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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1900)
TTTE MOUSING OREGONIA', SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1900.
BIOGRAPHICAL STUDIES FOR GIRLS
(Copyright. 10O3. by Seymour Eaton.)
THE OREGONIAN'5 HOME STUDY CIRCLE DIRECTED BY PROF. SEYMOUR ETON
BT CHARLOTTE BREWSTER JORDAN.
"While Mme. Le Bran. In her S7th year,
was putting- the finishing touches to the
pictures which crowned the close of her
life, there was working around the abat
toirs of Paris a boyishly clad young wo
man, destined to rank with the first art
ists of her century.
The alert biographer, searching for some
adequate expression of the source and
method of Rosa Bonheurs art, nowhere
finds a clearer statement of It than In
that artist's own words: "I have studied
art," she writes to a friend, "since I was
10 years old. I have copied no master and
expressed to the best of my ability the
Ideas and feelings with which she has
Inspired me. Art Is an absorbent, a ty
rant. It demands heart, brain, soul. body,
the entlreness of the votary. Nothing less
will win Its highest favor. I wed art. It
Is my husband, my wond, my life dream,
the air I breathe. I know nothing else,
feel nothing else, think nothing else. My
soul finds In It the most complete satis
faction. ... I only seek to be known
by my works. If the world feel and un
derstand this I have succeeded. ... If
I had got up a convention to debate the.
question of my ability to paint the 'Horse
Fair,' for which England paid me 40,000
francs, the decision would have been
against me. I felt the power within me
to paint; I cultlated It. and have pro
duced works that have won the favorable
verdicts of great Judges. I have no pa
tience with women who ask permission to
This successful thinker Inherited her ar
tistic Impulse from father and mother,
both of whom possessed just enough skill
to make a painful living through their
teaching rather than through their handi
work. When Rosalie, the oldest child, was
but 7 years old, her overworked young
mother died; then Raymond Bonheur
brought his four motherless little chil
dren to Paris, where he paid for their
schooling b' giving Instruction In draw
ing and painting. Rosalie's aversion to
school life now became as exasperating
as it was amusing. Truant trips to the
woods and fields alternated with keen
caricatures of the teachers, mounted on
the schoolroom walla with a putty made
of chewed bread. These spirited sketches
her instructors, with mingled chagrin and
enjoyment, afterward gathered Into a
' Falling so signally as a student, she
was next apprenticed at a sewing school,
where her lack of achievement confessed
pronounced deficiency. She pined so for
fresh air that she finally became HI, and
in despair M. Bonheur let the unhappy
child come homo. "While the puzzled
father was trying to decide what to do
with Rosalie, she developed such an apt
ness in handling his art materials that
he was startled into a perception of her
great possibilities. He therefore took
great pains to teach her the rudiments of
drawing and correct perspective, and then
sent her to the Louvre to copy the old
masters. Here she worked with such
happy assiduity and complete oblivious
ness to aught but the work in hand that
the merit of her copies brought ready
At 17 she tramped the country over,
often hungry, drenched to the skin, but
buoyed up by beauty of landscape or
model, and her increasing ability worthily
to represent them. At this time she had
a preference for landscape painting, but
a successful picture of a goat led her
to make animal painting her specialty.
In her youth she also evinced a decided
tendency for expressing her artistic im
pulse In relief as well as In color; for
some time these twin glfta of sculpture
and painting struggled for the mastery,
but color-expression finally won the da.
The Bonheur lodgings in Paris were in
the sixth story of a tenement-house. Here
Auguste painted, Ieadore modeled, Rosalie
sketched and taught br little sister Juli
ette. The father, now that his children
were self-supporting, resumed hi painting
and supervised the cftorts of the Indus
trious family, happy In their congenal
work. Flowers and birds beautified the
home of these attic philosophers, and a
docile sheep served as an accommodating
model for the entire family. Occasionally
the strong Isadorc would carry their four
footed friend down the six flights to the
fields below, and after an hour's gijzir.g
would carry him up again to the roof gar
den. This little Incident but serves to
show'the happy family spirit for which
the Bonheure were always noted. It was
always a grief to Rcsalie that her broth
er Auguste, whom 6he thought unappre
ciated by the art world, should not have
received the Legion of Honor until two
years after herself.
At 19 her pictures were first exhibited.
Two years later, 1S47, the 12 canvases
which she submitted weie flanked on eitn
er elde by pictures from the brush of
Auguste Bonheur and his father the first
they had ever exhibited. Henceforth sev
eral Bonheus were represented In every
salon catalogue, their work proving tho
excellence of the early training given them
by their father.
After Rosalie received the gold medal
for her "Cantal Oxen" In ISO. her father
was made d'rector of the Government Art
School for Girls. He did not live long to
enjoy this honor, and was succeeded by
Rpea. who took her sister Juliette nsas
el;tant. The new director, quick to dl
covcr talent, praised or reproved with
equal abruptness, sent the unglfted fly
ing back to more prosaic occupations
severely discountenanced the unnecessary
wearing of masculine attire adopted by
her enthusiastic votaries, and expectea
others to work as untiringly as herself.
