other leaders were arrested, and he was tried, convicted and sentenced. John "W. Dan iel, now standing with those who oppose "government by injunction," rose in the United States Senate and paid a glow ing tribute to the firmness and courage shown by President Cleveland in sup pressing the riots. This is the history of "government by injunction." It was a drastic remedy for a crying outrage, it was applied strictly within the law, and it Was com mended by the law and order sentiment of the country at the time, regardless of party. Now, what is the Bryanite present-day picture of that episode? Here it Is, in Bryan's own words at Chicago Labor day: The attempt to use the injunction of a court to deprive the laboring man of trial by jury should alarm all our people, for, while the wage-earnef is the first to feel its effects, the principle which underlies government by in junction Is so far reaching that no one can hope to escape ultimately. The meanest thief and the most brutal murderer are entitled to trial by jury: why should this right be denied the laboring man? Is it necessary to point out the glar ing misrepresentation of this utterance? Is it necessary to show In detail what encouragement is here held out to the spirit of anarch v? Is it necessary even to suggest to the man who believes in liberty and order, peace and prosper ity, where his sympathies and support are due in this struggle? NEW ENGLAND PHARISAISM. A good many New England Yankees are pleased with the idea of holding Cuba and Porto Rico, but can't stand the retention of the Philippines. They are doing business with Cuba and Porto Rico, and they like it But that the Pacific Coast should have another addi tion to its growth In acquisition of Asiatic territory they don't relish. Os tensibly their position is dictated by high moral considerations. It is at least very suggestive that their conscience prompts them directly in line with their self-Interests. This is a familiar phe nomenon. God has usually been en rolled with the forces on each side of great struggles. New England is very jealous of its commercial and manufacturing and po litical status. It makes a great "howl about Southern cotton development It deplores with uplifted hands the un holy effort of the West to divest the Canadian Pacific of legal privileges by wKch Bcston and Providence profit at the expense of New York and Philadel phia. It ponders gloomily at the ad mission of far Western territories to statehood, reflecting that while New England had 12 Senators out of 32 In 1E00, it has only 12 out of 90. in 1900. So while Its commerce with the West In dies is growing apace and grows faster wherever the American flag is planted, When it thinks of the Pacific States add ing to their comparative wealth and po litical power, It invokes the consent of the governed and the lust of conquest for the Philippines, maintaining a dis creet silence regarding Cuba and Porto Rico. It ought not to take the voters of the Pacific Coast long to see the point. INAPPROPRIATE HILARITY. The comfort drawn by the National Democratic Committee's statistician at Chicago from the returns of the Maine and Vermont elections seems without adequate warrant in fact In figuring the percentages of gain and loss in the New England States, and estimating proportionate majorities elsewhere, the committee not only overlooks over-confidence among Republicans in Vermont and Maine, but the Well-known fact that the bogy of imperialism has more potency In New England than in any 6ther portion of the country. The ma jorities for the Republicans in the two states, though less than those of 1896, are full of promise for the rest of the country, if certain well-known facts are kept in mind. In both Vermont and.Malne there is a very considerable sentiment in opposi tion to the annexation of the Philippine Islands. In each state a United States Senator was earnestly opposed to this portion of the Administration's policy. Senator Hale, of Maine, is a man of marked ability and wide experience, and naturally has a- great follow ing. Ex-Speaker Reed, who "llke- wise is a strong man In New England, has been vigorously against the annexation of territory in the West, including Hawaii, Guam and tlie Philippines, and has undoubtedly cost the Republicans heavily, especially In the stay-at-home vote. In addition to the power wielded by these and several other prominent Republicans against the annexation of the Philippines,, is the widespread sentiment against acquisi tion of Western territory that has long characterized New England. In these circumstances it is not strange that the Republican majorities in Vermont and Maine are less than in the crucial elections of 1896. The sur prising fact Is that the Republicans se cured majorities that are remarkable in comparison with the results of all pre vious state elections in the same states, save in 1896. Doubtless the cry -of im perialism, used to supplement the nat ural aversion