Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 14, 1895, Page 8, Image 8

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    atAriJE :ROBKOnG- OiiEfcrOiSIAJS; TxiLj.x&U-tkl iaivLAiiY 1. 1695.
Five Year, He Says, Xlesrctfnlly, Is
3ot Enonch for Tlivg Who
Hold Up Good Citizens.
Yesterday Jadgre Stephens sentenced
ffbomas Madden and John Cronin to Ave
years each in the penitentiary, for rob
bing: Jchn Grantscow of a watch and
chain, in Blezler's saloon, last Christmas.
J. D. Burke and Frank Selden, alias
"Denvor Dutch," "who garroted and robbed
old man Tiffany down by "Weidler's mill,
were also sentenced to five years each in
the penitentiary, which is the limit pre
scribed by the statute for the offense
of which they were convicted. Judge Ste
phens, In passing sentences in the Burke
Selden cases, said he regretted that the
law did not permit of greater punishment
being inflicted for this class of crimes, when
a law-abiding, peacable citizen was beaten
and robbed t. pen the public hi ghway. Said
the court:
"I believe, if I .had the framing of the
Jaws governing crimes of this character,
I would provide a penalty of 20 years as
The limit, or 10 years at least."
Attorney Joseph made an effort to pro
cure a new trial for Selden and Burke,
which the court denied. "When asked if
they had anything to say why sentence
should jaot be pronounced upon tnem,
Burke siated that he was not at the scene
of the crime on the night it was com
mitted, and had taken no part in it. He
was not guilty. Selden said he was inno
cent. Judge Stephens said he was sorry he
must be severe with Burke, who was a
comparatively young man and who ought
iot to be seen in the position which he
occupied before the court.
"When Judge Stephens had finished pass
ing sentences, Prank Selden broke loose
-with a tirade of abuse against all who
had taken part against him in the trial.
"With his Tight hand extended upward and
his voice pitched to the highest key, he
"if there is a hell I hope this man
Knapp and all who testified against me
will go there. I hope the jury will go
there, because, before God, I am inno
cent." It was all over is a few moments and
was not noticed by the court, who either
uld not catch the tenor of the sudden
outburst of passion and denunciation,
"which was somewhat unintelligible in its
delivery, or else did not care to admin
ister a rebuke.
Selden and Burke were convicted on the
evidence of Harry Knapp, who confessed,
and thu3 secured his liberty. He testi
51ed that Tiffany was first lured to the
scene of the robbery, and was then nearly
beaten to death. Knapp's part in the
transaction was to keep watch to guard
ngainst approaching officers and pedes
trians. The police first arrested Hans Holt for
4ho crime. There was little evidence con
necting Holt Jn any way with it, and,
while the police were deliberating whether
or not to turn licit loose or hold him,
pendlnjc further investigation, Knapp
came forward and told that Holt was
ontirely innocent, and that ho did not
wish to see an innocent man accused, and
that he and Selden and Burke were the
culprits. Selden and Burke are ex-convicts
from the Oregon penitentiary, and
Selden has been in the Colorado state's
Hi "Wife and Her Brother Played
Hide and SeeU With Iiin Money.
In Judge Stephens' court yesterday Mike
Bulllvan, a barber, was tried and ac
quitted on a charge of the larceny of
5140 from James Kelly, another barber.
Judge Stephens Instructed the Jury to find
u verdict of not guilty, after the evidence
in behalf of the state was submitted, as
the proof was not of a sufficiently con
Unclng character to warrant a conviction.
The case is a rather mixed up affair.
Idist August Mrs. Kelly took 51C0 of her
husband's money, and paid her brother,
Adam Lope, about $20 of it, and gave him
the balance to keep for her. Lope hid the
remaining 5140, and, when his sister asked
for Its return, was unable to find it. Lope
told his sister that Mike Sullivan, who
"worked for them, knew of the $140. Lope
was arrested, and subsequently Sullivan
was also arrested. The detectives learned
that Sullivan had on deposit at the Bank
of British Columbia 5100. Sullivan claimed
he won this money at Chinese lottery,
iind told the officers he had drawn It out
mid Invested some, and gambled the rest.
He denied the theft of Kelly's money. The
only evidence against Sullivan was by a
3 rlsoner in the county jail, who testified
that Sullivan called upon Lope, when Lope
was first arrested, and he had overheard
Sullivan say to Lope. "I've got the money,
und yod stand pat, and I'll help you out."
Sullivan has been confined In the county
2ail since Kovember 1, and Lope since
August, ISM. They were both discharged
from custody yesterday afternoon, at the
conclusion of the not guilty verdict in
Sullivan's case.
The whole proceeding was a very un
usual one. The testimony of Mrs. Kelly
seHterday, upon the witness stand, was
that she took her husband's money with
out his knowledge and gave It to her
brother, and did not want her husband
to know of her act. All of the parties
nceni to have had an idea that $100 was
too much money for Kelly to have, and
they commenced to play hide and seek with
the cash, and it somehow got lost In the
(fhel Electric Power Location at
Oregon City in Dispute.
The suit of Amos Lovejoy, 'William
Lovejoy, Elisabeth M. Goudy, Xellie
Lovejoy and Albert L. Hudson, against
the Willamette Falls Electric Company,
the Willamette Falls Transportation &
Locks Company, and the Portland Geheral
Electric Company, was referred to a ref
eree by Judge Stearns yesterday. Testi
mony is to be taken and a report made
to the court- This is an old case, und
lias been in court for several years, on
ihfifeent issues. The suit is for the pos--cseion
of Governor's Island, otherwise
l.nowu as Abemethy island, near Oregon
Cm, and is the ground upon which the
k ""v Vuil Jmss of the Willamette Falls Electric
LfgnT Company are situated. There are
two Islands, separated only by a ditch
from each other. One contains 16 acres
and the othr 1 acres.