The necessity of frequenting the grent
slaughter-houses of Pari" In order to study
untrammeled the animals Immortalized on
her canvas led Rosa Bonheur to adopt
that boyish attire which she wore In u
modified form during the remainder of her
life. With her hair cut short and at
tired In a convenient blouse, this young
woman used to seat herself upon a load of
hay. spread out her paints and work awnv
as oblivious to the respectful admiration I
of drovjers and butchen? as In her girlhood
days she had been to the thronging tour
ists in the Louvre. The oddity of her
practical attire never brought any Indig
nity upon her. thbugh many and comical
were the predicaments into which it
brought her. All of these she took 'n
good part, putting her shoulder to the
wheel when porters, mistaking her for
one of their class, aoked her assistance,
and passing off with a Joke their slight
ing remarks about her weak muscles.
The year after Rosa Tonheur received
thegold medal her "Plowing In Nlvcr
nais" and "Haymaking In Auvergne" rmd
a furore, which reached Its climax In 1SS3,
when the artist, then In, her 31st venr.
completed the celebrated "Horse Fair."
This picture was painted on the largest
cam-as ever undertaken by any animal
pnlnter. It took IS months to paint, and
necessitated biweekly visits to" the horse
markets. A pet horse put his hoof
through the canvas, and thu delayed
some months the completion of the
nicture. The Engl sh love of horses
caused Englishmen to greet thte picture
with an enthusiasm whlh soon spread to
America. Mr. A. T. Stewart then bought
the "Horse Fair" of iti English purchaser,
and It now hangs In the Metropolitan Mu
seum Ja New Tork. When Landseer. who
admired the artist even more than her
cinva.s. first saw the "Horse Fair." h
m d: "It surpasses me. though It's a little
hard to be beaten by a woman." After
viewing this picture the Paris salon ex
empted thenceforth all the work of Rosa
Bonheur from examination bv the Jurv of
admission. Napoleon III shared the pop
ular enthusiasm over the "Horse F.alr."
but hesitated to violate the conventionali
ties by conferring the medal of the. Le
gion of Honor for the first time upon a
womnn. So Eugenie, cnrclcn? of imperll-
lng her popularity and determined that
honors should be bestowed where most
deserved, dro-e informally to the artist's
fine old place near Fontalnebleau. and .
1 pinned the medal upon her working blouse '
utterly unaffected by fae highest honors ,
which could be ehowered upon her, Rosa
Bonheur worked as industriously as ever
In the seclusion of her forest home. She
said that while she believed that her fath
er would have become one of the great
roasters of Dalntlng had he not ben
obliged to work himself to death, t-he
nevertheless felt that he erred in trying
too hard to please the public She there- ,
fore decided to paint only such pictures i
as nature prompted her to paint, invari- I
ably refusing all orders and selling none (
but finished work. j
When the Prussians entered Paris In 1S71 !
her studio alone was unmolested by the i
soldiery in compliance with the special or- I
der of the Crown Prince. Utterly unmlnd- j
ful of the way the world swept by her.
she worked away, sunny-tempered and
genrous-hparted. until her 77th year, dy
ing Just at the close of the century to ;
which she had contributed 0 much that
was illustrious. Rosa Bonheur"o best nor-
traits have been painted hy her devoted
friend; Miss Klumpke, a young American zette and General Advertiser, dated Sep
woman. to whom she bequeathed all her tember 11. 1795. Of the 20 columns It con
palntlnps. sketches and art treasure. I tains, nearly 17 are made ud of advertise-
These portraits show the same alert, del
icate beauty that characterized the aged
animal-painter's early portraits, the same
delicate hand, the same noble mind and
the same Intelligent eye, undlmmed by the
strain of over three-quarters -of a ccn
tury. After Rosa Bonheur's death Miss
Klumpke. now in America, decided that
It would not be right for her to accept
the benefits accruing from her friend's
generous legacy, and has recently an.
nounced her Intention of selling the great !
artist's effects and of dividing the pro
ceeds among Rosa Bonheur's nieces and
SPOKE OF POTTERY.
Woman' Club Entertained and In
structed by 3Ir. Hoyt.
Pottery was the theme chosen yesterday
for the entertainment of the members of
the Woman's Club, at their regu ar meet
ing. Mrs. R. H. Hoyt. chairman of the
fine arts department of the club, read an
interesting paper entitled "Anticnt and
Modern Pottery." which, however, treated
of those branches of ancient DOtterv onlv
that have been studied by this department
aenng tne past season.
vocal selections from Mrs. F.etcher Linn i
constituted the musical part of the pro
gramme, ine business or the club was
brief, the coming convention of the Ore
gon Federation of Woman Clubs, to bo
held in Pendleton Thursday, being tho
most absorbing topic The Portland and
vicinity delegnfon will leave this city
Wednesday morning, arriving at Pendl
tinvi,T lne ven'nR. so they will be ready
for the three days' convention commenc
ing Thursday morning. By unanimous
vote of the c".ib an Invitation was ex
tended to hold the next biennial conven
tion In Portland. Madame Bnuer an
nounced that the Shakespeare department
would hold Its closing meeting for the sea
son Saturday. June ?. at the residence
of Mrs. W. O. Broyman. when a recep
tion would be .given the members of the
Mrs: Hoyt had a collection of ancient
pottery to give added Interest to her dls-
course. Some of these pieces dated far
Into antiquity, and were owned by her- !
