Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 11, 1895, Image 1

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"VOL. xxxm IsO 11,005.
, 4
The A. P. Hotaling- Co.
SO, 22, 24: and. 20 First St.,
First and
Telegraph? Ipstrumerjts
Wrlto for
Of our Home-Grou;n Seed I sell larcc quanUtica every year
to Eastern Houses. "Write for Catalocue.
i .
Yes, I d
o -(epairir;
The cleaning and repairing of Fine
Watches, and the resetting of Jewels in
to modem mountings is given careful,
inteiligent attention by skillful workmen
in my store. You will be surprised, to
learn how little it will cost to have your
Diamonds reset in latest-style designs.
-Estimates cheerfully given.
T-ftEObtE HRylSE'H
Gold and
Seasonable Qifts
MneUIn toshes,
Linen Nunklns and Towels,
Can be bought thU month
Importers, 223 Ash Street
Bet. 1st and id.
SUrk Street, tet, StrnUi tad tittu
(ginning With the Year 1SM, the Prioe of Mem
bershlp Will Be
TU TUB. Iwtel tf,
u btrttofcrc. ....
20.000 VOLUMES, Including -worts of Fic
tion. Humor. Travel. Biography. Hlstorr,
Philosophy. Kelliclon. Sociology. Laaffuate and
Literature. Sclenot. Useful ArU and Fine
Winter term opens Jaunary 7. at 9 A. M.
"Advanced work in Chemistry, English.
French, Latin and Drawing.
For catalogue, address
191 Eleventh street.
Fcrfiil. KWtnlt nl Eehil, Ij
fcafr.fa&Co., 229Yamii St, - Portland
-- s$
Kos. 105 ad 107 Second St.. --.," Portland, Oregoi
Corner Burnside
Our Catalogue.
Trade Mark
271 JVToirwson St.
Bet. 3d and -9th
Territory allotted. Correspondence solicited.
Catalogues mailed free. Only piano and organ
factory having house on the Pacific coast-
W. W. KUVISllULi & CO.
Chicago, 111., rorllanil, Or.
243-25:1 AVubusb. Av. 335 Morrison St.
Molest Butchers 2nd Packers
fell Brand of Hams, Bacon
Strictly Pure. Kcttlo-Ken-dertd
-ri . To keep youns. keep well;
luuuuutep tne nerves cairn, trie
J blood ruddy, and tho syttem
f ttbII fed bv usln? Palnn's
vcwij ionipuuDu. xiio oniy r
preparation of the kind that
wo rvcuuoicau.
1st and Alder Streets.
For Sale by Sutton & Beebe
"CH1CKASAW" E. & TV. "CHICKASAW. collar.
Ibout trpq Us aijd SIeqtioij of Spqetaels
Tersons harlns normal vision will be able
to read this print at a distance of 14 inches
from the eves with ease and comfort: also will
be able to read It with each eye separately. If
unable to do so your eyes are defective, "and
ehouM have immediate attention. When the
eyes oecome urea irom readies or sewing, or
It the letters look blurred and run together. It
is a sure Indication that glasses are needed.
The lenses sold In the cheap Roods are of un-
equal density and have imperfectly formed sur
faces. Continued use of these poorer lenses
will result In a positive Injurs from the con
stant strain upon the muscles of accommoda
tion to supply the defects In the glass."
St iVEHiicoiiivr
Oculist Optioians
Oregonian Building'
chances for reform
How tlie Legislature Can Cut
Down Appropriations.
Expenditures Undertaken Two Years
Ago AVhich Will Not Be Neces
sary at This Session.
The legislature is the great arbiter of
the state finances. It is not only the
safety valve, but the whole engine, boiler
and steamchest It has always outrun
the estimates made by the state officers,
and last session went so far as to vote
some $S00,000 for buildings, land, repairs
and improvements, after receiving esti
mates and recommendations from the
state officers aggregating something like
$275,000 for those purposes. The session
laws include the following appropriations,
made from the general fund by special
and separate acts:
Object Appropriation.
