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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1900)
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THE MOTtKING OlTEGONIAtt, SATURDAY. MAY 2$, 1900.
Inter! at the Postofflce at Portland. Oregon, as
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any Individual. Letter relating to advertising.
Subscriptions or to any business matter should
be addressed simply "The Oregonlan."
The Oregonlan does not buy poems or stories
from individuals, and cannot undertake to re
turn any manuscripts sent to It without solicitation-
No stamps should be Inclosed for this pur
pose. Puget Sound Bureau Captain A. Thompson,
office at 1111 Pacific avenue, Tacoma. Box 055,
Eastern Business Office The- Tribune building,
5few York city: "The Rookery," Chicago; the
S. C Beckwlth special agency. New York.
For sale in San Francisco by J. K. Cooper, 740
Market street, near the Palace hotel, and at
Goldsmith Bros.. 30 Sutter street.
For sale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co.,
HT Dearborn street.
TODAY'S WEATHER. Showers, with west
PORTLAND, SATURDAY, MAY 20, 1000
No man who seriously advocates the
free coinage of silver for the United
States, when the standard of the civ
ilized world is gold, has intelligence or
lionesty enough to be trusted with the
Presidency. No party that advocates
free coinage of silver can be trusted
with power. No intelligent man can
eld the Bryanlte party without prov
ing recreant to his duty as a citizen.
The presentation to Mr. Julius Thiel
sen, retiring superintendent, tendered
spontaneously and generously by the
employes of the Portland Consoli
dated Street Railway, is a remarkable
testimony to efflcience of a peculiar
kind. This man had left the company's
employ, and had no further opportu
nity of reward or censure of the men.
Tet out of their slender Incomes but
overflowing gratitude they made this
handsome gift What the world of
labor and the world of capital need to
day, in their misunderstandings,
troubles and strifes, is administrative
officers of this stamp. The superin
tendent of a great force of workmen,
who has not their affection as well as
their wholesome fear, is only half
equipped for his work. There is no
more need for hatred of corporation by
employe than there is for the individ
ual employer to goad his solitary hired
man into murdering him or burning his
shop. Wherjj a corporation has no other
way of making its men obey them than
to hire mercenary troops to shoot them
down, its managers- should be compelled
to retire from a business for which they
have inadequate qualifications. Julius
Thielsens in the mines, railroads and
factories of the country will settle the
war between labor and capital.
If the antls really believe in the slan
ders they are heaping upon their coun
try, why don't they get out of it? If
they don't like the premises, they can
move. There is no excuse for a man's
Ining in a land where liberty is
dead and -where the fever of conquest
has possessed the body politic These
malignant haters of American ascend
ency, in justice to themselves and to
everybody concerned, should not stand
upon the order of their going, but go
It falls little short of despicable that
American sympathy with Cuba and
American love of fair play should be
played upon by politicians for polltlcd.1
capital. Yet just that is what the
Bryan party is doing In Congress. The
Neely defalcation is doubly damning
because it is a betrayal of American
sacrifices for Cuba and American de
sires to tender that unhappy Island the
offices of the Good Samaritan. Only a
low and groveling nature could fancy
that the moral of this humiliating epi
sode "is that the Republican party's pur
poses are embodied in the criminal of
fenders who are on the road to con
dign punishment There is only one
political dogma that supports the Neely
transaction, because it justifies N;eely's
appointment. That is the ancient Dem
ocratic shibboleth, "To the victors be
long the sroIIs."
The young men take care of the Re
publican party, and the Republican
party takes care of the young men.
Ed Werleln Is one who has shared in
the party's work here, and his nomi
nation for the City Treasurershlp is -a
natural development. In experience, in
character and in that considerate treat
ment of the public so desirable in such
positions, his qualifications are first
class. Old men for counsel, young men
for hard work.
Governor Geer is opposed to militar
ism; therefore he declares that we
should take no risks of involving our
selves In a quarrel with England by ex
pressing our sympathy for the Boers.
The Governor's message to New York's
journalistic howling dervish Is, on the
whole, an acute and entertaining re
ductlo ad absurdum of the doctrines the
pro-Boerites have been preaching. The
country would be Insane, to meddle in
any other nation's business, unless It
were prepared to back up Its Interfer
ence by its strong military arm. "We
found that out In dealing with a de
crepit power like Spain. If our prepa
ration for a foreign quarrel Is to be a
deliberate crippling of our military
strength, as the pro-Boerites propose,
we shall some day have big trouble on
Captain Charles McDonell is making
an especially fine campaign for asses
sor. All the developments of his can
vass have been favorable to him. It
was a mistake for his opponent to criti
cise his war record, or to sneer at
It. cr at him. There is very little doubt
about McDonell's election.
Many American cities of size are pay
ing the penalty, in excessive taxation,
of Incompetent engineering. Bridges,
sewers, viaducts, conduits, when de
signed and built under the supervision
cf Inexperienced men. are heaw drains
on the taxpayer. Portland, now grow
ing so rapidly, will In the near future
expend enormous sums for municipal
improvements. Large sewer systems
lare to be built, gulches spanned by
steel Aiaducts. streets extendd. rnn-
duits made for underground telephone
wires. The work In store demands a
City Engineer of judgment and train-
Uaff. Sir, W, B, Chase's membership in
the American Society of Civil Engineers
Js a guarantee of his competency and
of his ability to fill the office of City
Engineer of Portland. This Is one of
fice in which voters may, with credit
to themselves, lay aside partisanship
and vote for the candidate who is best
equipped to protect the Interests of the
A MATTER OP COURTESY.
