Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 13, 1900, Page 2, Image 2

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    THE MORNING OREGONIAK, TUESDAY, FEBRUABY 13, 1900.
LAST WEEKOF DEBATE
Throe Speeches on ,ttie Senate
Pkianclal Bill. -
BY ELKIWS, WOLCOTT AND BUTLER
JPerelMe ArfipaHiest at tbe Former
lr Pasaegre of tke Pending:
XcasBre.
WAJmXMQTOK. Feb. 12. The final
week's; lewnlin of the pending financial
Mil was begun in the senate teday. The
speakers wre two republicans Blkins of
West Virginia, and WolcoU of Colorado
and one populist Butler of North Caro
lina KMclne advocated the passage of the
pending ftetmte measure in a "brief, but
forceful argument. Wolcott, chairman of
the International bimetallic commission of
JM7. spoke -for many republicans who ad
here to bimetallism, and his speech, ear
nest and eloquent, was accorded unusual
attention. Butler closed the debate for
the day, advocating the adoption of his
amendment providing for an issue of pa
per currency by the government.
Tke Proceeding's.
More than usual Interest was manifest
ed today in the senate debate on the finan
cial bill. It was known that the opening
dy of the last week of the financial dis
cussion was to be marked by the delivery
f at least three speeches by "Woloott
0. rep. Colo.). Butler (pop. N. C). and
BUdns (rep. W. Va.). and in addition to
large attendance of senators, the public
galleries were well filled.
Allen's resolution. Introduced last Sat
urday, expressing sympathy with the
Boons, went over without losing its place.
The financial bill was then called up and
toldns addressed the senate. His opening
wotwnoee were a reference to the speech
delivered Saturday by Chandler (rep. N.
H.). H said that it was a speech which
wbeJd be "distributed by hundreds of
thousands, not by his own political asso
ciates, but by his political enemies." Kl
fctas spoke as follows:
Blklns' Speech.
"The refunding of the public debt is not
ttoeosoartly a part of the bilL Why mix
the subject of establishing and defining
the monetary standard and strengthening
the public credit, which must at best,
Writer the provisions of the bill, be an
experiment, and which, If It should all,
would prove hurtful to the general pur
poses and policy of the measure and the
public interest? The refunding of the
public debt is purely a practical or admin
istrative question. It should have no place
in our politics or be connected in any wise
With political questions or measures.
"The refunding of the public debt should
be made the subject of a separate bill,
to be considered and passed when our
bonds mature, and the monetary conditions
may be entirely different. The bill un
dertakes too much. It not only defines
ad establishes the monetary standard.
bwt sets out a scheme to fund the public
dent three years before any of our bonas
mature, and in order o make this scheme
a success, it provides that the national
banks shall be the most important factors
in ite execution.
"In my Judgment the public debt should
be tended without any reference whatever
to the national banks. Let the schemp of
funding stand on its own merits, and by
Itself. Let the government go forward
when the time comes and borrow money
for funding purposes at as low a rate of
Interest as it can, making such a rate as
will Insure the bonds being maintained at
par, without depending on national banks
or any outside agency, and without giving
granule fur the impression that a public
debt Ik be onoouragod and fostered n
order tannrorid a afe currency. More
over, U seems to me w should not reacn
conclusions and legislate from the stand
point of vision on the highest wave of
prosperity the country has ever had. The
conditions which surround us in the finan
cial and commercial world are extraordi
nary. Present favorable conditions will
be followed naturally by a reaction that
will bring new experiences, and these will
enable us, with present experiences, to
Judge better than now what may be done
in the matter of funding the public debt
when our bends mature."
The senator then suggested that the gov
ernment might find It difficult at some llnie
in the future to keep the proposed 2 per
cent bond at par, and asked would It not
be better and in the public Interest to
make the rate of interest higher and offer
no indnoements to the national banks. It
may turn out, he said, that the induce
ments and d vantages offered the banks
may oust, the government more than the
navlng m Interest that will result from
funding the debt at X per cent
"It seems to me," said Senator Elklne,
"a safer eowwe would be to allow a margin
of uwcretMn to the secretary of the treas
ury tat the matter of refunding the public
debt when the time comes; for Instance,
give him authority to refund at a rate
not fe needing say S per cent per annum.
We cannot hope to to In the matter of
our finances what all other nations, es
pecially Great Britain, the richest nation
in the world, has failed to do. She has
never reached a standard as -low as 2
per cent for her national borrowings.
"The chief arguments of the dstin
gulshed chairman of the finance commit
tee in support of the refunding feature of
the hK ts based largely upon the supposi
tion that national banks will aid mate
rially In the refunding of the public debt
at S per cent; that the provisions of the
bill allowing national banks to issue circu
lations up to the face value of bonds, and
that the- reduction of tax on circulation
will b of such advantage to the banks
that they will at once buy the 2 per cent
bonds and take out circulation of them.
The circulation of national banks is not so
profitable nor the source of untold wealth
as vast as some suppose. The capitaliza
tion of natlonai banks on the first of De
cember last was about $6.516,J44. to which
may be added the surplus and undivided
profits which would be converted into cap
ital if It would pay to do. WWM.ldJ, mak
ing an aggregate of $fO,SlMK, whUe the
amount of national bank notes in cir
culation, secured by bonds, was only $,
MO.tut. "Redwclngtbetaxon oteeulatlou one-half
per cent and permitting the issue of bank
notes up to the faoe value of 2 per cent
bonds mar not be a swfBoient Inducement
to the national bank largely to increase
circulation, even If ail the circulation eouid
be kept outstanding. A bank with W,Q0G
circulation would get PMO Income from its
bonds. From this would be deducted tax.
tftft. and expense of redemption. $125. to
tal tGS. leaving an annual profit of HITS
"la cane the bonds should decline 2 per
rent, what would be the result? Under the
laws, the secretary of. the treasury would
have to call tor additional bonds to secure
circulation This might happen at a time
when the bonds could not raise money.
