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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORKIXGr OKEGOSTAy. WED2ESDAT. JAlsCAUT 2, 3895-
FURTHER TESTIMONY REGARDING
Mont Probable Entlxnate Ik Fifteen
Thonsnnd "Were Killed and Thir-
tj-FIve Village Flundered.
BOSTON, Jan. 1. Letters have been re
ceived by well-known persons in this city,
from reliable sources in Turkey, giving
still further testimony regarding the out
rages In Eastern Turkey. The following
letter comes from a city not a great dis
tance from the scene of the outrages. The
writer of the letter Is a man in whom the
highest confidence may be placed, who
has spent more than a third of a century
in that region and knows the country and
people perfectly. This testimony is from
a source which Is entirely Independent of
any which .has been given before Later
accounts Increase, if possible, the horrors
of what has taken place. The letter is as
"The Armenians, oppressed by Kurds
and Turks, said they -could not pay taxes
to both the Kurds and the government.
Plundered and oppressed by the Kurds,
they resisted them, and some were killed.
Then false reports were sent to Constan
tinople that the Armenians were In arms
and in rebellion. Orders were sent to the
mushir.at Erzingan, to extermlnte them,
root and branch. The order, read before
the army collected In haste from all of
the chief cities of Eastern Turkey, was:
" 'Whoever spares man, woman or child
"The region was surrounded by the sol
diers of the army and fb.Ott) Kurds also
are said to have been massed there. Then
they advanced upon the center, driiing
in the people like a flock of sheep, and con
tinued thus to advance for days. No quar
ter was given, no mercy shown. Men,
women and children were" shot down.
"Probably, when they were set upon in
this way, some tried to save their lives
and resisted In defense, while those who
could, fled in all directions, but the ma
jority was slain. The most probable esti
mate Is 15,000 were killed and 33 villages
plundered, razed and burned. Women
were outraged and then butchered. A
priest was taken to the roof of his church
and hacked to pieces and set on fire. A
large number of women and girls, col
lected In a church, were kept for days,
violated by the brutal soldiers, and then
murdered. It is said the number was so
large that the blood flowed out of the
church door. The soldiers contended over
a beautiful girl; they wanted to preserve
her. but she too was killed. Every effort
is being made, and will be made to falsify
the facts and pull -the wool over the eyes
of European governments, but the bloody
tale will finally be known, the most hor
rible, it seems to me, that the nineteenth
century has known. As a confirmation
of the report, the other day several hun
dred soldiers -were returning from the seat
of war. and, at a village near us, one
was heard to say that he. alone, with his
own hand, had killed 30 pregnant women.
Some who seem to have some shame for
their atrocious deeds, said. 'What could
we do? We were under orders.' "
At a meeting of the Methodist Episcopal
ministers of this city and vicinity, resolu
tions were adopted expressing profound
sympathy with the Christians In Turkish
Armenia, and urging the state department
to promote an investigation by every
means at Its command, it was also de
manded that a sermon shall be preached
i very month until further orders on the
condition of affairs In Turkish Armenia.
The- "Whole Province of Ariueulu
Still Ilntlly DlNturbed.
VIENNA, Jan. 1. Dispatches from
Constantinople tell of numerous arrests
throughout Armenia The whole province
is disturbed. Many -troops have left Con
stantinople for various parts of Asia
Minor in the la&t few days. Their state
ments wore that their time had expired
and they were going home, but there is
good reason to believe that they were
destined for the military centers.
The recall of Abdillah Pasha, the most
fearless member of the commission of in
quiry, has been cancelled, owing to the
porte's anxiety to dispel .the unfavorable
reports to which It gave rise.
Journals in the Caucasus say that the
domiciliary visits and searches are still
made dally in Armenia and that numer
ous arrests are made. The prisons arc
crowded. The Bitlis prison Is filled with
Armenians, among them being a priest
moie than 70 years old, who was arrested
for refusing to betray his son's hiding
place. The Armenian Catholics have ap
pealed to the pope.
THE DEADLY FOREIGN OFFICE.
It In hnld to He the Worst Enemy of
Armenian, fcj lupnthtcerK.
LONDON. Jan. 1. One of the Armenian
delegates to the conference held in Ches
ter Saturday, on the subject of the Ar
menian outrages, said:
"Our deadliest enemy is the traditional
policy of the British foreign office, which
is now assisting Turkey to evade exposure
by assenting to the imposture of a Tur
kish commission to Inquire Into the atro
cities, when documents from the consuls
in Tvrkey. giving details of the outrages,
are in the hands of Lord Klmberley. The
foreign office has concealed during the
past four years records which laid bare
n conspiracy with the portc against the
Armenians. Such a .state of affairs is a
disgrace to the Christian government of
THE GEIllIVN AlOIl.
A Critic "Who Think There Should
lie More I'IkIiUu Spirit.
