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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1895)
THE KOKNTKTG OBEGOOTS", JmrDAr3 JATTABT 11t 1895.
referred to by the senator from Missouri,
also indorsed the tariff bill for which the
senator had labored and voted. Harris, of
Tennessee, suggested the withdrawal of
the motion, but better objected. The
motion to lay on he;tablewas then lost.
Hill's amendmentjR-ili-oo'me up tomorrow.
Quay gave notice of, the three following
amendments, which he intends to offer
to the urgent,deficiency bill:
To insert a provfcJon repealing the in
come tar law, to insert the entire McKin
' ley tariff act, and toTnsert the wool tax.
Theurc;eHt deficiency-bill was then laid
asiderand the-NIcaraguan canal bill tak
en up. "paffery dedared-that while favor
Jng the cons tnretfon'-of the canal, he was
ppposed to the means proposed in the
bill for effecting this purpose. He argued
against the constitutionality of the meas
ure, and asserted that the United States
5iad no authority to delegate the power to
regulate commerce to the maritime canal
commission. A commission of engineers,
he said, should examine a route. With
out completing his remarks, Caffery yield
led to a motion to proceed with executive
business, and at 5 o'clock the senate went
into qjtecutlve session, and at 5:3 ad
journed. BCSYJDAY IX THE HOUSE.
3Iore Than the L'snnl Anionnt of Busi
ness Wan Disposed of.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 10. The house
made a record In the matter cf the trans
action of business that 'compares fa
vorably with that of any day for a long
time. The Hawaiian correspondence, made
public yesterday, was laid before the
house and referred to the committee on
foreign affairs for a report upon the
recommendation of the president, that the
request of the Hawaiian government to
3e permitted to lease Neckar island to
theBrifish Submarine Cable Company be
JavoAbly acted upon by congress; Satur
day, February 2. was set apart for de
livery of eulogies upon the life and ser
vices of the late Senator Colquitt, of
Georgia; a resolution was agreed to ask
ing the secretary of the Interior to tell
pongress why the agreement with the
Xlckapoo Indians for the cession of their
3ands in Oklahama, made in 1S9L and
ratified "by congress In 1893, had not been
carflgl Into .'effect, and the following bills
House bill to define crimes of murder
in the first degree, and second degree,
manslaughter, mutiny and desertion, and
Jto abolish the death penalty for certain
tother crimes; senate bill to amend the
shipping laws sp as to abolish the require
ment, "of bonds" for the delivery of the
registry of vessels; house bill authorizing
collectors of customs to add to their cer
tificates of Inspection of American vessels
the sross and net tonnage ascertained. In
(conformity with the laws and practices
of foreign countries with which the ves
Springer, endeavored to secure passage.
by unanimous consent, of the senate bill
granting a pension of $100 a month to
Major-General John A. McClelland, of
Illinois, but Strong objected. Most of the
afternoon was passed In consideration of
the District of Columbia appropriation bill
for the year ending June 30, 1896. This
is the last general appropriation bill on
the calendar. It finally passed. It car
ried a total of $5,190,187, besides $201,919 on
account of the water department.
It was at 4:15 that the house adjourned
OTHER COXGRESSIOXAL NEWS.
Wilson's Committee, AffV in to Meet.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 10. Chairman Wil
son ha3 called a meeting of the ways and
means committee for tomorrow morning.
It will bo the first gathering of the com
mittee In many months, and It Is antici
pated. Important action may be taken In
view of the depleted revenues of the gov
ernment. Wilson Intends to call up the
resolution Introduced by Pence of Colo
rado, regarding a revenue to be raised
.bZyfr'Sr ta- an! thef Probability is it
will be favorably reported. Wilson's bill
for taking off the one-tenth of a cent dif
ferential on sugar from countries paying
export bounty will also be considered.
California's Minernl-Lnnd nil!.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. 10. The perfect
ed mlneral-jand bill, prepared by the spe
cial committee of the State Miners' Asso-cjation.-.waft
forwarded to Washington to
day. It so amends Camlnettl's bill that It
1b In effect a new measure. Instead of
being confined to the Sacramento and
Marysville land districts and the Central
Pacific land. grant. It Includes the whole
tatCjjtakes In all railroad grants, and
aff ecST 21,009,000 acres of unpatented lands.
More Land for, the Public Domain.
' WASHINGTON. Jan. IP. Delegate Raw
lins, of Utah, 'today Introduced a bill to
restore to the public domain the reservoir
ttJtcs selected by the United States under
the act of 1SS8.
Mafcs Meetlnjr to- Consider
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 10. Mayor
Sutro today issued the following address
tb the citizens of San Francisco:
'"Being In receipt of petitions from the
Law and Order TTeague, the Union for
Practical .Progress, the Civic Federation
and a large number of prominent citi
zens, protesting against the glaring frauds
now coming to light In connection with
our recont municipal election and the con
sequent attempt to deprive the people of
theIrrlght-of franchise, together with the
oirtraeerperpetrated upon the public by
the appointment of M. A Gunst as police
commissioner of this; city, and the alleged
refusal of District Attorney Samuel
ivnight to perform his duty, in refusing
-to, Issue a warrant for-lhe arrest o.f C.
i Huntington for alleged violation of
the Interstate commercElaTV, I deemlt to
beta the present interest" and future wel
fare ofthls city that a mass meeting be
callcd-io .gire our law-abiding citizens an
opportunity to cxpi ess 'their sentiments
and enter a. public protest against such
notions on the part joC-the public ser
vants, and "to adopt -such measures" as
may"socm expedient to prevent a repe
tition, tf such outrages against the public
welfare atiu bring, the offenders to justice.
'lYnereTore. "request that the petitioners
coll said meeting, to be held in the Metro
politan hall, Saturday evening, Janu
ary i" .
