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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 10, 1900)
VOL. XL. NO. 12,244.
.PORTLAND. OREGON, SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ANY SIZE. ASY.aUAA'TITV.
MACKINTOSHES. RUBBER AND OIL CLOTHING
Goodyear Rubber Company
Rubber Boots and Shoes. Bcltlnjj, Packing and Host.
Largest and nott complete assortment ot all kinds of Rabber Goods.
F. H. PEASE. Vice.Pm. and Manager
Furs! Furs! Furs!
Manufacturers of Exclusive Novelties in Fine Furs, ALASKA
OUTFITS in Fur Robes, Fur Overcoats, Caps, Gloves,
Moccasins, etc. Highest price paid for Raw Furs. ,
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First-Class Check Restaurant
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BANK AND OFFICE RAILING
WIRE AND IRON FENCING nnrTI AlVlfl UIDC T IDAW llfkniC
For public buildings, resi- rUlULinU TTIIXL IIWll mftlVJ
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AH kinds of wire work.
St. Charles Hotel
4 FROtnfr AND ,MORRtSONSTREETS
. PORTLAND.- OREGON r x "
American and European Plan.
INCUBATORS AND BROODERS
Also a full line of other supplies for poultry-keepers.
Portland Seed Company
CORNER ALDER AND FRONT STREETS
THE PIONEER BRAND
MINCED SEA CLAMS
CLEAN WHOLESOME NUTRITIOUS DELICIOUS
The first firm who ever thoroughly dressed clams for packing purposes. The
keynote tp their delicate flavor that over 1000 people have so highly complimented in
letters, we have on file. Our greatest tr ouble Is in getting people to try the goods.
Ask for the Pioneer Brand, as there are Imitators. All jobbers and retailers handle
the Pioneer Brand.
Mural Shape Men's Shoes
TANS AND BLACK.
E. C. Goddard & Co.
Blsbnrsln;? Clerk Arrested.
"WASHINGTON. March 9. Chief Wllkle.
of the Treasury Secret Service, was noti
fied today of the arrest, in Philadelphia,
of Edward E. Grimmell, formerly a civ
Ulan clerk In the disbursing office of the
Medical Department under Major D. H.
Hall, in San Francisco. Chief "Wllkle
states that on December 23, Grimmell de
camped with a clerk book containing 400
checks of the regulation engraved kind
used by the disbursing clerks, directed to
the Assistant Treasurers of the United
States. He came East and South and In
January drew checks made payable to
him to an amount approximating' $10,000.
Sir Charles Hall.
LONDON, March 9. Sir Charles Hall,
Is hie 53th year, died this morning.
Hand- I By All
see I Will stes
leather ft yl !pj
73 and 75 First SL. Portland. Or.
BEST FIVE-CENT CIGAR MADE
- Frank Drug. Co."tor
126 SECOND ST., near WashlnQton.
Single rooms 75c to IL50 per day
Double rooms ?1.00 to $2.00 per day
AT LOW PRICES
7th and Alder Streets
C T. BELCHER, Sec. and Treas.
American plan $1.25. J1.50, IL75
European plan 50c. 75c,' 51.00
If your eyes ache, something' 1a
the matter. It may be a temporary
or It may be a permanent trouble.
Most eye aches are caused by
misshapen or malformed eyes.
These things do not appear on the
surface, but roust be examine Into
by the optician.
For all malformations of the eye
ball there are suitable lenses which
relieve pain, cure muscular trouble,
strengthen various parts and give
oyon't try to see without glasses
if it pains -your eyes to do so, but
call at once and have them exam
ined. WALTER REED
133 SIXTH STREET
Labor Disorders 1b Chicago.
CHICAGO. March 9. Efforts of contract
ors today to place nonunion men at work
on buildings In various parts of the city,
work on which has been interrupted by
the strike, resulted In several encounters
between union and nonunion men. At the
new Ogdensburg dock, Ohio and Kingsbury
streets, the contractors succeeded In get
ting eight men through the picket lines of
the union workmen and put them to work.
A few bricks were thrown, nut no one waa
hurt, and the police quickly suppressed
Marblehead's Orders Changed.
SAN DIEGO. CaL, March 9. The cruiser
Marblehead will not go to Corlnto, as was
reported. Her orders have been changed,
and she will proceed to San Francisco.
DEFENSE OF CANAL!
