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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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THE MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 9, 1900.
NOT ALL FOR TOWNE
Movement Among Populists to
Leave Second Place Blank.
MAY CONFER WITH DEMOCRATS
Another Proposition Is to Adjourn.
Immediately After Convening to
Meet in Kansas City, July 4,
SIOUX FALLS, S. D., May 8. The Pop
ulist National Committee met tonight,
and after a brief session decided that P.
Xi. Kingdell, of Minnesota, should act as
temporary chairman of the convention; R.
E. Bray, of Oklahoma, as secretary, and
Eugene Smith, of Illinois, and Leo Vin
cent, of Colorado, as assistant secretaries.
The committee then went over the lists of
the state delegates, which had been, sub
mitted to Secretary Edgerton, of the Na
tional Committee, and raised In several
Instances the number of delegates al
lowed. The notable instance was the case
of California, where 10 additional dele
gates were allowed. The total number
of delegates in the convention was raised
by tonight's action from 960 to 1000.
The increase of delegates and the ap
proach to the time of calling the con
vention to order served to accentuate the
differences of opinion among the dele
gates as to the policy to be pursued with
reference to the nomination of a candi
date for the "Vice-Presidency. As time
goes on, It becomes more and more evi
dent that this is practically the only ques
tion which the convention will have to de
cide, and it is occupying the attention
alike of delegates and visitors so exclu
sively as to render the situation qulto
monotonous on that account. There is oc
casional reference to the platform, and
It is understood a few pf the long-headed
leaders have been drawing up plans and
suggesting propositions for incorporating
in the declaration of principles, but while
this is true, the great majority of persons
In attendance are discussing the Vice
Presidential problem. Most of the delega
tions held conferences this afternoon, but
none of them which were not already de
cided reached any definite conclusion.
The greatest difference of opinion was
shown in the Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa and
The Nebraska delegates feel that they
are In a peculiarly delicate position be
cause they are especially anxious to sub
serve the interests of Mr. Bryan. They
held two meetings during the day, but
failed to reach a conclusion, and will
meet again tomorrow morning at 9
o'clock for further consideration. Senator
Allen, who may be considered the leader
of the delegation, as he is also the espe
cial champion of Mr. Bryan, is exercising
himself especially to secure that action
which will most certainly redound to
Bryan's benefit. A majority of the dele
gates from Nebraska are apparently fa
vorable to the reference of the -whole
question, to a committee of one from each
state to be appointed to confer with the
Democrats at Kansas City, and it is be
lieved Senator Allen is in accord with this
Sentiment. In his exhortations to the
delegations he has dwelt especially upon
the Importance of avoiding the complica
tions which the nomination of Watson for
Vice-President caused in 1S9S," the infer
ence being that he believes that any nom
ination at this time would bo liable to
cause a similar complication in the com
In this position. Senator Allen is sharp
ly antagonized by Senator Butler, of
North Carolina, and Senator Pettigrew,
of this state, and it begins to look as if
they would carry their differences into
the convention itself. In case they do,
the convention will be by no means a mo
notonous affair. Thomas M. Patterson,
of the Colorado delegation, is a zealous
supporter of the proposition to name a
committeo on conference, and not to nom
inate a Vice-Presidential candidate. He
Is an experienced and tactful parliament
arian, and will bring much strength to
that side of the controversy in case It
should be opened up in the convention.
The Colorado delegation, numbering 38
members, held a meeting today, and
Unanimously decided to stand out for a
One straw showing the way the wind
blows is found in a voto which was taken
on the special train coming from Omaha
this morning. Two cars containing C8
delegates were canvassed, and of the CS
votes cast, B8 were favorable to Towne.
There is, however, among those who be
lieve in the wisdom of nominating a can
didate for opposition to Mr. Towne, a
certain element, led by General "Weaver,
of Iowa, which is advocating the nomi
nation of a straight Populist ticket, while
others still, who express the opinion that
if a candidate other than a Populist is
to be nominated, he should be a man of
Democratic proclivities, so as to make
sure of his indorsement by the Democrat
ic Convention. In this connection, sev
eral of the Illinois delegates have suggest
ed ex-VIce-Prcsident Adlai Stevenson.
There is also present a gentleman from
New York, who is circulating very Indus
triously among the delegates In the inter
est of Congressman Sulzer. He asserts
that Mr. Sulzer Is in accord with many of
the Populist views, and eloquently pleads
the cause of his champion. The friends
of Mr. Stevenson call attention to the fact
that he not only has once been elected
Vice-President, but he has also once made
a record as a greenbacker. Mr. Towne's
supporters meet these arguments by
pointing to his record as a silver advo
cate, and assert that he would make a
campaign equal to that of Bryan him
self. They are met on this point In the
argument that the Democrats would nev
er accept him as a nominee, because of
bis Republican proclivities.
