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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1900)
THE MOANING" OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 1900.
jXSitered at the FostoSce at Portland. Oregon,
&s second-class mailer.
iEiitori&l Rooms 3 GC i Business Office., --C37
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I-.btK-r5p4kne or to any business matter should
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Paget Sound Bureau Cartaln A. Thompson.
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ling. New Tork City; "The Rookery." Chicago;
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Fir eale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co-
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T3DATS WEATHER. Fair and warmer:
I Eorthoriy winds.
the people "by their deadly enemies, the
National bankers, the Impression that
the banks enacted the new currency
law, and the stupendous vision of prof
its under that law's operations.
Having established these phenomena
beyond dispute, let us for the present
say no more, but commit Mr. Zlegler
and his phantasmagoria to silent and
solemn meditation. Such fidelity to
principles and high-power, triple-expansion
imagination deserve a more re
spectful treatment than their subjec
tion to comparison with the facts and
figures of a cold and dreary world.
ALTGELD AT TOLEDO.
PORTLAND, FRIDAY, ACGCST .1, 11)00
fCONSES,TV' T.VDER LIMITATIONS.
It does not lie in human nature, anti-
irnperlalist or otherwise, to remain for
ever silent under the reproach that it
I criticises what is going on, but has no
definite alternative programme to offer.
:This old argument against the infidel
was a taking one in many quarters.
2Ir. Bryan himself was very loud and
confident in his charges that the Re
publicans declined to announce Just
what they proposed to do in the Philip-J
pines. 2ow it so happens that a Bribe
of this sort has a'lso been directed at
the antis. If we turn this thing over to
you, the inevitable inquiry Is, How will
jyou manage it?
Bryan's answer, formulated practi-
Ically in his own words at Kansas City,
lis; First, a stable government: second.
1 independence; third, protection from
SoutSide interference. This is very gen-
feral in its terms, and suffers under the
I objection that even the Bryanite party
might be tempted to prolong the stable
government period indefinitely. But it
lis not specific enough to suit some of
jthe antis, who have amended the dec
flaratl jn by inserting the word "republi-
ican." "What we must first do, they say,
lis to establish a "stable, republican
If3rm of government."
Wo submit to the candid examiner
whether such a programme will com-
IpTt with the doctrine of the "consent
cf the governed." Suppose the Fili
jr r os want a dictatorship, such as Ag-
Jtil. alilo has already proclaimed. Sup
ipso they want a constitutional mon-
farchy, even a limited monarchy,
lor an oligarchy, or a first-class
jCrFp.jtism. Suppose they want a dlrcc
t rate, or a commune, or a triumvirate,
cr decemvirs. How shall we sustain
Icur performance if we go into the Old
jV'crld, whose people have long been
Ifm.Har with Kings and Emperors, Sul
fta.r.s and Khedives, Pashas and Maha-
jrajahs, and force upon their unwilling
greeks our "Western machinery of Presi
dents and Cabinets, Legislatures and
ir ; rachments? Obviously, if we are to
Tx-evj Folely upon "consent of the gov-
IcrreJ," it ill becomes us to prescribe
Ithe form of government of any of these
p.umerous embryo republics, from Cuba
lewn to Guam, that we have brought
f rth. "What hollow mockery it were,
Ito be sure, to say to the Philippines, for
fxample, "Choose your government, but
it must be a republic; you are to have
?e choice, but we will do the decid
How do the antis know, to come at
Icnce to the heart of the matter, that
Ithe Filipinos want a "stable govern
ment," to which all Bryandom is com
mitted? There is little evidence In sup
port of such view. There are no pro
posals to ascertain their desires. The
fact is thrt as soon as the antis set
idown one single stake of definite policy
they Will pursue with the archipelago.
Itfcey throw away their whole case for
"consent of the governed." If they say,
"A stable government is good for vou.
independence is good for you, a protec
torate Is good for you," they repudiate
gat once the doctrine that the Filipino
is to be the sole arbiter of his own des-
Itlr.y. As Mr. Horace "White epitomized
le sentiment ofl-the celebrated Chicago
inference, "self-government is better
than good government" T,hat dogma
tie Bryanite proposals irreconcilably
Icontravene, It is of no possible inter
est or concern as to the quality of gov-
lernmcnt, more stable or less stable in
-ature, republican or monarchical in
term, protectorate or independent. Brv-
lardcm will force upon the Filipinos
itluut asking their consent. "When a
rregramme is determined on, and
:hCices made, in that identical act itself
lis the "consent of the governed" over-
Ithrown and "imperialism" set up.
"Anti-Imperialism's" original demand
ras that we drop the Philippines like
hct potato and run home. Now near
ly every noted anti will swear he said
10 such thing. So they will do with
fV-'l. TirOCOft mVt.n-OWt.nn n .T.. ....-
af time. They are sure that what is
krclng on Is wrong, but their proposals
r.ever get very far in discussion before
Itfcey hasten to disown them.
A RESl KE TO B AClCSLTDEUS.
In another column Mr. J. B. Ziegler,
it Orcgcn City, attests his loyalty to
ic sacred cause of 15 to 1, and thus
sffectuai'y rebukes the former cham
bers ..f t'ie cause for their lack of
Idellty. It is no art of our Durnose to
iswcr Mr Ziegler's arguments, cun-
ilngly arraved In interrogatory form.