Senate Committee Amends the
PROTECTION OF OUR INTERESTS
Similar to the Saez Convention Ens
land Said to Be Favorable to
WASmNRTON. March 9. The Senate
committee on foreign relations today '
agreed to report the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty, amending the Clayton-Bulwer
treaity, with an amendment granting au
thority for the defense of the canal by
this country, when constructed. The com
mittee was practically unanimous In favor
of the amendment. It is, the opinion of
members of the Senate that the change
will but little delay the ratification of
the treaty as amended.
Morgan -was the only member of the
commlttec who cast his vote against the on3 which up to tnat time naa been con
amendment. Bacon and Daniel, the only troverted between the two Governments.
other Democrats present, voting with the t Referring to the Clayton-Bulwer treaty
Republicans. Thev also voted with the
Republicans to have the treaty reported
as amended. Morgan talked at length
during the sitting of the committee. In
opposition to the amendment, practically
consuming the entire time of the session.
He contended for the utmost liberality
toward other powers In the use of the
proposed canal, and held that American
Interests were fully safeguarded by the
treaty as It stands. He also contended
that an effort to amend the agreement
might result In Its defeat, and Indicated
a purpose to oppose It to the utmost.
Some of the other Senators expressed the
hope that he would not go to Mils ex
tent, and before the meeting adjourned
there was felt to be some ground for
the opinion that the Alabama Senator
would content himself with stating his op
position. "While no member was authorized
speak for Great Britain, the opinion was
expressed that the government of that
country would agree to the proposed
modification of the treaty.
Text of the Amendment
The following is the text of the amend
ment. "Insert at the end of section 5 of article
2 the following:
"It is agreed, however, that none of the
immediately foregoing conditions and
stipulations in sections Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4 and
5 of this act shall apply to measures ,
which the United States may find It nee- '
essary to take for securing by its own
forces the defense of the Interests of the
United States and the maintenance of
The report submitted with the treaty,
which was presented In the executive ses
sion today by Davis, Is In the main a
review of the general situation, with ref-
erence to the canal, with comparatively 4
few recommendations. It says, however:
""We ace in full accord with the pur-
pose, expressed In article 2 of the pending
convention, to adopt as the basis of neu- i
rtniMzatlon thelndlcatearu Je.s, Su2t5gCL!
iy as emooaiea in ir.e treary ot Constan
tinople for the free navigation of the Sues
The report then contains an analysis
of the Suez canal treaty, laying special
stress upon article 10, which the report
says "prescribes limitations of the ut
most Importance upon the stipulations."
That article Is quoted entire, and the
"No equivalent limitations are specific
ally expressed In the convention now un
der consideration. It may be argued with
considerable force that these limitations
are Implied by the general declaration In
article 2 of the pending treaty, that Its
basis Is substantially the treaty of Con
stantinople. But this contention Is not.
In the opinion of your committee, so
clearly correct that the question of the
right can be safely left to Inference or
"The committee thinks It prudent," the
report continues, 'jthat all doubt be re
moved by an amendment equivalent in
its substance and effect to the precedent
offered by article 10 of the treaty of Con
stantinople, which, it can be supposed,
was intended S have no place In the
pending convention. In principle, the
same reason which justified article 10
In the treaty of Constantinople, that It
should not interfere with the measures
which the Sultan and Khedive might And
necessary to take for 'securing by their
own forces the defense of Egypt and the
maintenance of public order,' or If It
were proper that the provision of the enu
merated articles of that treaty should 'In
no case occasion any obstacle to the
measure which the Imperial Ottoman
Government may think it necessary to
take In order to Insure by Its own forces
the defense of Its own possessions situ
ated on the eastern coast of the Red Sea,'
surely the situation of the United States
on both oceans, and as to territory to be
occupied by the canal Itself, requires the
incorporation Into the pending convention
of stipulations equivalent to those In ar
ticle 10 of the convention, of Constan
"If it was wise to reserve to the Otto
nan Empire the right to suspend the op
eration of the treaty In certain specified
contingencies for the purpose of defend
ing by Its own forces Egypt and main
taining public order, and for the purpose
of securing by its own forces the -defense
of Its other possessions situated on
the Eastern coast of the Red Sea, a coast
1100 miles In length, with Turkish posses
sions on both coasts of nearly 600,009
square miles. Inhabited by 12,000,000 of its
subjects In Egypt and In the Provinces of
Hedjof and Yemen, on the east coast of
the Red Sea, the same considerations in
principle sustain the contention that the
pending treaty should contain equivalent
The committee concludes its recom
mendations by quoting Its proposed
amendment, remarking as follows:
"Irrespective of the foregoing considera
tions, we are clearly of the opinion that
If article 10 did not exist, the true Inter
ests and necessity of the United States re
quire, upon the highest considerations of
prudence and right, the adoption of the
Conduct of Great Britain.
