Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 19, 1900, Image 1

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VOL. XXXIX. NO. 12203.
PORTLAND, OREGpN, FBIDAY, JANUAKY 19, 1900. TWELVE PAGES.
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Special raxes made to families na d slngrle centlemen. The mnnnjre
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era Tnrklch bfeth establishment In the hotel. H. C. BOWERS, Manager.
Library Association of Portland
24,000 volumes and
$5.00 a year or $1.50
Two books allowed
JOURS From 9 00 A. M to 9:00 P.
The Planbla rives you the facility of 13 oon-
uummately drilled piano-plaj Ins hands: Six
find one-half PaderewBkls rolled into one. You
can use the Pianola at once with superb effect.
Come in and try. Ton v 111 be surprised and de
lighted. THE AEOLIAN COMPANY.
Marquam building, cor. Seventh at.
IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Annual Meeting: and Dinner Held In
New Ycrlc
NEW YORK, Jan. 18. The annual meet
ing and dinner of the United Irish His
torical Society, which has a membership
of over 1000 in he United States, -was held
tonight at Sherry's, and was largely at
tended. Thomas J. Gargan, of Boston,
was elected president for the ensuing year.
Among the state vice-presidents elected
are. Utah, Joseph Geoghegan, Salt Lake;
Oregon, Henry E. Reed, Portland; Call- .
fornia, Jams Connolly, Coronado. At the
banquet. Senator Thomas H. Carter," of
Montana, said: r
"It has been the fashion, not alone con- '
fined to the historian, but the newepaper
as well, to claim that this Is an Anglo
Saxon country. This nation cannot trace
Its origin solely to the puny Anglo-Saxon
race. A new race has sprung up on this
virgin soil, more worthy than Saxon,
Teuton -or.Gelt. Wherever freedom's flag
was flung to the breeze, it was by an
Irishman, or therewas an Irishman near
by"
Tidal Waven Svept Chilean C.oat.
SANTIAGO DB CHILE, Jan. IS. Tidal 1
waves higher than have been, known for
a long time have .swept along the coast,
doing: considerable damage. " J
13 hands!
!
L L, I
a W. KNOWIjES, Mr.
STS., PORTUVD. ORilDI
TSAUAanaiENT.
SSKt:::::SSS
EXCLUSIVE CARPET
HOUSE.
J.OJack&Co.
88 Third St.
Cfp, Chamber of Coa-nsrw
OH5GON
2
$3.00 PER DAY
skme
S3
STARR STREET
Ettweeo Streets s&f hit
over 200 periodicals
a quarter
on all subscriptions
M. dally, except Sundays and holiday.
Force
Your
Arm
To do work that Is too heavy
for its strength and In time
the muscles will give way and
the arm be paralyzed. "Would
you think of doing such a
thing? No one would. Force
your eyes to do more work
than Is natural for them and
they will be permanently in
jured. Would you think of
doing such a thing-? Six per
sons out of ten -do.
I wonder what makes the
difference.
WALTER REED
Eye Specialist
133 SIXTH STREET
ORBGOXIAN BUILDING
YAQUIS APPEAL TO AMERIcl
Titer Propose to Set Up a Govern
ment of Their Orrn.
CHICAGO, Jan. 18-A special to the
Record from El Paso, Tex., says:
"The Yaqui Indians of Sonora, the only
race in all Mexico that was able to sur
vive the Spanish invasion and preserve
its individuality. Is making its last stand
against the Mexican government Thus
far it seems the Mexican soldiers have
been found inadequate to cope with the
Yaquls. A proclamation has been issued
by the ruler of the Yaqul nation, ad
dressed to 'the American People,' and in
part Is as follows:
" 'The Yaqul nation has begun its strug
gle for independence. It will no longer
tolerate the Mexican army in Sonora
The nation has established a provisional
government, he offices of which are at
Babispe. In the event of the success of
the Yaqul people over the Mexicans, no
foreigners except native-born Americans
will be allowed in Sonora for several
years. The property and persons of
Americans in Sonora will be protected by
the Yaquis in every way,' "
9
Kipling: Goes to the Cape. J
LONDON, Jan. 19. Rudyard Kipling
and his family will sail for Cape Town
tomorrow (Saturday). .,
Boers Are Beginning tq. Oppose
Builer's Advance.