3Ut we desire merely to establish the
fact that if the Bryanites of this section
rant to abandon silver for more con
genial Issues, tliey will have to reckon
trithout Mr Ziegler. fie Is not the man
to desert a standard because it is un-
scpular or because it has become a
30urce d. weariness or even hilarity to
Its former devotees.
You can find In Mr. Ziegler's letter
1 the old, familiar faces and one or
two aew ones There is the diabolical
ime of T3, the demoniac policy of
Dvernments everywhere to make gold !
Igh and silver worthless, the fabled
circulation of gold and silver under free
Jlnage everywhere at a time when our
3n.y money was paper, the duty of the
rvemment to do something for silver.
fhe new acquisitions of the menagerie
ire the Imaginary withdrawal of legal
Governor Altgeld makes a point in
his Toledo speech where he rebukes
Roosevelt for his uncivil accusation
against the Democrats, and probably
another when he touches up xhe admin
istration at Albany. "Very few men who
do things and talk bluntly are proot
against criticism, and Roosevelt has
not yet demonstrated himself to be an
exception. As much cannot be said for
the arraignment of events. Altgeld is
sadly astray In h'is epitome of history
and his diagnosis of our perils.
After the manner of his tribe, Altgeld
locates the panic of 1833 before Cleve
land's inauguration, and attributes it
to almost anything but Its true source,
the overcolnage of silver. He clearly
Implies that it was due to the crime of
73, which was merely a coinage act,
passed to do away formally with our
silver dollars, which were undervalued
In the coinage and never seen in circula
tion. He ignores the plain circumstance
that 1873 was the climax of the sil
ver regime, and that for twenty years
following the celebrated crime business
was prosperous. He reiterates the fic
tion that Great Britain has dictated our
financial policy, and the only man he
can find on earth who gets more for a
dollar today than 20-odd years ago is
the English holder of United States
It makes Altgeld wild to think we
"carefully omitted" from the treaty of
Paris a clause admitting the Filipinos
to full United States citizenship, and
we are left to conjecture what his rage
would have been if so foolish a provis
ion had been made. "What were we to
do? Bryan himself urged ratification
of the treaty. "We had either to grant
or deny them full citizenship. If we had
granted it, the antis would have object
ed to them, and correctly, as unfit. But
we did not, and now they complain at
"We have had trouble to "meet in the
Philippines. Should we send an ade
quate army or make a fool of ourselves
by sending one ridiculously incompetent
to the task? "Well, we increased the
army. Some think it wasn't made quite
large enough, and Congress certainly
did what it could to keep It from being
efficient; but it was enlarged in the
hope of efficient service. And Altgeld
is justly incensed. It would have suited
him to death to see 22,000 to 25,000 troops
those are his figures sent to the Phil
ippines and slaughtered bj' the Tagals.
Why? Because the Army stands for
law and order, whether at Chicago or
Manila. To Altgeld and the rabble he
seeks to please, anything that secures
property and suppresses riot Is subver
sive of our liberties.
It must take a good deal of nerve for
a man of Altgeld's moral and intellec
tual equipment to get up In public and
offer seriously reflections on "princi
ples or systems of government" Give
him credit for decision of character in
that respect, and yet he should have
had the grace to inform himself some
what on the subject A "principle" of
government Is not synonymous with
"system," though Mr. Altgeld seems to
think so; and his classification is fit for
nothing but the most crude and igno
rant partisanship. This is what he
There are only two principles or systems of
government known to renn sovernment by
brute force and government by consent of the
governed. Thft one Is applied from without
and Is repressive, and, in tho end, destructive,
because It arrests crowth; while the other
works from within. Is evolutionary and pro
gressive. The whole thing Is pure invention.
It is unsupported and unsuggested by
anything in governmental science or
human experience. All government
rests on brute force, no government
can survive loss of the consent of the
governed. Force, potential or applied,
is all that keeps angry men from wreak
ing private vengeance every day on the
streets of Portland, or makes them pay
thelr blankety blanked taxes. And
when the governed really give up their
consent they rise up and make the
government look like thirty cents.
Turn and overturn "has been the pro
cess of governments, from the heyday
of the Nile and the Euphrates down to
the Cuban revolutions and the Uitland
er's appeal from Boer oppression. It is
a very pretty conceit of Altgeld's that
"government by brute force" "arrests
growth " He has forgotten apparently
how vigorously the little mustard-seeds
of protest had been maturing before
Caesar fell in the capltol, or Louis XVI
Trent to the guillotine, or Charles I lost
his head at Whitehall. The law of evo
lution works everywhere, in physics or
in government and the outward forms
are the most Imperfect of guides to the
nature of the structure.
One of the neatest hits In Mr. Alt
geld's speech Is his pen-picture of the
panic of 1S93. "Debtors," he says,
"were ruined." Nothing at all, ob
serve, about the creditor. The man
who owed money and couldn't "pay he
lost But the man who couldn't collect
what was due him and saw his securi
ties swept away In the twinkling of
an eye he lost nothing. "Would It have
been asking too much for John P. Alt
geld to say that creditors lost In 1S93
as well as debtors? Yes, it would. For
there is a man who has no higher aim
in this life, no summit of achievement
upon which he hopes to look back with
devout satisfaction and gratitude at
life's sunset, except that he was able
to stir up discontent among the lowly
and unsuccessful, except that he was
able to employ the brain and voice Na
ture had given him for some Inscrutable
purpose, to set the masses on fire with
rage and anarchistic hatred for every
thing that stands for peace and dignity
and public faith. All that -we need to
get a despotism in this country is suffi
cient fertility in the race of Altgelds.