of New England to West ern growth, cost the Republicans more votes in Maine and Vermont than it will In any other portion of the Union. Certainly no state outside of New Eng land will be affected to an edUal degree; and in the West the sentiment for ex pansion is sure to offset any loss that may be caused by the anti-Imperialist ruse. Bearing In mind the disadvan tages uhderwhlch the Republicans con ducted their canvass in Vermont and Maine, the majorities which they se cured are big with promise for the coun try's rejection of Bryanlsm in Novem ber by as pronounced a vote as that cast in 1896against the same follies and menaces. THE FUTURE OF SOUTH AFRICA. The English press correspondents are beginning to discuss the future of South Africa, fairly assuming from the recent proclamation of the annexation of the Transvaal that the war is over and the conquest practically complete. The war ends In good time. The total number of men landed in South Africa from the outset has been 204,000, of whom 71,000 belong to the army reserve, or militia reserve; 21,000 to the militia, and 20,000 to the yeomanry, or volunteers. This leaves 92,000 regulars still liable to serv ice, from which must be deducted at least 10,000 time-expired men and some 15,000 to replace the men drawn from India, Egypt and Malta, and at least 7000 for losses from death, wounds and disease. The residue of 60,000 regulars will probably be needed In South Africa for at least another six months, while 50,000 or more will be required for a year. These English estimates Imply that both the Transvaal and the Orange Free State will have to be strongly gar risoned for a considerable time to come. The conquest has not been difficult, but the pacification is not an easy task, be cause the first terms of settlement will be made on military grounds of safe occupation for the future. So long as It is necessary to pin the Orange Free State and the Transvaal to Cape Colony by a good many bayonets, the process of pacification will be as slow as It was at the South during the ten years of bayonet rule that did not altogether end until President Hayes, on the advice of the retiring President, Grant, withdrew the bayonets in 1877. This period of bayonet rule, long or short In duration, always follows an nexation of territory by military conr quest Lord Roberts has treated the Boers With exceeding lenity in the Or ange Free State, but his humanity has been abused and he has reluctantly been obliged to enforce the same stern severity of military reprisal that Gen eral Sheridan resorted to In the Shen andoah Valley. The situation of the people In both the conquered South Af rican Republics is, on a very much smaller scale, not unlike that presented by the South after the great surrender of April, 1865. The people of these con quered republics have been divided, even as Southern families and neigh bors were divided by the Civil War in the border States of Maryland, Ken tucky, Virginia and Missouri, and in East Tennessee. In our Civil War many a family was represented in the armies of both sides, and this social complexity has been even more promi nent in this South African War. There are men of property and position living in Cape Town today whose cons, resi dents of Pretoria, have fought on the Boer side, despite thefact that their father is loyal to the English flag and believes that England will give the Transvaal a better government than it has had. There are English settlers in Natal who are married to Boer wives, and while these Englishmen are loyal, their sympathies are with the Boers be cause their ranks include many per sonal friends and the kinsfolk of their wives. There are prominent Free Stat ers of English stock who are married to women of Dutch stock, and both have kindred on both sides in the fighting. It will take a considerable time to restore into full harmony these dis rupted lines of social and personal rela tionship. Some of these Boers will cherish as enduring a hatted of Eng land and her government as did General Jubal A. Early and "Bob" Toombs toward the Federal Government from Appomattox to the grave. Some will doubtless instil that .hatred into the minds of their children, as did some of the mothers of the Southern Confed eracy after its fall, but the number of these indomitable men and women among' the conquered Boers who will remain a serious menace to law and or der will be comparatively small. If a wise policy on the pact of the English crown could padify the Scottish High lands quickly after the Jacobite defeat of Culloden, it ought not to be a long or difficult task to pacify the Orange Free State and the Transvaal. Great Britain has learned froni the success of her policy of conciliation In Canada since the rebellion of 1837 the folly of trying to govern harshly by coercion a brave and high-spirited people, and the home government will be glad to govern both republics .In a generous and liberal spirit upon the slightest