The plaintiffs in this suit are the heirs
of A. L- lxvejoy, who. they claim, took
i p the islands September 27, 3SS0, under
the United States land laws. The plain
tiffs allege- that the Willimette Falls
J'lectric Light Company took wrongful
possession of the island, November 3. 1S80.
On the other hand the Electric Light
Company claims to hold a deed to the
property made by A. L. Lovejoy and his
w ife, Elizabeth Lovejoy. February 2S, 1S6S,
to J. H. Moore, and by Moore and his
assigns to the electric company.
An Old Suit Reopened.
Judge Stearns yesterday confirmed the
report of the referee in the suit of K. H.
Thompson vs. The Farmers and Mer
chants' Insurance Company. This is a
case where Thompson was sued as surety
on a bond of F. J. Bottsford by the Farm
rs and Mercatnts' Insurance Company
February 2. ISM. and a judgment by de
fault was taken against Thompson for
$355 S3 and, to collect it, an execution
ngainst certain property of Thompson in
this city was issued. A return was made
ty the sheriff in the suit, that a copy of
the summons and complaint had been
served upon Thompson, personally.
Thompson oame in to court subsequently,
1 y his attorney, and alleged that this was
untrue, as he was not in Portland at that
time, nor for a long time thereafter: con
sequently It was not pcislble for the sher
iff to have obtained personal service upon
him. Thompson thereupon instituted the
present action to allow a reopening of the
case against him by the Farmers and
Merchants Insurance Company, so as to
enable him to present his defense. H.
H. Xorthup, to whom the matter was
referred, recommended the reopening of
the suit, and Judge Stearns yesterday ap
proved of the decision of Referee Isor
thup. Mrs. Gaff Sues For Divorce.
Mre. Jennie "V. Gaff yesterday filed suit
against Dr. J. V. Gaff, in the state cir
cuit court, charging cruel and inhuman
treatment on the part of the doctor to
such extent as to make her life burden
some. This is the usual form of com
plaint In a case like that of Mrs, Gaff.
They were married in the year 1SS8, at
Shedd, Linn county, Oregon. There are
no children as the issue of the marriage.
Mrs. Gaff asks for one-third of her hus
band's property, which, under the laws of
this state she is entitled to receive. The
doctor is said to be the owner of several
lots, variously situated. This suit is
doubtless the outcome of the gay doctor's
recent escapades.
Qualtham Loses His Salt.
Frank Qualtham lost his 53000 damage
suit against John L. Ramage, brought
for Injuries received by being accidentally
shot. The case was submitted to the jury
yesterday at 2 o'clock, and in less than
an hour they returned a verdict in favor
of Bamage. The trial was before Judge
Judgments Against F. J. Carrier.
William Currier yesterday got judgment
by default In Judge Hurley's court against
F. J. Currier, for 523.140 26. and 5700 attor
ney's fees. In Judge Shattuck's court
judgment by default was given against F.
J. Currier In favor of F. O. Downing for
S2L405 07, and 51000 attorney's fees.
Court Xotes.
License to wed was issued yesterday
for John W. Fox, aged 34; Mildred Hen
derson, 22.
A. C. Anderson, P. A. Peterson and Mar
tin Bloom have been appointed appraisers
of the estate of O. A. Hansen, deceased.
O. P. Lent. George P. Lent and Jasper
C. McGrew were yesterday appointed ap
praisers of the estate of Phoebe Ann Gil
bert, deceased.
Articles of incorporation of the East
Portland Boiler Company have been filed
with the county clerk by C. A. Bonn, C.
Piffle and D. A. Bonner; capital stock,
Stephen Harklns, George Fitzgibbon and
Chris Hansen have filed their report of the
appraisement of the estate of Marshall
Peterson, deceased, showing its value to
be 51S00.
The Blue Mountain Natural Ice Company
has filed articles of incorporation with the
county clerk; capital stock, $2300; incorpor
ators, Sam J. Gorman, John J. Gorman
and Robert Smith.
The trial of the suit of F. B. Shellham
mer vs. George W. Howland and J. J.
Jennings was continued before Judge Hur
ley yesterday. The action is to recover
$900. The trial will be resumed today.
E. B. Hill was yesterday appointed by
the county court as administrator of the
estate of J. S. Woods, deceased, valued at
$3000, and was required to give a bond of
$18,000. He wa3 appointed in place of
Gilbert J. McGinn, who resigned on ac
count of 111 health. The order of ap
pointment stales among other things that
there are no heirs to the estate. Woods
did have a family in San Jose, Cal., con
sisting of a wife and daughter. Gilbert
J. McGinn is at present in Phoenix, Ariz.
An Ex-Convict's Bold Attempt to Rob
Mra. D. P. Thompson Yesterday.
While walking on Yamhill street, yes
terday afternoon, in company with Mrs.