In case of a protracted war our bonds
might fan even M or M per cent, and this
might happen at a time when national
banks could not deposit mere bonds to se
cure note circulation. This bill makes no
provisions, and I don't know that any
could he made, to meet such emergencies.
Then again, securing by legislation a low
rate of interest through profitable Induce
ments to national banks shay not In the
end be the best thing for the country. A
low rate of Interest would In the long run
tend to make Ijw price for commodities.
If the nee of money cam be bought cheaply
ft may have the effect to make everything
eem cheap. I am afraid a very low rate
of Interest w Mild tend to reduce wages."
After referr.ng to what he called the
unjust prejudice against national banks.
Senator EVs closed by saying:
"Const; rr . nt conditions, and eefc the
mare sswnl e ones promised Jn the bill
before the senate, note ciKMarJon on na
cause It is not profitable nefr to the banks
and may not be under the provisions of this
"btH, and partly because of the prejudice
and opposition on the "part of a large por
tion of people to national banks issuing
currency; but largely and more than all
this, for the reason there will be no need
of bank-note circulation- In case the in
crease, of qertificates against gold depos
its In the treasury should continue.
"To my mind, gold certificates and silver
certificates, under proper limitations, are
the money of the future and the vary
near future. This would leave to tha
government the sole power of Issuing
money; therefore, I conclude that It Is not
needful to offer Inducements to national
banks to take 2 per cent bonds, nor to
fund the public debt before our bonds ma
ture by giving a bonus to natlonai banks
and putting out a bond that cannot be re
deemed under 30 years."
When Elklns had concluded, bills on the
general calendar were' taken up and a
number passed. Including the following:
Appropriating $300,000 for the establish
ment of joint lighthouses and fog signal
stations on the Alaskan coasts; appropri
ating $80,000 to provide for the construction
of an additional lightship for use on the
coasts of California, Oregon, Washington
or Alaska, as exigencies may determine;
appropriating 55000 for the purchase or
construction of a launch for the customs
service at and In the vicinity of Astoria,
Oregon.
"Wolcott's Speech.
At 2 o'clock, consideration of the cur
rency "olll was resumed and Wolcott ad
dressed the senate. Referring" to the first
section of the senate bill declaring the
gold dollar should continue to stand as
the standard unit of value, Wolcott said:
"Of course. It will, and it would so
continue If this section were eliminated
from the bill. We might as well gravely
pass a law providing that a yard shall
continue to be three feet in length. Its
re-enactment changes In no single respect
existing laws. The section has been the
law since 1S73, and is hardly worth dis
cussing now."
The senator continued: "The provision
requiring the payment of the principal and
Interest of the new bonds in gold, Is, I
think, a mistaken view as to our national
credit, I cannot but express my regret
that the committee felt the exigencies of
the money market regarding a departure
from the terms heretofore used In govern-1
ment obligations. It Is estimated that
within the next few months at least $200,
000,000 additional of national bank circula
tion will follow the passage of the bill.
There Is no department of human Indus
try today in the United States, and in the
rest of tne world as well, that is not suf
fering because of an Insufficient volume of
money, and which would not be benefited
by a legitimate enlargement of the cur
rency. Under our existing gold standard
there seems to be no other available
method of giving us the greatly needed
increase than the one favored by this
bill.
"All legislation of the character con
templated by this bill Is to those who be
lieve In the principles of bimetallsm un
wise because under the beneficent working
of the bimetallic system It would be un
necessary. It Is but' one more step to be
eventually retraced. But the enactment
of this measure into law without, at the
same time, accompanying It with a reaf
firmation of the position of the republican
party respecting international bimetallsm
would be an apparent abandonment of the
principles and policy of the party, and the
amendment reported by the finance com
mittee convejs a positive assurance to the
world that this country, able to hold Its
own among the nations of the earth with
gold as Its standard, Is still ready to meet
and treat with the other leading commer
cial countries looking to an International
agreement to open the mints to silver as
well as gold.
"The failure of the republican party to
stand up for the principles It has always
advocated will bring It no additional
strength. The Chicago platform offers no
hoDe for bimetallsm. There are some gold
monometallsts in the country of both po
litical parties. They won't voto for Bry
an or Bryanism under any circumstances.
Accentuating the contrast In the financial
demands of the two parties by excluding
all reference to international bimetallsm
would only serve to throw in the shadow
the negations and populistic notions and
heterogeneous patchwork of the democra
cy now in the saddle, which they call a
platform.
"Our St. IiOuls declaration of faith and
of principles elected Mr. McKlnley, and
will triumphantly re-elect him, and I must
be pardoned for urging that It Is bad poli
tics, as well as bad morals, for us to
change the line of battle In the face of a
once-defeated enemy.
"Bimetallsm assumes even greater Im
portance since our acquisition of the Phil
ippines. Here are 5,000,000 of people know
ing only silver, and -we can never Im
pose upon them a gold standard and a
gold currency without destroying their
ability to compete with the other 'coun
tries of the Orient"
Wolcott summarized the work of the in
ternational bimetallic commission, of wh.ch
he was chairman, and paid a tribute to
thei cordial co-operation of the president
with the commission. He then said:
"I rejoice to say that there Is a radical
change taking place, not only In Colorado,
but in all the far Northwestern states.