The above extracts cover the portion of
the report which was prepared after the
decision to amend the treaty was
reached. There are about 13 printed pages
of the report prepared by the sub-committee,
consisting of Senators DavL-,
Lodge and Morgan. Referring to the diffi
culties which have arisen over the treaty,
the report says:
"The only objections that have been
urged by the United States have not re
lated to the treaty as a binding compact,
but to the conduct of Great Britain In
executing Its terms and In refusing to
abandon certain Islands and coast posses
sions which she claimed' were not held
after the date of the treaty In violation
of Its terms."
The committee calls attention to the fact
that under existing conditions the control
of the canal Is not "exclusive," and
"This magic word has paralyzed the
eager desire of the two great powers to
control this canal for 50 years, and now
its disappearance leaves us free to con
struct and control the canal, excluding
any right of Great Britain to Interfere.."
The committee also concludes:
"The present abrogation of the Clayton
Bulwer treaty would not In the least rein
state the rights of Honduras or Guate
mala, as we allege they were In 1850.
Neither do these states ask our Interven
tion In their affairs. But we have a more
compulsory reason, one that involves our
due respect for the history of our own
country, for ceasing to bring Into further
discurslon the questions of good faith on
the part of Great Britain In the execu
tion of the stipulations and the purposes
of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty."
This reason Is found In the ratification
of the treaties of 1S60, referring to which
the committee says:
"Congress expressed no dissent to them,
or to the President's declaration that 'the
questions arising from the
Clayton-Bulwer treaty have been amic
ably settled.' "We cannot now assert to
the contrary, and for -the purpose of abro
gating that treaty we cannot insist that
those questions are not settled. The con
clusion Is unavoidable that the Govern
ment of the United States acknowledged In
1SG0 that the Clayton-Bulwer treaty was
an obligatory convention, and that it had
, been fully and satisfactorily executed on
ine part or oreat amain as io an ques-
",u culm"'," UJ
"It certainly avoided hostile collisions
between these two great powers, what
ever may have been Its faults aa an en
tangling alliance or national humiliation
to us, or as the cause of protracted and
heated diplomatic controversy. . . .
Since 1SG0 the Clayton-Bulwer treaty has
been in some way recognized by the Gov
ernment in each of the succeeding ad
ministrations as a substituting compact.
Strong reasons for its abrogation have
I "been frequently stated, and some have
alwajs denied its obligatory force, but no
movement to accomplish that result has
been made either by Congress or the Ex
ecutive. This, treaty is. therefore, open
and existing an a binding compact, with
the express approval of the United States.
) As to the question of our control over the
, canal, and our right to build and fortify
It, It is executed and, therefore, unre-
peaiaoie; as io au oiner questions ana
matters covered by its provisions, a ques
tion of its abrogation raised at this time
would only relate to the parts of the
treaty that Temaln to be executed.
4 "The identical treaties of Great Britain
and the United States with Nicaragua
provide for the protection of the canal
and the companies of construction by the
Governments, with the use of military or
civil instrumentalities, and they limit the
profits of the concessionary companies to
15 per cent. In other respects, the Gov-
ernmental supervision for the protecti&n
of the concessionaires, whether British or
Amerlcan, Is nearly supreme, and would
soon become absolute In the dealings of
either of these powers with the protec
tion of their citizens or subjects holding
concessions from Nicaragua. As matters
stand. It has all the time, since these
Identical treaties were concluded, "been a
race of diligence between American and
British concessionaires as to which of
them should gain control of the canal.
One company being installed, would not
necessarily exclude any other,
"The right to & footing in
footing In- Nicaragua.
thurj acquired "by Great Brifaln?4j("?'full
of peril "to this Republic an couty only
De disposed of by further agreement, or
by war, or by uniting the Interests of both
Governments In the Joint ownership of the
canal. Such an arrangement, while It is
still desired by some, would be a fatal
mistake that would soon Involve the coun
tries In war. or It would enlarge and sol
idify the scheme of alliance, offensive and
aerensive, in the control of navigation and
the commerce of the world. It b these
latter treaties that present the real ground
of our present difficulty from which the
convention of 1900 relieves us.'
