mmm $ VOL. XL.20. 12,367. POETLANI, OEEG02. THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1900. PRICE FIVE CENTS. f 4I!I 233kpIsB mJPnf I r 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 r I 1 1. Now !s the time to purchase your GARDEN HOSE MANUFACTURED BT iyear Rubber Company R. H. PEASE. President and Manager. NOS. 73 AND 75 FIRST ST., PORTLAND, OREGON BLIMAUER-FRANK DRUG CO. WHOLESALE and IMPORTING DRUGGISTS, 144-146 FOURTH STREET SOLE AGENTS KodaXi, Cameras and Photo Supplies at leading proprietary preparations fifth and Washington Streets . . PORTLAND, OREGON EUROPEAN PLAN Rooms Single 75c to JL50 per day Fir-CIn. Check Rufanrnnt Booms Double $L00 to J2.O0 per day Connected With Hotel. Rooms-rFamibr JX50 to $3.00 per day The Condensed Strength and Nutriment of Barley and Rye BiumaOer & fiOCh, fcjSJ -f.DAVlES.Pres. St Charles Hotel CO. INCORPORATED). FRONT AND MORRISON STREETS PORTLAND, OREGON American end European Plan. SUMMERS & PRAEL CO. 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McBrayer, 51.S0 per gallon. CHINA TO BLAME Imperial Edicts Condemned the Christians. BOXERS ORDERED TO KILL Government Indicted Before the World for Its Cruelty. MINISTERS WERE NOT PROTECTED Powers May Decline Further Nego tiation Witli China and De clare War. LONDON, Aug. 2, 4 A. M. At last the story of Pekln has been told. 'Dr. Morri son, In today's Times, holds up the Chi nese Government before the world as guilty, and to a degree of Infamy as duplicity that exceeds the surmise of Its worst detractors. In the same dispatch he gives a more hopeful view of the pros pects of the besieged than has been ex pressed by any of the others who have been heard from. Simultaneously there comes from the "Belgian Charge d' Affaires at Shanghai an official statement that the allies are expected to reach Pekln in about a week, they being 18 miles from Tien Tsln yesterday. Another letter has been received at Tien Tsln from the British Minister. Sir Claude MacDonald, dated July 24. "We are sur rounded by Imperial troops," he writes, "who are firing on us continuously. The enemy Is enterprising, but cowardly. We have provisions for about a fortnight and are eating our ponies. The Chinese Gov ernment. If there be one, has done noth ing .whatever to help us. If the Chinese do not press the attack we can hold for, say 10 days. So no time should be lost If a terrible massacre Is to be avoided." Yet a Shanghai special says LI Hung Chang has received a decree, dated July 28, commanding him to inform the Con suls that the Ministers were safe on that date. Evidentlx,SlrClaude MacDon aid was over-pessimistic, as Dr. Morrison, under date of July 21, announces the ar rival of supplies. In view of this It is quite within reason that the edict ah nonclng the safety ot the Ministers on the 28th is correct. Sir Claude MacDonald's latest letter, while a strong Indictment of the Chi nese Government, Is not nearly so much so as Dr. Morrison's dispatch. That cor respondent, with the Imperial edicts as authority, declares that as late as July 2, the Imperial Government ordered the Boxers to continue "their loyal and pa triotic services In exterminating the Christians." He explains that the mar velous changes In the attitude of the Chi nese have so puzzled the world that it appears all the appeals for Intervention and protestations of friendship have been due entirely to the victories of the allies at Tien Tsln. The Ministers at Pekln owed their -safety up to July 21 not to Government protection, but to the scare-, lty of Chinese ammunition and to the fear which the Tien Tsln victories In spired. When it Is remembered how great re 'llance Is placed upon Dr. Morrison In England, the importance of his exposure of the Chinese Government can scarcely be over-estimated. It seems to banish all hopes entertained by Lord Salisbury that the Chinese Government might yet be proved not directly responsible for the outrage, and It may result In an entire cessation of negotiations with Chinese diplomats, If not an open declaration of war on the part of the qowers. Commenting upon Dr. Morrison's dis patch, the Times says: "It Is now beyond doubt that the fre quent assertions ot the different Chinese representatives for a month past, that the legations have been enjoying the protec tion of the throne are, one and all, unqual ified falsehoods. The cumulative evidence is overwhelming that the whole affair has been throughout under the control and direction of the Chinese Government