VOI,. XXXni-NO 11.04:6. POIiTLASTD. OREGON TBTDESDAV FEBBTJASV 28. 1895. PJRICE FIVE CE2STS And get your rake, spade, hos and gar den tools of all kinds, and galvanized poultry netting, at UDOLPHil. DEKUM, 111 FIRST, BET. STARK tP WASHINGTON 1895 $3, $4 and J$5 $mU'S RAZORS $ CDQ 248 Washlncton ailDTSTAYS &7T 1895 S3, $4 and $5 JiHEfi'S ITT J3 S a MRcnER' ESTABLISHED 18E6. Importers, Sliippioi anil Commission Merchants. Importers of China. Japan and Ceylon Tea, China and Japan Rice, Matting, Rugs, Nut OH, Preserved Ginger, Singapore and Java Coffee. Nutmegs, Cloves, Cassia, etc Sole agents for Llchtenstlen Brothers & Co.'s Casino and Edwin Booth high-grade Cigars. FISHER, 7HORSEN &. CO. lllHOLESKLB paints, Oils, Qlass aid Brushes SOLE AGENTS For the Pacific TCorthisrest for JOHN W. MASURY & SON'S Productions. Tho superior and taell CHAMBERS & McKEE'S WINDOW GLASS -jffcCItOSKEY'S LMQUID FIIaliERS. flEJFUt'S CAFJFJIHGH PRINTS. A full and complete line of all dry 10S-130 FRONT STREET, PORTLAND TUvMIlNE THIKRICET Special Seile of JVExattorj ! One IjlTid of pore Quartet for 25c All other Meats in. Proportion. PORTLAXD MEAT CO. Main. Office and .Market, Third mid Alder. Branches First and Columbia, and Six teen tit and X'Qitjyguac&tKsstM.aiii tw gft-fcttga-frggAftftrtftfrftg' H-i-P-s-fl-s " V- TABULES! Recul&tc the Stomach, liver and bowels aad purllj tho blood. Kipaus T&bules nre the best raedlclco knonn for lndicestlon. bllloumcsa. hea-l-fcchr, constipation, dyspepsia, chroulc liver trouble, Utrrinuts. tal complexion, dye enlry, offenoivit brectn. and all disorders cf tiientoinacli. liver and bowels. luro.ni 'f abulen contain nnthlne injurious to the mast delicate constitution Are plrnsniit to trke, sale, effectual, and give lniturdtat rtliei Price, !Bc ptr tor. "Jot ba ordered tbreURU nearest druKKUt, or by malt tint-H, Honshu A W'todard Co., Portland, Or., fcerers.1 nnnis. a J- tHt What is Drudgery? fg GOLD DUST Washing Powder. GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS Write for Special Cash Price List. mSMM & MKLl, - Wt FWMiT Kifi ALBEi STREETS E. C. GODDARD We have received direct from the manufacturers an invoice of the new Trilby. Toes in La4t8' Fine Shoos. THEY ARE THE LATEST. Today we offer 13 pairs Children's and Misses' Grain School Shoes for 9 cents. 129 SIXTH STREET. - - J?Qbber Belting, Packing and Hose JSKK2 YOUR CHOICE FROM THE FOIiliOWIJCa ORnjlDS: STANDARD EXTRA QUALI IT tif Al SUPERIOR G0LDJEAL Is a Cood Qr;fi 9' Is a Getter Grsdo r Is s Very Good Grade f Is ths Ecst Msdc 83 SU3S THE HOSE VO'J PURCHASE HKS OUf NHJCE Oft UUFintJSD BT GOODYEAR RUBBER -CO. R. H. PEASE, Yiw-Ff9Sl ml Etttgsr. 73 mi 75 First $., FerH'sd, 8r. Tnrtioi)r- mnrl Fr-io - I.it Furniulii-cl cz ArT3llctIor rtiu CainST SHOES S3, $4 and $5 1895 lt NEEDLES E sr s s n o E S3 1895 BSOABWAYa SJiOES $3, S4 and S5 G INCORPORATED 1833. MURPHY VARNISH CO.'S Pins Carriage and - knotnn brand of House Varnish. colors. Goods sold to the trndo only. PORTLAND, OIIEGOV. MEAT CO. &, mwtiw l5$I0RpERT GO. Vsholcsals Butchers and Packers OF THE S!iie!d Brand of Hams, Bacon AND Strictly Pure. Kettle-Eon-dcred Lard. FOURTH PGLI8AN STREETS Inexperienced Business Men stop advertising whenjbueiness geta dnll. Those who know keep up their advertising. They get all the hneines there is, and more "when it picka up, be cause they are known. Are you known to 259,000 readers all consumers in Oregon, Washington and Idaho? If not, you are losing trade thatjyou might con trol. Tho N. P. Xewepaper Union list of 90 papers thoroughly read will in troduce you most economicallv and ef fectually. Office, 245 Stark Street. CHACAQL'A K. & W A NEW COLLAR. CILVCAQUA & CO. 0REG0NIAN BUILDING $5 CKUTI0M bcut tijz Us? aijd Sqleqtiorj of Spotaola Terscas hartr-ff aora&l vtetoa will be abt to read this print at a distance of 14 yachts Irora th eyes -with ease and cocafort; clso will V able to read It xrtth each eye separately. If usable to do eo your eyes are defective, and should have Immediate attention. 