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tttf. MO-RNTXG OBEGOXIAN, FRIDAY, JUKE' 15, 1900.
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TODAY'S WEATHERShowers. followed by
fair weather during tho afternoon or night;
'Wanner; westerly winds.
ORTLAXD, KniDAY, JCXE 15, 1000.
VIce-Chairman Payne ought to suc
ceed In his effort to secure proportional
representation in Republican National
Conventions. The present system Is
unjust to every Northern State. It
Uuts a premium on carpet-bag repre
sentation from the South. States that
contribute not one vote to the election
a Republican President are permit
ted large Influence in the National con
ventions, and in more than one Instance
have controlled nominations. The chief
end of political ertdeavor among Re
publicans in states like Alabama, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana and Georgia, Arkan
sas and Florida, Is office and its emol
uments and prestige. There Is never
an effective flght at the polls. There
are often bitter trouble and bloody rows
In conventions for control of the Re
publican machine. Party leaders and
bosses take a delegation to a National
convention and traffic votes for patron
ageand sometimes for money. Their
whole purpose Is to ride In the band
Wagon; they never help pull it.
The low estate Into which the Re
publican party has fallen in the ex
treme South is due in great part to the
large consideration given to these prac
tical statesmen. They have no pur
poses that do not yield readily to the
persuasive power of a "pull." They are
not inspired to work for party success
by any earnest or genuine desire for tho
maintenance of principle. If they were,
they would readily agree on a harmoni
ous plan of action. As it is, they quar
rel and flght, and kill, and carry their
troubles to the National organization to
Look at the shameful and petty
squabbles from Alabama, Louisiana,
Texas and Tennessee, now consuming
the time and exhausting the patience of
the committee at Philadelphia, Take
Louisiana, for example: It has sixteen
delegates. If strict equities were ob
served, it would have Just three. It
has two contesting delegations. One is
headed by A. T. Wimberly, W. P. Kel
logg, J. Madison "Vance, Jr. (colored),
and Richard Simms. The first-named
is Collector of Customs for the port of
New Orleans, appointed over the pro
test of several thousand Republicans.
Most serious charges affecting the in
tegrity of "Wimberly are made. His
personal and official record is declared
to be notorious and Infamous. Kellogg
Is the carpet-bag ex-Governor of Lou
isiana, and has been a lobbyist at
"Washington for twenty years. He is
2iot a registered voter at Louisiana.
"Vance was at one time clerk in the
postoffice at New Orleans, and Is said
to have been indicted for embezzling
?700. Simms is deputy Naval officer at
New Orleans, and is described In pam-
1 n phlets prepared for circulation at Phll-
t adelphia as a "cheap blackmailer and
This is a savory crew. Tet they are
the Republican party in Louisiana.
They dispense the Federal patronage,
"which amounts to about 2000 offices in
the state. They go through the form
of waging a Republican campaign in
Presidential years, but It is only for the
eake of form, to be used as basis for
assertion of party regularity. Their
differences wlthrlhe so-called sugar
planters' faction are violent and Ir
reconcilable. In "April last tbeyput up
a. separate state ticket, which received
a paltry 2400 votes. The results are
thus chronicled in a circular Issued by
the sugar planter Republican faction:
At that election they did not eloct a. single
Judge, Sheriff. JCJerk of Court. Justice of tha
Peace. Constable, Police Juror, member of the
Senate or House of Representatives or any
other officer of any sort or description In the
uhcle State of Louisiana. Their candidates for
Congress in the several districts polled an ag-
pgate of only 1000 votes In 1SJK5, and 2S37
lotes in 189S.
Tet this little political cabal sends to
Philadelphia as many delegates as
Nebraska, r Maryland, or Ken
tucky, or California: more than Con
necticut, or Maine, or New Hamp
shire, or Oregon: as many as Vermont
and Rhcde Island together. The dele
gation can negative the votes of Ore
gon and "Washington. The present sys
tem Is to give to each state four dele-gates-at-large
and two for every Rep
resentative in Congress. The true basis
Is the Republican vote cast In Presi
dential years. The apportionment is so
made for all state and county conven
tions, and Its complete fairness and
equity are so apparent that it should be
extended to the Nation.
A collateral matter that Mr. Payne
has taken up with vigor Is the pernl-
cL:us activity of Federal office-holders
lAIabama. His resolution has special
pertinence in the South generally, and
is ret altogether Inapplicable in Ore
gon In that state. It will be remem
bered, the contentions of the warring
facticrs at Montgomery led to homl-
.clde in the state convention hall. No
bonder the pernicious activity of the
federal officers has become a scandal.
ind that the President is called upon
l "take such action as the good of the
republic's Interest requires." The Re
public's interest demands that ma
c!.' Re-made Republicans have less to
in Republican councils. It requires
that al llity to "deliver the goods" In a
NaMcra! convention be not a prerequi-
Jte tor appointment to office. It re-
quires that the present arbitrary
method of following blindly the recom
mendation of state chairmen and Na
tional committeemen in the South be
broken down, both for the improve
ment of the public service and the ren
ovation of the Republican party. It re
quires that the Administration lend an
ear to the protests of the public against
any unfit appointment, and do not shift
the responsibility to a political organi
zation, where It does not belong.
DUYAJf AXD HIS PLATFORM.
