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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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"VOL. XXXITI 2TO 11.045.
PORTLASTD, OBEGKXJS" WEDJfpJDAY FEBRTJABT 27. 1895.
PRICE STVE CENTS
BILLIARQ FimnUBE 10 FIXTURES
The A. P. Hotaling Co.
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3jCB&wPuo3iss of Albany.
Gents Cliesterfield, Tanticm,
Oiled Cloth inp and Rubber Coats.
Pino Imported Cloths and Tweeds.
Closing: out our stosk of Chenillo and Laco
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KONEYMAN & MCBRIDE,
228 M Kuet, tot. 1st and 2d.
Stark f beet. bet. Swath ud PaiL
The uco ' 21,500 volumei and the flies of over
00 pMltCtcals fer
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SenA tar f ample copy or OtIR LIBRARY, a
mombty c vibs st of current accessions.
RfiDF MARK fi ijGSB5HCS
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Men's best grade low-cut bicycle shoos 2.50
Men's good grade low-cut bicycle shoes 1.50
Ladies' good grade low-cut bicycle shoes 1.25
Boys' good grade low-cut. slas 3fc to i 1.25
Youths' good jrrade low-cut, sites 11 to 2 l.oe
Child's good grade low-cut, stses S to M Si
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THE CLEANER 'TIS, THE COSIER 'TIS."
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PERRY DAVIS & SOU, Proviifice, R.L
ibout trptj Us? aijd S$Ie?tior of Spctaels
"Persons haTlng normal vision Trill be abls
to read this print at a distance or 1 Incises
from the eyes -with eae and comfort; also will
be able to read It with each ere separately. If
unable to do so your eyes are defective, and
should have immediate attention. "When the
eyes become tired from reading or sewinc or
It the letters look blurred and run together. It
is a sure indication that dorses are needed.
The lenses sold in the cheap gcotls are of un
equal density and have imperfectly formed sur
faces. Continued use of these poorer lensej
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stant strain upon the muscles of accommoda
tion to supply the dtf ects in the class."
SOUR TALK ON SUGAR
The Senate Discussed the Bounty
AND FINALLY CONCLUDED TO PAY
Gorman ami Berry Hnve a. Brief Tilt
Oier the Special Ascnts for
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26. A financial
discussion Was imminent when the senate
met today, The rapid work done at the
session last night had cleared away most
of the formal matter preceding the im
portant provision for issuing $100,030,000
worth of certificates of indebtedness to
relley the treasury deficiency. The reso
lution concerning the Mexican free zone,
with provisions to include the entire
length of the zone, was agreed to.
Voorhees, from the committee on finan
ces, offersd an amendment to the sundry
civil bill, embodying the recent resolution
of Wolcott for participation by the United
Ptates in an international monetary con
ference. Voorhees asked that the amend
ment go to the appropriations commit
tee for speedy action, in order that it be
acted upon as a part of the pending sun
dry civil bill, and this reference was made.
"Is it expected that the senate commis
sioners will be chosen before adjourn
ment?" asked Hawley.
"That is the understanding, I believe,"
The sundry civil bill was then taken up.
Cockrell offered a committee amendment,
which was agreed to, appropriating $4000
to Colonel Ainsworth, chief of the bureau
of records and pensions of the war de
partment, to reimburse him for legal ex
penses resulting from the Ford's theater
dfsaster; an additional 10,000 for heirs of
two additional victims of the Ford's the
ater disaster was also agreed to.
Berry, chairman of the committee on
public lands, spoke against the proposed
committee amendment reducing the ap
propriation for protecting timber lands
from 580,000 to $GO,000. Berry urged its en
largement and moved an increase to $120,
000. Gorman opposed an increase.
"So gross was the abuse, so useless the
offices," said Gorman, "that congress cut
down the appropriation to $40,000, and I re
gret to say the officer In authority ex
ceeded that appropriation by 543,000."
Wolcott was even more vigorous In the
denunciation of this service. Forty thou
sand dollars, he said, was an over-appropriation.