Our people are ' tired of hearing only a
gospel of hate and sectionalism; we don't
pay as much attention as we formerly did
to the prophets of despair and doom, who
are eternally warning us against wrath
to come, that somehow don't come. Wo
are getting a glimmering shadow of an
idea that we want friendship and prosper
ous communities and capital for our mar
velous resources; we are as. apt to get
them by maintaining cordial relations with
the rest of the country, even If they don't
fully agree with us on the silver question,
as we are by bitter words and savage
hate toward everybody who happens to
differ with us, and that, perhaps, tha
cause of bimetallsm. Is not really furthered
by an alliance with people who want to
tear up railroads and tear down the su
preme court, and whose principal mission
seems to be to persuade mankind that they
are on their way to the poorhouse. Life
isn't all cheerfulness and content, but
some of it Is, and we -are going to take ours
without waiting for Mr. Bryan, for he may
not arrive. The blacx specter of the
'crime of 1873 no longer walks abroad
in Colorado and keeps us awake nights.
It has gone oer the range, and we are
coming out from the caves of gloom into
the open sunshine of hope."
Commenting on Mr. Bryan's Iioulsyllle
speech, Wolcott said: "This Is the gentle
man whom a great party Is to choose
as Its standard-bearer; a gentleman who
openly announces that if he were the pres
ident of the United States, charged with
the protection of the nation's honor; he
would announce to the governments of Eu
rope that the United Stages intended to
open Its .mints to silver; that In his
opinion the parity would be maintained,
but would threaten them that if they did
not join us and the experiment failed, we
would pay our pblig&tions to them in de
preciated money. This is a .new doctrine,
Mr. President, that of bimetallsm by
blackmail. It Is not surprising In the
light of this statement that investors in
sist on a gold bond, andone can readily
understand why Mr. Bryan occupies the
most unique and remarkable position of
any man in our whale political history.
It Is but a few 'months- before the national
democratic convention, and his nomination
is eagerly desired by both tha great po
litical parties. The democracy wants hint;
the republican party wants the democracy
to have him, and he wants, himself. Who
ever says that international bimetallsm is
dead has not familiarised himself with
the facte."
in conclusion, he said: "It te ray Harare,
conviction that in our flay, and I believe
soon, a genuine and united effort will
be sought by the leading commercial na
tions, to restore the bimetallic system.
The amendment before the senate informs
the world that we are ready to co-operate.
If It to .accomplished. It can only
be through the aid In this country of the
tenance of the national honor and the na
tional credit, and wnen it comes it Will
come to. bless mankind."
Wolcott, at the conclusion of h's speech,
w&9 heartily applauded by people in the
g&llertej. He also received cordial con
gratulations from many of his colleagues
on the floor.
' Butler's KcnuirKs. -
Butler then began a speech on his sub
stitute for the senate bill, entitled. "An
act to establish a unit of account." He
maintained that under the constitution, con
gress had unlimited authority to manufac
ture money out of gold, silver or paper,
or of either of these, or all of them. Ho
declared that there was but .one question
in the making of money, and that was
"how much?" Congress had authority to
make the money out of anything It de
sired, and it happened that the wealthy
classes always desired it made of the dear
er material. No matter what the money
whs made of, he said, the country would
prosper, prbvlded congress would so regu
late Its supply as to meet the demands of
business.
In. conclusion, Butler said his amend
ment .provided that the greenbacks, "the
patriotic friend of the- people, the kind
of money that did no grind the people
when trouble came," should be used as
money Instead of gold or silver. In five
years, he said, the national debt had been
extinguished. This plan had not met with
favor by those who control the finances
of the government, but he believed It was
best for the people.
The senate then took up the calendar
and passed the following bills:
To encourage enlistment In the navy
by providing successful applicants with
an outfit valued at $45; to provide for the
examination of certain officers of the navy
and to regulate promotions In the navy
authorizing certain additional officers of
the navy and marine corps to adminis
ter oats; authorizing the president to
nominate Brevet Major Alexander Stewart
Webb on the retired list of the army as
a lieutenant-colonel; to authorize Hon. A.
S. Handy, at present minister1 of the
United States to Greece, Ttoumania and
Servia, to accept the decoration tendered
him by the shah of Persia; to authorize
these naval officers to accept orders and
decorations tendered them by the govern
ment of Venezuela: Rear-Admiral W. T.
Sampson, Captain H. C Taylor, Captain
P. A. Cook, Captain S. D. Sigsbee, Cap
tain Chadwlck, Captain C. F. Goodrich,
Commander W. W. Meade, Commander J.
H. Iayton, Commander F. M. Slmonds
and Commander C. C, Tod; granting per
mission for tho erection of a bronze
statue In Washington in honor of General
Francis E. Spinner, late treasurer of tho
United States, and appropriating $2500 for
a pedestal.
A house bill for the preservation of the
frigate Constitution was passed, the meas
ure providing that the ship should be re
stored as nearly as possible to Its original
condition. A bill was also passed extend
ing the powers and functions of the court
of private land claims until June 30, 1902.
After a brief executive session, the sen
ate, at 5:10 P. M.. adjourned.
BRITAIN'S HOME DEFENSE
WYNDHA3I EXPLAINED ENGLAND'S
PROPOSED MILITARY 3IEASURES.
Present Risk Justifies the .Demand
for an Increase in the Mili
tary t Resources.
behaved throughout with tms most ex
treme composure.
"The Boer prisoners admit heavy loss,
but declare an tin faltering determination
to resist to the uttermost"
The fifth month of the "war opens with
the Boers apparently about to (take the
offensive, with their armies apparently
Intact and well supplied with ammunition
and. according to Winston Churchill, for
eigners and war material pouring Into the
Transvaal through Delagoa bay.