BERLIN. Jan. 1. The Military Week
ly, the recognized organ of the army, has
caused some sensation by the bellicose
tone of Its article reviewing the military
events of the year. The writer contends
that the longer peace Is maintained the
more miiht Germany try to encourage
the fighting spirit of the army. The en
couragement of this plrit, he thinks,
has been too much neglected in recent
ears. He complains that the science of
war has been limited too exclusively to
the staff and a few others, but believes
that the new regulations which went Into
effect laM June will tend to remedy this
-tate of affairs. The opinion most gener
ally accepted is that the emperor in
spired the criticisms and General Bron
sart von Schellendorf put them in form for
Arbitration for AH DIxpnteK Itctvreen
EiiRlnntl and the Inlteil States.
LONDON, Jan. l.-Thc Morning Post
will hao a friendly leader tomorrow ou
the mission of William Randall Cramer,
member of parliament, who will 11 for
America tomorrow to memorialize Presi
dent Clevoland and congress In favor of
the arbitration of all disputes between
England and the United States. The
"The movement lacks the truly repre
ss ntatlve charactei in which alone its
-value would consist. Neither are wc con
v.nccd that Mr. Cramer's action is desira
ble. It might havfevbetm better, and It cer
tainly would have btrcn more regular, if
the signers of the memorial had confined
their representations to their own govern
ment Congress might have been trusted
to bring a similar pressure to bear upon
lis executive. The commoners who signed
the memorial would not have been guilty
of what seems very like impertinence in
venturing upon ground where they have
no locus btandi. But the object Is so noble
and so obviously of mutual interest that
we feel aure Americans will not misin
terpret or cavil at the methods."
The Dally Chronicle says Mr. Cramer's
mission f peace and goed-wtll fe a fitting
oronlng of the new year. 11 an Anglo
American. bonfl nhmiW txi established, K
would pave the way to a great and benefi
cent change In the world. We may be
told that It is all a dream; but the dreams
of nations often come true. This ought
to be realized. .-
NEW YEAR'S HONORS.
Canada.' Premier Made a Knlffht of
LONDON. Jan. L Among the New
Year's honors announced in the conferring
of the order of Knight Commander of St.
Mlcnael and St. George, upon the Hon.
Mackenzie Bowell, premier of Canada.
The Hon. Cecil Rhodes, premier of Cape
Colony, is appointed a member of the privy
council; George Newness, member of par
liament and editor of Tid-BIts, the .Strand
Magazine, and the Westminster Gazette,
and Professor James Emerson Reynolds,
president of the Royal College of Phy
sicians, have been created baronets. Baron
Cromer (Evelyn Baring), the British agent
and consul-general in Egypt, and W. H.
"White, chief constructor of the navy, are
made Knight Commanders of the Bath.
The honors conferred excites much dis
cussion on account of the curious prefer
ences. The Times, commenting on the
"A colonial statesman or the English
man whose field is In the colonies must
do far greater things than the English
man who stays at home, in order to win
his way to that especially Imperial dis
tinction, the membership of the privy
council. The absence of the peerage is
everywhere commented upon. Lord Rose
bery's pense of the ridiculous Is too keen
to allow him to add new members to the
house he desires to abolish."
The Freeman's Journal complains of the
absence of Irish names from the list of
positions honored by the queen.
Germany and a- Tariff War.
BERLIN, Jan. 1. The Hamburg corre
spondent, usually inspired from the Wil
helm Strasse, speaks of the prohibition of
German wine by the Washington govern
ment as the first step in a tariff war be
tween the United States and Germany.
The Vossische Zeltung remarks that Ger
many can win no laurels in a tariff war
M. de Lnne-ian Explain.
PARIS. Jan. 1. Le Journal yesterday
sent a telegram to M. de Lanessan, governor-general
of French Indo-Chlna, ask
ing him to explain the circumstances of
his recall. M. de Lanessan replied that
the pretext that he had permitted unau
thorized persons to have access to offi
cial and confidential documents, which
he was charged to have done, was slmply
Attacked n. Convent Farm.
LONDON, Jan. L A dispatch from Vi
enna says 2000 men Saturday attacked the
convent farm at Stamlnlti. The police
sent to the scene were overpowered and
the military had to be called upon.
Twenty arrests were made.
Given Up for Lost.
BERLIN, Jan. 1. It is regarded as cer
tain that the steamships Napoll, of Ham
burg, and Norduce, of Altona. foundered
In the last storm. About 25 men are sup
posed to have perished.
Front Conservative to Liberal.
LONDON, Jan. L The Earl of Buck
inghamshire announced In a speech to his
tenants today that he had left the con
servatives to join the liberal party.
The C-snr'i Decree of Amnesty.
ST. PETERSBURG. Jan. L-More than
20.000 prisoners will be benefited by the
czar's decree of amnesty. Many of them
have already been liberated.
OTHER FOREIGN NEAVS.
Cnnndn'fl Cuttle, Too, Included.
