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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE- SrOBOTNG OREGQNIAN, SATUTiDAY, MAHCH 31, 1900.
MARION'S STRONG TICKET
REPUBLICAN? NOMINATIONS COM
MENDED BY ALMOST ALL.
"What Prominent Men Have to Say of
the Ticket "Citizens" Take
Some Credit for It.
SALEM, Or., March 30. Regardless of
party lines the Marlon County Republican
ticket named yesterday meets almost uni
versal commendation. "While most of the
leaders of the opposing political parties
refuse to be quoted on the subject, they
do not hesitate to say that the personnel
of the ticket Is such that no fault can
be found -with It on that score. Republi
can, Democratic and "Citizens" candi
dates are the. only ones likely to play
any important part In the coming cam
paign. What the members of these three
political classes think of the Republican
ticket Is fairly represented by the follow
ing answers made today In personal Inter
Banker A. Bush, a Democrat, and one of
Marlon's heaviest taxpayers, said:
"The Republican convention evidently
took unusual -care In making up the ticket
and selected candidates with a view to
insuring a reduction in our county, ex
penses. It is a strong Republican ticket."
Circuit Judge George H. Burnett said:
"It is the best ticket that has been put
up in Marlon County in many years, and
ought by all means to be elected."
A man who was prominent in the Salem
"Citizens" movement, but who requests
that his name be not used, said:
"With one or two minor exceptions it la
a fresh, claan, wholesome ticket. I be
lieve that the Citizens movement in the
city government and the success of the
Citizens administration have forced the
Republican convention to build this tick
et of unexceptionable timber."
The Marion County Populists will hold
their precinct primaries tomorrow for the
purpose of electing delegates to the county
WASHINGTON COUNTY PRIMARIES.
Delegates to CoHnty Convention ana
FOREST GROVE, March :0 Republican
primaries were held here today and dele
gates to the county convention were
chosen as follows:
North Forest Grove H. F. Gordon, Aus
tin Buxton, Levi Smith, A. T. Knox, H.
C. Atwell, R. W. McNutt, David Smith.
A. T. Knox was nominated for Road
South Forest Grove J. S. Clark, John
McNamer, Benjamin Schofield, Joseph
Bailey, F. T. Kane, I. A. Macrum, Lon
Laughlln and J. S. Buxton.
Lon Laughlln was nominated for Road
Forest Grove precincts jointly nominated
O. R. Brown for Justice of the Peace, and
John Baldwin for Constable.
Cornelius Precinct John Brown, Charles
James, J. C. Buchanan, Adam Hergert,
F. Schoen, William Marsh, W. Vander
d.lje and A. Bunting. A. F. Hatch was
nominated for Road Supervisor, and A.
Bunting for Constable.
Dairy Precinct J. Klrts, O. Ahlstrom, J.
L. Banks, A. J. Roy, J. V. Reynolds,
N. J. Baker, H. C. Carstens. F. P.
Reeder was nominated for Justice of the
Peace, H. C. Carstens for Constable, and
John McNew for Road Supervisor.
Gales Creek Precinct J. W. McRoberts,
S. B. Haycock. W. H. Lyda, Albert Mills,
James Shearer, John McLaren. J. W. H.
Adkins was nominated for Justice tit the
Peace, W. A. Hewitt for Constable, and
John McLaren for Road Supervisor.
Wapato Precinct C. W. Hudson, Frank
Hill, W. K. Newell, H. G. Fitch. Harry
Ball and Rodell Matteson. E. X. Harding
was nominated for Justice of the Peace,
S. C. Tupper for Constable, and L. Sho
gren for Road Supervisor.
Dllley Precinct W. C. Gray. A. B. Todd,
J. W. Hughe. Charles Odell, Otto Wls
mer. J. W. Hughes was nominated for
Justice of the Peace, A. P. Tupper for
Constable, and A. B. Todd for Road Su
pervisor. The following resolution was adopted in
each of the Forest Grove Precincts:
"Resolved by the Republicans of Forest
Grove in primary assembled, That to par
ticipate in this meeting shall be taken as
a public declaration of a bona-flde inten
tion to support the Republican candidates
at the coming elections, and that none
but those who can subscribe to and indorse
the declared principles and policies of the
party shall be entitled to a vote."
HILLSBORO, Or., March SO. The fol
lowing delegates were elected to the Re
publican county convention this afternoon
by South Hlllsboro primary:
George H. Wilcox, John Dennis, F. H.