SPIRIT OF LINCOLN.
(Continued from First Page.)
tltlon In the great Industries of the world
is almost extinct, and in a correspond
ing ratio the union and combinations of
labor havo developed and Increased.
Trusts and monopolies dominate every
human enterprise, and none are more des
potic or arrogant than those of labor.
Started as a back-fire against the tyranny
and oppression of capital, they have in
creased with such rapidity and force that
they have become not only a menace to
capital, but also to the liberties of the
people. They not only dictate to the em
ployer his wages and hours of labor, but
to the employer the kind and class of
work In which he shall engage, the
schools his children shall attend, and
the apprenticeship they shall serve.
"And all are now agreed that trusts
and monopolies are evils that must be
cure&Vand it would seem that the discov
ery and application of appropriate reme
dies should not be difficult or longer de
layed. The remedy Is a simple one, and
would long ago have been prescribed but
for tho opposition of corporations them
selves. That opposition Is now rapidly
giving way. Mr. Rockefeller is recently
quoted as suggesting, in reference to leg
islation in control of trusts: 'First, fed
eral legislation, under which corporations
may bo created andi regulated, If that be
possible; .second, In lieu thereof, state
legislation as nearly uniform as possible,
encouraging combinations of persons and
capital for the purpose of carrying on
Inuustrles, but permitting state super
vision, not of a character to hamper in
dustries, but sufficient to prevent frauds
upon the public,' and the great corpora
tions of tho country are fast falling into
tho same line."
Speaking of expansion, he said:
"The newly acquired territory must re
main tho property Qt the country. All the
rights of self-government und national
law are to bo extended to its inhabitants,
until it or some portion of it, should it
remain the property of the nation, may
bo fitted to become a part of the nation
Itself. It is then only that the nation
can bo said to have expanded1 expanded
byaddlng to It a new but constituent part
of itself."
LONDON, Feb. 12. The house of com
mons was crowded today in anticipation of
a statement from George "Wyndham, par
liamentary secretary of the war office, in
regard to the army measures. Joseph H.
Choate, the United States ambassador,'
Henry White, the secretary of the United
States embassy, and W. T. Baker, presi
dent of the Chicago board of trade, were
among those present In the distinguished
strangers' gallery.
Mr. Wyndham arose amid cheers when
the house went Into committee, and said
he did not wish to discuss the question of
the prosecution of the war, but would Im
mediately outline other military measures
necessary for placing home defense on a
satlsfaqtory footing. The government, he
continued, had not even considered the
question of compulsory service, which was
entirely unnecessary, In view of the active
Tecrultlng for the auxiliary forces. During
the spring and summer the voluntary ar
tillery will be rearmed. Mounted infantry
in the yolunteer corps would be formed.
Artillery services and the corps of engi
neers necessary for two additional army
corps would be raised forthwith, namely,
36 field batteries and seven horse batteries.
The speaker also said it had been decided
to raise 12 additional Infantry battalions.
Mr. Wyndham said the existing cavalry
forces would also be expanded by several
regiments, and that commissions would be
offered to militia officers, to the colonies
and to the universities. At present, tho
speaker further pointed out, there were
109,000 regulars in the country, and the In
crease was anticipated to be 30,000. There
were now 328,000 men in the auxiliary
forces, and it was estimated the increase
would be 50,000 men. So, altogether, the
country would soon have at least 517,000
men, and Mr. Wyndham anticipated that
the number would be nearer 600,000 than
500,000.
The secretary of state for war. Lord
Lansdowne, furnished the houe of lords
with a statement similar to that of Mr.
Wyndham. Tho Prince of Wales and the
Duke of Cambridge were interested listen
ers In the house of lords.
In the course of his remarks, Mr. Wynd
ham referred to the government's confi
dence In the power and the splendid effi
ciency of the fleet, saying It was never
greater nor more legltlrnate than now. The
government, Mr. Wyndham said, was not
making an appeal for money and men In
a spirit of panic. The risk was not much
nearer than a year ago, but It had in
creased in exact proportion to the reduc
tion of the home military defense, which
sufficed to justify the present demands for
an Increase of the resources for home de
fense. "
. The liberal leader, Sir Henry Campbell
Bannerman, who followed, said he had
heard of the great scheme for the admin
istration of a great army, but had not
heard a single figure mentioned as to the
cost thereof, nor even in regard to the
particular vote. How much of the money
required was due to the present war?
To this question Mr. Wyndham replied
420.000.
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman said he
could not be expected to pronounce an
opinion on the scheme suddenly, "but, he
added, he believed nine-tenths of his hear
ers were ready to do almost anything lor
the purposes of the present war, but would
like to regard It as a war measure alone,
leaving the question of the future Increase
and rearrangements open for future discus
sion. It was explained In the lobbies of the
house of commons that Mr. Wyndham
meant ttf convey that all the supplement
ary estlrriates asked were due to the war,
except 420,000 required for the new scheme
to close the financial year of March 31.
LIGHT ON THE SITUATION.
PERMITSTRANS1TINB0ND
IMPORTANT BILL PASSED BT4 TUB
- HOUSE. .
Observed nt Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Feb. 12. The
anniversary of the birth of Abraham. Lin
coln was observed as a legal holiday fot
the first time in this city, today. All
the federal departments, the courts, the
banks, brokers' offices, exchanges and
schools were closed all day. The most im
portant event of the occasion was the
Lincoln-day celebration under the aus
pices of the young republicans.