Gilliland, Mrs. D. P. Thompson had a
somewhat exciting experience with a
When in the vicinityof Fourteenth street,
a well-dressed man, about 50 years of age,
who had been walking behind the two
women, suddenly made a dash forward,
grabbed the purse Mrs. Thompson was
carrying in her hand, containing $G0, and
started to run away. Both women were
greatly alarmed, but did not lose their
presence of mind, and Mrs. Gilliland start
ed after the audacious thief, who, seeing
he was pursued, threw the purse toward
the women, and continued his flight. He
ran down the bank and under the wooden
roadway at the western terminus of Yam
hill street, and a Chinese employed at The
Hill, where Mrs. Thompson resides, start
ed after the fellow. In company with a boy,
and soon captured him. He was brought
back to the women, and, as an excuse,
said he was hungry, was without a cent,
and wanted something to eat- He also
stated that he had not disturbed the con
tents of the purse, and examination proved
this statement to be correct. The thief
was allowed to go, as neither Mrs. Thomp
son nor her companion desired to prose
cute him. On reaching home, Mrs. Thomp
son, in narrating the circumstances of the
exciting episode, found an attentive listen
er to her story in her youngest daughter,
Genevieve, who, at its conclusion, re
marked. "Why. mamma, why didn't you
give the man halt a dollar to get his din
ner?" At 10 o'clock last night Detectives Hol
sapple and Griffin brought Charles Lan
drews, an ex-convict. Into the station on
suspicion of being the man who snatched
Mrs. Thompson's purse. He admitted be
ing the right person, and is now locked
up. He will have a hearing in the muni
cipal court today, and, if Mrs. Thomp
son is inclined to prosecute him. Landrews
will be another of the ex-cons to go speed
ily over the road to their old quarters in
the penitentiary.
Detective Land ex-Convict Boucher
Behind the Bars for Robbery.
The ex-convicts who make a straight
shoot for Portland after serving time
in the penitentiary are not faring particu
larly well this winter. Only yesterday
Judge Stephens gave a batch of them the
limit, and last evening George Boucher,
another convict, was picked up by Detec
tives Holsapple and Griffin, and is now
headed for another term at Salem.
At an early hour yesterday morning,
just before daylight, the jewelry store of
L. Bain, on Burnslde street, between
First and Second, was visited by a robber
and the showcase plundered of numerous
articles of value. An entrance was ef
fected by cutting out a pane of glass
from a window. In the rear of the build
ing. An attempt to rob the adjoining store
in a similar way was also attempted, but
an inside shutter baffled the burglar. The
robbery was reported at police headquar
ters, and during the day the detectives
busied themselves In hunting up Boucher.
He had been out of the "pen" six weeks,
and a watch was being kept on him with
the expectation that he would try and
"turn a trick at the first opportunity.
When brought into the central station and
searched the greater quantity of the miss
ing jewelry was found on him, which was
fully identified by the owner, making the
conviction of the thief a certainty.
Boucher was sent to tne penitentiary in
1S9S for one year for robbing a second
hand store on Second street, a negro
named Robinson being his accomplice.
Detectives Holsapple and Griffin at that
time arrested him, and when the two
officers run him In yesterday he had noth
ing to say, more than to curse the vigi
lance of the detectives who had so easily
spotted him. Boucher will probably get
back to his old quarters within the month
and be booked for a considerably longer
period than was given his on his first con
viction. Are as small as homoeopathic pellets,
and as easy to take as sugar. Every
body likes them. Carter's Little Liver
Pills. Try them.
The merit of Hood's Sarsaparilla is
proven by its many wonderful cures.
Between Scottsburg and Elkton.
Rapids 2iot Capablo of Permanent
Economical Improvement.
Captain Thomas W. Symons, "United
States corps of engineers, reports offi
cially that the TJmpqua river, between
Scottsburg and Elkton rapids, is not
worthy of Improvement.' The report has
been forwarded to General Thomas Lin
cola Casey, chief of engineers, with the
indorsement of Colonel George H. Men
dell, division engineer. General Casey
concurs in the indorsement, and forwards
the report to Daniel S. Lamont, secretary
of war. who sends it to congress. The
report follows:
"United States engineer office, Portland,
"General: I have the honor to submit
the following report of the preliminary
examination of the TJmpqua river, Oregon,
required at my hands by the terms of
your letter of August 20, ISM:
"The examination of the river is re
quired from Scottsburg to Elkton Rapids.
"It it my opinion that this portion of
the Umpqua river is not worthy of being
improved by the general government, be
cause of the great cost of the necessary
work required, the small local interests
Involved, and the dearth of any particu
lar public interest in the work.
"The Umpqua is the largest river of
Southern Oregon, having its sources in the
Cascade mountains. Its two main
branches unite just below Roseburg, and
it then flows swiftly in a rocky channel
through a narrow and precipitous valley
to the sea.
"The entrance to the river from the
sea Is one of the best along the Oregon
coast, and the river itself is navigable
for small steamers a3 far as Scottsburg,
23 miles from the mouth. Scottsburg is
practically the head of tide. Just above
the town are some rocky rapids. From
this point up to Elkton the river gener
ally flows with a very swift current, with
alternating pools and rapids. At low
water the navigation of the river is en
tirely impracticable on account of lack of
water, and as the river rises the current
increases in rapidity to such a degree as
to preclude any practicable and profitable
"The bed of the river is generally of
rock, and the average slope is so great
that It is entirely out of the question
to improve the river by regularizing It
to convert it into a navigable stream.
The only method by which the river can
ever be converted into a watery commer
cial highway would be by putting in a
scries of locks and dams, of which there
would have to be a large but undetermined
number, between Scottsburg and Elkton
"The valley of the Umpqua between
Elkton and Scottsburg is very narrow;
the arable land along It does not aver
age more than a half-mile In width. Hills
more or less timbered rise abruptly on
both sides.
"At Elkton, the Umpqua receives the
waters of a considerable tributary, Elk
creek, and upon this, and the main river
above Elkton, are small valleys and set
tlements. A wagon-road runs up Elk
creek to Drain's station on the Oregon &
California railroad, a distance of 17 miles.
The old Scottsburg wagon-road runs up
the mam river to Roseburg.
