Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 20, 1900, Image 1

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    . J . . -
VOL". XXXIX. NO. 12,204.
Goodyear Rubber Coipany
Rubber Boot and Shoes. Belting, Packing and Host.
Largest and most complete anortment of alllcinds of Bnbbcr Goods.
F. H. PEASE, Vice.Prcs. and Manager
Gives an absolutely permanent black-and-white print. Manipulation
as simple as blue print. Cold water only necessary; no chemicals.
looiauer-Frank Drug Co. so tortiSnd. or.
Dealers supplied at factory price. Send for description and price list.
Furs! Furs! Furs!
Manufacturers of Exclusive Novelties In Fine Furs, ALASKA
OUTFITS In Fur Robes, Fur Overcoats, Caps, Gloves,
Moccasins, etc. Highest price paid for Raw Furs.
Q. P. Rummelin & Sons,
O recron Phone Slain 401.
Pifth and Washington Streets . . PORTLAND, OREGON
First-Clnes Check Restaurant
Connected With Hotel.
St. Charles Hotel
American and European Plan.
3.00 Values at $1.95
Women's Lace and Button
Storm Calf, Box Calf
Vici Kid
Kid or Vesting Tops
Annual Banquet of the Nctt York
Camp MeKlnley's tetter.
NEW YORK, Jan. 19. The 10th annual
banquet of the Confederate -veteran camp
of New York was held at the "Waldorf
Astoria tonight, 200 persons being in at
tendance. While the dinner was in progress, Mrs.
Jefferson Davis was escorted into the cen
ter box in the balcony overlooking the
banquet-room. She was given an ova
tion. The dinner over. Commander Edward
Owen proposed the toast "The President
of the United States and the Army and
Navy." Letters of regret were read ga vxfcwal,78 to 14. The proceedings today
President MeKinley. GoKemoroosevfelMgrg -contest cpmmittees were un-
Mayor Van Wyck and- jGolSael Ja
Xongstreet, of New OreansTiuaUifttrrl
President MeKinley said: t
"The cordial feeling of.-anutuaKrespect
and good will existing between'' the sec
tions of our now reunited country, among
all the peeple. is most gratifying to me.
It would afford me peculiar pleasure to be
w th jou on this occasion and give renewed
expression to my grateful appreciation of
the promptness and patriotism with which
the citizens of the South, as well as of
the North, responded to the call of coun
try, and of the ever-increasing help they
are giving to those things which contribute
to its prosperity and advancement, its
permanence and influence."
Capture of the Late Khalifa's Gen-crnl-Reported
from Cairo.
CATOO, Jan. 19. News was received
here tonight that Osman Digna, principal
general of the late Khalifa Abdullah, has
ueen capiurea.
Opening: for American Frnit.
BERNE, Jan. 19. The bundesrath to
day abrogated previous regulations and
granted permission for the importation of
dried American fruits, and also fresh
fruits, on condition of their examination
at the Berne custom-house.
I fl i
Herd Trip of Bark Aerate.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. jL9. Advices
rora Honolulu state that the bark
43 days from British Columbia for
lulu, arrived at her destination
tressed condition. The vessel
overdue. On the voyage
countered severe storms.
were filled with water ar i muca
provisions ruined. Tho f-rsh water
Vv. .
Tn 1
-? Jr
out, and tho crew was jjlaced on sh.--
rations. A ship was sighted, and f ur - -
lushed 200 gallons of water to the ex -
hausted seamen.
73 and 75 Rrst St. Portland, Or.
126 SECOND ST., near Washington.
Established 1870
Single rooms... 75c to 51.50 per day
Double rooms $1.00 to $2.00 per day
C T. BELCHER, Sec. ahdTrcas.
American plan.
European Tplan.
..51.25, 51.50, 51.75
. 50c, 75c. 5LO0
. : 'Depends upon the size of face
That's the way I regulate
them. A person with a broad,
full face looks bad with, little
glasses, and a child looks bad
with big ones. I take just as
much pains to have the
glasses becoming as to have
them fit the eyes. I think
just as much, .about proportion,
as I do about focus.