Colonel Bryan had been silent a long
time a long time for him. But once
more he permits his tongue to tang
arguments of state. Now he tells us
that "the Chicago platform will be
reaffirmed," and that he has "not been
asked by Chairman Jones or anybody
else to drop 16 to L" ''"Money, imperi
alism and trusts," he says, "will be the
great Issues; money includes silver and
paper, and imperialism carries mili
tarism and the Boer war."
But the Boer war will probably go
on, without , regard to our opinions
about it. Should we attempt interven
tion we should have a Job of "mili
tarism" that would be fine. Indeed. "We
shall do well to keep fresh in memory
what "Washington said, and not forget
that there Is sense and safety in mind
ing our own business. If we have fear
of "imperialism" and would not get
mixed ip with It, the sure way is to
let the quarrels of others alone. "What
to do with the trusts none of us can
tell, with assurance and certainty, and
It's a pity, for the trusts are a great
grievance to the country; but it may
be feared that the doings of the ice
trust of New York will somewhat im
peach the sincerity of Democratic de
clamation against trusts in.general, and
create the impression that Mr. Bryan's
partisan friends are not more to be
depended on than other persons, to
abate this abuse.
On these subjects militarism, trusts,
imperialism, sympathy with the Boers
Mr. Bryan is dealing in clap-traps.
"We may, however, suppose him earnest
In his statement that the Chicago plat
form will be reaffirmed. This will raise
questions of a character which the
country will be compelled to consider
once more. Partisan declamation on
"trusts" will come to nothing; nor talk
about "imperialism" and "militarism,"
which is mere twaddle; nor "sympa
thy" with the Boers, which notoriously
Is not Intended for help to them, but
for vote-getting at home. But the' Chi
cago platform, reaffirmed, will be a
thing to compel attention. It will not
be worth while to tell anybody that
"it's loaded." Such warning will be
unnecessary. It bears upon its front
the Impress of its own dangerous char
acter. People will not think or talk
about the Boer war, for they know their
"sympathy" will be worth nothing un
less it take the form of military in
tervention, but about the peril that lies
in this platform.
"With this platform before the country
no fictitious issue can be foisted into
the campaign. The Chicago platform is
a bundle of things too desperately re
alistic It produced a nightmare in 1896,
and will .again, if there should appear
to be any real danger of the success
of the party proclaiming it.
THE GOLD OUTPUT OF 181)0.
One of the many results predicted
from the breaking out of war In South
Africa last Fall was that the world's
output for the year 1899 would thereby
suffer material decrease. Facts do not
bear out this estimate. Notwithstand
ing the closing of the Transvaal mines
during the last quarter of the year, the
aggregate gold production amounted to
5312,307,819, against 5286,803,462 in 189S.
For the decade ending with 1890 the
average annual gold output was only
5103,900,000; In 1891 It rose to 5130,000,000,
and the increase since that time has
been rapid and continuous.
The Engineering and Mining Journal
recently presented statistics which
show the tremendous expansion In In
dustry and business that has resulted
from what may be called the boom in
gold production In the various corners
of the earth. The Transvaal, which
took the lead as the heaviest producer
In 1898, with an output of 578,000,000,
dropped to second place with but 573.
000,000 to her credit last year. This was
for three-quarters time, the war stop
ping work In the mines the last quar
ter. Had It not been for this, that
country would no doubt have again led
with a production nearlng the 5100,000,
000 mark. Marvelous development of
the gold-mining Industry was also
shown in Australia. From an output of
552,500,000 In 1897 and 582.300,000 In 1898,
she forged into first place In 1899 with a
product of 579,200,000. The tremendous
strides made by the industry through
out the world In the past two years are
shown In the fact that, while the United
States led In 1897, she dropped to third
place In 1899, although in the interim
her output had Increased from 559,200.
000 to 570.000,000. In the same time
Canada's output, due to the returns
from the Klondike region, Jumped from
56,000.000 to 521,000,000.
The Engineering and Mining Journal,
from which these figures are quoted, is
of opinion that, while the same ratio
of Increase can be looked for in the
United States, Canada and Australia
during the current year, the total will
be diminished because of the practical
elimination of South Africa as a gold
producer. Even should peace be at
once declared. It would be several
months before the mines In the dis
turbed district could be worked to their
full capacity, and It is not at all likely
the practical extinction of production
In that district will be made up by Its
expansion In other parts of the world.
Nevertheless, there will probably be
this year a larger addition to the
world's already enormous stock of gold
than there has been in any year except
1S99. This increase is likely to con
tinue for some years, the reasons being
set forth by the Journal above quoted
as follows: Enlargement of existing
plants: discovery of gold in new fields;
discovery of new deposits in old dis
tricts; development of low-grade mines
discovered in the past, but unworked
because of high cost, and now worked
owing to better and cheaper processes,
cheaper material and transportation;
working of placer deposits with steam
shovels and dredges, and, finally, the
Increased production of copper and
other ores carrying gold. This natural
expansion of the gold supply has left
the bimetallic theory without basis for
even a lame argument, and the demand
for the free coinage of silver without
foundation even in remote possibility.
Gold Is every year more and more
abundant, The limits to its production
cannot be fixed. Everybody prefers it
I as money, upon 'it the naanciai sys-
terns of the commercial, industrial and
business worlc rest. These are facts
supported by statistics, Accepted by In.
telligence, and Indorsed by common
THE HARDY IMOXEER.