Still another proposition which has been
made and is advocated by Delegates
"Washburn and Brown, of Massachusetts,
Is that the convention should name sev
eral persons, any of whom would be ac
ceptable to the Populists ae a Vice-Presidential
candidate, and appoint a commit
tee to confer with the Democrats as to
which of them should be placed upon the
ticket. This proposition is apparently
gaining in favor, but it is not yet aa
Kstrong as either the suggestion In Towne 6
behalf or the one to avoid any nomina
Some of the delegates, notably those
from Nebraska and Missouri, are advanc
ing the idea that the convention as a
whole should adjourn immediately upon
convening, to meet In Kansas City the
same day that the Democratic and Silver
Republican parties' conventions' are to as
"If we are to nave a committee on con
ference," said a Missouri delegate In dis
cussing the proposition, "why not have
the whole convention act in that ca
pacity? For my own part, I can
see no reason for holding the con
vention in advance of the Democratic con
vention and, havink made a mistake In
calling it so early, I think the best way
to correct that error would be to transfer
the entire assembly to Kansas City and
have it meet there with the other conven
tions to be held In Mr. Bryan's behalf."
It is already apparent that the attend
ance at the convention will not be as
large as had been counted on.
There will be probably some contest
over the position of the national chair
man. State Chairman Edmiston, of Ne
braska, is an avowed candidate for the
position, and apparently has the support
of Nebraska's neighboring states for it.
Senator Butler has not yet announced
whether he will be a candidate for re
election or not.
There has been a stiff breeze blowing
today, and it split two sections of the
huge tent in which the convention is to
be held. This Incident, of course, causes
some apprehension as to the result in
case of a repetition of today's weather
condition after the assemblage of the convention.
Plans for the Mlddle-of-the-Road
Jfa Populist Convention.
CINCINNATI. May 8. U s. Drotracted
meeting , tonight of the National com
mittee of the 'Mlddle-of-tho-Road Popu
lists, plans were perfected for the routine
business of the National Convention,
which will be called to order in Robinson's
Opera-House at 1 o'clock tomorrow after
noon. Ex-Congressman Howard, of Ala
bama, will be recommended to the con
vention for temporary chairman. After
the appointment of the credentials com
mittee, the convention will resolve itself
into an "experience meeting." This will
be for the benefit of the members of the
committee on resolutions. It will be the
endeavor of the leaders to hear an ex
pression of opinion on the part of every
state represented before the resolutions
committee goes to work. It is probable
the speech-making will be continued at
the night session. Thursday morning the
resolutions committeo will report, and
nominations will then be taken up.
Ignatius Donnelly's boom for the Pres
idential nomination presented a rather
healthy appearance this evening, but there
was little mention of a candidal for Vice-
President in case Mr. Donnelly should be
selected for first place. Until late this
evening, Mr. Donnelly had not openly de
clared his wish to be placed at the head
of tho ticket, but tonight it was asserted
that ho had made tho definite announce
ment of his candidacy. He had all along
expressed a willingness to accept first
place if the convention desired him to
do so, but stated that be was not pusmng
Another surprise was the presentation
of tho names of ex-Congressman M. W.
Howard, of Alabama, for President, and
D. C. Deavcr. of Nebraska, lor vice-
Prealdent, This combination found a great
deal of favor among the various delega
tions not controlled by Barker and Don
nelly, and at a caucus this evening of
the Nebraska delegation, the 46 -votes from
that etate were pledged to Howard and
Deaver. The situation is thus greatly com
plicated, making predictions for the Pres
idential ticket mere guesswork.
Nearly 700 delegates have already ar
rived in tho city. Every state in the
"Union, with the exception of Arizona,
New Mexico. North and South Carolina
and Vermont, will be represented.
Secretary Parkers report in the matter
of expenses was an astonishing docu
ment. It showed that the work ot organ
izing the MIddle-of-the-Road convention.
which has been carried on since me spur.
at Lincoln February 19, has cost less
than $800. This sum Includes all the ex
pense of the convention in this city, and
shows the smallest outlay of any Na
tional convention of its size In the history
of the country. Chairman Deaver, of the
National committee, expressed himself as
well pleased with tho record made, but
declared emphatically that he i.-ruld not
accept the position of National chairman
for tho ensuing four years.
REFORM PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Suggests a Platform to the Mlddle-of-tlie-Roadera.
CINCINNATI, O., May S. Members of
the National Reform Press Association,
editors and proprietors for the most part
of weekly Populist papers throughout the
South and "West, met here today, and,
after a long debate, adopted the follow
ing resolutions, which will be presented
to the National Committee of the Middle-of-the-Roaders:
"The National Reform Press Associa
tion, affirming Its fidelity to the basic
principles proclaimed in the umana piai
form, recommends to the National Con
vention of the People's party about to as
semble In this city the adoption of a
platform embodying these propositions,
which we stand for:
"First The initiative and referendum,
both in our system of government and in
"Second Honest money, which is Gov
ernment paper money.
"Third The nationalization of our rail
roads. "Fourth Public ownership of public
"Fifth The abolition of private trusts.
"Sixth An elective judiciary of short
tenure of office.
"Seventh Compulsory arbitration of la
"Eighth The principle of graduated in
The ninth article was submitted In the
original Teport of the resolutions commit
tee, and contained the words, and noth
ing more: "Philippine independence."