Not to be outdone in courtesy by the
gentleman from Lake County, Mr.
Tongue extends to Mr. Daly a cordial
Invitation to take the stump, notwith
standing his opponent Is absent in
"Washington discharging his duty to his
constituents. Mr. Tongue thinks It Is
due to the voters that his opponent
be given an opportunity to enlighten
them as to his attitude on various irri
portant public questions. They know
where Mr. Tongue stands. His long
record in Congress and his many public
addresses have made his position clear.
It is due to the people that Dr. Daly's
position be made equally as clear, if
possible. His duty to tho'se whose suf
frages he- solicits is so paramount to his
courtesy to his opponent that Mr.
Tongne, with equal courtesy, releases
him from all such sentimental obliga
tion, and urges him to take the stump
and give the people the Information
they have a right to demand.
They should know whether he is for
the gold standard or for 16 to 1, hot
by private assurances, which can be
varied to suit the taste of the person
assured, but by bold and unequivocal
utterances. They should know whether
he believes, with Bryan and his sup
porters, In sacrificing the fruits of Ore
gon's achievements In the Philippines
through her volunteers. They should
know whether he Indorses the Chicago
platform, with all Its threats to the
honor, prosperity and stability of the
country. It Is not Idle curiosity that
prompts their desire to know these
things, but the natural wish of intel
ligent men to know the opinions and
the course to be pursued by one who
solicits their suffrages. Chesterfieldian
courtesy Is not a sufficient reason for
denying them this information. If it is
persisted In, the Intelligent voters will
be driven to the natural conclusion that
Dr. Daly Is either afraid to let his opin
ions be known, or that he has no opin
ions which are not subject to change
without notice, with the natural re
sult that they will be forced to cast
their vote for the man whose opinions
have been boldly proclaimed.
A NOTABLE SPEECH.
The speech of Senator Spooner, of
"Wisconsin, in favor of his bill providing
that upon the suppression of the insur
rection of the Philippines the govern
ment of the Islands shall devolve upon
the President until such time as Con
gress shall direct otherwise. Is the
ablest and the most eloquent utterance
upon either side during the present ses
sion. It was worthy of the man and
of the occasion. Senator Spooler's
speeches recall the praise once awarded
Roscoe Conkllng, viz., that his impor
tant speeches furnished the whole ar
gument for the campaign. All subse
quent speeches were mere echoes or di
lutions of Conkllng's argument Like
Conkllng. Senator Spooner is a most
astute and accomplished lawyer, a most
vigorous and eloquent speaker, a keen,
aggressive debater, whose arrows are
tipped with wit and effective sarcasm,
but he Is superior to Conkllng In charm
of manner and geniality of temper. He
can be severe without being 'guilty of
unparliamentary retort This speech Is
a conclusive argument that the pollcy
of the Administration was the only
policy, under the circumstances, that it
could have adopted without dishonor
to the country.
Senator Spooners views are those of
a very conservative man. He was one
of those Republicans who approved of
the determination of the Administra
tion to exhaust every honorable effort
for peace before going to war with
Spain over the Cuban question. He
confesses that he would not have fa
vored the acceptance of the Philippines
from Spain as a free gift in time of
peace; that he did not believe it was
the duty of the United States Govern
ment to Christianize the world, be
cause, while "ours is a missionary peo
ple, the Government is not a mission
ary Government" But Mr. Spooner,
like all other discerning observers, has
never been able to see how we could,
after obtaining the sovereignty of the
Philippines, leave them to be governed
by their own Inhabitants. It was our
duty, after the capitulation of Manila,
to remain there In maintenance of our
own honor and protect the inhabitants
of that city. Replying to those Sen
ators who have coupled the name of
Aguinaldo .and his associates with that
of Washington, Senator Spooner read a
portion of a proclamation Issued, warn
ing the Filipinos that upon a specified
date "all others would be exterminated
without compassion after the extermi
nation of the Army of occupation," and
fairly asked, "Was there ever anything
worse than that?"
Senator Spooner pointed out that
when our troops first invaded Manila
there was no Philippine Republic In
reality no Philippine Nation; that but
for the arrival of Dewey, Aguinaldo
would have remained a venal exile and
purchased fugitive In Hong Kong, and
the Filipinos would, but for that event
still be subject to Spain. Our Army
was In the Philippines for the purpose
of maintaining order in territory which
had been acquired by the United
States; the President has done only
what, under his oath, he was obliged
to do when he sent troops to enforce
our authority over territory of the
United States. If our Army has no
lawful business In the Philippines, It
has equally no business In Porto Rico.
