Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1895)
THE arORHESTG OBEGQ2TIA3Sr, THimSDAT, I-EBKtTABY 14, 1895,
PAY FOR P0ST0FF1CES
THE APPROPRIATION BILL, NOW BE
FORE THE SENATE.
Vila Offered an Amendment Provid
ing for the Purchase of Postal
Cant 1- the Government.
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 13, The senate
began its session today with a spirited
discussion on the financial question, but
oon turned its attention to the postoflice
appropriation bill, and passed the remain
der of the day on the proposition to have
the government own railway postal cars.
"When the bill was first taken up. Chandler
made a sharp arraignment of the provis
ion giving the postmaster-general discre
tion over expending the T3.200.0W for rail
road postal rates, maintaining that It gave
designing men an opportunity to
"squeeze" the railroads by threatening to
put them on the rack if they wished to
have their compensation increased for
postal service. The senator added:
'And the great political committees also
Beck various means of raising money.
They seek money from all available
sources. They like It in large sums, and
they prefer it from corporations rather
than In small subscriptions from indi
viduals." Gorman, at one time chairman of the
democratic national committee, contended
that Chandler's Ideas of political influence
were groundless. Vilas, who was post-master-goneral
in Mr. Cleveland's first
cabinet, supported the amendment. The
railway postal service was being run at a
loss of 511,003,000 annually, although re
liable men would contract to perform the
service, without a dollar's deficiency, if
they could have reasonable laws and reg
ulations. Vilas offered an amendment
providing for the purchase, ownership and
management of the necessary railway
postal cars by the government, and pro
viding an appropriation of $300,000 there
fore. He said that while he was at the
head of the postoflice department, he had
made careful Inquiries showing that the
total value of railway postal cars was
$1,600,000, although congress appropriated
$2,000,003 for the annual rent of these cars,
besides paying by weight for the mail
they carried. He also presented figures,
just prepared by the railway mail bu
reau, showing a total of 740 railway cars
worth, at an average, $3300, making a
total investment of $1,530,000. The main
tenance of these 740 cars would cost $82,
360. From this Vilas drew the conclu
sion that the government was paying suf
ficient rental annually for the postal cars
to buy them outright and maintain them.
He took up specific routes between New
York, Chicago, St. Louis, Cincinnati and
littaburg, giving figures, which showed,
he claimed, that the rent paid the rail
roads was greater than the cost of the
Allison pointed out that the law was
so framed that the amount paid for the
rent of cars was In part for transporta
tion, so the figures were in error in show
ing exorbitant rentals. The Vilas amend
ment proposed to revolutionize the postal
system, which should not be undertaken
without Investigation. Hoar asked it the
adoption of the proposed change would
not diminish the number of postal cars,
the speed and rapid time schedule. He said
word had reached him from business
nen, without regard to politics, and they
were very appreheuslve about the change.
Vilas replied that the postmaster-general
will exercise wise discretion, and not
i ripple the service.
Aldrich spoke against the extensive
change as congress was about to expire,
-'1 want to say to the gentleman from
Maryland (Gorman), who has given notice
of 11 o'clock sessions, and the gentleman
from Kentucky (Blackburn), who appears
so anxious to expedite appropriation bills,
that h? they persist in attaching general
legislation to appropriation bills, they
will not make much progress."
"Do I understand the senator to make a
threat." asked Blackburn, "that if the
amendments which do not suit his hyper
critical taste are offered, he and his as
horiates will not allow these appropria
tion bills to be passed?"
"Not at all," said Aldrich: "but if this
process is persisted in the gentleman
should understand that there is great dan
ger of an extra session."
It was agreed that a vote on the rail
way postal - car amendment should be
taken -at 3 o'clock tomorrow.
There "was a hot exchange between
Chandler and Berry of Arkansas, when
tho latter complained against an objec
tion which cut him off from securing the
passage of a land bill. Chandler made a
point of order against such "scolding."
"1 propose to say what I conceive to be
right," said Berry, "and I do not propose
to let the senator (Chandler) Interfere
with my right."
Chandler said Berry had certainly been
scolding. Berry finally concluded with
the remark that "he was about to express
an .opinion of the senator which would not
be proper to express on this floor."
Morgan secured the passage of a joint
resolution in accordance with the presi
dent's annual message concerning the
Venezuela-British Guiana boundary.
The house resolution was passed extend
ing the time for making returns on the
income tax from the first Monday in
March to April 15 next.
The senate at 5:35 held a brief executive
session and then adjourned.
The Routine of the House.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The house de
voted today, after the first morning hour,
to business reported from the committee
on the District, of Columbia.
On motion of Abbott, who desired to call
up theiiavj appropriation bill tomorrow,
ft wa agreed the house would meet to
moVow at 1 o'clock.
The house non-concurred in the senate
amendments to the bill for the examina
tion and classification of certain mineral
lanls in Montana and Idaho and ordered
Heard, chairman of the District of Co
lumbia committee, then claimed the re
mainder of the day, and the house entered
upon the consideration of district business.
During the debate upon the District bill,
Vn, Voorhls obtained the floor and read
an&olutlon calling on the secretary of the
treasury for information concerning the
bgSfS contract, which, he said, he would
push as soon as he could be recognized to
do so. Thereupon, Wilson of West Vir
"I have a copy of the contract and will
include it in my report."
Almost Immediately after Van Voorhls
resolution had been read. Wilson, chair
man of the ways 3nd means committee,
presented the report on the resolution for
Z per cent bonds, and m it the con
tract read by Secretary Carlisle. The
minority was given leave to file a minor
ity report at any time.