"When they are numerous enough to
make it seem worth while, the Nation
will call upon some man on horseback
to gather up their rebellious heads in
one capacious basket
cruisers of 13,800 tons displacement and
2000-tort bunker capacity are potent in
fluences for peace, no matter in what
part of the globe they are steaming.
Men and money have always been plen
tiful in the United States, and we soon
can add "ships" to our list of war col
WHAT Willi BE DONE AT FEKIItf.
The authorities at Pekin, panic
stricken by the capture of Tien Tsin
and the gathering storm of foreign jus
tice, have been endeavoring to prevent
an advance on Pekin by offering to de
liver the Legations safely within our
lines. This scheme has failed. Our
Government with all the rest refuses
to be duped by this transparent trick,
and insists that free access to the
legations must precede any other
action or arrangement with the
Chinese authorities. The Chinese
Government, as represented by the
Empress Dowager, has been the
guilty party from the start according
to the latest news, and has only de
sisted from Its atrocious assault on
the legations from prudential motives,
hoping to obtain a general amnesty for
Its crimes by a death-bed repentance
The foreign governments could not af
ford to grant this blanket amnesty even
to purchase the absolute safety of the
beleaguered legations, for punishment
of the guilty officials of the Chinese
Government is indispensable, if foreign
ers hereafter are to obtain any protec
tion from massacre in any part of Asia
The appalling crimes which the Pekin
Government has permitted and ap
proved call for justice and condign pun
ishment of the guilty officers, high and
low, at the Chinese capital, who delib
erately turned Pekin over to the mob
and have given up four provinces to
their ravages. The day of reckoning is
at hand, and civilization cannot afford
to grant wholesale aimiesty for this
carnival of blood.i even to save the Le
gations. When the relieving foreign
army occupies Pekin, one thing is in
evitable the deposition, exile and im
prisonment of the Empress Dowager.
Her connection, direct or indirect, with
the rising is too clear to be explained
away. Her sex may be perhaps plead
ed to save her life, but the male chiefs
and executives of thi3 conspiracy and
massacre deserve death as completely
as did the Afghans who were responsi
ble for the murder of the British Envoy,
and who were hanged by General Sir
Frederick Roberts when he captured
Cabul, In 1880.
When stern justice has been Inflicted
on the Empress and her guilty confed
erates, high and low, the next step was
suggested by Lord Salisbury when he
said that if the progressive Emperor is
alive he and the party that supported
him when he was deposed should be
established and maintained in power at
Pekin. If he is dead or unfit, then the
next best representative of the dynasty
should be taken as the nucleus of a
stable and responsible government ac
ceptable to both natives and foreigners.
This was the mode of procedure when
the British in 1880 brought order out of
chaos in Afghanistan by placing on the
throne at Cabul the present Ameer,
Abdur Rahman Khan. When order
was restored at Cairo in 1882, the British
sent the leader of the insurrection,
Arabl Pasha, prisoner to Ceylon, and
made the Khedive a mere puppet sov
ereign of Egypt
banks. This makes a net gain for the
state system of eight since the new cur
rency law took effect. It Is not improb
able that a similar state of affairs would
be disclosed in Oregon if We had any
official records of state and private
banks, which come and go at their
pleasure. Only two additions to the
National system have been made under
the new law.
Though this is the "dull" season of
the year, there Is little evidence of
dullness in the Northwest The lumber
business is booming, the building trades
are more active than they have been
before for at least eight years, harvest
hands are getting the highest wages
paid since pioneer days, transportation
lines are crowded with freight the
mines, are worked with unprecedented
Industry, ttfe salmon catch is. picking
"up, and there is general prosperity. The
grain fields are not verifying early esti
mates of a prodigious yield, but it will
not be an unmitigated evil if farmers
are driven to break: the wheat bond and
diversify their crops. Wheat and wool
are moving slowly, but there is plenty
of money to be had on pledges of either.
The fruit crop Is fair, in many places
excellent. The mercantile trade shows
slight seasonable dullness, which really
means that people are busy taking care
of the harvest or on vacation at the
Summer resorts. Unusual activity char
acterizes most lines of Industry in this
verltes to continue their fight They realire,
too, that as lens as one of the great parties
stands or. record as Indorsing 10 to 1 It gives
rise to an uncertainty about our currency, and
business of all kinds Is bound to suffer.
