THE MOI&IXH m?rnnyiy. WEDNESDAY, JULY 18, 1900. r 10 FAMOUS ART GALLERIES OF ITALY (Copyright, 1900. by Seymour Baton.) THE ORfcGONIAN'S HOME STUDY CIRCLE: DIRECTED BY PROF. SEYMOUR EATON F'AMOII ART OAI 1 ERIES 1 rAiVlUUi AK1 y1" . Ut" 1 HE WKJtXUU By William Howe Downci. III. The great art cenjters of Italy are Flor ence, Venice and Rome; but to the student of art there are invaluable lessons to be learned in many of the lesser Italian cit ies, such as Assist. Plea, Siena, Orvieto, Mlian, Parma, Mantua and Padua. In fact, all Italy might be called a vast treasure-house of art, and to the student and historian who wishes to obtain a Just and adequate view of the development of Italian art tho old towns mentioned, and possibly others besides, afford indispensa ble data, more often to be found in churches and convents than In picture galleries. Florence Is one of the most remarkable art capitals of tho world. It Is crowded with masterpieces of painting, sculpture and architecture to a degree that Is amazing. Its chief museums of art are the TJfllzl and the Pitti. The Ufflzi gallery which originated with tho Medici collec tions, to which many additions were made l?y the Lorraine family, is now in extent and value one of the first In the world. The Tribune is a room in which are brought together the most valuable mas terpieces of sculpture and painting in an extra ordinary galaxy. The pictures in this grjup include Raphael's "Madonna with the Goldfinch," "The Youthful John." The Fornarina," etc; Correglo's "Repose Duftng the 1 light Into Egypt," "Madon na," etc.; Titian's "Venus." A Prelate," etc., and selected examples of Mantegna, A. Carraccl, Fra Bartolommeo. Van Dyck, Guercino, Guldo, Ardrea del Sarto. Do menlchlno. Ribera, L. Carraccl, Glullo Romano, Rubens, Michael Angelo. Cran ach, Veronese, Luinl, Lucas of Leyden, Francia, Peruglno,, Barocclo, Orazio Al fanl, Daniel da Volterra, Schidone. Lan franchi and Durer. The works by Ra phael, Titian and Corregglo In this group are far-famed. Engravings and photo graphs have made them known the world over In the center of the room are five very celebrated marble sculptures the Medici Venus ifound in the 16th century In the villa of Hadrian, near Tlvoll), the Toung Apollo (of the school of Praxl , teles), the Grinder (found at Rome in tho 16th century), the Satyr playing on the cymbal (restored by Michael Angelo), and the group of tho "Wrestlers. Suites of pic ture galleries open to right and left from the Tribune, containing a vast and price less collection of paintings of the Tus can, Lombard and Venetian, the Dutch, Flemish, German and French schools. The history of Tuscan painting begins with Cimabue, whose Madonna, in the Church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence, a dim, quaint and faded work, has ben called the seed from which the variegated flower of Italian art sprung. It takes us back to the birth of the art, more than bIx centuries ago. Stiff and formal as It Is, there Is a dignity in the figures, a grave sweetness in the faces and an hon est observation of nature in the forms which are. In comparison with the By zantine mosaics and paintings that went before it, extraordinary. In the Church of Santa Croce are Giotto's frescoes illus trating the lives of the two Sts. John and of St. Francis of Assist: and In the picturesque palace of the Podesta, now the National Museum, Is the same artist's fresco painting of Paradtse. But to get a more complete idea of what Giotto stood for in the history of the school we must go to Asslsi, more than 100 miles south of Florence. It is In such nooks that one often finds the most beau tiful products of Italian art. In the sol emn old convent of the Franciscans at Assist, Giotto painted on the walls a notable series of scenes from the life of the gentle saint that founded it. Giotto's first work here was done on the upper church, and consists of 28 frescoes, all from his own designs, and several entirely painted by his own hand. The church Is now used as a museum of Tuscan fres coes. Giotto, in honoring St. Francis, did not forget to Immortalize upon these walls one of the most lovable traits of the monk his well-known affection for birds and the delightful legend of the saint's sermon to tho birds is set forth with rare sympa thy. The gentleness and kindness of tho saint's attitude, his gesture, carefu'ly re strained lest a sudden movement might alarm his timid auditors, are most charm ing; and the simplicity and directness of the work are admirable. In the lower church, begun In 122S, a somber edifice, are some of the greatest masterpieces of Cimabue and Giotto, and some of the lead , ing painters of Central Italy. Giotto's work in this lower church of Assist con sists of four large paintings, which occupy tho triangular spaces in the vault above the high altar; and these were done In the later years of his life- Hitherto we have eeen him illustrating incident; but here he enters a broader field, and describes principles, in the form of the three cardi nal virtues of the Franciscan order Pov erty, Chastity and Obedience by which Is Inculcated the duty of the followers of the ealnt to labor without reward, pleasure or freedom. These works are aptly rep resentative of the symbolical art which the early Tuscan painters so brilliantly developed, and are the ablest achieve ments of Giotto. Giotto has left traces of himself from Naples all the wa' to Padua. He went to the latter town to visit his friend Dante, who was in exile there, and he decorated the little Church of Our Lady of the Arena with, frescoes from the life of Christ, which series ended, in the fashion of the time, with a picture of the last Judgment and of hell, full of Dantcsque fancies made visible. These frescoes are very curious. One represents the betrayal of Christ, to whose face the artist has given a striking expression of reproach, while he has favored Judas with one of the meanest countenances known to art. Tho sense of a large