Interest In the Canal.
Coming to the pending treaty, the report
"No other nation, except the United
States, could have so great an Interest
In the exclusive right to own and con
trol an Isthmian canal, but In this mat
ter, come what may, we are compelled to
assert the superiority of our right, now.
for the first time, conceded by Great
Britain. It Is wise and just, therefore,
that tho value of this concession to us
should be estimated as a great considera
tion for anything we may yield. If we. In
deed, yield anything. In acquiring the ex
clusive right to control the canal by a
modification of the Clayton-Bulwer
"In the convention of February 5, 1900,
Great Britain agreed that the restrictions
as to the exclusive Control of the carial
imposed by the Clayton-Bulwer treaty
shall continue to bind - her, while the
United States is released from It. This
leaves us free to acquire from Costa Rica
and Nicaragua the exclusive control of the
canal for the Government or for our citi
zens, under the protection of the United
States, while it cuts off Great Britain from
any such right."
Speaking of the restrictions in the treaty
the report says:
"These grounds of objection to our ex
clusive control of the canal are all" re
moved by this convention, except those
that relate to fortifications, which, being
expressly stated, aro retained in a new
and modified form. ... '
"If this convention is ratified, Great
Britain could not negotiate with Costa
Rica or Nicaragua, or any other American
state, for any right to build, own, control,
manage, regulate or protect a canal to
connect tho oceans, while the United
States Is, left to enter upon and conclude
such negotiations. There Is nothing, there
fore, to the prejudice of the United States
in the convention of February 5, 1900.
"No American statesman, speaking with
official authority or responsibility, has
ever intimated that the United States
would attempt to control this canal for
the exclusive benefit of our Government
or people. They have all, with one ac
cord, declared that the canal was to be
neutral, even In time of war, and always
open, on terms of impartial equity, to tho
ships and commerce of the world.
"Special treaties for the neutrality. Im
partiality, freedom and innocent use of
the canals that are to be the eastern" and
western gateways of commerce between
the great oceans, are not In keeping with
tho magnitude and universality of the
blessings they must confer upon mankind.
The subject rather belongs to the domain
of international law. The leading powers
of Europe recognized the importance of
this subject In respect to the Suez canal,
and ordained a public international act for
its neutralization that is an honor to tho
civilization of the age. It is the benefl
cient work of all Europe, and not of Great
Britain alone. "Whatever canal Is built
In the Isthmus of Darien will be ultimate
ly made subject to the came law of free
dom and neutrality as governs the Suez
canal p. sa part of the laws of nations
and no single power will be able to resist
Its control. . . -
"The United States cannot take an atti
tude of opposition to the principles of the
great act of October 22, 1SSS, without dis
crediting the official declarations of our
Government for 50 years on the neutrality
of an Isthmian canal and its equal use
by all nations without discrimination. To
set up the selfish motive of gain by es
tablishing a monopoly of a highway that
must derive its income from the patron-
(Concluded or Second Past.)
BOER POWER WANING
British Officials Believe the End
of the War Is Near.
A PAUSE IN THE REINFORCEMENTS
General French Reports His Front
Clear of Datch Joubert'a
LONDON, March 10. 4:15 A. M. Sir
Michael Hicks-Beach, Chancellor of -the
Exchequer, when explaining to the bank
ers the terms of the new loan, gave them
an Intimation that the Government con
sidered the end of the war near.
"Since the estimates were prepared,"
EX-MINISTER PHELPS IS DEAD
iaiasasaMufuj j Jfi 1 1 n in on mi mm miVii.iiiiiirTrTiii-iiaiiSMMiiTiimTrt
ex-minister n. j. piielps.
NEW HAVEJf, Conn., March 0. Hen. E. J. Phelps. ex-Mlnleter to England, died at his
residence, on Humphrey street, late this afternoon. He had been 111 since early In January
with an attack of pneumonia.
