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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. XI NO. 12,262.
POBTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, MARCH 31, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
"CRACK PROOF" "SNAG PROOF'
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ANOTHER HENDERSON LETTER
What the Tariff Men
ST. PAUL, March 30.-Speaker Hender
son has written a letter to a Minnesota
friend scoring the opponents of the Puerto
Rico tariff bill. The Speaker alludes to
"the 10,000.000 savages In the Philippines,"
and makes plainly the assertion that the
main thing the tariff men are fighting for
Is to establish the power of Congress to
rule the so-called colonies outside of the
Constitution. He writes:
"It Is very Important to have estab-i
iisnea tne .doctrine that we can treat our
new posessions in such way as may seem
best to the Government, consuUlng lts'ln
terests and the Interests of the posses
sions that we are .bound to take care of.
The fight against the Puerto Rlcan bill
comes from greater Interests that are
not disturbed so much "by the trade with
Puerto Rico, but thatvwant free trade with
the 10,000,000 savages In the Philippines."
SAN FRANCISCO, March 30. Q. H.
Berry, the- Honolulu agent for Brad
streets, is here on his way East. -R cam
j that the customs reports for the Islands
for last year show that the exports were
J22.62S.741, and the Imports 519,058,606. Of
the exports $21,898,190 represented sugar.
He added that the plague, which has now
rbeen stamped out, involved an expense
to the treasury of about 42.000.0W and In-
ARMY ON THE MOVE
Roberts' Advance Forces- Are
Clearing the Way
.British. Casualties ia the EBgrasreaeat
("Were Over Oae Hundred Men
LONDON, March SI, 3:15 A. M. The. head
of the army of Lord Roberta la now about
21 mile north of Bloemfonteln. It occu
pies a cluster o bills won from tho Boers
after a stiff fight, in which the British
lost seven officers and 100 men. The Boers
have been using these kopjes as a base for
marauding bands that have been beating
up the -country adjacent to Bloemfonteln
for supplies, driving off cattle and forc
ing non-resident Free Staters into their
ranks again. The Boers must have been
in considerable force, as Lord Roberts
sent 8000 infantry and 3000 cavalry against
Lord Roberts' progress to Pretoria will
probably consist of such forward move
ments, in which Boer positions will be
attacked by a,, portion Of the army ad
vancing rapidly with wheel transport, the
main army coming up as the railway Is
Lord Roberts Is stripping tho forces In
the minor spheres of operations of their
wagons and transport animals In order to
hasten tho advance. This Is understood to
be the reason why he recalled Lord Me
thuen from Barkly "West to Klmberley.
Lord Roberts has to have Methuen's
The reason why a hot chase was not
made after Commandant Olivier is that
Lord Roberts did not wish to wear out
the cavalry transport. General French
lost 3000 horses In the relief of Klm
berley and the pursuit of General Cronio.
Lord Roberts lost 3C00 transport cattle at
Watervaal Drift, and It Is estimated that
he has lost 4000 other animals since tho
forward movement began February 13.
The advance beyond Bloemfonteln Is
through a bare country, and the supply
officers foresee an Increasing difficulty In
providing for a great army moving along
a slnirle line of railway, even when the
latter Is working smoothly and with, am
ple rolling stock.
The Canadian mounted rifles were part
of the force that occupied Kenhardt yes
terday. The rebellion throughout the
northwest districts of Capo Colony Is al
The Goth will sail today (Saturday)
with COO men for St. Helena, to guard Gen.
eral Cronje and 4000 prisoners.
ROBERTS REPORTS THE FIGHT.
Beers Driven From Kopjes oa His
CONDON. March, 39. 9:20 P. M. The
"War Office has Issued the following from
Lord Roberts t the Secretary of War:
"Bkemfotett, March 0 2:25 P. M
Owlfcfc the activity e the env- m nir
tJstaedWkto Jront add 'their hostile -action
"towards burghers who surrendered, I
found it necessary to drive them from
some kopjes they had occupied near the
Karee Siding station, a few miles south
of Brand fort. The operaUon was suc
cessfully carried out by the Seventh Di
vision, assisted by , the First and Third
Cavalry Brigades, under French and Lo
Galllals' regiment . of. mounted infantry.