'When tha eyes become tired from reaont or sewing, cr ir the letters loot blurred and run together. It Is a wire indication that glasses are needed. The lenses sold hi the cheap goods are oi un equal density and have imperfectly fenaed sur faces. .Continued use of these poorer lenses wilt result In a psslUre Injury from the con stant strain upon the muscles ot accomaoda lien to supply the defects in the class." EED & JtiRIiGOIiJK Ooulist Opticians Oregonian Building' MET DEATH I A MINE A Disastrous Explosion Near Cer rillos, in New Mexico. MflHY HOMES MADE DESOLATE Tiventy-FIve Miners Talren Out Dead and It Is Doubtfal if Those Im prisoned Are Alive. CERRTLLOS. N. M., Feb. 27. A disas trous mining accident was reported from White Ash, three miles from here, this afternoon. Enough is known to show that many lives have been lost. The accident occurred this morning in the mines of the Santa Fe Company. It was caused by an explosion. ' At that hour the employes at the entrance of the mine heard a terrific roar, followed by the ground trembling. Owing to the smoke, dust and noxious vapors that tilled every approach to the working mine, hours elapsed before any progress was made towards effecting a rescue, and the efforts were cruelly re warded, for up to 4. o'clock but one miner was reached. His dead body was found near the entrance. Three hours later the rescuers succeeded in reaching the fourth level, and the dead bodies of several men were brought out. The scenes were ter rible. Frantic wives, many of them car- J rying babies in their arms, and having children clinging to their skirts, stood in tt-ars at the entrance of the mine for hours, watching and waiting, while hun dreds of men vainly struggled to gain an entrance further into the mine. So dense was the smoke at one time during the afternoon that may though the mine had taken fire, and tho conduct of the wives and mothers when this was announced as a probability was pitiable. Up to 5 o'clock the gas continued to pour forth from the single opening In the mine in such volume as to make the progress of he rescuers very difficult, but an hour later the noxious vapors cleared away, and the work of recovering the dead bodies began to prove more successful. Twenty-two men are still in the lower workings of the mine, and it is not thought possible they are alive. The work of rescue goes on. Many he roic scenes have been witnessed during the afternoon and tonight a gruesome spectacle is presented. Many camp fires dot the scene, and the anguish of the women and children grouped about them, hoping for the best and urging the men in their endeavors to reach the entombed, while others, clinging to their dead or ministering to those rescued alive, pre sents a picture of human anguish seldom witnessed. It Is thought the explosion was caused by the miners breaking through into an old, abandoned workings, thus liberating gas that had accumulated therein. The mine was worked through a single incline shaft, extending 3009 feet in an Incline of 30 "degrees. anK.scfims to have been ue- fentlve .iflfintffPJi013 YentJlatlonfcvSnhe 'SHTOtff otne shaft is the sole rowans of egress. Nobody seems to know just how many men went into the mine this morning. Ordinarily 150 men are cm ployed, but, this being Ash Wednesday, it is said scarcely half the usual quota of men were at work today. Representa tive Laeden, lately employed there, says he is confident that not less than S5 men must have been in the mine at the time of the explosion. Up to 10 P. M., 25 bodies had been taken out, horribly burned and mutilated and difficult of identification. One of the res cued. John Stupes, says that he heard the explosion, and he and five comrades start ed for the main slope, but could not es cape, and went back into the mine to a pool of water, where they immersed them selves, and by agitating the water man aged to create air enough to live upon for the 11 hours of their confinement. When the rescuing party released them they were in the last stages of asphyxia tion. The dead, so far as known, are: J. R. Donohue, pit boss; Johnnie Rock, trapper boy; Sam Harder, miner; . El lingsworth, Roy Philips, William Jones, Sam Jones, William T. McCarty. Tom Whiteley, John Sweeney, John E. Thorn ton, Tom Holliday, Jules Descrant, Henry Descrant, Louis Descrant, Angelo Buffato, Rlcard Dero, Emil Hornet, George Spaite, August Leplat, D. Sumitis, Henry Harben. The ICncstncr Building- Burned. CHICAGO, Feb. 27. Fire started at 0 o'clock this morning in the Kaestner building, containing the Kaestner knitting works. Pioneer Paper Company, and Bach & Hertz' Leather Company. The build ing was totally destroyed, together with live dwellings in the vicinity. The damage is 56U.O00, most of which is covered by in surance. The crane compa'ny loss, which at first was thought to have been light, was heavy, and mrny smaller firms with apartments in the Kaestner building suf fered. Hundreds of employes in the Kaestner building, including 220 children, were panic stricken. The injured, none of them fatally hurt, are: Etta Goldman, cut and bruised; Emma Kusick. cut and bruised by being tram pled; Bessie Palsel, bruised about the head; Agnes Mclntyre, cut about the head. DroTvneil