crowd Is well ex pressed, the tumult, confusion and flight of thed lsclples. But the best work in the old church at Padua Is the "Entomb ment," an admirable composition, In which the faces express a keen and ab sorbing grief. The artist introduces a fine touch here. In his delineation of an gels Joining in the lamentations of men. -In the history of Italian art, the Campo Santo (Holy Field) of Pisa has an impor tant place, and contains some extraordi nary works. In the succession of charm ing arcades surrounding the cemetery is a series of mural paintings covering near ly 16,000 square feet, by Andrea Orcagna, Pietro Lorenzetti, Andrea da Flrenze, Spinello Aretlno. Francesco da Volterra, Pietro di Puccio, Benozzo Gozzoll, and others. Two of the most remarkable fres coes in this great series am attributed by Vasarl to Orcagna. They depict the resurrection of the dead and the last judg ment. Terrible visions are these at least they must have been terrible to those who believed In their reality. It Is a relief to turn from such gloomy subjects to the works of the painter of heaven. Fra Angellco. Him we find at homo in the convent of St. Mark. In Flor ence, ono of the most charming spots in Italy because of the presence of his sim ple sweet and reflective works. One of his designs shows two monks welcoming a. -weary travoler, whom the artist reveals to us as Jesus himself, though his hosts do not yet recognize htm. Nothing could ex press more beautifully the virtue and re ward of hospitality; it touches at once tho keynote of Angellco's art. Quite represent ative also Is the fresco of the "Annuncia tion" in one of the cells on the upper floor of tho convent. His most Important work in the convent Is the "Madonna and Child" enthroned and surrounded by various saints. The most beautiful feature of the picture is the figure of young Jesus. But Fra Angellco's masterpiece Is the "Coro nation of the Virgin." In the Ufflzi gal lery. His "Paradise" In the Academy comes very near it in merit, but Is in jured by the description of hell which the painter put into It. probably against his own Judgment: for, although he spared no pains in depleting the Joys of the blessed, he presented the pains of the lost in a hurried and unfinished way. It is Impossible to think of such a man as tak- lng any pleasure in suffering; he was at his best only in works 'of a trontle ehar- I . . . - ., m . w . . . uwrw in aciineauon oi ceiesuai visions lay hs greatest power, where the faces j kT' "tlT'-. .rf azure and pearl, the angels glittering with Jeweled wings against the goldon sky in which the sceno is enacted. The whole Impression Is of some blissful incident oc curring in regions that are not of this world. The figures, although having hu man form, are of superhuman beauty, and tho angelc show themselves as intelli gences whose thoughts our mortal reason cannot comprehend. "I do not know how others may be affected by the works of this humble monk," says Sidney Dickin son, "but to me they appear as the love liest pictures in the world; they are so calm and peaceful, so exalted in imagina tion. so refined in workmanship. I cannot but feel that here was one who had full ! faith and happiness in what he described, the shipment of 14 seamen which I beg and If heaven ever showed Its glories to . to request you will publish in full for the mortals his eyes were blessed with thati information of the people generally as to wonder." ' the present condition of the CRIMP qucs. Boforo leaving Florence it may be well i tlon here, as I believe there Is an impres to Indicate briefly the riches of the col- sion in the community that there Is less lecation of old masters In the Plttl palace i ground for reformation here than else by mentioning the more famous works. I where. which include Raphael's "Madonna del Baldachlno." "Madonna del Granduca," "Vision of Ezeklel," "Tommasl Fedra Ing-1 hlranl." "Cardinal Blbblona." "Pope Jul ius II," "Madonna del Impannata. ' Ma donna della Segglola." "Leo X and the Cardinals dc' Medici and de' Rossi." "An giolo DonI," "Portrait of Maddalena Strozzi Donl"; Titan's "La Bella," "Ip- Ik mm: M if UFFIZI GALLERY, FLORENCE. pollto de' Medici," "Philip II of Spain." I form of imposition Is that referring to "Bacchanalian," "Magdalene," "Betrothal I shipment under wages. I know of mas of St. Catherine.' and various other por-' ters who have been quite willing to pay traits of the highest order of merit, with j increased wages to the men, but were in several equally celebrated examples of the J formed that could not be done, that dlf art of Botticelli, Fra Bartolommeo, j ference must be paid to the crimps, and Veronese, Andrea del Sarto, Corregglo, J boforo any men could be shipped. Rembrandt, Rubens, Salvator Rosa, Glor- The St. Mlrren carried 3200 tons of glone, Guldo Renl, Leonardo da Vinci, Tin toretto. Van Dyck and others. There are in all over 500 pictures, hung In a suite of fine galleries. There Is ample material for whole volumes of comment In Florence alone, but we are obliged to turn to other Italian art centers. The genius of Michael Angelo as an architect Is revealed in the solemn and stately simplicity of the dome of St, Pe ter's, at Rome, snd his genius as a painter Is to be seen In the decorations of the Sis tine Chapel of the Vatican. The Vatican is the largest palace in the world, and tbe period of Its construction extended, with sundry Interruptions, from the fifth to the 10th century. It Is built around 20 courts, and contains 11,000 rooms, of which the greater portion are occupied as collection and show-rooms, and comparatively few by tho Papal Court. The building's chief Interest for us Is In the representation It makes of the greatest of the Italian paint era, whom the wealth and power of the church drew hither for the decoration of Its shrines and palaces. Rome had no painters of her own the stream that fed her flowed down from Florence. Siena and Umbrla, bringing with it, on successive floods. Giotto. Fra