Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
AWL -Ik - w ww wwk . P jf
VOL. XL. NO. 12,249.
.PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
THE WATER OF HEALTH
la drunk daily by .the elite of. society, and the bon vlvant, to -whom the best of
everything Is none too good. Call for It at any of the leading hotels, clubs, bars &r
THE TRADE SUPPLIED BY
ROTHCHILD BROS., ggSi2S?&Si PORTLAND, OREGON
ikil ketscuax; Fn
ntm km vismmvx
CHANGE) Or KAXAOKXEKT.
American m European PLAN: SS!5Sv::;.-:SS SS SS
J. H. CUTTER WHISKY
(n Bulk and Caes. Far sale by
BLUMAUER- FRANK DRUG CO.
Turkish and Persian
A I l?TIIVJ
aui 1 ivn
Rugs almost being given way at this sale.
You cannot afford to miss iL Come and see.
Befter Ones at $50,
Carriages, Wagons, Harness, 320-336 E.Morrison St.
' COST ONE MILLION DOLLARS
fltADQMRTERS FOR TOURISTS AND COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS
Special titea matte te faratlles aa t aln-rle reatlemea. Th xatBtce
sat will tre pleased at all tlnaca te ukatr reemi aao xclTe prices. A atU
a TartcUk1 bth eatafclUfcweat la the betel. K. C. BOWERS. Xaaasetv
library Association of Portland
24,000 volumes and
$5.00 a year or $150
Two books allowed
flOURS From 9fi0 A. rj. to WK P
Is an Instrument
by means of which
anyone can play the
piano. It Is so
wonderful in its power !
that It must be seen
to be appreciated.
It will pay you
to come and see it
THE AEOLIAN CO. .
Mai-quant -Bfdg.t cer. Seventh-Street.
a w. mowuM. ur.
sts., mm, mm
J. 0. Mack & Co.
88 Third Sb
f fp. Clankf ti CsMMftt
at 2 and 8 P.M.
AT 126 THIRD ST.,
OPPOSITE THE DEKUM
$60, $75 and $100
from $60 to $250
, kti Vytui.
tetots ScttU at! fig
over 200 periodicals
on all subscriptions
M. dsHy. except Sundays and hoSdra.
This is a question often
asked of shoes, but not always
thought of In connection with
eyeglasses, and yet the latter
Is by far the more important.
A poorly fitting shoe makes
Itself knownDy pain; poor
eyeglasses rflaPnot be noticed
until material damage has
been done. It's safer to have
your eyes properly fitted with
133 SIXTH STREET
JOUBERT TOO LATE
Boer Commander Was Hurry
ing to Bloemfontein.
HE FOUND THE RAILWAY CUT
Gatacre pressed the Orange .River
tt&tL Occupied Bethulle Seathera
Free State Clear of Boers.
LONDON, March 16. 5 A- M. Events are
moving In the South African campaign in
a speedy and satisfactory manner from
both the military and political points of
view. It could hardly have been ex
pected by the most sanguine Englishmen
that they -would take a turn so favorable.
It appears that when Major "Weston cut
the railway north of Bloemfontein, he
thereby Intercepted General Joubert, who,
far from having retired from the cam
paign, was then coming southward with
3080 men, presumably to superintend the
defense. Elaborate defense works three
miles long had been prepared outside the
town. No Boer wounded were left in
Bloemfontein. "When asked the reason
by Lord Roberts, Mr. Frarer Teplfed: "The
burghers do not like fish, and would
not care to go to Cape Town."
The evidence goes to show that so far
as the southern part of the Free State
is concerned, there will be no further re-
sistance. It Is understood that Mr. Fra-
zer, Mr. "Wessels and other leaders are
quite prepared to accept the position of a
self-governing British colony.
The cheers which greeted the reading
in Parliament yesterday of the carre
snondence with the United Statosre-
-echoed throughout the country. The
speech of M, Del Casse has increased this
satisfaction, and, taken with the general
belief that Emperor Nicholas Is person
ally averse to any intervention, these
cfdents spread the idea that there will
no further serious attempt to hit
from any quarter.