,'OTV Before ther Grand Jury.
NBVfi- YORK.' Jon. 10. Captain Max
Sbhmlttberger. whose confessions were
one of the sensations of the Lexow ses
Flon. has been before the grand jury the
last two days. His counsel, William F.
Howe; Js quoted as saying:
"Schmlttberger is telling the grand jury
air he knows. That means far more than
he told.Sonatqr Lexow and his associates.
It lsvneedles to say his evidence is most
It vwas.said that the captain's state-
menls Implicate may captains and many
' high -ofitelals whose names hitherto he
has not mentioned.
Driven Front Their Beds.
CHICAGO, Jan. 18. Over 100 girls were
driven from their beds at 6 A. M. today
by- Are. which slightly damaged the upper
story of the Chicago industrial school for
t girls. The measles have been epidemic In
the school, and about 35 pupils were ill.
They, with other?, were compelled to
"rush Into the street In scant attire, and
thcqpnscQucnt exposure is deemed ex
Curtis Looking for n-Xew Play.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. Ml The wife of
M. B. Curtis (Sam'l of Posen). the actor,
has arrived In this city from the East.
Shestatea that Curtis Is now In London
and is endeavoring to secure a new play
Ja his line. He will probably return to
California in the summer and reside in
"Berkeley, where Mrs. Curtis is now nego
tiating for the purchase of a residence.
pirTI'T,C" CAD CT?T I fPADO I
rluillO i?Uli OJin AlUllU
FERKIXS MEX HATE A CAUCUS OF
1 THEIR OWX IX SACRAMENTO.
The Present Incumbent, However,
Still Seeds Sixteen Votes to Ensure
His Re-election to the Senate.
SACRAMENTO, Jan. ML Perkins cap
tured the republican senatorial caucus
that was held here tonight. It was a
close rub, and thecaucus nomination by
no means insures his election. However,
it cannot be denied that the friends of
Senator Perkins have won an important
victory. Forty-seven out of the 87 re
publican, members of the legislature, two
more than a bare majority, were present
when the caucus was called to order at
8 o'clock. It was immediately proposed
that a ballot be taken to ascertain the
choice of the caucus for United States
senator. The motion for a roll-call
seemed to have an .electric effect upon
four of the legislators who had entered
the caucus. They grabbed their hats and
bolted for the door. As they left the hall
one of the bolters complained of a pain
in his stomach. The others said they
would be back soon. None of them was
again seen in the caucus. The Perkins
men for a roll-call showed that all those
remaining were Perkins men found
themselves with two less than a majority
of the republican members. Then began
a lively skirmish for missing Perkins men.
When the two required for a majority
were found and dragged in. there was a
great cheer for Perkins. A resolution was
then adopted declaring Senator Perkins
the nominee of the republican members of
the legislature for serator, and the cau
cus was adjourned. It now remains to be
seen whether Perkins can secure the IS
votes still needed to give him a majority
of the legislature and the senatorshlp.
Sixty-one votes are required to elect.
While Perkins and De Young are the
most prominent candidates, Irving M.
Scott is very generally talked of as a
compromise candidate. It Is now asserted
that Assemblyman Thomas, of Nevada,
county, will vote for Governor Markham,
and Assemblyman Dale, of Kern county,
has announced bis Intention to vote for
Congressman Bowers. Senator Perkins,
however. Is exhibiting a telegram in which
Bowers declares that the use of his name
The American Protective Association
appeared as a factor in the senatorial
fight today. Every member of the legis
lature received a circular letter from a
committee of the American Protective As
sociation. In which it was stated that the
organization had come to California to
stay and would be a factor in all future
political campaigns. The circular as
serted that M. H. De Young, a reputed
Romanist, was a prominent candidate for
the United States senate, and that while
the American Protective Association was
not opposed to Mr. De Young, personally.
It is decidedly opposed to the election of
all men of similar convictions to that
high office. In conclusion, the circular
cautions the legislators to heed the warn
ing. The Contest at St. Pnul.
ST PAUL Jan. 10. In the senatorial
contest the friends of Senator Washburn
today placed his strength at 63 votes
pledged. Seventy-two isSi majority in the
caucus. They also claim a nomination
on the first ballot In caucus and concede
only 23 votes to Governor Nelson. On
the other hand, the Nelson men are very
confident and will not admit the accuracy
of. the claims or the concessions of the
Washburn men. Congressman McCleary
and ex-Congressman Comstock are stiil
active in the fight, although their strength
is uncertain. - . -. -,.
Montana Republicans Balloting?.
HELENA. Mont., Jan. 10. The repub
lican senatorial caucus took five ballots
tonight and adjourned. The last ballot
Carter 2SjWeed 2
Power lSIStory 2
CONCORD, N. IL, Jan. 10. The Hon.
W. E. Chandler was nominated by the
republican caucus to succeed himself as
United States senator. He received 224
votes to 56 for Henry W. Blair.
BUDD AXD MILLARD.
Formally Declared Elected and Will
Be Innuenruted Today.
SACRAMENTO, Jan. 10. The canvass
of the vote for governor and lieutenant
governor was concluded In joint assembly
without a hitch. When Speaker Lynch
announced Millard's plurality as 21,678. and
he was declared elected, the applause that
followed was deafening, the uproar being
greater than that which followed the an
nouncement of Budd's election. A com
mittee was appointed to Inform the governor-elect
and the lieutenant-governor-elect
that 12 o'clock noon, tomorrow, had
been set as the hour for their Inaugura
tion, and the joint assembly then dis
solved. The next legal tangle to be settled by
the legislature Is that which results from
the. Illness of Mr. Millard, and involves
the lieutenant-governorship. An attempt
will be made tomorrow to Inaugurate the
sick. man into the office to which he was
today declared elected. This will prob
ably not be done without some opposition.