Angellco. Botticelli. SIgnorelll, Peruglno, and. at the last, sim ultaneously. Raphe el and Michael Angelo All of these save Giotto left their marks upon the walls of the Vatican which thus becomes the greatest storehouse in the world of the Christicn art of the 15th and 16th centuries. The work of Michael Angelo is confined to the colling and end wall of the Slstlne Chapel, the private place of worship of the Popes. The sides of the chapel are decorated with masterly works by the ear lier artists of the Renaissance Peruglno, tho Umbrian master: Botticelli, the Flor entine, and SIgnorollI, of Cortona, whore greatest achievement Is to be seen at Or vieto. First were painted here the lead ing events In the life of Moses; later were depicted the baptism of Christ, the ser mon on the mount, and other Incidents in the life of Jesus. Then the work waited for Michael Angelo, whose hand, respon sive to his mighty thought, should con nect in epic grandeur the history of the old and new dispensations, and close the cyclo with the thunders of judgment and tho doom of the world. Note This study by Mr. W. H. Downos, of Boston, will be concluded next week. PROGRESS OF PORTO RICANS. People AnxioTin to Show They Are Capable of Self-Government. WASHINGTON, July 13. When Gover nor Allen, of Porto Rico, was In Wash ington recently, he discussed at some length tho outlook for the little Island, as It appeared -to him after a brief term In ofllce. In the courao of his conversation he said: "The people of Porto Rico are very anxious for tho establishment of a form of government which will allow thorn to participate in its management, Tho peo ple of the Island are much Interested In the progress of events at home, and are anxious to show to the people of the States that they are capable of self-government, and that they can assimilate our institutions and our methods. Those who have been appointed to ofllce there are performing their duty well. "The executive council organized June 28 is composed of Ave Porto Rlcans and six Americans. It was organized har moniously, and has transacted the busi ness that has come before it. There was, on the part of certain political writ ers, an effort to spread dissatisfaction among the people, but the effect of such writings has largely disappeared, and the people manifest a deep trust and confidence in the way things are work ing, which is largely due to the tremen dous business strides the Island has taken since American occupation, as well as the prosperous outlook for the future. The whole spirit of the people is one of hope fulness In a future of progress and pros perity." Referring to the question of the tariff. Governor Allen said: "In my judgment the most sanguine ex pectations of those who favor the tariff are likely to be realized. Of course, the Island Is largely agricultural. Under the tariff, sugar receives the benefit of 1 cents a pound, which Is equivalent to J35 to HO a ton, in gold. This In itself Is an enormous profit, and is bound to re sult in increasing the output of the island In the next year to at least five times what has been regarded as the normal output of the island. Of course, the sugar crop is the rich man's crop, and will take care of Itself. "The civil government is endeavoring to encourage the growth of crops which come more directly to the men of small moans. Tobacco is a profitable crop, and it requires only the labor for its proper cultivation. Any man can cultivate a crop of tobacco which will make him a hand some return. The cultivation of tobacco j and its manufacture into cigars and .o -.- ubtvaMii5 v:aj iaoi uu liia cigarettes is increasing very last on the iBland. and promises to be one of the leading industries. The growing of fruits ,s ?80 one of lts advancing industries. and many hundreds of acres have been taken up since the 1st of May for orange culture. It Is the opinion of those who are familiar with tho orange industry in Florida that large results will be secured in orange growing In Porto Rico." i REGARDING SAILORS. One of the Result of he Boardlnsr TJonae Combination. BRITISH CONSULATE, Portland, July IS. (To the Editor.) I Inclose correct copies of bills paid by the British ship St. Mlrren at this port In connection with I know of no port Inthe world where such impudent demands are made. You will notice that $375 was exacted for stop- plng a libel by parties In Astoria, who were and are jointly interested with the crimps here in this business, on an al leged contract which had no, legal force, being contrary to law! So are all these exactions. The newest wheat, soHhat the crimps received about I 3 shillings per ton for furnishing 14 men. I which sum unquestionably comes out of the pockets or the Oregon tanners ana exporters. I wish sailors to understand that there is no occasion for their having anything to do with crimps, and furthermore that any attempt to make them pay anything for procuring employment is severely punishable both by Federal and state law. It seems to me that the good name of the port and the Interests of the state require that united action should be taken to remedy th'3 state of affairs and regulate this illegitimate business. I nm, your obedient servant, JAMES LAIDLAW, H. B. M. Oonsul. Copr. Portland, Or.. May 10. 1001. Capt. Hamilton and Owners of the British Ship "St. Mlrren." To L. Sullivan. Dr. For shipping men for Ave pound instead of six. and giving the Sa'lors that rhlppfd In said Ship $300.00 (Ten In all that chipped) sxcept carpenter, cook. copnil mate and steward. For shipping all Sailors for five pounds Instead of six and also for fhtpplng carpenUr. cook, second mate and steward under wanes. $300.00. Paid L. Sullivan. Portlnnd. Or.. May 30. ;000. Capt. Hamilton and Owners of the British Ship "Si. Mlrren." To L. Sullivan. Dr. For stopping libel on British ship "St. Mlrren" for contract by Kenny awl Lynch which they had. Sullivan cuarante&s the said Ship over th.e Bar for the turn of Three hun dred and seventy-five dollars. $375.00. Pt-.d L. Sullivan. Portland, Or., May 31. 