Senator Spooner eloquently defended
the good faith of the Administration
and of the American people in the
matter of Cuba. We have driven Span
ish tyranny forever from that beautiful
Island; we have given It the best gov
ernment thus far It has ever had; every
man's life is safe today in Cuba; every
woman's honor is safe. There has been
peculation in Cuba, but that fact no
more indicts the general excellence and
Integrity of the efforts of the Admin
istration to redeem all the promises of
the American people to Cuba than the
fact of peculation In the New York
Custom-House under President Jack
son, or In the New York Postofflce
under President Buchanan, proved that
the experiment of free government
under our American system was a fail
ure. Senator Spooner denounced the at
tempt to make an Issue of imperialism
where none existed as made merely
for political effect and to obscure the
political issues of 1S96. To enforce the
authority of the Government In the
Philippines; to give the people equal
Justice and good government, to pro-
tect life and property, to fill the land
with schoolhouses, to admit the people
to home rule as fast as they are fitted
for such responsibility, to decline to
leave the islands a derelict on the ocean
to be occupied and fitted up as a Malay
pirate ship, is not Imperialism; it is
only the execution of a high and solemn
National duty and obligation.
A correspondent whose letter Is pub
lished in another column, does not agree
with The Oregonlan's views on woman
suffrage, that the great mass of women
do not desire full political suffrage and
equal share In the government of the
state. If the great mass of Intelligent
women did think themselves fitted for a
full share In the government to the
Increased advantage of the state, the
great mass of intelligent women would
be asking for the ballot not refusing to
ask for It, and woman suffrage, instead
of being weaker, on the whole, than it
was twenty years ago, would win at a
canter. This Is why woman suffrage
bills in 1S99 were defeated In the Leg
islatures of Massachusetts, Maine, Con
necticut Vermont, Illinois, Oklahoma,
Arizona, Indiana, Missouri, Michigan
and California. It explains why wom
an suffrage amendments to the con
stitution were defeated by the people
In the state elections of 1898 In South
Dakota and Washington. These de
feats were due chiefly to the fact that
not only does the movement for full
woman suffrage get very little help
from the women, but Its most active op
position Is represented by women. The
published memorials presented In Bos
ton and Chicago to tho Legislatures of
Massachusetts and Illinois In 1899 were
signed by a very large number of the
ablest and most intelligent women of
these great states. The great major
ity of these protestants were not mere
social butterflies or members of the
class of Idle, fashionable rich, but
women of Intellectual force and Inde
pendence of character, of reputation as
teachers or workers in the world of
scholastic culture, letters and thought
As a rule, women would vote with
their men, whether their men were
good, bad or Indifferent; or. if they did
not vote with their men, they would be
mere eccentric masculinities In women
clothes, of which the world has already
enough and to spare. In the broadest
sense, socially and politically, women
as a rule are but the reflection of their
men. When men are habitually cruel
and coarse In public and private life,
women are no better. The French
Revolutions, the War of the Commune,
the old slave South and the Homestead
riot are cases In point Women have
assisted at lynchlngs at the South, and
no greater fallacy exists than the be
lief that if women voted they would
refine and humanize politics; they
would not, but practical politics would
In time desex and demoralize them.
Women In the mass are good or bad,
just as the masculine public opinion
they respect is good or bad. To expect
society, in a country where the
majority rules, to concern Itself
with the eccentric aspirations of
a very few women for the suf
frage Is as unreasonable as it would
be to expect society to worry Itself
over the tribulations and desires of that
very small but very persistent clump
of cranks who periodically try to per
suade Congress that the framers of our
Constitution, by omitting the word
"God" and Constitutional prohibition
from the text, have created a long-felt
The Oregonlan repeats that, as an ab
stract natural right, suffrage, under
our form of government, belongs to
neither man nor woman; that the bal
lot is only the child of an artificial so
cial order, to be granted or withheld
as a matter of social and political ex
pediency. In Massachusetts no man
can vote who cannot read or write;
in Arkansas and Arizona he must pay
his poll tax before he can vote. In In
diana United States soldiers, sailors
and marines cannot vote. No duelist
can vote In Florida. Persons who have
not paid taxes cannot vote in Pennsyl
vania, in Tennessee or Mississippi. In
Connecticut no man can vote who can
not read the English language. No
man can vote In Delaware who has not
paid a registration fee of JL The voter
in Mississippi must be able to read and
understand the Constitution. Chinese
are excluded from suffrage in Califor
nia. A man who is guilty of bribery,
or even bets on an election, cannot vote
In New York State, and persons con
victed of crime cannot vote. Never
theless, all of these excluded classes
are absolutely protected In the natural
rights of life, liberty and property
under the Federal Constitution and the
constitutions of all the state. It Is
clear that under our form of govern
ment the family is practically the unit
of society; anarchistic socialism sees
this, and confesses it when It makes
war on government by individualism
which rests on the family, to which
anarchistic socialism Is odious, with Its
ultimate communistic subversion of the
family. Finally, we could not afford
to have our women become desexed,
even In order to have them become ef
ficient in political office, and If they
remained womanly, they would be su
perfluous at the ballot-box.
MYSTICS AND THE MAILS.