I want them, perfect EVERY
Eye Specialist
Plenty of Time Given for Hearing
FRANKFORT. Ky., Jan. 19. The house
this afternoon, after a long debate, passed
Orr's (anti-Goebel democrat) resolutions
instructing the contest committee in the
case of governor and lieutenant-governor
to take all the time necessary In order to
"arrive at a full, fair and just conclusion,
and to hear all of the evidence on both
Cantrlll and other Goebel leaders op
posed the resolution, but a large number
of democrats broke away from party
.unes, ana tne resolution Anally passed by
he proceedings todaj
committees were un
Democratic National Convention.
NEW YORK, Jan. 19. A special to the
Heraldfrom Washington says:
When Mr. Bryan reaches Washington
Saturday, the time and place of holding
the democratic national convention will
probably be determined. While the deter
mination of these questions is In the hand's
of the committee, and will not, therefore,
be formaly settled until the meeting of
that body in February, there Is a disposi
tion on the part of the party managers to
take whatever action may accord with
the wishes and the judgment of the man
who, it is believed, is certain to be the
party's nominee for the presidency.
Active work is being done by represen
tatives of Kansas City and Milwaukee,
and the committees of both of these cities
are bringing every possible pressure to
bear, but these efforts are bringing no
definite results, and a majority of the
members will be Influenced by what Mr.
Bryan says.
Delegates to Republican Convention.
ST. AUGUSTINETFla., Jan. 19. The re
publican state convention met today and
elected deegaCes', to ihe national conven
tion as follows: John G Long and Henry
Chubb (white);- Joseph Leemand and
Mark White (colored).
MeKlnley's administration was Indorsed,
but the delegates were not instructed for
any candidate. The leaders in the con
vention agreed that the vlcepresidential
candidate, should come from New Yorlc
LToyd Tevis' E&tntc.
AN FRANCISCO, Jan. 19. Mrs. Susan
tf. xevia teutaveu iieuiiy au "L me estate
f her late husband, Lloyd Tevis, by a de-
VThe nronftrtv distributed rn hr is V!linJ
jree or nisrnnnr nn Trnm . mnp-o i 'fttraw
t about 57.000,000. The .whole estate was
1 bequeathed to her. and she is to make
'provision for the Tevis children.
Great Battle in NataJ Is
Near at Hand.
Boers Lining; Up. to Check the Ad
vanceNearly 25,000 of Bnller's
Men Are Across the Tuijela.
SPEARMAN'S CAMP, Friday, Jan. 19.
Sir Charles Warren and Lord Dundonald
are continuing a- cautious advance, hourly
expecting battle. There has been slight
artillery tiring here, at Ladysmith and at
Cheveley. Natives report that the kopjes
are full of Boers.
Boers Are Retrentlngr.
LONDON, Jan. 20. A special dispatch
from Cape Town, dated Friday, January
19, 1 P. M., says:
"The Ladysmith relief force Is steadily
working northward. Heavy lighting oc
curred yesterday. The Boers are retreat
ing." Where Bnller and Warren Are,
LONDON, Jan. 20. A Durban special,
dated Thursday night, says:
"It is reported here that Lord Dun
donald has smashed a Boer convoy.
"General Buller is said to be within 12
miles of Ladysmith and General Warren
to be about six miles to the rear."
Lord Dnndonnld's Success.
LONDON. Jan. 20. A dispatch to tho
Daily Telegraph from Spearman's farm,
or camp, as the correspondents now de
scribe it, dealing with Lord Dundonald' s
movements to the we3t of General War
ren's force, already cabled, says:
, "His success gives us control of an
entrance to Ladymith. Our guns continue
to bombard the Boer lines, the Boers re
plying but feebly. General Warren Is ad
vancing steadily."
Firing: at Ladysmith.
LONDON, Jan. 20. The Daily Mail pub
lishes the following dispatch, dated Thurs
day, from Spearman's camp:
"It is rumored thait the Boers have
evacuated Colenso in order to reinforce
their troops here.
" Heavy gun Are was heard from Lady
smith this mominsr.
"General Buller's ordei Instructs the men
to heed the white flag of the Boers only
when they lay down their arms. It also
instructs them to beware of false bugle
Ladysmith Hears the Welcome Gniii.
LADYSMITH, Jan. 17., via Spearman's
Camp, Jan. 19. Everything is 'quiet The
positlon-vis unchanged and there is very
little bombarding. The welcome sound of
the -guns of the relief column was heaxd
yesterday from . Colenso and Sprlngfieia.
The heat is Intense, but there is no In
crease of sickness.
Bnller's Long: Wason Train.