No War Supplies for Sonora
CHICAGO, Feb. 12. A special to the
Chronicle from El Paso, Tex., says:
The Mexican government now prohibits
the entrance of arms and ammunition to
the state of Sonora, owing to the, revolu
tion now in progress there. American min
ers whb have heretofore been permitted to
scarry rifles and sixshooters and belts full
of cartridges Into Sonora are now pre
vented from carrying any arms whatever,
and are stripped of ammunition at No
gales and Naco. This "order was issued
because it was reported that Americans
were, pouring into Sonora In the guise- of
miners while their real object was to
assist therebellious Yaquls in galnlng"thelr
freedom.
The new orders are'enforced by Mexico
only at Arizona ports of entry, and per
sons entering Sonora Ala El Paso and
Casa Grandes are permitted to carry all
the arms and ammunition desired. Many
persons have taken advantage of this' to
convey these contraband goods Into the
hostile country.
o
Chess Player Stclnltz Insane.
NEW YORK, Feb. 12. William Stclnltz,
who was for many years the chess cham
pion, was taken to the Manhattan state
hospital for the insane on Ward's island
today, without any "word having been re
ceived from his friends. It Is said his wife
Is 'unable to provide for him In a sani
tarium or private institution He is 62
years old. About three weeks ago he be
came erratic, arid Thursday last his wife
had him taken to Bellevue hospital. He
was declared insane Friday.
e '
Golf Champion Killed.
NEW YORK. FeD 12. F. O. Tait, ama
teur golf champion ot Great Britain in. 1S96
and 188, "was killed during General Mac
Donald9 reconnaissance at Koodersberg,
being shot through the body. He had
previously been wounded a"t Magersfbnteln..
s a "
First Champagne Century Run.
G. H. Mumm & Co. reached the, goal of
all champagne Rouses in 1S89, Importing
209,813 cases of their unsurpassed Extra
Dry, leading any other forandby &,&&
cases. Xhe 1896 vintage now 'imported
Hit mil banks may disappear, partly be l party wmca ass ever stooa xor tae main- tAauaia us. bast nreaecessors.
Roberts' First Move Apparently Is
to Relieve Kimberley.
NEW YORK. Feb. 12. The news printed
in London today throws a great light on
the war situation. Lord Roberts is not
engaged In a movement against Bloemfon
teln, as had been hoped, "but is at Modder
River, and it Is believed that he means
to attack General, Cronje for the pur
pose of relieving Cecil Rhodes and the be
sieged city of Kimberley, whose Inhabi
tants have been eating horse meat for five
weeks, and whose death rate has grown
alarmingly. General Cronje has strength
ened his position In expectation of an at
tack. At Rensberg the Boers are strong
enough to take the offensive.
The most depressing news, however,
comes from Natal. The Boers have oc
cupied a farm south of the Tugela near
Cheveley, which is studded with hills from
which the country can be commanded for
miles around. It Is reported from Durban
that General Joubert is marching with a
column of COOO men to outflank General
Buller. A Boer column is operating In
Zululand and there seems to be alarm in
Natal and a fear that General Buller's
line of communication will be .attacked.
Although Winston Churchill telegraphs
that General Buller is about to make a
fourth attack on the Boer front, the Lon
don papers call attention to the fact that
tire general has removed his headquarters
from Spearman's Camp to Springfield, and
apparently does not believe that. General
Buller will attack again.
As for Ladysmith, the military experts
have given up hope. It is agreed that a
sortie from the beleaguered town would
result in the British being cut; to pieces.
The Morning Leader's expert says:
"General Buller felt that it would be
useless to persevere In his attempt to re
lieve Ladysmith. which -would cost more
loss than the number of men remaining in
Ladysmith. We hear now of two attempts
to turn General Buller himself, one by a
Boer column marching through Zululand,
and another with 6000 men Jn Natal, under
the redoubtable Joubert himself. It is
quite possible that General Buller was
held on the upper Tugela as much by the
ruggedness of nature- as by the enemy a
artillery. He may be so weak on the
lower Tugela as to leave his right flank
and his communications with the sea
Open to a strong attack.
"But he must make the best of his
forces. All the reinforcements within
reach for a fortn'ght to come are ear
marked for an attempt to force a passage
of the1 Orange river, which we have got
at a point where it is of little use to Us
save for the relief of Kimberley."
The expert notes with alarm the ap
pearance of enteric fever In General Gat
acre's and other camps. ' He says Lord
Kitchener has not got to the front yet,
and that Lord Roberts Is not likely to
order a general advance until his chief
of staff arrlvea
W.nston -Churchill's dispatch from Frere
camp, Sunday noon, sent with General
Buller's approval in which he warns the
British people that there may be heavy
loss and possible disappointment from Bul
ler's fourth attack, says, describing th
last fight:
"A Maxlm-Vlcker gun, abandoned by
the Boers In a donga, was about to fall
Into thevBrlt!sh hands when that notori
ous ruffian, the .fearless "Viljoen h'mself,
brought back a team of horses and es
caped with" the sun.
"It 'was a splendid feat of arms. Dur
ing the n'ght General HJldyard fortified
himself continually with much skill, build
ing traverses and head covers. Conse
quently, thoug'h exposed to a terrible shell
fire all Of the night, he only lost 41 men.
In 12 minutes, 63 exploded on the hill,
and 240 ivere counted In two hours, be
s'des smaller shells from Maxim-Vioker
guns, which were Innumerable. Pr.nce
Chrlstlam Victor, aide-de-camp to General
Hildyard, was knocked down by the con
cussion of a 100-nound shell bursting on a
j, rock by which he was sitting. The- prince
MISTAKES OF BRITISH GENERALS.
England nt Last Awake to the Per 11
of the Situation.