Soda snrlnr.-s. at Sodavillp s avi
Electric lignt plant 10,000
Fish way, Oregon City 10,000
Lakeview graded school 5,000
National Guard (uniform and equip
ment) 40,000
Maxwell relief 833
J. J. Hembrie, relief 478
World's fair exhibit 60,000
Agricultural college, improvement Z0.22&
weston normal school 24,000
Soldiers' Home 39,000
Jute mill 190,030
Eastern Oregon insane asylum.. 1(5,000
Deaf mute school, land and build
ings 23,000
Total $600,093
Items of an unusual nature were also
carried in the general appropriation bill,
as follows:
Object Appropriation.
Blind school, building, etc $ 12,000
Purchase of stove foundry 65,000
Waterworks, fair grounds 11,415
Rewiring capitol 2,000
Electric wiring asylum, peniten
tiary, etc 7,500
Improving main building, asylum.. 32,600
Cottages, asylum farm 41,700
Fencing, asylum farm 1,300
Fencing, asylum farm lands 11,000
Capitol improvements and repairs.. 6,000
Drainage, capitol grounds 3,600
New roof and painting, capitol.... 7,000
Portage railway 1,000
Penitentiary, improvements 52,509
Improving Mill creek 5,000
Lands, penitentiary 2,500
Dormitories, university 25,000
Reform school buildings 78,000
Penitentiary, fencing, etc 4,150
Total J369.265
Here is a total of $969,000, without any
reference to maintenance of the state in
stitutions or commissions. The bill car
ried for commissions and societies the
following amounts:
Object. Appropriation.
Pilot commission $ 2,400
Health officer 4,400
Board of agriculture .". .10,009
Food-commission .T.r. 3,500
Railroad commission '.... : "20,000
Fish commission 8,000
Portland exposition 1,000
Eastern Oregon fairs 6,000
Southern Oregon fairs 3,000
Board of horticulture 7,000
Domestic animal commission 12,000
Board of equalization 8,000
Oregon Pioneers 500
Weather bureau 1,000
Total $SC,S00
The legislature also appropriated for its
own expenses $55,000, half of which has
been estimated to have gone for clerk
Reverting now to the appropriations of
an unusual character for buildings, etc.,
some appropriations will be needed of
this kind at this session, but of course
as buildings are put up and completed,
such items fade from the succeeding bud
gets. The $10,000 for the electric light
plant will probably need to be renewed.
The Weston normal school will want
about the same amount, $24,000. The Sol
diers' Home will be asking for $24,000 this
time, instead of $39,000. Of the Eastern
Oregon Insane asylum appropriation of
$163,000, some $26,000 has been expended.
The remainder, for prosecuting the enter
prise, will have to be appropriated, and
probably will be. The asylum's needs for
new things will be about $23,000; those of
the capitol, probably $1000 or $2000; of the
penitentiary, $8000 to $10,000, chiefly for
steel cells. The reform school, which had
$78,000 for buildings and improvements,
will want something for its farm and
shops. The superintendent will recom
mend $25,000; but this may be cut down to
$15,000 or $20,000. This comprises the needs
of those objects durlns the ensuing two
years, for which the last session appropri
ated $969,000. If the legislature does more,
the responsibility will be its own.
A movement has been started looking
toward the substitution of a state or
phan's home, to be located at one place,
and under state management, for the
present system of extending aid to the
various charitable institutions scattered
about tho state. Quite a lot of money
is now spent in this way. Thus, the last
general appropriation bill shows:
Institution. Appropriation.