The Postoffice Department It Is said,
contemplates Issuing an order forbid
ding the use of the malls to persons
who advertise themselves as "faith
healers' or "divine healers," and who.
receive fees for their alleged ability to
cure disease without the employment
of medicine or surgery. Some peculiar
ly flagrant Instances of fraud, in which
individuals of such pretensions have
collected large sums of money from
credulous patients to whom they
claimed to give "absent treatment,"
have been recently brought to light
and placed before the department In
the hope of influencing its action In the
premises. In one case a man In Boston
who claimed mysterious power to heal
all human ills Is said to have been in
dally receipt of hundreds of dollars
sent through the mails by people who
had never seen him, but who were im
pressed by the high-sounding phrases
in which his extravagant pretensions
This is one of the evils that has root
in human credulity, and which, smoth
ered at one point, will break out at an
other as long as credulity is a compo
nent part of human nature. It Is not
strange that the sick, the suffering and
the distressed, having tried without
success the ordinary means of relief,
seek in their weakness and desperation
help from subtle sources, the agents of
which promise "health, happiness and
prosperity" for certain monetary con
sideration. Persons afflicted with bod
ily ills and financial embarrassments,
those "crazed by care or crossed In
hopeless love," form the rank and file
of the credulous multitude whose con
tributions make rich these most des
picable of all fakers men and women
who traffic In human woe. To protect
this class of people from themselves
Is manifestly Impossible, yet there are
those who believe that the Govern
ment has as good and substantial
grounds for" refusing these pretended
mystics the use of the malls as it had
in refusing longer to aid and abet
swindling and swindlers In their games
by shutting out lottery matter. The
evil would not be stamped out by thl3
action, but manifestly it would be
In point of fact the Federal Govern
ment has no ground for direct Inter
ference with the numerous class of
men and women who assert their power
to cure people afflicted with disease by
purely mental or spiritual processes,
so long as the malls are not employed
to further such fraudulent pretenses.
American Ideas regarding the freedom
of the Individual fight hard for su
premacy, and in no line more fiercely
than In support of the right to be
duped by this species of quackery.
State legislation has wrestled with this
problem to some extent but seldom
with even a degree of satisfaction.
The right to be duped has generally
been defended successfully as an in
alienable one, of the type guaranteed
by the Constitution. When, however,
professional "mystics" collect money
for the "treatment" of afflicted or dis
tressed persons whom they have never
seen, and of whose real condition they
are necessarily (so arbitrary are the
laws of matter) ignorant, the Postal
Department might without infringe
ment upon individual rights, but, on the
contrary. In defense of them, refuse to
act as the agent of these bold pretend
ers:. Certain Portland printers made a
combination to secure the printing of the
official ballots at an agreed-upon figure,
which they declared was reasonable.
The County Clerk awarded the work to
a Arm not in the combination, at pre
cisely the same rates. The County
Clerk Is responsible for the correct and
workmanlike printing of the ballots,
and It Is clearly within his option to
place the Job with any responsible es
tablishment The interests of the tax
payer appear to have been fully pro
tected when County Clerk Holmes ex
acted a written agreement from the
favored Arm to do the printing for a
specified sum, the exact amount all the
printers ,in Portland agree Is fair. That
Is all there is to the present little
squabble about the official ballots.
The cashier of the Merchants Na
tional Bank recently Informed the pub
lic that the office of the County Treas
urer was, in his absence. In the hands
of a competent deputy, paid for out of
his pocket Mr. Hoyt's absenteeism
from the place of his official duties is
one of the features of his incumbency.
The reason is that his bank position
absorbs a great part of his time. In
other words, with him the Treasurer
ship is a mere sinecure. It seems to
The Oregonlan that It is asking entire
ly too much for the public to continue
his easy and profitable relation to offi
cial place. Mr. Hoyt's sole platform Is
that he wants the office for his own
benefit; and when he gets It he at
tends to It largely by proxy.
The Philadelphia North American re
ports Mrs. Dewey as saying: "I would
not make Admiral Dewey President of
the United States, even if I could do so
by raising my little finger." The first
lady of the Navy seems to be gracefully
making a virtue of necessity. The
days between the time she made up his
mind to be a candidate, and her own
mind that he should not be a candi
date must have been full of painful
experiences. The American public is
content to regard Dewey as Its greatest
living naval hero, and it will be Indul
gent of the mistakes he has made by
his entrance Into politics.
Governor Rogers Is not dismayed by
the result of the Spokane convention,
and Is determined to have the Demo
cratic nomination for Governor. What
has been done Rogers thinks can be
done. It depends. Many things have
happened In the last four years, and
none of them has tended to Improve the
fusion situation In Washington. They
have not shown that free silver Is de
sirable. Populism Is safe, or that fusion
contains any Ingredient of political hon
esty. And least of all have they shown
that Rogers Is a Democrat.
"Warhorse" White appears to be
abundantly qualified by talents, ex
perience and courage to fill a position
on the Washington Supreme Bench.
He will not hesitate to reverse a lower
court. If its opinions do not square with
his views. He never failed to re
verse himself when his own political
opinions did not meet his own reAised
A'iews, which was quite often.
The Democracy shows some real
signs of being ashamed of Sulzer.
When Sulzer gives some symptom of
being ashamed of Democracy, there
will be hope for both.
Nearly eA'ery Republican Senator has
been elected delegate-at-large to the
Philadelphia conA'ention. But there are
And Johannesburg twice twenty
miles- away. Where is Dr. Jameson,
the rider who did not finish?
The bubonic plague Is not what is the
matter with San Francisco.