Replying: to Roosevelt's St Paul
speech, Anarchist Altgeld, inveighs bit
terly against any increase of the per
manent Army of the United States, and
wants to know what good reason there
is for it. Well, for one reason, there
is now and then an anarchist Governor
like Altgeld. This gentleman, while
Governor of Illinois, permitted a mob
to have its own sweet way in Chicago,
in holding up the traffic of a continent,
with accompaniments of riot, fire, dyna
mite and murder, till President Cleve
land had to send United States troops
to restore order. The United States
Army comes handy, on occasions of
this kind. Besides, we are grown to be
a great Nation, and have need of more
soldiers than fifty years ago, and our
international relations are wider. But
if we had a regular Army of 100,000
men the proportion of soldiers to pop
ulation would be much less than In
The stupid assumption that the Chi
nese are an unwarllke people, who
could not be converted Into steady sol
diers, recalls the fact that the oppo
nents of the organization of negro troops
during the war spoke contemptuously
of the fighting capacity of the African
race. This contempt was silenced by
the conduct of the Fifty-fourth Massa
chusetts at Fort Wagner, and the be
havior of our colored regulars at San
Juan Hill was so gallant that hereafter
none but Ignorant men will doubt the
pugnacity of the negro. The truth Is
that some of the negro tribes In Africa
are peaceful, non-warlike races, while
others are conspicuously warlike. The
Mandingoes were peaceful negroes, and
for this reason were warred upon and
sold as slaves to the white man by their
warlike negro captors. So in South Af
rica. The Hottentot Is a peaceful, non
warlike negro compared with the Kaf
firs, Zulus and Matabele.
In the 250,000,000 of people that in
habit British India there is the same
difference of natural warlike apti
tude. The Bengalee Is not a fighter.
He was never able to hold his own
against the invasions of the warlike
Mahrattas, and the flower of the Se
poys in the Anglo-Indian army are re
cruited from the Sikhs, the Rajpoots
the Jats and the Goorkhas. So In
China; her 400,000,000 include some na
tive Chinese who are conspicuously
more warlike than others. The native
Chinese of Hunan are fighters, and so
are the men of Shan Tung. So are the
people of Yunnan, whose "Black Flags'"
gave the French In Tonquin a very gal
lant battle; and so are the Chinese Mo
hammedans on the western frontier.
The truth is that the vast majority
of sane, healthy men make excellent
soldiers, when well armed, well disci
plined, and above all when well led.
Colors and races don't count nearly so
much as leadership. Napoleon's armies
Included many thousands of men who
were not Frenchmen by blood or even
birth. The army of Hannibal was a
mixture of all colors and qualities. If
the Chinese ever find a great military
leader, they will not fall in war for lack
of fighting quality.
People who rushed to Cape Nome ex
pected too much. They expected to
scoop up gold by the hatful. They were
disappointed when they found the place
to be but one of many on this old mun
dane sphere, in no wise more sheltered
than the rest of the world from human
greed, from man's inhumanity to man.
Late reports indicate that it Is a very
promising mineral region. But it must
go through the process of development
before its richness is available. This
rational industrial development the
rushing throng has no patience for, and
the unreasonably disappointed are dis
posed to damn the country wholesale.
Most of these might have saved them
selves trouble by going back to their
primers and chasing the ends of the
rainbow for gold.
FAIR QTOESTXON OR NOTr
Awlrvrard Dilemma in "Whlcli an In
quisitive Clubman Put Bryan.
St Paul Pioneer Press.
In Lincoln, Neb., there Is a "Round
Table Club," organized for the discussion
of political and social questions. Mr.
Bryan is a member. At a recent meeting
the question related to the retention or
giving, up of the Philippines. The rule
of the club is that each speaker shall be
limited to five minutes, but Mr. Bryan
was voted all the time he desired in
which to present his peculiar vtews. At
the close of the atcus-slon, a member nav
lng asked and received permission from
Mr. Bryan, put to the latter the fohowlng
"Mr. Bryan, we are of but little import
ance here, only an atom in the country,
but there are millions who are interested
in your views. Would you, sir, if elected
President as Commander-in-Chief of the"
Army, order our soldiers to paok up and
leave? Would you, sir, as Commander-in-Chief
of the Navy, order our ships of war
to steam away from Manila?"
Mr. Bryan at once became excited and
replied: "You have no right to ask me
such questions, sir."
The Washington Star (Rep.) Is inclined
to think Mr. Bryan was right in his re
fusal to reply, even in the face of the
fact that he had previously invited a
question. It says:
"The questions in the circumstances
were unfair. He was present as a mem
ber of the club, and not as the Demo
cratic candidate for President. The at
tempt thus to draw him out purely for
politfcal purposes was against good tasto
and good fellowship."
But the fact remains that It was only
because he" Is the Democratic candidate
for President that Mr. Bryan was allowed
'to take up the time of the meeting; also
that his speech was a political one purely,
defending the ground on which he ap
peals to the voters for support The
question was germane to the subject he
had been discussing, and called for In
formation of Importance to every voter,
Democratic or Republican. Furthermore,
tho orators of Mr. Bryan's party are vo
ciferously proclaiming that if Bryan shall
be elected he will do the very things
named In the question put. If Mr. Bryan
feels that he Is being misrepresented by
his orators, he should have been willing
to make the fact known. If, on the con
trary, he really proposes, if elected, to
"scuttle out" of the Philippines, the peo
ple have a right to know It. Mr. Bryan
is not entitled to gain votes on the one
hand from Americans, who believe In
keeping our flag afloat In the Philippines,
and on the other from those who believe
In the scuttling policy, by a refusal to
make known his real Intentions In case
he Is elected. It has heretofore cost him
no effort to declare that he would pay
the bonds of the United States, principal
and Interest, in silver dollars, regardless
of consequences. Why shouldn't he be
equally explicit on the question of scut
tling or not scuttling from our island dependencies?
tion any more easily from his friend, Mr.