GREAT BATTLE MAY OCCUR TODAY
Particulars of the Advance on' the
Invaders' .Lines and the Cross
ing; of the Tugrcla. ,
LONDON, Jan. 19, 4 A. M. Military
critics, in affiliation with the war office,
consider that the expected battle along
the wide arc south and west of Laay
smith can hardly be delaved beyond to
day. From Durban it is reported that
fighting has already be&un.
General Builer's forces engaged in the
flanking operation across the Tugela are
some 13,000 or 14.000 bayonets, 1200 horses
and 40 guns. The disposition of his'other
15,000 or 20 000 men Js not known, although
the assumption is that the whole army
will be in action when the hour for a com
bined movement arrives. Three weeks ago
General Buller had 30,030 men. Corsidera-4
ble reinforcements have ulnce reached hira,
giving him probably 35,000 men and 80
guns, all told.
Estimates of how many men and guns
the Boers have to oppose him are mere
guesswork. In not replying to General
Lyttleton's shell fire they are using the
tactics that proved so successful in the
battles of Magersfonteln and Colenso ly
ing low In their trenches, and thus hoping
to conceal their precise position until the
infantry advance. "N.
The Daily Chronicle's military expert
sees a, curious- analogy been General
Bultefs situation now and the-eve of Ma
'gersfontein, Now, as tnen, the Boers are
making a stand, with their back to invest
ing 'lines within a few miles. As Lord
Methuen, after crossing Modder river, had
to attack the Spytfontein and Magersfon
teln hills, so General Buller, after passing
the Tugela, faces invisible entrenchments
in a rough country.
One correspondent mentions General
Builer's wheeled transport of E000 vehicles,
which connect him with the railr&ad about
30 miles to the rear. Among these ve
hicles are 30 traction engines, which draw
from 10s, to 15 wagons each.
General Builer's warning as to the mis
use of the white flag by the Boers in his
proclamation to the troops is considered
a rather broad hint to give no quarter,
"His jihrase, "There will be no turning
back," is played upon editorially by the
morning papers as presaging cheerful an
nouncements.
The absorbing Interest felt in the situa
tion in Natal makes other points In the
theater of war seem microscopic. Lord
Methuen lies behind his works at Modder
river. It is estimated that his forces will
have to be nearly doubled before he can
relieve Kimberley. British reinforcements
are moving toward General Krench at
Rensberg. With these he is expected to
advance. General Gatacre's men occupy
Lopeerburg, a slight advance.
Therwar ofnc announces-that next-week:
will be embarked 72 guns, 3710 men and
2310 horses. This is the largest consign
ment of artillery ever sent abroad. The
war .office Invites 500 volunteers for a
sharpshooters' battalion of yeomanry.
Sir William MacCormack, in the Lancet,
says that of the 309 wounded In the hos
pital visited by him, only eight had been
hit by shells.
Mr. Kipling has written the following
characteristic letter to the British Guiana
branch of the navy league, n recognition
of a contribution 'to the war fund:
"Bravo, British Guiana. Seeing what
they had to contend with lately in the
sugar line, they have done uncommonly
well. Please convey to them my best
thanks first, as vice-president of the
league; second, as perpetrator of 'The Ab-sent-MInded
Beggar,' and, third, as a fel
low contributor to the big jackpot which
we are boiling up on Thomas' behalf.
Have you seen Brazil and Trinidad come
into the game?" -
The Cape Town correspondent of the
Times, discucsing Afrikander disloyalty,
says:
"I believe the sympathy of every Dutch
man in South Africa is with the two re
publics and that a general rising is still
quite possible. However, there is noth
ing to Implicate the bond party, as a
whole, in an officially organized conspiracy
against the Imperial government, although
the bond leaders have winked at or pan
dered to sedition in order to preserve their
popularity. The British failures and the j
appearance of the Boeis on British terri
tory have fomented rebellion, but even
now a decisive British victory would pre
vent its further spread."
This correspondent testifies to the value
of the services rendered by Mr. Schrelner,
the Cape premier, in an embarrassing po
sition. He speaks less highly of Mr. Hof
meyer, the real leader of the bond party,
and severely condemns the Dutch press of
the. Colony, which, he says, is doing its
utmost, while keeping on the windy side
of the law, to promote rebellion and to en
venom racial antagonism.
- The British losses in killed, wounded
and captured up to date are 7987 officers
and men.
THE START FOR IiAYSMITH.
Progress of the British Army "Was
Wot Seriously Opposed.