In the Frnher River. VANCOUVER. B. C. Feb. 27. Otto C. Dusterhoef, clerk of the Chiiliwhack mu nicipality, was drowned In the Fraser river, at Westminster, early this morning. He came down the previous day, and, after passing the evfnlng with friends, went on board the steamer Gladys and went to bed. The night watchman, about midnight noticed his coat and shoes, and, thinking it strange, looked around but was unable to find him. The river was dragged today, and the body recovered. It is thought he walked off in his sleep, as the lower deck of the steamer has no guards. He came here four years ago from Illinois. Boys and Gunpowder. HUNTINGDON. Pcnn., Feb. 27. Seven boys gathered about a five-pound can of gunpowder here today, and took turns in applying lighted matches to it. A ter rlrto explosion resulted, which will prob ably be the death of two of the lads. George Rupert rnd Chester Harton, each about 1$, were hurled 30 feet against a building. The clothing of the remaining boys was set on fire and that of Robert Shaw and Thomas Earl burned to their Highest of all in Leavening Power. ASSQLUTEDf PURE bodies. The boys only escaped, cremation by jumping Into a nearby pond. The windows in all the neighboring houses I were shattered. A Sister tTnfortnnate Accident. ST. JOSEPH, Mo., Feb. 27. Mrs. Robert Craig dangerously shot her sister last night, mistaking her for a burglar. LEFT BY THE DEAD. Fortnnnte Investments "Will Xet the Chnrchill Estnte Something-. LONDON. Feb. 27. Truth says it Is shown by the will, of the late Lord Churchill that owing to fortunate invest-, ments, under the genejpus advice of the Rothschilds and Colonel North, Churchill was not without resources when he died. The Stolen Fair "Will. SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 27. Charles L. Fair has received.a second letter from an unknown correspondent at Brookings, S. D., stating that he witnessed the abstrac tion of the will cf the late James G. Fair from the county clerk's office, and offer ing to reveal the identity of the thief for $15,000. The writer gives Fair until Febru ary 23 to remit (he money. At the same time he wrote to the attorneys for the ex ecutors, making the same proposition. The recipients say they paid no attention to the letters, but there is much speculation concerning the clumsy but persistent blackmailer. , May Xow Be Distributed. SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 27. By a com promise the 15 suits, - aggregating over $1,000,000, between the estate of John S. Doe and the Waterloo "Mining Company, of which the principal stockholders were three Milwaukee capitalists, were dis missed today, and the $1,500,000 of the Doe money may now be distributed. The case has been In court for a number of years. The mines are at Calico, Cal. A Chicnjro Brerrer's Daughter. CHICAGO. Feb. 27. Alma Zeipp, daugh ter of the late Conrad Zeipp, the brewer, came of age a few days ago. Her guardians, with the approval of the pro bate court, yesterday turned over to her $231,737 in securities and bonds, and $719, 227 in cash. LOS AA'GELES' STREET RAILWAY. An Ajrrecment Which. Will Prevent a Foreclosure of the Mortc;a;7e. LOS ANGELES, Cal., Feb. 27. The In vestor, n financial paper, publishes the statement that General M. H. Sherman has concluded to surrender control of the Consolidated Electric Railway, under a pressure by the bondholders, and will re tire from the management of the road. The paper states that the company's in terest on the $3,000,000." bond issue will, next month, amount to $180,000. one-half of which is in defaults Thomas Brown, cashier of the Bank of (California; Lowell White, E. B. Pond, Captain Payson, of the Pacific rolling millsfDr. Moore, presi dent of the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company, of San Francisco; Morris Trum bull, of Peabody, Hotajing & Co., of Chi cago, and Edward Barxltt Smith, of Chi cago, have been in the! city several days. in conference over ths 'condition of the road. Goodwlndtres roisldfr thf ronrl pan .nayvinteiesttrin.onerif oi' its nresent jTfdnded" Indebtedness and expenses', pro vided bond retrenchments are made. If Sherman had not concluded to retire, a suit would have been Immediately com menced for foreclosure of the mortgage. OTHER. KIXAJTCIAL XEWS. To Control Mnnnfnctnred Iron. SHEFFIELD, England, Feb. 27. The Telegraph publishes the draft of a scheme proposing that 200 Iron firms of South Yorkshire, Lancashire, Derbyshire, Stafford, Worcester, and Shropshire shall form an organization to be known as the Midland Iron Trade Association, and which will regulate the prices