Over this sentence the reformers talked
most of the afternoon. Several bitter
speeches were made. S. C. W. "Walters,
of Indianapolis, denounced the Adminis
tration, and charged the leading political
parties with precipitating "a war for the
purpose of diverting the attention of our
people from the real living Issues of the
day." It appeared after much debate that
the members present were in favor of ig
noring the issue entirely, and by unani
mous vote the offending clause was
stricken out of the report, which, was then
This evening tho following officers were
elected: President, Paul Bixom, of Chil
llcothe. Mo.: vice-president, C "W. Wal
ters, of Indianapolis; secretary, Joseph
Bodenhelmer, Dalton, Ga.; corresponding
secretary, J. "W. Streator, of New Jersey.
Postal Clerk Arrested for Cashing
Forged Money Orders.
CINCINNATI, May S.-JToseph Brichter,
a postotfice clerk at the Pullman station
of tho Chicago postofllce, was entrapped
at Covington, Ky., today in what hith
erto has been a most successful swindle
of postofllce funds. Bricbter had pre
sented three money orders for $100 each
to Postmaster Reynolds. The latter
found the letters of advice corresponding
but noted the similarity of writing and
determined to investigate He told the
applicant that the letters of advice had
not reached him. He Immediately com
municated with Postofllce Inspector Betz,
and with his help he arrested Brichter
today at the Palace Hotel in Cincinnati,
where ho had registered May 6 with two
young women, as E. Rhlnehart, wife and
sister, Chicago. Ho mado a written con
fession which, revealed that be left Pull
man late in April. It was discovered late
this afternoon that he had cashed three
of the $100 orders at the Cincinnati office
April 24. Others were cashed in tho
East, at New York, Harrisburg, Pa.,
Camden, N. J., Brooklyn and other places.
He admits having collected $5400 in all.
Small West Point Classes.
NEW YORK. May S. A special to the
Tribune, from 'Washington says:
An important second to that of the in
crease of artillery is attached by the
Secretary of War to the clause
in the pending Army bill, provid
ing for the appointment by tho
President of 100 cadets at large to the
Military Academy, at West.Point. This
year's class at the Academy graduates
only 54 to supply 130 vacancies in the reg
ular establishment, and after the enlisted
men are found to Increase the available
worthy material, perhaps to SO, there will
still remain at least 60 vacancies In the
grade of Second Lieutenant.
The next class at the Academy is now
only about 75 strong, and will graduate
about GO. Tho vacancies will probably
exceed 150, and four years' from now the
vacancies will amount to 173, with no in
crease in the properly qualified graduates
to fill them.
Turkish Warships to Be Renovated.
CONSTANTINOPLE, May S. An Impe
rial irade just Issued orders contracts to
be signed with foreign shipbuilders for
renovating eight antiquated ironclads.
STRIKE CAUSES A RIOT
STREET RAILWAY LIXES EC ST.
LOUIS TIED UP.
Efforts to Run Cars Resulted in Dis
orderly Scenes Many Persons
ST. LOUIS. May S. The employes of the
St Louis Transit Company, numbering
about 3GO0 men. made good today their
threat to tie up tho street railway traffic
of the city. In doing so they not only
paralyzed the business of the company
which operates all the electric and caKe
roads in the city, with the exception of
those owned by the St. Louis & Suburban
Railway Company, on which, a strike has
been In progress for two weeks cast, but
brought matters to a standstill In half
a dozen other lines of business as welL
It was the mos complete tie-up ever seen
in St. Louis.
Riotous proceedings began almost im
mediately. "When the company tried to
take cars from the various barns of tho
system, tho nonunion men who had under
taken the task were immediately surround
ed and urged not to make the attempt. If
they persisted, the cars were surrounded
by a howling mob, and as if by magic,
sticks and stones filled the air, forcing the
men In charge to desert their posts. Dur
ing tho fusilade windows in the cars were
broken, while their sides were scarred
and dented by the missiles. At first the
storm centers were confined to remote
points. By and by a few cars managed
to slip away from the crowds around the
power-houses and car barns, and made
their way down town. Then tho theater
of activity was transferred to "Washing
ton avenue, Locust street and other down
town thoroughfares. The same tactics
were resorted to down town that had
proved so efficacious about the barns. A
crowd would surround each car, and
while the boys and young men would shout
"scab" and "cheap screw" at the motor
man and conductor, from further back
In the throng would come a volley of rocks
and bricks, smashing the windows and
frightening the men in charge from thelr
Tho most serious personal Injuries sus
tained up to nightfall were received in
riots of this character, which took place
on Washington avenue, from Sixth to
Eiehth streets. In one of them a boy
was shot by a nonunion conductor, who
was trying to push his car through the
crowd, la the fracas further down a
motorman was seriously injured by a
brick thrown by some one In the crowd.
A man was shot at Grand and Franklin
avenues tonight, and still another man was
shot at 9 o'clock tonight near the crossing
ot the Suburban tracks on Taylor avenue.