"Historical. In the early days, when the
settlement of Oregon was taking place,
at the mouth of the Umpqua was located
the principal entrepot for the Upper
Umpqua and Rogue river valleys. Mer
chandise and supplies were brought into
the river by ocean-going craft, ..en to
Scottsburg by smaller river craft, and
thence out into the, upper valleys jby a
wagon-road locatetl "along $he Umpqua
"So difficult and expensive was this
wagon transportation, that relief was
sought in the navigation of the river, and
a small steamer was built which made
one trip at a suitably high stage of water
from Scottsburg to Roseburg. The diffi
culties, expense, and risk of the trip
were, however, found to be so great that
tho idea of navigating the river in its
then condition was abandoned.
"Relief was sought from the govern
ment, and in 1S71 an appropriation of
$22,500 for the improvement of the river
was made. With this money a 'large
amount of work was done, but experience
and observation during the progress of
the operations convinced Major H. M.
Robert, who had charge of the work, that
it was impossible by regularization to put
the river into a condition sufficiently good
to permit water navigation to successfully
compete with wagon transportation.
"Besides this, the Oregon & California
railroad was being extended from Port
land to Roseburg. and this would enable
the valleys of Southern Oregon to be sup
plied by rail much cheaper and better
than they could be supplied by the route
down the Umpqua, either by wagon or
"Of the $22,500 appropriated, all but
$4,6S5 S9 was expended when the work
was definitely abandoned.
"The supply route via the Umpqua river
and the ocean has been entirely aban
doned. A stage carrying mall and pas
sengers makes three trips a week over the
road between Elkton and Scottsburg.
Other than this the interests on the route
arc slight and of a local nature only.
The very great and rapid fluctuations
of the river, and the rapidity of the cur
rents, would render lock and dam con
struction very costly.
"Very respectfully, your obedient ser
"Captain corps of engineers."
The Bridge Question Is of Great In
terest to All.
In the item concerning the sentiment of
the East Side people, which appeared yes
terday morning, relative to placing a nom
inal toll on bridges and ferries, the word
"opposing" appears where "imposing"
should have been, giving an opposite
meaning to the sentence. It was intended
to say that the sentiment of East Side
taxpayers, as indicated in the interviews
on the subject, might be considered favor
able to placing a nominal toll on the
bridges and ferries for their maintenance.
Even those who are not favorable to tolls
express themselves perfectly willing that
the question of tolls should toe submitted
to the taxpayers. As far as the people
in the central portion of the East Side are
concerned, it is safe to say they are will
ing for that sort of arrangement which
will do away with the unjust discrimina
tion under which they have labored ever
since two outside bridges were made free,
which they are taxed to support, while
compelled to pay full fare crossing In
the center. They want all free or all toll
bridges. There was some apprehension
expressed on the streets yesterday over
the last action taken in regard to the
bridge bills and there is talk of holding a
mass meeting to emphasize more fully the
situation In the central district and the
discrimination against it.
Pnssingof CapcHorn Telegraph Line
In a few short moons more, all that will
remain of the famous Cape Horn telegraph
line, touching points east of the city, will
be the post holes and certificates of stock
valuedat the price of waste paper. Agentle
man from Gresham yesterday offered $50
worth of the stock for 5 cents, which was
finally sold after some hesitation on the
part of the buyer. Notwithstanding the
attachment on the wire by the Mitchell,
Lewis : Staver Co., is rapidly disap
pearing. Between Gresham and Fairview
nearly all the wire has been removed by
whom, however, it is not known. Proba
bly it will nppear later in the shape of
fences on the grounds of some of the nu
merous farmers who contributed toward
the subsidy for the construction of the
line. The read supervisee baa found it
necessary to cut dows a good many of
the poles that were obstructing' the county
roads in places. The Cape Horn Telegraph
Company was organized about two years
ago with a capital stock, of 510,000. A con
siderable sum of money, it is claimed, was
raised in donations along the route from
farmers and residents at points where of
fices were located. Mr. W. H. Johnson,
of Gresham, who had some of the stock,
stated yesterday that he. in common with
others, would like to see the affairs of the
company investigated.
Funeral of W. H. Xeeland.
The funeral of W. HI Leeland, who died
Monday of consumption, was buried yes
terday afternoon, under' the auspices of
Fealty lodge, No. 109, L O. O. F. The re
mains were accompanied from the house
to the First "VJvangelical church on East
Market and East Sixth streets by mem
bers of Fealty ledge and American coun
cil, Jo. 3, Junior Ordei of American Me
chanics, At the church there was a brief
religious service conducted by Rev. T. T.
Vincent, after which Fealty lodge took
charge, the services of the order being con
ducted by A. H. Boscow, noble grand. The
remains were then conveyed to Lone Fir
for interment. A large number of the
members of the American council were
present in regalia in honor of their late
Miscellaneous Ifotes.
Mr. John Foster, who has been sick,
was able to be out yesterday.
Mrs. J. Heller, of Stephens' addition, has
gone to San Francisco on a business trip.
An incline is being built on East Oak
street, whereitintersectswlth Grand ave
nue. It will do away with the sharp pitch
at this intersection, caused by the higher
grade on Grand avenue. The reconstruc
tion of the bridge is proceeding rapidly,
and a considerable portion Is completed.
The Kerr Passenger Tarift" Will Go
Into Effect.
The local railroad offices are preparing
for the advance in passenger rates, which
will go into effect Friday. The O. R. &
N Northern Pacific and Southern Pacific
have issued rate sheets naming the new
rates, and it is announced that they will
practically go into effect tomorrow. By
the new sheet there will be less difference
between the rates of the various lines
than ever before. The rate from Port
land to Chicago by all lines, except the
Southern Pacific, will be SGI 50 first-class
and $51 50 second-class. The Southern Pa
cific rate to Chicago via Ogden will be
$1 more than that of the other lines. The
present rate by the Northern lines is
$49 50 first-class and $47 50 second-class.