OTTAWA, Jan. L The agricultural de
partment has ascertained that the term
"America" in Germany's decree prohibit
ing the entry of live cattle from America,
also includes Canada. The government
has, therefore, asked the imperial author
ities to make overtures to the German
government to have Canada dissociated
in the interpretation of the term "Amer
ica," since the minister of agriculture
reports Texas fever unknown in Canada.
AKnlnnt Hungarian Religion Bills.
ROME, Jan. 1. The pope has addressed
to Vienna a note of moderate protest
against the Hungarian religious bills re
cently signed by the emperor. He will
take no further steps. He Is strongly op
posed to the violent utterances of the
clerical journals in Hungary.
MILAN, Jan. 1. The socialist leader
Turatl and six of his, comrades were
sentenced yesterday for sedition to five
months' imprisonment each. Their
friends in the courtroom hooted the judges
and shouted "Down with the government,"
Several arrests were made.
An Abnolute Denial.
BERLIN, Jan. 1. The king of Wurtem
burg has sent out an absolute denial of
the report that serious difference arose
between him and the emperor at the East
Prussian maneuvers this year.
To IiiKtruct the Chilian Army.
BERLIN, Jan. 1. In compliance with
the request of General Korner, Chilian
chief of staff, Emperor William will send
several officers to Chill to instruct the
Itnl'- Sprlnjr Election.
ROME. Jan. 1. The dissolution of the
chambers has been postponed. The gen
eral election will take place probablv in
SENATOR LEXOW'S REPLY
nis Answer to the Criticisms of Dr.
ALBANY. N. Y., Jan. 1. In an Inter
view this evening Senator Lexow said he
had no answer to make on the criticisms
of the work of the committee contained
In Dr. Parkhurst's manifesto. Obviously,
the best answer would be to point to the
committee and say: "By their works ye
shall know them." Senator Lexow said
he had too high a regard for Dr. Park
hurst to say that he is actuated by any
but the highest and purest motives in
what he says or does. He continued:
"But it is strange indeed that when the
crucial point was reached and Superin
tendent Byrnes was on the stand, as ev
erybody knew he would be last Saturday,
everything that was suggested was done.
And yet this criticism. Throughout the
entire examination Mr. Moss stood at Mr.
GofTs side and co-operated in the conduct
of Inquiry. It is unnecessary to add any
thing to this. As to a deal, it Is plain one
could not be effected, unless through the
co-operation of a majority of the commit
tee, acting In conjunction with all the
counsel. The statement of this proposi
tion is the best refutation of the charges.
"Let any one suggest a question that
was not put. a charge that was not made,
an Indictment that was not brought, or
anything, in short, that was omitted, be
fore they criticise. To my mind, the
meat of the statement Is to be found in
the declaration that the senate has un
covered all the corruption in existence
In the police department, and there still
remains work for the Society for the Pre
vention of Crime to do. I wish them god
speed in this work."
Spent the County's Money.
CARSON. Nev.. Jan. L J. A. Hunton,
treasurer of Lyon county, committed sui
cide last night at his home in Dayton by
shooting himself through the head. He
was short oyer $5000 of county money,
but A. O. U. W. money left In his care
was all right. He left letters explaining
A Hmkcman" Death.
TULARE, Cal.. Jan. 1. H. Foster,
bmkoman on the southbound train No.
1?. was killed this evening by falling from
the train at King's river bridge. It is
supposed he came to his death while at
tempting to dislodge tramps from the tops
of cars, one of whom threw him off.
JAPANS WAR PARTY
IT WANTS NO ARMISTICE BEFORE
MinlMter Knrlao Think None Is
Probable Until After the Peace
Commissioners Have 3Ict.
WASHINGTON, Jan. L Information,
though not through official sources,
reached Japanese Minister Kurino this
morning to the effect that the liberal
party leaders in Japan had presented to
the Japanese parliament an aggressive
manifesto concerning the prosecution of
the war against China, the main feature
of which is a thorough disinclination to
consent to any policy which will lead to
an armistice In advance of the Investment
of Peking by the Japanese troops. This
action, if confirmed, though it may have
a very important bearing on the situation
in Japan, owing to the fact that the lib
eral party is one of high standing and
great Influence, the minister does not re
gard as possessing any great significance
as affecting the attitude of the govern
ment, which, following the fixed line upon
which the war has been thus far prose
cuted, will jntinue the course adjudged
best for the public welfare, regardless of
partisan decrees or manifestos. So far as
an armistice Is concerned, that Is a mat
ter somewhat more In the future than the
proceedings already taken might Indicate.