of all classes of manufactured iron. Heavy fines will be Imposed for breaches of agreement, and a committee of 20 will manage the affairs of the association. The operatives have con sented to join. L'tuU's Xerv Brijraclier-General. SALT LAKE, Feb. 27. Governor West today appointed R. W. Young as brigadier-general and commander of the Utah National Guard. General Young is a grandson of the late Brigham Young and has a brilliant military and business rec ord. He was a graduate of West Point and resigned from the service in 1SSS to begin the practice of law In this city. Last April he assumed the editorial and business management of the Salt Lake Herald. Many Acres Involved. SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 27. An import ant case was argued in the circuit court of appeals this morning. It Involves the ownership of 700,000 acres of land located around and near Los Angeles. Those In terested are the Southern Pacific rallway and the government. In the United States district court the government scored a victory, and the railroad appealed to the circuit court. The case hinges on the over lapping of a land grant. The Price of Oranges. LOS ANGELES, Feb. 27. The executive board'of the Southern California fruit ex change Is In session here, transacting business relative to marketing oranges. A majority favor a raise of 23 cents per box on choice and fancy navels, which will make them $2 and $2 23. The Application Denied. BUFFALO. Feb. 27. The attorney-general has denied the application of the cen tral Labor LTnion of New York for leave for proceedings to dissolve the Standard Oil Company on the ground that It Is a monopoly. The case has been pending for some time. Atchison fc Topcka Reorganization. NEW YORK, Feb. 27. The reorganiza tion plan of the Atchison company pro vides for the issue of $102,000,000 common stock, $65,000,000 preferred, $23,000,000 prior Hen bonds, 150,000,000 general fours and $5,000,000 adjustment fives. The Independent Order of Foresters. CHICAGO, Feb. 27. The supreme court of the Independent Order of Foresters of Canada began mandamus proceedings to compel the Illinois state insurance super intendent to allow the society to do busi ness in Illinois. Ravages of Cholera. BUENOS AYRES, Feb. 27. Seventeen cases of cholera and nine deaths are re ported from Rosario, and nine cases and live deaths from Santa Fe. Latest U. S. Gov't Food Repcct' GORMAN WITHDREW IT An End to the Financial Debate in the National Senate. NO ISSUE OF DEBT CERTIFICATES The Senate AVill Vote on the Snndry Clvil Bill at Three O'clock This Afternoon. WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. When the sen ate adjourned tonight, it was with the un derstanding that a vote would be taken onthesundry civil appropriation bill at 3 P. M. tomorrow. The financial issue, which has hung like a great menacing cloud over the senate chamber for many weeks, was suddenly and permanently dissipated to day. For four hours there was a storm of debate in which the most conspicuous financial figures of the senate were lis tened to by crowded galleries. And ther Gorman, whose financial amendment had brought on the contest, withdrew the prop osition and the subject was summarily disposed of. A moment later Mills' propo sition to repeal the laws authorizing the is suance of bonds was cut off by a ruling of the chair that It was out of. order. Thus the financial issue, which had threatened serious delay to the appropriation bills, was unexpectedly swept away. Gorman made the principal speech In advocacy of the proposition for authoriz ing $100,000,000 of debt certificates to meet treasury deficiencies. The senator called Into question the accuracy of Secretary Carlisle's reports of the treasury's safe condition, and declared a deficiency of $60,000,000 for the fiscal year was assured. Hill made a speech against the amendment which involved several sharp colloquies. Sherman, Allison and Aldrich supported the Gorman amendment. Voorhees, chair man of the finance committee, opposed the amendment on the ground that it was needless, and was directly opposed to the wishes of the president and secretary of the treasury. Mills spoke vigorously against the issue of bonds, and Teller final ly moved to lay the Gorman amendment on the table, and this was the signal for Gorman's final move in withdrawing the proposition. Work on the sundry civil bill was then proceeded with. Among the amendments agreed to was one authorizing the selec tion of nine commissioners to represent theUnlted States at the International mon etary conference. Another important amendment agreed to