"The Home," Portland $5 000
Orphans' Home, Salem 5000
Orphans' Home, Albany 5000
Refuge Home. Portland 5000
Baby Home, Portland 4)000
Magdalen Home. Portland 4,ooo
St Mary's Home, Beaverton 2000
Boys' and Girls' Aid Society, Port- '
land 2500
Patton Home, Portland 2,000
Total $34,500
Of course, not quite all of this is for
orphans; yet most of it is for eleemos
ynary work now carried on with very lit
tle, if any, state supervision. The move
ment for the concentration of this char
itable work in state hands would and
will, probably, arouse energetic opposi
tion from the beneficiary institutions. It
might result In the defeat of all such ap
propriationswhich would not be an un
mixed cvIL
Showing; Made hy Treasurer 3Iet
sdinu'.H Report.
SALEM, Jan. 10. From advance sheets
of the biennial report of State Treasurer
Metschan, the following statement of re
ceipts and disbursements appears, being
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
for the two years ending: December 3L
1S94. The receipts, including balances
standing at the beginning of the two
years, aggregate $3,003,143 94, and are
credited to the followingjfunds:
Fund. '" Amount.
General r- $1,S0S,934 43
Common school, principal 55S,5S8 64
Common school, interest'.: 340,118 42
Agricultural college, principal.. 22.57S 6S
Agricultural college, interest... 16,295 93
University, principal.... fj. 2409 44
University, interest iT. 13.6SS 94
Swamp land Zf-s. 12,710 03
Tide land XiU 14,607 45
United States 5 per cents.."..... 99,163 92
University tax i5 2G.8S3 64
Military tax J. 32,673 71
Direct tax .". 29,869 57
Thurston monument ..:.".... 7 22
Salmon Industry :7f..-JU.... 3,106 85
Total .Hr..... $3,003,448 94
The disbursements .aggregated $2,763,
049 85, and were made "fcf the various
funds, as follows: -jHp;
Fund. 3BL Amount
General .ttt; ;?.....$ S20.006 49
Penitentiary flFTv.... 84,640 18
Incidental "aS"' 26,507 OS
Insane and Idiotic ....fKSn 24S.744 95
Executive ttiA 33;560 50
Judicial JrT.?; 112,714 52
Legislative .3V. 55,059 SS
Printing ?&??. 60,674 87
Convict .tSPK'-..... 23.351 71
Fugitive .?;Vi" 9,13195
Indigent "TO??..... 2,789 22
Public building Z2K.'...... 45,501 28
Insane t;f... 27,832 50
Soldiers' Home JS'.S 29.339 62
Reform school :XIA U2.S06 67
Jute mill S-.T. 2,470 SO
Eastern Oregon insane asylum 3S1 03
Deaf mute school m 25.0S1 25
Common school, principal 499,001 3S
Common school. Interest";.. 2S9.555 42
Agricultural college, principal.. 19,900 00
Agricultural college, interest.. 13,935 44
University, principal ...I....... 3,400 00
University, interest ,: 12,633 00
Swamp land -. 12,70133
Five per cent U. S. landisale.. 81,707 19
Military tax 32,302 02
University tax .'. 24,500 00
Direct tax 29.S69 57
Thurston monument ..... 7 22
Salmon industry ,' 1,936 83
Total :.:- $2,763,019 S3
It has been another hard year for the
trust funds. People who used to be very
prompt in payment have not had the
money and have been compelled to ask for
leniency. This the board has accorded
as far as possible. The constant aim has
been to be just to the state and to the
debtors upon whom the financial depres
sion has been severe. These facts account
for the small amounts on hand. These
amounts are:
Common school fund (principal).
Notes represantlng loans 'from
the fund $2,068,281 26
Land notes as repotted by the
clerk of the board 382,239 93
Loan notes in course of fore
closure 17,950 00
Jotes transferred from the es-
Cash on handDecembeK3i",is94" 591.587 26
Total amount of the fund De
cember 31, 1894 $2,532.02178
Agricultural College fund (principal.)