The present Southern Pacific rate is $37
first and $52 GO second-class, so It will be
seen that by the change, rates are brought
to a basis more satisfactory to all lines.
According to the new schedule the South
ern Pacific rate to Chicago, via El Paso
and Kansas City or St. Louis, will be 563
first-class and $35 second-class, a reduction
of $2 50 from the present rate; via New
Orleans, the rate will be $74 50 first-class
and $60 second-class, a reduction of $6 63
and $2 23. The Omaha and Kansas City
rates will be the same by all lines, $50
first-class and $40 second-class, and like
rates will apply to St. Paul and Duluth.
Hovr the Union Pacific and Burling
ton May Settle Differences.
John Francis, general passenger agent
of the Burlington, is quoted as saying of
the present boycott against the Union
Pacific: "The lifting of the boycott is
only conditioned upon a like action on the
part of the Union Pacific. We are agreeable
to any compromise, and would go more
than half way to have this matter set
tled, although the question of compromise
did not come from either the Rock Island
or tho Burlingtj, be it distinctly under
stood. We have suggested arbitration,
which has met witlPlIttle encouragement.'
We have stated that if the Union Pacific
would open its gateways, which it closed
to us, the roads mentioned would with
draw the boycott on round-trip tickets,
and we have later gone so far as to sug
gest an agreement without abandoning
the boycott. We are contending for a
principle, but we do "not propose to yield
everything in the settlement of this ques
tion. Mr. Lomax understands our position
perfectly, and it rests with him whether
he will meet us half way. As to the Rio
Grande Western, I am not in a position
to say anything. As I understand it, Mr.
Bennett has demanded certain considera
tions as to round-trip rates, which Mr.
Cardwell informs me can be easily ad
justed when the general passenger agent
of the Rio Grande Western meets the
other representatives in Chicago. I see
no reason for doubting that an agreement
will be made."
Railroad Notes.
R. B. Miller, chief clerk in the O. R. &
N. general freight office, is on the sick
W. F. Anderson, traveling auditor of
the Canadian Pacific, left last evening for
Victoria and Honolulu.
S. G. Fulton, assistant general freight
agent of the Northern Pacific, returned
from the Sound yesterday.
Milton Hardle. general agent of the
freight department of the Great Northern,
went up to the Cascade Locksyesterday,
returning in tho evening with Contractor
Slave." Tonight.
"Said Pasha," Richard Stahl's opera, by
the Calhoun opera company, drew a
crowded and fashionable audience last
night to the Marquam Grand theater. As
a whole, the opera has never been so well
presented in Portland. Several of the
characters scored hits. Klrtland Calhoun,
as Nockey, so convulsed the audience
with his mimicry, at the close of the first
act, that he was the recipient of two cur
tain recalls. Douglas A. Flint, as Hadad,
was mirth-provoking In the extreme, and
kept the house in roars of laugh
ter during the entire evening. His
singing was clever and his witticisms
fresh. George Lyding sang and acted
Said Pasha well, and his costuming was
Frederick Huntley was very acceptable
as Terano, the Mexican nobleman, as was
T. E. Rowan, jr., as Hassan Bey. The
ladles of the troupe were at their best, and
their dressing was in the best of taste.
Marie Bell assumed the part of Serena,
the pasha's daughter, and sang her solos
and duets in such a manner as to win
hearty applause Adele Farrlngton, as
Alt!, had several pretty airs assigned to
her, and they were well rendered. Ger
trude Lodge did not overdo the comedy
part of Balah, as is often the case.
The living pictures obtained their share
of applause, and the wing dancing of the
two negro boys, as usual, completely cap
tured the audience.
The performance of "Said Pasha" closed
the season of the Calhoun opera troupe
in Portland.
Ricketts Troubadours Next "Week.
The Rlcketts Troubadours, headed by
the versatile comedian Tom Ricketts. will
produce the musical comedy, "Colonel
Jack," at the Marquam Grand opera-house
on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of
next week. The Troubadours were criti
cised by the Boston Globe as follows:
"The opening of the Grand opera-house
for the coming season, las t evening, was
an eminently successful event. The bill
of the evening was 'Colonel Jack, a
musical comedy. In the title role, Tom
Ricketts is very good. He is the possessor
of the many qualities demanded for such
a character, and he gained the favor of
his audience instantly, which favor, he
held throughout the comedy scenes In
which he had prominence. The balance
of the cast are entitled -to praise, and the
many specialties introduced were well received."
ThlM la What "Wo Have. Paid la. Taxes
to Maintain a Cheap Cur
rency. Following is the last of a series of ar
ticles in the New York Times on the cost
of the greenback, in which previous ar
ticles are summed up and final conclu
sions stated:
In carrying the cost of the greenback
to December Si, 1S34, it has appeared by
tables printed In the last week that the
people actually paid up to that time, to
keep afloat a. currency which many had
supposed cost nothing except for printing,
the large sum of $1,919,074,952.
Since the greenback was Issued for final
redemption at par and must so be re
deemed, the difference between its actual
value and par was properly a charge on
the people for Its circulation for the en
tire period of the suspension of specie
payments, from 1SS2 until 1S79. In the
same period the government incurred
bonded obligations for various terms to
cover deficiencies caused by the depre
ciated currency. To the extent that obli
gations were thus incurred, they are
chargeable to the greenback. The detailed
tables heretofore published make the cost
of the greenback to resumption about
From that time bonds have been issued
to maintain a gold reserve in the treas
ury for greenback redemption. While the
legal-tender issue was confined to the
greenback, tho gold reserve grew in the
treasury, reaching in the ten yeara fol
lowing redemption an average of $50,-
000,000 above the $100,000,000 fixed as the
proper redemption fund. Interest has been
charged on that excess at S per cent, as
part of the cost of the greenback.