MOUNT ALICE, near Potgleter's Drift,
Natal, Jan. 15 The forward movement
of the relief of Ladysmith began Wednes
day, January 10, from Frere and Cheveley,
Lord Dundonald's mounted brigade, ; with
the Fifth brigade, under General Hart,
comprising the Dublins, the Connaughts,
the Inniskillings and the Border regi
ment, proceeded westward to Springfield.
The position had previously been thor
oughly reconnoltered.
A few miles outside of Frere, Lord Dun
donald passed targets erected by the Boers
to represent a force advancing in skir
mishing order. Evidently the Boers had
been firing at these from the adjacent
hills.
Lord Dundonald pushed on, and, as the
main column advanced, it, was notified
that Springfield was not occupied by
Boers and that the Fifth brigade had
taken possession. The British transport
extended for several miles, and comprised
some 5000 vehicles. The mounted brigade
advanced rapidly, not meeting with any
opposition. The British scouts had mi
nutely searched all the suspicious country,
but there was no sign of the enemy.
The column advanced to Mount Alice,
facing the enemy's mountain fortress The
Boers had been at Potgleter's drift the
previous day., but a body of South African
horse swam the stream under fire arfd
brought over the pont from the Boer slde.
The Boers were evidently surprised at
the appearance of the British A qamp
qou'd be seen on the Tugela heights, fac
ing Mount Alice, but the enemy qulck'y
struck camp and cleared off into 'the
mountains A buggy was seen leaving for
.the hills on the right, presumably with
General Joubert or some other com
mander. '
General Buller took up' his qUarrs In
, 11.. -I1...1.3 ! -,
a. pieustuiuy suuaieu inruuiuuae oeiunjj-1
ing to Martlnus Prectorus, who had dis
appeared. Friday a loud explosion was heard. Sub
sequently it was foundthe Boers had de
stroyed a bridge underconstruction seven
miles above Potgleter's drift.
General Buller has issued a spirited ap
peal and instructions to the forces, be
ginning: "We are going to the relief of
our comrades In Ladysmith. There -will
be no turning back." The order proceeds
to advise the men, when they charge, re
garding the conditions under which they
should receive the surrender of any of the
enemy. It also warns them that the
Boers are treacherous tin the use of, the
white flag. This order !has been received
with, enthusiasm.
The march wa"s very trying, but the
troops are now encamped?amld very pleas
ant surroupdings. Their rhealth .Is excel
lent, and all are confident.
Crossing thejTug:ela.
SPEARMAN'S FART, Natal, Jan. 18, 10
A. M Generality ttleton's brigade, with a
howitzer battjlsh crossed the Tugela river
at Pogietecjs' drift, Tuesday, January 16.
The water rose above the waists of the
men The Boers fired two shots, and then
recalled their forces to the trenches, the
passage being uninterrupted. The British
advanced In skirmishing order, and the"
small kopjes on the summits were oc
cupied by 6:80 P. M. During the night it
rained heavily.
1 Yesterday ("Wednesday) the Boer
trenches were vigorously shelled in front
of Mount Alice, while theSBrltish remained
In possession of the kopjes and plain.
Heavv .mists enveloned the hills, hut the
f naval guns and the howitzer battery made
good practice. On the Boer right a,v breach
was made- in a sand bag emplacement,
where It is supposed Boer guns h'ad been
p'aced. The cannonade was heavy and
continuous, and the Boers were observed
leaving the trenches In small parties.
The hill facing the British position was
shelled next.
General Warren has forced a passage of
the Tugela seven 4 miles west.
Indications of Heavy Firing:.
LONDON, Jan. 19. A special dispatch
from Durban, dated Wednesday, says:
Advices from Potgleter's drift, dated
yesterday (Tuesday) say that Sir Charles
Warren has .arrived within 17 miles of
Ladysmith, and that the British wounded
are arriving at Mooi River field hospital
by every train from the front, indicating
that there' has already been severe fight
ing. Neither report has yet been con
firmed. WAIt OFFICE BULLETINS.
Builer's Report o the Prosreim
of
His Division.
LONDON, Jan. 18, 9:37 P. M. The war
office has Issued the following:
"From Buller, Spearman's camp, Janu
ary 18: 'One field artillery, howitzer bat
tery and Littleton's brigade are. 'across
the Tugela at Potgleter's drift! The en
emy's position Is being bombarded by us.