Notes representing leans from
the fund $ 114,765 00
.Land notes as reported by the
clerk of tho board , 14.9S7 12
Cash on Iiand December 31, 1894. 2,678 63
Total amount of the fund De-
cember 31, 1894 ?.....$ 132,430 70
University fund. $ iJBhk v
Notes representing loans 4r5;ni " "
the fundi $ 97,990 50
.Liana notes as reported. -by the
clerk of the board 3,335 30
Cash on hand December 31, 1S94- S09 44
Total amount of the fund De
cember 31. 1894 $ 102,155 24
The state of Oregon has no liabilities,
There are funds on hand to pay all out
standing obligations. It owes nothing and
it owns its public buildings. There Is no
bonded indebtedness and only a few out
standing military warrants.
A resume of the state's financial con
dition would be Incomplete without ref
erence to the faithful and efficient work
of State Treasurer Metschan, his assist
ant. Major Frank E. Hodgkins and
Clerk J. D. Sutherland. Very few have
any Idea of the enormous burden Mr.
Metschan has sustained in the past two
years in the care of the public funds
Through the tardiness of distressed tax
payers and the dangers of imperilled
banks, he has cautiously and safely pilot
ed the treasury's sorely threatened craft
The legislature will be asked to create
a bank commission, a board to examine
arid lands with a view to the Carey law's
offer, and an inspector of steam boilers
and engines.
It is Three Mills Upon the Total Tax
able Property of the State.
SALEM. Jan. 10. The state board, con
sisting of the governor, the secretary
and the treasurer, met today and
practically agreed upon the tax levy for
the expenses of the state for 1895. Their
estimate of state expenses, including de
ficiencies of 1S94, is $694,524. This includes
$30,000 for current expenses of the state
militia, and $30,000 for the support of the
state university, which, prior to 1894, was
raised by special taxes for these purposes.
These sums are fixed In the laws of 1893,
repealing the special tax law aforesaid.
It also Includes deficiencies of certain
funds of 1891, estimated at about $61,000.
To meet these expenses the board has
set apart a balance of $217,842, saved out
of funds heretofore levied for the expenses
of 1893 and 1894, and the miscellaneous re
ceipts of 1894 and the estimated miscel
laneous receipts of 3895, amounting to
$25,4S6, making a total surplus of $243,326,
applicable to the payment of the Items set
forth in this levy. This leaves a balance
of $451,19S, which will be raised by a tax
of three mills on total taxable property
of the state, as equalized by the state
board of equalization. The levy this year
is lower than for many years. Upon the
valuation of a year ago the levy, for the
amount necessary to be raised this year,
would be only two and two-third mills as
against a levy of four and three-tenth
mills a year ago. Notwithstanding the
low rate of levy, the board has, in this
estimate, made economical but sufficient
provision for the maintenance of all pub
lic institutions, for current expenses and
for such additional public buildings as
may be required. The estimate of the
board will show unused balances of ap
propriations for 1893 and 1894, of about
$471,000, divided among the several funds,
while the total deficiencies of the same
biennial term are but $61,000, being the
smallest amount of deficiencies facing the
legislature in several years, while the
surpluse is by far the largest
Latest U. S. Gov't Food Repcrt
Altgeld's Last Message to the As
- sembly of Illinois.
"What He Says of the Usurpation of
Power on the Part of the
Federal Judiciary.
SPRINGFIELD. Jan. 10. The 39th as
sembly of Illinois convened here today.
The most important business of the day
was the reading of the biennial mes
sage of Governor Altgeld. It was a
very lengthy document In the. begin
ning the governor devotes space to a re
view of the condition of the various state
institutions, and makes numerous recom
mendations. Among other things, he takes
up the question of capital punishment, and
asks whether the death penalty does any
substantial good: "Whether we are any
better off than they are in tho.'.e states
where it was long ago abolished; whetherit
is not barbarous and degrading in its
effects, and whether it would not be better
to have a more rational system of man
aging our prisons and abolishing capital
punishment entirely."
On the question of civil service, the gov
ernor says there is urgent need of legis
lation that will relieve executive officers,
both state and municipal, of the constant
and overwhelming importunity for place.