The enemy retreated to Brandfort, and
our troop now hold the kopjes.
'Our casualties were: Kill ed Captain
Going, Scottish Borderers. Wounded
Captains Sellar, Luaard, Peebles, Cur
gonven and Edwards; Lieutenants Coul
don and French and about 100 of the rank
Particulars of the Fighting.
. BLOEMFONTEIN, March 30. Tho at
tadk upon the Boers holding the kopjes
near Karee Siding Station, a few miles
south of Brandfort, was made by Tucker's
Seventh Division, with the co-operation of
French's cavalry. The attacking troops
Included a large force of Australians.
Colonel Knight, with 400 New South Wales
mounted infantry. Included In the Le
Galllals brigade, attacked the right flank.
A long chain of kopjes was held by tho
Boers, and there was severe firing all
along the line of attack. The approach
was very steep, like a fortress, and the
troops were unable to make headway un
til the Infantry made an attack upon
'the front. The cavalry went around the
right flank of the Boers and used their
Ticker-Maxims freely. An. army hospital
was established In a cottage under the
shelter of a large kopje. The Boer shells
amo right over the kopje and landed
near the hospital, which it was found
necessary to evacuate.
The Boers slowly retreated upon Brand
fort, taking their dead and wounded with
them. Meanwhile, the cavalry, including
the Australian Horse and the Sydney
Lancers, under Captain Cox, brigaded
with. Porter's brigade, the Carbineers,
Scots Greys and the Innlskilllngs, received
a severe shell fire. The Boers had evi
dently marked the range, as when the
troops advanced the enemy's Are was less
accurate. The colonials displayed great
coolness under fire. Many horses were
killed under the cavalry's flank attack.
The Boers fled, and all our troops
pushed forward, and now hold an excel
lent position upon the koDles reeentlv
held by the Boers. The farmers were In
the laager fighting, leaving the women
and the children upon the farms, which
they are evidently certain the English will
not touch. Many of the farmers would
surrender their arms but for the fear that
the Johannesburg police would attack
their farms In revenge for doing so.
The Boers are known to occupy Brand
fort In some strength 5000 probably. Re
inforcements are afraid to move direct to
their support, and are content with hold
lng their position, which Is threatened
by the cavalry .advance.
The whole, action was rather insignifi
cant. Many regiments received their bap
tism of Are, and showed splendid coolness.
We have now secured c fine natural posi
tion, facing the huge plain before Brand
fort. Rudyard Kipling was present dur
ing the fighting.
Declared He Wo aid Bombard
LONDON, March 31. The Bloemfonteln
correspondent of the Dally Chronicle, tele
graphing Thursday, March 23, says-
"President Kruger's latest proclamation
warns the women and children to leave
Bloemfonteln within five days, as he In
tends to bombard and destroy the city
and to shoot the burghers whom he cap
u"Vl?0,r?us measure have been taken by
the BriUsh to harass marauding bands
of Transvaal Boers. The latter are re
sorting to guerrilla methods, chiefly
against Free Staters who refuse to Join
Kitchener Enters the Free State.
LONDON, March 3L The Bloemfonteln
correspondent of the Morning Post, tele
graphing Thursday; says:
TLerd Kitchener and his staff crossed the
temporary bridge at Norval's Pont last
sight. He had 3000 men under his com
mand, and he left 700 at Prleska. He con
siders the rebellion crushed, although the
Are may smoulder for some time."
Clements at KoSyfoateia.
LONDON, March SL A dispatch, to the
Dally Mall from Koffyfonteln, dated
Thursday, March, 29, says:
"General Clements' flying column, after
& forced march of 37 miles yesterday, ar
rived here unopposed."
HOW BOTHA TOOK SPIOXX0l
Tells of the
NEW YORK, March SO. A "World cor
respondent, writing from Pretoria, March
The Boer army has thus farDeen
strengthened by about 3000 men, who have
come into the country through Delagoa
Bay slnco the war began. Tills large
body of men has been recruited chiefly
in Europe, but many men have come
from America, and even Australia. Ever
since -tho war began, this steady stream
of fighting men has been pouring Into
the Transvaal over the Portuguese bor
der, although tho English officials there
have done everything In their power to
stop It. Every train arriving from Lou
renco Marques brings from 10 to 60 re
cruits. Two direct lines of steamers ar
rive at Lourcnco Marques, and each is
carrying all the passengers from Naples
and Marseilles that It can accommodate.