Five miles higher up, Warren has crossed
the river by a pontoon 85 yards long; He
hopes his force will, by evening, have
advanced five miles from the river to his
right front. The enemy is busily entrench
ing.' "From Roberts, Cape Town, JanuarlB:
Gatacre,-r"oporta tSat 300 meijjof allranljH.
have been moved from Bushman's hoeck
to Hopersburg, and the Seventy-fourth
field battery and one company of mount
ed Infantry from flterkstrom to Bushman
hoeck. Otherwise there is no change.' "
Earlier in the day the war office Issued
the following dispatch from General Rob
erts, at Cape Town, dated today:
"I have received a telegram from Gen
eral Buller, stating that one brigade and
one howitzer battery have crossed Tugela
river at Potgleter's drift. Five miles fur
ther west, at Trichard's drift, Geneial
Warren has thrown a pontoon bridge over
the river. By this means part of his
force crossed jesterday. The remainder la
expected by this morning to be on the
north bank. General Warren hopes that
he will be able to turn the enemy's posi
tion, which is five miles distant to bis
right front, and is being strongly en
trenched. There are at least two cross
ings by which he can bring up the neces
sary reinforcements'."
Officials of the war office here are satis
fied tnat the tide has turned, and that news
of a more hopeful character from the Brit
ish point of view will hereafter be the rule,
instead of the exception.
That the British advance in a northeast
erly direction will be fiercely resisted
is fully anticipated. The Boer strength
Is probably superior to the British, ana.
dispatches show that the- burghers occupy
strong positions.
There is a doubt whether the Sproenkop,
occupied by General Warren, is identical
with Spionkop. If so, the British are with
in a few miles of Acton Homes, the scene
of earlier conflicts between White's forces
and the invading Free-Staters, whence
there is a good road direct to Ladvsmilh.
While General Warren's force was cross
ing the Tugela river, the Boers occupied
a thickly wooded position one mile north
of the river, and sent several volleys into
the advance guard. The British rdplled,
and the artillery opened on a neighboring
kopje. As the British pushed across tho
river, the Boers found their position un
comfortable, and retired "to the huH Im
mediately after the pontoon bridge was
completed the whola British force crossed.
It is thought proibable that a combined
forward movement has since developed.
In the meanwhile the naval guns on
Zwartkop have been 'persistently, shelling
the Boer entrenchments facing the kopjes
occupied by General Lyttleton's brigade.
A Cape Town dispatch dated today says
it is persistently reported there that Lady
smith has been relieyed- Such rumors aro
apparently ahead 'of the facts. In any
case Lord Roberts, whose report was dis
patched this morning, was not aware of
it, and his dates preclude any possibility
that the troops mentioned in his dispatch
have so soon Teached the. beleaguereS
town. Though there are some discrepan
cies in the telegrams, tho whole nor of
the news tends tq show that General Bui
ler's advance began with good prospects
of success, but it Is generally recognized
that with an enemy so resourceful as the
Boers have proven themselves to be, it la
idle to indulge in oyerconfidence.
The net result, so far as known, is that
Buller occupies commanding positions
north of the Tugela river.
"Boers on the Dordrecht Uine.
STERKSTROM, Jan. 18. Yesterday the
Boers blew up three culyerts on the Dor
drecht line, five miles beyond an outpost
of the po'llce camp. The commando at
Dordrecht numbers 1000.
' Boers Occupy Priepka.
CRADDOCK, Cape Colony, Jan. 18. Sat
urday January 13, the Boers, with a com-
mando of colonial rebels', occupied Pries-4
ka, a village on the Orange 'river, about
10 miles nprthwest"of De"Aar.
Mncrum is nt Ivaples.
NAPLES, Jan IS Charles E. Macrum;
ex-United States consul at Pretoria?" "who
left Lourenco Marques December 18,
bound for New York, landed here today.,
It Is renbrted that habears"a letter from
.President Kruger to President McKinley,
asking him to mediatebetween the Trans,
-1 - ,-1 A -O-l .,-" .- J
yo.a turn uicai xiiiu -s- k A
Re-
ACTION-BY HOUSE OF DELEGATES
Resolution. Inviting: Him to 'Address
the Body Was Practicnlly Killed
The Kentucky Contest.