1000. Received from Capt. Hamilton of the Ship "St. Mlrren" the sum of fourteen hundred and seventy dollars, to be paid to party or parties producing receipt for work performed In con nection with himself and vessel. $1470.00. j. p. Belts. SALT KILLS THE THISTLES. Hotv the Pent In Sprendtnjr in Ma rlon Connty. TURNER, Or.. July 15.-(To tho Edi tor.) Some time ago a farmer requested a remedy for Canada thistles. In com mon with other farmers of this vicinity I have had a flourishing patch of this tles growing upon my farm for several years. My patch spread until it covered a plat about 20 feet square and continued to expand In spite of all efforts to keep In check by the cutting down process. On the 10th of March I procured a ton of coarse salt and spread upon the patch, and at this time not a green thing is left where the salt was placed, but just beyond the salted ground the thistles are yet In evidence. We are well stocked with the Canadian or creeping thistles In Marlon County and they are spreading in the timber lands along the Pudding River on the north and on the Santlam River on the south. A Linn County road supervisor found a patch on a Santlam bar and had them cut down last Summer, and during the freshet the past Winter, the bar washed away, so the thistles may be looked for further down stream in tho near future. W. M. HILLEART. Xo Plr.ce for Him. Chicago Journal, Ind. There is no place for what are called "conservative business men" in a party that regards property as a menace to the public welfare, and Is Intent on de stroying the means by which It may be accumulated. The Democratic party Is at war upon wealth. Mr. Bryan makes no disguise of this fact, and his closest advisers are men who believe that the destination of the party is some form of state socialism. Between this element, which will continue to dominate the party, because It has more brains and honesty than men like Hill, Daniel and Van Wyck, and becauee It offers a new policy to refresh the Democracy between this element and a party of unyielding conservatism dominated by Mr. McKIn ley for the business interests of the coun try, there is no refuge for the old-school Democrat. He must reiBe his creed or accept what he considers the less of two evils. So he becomes a Republican, and a few years will And him as firmly and perhaps as comfortably settled in that party as he ever was among tho Democrats. THE CHAUTAUQUA WORK PROFESSOR GLEJPS LECTURE OK "THE BEOWULF AJfD ITS STORY." Evenlnsr Lecture ljy Ike ReT. H. "W. Kellogjc Large Attendance and SXnca Interest In. Proceedings. GLADSTONE PARK, Or., July 17. This has been another Interesting day of the seventh annual session of the Willamette Valley Chautauqua Assembly. It has been an interesting day in class work, and a number of valuable lectures on various topics were given at the different desks this morning. The special features, how ever, were the lectures by Professor Ir ving M. Glen in the morning, and the lecture of Dr. H. W. Kellogg in tho evening. The Metropolitan Jubilee Sing ers gave their farewell entertainment this afternoon, and gave special selections by request until a late hour. The manage ment states that the gate receipts yester day were far above the average, and this has been another good day in that re spect. Irving M. Glen, professor of English language and early English literature In the University of Oregon, at Eugsne, gave a lecture this morning, entitled, "The Beowulf and Its Story." The lecture was analytical and scientific, and a vivid por trayal of one of the rarities in literature. The speaker was greeted with the largest audience that has yet gathered for a morning programme, and hold tno Inter ested attention of his hearers from be ginning to end. The lecture Is given in part aa follows: "The Beowulf is an Anglo-Saxon poem, the. oldest poem of consequence In our language, of over 2000 words In length, and written possibly before 5(0 A. D. Old, Is It not? And you arc not Interested In old things? Walt; let me set the stage; give you an Idea of the country and tne people "The cduntry a sullen land of sodden skies; shores swept by stormy seas; a land of gray; gray fogs and mists; gray cliffs, the ocean gray. "The people a folk that dwelt In homes; a folk as serious as the country. Not that they-' had no delight or p-ensure, for they had. Yet, It was a pleasure that only hardy men could enjoy; that wc of todaj would to a great degree call work. They had feasts, banquets and revels, but these were only occasional, and wero accepted philosophically as opportunities for taking on a load of viands nnd ac companying beverages that staggered the reveller In more senses than one. From all accounts their capacity wa3 one that would fill the bibulous roan of touay with awe and admiration. "Their religion was fatal'sm: their God supreme was wd-d-.ate. lio le approached In reverence the p.ace th:y gave to Weird what he decrees must man accept. 'Goes aye Weird as It will,' says tho warrior before entering the combat. Through all their life ran the gray threads of fatalism." The speaker gave a brief history of tho immigration of the Saxons to Britain; how they sent back word to their kinsmen to come over and possess the land. "They came In hordes, hosts, made settlements In the various provinces, and becrfme the Anglo-Saxon of Britain. They brought with them their customs, man mcrs, laws and transplanted. Into a new soil their myths, traditions, ta'es, lays and sagns. Among all this folk-lore were groups of lays concerning one, a historic figure, called Beowulf a warrior of extra ordinary strength and daring, capable of an Incredible amount of endurance, yet withal kind, mild mannered an 1 Judicious, moved rather by reason than by Impulse, a friend to helplessness, a foe to .oppres sion. There was also a body of song and story concerning a seml-dlvlne per sonage named Beowa, and It Is probible that