The special committee appointed this af
ternoon In joint assembly this evening no
tified Mr. Millard by telegraph that his
election had been declared and the hour
for his inauguration set. It is stated to
night that the lieutenant-governor-elect
will again go through the formality of
taking the oath of office before a judge
at Los Angeles. If this plan shall be
satisfactory to a majority of the legisla
ture the matter will end there. If not,
it will be asked that a joint committee
from the house and assembly be delegat
ed to go to Los Angeles to witness the
taking of the official oath. But should a
majority of the legislature vote against
accepting either of these plans and insist,
on carrying out the provision of the po
litical code, which specifies that the oath
must be taken before the legislature in
Joint assembly, the Inauguration must be
deferred, and Lieutenant-Governor Red-
dick will continue in office until Millard
shall arrive here. He has consented to
carry out Millard's intentions as to the
committees. He also states that he has
no desire to hold the office, and that any
plan agreed upon by the legislature will
meet with his approval.
Lee Fairchlld, of Seattle, who stumped
the state with Estee for governor in the
recent campaign, was elected assistant
clerk of the enrolling department, at a
salary of $3 a day.
Millard Sworn In nt His Home.
LOS ANGELES. Jan. 18. Llcutenant-Governor-elect
Millard was informed by
telegraph this evening that the vote for
lieutenant-governor had been canvassed at
Sacramento and that he was declared
elected lieutenant-governor. Congress
man James McLachlan and Judge Clark!
of the superior court, were at once in
formed of the fact and they called upon
Mr. Millard at his home and admins
tered the oath of office. Mr. Millard is
somewhat improved today.
A Sensation nt Bismarck.
BISMARCK. N. D.. Jan. M. Senator
Haggart created a sensation In the legis
lature by introducing a resolution for the
investigation of charges of fraud in the
shape of padded vouchers, etc., made
against the penitentiary management by
Governor Shortrldge. The expense bills
fnr th mnitmtlarv havp not bon nnlA
I since AprtL The discussion of the matter
Tras vey 'warm. Haggart also introduced
a Ml to do away with prohibition.
A Contest in Tennessee.
NASHVILLE, Jan. 10. Governor Turney
today sent to the senate and house an ad
dress and petition, in which he says he has
received the highest number of legal votes
for governor. He says he is informed on
the face of the returns that Evans has a
plurality, and gross frauds were perpe
trated. He therefore asks the legislature
to permit him to appear in joint session
to contest the returns.
Idaho's Mormon Test Oath.
BOISE, Idaho. Jan. 10. In the legisla
ture today a bill was introduced absolute
ly repealing the Mormon test oath. Two
years ago that part of the oath was re
pealed which made It retroactive in form.
Previously no one could vote who belonged
to any organization that ever taugh poly
gamy. It is nor.' proposed to wipe out
all reference to the subject.
Was Ont Only
WOODLAND. Cal., Jan. 10. Jame3 Ap
pelman, on trial for complicity in the
wrecking of a Southern Pacific train near
Sacramento July u last, during the rail
road strike, was tonight acquitted, after
a long and bitter trial. One of the train
wreckers, Samuel Worden, is under sen
tence of death for the same offense. The
jury was out only 23 minutes, and It is
understood but one ballot was taken.
The verdict is somewhat of a surprise,
as it was thought the jury would dis
agree. The charge to the jury was fin
ished at 20 minutes past S o'clock, and they
retired. A large crowd waited In the
courtroom, among them the father and
mother of the defendant. Mrs. Appelman
gave way when the verdict was given.
Appelman was pale and anxious, and
watched the jurors closely. When the
verdict was announced, the judge dis
charged Appelman from custody, and
there was a fervcrent embrace tetween
Mrs. Appelman and her son. Outside of
the courtroom friends of the defendant
Grievance Committee to Meet Soon
in San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 10. Some of
the members of the grievance committee
of the Brotherhood cf Engineers, which
is to meet in this city January 13, have ar
rived. There Is a rumcr that the orders
of trainmen and telegraphers will also
send committees here to interview the
railroad authorities with a view to ob
taining a compromise in the cut recently
made In the engineers' wages. Those
on the inside do not think that the en
gineers' committee will demand a restora
tion of the old rate, but will be satisfied
with a modification of the cut. The en
gineers are still trying to placate the
American Railway Union men, and ha'3
already r3moed much of the opposition
that the union men manifested when the
cut went into effect.
OTHER LABOR XEWS.
Rcfnsed to Accept the Rcdnctlon.
SALEM, O., Jan. 10. For refusing to
accept a 20 per cent reduction of wages,
the wlredrawers of the Salem Wire Nail
Company were ordered by Superintendent
Baackes today to take their tools from the
mill, and were locked out. The men in
sist upon the company paying the scale
which, they say, was agreed upon. It Is
stated the company will bring In new men
to fill the places of the local employes.
Redactions on the Canadian Pacific.
VANCOUVER, B. C, Jan. 10. In con
sequence of the depression In trade, a
reduction is being made in the Canadian
Pacific's staff here, as on the Eastern di
visions. A "number of men have'beeri laid
off in different 'departments, while- the
repair shops now run only every alternate
Competition Too Great.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 10. The Pa
cific Coast Steamship Company has re
duced the wages of sailors from $15 to $40
a month, because of competition. The
sailors have accepted the reduction.
THE ACCIDENTS OF A DAY
The Fireman Fatally Hurt.