"The so-called timber inspec
tors.V continued Wolcott, "are a lot of
broken-down politicians who tumble over
each other as soon as this appropriation
is adopted. They are a lot of men not fit
to stay at home and who are unloaded on
the West." The senator declared when
these men were not engaged in blaakmail- 1.
drawing,in some poor prospector tb the"
"I suppose these venal officers referred
to by the senator from Colorado," said
Berry, "were appointed by the last ad
ministration." "It is not a party question," replied
Wolcott. "If the senator thinks his party
is better than mine in selecting timber
agents he thinks less of his party than
Gorman resented a suggestive remark
Berry had made as to an increase of many
officers, but a decrease in this particular
case. Gorman declared he knew no party,
nor administration, in his action on these
appropriations, and considered only the
public service. By this time Berry was
visibly agitated, and he addressed himself
directly and personally to Gorman. He
ridiculed the civil service requirement
which the committee had sought to place
on timber agents.
"It Is the first time," said Berry, ex
citedly, "that I ever heard of the senator
from Maryland (Gorman) as a civil serv
ice reformer. If the senator meant to in
fer he (Bern') was getting this appro
priation in order to put his political fa
vorites in place, that which he was stating
was not true."
Gorman was apparently unruffled and
made no reply. Stewart further denounced
the timber agent as a curse to the West.
The merits of the service were discussed
at much length by Carey, Dubois, Bate,
Teller and others. Vest declared that he
had personally seen great canyons
through Montana absolutely denuded of
timber by a Montana corporation known
as an "Improvement Company."
Berry withdrew his amendment and
hoppd the money provided by the house
would stand, but on a vote the committee
amendment of SGO.OOO was sustained, 30 to
25. Berry made the point of order against
the civil service requirements as to tim
ber agents. The point of order was sus
tained. Dubois moved an amendment increasing
the appropriation for surveying public
lands from 53CO.O0O to $400,000. He urged
the importance of the surveys. The
amendment was agreed to.
Fryo offerad an important new amend
ment providing for c retired list for the
Unfted States revenue marine service. A
letter from Secretary Carlisle was read
urging this amendment. Fryc said if this
was not agreed to it was probable the
veterans would be sent "over the hill to
the poorhouse." After further discussion
the Frye amendment was adopted. .
Blackburn, from the appropriation com
mittee, offered a new amendment for pay
ment of sugar bounties. It provides J23S.2S9
for the bounties earned prior to August
28, l&H. at 2 ents per pound for sugar up
to 90 degrees by the polanscope, and at
M4 cents per pound for sugars over SO
and under 90 degrees It further provides
$5,90,OW for bounties at the rate of eight
tenths of a cent per pound on sugar pro
duced from August, 3S&4, to June 30, 1S85.
Mills gave notice of a point of order
against the sugar amendment, when the
Manderson supported the amendment,
urging the great expense Incurred by beet
sugar producers in anticipation of the
bounty. The telegraphic petitions from
Xew Orleans were read during the consid
eration of the bounty amendment. The
banks and business men urged that they
had given credit of $20,000,090 in the faith
that the government policy as to the
bounty would bo retained.
The point of order against the sugar'
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
bounty amendment withen submitted
to the senate, and by decisive vote the
amendment was held tp be in order ayes
49, noes 16. The full vote was as fol
lows: Ayes Aldrich, Allen, Allison, Black
burn, Blanchard, Burrows, Butler, Caf
fery. Call, Cameron, Carey, Chandler,
Clark, Cullom, Daniel, -Davis, Dixon,
Faulkner. Frye, Gallinger, Gordon, Gray,
Hale, Hawley, Hill, Honton, Kyle, Lind
say, Lodge, McMlllin, Manderson, Man
tle. Martin. Mitchell (ofWisconsln), Mor
rill, Peffer, Perkins. PUtt, Proctor, Quay,
Ransom, Roach, Sherman. Squire. Stew
art. Walsh, Washburn White, Wilson (of
Iowa) 43. a
Noes Berry, Bate, Brlcc, Cockrell, Gor
man, Harris, Jones (oL. Arkansas), Mc
Laurin, Mills, Powers. PigTi. Teller, Tur
pie. Vest, Voorhees. Wolcott 16.