ANNAPOLIS, Md., Jan. IS. The Mary
land house of delegates," "which is over
whelmingly democratic, today refused to
Indorse -William Jennings Bryan as the
recognized leader of the democracy of the
United States, and practically killed a res
olutibn introduced by a free-silver advo
cate to InvitB Mr. Bryan to addrets the
body.
Mr. Wills, of Talbot county, who Intro
duced the resolution, asked that it be car
ried without reference, but the proposi
tion was voted down, and the speaker re
ferred It to the committee on federal re
lations: rHE FRANKFORT HEARIZVG.
All the Democratic Testimony Han
Been Given.
FRANKFORT, Ky., Jan. IS. The hear
ing of evidence on behalf of Goebel and
Beckham, the democratic contestants for
governor and lieutenant-governor, before
the joint legislative contest board was
completed today. The hearing for Gover
nor Taylor and Lieutenant-Governor Mar
shall will begin tomorrow. Five days are
set apart to them, after which the Goebel
faction will have one day In rebuttal. The
attorneys for the contestants were grant
ed until tomorrow to examine the chargea
and prepare their objections or to take
such action as they may desire. Not
more than 50 witnesses testified on tho
side of the contestants. The witnesses
today were mainly from Louisville, and
the evidence was in regard to the judicial
and military interference. General John
B. Castleman, Sheriff Boehm and others
were among the witnesses.
Colorado Monetary lieaeue Meeting:.
DENVER, Jan. 18. The executive com
mittee of the Monetary League has de
cided to hold the national convention at
the same time in this city with the dem
ocratic, silver-republican and populist
national conventions. The object of the
league is to write the financial plank of
the democratic national platform.
President Rucker is in correspondence
with friends of the cause in this country
and England, and he believes from the
letters arriving from England that the
Boer war will be the solution of the silver
question. He believes that on account of
the scarcity of the circulating medium
Great Britain will be obliged, by the over
whelming sentiment of public opinion, to
reopen the mints of India to the free coin
age of silver.
r
. tS-tir-'' "-' "J- ncf-'S?'
WHERE THE GOLD WENT.
Supply and. Movement of the Yellow
Metal Since 1800.
NEW YORK, Jan. IS. A statistical re
view of the supply and movement of gold
since the end of 1S3G by M. L. Mulhman,
deputy assistant treasurer of the United
States, was given out today. Mr. Muhl
man says:
"The recent exportation of gold to Eu
rope, and the suspension of production m
South Africa, h?s directed attention to the
world's supply of the yellow metal and its
distribution. Accurate figures for the entr
of 1899 are not yet available, but those at
hand are sufficient to give a comprehensive
general view of the subject. I have taken
for comparison the period from the close
of 1S96, In which year the conditions of the
United States were decidedly unsettled.
The world's production of gold in the threo
years of 1S97, 1898 and 18S9 is estimated to
have been between $825,000,000 and $85!,
000,000. ' The following table shows the
location of Important stocks of gold at
dates named, in millions of dollars:
y
DEPOSIT.
00a
."
All European banks of is
sue Entire stock in the United
States
United States treasury re
serve In United States national
banks 1
1591
1749
745
1632
1593
693
949
1015
210
314
137
181
161
207
246
231
"It will thus be seen that the banks of
Europe, had on the first of the present
month very little more gold than at the
beginning of 1S97, whereas the United
States gained $323,000,000. We kept our
own product and gained by imports about
$135,000,000. The United States was thus
best able to lose gold to England when
the demand arose.
"The' principal banks of Europe showed
at dates named holdings as follows, in
millions of dollars:
Democrats of Maryland
fused to Indorse Him.
B fed O td w op
TBAR- glial??
3 o c p r
P f-: 3 : : : :
'1897 171 382 3331 32i 47S s 88 43
1S9S 151 C9I 19 153 ,C14 fcO 47
1899 153 363 141 151 520 0 50
19O0.'..V. ... 146 37b 127 102 463 79f tb
"In the redistribution during the three
years Russia shows a loss of $151,000,OCO,
practically all of which weljt into circula
tion In redemption of the bank notes under
the1 law for resumption of specie pay
ments. Spain and. Austria gained ma
terially, while England, France and Ger
many losb The South African war not
only stopped the usual flow of gold to
London, but compelled England to send
large amounts to the Cape.