He doubts the wisdom of a system that
forever keeps the same men on the pay
rolls, for it is not calculated to produce
the highest degree of proficiency. A mean
should be struck between the retention of
incompetents and the distribution of
spoils. The governor, speaking of the ad
ministration of justice In large cities, says
the business in the courts of Chicago al
most amounts to a denial of justice. The
whole system should be revised and sim
plified at once. The governor also calls
attention to the conditions surrounding
the police and justice courts in Chicago,
which he declares a disgrace. The reve
nue system in this state Is declared, in
its practical workings, to be a giant of
injustice. The governor speaks at length
of the manner in which the rich escape
proper taxation, and urges legislation es
pecially looking to the proper taxation of
corporations. He says the state board of
equalization is a failure, and should be
abolished. The governor calls attention
to the act providing that companies
formed for the publication of newspapers
shall be assessed as the property of pri
vate individuals is assessed. When care
fully examined It is found that only the
tangible property can be assessed, and
many newspaper corporations which have
not much tangible property, but do have
a large business that would sell for cash
in the market and which makes enormous
profits, practically escape taxation.
CominK down to the-settlement of labor
of dealing with them Is a difficult one.
No practical method of enforcing a decree
of compulsory arbitration has been found,
but there Is no difficulty in the way of
making a compulsory investigation in
every case, and this alone would be a
great preventive as well as corrective.
Promptly ascertaining and making public
the actual conditions in each case arouses
a moral sentiment that often forces a set
tlement The governor strongly urged
legislation on this subject, and also to
prevent laborers being brought into the
state by squads, as they generally have,
to displace an equal number, who being
suddenly thrown out, become a public
Governor Altgeld speaks in terms of the
highest commendation of the work of the
Illinois National Guard during the troubles
of the past year. Taking up the ques
tion of the great strikes, he reviews the
many reports which have been made, and
says the placing of the United States
troops on duty in Chicago under the con
ditions that existed presents a question of
the most far-reaching importance. "The old
doctrineof staterights,"saysthe governor,
"is in no way involved. Nobody for a mo
ment questions the supremacy of the
Union. The great civil war settled that
we should not have anarchy. It remains
to be settled whether we shall be destroyed
by despotism. If the president can, at his
pleasure, in the first instance, send troops
into our city, town or hamlet under pre
tense of enforcing seme law, his judg
ment being the sole criterion, there can
be no difference in this respect between
the powers of the president and those of
Emperor William or the czar of Russia.
If the acts of the president are to stand
unchallenged and form a precedent, then
we have undergone a complete change in
our form of government, and, whatever
semblance we may keep up in the future,
our career as a republic Is over. We have
a rapidly increasing central power con
trolled and dominated by class and corpor
ate interests. It is a matter of special re
gret to many of our patriotic citizens that
this blow at free institutions should have
been struck by a presldentwho was placed
in power by a party that has made local
self-government a cardinal principle for
moro than a century."
Government by injunctions Is dealt
with severely by the governor, who
says the usurpation of power on
the part of the federal judiciary
has assumed a form where it is destroying
the very foundations of republican gov
ernment These injunctions, he said, are
a very great convenience to corporations,
when they can be had for the asking by a
corporation lawyer, and these were the
processes of court to enforce which the
president sent federal troops to Chicago.
Governor Altgeld speaks of the numerous
arrests for "contempt of court" made un
der these injunctions, and of the fact that
the federal government, In spite of hav
ing at hand in Chicago the complete ma
chine of justice, found it necessary to re
tain another attorney and he an employe
of one of the railread3 involved in the
strike, and adds: "Never before were the
United States government and corpora
tions of the country so completely blended
and never before was the goddess of jus
tice made a mere handmaid for one of the
combatants. It is evident that if the attorney-general
of the United States did
not outline and advise the policy that was
pursued, it 'eceived his approval, and was
carried out through his assistance.