After passing several bills, the house
OTHER CONGRESSIONAL NEWS.
Pension Canes Acted Upon.
"WASHINGTON. Feb. 12. Responding to
a resolution of the senate, the secretary
of the Interior today sent to the senate
r statement showing the work of the
loard of final review of the pension office
from tbo beginning of the present fiscal
year to January 1. The statement shows
that for this period 111,015 claims were
received by the board, of which -16,012 were
admitted and 53.357 rejected, the others
being returned to the various divisions or
remaining unacted upon.
An Advisory Committee.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 13.-Senat3r Per
kins, of California, today introduced a
WU providing for the appointment of a
non-partisan commission to collect infor
mation and to consider and recommend
" legislation to meet the problems presented
In labor, agriculture and capital. The
president Is to appoint the members of
tbe commission, whKh Is to be composed
equally of representatives of labor, agri
culture and of the business men of the
The OSIci&l Report Coatradlcted.
WASHINGTON, Feb. SL The senate in
executive session rejected the nomination
of Augustus Healy. of New York, to be
collector of Internal revenue for the first
district of New York to succeed Ernest
Nathan, resigned. Although the official
report cays that Healy was rejected, it
is learned from other sources that the
nomination started some slight discussion
and that, on motion of Hill, it was passed.
Have Executive Approval.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The president
has signed the army appropriation bill
and the act authorizing the appointment
of cadets at the naval academy.
FROM TOP TO BOTTOM.
A Darning Bnildinir in Lynn Split by
LYNN, Mass., Feb. 13. Fire broke out
about S o'clock tonight in the basement
of a three-story wooden building occu
pied by W. Henry Hutchinson, hardware,
and spraad to adjoining property, entail
ing a loss of $:00,000. Three men were
killed, ten Injured, and two are missing,
supposed to be buried in the ruins. The
list of dead, missing and injured is as
Dead Captain Henry Skinner, 2S years
old, married; Thomas Murphy, 22 years
old, married; John Conlln, 2S years old.
Missing George Butler, fireman;
Kimball, actor, supposed to have been in
the building when the fire broke out.
Injured George Middleton, William
Hunt, Milliam MInton, Charles Corson,
George Center, Nicholas Webber, Leo
Miller, A. C. Moody, Lorenzo Allen, all
firemen. A spectator was also injured by
falling debris, but not seriously.
The blaze started near the paint room,
in tbe Hutchinson building, and promised
to do but slight damage for the first half
hour, during which the efforts of the fire
men confined it mostly io the basement
and first floor of the building. As the
conflagration was in the very heart of
the dangerous district in Lynn, a second
and third alarm had been rung in as a
When the fire had burned half an hour
without warning, a terrific explosion oc
curred, which seemed to split the building
from bottom to top. The upper stories
separated and the long ladders on which
several of the firemen stood slipped and
fell into the ruins and the men were
hurled to the pavement below. Then the
building fell, a mass of ruins, and with
fresh energy the flames began to spread.
The next building was occupied by Peter
Connolly, a wholesale and retail shoe deal
er. This was wholly destroyed, and the
fury of the flames was not checked. As
sistance was then summoned from Salem
and Marblehead. The flames then spread
to the three-and-a-halt-story wooden build
ing adjoining and occupied by T. J. Ready,
dealer in new and second-hand furniture,
and Parsons & Lick's barber shop. This
building was also totally destroyed. Mean
while assistance arrived. Tons of water
was poured on the flames, and they were
finally checked, after having raged four
hours. The total loss is $110,000; Insurance,
ACCIDENTS Bl" RAIL.
Southern Pacific Train "Wrecked by
CALIENTE. Cal., Feb, 13. The biggest
flood of the season is on here in full force
and has washed out some of the Southern
Pacific track about half a mile north of
this place, causing a bad wreck to No.
10, the south-bound passenger train, last
night at 11 o'clock.
Tho train was a double-header, as usual,
and struck the washout with great force.
Both engines, two baggage, one express
and one mail car were turned over into
the water. Fireman Chester was badly
hurt by being caught under the tank.
No others were hurt.
All trains in this section are at a stand
still until a track can be laid around the
FROZEN TO DEATH.
Two Brothcra Caajrlit in the East
PARKERSBUP.G. W. Va., Feb. 13.
James and Samuel Arbegast, brothers,
who lived in Tendleton county, were in
the Cheat mountains hunting when the
blizzard struck that section. They had
killed a deer and were carrying it to
camp. The cold became so intense that
the men were forced to desert their game
and make their way back to camp. Be
fore they could reach camp. James was
overcome and fell frozen to death. His
brother succeeded in reaching camp, but
was so terribly frczen that he died the
next day. There are several other hunt
ers in the mountains, who have not been
heard from since the blizzard, and it is
feared that they have met the fate of the
Killed by Nntural Gnu Exloslon.
MEADVILLE. Pa., Feb. 15. An explo
sion of natural gas today wrecked the
store and dwelling of George K. Cutler, sr.
George H. Cutler, sr., was killed, and
George H. Cutler, jr., aged 16; Mrs. Cut
ler and Kate Strack, a domestic, were se
The City of St. Angrnstine Eleven
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. Warran Ray,
agent of the overdue steamer City of St.
Augustine, does not think that she is lost.
Though she cleared January 30, she did
not sail from Jacksonville till February 2,
being unable to cross the bar until then.