As a Suburban car was crossing Taylor
avenue, a big crowd gathered. Some one
in It pulled the trolley from tho wire, and
this action so enraged a passenger, at
present unknown, that ho drew a revolver
and fired three shots Into the crowd. Hurt
Gilbert, a barkeeper, an onlooker, received
one of the bullets in the arm, and another
in the lung. He was taken to the City
Hospital, where his wounds were pro
The police were powerless today In the
face of the mob, which was augmented
at noon by thousands of clerks from busi
ness houses and workmen from the fac
tories. Many women also gathered with
the crowds. Boys and young men, most
of whom had no connection with the strik
ers whatever, furnished most ot the noise,
and did a larre amount ot the mischief
down town. There wore comparatively
few of the strikers In the mob. and many
of those who appeared most zealous In the
cause of the street railway men were ani
mated by no more ferocious feeling than
the love of excitement. Vehicles of all
sorts were pressed into service today by
the citizens of tho town in getting to
and from business.
Chairman Samuel "W. Lee, of tho Na
tional Executive Board, tho man who is
conducting the strike, said today that the
union was satisfied with the results of
"We struck to tie up tho system," ho
said, "and we have succeeded. The com
pany has precipitated the crisis by its
refusal to treat with us. "Wo are Teady
at any time to do our part toward settling
the differences between us and the com
pany." Mr. Lee said he did not know what the
strikers would do If the company should
hire new men. The union claims that
about 3400 men are out, and that they rep
resent about 90 per cent of the transit
company's employes. The salient features
of the men's demands are:
"That all conductors, motormen, grip
men and all men employed In the sheds
shall be compelled to be members of the
"That officers of the union, together with
officers of the company, shall have full
poer to adjust all differences that may
arise and that in event of their failing
to agree, shall, if mutually agreed to,
place the case before three arbitrators.
"That any member suspended by the
union will be suspended by the company
without pay until such time as the union
requests his reinstatement.
"That a man elected to an office In the
union requiring his absence for not more
than a year, shall, upon hla retirement
from such office, have his old place with
A riot call was turned In from Broadway
and Washington and a wagon load of po
lice turned out, but their efforts were In
vain. At this point a motorman was hit
over the head with a club, which cut a
gash in his scalp. A brickbat struck him
in the mouth, lacerating his lip and his
nose was mashed by a stone. He ran Into
a saloon for protection. One passenger,
a man about CO years of age, was struck
in the head by a stone that crashed
through the window and was badly in
jured. Finally, the motorman returned
and amid a shower of stones and mud suc
ceeded In getting bis car away from tho
On the Olive-Street line at Compton
avenue a crowd took the grip'man and con
ductor off the cars and ran 'the cars back
to the sheds. Six United States postal
cars were tied up today. Each makes
seven trips daily and covers 15 miles. They
"bring the mails from all sections of the
city. Forty substations receive delivery.
Postmaster Baumhoff said:
"I see no need for acting hastily, but
the malls will be delivered on time or
aome one will hear from us."
The day and night forces are on duty.
This afternoon two cars were Bent east
from the Lindell line sheds, on Taylor
street. In the row about starting them
J. F. Shilly was hit over the head with a
revolver by a police officer and was badly
cut- Numerous arrests were made. At
Finney and Newstead avenues, strikers
gathered about the cars and made threat
ening demonstrations. The mounted po
lice made a vigorous effort to drive the
crowd away Sergeant Hickman struck
a man three times with his saber, pain
fully injuring him. The crowd broke all
the windows in the cars. After 20 min
utes the Tun down town was resumed. At
Vandeventer and Finney avenues, agents
of the company, fearing further trouble,
ordered that the cars be taken into a. shed
PREVENTED FROM WORKING.
Striking Cool Miners Assanlt Non
CUMBERLAND, Md., May 8. About
1M of the George's Creek miners, who
have been on strike several weeks and
who had determined to resume work to
day, were met today by an equal number
of union men at Ocean mine. No. 1, and
a serious clash occurred. John Davidson,
who persisted in entering the mines
against the protests of the union, was
assaulted and badly beaten. Several oth
ers were beaten and seriously injured.
Only about 15 miners succeeded In enter
ing the mine. Lonaconlng is reported to
be In the possession of a howling mob.
Sheriff Martin and Deputies have gone
to the scene Meetings are being held at
Eckhart and Midland by the organiza
tion" men, and the most Intense excite
Telejcrapacrs' Strike Called Off.
ATLANTA, Ga., May 8. President Pow
ell, ot the Order of Railway Telegraphers,
issued an order formally discontinuing the
strike of the Southern Railway telegraph
PORTO RICAW DUTIES.
Tariff on Goods Imported From the
WASHINGTON, May S. The rates ot
duty which the Porto Rlcan will have to
pay upon articles entering into his dally
life, if Imported from the United States,
are shown by a statement just prepared
by the Treasury Bureau of Statistics. It
states in precise terms the actual rate of
duty where the Dlnglcy Jaw names a
specific rate per bushel, pound or yard of
the article considered, while in cases
where the law makes an "ad valorem"
rate of duty, dependent upon the value of
the roods, the price named is estimated
at the wholesale or average export rates,
and, "While It is thus below the retail price,
it states fairly the amount of duty per
pound, bushel or yard which the Porto
Rlcan consumer will pay.
The following are the rates of duty
which will be collected under the new law
on the more Important articles entering
Porto Rico from the United States:
Flour, free of duty.
Corn, 2&c per bushel.
Bacon, free of duty.
Cornmeal, 3c per bushcL
Rice, free of duty.
Oatmeal. 1 mills per pound. .