LONDON. Jan. 20. The Times has the
following dispatch, dated Thursday, from
Pietermari tzburg :
"General Buller's wagon train is 19 miles
in length and embraces 400 wagons and
5000 animals. As some of the drifts are
narrow and muddy, only one wagon n
able to cross at a time. The officers are
betting two to one that Ladysmith will
be relieved tomorrow (Friday)."
Boer Trenches Shelled.
SPEARMAN'S CAMP, Natal, Thursday
Evening. The Boer trenches have been
persistently shelled by naval guns all day
long. Small parties of Boers were seen
at intervals, and a large force from the
direction of Ladysmith was seen retreat
ing to the northwestward of the British
position. A balloon did good servrce in
General Lyttletons force made a demon
stration in the direction of the Breakfon
teln kopjes, four miles north of the British
position, under cover of heavy artillery
fire, to which the Boers did not respond.
On the left General Warren's troops are
now in possession of two prominent kopjes
behind Splonkop. There was some Boer
sniping, but it .was ineffective.
The Graafrienet Boers evacuated Pries
ka January 15, and returned northward
across the river.
Thousand Men Oppose
Dutch Invaders.
"LONDON, Jan. 20, 4:30 A M. Every
hour that General Buller delays his com
bined attack makes his position stronger.
Transports continue to arrive at Durban,
and fresh troops are being sent up the
line to reinforce those in. front of Co
lenso. It appears that General Buller's
troops north of the Tugela number at
least 22,000,. and possibly 25,000, with 50
guns. His total forces, forming a great
outer curve south and west of Ladysmith,
probably number 40,000.
While General Buller'e forward opera
tions, whlch began January 10, developed
rather leisurely, the Boers appear to be
fully aware that they must make a stren
uous assault. Balloon observers have
roughly estimated that 10.QOO Boers are
using spade land pick In artificially
strengthening ofeltlons which nature has
rendered easy ofraefense.
Military crlticgn touch with the war
office think thatvnews that general fight
ing has begun may be expected at" any
hour. It Is not thought that one day's
fighting will settle the fate of Ladysmith,
but rather that there will be two or three
days of continuous fighting.
Largre Boer Camp Four Miles From
Potgrieter's (jawp,
LONDON, Jan. 20. A dispatch to the
Dally Telegraph, dated Thursday, from
Spearman's camp, describes the difficulties
of the march, owing to the unwieldy bag
gage column, Including all the tents and
sheep, over bad roads in wet weather. The
correspondent then goes on to say:
"Some 10,000 Boers arrived In -, the
vicinity of Potgleter's drift Thursday and
Friday of last week, and began the erec
tion of extensive and formidable lines of
trenches, for their position, apparently,
could only be turned from the west by as
sailing the high ridges of the splonkop.
"A balloonist' today reported that no
guns were visible In the enemy's works,
but there was a large Boer camp in tne
direction of Brakfontein, a brown ridge
four mlle3 from Potgleter's drift.
"Boers arrived in large numbers today
from Colensq and Ladysmith. They have
certainlj run branches of the railway
from Moddeiepru't around Mount Bul-
wana. Nearly all the Boers have gone to
attempt to check General Warren's ad
vance, but he made no sign today."
Reinforcements Sent Westward
Meet Bullcr'jj Advance.'
LONDON, Jan. 20. The Standard pub
lishes the following, dated Thursday, from
Spearman's farm:
"It is reported that the Boers opposite
Colenso, on finding that General Buller
had outmaneuvered them, crossed to the
south -of the Tugela on Monday and set
fire to all the houses In the village. As
the force from Cheveley advanced, the
Boers retired before them to trenches on
a hill In line with Colenso. Our infantry
advanced to attack in skirmishing order,
followed by supports and reserves, our
cavalry scouting on the right close up to
the river. The Boer forces at Colenso
must have been considerably weakened
by the dispatch of larger reinforcements
westward to meet General Buller's ad
vance, and they now hurriedly evacuated
the river trenches and the kopjes oppo
site the village and scattered before our
shrapnel. By evening none of the enemy
was left within rifle shot at Colenso. The
British force then retired to Cheveley."
Crossing: Protected by Naval Guns on
LONDON, Jan. 20. The Boer accounts
of the passage of the Tugela river are
given in the following dispatches from
Commandant Viljoen's camp on the Up
per Tugela, via Lourenco Marques, dated
January 18:
"January 16 Buller-s second move was
a reconnolssance In force with an armored
train and a large body, supported by can
non, toward Colenso last night A heavy
bombardment ensued, and thereupon the
British retired, having wounded one of
our men. No reply was made.