She generally takes five days reaching
this port, and en this trip, when spoken
three days out, she had been making her
usual time to that point of her course.
Mr. Ray thinks that she struck the cy
clone just after that, and ran before It
out to sea. Her furnaces consume about
55 tons of coal on the round trip, and, as
she coals at this port, she had only half
that amount wher she left Jacksonville.
Her coal, therefore, must have given out,
and it is probable that the lumber, which
is her regular cargo, is being used for
fuel. She has doubtless been able to keep
her head to the seas, and is probably mak
ing slow time toward her destination.
Five- Pllot-Bonts In.
2CEVT YORK, Feb. 13. The growing
anxiety among shipping men for the safe
ty of a number of pilot-boats, which were
supposed to have been blown out to sea
during the recent gale, was allayed con
siderably today, when five of the missing
boats came into port and anchored off
Stapleton. The Richard K. Fox is not yet
in. She was last seen about 10 days ago
off Martha's Vineyard, and must have
encountered the gale which ripped up the
coast Friday and Saturday last.
A Salt Lake Fire.
SALT LAKE. Feb. 13. Fire broke out
tonight in the clothing store of Llpman
& Wallerstein. on Main street, and ex
tended to the Kentucky Liquor Company's
store. Smith's drug store and Sam Levy's
tobacco and cigar store. All these places
were more or less damaged. The loss is
estimated at $73,000, which is insured.
Donald Smith Con-In? Home.
LONDON, Feb. 13. Sir Donald Smith,
resident governor at Montreal, of the
Hudson's Bay Company, sailed for Amer
ica today. Sir Donald recently consulted
with the faculty of Cambridge college in
regard to the selection of a principal for
McGill university, but said no appoint
ment was made.
The Moscow Fol-tonlntr Case.
MOSCOW, Feb. 13. The coroner's jury
in the poisoning case of Henrietta, a do
mestic, brought in a verdict that the girl
came to her death by morphine and car
bolic acid, administered by Mrs. Margaret
E Hardy. Mrs. Hardy was at once put
under arrest and placed in the cocnty jail.
STATE MUST ACT FIRST
THE GENERAL GOVERNMENT WILL
NOT ACT UNLESS IT DOES.
Fish. Commissioner Macdonald Re
grets the Possible- Refnsal of the
T-vo States to Protect Salmon.
WASHINGTON, Feb. S. (Oregonian of
fice, Corcoran building.) Fish Commis
sioner Macdonald looks with regret upon
the possible refusal of the Oregon and
Washington legislatures to do anything
looking to the protection of salmon fish
eries, which v.'ould give the general gov
ernment an opportunity to do something
toward enlarging the product of the won
derful Columbia river fish. Congress is
ready to do something as soon as the fish
commission will recommend, and Mr.
Macdonald is anxious to make his recom
mendation as soon as he can. if there is
a prospect of making a feasible expendi
ture of money. The fish commissioners
cannot think that either legislature will
be so short-sighted as- to neglect to take
the proper precaution Tor salmon preserva
tion, when it is apparent If present meth
ods are continued it is only a short time
before the salmon supply will be practi
cally exhausted. It will result in ultimate
damage to the whole state, and especially
to the very men who are now said to be
standing in the way of legislation by the
stales most vitally interested.
As to getting an appropriation for the
propagation of salmon, there js no ques
tion as soon as the states compry with the
regulations insisted upon by the fish com
mission. Many of the senators and rep
resentatives have had an opportunity to
test the quality of Columbia salmon, and
they will do anything to help preserve it.
Senators Dolph and Mitchell and Repre
sentative Hermann h?.ve, on more than
one occasion, fed the 1-ungry congressman
with this toothsome flih, while Hon. J. B.
Montgomery has often done the same.
The Columbia river salmon is well known
in Washington, and everybody would like
to have the fish preserved by such meas
ures as are necessary
It may now be too late to get an appro
propriation at this session. If the state
legislatures had acted, by this time it
could have been procured, but there will
not be the slightest difficulty In the next
congress if the legislatures do their duty.
The interstate commerce commission
has suspended the long and short-haul
clause of the interstate commerce laws
so as to enable railroads that desire to
do so to carry at cheaper rates to longer
distance points in the Nebraska region
of crop failure.
A report received at the treasury de
partment shows that the United States
revenue cutter Crawford, while in Chesa
peake bay during the recent blizzard, as
sisted 13 vessels, valued at $134,000. There
were Involved 139 lives, all of which were
saved, some from impending death.
Two appointments were made today to
fill vacancies In the sea postoflice service
caused by the drowning of the two postal
clerks on the steamer Elbe. They are
William A. Hines, a clerk in the New
York city postoflice. to take the place of
IL Hall, and J. Cooney, now In the rail
way mall service, vice P. J. Holtzman.
Cleveland, In deference to a request on
the part of England, will ask congress to
tako action postponing the operation of the
new rules of the road at sea, which were
to go Into effect March 1, in order to
give British seamen further opportunity
to become familiar with them.
THE PACIFIC CABLE.
Calif oraians .Anxious to- Have Jae"
Control of tlio.Entcrprlac. .
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 13. It is em
inently a proper thing, says the Bulletin
this evening, that the organization of a
Pacific cable company should be pro
moted by citizens of California. The prin
cipal office of the international Pacific
cable company will necessarily be in this
city, and the real control should be here.