encouragement For the present South Africa will not tempt emlgratipn from England. There is ho timber ill the major portion, and water is onlyi obtainable by some vast system of artificial storage for irriga tion. South Africa today Is not a land of refuge for a poor settler. It is a country ot undeveloped mineral wealth waiting for exploitation by-the capital ist There is no market for food prod ucts beyond the local supply required by the limited population that will con centrate at mining centers. There is no demand for cheap mining labor that the native Kaffirs cannot supply for a few dollars a month. Under these circum stances, for many years mlnirig and mining alone will remain the chief busi ness of South Africa, and particularly of the Transvaal, California proved capable of agricultural and horticul tural development California had tim ber wealth, wheat lands .and fruit lands, and Australia was .capable of sheeprals lng, but the local conditions are wholly different In South Africa, and today 'there is really nothing to the Transvaal of any present consequence beyond Jo hannesburg. Some day it will pay to irrigate South Africa for the agricul tural return, but that day is far distant For the present, South Africa is a coun try for the Investment of capital for the development of its mining wealth. . One has become so used to seeing vio lent measures in connection wlth'strlkes that the offer ot "National Committee man James" at Hazleton, "to furnish any number of men up to 3o6o to guard public property and maintain order," seems too good to be true. Labor has no interests In lawlessness. The only effect of violence in strikes is to forfeit public sympathy, and it seems as if so plain a fact should soon come to be un derstood by the persons most con cerned. Preponderant public opinion, we have no hesitation in saying, is with the miners in the anthracite strike1. They will continue to have sym pathy, and the public will bear the re sultant inconveniences with little com plaint, so long as lawful measures are employed in its behalf. Can't we have just one strike without assaults on In nocent peopte and without lawless de struction of 'property 7 Will labor .never cease allowing ItB hotheads to give the lie to all its professions of reason and fairness? A grewsome feature of the aftermath of the Galveston horror Is the hurried disposal wholesale and without possi bility of Identification of the dead. While this Is in accordance with the de cree of stern necessity, which insists that the dead make way fof the living, It is, nevertheless, revolting to that finer sense of humanity that regards the ten antless human body with tenderness, and would fain touch ft gently ahd lay it away decently and reverently. The greater distress In a case .of this kind swallows up the less; hence, perhaps those called upon to work out the de tails of the' tremendous problem of re storing Galveston to a place fit for hu man habitation do not shrink from this task as would men under ordinary cir cumstances. Sanitary science and sen timent are not in sympathy. When the former takes the helm, the latter per force retires, usually without protest. The poultry exhibited at the State Fair promises to be a very Interesting feature of "the annual display. The growth of the poultry Industry In the Willamette Valley within the last ten years, while it has not kept pace With the demand for poultry products, has yet' assumed very promising propor tions. The day of the old barnyard fowl, like that" of country store butter, has passed away in Oregon, except as it may linger In. some remote and iso lated place where people are content to eke out a living from year to year. To take up the poultry business and study it intelligently Is to become an enthusi ast in it. It may be hoped that enthu siasts of this type will grow In numbers until Iowa and Nebraska eggs will be driven from our markets. China does not expect the powers to demand territory in indemnification of recent outrages. She must decline to see punishment inflicted upon those re sponsible for them. She could not ap prove of any government at Pekln ex cept the same old crowd that can pll-, lage and murder whenever it gets good and ready. She " cannot contemplate without a 'feeling of injustice any de sign of the powers to maintain a police force in Pekin as a guarantee against future outbreaks. In all other re spects, China is willing to atone hand somely for the crimes committed and offer guarantees of future good behav ior. That is, she will p'romise anything and everything desired. She desires to "save her face." It's a face that should be broken. It is certainly gratifying to see that Mr. Bryan has profited by criticism showered on his partisan Labor day ad dress at Chicago, and In all his speeches at Fort Wayne had the good taste to leave politics alone. His good deed shines the more brightly by reason of contrast with. Governor Mount's denun ciation of Mr. Bryan's