Oats, 2c per bushel. .
Pork, free of duty.
Dried apples, 1 pound valued at 6c, 3
Codfish, free of duty.
Brooms, valued at $1 20 per dozen, on
each broom, 6 mills.
Mutton, free of duty.
Candles, on 1 pound, valued at 5c, V
Fresh beef, free of duty.
Coal, bituminous, per ton, 10c
Coopers' wares and wood, cut, for mak
ing casks for sugar or molasses, free of
Cotton cloth, unbleached: On 1 yard,
valued at 8c, 3 mills: on 1 yard, valued at
10c 4 mills; on 1 yard, valued at 12c, 6
Shirting cloth, on 1 yard, valued at 1214c,
Bags for sugar, freo of duty.
Machinery for making and refining sug-
or, free of duty.
Wire. Nos. 13-16. per pound, 2.2 mills.
Plows," free of duty.
Nails, cut, per pound, -9 of a mill.
Hoes, free of duty.
Wire nails, per pound, 1 mills.
Machetes, free of duty.
Steel bars, per pound, .9 of a mill.
Agricultural Implements, not machin
ery, free of duty.
Boots and shoes, on 1 pair valued at $1,
Hatchets, free of duty.
India rubber boots and Bhoes, on 1 pair,
valued at 50c 2&c
Cotton thread, on each dozen spools ol
200 yards, valued at 2Cc. l.S cents.
Clocks, valued at $1, 6c
Rough lumber, free of duty.
Carpets, valued at 35c per yard: On
each yard, 2.6 cents.
Modern school furnlturt. freo of duty.
Dried herring, per pound. 1 milL
Writing paper, on each pound valued
at 17c 8 mills.
Lard, on each pound valued at 6c 3
Butter, on each pound valued at 14c, 6
Soap, on each pound valued at 10c 3
Lime, free of duty.
Beans, per bushel, 6.7 cents.
Household furniture, on each dollar's
value, 5.2 cents.
Harness and saddlery, on each dollar's
value, 6.7 cents.
Earthenware, common, on each dollar's
value, 3.7 cents.
China, white, on each dollar's value, 8.2
Glassware, common, on each dollar's
value, 6.7 cents. '
In addition to this, the entire free list,
of course, of the DIngley law applies to
Porto Rico, except as to coffee, on which
the Porto Rican act levies a special duty
in the interest of the coffee-growers of
Labor Unions Ask That It Be
NEW YORK, May 8. A conference of
representatives of District Assembly 49,
Knights of Labor: District Assembly 75
and 220, of Brooklyn, the Central Feder
ated Union and the Central Labor Union,
of Brooklyn, was held last evening in this
city, to devise means to secure legislation
to restrict immigration, and to amend the
Chinese exclusion act, so as to include
Japanese in its provisions. The call for
the conference began by saying that an
army of foreign laborers were flocking to
these shores, and are crowding into occu
pations that were already overstocked,
thus Inflicting great hardships upon
American workmen. It was declared that
a large proportion of these aliens were
merely birds of passage, and did not in
tend becoming citizens. Delegate William
Allen, of District Assembly 49, said that
the object of the conference was to see
what could be done to restrict the im
mense immigration that was pouring in.
"We read that strikes are breaking out
all over the country," he continued, "but
the obstacle to their success Is that there
is a large amount of unemployed labor
that is read); to step in and fill tho gaps.
This unemployed labor Is caused by the
great immigration that flows In, and as
long as employers can get these newcom
ers they will never yield to the demands
of the strikers tor an advance in wages
or a reduction of the hours of labor.
Last year several employers took immi
grants from Ellis Island to fill the place:
of the strikers.
"That there are more men even in the
skilled trades than there is room for is
seen from the fact that some unions have
raised their Initiation fees to the prohibi
tory figure of $100 and $125, and several
unions have closed their books and will
not admit any one to membership on any
terms. So I do not see how trade organi
zations will oppose a movement for re
striction of Immigration. It is in fact an
outrage upon our workmen to allow an
alien to come in and take away his work
or compel him to accept starvation wages,
and it is an outrage upon the alien to
let him come hero until thero Is work
Delegate Allen then submitted a rough
draft for a proposed bllL It prohibited
any alien from entering the United States
to engage in any occupation who did not
intend to become a citizen, or who intend
ed to engage in any congested occupation
or to take the place of a striker or locked-
out workman, or to work for less than
the prevailing rate of wages. The bill re
quires the Commissioner of Labor Statis
tics to collect all information on all In
dustry and trade and send It to the Im
migration Bureau and the United States
Consuls. All Intending Immigrants must
apply for certificates from tho Consuls,
who will furnish the certificates or not,
according to the Information they receive
as to the demand for labor or the conges
tion of labor in this country.
The bill finally proposes as- amendment
to the Chinese exclusion act, providing
that all laws now In force prohibiting the
Immigration of Chinese or persons of Chi
nese descent be amended so as to include
the Japanese in its provisions. A com
mittee was appointed to draft bill and
submit it for consideration to the various
central labor organizations, and to report.