This was a test of the strength of the
sugar bounty, and its adoption. became as
sured Speeches continoetrfor and against
it, however. McLaurin opposed the bounty
law as Unconstitutional." and therefore
void as a law or a contract with the
sugar producers. ,
MoLaurin offered an amendment that
the sugar bounty be paid. in silver coin, to
be coined from the silverigniorage now
in the treasury. Blackburn made a point
of order that the McLaurin amendment
was not germane, and thejpresiding officer
sustained tne point. Gorman spoke ener
getically against the bounty amendment.
It would be most unfortimate, he said, to
have this net sum attached to the sun
dry civil bill. Ho had voted for the bounty
when the tariff question was up. But
congress had decreed agiinst the bounty,
and now it waa not here $h Its merits as a
bounty, but as a claim. He said:
"In view of the bounties given by other
countries, I do not believethe great sugar
industry of the United TStates will last
five years longer."
He believed in the merits of the bounty,
but In view of the condition of the treas
ury and the tariff action' of congress, he
did not believe in this old bounty. He
"We will soon have the question of finan-
olnl r?of1fIonnf Yiafnra nsli- Wr nrp tndaV.
and have been for two y,ears, Vaying the
current expenses of the government from
bonds sold, and unless weunake provision
for meeting our obligations, there will not
be enough, by $60,000,000, to pay the cur
rent expenses of the current year."
Hill suggested that the'bounty amend
ment ought to be as germane as Gor
man's treasury-certificate amendment.
Wolcott offered an amendment directing
the purchase of 4,000,000 Jounces of sliver
monthly for the next elghtmonths, and Its
coinage into standard silver dollars. By
a vote of 13 to 50, the amendment was de
clared out of order. The yote was not sig
nificant on silver lines. Thse In the a"
Urinative were: Bate, ,Brice, Cameron,
Clark, Hansbrough, McLaurin, Mantle,
Mills, Peffer, Pettigrew 3 Teller, Walsh.
Mitchell of Oregon offered an amend
ment to the bounty proposition for the
payment of a 5-cent bounty per pound
to American woolgrowersjfor losses sus
tained by placing wool s on the free list.
He supported the sugar jfiounty, but the
same equities would givefthe woolgrowers
compensation for their isse3, their lndus
trw haviner been destroyed by the tariff
Pettigrew said the ugilmen: were no
more entitled to compensation than were
others Injured by the Wilson tariff legis
lation. The Louisiana claim was a "pre
mium on impudence"; the Louisiana sen
ators had helped break down the pro
tective tariff and ruin Northern indus
tries, and now they came in as strong
protectionists for their own people.
Hoar moved to strike out the eight
tenths of a cent bounty for sugar made
from sugar cane. He said the beet sugar
Interests were entitled to the bounty, but
the cane Interests of Louisiana were not,
as her, senators had voted against the
sugar bounty on the final vote in the sen
ate, when a single vote would have re
tained the bounty. Louisiana had herself
abolished the bounty by her votes In the
senate, and she should not complain of
this abolition now. The Hoar amendment
was defeated on viva-voce vote. The final
vote was then taken. The question was
divided, the vote being upon the propo
sition for bounty on sugar produced prior
lto the passage of the tariff act, and it was
agreed to, 46 to 20. The vote in full was
Ayes Aldrich, Allen, Allison, Blackburn,
Blanchard, Caffery, Camden, Cameron,
Carey, Chandler, Clark, Cullom, Daniel,
Davis, Dixon, Frye, Galllnger, Gordon,
Gray, Hawley, Hunton, Kyle, Lindsay,
Lodge, McMillan, Manderson, Mantle, Mar
tin, Mitchell of Oregon, Morgan,. Morrill,
Pascoe, Peffer, Power, Proctor, Quay,
Roach, Squire, Stewart, Walsh, Wash
burn, White, Wilson of Washington 16.
Noes Bate, Berry, Brice, Burrows, Cock
rell, Coke, Gorman, Hansbrough, Harris,
Hoar, Jones of Arkansas, McLaurin, Mills,
Murphy, Palmer, Pettigrew, Teller, Tur
pie. Vest, Wolcott 20.