The law compelling the reissue of green
hacks after redemption of iroId, although
never defensible, operated mildly until the
legal tenders had been increased from
$346,000,000 to nearly $500,000,000 by the treas
ury notes, under the Sherman sliver law.
Since then the gold reserve has suffered
heavy drafts, and It has become a cause
of Increased debt and of national anxiety.
Items of interest on the obligations and
burdens thus Indicated raised the total
cost of the greenback to 51.919.074,952. This
is a total of good money really drawn
from the people, in gold or Its equivalent,
for the privilege given them of using $346,
000,000 of greenbacks since 1862 and $150.-
000,000 of legal-tender treasury notes since
Mechanical and clerical labor put on
the greenback Is as properly a charge in
the bill of costs as are discounts and in
terest. Paper is an item. Work at the
bureau of engraving and printing should
be considered. The treasury main
tains an agency of issues and re
demption, to the employment of
which the legal tenders largely con
tribute. It is happily possible from the
treasury reports to separate such items
of cost and to give results with fair ac
curacy. The legal tenders have been
shown to he burdensome enough, without
adding figures that will not stand search
ing test.
In considering the statement printed be
low, to cover mechanical and clerical cost,
it may not be amiss to say that previous
estimates for paper, printing, redemption
and issue have put the aggregate as high
as six-tenths of 1 per cent per year. The
cost given herewith is less than one-fifth
as large. It is probably stated much be
low actual cost.
The final reckoning has not yet been
made. Bonded debt incurred for the legal
tenders, or for their redemption fund,
must be paid, principal and interest." At
some time, also, the legal-tender debt
must itself be canceled. Totals are given
herewith so far as these elements of cost
can be definitely presented, in pledges
already of record. Nor does this complete
the cost.
Figures for the periods of the war, re
construction, reaction, resumption, and
silver and fiat agitation, to events which
culminated in the government loans of
1894, already published in this series,
showed the cost cf the greenback by
fiscal years since its creation. Govern
ment expenses are not material in the cal
culation after 1S79, since the premium on
gold naturally ceased, and the excess ex
penditure on account of the greenback
from that year was represented by inter
est on bonds issued to maintain the gold
reserve, which stood as security for the
greenback. The following is a summary
of results for those periods:
Government Value Excess
Expenses. Cents. Exp'nditure
..... 811.283,679
interst obligations..
1S65 1.217.70 J.1S9
Interest obligations..
1S65 385,954.731
Interest obligations..
1867 202.947.733
Interest obligations..
1S68 229,915,0SS
Interest obligations..
1869 190,496,354
1870 164,421,507
1871 157,5S3,827
1572 153,201,835
1573 380.483,636
1874 194,118,895
1S75 171,529,848
1876 164,837,S13
1S77 144,209,963
1878 134.4C3.452
Interest obligations..
1S79 Interest obligations
1880 Interest obligations
1881-4 Interest obligations
2SS3-6 Interest obligations
1SS7-9 Interest on excess
surplus reserve since re
sumption Interest obligations
1SS0-92 Interest obligations....
Bond redemptions
1S93-4 Interest obligations
Cost of the greenback from
March 10, 1862. to Dec. 31,
1894 $1,919,074,932
In 1874 the government issued $27,000,000
in greenbacks, worth, at 89 cents, 524.030,
000. This issue was counted as a gain in
the detailed tables heretofore published.
It offset the excess expenditure for that
year and reduced for immediate purposes
the cost of the greenback by $2,676,912. The
excess for 1874 is noted above as a matter
of record, but since there is no place in
the summary to note the gain for the
vear there should be deducted from the
sum of excess expenditures given above
the gain. $24,030,000, to obtain the total of
$1,919,074,952. Unless this deduction he
made, the figures in the excess column
above will foot a total of $1,943,104,952.
Cost of maintenance of the greenback
must now be considered.
Total Issues have aggregated $2,700,000,
000, representing $450,000,000 notes. Actual
cost of paper and printing is not now in
Strongest of all pure
Latest U. S. Govt.
Pure and
It does more work and
CtcstUuid BaJtixg Pevsdrr Co JVV
excess of 1 cent per note. It has not al
ways been furnished as cheaply. The me
chanical expense of issuing may be placed
at $5,000,000. To this must be added the
clerical expense connected therewith,
which will bring- the amount to $5,500,000,
Redemptions of notes have amounted
to $250,000,000. National bank notes re
deemed from 1S74 to 1S94 reached almost
the same amount, or 52,335,000,000. Ex
penses of redemption charged against the
banks by the treasurer alone have
amounted to $3,560,000, or about $1.52 per
$1000. This cannot be deemed a measure
for the cost of greenback redemptions, as
fully one-half of the notes redeemed were
of $1 and 52 denominations. National
banks have issued no notes of those de
nominations since J5J9. -Estimating re
demption cost by notes instead of by
amounts, the national banks have issued
2S5.000.000 notes, representing 52,333.000,000
at a cost for redemption of $3,539,000. or
512 50 per 1000 notes. At the same rate,
450,000,000 greenbacks cost for redemption
$3,625,000. The cost was no doubt higher.
But work of redemption by the treas
urer is not the only labor required. The
notes are handled before they reach the
treasurer and again after they leave his
office. Express charges on. the sum re
deemed must be allowed. These items
will bring the expense of redemption to
There must thus be added to the ex
pense of printing the greenback to the
end of 1S94. 55,500,000, the cost of redemp
tion and reissue, $7,875,000, making a total
for maintenance of 513,375,0(30. Cost of
maintenance of the greenback has fre
quently been placed at a much higher fig
ure, but this smaller sum appears to be
more nearly correct.