very- odd and 'interesting delft pieces, a I
rare 'Rnh.imlnn Hoci -f. n.i.fin ni. I
matlc colors, old wil ow ware, samnles of
early pottery work among the Puritans.
and On nr twn Tl!pPA nf Tnrflan nnttn
Hlustratlnc thrJr m-ik1 frnr nr i-li.'nJ '
jrfforded an Interesting studv. Mrs Hovt
makes a specialty of such, and proposes
to conduct the department through a
course Including the potten- of manv
nations, the next season. The nieces
owned by hprself and others worklrr-
with her enable the students- to observe
tne products of different ages without
As nn Introductory. Mrs. Hoyt followed
out h'storlcnlly the use of brick, burn
ing them, and the development of pot
tery In the different nations, as traced
In excavations and ruins. She treated
mainly of the Egyptians.. Assyrians. Baby
lonians and Greeks, among the extreme
j ancients, and the early work of the Puri-
I tans, with slight reference to the tracea'of
Indian handiwork and art found in ATner-
Iica. The entire subject was lively, yet
instructive, and the -speaker was liberally
applauded at the close of her address,
i By special invitation, Mrs. Lynn ap
fpcared to favor the club with the musical
1 selections for the .ast programme of the
year. Mrs. Linn has been In charge of
the music of the club the past season,
and to her excellent toate and Judgment
t have the members been indebted for so
much that was enjoyable. But not as'
manager is she so popular as when she
entertains with her owa charming selec
tions. The first number; "IEtc" (Cham
inade), a bubbling, airy song of Spring, to
which the singer's winsome face added
brighter spirit, was determinedly ap
plauded until the singer responded to the
encore with "Too Toung for Love" (Toto.
11), another pretty number. Mrs. "W. E.
Thomas played the accompaniments.
VALUABLE OLD PAPERS.
Oliver Clay Will Present Them
the Historical Society.
Oliver Cay has discovered among the
papers of his son Oscar, who died In 1SS8.
after acting as commercial editor of The
Oregonian for a number of years,' several
old newspapers of interest and value,
which he proposes to present to the Ore
gon Historical Society. The most ancient
of these Is a copy of tiie New York Ga-
ments. A quantity of wampum of tho
best quality for the Indian trade is offered
for sale, rewards for the recovery of run
away "prentice boys and sevant girls are
offered. Jamaica rum, Ir.sh linens, pick
eted Nova Scotia salmon, Spanish hides.
Musenado sugar. RIdcmond sugar and
many other kinds of goods are adver
tised lor sa.e. Notice of the expiration of
the partnership of John Jacob Astor and
Cornelius Heeney Is given. Under the
head of "Latest Foreign Advices" is given
three columns of interesting European
news copied from n Halifax. N. S., paper
of August 20, dated London, July 10, so
that it was over two months old when
published. The news is almost entirely
about battles by land and,eea, from which
it would appear that all the nations of
the earth which amounted to anything
were involved in trouble, and Spain had
Just sent 700,000 to England to purchase
muskets, ammunition, etc.
There Is also a copy of the Ulster County
Gazette, of January 4. 1800. In deep mourn
ing, containing a notice of the funeral of
"Washington the grent. the father of his
country, and the friend of man," who died
December 14, 17P9, aged 6S years. There
Is. also news of the defeat of the Austro
Rurslans by the French, and the capture
of two Spanish frigates, having on board
upwards of J3.500.0CO. besides merchandise.
Dy four Brit,sn frigates. A stout, healthy.
active negro wench Is offered for sale,
A stray heifer and a lost watch are ad-
vertlsed for, and 2 reward is offered for
information wnicn win iad to tho re
covery of "an excellent gun stolen about
a year since."
A copy of the Sun. published at Pitts
field. November 26, 1S12. contains a lot
of Interesting Congressional news, and
returns of elections "which placo the re
election of James Madison to the Presi
dency of the United States beyond a
These papers will form an Interesting
addition to the collection of the Historical
Society, and will be carefully preserved
in Its archives.
DAILY CITY STATISTICS.
Real Eutate Transfer.
Sheriff for John O'Connor et al., to
H. Slnshelmer. block 34. Waverly.
! May 25 ; 19
i P. H. Marlay to C. S. Snyder, N. 42 .
. feet lot 17 and lot IS, block 23, Sunny-
I side. December 30. 1890 1
' John Sommervllle. trustee, to Adrian
McCalmon. blocks D6. 97. Ill and 112,
lots 1 to 20. inclusive, except lots 9.
; 10. 11 and 12. block 103; lots 5 to 13,
, Inclusive, block HO; lo.s 1 and 2. block
! 113, Palatine Hill. No. 3. May 15 1
i Susie J. Lundmark and husband to
Ann J Bell, lots 1. 2, 3. 4. 5 and C,
block 20. Arbor Lodge. May 19 SCO
Anne Hwltt and Samuel Hewitt to
u. B. cellars, lot 7. block 29, Caruth
ers Addition. May 23 750
Marian Hlileary and Flora E. Hiltcary
to C. A. Alvord. parcel of land.