in the course of time these two become one In tl.e Teutonic mind, which united under the personality of one tak ing the name Beowulf, the legends con cerning two peoples. From Internal evi dence found In the poem itself, we know how It came to bo written. The zcops, or minstrels, the forerunners of n litera ture, sang or chanted stories of famous deeds of their hero at foists, banquets, courts and humbler homes, praising this feat or that, adding -a little more or less of extravagance rs the occasion demand ed, each scop or singer adding here and there a little to themes that elicited great est applause until the material concern ing Beowulf began to assume the pro portions of an epic Then It Is prob able that different men attempted to shape different parts of the story Into verse, until one, greater than the rest, seeing the wonderful opportunity and be ing able to Improve it. unified the whole Into the poem we know at the present day og 'Beowulf,' keeping In mind an ethical . purpose and Interpolating here and there enough of the Christian ele ment to give It a decided coloring. In jplte of tho heathen saas from which It came. In this poem there are, at least. 25 passages and references con.aIninr Christian rentlment, which wou'd Indi cate that Its final compiler was either a monk or one In sympathy with the Chris tian religion. "Though epic in quality. It Is nn anthem of forest, crag, cliff, sa, fen and shore not the whirring, fluttering murmur that falntlv stirs' the air and floats off ll-btlr tr ugh the flr ,urc rtaln tr mu'ous hlfh In the trees, a soft, shy, rustl.nj quiver ing on the breeze; a song that flings Its mounting measure from twig to ncedlc tlp In murmurlngs. somno'ont and sooth ing, droning, slumbrous, dreamy, drowsv, low sung things. Not that. It Is "a wilder tong that springs with sudden swirls, then swells and sweeps the strings of a hundred hidden harps; that wildly wings and soars and swoops, shrieks, whirls and flings the forest through In frenzied rlotlnss. It Is the song in which the pine defies the sea a challenge: Strip me of branches r give me spars And rope-bound, rail-wrapped. "VTlntr stars. Flashing their glinting light through frozen air. Shall see me. borne by swiftly scudding keel. Before the furious blast, standing all stanch. In spite of strain and -tug and desperato plunge. True to my ship. Its captain and Its crew. The round-tcblo was conducted this af ternon by Mrs. Wllllnm Galloway, the topic being the Chautauqua reading circle work. Mrs. T. M. Gault gave a talk on the "Benefits of a Chautauqua in a Com munity," and Colonel Robert A. Miller gave a short address on Chautauqua work. W. L. Flnley, of Portland, ex hibited his collection of stuffed Oregon birds, and gave a lectbre. explaining the peculiarities of the different varieties. Dr. H. W. Kellogg, of Portland, gave an interesting and Instructive lecture to night. Illustrated with stereoptlcon -views. In fact. It was two lectures combined In one his lecture on "Christian Art," and an account of his trip In Europe. That part of the lecture relating to Christ in art was especially Impressive, and the story of travels was also Interesting. The lecture was preceded with a reading by Profesror C. E. Kemp. "Renting a Baby,' by Frank Stockton, which was repeated tonight, by special request. The Oregon City ladles' quartet also sang several se lections, responding to enthusiastic en cores. The Chautauqua management announces either a baseball or basket-ball game to morrow afternoon, and on Thursday af ternoon the deciding game of baseball between the Chemawa and Oregon City teams. Tomorrow will be one of the great days of the assembly. Folldwlng is the pro gramme in full: , 8 to 11 Schools and classes. 11 Willamette University morning. Lec ture, "The Nicaragua Canal and Our Na tional Development," President W. C. Hawley. 1:30 Chemawa Indian band. Baritone solo, F. E. Vrooman. National hymns, led by Chautauqua chorus. Short ad dresses by Congressman Thomas H. Tongue. Mrs. A. S. Dunlway, Dr. Black burn, General O. Summers, General Charles F. Beebe. Company A, O. N. G., will receive the officers. 3:20 Baseball. 5 G. A. R. and Spanish War Veterans' programme. 7:30 Orchestral concert. Reading, Miss Mabel L. Carter. 8 Grand concert; Professor W. H. Boy er. director. Chorus. "The Palms" (Fauer). Taylor-Street Methodist Episco pal choir. "Ah Fors e' Lue" (Travlete), VerdJ. Miss May Dearborne. Violin solo. Miss C. Barker. "Waves of the Danube," Ivanovlce, ladles' chorus. Piano solo. Miss Pearl Smith, (a) "When the Heart Is Young." Buck; (b) "All for You" (D. Hardelot). MIps May Dearborne. Sextet and chorus ("Lucia"), Donizetti. STEAD ON THE WAR. The "Wliite World Face to Face "Wltn the Colored llaces. NEW YORK July 17. W. T. Stead ca bles from London to the Journal and Ad vertiser: The Pope Is said to have remarked as he saw the Italian troops departing for the far East, that this was the first war since the Crusades In which all nations had united to make war for the Christian cause. The allusion is morcrtapt than felicitous, for the struggle between tho East and West, which began when steel-clad Eu rope hurled Itself upon tne Pynlm hordes which defiled the Holy Sepulchre, lasted for over 400 years, and at the end of that prolonged death-grapple of continents, the combatants were left face to face, very much as they were at the beginning. It Is to be hoped that we are not on the verge of another 4C0 years' war, at the other end of the Asiatic continent. The gravity of the crisis In China hither to has never been realized, even faintly. In Europe. Otherwise England would have long ago patched up any kind of a truce In South Africa, which would have en abled her to have used her army tor the defense of the threatened outposts of Western ctvlllzat'on. Even now, when the massacre of the Legations has sent a thrill of horror through the world, few dream of the Immensity and hopelessness of the struggle upon which they are In vited