The Oregon pioneer was not a gold
seeker primarily, like the thousands
that flocked to California in 189. He
was not a fugitive fanatic, like the
Mormon refugees that colonized Utah.
He was not primarily a hunter or trap
per. He was not a political bankrupt
and semi-filibuster, HkeUhe Crocketts
and Koustons, who went to Texas and
California long before our war with
The impulse which led men to leave
the favored spots of the Middle West
and Southwest to undertake the old
time, long and perilous six months'
Journey across the continent is not so
easy of explanation as the natural drift
of New England to fertile Western New
York and the Middle West, or the over
flow of "Virginia into Kentucky and
Tennessee, of Pennsylvania into Ohio,
and of Kentucky Into Southern Indiana
and Southern Illinois. The Oregon pio
neers were, like the first settlers of
New England and the Middle West,
men of good blood, of exceptional
vigor of body and mind; and In the
favored regions of the Middle West
could have found no insuperable diffi
culty In their wrestle with existence.
They were restless Americans of vig
orous body and mind, who were ready
to leave safety and comparative com
fort and risk the dangers and priva
tions of a long overland Journey to
reach a country whose situation and
conditions would satisfy the desire to
mind their own business in their own
way better than the, land of their birth.
At all events, whatever be the ex
planation of the overland emigration
to the Pacific Coast, it is unique in the
history of the American pioneer. The
emigration from New England to the
Mississippi and the settlement of the
South was along lines of natural prog
ress, but the flight from the fertile Mid-
die west to Oregon was the boldest,
most adventurous performance of the
American pioneer. Only men of excep
tional courage and Individuality would
have thus exchanged a land of com
parative comfort for the uncertainty of
a new, unknown, untried land, and only
men of uncommon physical hardihood
and mental resolution could have en
dured the Journey and the battle for
existence which began when the Jour
ney ended. Like the state-finders and
founders of New England, the pioneers
of Oregon are correctly described as
Grown strong through shifts and wants and
Men. skilled by freedom, and by great events
To pitch new states as Old World men pitch
THE CIIIXESE DISTURBANCES.
The "Boxer" insurrection and conse
quent outrages In China may mean the
beginning of the end of China, or It
may not. This wfll depend altogether
upon whether the Empress Regent and
her faction are backing the "Boxers."
If, as seems Incredible, the Empress
has cast her lot with these village
Ladrones, armed occupation of tKV.
northern provinces of China by the
powers of Europe will follow as It did
In the case of Egypt. The preservation
of the Integrity of the Chinese Empire
under existing conditions cannot long
continue In any event, in connection
with Its development by foreign capital
under the open-door policy and the
treaty of Tien Tsin,
Governmental reform and Industrial
progress had a promising outlook when
the young Emperor was In power, and
before the Empress Dowager emerged
from her position behind the throne and
seized the reins of government Jn her
own hands. Kang Yu Wei, the leader
of the Chinese reform party, became an
exile. His followers in official position
were beheaded or became fugitives, and
unaer tne rule of the EmpreES the
"Boxer" insurrection has been suffered
to create a state of anarchy in two
provinces of China, while the adjoining
provinces are breathing threatenlngs of
fire and slaughter to the foreigner and
tne missionary. Chinese hatred of the
foreigner Is entirely explicable. Treat
ies have been Imposed upon her by
force. Harbors have been seized and
great stretches of her coast have been
placed under foreign flags. Her Inland
commerce is grasped at by foreign
hands, who are preparing to web her
territory at the first opportunity with
railroads. The Dowager Empress of
China Is responsible for the encour
agement of antagonism to foreigners
In the maritime provinces. Last De
cember, In a secret edict addressed to
the "Viceroys of the territory Into
which the Germans, French and Eng
lish have lately gone, she expressed
this antagonism in language which Jus
tifies the belief that the Empress Is
really responsible for the success thus
far of the "Boxers." Whatever Is done
will doubtless be done as It was in the
case of Egypt by the Joint action of the
powers. Russia is the only power that
has ample forces near the scene of pos
sible conflict, but Russia always has
tens slowly In her diplomatic policy.
She is not ready this year for a quar
rel with Japan backed by England, and
she will be careful to do nothing that
will be a subject of serious offense to
either of these powers, especially at
present, when the Boer war Is practi
cally over and England will soon have
200.000 splendid veterans footloose in
The Oregonlan begins this morning
the publication of a particularly Inter
esting and valuable course of papers in
Its Home Study Circle. This course
will Include a continuation of the series
of papers on "American Political Par
ties," which has been running since
the beginning of the year; a series on
the "Discoverers and Explorers of
North, America"; on the "Famous Art
Galleries of the World"; on "Historic
Studies in Home Furnishing"; on
"Comparative Studies of Two Cen
turies," the comparisons being of trade,
government, science, etc; on "Literary
Talks and Reminiscences," being de
lightful sketches of the men and
women who have made literature
rather than an analytical treatment of
their work. It is an attractive course
for the Summer vacation season, and
one that will yield profit as well as
pleasure to all who will follow it.