Montagu "White's threat. In an
lean newspaper, that the Boars will
Johannesburg, and raze It to the gro
if necessary, Is not taken .very serious
Mr. Chamberlain's statement that Presi
dent Kruger has already been warned as
to .the consequence of such conduct Is re
garded as showing that -sufficient precau
tion Tias been taken. The Times suggests
that burghers should be warned that their
farms would be taxed as a guarantee
against any damage to British property,
but no serious apprehensions are .enter
tained of such conduct as Mr. "White is
wild to have foreshadowed. J. B. Robin
son, the millionaire -mlneowner. says ho
does not believe the Boers would be so
By the time Lord Roberts reaches the
Vaal River he will command some 80009
men. while General Buller will have 40.00ft.
From the military point of view the crit
ics now think there Is nothing to fear.
A dispatch to the Dally Mall from
Lourenco Marques, dated Thursday, says
that strong commandos are massinc at
Warrenton. where the Free Staters are go
ing to make a stand.
Farce Gacs South Frew Blaeafeatela
te Jala Him.
LONDON, March 15.-The War Office ha
received the following from Lord Roberts:
"Bloemfontein, Thursday, March 15. 7;55
P. M. General Gatacre crossed the Orange
River and occupied Bethulie this morn
ing. General Reginald Pole-Carew, with
000 men of the Guards brigade, two guns
and a small body of mounted infantry, left
here in throe trains this morning to Join
hands with General Gatacre and General
Clements. He had passed Bethany by
4"40 P. M., without meeting with oppo
sition, having been able to supply from his
troops engine-drivers, firemen, fitters,
molders, smiths, carpenters, etc"
FEARED THE TRAXSVAALERS.
People of Bloemfontein "Welcomed
the British. '
LONDON, March IG.-The Standard has ,
the following dispatch from Bloemfonte-n, j
dated Thursday, March 15:
"The civil authorities here definitely
made up their minds to surrender Mon
day. A stormy meeting was held, presided
over by Mr. Steyn, whom Mr. Frazer de
nounced as a coward, charging him wl.h
a want 'of enough moral courage to cop-i tha5 ? reply of the Premier to the ap
Tvlth the situation. The inta Pr.don: Pca ot Presidents Kruger and Steyn
was, however, not to be persuaded, and
when the meeting broke up he left for for
"The occupation was extremely orderly
-"-. ClUtlJ Jl UV J
and well managed. The spectacle was
most impressive, when the Sixth division ,
marched through In grand style, notwith-
standing that, like the rest of the army,
It had covered 40 miles In 27 hours.
"Large numbers of the burghers are
surrendering their arms. Many have fled
to their homes. Others are trekking to
the east or to the north with their catt-e
and goods. During the last few days tho
Inhabitants ot Bloemfontein had been in
deadly fear of the violence of the Trans
vaalers, and consequently the city ic3cm
bles rather a relieved than a captuted
"Mr. Wessels, President of the Rand,
has gone to England to solicit - public
sympathy and to plead for the Independ
ence of the Free State."
OCCUPATION OF BLOD3IFONTEIX.
Ilovr Lord RoberlK Entered the Tottb
BLOEMFONTEIN. Tuesday, March 11
Lord Roberts entered the Free State cap-
1 ltal today, practically unopposed. He lay
' at Venter's Vlel, 14 miles away, last night,
with General Kelly-Kenny's and General
Colvllle's divisions, the Guards Brigade
I and the mounted infantry. General
I French, having cut the railway and tele-
some Boers holding the kopjes southeast
of the town. Early in the morning the
cavalry brigade moved forward and occu
pied several kopjes, which commanded the
Boers. A few well-placed shells from the
horse artillery drove oit the enemy.
General French then sent out scouts to
feel their -way toward ..he town, perceiv
ing Which the correspondents of the Syd
ney Herald and the London Dally New,
-with one other, galloped forward and en
tered the town, whicn wore an every-day
newspaper men were regarded as towns
folk. "When later It became known tnat
they were the forerunners ot the British
army, they were greeted cordially and
conducted to a club, where they met Mr.