provided for a com mittee of United States army officers to investigate the Nicaragua canal project, going over the route and making a report, Morgan said the inquiry was desired In order -to fully Inform the next congress, as it had become evident the present house would not pass the Nicaragua bill. When the proposed amendment provid ing for the issue of certificates of indebt edness had been read, Berry said: "I make a point of order against this financial amendment on the ground that it Is general legislation." Hill offered a further amendment that hereafter all treasury notes when pre sented to the treasury shall not be reis sued, but shall be canceled. He sought to spaak In explanation of his amend ment, but Mills insisted on the rule and an immediate decision on the point of order. Hill continued, but was interrupt ed by frequent suggestions that the debate was out of order. There was considerable disorder and the vice-president finally requested the sergcant-at-arms to see that order was preserved. The vice-president was about to decide the point of order and had begun the first sentence, when Mills Interrupted: "Does the chair decline to submit the question to the senate? It Is not only customary, but it is the rule, that ques tions of order shall be submitted to the senate, and I must insist that it be sub mitted to the senate." The presiding officer paused in his de cision. Then l.e said: "In view of the remarks of the senator from Texas, the question will be sub mitted to the senate." He then directed a roll-call and again called on the sergcant-at-arms with sig nificant force to maintain order. By a singular parliamentary situation the or der for the vote made the amendment sub ject to debate and Gorman addressed the senate. He said It had become evident that there was to be no financial relief unless It wasr made a part of an appropria tion bill. Wolcott here interrupted with the query: "Has the secretary of the treasury noti fied the senate that he does not want such legislation as this?" "That Is the whole question," responded Gorman, "and if the senator will permit me, I will, in my own crude way, pre sent the question of the secretary's neces sity." "Is the treasury in such condition that it cannot provide for the wants of the government?" csked Gorman. "Are the revenues becoming insufficient to meet the expenditures and the appropriations we are making? If our actual expendi tures are greater than our receipts we can not afford to adjourn until we meet this emergency unless congress wants more bonds sold to meet other obligations." Gorman then vnfolded an elaborate table of figures, and continued: "I think I will be able to demonstrate that the secretary of the treasury will have a deficiency of $30,000,000 for the calen dar year and $60,000,000 for the fiscal year. The secretary s reply to the senate stated there was $106,000,000 on hand available to pay ordinary expenses. I know there was a mistake, and 1 went tc the treasury and said to those who had made up the report: TTour figures are misleading. You have made a mistake.' I called their attention to the fact that they had omitted checks, drafts, etc., outstanding. They had been included in the monthly report. It dis closed that there was annually $G7,000,000 available. There was a mistake of about $30,000,000 to begin with." Gorman proceeded to itemize the sums due for rivers and harbors, public build ings, etc. He also took up the secretary's estimates of receipts, and said: "The secretary estimated his total ex expenditures at $35S,000.000. In 1893 the ap propriations were $300,000,000, and already the house has appropriated $374,000,000 for this year. This senate will add $20,000,000. The total will then be $390,000,000, and I will stake my reputation that it will reach $400,000,000." The senator ended with an appeal to the senate not to paralyze the operations of the government by failing to provide for all emergencies before the adjournment of I congress. Mills followed with a strong criticism of I the Issuing of bonds. He spoke of the ; public abhorrence of a national debt. There wa3 a sharp colloquy between Hill and ( Mills as the latter discussed greenbacks. J In the course of it Mills asked: "What kind of money do. you believe in, anyway j x (relieve iu uic guiu iiiu anvci ujl uie ' constitution," responded HilL "I am not , a greenbacker now, and never have been." "Not a greenbacker!" exclaimed Mills, derisively. Then, addressing Hill person ' ally, he said: 'When your great state of i New York, la 1S6S, sent Horatio Seymour to the national democratic convention, it was on a