Now, as control lies in the end where the
capital lies, the Investors and managers
should be men identified with Pacific
coast affairs. The vote in the senate by
which an appropriation is made to com
mence work on a cable, holds out a hope
of favorable action on the part of con
gress. It is understood that the Pacific
International Cable Company asks no sub
sidy nor guarantee of bonds, but makes
the construction of a cable by the gov
ernment of the United States between
San Francisco and the Hawaiian islands a
condition of the immediate prosecution of
their proposed work. The cable to the
islands being constructed as a measure
of public policy and public defense, it will
prove a common line of communication,
of course, under government control. If
congress constructs the cable to the Ha
waiian islands and the International Pa
cific company constructs from the islands
to Japan, Australia and such points in
the Pacific islands as may develop com
mercial importance, a long step will be
taken toward securing valuable foreign
trado for this city.
THE ARMY AND NAVY.
Monterey Docked, bat Continues Im
mediately Available for Service.
VALLEJO. Cal., Feb. 13. The Monterey
has been docked and will have her bottom
scraped and painted, but no repairs will
be undertaken which might delay her Im
mediate availability for service, should
the department require it.
The crew of the Olyropla began messing
on their ship today, and the vessel is
ready for duty whenever called on.
Charles Daly, master joiner at Mare
Island for nearly 30 years, has resigned,
owing to serious illness with Blight's dis
ease. Daly is regarded by naval officers as
one of the most valjable men connected
with the yard, and they regret his loss.
The department will order a competitive
examination to be advertised in the near
future, open to American citizens who can
show qualifications for the appointment
LIcnt.-Gen. Schofield Is Grateful.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. In a letter to
Senator Hunton, of Virginia, Lieutenant
General Schofield thanks him for his urg
ing of the confirmation of the general's
nomination, and says the senator's public
announcement of the fact that he had
gained the friendship of the "big-hearted"
people of Virginia is an honor more
dear to him than any military rank.
VIOLATED NEUTRALITY LAWS.
Another Schooner Seized for Carrying-
Arms to a. Foreiffn Country.
SAN DIEGO, Feb. 13. The schooner
Wahlburg arrived at this port today and
was seized by Collector Fisher, on the
charge of violating neutrality laws by the
transporting of arms and ammunition to
the Hawaiian country for the use of the
revolutionists. Captain Matthew S. Mar
tin professes innocence, and persistently
declares he has been on a hunting expedi
tion. Simultaneous interviews with the
captain and the steward resulted in mark
ed divergence in their statements, the cap
tain referring to stormy experiences at sea
during the recent gale, while the steward
said that they had experienced good weath
er throughout the voyage. Both have the
outlines of the hunting story by heart,
but differed In respect to details, hedging
when questioned as to the amount of salt
on board and the supply of provisions.
Hawaiian Consul Wood expressed the
opinion that a straight case can be made
out against the Wahlburg, and has ad
vised Minister Thurston on all facts relat
ing to the seizure.
World's Fair Diplomas.
YORK. Pa.. Feb. 13. A letter received
from a member of the executive commit
tee of awards in Washington says the
secretary ot tne treasurj is having tne
world's fair dipIonuiM,BCjnted as fast as
possible, and theliriedals will fee. com
pleted by May or June next.
CHARGES OF ADAMS.
His Letter A-raiast McBrlde and
COLUMBUS, O., Feb. 13. In the nation
al convention of tbe United Mlneworkers
of America, a letter written by A. A.
Adams, president fthe Ohio contingent
of the national organization, charging in
general terms that' the strike of last sum
mer had been corruptly settled, was read.
Messrs. Penna, Crawford, Webb, Wilson,
Cameron. Miller and Patrick McBride,
who effected the settlement, denied Ad
ams" charges. Assalleged by Adams, the
settlement was contrary to the instruc
tions of a miners' convention, held in Cin
cinnati, which said it must be 63 and 79
cents, or nothing. ;
The committee compromised for less
money. Adams said he had been offered
$1000 to abide by the settlement, and had
been told the operators were looking out
for themselves, intimating that this was
true. He believed he was to have been
poisoned by a Mr. Bracken, a very repu
table labor leader, in Columbus. Mr.
Bracken pronounced Mr. Adams either in
sane or a lying scoundrel. P. B. Haines,
of Pennsylvania, offered a resolution vin
dicating the national .officers and extend
ing sympathy to Adafns, who was acting
on his own convictions. The resolution
went over until tomorrow.
Decided1 to Secede.
COLUMBUS, O., Feb. 14. At a meeting
which lasted until 1 o'clock this morning
the Knights of Labor miners decided to
withdraw from the general assembly and
form a new organization. Another meet
ing was called immediately after this one
adjourned and is now in session. The
new organization will be formed this
NO DISRESPECT MEANT.
Rule for Contempt Acninst George
M. Pullman Dismissed.
CHICAGO, Feb. 13. The contempt case
against George M. Pullman was dismissed
today by Judge Grosscup. Mr. Pullman
explained that he was just recovering
from an attack of la grippe, and, having
previously arranged for a vacation in or
der to obtain needed rest, he went East
last Tuesdays It was understood that the
counsel for the defense had caused a sub
pena to be Issued for him as a witness,
but that he had not been served. After
his arrival in New York, he learned that
an attempt was being made to construe
his departure as a disrespect to the court,
and he sent word notifying the court of
his intended immediate return. Judge
Grosscup expressed himself satisfied Pull
man had not intended or committed any
contempt of court and at once dismissed
LIBERALS OF RUSSIA.