BROOKLYN, N. Y., Jan. 10. An engine
and a train of empty cars on the kings
County elevated road, while switching at
the terminus today, crushed through the
bulkhead, the switch having been left
open. The engine and one car fell to the
street, while the second car hung half way
over, but did not fall. The engineer and
fireman fell with the engine. Fireman
Frank Bauman lay under the engine and
was not released for a full hour. He Is
supposed to be fatally injured. Engineer
Frank Fisher Is not so seriously hurt.
MINNEAPOLIS, Jan. 10. At" 610
Emerson avenue, North, the dead bodies
of Mr. and Mrs. O. W. Rollings were
found this morning. They had not been
seen since Monday, and the discovery was
made by neighbors who broke into the
house today to investigate. There were
no marks of violence on the bodies. The
cause of death will not be known until
the coroner completes his Inquest, but It
Is thought they were asphyxiated by coal
gas from a stove.
The Chief Seriously Braised.
ERIE, Pa., Jan. 10. Union City, near
here, suffered from a disastrous fire last
night. The fire started In a bllllard-room
over Hayes & Sons' store, and spread rap
Idly north and south. Several business
blocks were destroyed. Fire Marshal
Wagner was thrown from the third floor
and seriously bruised. Firemen Norman
Anderson, Daniel Conway and William
Rappolds were buried under a falling wall
and had a miraculous escape. Total loss,
The Guy Ropes Were Rotten.
VICTORIA. B. C, Jan. 10. Alfred Du
gay, a tight-rope walker, attempted to
walk from topmast to topmast on the
steamer Islander this afternoon In the
presence of several thousand people. The
cuy rones were rotten, gave way, and
Dugay pitched headlong to the deck, 40
feet below. He is still unconscious, and
may die. He is perhaps 26 years old, and
was at the midwinter and Tacoma fairs.
Mrs. Qnlnn's Quest.
VANCOUVER, B. C, Jan. 10. Mrs. Mel
issa Quinn, of Portland, is inquiring for
particulars concerning the death of John
Quinn, who was run over by a yard engine
and killed on New Year's eve. It is
thought the deceased was her relative.
Thnwinp: Froscn Xltro-GIycerinc.
TOLEDO, O.. Jan. 10. On the Prisser
oil farm today Frank Logan, John Pet
tlgrew and W. J. McNally endeavored to
thaw out 100 quarts of frozen nltro-glycer-ine
with hot water. It exploded, tearing
them into fragments.
His Wife rcrlshcd.
OMAHA. Jan. 10. The residence of ex
Councllman Charles A. Thieman was
burned this morning, and Mrs. Thieman
perished. Thieman jumped from a win
dow and saved his life, but sustained a
broken leg and was otherwise injured.
Three- Soldiers Drowned.
NIAGARA. Ont., Jan. 10. Three Amer
ican soldiers from Fort Niagara, were
drowned here this evening, while attempt
ing to cross the river in a boat.
Twenty-Seven Persons Are Sick.
BRADFORD. Pa., Jan. 10. As a result
of eating poisoned cheese, 27 people in
East Bradford are sick this morning.
Some are in a serious condition.
Eisht Persons Killed in n Storm
ROME, Jan. 10. A terrific snow storm
swept over the town of Calensay yester-
dav. demolishing a number of houses and
! killing eight persons,
CRITICISE OF CRITICS
ALLEGED ABUSE OF PIUVILEGES
. BY. WAR CORRESPOXDEXTS.
They Used the Advantages Granted
Them By Japan to Place Hc
in a, False Light.
VICTORIA, B. C.. Jan. 10. The steamer
Tacoma. which arrived here today brought
news from the "Orient, under Toklo date
of December 23, as follows:
The absorbing subject of discussion in
Japan is the disclosure of the Port Arthur
scandals. Very deep feeling has been ex
cited In all classes by the manner in
which the excesses of the Japanese troop3
were first made public In this country,
and the feeling promises to grow stronger
when the circumstances are more widely
understood. The actual occurrences at
Port Arthur are profoundly lamented. It
i3 admitted that the good name of the
country has been disgraced, and the
knowledge that the blow was self-inflicted
makes It none the easier to bear. The
hope is universally expressed that the
momentary lapse from the high standard
which the people were so proud of, and
which they believed would be maintained
in spite of every temptation, will be re
deemed by future actions, and in this
hope they are willing to wait and work
without indulging in needless promises
and protestations. The foreigners in
Japan have united to set forth the dis
tressing facts in the worst aspect. In
view of the boisterous exultation of the
Japanese, they have been taunted with
false pretenses of civilization ana a re
turn to barbarism, until popular indigna
tion has been goaded almost to the limit
As an Illustration of the methods by
which the bitterest antagonism of the
Japanese Is sometimes kindled against
foreigners, It majv not be amiss to tell
precisely how th'e story of the Port Ar
thur misdeeds originally became known
here. The earliest detailed accounts were
brought from, the seat of war by four
foreign newspaper correspondents, who,
desiring to send dispatches at the earliest
moment, were given transportation as
soon as a steamer could be spared for
this and other purposes. One of these
correspondents, Thomas Cowan, repre
senting the London Times and China
Mall, stopped at Hiroshima, where sev
eral cabinet ministers were In attendance
upon the emperor. To Viscount Mutsu he
related everything he had witnessed in
connection with the excesses of Chinese
and Japanese troops, and straightway
proceeded to telegraph the same news to
the journals for which he acted. Viscount
Mutsu expressed intense surprise and
grief, and was 'unwilling to believe what
he heard, hoping that later advices would
give a different turn to the affair. He
announced that an Investigation would
be made. He showed no disposition to in
terfere with the free discharge of the cor
respondent's duty, and the reports were
telegraphed to their destination from
headquarters, December 1.