Bryan, than from his oppressor, Mr.
McKlnley, and very soon the Democratic
party will discover that they have to
face the dilemma "either we remain In
the Philippines, or else the Islands re
lapse Into anarchy and barbarism. But
to that there will only be one answer
from America, whether it is being ruled
by Democrats or Republicans. It will
be the same thing In Cuba. The Demo
crats may talk, and talk quite sincerely,
about evacuation, just as Mr. Gladstone
and his friends quite sincerely talked
about evacuation in Egypt, but they will
find the task too heavy for them. The
moment America made up her mind that
Spain was Incapable of ruling her colo
nies, and that she should be forced to
admit It by means of war, that mo
ment America undertook Imperial respon
sibilities from which there was no draw
Ex-Mayor Abram S. Hewitt, of New
York, Is a lifelong Democrat. But he
was compelled to vote against Bryan,
on the money issue, in 1896, and now
says he "will be forced to vote against
him again, on the same issue. He
makes the following observations about
the future of currency, credit and bus
iness, and about the Philippines also,
In case Bryan should be elected:
A President hostile to a sound system of
finance could, If so disposed, even with the
laws as they are at present, bring about finan
cial convulsion and work almost irreparable
calamity to the business Interests of this coun
try. If Bryan were elected tomorrow he would
find himself confronted with conditions in tho
Philippines which would make It Impossible for
him to withdraw American troops from the
The Seattle dispatches indicate that
spectators of the Republican convention
yesterday got a run for their money.
The Governorship contest from King
County is evidently to be carried to the
state convention, and whichever side
wins, the other will know it has been in
a fight. "The Oregonian will try to p"rlnt
the news of the trouble, merely express
ing meanwhile its approval of all legit
imate newspaper undertakings and all
statesmanlike candidates for the United
Little mystery is left about the cause
that drew Li Hung Chang out of Can
ton. He was wanted to keep the allies
from marching to the relief of their be
leaguered countrymen in Pekin. And
he has performed the service with rea
sonable fidelity. Thirty-flve days have
elapsed since Sir Robert Hart sent his
appeal for rescue.
The reluctance exhibited In New York
and New Jersey to aid in prosecution
of Bressi's American accomplices, If
there are any such, it looks like needless
and unbecoming devotion to technicali
ties. Perhaps the assassination of a
King is a political offense, but does the
fact of his position prevent it from be
Up to the Supreme Conrt.
New York Journal of Commerce.
It is quite worth while to have the
opinion of the Supreme Court on the
question whether the Constitution Is In
force wherever the sovereignty of the
United States exists, and the General Ap
praisers have passed along to the tri
bunal of last resort the question whether
tho United States can collect duties from
imnorts from Hawaii between the an
nexation of the Islands and the establish
ment of a territorial form of government.
The question of duties since the terri
torial form of government was estao
llshed Is not Involved In the case at bar,
but it is involved logically, and it is the
only question of much practical value De
causo -the territorial government will
probably last a long tlmo and Is likely to
bo extended over Porto Rico also. On
tho main point at Issue the General Ap
praisers say the decisions of the courts
are at variance, if not In Inextricable con
fusion. This Is rather to strong. The
decisions aro not In accord, but It has
seemed to us that a very large preponder
ance of the judicial decisions as well as
the executive acts of tho Government
support the view that the Constitution
does not extend to territories acquired by
the United States until Congress so or
ders. Tho action of the Polk Administra
tion In the-case of California was not
judicial but executive and political, and
in accord with the theory of the pro
slavery party, and the basis of the Dred
Scott decision, that Congress could not
exclude slavery from the territories be
cause the Constitution, which recognized
It, was in existence in the territories.
But since the Civil War the Dred Scott
decision has not ranked very hlsh as
a Constitutional construction.
The speed, dimensions and equipment
of the new armored cruisers for which
bids are now asked will apparently
make these big fighting machines the
equal of any vessels of their class afloat
The United States has suddenly become
a world power, and Is meeting" her In
creased responsibilities by providing
tnficr from silver, the enslavement of for contingencies. Twenty-two-knot j
The new National currency law has
not had the effect on Kansas banks
that was predicted by National Bank
Examiners when it was passed. They
declared that within six months more
than fifty state and private banks of
Kansas would nationalize. Up to date
only six have changed to the National
system the Bank of Commerce, of Gar-
nett; the Stock Growers' & Farmers'
Bank, of Ashland; the Caney Valley
Bank, of Caney; the Northrup Bank, of
Iola; the Bank of Nortonville, and the
Citizens' Bank, of Lyons. About thirty
state and private banks made applica
tion to the Controller of the Currency
for charters, but many of them with
drew their applications before they
were approved, and several whose ap
plications were approved decided, after
Investigation, to stick to the state sys
tem. Two new National banks were
chartered last month the National
Bank of Mount Hope and the Cedarvale
National Bank. The first-named is now
a private bank, while the latter is an
entirely new institution, with I. T. Brad
ley, of Sedan, as the main backer.