It now rests with the powers to make the Chinese Government understand that It will be held fully responsible for what ever happens In Pekln." General Sir Alfred Gaselee Is quoted as saying on July 2S that he was ready to ad vance, although lacking In artillery. Dagget, with the Americans at Tien Tsln, Is also credited with a similar state ment on the same date, although utterly without transportation, not even having a horse for himself. Belnforcements arc reported to h'ave been sent to the Chi nese at Tang Tsun, where strong en trenchments have been thrown up to bar the advance of the allies. The Berlin correspondent of the Chroni cle says that Emperor William's approval of the employment of non-commlssloned men on leave is evidently interpreted to pave the way for a German expedition on a large scale, and It Is probable when sufficiently largo this force will act Inde pendently. CHINESE TREACHERY. Imperial Decree Commended tlie Atrocities of the Boxer. LONDON, Aug. 2. Dr. George Ernest Morrison, the Pekln correspondent of the Times, has been heard from direct. The Times this morning prints the following dispatch from him, dated July 21: "There has been a cessation of hostili ties here (Pekln) since July 16, but tor fear of treachery there Sias been no relaxation of vigilance. Chinese soldiers continue to strengthen the barricades around the conceded area and also bat teries on top of the Imperial city wall,, but in the meantime they have discon tinued firing, probably because they are short of ammunition. "The main bodies of the Imperial sol diers have left Pekln in order to meet the relief forces. Supplies are beginning to come in, and the condition of the be sieged is improving. The wounded are doing well. Our hospital arrangements are admirable, and 150 cases nave passed through the hospital. 'The Tsung 11 Tamun forwarded to Sir Claude MacDonald a copy of a dispatch telegraphed by the Emperor to Queen Victoria attributing all deeds of violence to bandits and. requesting Her Majesty's assistance to extricate the Chinese Gov ernment out of the difficulty. The Queen's reply Is not stated, but the Chinese Min ister at Washington telegraphs that the United States (Government would gladly assist the Chinese authorities. The dis patch to the Queen was sent to the Tsung 11 Tamun by the Grand Council on July 3, yet the day before an Imperial edict had been Issued calling on the Box ers to continue to render loyal and pa triotic services In exterminating the Christians. The edict also commanded Viceroys and Governors to expel all mis sionaries from China and to arrest all Christians and compel them to renounce their faith. Other decrees applauding the Boxers speak approvingly of their burn ing and slaying of converts. Their lead ers are stated in a decree to be Princes and Ministers. "On July 18 another decree made a. complete volte-face due to the victories of the foreign troops at Tien Tsln. In this decree, for the first time and ono month after the occurrence, an allusion was made to the death, of Baron von Ketteler, the German Minister, "which was attributed to the action of lawless brigands, although there Is no doubt that It was premeditated, and that the assas sination was committed by an Imperial officer, as the survivor, Herr Cordes, can testify. "The force besieging the Legation con sists of the Imperial troops under Gen eral Yung Lu and General Lung Tuh Slang, whose gallantry Is applauded In imperial decrees, although it has con sisted In bombarding for one month de. fenseless women and children cooped up in the legation compound, using shell, shrapnel, round shot and expanding bul lets. The Chinese throughout, with char acteristic treachery, posted proclama tions assuring us of protection, and on the same night they made a general at tack. In the hope of surprising us. "There Is still no news of Pel Tang Cathedral. The wounded number 138, In cluding the American surgeon Llppett, se verely wounded, and Captain Myers, who is doing well. Seven Americans have been killed. "All the Ministers and members of the Legations and their families are In good health. The general health of the com munity Is excellent, and we are content edly awaiting relief." After enumerating the casualties al ready reported and giving the "total of deaths, Including the Americans as 56,. Mr. Morrison proceeds as follows: "The Chinese undermined the French legation, which is -now a ruin, but the French Minister (M. PInchon) was not present, having fled for