Frazer, of the executive council, the
Mayor and other officials. Those they
persuaded to take carriages and go to
meet Lord Roberts.
As the Darty drove out of the city the
British cavalry were closing around like a
huge net. The deputation soon arrived
opposite the kopje where Lord Roberts
was stationed and this correspondent rode
forward and had the honor of announcing
to the Commander-in-Chief 'that Bloemfon
tein would surrender. A little later the
(deputation began to approach, and Lord
The scene was picturesque In the ex
treme. A few yards away the guns of a
battery pointed their grim mouths toward
the late position of the Boers, while the
tin roofs of Bloemfontein shone In the dis
tance. After salutes had been exchanged,
a member of the deputation stepped for
ward and declared that the town wished to
surrender, hoping that Lord Roberta
would protect life and property. He re
plied that, providing there was no oppo
sition, he would undertake to guarantee J
the security of both. The interview was
very cordial, without a sign of soiemnness.
It struck this correspondent that the dtpu
tatlon seemed relieved by the presence ol
the British troops. Lord Roberts notified
the deputation of his intention of enter
ing the town In state, and they withdrew
to inform the townspeople.
Lqrd Roberts then tau.de his military
disposition, ordering the First Brigade to
follow him and to take possession of the
town. "With his staff and the military
attaches he descended the kopje and ar
rived on the plait, where he waited until
the brigade approached. Then he entered
the city, followed by his personal staff,
the general staff, the military attaches anl
SECRETARY REXTZ STATEMENT.
Refatation of the Arjrasaeata ia Sal
PRETORIA, "Wednesday, March In
state Secretary Reltz' refutation of Lord
Salisbury's arguments in the reply to the
Bloemfontein Joint note was issued today.
Mr. Rletz says:
"The British Government, after the
Bloemfontein conference, endeavored to
enforce by threats certain changes in the
internal government of the Transvaal Re
public contrary to the London cpnventlon.
They also imported troops in great num
bers and broke oft negotiations with a.
threat to take their own means to remove
the grievances of their subjects. After
waiting a fortnight while an army corps
was prepared and the reserves were being
called out by the British, President Steyn
asked the reasons of these njoceedlnjs. sir
Alfred Milner refused tflPHfly. Mean
while, Mr. Chamberlain, 'm his speeches,
showed the world that England had de-
.ed on war. Accordingly the Transvaal
ubllc addressed to the British Govern-
t a demand for the withdrawal of their
as otherwise it would accept the
nee of the troops as a declaration of
ar. That was not necessarily Intended aa
a message of war."
Concerning the armaments, Mr. Belts
"These were bought openly In England
and In Europe, and the High Commission
ers boasted full knowledge of them at the
Bloemfontein conference, and also full de
scriptions of those armaments were found
among the official papers at Dundee.
"Both the army and the ultimatum wero
protective measures subsequent to the raid
and to the discovery, through concealed
cables, that British Cabinet Ministers were
implicated in the attempt to filch away the
independence of the Republic. Now all
doubt Is- removed by Lord Salisbury's tele
gram. The burghers must fight for their
national existence, trusting that God will
defend the right."
Xot a Reply to Salisbury,
LONDON, March 16. The Pretoria cor-
respondent of the Dally Mail, telegraphing
"Wednesday, says: , :
jMc Raits statement has been -mib- j
Had"t)rwgMot rOf RpMKy butewlllf
nob be forwarded to Lord .Salisbury. Con-
versatio-iw I have had with' the, highest
state officers show that the Republic was
prepared to grant substantial reforms and
concessions until the receipt of Lord Salis
bury's telegram. As one of the highest
statesmen remarked: 'Better half an egg
than none, but better none than a rotten
METHUE.V PRAISES THE BOERS.
Lack of Vladictire FeeliRjr Between
the Two Armies.
CAPE TOWN, March 15. Lord Methuen,
speaking at the Town Hall at Klmberley
"Although some of the enemy's men
were guilty of dastardly tricks, we must
remember that their army Is not organized
with the same discipline as our own. 1
never wish to meet a braver General than
Cronje, and never served In a war where
there was lets vindictive feeling between
the two armies than In this one.'