"This move was a feint to cover ex
tensive movements up the river. Kaffirs
on this side of the Tugela have been
warned by the British to leave their
kraals, as the fight will commence
The second dispatch runs:
"January 17 The night was unbroken,
save for slight rifle encounters between
outposts, which led to nothing. At day
break the enemy was located as before.
Jle had not brought a single gun -across
the river. But flrom the ridges of Zwarts
kop a battery" and a half of siege guns
opened on our position at 5 A M.
"The bombardment was probably the
most frightful ever witnessed on land.
Frequently Ave heavy naval guns fired
simultaneously at once schanze (entrench
Lord Dundonald Foua-ht tbe Boers
' Near Acton Homes.
LONDON, Jan. 19. General Buller has
telegraphed the war ofilee from Spear
man's camp, under date of last evening,
as follows:
"Lord Dundonald, with a body of mount
ed troops, came Into action this afternoon
with a force of Boers west of Acton
Homes. After the fight he occupied sev
eral kopjes, which he Is still holding.
Field Cornet Hellbrun and 20 burghers
were killed or wounded. Fifteen prisoners
were taken. Two BrUlsh soldiers were
killed and two wounded." .
The war office has made public dis
patches from Field MarshalJRoberts; dafc
ed today, recording the scouting imoye
ments in Cape Colony including the am
bushing of the Australians, when two of
the latter were killed and 14 reported
missing. He adds: "A Boer deserter
states that the enemy suffered severely
In attacking General French's advanced
post January 15. Seventy Boers are still
unaccounted for."
Messages from the front appear to con
firm the general impression that events
in Natal will now move quickly, though
hardly as rapidly as the tongues and pens
of rumor-mongers. There is nothing up
to the present to support the story that
the relief of Ladysmith Is an accomplished
fact, but it is learned on excellent au
thority that the situation is now regarded
by the war office with entire confidence,
and that the beleaguered town is consid
ered practically relieved, although there
is no attempt to underrate the danger
and difficulty of General Buller's task.
As suggested in these dispatches yester
day, General Warren was actually In the
vicinity of Acton Homes Wednesday, and
a portion of his force, under Lord Dun
donald, secured an important position
westward of that place during the even
ing of January 17, on the Boers' right
flank, threatening the Free-Staters' com
munication with their own country by
way of Van Reenan's pass. The British
camp outside of Ladysmith should be
visible from there, as the intervening
country is open.
Sir Ellis Ashmead Barflett, M. P., who
has arrived at Fort Rensberg, Cape Col
ony, expresses satisfaction with General
French's dlspos'tlon of his troops. He vis
ited Coleskop yesterday while the shelling
of thei Boer camp was proceeding. The
shelling was so successful, It is announced
on good authority, that 18 Boers and 36
horses were killed.
Advices from Cape Town say that Web
ster Davis, assistant secretary of the in
terior, at Washington, sailed from Port
Elizabeth Monday for Delagoa bay.
It Is understood that the Imperial yeo
manry will be leavened, before that force
goes to the front, with considerable de
tachments of experienced colonials ac
quainted with Boer tactics.
Formal orders have been issued to mo
bilize the Eighth division of the British
TJetuuen's Reconnolssance.
MODDER RIVER, Thursday. General
Methuen, who is in robust health, person
ally directed another strong reconnols
sance yesterday. The Highlanders suc
ceeded In driving the Boers from the brush
on the river banks by long-range volleys.
The Boer fire was ineffective.
Conference of Railway Employes.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Jan. 19. The Post-Dispatch
tpday says:
"One of the most important conferences of
railway worklngmen since the great strike
In 1894, began at the La Clede hotel today
behind closed doors. Its purpose is to con
sider grievances of service men. Among
those taking a prominent part in the de
liberations are A. B. Garretson, chief of
the Order of Railway Conductors; W. G.
Lee, chief of the railway trainmen; P. M.
Arthur, chief of the locomotive engineers,
and P. F. Sargent, chief of the railway
firemen. It Is said that the conference was
called to adjust certain differences be-,
tween the railroads and their employes,
and to consider the advisability of asking
a general sweeping increase in the wages
paid to conductors, engineers, firemen. and
other trainmen."