This would bring the total expense of
the greenback to December 31, 1S94, as
Maintenance $ 13,375,000
Cost previously brought for
ward 1.919,074,932
Total $1,932,149,952
There must still be paid on the green
back account, obligations incurred to
maintain the gold redemption fund, or
treasury gold reserve, at $100,000,000. The
people have still to meet the interest upon
$30,500,000 of 4 per cent bonds maturing in
1907. At that date, or before, they must
pay the principal sum. They have also
to pay in 1904 the sum of $100,000,000 in 5
per cent bonds, issued in 1894. of which
$50,000,000 was obtained at S per cent and
$30,000,000 at 2Ti per cent net.
Future obligation from December 31,
1834, therefore, is as follows:
Four per cent bonds due 1907 $
Interest thereon, 12 years, at
4 per cent
Five per cent bonds due in 1904
Interest theron for nine yeara
and one month at 3 per cent..
Five per cent bonds, due in 1901
Interest thereon for nine vears
and ono month 13,057,292
Making the total future obli
gation incurred $ 171,757,202
Expense already Incurred, as
brought forward 1,932,419,952
Total $2,104,207,241
After having incurred this enormous ex
penditure, the people have still to pay the
debt represented by the notes. For this
purpose there is in the treasury less than
$43,000,000 in gold. There are, however,
some $53,000,000 of note3, which have been
redeemed In gold that they may be can
celed. In other words, the obligation, if
a settlement were made now, could be re
duced by $98,000,000. leaving to be paid of
greenbacks $248,651,016, and of treasury
notes 5152,5S4,417.
The treasury holds silver bullion and
coin against the treasury notes. This
could be utilized to cancel that portion of
the obligation. Silver bought under the
Sherman law amounted to 16S,674,6S2
ounces. Its average cost was 92.44 cents
per ounce. If this silver were dumped on
the market, no one can doubt that the
price would plunge downward, probably to
30 cents per ounce. Its convertible value
may be reckoned for present purposes
at the current market price of 60 cents per
ounce, or 5101,204,809. The account wilL
then run as follows:
Greenbacks awaiting redemp
tion $ 345,631,016
Treasury notes awaiting re
demption 152.584,417
Total $ 499,265,433
Redemption fund:
Gold reserve $ 43,000,000
Silver reserve 101.204.S09
Greenbacks in treas
ury 55,000,000 199,204,809
Cash required for redemption.. $ 300,060,624
Brought forward 2,104.207,244
Total cost of the greenback.. $2,404,267,86S
PORTLAND, Feb. 13. (To the Editor)
In the account of legislative proceed
ings I note the invitation to Rev. Thomas
Condon to address the senate, and his
very interesting remarks on the subject
of geology and mineralogy, and the value
of exhibits to be maintained at some point
in the state. Portland preferred. This is
directly in line with the objects and pur
poses of the Oregon Colonization Society,
and among its various departments those
of geology, mineralogy, ornithology and
botany will be conspicuous. All who are
Interested in these subjects understand
that Oregon is very rich in the highest
grade of geological, mineralogical and
botanical specimens, and will appreciate
the fact that well-selected and properly
arranged and classified exhibits maintain
ed in Portland will serve as educators and
object lessons to visitors to this state, and,
in fact, to our own people of Oregon and
the Pacific Northwest.
The birds of Oregon are very numerous
more so, in fact, than our own people
realize, unless they have made a study of
ornithology with reference to the birds
of the state. A full and complete collec
tion placed on exhibition in Portland will
be very attractive, and will no doubt
bring many visitors that samples of
wheat, fruits and minerals would not.
Already the Oregon Colonization Society
has had its first showcase constructed,
and has obtained very fine specimens of
the Oregon quail and Alaskan robin,
which is a native of Oregon. Perfect spec
imens pertaining to any one of the four
departments named will be very accent
able to us, and will be accorded promi
nent positions in cases in the rooms of the
society. Samples of the products of the
soil will also be much appreciated and will
be properly displayed and cared for.
As I have said in former letters on this
subject, the Oregon Colonization Society
desires the co-operation of the people of
the Pacific Northwest in Inducing immi
gration of desirable people to our country,
than which there is none possessing
greater resources or presenting better fa
cilities or grander inducements for the
establishment of prosperous and content
ed homes. Prompt, harmonious and con
tinuous support in the execution of the
plans of the Oregon Colonization Society
means their more rapid consummation,
and while the feeling prevails throughout
the East and Middle West to move to new
fields of action, we of Oregon will get our
share of the people who make good citi
zens, and who will come to us with thrift,
energy and enterprise to crowd out old
fogyism and obsolete methods, and till.
cream of tartar powders. See
finer work than any other.
Ycrk, Successor ia Cleveland B rather u
A "? aiiVIVy i
hew and develop. These are the people we
want and these are the people we can get
by Etriving together with a common pur
pose in view, and the determination to
get our proportion of the Immigration to
the coast. Los Angeles is increasing in
population 1000 souls a month. Why should
not every town in Oregon be increasing in
population. They never will under the in
fluence of the present apathetic mood of
the people. They will increase and values
of land and its products will increase if
there is united and persistent effort,
backed by pecuniary aid. Having made
a short excursion on the O. R. & N. road.
I will be prepared soon to write a letter
on what I learned in regard to what
Washington and California .are doing to
get immigration not of their own alto
gether, but immigration that properly be
longs to Oregon, and 1 must say I have
the most unbounded admiration for their
enterprise, pluck and perseverance.
Tho Kerr Steamer Elmore Will Be
gin Business Saturday.
The new O. R. & N. steamer Elmore will
be inspected by Local United States In
spectors Edwards and McDermott this
morning, and Saturday morning she will
begin active service on the Willamette.