Joseph, the Nez Perces, will perhaps
eventually prevail in his earnest desire
to return with his people to the Uma
tilla country. The old chief is home
sick, and this disease has become
chronic in Ills case. Those who have
experienced a severe, even If a tem
porary, attack of the physically de-
presslng, energy-destroying malady
may well be disposed to sympathize
with him and his people in their haunt
ing desire to return to the land of their
fathers, and not question too closely at
this distance the cause of their banish
ment. The Secretary of the Interior
has given him leave to revisit his old
Umatilla home, accompanied by a Gov
ernment Inspector. The significance of
this permission Is apparent. Whether
the visit will result according to the old
chieftain's desire remains to be seen.
The New York Tribune warns the
Administration and the Nation that
Republicans have no walk-over in that
state. It says:
It would be folly to deny that the conditions
ae not wholly satisfactory. Even thoea who
ar personally indisposed to and fault with
the Republican leadership In New York must
admit that It has not thus far welded Into a
compact and aggressive force the various ele
ments which compose tho Bnpubllcan party
when it is strong.
The Tribune points out that, while
Roosevelt will be renominated for Gov
ernor, "his political value as an ag
gressive reformer has been somewhat
diminished" since 189$, and the military
distinction he acquired In the Cuban
war cannot be expected to serve again
In the same full measure. The purpose
of this alarming note from a stalwart
Republican organ is clearly to arouse
Republicans to the effort necessary to
assure victory. The stats came peril
ously near going Democratic in. 189S,
the pendulum having come almost to a
standstill after the giant swing of 1896.
The Piatt machine and the Tammany
machine present a choice of evils, and
tha temptation of the independent
voter this year will be strong to take
to the woods. But he cannot.
The refusal of Governor Mount, of
Indiana, to honor the requisition from
Governor Beckham, of Kentucky, for
the return do that state of ex-Governor
William S. Taylor, who Is under indict
ment for complicity In an alleged plot
which resulted in the assassination of
the late Governor Goebel, is Justified
by th$ fact that the enormous sum of
5100.000 voted by the General Assembly
as a reward for the conviction of per
sons suspected of having been con
cerned In the killing of Goebel was an
"invitation for the propagation of
wholesale perjury, and a premium on
moral and physical assassination."
Governor Mount concludes by saying
that "until those already In prison have
been accorded a fair trial and there is
a possibility of securing Justice In your
courts, I cannot honor your requisi
tion." The surrender of Governor Tay
lor would mean either that he wou'd
be railroaded to prison for a long term
of years, perhaps to the gallows, or
that he would be lynched by a Ken
The letter from Latourell published
yesterday In regard to a remarkable
find of mammoth trees In the Cascade
Mountains a few years ago Is of special
Interest The place indicated by the
correspondent will no doubt be visited
In due time by a duly accredited agent
of the National forestry department.
If Oregon has trees SO or SO feet In cir
cumference at the base, rising to a
neignt of 350 or 400 feet, straight as an
arrow, round as a candle, without
branches to "an Immense height, and
bearing wonderful crowns, their exact
location should be fixed and the place
made accessible to travelers. There Is
no reason to doubt the statements
made by the correspondent. If correct,
they can easily be verified, and the es
timates of the height arid girth of these
monarchs of the forest be made to give
place to actual measurements. If there
Is a Yosemlte hidden away in the
mountains of Oregon, the nubile should
be made acquainted with its charms
and wonders as soon as practicable.
There Is only one radical amendment
to the pension laws that the pension
attorneys have not yet asked for. That
Is that when a man marries a sold'er's
widow he shall, In event of her death.
Inherit her pension. Hereditary pen
sions once existed in England, but the
pension attorney might go further and
croate a oulck market for ih "war"
widow by enacting that her husband In
herit her pension as part of her per
The Gold Democrats are to meet at
Indianapolis on July 25 to determine
their course. They are waiting en
Kansas City. The delay Is superfluous.
The Democratic convention Is Inocu
lated against the ravages of reason,
and will pursue Its mistaken course to
the disastrous end. The Gold Demo
crats and everybody else know now
what they will do.
The Kansas City convention will be
Bryan's own function, and he tells
freely what platform he Is going to
have It adopt. If McKlnley should do
the like as to Philadelphia, he would
go, In the opinion of some, dangerously
near the confines of bossism.
"I would not speak so harshly of the
people of any state as to say I thought
they intended to vote the Republican
ticket,' remarks Mr. Bryan. The dls
esteem of the Nebraska statesman is a
reward Oregon, has fairly earned and
Mr. Hanna Is right in exercising great
care about a Vice-President. Think of
the chagrin and disappointment of the
original Andy Johnson man.
"Wherever I am, there is the Trans
vaal capital," says Oom Paul. As long
as that hat Is still there, and there Is
room tor the capital In It.
Of course Mr. Hanna Is non-committal
as to the Vloe-Presldency. He
Isn't holding the convention this week.
THE POPULAR VOTE FOR 1000.
An Estimate That the Total Will
In the election of l95, the first follow
ing the last Federal census, the total vote
on Presidential electors way 12.1E0.S75. In
the election preceding. In 1SSS, the last be
fore the census, the total vote on Presi
dential electors was 11.332.429. Between
1SS3 and 1S92. however, Idaho, casting 19.000
votes; Montana, casting 44.000; North Da
kota, casting 56,000; South Dakota, casting
70,000; Washington, casting S7.0Q0. and Wy
oming, casting 16,000, were admitted into
tho Union, and these cast collectively 2T2,
000 votes. The net gain, therefore, during
the Intervening four years was 4S5.0CO, or
about 4 per cent.