"We are now prepared to estimate what
became of the world's product of say
$850,000,000. The consumption In arts and
manufactures for the world amounts to
upwards of $60,000,000 annually, so tliat
nearly $200,000,000 was probably so used;
India always draws more gold from Eu
rope than she returns, besides keeping
her own product; this and the similar
movement lo other countries in the Orient
probably.account for $150,000,000; the United
States, as we have seen, took $323,000,000
(keeping: its large product and importing
.about $135,000,000 more than was exported);
and Russia's adoption of the gold standard
taccpunfs for $151,000,000 disappearing from
'the usual depositories. These, items &g
gregate $824,000,000, and thus practically
account for the enormous sums taken out
of the earth since the end of 1896. Eng
land's exports 'to Cape Colony probably
make up the remainder."
a e
A Fund for Yale.
CINCINNATI, Jarf. 18. The "Cincinnati
,Yalp Club gave a dinner last night to
President Hadley, of Yale, at the Queen
City Club. About a hundred guests par
ticipated. Responses to toasts were made
by President Hadley, Hon. W. H. Taft,
of the United States court of appeals;
Presfdent Howard Ayers, of the Cincin
nati university; Joseph Wllby and W. A.
Decamp.
President Hadley presented the purpose
of his mission, which Is to secure from
the alumni $2,000,000 to erect new build
ings at Yale. Judge Taft spoke on the
new admin'stration at Yale Into which he
entered with all the more zeal because he
himself "was the first and most ardent
supporter of President Hadley for president.
STATUE OF WEBSTER.
Bronze Unveiled in Washington Yes
terday. WASHINGTON, Jan. IS. A distin
guished gathering of public officials, in
cluding President McKinley, and his en
tire cabinet, representatvea of the senate
and house, th9 judiciary of the United
States supreme court, and other branches
of public life, participated today In the
exercises attending the unveiling of the
colossal bronze statue of Daniel Webster,
executed by the IUfllan sculptor, Trenta
nove, and presented to the United States
by Stllson Hutchins, of this city,
The statue occupies a position on Scott
c'rcle. but prior to the actual unveiling
f the ceremonies of presentation and accept
ance were held at the Lafayette opera-
I house. The president occupied a seat on
the stage, and back of him sat Secretaries
Hay. Gage, Root, Long, Hitchcock, Postmaster-General
Smith, Attorney-General
Griggs, Secretary Wilson and Private Sec
retary Porterr Others on the stage were
Governor Crane, of Massachusetts, ac
companied by his adjutant-general and
aids. Chief Justice Fuller, Justices Harlan,
White and Gray, Senators Hoar, Lodge,
Chandler, Allison, Bacon. Fairbanks, Proc
tor, Tillman; Representatives Loverlng,
Cousins, Clarke and others Identified with
the exercises and with the states which
share tho honors clustering about the Il
lustrious Webster. Major-General Miles
ard other representatives of the army, of
the navy, and of the diplomatic corps add
ed to an assemblage of unusual distinc
tion. The Marine band occupied the or
chestra. As the president and cabinet came upon
the stage, the entire audience rose, while
the band played "Hail to the Chief." Af
ter an eloquent prayer by the blind chap
lain of the senate. Rev. Dr. Mllburn, Sen
ator Chandler, on behalf of tho two
branches of congress, read Mr, Hutchln's
presentation letter, and added a brief but
glowing tribute to the statesmanship, the
oratory and the patriotism of Webster.
Secretary Long then accepted the statue
in behalf of the United States. He said:
"To George Washington and his associ
ates, who in 17S7 framed the federal con
stitution, we owe that groat paper. It
bound the 13 Independent colonies into a
union and created the United States of
America. In it they gave us the ample
letter and frame of government.
"To the overwhelming arguments, near
ly half a century later, of Daniel Webster
In the senate, and to the luminous senti
ments of John 'Marshall, on the bench, we
owe Its development by Interpretation and
corstructlon into the great charter of
powers which now constitutes the national
authority. They illuminated f Its letter
with the national spirit. They breathed
Into Its frame the life of national s.av
ereltmtv. In thdT momentous debate In
JWhlchVS? UAat.Um&ta.pcUoaedBcve;
the measure 01 its grant oc power a de
bate of giants the issue was between a
limitation on the one hand, which would
have narrowed the growth of the young
republic and endangered tho Union, and on
the other an expansion that Insured the In
destructibility of the Union, and let free
the republic to its largest developments.
"As they prevailed, so they made the
republic indissoluble by Internal convul
sion and equal to the emergencies of tho
future which confronted them or which
confront us. The statue of one of them,
the great jurist, in the serene dignity of
his high office, already adorns the capitol.