James Powell D. L. C. April 10.... 400
Thomns H. Smith to Nettie Alvord,
lots L 2. 3, 4 and 5, block 5, Menlo
Park. Mnrch 25 130
W. M. KHlmgsworth and wife to
Christian Gulooson. lot 1. block 14
North Albina. Maj- 25 J 500
William Batman and JennI- Batman
to William H. Batman, lot 5. block
2. McMillan's Addition. April ?0 &
Louis Hansen to Henry Knls. lot 4
block 20. Lincoln Park. May 22 125
DvI R' Bel1' 31: Marlan F- Smith.
. F.TeA KPste!n. aed 22; Lora E. Sat-
' terlee. aged 19.
traroiyn u. Ollpbant. age 2
rnonins Jo aas' tirtn street; inanition,
Ma' 2,'n.tto p'e"enberg. ace 14 years C
Inontns- Jnott street: typhoid fever,
May 2t John F- Slcie aso 57 years. 5
moalt 471 orth ront street; general
May 22, boy to the wife of Alexander
Duncan. .225 Flanders street.
May 24. girl to the wife of George J.
Gardner. US North Tenth street.
May 23, girl to the wife of William H.
Redgeway, 164 North Tenth street.
Roy Roberts, corner Williams avenue
and Knott street; measles.
STORY OF NOME DIGGINGS
HOTT GOLD WAS DISCOVEKED OX
THAT FAIt CAPE.
rty From Golofala Bay Found
Yello-rr Metal There In 1SOS
Abase of Poirer ef Attorney.
WASHINGTON. May 2L While so much
Interest is centered in the Cape Nome
sold region, it might b timely to look
back and review the history of the devel
opment of those newly iIIcovered gold
fields. Such a review was made by rep
resentatives of the Geological Survey, in
the report whl.h they submitted to Con
gress. They say:
"Up to the time of the Klondike rush
of 1S37 and 1SS3 but little attention was
paid to prospecting In Seward Peninsula,
in spite of the fact that both gold and
silver had been found in tfce Golofnln Bay
region.. According to Father F. Baroum,
for many years missionary on the Lower
1'ukon, and one of the best-Informed
men of the country.' the presence of gold
in the Nome region was reported by na
tives to Yukon prospectors some six or
eight years ago. These se&m to haVe
placed but little confidence in the report,
and did not consider it worthy of further
investigation. In the fall of lfc93 a coasid--eratiie
influx of disappointed Klondlkers
Into the Golofnln Bay district took place,
and the prospecting of Seward Peninsula
may De? saia to nave been then inaug
urated. "In July, 1S9S, a rumor Is Eald to have
reached the Swedish Mission at uolofnin
Bay that gold had been found by a rein
deer herder on the coast at Slnrock, about
M miles northwest of Cape Nome. Soon
after a party, consisting of the mission
ary. N. C. Hultberg, J. J. Brlnterson and
others, set out for Slnrock In a small
boat along the coast. Becoming storm
bound on the way, they landed near the
mouth of Snake River, at the present
site of Nome, Here they are reported'to
have prospected some, and found fine gold
on the bars In the lower reaches of the
river, which led them next day to cross
over the tundra to the now famous An
vil Creek, a tributary of the Spake. Here,
on July 26 or 27, they found some colors
of coarse gold, but the majority of the
party insisted on proceeding to Slnrock,
their original destination. At Slnrock.
however, they were not successful, and re
turned to Golofnln Bay. The colors of
coarse gold which had been found on
Anvil Creek during their storm-bound
period were not forgotten, for they were
considered a favorable prospect by Hult
berg. Accordingly, 'a small party- of
Swedes and Norwegians, consisting of Eric
O. Lindblom, John Brlnterson and Jafet
LInderberg. one of whom was
In the employ of the Government reindeer
service as herder, and another a whaler
from the bark Alaska, returned to Anvil
Creek about the mlddlo of September,
1SJS. (This creek and Its adjacent moun
tains are reported to have been named
Anvil by LInderberg from the huge ah-vil-Uke
shape of the boss or knob of rock
at the top of the mountain.) Here they
spent a couple of weeks, and on the 20th
are reported to have discovered coarse
gold of unquestionable economic value.
They made extensive locations on Anvil
Creek, and also crossed over the low di
vide and staked claims on Glacier Creek
and one of Us tributaries. Snow Gulch,
which during last season proved the rich
est gulch In the Nome region. Ground
was also located on Reck and Dry Creeks.
After collecting some samples, the party
returned to Golofnln Bay, with ground
enough staked to make all of them mil
lionaires, as the development of the prop
erty last season demonstrated.
"Upon their return to Golofnln Bay
another and larger party was soon formed
which hurried back to the Nome region,
and as the news spread, notwithstanding
the lateness of the season, a general
stampede for the new Eldorado to secure
locations set In from Golofnln Bay. the
Fish River country and St Michael. A
meeting was held on October 18, 1S9S. when
the Cape Nome mining district was or
ganized, which was to comprise an area
25 miles square, with Cape Nome at Its
southeastern corner. Dr. Klttleron Is re
ported to have been elected recorder. The
meeting also determined that -the size of
all locations should be 320 by 560 feet.