For the most part, the passengers buy
tickets to Durban, but leave the boats
at Lourenco Marques In order to give
a wrong impression, to the British of
ficers who search tho vessels at Aden.
" The Boer hero of the first four months
of the war Is Louis Botha, the victor
of Colenso and Splonkop, and the young
est General In the republican armies.
The name Botha Is on every tongue In
the two republics, and already he Is being
mentioned as a possible candidate for tho
The fight on Splonkop In the latter part
of January was the first of any great con
sequence. Inasmuch as a British victory
would have been followed by tho raising
of the siege of Ladysmlth. The defeat of
the Boers would have changed the tide of
the entire campaign In Natal, and to
guard against such a calamity General
Joubert placed General Botha In charge.
To show how successful General Botha
was In combatting the British forces. It
Is only necessary to say that seven days
after the battle there remained on the side
of Splonkop and in the valley below mora
than 700 bodies of English soldiers, while
the total loss of the Boers was 50 killed
and 120 wounded. The total Boer force
engaged In the fight was not more than
350, while the British force was no less
than 2000. and probably twice that num
ber. Botha did not seem to be proud of
his victory, but spoke only of the brav
ery of tho British soldiers and the Injus
tice of the war which made such slaughter
"After the battle of Colenso," the Gen
eral said, "which the forces under mj
command won as a result of the careful f
planning of .Presiaof Ksuger and thtr
own puvwmm, i-wm, prepaMu.tfljreturn
a. . v. t -a - - ' - -5fca
eivs"la0Mr-fc "-tmwiii'C ?? tbyJfionJohn amI hls wlr. oar and no
ro at onc toward tht HorS-awi: r1??? CD8i Ark.), directing the Secretary 1 more. fLautrhtcr.l
whither the BriUsh forces were advanc-
lng to tho relief of L&dysralth. They had
crossed the river at Tricardt'8'!Drlft and
were op the main road which leads into
tho besieged city when I arrived In Gen
eral Burger's camp at 3 o'clock in the
morning. Iaw there was nothing to do
but prepare for an Immediate attack, and
for four days we fought hard on a large
plateau to the right of Splonkop.
"On tho evening of the fifth day the
British forces suddenly retired toward
Trichardt's Drift, but Instead of recrosa
lng the stream they took up positions on
Splonkop. This point was of great strat
egic Importance, and General Burger and
I agreed that we must have It. During
the night we selected our men from dif
ferent commandoes In the vicinity, took
up our positions and waited for the dawn
before beginning hostilities. Only 350 men
were In these positions, but there were
more .near by to render assistance If it
becamo necessary. During the day be
fore we estimated the British forces at
2000, although there might have been more.
"There was a heavy mist over the top
of the kop at dawn, and It was Impossible
for us to see the British forces, hut "we
knew they were there, for almost as soon
as I gave the order to begin the ascent
the fighting began. My men climbed
slowly but steadily, under the fire of all
sorts of gunsr and started to drive the
British back to the top and down the
other side. Toward the top the mist was
so thick that the smoke of our enemy'
rifles mingled with that of ours, and for
a short time the soldiers of the two com
batants were running against each other.
My men were being killed and wounded
by the dozens, but the others kept on
toward the top. Shortly before the sum
mit was reached the mist lifted, and then
our men could see those of the enemy.
For a short time It was really amusing
to see our men so close to the British
soldiers that at least 25 of them were
able to seize their rifles from their hands.
Finally, after very severe flght!ngt we
gained the day, and as' night came over
the scene we had taken 200 prisoners.
