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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 12, 1895)
lUlll I) ill
Never rust, nor tarnish; neither affected by heat or
acids, and never impart a burnt taste to food.
J1D0PLH R. DEKUM, 111 FIRST, BET. STARK tP WASHINGTON
CORK-SOLE SHOES AT COSf
"I7W "tf tii w
E. C. GODDARD & CO.
&KHGRIH SRllB OF SHOES.
Today we offer Laird, Schober & Mitchell's French Kid, Hand-Sewed Iace
Shoes, Cloth Top, Double soles, for $2 S5. Regular price, 56.
Also all sizes of Child's and Misses' and sizes 2 and 3 only of Ladies' Shoes,
for 20 cents. Some of them worth $3 50.
129 SIXTH STREET, - -
E.J. HUDSON'S BANNER SALE
Cf Men s Shoes is now on. Seo
prices be httod. save
money and be happy.
Free Shine or Grease Coupons with $3.00
Khocs nnd up. 270 Washington sL, between
Third and Fourth.
T GOLDEN WE3T
I Has no superior.
! BAKING POWDER. J
IlEH & PEPIN'S SMUCH
Has been the favorlto throughout tho world for
over fiftv ears.
-TRADE MARK m - -rrrrprlZx?Si
DJrect From The Tea hardens.
Fragrant! Rich! efscioiss!
AWARDED HIGHEST HONORS AT THE WORLD'S FAIR, CHICAGO.
Genuine only when supplied in "Original" Patent Air
tight Canisters bearing grower's name:
LIP7OT, TEA PLANTER, CEYLON.
These delicious Teas are used in almost every home
in the Old Country. Lipton's "No. i" is unanimously de
Clarcd to be The Finest Tea The World Can Produce
Sold by SEALY, MASON & CO, Wholesale and Retail Apis.
I U.Mi i 1M
' ' ' ' ' ' i l a m
foy Infants and GhildPets.
CASTORIA Is so well adapted to children
that I recommend It as superior to any pre
scription knows to me,"
H. A. AKCHER. it IX.
311 So. Oxford SL. Brooklyn. JC. X.
The use of CASTOIUA Is so universal and
Its merits so well known that it seems a work
of supererogation to Indorse it. Few are the
Intelligent families who do sot keep Costoria
;withln easy reaoa."
CAHLOS ilARTYN. D. D..
tto P&stsr BloomlnrdsJe Reformed Church.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
Territory allotted. Correspondence solicited.
Catalogues mailed free. Only piano and organ
factory having house on the Pacific coast.
lir, W. KUKBfllili & CO.
Chicago, HI., Portland, Or.
24U-253 IVnuaab. At. 333 Morrison St.
tJIOri PEST CO.
Vifaslesale Butchers and Packers
SkU Brand of Hams, Bacon
Strictly Pure. Eottlc-Ken.
Winter term opens Jaunary 7, at 9 A. M.
Advanced work in Chemistry, English,
French, Latin and Drawing:.
For catalogue, address
191 Eleventh street
IN LOT3 TO SUIT
For Sale by Sutton & Beebe
16 FRONT ST.. NORTH
Ibout tb Us? and Stfetioo of Spjctael?s
'Tcrsonj having normal vision win be able
to read this print at a distance of 14 inched
from the eyes with ease and comfort: also win
be able to road It with each eye separated- If
MbM 1 d ." U.r.eyes are defective, and
should have Immediate attention. When tS
eyes become tired from reading or sewln-
if the letters look blurred and run together It
s a. io lumuiuuu miii glasses are needed
The lenses sold in the cheap goods are o un
equal density and have Imperfectly formed sur
faces. Continued use of these poorer lensea
will result in a positive injury from the con
stant strain upon the muscles of aecoramoda.
tlon to supply the defects In the glass."
irHED fit WRIiGOUJfl.
CASTORIA cures Colic. Constipation.
oour Monnca, uiarrrioea. Eructation.
Kills worms, gives sleep, and promota dlres-
Without Injurious medication,
Tor several years I have recotmnend'd
your CASTOniA' and shall always continue
to do so. as It has Invariably produced ben
EDWIN F. PARDEE. SL D.