Today, on Massachusetts avenue, a name
as dear to him and history, with his face
to the capitol, and to the chief justice,
we dedicate the statue of the other, the
great expounder of the constitution and
defender of the Union, and the foremost
lawyer, orator and statesman, whose
words, Imbedded in the common political
literature of his countrymen, come to the
tongue like passages from tho poet3 or the
psalms "
Secretary Long's remarks were warmly
applauded, and then, amid another out
burst of applause, Senator Lodge delivered
the oration of the day.
The formal ceremonies concluded with a
benediction by Rev. Mr. Couden, chaplain
of the house. The president and most of
the other distinguished guests then pro
ceeded to Scott circle, where, at 12 o'clock,
the statue was unveiled. The drawing of
the veils was performed by Jerome Bona
parte, a grandson of Webster, assisted by
Mrs. Hutchins and Miss Katherine Deer
Ing. THE CLAYTOX-BULWER TREATY.
Understanding: Regarding: It Exists
Between America and England.
NEW YORIC Jan. 18. A special to tho
Herald from Washington says:
It was said tonight by a member of the
foreign relations committee that an un
derstanding exists between the United
States and Great Britain under which tnis
government ca" proceed with the construc
tion of the Nicaragua canal without refer
ence to the provisions of the Clayton-Bul-wer
treaty.
There is no doubt that since the negotia
tions for the abrogation of the Clayton
Bulwer treaty failed, and since the agita
tlbn of the construction of the canal ha3
been taken up by congress, a discus
sion has occurred between the two gov
ernments, and it is understood that Great
Britain has given this country assurances
that It need not let the convention of 1S30
stand In tho way of action.
It has been known for a year that Great
Britain was willing to abrogate the con
vention on condition that she receive con
cessions in the Alaska boundary contro
versy, and it 13 possible, If she has made
the statement credited to her, she has
coupled It with the understanding that
her rights elsewhere will Tece ve consider
ation in return for her concession.
Representative Sulzcr has prepared an
amendment to the Nicaragua canal bill,
requiring that American labor be em
ployed in connection with the construc
tion of the canal.
SPANISH WAR PENSIONS.
Most of the Amplications Come- From
Volunteers.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. A large num
ber of claims for pensions are being re
ceived by the pension office as a result
of the Spanish war. Statistics prepared
,by the bureau show that the percentage
of applications from volunteers is much
larger than from the regulars. The battle
of San Juan was selected by the bureau
as a .basis for- calculations, as the greatest-number
of casualties occurred there.
There were 192 regulars killed, 1C97 wound
ed, and 55 missing. Claims for pensions
from the regular army number 2962. At
that battle 34 volunteers "were killed, 177
wounded, and 43 missing. The claims ,for
pensions from volunteers number I55S.
There; were 23 regular regiments and three
regular batteries engaged in this fight,
aa against nine regiments of volunteers.
One regiment lost none in killed, wounded
Or missing, but has 418 claims for pensions
pending, - -
Keep
LITTLE SHOW FOR HIM THERE
McBride's Bill, Refunding: $125 t&
Certain Oregon Settlers, Passed
Senate Assay OlUce Bills.
WASHINGTON, Jan. IS. Roberts of
Utah announces that he will nght hia
case in the courts If he Is denied a seat
as a member of the house. Roberts has
been making his contention on the ground
that the constitution prescribes certain
qualifications for a member, but he ought
to know that the same constitution allows
the house to be the judge of its own mem
bers. No court will undertake to set aside
a decision of the house on such a question,
especially as it would have no power to
enforce it.
Oregon Assay Olllcea.
Representative Tongue says that, not
withstanding the unfavorable recommen
dations of Director Roberts, the coinage
committee will report favorably bills for
assay offices at Portland and Baker City.
He has received such assurances from
members of the committee, and baltaves
that the bills have a fair opportunity to
pass the house.
'Idaho Forest Reserves
The Idaho delegation is much disturbed
on account of the new proposals of the
Interior department to create forest re
serves In that state. According to the
lines drawn, a reservation is proposed in
Southern Idaho, next the Oregon line,
which will take In most of Canyon coun
ty south of Washington, and part of Botes
county. It will run up to the suburbs of
Boise City. The Idaho senators say that
the proposed reserve will be all surveyed
land, much of which has no timber and
Is a good farming country. In Northern
Idaho it is proposed to enlarge the Priest
River reserve by extending it from the
Pend d'Oreille river. In Washington, to
Kootenai river. In Idaho, but six town
ships of the present reserve are to be re
stored. There Is also a proposition in the wrar
department to create a large military res
ervation at Snake river, to include por
tions of Lincoln and Cassia counties.