protection to tha British legation -the first day of the sierra." The dispatch ends as follows: "The greatest nerll we suffered dtrr!n thesiege was-fpori Are, -the ChtnesevTns tueir aeierminauon to aestroytneJritMh legation, burning the adjoining Han x,In Yuen Plnetocal College, one of. the most sacred colleges In China, sacrificing the unique library.," STAYS AT-PEKIN. British Minister Declines a Sugges tion, That He Leave. LONDON, Aug. 1. It is reported that another letter from the Brltish Minister at Pekln, Sir Claude MacDonald, dated Pekln, Wednosday, July 25, has reached Taku. The Chinese Government has Te newed the suggestion that the Minister leave the capital, but the Minister de clined. Ministers Will Not Leave Pelcln. ROME, Aug 2. A telegram from Taku, via Che Foo, July SO, says: "The commander of the Italian war ship Elb states that a letter from the British Minister in Pekln, dated July 2C, confirms the information of the Japanese military attache that the Chlnose Gov ernment on July 20 again asked the Min isters to leave Pekln, but they refused." SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT NEWS China. Edicts of the Chinese Imperial Go eminent Is sued as late as July 2 ordered the Boxers to kill the Christians Page 1. The allied forces are .marching on Pekin, and are due there in eight days. Page 1. Chinese Imperial Government Is using diplom acy to check adance of allies on Pekln Page 1. In Germany. 36G0 officers and 20,000 men have volunteered for Chinese service Page 2. Japan, if necessary, can send 70,000 men to China. Pagol. Foreign. King Victor Emmanuel III, successor to King Humbert, has arrived at Monza Page 1. Sir "William Vernon Harcourt, Liberal leader, estimates the cost of the Boer war at 400. 000,000 Pace 2. Political. Senator Foraker says the Democrats have as much show of wlnnirig Congress as they had of carrying Oregon last June. Page 2. New Hampshire Democrats nominated Dr. Frederick T. Potter for Governor. Page 2: Kentucky Populists nominated A. H. Cardln for Governor. Page 2 Iowa Republicans remembered Minister Conger In their platform. Page 2, Domestic. Navy Derailment shares the general distrust that all was not well on the battle-ship Oregon when she went ashore. Pago 2. Government -will Investigate the anarchist ac ti lty in the vicinity of New York Page 2. The amount of gross gold In the United States Treasury yesterday was $431,170,764, the highest In the history of the Government. Page 2. Ex-Governor Roger Wolcott, of Massachusetts, has accepted the appointment as United States Minister to Italy. Page 2. Local. , Northern Paclflo refuses to deliver cars to O. R. & N. at "Wallula. Page 1. O. J. Laird appointed Harbormaster Page 12. Mazamas will start for Mount Jefferson Mon day. Page 7. Striking truck drivers still are firm.-Page 12. O. R. &. N. lets contract for improving its track. Page 8. Pacific Coast. It Is strongly intimated that Oregon school land business is manipulated by officials for the benefit of a private graft. Page 4. Another promising placer strike has been roads In Eastern Oregon. Page 4. A workman was crushed almost to Jelly In a Lane County, Oregon, saw mill. Page 4.. Smallpox at Cape Nome ls-well In hand and decreasing. Page 5. C-op reports from Yakima, "Wash., and La Grande, Or, are rosy; grain Is turning out poor in Yamhill County, Oregon, and farm ers declare they will abandon It for stock raising. Page 5. Marine. Statistical position of freights is strong: PageS. Grain chips in port working again. Page & MARCHING ON PEKIN Allied Forces Dueat'the Capi taf in- Eight Days. EIGHTEEN MILES. FROM TIEN T5IN Chinese Government Resort to Diplomacy to 'Check the Inter national Advance.' BRUSSEL'S,Aiig. L M. de.Favreaux, Minister of Foreign Affairs, has received the following dispatch, dated Shanghai, August 1, from M. de Cartler de March ienne, secretary of the Belgian Legation, now acting as Charge d' Affaires of Bel glum at Shanghai: "Tho allies are marching on Pekln. They are 18 miles from Tien Tsin and should reach Pekln In eight days. All ITALVS NEW RULER ' 1 I IvtfiltStf'i WT "if TV ' ' d SSjeS . jyl&Zlfc&. .hill ' KING VICTOR EaiaiANTEL III. - ROME, Aug. L King Emmanuel an,d Queen. Helen arrived this morning, and proceeded to Monza, whero they yill arrive this evening. The Ministers met their majesties at the station MONZA, Aug. 1. The King and Queen of Italy arrived here this evening. BERLIN, Aug. 1. Emperor William today sent the following telegram to King Victor