NEW YORK, Feb. 12. The Tribune's
London, correspondent writes:
"The astounding collapse of the Upper
Tugela campaign and the continuance of
the Impasse at Modder River and on the
southern frontier of the Orange Free State
have brought the English people to the
verge of an imperial crisis unparalleled
since Yorktown. That Is an ominous word
which the leading English journal was the
first to use and it has been taken up with
one accord by the press. Sir George
White's garrison, like Lord Cornwallis'
army, is hopelessly beleaguered and its
fate seems to be sealed unless it can break
through the enemy's lines and fight its
way to the Tugela at the point of the bay
onet; and the Kimberley garrison la in an
equally precarious condition.
"The magnitude of the British military
preparations has not intimidated the two
little Dutch republics. If Ladysmith be
their Yorktown, with the f Oil 'force of 'the
analogies, they are In the way of winning
it and bringing their war of Independence
to a close, and there is no hostile fleet to
be fought at sea by another Rodney, who
may break the force Dt disaster, on land
by restoring tho prestige of the British
navy.
"The soldiers have done their work with
splendid fortitude and gallantry and the
administrative departments have, support
ed them with untiring energy and amaz
ing resources of organization. The gen
erals havo failed and the military staff,
which has been responsible for the conduct
of the war, has broken down and brought
reproach upon the nation. If theif advice
was not heeded In June and July, when
the mobilization of the army corps was
urged by Lord Wolseley. they were al
lowed a free hand from the opening of tha
war In October, and have themselves, to
blame If they have been outmaneuvered
and outgeneraled by Dutch commanders
who had never studied the art of war, but
had gone frqrn their cattle-breeding farms
to the battlefields among the kopjes.
"With their. breasts covered with deco
rations won in conflicts with seml-clvlllzed
L or barbarous races, and their self-esteem.
Inflated with the vainglorious assumption
that they were the only European soldiers
with continuous experience In the science
of modern warfare, British generals have
conducted the campaign in South Africa as
though It were a series of sham battles
on Salisbury plain, regulated by drill book
and tho formulas of peace-training. At
the opening of the war nothing like an
Intelligible or reasonable plan of military
defense was made. There were between
15,000 and 20,000 regulars and local levies
scattered along the western and northern
frontiers of Cape Colony and in Northern
Natal. Military defense required concen
tration of these forces at one or two
points, until reinforcements could arrive.
In Cape Colony there was no attempt to
choose defensible positions or to collect
the forces, and In Natal an unsanitary
station Ladj smith was held In force be
cause It was theAldershot of South Africa,
and a portion of the garrison was divert
ed to Glencoe for the protection of a coal
mine,
"The headquarters staff may not have
been responsible for the first lines of
colonial defense, but It must be held ac
countable, for the strategic blunder of
shutting up Sir George White's garrison
In Ladysmith, Instead of directing him to
retreat, fighting at the Tugela and then at
the Mooi river and keeping his communi
cations open with the sea. If this had
been done, he woujd have received rein
forcements by the middle of November
and the siege and fall of Ladysmith would
have been avoided.
"Sir Redvers Buller left England with
his plan of campaign clearly outlined. His
army corps was to march through the Free
State and Sir George White was to hold
the enemy in check by remaining quiet In
Ladysmith. Lord Wolseley, during tljo
first month of the war, had one comment
to repeat to his friends, and that was:
'White has .only to stay still and wait fqr
Buller td begin his march.' These were
Aldershot conceptions, based upon peace
training, without reference to the realities
of military defense and actual warfare
with the Boers. Sir Redvers Buller aban
doned hfcs plan of campaign when he
reached South Africa, substituted a march
to Modder River for the Bloemf onteln-Pre--torla
parade, and after dragging the bulk
of the army corps and Warren's division
Into Natal, put 2000 men out of action In
two unsuccessful attempts for the relief
of Ladysmith.
"Lord Methuen's attack upon Uagers
fontelrt, In which the Highland brigade ad
vanced in column formation, was planned
as a sham fight would have been on Salis
bury plain, without thought of actual hos
tile force anywhere In the field. Colonel
Long's recklessness In carrying his guns
beyond the reach of his supporting infantry
was a sham battle maneuver which would
have brought upon him a reprimand even
at Aldershot. There have been feint at
tacks, reconnolssances in force, column
formations and drill-book tactics from the
beginning to the end of the campaign, and
the generals have never seemed to realize
that they were not maneuvering on Salis
bury plain, but were leading men under
lire in battle with the Boers.
"It Is impossible for Americans, who re
member the training of their own civil war,
to think of soldiers like Grant and L6e at
tacking strongly Intrenched positions and
conducting turning movements after the
manner of t Lord Methuen and General
Buller. The'y would not have fought three
battles without scouting or reconnoissancs,
as Lord Methuen lid, and then have flung
their army against a strong position like
Magersfonteln In a frontal attack where
the resistance was greatest, without an
attempt at maneuvering; and If defeated,
they would not have remained Idle In camp
for weeks waiting for reinforcements
which were not in reserve. They would
not have retreated from Colenso or Splon
kop after a single futile attack, but would
have dug their way up to the enemy's
positions, making closer maps day by day
and gradually enveloping them and ren
dering them untenable.
"The British staff has allowed the Dutch
to do all the maneuvering and all the dig
ging and to choose every battlefield and
defensive position; and when there is an
impasse, it orders the troops back to camp
to play football and cricket until there
are reinforcements for another frontal at
tack. It is Aldershot generalship that has
brought reproaofa on England and created
6. Crisis in the fortunes of the empire."
Gives American Companies a Portion
of the Transcostinentnl Trade
to the Orient.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. An important
bill was passed by the heue today, which
makes universally applicable the law that
now permits the transit in bona of 'goods
through the United States. Goods m
bond can be shipped through any portion
of the territory of the United States to
foreign ports. It is principally designed"
to-give the transportation companies of
the United States a portion of the trans
continental trade to tbe Orient. The bJl
also repeals the law of March 1, 1906, pro
hibiting the shipment of goods in bond
to the Mexican ree zone. The latter pro
vision was fought by Stephens of Texas
The remainder of the day was occupied
In passing .private pension bllis favorab y
acted upon at last Friday night's session,
and in District of Columbia legislation.