The "Wlnthrop." 125th Slroet and 7th Ave..
; J.tUJt. t.j'.
THE CENTAUR COJIPANT. 77 STURRAT STREET. NEW VORK.
xew York cry.
PQKTIiAJSTD, OKEGOK. SATUEDAT, JAJSTUABX 12 1895.
JEW FINANCIAL BILLS
Vest the Author of One and Mo
Pherson of Another.
THE MAIN FEATURES OF BOTH
Springer Has Called a. Meeting of. the
Banking: and Currency Commit
tee for This Morning:.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Senator Vest's
financial bill provides that treasury notes
and gold and silver certificates shall be
destroyed, and an equal amount of notes
payable in standard gold and sliver coin
issued. No coin notes of larger denom
ination than $1000, or smaller than $10,
shall be issued, and denominations higher
than $50 shall not exceed one-fourth the
total amount of coin notes outstanding
at the time. Coin notes are to be legal
tender for all debts. The second section
repeals all laws which authorize the own
ers tf gold or silver bullion to make de
posits, receiving gold or silver certificates
therefor. The secretary of th.2 treasury
is directed to receive no more coin cr
bullion. Section 2 nroviflM ,., v,
gold certificates now outstanding are to
wu jaiju in gum coin, ana silver coin cer
tificates in standard silver coin, or coin
notes. If the gold in the treasury amouts
to less than $100,000,000, exclusive of that
necessary to redeem the gold certificates,
they are to be redeemed in sliver coin;
if more than $100,000,000, the secretary of
the treasury is to exercise his discretion.
He may redeem them in either gold or
sliver. Section 4 makes it unlawful for
any national bank to Issue bank notes,
and all acts authorizing all such issues
are repealed. It is madp tho iintv nt ti,
secretary, within 12 months, to sell the
United States bonds deposited in the treas
ury by the national banks to secure their
circulation. In case of national banks
retiring their circulation, or going out of
business, and, after redeeming in coin
notes, hereby authorized, their outstand
ing notes or currency, as provided by the
national banking act, the surplus is to be
also paid in coin notes to banks owning
bonds, in the amounts respectively due
Section 5 requires the secretary of the
treasury to have coined, as fast as pos
sible, the silver bullion held in the treas
ury, purchased under the Sherman act of
1S90, including the gain or seigniorage, and
this coin Is to be used In the payment of
public expenditures, and for the redemp
tion of coin notes authorized by this act.
Section 6 provides that when the rev
enues of the government are not sufficient
to meet its current expenses, the secre
tary of the treasury shall issue a suffi
cient amount of coin notes to cover this
deficiency, and all laws authorizing the
future issue of interest-bearing bonds of
the United States are repealed, except
provides that If the -gold iir tfae"ireasury
at the time this act shall take effect does
not amount to $100,000,000, exclusive of that
held to redeem the gold certificates, the
secretary is directed to sell United States
bonds at not less than par, in gold coin,
bearing not to exceed 5 per cent interest
and redeemable after five years, but no
greater amount of such bonds are to be
sold than may be necessary to procure
for the treasury the full amount nf h
$100,000,000 in gold. Section 7 provides
that the silver bullion brought to any
mint of the United States for coinage
shall be received and coined into standard
dollars of 412& grains, but no deposits of
silver bullion of less value than $100 shall
oe received, nor shall any bullion be re
ceived that is so base as to be unsuited
for the operations of the mint, The direc
tor of the mint is to retain a3 seigniorage
and to cover into the treasury the dif
ference between the New York price and
the coined price of bullion, and this is
to be paid out by the secretary of the
treasury in the current expenditures of
Carlisle Made Xo Comments.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Secretary
Carlisle was handed a copy of Senator
Vest's new financial bill this afternoon.