The vote was taken on the second branch
of the sugar bounty amendment, for an
aggregate bounty of $5,000,000, and it was
agreed to ayes 36, noes 25 as follows:
Ayes Aldrich, Allen, Allison, Blackburn,
Blanchard, Caffery, Camden, Cameron,
Chandler, Cullom, Daniel, Davis, Gordon,
Gray, v Hawley, Hunton, Kyle, Lindsay,
McMillan, Manderson, Mantle, Martin, Mor
gan, Morrill, Pascoe, Perkins, Piatt, Proc
tor, Pugh. Quay, Roach, Squire, Stewart,
Walsh, Washburn, White 36.
Noes Bate, Berry, Brice, Carey, Clark,
Cockrell, Coke, Frye, Gallinger, Gorman,
Hansbrough, Harris, Hoar, Lodge, Mc
Laurin, Mills, Palmer, Peffer, Pettigrew,
Power, Teller, Turpie, Vest, Wilson of
Washington, Wolcott 25.
At 6:10, the senate took a recess until 8
When the senate convened in evening
session, an agreement was made, after
some discussion, by which the roll was
called, and as each senator's name was
called he had the privilege to name the
bill to be considered. Bills were then
passed as follows:
Granting to the state of Kansas the
abandoned Fort Hayes military reserva
tion for an agricultural college and nor
mal Institute: to grant the Gainesville,
McAlester & St. Louis Railroad Company
the right of way to build two branch lines
through Indian territory; granting the
railway companies in Indian territory ad
ditional powers to secure right of way,
depot grounds, etc.: and to protect the in
signia and name of the Red Cross.
There was a spirited contest when Mr.
Hill objected to a bill urged by Gallinger
as to a Washington suburban railroad.
Gallinger declared the course was in
spired by pique, and he would therefore
object to all other business. Harris also
(Concluded on Second Page.)
Latest U. S. Gov't Food Report.
WHACK AT RAILROADS
The Helm Bill Passes the House
WAS FIRST MATERIALLY AfVlENDED
After "WorUInpr Over It All Day, It
Finally ."Went ThronprU With
a. Big- Majority.
OLYMPIA, Feb. 20. There was great
rejoicing among the friends of the Helm
railroad rate reduction bill today when,
by a vote of CI ayes to S noes, it passed
the house. The bill had been made the
special order for today, and was taken up
soon afjer the house convened this morn
ing, and from 10 o'clcck until 4 it was
under considentlon. There was little elo
quence displayed, the day being spent in
a wrangle over various clauses, and was
exceedingly dry and uninteresting iu con
sequence, except for parties working for
or against it. The amended bill is little
like it was originally, it being found nec
essary to take in the products of the west
ern part of the state, as well as the fruits
of the Yakima valley, in order to prevent
opposition from those sections. The result
is, the bill goes to the senate so chopped
up that there is more or less doubt as to
the possibility of getting that body to take
the same view of Its necessity as the
house did, in which case it is certain to
meet vexatious delay. Ex-Representative
Anderson, of Whitman coirnty, said to
night that he was well pleased with the
bill as passed, and was confident the
amendments were not a menace pto it.
Senator Helm is of the same opinion.
There "was a large crowd present when
the house went into committee of the
v;hole to consider the bill. Section 1, re
lating to passenger fares, was first taken
up. It was amended, fixing the rate for
passengers under 12 years at 2 cents a
mile and allowing 75 pounds of baggage,
and children under 3 years free. The vote
on this section gave conclusive evidence
that the reductionists were included in
the majority. The discussion over section
2 was long-drawn-out. It soon became a
question only of how many amendments
were to be offered and adopted. No mo
tion made with reference to a change in
the section received any serious opposi
tion. Klttlnger Interrogated different
members frequently about the purpose of
their amendments, and created some
amusement. Cline. (pop.) made a speech
In favor of the amendments and the bill,
and contended that the mass of the people
were waiting for relief at the hands of
the legislature. Baker (pop.) followed in
a similar talk. When J. C. Taylor, of
Pierce, moved to include hops in the rates,
Gandy said he had nothing against hops,
but he was sure that it was the object of
the members to make the bill lose its ef
fect in the courts by tying it up with
amendments. Taylor resented the imputa
side of the mountains-had-as-muSh right-
to low rates as those on the other side.