Nearly every individual located not only
for himself, but also for his many friends,
by power of attorney. These locations
comprised not only mining claims on the
different gulches, but also town lots near
the present site of Nome. The lowest
number of locations said to have been
made by any one person was four, and
the highest 30. To such an extent was
the power of attorney here abused that
more than 7O00 acres of ground were lo
cated by fewer than 40 persons, for them
selves and their friends, so that sev
eral thousand Americans who arrived
later, finding no unstaked ground any
where in the vicinity. Justly raised a some
what bitter complaint.
"At present the majority of the Noma
miners are said to be In favor of abolish
ing the right to stake ground by power of
attorney, of reducing each mining district
to five miles square, and making a reduc
tion In the size of claims, and of re
stricting ownership to one claim per indi
vidual in each district. Such a reform
would seem to be a commendable step
toward the prevention of fraud and the
practice of parasitism on the miners' vo
cation by the great number of so-called
pencil and hatchet men,' whose design
is not to mine, but merely to moke ex
tensive locations for purely speculative
purposes. Ground thus held has not only
retarded the development of many of the
mining districts of Alaska, but has been
the source of unlimited trouble in many
"As it was already late in the Fall of
1S9S when gold was discovered, but little
attempt could be mode at development
that season. About ?20, however, was
taken out of Anvil Creek and Snow Gulch
before the creeks bccam& tied up by frost.
"Up to the middle of the Summer of
1ES9 the attention of the prospectors was
entirely confined to the creeks and
gulches, but late in July the first dis
coveries of gold beach were reported al
most simultaneously by a soldier from
the United States Army barracks, who
Is said to have found ijold while digging
a well, and by some prospectors of Nome.
"One of the first reported to engage in
beach diggings was an old prospector from
Idaho, by the name of John Hummel, who.
It Is sold, was afflicted with Bcurvy, and
therefore could not reach the gulches.
Hummel prospected tho beach, and, find
ing that It yielded a fair return, went to
work with a rocker and took out $120)
in 20 days of work.
"As soon as the news of these rich finds
became disseminated, a perfect frenzy :or
digging in the beach siezed the people of
Nome. The Commandant of the United
States Army post enforced a regulation
that no claims could be staked within a
strip of ground running along the bea:h.
60 feet In width, measured from hlrh
tlde limit. Within this reserved ir- "all
had an equal right to dig and wash the
gravels. The good feeling and good fel
lowship which generally prevailed In hia
Isolated community Is attested by the
fact that, in spite of the crowded condi
tion of this public strip, few If any. serious
disputes occurred between the miners. This
Is rather remarkable, considering the facf
that men are often worwnr within . lew
feet of one another nn the same pay
streak. This may have been In part be
cause of the popular fallacy that the
beach furnished an inexhaustible supply
of gold, and that the deposits wore being
constantly renewed by the action of the
"During the height of tne excitement up
ward of 1000 men were at work on the
beach; by some the estimate is even p.t
St. Vitas1 '
as high as 2000. Every man at Nome, be
he physician or carpenter, lawyer or bar
keeper, dropped his usual vocation end
Went to work with a shovel and rosker.
Men who had been employed In ths gulches
at good wages flocked to the beach and
went to work for themselves. Tilts un
doubtedly retarded the development of the
gulch diggings very much, for it was dif
ficult to get miners, even when tha waces
went up to $11 a day. The beach pincers
proved a veritable 'poor man's preposi
tion.' No capital for development was re
quired, any one owning a shovel and a
rocker having ap equal chance with tne
"The larger part of this crowd of men
were at work near the town, but the
beach- diggings extend for 12 or 15 miles
to the west of Nome. Iq the Fall, when
this army of miners had stopped work be
cause of the frost, an almost continuous
rampart extended along the beach rear
Nome, which had been formed by the new
ly dug gravel, and gave the shore the ap
pearance of having been fortified to re
pel an Invasion.
"The output of gold from the beach can
only be roughly estimated, rOr no r-eords
were kept. It is fair to assume that the
beach miners averaced at least good
wages. Such being the cose, the product
of the beach must have been upward of
half a million dollars, and may .have been
much more. There are some Intelligent
men, who were at Nome during the ex
citement, who estlmato the beach output
of gold at from 5500,000 to $1,000,000."
NOT PROOF AGAINST STEEL
Hoiv Prisoners Escaped From the
Morrow County Lockup.
A. Andrews, Sheriff of Morrow County,
was at the Perkins yesterday on his re
turn from Salem, where he had taken a
prisoner named Cofer, to serve a term in
the penitentiary for larceny In a dwelling.
Cofer Is one of two prisoners who re
cently performed the feat of escaping from
the steel cells of the Morrow County Jail,
but he was recaptured soon afterwards.
near Milton, Umatilla County.
Tho men made a good job of breaklns
the chilled Iron bars, Mr. Andrews says,
and forced a. square opening larae enouirh
to admit a man's "body, "by prying the
Dars with a stout steel shaft, which had
been passed in to them by some friend out
side. The flat bars being very hard, were
also brittle, and so could not withstand
the power of the lever In the form of a
stout steel shaft, that had formerly been
usea in the revolving portion of some mill.