While the state system has lost only
six banks up to date, with a promise of
one more the Mount Hope going over
to the National system, it has gained
fifteen by the organization of new
According to Altgeld, the sufferers in
1893 were debtors. Didn't they have
any Portland Savings banks in Illinois?
Altgeld gives Bryan a popular vote of
11,000,000 in 1900. Why not make it
A German-American on Imperialism
and 10 to 1.
Oswald Ottendorfer, editor of the New
York Staats-Zeltung, is perhaps as fair
a representative of the German-American
Democrats as it would be possible to find.
He was until recently disposed to sup
port the nominee of his party in this
election if he could do so consistently, 1
but now he says he finds himself "dis
couraged and disheartened." He has
studied the Kansas City nlatform and
tried to convince himself that it is his
duty to uphold It but his judgment
will not be pushed aside by sentiment,
and he Is forced to confess that he cannot
honestly advocate the election of the
Democratic ticket In this connection he
I believe that, while German-Americans dread
imperialism more than anything else, they
have an idea that it will take years to Incul
cate Imperialistic notions of our Government.
They also think that the rabid expansionists
will not dare to so too far. But with free
silver It Is different. German-Americans al
ways feel uneasy when the financial question
is before the country. They are a saving peo
ple, and the uncertainty of the value of their
savings Is bound to-acltate them. They Insist
upon a dollar of any kind of money being
worth 100 cents no more and no less. In fact,
while they may know that free silver is dead
for at least some years to come, they fear that
Bryan's election would encourage the free Ell-
Electoral Vote o J SOU.
Alabama & McKJnI-
Missouri , 17
Montana , 3
New Jersey ..
North Carolina 11
Ohio ; ..-
South Carolina 9
South Dakota 4
PASSIXG OF THE PRAIRIE DOG.
Picturesque bat Destructive Crea
ture Wliose Days Are Numbered.
Chicago Tribune. '
The Agricultural Experiment Station
at Lincoln, Neb., has just issued a bul
letin which seals the fate of that pictur
esque little fellow, the prairie dog. the
only object that gives vital interest to
the monotonous plains of the far West
It is always a relief to run past a prairie
dog town in the interminably dull expanse
of cactus and sagebrush, but his time has
come and he must speedily become an ex
tinct animal, and the holes which have
once known him shall know him no more
The industrial forces of civilization are
leagued against the prairie dog, and It is
his own fault, for, innocent as he looks,
he is bad. Like Artemus Ward's kanga
roo, he is an "amoosln little cuss," but
he is destructive. He kills out the grass,
and as that part of tho country frequent
ed by the prairie dog is almost entirely
used for grazing purposes, his extermina
tion has been ordered to save the land
from his ravages.
The bulletin gives the fatal prescrip
tion In minute detail. First, dissolve three
ounces of strychnine and one-half pound
of potassium cyanide in one quart of
boiling water. Then add two quarts of
molasses and one teaspoonful of oil of
anise. Stir. Then Dour the solution over
a bushel of wheat and while mixing it
together sprinkle in four pounds of finely
ground corn meal, which enables the
grains of wheat to carry a larger amount
of poison. It is a tempting menu for
Cynomys Ludoviclanus, but one teaspoon
ful at a hole ends the career of the whole
family, and the proportion given above
will dispose of a town of 500 acres, the
number of families to the acre ranging
from 90 to 150.
The bulletin further says that -this year
the poisoning is being done over a large
range of territory, and with gratifying
results, so that It Is not Improbable in
a short time the last prairie dog will have
disappeared. The railroad traveler, as he
crosses the great plains will ml3s the
sight of the little fellows who have added
life and gayety to the otherwise monoto
nous scenery. But they should not have
been bad. It Is to be regretted that the
learned bulletin was not sufficiently ex
plicit It does not tell what becomes of
the pfalrle dog's boarders, the owl and
the rattlesnake, who, though never seen,
were once popularly believed to share
with him the comforts of a home and to
dwell together In delightful concord. Do
they also partake of the tempting meal
left at the door and pass away with the
proprietor and his family, or do they ex
pire of grief as they witness the sad
Prohibition In a. Maine Town.
Lewiston (Me.) Journal.
A Calais (population of the town by
the last census, 7290) store was vacated
lately, and Immediately five applicants
bobbed up and asked for permission to
tenant It And the astonishing statement
is made that each man wanted to start
a barroom. No, sir; the owner wouldn't
let any of those persons have that-store.
No, sir! You see, within half a mile of
the postofflce there are 17 places where
liquor Is sold, and the owner was afraid
that with business cut up that way he
wouldn't get his rent
The Transplanted Snob.
How Mr. Astor. the naturalized Eng
lishman, Is regarded In the land of his
adoption appears in the following public
comment on his conduct In the Milne case
by the Earl of Hardwlcke, a representa
tive of the smart set: "
"It is a gross violation of the etiquette and
respectable traditions hitherto governing the
iirmsn press, ir the owners of newspapers
were to Imitate Mr. Astor by using their prop
erty to insult the individual with whom they
have quarreled and advertise their own want
of breeding and hospitality, our Journals would
sink to the level of the organs of the boule
vards. We only regret that this Knllant ofllcer
80 far forgot his dignity as to accept a second
hand invitation to the house of a purse-proud
American, whose dollars could not save him
from the contempt of his countrymen. If Jir.