Peace Party's Resolution.
LONDON. March 15. The executive com
mittee of those who have organized them
selves tnto a body In favor of stopping tho
war publishes a resolution to the effect
"tears off the mask and reveals the truth,
so long denied, that the war Is being
waged for the destruction of the Indepen
dence of the Dutch commonwealths, and
A 1 n wt v n 11 w.111 An a. . ..
""1"' ? Y '" ".'" U"V "II" "" .""?, "S
-Jiir ,iI t . r.i, TeT
w111 untte ln a fi0lcrnn W'
WILL. CHANGE ITS ROUTE.
Great Northern AbRBdnss Part of Its
MINNEAPOLIS, March 15. The Great
Northern has decided tu abandon over 1M
miles of Its line in Western Montana.
Dutiuing nearly as much new track, in
i order to avoid some bad grades and
marsnes. worK will begin as soon as the a view of a cessation of hostilities anu
weather will permit The new line leaves that a similar request Is made to the rep-
the old one several miles west of Kallspell, resentatives of European powers. In com-
and while following In a general way the munlcatlng this request, I am directed by
course of tho old line, climbs up into the the president to express his earnest hope
uplands. It will rejoin the old lino at- that a way to bring about peace may be
Llbby. and all stations between that point j found and to say that he would be glad to
and Kallspell will be missed. aid ln any friendly manner to promote
so happv a result. HAY."
ei.T n i -i ii Mr. "Whlto Teplicd to Secretary Hay. un
sold Out to the Pallman. der date of March .
SAN FRANCISCO, March 15. The j i communicated yesterday to the Under
Southern Pacific Company will relinquish secretary for Foreijm-Arrairs. having hem
all Interest In the Pullman cars on its unahle to see Lord Saltaburv. the contents
sys tern. April 1. It was officially announced 0f your telegram dated 10th Inst. Today
today that a new contract has been en- i have had an Interview with His Lord
tcred Into between the Southern Pacific PhiPt who requested me to thank the Pres
and the Pullman Company whereby the ident for tha friendly Interest shown by
latter will acquire by purchase all of the njm ana adds that Her Majesty's Govern
companys sleeping car Interests and will j roent cannot accept the intervention ot
in future operate sleeping cars over the
Southern Pacific lines, under a mileage
arrangement similar to that existing on all
the other big railroad systems of the coun
try. The price paid by the Pullman Com
pany is said to be $1,300,000.
Ilnntinprton's Gnntcmala Line.
SAN FRANCISCO. March 15. D. B.
Hodgson, general manager of the Fcrro-
- .a tsxrsss' i
of the Guatemala Central Ttallrnn,! frrTn
Guatemala City east to the Atlantic Coast.
Mr. Huntington Is the president and own
er of the road, which Is now operated from
San Jose, a port on the Pacific Ocean,
east to Guatemala City.
Reception to Hagrh Hannn.
INDIANAPOLIS, March 15. The Board
of Trade and Commercial Club directors
met today and decided to give a public
reception to Hugh Hanna next week to
celebrate the signing of the currency bill,
which has been fostered by the monetary
commission of which Mr. HanDa is tne
A MORAL OBLIGATION
Our Promises to the Puerto
Ricans Must Be Kept.
PROFESSOR SCHURMANS VIEWS
Fillplaos, Already Distrusting; Urn, Are
"Watcalaa the- Coarse of Lesisla-
tion la This Country.
NEW YORK, March 15. The following
letter from President J. G. Schurman, of
Cornell University, President of the old
Philippine Commission, to a personal
friend, is published here today:
"I agree with you that the "United States
is under obligation to extend Its tariff
laws to the Island of Puerto Rico. But
I cannot accept your contention that this
obligation 'is derived from the Constitu
tion, which, In my Judgment, does not, of
its own force, apply to annexed territory.
The obligation Is moral, not Constitu
tional. "As the President said, with equal truth
j and felicity, it Is our plain duty. "We are
uuunu iu mil. uuune uy uuicuiu ptuiuioea.