The Proceedings.
Thirty-five private pension bills favor
ably vacted upon by a committee of the
whole at last Friday night's session were
passed. A resolution to print 16,600 copies
of the report of the Philippine commis
sion was adopted. This being District of
Columbia day, the house then proceeded
to the consideration of business relating
to the district.
After disposing of half a dozen district
bills, Payne (rep. N. Y.), chairman of the
S&jCUBlfcnfflKu
Tap, tap aft nav at the
machine until the head
throbs with every tap. And
1A.. Wa .K.II 1 II I. OiVA
HUCU uav umuuut akkpa
for the day the throb
bing sail goes on.
More than any
other class of
women the large
army of women
clerks needs to
clesely watch the health of the organs
pecnlntrly womanly. For the general
health; will be disturbed jnet in propor
tion a6 the local health of the delicate,
womanly organs is disordered. v7,th
irregularities there will come pains in the
head, the back or side, nausea and gen
eral misery. The happiness of the future
lHe of the wife and mother may be en
tirely ruined bv nerfcet of the: health at
I this critical period.
women confined in offices, shut one
from necessary exeicise. will find a faith
ful friend in Dr. Pierce's Favonte Tre
scrfotioti. It so rwralates the womanly
functions and so strengthens the delicate
organs that pain from these causes wut
be absolutely done away with and future
Health be perfectly assured.
There is no opium, cocaine
or outer narcotic in
"Bavente Prescrip
tion. Neiliier does !
it contain alcohol,'
j whisky or other intox
icant.
"I was so wtak I did not
have breath to walk across
ray room," writes Miss
Isfteil Miner of Nw
Providence,. Calloway Co Ky ' My periods oc
curred too often and the hemorrhage would be
'Brotoneed and the low of blood verv excesie I
ways' and means committee, called up ated had spell which the doctor Mid were faint
the bill to permit transit through the wgfits I cowld not tell when they were coiUnr
United States of goods In bond without ; j TeaSSUSaen
the payment of duties. The bill has a W8ttM tagt xytni ,. T d,d not gaa
proviso suspenaing it operai.on bo ic strength front one monthly period to another
LmWWi j "r
WSf" XTKs
&mmni
jroods bound for the Mexican free
zone are concerned. Payne explained that
the bill was designed to broaden the scope
of the present law so as to pferrait the
transshipment of goods across the United
States, no matter what their dest'natlon
might be. Under it goods could be shJpp d
across the United States to China or
Japan. The free-zone provision was de
signed to prevent smuggling.
Payne yielded to Grosvenor (rep. O.) to
offer an amendment to the provision pro
posing to repeal the Joint resolution of
March J, 1S85, to pr.ohbit the entry of
goods into the free zone of Mexico.
Cooper (dem. Tex.), the author of the
amendment, explained the necessity for
the repeal of the Jo nt resolution. The at
tempt of congress to prevent smuggling
by Joint resolutloohad not succeeded, but,
on the contrary, 'It had proved detrimen
tal to our transportation companies
Goods for the free zone now went to
Vera Cruz and Tampico, Mexico, and were
hauled by Mexican railroads. The resolu
tion prevented American railroads and
American laborers from handling the
goods which went Into the free zone. The
treasury department, he said, recommend
ed Its repeal
Stephens (dem. Tex.) contended that con
ditions of the American merchants along
the Rio Grande had Improved under the
present law,, and were against its repeal.
The amendment was adopted, 58 to 12, and
the bill passed.
At 3:15 P. M. the house adjourned.
Was very weak and nervotts all the time I was
advised by a kind mend to try Dr Pierce's Fa
vorite Prescrrptton, winch I dm and before I had
taken two bottles of it I could work all tfav I
look, in all sfac bottles of the ' lavorlte Prescrip
tloa ' and about five bottles of Dr Pierce s Pe
lets. I nsed no other medicine I have1 never
bad a return of this trouble since and never
tan praise Br Pierce's medicines enough f jr I
kaow they saved my life
BEST FOR THE
BOWELS
If you haven't a rcuuiar, healthy morenaent cf the
bowels eery day you re sick, or will be Keen i ur
barrels open, and be well Force In the s&ape of
violent physio or pill poison is dangerous The
ffraootaest. easiest mo9t perfect way of keeping tbe
bowels clear and clean is to take
t yO CANDY
12 CATHARTIC
S TRADEMARK HlflWTMZD
Presidential Nominations.
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. The president'
today sent to the senate the following
nominations:
To be commissioners of the United
States to the international exposition at
Paris Bertha Honore Palmer, of Illinois;
Brutus J. Clay, Kentucky; Charles A.
Collier, Georgia; Michael H. De Young,
California; "William L. Elklns, Pennsyl
vania; O. H. Fethers, "Wisconsin; Peter
Jansen, Nebraska; Calvin Manning, iOwaj
Franklin Murphy, New Jersey; Henry A.
Parr, Maryland; Henry M. Putney. New
Hampshire; Alvjn H. fitjndjjrs, Illinois;
Louis Stern. ,New Yor,k; "WlHUun G.
Thompson, Michigan "Wliliam. M. Thorn
ton, Virginia; Arthur E. "Valols, New
York; Thomas F. "Walsh, Colorado.