The representative of the London Stand
ard, Villlers, and the New York World,
Creelman, came to Yokohama without
Interruption, arriving at the end of No
vember. Creelman was desirous to send
his news without delay, and believed that
he would not be permitted to use the
telegraph from Hiroshima. He forwarded
his dispatches by mail to Hong Kong,
from which place It was wired December
11, although retransmitted to Japan with
in a. day or two for the information of
the government. It has not yet been pub
lished, as the. authorities felt assured that
the appearance of such a statement, while
their own investigation is in progress,
w.ould. seriousiyretard the steps they have
set on fooL ,)jpersls.tent repetition of .these
stories madet-necessary to ask for full
Information 'from the " government. An
answer "was received to the effect that
the facts were at the disposal of the
American press whenever applied for, but
with the understanding that, until the
official court of Inquiry should be con
cluded, no premature betrayal of the facts
should be made In Japan. At this junc
ture came the first intimation that the
subject was attracting attention in
America. The New York World took
measures to obtain from the Japanese gov
ernment an explanation of the alleged
massacre. In compliance with the World's
request, a declaration of the government's
position was telegraphed, the sender be
ing entirely ignorant that any previous
statement had been forwarded.
By this time much agitation had been
created in Japan. Japanese newspapers
and one foreign paper, not hostile to
Japan, had expressed strong disbelief in
the publications that Japanese soldiers
should have disgraced themselves, upon
which the direct testimony of Messrs.
Creelman and Villlers was brought for
ward. The former authorized a series of
very damaging accusatlors, repeated
through several issues of Yokohama
newspapers and alleging an uninterrupted
succession of butcheries and unspeakable
atrocities for three days after the fall
of Port Arthur, accompanied by equally
positive, though, perhaps, less vehement,
assertions from Villlers, who declared,
emphatically, though with some appear
ance of reluctance, that he "indorsed
Creelman's accounts." For additional
confirmation, M. De Laguerle, correspon
dent of the Paris Temps, volunteered evi
dence in support of all the facts presented
by the American and English correspon
dents. Turing to the other side, it is proper to
say that no denial has been attempted
by any person In authority, or from any
official source. The only statements,
from which the opinion and feeling of the
government can be fairly estimated, are
those given to the Associated Press, and
to the World, and they tell their own
story. It has been several times averred
by newspapers in Yokohama that the
ministers of state are endeavoring to Jus
tify the misconduct of those who took
part in the slaughter, on the strength of
the frightful provocation given, and to
mitigate censure by producing evidence
of similar excesses In European armies.
Not a word of attempted extenuation has
been discovered. The only voices con
tinuously heard are those of the foreign
correspondents. Upon the question of the
actual occurrences, these gentlemen are
undivided. In the conclusions drawn they
are less united. The American writer ar
laigns the entire Japanese race. He does
this with every appearance of sincerity.
His companions are not so unreserved In
their condemnation. It has been men
tioned that statements sent forth to
America from the ministry of foreign af
fairs were given before the worst of the
charges brought by the war correspon
dents had been made public here. Deem
ing It possible that these detailed indict
ments might suggest new considerations
to the authorities, especially in view of
the popular indignation they have
aroused, the agent of the Associated Press
asked at a proper quarter if it were de
sired that any further message be con-
veved, and was Informed that so far as
the government was concerned, the sub
ject was closed for the present.
It is not expected that any formal ex
pression of the government's opinion as
to methods here employed by foreign jour
nalists will be heard. Informal and un
official opinions are beard loudly enough,
on all sides. They are. Indeed, so vig
orously proclaimed in clubs, in commit
tee rooms of houses of parliament, in
sanctuaries of departments, and in lead
ing literary circles, that no suppression
of them would be possible. Correspond
ents are condemned, not for telling
everything that they saw, however ap
palling, nor for performing their duties
with scrupulgis fidelity, but for alleged
abuse of prilege. such as would not
be practiced m any Western country; for
carelessness Jpsultlng in the diffusion of
gross exaggelitions. and for perversions
of truths callulated to bring unmerited
shame upon the entire Japanese nation.
The abuse of privilege is held to be that
these visitors sought and received per
mission to follow the army for one dis
tinct purpose that of supplying their jour
nals at home with authentic war news
and. although knowing that a certain
newspaper, published in Yokohama, under
extra-territorial protection, is unfriendly
to this country, they have nevertheless
hastened to supply It with material for
working harm in its own peculiar way.
It was not as critics, to afford assist
ance and encouragement to an enemy of
Japan on her own soil, that these stran
gers were given an opportunity to pursue
their avocation advantageously. The
question Is asked: "What would be
thought in the United States of persons,
who, after accepting the position of fa
vored guests In war time, should gratui
tously put weapons of offense Into the
hands of an enemy?" The carelessness
alleged is found In such assertions as
that an entire peaceful population was
massacred, when it is now indisputably
proved that the peaceful population fled
before the attack, and has since largely
returned to its habitations, persons
slaughtered having been mainly Chinese
soldiers in disguise. Perversion of truth
is said to lie in statements like that
which represents correspondents as de
serting the army "in a body," because
they were horrified by spectacles of blood
shed; as compelled to leave the field of
their duty, because they could not coun
tenance with their presence the wicked
ness of Japan embodied in the crimes of
her army; when, in fact, they came away
by prearrangement to post their letters,
having announced their intention many
days before to start as soon as Port Ar
thur was taken.