Emmanuel, at Rome: "I am deeply moved by the death of your loyal father, my sincerely beloved and true friend and' ally. I send you herewith an expression of my deep and sincere sympathy, my best wishes-for your reign. May the friendship which united our houses during the reign of your father continue. His memory will ever remain , written In my heart." In a similar telegram to Queen Margherlta, on behalf ot himself and the Em press, Emperor William says: "The chivalrous, kind, brave and faithful Hum bert fell as a Soldler-on the battle-field, a victim of those devilish machinations which aim at the destruction of all order, both divine and human. May God con sole you in your Indescribable grief. May he strengthen your son's arm so that he may wield the scepter and sword for the good of his people and the glory and welfare of Italy." . i the Europeans 'have taken refuge Tin the Inner lnclosure of the imperial pity." TIEN TSIN, July 26, -via Che Foo, July 30, and Shanghai, Aug. L The American commander received orders from Wash ington today not to delay the advance on Pekln. He" was also Informed that heavy reinforcements are en route. Great activity Is noticeable at the Jap anese headquarters Transport prepara tions are being hurried. It Is extremely unlikely that either the Japanese or Brit ish intend to be left "behind the Ameri cans, though the British preparations are a long way from completeness. The Japanese organization, on the other hand, excites the admiration of all. The total strength of the allies here Is 17,000. Reinforcements are arriving dally. General Gaselee Tnlces Command. TTEN TSIN, July 27, via Shanghai, Aug. .1. General Sir Alfred Gaselee arrived here today and assumed command of the British forces. ON THE WAT. Americans, British and Japanese Believed to Be Tnlclns Part. LONDON, Aug. 1. "The allies' began the advance from. Tien Tsln this morn ing," announced an agency bulletin fcattrd at Shanghai at 11:10 A. M. today. It is assumed that the Americans, Brit ish and Japanese are taking part In thl3 forward movement, whether other nation alities are or not. An advance base will probably be established 20 or M miles nearer Pekln, and supplies will be as sembled preparatory to a direct stroke at the capital. Of the 60,000 allies debarked at Pe Chi Li pdrts, English military observers con sider that 30,000 are available for an ad vance beyond Tien Tsln. The Chinese forces, according to the vague gatherings of the allies' intelligence officers, up to July 27 were disposed in a great arc 10 miles long and distant 10 or 15 miles- 'xhe numbers and exact location of tho sev eral divisions are utterly unknown. The Pel Ho River Is blockaded by sunken stone-laden junks for 20 miles beyond Tien Tsln and farther up, according to Chinese spies of the allies, and a dam lias been constructed for the purpose of flooding- the low-lying expanso of coun try. The first engagement of the relief ex pedition will probably be at Pel 'rang, where the Viceroy of Tulu personally commands. TO CHECK ADVANCE. Chines" Government Tlslngr Diplo macy With Powers. WASHINGTON, Aug. L The Chinese Imperial Government is putting- forth powerful efforts to secure through ne gotiations the abandonment ot the inter national movement on. Pekin. The cable grams received at the State Department today from U Hung Chang all tend to demonstrate his desire to secure the succor of the Ministers at Pekin and their delivery at Tien Tsin if this can be safely effected, trusting that in return the in ternational column can be halted, un questionably a proper assurance of the safe delivery of the Ministers would haye some effect upon the temper of tho pow ers, and it is possible that the United States Government would give ear to overtures in thafdlrection, were not the attempt made by the Chinese to Imposo conditions upon the delivery thatNare al together objectionable. Such, for exam ple, is a stipulation that the Chinese Im perial authorities shall be absolutely ab solved from the consequences of the agreement and lor liability for what has taken place In. Pekin. The first stipula tion might be regarded as direct invita tion to the Boxers to murder the Minis ters on their way to the coast, and there fore our Government will leave It to Mr. Conger himself whether or not he regards it as safe to leave Pekin when the oppor tunity is held out. Meanwhile, there has been no change relative to the military programme, so .far as our Government Is advised. The senior United