He read it with interest, but made no
Provisions of MePherson's Bill.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 11. Late lh!s nf.
ternoon, out of its regular order, McPher
son sought to introduce a financial bill,
but owing to objection being made, he
withdrew it. although he was granted per
mission to have it printed in full in the
Record. When McPherson sought to in
troduce the bill, Aldrich asked that it be
read at length, but Cockrell, in charge
of the deficiency bill, objected, and Mc
Pherson, thrusting the proposed bill in
his pocket, left the chamber. The bill,
which he may again introduce tomorrow,
provides for an Issue of 3 per cent bonds,
for the purpose of carrying into effect the
resumption act of 1S75, and makes them
payable at the pleasure of the govern
ment after a period of five years from
their date of issue. It also provides for
the coinage of the seigniorage now in the
treasury to the amount of $55,000,000, that
amount to be paid for public expenses
THE ROYAL BAKING POWDER is more economical than
other brands because of its greater leavening strength, as
shown by both the U. S. and Canadian Government Reports.
The other baking powders contain from 20 to 80 per cent, less
leavening gas than the ROYAL. So the ROYAL, even should
it cost more than the others, would be much the cheapei
In addition to this the superior flavor, sweetness, wholesome
ness and delicacy of the food raised by ROYAL BAKING
POWDER would make any difference in cost insignificant
Highest of all in leavening strength.
Latest U. S. Government Food Report
as needed. It is expressly stipulated that
nothing in tho act should be construed to
change the law relating to treasury notes
now outstanding. The secretary of the
treasury is authorized, in lieu of the issue
of bonds, to require that one-half of the
customs duties shall be paid in gold, gold
certificates and United States notes. All
national banks are permitted to issue cur
rency up to the par value of the bonds
deposited with the government to secure
Ho Has Called a. MectlHg of It for
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Chairman
Springer has called a meeting of the
democratic members of the house com
mittee on banking and currency for to
morrow morning to consider the situation
on currency legislation. Springer says
no special line of action will be suggested
to the meeting, as it will be for an ex
change of views rather than to agree on
a course. The substitute currency bill
is in the hends of Mr. Carlisle, receiving
such changes as may overcome objec
tions. Outside of the membership of the
committee, little or no attention is given
the currency question, as members con
sider it closed for this session. The feel
ing is almost unanimous among the dem
ocrats that an extra session- will be cer
tain to be called. Sorlmrer has faVen
casion to suggest to Dlngley nnd several
other republicans that if they attempt
to handle the currency question in the
next congress they will meet the same
embarrassments the Carlisle bill has pro
duced, In that there will be 15 silver sen
ators, according to Springer's views, who
will be able to block legislation in a re
AN EXTRA SESSION.
One May Follow If Needed Legisla
tion Should Fall.
NEW YORK, Jan. 1L The Herald's
Washington correspondent telegraphs: "I
have the highest authority for the state
ment that President Cleveland will call
an extra session of congress immediately
after the expiration of the present ses
sion, If this congress adjourns without
enacting any legislation for the relief of
the treasury. The president has author
ized a member of the house committee oh
rules, and a prominent democratic lead
er, to make this statement for him."
A Denial From the Committee.
WASHINGTON, Jan. ll.-An emphatic
denial is made by all the democratic mem
bers of the house committee on rules of
the reports that President Cleveland had
authorized one of them to make it known
an extra session of congress would be
called if currency legislation was not
effected by the present congress.
TERMS NOT APPROVED.
Newfoundland Not Willing to Accept
a. Royal Commission.
ST. JOHN'S, N. FJan. lL-An import
ant correspondence between. Uie Imperial
and colonial governments was presented
to the legislature last night The local ex-
imperialcoloiaarecret5iry? admltled. tfiat
Newfoundland -was In a deplorable condi
tion and asked what assistance England
va wuung to give it tne colony accepted
a royal commission to investigate colonial
affairs. Lord Ripon replied that the Eng
lish government was willing to appoint a
commission, but could not pledge itself
beforehand as to the course it would take
upon receiving the commission's report.
The local government will not accept a
commission on these terms.
The government has started a war upon
the correspondents of foreign newspapers,
alleging that their messages concerning
the financial situation are damaging the
colony's credit. A star-chamber inquiry
into the matter was begun yesterday be-
iure u. ponce magistrate. None of the
correspondents or their counsel was al
lowed to be present. The inquiry is large
ly partisan, as the first victim is Mr.
McGrath, editor of the Herald, an opposi
tion organ. Hon. Alexander Mackay,
superintendent of the Anglo-American
Telegraph Company, refused to answer
any questions put to him or to produce
any messages." Hon. Donald Morrison, ex-attorney-general,
counsel for Mackay,
was ejected by the police and has brought
suit against the magistrate. The pre
vailing impression is that the proceedings
will end in a fizzle.