The Japanese believe that they have
been treated ungenerously and with wan
ton indifference to their keenest sensi
blltles; not from love of truth, but from
reckless ambition to achieve sensational
triumphs; and they mean to ventilate
their grievance broadly and sturdily In
their own land, if they cannot make
themselves heard elsewhere. They look
upon the foreign press and Its representa
tives as their active foes. They see enly
What has happened here, and they judge
accordingly. Their resentment will pass
in- time, but not too soon. The war cor
respondents do not consider that they
were bound to withhold their unpleasant
new3 from the Yokohama press, and
the newspaper that published the tidings
had no purpose of overstepping what it
conceived to be the proper boundaries
of journalism; but a great flame of na
tional wrath has been kindled, and it is
desirable that American readers should
learn precisely how it originated. With
respect to the underlying fact of the dis
orders at Port Arthur, public sentiment
is sound and wholesome. Whether It will
declare Itself as promptly and energetic
ally as it might have done, but for the
angry channel into which, the feeling of
the community has been directed, is a
question just now coming to the surface.
The latest news from General Oyama's
army Is that Kai Ping was taken Decem
ber 18, without resistance, the Chinese
under General Sung retiring precipitately
to Ying Kow. The First army, under
Lieutenant-General Nodzu, holds posses
sion of the high road from New Chwang
to Moukden. The two armies are now co
operating, and an advance upon New
Chwang is expected immediately. The
Tartar force of General Yei shows no
sign of renewed activity.
The Japanese parliament met December
21. The only business of the opening day
was the organization of both houses.
The Corean government proposes to sig
nify its Independence of Chinese traditions
by discarding the ancient calendar at the
beginning of the next year and adopting
the same monthly divisions as those rec
ognized by Western countries and Japan.
jFROM THE SlJtOXT.
Severe FlKbtinf? Has Taken' Place
LONDON, Jan. 10. A dispatch from
Shanghai says severe fighting has taken
place near Gehol, Mongolia, 120 miles
northeast of Peking. Hundreds of wound
ed Chinese are reported arriving at Tlen
General Medaz telegraphs from Shu
gan, under date of January 8, that the
enemy facing the third division of the
Japanese army to the west, has retreated
on Kokab. The advance guard of the
enemy near Laiu Yan has advanced to
Kanzenho with two pieces of artillery.
The remainder of the Chinese force is
quartered a few miles northeast of Ha
Chlng. CIioxkcs Acroinst Wei Jnk Wei.
LONDON, Jan. 10. A Peking dispatch
says that General Wei Juk Wei, arrested
by order of Li Hung Chang, Is charged
with retreating in the face of the enemy,
and with cowardice, extortion and plun
dering. FREMAXTLE'S ORDERS.
To Prevent the Japanese From As
cendinj? the Yang-te-lvlanp:.
LONDON, Jan. 10. A dispatch from
Shanghai says the government has wired
Instructions to Admiral Fremantle, com
manding the British fleet In Chinese
waters, to prevent by force, if neces
sary, the Japanese squadron from ascend
ing the Yang-tse-Kiang. The dispatch
further states that the Americans,
Wild and Bowie, have arrived at
Wei-Hal-Wei, and are engaged in pre
paring explosives for use in carrying out
their scheme of destroying the Japanese
OTHER AVAR XEWS.
Dead or In a Fit.
TOKIO, Jan. 10. A news agent reports
that the king of Corea has been assassi
nated. YOKOHAMA, Jan. 10. A rumor' Is in
circulation here that the king of Corea
ha3 been prostrated by epileptic fits.
The Proposed Corenn Loan.
YOKOHAMA. Jan. 10. Native capital
ists decline to float the proposed Corean
loan. It is rumored here 1000 men belong
ing to the first army of Japan, operating
in China, have been invalided by cold
TIRED OF LIFE.
Three Desperate Attempts nt Suicide
By a Youngr Californian.
SANTA ROSA, Cal., Jan. lO.-James
Newman, a young man of this city, made
a desperate attempt this afternoon to
commit suicide, while wandering In the
country near Mellta. He took a big pock
etknlfe and plunged the blade into his
left breast just below the nipple. He
then inflicted a deep cut in the left wrist,
trying to open an artery. Failing to ac
complish his purpose, he ran and jumped
into a stream, and was trying to keep his
head under water when the officers res
cued him. He was brought to this city,
and is now under the care of physicians,
who think he may recover. Newman was
an unusually bright young man, and when
attending school here always stood at
the head of his class.
Sniclde by Strangulation.
MINNEAPOLIS, Jan. 10. Miss Delia
R. Hayncs, a sister of Professor F. E.
Haynes,of the University of Minnesota,
v.asfound dead in her room today, having
committed suicide by strangulation. No
cause is known.
To Inquire Into Boosar's Death.
OAKLAND, Cal., Jan. 10. Coroner Bald
wln has Impaneled a jury and will inquire
Into the death of Philip Boogar, who was
shot by his father-in-law, Michael Col
lins, Tuesday night.
Quite a Blnxc In St. Joseph.
ST. JOSEPH, Jan. 10. The horse-collar
factory of the Weuth Hardware & Man
ufacturing Company burned this morning.
Loss, $150,000; fully Insured.
EDR0PE DNDER SNOW
MAW DEATHS ARE REPORTED IX
Vienna Is Burled Deep and Even,
Sunny Italy Has Suffered Se
verely From the Cold.
LONDON, Jan. 10. The weather in Eng
land Is intensely cold. There is skating
in Regents' Park and on all the ponds
about London. The Rev. Thomas Pod
more, vicar of Ashton-Lee-Willows, was
found dead in the snow. On the Conti
nent, rivers and lakes are frozen, and
many deaths are reported in consequence
of the snow storms, which seem to have
prevailed in many parts.
VIENNA, Jan. 10. A terrific snow storm
has swept over Vienna, leaving the city
almost isolated. Railroad and vehicle
traffic is reduced to a minimum. Over
S500 men are at work clearing the streets.
The supplies of vegetables, meat and milk
have almost failed. There are seven feet
of snow in the suburbs.