Protests TTrtrm. San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO. May 8. At a large
ly attended mass meeting, held under the
auspices of the labor organizations of this
city, resolutions protesting against viola
tions of the Chinese exclusion act and
the great influx of Japanese laborers were
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THE SECRETS OF OLEO
MATERIALS USED IX ITS MANUFAC
TURE TO BE MADE KXOWN.
House Adopted the Tamaey Resela
tlon Senate Debated tfae Xaval
WASHINGTON, May S. Tho House de
voted most of today to the consideration
of private bills, recommended from the
committee on claims, and 1C bills were
passed. The most Important one was
one to remit the penalties Imposed by the
Government on the Union Iron Works, ot
Saa Francisco, the builders of the monitor
Monterey, for her failure to make con
Before consideration of these bills was
entered upon, the House overruled the
action of the ways and means committee
In reporting against ta resoluion calling
upon the Secretary of the Treasury for
Information regarding the materials used
in the manufacture of oleomargarine,
which is on file in the Internal Revenue
office The majority of the committee
contended that this Information could not
bo furnished under the revised statutes,
and that it would betray trade secrets;
but the resolution was adopted. This Is
preliminary to the reojjenmg of the fight
for the Grout bill In tho committee on ag
riculture. 'The resolution is as follows:
js"Resolved. That tho Secretary of tb
rMSHry fee, and ne is hereoy, requested
jljgfiiifrtgh the House of Representatives
fcfenssVtlon concerning the amount and
rcfcaqNJter of the matter used In tho monu
rfactgre of oleomargarine by the several
manufacturers as shown by the monthly
duplicates of pages 1 and 2, of form 216.
(for the fiscal year ending Juno DO, 1S99,
also for the month of December of the
same year, as returned by the various
manufacturers of oleomargarine through
out tho United States for the above pe
riods." The Senate today concluded considera
tion of the naval appropriation bill, with
the exception of that section relating to
armor and armament. This went over
until tomorrow, when it will bo considered
in secret legislative session. During tho
morning hour a number of minor bills
were passed, among them one to reimburse
various collectors of internal revenue for
Internal revenue stamps charged against
them, but not accounted for. The debate,
on the navai bill was practically confined
to the paragraph relating to the commis
sioning of naval cadets. The committee
amendment striking out the proposition in
the House bill, which sought to commis
sion the cadets at tho expiration of the
four years' term at tho naval academy,
abolishing the preliminary two years at
sea, was carried, after a warm debate.
TIIE DAY IX DETAIL
Debate of the Naval Bill In the
WASHINGTON, May 8. When the Sen
ate met today a bill reported by Allison
Otep. Io.) from the finance committee to
reimburse various revenue collectors for
internal revenue stamps charged against
them but not accounted for, aggregating
in amount SSS73, was passed.
Stewart (Sll. Nev.) presented a concur
rent resolution directing the Secretary of
War to have made a survey ot the Colo
rado River from Eldorado Canyon to the
town of Riorville. It was passed.
A resolution, offered by Thurston (Rep.
Neb.), calling upon the Secretary of the
Interior for information as to the finan
cial affairs of the Santee and Sioux In
dians, of Nebraska, was also passed.
Consideration was then resumed of the
naval appropriation bill, the pending
question being the committee amendment
striking out the paragraphs in tho House
bill relating to naval cadets and Inserting
"Wherever any naval cadet shall have
finished lour years of his "undergraduate
course of six years, the succeeding ap
pointment may be made from his Congres
sional district or at large. In accordance
with existing law."
Foraker (Rep. Ohio) vigorously opposed
the amendment to strike out the House
provision. He felt it was an Injustlve to
the cadets to wait two years after gradu
ation before they received their commis
sions. In answer to a question by Lind
say (Dem. Ky.) Foraker said the Navy
was now short of officers. He believed
that they ought to be given their commis
sions when they were sent to sea. after
Hole (Rep. Mc), in charge of the bill,
said there were enough officers to man
the vessels of tho Navy If so many were
not engaged in shoro duty.
Lodge (Rep. Mass.) believed It would be
unwise to reject the committee's amend
ment. He thought It would Insure a
steady and permanent enlargement of the
complement of naval officers.
Caffery (Dem. La.) strongly opposed the
amendment, declaring there was now a
shortage of 697 officers In the Navy.
Tillman (Dem. S. C), a member of the
naval committee, supported the amend
ment. He pointed to the Immense respon
sibility devolving upon naval officers of
the care at sea of great battle-ships and
cruisers, and he did not approve of send
ing to sea "greenhorns" In charge of prop
erty worth millions of dollars.
Foraker asked If the naval affairs com
mittee did not know that, every naval of
ficer who had spoken on the matter, the
board of visitors to the academy and the
superintendent of the academy were in
favor of the abolition of the last two
years ot sea service.
Tillman said he wa3 here to do his duty
as he saw It, and not in accordance with
the suggestions or opinions of naval of
ficers. In a characteristic speech Tillman
arraigned the Navy Department for hav
ing so many officers on shore duty who,
ho declared, were doing little but drawing
Hale denied the proposition advanced
by Foraker, that the cadets performed the
duties on their two years' cruise a3 of
ficers. Chandler (Rep. N. H.) said Congress
must expect that the advice received from
the Navy Department would be In tho di
rection ot aggrandizement of an Increase
of ships, ot officers and of men. He was
convinced, he said, that the six years'
course ought not to be abandoned as. If It
were, as the years proceeded, a greater
number of Inferior officers would creep into
Lindsay urged that experience and the
advice ot all naval authorities were In op
position to the proposed amendment, and
only the Senate committee advocated the
adoption. He spoke briefly In opposition
to any change In the present scheme of
educating our naval officers.