particular f rlerids the antls. It would be hard, perhaps, to disprove the truth of Governor Mount's observations, but It would not be hard to select a more appropriate time for making them than at exercises bordering so closely upon obsequies. The death throes of the Transvaal Republic are being prolonged by stub born Boer leaders beyond all reason, either df patriotism or humanity. The liberties of the people were a myth be fore the war began. As English sub jects, governed according to the English colonial system, they will enjoy the pro tection of wise laws and be secure in the administration of justice. Not a hard fate for a brave people, and to contend against it further, either by force of arms or stubbornness of will, Is madneBs of the suicidal type. The forces of the storm king that have rendezvous in and about the West Indies ' executed a flank ' movement Thursday, taking in New England and playing sad havoc with property afloat and ashore. They seem at last, how ever, to have spent their fury and re tired, it may be hopedi to Winter quar ters. One reason why the appearance of the bubonio plague at Glasgow did not oc casion alarm Is owing to the fact that Glasgow is one of the best-governed cit ies in the world, particularly in its san itary administration. A filth disease soon runs Its course where filth is not Boutwell Self-Answered. Erf-United States Senator Boutwell, in a speech delivered at Cooper Institute, New York, on May 27 last, said that in his opinion while the United States has the right to acquire and govern terrl tory, the territory immediately upon its acquisition comes under the provisions Ot 'the Constitution a3 its fundamental law, ,and that Congress must govern such ter ritory under the restrictions and limita tions of the Constitution, and, further, 'that any departure from this view on the part of the President and the Congress is a criminal usurpation Congressman Moody, ot Massachusetts, in .a . recent speech, compares this utterahce .of Mr. BdiitweU with his opinions as expressed hi his speeches and paper, published In '1867. In this volume is printed a com .munlcation Written by Mr. Boutwell and published in the Springfield Republican in 185S. In this communication Mr. Bout well says that "the Constitution of the United States as a Constitution can never apply to the People of a territory until they have formed a cdnstltutldn for their own government' as a state, been admit ted into the Union and accepted the terms of admission." Mr. Moody arraigns Mr. Boutwell for the absolute contradiction in the Senti ments he expressed In 1S58 and 19C0, thus'. In 1858 he held that the Constitution by the force of its own provisions is limited to the pedplft arid States of the American Union, but in 1000 he thinks that "whenever territory Is acquired, whether by conquest or purohase, such territory becomes subject to the Constitu tion." In 18C0 it is his opinion that the ''Constitu tion of the United States may bo extended over a territory by a treaty of annexation or by u law of Cbnsress, In which case it is only tha authority of law." In 1000 it is his opinion that "the claim that Conrreas may extend the Constitution over Porto Rico and the Philip pines is an assumption of arbitrary power that must prove fatal to ohr republican system." In 1850 he pronounces the opinion which he attributes to Mr. Douglas, and which he1 him self holds in 1900, to be an "absurd vagary," yet when the Hepubilcan party in this year of our Lord 1900 acts upon the opinions which ho himself held in 1859 and enforced with so much wealth of argument, he condemns them as guilty of criminal usurpation. HUMOR IS THE CAMPAIGN. Dcnocrata Furnish. It, But They Are Not AWate of the Fact The Independent For a long time there has not been so much to laugh about in a campaign. Take, for example, Tillman, of South Carolina, reading so impressively in the Kansas City convention those declarations of the Democratic platform about "the consent ot the governed" and that menacing mili tarism which means "intimidation at home" and the destruction of '.'free Insti tutions." Or Mr. Bryan In an address of 10,000 words eloquently saying to the members of the notification committee from Louisiana, Mississippi, South Caro llna and North Carolina, that it is our duty to give the brown mftn in the Phil ippines the rights which have been taken from the black man in those states. Ought there not to he an Irresistible appeal to the Yankee Nation's sense pf humor in the profound utterances of Croker, who advises that the coinage ratio be changed every four years, and now urges young men to support the imperialism of Tam many In order that they may overthrow that Imperialism in the Philippines which he commended el months ago because it "gave them a chance"? Is there not food for laughter in this autocratic boss's Bage "remark: 'I don't know where we will end if we keep on going this way. One-man power Is getting to be a