Bower. F. M. Kelsay, W. E. McCourt, S.
H. Humphreys, John Milne, J. N. Grabel.
Benton Bowman was nominated for Jus
tice of the Peace, M. S. Dailey for Con
stable, and F. M. Kelsaj for Road Super
visor. North Hlllsboro District H. W. Hesse,
J. A. Imbrle, W. N. Barrett, R. P. Simon.
E. I- Abbott, E. H. Johnson, Thomas
Tucker, R. B. Collins. J. W. Bailey was
nominated for Justice of the Peace. E. B.
Sapplngton for Constable, and P. H.
Baughman for Road Supervisor.
SPOKE TWICE IN SPOKANE.
Bryan Addressed 35,000 People Yei
SPOKANE, Wash., March SO. This has
been a day of hard campaigning for Bryan.
He made six speeches in Whitman and
Spokane Counties, and addressed S5.O00
people. At Colfax he addressed en -audience
of 7000. and at Garfield 2000. At Tekoa
he spoke for 30 minutes to 4000. At Farm
ington 1500 people heard him for 10 min
utes, and at Spokane he addressed two
audiences of 10,000 each, speaking after
noon and evening in the monster tent of
He was met at the depot here by 4000
people, and escorted over the principal
business streets through banks of cheer
ing humanity. With Bryan came Govern
or Rogers and a party of other state of
ficials, and they were entertained between
speeches at the residence of United Stales
Mr. Bryan was in fine voice. At the
afternoon meeting he spoke for nearly two
hours, and this evening his address was
nearly as long. His speeches covered his
usual range of subjects finance, the trusts
and Imperialism. The party left tonight
for North Yakima and Western Washing
ton. A DolIar-and-a-Half Banq.net.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash., March 30.
The committee In charge of arrangements
and programme for W. J. Bryan's visit
tomorrow has finished its work, after
much wrangling. Colonel Bryan will be
met at the depot In the morning by a com
mittee. He will take breakfast at the
Yakima Hotel, lunch at the Bartholet
and dinner at the residence of H. J. Snlve
ly. He will speak at 2 P. M., after being
introduced by E. B. Preble, chairman oi
the Fusion County Committee. In the
evening a dollar-and-a-half banquet will
be given at the Yakima Hotel. Speeches
will be made by Mr. Bryan, Governor
Rogers, ex-Congressman W. C. Jones and
J. H. Lewis, and Senator Turner and H.
J. Srilvely. T. "M. Varice will act as toast
master. The committee on arrangements
oxpects 15,000 people to be at Bryan's meet
100 People Applauded.
COLFAX, Wash., March 30. Bryan
spoke to an audience of nearly 10,000 peo
ple here today for nearly two hours. He
was mot received with any enthusiasm, th
applause, though frequent, coming from a
small number of people, not to exceed 100.
Expenses of Bryan's Visit.
SALEM, March 30. The Bryan reception
committee held a meeting this evening and
audited the "bills for expenses Incurred Qn
account of the reception. The total ex
pense was $150. it is estimated that
Bryan's trip across the state cost over
?500, not counting the expenses of country
people who went to town to see him, nor
the value of their time had it been spent
at their usual vocations.
LIVELY IN TILLAMOOK COUNTY.
Conarresxaiaa Toag-ne a Favorite
There Row Over an Appointment.
TILLAMOOK, Or., March 29. The Re
publican county convention on Saturday
in this city promises to be a lively affair,
on account of efforts of Representative. J.
W. Maxwell's to control it for the uur
pose of opposing Congressman Tongue in
the Congressional convention. There will
be a strong anti-Maxwell delegation in
the county convention. This was brought
about by Maxwell writing to Congress
man Tongue that if he did not use his in
fluence to secure Maxwell the recei'er
shia of the Oregon City Land Office ho
would take the Tillamook delegation to
the Congressional convention and oppose
his (Tongue's) renomlnatlon. This was
too much for the Republicans in this coun
ty, who are overwhelmingly in favor of
the renomlnatlon of Mr. Tongue. Even T.