A Plain Manifesto Addressed to the
LONDON, Feb. 13. The Daily Chronicle
will print tomorrow a column-long
manifesto issued by the people's rights
party in Russia, and now circulating
throughout that empire. The manifesto
is in the form of a letter to the czar, and
is remarkable for plain and forcible lan
guage. After censuring him for his re
cent assertion of his absolutism, the let
"The most advanced Zemstvos ask only
for the harmony of the czar and people,
free speech and the supremacy of law
over the arbitrariness of the executive.
Yon were deceived and frightened by the
representations of courtiers and bureau
crats. Society .will understand perfectly
that that lt.wa&tthe bureaucracy, which
jealously guards- itsjown omnipotence.
inac spoifeFmrFroniryuui , . iri
."jLiie pureau'jjacy;: Deginning wiui me-
council or ministers ana enamg wan me
lowest country constable, hate develop
ment, social or individual, and its activity
prevents the monarch free intercourse
with the representatives of his people,
except as they .some in gala dress, pre
senting congratulations, Icons and offer
ings. Your speech proves that any at
tempt to speak out before the throne,
even In the most loyal form, about the
crying needs of the country, meets with
only an abrupt rebuff. Society expected
from you encouragement and help, but
heard only a reminder of your omnipo
tence, giving the impression of the utter
estrangement of the czar from the people.
Tou yourself have killed your own pop
ularity and have alienated all that part of
society which is peacefully struggling for
ward. Some individuals are jubilant over
your speech, but you will soon discover
their impotence. In another section of
society, j'our speech caused a feeling of
injury and depression, which, however,
the best social forces soon will overcome,
before proceeding to the peaceful but ob
stinate and deliberate struggle necessary
to liberty. In another section, your words
will stimulate the readiness to struggle
against the present hateful state of things
with any means at hand. You were the
first to begin the struggle. Ere long it will
TO BORROW MONEY.
Authority Granted the Receivers of
the Whisky Trust.
CHICAGO, Feb. 13. Judge Grosscup to
day issued an order authorizing the re
ceivers of the whisky trust to borrow
$59,000 for 90 days. The receivers, in ask
ing for the authority, said that a bank
holding funds of the trust had charged
$45,000 against its depositors on account of
a note that had fallen due. The result
was to cripple the financial operations of
the receivers. It was reported that the
receivers and the judge were in consulta
tion over the business of the trust, which
was represented by the receivers to be a
losing, instead of a paying one. as an
nounced at the time of their apppoint
ment. Concerning the conference on that
point. Judge Grosscup would neither deny
nor affirm the report.
Application for a Receiver.
WINONA, Minn.. Feb. 13. Application
has been made In the United Stales court
by the Old Colony Trust Company, trus
tee for the bondholders of the Winona
General Electric Company and the Winona
City Railroad Company, to foreclose on
$270,000 of bonds outstanding, and have
a receiver apppolnted to take charge of
the plants and determine the rights and
interests of all concerned.
Controlling the "Wine Market.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 13. The Asso
ciation of California Winegrowers, now
controlling the market for California
vintages, which recently sold 1,000,000 gal
lons of new wines at 124 cents, has
since advanced the price to 15 cents, at
which rate it has several offers for large
Threatened hy Floods.
FRESNO, Cal., Feb. 13. The heaviest
job of work which the Fresno Canal & Ir
rigation Company has had for years Is now
on their hands. The waters are booming
In every creek and ditch, and north of
town the country is inundated all along
the line of the Herndon ditch for miles.
The Mill ditch has overflowed its banks
at the Eggers vineyard, and the Barton
vineyard and in the Gould colony. A force
of 200 men has been despatched to the
threatened points. At this hour (noon)
the danger of a flood in Fresno seems to
be past, as the water is flowing off to the
They Foufirht With Svrords.
PARIS. Feb. 13. A duel with swords
was fought today between Lieutenant
Marcel Canrobert, son of the late Marshal
Canrobert. and M. Hubbard, a socialist
member of the chamber of deputies. The
combat arose over an expression used in
the chamber by ML Hubbard during the
debate on granting credit for the mar
shal's funeral. Hubbard received a deep
wound in the chest.
THE BOOT) QDESTMi
(Continued from First Page.)
holder is allowed to choose the coin in
which he is to be paid, so long will it
be futile to attempt to maintain the gold
"We have no hesitation in declaring it
as our conviction that there is no remedy
permanent in character or promising re
sults, except an immediate exercise by the
secretary of the treasury of the right to
redeem United States notes and treasury
notes in standard silver coin, whenever
it is more convenient for the government;
and we further believe that the greatest
danger which can posssibly follow such
a course is infinitely less than the evils
which are certain to follow adherence to
the present policy.
"Second If we were willing to authorise
the issue of bonds at this time to pur
chase gold, we would still he opposed to
bonds payable specifically in gold, be
cause an issue of such bonds would either
pledge the government to redemption of
all obligations in gold, or make a dis
crimination against coin obligations now
outstanding. There is no question that
the issue of gold bonds would at once
be followed by a demand for an act mak
ing existing bonds payable In gold, and
it would be urged that it would be dis
astrous to depart from the policy of gold
bonds when once inaugurated. Just as it
it just now urged that It would be disas
trous for the government to resume a dis
cretion which has been temporarily sur
rendered to the noteholder.