serious thing in busi ness and government" And his interesting discovery that Spain recently and the Roman Empire long ago wore ruined by trusts Is not that a jolly bit of history? How can we help thinking about the Ice trust shares in his pocket that pocket for which, as he said, he Is "working all the time," and the $500,000 In shares that got Into his Mayor's pock et, and those other shares owned by Deputy Boss Carroll and the Van Wyck who was once Croker's candidate for the Presidency on the trust Issue? There is an Inexhaustible mine of funny politics In Croker and Tammany. And the most amusing thing df all Is that Croker, who ought to have an Irishman's sense of hu mor, doesn't know it! Then, again, there is the dreadful pic ture of the Canton despot, drawn in start ling colors by our friends, the anti-lm-porialists. At Indianapolis they had him "offering an Imperial Crown to the Amer ican people," and industriously engaged in "changing the republic to an empire." In sonorous resolutions they denounced his "attempt to grasp Imperial power." Oh! this menacing despot who prays half the night and has his ear to the ground all day, trying to find out what the people want the peoplo to whom he humbly prof fered an imperial crown! There is nothing more amusing In the history of American politics than this attempt to make a despot out of William McKInley. If -we except the published photographs of Mr. Bryan in patched overalls and broken suspenders, husking corn and feeding his cattlo pn his farm of seven suburban house lots. Keller, one of Croker's Commissioners In the mlsgovernmcnt of New York, presi dent of his club, and his candidate for the Vice-Presidency at the Kansas City con vention, mournfully predicting before an audience on the East Side In Croker's little empire the Impending ''destruction of the grandest republk the world has ever seen"; and ex-Senator Henderson, of Missouri, saying that the Republic Is al ready gone, denouncing the Government for sending marines to the rescue of Con ger, and seeing with his mind's eye a debt of $1,000,000,000 soon to be Incurred by an "Inevitable" War against "Russia and Germany"; the venerable Boutwell sol emnly asserting that oUr acquisition of the Philippines "was the chief cause of the revolution In China"; George Fred Wil liams warning the fanners of Vermont that our "kings of Industry" will Import 30,000,000 Chinese to displace as many American worklngmen these outgivings of Midsummer madness may well provoke laughter almost Inextinguishable. The humorous mind may linger pleas antly for a moment upon Mr. Bryan's explanation that he procured votes for the ratification of the Paris treaty to prevent a continuation of the war with Spain, that treaty having been ratified seven months after the destruction of Cervera's fieat and six months after Spain had accepted the President's general terms of peace. We would npt treat with disrespect any reasonable and earnest ar gument against the policy of the present Government concerning the islands ac quired from Spain, or against trust com binations, but we cannot help thinking that the spectres of Imperialism and militarism that have been conjured up in this campaign are laughable rather than alarming to those who have confidence In the good sense and patriotism of the American people. Foreigners In China. London Mall. At the present time, when the fate of the legations and of their Inmates and the safety of other Europeans In all parts of the Celestial Empire are attracting the at tention and anxiety of the whole civilized world. It Is an Interesting query how many Europeans or, rather, "white" folk there are altogether In the various parts of China. The Information Is not at all easy to get, for when a country stretches thou sands of miles, and It takes a traveler four months to proceed from the coast to the far interior, even by constant travel ing, It Is plain that such statistics are ex tremely difficult to dbtaln. But nn fa mous foreign newspaper, the Deutscher Relchs-Anzelger, has been at some pains to get particulars of what figures are available relating to the known "foreign ers" in the towns known as the "treaty ports," and from its researches weare enabled to give some Idea of how far our own relations and countrymen surpass those of other nations in their colonizing and trade in the Chinese Empire. The figures apply to some Beven or eight towns oh the seasoast of China, open for trade and business to all nationalities. In these we find that there are,- in round numbers: English, E562; Japanese, 2440; Americans, 2335; Russians, 1621; Portu guese, 1423; French, 1183; Germans.. 1134; Spanish, 448; Scandinavians, 244; Belgians, 234; Danes, 178; Italians. 