to embark with such loud cries of vengeance. The fact Is that the white world Is face to face with a determined effort, by no moans confined to China, on the part of the colored races, to assert their rights to live their own lives In their own ways, without tho perpetual bullying of pale faces. The colored race3 have awakened to the fact that the rupremacy of the white man is due to no Inherent superi ority, but solely to the fact that he has ruperlor weapons. Hence the Chinese have provided themselves with the bst artillery and magazine rifles, and have employed expert instructors. Lord Wolseley told ms long ago he con sidered the Chlnere the very best fight ing material In the world. They were better even than the Russians, because tho Russian rold'prs drink, whereas the Chinese are the mot abstemious of men. The destruction of the legations, however, terrible as It may seem to be, was never theless natural. It was the result and Inevitable corollary of the seizure of the Taku fort? and the massacre of their gar risons. Humon nature Is much the same all the world over, and If we had been In a similar position, the white men would have acted much the same as their yellow-skinned brothers. Christianity may be stamped out - of China as completely as 200 years ago It was stamped out of Japin. Tt will bp well If this 1 all we have to face a3 the result of forgetting the Golden Rule In our relations to the Chinese. One of the awful .poisibMlties of the near fu ture Is that the allies will quarrel among themselves, and that we may have a world-wide war which may lead civili zation backward. CAN'T STAND CERISTIANITY That Xa nt the Bottom of Cuinchc Objection to Forcls?"erji. WASHINGTON.-July 13. The antlpathy of the great mcjorlty of the Chinese to the Introduction of foreign religions Into their empire Is the cause ascribed by R. Kondo, president of the Japan Mall Steamship Compnny, to the present hos tilities In the Orlen. Occupying a hlgn position In the business and financial cir cles In the East, Mr. Kondo has had ex cellent opportunities for observation. He declares that the efforts of the mission aries have not bcn very fruitful so far as brlnglnj China under Western idea"-: is concerned. He thinks the Chinese arc so thoroughly Imbued with the teachings of Confucius and other Chinese sages that they are bitterly hostile to all for eign faiths, and resent the advances of our missionaries. When Mr. Kondo was In China last year he was Informed by conservative Chinese clt'zcns that the people w:rc not averse to foreljners coming to their country to trade, but they would not tolerate the'r attempts to spread outside religions. Mr. Kondo says the Chinese business Instinct Is as acute and fully developed a3 that of anv nation, and through Its agency their confidence may be gained and the empire opened to for eign commerce. This gontleman regards lightly the story that Jnpan and Russia are likely to clash over the Llao Tung Peninsula, which Japan wished to absorb, but which has become practically Russian territory. He docs not consider the fact that Japan has increased her army and navy and that Russia has gathered 100,000 men on the Siberian frontier as signifying any pending hostility between the two nations. He regards these moves rather as means of protection than aggression. In a word, he says there has been a great deal of exaggeration concerning Russia's and Japan's attitudes, both In China and Corea. Nothing could be farther from Japan's desire, ho concludes, than to fight Russia, and the same Is equally true of Russia as regards Japan. SNEAKTHIEF AT WORK. Five Canes of Bnrslary Reported Yesterday 'Atteraoon. A clever sneakthlef was at work yes terday afternoon, and ' five houses were burglarized before evening. The first case reported was that of C. Stelner, an omployo of the Union Laundry, whose rooms at 232$ Washington street were ransacked In his absence, and jewelry and articles to the value of $20 taken. Soon after Louis Larsen, of the steamer Emma Hayward, reported that his state room hod been gone through, and $3 stolen. Other places where rooms were reported burglarized are the Multnomah lodging-house. Fifth and Morrison streets; the Pleasanton. 288 Third street; and a lodging-house at 2S3 First street. In every case the contents of the bu reau drawers were scattered all over the floor, and trunks opened. The burglar took few articles besides Jewelry and money. The police authorities arc con fident that the work was done by one man' and suspect that the thief Is some one of the fraternity tha has dropped down to Portland from Seattle, which has lately been Infested with house-robbers and petty thieves. The value of the articles stolen will reach $250. A Common Ground. Philadelphia Record. Unless Mr. Bryan can provide himself with an extra leg, he can't stand on all the three platforms of the Populists. Dem ocrats .and Silver Republicans, who have put him in nomination. There is one plank, however, common to all the plat forms. They all demand the free coinage of sliver at the ratio of 16 to L And yet there are some Bryanltes who insist that sliver is a dead issue. General Andre, the new French War Minister, as his first measures on taking office cancelled pending military punish ments, arid rescinded General Galllfet's prohibition of the wearing of civil dres3 by officers when off duty. GREATEST WHEAT PEST HESSLUT FLY, 'WHICH IS SPREAD ING E? THE NORTHWEST. May Force Wheatsrrowera to Diver sify Their Crops and Thus Really Benefit the Country. A wheatraiser at Lewlsville, Clark County. Wash., sent The Oregonlan, some days ago, specimens of insects that he said were ravaging his wheat-field. The specimens were submitted to Professor A. B. Cordley, entomologist at the Oregon experiment station, Corvallls, who makes response as follows: "The insects sent by your correspondent from Lewlsville. Wash., with the report that they are killing all of the wheat In that vicinity, are the true Hessian