It cannot be an immediate matter, and
certainly there can be no abatement of
actual hostilities until the assembling of
the ambassadors empowered to formulate
the plans for peace. The signing by these
plenipotentiaries of a request for an
armistice and the consequent cessation of
hostilities, thus forming the basis of a
definite peacer arrangement, is thought by
Japanese officials here to- le the only
method leading to a truce. This will re
quire time. There may be long discussions
in adjusting views likely to bei manifested
by some of 'he officials participating In
the peace convention, and. altogether, it
Is too early to predict anything looking to
an Immediate armistice. The strong views
of the liberal party in Japan may give
impetus to the demands upon China,
which the representatives of the latter
government, including the American dip
lomat, Mr. Foster, acting in his personal
capacity may regard beyond the pale of
reasonable request. The diversity of views
thus arising would naturally delay a
consummation of the main event, and this
lends additional strength to the opinion of
Minister Kurlnq, that there can be no hur
Minister Kurino, who was a prominent
participant In the American ceremonies of
the New Year season today, was conspic
uous at the executive mansion, not only
on account of his representative charac
ter, but also because of his fine appear
ance in a uniform replqte with royal scar
let, bronze and jeweled decorations. He
was not averse to speaking of the ma
terial resources of Japan to friends who
conversed with him during the day. The
war spirit, he says, has not deteriorated
the material prosperity of the country,, the
Internal resources of which will adequately
withstand whatever drain may be upon I
them for the uses of war. Where, at the
opening of war, there was some decline In ;
business, a lively lessening of prices of
stocks, there was an early recovery which
btlll maintains Itself. All parties are
united In support of the government, and.
whatever Its decision is, either as to a
continuance of hostilities or consenting to
an armistice, the active patriotism of all
classes Is so thoroughly widespread as to
leave no doubt of the stand that will be"
taken receiving full Indorsement. The
work of the army and navy, thinks the
Japanese minister, tells for Itself. The
ccmplRteness, pf .these organizations and
the magnificent equipment of' each have
already proved thelrstandard.
THE QUESTION OF PEACE.
Territorial Acquisition an Interest
ing Snbject to Japan.
WASHINGTON. D. C. Jan. 1. The un
official mall from Toklo, under date of
December 11. delivered at the Japanese
legation today, brought the following
news of the war:
The question as to conditions of peace
is a principal topic of conversation and
discussion, particularly at Hiroshima,
where the Japanese court is temporarily
established. The suggestion of one Jap
anese newspaper, that, among other
things, an indemnity of $500,000,000 In gold
should be demanded, and the money
thus realized should be used for
introducing a gold standard Into Japan,
has not obtained any considerable sup
port Irom other journals. Some persons
suggest the cession of Formosa; some
the cession of the three provinces of
Klrin, Shing King and Chill, and a few
others advocate the absorption of t,he
better half of the Chinese empire. Vari
ous as are the opinions of the Japanese
on the subject, most persons seem agreed
that the possession by Japan of Formosa
and the Liau Tong peninsula is Imper
atively necessary for the maintenance of
permanent peace in the East. It Is as
serted, with some degree of posltiveness,
that the events of the war may necessitate
the cession of even more territory than
are mentioned, but, in all probability,
the Japanese demands will not be more
moderate than the basis mentioned.
Tal Won Kun. father of the Corean king,
and regent of Corea, Is reported to have
retired into private life. This has proba
bly been followed by the restoration of the
king to real power. Events in Corea have
been rather uninteresting, with the ex
ception of an insurrection at the city of
Kwang Chiu. Tens of thousands of the
population rose and besieged the citadel,
where some 700 officials were quartered.
It was not a violent attack, but rather a
kind of investment, for the people of
that city flocked around the castle, cut
off the supply of dally necessaries, seek
ing to coerce the Inmates by that expedi
ent. The officials, although driven to the
verge of starvation, took no active meas
ures, but simply waited for the mob to
disperse. Twenty Japanese soldiers from
Seoul drove off the rabble. The rising was
not of a wanton character. It was due
entirely to the Intolerable exactions prac
ticed by the local officials for years.
One account of the battle of Port Arthur
says that In an engagement at Siu-Yan-Chlng.
just before Port Arthur fell, the
Chinese behaved with their usual brutal
ity, beheading the bodies of the Japanese,
cutting off their hands, ripping open" their
stomachs and tearing out their livers. The
mutilated remains presented a revolting
spectacle. The fury of the Japanese
troops at the sight was deep, and both
officers and men swore to take vengeance
for their unhappy comrades. A telegram
from Shanghai, published in a Japanese
newspaper, says that the Japanese, to
avenge the inhuman treatment by the Chi
nese of their prisoners, gave no quarter
to the troops that marched from Foo
Chow to recapture Kin Chow, but cut
down the greater part of them. The -400
Chinese encountered and virtually an
nihilated at Ma Kwo Ling are said to
have been fugitives from Port Arthur.
The fugitives encountered a battalion of
the Japanese jn a narr0w pass. The Chi
nese fancied that their only chance of
escape lay in fighting, and the result was
heavy slaughter. The Japan Mall, an
English newspaper published in Yoko
hama, credits the stories of the massacre
In this paragraph:
"From Shanghai telegrams are being
circulated broadcast to the effect that the
Japanese troops exhibited a merciless
disposition at Port Arthur and that the
killing of Chinese took place on an un
necessary scale. We think it very prob
able. Soldiers ere human beings after all.