124; Dutch, 106; miscellaneous, 161; total, 17,193. It thus appears that Englishmen form more than a third portion of all the for eigners in China, ahd this fact alone will show us what a stake we have in the most costly stakes of all human lives in the events now occurring in the Celestial Empire. A general massacre of all for eigners In that land (and this Is by no means Improbable, hay, it is even very likely to happen, If the Pekin "foreign devils" are all murdered) would mean that we in this country should have to mourn the loss by a terrible dedth of tor ture and trial of no fewer than 5562 brave English men and women! Our tradlnir firms In these towns num- ber 461, while Japan's aro 193, and sfhd Is second far, far behind us. Germany has 115 and is third. Then there are 76 French trading firms in China and 11 Russian. Isn't the comparison ridiculous, after all? What stake have France and Russia put together compared with England, or Japan even? Deceptive Figurea. Figures, stated without qualification sometimes He. According to the figures given in the census of 1853 and 18D5, taken by the State of Massachusetts. It would seem that the proportion of criminals has grown larger, for on June 30, "1SS5, there were 4346 prisoners, but at the end of September there were nearly 1000 more than In the September preceding. But the figures are deceptive, because the In crease was caused by the operation of a law which doubled the punishment for drunkenness. The number of crimes had not Increased, nor the number of crim inals; the increase in the number of In mates in the prisons are caused by their longer detention. So In the case of the number of homicides In the United States. Professor Dombroso states that in 18S0 there were 4600 arrests for this crime, while in 1890 there were 7500. Professor Falkner shows that the figures are not for arrests, but for detentions. There were, in 1850, it is true, 73S6 prisoners charged with homicide, either sentenced or awaiting trial; but in a great majority of cases their crimes were committed long before the census year. Professor Falkner thinks the homicide Is not much more frequent In the United States than in "Western Europe. In the year ending September 30, 1S90, the rec ords 'show that the number of persons committed in Massachusetts for homicide was 12. But the census showed that there were 8G persons In jail on that charge. The crimes punished in the year were thus about one-seventh the number of the prisoners confined for the crime. Did this ratio hold throughout the United States, the 7386 homicides confined In 1890 would represent about 1053 crimes pun ished in the census year. How Title Are Acquired. Llpplncott's Magazine. "It was just after the close of the Florida "War, and General Jackson was In Washington On official business of some kind. It was a beautiful morning In early May, and I was standing with the General and an officer who had acted as his chief of staff before Tennlson's Tavern, a fa mous old "Washington hostelry. "We were deeply engaged in the discussion of a bill then before Congress which was directly concerned with the growth and forma tion of the United States Army, when there came trotting toward us a stout, moon-faced little man, whom I at once recognized as the leading tailor of the capital. "When opposite to Jackson the lit tle man stopped, and held out his hand, which was at once grasped In the Gen eral's strong, sun-burned fingers, though his eyes wandered over the portly person of the Washington Poole with a puzzled expression. The little tailor (whose role in life It was to be" on terms of seeming Intimacy with the political, military and naval celebrities of the day) saw that he was not recognized' by the great man, and, standing on tiptoe to reach the tall soldier's ear, he whispered: " 'I made your breeches.' "Imperfectly catching the sound of the words, and supposing the fat little man to bo some outlandish officer of militia, who had, perhaps served under him against the Semlnoles, General Jackson turned to his friends and said: " 'Gentlemen, permit me to Introduce my friend. Major Breeches.' "It Is scarcely necessary to add that to the end of his days the Poole of Wash ington was known to all Army, men as 'Major Breeches.' " - Where Child Nature Espnnds. New Llppincott The finer and higher side of a child's nature grows best in a household where life moves naturally and unaffectedly on the higher levels. That Is the child' a home, and h'e grows up In his true place, veritably at home among the things that are most excellent. The love of pictures and of music; the delight in beauty of color and of form; the Joy In Nature (In a healthy bodily comradeship or In the more Intimate com panionship ot the spirit); the sympathy with the lives and ways of animals; yes. and, above all these, the enthusiasm for high ideals; the admiration for heroic acts of courage or self-sacrifice such interests and sympathies are the true preparation for a lover of literature, even as they are the preparation for life Itself. Upon such firm foundations the teacher of literature, with his broader, more thor ough and more systematic Instruction, may build in hopo and confidence, but