ALMOST BEYOND BELIEF.
The Concession Abuses In Manila.
Muat Be Cleaned Ont.
Lincoln (Neb.) Journal.
A brilliant searchlight Is thrown upon
the hlesslngs of Spanish rule by the pub
lication of the facts concerning the nu
merous "concessions" now existing at Ma
nila as a result of the clause In the treaty
of Parte continuing the arrangements
made In the old days by the Government
of Spain. A correspondent of The Port
land Oregonlan has been Investigating
these local "trusts" and flnda that their
exactions are almost beyond belief. They
were patiently borne by the people under
the old regime, for they had no redress.
It Is safe to eay that no matter how
firmly they may be buttressed by the
treaty of Paris some means will be found
for freeing the commerce of the city from
A good sample of the old-style Spanish
concession is found at the Cuetom-House,
where a little tramway about a quarter
of a mile long has the exclusive right to
haul gcods between the wharf and the ad
joining storehouses. A charge of 50 cents
a ton Is made for transporting goods only
a. few hundred feet As the lator le per
formed by men who receive not more than
25 cents a day In American money, the
profits of the business are rather pala
table to the owner. But this is not the
full extent of his privilege. Ee has se
cured a practical monopoly of the carry
ing business of the harbor by the simple
exped'ent of loading and unloading his
own boats quickly, -while those of his.
competitors ars sometimes allowed to
swing at the wharf for hours or days
without receiving attention. It was so
useless to complain of such things in the
old days that competitors wearied of the
game and retired from the field.
The list of official monopolies in Ma
nila Is a long one, covering a large part
of the commercial activities of" the people.
The telephone, street car and cable mo
nopolies may not etrike us as unnatural,
hut It does seem ludicrous for the cable
people to Insist that their concession is of
such a nature that even the Government
has no right to land a cable for military
purposes. The Manila brewery announces,
that It has the "exclusive privilege" of
making beer; a Chinaman has the exclu
sive right to Import op'.um, and so It goes
down the list The Spaniards farmed out
the right to collect taxes, and at one i
time a lordly Castllian actually claimed
Vio i-'rrVit nlliuf t-ptffln of 4 wntfl a
pound on all meat sold within the city j
"Talk about trusts." th-'e correspond
ent exclaims, "Manila la tied up and will
he until we bounce the whole outfit of
concessionaires, scarcely any of whom
have rendered any adequate equivalent
for the monopolies which they control.
Bribery and official rascality are respon
sible for most of them."
The white man's burden in Manila ought
to be reasonably easy to carry. It Is only
necessary to clean out the remnants of
the old Spanish rule and establish a gov
ernment without bribery or favoritism,
and the old city will hardly know itself
In its new prosperity.
A Letter That la Noticed in the Edi
ALBANY, Or., May 22. (To the Editor.)
I disagree with your statement that "as
an abstract natural right suffrage belongs
neither to men nor women." I affirm with
out fear that in a republican form of gov
ernment both men and women have a
natural and Inherent right to suffrage.
To deny this Is to deny that man has a
Tight to a free republican form of gov
ernment; for there Is no conceivable way
In which men can exercise or enjoy such
form of government than through suf
frage. They stand indlssolubly related as
cause and effect.
Your statement that the great mass
of our women do not desire suffrage, l.
in my judgment entirely too sweeping.
Within the last few years I have taken
some pains to gather facts on this sub
ject, and I am left without doubt that a
large majority of our women in Oregon
would gladly vote should we give them
the opportunity-. But if half, or nine
tenths of them did not choose to exercise
this high and responsible duty, as citizens
of our state, that would not excuse us
In the least for denying the right of suf
frage to the half or tenth that demand
this at our hands. There are many men
In our state that fall to do their duty
In this regard, but their failure Is not
allowed to hinder those who are disposed
to meet their obligations by casting the
ballot In the way they believe duty re
quires. Nor can I agree wth you that woman
enjoys all the rights under our present
regulations, "save that of suffrage." that
eho would enjoy had she the right granted
her to vote. " her "brother Is mean
enough to withhold from her a right as
Inherent in her as in himself, he does so
for a purpose; and for a like purpose he
may and will withhold other rights, henco
It remains true that If the ballot in
man's hand is his best safeguard against
oppression and Injustice, it would be
equally so to woman. She la as neces
sary to the state as her brother, and Is as
deeply affected by good or bad legisla
tion as he.
Tho statement that the unit of society
is not the Individual, but the family, Is
both fallacious and misleading. It would
be true if our people lived only In famil
ies, represented by a parental head. But
when it Is remembered that a very large
per cent of our people who have passed
from under paternal authority are unmar
ried, and are their own and only repre
sentatives "before the law. It Is readily
seen that the Individual and not the fam
ily lo the unit of society. It Is just here
that your argument against woman suf
frage, based on the false assumption that
she will certainly vote as her husband
does, snaps of Its own innate weakness.
For, while It is not true that all married
women vote as do their hus-bands, it Is
true that many thousands of them are
not represented at the polls by husbands.
I conclude "by stating the self-evident
proposition that In a free, representative
government like ours, the better the
voter the better the government Our
women, had they the privilege, would
be as a class our safest and best voters.