"It is impossible to overestimate the evil
influences which would be exerted by the
issue of gold bonds by the goverment,
because such action would naturally en
courage," if not actually compel, the issue
of gold bonds by all public and private
corporations, and the making of .gold
contracts by individuals generally. Such
an increased strain on gold would mani
fest itself with a further rise in the pur
chasing power of the dollar, and in a fur
ther distressing addition to the load of,
debt now borne by the people.
"Third Tho minority is opposed to the
issue of bonds running for 30 years.
"Fourth If we were willing to authorize
the issue of 30-year gold bonds, we would
still be opposed to the recognizing or rati
fying of a contract as harsh In terms and
Imperious in Its demands as the contract
insisted upon by the bond purchasers.
"Fifth If we were willing to approve of
such a contract under ordinary circum
stances, we would still be opposed to ap
proving it when made by a sovereign gov
ernment with foreign financiers, and un
der circumstances which suggest a desire
on the part of a subject of another country
to purchase a change in the financial policy
of this nation for a sum stated.
"If further reasons were necessary, they
might be found in the fact that the con
tract provided for the sale of coin bonds
at about 1014. which would sell In market
at about 119; in the fact that the contract
agrees to sell 30-year gold bonds drawing
3 per cent for less than the government,
six months ago, sold 12-year coin bonds,
and In the additional fact that foreign In
vestors are by the contract given a pref
erenceover American investors In the pur
chase of any bonds which may be Issued
before next August, and are also given a
preference now over the American Invest
ors who but a short time ago stood ready
to purchase more bonds than we then
The minority report is signed by Bryan
and Whiting. McMIllin and Wheeler,
while dissenting from the majority of the
committee, reserved an expression of their
views until they have an opportunity to
present them more at length upon the
floor of the house.
Van Voorhls Resolution.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. Before the re
port of the way-rand means, committee,
was submitted to the house today Van
Voorhls of New York Introduced a reso
lution calling on Secretary Carlisle for
information concerning the recent bond
contract. The resolution read:
"Whereas, On Friday last the president
entered into a private contract in writing
with certain persons to borrow $63,000,000
of gold upon 4-per-cent 30-year bonds of
the United States, at a rate equivalent
to 44 per cent premium, and
"Whereas, Bonds exactly similar, issued
18 years and having only 12 years to run,
were selling on the New York markets
on that day at a premium of 14 per cent,
and at that rate these 30-year bonds are
worth HS'4: and,
"Whereas, a cablegram from London
shows that English capitalists are ready
to pay a premium of 12 per cent on the
"Whereas, The ways and means com
mittee of this house, not comprehending
the reason which actuated the executive
in selling so many millions of bonds at
a premium of 44 per cent when a pre
mium of 12 per cent could be and much
more ought to be obtained, on yesterday
had the secretary of the treasurj' before
it and examined him in relation thereto,
and obtained a copy of said written con
tract and all Information which the sec
retary of the treasury could give on the
"Whereas, The information thus ob
tained has not been communicated to
the house, and,
" Whereas, At this stage of this congress
it is a matter of such momentous im
portance, it is desirable and the right of
this house to know what information the
ways and means committee has received
in relation to this loan; therefore, be it
"Resolved, That the commiuee on ways
and means of this house report Immedi
ately all the testimony, evidence and
statements furnished to it by the secre
tary In relation 'to that loan, including
the contract with any person or persons
concerning the same."
Vilas Introduced a Bill for the Issa
ancc of Three Per Cent Bonds.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 13. Vilas brought
on the financial discussion in the senate
by offering a bill granting to the president
th2 authority he has requested in his re
cent message for issuing 3 per cent bonds,
payable in gold. Sherman offered a sub
stitute for the silver bill, reported yes
terday, providing for gold bonds and tem
porary gold certificates. The two Colo
rado senators, Teller and Wolcott, called
attention to the fact that the syndicate
of bankers who had secured control of
these bonds were novy marketing them in
London at 1124, making a net profit of S
per cent at the outset. The debate brought
out frequent references to the contract be
tween the treasury department and the
bankers, and as a result Aldrich offered
a resolution calling on the president for
a copy of the contract. It was agreed
to take a vote on the pr nding amendments
as to railway postal service at 3 o'clock
The measure introduced by Vilas Is
entitled "A bill to save the Ameri
can people $16,173,770." It recites the pres
ident's statement that he had agreed to
issue $62,400,000 bonds payable in "coin" at
an interest rate equivalent to 3 per cent,
but had retained the right to Issue bonds
payable in gold at 3 per cent if congress
granted authority. The bill states this
difference In "interest amounts to $339,159 a
year, or $16,174,770 In the 30 years during
which the bonds run. It Is provided that
the secratary of the treasury shall be au
thorized to issue $65,000,000 bonds at 3 per
cent interest, payable In gold in 30 years,
to be used in redeeming legal tenders, and
to be exempt from tax.
Senator Hoar, adresslng himself to Sen
ator Vilas, said: "Will the senator tell
us the authority for the great savings he
sets forth? Who are the persons with
whom this arrangement for buying bonds
has been made? Where Is the contract?
We ought to be fully informed."
"I am not the keeper of the executive
documents," responded Vilas. "The pres
ident has given us his views in his mes
sage." "But," Insisted Hoar, "we should have
the details. We have only the statement
of certain facts and conclusions by the
presldent,but there is an entire absence
"I have no more details than any Other
senator," said Vilas.