Edward John Phelps waa born in Middleburr. Vt., July 11, 1822. He graduated at Mid
dlabury College la 1340: atndled law with Horatio Seymoucafter. spending a.year at yale.'fcaw
Sciioohand was admitted to the bar atlddloboro ln'lJWa. He began practice there, but In
1845 removed to Burlington. Vt. From September 80. 1851. till the close of President nil
ntore's administration he waa the Second Controller of the Treasury. He waa a delegate to the
Vermont Constitutional Convention of 1870. In 1877 he presided over the ceremonies for the
centennial celebration of the battle of Bennington. In 1SS1 he delivered before the students
of the medical department of the University of Vermont a course of Jectures on medical Juris
prudence, that were published In book form. He was president of the American Bar Associa
tion In 1SS0, ana In the same year he was the unsuccessful candidate of the Democratic
party for Governor of Vermont. lh 18S1 he became Professor of Law at Tale, and In 1852 he
lectured to the law students of Boston University on constitutional law. He was appointed by
President Cleveland In 18S5 Minister to Great Britain. Mlddlebury College conferred on him
the degree of LL.D. In 1S70. Among Professor Phelps published addresses is one that he
made before the American Bar Association on "Chief Justice Marshall and the Constitutional
Law of His Time" (Philadelphia, 1879). In 1S8S hp contributed to the Nineteenth Century a
series of articles on "The Constitution of the United States."
he said, "events have taken place that
have changed the situation and probably
not all the money wiirbo required."
Whatever the Government may know or
intend, unofficial opinion seems every
where to be that the Boer power Is collaps
ing. The Eighth division has been under
orders to embark for several weeks, but
these orders, as far as the artillery contin
gent Is concerned, have been recalled. Lord
Roberts having reported that no more
artillery from home Is necessary. This
is the first pause In reinforcements since
the war begun. Sir Redvers Buller, second
In command In the field, and Lord Wolse
ley, are understood also to consider that
no more artillery Is needed. Lord Roberta
has altogether 452 guns. Including siege
It Is quite clear that General Buller will
not try anything large In the future, as
be is to lose Sir Charles "Warren and the
latters 10,000 men, who have been or
dered to Join Lord Roberts.
It Id said that Lord Roberts, knowing the
necessity of garrisoning his depots, will
be able to operate a constantly Increasing
force until by the time the Transvaal
frontier is reached he will have 70,000
troops. His telegrams dealing with non
essentials are taken to mean that he is
up to some mischief, as his apparent In
activity usually spells uncommon activity.
Mafeklngr, as a beleaguered town, at
tracts much sentiment and sympathy.
Nothing has been heard from there since
Febnfary 13. There Is a rumor this morn
ing that Colonel Baden-Powell has been
relieved, but this cannot bo "traced to any
"Way to Bloermfonteln Clear.
POPLAR GROVE, Friday, March 9.
General French, who is 10 miles 'ahead,
reports that his front is clear of the
Boers. All other reports tend to confirm
the state of disorganisation of the Boer
forces of the Transvaal, as well as of the
Free State. The general Impression Is
that the further progress of the British
to Bloemfontein will not be opposed.
A great amount of ammunition was de
stroyed today. This Includes several
boxes of explosive bullets, on the outside
of which the Boers had marked "Manu
factured for the British Government."
Movements of Clements and Gatncre.
LONDON. March 9. The war office is
sued the following dispatch from Lord
"Clements has occupied Nerval's Pont
and the adjacent drift. As soon as en
gineers, pontoons and troops arrive, will
cross the river, when the necessary re
pairs to the railway bridge will be com
menced. "Gatacre occupied Burghersdorp March
7, and was greeted with great enthusiasm.
His scouts report that large numbers of
rebels In the neighborhood are anxious to
PANIC OF THE BOERS.
Their Fright Spoiled Roberts' Plan
to Destroy Them.
LONDON. March 10. All the special
dispatches from Poplar Grove confirm the
panic of the Boers. The Morning Post's
"President Kruger shed tears at his in
effectual attempts to rally the Boors, who
were completely paralyzed by Roberts'
masterly tactics. They were too demer
it alized. to heed his expostulations, and de-
clared that the British cannon were
The Dally News' correspondent says:
"The Boers were seized with a panic
thus spoiling tho whole plan, which had
been beautifully calculated, to destroy
them entirely. As the S'xth Division
I emerged from a hidden position and ap
peared on the crest, with the mounted In
fantry in skirmishing order, the Boers
thought the whole earth was covered
with soldiers In their front and rear and
on their flanks. They did not wait to ver
ify their supposition, but fled, seized ap
parently with a dread that they might
share the fate of Cronje."