At the same rate of increase the total
vote at the lapt Presidential election. In
18SS, should have been about 12,640.000.
Instead of this. It was more than 14.C03,
000, a total vote without precedent In the
United States, or. in fact, in any country
in which universal suffrage exists.
Between 1S32 and 1F3S, Utah, with a total
vote f nearly 1W,OJO, was added to tbe
number of states, and In Colorado the
exercise of the suffrage was extended to
women, with the result that the total vote
of the Centennial state, which was 91.CC0
in 1SSS and 03.000 in 1S. rose to ISO 003 In
1S96. In the'border .states the uncertainty
of contest brought out a larger vote, the
Increase in Maryland being from 213,000
to 250.000. In Kentucky from 34O.0C0 to 445.
000. and In Missouri from 540,000 to 675,000.
The changes In these border states, the
extension of the suffrage in Colorado, and
the admission of Utah, account, there
fore, for 500,000 of the gain, and In the
other states of the country there was
about the normal increas?, augmented by
the' vigor of the contest in many of the
states' which were uncertain. Since the
Presidential election of JS95 woman suf
frage has been extended to Idaho by con
stitutional provision, with the certainty of
adding to its total vote. On the other
hand, restrictions on voting have been
adopted In Mississippi. Louisiana and
South Carolina, the full effect of which
will be shown at this year's election, and
tho most reasonable estimate of the prob
able vote Is, everything considered, about
THE HOME-COMIXG OF CLARK.
Montana JfewBpapers in Some Con
flict as to Facts. '
There Is a conflict between Butte and
Anaconda newspapers as to tho reception
to Senator dark last Sunday. Possibly
the fact that the Butte Miner Is owned by
Clark and the Anaconda Standard by Daly
may account for It. This is the way tho
two newspapers regarded the event:
CLARK'S PAPER. I DALY'S PAPER.
Ten .thousand resl- Through densely
lents of Butte turned j crowded but palntuily
ut yesterday to wcl-f silent streets, v.. A.
zoroe home one of tnctri Clark, forced to resign
leadlnr citizens. Othorjhis seat In the United
men have been wel- States Senate because
corned homo before in! It was proven that lie
this the greatest mln-1 bought It. was escorted
Jna nmp on earth bun yesterday from the
no one has ever been j Montana Union Depot
accorded the ovation) to his residence, at the
riven to Senator W. A. . corner of Granite and
Clark upon his return! Wash tngton streets,
from Washington. It) Tho streets were crowd
TTt'i a m a gnlficnt,led with curious throngs,
monster manlfestatloniThouiands were curious
of regard. In which all to see what kind of a
classes of citizens who) demonstration would be
are proud to call thel gotten up In behalf of
Senator friend t o o k the man who had dis
part. It was not a seti graced his home In the
and studied affalr.wlthleyes of the whole
pro; ramme all ar-icountry. while others
ranged, with regularlturned out in sheer ad-
parade "and procession.
miration of the monu
mental nerve of the one
it was -a spontaneous,
who under the clrcum-
the expression of roodts t a n ces would rlue
will and kindly feellngthrough the streets to
that the people o f i
his home. Instead or
Butte bear towards x
The march from the
depot to Se nator
getting o(I the train at
8ilver Dow and walking
In as unostentatiously
Clark's homo, of more
It is said that Mr.
than a mile in lenetn
Clark himself later In
the day complained that
tovK. on the features of
trlumnhant Droaress. while the crowd was
through the city. Menjla.'ge he thought It was
and women walked
singularly cold and.un-
along the sidewalks or
in the middle 01 tnc
as his ejnployrs were
concerned, however. Mr.
Clark was exceedingly
unjust In this criticism.
The men of his mines
and smelter have- been
a good deal overworked
during the past week.
They were used for the
caucuses last Tuesdav.
for the primaries on
streets, cheering and
and vying with one an
other to make the ro
clpient of this recep
tion feel that he was
welcome home. The
tact that It was Sun
lay did not for a mo
ment dampen the en-
thuila sm. but the
members of the great
concourse walked along
Thursday, and now had
to turn out again. As
far as the general pub-
the streets In the heat j He Is concerned, Mr.
and dust, perspiring.
Clark had no rlsht to
expect enthusiasm, for
Butte is not particular
ly proud of the disgrace
which Mr. Clark has
b r o u eht upon Mon
tana. . . .
It mu?t lnded have
been trying for Mr.
Clark to stand before
his townsmen and re
peat the dlsproven and
threadbare tales about
how it was all a per
secution and about how
cheering, happy. . . .
The well-known fig
ure of the Senator ap
peared upon tho car
platrorm. and his ap
pearance was tho sig
nal for cheers by those
at the depot, which
was Immediately taken
up by those watting in
the depot yard and out
Intn the streets be-
broke loose. There was
ponernl rush for thel he was a martyr. Mr.
depot platform. Hun-iClark himself knew
dreds of hands werelthat the bis audlenpe
stretched to grasp thewas not bellevlny his
fingers of the new ar- story, but he went
rival. . . . through with It once
When the Senatorlm ore. The audience
alighted from his car idemonstrated Its dlsbe
riage tremend o u s.llcf in his story by Its
cheer went up. thatlsllence.
mut almost havo beenl
heard In Anaconda.
MAJOR SMITn DISMISSED.