Hale, in charge of the bill, declared that
It was the best pieco of legislation he
had seen In years. It would absolutely
prevent a- "Jump" in the naval list and
by a gradual and steady flow increase the
number of officers in the Navy, every one
of whom would have had full six years
course of preparation for their life work.
The defeat of the amendment would, he
feared, give the country a "land Navy."
The Houso amendments to the Grand
Army pension bill were agreed to with
The debate on the pending naval amend
ment was closed by Foraker, Irr opposi
tion to the amendment, and Chandler, in
favor of it. The amendment striking out
the House provision and Inserting tho
Senate committee's paragraph was agreed
to, 40 to 12. The reading of the bill was
then resumed and nearly completed.
When the amendments were reported re
lating to armor and armament, the bill
was laid aside for the day. Hale gave
notice that he would call it up immediate
ly after routine business tomorrow.
A joint resolution was passed for the
appointment of First Lieutenants of Vol
unteers In the Signal Corps of the Army.
On motion of Tillman, the Senate then,
at 4.30, went into secret session that he
might explain why he desired the armor
plate question to be considered in secret
In the IIoubc.
The House devoted today to the con-
slderatJon of business from tho committee
on claims. Before the regular order waa
called, Dalzell (Rep. Pa.) brought for
ward a report ot the ways and means
committee, recommending that the Tawney
resolution coiling- upon the Secretary ot
the Treasury for the amount and char
acter of material used in the manufac
ture ot oleomargarine, ad shown by the
Tecords of tho Internal Revenue Bureau.
be laid on the table. Tawney (Rep. Minn.)
ana j-roiuver utep. la.) signea a minority
report in favor ot the adoption of the
resolution. Fifteen minutes for debate
were allowed on each side.
Dalzell contended that the divulgence
of the Information asked for would sub
ject the Secretary of the Treasury t
penalties Imposed by section 31,657. That
section imposed upon any officer of the
Government divulging- the style ot work or
apparatus of any manufacturer visited bj
him in the discharge of his duty a fine oi
$1000 or Imprisonment for one year. It
the House naked for this information it
would placo Itself in the ridiculous atti
tude of asking' the Secretary of the Treas
ury to violate the law.
Tawney declared that if the House de
clined to pass the resolution it would be
refusing- to divulge to the public tho in
gredients used In the manufacture of a
food product. He appealed to the House
to vote down the majority report in order
that the material used by the 17 manufac
turers of oleomargarine may be mado
Ball (Dem. Tex.) supported the major
ity report. He said that Government
chemists and other experts bad declared
that oleomargarine would be more whole
some and more nutritious than the cheap
er grades of butter. In behalf ot tho
cattle and. cotton interests, ho appealed
to his colleagues to support the majority
Richardson (Dem. Tenn.), the minority
leader, said the ways and means commit
tee bad carefully considered this subject
and found that it was purely a legal
In closing the debate, Dalzell insisted
that the question before the House was
not whether the public was entitled to
know the composition of oleomargarine.
but whether the trade secrets of 17 man
ufacturers should be divulged.
Tho House, by a vote-of 72 to 135, refused
to lay the resolution on the table. Tawney
then moved the adoption oC the resolution,
and It was adopted without division.
The House, under the special order,
then went Into committee of the whole
and entered upon the consideration of bus
iness reported from the committee on
Bills favorably acted upon were as fol
lows: To pay W. Pepperell, of Concordia,
Kan., $100; to pay judgments agairst Cap
tain John C. Bates and Lieutenant J. A.
Yekley, amounting to $2600; to pay Mary
A. Sweat, widow of the late. American
Minister to Japan, $12,000; to pay the em
ployes of William N. Jacobs, of Lancaster,
Pa., whose tobacco factory wa3 seized.
1 the salaries due them, and to pay Robert
.rt.. .EAigun kk'j. xav uiiuj were yuaeu
by the House.
The House acted favorably on a bill
to pay the Union Iron Works, of San
Fraxcisco, 332.S3S, being the amount with
held from the contract price of the mon
itor Monterey for failure to develop the
speed called, for by ier contract.
Subsequently, a series of bills were
passed to reimburse Collectors of Internal
Revenue for the value of adhesive stamps
charged to them, but lost in the confisca
tion following the passage of the act of
'June 13. 1SSS.
At 4:20 P. M., the House adjourned.
Changes 3Iade by tne Grand Army
NEW YORK. May 8. A special to the
Herald from Washington, says:
From $2,000,000 to $3,000,000 a year Is the
amount Commissioner of Pensions Evans
roughly estimates will be added to the
pension expenditures of the Government
by tho action of the House of Represen
tatives in passing the bill, which- has al
ready passed the Senate, an amendment
to the dependent pension law of 1S90.