fly, cecidomyia destructor. "This Is the principal wheat pest of the world, one that Is estimated to destroy annually not less than 40.000.000 bushels of wheat in the United States alone, but one which has hitherto attracted no attention in the Pacific Northwest. "It is supposed to be of European origin and to have been Introduced into the United States In straw which was brought over by Hessian troops. It has since spread over practically all of the Winter wheat regions of the world, reaching Cal ifornia in 18S4. and Oregon very near the close of the century. In December, 1S97, I received from Scappoose, Or., some samples of Fall-sown wheat which were very badly Infested with thl3 Insect. Since then I have received it from several oth er localities, including Vernonla, Hllls boro and Reedville. Or., and Lewisvtlle, Wash. It has therefore obtained a firm foothold In the very midst of the exten sive wheat-growing sections of Western Washington and Oregon, and In view of the fact that our system of extensive farming with wheat after wheat Is par ticularly favorable to the development of this pest, we may expect it to spread rap Idly and In the near future to exact a heavy tribute from the wheatgrowers of this region. "The habits of the Insect are as follows: The adult lnsect3 are small, dark-colored gnats, closely resembling small mosqui toes. The Fall brood appears In Septem ber, and the females deposit their eggs upon the surface of the leaves of the young wheat plants. In a few day3 the eggs hatch and the larvae crawl down and locate between the sheath and the stem. JQst at or below the surface of the ground, where they remain until fully grown, feeding upon the substance of the plant. When fully grown they contract Into small. Irregularly oval, brown pupa rla, somewhat resembling flaxseeds. In Infested wheat these 'flaxseeds' may al ways be found between the sheath and the stem, and near the surface of the ground at any time during the Winter. The lnsect3 remain In this 'flaxseed stage until Spring, when they again trans form to the second brood of gnats, which deposit eggs for the second brood of lar vae. These larvae attack Spring grain much in the same manner that the Fall brood attacked Fall grain, just at the surface of the ground, but they usually attack the more advanced Fall grain Just above the lower joints, where they so weaken the stem that it breaks down. In the Middle States we have known of Instances In which fully 75 per cent of the wheat was thus destroyed, and losses of as high as SO per cent have been recorded. Under certain favorable condi tions, which Include sufficient rainfall during the Summer months to start a growth of volunteer wheat, and a late Fall, each of the broods mentioned above may produce a supplemental brood, mak ing four In all. "A field of young wheat when first at tacked by this Insect presents a remark ably thrifty appearance. It makes a des perate effort to overcome the Injury; takes on a darker green color and stools freely, but later the plants turn yellow, the central shoots and many of the lat erals die. "No methods have been found whereby this Insect can be held In check by appli cations of Insecticides. Reliance must be placed wholly upon the practice of such agricultural methods as are least favora ble to the development of the Insect. Among these may be mentioned cutting the wheat high and burning the stubble Immediately after harvest, tho destruc tion of all volunteer wheat that starts during the Summer months by harrowing op plowing, that there may be no. plants In which the supplemental Spring brood of flle3 can develop; eany sowing of strips through the field to wheat which Is later to be plowed under, this to be followed by late sowing of the main crop; rotation of crops. "The last method mentioned will un doubtedly prove one of the most Impor tant. In fact. If the Hesslnn fly shall prove a means of breaking up our exten sive wheat fields and converting them into fields of clover, vetch and various other crops, it will add not only to the revenues of the rtate at large, but of the wheatgrower himself." Lost in the Wlllnmette. Eugene Guard. Last Friday a gentleman by the name of Richie, about two miles above Hill's, on the Middle Fork, concluded he would ride down the river In his canvas boat. He was a California tourist. He placed his two guns In the boat, a high-priced shotgun and a rifle, blankets, etc., and started out swimmingly. In about 200 yards the boat struck a large rock, swamping It. The tourist got out after a hard swim; the two guns are gone for ever: his boat was ruined, while his blankets were recovered pretty well water-soaked. Land Decision Affirmed. WASHINGTON. July 13. The Secretary of the Interior has affirmed the Land Office decision In the1 case of Leroy D. Stark and William M. Mcintosh against Thomas J. Strunk, Involving two tracts of land in the Vancouver land district, Washington. This decision cancelled the entry of Mcintosh and rejected the ap plication of Leroy J. Strunk to the re spective tracts and awarded the lands to Thomas J. Strunk. . Something: In a Name. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. The Boers call a Commander-in-Chief an Opperbevelhebber. It makes him for midable In name as well as In fact. soap is not only the best in all the world for toilet and bath but also for shav ing. Pears was the in ventor of shaving stick soap. All sorts of people use Pears soap, all sorts of stores sell it, especially druggists. THIS BADGE Is an "emblem of consideration" and signifies the wear er's intention to herp . the Retail Clerks and mer chants to shorter hour3 by making all purchases before 6 P. M. j 9 THE PALATIAL 0BE00NIAN BUI (A, 3 eezi WU T3 Kiln a - ' 1 1 Mill jplfl 1 ME Hot a darlc office fn the bnlldlnsi absolutely fireproof! electric Usrhtt and artenlan watert perfect iianlta. tlon and thoronsh ventilation. Elc. vatora ran day and nis&t. Room. AINSLTB. DR. GEOROB. Physician... .608-GOJ ALU RICH. S. W.. General Contractor C10 ANDERSON. GUSTAV. Attorney-at-La-w...G13 ASSOCIATED PRES3: E. 1 Powell. MgT..8M AUSTEN, I. C.v Manager for Oreson and Wahlnjftoa Bankers' Llfa Association, of De Moines, la B02-5O3 BANKERS' LIFE ASSOCIATION. OF DE3 MOINES. IA.;P. a Auster. Manarer..B02-3O3 BATNTUN. GEO. R.. Mgx- for Chas. Scrib- ner's Sons 513 BEALS. EDWARD A.. Forecast OfllclaJ U. S. "Weather Bureau ............010 BENJAMIN. R W.. Dentist SU BINSWANGER, DR. O. S.. Phy. & Sur.0-41t BROOKE. DR. J. M.. Phya. & Sure TOB-ino BROWN. MTRA. M. D 31.1-311 BRUERE. 