Governor Roosevelt Approves Find
ings of Boards.
Governor Roosevelt has dtemiseed Major
Clinton H. Smith, of the Seventy-first Reg
iment, as a commissioned officer of the
New York National Guard, because of his
conduct at the battle of San Juan Hill.
In December, 1S3S. Major Smith and Cap
tain John H. Whittle, of the Seventy-first
Regiment, asked for a court of Inquiry,
which, In Its report to the Governor, Bald:
After considering all the evidence, the court
Is satisfied that If Colonel Smith had gone to
war with the Intention of fighting, ha could
have accomplished his purpose on July 1, with
credit to himself and benefit to his regiment.
There was work Jn abundance for all who
chose to do It. but there was no time to hunt
for ofllcers who waited for orders.
Major Whittle did not deploy hla battalion as
ordered by General Kent, disobeyed the order
of Colonel Downs directing him to take his bat
talion to the front, and later, being informed
that a part of his battalion wa obeying the
order of Colonel Downs, failed to accompany it
to the front. The court Is satisfied that his en
tire concern was for his own safety. The In
terests of the National Guard will not be rro
mcted by the retention of either Colonel Smith
or Major Whittle In tbe service.
Capta'n Whittle at once resigned, but
Major Smith fought the conclusions of the
court, whereupon Governor Roosevelt
Issued an order eunrmonlng Major Smith
before a board of examination to examine
Into his moral character and general fit
ness for service in the National Guard as
a commissioned officer. The board of ex
amination recently filed Its report with the
Governor, but only after Major Smith bid
unsuccessfully endeavored through the
civil courts to prevent it from acting. In
concluding Its report tho board of exami
nation said that after due deliberation the
board finds and decides that Major CVn
ton H. Smith is unfit for service In the
National Guard of the utate. Governor
Roosevelt approved of the report and at
once Issued an order through the Adjutant-General
discharging Major Clinton H.
Smith from the military service of the
McKlnley, Hnnna and Rathbone.
Boston Herald. Iqd.
The only safe way to deal with "work
ers" who are in politics for what they
can make out of it is to pay them outright
for their services. It Is cheaper, of course,
to reward them from the Government
Treasury, but there Is too much risk in the
operation. Mr. Hanna has learned a les
son cm this point from his experience with
Rathbone. of Cuban fame. Rathbone was
one of Hanna's agents in Ohio, in his
Senatorial flght there. President McKin-.
Jey undertook to pay him by appointing
htm Director of Posts. It saved Mr.
Hanna from paying Rathbone out of his
own pocket, but It has borne hard upon
McKlnley and upon Republican political
reputation. Rathbone sought to get what
he thought he was entitled to, but he was
reckless and unscrupulous, and he had
no bowels for his. part-. It will not do
at all to put men of his class Into po
sitions in the Nation's new possessions,
where their Integrity Is to be tested, and
it may be fortunate that the warning con
veyed in his action has come so early.
A Ridlcnlona Stultification.
New York World, Dem.
Inasmuch as Mr. Bryan will be nomi
nated by acclamation, as tho World two
months ago predicted that he would be,
the action of out state convention in In
structing tho delegation from New York
to support his candidacy is not a matter
of much practical Importance. It was, eo
far as the politicians who ran the conven
tion are concerned, simply a question of
climbing Into the band wagon.
But when the convention denounced
trusts and then proceeded to elect Augus
tus Van Wyck a delgate-at-large, and
when It rebuked "an offensive bossism in
and-around the- White House" and then
elected Richard Croker also a delegate-at-large.
It perpetrated a stuKlflcaton
that la both stupendous and ridiculous.
Why ehould ex-Senator Hill have been
willing to render the Democrats of New
York absurd simply to enable him to get
control of the state committee and a rea
conably sane platform, which- those who
passed It promised to repudiate at the
demand of the National convention? Was
it worth wh3e?
A QUESTION FOR THE AVTIS.
Who Holds tne Gun to tne lHr-
gent's Shoulder T
Lieutenant Hyan. formerly of the First
Nebraska Regiment, and now of the Forty-fifth
United States "Volunteers, has
written a letter from the Philippines,
quoted in the Nebraska State Journal,
which concludes with these polntblank
sentences: "Meanwhile we lose a comrade
how and then. The report says 'killed In
action or 'died of gunshot wounds. Who
holds the gun to the insurgent's shoul
der?" The question, "Who holds the gun to
the insurgent's shoulder?" can perhaps be
best answered by quoting the preceding
paragraphs of Lieutenant Ryan's letter,
in which he says:
I note what la said about the natives halng
backing from outside powers, but I am sorry to
say the strongest backing they havo comes
from the United States. The Insurgents con
tinue fighting because certain traitors have by
speeches and acts given the Filipinos to un
derstand that If they Ju3t bold out a little
longer, the next Presidential election will bring
a change of party and a withdrawal of troops.
I have been told over and over by the peace
ful natives bow the Insurgent soldiers robbed
their homes, took their clothes and made them
work for them. Time and again I pick up in
surgent papers with .translations of speeches
made at home against our Government. I see
some of them have been cheered by our fellow
countrymen. Surely, such a cheer would be
music to a soldier dying on the field of Luzon!