When the interstate commerce law was
taken Into court by the railroads a few
days ago, these same federal judges pro
ceeded to hold section after section to be
unconstitutional until they had made the
lav as harmless as a dead rabbit Then,
after having nullified an act of congress
Intended for the protection of the people,
they turned around and made of it a club
with which to break the backs of the man
who tolls with his hands. If both the con
stitution and our past experience are to be
disregarded and the federal courts per
mitted to set up and form a new govern
ment it would be equally proper for the
state courts to do so, and we shall soon
have government by injunction from head
to toe. All affairs will be regulated, not
by law, but by the personal pleasure,
prejudice or caprice of the multitude of
"The marked feature of the age," says
the governor, "has been consolidation.
As they grow more powerful these trusts
get beyond the control of the government
Prompted by the instinct of self-preservation,
the laborers of the country are try
ing to form combinations. Trust mag
nates are opposed to this, and the federal
courts that have been the special guardi
ans of corporations and combinations
seem determined to crush labor organiza
tions. In recent years the constitution
seems to have become an Insurmountable
barrier to every measure intended for the
protection of the public, while Its most
plainly expressed provisions for the pro
tection of the liberty and the personal
rights of the citizens are blown away with
a breath. This subserviency on the part
of the federal judiciary when dealing- with
men who have to earn their bread by the
sweat of their brow Is not calculated to
produce respact for the law or its machinery-
If these conditions are continued
the fate of the American laborer is sealed.
He mifst be reduced to the lowest condi
tions of existence, and this must destroy
that very capital which Is now pushing
him down, for with the destruction of the
purchasing power of the American laborer
will disappear our great American mar
ket Further, this process must produce
discontent, disturbance and hatred, and
will greatly increase the expense of the
government and consequently taxes. Rus
sianizing a government is an expensive
business, and has never yet succeeded
not even In Russia. Our government is
not In the slightest danger from the an
archy of a mob. Our danger comes from
that corruption, usurpation, insolvence and
oppression that go hand in hand with a
vast concentration of wealth wielded by
unscrupulous men, and It behooves every
friend of republican institutions to give
these things mose serious consideration."
Wisconsin's 3"ew Governor.
MADISON, Wis., Jan. 10. Governor
Upham's message deals with the use of
the blacklist by large corporations at
great length. The governor says: "I
cannot but regard the arrangement among
a large number of employers not to em
ploy or permit to be employed, if they can
prevent it competent and faithful men,
simply because they quit the service of
some other employer, as a conspiracy,
which should not be tolerated by law.
The employer has no more right to be
protected by law against a conspiracy
of employes than the employes have to be
protected by law against a conspiracy
on the part of the employers."
A Valve Broke and the Engines Had
to Stoj.) for Fepairs.
BOSTON, Jan. 10 Word comes to Bos
ton through a private letter to the effect
that the United States cruiser, Atlanta,
while on her way to Bluefields, Nicar
agua, at 10 o'clock, on the night of De
cember 13, was in a gale north of Cape
Hatteras, when suddenly the thump of
the screw, ceased, and. a loud hissing of
steam from "the engine-room told that
"something ha'd happened to the engines.
On exmalning: them it was found that
one of the valves had burst, and the en
gines, could not be run until it was re
paired. The situation was a bad one.
The vessel was only a little more than
seven miles from the lee shore, and that
one of the most dangerous coasts in the
country, if not in the world. The wind
and sea were taking her toward the shore
at the rate of about four knots an hour,
and it was uncertain just how much time
was needed to repair the damage. For
tunately it did not take long, for in lit
tle more than an hour things were
straightened out sufficiently to allow of
starting the engines, and the ship was
run out of her dangerous position.
The Mohican Coming; XortH.
VALLEJO, Cal., Jan. 10. The Mohican
will leave the navy yard, Mare island,
Friday morning, and proceed directly to
sea. She will go up to Port Townsend or
Seattle for the purpose of testing coal.
Snn Francisco Gone to Gibraltar.