B. Handlcy, Republican tate commit
teeman, failed in being sent as a delegate
to the county convention from Bamegat,
from which place for the past 10 years
he has been a delegate. Nehalem, as
usual, will come to the county convention
with , two delegations one Maxwell, the
other anti-Maxwell, the former having
bolted the regular primary after the first
vote was taken, and, with the assistance
of Democrats and Populists,, elected an
other batch of delegates. It is expected
that most of the county officials will be
renominated. B. L. Eddy, who was Mayor
of Tillamook for two years, is a favorite
for Joint Representative. The bone of
contention will be in the selection .of del
egates to the state and Congressional con
ventions and recommending a person for
Fnsionlsts of Clackamas Connty.
OREGON CITY, Or., March 30. Tho
Democrats held a caucus last night and
nominated the following delegates to be
elected at the primaries tomorrow to at
tend the county convention, which will
convene here April 6. The selections were
confined to the two larger Oregon City
precincts. The Populist primaries will
also be held tomorrow afternoon. April"
6 the Democrats and Populists will each
hold separate county conventions to elect
delegates to attend their respective state
conventions, appoint central committee
man, etc A Joint convention of the two
parties will then be held to nominate a
complete county ticket. It is understood
that there will be no prearranged divis
ion of the offices, each candidate to be
voted for on his merits, without regard to
party affiliations. A two-thirds vote will
be necessary for a choice or nomination.
The Populists will probably have a major
ity In the Joint convention, as there is no
Democratic organization in a few of the
Clark Connty Republicans Active.
VANCOUVER. Wash., March 30. Inter
est Jn the political situation on the eve
of the Republican County Convention, to
be held tomorrow, has intensified to a
surprising degree. The indications now
are, however, that there will be a full
representation out to the convention to
morrow. The lines are sharply drawn
between the Wilson and anti-Wilson
forces tonight, with the indications strong
ly in favor of the "antis" being able to
Baker Connty Ticket.
BAKER CITY. Or.. Match 30. The fol
low county ticket was yesterday put in
the field by the Republicans:
Sheriff A. H. Huntington. s
Clerk Frank Geddes.
Recorder Dan C Robblns.
Assessor Hiram Holcomb.
School Superintendent W. Hyde Stalker.
Commissioner H. Flldew.
Surveyor C. M. Foster.
Coroner Dr. T. N. Snow.
CLAM MEN HAVE TROUBLES.
Association to Make War on the
ASTORIA. Or., March 30., The Clam
Shippers' Association of Clatsop Beach
has commenced a crusade against the
shippers who are not maintaining the
prices established by the association. One
of the outside shippers has been sending
clams to this city and disposing of them
at greatly reduced rates. This morning
the association shipped large consign
ments to its regular customers and di
rected that they be sold at 5, or even 2Ht
cents, per dozen, if necessary, to under
sell the association's competitors.
Jessie's Crnlse a Failure.
The schooner Jessie arrived in from a
two weeks' deep-sea fishing cruise, on the
halibut banks, today, without any catch.
She tried all the known banks, from off
Shoalwater Bay to "the north of Vancou.
ver Island, but only secured two small
halibut. The weather was good, and flsh
ing was carried on every day except one,
when the schooner put into Neah Bay on
account of thick weather. Sharks, group
ers and cod were in abundance, but the
halibut were not there. Several fishing
schooners were spoken, and their experi
ence was similar to that of the Jessie.
The Indians at Neah Bay said- It was at
least six weeks or two months too early
for the halibut to be found on the banks.
The owners of the Jessie have not yet de
cided how soon they will send her out
again, but the present intention is to do so
in a few days.
Bond "Was Filed.
The order of Judge McBride, which was
issued at Hlllsboro a few days ago, grant
ing an injunction against the plaintiff in
the case of the Columbia River Packers'
Association vs, Enyart & Cook, on condi
tion that the defendants put up a bond
for $2500, was filed In the -Circuit Court
here today. The bond of the defendants
in the Eum of $2500, with S. Farrell and
Frank M. Warren as sureties, was also
Nevr Postofficc at Snanlko.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Represen
tative Moody -has secured the establish
ment of a postoffice at Shanlko, Wasco
County, Or., to be served temporarily by
the route from The Dalles to Antelope.
J. G. Wilcox has been appointed Post
master. Alice M. Mayben has been, appointed
Postmistress at Vida, Or., vice Frances
A. Peplot, resigned.
Washington's Jate Released.
SPOKANE, March 30. Ninety tons of
jute, en route from the East to the Walla
Walla penitentiary for manufacture into
grain sacks, seized here by a Deputy
United States Marshal, under Instructions
from the Collector of Customs at Port
Townsend, was released today on author
ity of the United States Attorney. No
explanation is given, either lor the seiz
ure or subsequent release.