The Elmore will ply on the Portland and
Corvallls route, making alternate trips
with the steamer Modoc. The steamer
Salem, which was chartered by the com
pany and run on that route, has been
withdrawn. The steamer Hoag has been
transferred to the Yamhill route. Bus
iness is picking up on the upper river,
and the company anticipates a very good
spring trade. Its boats are all in fine
condition, and although the water is at a
low stage, traffic is regular and satis
factory. Jfotieo to Mariners.
Notice is given by the lighthouse board
that on or about February 25. 1S95. the
Humboldt bar whistling-buoy will be re
moved to a position about 1 miles south
southwest from its present location, and
at the same time the roidchannel buoy (2d
class can, B. & W. P. S.) will be discon
tinued altogether. Full particulars will be
given after these changes have been made.
This notice affects the list of beacons
and buoys, Facific coasts 1S93, pages 25
and 26.
Marine Xotes.
The Grassendale finished loading wheat
at the elevator, and will leave down
stream today.
The British Merchant has moved from
Greenwich dock to the Southern Pacific
dock for stiffening.
The Carnarvon Bay shifted from the
Gas dock to Victoria dock, where sho
loads wheat today.
The Loudon Hill Is still in the stream
discharging 500 tons of coal on a lighter.
She will soon move to tho O. R. & N.
dock, where she takes out 1000 tons of coal,
and will then discharge 250 tons on a
government barge.
Domestic and Foreign. Ports.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 13. Freights
Elwell, 13SS tons, and Yosenute, 1104 tons,
coal from British Columbia for this port;
Occidental, 1170 tons, coal from Seattle
for this port.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 33. Arrived
Alice Blanchard, from Astoria. Cleared
Walla Walla, for Victoria and Port Town
send; Mineola, for Comox; Columbia, for
Astoria; Arago, for Coos bay.
ASTORIA, Feb. 13. Arrived Steamer
Bandorille, from Bandon, Or., and pro
ceeded up for Portland. Arrived down
British bark Dunard, from Portland, with,
flour; British bark Comliebank, from Port
land, with wheat. Left up British bark
Dunearn, for Portland. Sailed Steamer
Queen, for San Francisco.
Big: Endeavor Meeting.
Three hundred members - front tho 23
societies of Christian Endeavor in' the
city, gathered last night at the West
minster Presbyterian church, to witness
the Installation of the officers of the local
union, elected for the ensuing year. The
feature of the evening was an address
on the "Good Citizenship Committee," by
Rev". George R. Wallace, D. D. Follow
ing the programme an hour was spent
in an enjoyable social, during which
a delectable lunch was served by the
young people of the church, assisted by
several of the neighboring societies.
Magnus C Crosby,
Astoria I
M C Maples. S F
N Phillips. S F
Fred D. Hills, Chgo
A A Barber. Chgo
A L Bell. Omaha
J M Brown. St Paul
J G Day, Cascades
A ii. Erwin, St Paul
Dr. Campbell and
wife. Butte
A H String. Chgo
E B Kurtz, Colum-
I Hodgson, wf & ch.l bus, Ohio
Chicago IC F Kretchmcr,
M J Green, city I Chicago
Chas Frankenthal, (Frederick A Brown,
New York I Tacoma
A F &2ch,JPhil B Bekart, S F
San Diego (A D Spencer, Chgo
C King. New York'Robert Knox, N Y
B Shlpp, N C RE Keller, St Paul
W B Gray, St Paul
Occidental Hotel. Seattle.
Rates reduced from $3 50 to $2 per day.
If you wake In the morning with a bit
ter taste in the mouth, coated tongue,
perhaps headache, your liver is torpid.
You need Carter's Little Liver Pills.
Helllg & Lesster..
Lessees and Managers
Three Nights Commencing Feb. 18.
Tom Ricketts and his Company of Come
dian?, in the Latest Farcical Comedy,
Sale opens Friday. Feb. 15, at f o'clock,
rrices Lower floor, 75c and ?1: balcony, C3c
and 50c; Kallery, 25c; boxes, $7.50.
ln, PlmpUs. Freckle, J'oth Patchan. Rash and
.kln UlseasPH a d everr blamlna on beauty and
denes defection on us vir
tues. It b s stood tho test
of 40 years, aud.
is so harml8 wo
taste it to fca nro
that It Is properly
made. Ace ptno
counterfeltof sim
ilar name. r. L.
A barer said to a
lady of th nau
ton.a patient;
"As you adi
will use them i
recommond 'Gon
raud's Cream" as
tho least harmful
or All tho stln
lor sale by all druggists and fancy goo s icolc n
in the U. S.. Canada and .Europe. On- bott.o wiu
last six months, using it everyday. Also l'oudrea
Subtile removes superfluous hair without injury to
the skin. FERD. T. HOPKINS. Prop., 37 reat
Jones at. New Yorfc. Ueware of base Imitation-.
$1000 ward for ones; and proof of aavono sell
ing the same
E KRlifiFfce Injected direetly to too i3
fan?, reomns no ebon: of diet or
maseoct, ncrcrxrialor potso&oastaed
idnesto bo faim ip!rmr.ny. Wiea
S Mr 63 a -i ,-,., r-
I7 either sex It u lapossiblstoeectns
cny reatrul disuse ; but ln tho can of
. those. alretdT uxronrcuztT atiikxkj
; wrth GcmrTbcea and Glet, w siurn-
tessenro. Price by mail. posts?
Wisdom Drag Co Sole Ajjenta, Port
land. Or.
The tea rose is acquired by ladies wo
j Poxioni's Complexion Powder. Try it.
A sew collar.
3 xsssa
-WZ 5-"
Sgj.o slfrKl pf
vy A SJ