The supreme and irresistible reason, for re
moving all customs barriers between the
United States and Puerto Rico Is the
promise made by General Miles, when the
first landing was made by American forces
on the Island, that the Puerto Ricans
should enjoy the same rights, provisions
and immunities as the people of the
United States. On this understanding the
Puerto Ricans accepted American sover
eignty, not only without opposition, but
with joyful trust and confidence. The
present Issue is simply this:
"Shall we repudiate or shall we ful
fill the National engagements? Shall this
great Republic break faith with the little
Island of Puerto Rico? Having secured
the fruits of General Miles' promise, shall
we now renounce, the- prom'se? The Amer
ican people wilt not tolerate any paltering
with solemn obligations Recognizing the
National good faith as the Nation's chief
eat good, they will condemn any violation
of It as the blackest crime. All over the
country this Puerto Rlcan question has
stirred to the deepest the National heart
and conscience. Legislation inspired by a
breach ef good faith will bring a terrible
"It Is said a tariff is needed between
Puerto Rico and the United States to
provide a. case for the courts to deter
mine the extent of our Jurisdiction over
the dependencies, especially the Philip
pines. I answer that no convenience, no
expediency, no other obligation, ever Jus
tified a breach of the National good faith.
"Let me add, too, that this Puerto
Rlcan. legislation Is testing us before the
eyes of the Filipinos, who keep well In
formed on all our doings. They will judge
Jby this legislation the value of American
1 promises. "When the ablest and most
statesmanlike of Agulnaldo's emissaries to
the Philippine Commission once expressed
the fear that the American Government
might not keep the promises it was mak-
lng, for Spain, said he, made promises
and broke them, I silenced him with the
reply, 'Slgnoriba. United States is jiot.
gpate.'!. ri& bow to learn, are all the
Filipinos now" to learn, 'that In the first
legislation for our dependencies we prove
faithless to our pledges and recreant to
our obligations? Such an exhibition of
ourselves" will strengthen the hands of
Agulnaldo and the Insurgents, because,
unhappily, it can be used to support their
persistent statement that the Americans
are no more trustworthy than the Span
iards. At the very moment when we need
to Inspire confidence In the minds of the
conquered Filipinos, shall we commit an
act which will confirm their distrust of
us, quicken their suspicions and breed new
and perhaps Ineradicable antipathy? God
Papers Passing; -TlironRU State De
partment Seat to the Senate.
"WASHINGTON, March 15. In response
to a resolution, the President today sent
to the Senate the correspondence relating
to the requests for mediation In South
Africa. The first document Is a dispatch
from Pretoria, dated March 10. which
"Am officially requested by the Govern
ments of the Republics to urge your In
tervention with a view to cessation of bos
tll'tles: similar request made to represen
tatives of European powers. Answer: con
firm receipt. AMERICAN CONSUL."
Mr. Kay responded:
"Tour teleeram asking offices of tne
1UU1 LCAV,f MM w.w. w. --w
United States to bring aoout the cessation
of hostilities has been made subject ot
friendly communication to the British
Government, with expressions of Presi
dent's earnest hope for peace. HAY."
Secretary Hay telegraphed Mr. "White.
Secretary of the American Embassy at
"By way of friendly good offices, you
will Inform the British Minister for For
eign Affairs that I am today In receipt ot
a cablegram from the United States Con
sul at Pretoria representing that the gov
ernmpnts of the two African Republics
request the President's intervention with
' flny nower. WHITE."
Mr. Hay telegraphed the Consul at Pre
toria, under date of March 14, the follow
ing: "Your communication of request of re
publtc? for Intervention of President to
cause cessation of hostilities was at once
conveyed to British Government, with x
presslonsot President's gratification could
ho aid to promote peace. Our Embassy
In London repl'ed that Lord Salisbury
thanks the President for friendly Interest
Bhown and adds Her Majesty's Govern
ment cannot accept the intervention of
The President's message Is simply one of
Standard OilH Els: Dividends.