Steamboat Fireman Killed.
SEATTLE, Wash., March 30. Albert
Johnson,1 of Port Townsend, a fireman on
the steamer Angeles, was killed at mid
night in a row with Harry B. Llnde, pro
prietor of the Standard oyster house, over
paying for a meal. He leaves a wife ana
Machine Tools in Switzerland.
Tho Engineering Magazine.
The efficiency of the Swiss workshops
stands fully as high as the standard of de
sign. The American system of specializa
tion of workmen and of tools has not
reached such a marked application as in
America Itself, although many tools
brought direct from .that country are in
iise. In one respect, however, progress
has been made, namely, the use of ma
chine tools of heavy capacity, driven to a
fate of production fully as great as Jn
America. In this respect an important
change is evident.
NOT MUCH TO ATTRACT
OMSK IS UNPICTURESQUE AND UNIN
TERESTING. Hovr the People Live and "What Baai-
acss They CoadHct Comfortable
OMSK, Siberia, Aug. ZL As a pictur
esque tourist point and place of interest
ing scenery and buildings, no one would
recommend Omsk. From, a wretched ho
tel the traveler may walk at the side of
dusty streets, between rows of log houses,
to a bridge over the river Om. He will
see one more pretentious log house with
a tower sunriountlng It, and this is the
fire department building. A little gallery
around the tower near the top serves for
the watchman who patrols it day and
night looking for blazes. In a place of
this sort where almost every building Is
of wood, fires are of frequent occurrence
and almost all of the larger Siberian
cities have experienced disastrous con
flagrations that have almost obliterated
Near the fire department stands a brick
schoolhouse, facing the Om River. A
block or two away is the old Cathedral
of the city standing on an elevation near
STREET IN A. SD3ERIAN
the same stream, its towers filled with
chimes of bells, which are seldom silent.
Then comes the bridge over the river,
leading to a street of stores, most of
them in brick buildings of two stories.
They display a peculiar mixture of Rus
sian and German goods, but the stocks
An not rflmnnre In nnv xcftv with those
carried by an American merchant In a t plows, harrows, drills, mowing machines,
town of 5000 inhabitants. This street rises small hand mills, churns and other appll
from the river to tho hills which distln- j ances. My guide told me that the intro
gulsh Omsk from the surrounding prairie. duction of these strange tools was slow.
Some of the government buildings crown
tnem, including tne fortress ana tne pai- i partly because the peasant farmers did not
ace of the Governor of the province. Hut understand the profit of using improved
one side of this business street is built i machinery, but the selling of them at cost
up with stores. The other side borders I -n-as helping, and in every way possible
on a dusty, ragged little park, which con-' the Government was trying to introduce
tains a few seats, some trees and flow- modern methods of agriculture. Of course
ers, a refreshment pavilion and a band I not' all the machinery exhibited is of Amer
Stand. It extends down to the banks of ' lean make. Germanv contribute larsrelv.
the Irtish River, which here is nearly j
half a mile wide
Wharves on Two Rivers.
Retracing his way across the Om, the
pedestrian finds the wharves near the
union of the two rivers and several
steamers lying at dock show evidences of
considerable passenger travel and heavy
freight traffic Some of these are bound up
the Irtish to Semipalatlnsk, and othors will
turn down stream to Tobolsk and thence
up the Tobol to Tiumen. It would be a j the months of April, May and June they
satisfaction to take the former Journey, j have the threat of epidemic to face. Ty
for a glimpse of the great province of J phus, dyphtherla and measles break out,
Semipalatlnsk, of which the city of the , and in spite of all that can bo done the
same name Is the capital, but two weeks j death rate Is very high. It Is Impossible
are too much to give for the side trip, j to scatter the camp sufficiently to keep tho
Semipalatlnsk itself, as It is described to epidemics from spreading, with the help
me, would repay a visit if it were not so that there is available, and the suffering
IMMIGRANT SETTLEMENT AT THE CITY OF OMSK.