The Bridegroom Cometh Not.
GLENWOOD, Minn., Jan. 11. Miss Gld
dons, daughter of Superintendent Gld
dons, of the Sawyer stock farm at this
place, an estimable young lady, and John
Marcom, a gentleman from California,
were to be married last, evening. Marcom
had been in town several days, but yes
terday morning he could not be found,
hence the wedding was indefinitely post
poned. A large number of friends had
been invited to attend the ceremony. No
cause is known for the mysterious dis
appearance. To Be Enforced in Clevelnnd.
CLEVELAND, Jan. 11. Bishop Horst
man, of the Cleveland diocese, .has Is
sued a circular, which includes the recent
decree of the pope on secret societies, to
be read at all of the diocese churches
next Sunday morning. Hie bishop's let
ter calls for prompt obedience to the
BAKING POWDER CO, 103 WALL ST., HEWWHK.
TEE OLD WAR CLAIMS
One of Them Took Up Three
Hours of the House's Time.
AN INTERESTING NIGHT SESSION
rlfr GrcTV Out of the Debate Granting;
a Pension to Major-Gencral
John A. McCIernand.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 1L Under the
rules of the house, this was private bill
day, and three hours were passed In an
unavailing consideration, in committee of
the whole, of a bill that engaged the
attention of the body on the day last
devoted to the private calendar, In July,
1S94. It was for the payment of $13,000 for
stores and supplies from a loyal Ten
nesseean in the war, as adjudged by the
court of claims. The bill elicited a dis
cussion of the general policy of congress
with respect to these bills, and Boatner,
said that If It were the Intention to pay
none of them, the sooner the fact was
known, the better it would be for the
peace of mlndi of the representatives from
the Southern states. Cockrell. said he had
no request to make of the conquerors on
account of claims advanced by men who
established their loyalty to the govern
ment SO years after the war ended. Dock
ery said that for himself, he would re
peal the Bowman and Tucker acts, abolish
the committee on war claims and declare
the war closed. No action was had upon
Upon recommendation of committee of
the whole, the house laid on the table
the bill to remit to the contractors for
building the dynamite cruiser Vesuvius,
the penalties imposed for delay in her con
struction. Then under unanimous con
sent, a number of unimportant bills were
passed. DIngley's substitute for the bill
reported by the committee on merchant
marine and fisheries, relating to the ap
pointment and duties of shipping commis
sioners was passed; also the committee's
bill increasing from $100 to $1000 a. day the
penalty for the violation of law for the
protection of salmon fisheries of Alaska,
and directing the appointment of inspec
tor to see that the law is enforced.
At 4 o'clock the house took a recess un
til 8 o'clock, the evening session, which
was devoted to the consideration of pri
vate pension bills. The feature of the
night session was the debate which grew
out of the attempt of Springer to pass a
bill granting $100 a month to Major-Gen-eral
John A. McCIernand. Jones of Vir
ginia insisted on making the point of no
quorum. Springer, in a heated speech, lec
tured those of his Southern democratic
colleagues who constantly assumed an at
titude of hostility toward the pension of
Union soldiers. He called attention to the
fact that only 13 democrats had been re
turned to the next house from the North.
He-warned them that if their course were
persisted in none tvould -be -returned- the-
succeeding congress. Pence of Colorado,
in an earnest speech appealing to Jones
to withdraw his point, spoke of the well
known distinguished and patriotic ser
vices of General McCIernand, when
Waugh of Indiana, threw -a bombshell
into the discussion, by asking if the ben
eficiary of this bill was not the same
McCIernand who was relieved from com
mand before Vicksburg by General Grant,
for unsoldlerly conduct and to whom Gen
eral Halleck said it was premeditated
murder to place him in command. The at
tack on General McCIernand came from
an unexpected source, and Marsh of Il
linois, and others hastened to his de
fense. Marsh declared hotly that General
McCIernand had never been guilty of un
soldlerly conduct and the history of the
transaction would show that he had not
been removed by Grant for that reason.