Navy Lieutenants to be lieutenant
commanders, H. M. "WItzell, R. T. Hall,
R G. "Winterhalter; passed assistant sur
geon, to be a surgeon, R. P. Crandall;
passed assistant paymaster, to be a pay
master, Richard Batter. ,
Postmasters California:. F. L. Glass,
at Martinez; James O. Coleman, at Sac-ramento
Pleasant. Palatable Potent Taste Good Don-d.
Never Steken, Weaken, or Gripe lOe Uk- Wr to
lerlree sample, and booklet oa health. Address
Bterltaf Knady fetapuy, Mge, Xestntl, 5wTrk. 323a
KEEP YOUR BLOOD GLEAH
COLDS
Radways Ready Relief cures and prevent
Coughs, Colds. Sore Throat Influenza Bron
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Ka4way's Ready Relief Is a sure eaxs for every
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auag nams. altars tnjlanumHon aAdcura tn
gsaitMS. whether of nV tangs, atomaen bowoU
or ether glanda or orpins, by one application.
Appropriation .Bills Reported'.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. The appro
priation committee of the house today
completed and reported the executive, leg
islative and judicial appropriation bill, one
of the most important of the supply bills,
and carrying the salaries of officials In
all branches of the public service. The
estimates submitted aggregated J26.019,
269, and the bill appropriates $23,87477.
The bill is voluminous, "and taken up with
the detailed salaries. The changes are
comparatively few.
Mrs. Palmer's Nomination Continued.
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. The senate to
day confirmed the nomination of Mrs.
Bertha H. Palmer", of Illlndte, to ba a
commissioner to the Paris exposition.
FOR IXTERXAI AITD EXTECft?f Al. TSH.
A half to a teaspoonfnl In naif a tumbler of
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BpaaBM. Sow Stomach. Heartburn, NervAusreu.
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Boers Shelled Out.
RENSBDRG, Feb. 12. Hobklrk's and
Bastard's Nek, which the Boers 'took, pos
session of Saturday, have been reoccupled
by .the British. The Boers were shelled
out '
The Chicago Strike.
CHICAGO, Feb. 12, Of the 7000 building
tradesmen who took their half-holiday
Saturday afternoon, in defiance of the
new rules of the building contractors
council, one-half, rt was announced by
labor leaders, resumed work as -usual on
big buildings. This ia regarded by labor
Interests as indicating weakness in the
building contractors' agreement to stand
by one another. At the headquarters of
the contractors, it was declared the man
Btlll at work were doing so under special
agreements, in order to complete certata
portions of work. Operations on numer
ous smaller structures are at a standstill,
and will remain so, the bosses say, until
the places of locked-out men are filled.
To guard agaHnst others taking" their
places, union men havejMXW pkhets sta
tioned about the city.
The building material trades council,
with a membership of 2M$0, has an
nounced that it will support the building
trades council. No materialwill be fur
nished to contractors employing nonunion
labor.
The War In Yucatan.
AUSTIN, Tex., Feb. 12. A dispatch from
Oaxaca, Mexico, . says that President Diaz
has ordered two more regiments of troops
to Droceed immediately to Tuthtanv where
L they will join General Bravo's forces ill
the "campaign being waged against taa
Maya Indians.
hi
Archbishop' Feehan III.
CHICAGO. Feb. lZv Archbishop Patrick
Feehan, of the Roman Catholic archdiocese
of Chicago, Is ill with pneumonia. His
condition is not regarded as critical.
o
Yon Cannot "Worlc
"With a headache. Relieve It with "Wright's
Paragon Headache and Neuralgia Cure.
MUNYON'S GUARANTEE.
fttroas; Assertion ax to Jast "What
tke Remedies Will lie.
Mas? guarinteea
that ats Rheumat sta
Core will cure near y
all eases of rheuma
tism fa a few hours,
tbit bis Dyspepsia Cor
will cure Indigestion and
all stemsch troubles,
that his Kidney Cora
will cure 00 per cent
ef alt cases of kidney
trouble; that Ms Ca
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catarrh o matter ha'r
long standing tint bis
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a By kind of headache la
a fen minutes that
his Old Cure wl 1
oulcWr break no any
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remedies. At alt dngffts 25 eeaH a v!rI
If yea need metflral advice wrHe Prof Munyon.
1606 Asr "tMa It Is alnemtely fres-
m Funeral of Colonel Thompson.
TERRE HAUTE, Ind Feb. 12. The
funeral of Colonel "W. R. .Thompson oc
curred this afternoon. Distinguished men
wore here from all parts of the state. Gov
ernor Mount and the state officers, includ
ing the members of the supreme court,
attended in a body. The remains lay Jn
state 2Jt hours. All the sehoote were dis
missed, and during the time of the funeral
all business was suspended. The services,
which were very simple, were held at the
house. Many local organizations took part
in . the funeral procession, Including the
Jackson Club, the local democratic organ
ization. The servlcws at the grave were
conducted by the Masons.
" apt
2arina cigarettes have a. deiicIoHB. aro
ma secured only m RussKm blend qI Ttuk
Isb tobacco.
ft
"Better Be Wise
Than Rick
Wise people are also tkh whtn ihey
hvom a. perfect remedy for all aiwoymg
diseases of the htood, kkfoeys, Bver and
bowels. & is Hood's Sarsapat&a, uhkh
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entire system as to bring 'vigorous health.
JPIf WES
JW PiLLS' i
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PcsitiYely cured by these
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They also relieve Distress from dyspepsia,
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maU PHI. Small Dot,
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PERFECT
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M ELEGAHT TOILET LUXURY.
' Used by peopte of refinement;
for oyer a- quarter of a century.