slow to be reached. It Is populated chief
ly by Kirghiz and Tartars, with a sprink
ling of Jews, Sartsand Bokhariots, sp
that altogether the place is quite Orien
tal in aspect. Although not far from the
splendid ranges of the Altai Mountains,
the town Itself is built on a dry and dusty
sand plain, and, remote as it is, with ex
tremes of heat and cold in the shifting
seasons, Jt is considered by no means a
desirable place for service by the Rus
sian officers who are sent there. The
trade of the place is large and constantly
on the' Increase. Most of the exchange
is with Kuldja and Kashgar, In Western
Chinese Turkestan, with the Kirghiz of
the great and middle Hordes and with the
provinces of Russian Turkestan. A few
weeks ago when I was in Tashkend, at
the terminus of the Transcasplan Rail-1
way In Russian Turkestan, I contemplated
traveling thence to Omsk by way of
Vernoe, Semipalatlnsk and! the Irtish Riv
er, over the line of the proposed railway
extension, but the distance is more thun
1100 miles, by a caravan route, largel
desert, so that I decided to abandon the
camel transportation and make the longer
Journey around by steam.
One or two other streets Include all the
pretentious buildings of Omsk, the Post
office, the larger stores, the one bank,
which Is on the second floor of a new
business block, and the ponderous and
plain government offices. The latter oc
cupy a great building of brick, covered
with plaster, facing an. open square which
would be called a plaza in a Spanish city.
It Is Inches deep with dust and entirely
unadorned. In its vicinity, however, are
the evidences that Omsk Is a tolerant and
a cosmopolitan city. Within a radius of
two blocks are churches of three relig
ions a Roman Catholic Church, a church
of the orthodox Greek Catholic faith, and
a Mohammedan mosque for the Tartars,
who are so numerous here. These things
and a Summer garden in the outskirts of
the city, where at times there are band
concerts, cool things to drink and indif
ferent vaudeville theaters, make up the
places and things of interest in Omsk.
People Are Interesting:.
The people are more interesting than
the places, and the people who are just
arriving are in some ways the most in
teresting of all. Down on the prairie be
tween the railway station and the city la
a cluster of Klrkhlz tents of the char
acteristic shape, round-topped and felt
covered, 20 or 30 of them, occupied by
the most recent contingent of immigrants
from the Eurppean provinces of the em
pire. The yurts are arranged in streets,
their doors facing to the eastward, so
that they will get the full benefit of the
morning sun to keep them wholesome. In
this camp are living the families of im
migrants who have arrived since tho
last apportionment of land, now waiting
their turn to be settled In new homes
granted thenr. How long they may wait
here Is uncertain. Some of the men are
traveling,, about In the region open for
settlement along the rivers, looking to
find what may please jthem best, for, ot
course, they are allowed as much option
in selection as possible. While they are
waiting here the women andf children of
tho household have settled themselves In
apparent contentment and seem to be
quite as comfortable as they care to be.
Tho round tents are amply large for tem
porary Summer camps, and Inasmuch as
there is no rent to pay. the government
furnishing the quarters for Immigrants
awaiting location, the arrangement seems
satisfactory. In my visits to this Immi
grant camp I found the domestic affairs of
the waiting families running along as
smoothly as if they had lived in Tartar
tents All their lives. As a matter of fact,
the hut-like dwellings are probably quite
as comfortable as the homes that most
of them, have left behind in their Journej
to the new land of Siberia.
Not all of this Immigrant settlement is
made up of tents. A cluster of perma
nent buildings a llttlo distance to the
northward, on the same open plain, Is
the real nucleus of the station. The tent
streets are contracted according, to the
needs of the season, as the immigrants are
many or few. The buildings stand -for
various uses all the time. One is the
home of the physician in charge of the
camp, a- clever young Russian with
a young family of his own. He offered
me hospitality, and took me about through
the camp and station buildings, with pride
in the work that is being done to develop
and settle Siberia, while at the same time
new homes are being foupd for the crowd-
FARM VILLAGE NEAR. OMSK.
ed peasants of the European provinces.
Nearest to hla house'is the warehouse for
agricultural Implements- of all sorts, kept
for sale at cost by the Russian Govern
ment, for the incoming farmers who want
to buy or are able to buy them. Among
them I found American implements, made
in Ohio, Michigan and Illinois, including
partly because they were expensive, and j
a RUssian machines of American and
German patterns are prominent.