Astor wishes his entertainments exclusive, his
desire Is likely to be gratified In the future be
yond his expectation.
MEN AM) WOMEN.
Jean De Reszke Is to try the effect of hot sul
phur springs for the benefit of his throat.
Eall Calne's new novel Is called "The Eter
nal City," and Charles Frohman has bought
the dramatic rights.
President Loubet. of France, according to
Parisian rumor. Is to pay a visit to St. Peters
burg early In tho Fall.
General Cronje, on hearing of the capture of
Pretoria, Is reported to have remarked: "It
had to end so. I saw It from the first, and I
think wo all did."
Ex-Governor William J. Stone, of Missouri,
Is to take a Trans-Atlantic trip on a cattle
steamer. He Is overworked, and thinks tho
long voyage will be of greatest benefit to him.
Sarah Bernhardt is to revive a former play
by Rostand, which, when acted before, met
with but little success, but which will now try
to shine with reflected glory from Its successors.
Colonel Aaron S. Daggett, who Is in com
mand of the Fourteenth Infantry, has the rep
utation of being one of the most pious men in
theArmy. He does not smoke, drink, swear
nor ramble. He Is 63 years old, and Is a na
tive of Maine.
A copy of "Thomas' New England Alma
nack, or the Massachusetts Calendar, for the
Tear of Our Lord Christ 1775," has been pre
sented to Nathaniel Wells, of Ogdensburg, by
Lott Hall, of Gouverneur. It has been In the
possession of the Hall family ever since the
year of Issue, and is in good condition.
Thirty-five yeare ago all England was ring
ing with the name of Governor Eyre; now he
has completely passed out of public memory.
This former Governor of Jamaica, whose sup
pression of revolt In that island created such
a ferment In the England of the '60s, is not
only alive, but hale and hearty, in his Devon
shire retreat. He Is S5, and has been enjoying
the pension of a retired Colonial Governor for
In the last five years that he has been In of
fice Lord Salisbury has created 20 new peers,
and of theEe 10 have been taken from the
ranks of the lawyers. They are Lord James
of Hereford. Viscount Llandaff (H. Mat
thews), Lord Eathmore (D. R. Plunket), Lord
Klnnear (a Scotch Judge), Lord Ludlow (the
late Lord Justice Lopes), Lord Brampton (Sir
Henry Hawkins), Sir R. "Webster, 3Ir P.
O'Brien and Lord Morris, an ex-Lord of Ap
peals, who is now made a peer In the United
A Friendly Old "World.
St. Louis Republic
It's a simple and childish old world.
And good, when Its weakness you learn:
It likes to be liked, more than anything else.
And It's willing to like in return.
"We've called it hard names for so long.
And told of Its faults without end.
That It's Just a bit hardened and crusty on top.
But It's glad to be friends to a friend.
And, come to take stock of the world.
You've really no cause to stand off;
You're Just like the rest of It, full of the faults
At which It's so easy to scoff.
And you'll find, when you're lonesome at
As along on life's Journey you wend.
If you'll warm your own heart and be eood to
It's glad to be friends to a friend.
NbTE AND COjmENTV
That mob thai attacked Jerry Simpson,
probably thought he ought to be socked.
Of course the price a man pays for a
phonograph or a megaphono is sound
If Emperor William keeps on at this
rate, the Chinese will berecitlng "Hoch
Not being handicapped by Alfred Aus
tin. England ought to do soma great
things In China.
"I have just Invested ?10 in change,'"
said the man who returned for a brleC
excursion to the seaside.
Tacoma is not looking for a victory
over Seattle in the matter of population
but she will make the moat of her chosen
Oom Paul Is said to be worth $3,000,000,
r but he will find If ,he gets Into the hands
of his pursuers that he Is not worth 20
Lord Roberts dined the other day wltia
the wife of General Botha. As It was
not Christmas, General Buller was not
bidden to the feast
Chicago Is a radically expansion city.
She hopes some day to annex Manila as
a suburb, take Havana Into the corpora
tion, and make a park of the Hawaiian
O LI Hung Chang, you foxey chink.
These messages you're sending out
Don't say exactly what you think;
They leave us, so to speak, in doubt.
You say that you're attempting now
To get down to Pekin to try
To stop this bloody Boxer row.
And we. of course, believe you Lt
You say it fills you with regret
That China should be torn with war.
That you can stop It If you get
That march postponed Just five days more.
But we are not Inclined to stop.
Or let a single day go by.
To give your Boxer friends tho drop.
Because, you see, we know you Lt.
It is not generally known that Senator
Mark Hanna has a strong vein of super
stition in him. Living m Cleveland Is art
old German woman. Frau Gutekunst by
name, who has wide local renown as a.
soothsayer. She does her soothsaying by
means of a glass of clear water, and
many remarkable prophecies are attrib
uted to her. However that may be, it is
well known in Cleveland that Hanna is
one of her mist constant patrons and
consults her very often on matters of
great Importance, as do many other
prominent business men of that city.
Frau Gutekunst Is most sparing in her
favors, and it Is a most difficult matter
to get her to tell one's fortune if he ba
unknown to her.