Q t i
Senate Official Force.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19. The republic
ans of the senate were In caucus for near
ly two hours today considering reorgan
ization of the senate official force. No
conclusion was reached, and the caucus
adjourned until Wednesday next. There
was some discussion of the names of ex
Represcntatlve Charles Bennett, of Brook
lyn, for 'secretary of the senate, and Dan
iel Ramsdel, of Indiana, for sergeant-at-arms,
but no action resulted.
Northern Pacific to Have the
Clearwater Country.
Northern Pacific to Have- Trackage
Down Columbia and tlie Union
Pacific to Pucet Sound.
ST. PAUL, Minn., Jan. 19. A special
from New York says:
The dispute between the Northern .Fa
teifie and the O. R. & N. Co., "over" the
right of the respective roads to extend
their lines in the Clearwater territory in
Idaho, has been settled, and the Northern
Pacific is master of the situation. The
O. R. & N. Co. has withdrawn Its claims
to the Clearwater country, which Is left
In undisputed possession of the Northern
Pacific, and the next move will be the re
tirement of A. L. Mohler from the presi
dency of the O. R. & N. Co. and his trans
fer to the presidency of the Kansas City,
Pittsburg & Gulf.
Formal announcement of the agreement
between the two roads will be deferred
until February 5, when the official time
of the six months' truce between them
will expire, but the papers in the matter
are practically ready for signature, the
fight is ended, and there will be no more
The termination of the Clearwater diffi
culty marks the end of one of the most
bitter railroad wars ever waged In this
country. TSvery phase of railroad politics,
diplomacy and force was brought into play
by the lines Interested. The Union Pa
cific took up the question in dispute. In
order to facilitate an amicable settle
ment the Northern Pacific offered the
use of Its Portland-Tacoma line to the
Union Pacific in exchange for slmllat
track privileges on the Columbia, and
the Union Pacific was offered the alterna
tive of accepting the proposition or having
the Northern Pacific parallel the line of
the O. R. & N. Co. from Lewlston to
Portland. The Union Pacific has had the
offer under consideration several months,
and it has finally decided to accept it, and
to refrain from extending the O. R. & N.
lines in the Clearwater district.
Electric Roads in Hawaii.
Matthews, of Cleveland, O., representing
an Eastern syndicate which proposes to
construct electric railroads In Hawaii, is
on his way home. He says that $5,000,000
may be expended, and added:
"In the near future more than $1,000,000
worth of ties and lumber will be shipped
from Puget sound points to Hawaii for
the projected roads. Plans already per
fected call for the construction of some
310 miles of electric lines. Most of the
Lroads will- be-in and around Honolulu and,
Qlsaw,here on Oahu Island. Ferry-boats
will be run between the termini of these
roads and the various islands."
Improving: the Southern Pacific.
SAN FRANSCICO, Jan. 19. The Chron
icle says:
"Now that the Southern Pacific
Company owns the Central Pacific, the
Kentucky corporation is preparing to ex
pend considerable money In needed Im
provements on the Ogden line. Engineer
Curtis, of the malntenance-of-way de
partment, states that the company will
shortly begin the ballasting of the line
between Sacramento and Truckee, and ex
pects that the entire work will be com
pleted before the end of the present year."
Report of the Special Commissioner
Sent to the Island.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19. Henry K. Car
roll, special commissioner for the United
States to Puerto Rico, under appointment
by the president to investigate the civil,
Industrial, financial and social conditions
of the island, has made his report.
The report states that Puerto Rico ha3
an area estimated at from 3150 to 3S60
square miles. The climate is tropical, but
not torrid. The thermometer .rarely rises
to 100 deg., the highest monthly average on
record In nine years in San Juan being S5
deg. The mountains are generally cov
ered with verdure, and even the peaks are
gardens of the husbandmen. The death
rate Is moderate. The population in 1S97
numbered 890,820, exclusive of the Spanish
military then occupying the island, and the
penal population.
A comparison of the census of 1887 and
1897 shows that the colored race Is decreas
ing, the whites now numbering 64 per cent
of the whole. The Catholic was the. state
religion, and at the time of American oc
cupation there were only two churches of
anjr other faith In the island. The public
charities are few and poorly supported.