The measure, known as the Grand
Army bill, makes two Important changes
In the present law. designed to meet ob
jections which pension attorneys, backed
'oy the Grand Army, have raised to the
rulings of Pension Commissioner Evans.
Failing in their efforts to have tho Com
missioner grant pensions in excess of
what he and the reviewing officers of the
Interior Department believed the Jaw
showed, they turned their attention to
Congress, and the pension committee of
the Grand Army drafted the bill which
baa now passed both Houses substantially
as It left their hands.
The present law provides that honor
ably discharged soldiers or sailors of the
Civil War, incapacitated for manual la
bor, shall receive a pension of not more
than $12 a month and not less than 56.
This has been construed to entitle a
pensioner suffering from two or more In
firmities to receive only such pension as
his most serious infirmity would entitle
him to. The new act provides that the
ratings for all of the disabilities shall
I be aggregated and that the pensioner shall
receive this aggregate, provided it shall
not amount to more than $12 a month.
Tho law of 1S90 provides that widows
having no means of support except man
ual labor, shall receive $3 a month. This
was construed to mean that where the
Income of a widow from sources outside
of her daily labor amounted to more than
the amount of the pension, she should
receive no pension. The new act gives
tho pension to widows having an income
of not more than $250 a year.
THE EIGHT-HOUR. BIII.
Chairman. Gardner's Report Made to
WASHINGTON, May 8. In view of the
recent eight-hour movement throughout
the country, the report made to the House
of Representatives by Chairman Gardner,
of the committee on labor, on the Gardner
eight-hpur bill and the general subject of
eight-hour legislation, has a timely inter
est. The bill requires a clause In all Gov
ernment contracts that the labor under
the contract shall not exceed eight hours
daily, and says:
"Economists who advocate the eight
hour day contend with great plausibility
that the shorter day results In an In
crease of wages without an increase of
price, as greater consumption enlarges
production, and the larger the scale of
production the cheaper the given article
The report presents an elaborate review
of the eight-hour legislation In all the
states, and the previous eight-hour stat
utes enacted by the Federal Government.
Rest of Seward for Alaska.
NEW YORK, May 8. Governor Brady,
of Alaska, was the guest of honor at a
dinner tonight at tho Waldorf, at which a
bust of William H. Seward, the gift of
Francis L. Loring, was presented to the
people of Alaska through Governor Brady.
The bust is to be placed In the rotunda
of the statehouse at Sitka. Charles H.
Treat, Collector of Internal Revenue, pre
sented the bust to Governor Brady.
More Japanese at Victoria.
VICTORIA, B. C, May 8. The steamer
Dalynvostock bas arrived from Yoko
hama with 800 Japanese, halt of whom
landed here. Her officers bring news of
a serious Insurrection In Chin Chou,
China, on the line of one of the northern
railways being built by the British. The
English engineers were attacked by the
Insurgents and forced to flee for their
lives. Troops were sent to put down the
To assist digestion; relieve distress
after eating or drinking too heartily,
to prevent constipation, take
Sold everywhere. 25 cents.
Justice of Supreme Court... Chis. E., Wolvertea
Dairy and Food Commissioner J. "W. Bailey
First Congressional District.
Representative Thos. H. Tongue
Second Congressional District.
Representative ., .Malcolm A. Mood?:
Fourth Judicial District.
Circuit Judge. Dept. No. 2 Alfred F. Scars
Circuit Judge, Dept. No. 4 ST. C Georgo
District Attorney Russell E. 8awaU
Geo. "W Bates
J. Thorburn Ross
Ben P. Cornelius
C. "W. Gay
, Geo. T. Myers v
F. H. Alllston :
W. E. Thomas
Geo. B. Story if '
Geo. R. Shaw
John K. Kollock ,
J. C. Bayer
Frank F. Freeman '
E. E. Mallory
L. B. Seeley
A. L. Mills v
A. S. Dresser. .
County Commissioner J. G. MacJi
County Commissioner William Showers
Sheriff "William Frailer
Clerk of Circuit Court J. P. Kennedy
Clerk of County Court Hanley H. Holmes
Recorder of Conveyances S. C Beach
County Surveyor John A. Huriburt
County Treasurer ...Thos. Scott Brooke
County Assessor Chas. E. McDonell
County School Superintendent. ..R. F. Robinson
Coroner Dr. D. H. Rand
Justice of Peace, "West Side. ...Otto J. Kraemcr
Constable, "West Side Th03. McNamce
Justice of Peace, East SIde..Thad W. Vreeland
Constable. East Side Capt. A. M. Cox
Justice of Peace, Mult. Dlst....Fred E. Harlow
Constable, Multnomah District.... Jos. Menzles
- City of Portland.
Mayor H. 5. Rows
Municipal Judge Geo. J. Cameron
City Attorney ........J. M. Lons
City Auditor T. C Devlin
City Treasurer Edward "Werlela
City Engineer W. B. Cha&o.
1st "Ward O. J. Groco
2d R. L. GUsan
3d TV. F. Burrell
- 4th "W. T. Branch
Cth F. V. Mulkey
Cth W. Y. Masters
7th A. C Lohmlre
8th J. R. Stoddard
9th Wm. Schmeer
10th A. F. Nlchol3
11th F. "Walker
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