NEWPORT, R. I., Jan. 10. The cruiser
San Francisco sailed for Gibraltar today,
where she relieves the Chicago as flag
ship of the European station.
The Hip-liefet Possible Praise for the
Anti-Toxine Treatment.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 10. Surgeon Kin
yon, of the United States marine hospital
service, who has made a thorough study
abroad of the anti-toxlne treatment, in an
address before the medical fraternity of
Washington last night, said: "The effects
of anti-toxine in diphtheria cases were
little short of marvelous. Since the dis
covery of diphtheria bacillus, the absolute
diagnosis of the disease by microscope
was possible, the germ being as distinc
tive as that of tuberculosis." The speaker
said 89 per cent of so-called membraneous
croup were really diphtheria. With the
serum treatment, he said, there was no
reason why the disease should not be
stamped out entirely. There was no ques
tion that the discovery of the anti-toxine
treatment was on par with that of small
pox vaccination. He favored govern
mental or municipal control, or at least
a supervision of the manufacture of anti
toxine to insure its being of standard
Opened for Settlement.
MARQUETTE, Mich., Jan. 10. When
Register Premeau opened the government
land office at 9 A. M. today a long file of
prospective homesteaders blockaded the
corridors and extended outside. The first
man presenting an application had re
mained In front of the building since Mon
day noon, experiencing very severe
weather. A portion of the forfeited rail
road land grant in Ontonagon county, con
taining 8338 acres, was opened for settle
ment today.
He Is Now a. General.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. The senate
confirmed the nomination of Colonel G.
Norman Lieber, assistant judge-advocate-general,
to be judge-advocate-general with
the rank of brigadier-general.
Toronto's Second Bir Blaze This
TORONTO, Ont, Jan. 10. Fire started
at 7 o'clock this evening in the Osgoode
building, on Melinde street, in close prox
imity to the ruins of the fire of last
Sunday. The Osgoode building was soon
destroyed. The flames spread west and
southwest to Wellington street, and in
less than an hour burned out the follow
ing places:
R. H. Gray & Co., furs; E. Boysseau
& Co., clothing; Robert Darlington &
Co., wholesale woollens.
The fire then crossed Wellington street
to Hunter, Rose & Co., printers and
wholesale booksellers; Hart & Riddell.
wholesale stationers, and Buntin, Read &
Co., paper manufacturers, where it was
brought under control. The loss is esti
mated at $1,000,000.
No Abatement of the Effort to Se
cure Such Legislation.
Seunrateil as Far as Possible Front
Any Loss of Position Attached
to the Old. Measure.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. Notwithstand
ing the reverses suffered by the Carlisle
currency bill inf the house of representa
tlves yesterday, there is to be no abater
ment in the effort to secure currency" legis
lation. It is said by a gentleman con
versant with the facts that a new meas
ure having executive approval will be in
troduced in the house In about two weeks.
It Is probable that Springer will not di
rect the course of the new measure, for
the desire will be to urge it alon;; new
lines and with new leaders, with a view
to separating it as far as possible from
any loss of position attaching to the old
measure. The lines en which the new
measure will he framed are not definitely
known. To some extent it will follow the
old bill, with such changes as the experi
ence of the recent debate 'shows to be de
sirable. It is pointed out that tho vote of
12 J to 123 is an adverse majority of bnly
five, so that the change of three votes
would show a majority supporting the
bill. Under these circumstances, it is felt
that concessions can be made securing
the adhesion of a number of members
whose opposition has been based on speci
fic objections. It is said, however, that
there will be no concessions in the na
ture of a surrender to the silver element,
if they push their demands to the point
of remonetizing sliver at a ratio of 16 to 1.