Crime is not excessive. 'The statistics of
birth in 1897 show that about 48 per
cent are illegitimate. At most of the hear
ings held by the commissioner persons in
sisted that the fees exacted by the priests
were too heavy for poor people, who pre
ferred living together unwedded than to
meet all the conditions of ecclesiastical
marriages. These persons, It was said,
are rarely untrue to each other.
The Puerto Ricans, the report says, are
a kindly, hospitable, polite people, Very
sociable, and always ready to do Amer
icans a friendly service. One of the great
est needs of the Island is said to be good
The common estimate of Puerto Ricans
is that only one-tenth of the cultivable
lands Is In cultivation at any one time.
The soils of the plains and valleys are gen
erally very rich, and have borne crops for
generations without the use of fertilizers.
The crops most generally raised are, In
the order of areas occupied in 1S96:
Coffee 121,176
Cane 60,884
Tobacco 4,222
Coffee cannot be raired without shade,
as in Brazil. The coffee bushes need five
years for full development under the shade
of banana and other trees, and continue
bearing 25 and even 50 years. Bananas give
both shade and fruit the first year. Coffeo
farms are exempt from taxes for the first
five years. The fruits of the island are
such as are common to tropical countries.
The' raising of cattle Is an Important and
lucrative Industry. The daily wages of
the common field laborers range from 33
to 50 cents, native money. Women are
rarely seen in the fields. The people are
Commissioner Carroll recommends that
the laws of the United States be extended
to Puerto Rico, and that a territorial form
of government similar to that established
In Oklahoma be provided: that the legisla
tive power shall extend to all -rightful sub
jects of. legislation, Including regulations
for the exercise of the elective franchise;
that the legal voters of the island be per
mitted to elect a delegate to congress;
that a commission consisting of five men,
three of whom shall be natives of the
Island, and two of the United States, be
appointed by the president to revise the
codes; that the jury system be adopted;
that the banking and patent laws of the
United States be extended to the island:
that a court of qlalms be established to
adjudicate all claims to property, secular
and ecclesiastic, arising under the treaty
of Paris; that the rule adopted by the mil
itary government as to civil marriages be
continued in force; that the Spanish silver
coins be retired, and the coins of the
United States be substituted; that the lottery-
be prohibited, and that the governor
general and the legislature bo required to
provide for universal and obligatory edu
cation In a system of free schools where
English shall be taught, and that an agri
cultural experiment station be established
for the Island.
A Number of Fresh Cases Have Been
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 19. The steam
er Doric arrived from Asiatic ports via
Honolulu today. From Honolulu comes
news of a fresh outbreak of the plague,
six deaths having occurred between the
departure of the steamer China, which ar
rived here Monday, and the departure
of the Doric, which left Honolulu Janu
ary 13. This brings the total number of
deaths from plague for the present out
break up to 2S, and it is understood that
there are 26 cases In the hands of the
health officers.
The Doric brings news that Honolulu's
Chinatown Is being burned, and that ev
ery effort is being made to stamp out the
disease. The Doric did not dock at Hono
lulu, but the Hawaiian mall was taken
out to her in tugs.
Local health authorities have detained
the vessel pending examination. It Is not
yet known whether she will be quaran
tined or allowed to proceed to her dock.
Among the passengers on the Doric were
a number of prominent naval officers from
the Asiatic station, including Rear-Admiral
Fitzgerald, of the English navy,
and a number of sub-officers of the Eng
lish Asiatic fleet, who are en route 'o
join one of the European squadrons. The
cabin passengers of the Doric were al
lowed to land tonight, but the vessel will
be detained In quarantine until she has
been thoroughly fumigated.
When the Doric left Honolulu nearly 150
people had taken cabin passage on the
Australia, which sails from Honolulu for
San Francisco next Tuesday.
Six New Cases.
HONOLULU, Jan. 12, via San Francisco,
Jan. 19. Six cases of plague have broken
out since last advices. The board of
health is still working hard to suppress
the scourge. The island shipping business
is in danger of complete suspension if
the plague situation does not mend.
Forty Fatal Cases Throughout the
YOKOHAMA, Jan. 3, via San Francisco,
Jan. 19. The plague ceases to attract much
attention, only a few sporadic cases show
ing themselves from time to time. The
wholenumber of cases thus fax through
out the empire has been only 49, of which
40 proved fatal. The chief injury sustained
has been to the business interests of Kobs,
whloh have suffered severely, and also by
railway companies, passenger travel hav
ing been greatly deterred by stringent
quarantine regulations.