platform of paying all public obligations in greenbacks. Where were you then?" There was intense energy in Mills' ques tion, and the galleries broke into laughter. "Read that platform," said Hill. And Mills read the plank concerning green backs, and then, turning to Hill, with keen satire, added: "Oh, where was Roderick then?" "One blast upon his bugle-horn were worth a thousand men." The senators were much amused, and the galleries broke out Into laughter. Then Mills added, again addressing Hill: "Of course, you voted for Horatio Sey mour." Hill made no response, and Gray said, sotto voce, "He was too young." Mills, in conclusion, declared, with great emphasis, that If this amendment were ruled out of order, he would offer an amendment to repeal all laws giving the secretary of the treasury authority to is sue bonds without direct and specific act of congress. Allison warned the senate that moments were flying; that unless the sundry civil bill was disposed of today, and other bills in the next two days, the responsibility of an extra session would rest on congress. Proceeding, he said he had favored the amendment in the commlttue on appropria tions, as he believed the secretary of the treasury should have the authority it con ferred. Speaking of the merits 6f the prop osition to Issue certificates of Indebtedness to meet current expenses, Allison severely criticised the secretary of the treasury for using the proceeds of the two bond issues sold under the law for another pur pose than to meet the current expenses. Unless some such provision was made to meet current deficiencies (if there be any), j tne secretary of the treasury would mort gage the future and continue to sell 30 year bonds to meet these deficiencies. "Even If such a temporary expedient Is adopted," Interrupted Hill, "will not the question of the redemption of greenbacks remain?" "Certainly," replied Allison. "Then Is It not our duty to address our selves to this subject?" asked Hill. Voorhees, chairman of the finance com mittee, then addressed the senate with a prepared speech against the amendment. He denied the credit of the government was threatened anywhere In the world. That was shown by the quotation of our bonds abroad. In every money center, In every usurer's shop, the financial credit of the United States had not suffered dur ing the bank-made panic of the last two years. Whatever criticism the recent bond contract was open to today, he did not propose to criticise it; It could not stand before the fact that the eagerness of the world to get these bonds gave the He to all these slanderers, backbiters, financial blacklegs and money sharks, who sought to stab their country nearest the heart. He stood ready to help the government in case of necessity, but he could not support this measure, which sought to give the secretary of the treas ury a power he did not ask, to provide for a deficiency that did not exist. Sherman addressed the senate. He con sidered the pending tmendment perfectly germane. He had known dozens of prece dents. Two years ago he offered a resolu tion almost identical to this amendment, and it was adopted by an overwhelming vote -wunout mvisiorrs on Tarty lmes. If the provision had gone through and had become a law the country would not have been in its present condition. Executive Influence .had brought about the defeat of the provision. The senate was in the midst of doubt. The secretary of the treasury said he had enough. The sena tor from Maryland said there was not enough. They came here and quarreled over the figures. If Gorman were right, then the senate ought to act quickly. If Carlisle were right, then no action should be taken, as an addition to the bonded obligation was undesirable. Sher man said he would vote for the amend ment, although he regarded it as the duty of the democratic side of the chamber to clear up the doubt. In reply to queries made earlier by Hill, Sherman said the greenbacks should not be redeemed. They were the favored meney of the people. They should be kept out without reference to the wishes of the New York banks. He added: "I cannot understand why anyone should desire to strike from our currency this favored currency, bet ter than gold or silver, for they are redeemable in gold and yet have the con venience of paper money." Turning to the loss of revenues, the senator said it was a certain sequel to the changes in the tariff law, adding: "This always occurs as a result of tariff changes, without reference to the party making It. Let these provisions be en acted and let the debt certificates for bonds be circulated among our own