Here we havo a bullet for the enemy In front
and a bayonet for the knives that creep up In
the rear, but how can we reach those who
stab us In the back from home? When the fact
is settled that the States will uphold the Commander-in-Chief
of the Army, then will the
war be ended. But Just so long as the Ameri
can papers repeat those lnsurrecto speeches
against our commander and as long as they say
he will not be elected. Just so lonr will some
robbing leader hold a band of thieves around
him In hopes the American soldier will be re
called. Next November will "bust" the gun
which our anti-Imperialist friends have
been holding to the shoulder of the mis
Two Van AVyckn With Xo Future.
One of tho many sinister features of
tho coie Is found In uio fact that the
date on wh!ch the Mayor veoed a bill ob
noxious to the trui: corresponds with that
on which he was credited on the trust's
books with 2000 shares of Its stock. On
the same day his brother received 1000
ehares. These facte seem to tell their
own tale. No matter what the court pro
ceedings may bring forth, the mere revela
tions of the books of the American Ice
Company are enough to blast the future
political careers of both-these men. Both
have stood high and have hitherto had
good reputations. Whether Mayor "Van
Wyck can be removed from office under
tho section of the charter foroldding an
official to own an interest In any concern
with which the city has a contract ap
pears to be doubtful. The only good to be
foreseen from the who!e wretched affair
la the probabaity that New York has
again had enough of Tammany adminis
tration for a while.
The Pnrty Vindicated.
St. Paul Pioneer Press.
The results in Oregon, there Is every
reason to believe, reflect the change that
has been going on throughout the North
west If this is the case there will be but
thin picking for the Democrats In No
vember in this section of the country.
Silver is dead as a vote-getting Issue.
The attempt to fix the stigma of "Impe
rialism" to an unavoidable duty con
scientiously performed Is stamped as
cheap buncombe, as dangerous as it is un
patriotic, or as the product of a political
pessimism that has found no foothold in
the Northwest. As for the trusts, the
recent revelation of the insincerity of
Democratic professions renders all at
tempts to raise an Issue on this point
worse than useless. To the Northwest, at
least, -the Republican party has more than
General MncArthnr Son.
The cadet at West Point Academy this
year who gives greatest promise of an
admirable record Is Douglass MacArthur,
son of General MacArthur, who Is now in
command In the Philippines. Young Mac
Arthur entered the academy last June,
and la consequently Just finishing his class
year. He is easily at the head of hla
class, and when it is borne In mind that
the class entered with 145 members, and
even now, after a year's weeding process,
has 127 men Jn It, It will be seen that
General MacArthur has reason to be
proud of his son. General Grant's grand
son. U. S. Grant, third. Is also In the
fourth class, and he also has made a good,
although not a brilliant, record. He num
bers somewhere along In the twenties.
Philip Sheridan, son of the General, is in
the third class, and is doing credit to his
Economy Ont of Proper Place.
Springfield ail.) Journal.
By the accidental breaking open of the
box in which the articles were shipped,
it was discovered that a Democratic Con
gressman from Kentucky had sent home
his wlfe'a surplus clothing through tho
malls under his official frank. And it wag
not long ago that a Democratic Congress
man from MltGouri was detected in send
ing home a box of his own clothing in
the same way. While individual economy
on the part of a public official always is
comme'ndable. these instances of the
Democratic Idea of economy do not belong
1 in that classification.
Encouragement From Oregon.
Brooklyn Eagle. Ind. Dem.
Those who stand for gold and for expan
sion, for order and for law, and for a
continuance of conditions that should in
sure a reasonable measure of prosperity,
so far as that can be Insured by the in
fluence of the action of Government on
business affairs, have no reason to be dis
couraged by the prospect which the elec
tion In Oregon holds out. concerning the
further elections to be held throughout
tho countryt during the present year.
Democratic Xeed Are 3Iany.
Da Grande Chronicle.
"The. Democratic Need'' Is the title of
an editorial in an Oregon paper of that
affiliation. It is a pregnant subject, and
on that will afford food for thought and
matter for discussion for the next four
years at least, for what tho Democrats do
not need at this Juncture is not worth
It Will Stay Pnt.
Three days after tho result of the Ore
gon election was known, the announcement
comes from the White House that Mr. Mc
Klnley has decided not to take the Pacific
Coast trip this Summer. Tho Coast is
now expected to stay put.
Ko Consolation for Them.
Sunbeams will be secured from cucum
bers before the discovery of an alchemy
by which consolation can be 'extracted
from the result of the Oregon election
by Edward Atkinson and Carl Schurz.
Bound to Keep From Thinking:.
There Is a man in Beloit, Kan., who
subscribes for and reads every issue of
the Congressional Record. He must be
trying to keep his mind off some terrible
incident lo his life.
XOTE AND' COMMENT.,-;;'
Welcome. Native Sons!
Welcome. Native Daughters!
Welcome, Indian War Veterans!
Welcome, burgl No. we draw the lma
there. I "
Cannot Mark Hanna he induced to send
Bryan out here again this Fall?
Bryan Is the man who wasn't go!ngt
do any talking for two months.
Alger has been investing heavily In tim
ber, but It Is not Presidential timber this?
No, Evangeline, the stoklng-room of &
warship is not what is called tho poker.
The foreigners wilLnot be able to march
Into Pekirt without striking a pretty hard
Missouri papers have been poking fun at
Kentucky for having two Governors, but
better two than none at all.