As finally amended, section 2 is the
Baker amendment of $3 75, 500-mile long
haul rate, with hops and beets included in
agricultural products entitled to wheat
rate. The 23 per cent reduction on the
present tariff for hauling livestock" was
amended to include lumber, shingles, coal,
logs, hops, wool, fruit and melons.
There was not even a ripple of excite
ment then until section 16 was reached,
when there was a little fight over the
question of where the court should sit to
try the merits of the rate fixed by the act.
Coon wanted it to sit in Yakima, but
Albertson offered a substitute, striking
out Spokane county and inserting that
the court shall be held in any county in
the state. Albertson's substitute was
adopted by a vote of 31 ayes to 29 noes.
There were numerous amendments and
substitutes offered to different portions of
section 16, that were discussed, voted up
on and defeated. The number of judges
that should sit in hearing of a cause
was the subject of several amendments.
The original bill provided for a number
not to exceed 11 judges. There was an
amendment to make the number five, an
other wanted six. and a populist (Rader)
thought it should be seven. Rader's sub
stitute prevailed. Finally, after a two
hours' wrangle, section 16 was made sat
isfactory. On motion of Baker, the committee of
the whole arose, and reported back the
bill as amended with the recommendation
that it do pass.
Gandy moved that the rules be suspend
ed, the reading in committee of the whole
be considered the second reading, and it
be now read the third time and placed on
its final passage. The motion prevailed
Tuo sections were read, when the rules
were again suspended, and, with the fur
ther reading of section 16, the bill was
considered read a third time. On motion
of Scobey, it was put on final passage.
Nims of Chehalis was the only member
to take the floor. He characterized it as
a vicious measure, that was pushed by
men who knew the business of other ppo
ple better than they did their own. The
amendments in regard to West Side prod
ucts were there to prevent the companies
recouping losses from the East Side upon
the West Side.
"As sure as God In Israel," he said, "the
courts will not sustain this measure.
You've got a rock loose above:, now pry
again and let It fall on you." (Laughter).
The previous question was called for,
and the bill passed ayes 61, noes 8. The
emergency clause was also adopted. The
vote on final passage was:.
Ayes Albertson, Allen, Baker, Barge,
Baum, Biggs, Bull, Bush, Callow, Catlin,
Cheetham, Cline, Cloes, Collin, Coon, Cur
tiss, Eddy, Fenton, Fishburn, Foster,
Gandy, Gerry, Glen, Goddard, Haffey,
Ham, Hatch, Irving. Johnston, Kegley,
Kittinger, Lalng, Lyman, Merchant, Miles,
Mills, Moore, Morgan, Murray, McArdle,
McAuley, McDonnell, Nelson, Phelps, Ra
der, Rogers, Runner, Scobey, Scott, See
vers, Smith, Spencer, Taylor, J. C. Tay
lor, F. T. Temple, Terry, Tull. Williams,
Witt, Woodworth, Speaker Morrison.
Noes Burrows, Halteman, Hanford,
Heath, Lillie, Nims. Reynolds, Wing.
Absent or not voting Cantwell, Conner,
Gibson, Loggie. Miller, Milroy, Nettleton,
Schively, Van Eaton.
Before the house went Into committee of
the whole, the clerk read a message from
the private secretary of the governor,
that house bills providing for the allow
ance of fees to jurore and witnesses, for
the publication of the second biennial re
port of the state board of horticulture,
and for the right of directors to purchase
schoolhouse sites, had been signed by Gov
In the Scnnte.
OLYMPIA, Feb. 26. In the senate today
Ide's bill, to check the expenditure of any
money by state Institutions or depart
ments in excess of sums specifically ap
propriated for the use of such Institu
tions, was passed. It Is a popular measure,
and was only introduced Monday last.
It makes the state officer or head of an
institution 'personally responsible for de
ficiencies. Megler's bill, appropriating $53,000 for
sundry deficiencies of various state instl-
tutions, occupied much of the afternoon
session. It represents deficiencies passed
upon by the emergency board.