The square aperture In the outer corridor
has not yet been repaired, and theTirison
ers are now kept within their cells alto
gether. The St. Louis manufacturers of
the steel cage are not held responsible
for the jallbreak. as the prisoners had
obtained assistance from the outside, a
contingency no cage manufacturer could
provide against. The Morrow County
Court Is arranging to have the cage re
Sheriff Andrews Is not a candidate for
re-election, but Is preparing to retire to
his sheep ranches on Penland Butte, in
the north end of Morrow County, "where
he will run two bands of sheep the ensu
ing Winter. He thinks there is a good
deal more money in the sheep business
at present rates than in the Sheriff's office
at 52O0O a year and pay your deputy out
of the salary.
If IlnTtjr In Cnttlnsr Teeth,
Be lure and u tlat. old and well-tried remedy
!. 'Vinjiow'a Soothlnc Syrup, for children
teethlnr- It wxithes the child, softens the kudu.
allays alt pain, cures wind colic and diarrhoea.
Constipation, which gives rise to many
graver troubles. Is cured and prevented bv
Carter's Little Liver Pills. Try them
and you will be convinced.
IN TABLET FORM-PLEASANT TO TAKE.
A Six Months Treatment eold for only ono dollar,
and If a ctrro is not effected the money will bo re
funded. To ask more wonld bo unreasonable; to
crant "era a ccntrary to life's rrlncljlo. All can
enaro in uio irrcat oietsmg 1 Bestow: no
oaotoleoxcluded from tho (Treat feart of
acaiu i oner snitorm? rcanxind.
JcorisycarsinsToetmercd a tnocsand
deaths f rem Kidney and Bladder Troubles
and Catarrh. MTarstPCiTrasnllrrnHo-n-rr
SfWvV 1. oenred a ate months' treatmont of ths
-flKafrK'ecetablo Compound and wrs trsred.
XW D. K. Clrxton. Eothlehem, Ky.
ForeaU'byaHdnureUte. Thirty days' treatment
for 25c: Seventy dore' treatment 50c.; Six months'
treatment- tf.OQ. dfiyi trial trtat merit frtf.
SB. W. BURKnaKT, Cincinnati, a
fieKHt Dimi2 stesl Pess Miue ABjwSers
MO Varittiu. 'Fertsls by oH stationers.
THE fSTERBROOK STEQ. PEN CO.
t Warfa.Cfl(B.W.J. 26J4SuK.r.
Mrs. Minnie Fiedler, of ML Pleasant,
Iowa, says :
" I was afflicted for years with St,
Vitus' dance. The first symptoms of the
disease began in 1S89, when the nerves
began twitching in my left hand. I con
salted physicians of this city, bet none
of them ever did me a particle of good.
After I had suffered for two and one half
years, the disease contirraing to grow
worse, I heard of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People.
" It was in 1S91 that I was induced to
try them, and I was surprised at my
rapid improvement. I took, only two
boxes, and was entirely cured. It was
hard to realize that I, who for over two
years was scarcely able to walk, and who
often fsund it almost impossible to talk,
should be restored to perfect health and
in fell possession of all of my powers by
two bore3 of thb wonderful remedy.
" I am happy to state that my health
is still perfect and I have never had the
slightest symptoms of a return of the
disease, although it is eight yesxs since
I was cured. "
Dr. Williams' pink Pills for Pale People
contain, in a condensed forui. all the. ele
ments necessnry to give new life nnl richness
to tiie blood and restore shuttered nerves.
They are an unfailing specific for such dis
eases as locomotor ataxia, partial paralysis,
St. Vitus' dance, sciatica, neuralgia rheu
matism, nervous headache, the after-effect of
la grippe, palpitation of the heart, pale and
sallow complexions, all forms of weakness
cither in male or female
Dr. Williams' Pink PllbforPsIc Peorleareneter
.ssld bjthe dozen orhundrcd. but always In pack
ages. Atali druogists, or direct frori the Dr. Wil
liams Medicine com pent. Schenectady, H. Y., 50
bciiia per uja, o uuC5 4.ou.
How is yo Wind?1
If you are sbort of breath; if your
heart flutters or palpitates; if you
have pain in left side or in chest; if
your pulse is irregular, or you have
choking sensations, weak or hungry
spells, fainting or sinking spells, re
member, Dr. Miles' 2ew Heart Cure
is especially adapted to remoro just
that class of disorders. It is a heart
and blood tonic which strengthens
the heart, purifies ths blood and
gives new life to the weak and weary.
"Shortness of breath, severe palpi
tation and smothering spells disabled
me for any labor. After using three
bottles of Dr. Miles' Heart Cure I
was entirely relieved of distress and
from that time on' my recovery was
rapid." . A. a Payite,
Morgan town, Ind.
Dr. Miles' Heart Cure is sold at all
druggists on :i positive guarantee.
Write for free advice and booklet to
Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart, Ind.
t-HrHftftr-b-Hr-Hrift-H- ! 1 i b-bby.
4 " T.