When they learn that two of their coun
trymen have had their bdaes crushed and
been roasted alive by the Chinese; when
they see the'awful mutilated remains of
their comrades killed or wounded In bat
tle; small wonder it they set their teeth
when next they meet the foe, and kill
as long as muscle holds out. We know
what our own. troops did In India. The
Japanese, indeed, are so keenly watched
and criticised that they must deny as far
as possible, the luxury of revenge', but
Mulvaney's story of the men that had
seen their dead applies to Japanese as well
as to British soldiers. Who of us could
bold bis nand under the circumstances?"
Mut Go to Peking:.
BOSTON, Jan. L A cablegram from
Shanghai, dated December 31, stated that
a manifesto- of the liberal party in Japan
had declared that the Japanese army
must go to Peking, and that the Sendal
garrison was about to sail for China.
Sendal Is a town In Japan near a bay of
that name, on the east coast of Hondo.
As far back as 1SS4 it had a population of
A public moral movement has recently
been Inaugurated In Sendal. After public
debate in the prefectural assembly. In
which Christian women, as well as men,
were Invited, it was resolved to abolish
prostitution. The credit for this moral
victory belongs to the zeal and courage
of the Christians of Japan. There Is a
branch of the American board of foreign
missions at Sendal. The missionaries
there at the present time are the Rev.
William W. Curtis and wife, of Norwali:,
Conn., and Miss Annie H. Bradshaw.
Liu JCunB YI Golntr to the Front.
LONDON, Jan. L A dispatch to the
Centran News from Peking says that Liu
Kung Yl, the viceroy 6f Liang Kiang, who
has been appointed as the head of the
Chinese armies, is preparing to start for
the front to assume supreme command of
The old Japanese fleet, together with a
new squadron of war vessels, is cruising
off the 5han Tung promontory.
To Quell a Rebellion.
PARIS, Jap. L A dispatch from Shang
hai says that 20.000 of Li Hung Chang's
best troops have been sent to quell a
serious rebellion at Chin Chew Fu, north
of the gulf of Pe-ChULi.
A fortnight ago the dowager empress
had 40 lashes given to Chin and Chan,
concubines of the emperor, who had ex
cited her ire by offering advice to his
No Money for Reorganization.
LONDON. Jan. 1. The Central News
correspondent in Peking says that Colonel
von Hanneken's scheme of reorganizing
the armyi3 in abeyance, owing to the
lack of money and his inability to reach
the whole Chinese force.
General Sung: Escaped.
LONDON. Jan. 1. The Dally Graphic
learns from Shanghai that General Sung
narrowly escaped being captured by the
Japenese near New Chwang.
Another Earthquake Filled the
Streets AVItlt Terrified People.
CITY OF MEXICoTjan. l.-At 10:5-1 Sun
day an oscillatory earthquake shock was
felt in this city and other parts of the
valley of Mexico. .The movement was
cast and north, but of short duration. The
disturbance caused great alarm among
those who feared a repetition of the disas
trous earthquakes of November 2, which
killed IS Tcople, and did great property
damage. In the Arben theater, the only
play-house now open in this capital, as a
result of the damage sustained by other
theaters In previous shocks, a stampede
occurred. The women leaped from the
lower boxes, and the audience struggled
to escape at the narrow exits. The man
ager appeared on the stage and tried to
calm the fc"ar of the crazed people, and at
last a degree of quiet was restored, but
not until most of the audience had taken
reruge in the streets, which were full of
frightenetLpeople. many in their night
clothes. , hescone' of, Nqvember 2 was
repeated in largepart, and thousands of
penitents knelt in the open streets and
prayed and cried aloud for deliverance
from death. In Pelem prison, where
thousands of wretched beings are hud
dled together in barracks, pandemonium
reigned, and the guards had hard work
to prevent hundreds from breaking out
ana nmgmg tnemseives over the walls.
The large supply pipes leading to the city
burst, flooding the streets. The disturb
ance was foretold two months ago by
Juan M. Contreras, of Guanajuato, an ac
credited and locally famous seismic prog
nostlcator, who prophesied that between
December 50 and January 2 this volcanic
scene would be visited by another earth
quake disturbance. Contreras is making
prophesies for three events in this line,
and says the disturbances will continue
in a greater or less degree- at periods dur
More Italian Earthquake.
ROME, Jan. L Earthquakes were felt
yesterday in Southern Italy and Northern
Sicily. Although not violent enough to
damageproperty.they increased the panic.
The whole populations of several towns
and villages are camped in the fields to
ESCAPED FROM JAIL.
Desperadoes Saw Their Way Out of
SJi JOSEPH, Mo-., Jan. 1. Patrick
Ciowe, Ira Curtner, Joe Dusty, William
Fulmer and James" Owen, prisoners In the
county jail, sawed their way out last
night, and made good their elcape., Crowe
is a desperate man, wanted in a half doz
en places for crimes. Dusty was under
sentence of death for rape. The other
men were in jail for larceny, except Ow
ens, who was also sentenced to hang. The
prisoners sawed the iron bars of the cor
ridor window and lowered themselves to
the ground with ropes. Thomas Hick
man, a trusty, was found lying bound and
gagged In the corridor, but the authori
ties assert he furnished the tools and that
he released the prisoners from the cells
Into the corridor.