Many of them demand the ballot to sup
plement their best efforts at home. Let
them have it. It is not good for man
to be alone, even at the ballot-box.
C. A. WOOLEY.
New York Sun.
Mafeklng Is a small town of wooden
buildings In the South African Republic,
about six miles from the border of Bechu
analand. It 13 Important because the
railroad from Cape Town to Bulu
wayo runs through it It Is 750 miles from
Cape Town as the crow flies and more
than a thousand as- the railroad train
creeps, for through that country the trains
do not do much better than creep. From
Pretoria it is about 150 miles, to the west
ward, and it is about the same distance,
from Johannesburg. It stands In a level
tract of country, and Is watered by a
When the war cloud became dark. Col
onel Baden-Powell was sent from his post
In Rhodesia, In command of a detachment
of about 1200 Irregular levies, hastily coN
lected. to establish himself at Mafeklng
and hold it at all costs should war break
out At the beginning "of hostilities he
set his men to enlarging the small forts
there and building extensive trenches and
barricades. Tho Transvaal ultimatum was
sent to England on October 10. and within
a very few days a force of about 2000
Boers appeared before Mafeking
under Cronje end attacked the place. The
garrison had Its Maxim guns and siege
guns well placed, and effectually checked
the advance of the Boers, but after a
short Intermission the attack was renewed
and on October IS a sortie was made by
tho British in which It was reported that
the Boer loss was 300 to 18 lost by the
besieged. Then the Boers sent for a heavy
gun, with Which they proceeded to bom
bard the town, but the garrison construct
ed bomproof shelters, and after the first
day or two the bombardment did little
harm. The garrison had held out about
seven months when relieved on the 17th
Another Bad Appointment,
iCt XU1JV JL11UUUV IXVCII.J. v
falo people concerning the character and
attainments of John R. Hazel are at all
correct his nomination for United States
District Judge for the We3tem District of
New York is one unfit to be made ana
unworthy to be confirmed- Some of the
accounts of his unfitness may be exag
gerated, and the campaign against him
may not have been impressive in dignity
or disinterestedness; but, quite regardless
of his friends or his enemies, and passing
over everything but his public record. It
Is evident that he falls far short of the
qualifications commonly considered neces
sary in a United States Judge. He Is
known as a politician and nothing else. He
has no reputation at the bar entitling him
to aspire to Judicial position, and nobody,
on his merits as a lawyer or his char
acter as a high-minded and thoughtful citi
zen would dream of him as a suitable sub
stitute In Buffalo for such a judge as
Alfred C. Coxe. He Is simply the macnlne
boss of Erie County, long employed as
an underling In the petty and not always
nice work of political organization, and
finally rising to the top to receive as the
pay for his labors a judicial office with
duties entirely Incompatible with his pre-
jvious training and occupation.
WILL- DEMOCRATS SUPPORT THEM?
The Citizens ticket . . . was elected with
out regard to party lines, tho dominant, pur
pose being to choose the men most eminently
qualified to act concertedly with other law
makers of the state in the Legislature. Mltcb-clI-McBride
Tho rest of the state is overwhelmingly Re
publican, and both branches of the Legislature
will be controlled by the Republicans. Mltch-ell-McBrlde
These are extracts from circulars with
which the Mltchell-McBrfde press bureau
has flooded Multnomah County. They
show completely the lines along which the
Federal machine Is working. The essence
of their promise to the voters Is that
certain desired reforms will be granted If
1. The Republican ticket Is not
successful la Mnltnomak County;
2. The Republican ticket is suc
cessful outside of Multnomah Coun
ty. The necessary inference is that the Re
publican candidates hero are untrustwor
thy and will betray the people; and that
the Republicans of the state at large are
trustworthy and will not betray the peo
ple. And, per contra, the Fuslonlsts of
Multnomah are honest fnwnds of the peo
ple and the burdened taxpayer, and all
other Fuslonlsts are not Geographical
lines, are thus seen to make a vital dif
ference In the integrity of both parties.
If some way could be devised to Induce
every Republican to move Into the coun
try, and every Fuslonlst to come to the
city, the moral tone of the whole state
would be vastly lifted, an Ideal political
situation would result and everybody
would be happy.
But let us examine the names of the
Republicans for whom the Inspired Mc-Brlde-MItchell
critics have such a low
opinion, and of the Fuslonlsts for whom
they entertain such a hlgn opinion. The
Legislative candidates for this county aro
as fo.lows, the first being Republican, the
Geo. AV. Bates.
S j Ivester Farrell.
J. Taorbum Uoss.
Ben P. Cornelius.
a AV. Gay.
Geo. T. Myers.
F. H. Alllston.
AV. E. Thomas.
Geo. L. Story.
Geo. R. Shaw.
John K. Kollock.
J. C. Bayer.
Frank F. Freeman.
E. E. Mallory
L. B. Seeley.
A. L. Mills.
A. 3. Dresser.
Andrew C Smith.
James E. Hunt.
F. P. Mays.
R. D. Inman.
H. A. Smith.
Geo. AV. Holcomb.
D. M. Watson.
Geo. M. Orton.
F. A. Heltkemper.
-L. H. Tarpley.
C AV. Nottingham.