Quarters for ImmlRrants,
Another building in this group Is tho
hospital, now but little occupied. Not al
ways are the Immigrants and the doctor so
fortunate. In the Spring, when the in
flux is greatest, sometimes there are gath
ered In this camp from 5000 to 7000 Immi
grants, waiting transportation to the places
where they are to settle. Then through
at times is great. Last Spring there was
a great storm at the time when the camp
was most crowded, and most of the tents
were blown down or drowned out. The
people of Omsk opened their homes and
the Immigrants took refuge In tho city,
but the distress was great before all the
damage could be repaired and the Immi
grant station restored to working order.
There are houses for the immigrants who
come in Winter, for Russians might find
the yurts too cold, though the Kirghiz keep
comfortable In them. Just now the larg
est Winter house is occupied by a few of
I the families who prefer It to tho tents.
j and all the other ones are empty. Tho
j house is substantial and warm in Winter,
i heyond doubt, with great stoves that would
91 ,. mmm.
BEWARE OF MUTATIONS
GlTGi & most celiolotu savor to
Hot & Cold Meats, Gravies,
Salads, Soups, Gome, Fish,.
Welsh Rarebits, etc..
conquer any weather, but it is not pretty.
One big kitchen serves for all who llvo
there, and food is prepared there as- well
as for the campers outside. It is sold
at astonishingly low prices, soup, for in
stance, being furnished at 3 kopecks a
quart, or about 1 cents. Moreover, chil
dren below 10 years of age are furnished
soup free of cost, so that the family ex
penses are reduced thereby. All of these
houses are of one story, built of logs and
thoroughly "whitewashed, with lime. One
of them is assigned to men who come to
select locations for parties formed away
back west in Russia. In a certain village
the Intending emigrants will select one of
their number to go ahead and vsit vari
ous locations that are open for settlement,
to make a choice so that they will know
before they start from home exactly what
their destination Is to be. These men are
quartered In a building arranged exactly
after the fashion of tho prison "camera"
that has been described so often by stu
dents of the Siberian exile system. Around
the walls of a big room are what seem
at first to be magnified window seats. A
solid bench or table Is built entirely around
the room, at a height of nearly three feet
from the floor, the shelf perhaps seven
feet wide, though this is variable. Ex
cept the big stove in the center of the
room and the icon on the wall, there is no
other furniture. The delegates make
themselves as comfortable as they can
with this great seat as a lounging place by
day and a bed by night, with the bedding
they carry with them, and here they stay
while they wait for the steamer that will
take them up the Irtish or until some
government officer is at liberty to go with
them in tho search for a new home.
"COWS VS. STEAM ENGINES."
How Civilized Man Increases
North-Treat's Food Supply.
SALEM, March 36. (To the Editor.)
Recently The Oregonlan quoted a paper
in this month's Century Magazine, to
which the writer makes extravagant es
timates of the quantity of the larger spe
cies of game animals on the continent of
North America, and charges a love of mur
der iLc-alnat the nloneer population of tho
white race as the cause of Its rapid dis-v
appearance ending by some unique state
ments as to the value (to humanity) of
the" domesticated animals, and steam, elec
tric and other forces.
It Is difficult to guess whether the
writer's object Is to arraign the ploneera
of modern progress pr to find reasons for
lauding those Instrumental In the forma
tion of the Zoological Park at Washington
City. Next to the extravagance of the
premises laid down 19 the Incongruity of
the comparison between the uses of do
mestic animals, wild game and the forces
mentioned. The contest is the tame against
the wild man's best interests; against op
posing natural forces In which contest
explosives, steam and other means are
used to Increase the resources of earth
and water as ministers to human life.
The comparisons, to be fair, should be
between the domestic cattle and the bison,
the sheep and the antelope, the dog and
the wolf, etc If Mr. Seton Thompson's
paper was intended as an arraignment of
modern progress and methods, it seems
to the writer proper that his errors be
at least indicated.
First, as to the quantity of the most
important game animals. The buffalo,
elk and antelope were not found east of
St. Louis at the beginning of this century.
At that date (1S05) Lewis and Clark found
no buffalo west of the Rocky Mountains,
and saw no elk and few antelope or deer
In passing from their summits to the Pa
cific Ocean. The best elk range they
found west of the Rockies was near the
present City of Astoria. The Upper Co
lumbia Valley had, seemingly, "by the aid
of the salmon supply, carried a popula
tion too heavy for the natural game sup
ply, who had apparently exterminated the
buffalo and elk, and had for 50 years or
more been In the habit of crossing the
Rocky Mountains In order to kill the royal
-game on their east slopes. We have no
data as to when this became necessary,
but it is not unreasonable to assume that
the existence of the Oregon River was
made known to the natives of the Mis
souri Valley and by them to Jonathan
Carver as one result of these annual hunt
ing trips, which were continued into the
middle of this century.