The Duke and Duchess of York are en
thusiastic cyclists and ride about thn
country roads near their lodge at 3and
rlnghnm In very democratic fashion.
Once while seme distance from home ono
of the tires of the Duchess' machine got
punctured. A young man. also on a.
wheel, was passing at the time and of
fered assistance to the party. He put
matters right and the Duke, thanking
him, said: "No doubt you would like
to know to whom you have dono this
kindness. This lady Is the Duchess of
York and I am the Duke." The young
fellow stared at them fixedly for a mo
ment, and, with a smile on his face, re
plied in a Jocular manner: "Only too.
pleased to be of service to the lady. Per
haps you would like to know who I aro,
too; I am the German Emperor!" Ami
with a somewhat knowing wink and a
twirl of the head the cyclist jumped on.
his machine and rode off, no doubt under
the impression that he had scored by hi3
smart attempt at repartee.
PLEASANTRIES OF PAHAGRAFHERS
Farewell. Great Actor I propose making a
farewell tour of tho provinces. What play
would you advise? Critic "Much Ado About
Nothing." Detroit Journal.
Mr. Flyhlgh Of course, you're well acquaint
ed with tho country round about hero. Do you
know Glen Accron? Native Ave. weel. Mn
Flhigh (who has Juat bought tho estate)
What sort of a place Is lt. in your opinion?
Native Well, If ye saw the de'il tethered on't,
ye'd Just say, "Puir brute." Glasgow Evenlnc
Safe. "Well. 8lr " remarked the observant
passenger after watching the conductor collect
eight fares and ring up five, "you need never
be afraid of being struck by lightning." "Why
not?" asked the trusted employe. "Because,"
replied the otrcrvant passenger, "it 13 evident
you are not a good conductor." Philadelphia
Tho Outwnrd Signs. The passenger In tho
sleeping-car, awakened by tho stopping of tho
train, pushed aside the blind and looked out.
" 'Blitz & Schlatz, "KumpfC & Donnerwet
ter 'Schligel & Knopff 'Lropold Schwartzen
helmer. " ho said, reading the business signs
that met hl3 eye. Well, I see we'vo got to
Milwaukee." Chicago Tribune.
Flank Movement. "Say," said the man with
tho hobo appearance, "could you put some
thing In the paper for me?" "What 13 it?"
asked the easiest man on the force. "Well,
let's see. You might moke It a cheese sand
wich, half a cold chicken, an a quart of heer.
If you don't feel like the trouble of wrappin
all them things In the paper, Jls glmmo tha
price an" I'll tend to it meself." Indianapolis
His Assets. "Yes, sir," said the colored citi
zen, with a wave of his hand toward tho
cabin. "I'se done broke. I reckon'a I' whut
dey calls a 'bankrup'.' " "What aro your as
sets?" "Lemme see. Dor's me an de three
boys, an " "You misunderstand; your as
sets are what you have hopes of realizing
money on." "Dat's what I's gettln' to. My
assets aln nuffln' but fo' votes an a mule."
Mr. Bryan, should he be elected, may
possibly begin by telling the people of the
Philippines that he means to make them
a free republic under the protection of
the United States; but that we venture
to think, will not get him out of the
islands. While he Is thinking of evacu
ation some Incident or some piece of
native treachery will require corrcctinn.
The native will not tolerate that correc-
Yellovr Prince of Lies
Of all the liars of tb East
Is easily the great high priest,
" The bones of liars dead are stlrretf
When his mendacious tales are heard;
In falsifying he's a bird.
He has a style that's rather neat,
( Has Sheng;
Each lie Is rounded and complete,
But fate will catch this yellow bloke.
His gods in vain he will Invoke;
A bunch of lies the throat will choke
The woman who tries to be Interesting makes
quite as big a fool of herself as the one that
The only reason we can ascribe for Swiss or
cheese-cloth over decollete Is that perhaps lt
keeps off the files.
Wo may have seen a more ecstatic spectacle
than black corsets under white organdy, but
our folks don't remember it.
When girls are confabing and a man Is In
hearing proximity it does beat alt how loudly
and confidentially they do talk.
A girl who wants to keep her fiance, for
sundry and diverse unmentionable reasons,
never lets him visit her at the seaside.
When a woman speculates In values, sho is
wondering Just how much Mrs. Smith next
door paid for her luminous sealskin sacque.
If a girl wants high-topped boots, she doesn't
have several sizes sent home for election, but
goes to the store herself, secretly, and alone.
Whenever an ass of a man makes a sumpter
of himself and bears driftwood to the fire, you
may be sure a dear enticing siren Is singing to
When a woman has so far ceased to be a
nymph that she needs must be buoyed up with,
corsets In the surf, it's precarious to tempt
disaster and exposure.
There Is one woman, it lea3t, who believe3
man can do thlnzs and do them right. That
Is the old maid whom a clergyman has Just
metamorphosed Into a blushing bride.
It's not a bit nice of papa to send his dar
ling to that same rtay old resort again this
Summer. Last season it was Just perfectly
awful, but this year there's not a new man
around the place.
As often as you happen upon & woman In a
hammock reading a novel of racy morals, al
though you may be too much taken with tho
blrdls to notice the book, she always b la a
hurry to call your attention, to lt and to an-
I notata that she Just plckd lt up In absence of
I anything else to do.