Vancouver Military Iloipltal.
Upon being asked what position he held
relative to the proposed convalescent mili
tary hospital for the Northwest, Sena
tor Foster said he had notified Interested
persons at Vancouver that the war de
partment officials having in charge mili
tary hospital matters do not admit the
necessity of establishing a convalescent
military hospital at Vancouver. Besides,
If they did deem such hospital necessary,
or find it desirable in future to establish
one, they would favor Puget sound.
MeBrldc's Refunding: Bill.
. Jn. the-resubir course. 06 husiieitda.y.
I the bill introduced and reported by Sen
ator McBride, refunding $1 25 an acre to
settlers who paid $2 50 for lands within
railroad limits, was reached on the calen
dar, and passed without opposition. This
bill will be of great interest to the peo
ple of the Pacific coast states, as It af
fects those lands within the grants to
the railroads where such grants were af
terwards forfeited by reison of the fail
ure to construct the road. Both Oregon
and Washington will be affected by tho
measure. If it can be passed through the
house. Representative Moody intends to
push It through, although he wHl meet
with considerable opposition.
Improving "Upper Willamette.
Representative Tongue today introduced
a bill appropriating $25,(100 for the con
struction of a revetment on the left bank
of the Willamette river, one mile below
Independence. This revetment Is In
tended to prevent an overflow of the river
at that point into La Creole creek, which
overflow threatens to interfere with navi
gation on the Willamette
PHILIPPINE HEMP PORTS.
Kobbc Will Open Those in Southern.
. Inlands.
MANILA. Jan. 18. Brigadier-General
Kobbe has been appointed governor of AI
bay province and Catanduannes island,
and has temporarily been placed In charge
of the Islands of Samar and Leyte. His
command embraces the principal hemp-produclng-
country. He has been instruct
ed to establish civil government In places
under his jurisdiction. Kobbe sailed yes
terday on the transport Hancock with a
brigade, consisting- of the Forty-seventh
and Forty-third infantry, and a battery of
artillery.
Generals Bate3. Wheaton and Schwan
have occupied the principal towns in
Cavite and Batangas provinces. The ma
jority of the insurgents have returned to
their homes and have secreted their guns.
All the southern port3 will be opened
soon.
General MacArthur's troops are pursuing-
many small bands, killing- a number
of Filipinos and securing- guns.
0
Upton In Chicago Board of Trade..
CHICAGO, Jan. 18. Sir Thomas J. Lip
ton, owner of last year's America's cup
challenger, Shamrock, has applied for
membership in the Chicago board of
trade. The rules of the board require that
applications be indorsed by two members
of the board. In Sir Thomas' case, John
C. Hately and Henry Botsford, wealthy
packers, are sponsors. Sir Thoma3 Lip
ton has owned and operated a meat-preserving,
pork-packing plant at the stock
yards for several years, but he has had
no membership In tho board of trade, be
ing represented by the managers of hia
Chicago office.
A 0
Ife-warfc: Board of Trade Dinner.
NEW YORK, Jan. IS. The 13th annual
dinner of the Newark, N. J., board of
trade was held today. One of the guests
of honor was px-Governor McCorkle, of
West Virginia, who spoke upon "The At
titude of the Progressive .South in Pro
moting the Country's Foreign Trade."
Congressman W. P. Hepburn spoke on
"How Shall We Enlarge Our Labor
Fields?' Congressman Gowler, who is a
member of the committee on banking and
currency, was given the toast "Banking;,
Domestic and Foreign."
Montngrne White In Netv Yorlc.
NEW YORK, Jan. 18. Montague Whito.
until recently consul-general of the South
African Republic, has been in New York
for a week, and Is about to go to Wash
ington. It & supposed he Is on a diplo
matic mission. He refused to be inter
viewed. na 0 i
Mnrlhoroug:h's Appointment.
LONDON, Jan. 18. The war office an
nounces the appointment of the Duke o
Marlborough as a staff captain, in con
nection with the imperial yeomanry be
ing organized for service in South Africa
Roberts Determined to
Up the Fight.