A. J. Knott.
M. . Thompson.
J. J. Shipley.
J. T. Mllner.
Comparisons are invidious, but The
Oregonlan submits that taken man for
man, th Republican candidates are gen
tlemen whose personal standing Is quite
as high as their opponents', and whose
records entitle tham to as full a measure
of public confidence. It feels satisfied that
they will discharge every duty they owe
to this county as conscientiously and In
telligently as the Fuslonlsts. But there
are broader grounds for their election,
which to every supporter of Republican
principles and every opponent of Demo
cratic principles ought to be conclusive.
These reasons In brief are that they are
the Republican candidates. Their elec
tion will do much It may indeed be neces
saryto keep Oregon in the Republican
column. It makes for the maintenance of
Republican policies. They will have 18
Aote3 In the election of a United States
Senator in 1901, and five votes in 1903.
Every consideration of prudence
nnd of sound policy requires that
all Republicans vote for these 18
candidates, unless they have a bet
ter reason for preferring the oth
ers. Neither the personnel of the
Fusion tlclcet, nor the principles It
represents, present the better rea
son. The "Citizens" nominees profess to be
especial champions of the Bingham pri
mary law, tax reform, and a new char
ter. How do they propose to get them?
By defeating the Republican nominees
here, and guaranteeing that the Legisla
ture will nevertheless be Republican. They
think it vital to the interests of the state
that the Legislature be Republican, and
that the way to persuade that Republican
body to make concessions to certain agi
tators and reformers in Portland Is to send
to Salem a Fusion delegation of 12 Demo
crats and six Republicans. The real re
former Is the practical reformer who pro
ceeds In a practical way to secure his
ends. The bogus reformer only proposes
to qualify for the faorable consideration
of a Republican Legislature by moving
heaven and earth to defeat Republican
candidates. How can such persons make
the issue against Republicans that they
are antagonistic to them, and then hope
to enforce ,their demands on a Republican
Some of these Citizens candidates have
been at great pains to assure the people
that, despite plain evidence to tho con
trary, they are still loyal Republicans.
Mr. Mays said as much at West Portland
last Saturday night. Mr. Hunt is a Re
publican office-holder under the city ad
ministration. Dr. Smith was made County
Physician as a Republican, and now ad
vertises himself as an Independent Re
publican. Mr. Inman is a Democrat who
(presumably) voted for McKInley a queer
way of manifesting his devotion to silver,
Just as voting for his associates will be
a singular method for any Republican to
show his friendship for the gold stand
ard. Mr. Nottingham still claims to be
as sound a Republican as any other person
In Portland, and so doubtless do Mr.
Tarpley and Mr. Thompson. Excluding
Mr. Inman, here are six out of IS nominees
who do not agree with their, colleagues on
matters of National policy, and who want
It understood that In questions of this
kind the line must bo drawn. It Is well
known that these six gentlemen expect
to vote for Mr. McBrlde for United States
Senator. That Is what they were put up
for. Now let us see who McBrlde Is. "We
have his own word for It given through
his press bureau in that justly celebrated
eulogy for which he considerately fur
nished the alleged facts that he is the
Korlginal gold standard Senator from the
great West Just listen to tnls modest
tribute to true worth:
The Senator who pioneered this remarkable
movement in tho far AVest la now, properly
enough, one of the leaders of his party. His
courage In standing alono four years ago has
not only brought a gocdly number of recruits
to his side.' but It has, aided by his strong
qualities as a roan and as a Senator, given
him a high place in the councils of his party.
Without ostentation, without self-seeking, with
out brilliant speech-making or any fictlUous art
of attracting attention. Senator McBrlde has ad
vanced to the very front rank on the Repub
lican side of tho chamber. Few men In Ave
years of service have risen to such promi
nence or attained position In which they could
bo of eo much service to their constituents.
The Senatorial campaign is now on In his
state, and Republican Senators without ex
ception are glad to hear that there is little or
no doubt of his re-election.
In the vernacular of the day, wduldn't
that Jar you? And this magnificent leader
of his party, great though dumb, submits
his brilliant Republican record to his con
stituents, and asks the Democratic party
for re-election through endorsement of
his six candidates running with Its 12
X0TE AND COMMENT.- ' .,'
The weather but you may have heard
something about that yesterday.
Pettlgrew Is again seeking Information.
There is no doubt that he needs it
Of course Se'.zer can't run for Vice
President unless he can get a man named
Bromo to head the ticket
If the Queen of the May had 'deferred :
her celebration a few weeks, she might
haAe made it a water carnival.
A cargo of beer has been lost in ono
of the Philippine harbors. It probably
found its way to a bar, however.
No, gentle reader, the City Council la
not the Council 17 of which Mayor Storey-
Is reported to have once been a member
Jailer Dougherty has disproved the
scriptural maxim about serving two mas
ters. He is working for Sheriff Frazlen
and for Candidate Tom, Jordan.
With two aspirants for the Senate, one
of whose names in Maginnls and tho other
Dennis, Montana may claim the distinc
tion of being the Ireland of America
There was a man In our town -Who
thought It would be great
To run for office, and so ho ;
Became a candidate.
But when he'd run a llttlo while
He vowed with might and mala
That whether ho was beat or not.
He'd never run again.