"Did not General Grant remove him for
causes which he deemed proper?" persist
"I do not desire to impugn the charac
ter of General Grant," replied Marsh
sharply, "but I desire to say that his ac
tion in this case was a mistake."
"What reason did General Grant as
sign?" Interrupted Cox of Tennessee,
"Was it not because he was too quick at
"I never heard it charged against
Grant," replied Marsh, "that he criticised
a soldier for going in too quick."
The discussion was prolonged for more
than an hour and was marked by several
sensational scenes, one of which was the
"hissing of Jones, when he said that the
widow of John A. Logan, who received a
pension of $2000 a year, was living in so
cial luxury In this city, and annually spent
more than her pension money for flowers
displayed at her social functions. Later
on, when he proclaimed his pride in the
confederate cause that had gone down in
defeat, the republicans in chorus shout
ed, "We have no doubt of it," and in the
galleries, many spectators applauded vig
orously. Springer was finally forced to withdraw
the bill. But even after the bill had been
withdrawn, Champ Clark got the floor
and in a characteristic speech scored
Jones roundly, as he said, on behalf of his
democratic colleagues of the North. He
began by saying that the democratic party
presented a dissolving view and would
soon be lost to sight, though to memory
dear. He attributed much of the demo
cratic disaster last fall to the course of
the Southern democrats on the pension
question, and charged the defeat of at
least five Northern democrats, to the
speeches of Jones. He then paid a mag
nificent tribute to General McCIernand,
"I saw him preside at the St Louis con
vention which nominated Samuel J. Til
den, who was elected president of the
United States, and whom the cowards on
this floor allowed to be swindled out of
He declared the greatest martinet who
ever ruined a great cause was Jefferson
Davis, and next to him ranked Stanton.
If McCIernand had a fair chance, he gave
It as hispinlon that he would have been,
as great a soldier as Grant After ap
pealing to Jones to allow the meritorious
bill to go through he turned to him, and
said impressively, that democrats of the
North were sick and tired of having their
Southern party associates come to con
gress and stab their party In the back.
"We are through with you," Clark con
tinued. After passing two bills, the house, at
10:30 P. M., adjourned.
Practically Settled No Tariff Legis
lation Be PasllCtl Till Souutnn
WASHINGTON, Jan. 1L The ways and
means committee of the house met today
for the first time in months. It was ex
pected the meeting might bring important
developments, in view of the government's
need of Increased revenue. No positive
conclusions were reached, however, be
yond the reference of several questions
to sub-committees and a favorable re
port on the bill exempting from duty the
exhibits at the Baltimore exposition In
1S97. The action of the committee was
looked upon as significant indicating that
no tariff legislation will be pushed this
session. Wilson stated, Informally, that
the revenues had shown a promising in
crease since the woolen schedule went Into
effect, January 1. The resolution by
Pence of Colorado, asking the secretary
of the treasury to Inform congress as to
the advisability of increasing the beer
tax, was voted down without division,
and an unfavorable report tvIII be made
In accordance with the suggestion of
Tarsney, that the requested information
was fully covered by the annual reports
of the secretary of the treasury and the
commissioner of internal revenue. The
bill of Money of Mississippi for in
creasing the beer tax was referred to the
sub-committee on internal revenue. Wil
son's bill to take off the one-tenth dif
ferential on sugar was also referred to a
sub-committee. Whiting requested the
correction of an error in the tariff law as
to hemp carpets. Reed objected, with
the sarcastic statement that the law was
all errors. The proposed correction was
then referred to a sub-committee.
Before the Territories Committee.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 1L The governor
of Alaska today addressed the house com
mittee on territories in support of an ap
propriation to allow .him to appoint a
number f justices of the peace for the
territory who shall' Eave power to try
certain cases under the law of Oregon,
which he wants extended to Alaska. At
present there is but one federal court in
the territory. The size of the the terri
tory makes it necessary to go thousands
of miles to court, and for this reason he
wants justices to decide minor cases, es
pecially liquor complaints.
A LlKlitxlifp for Washington.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. The house
committee on commerce today decided to
favorably report Hermann's bill for a
steam lightship and fog signal opposite
the Straits of Fuca, Wash., at a place
to be selected by the secretary of the
treasury, the ship to cost $50,000.