It is held that the conciliation of this radi
cal element is not deemed necessary, al
though thero will be every desire to ac
cept the assistance of those sliver men
who will aid in meeting the emergency,
even though the result is not a full real
ization of their theories. While this gen
eral plan is well defined, it has not yet
been communicated to the house leaders,
and is not, therefore, a subject of com
ment among them. Other subjects have
been taken up, and there is apparently a
unanimity of opinion that the currency,
question is not lost
Morrill, Sherman, Allison, and Ald
rich, republican members of the sen
ate finance committee, had a con
ference today for the purpose of deciding
upon a line of policy in case there shall
be an effort made to take up the currency
question in the senate. The conference
was decided upon after Chairman Voor
hees issued a call for a meeting of the
full committee at 2 o'clock today. They
will not suggesta.bilL themselves nor sug
gest anything looking to the perfection -oa-r-a
bllL Furthermore they will suggest to
the democratic members of the committee
If called upon for suggestions, that. In
view of the report that Secretary Carlisle
had been in consultation with the leaders
of the house with a view to a revival of
the currency bill in the house, in a modi
fied form, It will be the better plan to
postpone any effort to do anything in the
senate until there may be an opportunity,
to ascertain what will be the result In the
house. The conference developed that
the republicans do not consider the treas
urysituation so critical as some democrats
do, and they think it a question of revenue
rather than currency.
Springer passed some time this morning
with President Cleveland and Secretary
Carlisle, meeting them separately. When
Springer reached the house later he would
not go into the details of the private con
versations with the president and the sec
retary further than to say that there
would be no abatement in tho effort to
secure currency legislation. It was ac
cepted by members as not only voicing
Springer'a views, but as definitely deter
mining that the administration will go
ahead with the policy it has undertaken.
Springer says he knows of no new bill,
although the present bill will be shaped to
meet objections and command support
He added:
"But no concession will go to the extent
of silver coinage at a ratio of 13 to L"
The Senate Committee's Meeting.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. The senate
finance committee met at 2 o'clock today
for the purpose of considering the cur
rency question. It adjourned after a
brief session until Saturday. It is under
stood no bill was submitted to the com
It Continues to Demand the Atten
tion of the Senate.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10. Senator Ran
som, elected president pro tem. of the sen
ate during the absence of Harris, re
signed today. Ransom expressed a deep
sensibility of the honor conferred upon
him. On motion of Morgan, a resolution
was adopted electing Senator Harris presi
dent pro tem. Then, in accordance with
his announcement made yesterday, Cock
rell moved that the senate proceed to
consideration of the urgent deficiency bill,
which contains an appropriation to carry
the income tax law into effect. An aye
and no vote was taken on Cockrell's mo
tion, and it was agreed to, 43 to 29. Cam
eron and Hill voted in the negative. Af
ter the vote was announced, the reading
of the bill was proceeded with. The ap
propriation of $23,000 for the enforcement
of the Chinese exclusion act caused some
discussion, and the fact was developed
that the secretary of the treasury had es
timated that $75,000 was actually neces
sary for the remainder of the fiscal year,
but for the present the committee recom
mended the amount In the bill.
The remaining committee amendments
w8re agreed to without division, and then
Hill offered an amendment similar to that
offered by Quay yesterday, declaring that
nothing shall preclude any court of the
United States, having jurisdiction over the
parties, considering and determining as
to the constitutionality of the income tas
law, whenever, by any proceedings which
shall have been commenced or be pend
ing in such courts, such questions shall
be presented.
Quay briefly advocated the amendment)
and suggested the only thing that now
prevented the steps allowed by the amend
ment was section 2221 of the revised
statutes, which prohibits the maintain
ing by any court of a suit to restrain the
collection of a tax. Hill asserted that
there was a well-founded Judgment on
the part of the best legal talent that the
law Is unconstitutional, wholly or partly,
and the best lawyers had advised their
clients that the law was to be resisted.
Peffer moved to lay the amendment on
the table, and Cockrell suggested that the
only convention which had Inserted a
plank In its platform against the income
tax was that of the state represented by
the senator from New York, and that had
not been carried by the people. This led,
Hill to reply that the same convention