"WILL RAZC JOHANNESBURG.
Boers Say the 'Encllsfc Flajr Will
Never Fly Over the To-vvn.
LONDON. March 10. A correspondent
of the Dally Mall at Lourenco Marques,
telejjraphing Thursday, says:
"I am reliably Informed that high offi
cials openly avow that the British flag
t shall never fly over Johannesburg. The
I place will be razed to the ground, and
the mines put In readiness to be electric-
ally exploded from the fort, as occa
"Most of the gold mines, except those
which the government controls, are In a
shocking state. They are flooded, and
the maohlnery Is rusting and Is being
Bnsls of Xegrotlatlon.
LONDON, March 10. The Dally Mall
publishes the following dispatch from
Pretoiia, dated Thursday, March 8. via
Lourenco Marques, which has been cen
sored by the Boer Government:
"Conversations I have had with the
highest state officials show that the Boers
want some arrangement. They say If
England Is waging a war of conquest they
will fight to the finish. Otherwise they
believe that a plain statement of the Boer
Intentions will reveal a basis of nego
tiation, now that England's prestige is
repaired. President Kruger and Presi
dent Steyn conferred Monday at Bloem
fontein on the Incorporation of tho above
representations In a cablegram to Lord
Sallshury. The preservation of the Inde
pendence of the two Republics is a sine
No Pence on the Old Basis.
LONDON, March 10. The Standard,
which Is In closer touch with the policy
of the government than any other minis
terial organ, says this morning:
"We have reason to believe that an au
thoritative statement will be made by the
government, reaffirming the impossibility
of conceding any terms of peace to the
Boer Republics which would Involve a
perpetuation of the political and military
Independence that led to the present cost
ly and sanguinary conflict."
British. Columbia Men for Halifax.
VICTORIA, B. C, Marco 9. British Co
lumbia has been advised that the province
will be allowed to contribute CO regularly
enlisted men from the Fifth and Sixth
regiments, Canadian artillery, for garri
soning Halifax. TwentywHl be taken from
this city, enlisted for a three-year term.
WINNIPEG-, Mar... March 9. The Gret
na Mennonites, strong Boer sympathizers,
attempted to burn the Queen In effigy,
but a dozen Englishmen with rifles arrived
on the scene and threatened to lire on the
disloyal crowd If the effigy was lighted.
Jonbcrt Snld to Have IteMsrned.
LONDON, March 10. The Berlin corre
spondent of the Dally Mall sajs:
"I learn that there is dissension between
President Kruger and General Joubert,
and that the latter has resigned."
ST. PAUL, Minn.. March 9. A Winni
peg special to the Dispatch says:
The Liberals are placed In rather a queer
position over the Beautiful Plains election
tomorrow. If Davidson Is defeated. Pre
mier MacDonald will ask the Governor
to dissolve the House. If he does so, the
Liberals will find themselves practiqally
powerless, and the result will be disas
trous to them. The question talked ol
Is: Will the Governor grant the disso
Congressman Burton Renominated.
CLEVELAND, March 9. Congressman
T. E. Burton was last night renominated
by the Republicans of too Twenty-first
DEMAND FOR CANAL
Reason for Senate's Amend
ment to the Treaty.
SENTIMENT MAY PUSH BILL THROUGH
Mrs. Dctvey's Ambition Contests la
Republican Convention Presi
dent's Attitude on Puerto Rico,
WASHINGTON. March 9. The demand
of the country for the Nicaragua canal
has been greater than the Senate could
withstand, and this accounts for tho
action of .the foreign relations comm.t
tee today In reporting the treaty awnded
so as to meet the popular clamor for
United States control of the great Inter
oceantc waterway. Although it w known
that the Administration strongly oboc s
to the amendment. It Is proba j . that
It will be accepted, as the Puerto R.can
tiriif was accepted by the President, espe
cially as it Is the only treaty that can be
not through the Senate. Just what llict
til! rrw treaty will have on the canal
bi'. Is hard to determine, but It 'noifi be
favruble to It, save that the msh of
cith.T matters may prevent the cail rill
"b"ng considered In the Senate. It 13
njite likely that the public sentiment
vhv! ha. frrced action on the irecty
wi. aifeo force action on the canal, espe
claly Ir the bill should pass the Hjuse.