States naval officer at Taku already Is under the most positive In structions to urge a forward movement, these having been sent by Secretary Long just after the receipt of the original Con ger message, and he was advised also of tha Intention of the Government to add to his force. These matters are referred to in the belated dispatches from Tien Tsln, which touched upon tho military situation and the prospects of a speedy forward movement. But no additional instructions on this point were sent to the United States Army, officers today, and the Government is allowing Its officers on the spot to shape their own campaign. Secretary Root said today that there had been no developments in the diplo matic situation which would delay the advance upon Pekin. and that General Chaffee had orders to cover any contin gency which might arise. A statement has been made in the dispatches from Europe to the effect that the United States Is pushing General Chaffee for first command. It was said at the War De partment today that such was not the case, though it was recognized that the situation might be such as to make it necessary for him to accept the com mand If tendered by other powers. THOUSAND SOLDIERS FOR CHINA. Tranrrort Meade Leaves San Fran cisco for Talra. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 1. The trans port Meade balled for Taku, China, this afternoon with 1000 soldiers aboard. The troops sailing were Companies I, K, L and M, comprising the Third Battalion of the Fifteenth Infantry; troops B, G, 1 and H, Third Cavalry, and Company E of the battalion of engineers, from We3t Point. The band -of the Third Cavalry accompanied the squadron. Besides tho soldiers and the equipment, the Meade carried 51,700,000 in currency for the payment of war expenses in China, Colonel Webb Hayes, detailed as an aid on General Chaffee's staff, was a passenger on the Meade. Professor Carl C. Plehn, of the University of Califor nia, who is to superintend the census of Manila, was among the civilian passen gers. Troops Going; From India. SIMLA, Aug. 1. Another brigade of troops will be ordered to China tomorrow. Justice Smyth Very III. NEW YORK, Aug. L Reports received from inltmate friends of Justice Fred erick Smyth, of the Supreme Court, who has been ill for some time at Atlantic City, says that the Justice Is rapidly sinking. His friends here had slight hope3 of his recovery last evening. Northern Pacific Diverting Or egon Wheat to Tacoma. NO CAR DELIVERIES AT WALLULA New Arranaresaent Place This 7or$ at a Disadvantage in Doing: Easi ness la Her Own Territory. The Northern Pacific has served notice upon all interested that on August 15 tha existing agreement with the O. R. & N. Co., by which wheat has been turned, over to the latter road from tha former at Wallula Junction for shipment to Port land, will be terminated. This announcement came somewhat in the nature of. a surprise to nearly every one except those who were in close touch with the grain business as. It is handled by the Northern Pacific at Tacoma. When it was reported a few months ago that the company was building an immense warehouse at Tacoma, the question nat urally arose as to where the wheat waa coming from to fill It. The docks at Ta coma had proven ample for any business that was directly tributary to that port, and for some business also that was taken out of O. R. & N, territory In Oregon. It was thus apparent that tha Northern Pa cific, emboldened by its success la Invad ing the territory of the O. R. & N., would probably follow up the lead and divert more wheat from Its natural route down the Columbia River. For many years, Portland exporters op erating In the territory tapped by tha branch of the Northern, Pacific known as the "Hunt road" have Insisted on hav ing their wheat brought to Portland in stead of being diverted to Puget Sound. On rare occasions the Northern Pacific has hauled this wheat past Wallula and through Tacoma into Portland on Its own line. The bulk of the traffic controlled by the Portland exporters, however, has been turned over to the O. R. & N. at Wallula, and that company, by reason of its level gradea to tidewater, was enabled to make a rate which was lower than tho actual cost would have been to the North ern Pacific. The latter company, In orde& to reach Portland by its own lines, was obliged to carry the wheat over the Cas cade Mountains and haul it nearly twice the distance that the O. R. & N. carried it by way of Wallula to Portland. Reducing