A story is told of "Jack" Richards, the
8-year-old son of tho Solicitor-General
of the United States. While his parents
and he were being' shown through the
beautiful country seat of Hampton Court,
in England, in company with a high Eng
lish nobleman, little "Jack" was playing
about and learning a great many lessons.
Tho. custodian was telling his usual tales,
and pointed out a, vino planted by George
IIL He explained that the grapes from,
that particular specimen were reserved
for the Queen herself, and that no lesser
personage tasted them. Turning with a.
patronizing air to Young America, who
was gazlng'at the vine, he said: "I sup
pose you do not know who George III
was?" "Oh, yes. I do; he was the George
that fought our George, but our George
licked him, and licked him good."
When Admiral Dewey was In Nashvllla
he was asked to crown the Queen of Flow
ers, a pretty girl from Murfreesboro. Ho
was evidently somewhat nervous, and to
add to his discomfiture, the crown was
too large. He placed it on the young
girl's head, but in a second it had slipped
around her neck. But the gallant Ad
miral was not to be outdone. He delicately
eased the crown from around her neck
and over her wealth of hair and placed It
on her brow, but agUn it slipped. The
girl, of course, was embarrassed, as tho
eyes of several thousand people were on
her. The Admiral blushed a little, and,
with the air of one determined to conclude
a task, caught the crown and daintily fixed
it in the girl's hair so it would not slip.
As he finished his task, he pressed the
crown closer to the girl's hair, and with
one of his characteristic smiles, added:
"It will fit you all right in the morning."
A Yokohama correspondent of the In
dianapolis Press, who witnessed the re
ligious ceremony of fire walking in Toklo,
says: "There were present diplomats and
professors from the Imperial College, and
an Episcopal bishop, and we think there
Is sufficient evidence to prove that sev
eral Japanese women did walk through tha
fire. A doubting Thomas gathered up
some of the salt In which they rubbed
their feet both before and after their
hot walk, to take away and analyze. An
other suggested that the bamboo pole that
was used to make the path was hollow,
and may haA'e contained a substance that
sifted out as It was drawn backward and
forward that destroyed tho heat The
little 'amak of my friend, when asked
why the feet were not burned, replied.
'Much pray, much pray.' We have stated
facts. The interpretation must come from
those versed In the occult sciences."
PLEASANTRIES OF P.VBAGRAPHER3
A Modern Diagnosis, "Skinner got a bill th
other day for his wife's automobile drives, and
he's been laid up ever since." "AVhat's tha
matter?" "The doctcr says he Is suffering
from an overcharge of electricity." Life.
A Crying Evil. Mrs. Sparenotrod Marjorie,
It was for your own good that I punished you.
There are some things that a mother knowa
best. Marjorle (between sobs) I don't see I
don't see why mothers couldn't all be grand
mothers ! Puck.
The British General was humming to himself
as he walked along. "Wat's that 'e's slngln' t"
asked Tommy Atkins. The correspondent shook
his head. "I don't recognize it," he said, "but
very likely it's "There's One Moss Elver to
Cross.' "Chicago Evening Post.
"A Chicago woman," remarked tha observ
ant boarder, "has starved herself to v death In
the attempt to cure rheumatism." "That,"
added the cross-eyed barber, "was one o tha
operations that were successful, but tbepatlent
dled." Pittsburg ChronlcleTelgraph.
The strenuous eirorts. oi uie cnuren naa been
crowned with success. The promise of tho 3ga
was fulfilled. Every day was Sunday, now. In
other words. "But when," exclaimed tho La
dles Aid Society, in dismay, "shall we hold
our oyster socials and bean-bag parties?"
"Yes," said the young woman, "I find books
In the running brooks." "Well." said Farmer
Corntossel, "them Summer boarders littered the
place up terrible with them trashy novels last
year. Mo an ma done the best we could to
burn 'em all in the cook stove, but they do
seem to keep turnfn up." AA'ashlngton'Star.
Anna H. Johnson.
One day the flowers were giveninames.
And to the earth came down.
To bring a breath of Paradise
To country and to town.
But one. a little blue-eyed tot.
Fared sad by mead and dell.
And felt her mission lost because
Her name she could not tell.
So up the starlit milky way.
All nameless and alone.
She found a path to Heaven again, '
And stood before the throne.
AVlth tearful eyes and drooping head.
She there her fault confessed.
And felt that with her Savior's love
She could no more be blest.
"Dear little one." the Savior said,
"Far worse might be thy lot:
You may forget the name I gave.
If you forget me not."
One Unpardonable Disqualification.
United States Investor.
Free sliver has actually been killed by
the events of the last few years, but Mr.
Bryan Tef uses to recognize that fact, and
insists on harping on the 16-to-l Idea. He
probably feels bound to be consistent with
his record of four years ago, even at the
expense of his good sense. Though the
American people today are no more inter
ested in free silver than they are in the
Internal affairs of Timbuctoo, it by no
means follows that our currency (and our
vast interests dependent on the same would
not be endangered by Bryan's election.
We have shown In these columns In the
last few weeks the incalculable mischief
which Inadvertently we should put it in
his power to do if we elected him to the
Presidency next Fall. But we need not
discuss that phase of the situation at thla
time. Bryan's currency follies In the past
should forever preclude his being vested
j with political power by this people.