Mrs. Betvey's Ambition.
A bit of gossip Is In clrculaton here to
the effect that Mrs. Dewey has confided
to a few Intimate friends that while she
and the Admiral are traveling about the
country during the next month or two
they will ascertain what the feeling Is
towards Admiral Dewey for the Presi
dency. The Dewejs are going to visit a
number of places In the South and West.
The demand for Dewey as a Presidential
candidate Is not like It was some time
ago. Notwithstanding what Dewey has
said. It Is understood that his wife is
really ambitious for him to be President.
Dewey and his friends must understand
perfectly that It would be almost Impos
sible to take the nomination either from
McKlnley or Brjan, unless there should
be a sudden reversal of opinion.
Contents In the Convention.
It is already certain that there will be
a great many contests from the South
In the Republican convention, although all
factions will be for McKinley. The col
ored delegates believe that If they obtain
seats In the convention they will get
recognition In the matter of Federal pat
ronage. Besides there is always an oppor
tunity to cut some figure as politicians.
The contests four years ago were a dis
grace to the Republican party, and ef
forts are being made by the Republican
managers to avoid having tbem repeated.
It Is not likely that they will be success
ful. It Is also observed that, notwithstand
ing the warning of Secretary Dick, the
office-holders from the South are going to
be delegates In order to show their loyalty
to the Administration. - - !
The President's Explanation.
Postmaster-General Smith Is credited
with the explanation of the President's
attitude on the Puerto Rlcan bill pub
lished this morning. A number of people
think that It Is not very strong, whllo
ardent friends of the Administration de
clare that wlth'n two months the Republi
cans will all be solid In favor of the pres
ent bill, and declare that It Is the only
thing that could have been done under
the circumstance?. It Is evident that some
hope of "McKinley lock" exists by tho
explanation being made while the state
ment by those who oppose the tariff Is said
to be very strong.
General "Wheeler's Chances.
General Joe Wheeler Is expected to pre
sent himself to be sworn In as a member
of the House some time next week, and
It Is believed that Speaker Henderson will
refuse to administer the oath, as Hender
son was very Arm In the conviction last
Congress that Wheeler forfeited his mem
bership by accepting and retaining a com
mission In the United States Army. It
will make a very Interesting contest, as
Wheeler will be much more picturesque
than Roberts, and his case will "be upon
entirely different grounds.
Portland Postofflce Bill.
Representative Moody appeared before
the committee on public buildings and
grounds today to urge an early and fa
vorable report of Senator Simon's bill for
enlarging the Portland postofflce building.
There was no quorum, but the members
present assured him that the bill would
be reported favorably when any such leg
islation was recommended by the com
mittee. Alaska Land Bills Reported.
The House committee on public lands
today favorably reported the series of
bills relative to land laws In Alaska, In
troduced by Lacey of Iowa yesterday.
Prohibiting Prizefight Accounts.
Representative Hepburn, of Iowa, today
Introduced a bill providing that no picture
or description of any prizefight or pugilis
tic encounter or any proposal of betting on
a fight shall be transmitted In the mails
or by any common carrier engaged In
Interstate commerce, whether In a news
paper or periodical or In any other form
Any person sending or knowingly receiv-
lng such matter for transmission is made
liable to imprisonment not exceeding ono
year, or a fine not exceeding $1000, with a
proviso that the act shall not apply to
any person not engaged In the preparation,
publication or sale of such prohibited
newspaper, periodical or picture.
FUSE FACTORY BLEW UP,
Four Persons Killed and a Number
POMPTON, N. J.. March 9. The Smith
fuse manufactory, at this place, blew up
today and four persons were killed and
a number more or leas Injured. The killed
William H. Talmage
They were at work In the factory with
about 30 other men and girls. The bodies
of the four persons killed were badly
mangled, and some of them blown to
pieces. Percy Jacobs was blown Into the
river and was badly hurt.
Shatter Has Recovered.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 9. Major
General Shatter has returned to this city
from his ranch near Baktrslleld, where
he ha3 been recruiting since his return
from Washington, where he went to ac
company General Lawton's remains. He
has now wholly recovered from the se
vere attack of pleurisy which prostrated
him In the East. He says that he hopes
soon to seo considerable accessions to
the garrisons on this coast, and especial
ly to those in and about San Francisco,
lie also favors the strengthening of Pa
"clflo Coast harbor defenses.