The British retreated during the night,
leaving many of their wounded and all
their dead behind on the top of the moun
tain. "Tho following morning I personally
counted the dead bodies and found 850 of
them scattered around the hllL The
wounded left on tho hill all night were
300, and these I sent back the following
morning. On the' other side of the hill
no less than 150 British were killed. The
los3 on our side was 50. killed and 1M
Exports of Paerto Rica,
WASHINGTON. March 30,-The War
Department furnished the press today a
comparative statement of tho total value
of merchandise exported from the port of
San Juan. Puerto Rico, during the months
of February. 18S9 and 1S00. During Feb
ruary, 18S9, the total exports Tvere $273,001
while in February, 1900, the total was only
$78,212. Tn 1S99 eight per cent of the total
exports went to the United States while
In 1S00 there was shipped to the United
States only 1 per cent of the total ex
"Waats OyBtem Transplanted.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Representa
tive Cushman, of Washington, in explain
ing the fishery station bill, says he wants
tho fish commission to locate a station In
Oregon or Washington where it can make
experiments with a view to Introducing
the Atlantic oyster in Pacific waters. H
thinks, lf properly studied, this trans
plantation can be accomplished success
fully and he is urging his bill for that
"Tallo-rr" Dlclc Released
BEATTYVTLLE. Ky., March CO. "Tal
low" Dick Coombs, charged with, com
plicity In the Goebel assassination, has
been released on a writ of habeas jcorpus.
The case will be heard before the County
Judge next Monday. The county officials
refuse to give Coombs up to Clark County
PUERTO RICO DEBATE
Humorous Speech of Senator
Pcttus, of Alabama.
AT-TH2iXPEN3E OF TARIFF MEN
Senator Proctor Forccfal Argament
ia Support ot Free Trade
With the Zalaad.
Tv-ASHINiGTON, March aa-Merrlmont
swept away the traditional dignity of the
Senate today. Staid sticklers fnr Kr..
.torial decorum literally held tholr sides
and shouted with, laughter,1 while the
crowded galleries Joined in the laughing
tumult, which not the faintest effort was
made to restrain. Had the effort Txwt,
1 made, it would have been futile.
aenator Pettus, of Alabama, tho oldest
member of tho body hi age being only a
xew months short of four score years de
uer the funn,est speech heard within
the Senato chamber in many years. It
sparkled with wit and bubbled over with
humor. Its sarcasm was keen, but not
bitter, and even those who were the vic
tims of It could not but enjoy its perfect
good humor and Its tmallovpii m
Throughout It all PettU3 was as solemn
as If he were dellverlnx a funeral ora- t
jlon. Not a smile softened thn dAr linn '
nf Vile 4U j ,- ....v.-
an it ?S aild rucd. countenance,
Srof occasionally to mop the
w? riS l faC,e and, head wlth
Rpnato h n,dana- hi danced about tho
of hJf iSSiif J?. 8UI?,1?!SJltJh0 lauhter
oLfir thff; Indf' he. Worsted
once for the lightness of the vein In which
he was addressing tho Rnnnto -
portant a question; as the Puerto Rlcan
Proctor had delivered a forceful argu
ment In support or free trade with Puerto
RlCO. He Was follower! hv "Pottno -rot,
th 7?Tn.m,. 1 ? OC - "marks t0
n , v,o j Tvt i Jl IT u ' so marvelous mat i aaresay such a thlnar
OalllnSE ? 4 hli-Wlt H.1116 exPense . has never before been heard In the Senate.
2r ti. eW Hamisnlre and Bever- When you get a genuine orator, he Is ab
$rt - .. .-. solutely absolved from all rules of logic
mriM Eem. sad one S1"140'. com- ' or common sense. (Laughter.) When it
. .... ulwu icuua bjjcwu, ana it win
J?tl5ta.n? ? one.0 the best examples of
Senator Depew, of New York, was tho
first to congratulate Pettus, and the
New Yorker's hearty handclasp was fol
lowed by such an ovation as a man sel
dom receives In the Senate. Ex-Senator
Pugh, Pettus Immediate predecessor from
Alabama, was one of those who partic
ularly enjoyed the speech. During the
entire session, Pettus received the con
gratulations of his colleagues.