This same condition existed from the
Columbia Valley southward to and In
clusive of large portions of Texas and
Mexico. The native race had overkilled
the larger game, and In extensive districts
of Arizona and New Mexico had resorted
to agriculture as a means of subsistence.
The proof that this was of necessity is sus
tained by the fact that the wild race had
made no effort of this kind In the Lower
Columbia and Sacramento Valleys rich
In fish and edible roots. It is a spurious
sentimentality which charges this destruc
tion of wild game to the pioneer white
man's propensity to murder, and tend3 to
a false view of cause and effect of the
changes the white race has effected in
North America as a whole, wherein hu
manity, highly estimated at 5,000,000 human
"beings In a wretched struggle for exist
ence 300 years ago, now numbers nearly,
if not quite, 100,000,000, dwelling in general
peace and a measure of prosperity which
at that date could not possibly be com
prehended; and the difference in the num
ber and condition of tho lower animal
life, though not so great, is still very
Take tho horses, cattle, sheep and swine
of civilized man as compared with all
wild game, and measure the pleasures of
existence in Itself. It is not computable,
of course, and a study of the life of what
was once wild (now kept in "zoos") is no
criterion of the fears and sufferings of the
wild state subject to wild man, carnlver
ous enemies and "the seasons' difference."
In 1805, when Lewis and Clark crossed
near the center of tho greatest natural
game park of North America, they found
it about midway between the two oceans
and at its best it required the constant
activity of an excellent body of hunters
,---. 1i Mms&mrn."mFmer
S IB) pra Ii IjMJ gj
to keep the party of 36 men in constant
supply of food. After crossing the Rock
ies, the party found it so difficult to meet
its necessities by combined hunting, fish
lng and purchasing from the natives, that
a resort to horse flesh and that of dogs
was an imperative necessity ; and during
the winter spent In the bst elk and water
fowl district of the great Columbia Val
ley, they were fain to purchase dogs and
travel 35 miles to purchase a few hundred
pounds of whale blubber. When In March,
1S05, they set out to retrace their steps
back to settled life, they were compelled
to halt eight days at the Junction of Co
lumbia and Willamette Valleys and send
out their hunters In order to be sure of
havlntr food enough to be enabled to Teach
their horses, leftwlth the upper NezPerces,
and they found some of the elk and veni-
son they killed so poor as to be unfit for
food. They computed the native race of
Oregon then at 40,000 souls, from whom it
was unsafe to count on being able to pur
chase subsistence for 36 men for a 10 days'
Journey. There Is now perhaps from 5,000,
000 to 6.000,000 of white people on the Pa
cific side of North America, as well fed
as any peoples in the world, yet, send
ing out to other peoples as much surplus
as would feed as many more. The wild
man. tne won, anu me cear nave aecn
superseded, and the result Is an ample
Justification of the white man's dominion.
THE SAME CRIMINAL.
Man "Who Shot John Wardlo Is the
George R. A. Ferris, who shot John
Wardle on the Braithwait farm, north of
this city, about 16 years ago, is the same
fellow who killed another man about two
weeks ago in the State of Washington,
and who Is now in Jail at Goldendalc,
awaiting trial for murder. W. M Wardle,
of this city, saw the account of the last
crlmo In Tho Oregonlan, and he was led
to write the Sheriff who has the prisoner
in charge, to ascertain if he was the same
criminal who shot his father. He is
satisfied from the description that it is
the same man. Ferris shot Wardle be
cause the latter refused to sign a deed
to some land, now owned by E. M. Greeley,
until Ferris would pay back $20 Wardlo
had loaned him. Ferris drew his gun and
said he would put Wardle where ho
wouldn't need his signature, and shot
him in the center of the breast, the bullet
passing clear through Wardle's body.
Wardle was sick with the wound for over
a year. He Is now 86 years old, and at
times can feel pain due to the wound of
16 years ago. The Sheriff writes that
Ferris Is likely to pay the penalty for
his latest crime. He claims self-defense,
but it is known that he rode 30 miles to
kill an unarmed man. For his first crime
Ferris was placed in jail at La Fayette,
but effected his escape before he was
tried. He has since served 10 years in
the Washington penitentiary for horse
stealing. i a o ii-
Captnln Thomas D Is char Red.