Ide's bill, providing for the creation of
a fund from the bonding of lands granted
for normal school purposes, and appro
priating $60,000 from that fund for the
Cheney normal school, came up on spe
cial order. Dorr had it amended so as to
provide for a Whatcom normal school.
Dorr's amendment was adopted, after
having been further amended to make the
amount of the Whatcom appropriation
$40,000. The bonds are to be a to 15 years,
4 per cent.
The senate passed the bill by Foss, fix
ing a penalty of from 5 to 20 years for
obstructing railroads or willfully damag
ing railroad property.
The senate killed 15 bills by indefinite
postponement on recommendation of com
mittees this morning. They were:
Donahoe Constituting the state auditor,
treasurer and commissioner of public
lands a board of state land commissioners.
Easterday Creating a board of dairy
Easterday Providing a penalty for imi
tating dairy products.
Lewis Creating a bureau of agricul
ture. Hutchinson To prohibit summoning
jurors when within 200 feet of the court
house. Donahoe Relating to fees of the su
perior clerk's office.
Range Making an assignment invalid
unless for the benefit of creditors proportionately.
Wooding Requiring husband and wife
to join in execution of official bonds.
Brown Creating acode commissioner.
Lewis Dispensing with witnesses in
deeds, mortgages and other instruments
Wilson Fixing the maximum penalty
for arson at five years' imprisonment.
Lewis Prohibiting a person from hold
ing more than one public office.
Lewis Defining community property
Van Houten Authorizing clerks of su
perior courts to certify to the official
character of notaries public-.
Sergeant Governing the methods of or
The Iianprliorae Investigation.
SOUTH BEND, Feb. 25. The legislative
investigating committee, appointed to look
into the charges brought against Superior
Judge Langhorne by ex-Judge E. F. Hunt
er, finished its examination of witnesses
here late last night, having examined 26
witnesses in one daj. The committee has
been very searching and conscientious In
Its work, and all of the city's dirty linen
has" been aired. The members left for
Olympia, to be on hand to vote on the
Helm railroad bill, after which they will
resume the examination of witnesses in
Chehalis. They expect to be able to make
a report by the end of the week. While
the proceedings have been kept secret. It
Is known that considerable damaging tes
timony has been introduced against Lang
horne. The Telegraph Rate nill.
OLYMPIA, Feb. 26. The telegraph rate
reduction bill was discussed before the
senate committee on corporations other
than municipal tonight, Colonel Lamb, of
wonld-bedone-hls company it it becami
a law. The bill will be considered further
before a report is made.
Places a Disastrous Emliorgo on
CHICAGO, Feb. 26. Speaking of the de
cree just issued by the French government
prohibiting the importation of American
cattle. Nelson Morris, a well-known
packer, said: "We shipped $18,000,OCO
worth of cattle and produce to France
alone last year, and this great trade is ab
solutely destroyed by the order of the
French government. I knew this was
coming, and with the exception of two or
three boat loads, not any cattle or any
product has been sent to France in the last
10 days. The effect of the German and
Belgium embargo has been to reduce the
price of cattle, of the classes shipped to
these countries by $10 a head, and this
French edict will even more unjustly af
fect the stockyards.
"This has been the effect on prices not
withstanding the fact that the supply of
cattle has been cut down two-thirds on ac
count of the lack of feed. The effect on
the product is even greater than the effect
on the live-cattle trade, especially as far
as France is concerned. We were ship
ping 7000 cattle a week and as many more
in addition in the form of product. France
has been taking a great deal of lean cattle
for soups, and this class will be very In
juriously affected by the new edict, while
as to dressed Leef and pork products the
result will be even more far-reaching.
"Three months ago, I had a proposition
from the French minister of agriculture,
offering, to continue to receive our cattlp
If the United States would take off the
differential duty on sugar. I was asked
to bring this before the government. I
went to Washington and had Mr. Dans
there for some time, but the government
paid no attention whatever. The agree
ment I had with the French government
was to expire March 1. I see they have
already terminated it in view of the im
possibility of accomplishing anything more.