NEW YORK. Marclfcl5. The Standard
Oil Company dlsburaT i20.000.COO ln divi
dends today. It wasflne regular quarterly
dividend of 3 perflmt. and 17 per cent
extra cash dlvldeiwstock. This probably
Is the largest cashjBlsbursement ever mnde
at any one time on the stock "of a single
corporation. Standard Oil was quoted on
the curb today at 53S bid. The magnitude
of the shifting of capital Involved In to
day's pament may be judged by the fact
that the largest quarterly payment which
the United States Government ever has to
make on Its debts Is $5,450,000.
New Yorlc Mass Meeting: Addressed
"by Montaga White.
NEW. YORK. March 15. There was a
meeting of Boer sympathizers at Cooper
Union tonight, at which George H. van
Hoesen presided. Montagu "White, the
Boer representative; John E. Mulholland
and P. L. "Wessels. a representative of the
Orange Free State, made speeches. Mr.
van Hoesen prophesied that "not until all
the Boers are In their graves or all the
English are in flight will the war be over."
President McKInley's name was hissed
and hooted and the mention of Bryan's
name broueht forth cheers.
Mr. "White made the references to Bryan
that were cheered. Another remark of h's
that was enthusiastically cheered was:
"I hope the day may be far distant when
there Is in reality a case of 'hands acrosc
the sea' to stifle the life and independ
ence of America."
Referring to his interview wfth iegard
to the probable destruction of Johannes
burg by the Boers, he said:
"A nation making war cannot provide
a drawing-room for Its enemy. The Boera
would, neither have lost nor gained by the
destruction of Bloemfontein; but the case
of Johannesburg Is different, as It would
provide splendid barrack accommodation
for the British, and by reason of Its loca
tion and other advantages an Invaluable
base for operations."
As to the reported statement of the
British that President Kruger would be
held personally responsible for any de
struction of property, he said:
"President Kruger Is very well able to
take care of himself, and If he is not, I
call upon you to take care of him."
Mr. Wessete spoke briefly, beginning
with a reference to the reverence with
which the Boers regard their women, and
the fad that tha women have been fight
ing in the trenche? He ieclared the
Boers had demonstrated and would dem
onstrate their right and fitness to govern
themselves. He charged England with
supplying the natives rath guns to use
against the Dutch; with falsifying the
surveys. In order to get possession of the
diamond fields; with mussing the native
and Boers, and with other reprehensible
things. . He concluded with an appeal tht
America Intervene lo stop hostilities, and
reiterated the statement that European
nations would have Intervenio If they had
but known how the United States stands.
THE CUBAN PROBLEM.
Will Be Taken Up AVlien Puerto Rico
Is Out of the Way.
NEW YORK. March 15. A special to
the Times from Washington says:
Four weeks hence, the year allowed by
the treaty of peace with Spain for the
Spanish Inhabitants of Cuba to decide
whether they -will be Cuoan or Spanish cit
zens will expire. Immediately after that
date. April 11, according to the programme
laid down by the Administration at the
opening of the present session of Con
gress, preparations are to be made for the
holding of municipal elections and ulti
mately for the election of a convention
which will decide upon the Cuban form
ot government. To that government, ac
"cording to the- original programme, the
United States is to- surrender the control
of the Island.
. Whether that programme will be carried
out In Its entirety cannot certainly be said.
The Senate committee on Cuban affairs
has the subject before it. The plan was
Senator Forakers, and he secured the
consent of the Administration to it at a
time when powerful Interests were con
tending for a different policy, and wheis.
they had progressed so far that the plan
had been announced to the public as the
President's plan. Senator Foraker Is con
fident that it will be adopted, and it is
understood that this Is the reason why ha
Is so anxious for the immediate adoption
of a civil government for Puerto Rico, with
or without a tariff annex. He wants
Puerto Rico out of the way, it Is said,
ln time for the bigger Cuban problem to
have a free field.
Senator Piatt, of Connecticut, has start
ed for Cuba with Senators Aldcich and
Teller. Senator Piatt Is chairman of the
committee on relations with Cuba, and he,
with Senators Aldrich and Teller, form a
subcommittee which has been delegated to
go to Cuba and study the situation. Noth
ing has been said about the duration of
the stay the three Senators will make.