St. Douls has never borne tho reputa
tion of being a dead town, but it will
bo If there's much more shooting.
The bold bad burglar takes bis Ufa
Into hlshands. as well
As other thins of greater worth.
And whienxhe hopes to sell.
A Colorado peset has rhymed Jobbery
with strawberry- If ho isn't careful
Queen Victoria wllRheanof him and roaka
him poet laureate.
It is a wonder that the police do not
arrest the standpipe opposite the City Jail
for creating a nuiince, for tho stagnant
puddle in the gutter there can only be
classed as a nuisance. It Is more likely
to breed an epidemic than all the rats In
That right Jawbone of a sperm whale In
tho City Museum still remains labeled
"left Jawbone," and the whale's ribs on
tho ground floor still remain labeled
"Jaw3." There is too much Jawbone and
not enough scientific knowledge displayed
In this labeling.
If the successful and unsuccessful can
didate? at the late election are not tired
of seeing their bannered caricatures flap
ping in the breezes from telephone poles,
the public is. Will the police or street
cleanmg department kindly cut them
down and accept the canvas In payment?
Cadets-at-large is the misleading term
applied to the new appointees to the Mil
itary Academy. What's the use of need
lessly frightening the residents of the
vicinity of West Point? These cadets
-will be kept aider Just as strict sur
veillance as anyxof the rest at the acad
emy. Around the various city offices a sort of
bllndman's holiday reigns at present.
There Is a lull in businen?, and most of
the officers have that "tired feeling" so
prevalent after election. Those who have
been re-elected are endeavoring to get
tiheir second" wind in preparation for the
labors of the coming year, and those who
were not re-elected aro weary with well
doing and inclined to take that rest which
the voters or managers have prepared for
PLEASANTRIES OF PAItAORAPHERS
rjnstrons. "Did he prove to be a. strong can
didate?" "No, tbe second assessment broka
him." Detroit Journal.
Willie Tommy James went and hit me an
awful crack with an apple. Papa On purpose?
Willie No. on the nose. ait-pus.
A Manifest Impossibility. Warwick-Why Is
It that there are no real skyscrapers in Lon-
don? Wlckwlre There Is no sky. Puck.
The Accent on the- CapltaI.-"What sort of a
Dutchman Is this President Sten?" inquired
Yapsiey. "Seems to be a captial fellow, re
plied Blooker. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Beneath the Sea. Quinn-Now. the question
Is. who did sink the Spanish fleet? De Fonte
I hose you are not coins to bring that up
again. Quinn-Oh. no; that Is down to stay.
His New Life. "Madame." said the tramp.
"I was oncet a member of the Legislature."
"And are you sure." she asked, inclined to
believe him. "that your reformation Is com
pleter' Philadelphia North American.
Not Customary- She continued the conversa
tion. "No, sir. I wouldn't marry the best man
on earth." "Of course you know." he urged,
"that It Is not the custom for the bride to
marry the best man." Harper's Bazar.
Tha Appropriate Thing "You have pugilists
in your frozen country?" said the Incredulous
sport of the temperate zone. "What do they
feed on when they aro training?" "Train oil."
solemnly replied the educated Esquimau. Chi
Hinting. Mrs. Phoxy I was helping Mrs. De
Style to put her Winter things away today.
Oh. ray! She has the loveliest seal Johnet. Mr.
Fhoxy What? What do you mean by "John
et"? Mrs. Phoxy Of course, how silly of mc;
but. then, dear. I'm not familiar enough-with
one myself to call It a "jacket:- i-nnaQejpiiw
Legend of the Two Kings.
(From the Arabian.)
When Caliph Al Freezem, the Ice King, wa
His spirit was hurried to What-cometn-next,
And there, on the Avenue Torrid, he met
The soul of a Coal King, extremely perplexed.
They greeted with Joy, and their clasp was
Tho Ico King began to express himself thus:
"Now, Caliph Al Scorch. It appeareth that this
Is the place of all places for such men as us.
"For they must have coal. If they run thing,
And you'll sell the coal at. a beautiful price.
And, Blistering Brimstone! Think what &
ThU offers a dealer who wants to sell Ice!
So Caliph Al Scorch, once the Monarch of Coal.
And Caliph Al Freezem. the Ice King, both
To Belzabub's office on Stllnghot Lane
And Into hl3 sanctum a message they sent.
Old Belzebub asked them to come straight,
And gave them both seats on soma red
"We've got up a Trust." said tha ghostly Ice
"And thought wa would offer you one or twe
My friend here Is qualified naturally
To sell you the coal that you dally require,
While I am an Ice King and I'd handle ice
And here's where It's needed, most Sulphurlt.
Then Belzebub laughed In his asbestos sleeve.
And answered: "Your plan la a good one, no
But as to the coal, we'll not need It. I fear.
Our fire is tho kind that will never so out.
And. as to the Ice trade, you might do qulU
Tha price could with safety bo made pretty
You're welcome to try It. If haply you find
A placa whera your perishing product wiL
Then he bowed the Kings out. and he laughed
for an hour.
When an idea struck him. and roundly b
"What's this?" loud he roared. "Can It be 1 m
roong all my tortures 1'vo ne'er had .
Outside, in the smoke of the sulphuric fire.
Tha Ico Kins was moaning, and saying: "I
K we are thus blocked In our glorious schemes.
Thus surely Is Hades for you and for me!"