A lively Interest has been aroused by
the publication of the secret decree of the
empress dowager of China, in which sne
shows a becoming appreciation of the dan
ger which threatens the empire from for
eign aggression, and holds the provincial
governors to strict responsibility for Im
mediate defense of their respective prov
inces, should attack be made upon them.
"The various powers," she says, "are
casting upon us looks of tiger-like vo
racity, hustling each other In their endeav
ors to be the first to seize upon our In
nermost territory. They think that China,
having neither money nor troops, would
never venture to go to war with them."
Speculation Is, of course, rife as to what
has happened to bring out this decree,
eminently suggestive as it is of the stif
fening of China's backbone. Some attrib
ute it to an understanding with Japan, it
being reported anew that ex-Minister
Yano is to return there as Japanese ad
visor to the tsung-li-yamen. Others see In
it an assurance gathered from the rela
tions with the United States government,
which, it Is thought, were indications that
the new power in tho East has provided
for the protection of its trade Interests
In China, by showing strong sympathy
wlth the empire In Its present evil plight.
Vessels Reaching: This Country Must
Have Bills of Health.
PORT TOWNSEND, Jan. 19. Orders
were received here today from the treas
ury department that, owing to the preva
lence of the bubonic plague in the Orient
and that a large number of vessels ar
rive on the Pacific coast from Oriental
ports, In the future on all vessels ar
riving at Pacific coast ports which fall
to bring from the port of original de
parture in the Orient proper bills of
health, the extreme penalty of 550CO will
be imposed, and under no conditions will
the fine be remitted, as has been the case
heretofore. Customs officers at this port
have been requested to notify owners and
agents of ships to this effect.
According to advices from Washington,
the introduction of the bubonic plague at
Honolulu was by means of merchandise
arriving at that port from the Orient. It
is believed that the germs of the disease
are carried in dirt in which plants are
shipped, and also in a sort of muck com
posed of dirt and manure In which duck
eggs are packed in China and shipped both
to Honolulu and this country. So strong
Is the belief of the department that it is by
this means the disease is Introduced, that
Dr. Foster, United States quarantine offi
cer here, has been instructed by the de
partment to make a thorough Investigation
of the matter and report to the depart
ment. Perry McD. Collins Dead.
NEW YORK, Jan. 19. Perry McD. Col
lins died last night in this city, aged 87
years. He was a "fortynlner" and spent
many years in California, and while liv
ing there was a member of the firm of
Collins & Dent, dealers in gold dust, and
general bankers. Mr. Dent, of this firm,
was the father-in-law of General Grant.
About the year 1S55 Mr. Collins became
interested in the subject of an Interna
tional telegraph, connecting the eastern
and western hemispheres by way of
Behring straits, and after remaining some
years in Russia was granted certain rights
of way for the construction of a telegraph
line over that portion of Russian domin
ions east of Amoor, on to British Colum
bia, and in a memorial to congress, under
date of April 12. 1S64, he asked for favor
able consideration and aid for the project.
This bore the Indorsement of W. H. Sew
ard, the secretary of state, but the suc
cess of the ocean cable ended all further
moves In that direction.
Delegation Cannot Agree on
His Successor.
McBrlde's Candidate Is Ira Smith, ox
Polk County President Holds
Back the Appointment.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19. Collecter Ivey,
of Alaska, has resigned, his resignation
to take effect upon the appointment and
qualification of his successor. Senator Si
mon has been promised that the man he
recommends for the place would be ap
pointed, and in a conversation whh the
president he named Willis S. Dunlway, of
Portland. It was his understanding that
the president would send in the name at
an early date.
Senator McBride also has a candidate la
tho person of Ira Smith, of Polk eounty,
and also had a conversation with the
president regarding the matter. Th dis
agreement between the senators may pre
vent any one being selected, as it Is un
derstood that the president assured Mc
Bride that he would make no move in the
matter for the present.
Meanwhile, as soon as it Is understood
that there Is a vacancy there will be a
rush for the place from other states, al
though this collectorshlp has always been
accorded as a part of the Oregon patron
age. Mr. McBride talks of having the
delegation get together and unite on soma
man. but as recommendations have al
ready been made by the senators, it te ot
likely that either of the house members
will take any part In the controversy or
make any recommendations, leaving tho
matter to be settled by the senators.
Erj-an r.t the Cnpitol.