A New Year's Eve Joke.
PITTSBURGH, Kan., Jan. L The six
Inmates of the city jail escaped last
night by digging through the wall of the
corridor. They went to Litchfield, four
miles away, and spent the night carous
ing. Five of them hired a carriage and
returned this morning. They demanded
admittance to the jail to complete their
sentences. They treat the matter as a
joke. Will Nickens. who was awaiting
trial on a charge of obtaining money un
der false pretenses, failed to return, and
is still at large.
The Smallpox in Washington.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 1. There were
two deaths and one new case of smallpox
yesterday. Joseph Branncn and William
Green, colored men, were the victims of
the epidemic The new case la that of
Millie Watson, a young colored girl, who
was found suffering from an attack and
promptly taken to the smallpox hospital.
Extra precautions have been taken by the
health officers in order to check the out
break. Fifteen Dny.s in Quarantine.
PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 1. After being
detained 15 days at the quarantine station
at Chester, the 465 steerage passengers of
the steamship Southwark were released
this morning. The detention was for the
period required for the development of
smallpox germs, and as no cases devel
oped, all danger Is considered over.
FLAGSTAFF, Ariz., Jan. L The IS Mo
qul Indians, who were responsible for the
recent disturbances on the reservation,
left for Fort Wingate under charge of
Lieutenant Brainard and a squad of sol
diers for .San Franciseo. The rebellious
Moquis will be confined In Alcatras for
LABOR LEADER BURNS' OPLNIONS OF
Pnuliclty Given to Many Trite Tru
isms on the Complex Character
of American Civilisation.
NEW YORK. Jan. L The Recorder to
morrow will print an Interview with John
Burns, the English labor leader, as to
what he thinks of this country. now that
his visit has almost come to a close. Mr.
Burns arrived here this afternoon " from
Philadelphia and left tonight for Boston,
where he speaks tomorrow. Among other
things, Mr. Burns said:
"Well, my visit to America is rapidly
drawing to a close. It has been a grand
trip. The size, wealth and natural re
sources of the country have simply stag
gered me. I have visited 14 cities and in
every one I have been handsomely re
ceived. In fact. I met with no greater
kindness than in Chicago itself, where a
few cranky editors have tried to misrep
resent me to the people and misrepresent
the people to me. Everywhere, both state
and municipal officials have treated me
with great consideration have gone out
of their way to oblige me, and have even
complimented me by saying that I had
some knowledge and experience in mu
"I shall take home several trunks full of
documents and reports relating to muni
cipal government, and I shall study them
all carefully. What I have seen of Ameri
can life has been, on the whole, pleas
ant, Interesting and deeply instructive.
Of all countries in the world, one can
generalize less about America than any
other. The diversity of races, religious
customs and habits renders generaliza
tion not only superficial, but absurd. The
heterogeneous character of the popula
tion prevents singularity of judgment.
The individual interests of your com
munities are as different as one state In
the North differs from another in the ex
treme South or West. The fact is, ar.
American city is often a microcosm of
the whole human race. The Italian from
Sunny Italy, the negro fiom Africa, the
Englishman and Swede cannot live to
gether In one city and display. In relation
to each other, that honiogenlty and cor
porate life which would have saved you
from many of your troubles and munici
"America is an international mosaic on
the floor of the universe. Some day the
various colors will assume their proper
position to each other, and when that
happens it will, in spite of the gloomy
outlook that monopoly causes the picture
now to assume, be a work of America's
best citizens and a justification of all the
trouble" you will have to undergo to secure
such a happy result. I like to compare
like with like, and I find that, in many
respects, American laLor is better off than
that In Europe and other old countries,
but your miners, and in many cases your
unskilled laborers, are worse off than in
Europe, and I am sorry to say their pros
pects are not improving. Your skilled arti
san, especially where he is organized, is
better off than in the old country In point
of wages, and enjoys a better standard of
comfort, but what he gains over the1 Eng
lish at the spigot of high wages, he often
loses at the bunghole of lack of employ
ment. The American works harder while
at, it, and in many cases his hours are
Ionger-and his holidays fewer than those
of the Europaan workman. His foot
pound of energy exerted in the production
of wealth, and the mental strain that the
hustling tendency of American life de
mands really makes nim no better off
Tlie New- President of Federated
Labor Welcomed by tile-. Old.
NEW YORK, Jan. 1. John McBrlde.
the new president of the American Fed
eration of Labor, and other officers of that
organization took formal possession of their
headquarters and commenced their duties.