Have for many years been the popular fam-
r 'j ."tmiiic ""tiocruiejjgiisn language
-i" If spoken, and they now stand without a V
-! rival for Bilious and Nervous Disorders,
lnd. Pain in the Stomach, Sick Headache, i
Fulness after meals, Dizziness, Drowsiness,
4 Costlveness and Sallow Complexion. These
afflictions all arise from a disordered or
abused condition of the stomach and liver. !
Boochani's Pills, taken as directed, will
quickly restore Females to complete health.
They promptly remove any obstruction or
Irregularity of the system. 4.
$ 10 cents and 25 cents, at tM drag stores, f
. Foryour family's comfort
and your own.
will contribute more to It than
tons of ice and a Kims of fans.
6 gallons for 25 cents.
Write for lilt of premium offered
rree ror lantit.
CHARLES E. UlttES CO.
always follow tho vse of New
bro'8 Herp icicle, the new scien
tific euro for dandruff and fall
ing hair. Ifc possesses certain
properties that lull the germ
or microbe that causes all
the trouble by sapping the oil
out of the hair bulb. "With this
parasite destroyed, dandruff
and falling hair cannot exist.
A thick, soft growth of hair
springs forth where formerly
thin, brittle hair, or perhaps
total baldness held. sway.
One bottle will convinco"
you of its merits.
For Sale at all First-Chjs Drug Stores
rss? vsffi? '?
PEIHASY, SECOJIDlRy OR TERTIARY BLOOD P31S01
Permanently Cured. You can be treated at homo
under ime guaranty. If yuu nave taken mer
cury. Iodide potash, and atll! have icne and
pains. Mucus Patches la Mouth. Sore Throa".
Pimple. Copper-Colcred :Jpots. Ulcers on any
part of the body. Hair or Eyebrows flUnj
COOK REMEDY CO.
163a Masonic Temple. Chicago. III. for proofs of
cure. Capital, $.V'.000. We solicit the most ob
stinate coses. W have cured the worst cases in
IS to 35 Jays. 100-pace Book Free.
If kS'cv1 wiia
Mi rjr, vm
tThimpson's Eya Wafir
L flFflfc8'''"!"''" S
? axaw m
S-ri!l 91 53 CS ft S3 V
if 31 Q fe
a 6 a S a 5
1 v z a js s? a
"Vot & dark office In tne lmlltllnst
lsolntelr fireproof: electric lichts)
nml artesian water t perfect sanita
tion and tkorouKh. ventilation. Ele
vators ran day and nlsht.
ALDRIClf. S. "W.. General Contractor. CIO
AXDERSON". GUSTAV. Attorney-at-Law...Ua
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. Msr..S0
AUSTEN. F. C, Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers' Life Association, of
Des Moines. la .. 502-503
BANKERS' LIFE ASSOCIATION. Or DE5
MOINES. IA.-F. C. Austen. Managcr..502-503
BEALS. EDWARD A.. Forecast Oadal U.
S. "Weather Bureau j Dirt
BENJAMIN. R- W,.-Dentlst 314
BINSWaNGER. DR. O. S.. Phys. & Sur.0-4,t
BROOKE. DR. J. M.. -Phys. & Surg TOS-TiV)
BROWN. MTRA. M. D 3i3-3U
BRUERE. DR. G. E.. Physician.. x.412-413-tn
BUSTEED. RICHARD. Agent Wl!son & Mc-
Callay Tobacco Co. TO2-603
CAUKIN. G. E.. District Agent Travelers
Insurance Co. y 71S
CARDWELL. DR. T. R COS
CARROLL. W. T.. Special Agent Mutnal
Reserve Fund Life As'n M
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY
CORNELIUS. C. W.. Phys. and Surgeon ZK
COVER. F. C.. Cashier Equltsbl- Life 304
COLLIER. P. F.. Publisher; 3. 1 McGuir.
Manager , -(15-ltS
DAY. J. C. & L N 31S
UAVIS. NAPOLEON. President Columbia
Telephone Co . col
DICKSON. DR. J. F.. Physician 712-7X4
DRAKE. DR. H. B.. Phjsiclan B12-513-5X
DWTER, JOE. F.. Tobaccos 403
EDITORIAL TtCOMS Eighth floor
EQUITABLE LIFEASSURANCE SOCIETT:
L. Samuel. Manager: F. C Cover." Cahler.3C
EVENING TELEGRAM 323 'AUer street
FENTON. J. D.. Physician and Surgeon. 50D-310
FEXTOX. DR. HICKS C Eye and Ear 511
FENTON. MATTHEW F.. Dentist. BC3
FIDELITY MTTTUAL LIFE ASSOCIATION:
E. C. Stark. Managar 601
GALVANI. W. H.. Engineer and Draughts
man ,, COfl
GAVIN. A.. President Oregon Camera Club.