There is no truth whatever in any of this
talk about the Improper condition of the
cattle shipped. There has not been one
animal rejected In three years by any for
eign country on the ground of 111 health,
not since 1832, when the Rusk agreement
went Into effect. France has never even
questioned any, nor Germany, up to six
weeks ago, when it refused one small ship
ment of Texas cattle on the false pretense
of Texas fever. Not since 1S92 has it re
jected a pork product.
"The prohibitions now maintained do not
include canned goods, but ways are being
found to keep these out also. A week ago
last Saturday, arbitrary and excessive du
ties were laid by Germany and Austria,
covering all the canned goods manufac
tured outside of those countries. Those
iduties have not yet been made public, but
have been brought to notice by my Ger
man agents. France, too, will accomplish
the same thing, but In another way. They
use little of the canned goods, except for
soldiers. I have a three-years' contract
with the government to supply this, which
expires next July. Then the government
will not renew the contracts, and will
never allow Americans to bid, but will
endeavor to supply their needs from their
own colonies. France is now using some
brought from Madagascar at a price
double that which Americans receive."
United States "Will Protect.
LONDON, Feb. 26. A dispatch from
Paris says it is understood that the
United States embassy to France will
lodge a protest against the decrees sub
mitted to the French cabinet by M.
Gadaud, the minister of agriculture, and
adopted, prohibiting the importation into
France of American cattle, on account
of the prevalence of Texas fever and
Joxeph Dale' Suicide.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 26. Joseph Dale
committed suicide in the American Ex
change hotel last night with strychnine.
Dale arrived from Port Huron, Mich.,
February 15 and registered at the hotel.
Nothing further Is known about the de
ceased at the hotel.
ALMOST MOBBED HIM
Savannah Trembled on the Verge
of Religious Riots.
LECTURER SLATTERY THE CAUSE
Only Kept From TJolnp: Him Violence
by Fixed. llnonet.s and Loaded.
Rifles in the Militla.'s Hands.
SAVANNAH, Ga Feb. 25. This has
been the most exciting night in the history
of Savannah. For live hours the city has
trembled on the verge of religious riots.
The entire white military force of the city
except the artillery has been on duty.
There are 10 infantry companies and tha
Georgia hussars, the latter being dis
mounted. A mob, estimated at from SC09
to 50W, the greater part being Catholics,
has challenged their forbearance to the
extreme. But for the coolness of Mayor
Meyers and the officers commanding the
troops, blood might have been shed. Bay
onet charges were made several times to
clear the streets, but the mob, which had
gathered about Masonic temple, one of the
prominent buildings of the city, and sit
uated in the heart of Savannah, stubborn
ly refused to retire.
For three days it had been apparent that
grave trouble was brewing. The city had
been liberally placarded with notices that
ex-Priest Slattery and his wife, described
as an ex-nun, would lecture here on Ca
tholicism. Members of the Ancient Order
of Hibernians at once took steps to pre
vent their appearance. Petitions were cir
culated, asking Mayor Meyers to refuse
permission to the ex-priest to hold his lec
ture. The petitions said that if Slattery
was allowed to speak, there would' be dis
order and riot. About 500 persons signed
the petition. When it was presented to
the mayor by a committee of 12 Catholics,
including the presidents of two divisions of
the Ancient Order of Hibernians, he handed
them a written opinion from the corpora
tion attorney to the effect that he, as
mayor, had no power to abridge the right
of speech guaranteed by the constitution
of the United States and of Georgia. In.
his opinion, the city attorney said there
could be no disorder or trouble if those
who would be offended by Slattery's re
marks would stay away from his lecture.
He urged all to do so. Mayor Meyers also
asked the committee to advise all Cath
olics to keep away from the lecture. Tha
mayor, who is a Hebrew, said:
"I can't stop this man from lecturing,
but I can prevent disorder, and I will do
so. If the police are not sufficient in.
force to do so, the miltary will be appealed
to. Riot will not be tolerated."
The committee expressed its desire to
avoid trouble, and its members said they
would use their influence in that direction.