It Is understood, however, that their visit
relates to the plebiscite of April IL
DEMOCRATS OF RHODE ISLAND
Platform Declares Against
hIou. and Trust.
PROVIDENCE. R. I., March 15. Tho
Democratic State convention today nomi
nated the following ticket: Governor. Na
than Littleffeld; Lieutenant-Governor, A
Dutcher; Secretary of State. Clark Potter;
General Treasurer. Fayette Bartlett; Attorney-General,
D. J. Holland.
The platform begins with a quotation
from the Declaration of Independence as
to the "certain Inalienable rights" with
which ve are endowed, and continues:
"We hold with the Revolutionary heroes
that taxation without representation Is
tyrannical; with Charles Sumner, that tho
Constitution should be Interpreted In the
light ot the Declaration of Independence,
and with Abraham Lincoln, that no man
Is good enough to govern another man
without that other's consent. No people
should bo annexed to the United States
against their will, and, however willing
to come, no people should be admitted
except to equal rights. A republic can
not afford to have a subject population.
The Constitution must always follow the
flag a government of law and not of men.
"When a corporation possesses the
power to arbitrarily raise prices or de
press wage3, it Is in effect a trust. Every
such trust existing In the United States
should be controlled by national legisla
tion, and when based upon a monopoly Us
special provisions should be abolished."
The Chicago platform Is Indorsed and
SNOW IN THE SOUTH.
Unusual "Wcnther In Texns, Mississip
pi and Louisiana.
HOUSTON, Tex.. March 15. Last night
and today enow fell ln North Texas, ex
tending as far south as Waco, something
never known before.
UTICA, Miss.. March 15. Considerable
otow fell here during the day.
ARCADIA. La., March 15. Snow fell
here today from early morning to near
British Pacific Cable "Wanted.
OTTAWA, March 15. In the Senate to
night, Mr. Rowell moved a resolution,
which was adopted, setting forth that a
further delay In the construction of the
Pacific cable would be Inimical to the in
terests of the empire, and strongly depre
cating any further concessions to the
Eastern Extension or any other company.
The resolutions also favored state owner
ship of cables.
WHEN IT BLOWS OVER,
Tariff Men Wait For Popular
Clamor to Abate.
HOPING FOR AN ADJUSTMENT'
Quay Supporters In Hard Straita i
Populists In a Dilemma Fund far -Harbor
WASHINGTON, March 15. It Is evident
that the Puerto Rico tariff men of the
Senate have come to the conclusion that
they cannot pass their bill at tho pres
ent time, for the reason they have con
sented to allow the matter to wait until
some adjustment can be reached. The
fact Is. they are hoping that tho -clamor
throughout the country will abate, and
that the letter from the cabinet officer
and the pledges that have been made by
various Senators and Representatives In
favor of Imposing a tariff on the depend
encies will have the effect of checking tho
demand that the message of the Presi
dent be carried out. and that free trade
be given to Puerto Rico. The tariff Sena
tors are very much afraid that any free
trade amendment that Is offered to tha
Foraker bill now pending will delay tha
vote on this subject as long as possible.
Forcing" the Quay Case.
The bitterness which tho Quay people
marlfest toward those who oppose the
seating of Quay, and who desire to de
bate the situation, indicates that they are
ln very hard straits. It Is evident that
some of the pledges which are out In
favor of Quay are likely to expire, and
for this reason efforts are being made to
get a vote at once. Penrose, who was
made Senator by Quay, Is evidently being
urged by his former colleague and present
boss to force a vote, and that Is what h
appears to be doing. The forcing process
Is not very satisfactory to a large num
ber of Senators, and even those who in
tend to vote for Quay may be compelled'
to postpone the case on account of the
determination of Penrose to force them'
to vote ahead of their time.
Populist "Straw Ticket."