Provision of Bill Amending
Present Shipping Act.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. The bill to
amend the law relating to shipping com
missioners, which the house passed today
was a substitute, prepared by Dingley,
of Maine, for the bill, as reported by the
committee on merchant marine and fish
eries. It was acceptable to the committee
and to McGuire of California, who was
especially interested in the matter. It
amends the act of 1S90, instead of repeal
ing it, so as to provide that when seamen
are shipped before a shipping commis
sioner for the coastwise trade or for trade
with Canada, Newfoundland, Mexico or
West Indies, an agreement shall be made
in writing, and the seamen so shipped
shall be paid and discharged as provided
by the shipping commissioners act, and
In other respects as if the shipment had
not been made before a shipping com
missioner, and that the clothing of- sea
men shall be exempt from attachment,
and any person withholding such cloth
ing from its owners shall be subject to
a fine not exceeding $100.
Democratic Congressional Committee
WASHINGTON, Jan." lL-The demo
cratic congressional campaign committee
held a meeting yesterday afternoon in the
room of the house committee on labor.
Sixteen members, Including Senator
Faulkner of Virginia, chairman, and Mr.
Lawrence Gardner, of Washington, secre
tary, were present. A statement submit
ted by Mr. Gardner showed that all the
expenses connected with the campaign
last autumn had been settled, and that a
fair working balance remained in the
treasury. It was decided that permanent
headquarters should be established at the
Riggs house. In this city. An advisory
committee of five was ordered appointed,
to consist of the chairman, secretary and
three other members, whose duty It shall
be to communicate with members whose
seats may be contested and with candi
dates who purpose contesting the seats of
their victorious republican opponents in
the 54th congress. This is the first meet
ing held by the committee since the last
The Ereta Extradition Proceedings.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Responding to
a resolution of the senate, the president
has sent to that body a copy of the ex
tradition proceedings of General Ezeta,
late vice-president of Salvador, and other
refugees who were granted an asylum on
board the Bennington. Much of the cor
respondence Is of a technical legal char
acter. PURITY OF THE BALLOT.
Xn End of Fraud Discovered in a
San Francisco Election.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 11. Since the
recount began In the Haley-Curry contest
over the county clerkship, the disclosure
of no one day has equaled the discov
eries of fraud made yesterday. Proof
was produced that votes were stolen in
blocks of 50 by the officers who counted
the ballots Immediately after election.
Party lines did not separate the honest
election officers from the thieves. Offi
cers placed at polls by each party violated
their oaths and committed crimes, and,
strange to say, the two bands of thieves
stole almost exactly the same number
of votes, Haley making a net gain of
only one vote during the day.
PRICE jETVE CENTS
They Debated the Income Tax in
the Senate Yesterday.
DUBOIS SPOKE FOR THE SILVER MEN
His Speech Was Taken by Many to
Indicate Their losltion Upon
the Currency Question. ,
WASHINGTON, Jan. ll.-Tho debate in
the senate today on the income tax occu
pied tha better part of five hours. Most of
that time was used by Hill in advocacy
of the amendment offered by him the pre
ceding day, giving courts of the United
States jurisdiction to hear and determine
sulta to testtheconstltutionality and valid
ity of the tax. He said he knew
of nothing that had taken placo
since he was a member of the
senate that justified tho senator from
Kansas (Peffer) in charging that this bill
was to meet with filibustering, as far as
he was concerned. Peffer declared he
had not used the word filibustering since
he had been a member of the senate.
He had said the senator from "Vtv "Vnri.-
and the senator from Pennsylvania (Quay)
had made up their minds to defeat the col
lection of the income tax, if It
were in their power to dp so,
and the amendment proposed by them,
was the first step in that proceeding.
Hill first argued against the constitu
tionality of the law, and referred to ex
emptions of classes. He asked where had
congress the right to exempt any clas3.
He did not ask that the law be repealed
at this session. He recognized that as im
possible. Nor did he ask its repeal because
it was not apportioned according to the
last census. He attacked the regulations
of the treasury for collecting the tax, and
said he was compelled to protest against
the treasurer's Interpretation of the law,
and the interjection therein of instrumen
talities not contemplated by therjienators.