Considerable progress was- made with
the Puerto Rlcan measure during the day. bere In the United States Senate, In rpf
roost of the committee amendments rtnd erence to the Republicans and Democrats
several offered by Senators being disposed ( and Populists and any other man who
"!, ,, . , may choose to take a eeat here, to speak'
isotlce was given 1 In the Senate today by qf them as enemies to the Government,
pepew (Rep. N. Y.) that be would ad- He has a right to speak of them as oppo
dress The Senate Monday Iiext on the . npnte nt tfc cz,. rm,. r -.
fii?K8 IU3ktt'- J . ,
Zl Yr to fnd,"', cop7 of th.f proceedings
., 1 "" out I,1HaiM ry.caiiea 10 mves-
"6" mo v-oranusaary jjeparcmenc or me
Army was passed.
Spooner (Rep. "Wis.) gave notice that he
would address the Senate next Monday on
tho Puerto Rlcan bill.
Senator Proctor's Speech.
wKtiLP?fa BJCaa r 'Vrdent thesTfor wYse rnfroS
buln "plrtj hr ClinoLUtneiMalne and Iowa could not dQvote their
SfSSatJ r wJ TnSf ; ; ,fdd,nSSlx,S tlme- lf the want t0 8erv their party
StJ. H2 P?. n unaltJerat,le I well, better than to take some consldora
rwe th, UfiP7 fTre?-radf be" t,cn ot tho orator3 lR U chamber.
tlrlt al'JS ?L?df 0t V?te MaIne' and hl9 name was Moms. And he
tJL,5 ,? extracts from the , Was a fitUbborn man. too (laughter), but
twUlSL.a!ia,the4Sef-M tld Ms faster to his face that
between the Island of Puerto Rico and
the United States, referred to the sudden
change that somehow had been wrought,
.... j tc a itJJU4i. lavwiufi ijret- iruue
"Is It strange that some of us. In lack
m-it ! 1 :
.. u a. ne ui ucuon wnicn we De-
ilevo to be based on principle and jus
tce. which we believe to be the only
honest and consistent course? It Is
charged, I do not know with what truth,
If any, that this change was demanded
and brought about by the sugar and to
bacco Interests, nnd, also. It Is stated,
by organized labor. I havo failed to see
that the representatives of this latter In
terest appeared before the committee. It
w jjiouuuttii ttuumieu uiuura iraaewun
Puerto Rico does not harm these interests
Is practically admitted that free trade with
materially, but they claim that It creates
a nreVedent ZrZ " V
ed. In reference to tho Philippines and
jjudo, il win De umc to cross those rivers
when we come to them, nnd. In my opin
ion, the crossing will not be difficult when
the proper time comes for action."
Proctor then exhibited a long letter,
written him by ex-Senntor George F. Ed
munds, who dealt with some of the Con
stitutional phases of the pending question.
Here are some extracts from Mr. Ed
Any such measure, lf nactc3. will. I believe,
,be unequaled m our whole history. It will imi
tate aad parallel the act of the British Par
liament, which forced our fathers to Just re
elstance and revolution, and hlch Jed. them to
the establishment of a Constitution which In
explicit terma forbade any such dlscrlmlna
tlotu Puerto Rico and lta people came unSr
the sovereignty of the United Statea by force
of tha treaty with Spain, and I think all agree
that if any part of the. peo;le of the Island
levied war against the TJnltt-d States or ad
hered to our enemies, they would be guilty ef
treason. But treason, is an exclusively defined
constitutional crime, and it cannot exist on
th island unless ta Constitution that defines
it Is In force there. ,
Proctor then continued: "We may do
many wrong and foolish things without vi
olating the Constitution, hut It does not
follow that we must 'do them,' or 'ought
to go tnem,' ana 1 claim, Mr. President.
that the plain people, the sensible, hon
est, American people, who look at this
cuestloh from no standpoint of self-interest,
who are not sugar men nor to
bacco m,en, nor men who hare any com
mercial or class interests which It Is
claimed must be placated byour action,
are the best judges of whac Is fair and
right and honest, and that their Judgment
In tho end must and will prevail. If wo
are "not bound by the letter of the Consti
tution, were bound by Justice and hu
manity to deal with these questions In the
spirit of American institutions and Amer
"The people believe as the President did
when he wrote In" his annual'message that
'our plain duty Is to abolish the customs
tariff between the United States and
Puerto Rico.' The people know that sen
tence by heart, and they will repeat It
millions of times within the year from Its
deliverance, unless we perform what the
President says Is- 'our plain duty.' The
people believe this Is a question not of
mere policy, but of princlpH..