The new council began Its sessions, which
will continue three or four days. Before
1 Mr. McBrlde took the chair, Mr. Gomp-
ers made a speech welcoming his succes
sor and the new president replied In like
manner. The headquarters of federation
will be removed to Indianapolis in about
Among the prominent visitors at today's
session was Andrew Furuseth, of Califor
nia, who has been stationed at Washing
ton for the past year in the interest of
legislation in favor of seamen. He "was
accorded a hearty welcome, and, it is
understood, addressed the council upon
the subject of speedy legislation in the in
terest of seamen. It was said Mr. Fur
useth submitted to the consideration of
the executive council drafts of bills which
will be brought to the attention of con
gress, and which he desires the American
Federation of Labor to support and en
dorse. A SECRET MEETING.
Southern Pacific Engineers Gathered
OAKLAND, Cal., Jan. 1. A delegation
of Southern Pacific engineers and con
ductors attended a meeting in this city
last night for the purpose of arranging a
new schedule of wages and runs. They
come from along the Southern line as far
south as Tuscon, Arizona. The engineers
who were'not in the meeting, are positive
that a strike will not occur at this time,
but others claim that the road will be tied
up. However, all Is quiet in the railroad
yards tonight. The engineers who were
in session aje nowhere to be found, but
it is given out by the knowing ones that
trouble is brewing. Many of the promi
nent American Railway Union men, who
lost situations last July, .have been ap
proached by engineers during the past
week, and asked what action they would
take if they were given the support of
the engineers and conductors. The cut in
wages began December 1, and 700 miles a
month were added to their runs out of
El Paso, without extra pay. This was vir
tually a reduction of $6 50 for the engineers
and $140 for the. firemen, on the round
trip. All runs of the Southern Pacific
system have been lengthened from 2S0 to
700 miles per month, without extra pay.
The American Railway Union men deny
that they, as an organization, have been
offered anything here, but In Interior
points the union is making up with the
ADDRESSED 11V "IV03IEN.
Miss Wlllard and Xmly Somerset
Speak to Shoe Workers.
HAVERHILL. Mass.. Jan. L The dem
onstration of the strikers of this city to
night was by far the largest of its kind
ever held here. About C00O shoe workers
and their sympathizers paraded the prin
cipal streets, while fireworks and decora
tions greeted the men as they marched.
The procession made it3 way to the city
hall, where a mass meeting was held. J.
M. Carey presided and introduced Miss
Frances E. Willard, who delivered a stir
ring address, urging the women to con
tinue their work or organization. She ex
pressed sympathy with the working peo
ple and advised them in. their struggles
for the right to maintain the respect of
their fellow-men, which could be accom
plished in no better wtey than by a refusal
to have anything to do with Intoxicants.
Lad Somerset was then Introduced. She
said that while she was unable to discuss
the local aspect of this matter, she knew
that the strikers were making a fight for
manhood and womanhood, and urged them
to stand out persistently against the
greatest tyranny the world has ever
known, the modern capitalist. She made
an eloquent appeal for trade unions
among women, and told what It had ac
complished among women in England.
Ore-Whrelers Walk Ont.
BRADDOCK, Pa., Jan. L-Tonight ail
GOLDEN RULE BKZHSR,
, Cor. Tljira arid Morrisort Sts.
GOLDEN RULE BHZKKR
th ore-wheelers of the blast furnaces of
the Edgar Thompson steel works, on both
the day and night turns, went out on a
strike against a reduction of wages. -About
600 Slavs are now out. All the
furnaces, nine In number are closed.
The Reduction of WnBC.
NITTA YUMA. Miss., Jan. 1. A move
ment which seems destined to become pop
ular among the planters of Mississippi
was inaugurated at a planters' meeting
in this town. Prominent agriculturists
of Delta were present and resolutions
were passed 'fixing the pay of the best
male labor at 30 cents per day and the
best class of female labor at 40 cents
per day. Not more than $7 per month,
with rations, will be paid the best labor
ers, and crops should be laid by at a
maximum expenditure of $3 GO pei acre.
Clubs will be formed at once throughout
the state having for their motto the- re
duction of wages. Colonel John R. Cam
eron, Captain John Willis and Dr. A. J.
Phelps, three of the most prominent men
in the state, are giving the movement
The First of re Series of Reunion
Held In ChlcnKo.
CHICAGO, Jan. 1. The initial reunion
meeting of the World's Congress Auxil
iary was held at the Auditorium tonight.
The auxiliary was formed for the purpose
of renewing the friendships and commem
orating the achievements of the world's
congress, of 1S03. It is also proposed to
continue the work and extend the influ
ence and interest of the congress. The
meeting was called to order by C. C.
Bonney, of Chicago, who was president of
the congresses held during the fair. In
his opening address, he dwelt at consid
erable length on the work accomplished
by the congresses held during the fair,
and spoke in confident terms of the good
that they, will do in the future, If they are
only carried on in the same manner as
were the meetings of two years ago. Ad
dresses of welcome were then made by
Mrs. Charles Henrotin, Mrs. Elizabeth
Boynton Herbert and Mrs. Caroline K.
Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus, of Chicago, fol
lowed with an address on "The Mystery
of Culture, Literature and Art." Dr.