ROME, Jan. 10. A snow stdrm, accom
panied by heavy wind, destroyed four
houses in Celena, in the province of Reg
gla. Sixteen persons were burled in the
ruins of the houses. Eight of them were
dead when extricated. Snow storms on
Lake Maggiore, Ravenna and elsewhere
have caused great damage.
MADRID, Jan. 10. The telegraph to
France has not been working for nine
days, owing to gales and snow storms.
The severity of the weather Is unprece
dented. The Weather In Scotland.
EDINBURGH, Jan. 10. The cold weath
er now prevailing In Scotland Is the most
severe experienced in many years, 32 deg.
below zero having been registered. Loch
Lomond is frozen over In several parts
of the country railroad traffic has been
stopped by snow. Some drifts are 20 feet
American Secnrities Firmer on Hopes
of an Extra Session.
NEW YORK. Jan. 10. The Evening
Post's London cable says: The markets
were strong today. Consols have broken
all records by government purchases for
the sinking funds. South Americans were
strong. Americans were firmer on ru
mors that President Cleveland will call
a special session of congress after March
4, to attend to the currency. Of the in
crease of 500,000 In the Bank of England's
coin and bullion this week, X9S.000 were
imported, and the rest came from home
circulation. The increase of nearly 2,000,-
000 in government securities was due to
the borrowing by the government, not to
the purchase of consols by the bank.
OTHER FOREIGN' XEAVS.
Differences in the British Cabinet.
LONDON, Jan. 10. Rumored dissensions
in the British cabinet attracted the great
est interest to today's council, which met
at noon with all the ministers present.
Sir William Harcourt, chancellor of the
exchequer, and John Morley, chief secre
tary for Ireland, are understood to have
been of the opinion that the Irish must be
satisfied at all costs during the coming
session of parliament. With this view, It
is added Premier Rosebery and Home Sec
retary Asqulth and other members of the
cabinet do not agree. It is said that the
misunderstanding as to the disposition of
the surplus for 1S93 is much more serious
than was at first believed, the main point
at issue being a claim raised by the cabi
net ministers and others that the surplus
should be devoted to the use Of the navy.
Victoria's Premier Will Xot Rcsiprn.
MELBOURNE. Victoria,, Jap. 10. Hon.
George E. Turner, premier of Victoria,
after consulting with his colleagues, has
rtpnfdwl not to reslen. as a result of the
defeat of the government on the propo
sition to reduce the salaries of members
of the legislature and public officials.
German j 's Antl-Revolutlonnry Bill.
BERLIN, Jan. 10. In the reichstag to
day debate on the anti-revolutionary bill
was taken up. Count von Limberg Stir
rum, conservative, declared his party
hailed the bill with satisfaction. The so
cialists, he added, were not justified in
claiming to be the sole labor party.
Chitral Has a. Xew Mahter.
CALCUTTA, Jan. 10. Nizam Ulmulk,
mahtar of Chitral. has been murdered by
his young brother. Amir Ulmulk, who
has declared himself mahtar of Chitral.
Chitral, or Little Cashgar, is a country in
Asia consisting of Lioner valley, on the
south slope of Hindoo-Koosh.
Joined the Antl-Gamhllncr LcaRue.
LONDON, Jan. 10. Judge Thomas
Hughes, Q. C, the author of "Tom
Brown's School Days," etc., has joined
the anti-gambling league, and has sent
that organization a check to assist in
furthering its work.
United States and Calm.
MADRID, Jan. 10. A modus vivendi be
tween the United States and Cuba has
been agreed upon by which Cuba concedes
the second column of the tariff in return
for "most favored nation" treatment.
PECULIAR WILL CONTEST
It Grows Ont of Two New Yorkers
BATH. N. Y., Jan. 10. Forty years ago
J. G. Neely, a wealthy citizen of Alle
gheny county, fell In love with the wife of
a neighbor. It seems that she must have
approved of the suit, and that there must
have been a similar attachment between
Mrs. Neely and her neighbor's husband,
for she left her own husband and took up
with the former, and the neighbor's wife
abandoned her husband for Neely. The
prominence of the two families and the
high character they had always borne in
the community made this trading of wives
and husbands fall like a thunderbolt
among the reputable dwellers in that lo
cality, but the changed relations of the
two families were boldly and openly main
tained. Neely's son James, overcome with
the shame of the transaction, left home,
and up to a short time ago nothing had
ever been heard from him. Some time
after the exchange of wives, Neely ob
tained a divorce from his former legal
wife. As years passed, the families, sin
gularly enough, regained somewhat of
their former standing in society. Chil
dren were born to Neely by his neighbor's
wife, and they are among the most re
spected and reputable people in the coun
ty, and are married and have families of
their own. Neely died three months ago,
rich and lamented. He had during his
lifetime given by deed or nominal price
the greater part of his property to his
children, who live in this vicinity. The
property of which he died possessed,
amounting to about $9000, he disposed of
by will to the same children. About a
month ago the surrogate of Allegheny
county was surprised to receive a letter
from James Neely, the long-missing son
of the old farmer, requesting a copy of
his father's will. The letter was from a
town In Nebraska. The copy was for
warded, and now the son has engaged
lawyers to contest the will, founding his
claim to its bequests on the question of
the validity of the divorce his father ob
tained from his mother many years ago.
Collins" Charged AVith Murder.
OAKLAND, Cal., Jan. 10. The coroner'3
jury in the Boogar inquest tonight ren
dered a verdict charging Michael Collins
with murder. He will be arraigned in the
morning, and a date set for preliminary
examination. Last night Louise Whitte
more, a niece of a former wife, arrived
from Napa. The undertaker has an order
for her uncle's remains. In the meantimeyj
Mrs. Boogar was going to have anothej I
undertaker. While the coroner was decid- '
Ing who should have the body, Dr. Pat
terson, an executor of the will, notified
the coroner to hold the remains until the
will was examined to see if Boogar had
made any provisions. The coroner will
ask the district attorney to decide tha
BADLY IN DEBT.