"The Dlea. of harmonv In -the norir on.
1 peals to me strongly. But this Is a ques-
tion higher than policy or party; It Is a
question of principle, and IJ Is better that
even a small minority of tha party should
be right than that we should all be wrong.
"It Is of vital consequence, Mr. Presi
dent, that this, our first Important step in
legislation for our new acquisition, should
commend Itself to the judgment and con
science of the American people."
. Renarlu hy Pettns.
At tho conclusion of Proctor's speech,
Pettus (Dem. Ala.) addressed the Senato
on some of tho Constitutional phases pre
sented by the Puerto Rlcan bill.
"I will attempt to show," said Pettus,
"how a majority, of this Senate has quit
the public road the road, pointed out by
tho law of the land; and" also show what
the result of It will be. In discussing this
question, we will go back to the very
foundations. The great error of those In
the majority here is that they are In viola
tion of all our notions- of justice and com
mon sense. They take their departure In
tho belief that the United States 13 a
sovereign In the sense that some Euro
pean nations are sovereigns. It Is not
so and can never be.
"We are governed In our relations with
these territories by the law of nations, so
far as they are applicable. The Idea Is
that when territory is ceded to a nation,
that nation cannot necessarily exercise the
powere of its former owners. It must ex
ercise sway in accordance with Its own
limitations. When we took the Islands,
we took them with tho limitations of ex
ercising only such power over them as
was possible under the conditions In the
From this time forward, Pettus' speech
was personal In its application.. He first
took Gallinger (Rep. N. H.) to task.
"I was very much entertained by the
uwitiiui. uum new uauiijauuc .jeaieruay,
ho eald, "when he Informed us that he
was not a lawyer, as he proved to us, not
onl b5" asserting it, but by his argument.
Lawyers know that when you come to
read a decision of a Judge jou must take
alf he says on a subject: that It will not
.do to take a sentence here and another
Senator from New Hampshire yesterday,
there, but thl3 Is exactly what the Senator
did In quoting Justice Bradley in the Mor
mon Church case."
Pettus then turned his attention to tho
speech of Beveridge (Rep. Ind.), and said:
we naa a wonaenui declamation yes-
terday from our great orator-wonderful
Ifc . ' marvelous in all Jts parts. It wa,
1i naA onM. I. it.. . . 1
, flourishes, to prove any Drooosltlon. true
J or false, rules of common ense and the
decent observance of what is due to others
must not stand In the way of maintaining
'my reputation: as an orator. It will not
do. If It Is necessary I must break down,
tho ideas of an observance of what the
Senator from Vermont has characterized
as tho 'best policy.' If It Is necessary I
must draw on my Imagination for facts
, and on my memory for flights of fancy, as
1 Ovid Bolus did. When an orator speaks
hA Vina n h,- in , ,.- ,,e m.. -
ment, in his m'nd. Is me and mv wife, mv
Mr. President, I was amazed at that
speech. I once before heard one that went
off in that direction. I tell you, the senior
or the Junior Senator from Iowa, I do not
know which, and the senior or junior
Senator from Maine, I don't know which,
wjll have to take some action In reference
to that orator. There Is no doubt about
I It- fn -Vnv nfA11 AT .!.&.. 1 ai
' he dd not rin it hnriia. h , !,...,
, to his face. And what was the reply?
J 'There Is Aaron, he speaks well,' and they
took Aaron along, not In command, that
was not allowed: but they took him along
f ua tt ko ot aepuiy, ana wnen iioses.
0n h,s taster's rder, went up Into tho
the tablets, the orator left
as a Kina or aeDutv. and when Moses.
fn charire hnri .1 Mnn lf tA i,..h
' teri. and he nut nil tVi ruinnU ilmm
worshipping the golden calf. (Laughter.)