The Populists are not qulto happy m
having their convention so far ahead of
the Democratic National Convention. At
the time a date was fixed, the Bryan
Ites sought to make the Populists be
lieve that they were running a race with
the Democracy for the nomination of
Bryan. The Gorman element in the Demo
cratic party prevailed and held the Demo-t
cratlc convention back, which will maka
the nomination of Bryan May 19 by tho
Populists a ridiculous farce. Besides,
many of the MIddle-of-the-Roaders are
raising a stiff cry against Bryan.
A suggestion has been made, with bare
foundation, that the managers of tha
Sioux Falls early convention. Allen and
Butler and their kind, will put up a
"straw ticket" at Sioux Falls, and after
the Democrats have nominated Bryan at
Kansas City, use the ticket for a trading
purposo by agreeing to withdraw it under
certain pledges. This would be rather a
shrewd move, ana plight "Insure the re-"?
turn ot -Butler and Allen to the Senate
by Democratic support in North Caro
lina, and. If they have any control In Ne
braska, many other offices could be trad
ed at the same time. The offices are now
the principal object of the Populist party.
A River and Harljor Fund.
Chairman Burton, of the river and har
bor committee, says that while there Is
not the slightest possibility of a river and
harbor bill at this sess'on. his committeo
is considering the advisability of recom
mending an appropriation of about $500,000
rs an emergency fund for river and har
bor Improvements. Such a fund would, of
course, be general In character, but Mr.
Burton says If the appropriation Is made
a portion of It would undoubtedly be al
lotted to the Improvement of tho mouth
of the Columbia, Further than this, Mr.
Burton says it will be absolutely Impossi
ble to secure any money for this great
project until the next river and .harbor bill
ls passed. But he admits that the Waf
Department in the pas has opposed all
such emergency appropriations, and may
do so this year.
Railroad Lr.nd In Foment Reserves.
Representative Wilson. f Idaho, today
Introduced a resolution requesting the
Secretary of the Interior to Inform tha
House as to the number of acres now In
cluded within forest reserves belonging to
land-grant ral'road companies, tha
amount of forest-reserve scrip Issued
therefor, the market value of said scrip,
and the estimated value of the land In
lieu of which said scrip was Issued, to
gether with a statement showing whether
the request for the creation of said forest
reserves came from the piple residing
within the states where paid reserves aro
created cr from the land-grant railroad
companies, who have thus beer enabled
to exchange lands of little value for forest-reserve
scrip worth many times tha
value of the lands In lieu of which It was -Issued.
Excluded From Olympic Reserve.
Secretary Hitchcock this afternoon
asyreed to the exclusion of approximately
! 200,000 acres of valley and foothill lands In
i Clallam County, now Inside the Olympic
j forest reserve. The recommendations for
, exclusion, as made by Superintendent Shel
i ler. and which have been advocated for
fully a year-by Senator Foster and tho
! Washington delegation, are approved ex
cepting as regards the northwestern part
of Clallam County. The lands now ex
1 eluded, as recommended, will be exam
i lned again with a view to settling the dis
puted points. No action was taken today
i regarding the lands desired to be excluded
by settlers In Jefferson County.
Monument to Maine Victims.
KEY WEST, Fla., March 15. The un
veiling of the monument dedicated by citi
zens of Key West to the heroes of the
battle-ship Maine, who died In Havana
February 15, 1S9S, and who were burled
here, took place this afternoon. Over
10,000 people were present.
Rev. Charles W. Frazer, the orator of
the day, made an eloquent speech, and
the benediction was pronounced by Chap
lain Royce. After the unveiling hundreds
of school children covered the graves with
wreaths and flowers.
An Impossible Tan.
WASHINGTON. March 15 Acting Sec
retary Melklejohn Informs the Senate that
It Is practically impossible for the War
Department, without additional clerical
assistance, to comply with the resolution
introduced by Senator Turner, calling
upon that department for a detailed state
ment of the amounts paid to individual
officers and enlisted men brought home
from the Philippines on account of travel
pay and subsistence, and also as to bounty
paid to soldiers In the Philippines for re
Furniture Factory Destroyed.
MUSKEGON. Mich., March 15. Fire to
night destroyed the Sans & Maxwell Fur
niture Factory at Pentwater. The lo3
is estimated at $300,03).