Receiver for a, Sioux City Loan amdf
SIOUX CITY, la.. Jan. 10. The Fidel
ity Loan &. Trust Company passed into
the hands of a receiver today. P. A. Saw
yer, as president of the company, filed
the application for the receiver's appoint
ment in the district court. The petition
stated that the company owed $3,200,000
on 6 per cent debenture bonds, on which
January interest was defaulted. It stated
further that the floating debts of the com
pany were $1,000,000, no part of which had,
been paid. The only other statement was
to the effect that the company was in
solent. Judge Wakefield appointed Joseph
Samson, of Sioux City, and Gideon Can
dee, of New York, receivers. It Is expect
ed the business 'of the company will bo
continued under the receivership.
FROZEX ORAXGES OX SALE.
They Are Belnp Rushed From. Florida
to ChlcnRO Mnrkcts.
CHICAGO, Jan. 10. Tralnloads of frozen
oranges, the fruit caught in the recent
cold snap in Florida, are being rushed to
the Chicago market. Eighteen carloads
are said to have been sold yesterday.
They are mostly sold in the auction rooms,
and on South Water street they are be
ing disposed of in barrels, like apples. A
barrel of frozen oranges can be bought
for $2 50 and upwards. Many of these
oranges are already beginning to spoil,
and on top of many of the barrels can be
found some which have not been spoiled
thoroughly, but are soft. The greater
part of the fruit being so'd in the com
mission houses is still frozen, and there
fore not unwholesome. A dealer of South
Water street, who supplies the retail
trade, has a sign on a box of choice or
anges marked, "These are not frozen."
When seen by a reporter, he said:
"Although the sale of frozen oranges
does not compete with my trade, I do not
think it ought to be allowed, for the rea
son that there are so many bad onea
among the rest, which will be eaten, with
the others by people who cannot afford
to throw the whole lot away, as soon as
they thaw and become soft. The sale of
these oranges was stopped In New York
and Boston. An orange Is all right, if a
person wants to eat it frozen, but when
thawed, it loses Its flavor, because the
juices of seeds and skin are released.
They may not be unwholesome, but nine
venders out of ten will sell them as good
OTHER FIXAXCIAL XEWS.
Its By-Laws Are Valid.
CHICAGO. Jan. 10. The Chicago live
stock exchange won- a decided victory to
day in the suit of the attorney-general
to forfeit its charter. It was decided by
Judge Clifford, who declared the by-laws
of the exchange for the regulation of its
business and defining the manner In
which members shall solicit business, are
An EiRht-Milllon Dollar Salt.
COLUMBUS, O., Jan. 10. Judge Pugh
overruled the demurrer in the Sterenson
Burke $8,000,000 suit. This holds the case
in court. Burke wanted to throw it out.
The suit is to recover money alleged to
have been Improperly taken from the Co
lumbus, Hocking Valley & Toledo rail
road. Sale of the Bulletin Confirmed.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 10. Circuit
Judge McKenna, today, confirmed the re
port of Master in Chancery E. H. Hea
cock of the sale of the Evening Bulletin
to R, A. Crothers. for $35,300.
' More Gold Taken fbr'BxiASt-r.
NEW YORK, Jan. 10. One million dol-
lars m gold has Deen wnnurawn irom tne
sub-treasury for export tomorrow.
Bank Fnllarc in Roiuc.
ROME, Jan. 10. The Banca Popolare
suspended business yesterday evening.
THE REASONS GIVEN.
Order Aprniust Secret Societies Pro
mulgated By Archbishop Elder.
CINCINNATI, Jan. 10. Archbishop El
der today promulgated the order against
the Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias and
Sons of Temperance, and accompanied the
text of the order with a statement of the
reasons why good Catholics should obey.
The fact that the reasons for the order
are not understood, he says, is no excuse
for disobedience, any more than it is for
the violation of civil law, when the reason
for the enactment is not understood. Just
as the state must enforce its laws .for
the preservation of order, so must the
church enforce such rules as are essential
for the welfare of souls. He went on,
however, to state some of the reasons in
this case. One was that to belong to
these orders made Catholics more tol
erant of Free Masonry, which had long
been declared inimical to the church. An
other was, that in the case of the Knights
of Pythias, a pagan is selected to be
treated as a saint.
The Catholic Church In the East.
ROME, Jan. 10. At the next consistory
the pope Is likely to raise two Oriental
patriarchs to the dignity of cardinals.
The dignitaries believed to have been se
lected for the honor are Monslgnore Aza
rian, Armenian patriarch, and Monsignore
Yuzeff, patriarch of Antloch. His holi
ness attaches the utmost importance to
these nominations. He look3 forward to
their making a deep impression through
out the East and helping on the longed
for understanding between the schismat
ics and papacy.
To Make Columbus a Saint.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. A cablegram
from Naples says that the pope Is about
to announce the beatification of Christo
pher Columbus. The proposition was se
riously considered for more than a year
previous to the recent anniversary of the
discovery of America, but the college of
cardinals was against it.
Assault AVIth it Deadly AVeapon.
OAKLAND, Ca!., Jan., 10. The jury. In
the case of the people vs. C. R. Ben
nett, brought In a verdict late tonight, find
ing him guilty of assault with a deadly
weapon. Bennett Is the ex-secretary of
the Society for the Prevention of Vice,
in San Francisco. The trouble Is one of
long-standing between him and George
Gray. The assault wras committed May
5, 1SD3, on a local tiain.
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MOHET HZTO-DED IT
ISS.' 232 POE3