Senator Wolcott gave a new turn to the
discussion. "The morning reports tell
us" said he, "these bonds are ceing taken
in London at 3125 and by this means the
syndicate of Jewish bankers, who have
taken the bonds, are netting a profit o? $
Vilas said that was an additional reason
why the new form of bonds should be au
thorized. Teller said the president had given no de-
I tails as to the contract with bankers, and
"The ways and means committee of the
house has been trying to get at the facts
but it has not yet fcund out the names
of all the parties interested in the bond
contract. A few months ago our bonds
sold easily at less than 3 per cent interest.
It can not be possible that the utter lack
of tact of the treasury department has
forced up the rate of interest from less
than 3 per cent to S?i per cent interest,
when the last bonds are much superior
to the former ones. If their bonds are
selling at such handsome profit in Lon
don it showed the credit of the United
States had not been so disastrously Im
paired as the president sought to make
the country believe."
At this point Sherman came forward
with another financial measure. He of
fered it as a substitute to the bill for un
limited silver coinage, reported from the
finance committee. Sherman's bill Is prac
tically similar to the one introduced some
time ago, although he now gets it directly
before the senate. Both the bills of Vilas
and Sherman went to the table. There
upon Hill raised the point that they ought
to go on the calendar, where they could
be reached, and would have the same ad
vantages as the silver bill reported today.
There was a spirited colloquy, but the bills
were left on the table.
Aldrich suggested during the debate
that if the senate wanted more details
as to the bond contracts between the
treasury and bankers, the best thing to
do was to call for the contract. He intio
duced sl resolution to that effect. It calls
on the president to send to the senate, if
not incompatible with public interests,
a copy of the contract Twtween the treasurj-
and certain bankers for the purchase
of bonds. Aldrich wanted the resolution
considered, but Vest objected, and it went
With this financial prelude ended, the
senate turned to general business.
Provisions of Sherman's Substitute.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The substitute
for the Jones unrestricted coinage bill
reported from the finance committee,
which Senator Sherman today proposed,
is In most respects a copy of the bill
introduced by him the 18th ultimo. It is
changed, however, so as to permit the
issuance of 3 per cent gold gonds, paj--able
in five j'care, for the purpose solely
of maintaining the gold reserve and not
to meet current deficiencies as in the orig
inal bill. The certificates of indebtedness
authorized by the original bill are con
fined to the meeting of the treasurj de
flciencj' "now existing or which maj- here
after occur." Thej- are to bo made paj
able in lawful money of the United States,
and the amount to be Issued is left to the
discretion of the secretarj. No limitation
of time is fixed upon the certificates.
A Xota Next Week.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. A movement
was set on foot in the senate today to se
cure a vote on the financial question in
the senate next week. The plan is to de
vote Mondaj- and Tuesdaj to debate on
the question and obtain unanimous con
sent to taking a vote at the close of the
day Tuesdaj. The proposition has met
with considerable favor. There is some
hesitation on the part of managers of the
appropriation bill to give the necessary
tlme to the debate, and there are several
senators who have not been seen, some
of-whom may object. I the scheme sucJ
ceeds, the proceedings will be on the basis
of the lines of the unrestricted-coinage
bill, with voting after the various amend
ments and substitutes have been passed
SUNDRY CIVIL BILL.
It May Not Be Rendy for the Senate
WASHINGTON, Feb. 33. Cockrell,
chairman of the senate appropriation com
mittee,, h3s been hopeful that he would
be able to report the sundrj- civil bill bj
todaj, but it has not yet been put In and
there Is a possibility it will not be readj
for the senate during the present week.
The cause of the delay is found in the fact
the committee is uncertain about what
course it rouj be desirable to pursue to
wards meeting the treasury deficit.
It is learned todaj that Secretarj- Car
lisle was at the senate end of the capitol
for some time jesterdaj, and that most
of the time was consumed in consulta
tion with Gorman in regard to the ad
visability of incorporating a short-time
loan in the sundry civil bill. Gorman is
understood to be of the opinion that pro
vision should be made for $100,000,000 of the
MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS.
Business Bodies Ask for Legislation
Authorizing a. Bond Isnnc.
NEW YORK. Feb. 13 At a meeting of
the New York Board of Trade and Trans
portation todaj, it was decided to memo
rialize congress and urge upon that bodj'
the necessity of at once enacting such 4
legislation as will permit the issue of
bonds bearing 3 per cent interest, both
principal and interest paj-able in gold,
which, it Is claimed, will save the coun
try an enormous difference in interest
between bonds payable in gold or in coin
The Loan, in London.
LONDON, Feb. 13. The Times will say
"Opinion as to investing in the United
States loan is divided. The majoritj- of
firms likely to take bonds of this charac
ter seem disposed to apply, if the terms be
satisfactory. An influential minority ap
pears to have decided it does not want the
loan at all."
HOPE OF SILVER MEN.
An Old Silver Law Which, They Say
"Will Brine; About Coinage of Silver.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. An old law
has been discovered upon the statute
books by the free-silver men, which thej'
declare give3 them ground to hope that
they can bring about the coinage of silver
in an indirect waj- through the use of
Mexican dollars. The law was passed in
1S57, and is section 3567 of the Revised
Statutes. It is as follows:
"The pieces commonly known as the
auarter, eighth and sixteenth of the Span
ish dollar and of the Mexican dollar shall
be receivable at the treasury of the
United States and its several offices and
its several postofflces and land offices at
the rates of valuation following:
"The fourth of a dollar, or piece of 2
reals, at 20 cents; the eighth of a dollar,
or piece of 1 real, at 10 cents, and the
sixteenth of a dollar, or half real, at 5
The section following provides that the
coins shall not be reissued from the
treasurj, but shall be recoined into United
States coins. The law has never been re
pealed, and silver men in congress assert
that It 3 possible to send the metal to
Mexico for 'coinage, reimport It into the
United States and present it at the treas
ury. Thej assert that the vaildltj of the
law is beyond cmestlon, and point to the
statute resurrected by Secretarj- Carlisle,
which practlcallj- compels the treasury
to redeem national bank notes in gold,
as evidence that there are more Intrica
cies in the monetarj- sjstem than have
been realized. The first step, the silver
men say, is to secure a ccnttruction of the
law bj' some competent authority. Thej
fear that Attornej--General Olney will
rule against them, and are trjing to de
vise a plan to secure an opinion from the
judiciary committee of the house.