Henry W. Rogers, of the Northwestern
university, dwelt on "Higher Education
and Good, Government." Mrs. JF M. Flow
er discussed "The Public Schools and Good
Government," and Professor Harper;
president of Chicago university, spoke on
"Higher Education and International
Peace." A greeting from the Orient was
read by Professor Shoyo, late of the Uni
versity of Tokio.
"The religious congresses of 1S33,
crowned by the world's parliament of re
ligions," was discussed by Rev. Frank M.
Bristol, Rabbi E. G. Hlrsch, Rev. L. P.
Mercier, Rev. L. Jones and others. "The
Brotherhood of Science and Faith," was
the subject on which Andrew Morrissey,
of Notre Dame, Dr. J. M. Coulter, of
Lake Forest university, and others spoke
at some length. A number of addresses
'were made by speakers not in the regular
programme; and letters of regret were
read from Cardinal Gibbons and a num
ber of clergymen who took part In the
congresses of two years ago. The plat
form of the auxiliary was set forth by
President Bonney," in his opening address
"We would make the social purity and
the moral power, of which woman is the
divinely appointed representative, as po
tent in public as it-is in private life. We
would exalt and establish all the useful
Industries of the world and crown them
with blessings and honors for the services
they render to mankind."
Other objects of the auxiliary are to es
tablish just and equal relations between
labor and capital, and provide for a sys
tem of co-operation between them. Sim
ilar meetings to that held tonight are to
be held for the same objects In other
cities of the country which participated
in the world's fair congresses, and partial
arrangements have been made for the
holding in Chicago in the near future of
world's congress extension meetings in
the departments of science, literature and
THE LAUGH ON THEM.
Would-Be Robber Hold Up the
CAMDEN. Ark,, Jan. l.-Six masked
men made an effort to rob the northbound
Cotton Belt train, due here at 10 o'clock,
at a tank 10 miles south of Camden. Their
object was to secure the express money.
The. train stopped as usual to take water,
and the negro porter got off the train to
go around to the tank and let the water
on. He was stopped, however, by a
Winchester in his face, and ordered to un
couple the cars. This order was obeyed.
The engineer was made to run the cars
up the track from the train, a distance of
half a mile. The bandits discovered too
late they had made a waterhaul, taking
the basrgage car instead of the express
car. They had to grin, take their medi
cine and go to the woods. The leader
told the engineer that he had the laugh
on them, but would seen him again. The
work was so quickly done that the pas
sengers did not know what was going on
until the would-be robbers had found
refuge In the dense forest.
The scene of robbery Is more than a mile
from any residence. The small station of
Buena Vista. Is about a mile south. There
is no better place than this for bandits
to ply their calling. A posse has left
here in search of the would-be robbers,
the men were masked with red handkei
chiefs. It is supposed they went out from
Camden, and it Is even intimated that
they live In Camden. A dispatch today
from the Cotton Belt officials states that
a reward of J200 will be paid for the arrest
and conviction of each of the parties, and
the governor is expected to offer a reward.
An Ohio Wolf Hunt.
DEGRAF, O., Jan. 1. The hunters from
the northwestern counties of Ohio enjoyed
a great wolf hunt today. Ed Aiken
brought six wolves from the Rocky
mountains for the great field day- The
sports first mado a 30-acre enclosure for
a fight between a wolf and a hound,, on
which there were heavy wagers. Two
more hounds were turned In and there
was a. row among the bettor. Revolvers
were freely drawn and bloodshed threat
ened. The wolf was lassoed "and 'caged
I and the contest declared a draw. Then.
one wolf was let out without the en
closure and 20 hounds, pursued with an
army of horsemen- The hounds of Jacob
Lofter, of Degarf, and John Graham, of
Lewiston, caught the wolf-and won the
Collision on the Ulfc Four.
MUNCIE, Ind., Jan. L There was a
collision at Yorktown. at 4:30 this morn
ing between a westbound freight train in
charge of Conductor Morman. Engineer
W. A. Shull and Fireman Henri' Hurst,
and an eastbound freight train on the Big
Four in charge of Conductor Tingley.
with Charles Sutton as engineer, and
Joshua Walsh, as fireman. W. A. Shull
was killed, Joshua Walsh, fatally In
jured, and Henrj- Hurst, Charles Sutton,
badly hurt. The engines came together
with terrific force, rising high in the air
and falling a mass of debrl3.
A Slander Suit.
VANCOUVER, B. C, Jan. l.-A sensa
tional suit will come up in the supreme
court next week, the principal parties be
ing the ehajrman of the school hoard .and
a well-known local pastor. Rev. W. W.
Baer, pustor of the Princess-street Meth
odist church, sues Trustee Macgowan for
damages for slander, claiming that Mac
gowan called him a liar.
Favored by the Pope.
ROME. Jan. 1. It is believed in vatfean
"circles lhat the pope favors the proposed
of Cardinal Gibbons, of Baltimore, that
the cucharist congress meet in the United
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