WASHINGTON. March 30. Captain
William B. Thomas, Forty-sixth Volun
teer Infantry, having been found physi
cally disqualified to perform the duties
of his rank, has been honorably dis
charged from the eervico of the United
A Coast Institution.
BERKELEY, Cal., March 30. The Uni
versity of California will extend Its scope
over the entire Coast by accrediting hlgn
schools outsldo of th's state, including
on every bottle
nl 1 I L Jl
Consisting of CUT1CURA SOAP (25c), to cleanse to
skin oi crusts and scales and soften the thickened cuti
cle, CUTICURA OlNTflENT (50c), to Instantly allay
Itching, Irritation, and Inflammation, and soothe ana
heal, and CUTICURA RESOLVENT (SOc), to cool and
cleanse the blood. A single set Is often sufficient to care
the most tcrtarlng, disfiguring skin, scalp, and blood
humors, rashes, Itchlngs, and Irritations, with loss of
hair, when the best physicians and all other remedies
fall. 5oId throughout the world. POTTER DRUQ AND
CHEM. CORP., Sole Props., Boston. "Hair ta Curs
Baby Humors,'-' free.
those In the states of Washington, Ore
gon and Nevada. This Is the most Im
portant move that has been proposed since
the plans for the new university were
made, and 'It Indicates that the Univer
sity of California will become a Pacific
Coast Institution, and not a state institu
Man Shoots Htmielf on the Brinlc ot
. Niagara. Falls.
NIAGARA FALLS, N. T., March 30.
A sensational suicide occurred todav on
! Goat Island. A man waded out as far aa
he could, shot himself three times In tho
head, pitched forward into the water and
j was swept down between Luna and Goat
Islands, going over the falls at the Cave
of the Winds. From papers and letters
left behind, he Is thought to be HIppolyta
Schneider, of Pittsburg. Letters In French
were found addressed to Mme. Lillian
Russell, Infanta Dahlia, and the Westing
house Company, of Pittsburg. In one let
ter he blames the woman, Lillian Rus
sell, for his death, and leaves her all his
property. The letters are rambling and
indicate that the man was inne. Natu-
rallzatlon papers were found on him, datea
March 9, 1SS2, at Pittsburg.
PITTSBURG, March 30. Hyppolyte
Schneider was a machinist who, until
three weeks ago, worked for the West
inghouse Electric Company, .at East Pitts
burg. Schneider left Pittsburg, saying he
was going to look for work. Nothing
had been heard from him since.
"Infallible," bnt IIn "Errors."
PORTLAND, March 2S. (To the Editor.)
I know of no more amusing spectacle
than the mental gymnastics exhibited by
some of the "liberal theologians" of tha
times. Here Is an example: The Rev.
Professor McGIffert, In the course of his
reply to the committee of tho New York
presbytery, appointed to examine tho
charges of heresy made against him,' said:
"Permit me to say that I bolleve. as I
believed at the time of my ordination, that
the Bible is 'the Word of God, the only
Infallible rule of faith and practice.' The
fact that there are errors In the Bible,
which I am compelled, as an honest stu
dent, to recognize, does not in the least
affect my estimation of it as God's Word."
If there are errors in the Bible, and the
Bible Is the Word of God, I can see no
e&cape from the conclusion that part of
the Word of God is error. O most mighty
Bible, dost thou He so low?
Influx of Japanese Laborers.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 30. Working
men in this state are becoming alarmed at
the steadily increasing number of Japa
nese immigrants. It is stated that since
January 1, 1809, no less than 3420 laborers
from Japan have arrived in this country,
"and the Immigration Bureau is Informed
that 1400 more are due here by April 7.
According to Labor Commissioner North,
7000 passports v have been obtained in
Japan fcr laborers Intending to come to
Foreigrn and Domestic Porta.
Havre, March 30. Arrived LaGascogne,
from New York.
Cherbourg, March 30. Sailed Kaiser
Frlederich (from Hamburg and South
ampton), for New York.
Yokohama, March 30. Sailed Goodwin,
New York, March 30. Arrived Phoene
cla, from Hamburg.
Cooks, Chefs & Housekeep
ers everywhere pronounce it
an indispensable requisite to
the culinary stores.
JOHN BT7XCAIPS SORB, Agents, Sew For