peo plethe plain people, as Abraham Lincoln called them and there will be an end of danger. I have watched the enormous misappropriations by the senate, some of which could have been postponed to an other day. But now that they are made, It Is the duty of congress to provide means for paying them." In the course of hta remarks, Sherman made a significant appeal to the appro priations committee to withdraw this amendment, saying it could never pass without the fullest discussion. Hill took the floor. He first discussed the technical parliamentary status, say ing: "If this financial amendment Is In order, then the floodgates are open and any kind of financial legislation can be added to an appropriation till. Once upon this com plicated question, an extra session is in evitable. In the expiring hours of con gress it is unwise to sweep away the am ple powers of the secretary to Issue bonds to give him some new and untried power he does not want. And yet this is the proposition of the senators who have such profound regard for John G. Car lisle." Hill then turned his attention to Mills' statement as to Horatio Seymour and the greenback platform of 163, saying: "The result of that contest is not one of congratulation among democrats. "Let me suggest " said Voorhees, "that Horatio Seymour carried New York by 10.000 majority over Grant in 1SC9." "Yes," said Hill, "because Seymour was so enshrined in the hearts of the people of New York that he could carry the state, greenbacks or no greenbacks." Hill read from early speeches of Sher man against greenbacks and compared those with the speeches of today, and Sher man said those anti-greenback speeches were made five years before the resump tion act which changed everything. Then Hill pointed out that the danger to the treasury was not In a deficiency of cur rent expenses, but in gold to redeem the endless chain cf greenbacks. And yet this pending amendment provided funds fqr deficiencies alone and gave no means of securing the gold which was the real need of the treasury. Pugh interrupted to say that the green back legislation of 1S78 was enacted by a democratic congress. Gray hurried back and whispered to Hill, who then declared it was the senator from Ohio (Sherman) who was responsible for that legislation. "He was not in congress then," said Voorhees. "He was then secretary of the treasury." "No; I was not In congrefes then," said Sherman. "I will help the senator out," said Voor hees to Hill. "There was a senator from Ohio here whose name was much like that (Concluded on Second Page.) BISSfiLL IS THE FIRST The Postmaster-General Has Re signed From the Cabinet. LITTLE DOUBT AS TO HIS SUCCESSOR It AVill in All Probability Be Repre sentative Wilson of AVcst Virginia, Father of the Tariff Act. WASHINGTON, 'Feb. 27.-Postmaster-Gencral Bisseil set at rest ail doubts as to his purpose of remaining in the cabi net, by tendering his resignation to Pres ident Cleveland this afternoon. His let ter of resignation is said to have been brief and to have been couched in tho usual formal terms. The letter was writ ten by the postmister-general at the close of office hour? today, and was by him personally handed to his chief a little after 5 o'clock. This action was not taken hastily. As far back as the early autumn, Mr. Bissell felt that his law practice at Buffalo required his personal attention and at that time he notified the presi dent that sooner or later he would be compelled to retire to private life. Noth ing further passed between the two gen tlemen with reference to the matter un til 10 days ago, when Mr. Bissell again as sured the president that he must soon re sign his portfolio. In a statement made by Mr. Bissell to representatives of the press this even ing, he said: "I have placed my resignation in the hands of the president. The reasons for so doing are that my professional work at home demands my attention, and I feel that I cannot longer remain away from It. The business of the department Is in good condition, and its transfer can be made without affecting the public service. I ueepiy regret mat am tnus com pelled to sev-jr relations with the presi dent and cabinet, which have been mo'st satisfactory and cordial. Perhaps, without Impropriety, I may now say that all rumors of disagreement between the presi dent and any of his cabinet have been without foundation. I doubt if there ever was a more harmonious cabinet than the present one, and its members are a unit in support of the president on every pub lic question." Everywhere are heard regrets at Bis sell's retirement. The president said: "It is surely not