He was within bounds when he character
ized the future of the pending bill re
lating to the income tax as a slipshod ar
rangement Under It citizens had no pro
tection. Another serious ambiguity in tho
law was what assessment or whose as
sessment Is final. Was the taxpayer to
have any appeal or the commissioner?
There was nothing in any section of
the income tax law of ISO! that authorized
a suit against the tax-collector, or any
one else, to recover back taxes illegally
exacted. This, he asserted, was one of the
most important questions in this direc
tion. He asked where in the present law
was there any power given to any com
missioner of internal revenue, or to any
other officer to return taxes erroneously
collected. He next spoke of how hard it
would be to maintain a law to which the
legal profession was opposed, and of howr
the money involved would be enlisted in.
the service of the lobbyists, and the law
yers at both: ends of-Pexmsylvanla avenue?
Continuing, he said:
"It Is the duty of the senate to re
move ambiguities in the law while tho
matter is before it. If the ambiguities
In the law are not removed, it is reason
ably certain that the experiences con
nected with the direct tax of the war pe
riod and its refund will be repeated. Tax
payers will besiege the treasury, the court
of claims, and congress for a refund of
The senator also questioned the right
of congress, under the constitution, to
tax the income from notes, bonds or other
securities issued by states, or minor di
visions of states. The income tax was
not for securing revenue only, but to
barrass and worry, and, he asked:
"Shall the inquisitorial forms proposed
by the treasury department be tolerated
by congress? The great newspapers of
New York city were organized as cor
porations under the New York laws, and
must return their annual Drofits and nav
2 per cent thereon. Why cannot the gov
ernment be content with a plain, trust
worthy statement or the annual net profit
of the enterprises? None of the questions
put forward in the treasury regulations
has warrant in the law, unless the law
empowered the department to put In any
question it pleased. Many of the ques
tions are absurdly inquisitorial."
He had no expectation that this congress
would repeal the law now. An appropri
ation was wanted to carry it out He
conceded the general rule to be that there
ought to be an appropriation to carry
out existing laws. He had always been
a believer in that doctrine. The question
had been suggested whether this appro
priation was not taken out of the ordinary
rule. The statute had never been enforced.
It existed in the statutes, it was true,
but for all practical purposes and effect
the law was just going on the statute
books. It was insisted on as the price of
legislation, and as a condition why sena
tors should support it Hill reminded the
senate that he had said the Income tax
proposition had been placed In the bill
to suit certain senators, certain members
of congress, not to carry out a single
democratic doctrine. It had never been
declared to be a democratic doctrine by
any national convention of the party. Ho
then referred to the remarks of Cock
rell, when he alluded to the fact that
his ca'ndidacy at the last New York demo
cratic state convention was defeated, say
ing: "I would point out to the senator that
the same disapproval of the Income tax
(as that contained In the platform of ho
democratic convention) was also In the re
publican state platform. So far as tho
state of New York was concerned, there
was, and Is, but little difference of opin
ion on the subject. The senator from
Missouri has forgotten to mention that
in his state the democratic convention
favored the Income tax. I do not think;
any democrat found much consolation In
referring to the result of the election in
Missouri, New York or any other state.
we must wait tin tne clouds roll by.'
and I suppose in the futdre the prospects
of the party will revive. The election
was a condemnation of the income tax;
a condemnation of the WHson-Gorman-Brice-Smith
bill, or whatever bill it was;
a condemnation of our legislation of the
last summer, and I think the less said,
about it at this time, the better."
Further on. Hill called attention to
the statement from President Cleveland
In his "famous Wilson letter," In which
he told the country how he deprecated the
income tax, and he (Kill), did not think
It probable that the president would dis
approve of Its repeal if congress should
see fit to repeal It
When Hill concluded, Dubois began a
speech on the Income tax bill, which
drifted into silver, and was taken to
state the position of the silver men In
the senate on the currency question. As
to the Income tax, he said It should be
either enforced or wiped out Speaking
more particularly of the currency prob
lem, he saidV:
"Taking the statements of bpth side3
to the controversy, the conclusion would
seem to be that, income tax or no in
come tax. there is to he no nrespnt nrns.
J perity and no relief from the distress