They did so, but their efforts utterly fail
ed. All of today it had been rumored tha6
mobs would come from different sections
bC thercilyTTaTiH, SJatle-"wdW,e?kiIIed.
TheTact that he was toput on the. garb
of a priest in the course of his lecture
spread like wildfire, and raised an intense
feeling among Catholics.
Mayor Meyers Issued instructions to
Chief McDermot to have the entire avail
able police force on hand at the Masonic
temple. Fifteen policemen were stationed
inside the hall, and 30 others were massed
In front. By 7 o'clock several hundred per
sons had collected. When Slattery ar
rived, the mob had not assumed largo
enough proportions to cope with the police.
By 8 o'clock a howling mob of over 1500
surrounded Masonic hall. In the hall wa
an audience of about 400, including a num
ber of ladies. The lecturer had hardly be
gun before brickbats and cobblestones be
gan to rain on the windows. The police
had closed all the heavy shutters, thus
saving the audience from injury, only two
or three being injured by falling glass.
The rest of the police force was called out,
and 50 men were soon in front of the hall.
The mob made rushes to secure an en
trance, but were driven back by the police.
Before 9 o'clock the mob had grown to be
tween 3000 and 4000. Window after window
in the temple was smashed. Cries of "Kill
him!" "Down with Slattery!" "Death to
the renegade!" were heard. Chief McDer
mot summoned the mayor.
The lecture closed at 9:30, and it was ap
parent that it meant the loss of many
lives for the lecturer and audience to
leave the hall. Upstairs, a number of mem
bers of secret organizations, who had
cheered Slattery's declaration that he be
longed to them, had gathered around the
ex-priest to defend him as he left the hall.
A number, It was evident, had come armed
in anticipation of trouble. As the ex-priest
was about to leave the hall with his friends,
the chief of police stopped them ,and re
fused to allow any one to go down stairs.
Outside, Mayor Meyers and Colonel Ger
rard were In consultation. The mob hissed
at the police, and hooted at their orders
to disperse. The military alarm, 11 taps
on all the fire bells in the city, was sent
In, but when it sounded, the mob derided
it. Some of the leaders shouted:
"Bring on your military! To hell with
them! They can't save Slattery!"
The Georgia hussars, dismounted, under
command of Major Mlldrem, were the first
to respond. The organization contained
30 men in all. The mob evidently bellevetl
this was all it was intended to bring out,
and laughed at them as they drew up in
frorlt of the hall. Soon after, the tramp
of other military was heard, and four com
panies of the Savannah volunteer guards,
under command of Colonel Gerrard, swung
into position in front of the hall with fixed
bayonets and rifles loaded with ball cart
ridges. By order of the mayor, the guard3
formed in two lines and charged the mob
with fixed bayonets, in the hope of break
ing it up. The mob was shoved back slow
ly, but refused to break, and occasionally
rocks were thrown at the hall. The mob
was sullen, and apparently determined.
Six companies, from the First regiment,
under command of Lieutenant O'Reilly,
came up soon afterward, making 11 com
panies on the ground.
In the hall the audience was still penned
up. Some pf the women were crying, and
those who ventured to glance out at the
risk of a broken head saw the mob and
the long lines of militia in all direc
tions, and found nothing to encourage
them. The military were deployed so as
to drive the mob back and form a. hollow
square about the hall while the consulta
tion of the commanding officers and
mayor was held. Captain J. H. Dillon,
one of the most prominent Catholics of
the city, tendered his services as Deace-
J maker. He brought Vicar-General Caf-
ferty, who is in charge of the diocese In
the absence of Bishop Brecker, to the
scene of the trouble. The vlcar-gcneral
addressed a portion of the mob. He said:
"This man Slattery can do your church
no harm. You are bringing disgrace
upon your religion by your conduct here
tonight. It can meet with nothing but
condemnation. I plead with you to dis
perse and go home. Do not render it nec
essary to shed blood here tonight."
A few of those whom he addressed
shook the vicar-general's hand and left,
but the majority stood still. Major Mll
drem and others urged the mob to dis
perse, but to no purpose. With a double
line of qoldlers a blockade was formed,
and, while the rest of tne military kept