More people worship the golden calf now
than did In those days. But while Aaron
and h!s people were all down worshiping
the golden calf, the man of God appeared
and he pulled out his sword and demanded
to know who was on the Lord's side, and
tho orator jumped up from his knees,
drew his sword and got on Moses side and
, went to killing tho TKrtelti ninn- wuh
I ZTJ ai ithLT tS?
Moses. All these orators will do the same
th,ns Oaughter)-the last one of them. Wo
saw an Instance of It yesterday alter
At the conclusion of Pettus' speech, con
sideration of amendments was resumed.
The pending amendment was that of Mor
gan (Dem. Ala.), providing that file United
States, In exchanging Puerto Rlcan coins
for United States coins, pay 100 cents In
stead of CO cents for each of the Puerto
Rlcan pesos. After some discussion the
amendment was defeated, 12 to 33. Tho
committee amendment as to the exchange
of money was then adopted.
Pettus offered, as a substitute for section
12. a provision declaring that "the Con
stitution and tho laws of the United States
shall have the same force and effect in
Puerto Rico as In other territories of the
Allen (Pop. Neb.) discussed the Consti
tutional questions Involved In the pending
bill. He maintained that no man who
Is familiar with the Constitution can hon
estly contend hat it does not extend of
Its own vigor over acquired territory. In
the course of the argument, Spooner (Rep.
Wis.) asked Allen whether the people of
the Philippines are citizens of the United
"Yes," replied Allen. "But'we do not
have to keep them. Does the Senator
(Spooner) say they aro not citizens of the
"The Senator from WIscoiw.In,' replied
Spooner. "Is of the opinion that they ara
"Will tho Senator tell us what they
are?" Interrupted Allen.
'They are colonists," said Spooner.
"Do they owe allegiance to the United
States Government?" asked Allen.
"Aliens," replied Spooner, "owe a quali
"No." protested Allen, "It Is not allegi
ance that they pwe, but obedience. You
cannot call upon them to serve In tho
Army or In the Navy or on Juries. It lsJ
Pettus' amendment was then defeated, 13
Lindsay (Dem. Ky.) offered an amend
ment striking out the provision In section
15, that the Governor should participate
In legislation. It was not deemed wise
that the Governor should be a part of the
legislative power of the Island and should
at the same time have authority to veto
legislation. That, It was contended, would
Concluded oa Second Pass.)
TARIFF MEN GRIEVED
Amazed at Proctor's Vigorous
Free Trade Speech.
FEAR ITS-EFFECT ON THE CAMPAIGN
TTndissnlscd Pleasure at the Calling
Down Beverldare Received From
PettHs The B1U la the House.
WASHINGTON, March C0i-The Repub
lican Senators were grieved and pleased
today: Grieved at Proctor's speech,
which they say they think Is- the worst
possible utterance that could be made for
Democratic campaign material. In view
of the determination to pass the Puerto
Rican tariff bill; pleased at the manner
In which Pettus, of Alabama, poked fun
at Beveridge, the young Senator from In
diana. The Republican Senators do not Hko
to havo their colleagues disagree with
them, and every man that has not been
whipped into line is under a cloud. He
will, in the future, bo obliged to fight for
everything he gets In the Seante. They
will let Davis, of Minnesota, down easy
because his speech 'was not near so vigor
ous as Proctor's. They will forever be a
little sour onBeveridge, because they think
he has been altogether too consnicuoiw
1 for so new and young a man In that body.
xne aenate, as xar as it could, sat down on
Beveridge, by refusing to listen to him.
and only a few members appearing in tho
chamber. Today they appeared and laugh
ed at the ancient Pettus, who made sport
of the youthful Indlanlan, while Proctor,
because of his speech, has: been nearly
wiped off of the Republican elate. Tho
other Senators who oppose the tariff and
refuse to come Into line will be subject to
criticism for some tim to come, but In
the. end may be forgiven.
The Henderson. Letter.
"What the Senate ia roing to do 13
problematical. It has Its shore of cowards.
The Senate Is always the body upon which
the great Interests concentrate their ef
forts to defeat proper legislation."
The foregoing Is an extract from the let
ter written Tuesday by Hon. David B.