the matter to dollars and cents, the Northern Pacific found It very profitable to permit the O. R. & N. to haul the wheat at a rate which just about covered the bare cost of moving, Thla however, did not add to the commercial greatness of the Northern Pacific's pet town on Puget Sound, and the steady In crease In the proportion of wheat finding its way seaward by way of Portland has finally Tesulted In the change of policy which becomes effective August 15. Tha Northern Pacific has made elaborate plans for securing this business by erecting- an immense dock at Tacoma and turn ing it over to Balfour; Guthrla & Co., Kerr. Glfford & Co. and G. W. McNear at a nominal rental. These exporters are all doing business in Portland and nat urally prefer to handle all of the wheat at this port, where their greatest Inter ests are. At the same time, they are In business for the money that Is to be made out of It. and not from patriotic motives. If the Northern Pacific supplies them with cheap storage facilities and a better car service than they have secured from the company at Portland, they will naturally take advantage of their opportunity. Neither the Northern Pacific nor the O. R. & N. officials are disposed to discuss the matter very freely. The Northern Pa cific officials say that the change will not make any difference In the amount of wheat brought to Portland. They con tend that they have been charged the ex orbitant rate of ?1 0 per ton for switch ing cars from the west side of the rivetr to the east side, where the principal grain, docks are located all of them being on the O. R. & N. lines, and that this rate has forced them at times to transfer freight across the river by trucks and drays. They announce their willingness to land wheat at the Portland docks at the same rate charged for landing It at Tacoma, 145 miles nearer the wheat fieldsv Exporters admit that they can get their wheat to Portland by way of Tacoma; but for reasons which may be inferred, if not stated, there is nearly always a car shortage when wheat lg wanted for Port land by way of the Sound. As a matter of fact, the ease with which cars are sup plied for wheat shipped to Tacoma from the Hunt road, and the difficulty attend ant upon securing them fop wheat for Portland, has always handicapped Port land exporters In operating on that road. This car shortage fpr Portland wheat was so pronounced on one occasion last Fall that a ship waiting here for a few cars of wheat ot a special grade from a station on the Hunt road was finally obliged to go to sea without It. although no diffi culty was encountered at that time in se curing cars to move wheat to Taconta. The O. R. & N. officials state that they have hauled the Northern Pacific's wheat Into Portland at a rate which practically covered the bare cost ot moving: it, and at much less than It can be hauled round by way of Tacoma. The notification ot the suspension of the arrangement was sprung on the O. R. & N. so suddenly that Its offlclals have not yet had time to con sider It. or decide on a method of retalia tion. Among the business men most In terested In the prestige of Portland, It is the belief that now that the Northern Pa cific will no longer haul wheat out of that rich country to the O. R. & N.. the latter road will be forced to protect Its Interests by extending Its line up Snake River to Lewlston and thence Into the Clearwater country and haul the wheat out over its own tracks. If It is as energetic as the Northern Pacific has been. It will also build enough feeders to make matters very interesting for its enterprising rival. The total amount of wheat taken from the Northern Pacific by the O. R. & N. Co. at Wallula last year was 23,000 tons. As the new branches ot the Oregon road In the Columbia River counties will show an Increase of three times this amount this year, the diversion of this traffic, which rightfully belongs to Portland, will not make an appreciable showing on the coming season's shipments. As the nat ural route of this traffic Is by way of, Portland, however, some concern Is felt that the limit of these aggressions has not been reached. APPEAL FOR AID. Crops and Property la Texas De stroyed hy Floods. DALLAS, Tex. Aug. L A letter from Kcrrvllle, In Southwestern Texas, states that In a large section north of there crops and nearly all kinds of property have been destroyed by floods, and scores of families are homeless and destitute. An appeal has been sent to Governor Sayers for public aid.