The sllverltes were considerably stirred
up today over the appearance of Bryan at
the capltol. Bryan had a conversation
with many of the leaders, both in the sen
ate and the house, of his party. They are
all for him. of course, because he 13 ac
knowledged the silver leader. The only
matter of any Importance that was dis
cussed was who should be the running
mate of Bryan. Bryan was very care
ful not to indicate whom ha wanted, aa
his position in the party is such as to
carry great weight. It is understood,
however, that he does not look with favor
upon Sulzer. whose antics stnce the be
ginning of congress have been .in the di
rection of the vice-presidency.
Bryan's reception in the East la not so
very enthusiastic, as the demoeraey of
theso states seems to realize that the
more there is of Bryan in the eampaign
the less hope there Is of success. Bryan
complains that so much he says Is net
published In the papers, but he seems to
forget that everything he haa ever said'
has been printed hundreds of times. He
also says that there has been, a great deal
of misrepresentation regarding hte utter
ances and his movements. He reiterated,
in connection with the Minneapolis Inter
view, that he Is still opposed to Imperial
ism and the permanent retention, of the
Philippines, but he says at the same, time
tht fctvisrBStr-oposed to axpane-TJe
democrats here are trying to figure out
what Bryan means by being against Im
perialism and In favor of expansion, as
they have made the words synonymaua
in their criticisms of the president's pol
icy. Possibility of River and Harbor Bill.
It Is reported that the house committee
on rivers and harbors, after considerable
discussion, has decided to call upon tho
chief of engineers for a rough estimate
tho amount that would be required by a
river and harbor bill, should one be drawn
up at this session. The idea is that, if
the report shows a moderate appropria
tion will be required, such a bill will bo
framed and put through. If the estimate
Is high, however, the measure will. In all
probability, have to go over to the short
The Convalescent Hospital.
Congressman Cushman has been Savor
able to the Vancouver site for a conva
lescent military hospital, but does not de
sire to express himself as between that
city and Tacoma and Puget sound until
he has consulted the war department re
garding its views.
ProceedinKs of the Lnst Bay of tho
. FORT WORTH. Tex.. Jan. 19. Tho
third annual convention of the National
Livestock Association closed this after
noon, after deciding to meet next year at
Salt Lake City. The convention Indorsed
the construction of the Nicaragua canal.
the admission of New Mexico, Arizona
and Oklahoma to .statehood; the appoint
ment of John N. Simpson, of Texas, as
commissioner to the Paris exposition;
passed a resolution asking congress to
care for the agricultural colleges through
out the entire country, and President
Springer was authorized to appoint a
committee from tho Western states to
frame a bill to be presented to congress
In conformity with the appended resolu
tion relating to the leasing of the public
"Resolved, That it is the sense of this
convention that arid and seml-arld pub
lic lands in the Western states and terri
tories should be classified, appraised and
leased to the stockralsers of the West for
grazing purposes under fixed limitations,
giving preference always to the occupanta
of said lands."
The following officers were elected: John
W. Springer, president, re-elected; Charles
F. Martin. Denver, secretary; J. M. Holt,
Montana, first vice-president; J. D. Wood.
Idaho, second vice-president; George J.
Goulding. Colorado, treasurer. No ma
terial changes were made In the executive
committee. At the morning session a pa
per was read by Hon. L. G. Powers, sta
tistician of the census of agriculture.
Butte Bank-Stock Case Decided.
BUTTE, Mont, Jan. 19. Judge Beatty.
of Idaho, sitting In the United States
court here today, decided the last of
the famous bank-stock cases growing out
of tho fight over tho estate of the late
millionaire miner and banker, Andrew J.
Davis. Harriet Wood, a sister of Davis,
sued to set aside the deathbed bequest
of the decedent to his nephew and name
sake. Andrew J. Davis, by which the lat
ter acquired practically the whole of tha
stock of the First National bank of Butte.
The decision Is in favor of the defendant,
and finally confirms his title to the bank.
General Otis' Narrow Escape.
CHICAGO, Jan. 19. A special to the
Record from Victoria, B. C.. says:
J. P. Molern. who arrived from Ma
nila, tells of an attempt on the Ufa of
General Otis. In conversation in refer
ence to the situation there he said that
General Otis once appeared on the firing
line, when a shot from the rifle of one of
the soldiers whizzed uncomfortably eioea
to his head. As 'to who fired the shots no
clew was discovered.