Hartman has introduced a resolution in
tended to bring the matter of the old Mex
ican silver Jaw to the tttention of the
house, and to serve as an opening wedge
in the discussion of the question. If not
reported from a committee within six
days, the resolution will be privileged, and
can be called up at any time. It calls on
the secretary of the treasury .to Informs
the house what proportion of the receipts
since February 1. 1S95. have been paid in.
the coins mentioned in the law, and whica
provided for their receipt at the treasury.
A DISCHARGED EMPLOYE
He Brutally Tortured and The
Robbed His Former Employer.
SAYBROOK, Conn., Feb. 13. Charles
Mappell. 73 years old, living near here, re
cently employed Jack Antonio, a Span
iard, as a farm hand. Sunday he found
the Spaniard ransacking his silverware
and discharged him.
At 10 o'clock that night a masked ma.t
burst into Mappell's bedroom and pre
senting a revolver, demanded the fanner's
money or his life.
The old man on refusing was then
bound and gagged, and tortured with a.
hot poker. As Mappell still refused to re
veal the whereabouts of his money, th
Tobber seized a shovelful of red hot coals
and held the victim's feet over them until
Mappell revealed the hiding place. His
visitor secured $294. a gold watch worth
$100 and valuable silverware. As he left,
the robber tore the mask from his face
and the old man recognized his farm,
hand. Antonio had a sleigh waiting and
escaped in the direction of the Saybrook
He Shot Ills Enemy After Having Re
ceived a. Severe Beating.
LOS ANGELES, Cal.. Feb. 13. The
trial of Ralph Seeker for the murder of
James Houston, near Atlesia, December
23 Inst, commenced in the superior court
this morning. The testimony- developed
that the deceased came to Seeker's house,
where Seeker and wife both were. They
engaged in a quarrel, during which Hou
ston beat Seeker severely and, as the
defense claims, to insenslbllitj. Half an
hour after the fight, while Houston was
standing talking with Seeker's wife. 200
j'ards from the house. Seeker approached
thorn from the house with a double
barreled shotgun, which he discharged at
Houston, killing him instantly. Seeker
says he was unconscious during the in
terim after the fight. When he awoke ha
saw his wife and Houston talking to
gether. At that moment a neighboring1
boj who had borrowed a gun to go hunt
ing, came and returned it. It was loaded
and, seeing his cnemj and wife quarrel
ing, he shot him. The defense claims
it can show that Houston had been un
duly intimate with Mrs. Seeker.
OTHER CRIME NEWS.
Prosecution of Hovvgato Closed.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. The prosecu
tion closed its case in the Howgate trial
todaj, after the most characteristic and
interesting session since the trial began.
C. H. Doing, the jail guard, in charge of
Howgate when he made his escape, testi
fied that he had taken the prisoner out of
jail on several occasions, and had some
times let him out of sight. It was un
usual to allow prisoners to leave the jail,
he said, but the United States marshal
had allowed It in Howgate's case. Ex
Chlef Drummond, of the secret service,
who arrested Howgate in New York last
September, testified that he had searched
for the defendant for years. The defense
will begin tomorrow.
Banker McDonald's Trial.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 13. Defense in
the trial of R. H. McDonald, jr., for per
jury reopened its case today and made tho
defendant a witness. McDonald testified
that he never swore to the bank statement.
He recognized his signature to the state
ment upon which the complaint was based,
biit said he ha'cr-no recolJlotfijn 'of Bl&nlns
It. He denied he was ever manager of the
bank, and said his father had assumed full
control, directing all business, even when
absent, telegraphing instructions dailj.
The prosecution in rebuttal made wit
nesses of two depositors who had lost
heavily bj the failure of the Pacific bank.
Found With. Counterfeit Coins.
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 13. Giovanni
Moutelbaum, arrested in Vallejo in 1884 for
counterfeiting coins, and who was re
leased from jail and reported dead, in
1890, at an Italian village, has been re
arrested, and a quantitj of counterfeit
coins found on his person.
Movements of Ocean. Vessels.
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. Sailed Rhyn
land, for Antwerp; Teutonic, for Liver
pool; New York, for Southampton; Cir
cassia, for Glasgow; La Normandle, for
Havre. Arrived out Edam, at Rotter
dam: Ems, at Southampton: Feurst Bis
marck, at Genoa; Paris, at Southampton.
Sailed for New York Prussia, from
Havre: Lahn, from Southampton. Sight
edAmsterdam, from New York for Rot
terdam, passed the Lizard.
Mrs. Dickinson, of Thor,
la. had an open sore on
her foot "which tortured
her for 4 years. Five of
the best doctors could not
cure it, but
FOR THE HAIR.
Stimulates the roots,
Increases the growth,
Prevents it i rorai
And is a
For old and young.