'DR. G. E.. Physician.... 412-413-41 BUSTEED. RICHARD. A rent Wlteon & Mc- Callay Tobacco Co 602-603 CAUKIN. G. E.. District Agent Traveler Insurance Co. ...... T13 CARDWELL. DR. J. R 308 CARROTU "W. T.. Special Agont Mutual Reserve Fund Life Aas'n .....601 COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY eo4-ec-coc-eoT-6i3-ei4-r.i.. CORNELIUS. C. W.. Phy. and Surjreon S! COVER. F. C. Cashier Equitable Life 308 COLLIER. P. F.. Publisher: S. P. McGulre. Manager 413-411$ TAT. J. O. & I. N. ,.311 DAVIS. NAPOLEON. President Columbia Telephone Co -.... W? DICKSON. DR. J. J. Physician T13-7U DRAKE. DR. H. B.. Phvslclan B12-313-5U nWTER. JOE. F.. Tobaccos 403 EDITORIAL RCOMS EtKhth floor EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY: L. Samuel. Manager: F. C Cover. Cashier, 1T1 EVENING TELEGRAM S25 Alder tret FENTON. J. D.. Physician and Surgeon. 300-31 r, FENTON. DR. HICKS C. Eye and Ear.... ."U FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist 309 FIDELITY MUTUAL LIFE ASSOCIATION: E. C. Stark. Manager 601 OALVANI. W. H.. Engineer and Draughts- man 6"8 GAVIN. A.. President Oregon Camera Club. 214-213-216-21: GE4.RY. DR. EDWARD P.. Physician nnd Surgeon 212-211 REBBIT PUB. CO.. Ltd.. Tine Art Publish ers: M. C. McGreevy. Mgr 313 GIESY. A. J.. Physician and Surgeon... 700-Tlu GODDARD. E. C & CO., Footwear Ground floor. 120 Sixth stre: GOLDMAN. WILLIAM. Manager Manhattan Life Insurance Co. of New York. .....209-211 GRANT. FRANK S.. Attornev-at-Lnw C.X". HAMMAM BATHS. King A Comptcn. Props..Vl HAMMOND. A. B." Z'.t HEIDINGER. GEO. A. 4 CO.. Pianos and Organ 131 Sixth tr HOLLISTER. DR. O. C. Phya. Jfc Sur-.504-33 IDLEMAN. C. M.. Attorney-at-Law.. 410-17-1 JOHNSON. W. C 318-31C-3U KADY. MARK T.. Supervisor ot Accnts Mutual Reserve Fund Life Ass'n 0O4-GOJ LAMONT. JOHN. Vice-President and Gen eral Manager Columbia Telephone Co not LITTLEFIELD. H. R.. Phys. and Surgeon .2it MACRUM. W. S.. See. Oregon Camera Club.2H MACKAY. DR. A. E.. Phy. and Burg.. 711-712 MAXWELL. DR. W. E.. Phys. & Surg. .701-2-3 McCOY. NEtt'TON. Attorney-at-Law 713 McFADEN. MISS IDA E.. Stenographer 20 McGINN. HENRY E.. Attorney-at-Law.311-313 McKELL. T. J.. Manufacturers' Representa tire sm METT. HENRY .4 218 MILLER. DR. HERBERT C.. Dentlat and Oral Surgeon - (WW-fina MOSSMAN. DR. E. P.. Dentlat 312-313-311 MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO.. of Kew York; W. Goldman. Manager. .. .200-210 MUTUAL RESERVE FUND LIFE ASS'N: Mark T. Kady, Supervisor of Agents.. C04-CA1 McELROY. DR. J. O.. Phys. & Sur.70l-702-70J McFARLAND. E. B Secretary Columbia Telephone Co. tiOS McGUIRE. S. P., Manager P. T. Collier. Publisher 413-418 McKIM. MAURICE. Attorney-at-Lnw 3W MUTUAL LIFE INCURANCE CO.. of New York; Wm. S. Fond. State Mgr..404-4C3-PS ' NICHOLAS. HORACE B.. Attorney-at-Law. 713 KILES. M. L.. Casnier Manhattan Llf In. surance Co.. of New York 203 OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY: Dr. L. B Smith. Osteopath 40S-4ra OREGON CAMERA CLUB 214-215-216-217 PATTERSON. PETER i(XJ POND. WM. S.. State Manager Mutual Llf Ins. Co. of New York 4O4-403-40J PORTLAND EYE AN DEAR INFIRMARY. Ground floor. 133 SIsth stree: PORTLAND MINING & TRUST CO.: J. H. Marshall. Manager SIS QUIMBY. L. P. W.. Game and Forestry Warden ... 710-717 ROSENDALE. O. M.. Metallurgist and Min ing Engineer 013-310 REED & MALCOLM. Opticians. 133 Slist stree: REED. F. C. FWh Commissioner 407 RYAN. J. B.. Attomey-at-Law 417 SAMUEL. L.. Manager Equitable Life. .. 3D0 SECURITY MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.; H. F. Bushong. Gen. Agent for Ore. and Wash S01 SHERWOOD. J. W., Deputy Supreme Com mander. K. O. T. M 311 SMITH. Dr. L. B.. Osteopath 408-409 flONB OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. 300 STARK. E. C. Executive Special. Fidelity Mutual Life Association of Phlla.. Pa 601 STUART. DELL. Attorney-at-Law CI 7-613 STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E.. Dentist... ... 701-703 SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY. AND N. P. TERMINAL CO 701 8TROWBRIDGE. THOS. H-. Executive Spe cial Agent Mutual Life, of New York 4M SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE 2ni TUCKER. DR. GEO. F.. Dentist CIO-Oll U. S. WEATHER BUREAU 807-003-000-Oltt U. S. LIGHTHOUSE ENGINEERS. 13TH DIST.. Captain W. C Langfltt. Corps of Engineers. U. S. A S01 U. S ENnrCFFH OFFICE. RIVER AND HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS. Captain W. C Langfltt. Corps of Engineers. U. S. A..SI9 WATERMAN. C. H.. Cashier Mutual Life cf New YoTk 40a retary Native Daughters 716-717 WHITE. MISS L. E.. Assistant Secretary Oregon Camera Club 2U WIL50N.DR. EDWARD N.. Phys. & Sur.301-3 WILSON. DR. GEO. F., Phya. & Surg. .70C-7C7 WILSON. DR. HOLT C. Phya & Surg-.BO7-20S WILSON & McCALLAY TOBACCO CO.: Richard Busteed. Agent G02-C33 WOOD. DR. W. L.. Physician 412-413-4 U WILLAMETTE VALLEY TELEPH. CO...C12 A few more elesnnt offices may b had by applying: to Portland Trust Company of Oreson. IOO Third at., o to the rent cleric in the building. MEN K 8? THE MODERN APPLIANCE A positive way to perfect manhood. The VACUUM TKEATMENT CURES you without meJlclne of all nervous or diseases of the generative or gans, such as lost manhood, exhaustive drains. aricocele, impotency. etc. Men are quickly re stored to perfect health and strength- "Wrltt for circulars. Correspondence confldentUl. THE HEALTH APPLIANCE CO.. rooms 4Jf &afe Deposit building. Seattle. Wash.