Henderson, speaker of the House of Rep
resentatives, to Hon. Edward Knott, of
Waverly, la,, In defense of the Puerto
Rlcan tariff bill, passed by the House,
The letter Is vigorous and remarkable,
remarkable especially In that It shows that
even tne leaaers or tne House are some
what wldo apart In their understanding aa
to the object of the now famous measure.
The letter Is outspoken to a tault, and
shows the speaker is for a tariff both
"There are large quantities of tobacco
and sugar in Puerto Rico bought up by
trusts and syndicates. They want to get
them into the United States free of duty,
giving . hundreds of thousands of dollar
of profit to the syndicates. The syndi
cates are fighting the bill, and I havo
giverr ySa the reason why. There has not
been, nor Is there now, to my knowledge,
a lobby working for the Puerto Rican
bill, but these syndicates and the codfish
Interests of New England and other in
terests. Including the flour interests, aro
all trying to get Into Puerto Rico without
paying the 15 per cent duty 011 their pro
ducts, as proposed In the bill. Now, why
have wo Imposed this 15 per cent? .Puerto
Rico Is poor, and has been swept by devas
tating winds and destructive floods. Her
people are not able to pay the expenses
of their government. No one wants tho
United States to pay the expenses ot
running the governments of any of our
several possessions. The 'people them
selves In each of the islands or groups
should pay their own expenses. "We must
first give her a local government, and
both houses of Congress are at work upon
that problem, and. In my opinion, that
problem will be wisely solved when It 13
done. But It will take a year and a half
or two years to formulate a government
for her and to put It In running order,
so that those people may raise money to
run then- own government. This duty
will be felt by none except the syndicates
and trustsand such Interests that will do
the buying there and the shipping to
Puerto Rico. Indirectly, some of this will
be paid by the consumers, but it would
fall lightly upon them, while a direct tax
will be simply brutal and Inhuman. The
bill al30 provides that this tax shall ex
pire in two years, which Is time enough
to allow tho government machinery of
Puerto Rico to get Into working order.
There Is no proposition to put a perma
nent burden upon Puerto Rico, but It la
merely a temporary expedient for her own
"Never was a bill so misrepresented and
misunderstood as our Puerto Rlcan bill,
and tho time will come la tho near fu
ture when those who propose a direct
tax, which would Tesult from abnolute frea
trade, will suffer In every possible way for
their misguided conduct and for their self
"What the Senate is going to do la
problematical. It has Its share of cow
ards. The Senate Is always tho body upon
which the great Interests concentrate their
efforts to defeat proper legislation. But
this fact Temalns that I have the know
ledge that I have done my simple duty,
and have done It In consultation and co
operation with the President of tho
United States, whoso heart Is quick to
feel tho afflictions of the little Island. I
have done It In conference with such men
ns Allison, Foraker and the earnest pa
triots of the Senate, who, defying special
interests and combinations, are trying to
map out -a. plan for the present needs of
Puerto Rico and to keep our country so
that It will be unfettered and fitted for
the wise treatment needed for all of theso
Tariff Sentiment In the House.
There Is a great deal of speculation as
to how those house members who sup
ported the Puerto Rlcan tariff against
their will, will act when they have another
chance to vote on It. As a. matter of fact,
there were many who. before the vote wis
taken In the House, declared In most em
phatic terms that they would not sup
port the tariff, and then gave under, and
It Is noticed that these same men are now
reticent about being quoted. They avoid
the question, saying they do not know in
what shape the bill will come back,
and would not like to commit themselves.
In all probability, the same Influences
which worked upon them before will con
trol again and the second vote will bo
fully as strong as the first. In spite of tho
almost universal sentiment of the peopla
against the tariff. Some of them assert
that. In the face of the appropriation re
cently made, there Is no necessity for levy
ing a further tariff for the good of the
people of the Island, but they assert them
selves so weakly that it is not probable
they will stand by their honest belief.
The National Republican Committee ha3
paid Mr. Tongue a nice compliment in
incorporating Into Its collection of financial
papers a portion of his speech delivered
on that subject in tho present congress.
His speech, together with that of Senator
Aldrlch, Representatives McLeary, Over
street and others. Is now belnir Bread
J broadcast over the country,