GEARY. DR. EDWARD P.. Physician and
OIESY. A. J.. Physician and Surgeon... 7CO-7I0
GODDARD. E. C. & CO.. Footwear
Ground floor, 120 Sixth street
GOLDMAN. WILLIAM. Manager Manhattan
Life Insurance Co. of New York 200-210
GRANT. FRANK S.. Attorney-at-Law G17
HAMMAM BATHS. King & Compton. Pror-3OT
HAMMOND. A. B 31C
HEIDINGER. GEO. A. & CO.. Pianos and
Organs ...131 Sixth street
HOLLISTER. DR. O. C. Phys. & Sur. .504303
IDLEMAN. C. M.. Attorney-at-Law.. 416-17-13
JOHNSON. W. C. 315-316-31;
KADY, MARK T.. Supervisor of Agents
Mutual Reserve Fund Life Ass'n U04-603
LAMONT, JOHN. Vice-President and Gen
eral .Manager Columbia Telephone Co 60S
LITTLEFIELD. H. R Phys. and Surgeon-. .2y
MACRUM. W. S.. Sec. Oregon Camera Club.214
MACKAY. DR. A. E., Phys. and Surg. .711-71,2
MAXWELL. DR. W. E.. Phy?. & Surg. .701-2-3
McCOY. NEWTON, Attorney-at-Law 713
McFADEN. MISS IDA E.. Stenographer 2ft
McGINN. HENRY E.. Attorney-at-Law.311-3J3
McKELL. T. J.. Manufacturers Repfesenta
METT. HENRY 213
MILLER. DR. HERBERT C. Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 605-609
MOSSMAN. DR. E. P.. Dentist 312-313-314
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO.. of
New York: W. Goldman. Manager.... 209-210
MUTUAL RESERVE FUND LIFE ASS'N:
Mark T. Kady. Supervisor of Agents.. C04 -COT
McELROY. DR. J. G.. Phys. & Sur.701-7n2-703
McFARLAND. E. B., Secretary Columbia
Telephone Co. urjj
McGUIRE. S. P.. Manager P. F. Collier.
McKIM, MAURICE. Attorney-at-Law 50
MILLER & ROWE. Real Estate. Timber
and Farming Lands a Specialty 703
MUTUAL LIKE INCURANCE CO,, of New
York; Wm. S. Pond. State Mgr. .404-405-409
NICHOLAS HORACE B.. Attorney-at-Law.713
NILES. M. L.. Cashier Manhattan Life In
surance Co., of New York ..2OT
OREGON INFIRMARY OF OSTEOPATHY;
Dr. L- B Smith. Osteopath 40S-4C3
OREGON CAMERA CLUB 214-215-216-217
POND. WM. S.. State Manager Mutual Life
Ins. Co. of New York 404-405-403
PORTLAND ,PRESS CLUB 301
x..... Ground floor. 133 Sixth street
PORTLAND MINING & TRUST CO.; J. II.
Marshall. Manager 5jj
QUIMRY. L. P. W.. Game and Forestry
ROSENDALE. O. M.. Metallurgist and Min
ing Engineer . . , 515-516
REED & MALCOLM. Opticians. 133 Slxsx street
REED. F. C. Fish Commissioner 407
RYAN. J. B.. Attorney-at-Law 417
SAMUEL. L-, Manager Equitable Life 303
SHERWOOD. J. W.. Deputy Supreme Com
mander. K. O. T. M 317
SMITH. Dr, L. B.. Osteopath 40S-109
SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. 500
STARK. E. C. Executive Special. Fldelltr
Mutual Life Association of Phlla.. Pa 001
STUART. DELL. Attorney-at-Law 617-613
STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E.. Dentist 704-703
SURGEON OF THE S. P. .RY. AND N. P.
TERMINAL CO 70
STROWBRIDGE. THOS. II.. Executive Spe
cial Agent Mutual Life, of New York 40(1
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE 2U
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F.. Dentist 610-611
U S. WEATHER BUREAU 0O7-00S-0OO-310
U. S. LIGHTHOUSE ENGINEERS. 13TH
DIST.. Captain V.'. C. LangHtt. Corps of
Engineers. U. S. A SOS
U. S E.GINF'PR OFFICE. RIVER AND
HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS. Captain W.
C Langfltt. Corps of Engineers. U. S. A..SI0
WATERMAN. C H.. Cashier Mutual Life
of New York ..408
retary Native Daughters 71C-717
WHITE. MISS L. E.. Assistant Secretary
Oregon Camera Club 211
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N.. Phys. & Sur.30l-J
WILSON. DR. GEO. F.. Phys. & Surg. .706-707
WILSON. DR. HOLT C. Phje. &. Surg.5o7-30S
WILSON & McCALLAY TOBACCO CO.:
Richard Busteed. Agent 602-603
WOOD. DR. W. L.. Physician 412-413-414
WILLAMETTE VALLEY TELEPU. CO...tili
A few more decant offices may h
had by applying to Portland Trnst
Company of Oregon, 1(H) Third at., o
to the rent cleric In the unlldlnz.
THE MODERN APPLIANCE A positive
way to perfect manhood. The VACUUM
TREATMENT CURES you without medicine of
all nervous or diseases or the generative or
gans, such as lost manhood, exhaustive drain,
varicocele, impotency. etc Men are quickly re
stored to perfect health and strength. Wrlto
for circulars. Correspondence confidential.
THE HEALTH APPLIANCE CO.. rooms 47-48
Safe Deposit building, Seattle, Wash.