without these things the greatest teacher of literature builds but on the shifting sands. Even the great poet can hardly reach the dull soul of one to whom all this is foreign and unknown. MEN AND W03IEN. In tha wMof James F. Malcolm a bequest of $10,000 to Rutgers College Is revoked by a codi cil in Which he says that hi" daughter will carry out his intentions as expressed by him to her prior to his death. Mrs. Phoebe Crabb, of Norfolk. Conn., is 103 years old, and Is suffering from" rheumatism brought on by dancing. Uncle Billy Kipperly, of Fort Scott. Kan., who is 0!, broke his leg recently while doing a hornpipe. I. F. Dickson, a Chicago candy manufac turer, is said to bd the youngest warrior en listed in the Union Army for the Civil "War. Re shouldered a musket and flew to the de fense ot the Union when but 13 years and 10 months of age. During a year he waa in the midst of flying bullets, but ho came from the Army without a scratch. Rev. Artemua Haynes, pastor of Plymouth Congregational Church, of Chicago, will take a two years' rest from church work, and has resigned. He has been hotel bell boy and cleric, a "lumberjack" in the Maine woods, a fisherman in Newfoundland, a reporter, adver tising agent, clerk and minister. He studied at Harvard University. When Senator Fryo waa at Rangeley Lake a native approached him and said: "Mr. Frye, I am puailed to know whether I should call you Mr. Frye or Senator Frye." "Weil." re plied Mr. Frye, "if I was in Washington to day, my friends probably would say, 'Qood morning, 8enator,' but anything goes up here. Bill's as good as anything." Horace White, of Syracuse, who li one of the most prominent as well as able of the younger class of Republican politicians Of New Tork. was born in Buffalo in lSCS, and is a son of Horace K. White, and a nephew of Ambassador Andrew D. White. Ho went to Syracuse with his parents in 1800, and has re sided there ever since. He entered Cornell University, and graduated with honors In 1837. Rnbniyat Of Rulialynt Collectors. New Tork Times. And as the Cock crew. One who stood before H16 Threshold of mine House beat hard the Door. Cried. "Open! tiover of Old Books, 1 bring Tour aching Shelves one raro Edition morer Whether at Mosher's or at Roycrofton. Whether the Type In Black or Ruby run. Squeezed from the ooalng Presses Drop by Drop, The printed Leaves keep falling, one by one. Some Book of Verse that no Collectors know Save only Me! With it afar I'd go And hide it. singing, in the Wilderness, Return, and mount tho Tavern-Roof, and crow! Some for the Glories of this World must sigh, And some for Riches tell the strenuous Lie; Oh, let the Cook, the Cash, the Credit go, A Miser of raro Volumes let me diet Myself when yolmg dia eagerly frequent Tho Stalls antique, and many Shekels spent; Now Tier on Tier de Luxe Editions rlBo, And I upon the Quest am still intent. Once I remember stopping to address A Printer sweating o'er his noisy Press, What print you" With his half-illiterate Tongue He leaned Unto my ear and murmured. ' 'Guess'." And when the Author ot the Final Book Shall write the Ltnes whereon no Man may look, That single copy of the Wiser Word I'll steal from HeaVen by any Hoox or Crcokl KOrE, AND COMMENT. ; Now Oregon 13 herself again. It Is oupposed Waldersee will know when ha reaches China. . It Is reported that Kruger 'has re-, signed. Tjet us hopo that he is, also. It is an ill rain that brings nobodjr good, as the umbrella man will testify-. The recent news from China is about as interesting as an 1S26 campaign speech- The coal mlrers may some day reallaei that they prosper best when they are Ira. the hole. Senator Wellington assumes responsi bility for ratification of .the Spanish treaty. Next. Bryan is now nerving himself to bear up under the news of the spread of tbo coal miners' strike. The end of the Boer War, we are told.' is at hand. Thir. means that it may be ex pected inside of 23 or 30 years. The curtain has fallen on the lae trust turn, and the next stunt on the theater of nations wIlR be done by the coal com bine. Octopus Is a favorite foad In the Island of Jersey. The state bearing the same name has also swallowed ii good many of them. Days Is getting chilly. Skies Is dull an grayr Looks as If the Winter Sure was come to stay. Geese Is flyln" southward, J Honkin as they ily; Leaves go sailln'. sallln'. When the wind 2oes by. Grass has stopped a-growln, Ground is soakln' wet; But you. needn't worry. Winter ain't hre yet; Brighter days Is comln. Soon the skies will clear. An we'll all be glad when Indian Summer's hers. A citizen who called at the City Treas urer's office yestercjay to pay grudgingly $3 as license for a dog owned by his: children came away quite resigned and! satisfied. He says while waiting he saw a young man who looked like a waiter pay $13 for taxes on three black and tan. flees, and another man, who looked like a saloon keeper in the "never never'' district, pay $16 on two pairs