necessary for me to say that I shall release Mr. Bissell with the utmost regret. All his associates in the administration will feel they have lost a colleague who, in all respcts, was a val uable factor in their executive labors, as well as a companion to whom they have become greatly attached. I am not taken, by surprise, for I have known for soma time that is was inevitable, because Mr. Blssell's reasons for his action were of a personal nature, and were inexorable. This first break in the cabinet, which haa been In the midst of many perplexing sit uations entirely harmonious, all being- ac tuated by loyal devotion to the public interest, and pervaded, in a marked de gree, by the personal attachments which such connections cannot fail to create, causes us all real sorrow. Much grati fication awaits Mr. Bissell In the appre ciation of his countrymen of his splendid and valuable public service." Though In the department and congres sional circles the air was filled with names of possible candidates to succeed Mr. Bis sell from states ranging from the Atlan tic to the Pacific and to Florida, still the feeling was uppermost among men in of ficial life that the president would reward in some way the untiring devotion of Rapresentative Wilson, of West Virginia, to the administration throughout this con gress. It is also understood that Mr. Wilson's name will be sent to the senate tomor row. But for the fact that tho president Intended making Mr. Wilson a member of his official family, a tender of the Mex ican mission would, it is said, have been, made to him. The president has been sin cerely desirous of appointing Mr. Wilson to some office of dignity and importance commensurate with the West Virginian's abilities, and his loyalty to the principles of the democratic party. When the pres ident first learned that Mr. Bissell pro posed soon to retire from the cabinet, he decided then that he should be succeeded by Mr. Wilson. This Is, at least, the story given out by Mr. Wilson's friends tonight, and there are substantial reasons for be lieving that it is well founded. (William Shannon Bissell, of Buffalo, N. Y., was born in New London, Oneida coun ty, N. Y., December 31, 1847; when he was 5 years of age his parents removed to Buf falo, where he attended the public schools; prepared for college at private school In New Haven, and subsequently graduated with honors from Yale university; at the age of 21, commenced the study of law with Lannlng, Cleveland & Folsom, in Buffalo; In 1ST-', formed a partnership with Lyman K. Bass, but about a year later, upon the admission of Grover Cleveland, the firm name was changed to Bass, Cleve land & Bissell; upon the removal of Ly man K. Bass to Colorado, and election of Grover Cleveland as governor of New York, the firm was reorganized, and for several years bore the name of Bissell, Sicard & Goodyear; the special character of his practice has been that of counsel for corporations; is a director in several railroad companies; always refused public office, but served as presidential elector-at-large in 1SS4, and has been delegate to sev eral state conventions; in 1800, was a mem ber of a commission to propose amend ments to the judiciary article of the con stitution of the state of New York; was appointed postmaster-general March 6, 1893.) Two Oregon Postmasters Appointed. WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. Oregon post masters were appointed today as follows: At Elk Head, Douglas county, H. C. La mon; at Spikenard, Jackson county, Chas. Carter. Assistant Attorney for California. WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. Attorney-General OIney has appointed Bert Schleslngef assistant United States district attorney, for California. The Netv York Electrical AVorlcers. NEW YORK, Feb. 27. The state board of arbitration tried to settle the strike of the electrical workers today, but failed. X-imes Stroner. president of the Electrical J Contractors' Association, appeared before the board, but would not yield an inch. He said the men must return to work at once before the contractors would treat with them at all, and that under no con sideration would the eight-hour day re quest be granted until after May 13 next. AlcICee Ranlcin Arrested. KANSAS CITY, Feb. 27. McKee Ran kin, the well-known actor, Barry Fuller, his leading man. Miss O'Neill, his leading lady, and P. T. Johnson, his property man, were arrested tonight on a charge sworn out by E. Crytel, proprietor of the Centropolis hotel, of trying to evade the payment of a $60 board bill, claimed to be owing the hotel. The trial comes up to morrow !