ot canines He concluded that the city was prospeit ous, money plenty and dogs valuable and paid $3 on a little tousy tyke, andl offered no remonstrance. Dogs come high,, but some people have to have 'em. Up. to yesterday, S00 male and 86 female doga had been granted licenses. Forty MllliortK of Children. Among the seventy-odd millions lit thl country of ours, there are possibly 30,000, 000 or 40,0CO,0CO children, says Henry S. Pancoast, In tho New Llppincott Thesa are. by promise a nation within a nation, a power within a power; the grea'i Repub lic of tomorrow, put to school to lcorn thc high art of living from the Republic of to day. How and what shall we teach thenrS Ot all our great National questions not one. Is more momentous; of all the trusts com mitted to a people, not one is more sacfed or more vital, ft?r In molding, so "far .ia we may, the generations that shall takih our place, the future Is plastic to our hand. It Is not the Government or the school', teachers who are to do this, it Is primarily we. the people. It Is not empty rhetorio: to speak of this duty as an obligation laid, directly upon us, but plain fact. Many matters of public policy we determine only lndirectly, or, in many cases, not at all Many of our responsibilities we hand over to a Government which sometimes crarrles out and sometimes Ignores our will; but this power to create a new America out ot our children we have not delegated; It la exercised by us directly In thousands on homes; we hold It to use or abuse as w0 will. The sheer wonder of this thing too often escapes us because of Its obvious ness, because, like otrer elementary and! vital truths. It Is so ordinary and so fa miliar that we have come to accept It lightly. PLEASANTRIES OF FARAGRAI'HERS Evidenco ot Poverty Abner Deacon Dollars was a poor man when you knew him first, wasn't he? Amos Poor aa a church mouse. la them days he believed In the text about tb camel an" the needle's eye Puck. "Of course. Susan, it you intend to got mar ried, this Is your otvn business." said tho mis tress to the cook, "but jou mustn't forget that marrlaso is a very serious matter." "Tefl ma'am. I know it is sometimes," remarked! tho domestic, "but maybe I'll have better luclc than you did." Tlt-Blts. Guest What's that? Some stranded actor trying to bat you out of his beard? Hotel Proprietor No; thoe fellows don't give us any trouble. That's one of those rascally millionaires paid his bill, but he's trying to skip without feeing the help; they're on to hla little game, though. Harlem Life. Retort Courtpous. Mrs. Nexdore I notice you've got new paper in your hall. Mrs. Pep prey Tes. How do you like the design? Mrs. Nexdore It seems to me It's rather loud. Mrs. Pepprey Yes. that's Why we selected It. We thought It m!el)t drown the sound of your daughter's piano playing. Philadelphia Press. Enthusiastic Lady Blue Itlbbontto (collectlnar material for her nxt lecture, to brewer'a drayman) Er I understand there are soma men In your calling whoso Kolo liquid nourish ment consists of a ijuart of beer a day. la that correct? Drayman I suddent be at alt surprised, lady; them teetotallers Is acreepln into every Job nowadays! Punch. Not Criminal Libel. "The Shirt-Waist Mas culine Implies at least one remove 'from tha man." sho said, thoughtfully, her eyes dwell ing on the young man's fine torso, which waa emphasised by the freshest of pink shirts. "Why, really! 1 don't see that at all." "Tho one remove from the man 1 aluxle to." sho re turned, sweetly, "Is his coo." Harper's Ba zar. Subsequent Reflection. "Oh. what a beauti ful water lllyl" No sooner had the maiden ut tered these words than Archie Sltcap resolute ly waded out after it. He sank in mud up to his waist at once. But he didn't get the Illy. It was still yards away from him. and la deeper mud. "Fools rush in." he muttered savftcely to himself, as ha turned and began slopping' bis -way- back to the- hor. "wlwra angels have too darned much sense to tread 1" Chicago Tribune. The Baby 'Croa the "Way. Chicago News. There's a little bunch of dhnples at the win dow 'cross tho street. Just tho cutest little stranser that you ever chanced to meet. And It's cood to sit and watch him at hla cunning baby play. That little imp of sweetness, the baby 'cross tho way. How we love to sit and watch him as ha laughs In baby glee. Or" see him playing horsey on his papa's sturdy knee, And his papa is the proudest when he hears his youngest say: "Oo! 00! goo! goo!" the baby 'cross the way. When ho bites tha ring of rubber or pounds hla tiny boot. There never was a baby half so .cunning or so cute. And he is a gloom dlspeller. like tho sunshina ot the day. That little king of honoy tho baby 'cross tha way. But when we clins to downy pillows and tha icy streets are still. And a wall of piercing anguish floats across tho other sill. And to bawls away Incessant till the mornlnar eant Is gray. Then we feet that we could smother tho baby 'cross tho way.