Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 01, 1895, THIRD PART, Page 29, Image 29

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The Curriculum Patterned. After the Best Public Schools of the
East The Corps of Competent Instructors An
Outline of the School "GTorlz.
S everybody knows,
Portland only es
caped being called
Boston by the toss
of a coin. Boston,
as the hub of in
tellectualltyof the
East, has paid spe
cial attention to
perfecting her sys
tem of public
bchools. Portland,
as the leading: cen
ter of population
In the P a c i fi c
Northwest, has
taken the same
pride in her public
schools, and today
a system of popu
lar education is
maintained here
that meets every
demand of the SO,
090 cr more people
who live in Port
land and the adjacent suburbs.
Like every great system. Portland's
schools have only attained their present
standing after years of hard work and the
expenditure of thousands of dollars in
perfecting them. The first school here
was a modest affair. It was opened by
2dr. Ralph "Wilcox, and was quartered in
a small structure at the foot of Taylor,
street. Its first enrollment was about 20
pupils, and it was conducted In its first
location for one quarter or three months
only. In the spring of 1848 a school was
opened in a log cabin at the corner of
Second and Stark streets by Miss Julia
Carter. The enrollment was a little larger
than that of the school before it under
the management of Mr. Wilcox, but a few
months terminated Its existence, and it
was not till the winter of 1818-19 that the
south of the town were enabled to avail
themselves again of the benefits of in
fctruction In the rudimentary branches.
The "Cooper Shop," a sketch of which
appears in connection with the present
article, was for many years a landmark
that recalled to the minds of many people
the former existence of primitive Portland
as it was in the early '50s. The illustra
tion of this modest building was made
from a pnotograph now in the possession
of David Jionnastes, one of Portland's old
time citizens, and the present owner of
the site this structure formerly occupied.
It was In this building that Aaron J.
Hyde taught school during the winter o"
1S4S-49. Professor T. H. Crawford, for
many years city superintendent of pub
lic schools, in his carefully compiled his
tory of the public schools of Port
land, notes that the "Cooper Shop"
ias for many years the only public hall
in the village, and many notable gather
ings of a public nature were held within
its walls. The building was located on
the west side of First street, between
Morrison and Yamhill. The lot on which
it stood (lot 3, block 1) was sold May 12,
3S56, to Davis & Mcnnastes for the sum of
5250. Small as nas the purcnase price, at
that time It wes a matter of current re
Iort that, the property had formerly been
sold to Samuel Hancock, of Washington
territory, for the material consideration
described under the euphonious appella
tion of two "bull pups."
The "Cooper Shop." in addition to the
use which was made of it as a public
school was the s;enc of many gatherings,
and was notably popular as the rendez
ious for church services, Sunday-school
classes and public meetings. The demands
of the larger town of Portland In 1857
tailed for the construction of a building
better adapted to the requirements of a
jm hool rind public hall than the antiquated
Cooper Shop" had been, and the discard
ed schcolroom was metamorphosed. Into
ths prosaic but indispensable Chinese
Before 1S52 the opportunities for instruc
tion enjoyed by the youth of Portland
were confined principally to private tutor
uce. At a public meeting held in Oregon
City early In 15.19. Ttev. George H. Atkin
son made the lirst proposition to organize
a stem of free schools in the state, and
the bill as he outlined It was passed by
the ttrrltoiial legislature on September 5
of the same ycai. The fir-t free graded
Fihool was opened in Portland December
6. 1S52, in the "tchoolhoufce." used both for
school purposes and for church gather
ings. It was located on the west side of
riret strect, one door north from Oak.
The bell us-ed on this building now hangs
In the belfry of the Taylor-street Metho
dist church. John II. Outhouse was the
llrst teacher.
Dei cloiuiicnt of the lreeut Sjstcm
of Instruction.
HE Portland public-school sys
tem continued to be developed
after 1S52. It was during this
period of early development
that Sylvester Pennoyer, who
afterward gained a national
reputation as governor of Ore
gon, took such a prominent
part as one of the best public
Instructors who ever presided
over the public schools of Portland. In
July, 1SS3. Pennoyer was appointed as
pr.ncipal of the illage school, a position
he tilled acceptably for about six months.
Jsew districts were organized from time
to time, and on Monday, April 2C, 1S69, the
). gh school department was first opened
lit the North school building. Between
1SC9 and 1SS5 the high school occupied vari
c .s quarters. For a number of years it
was located in the old Central school
bulling, on the site now occupied by the
Hotel Portland. The present high school
b illding. the finest public-school struct
ure in the fctate, whs first commenced in
1&3, and it was finished in 1SS5. Its total
cost was 512S.300, including the purchase
price of the block on which it stands. This
land at th time its title passed to the clty
sold for $30,000.
The school buildings of Portland are
modern structures, well heated, perfectly
'i.ilted and suited In every way to the
demandsof the city for commodious school
structures. There are today 31 public
s.obool buildings in Portland, and the total
number of pupils enrolled In these schools
in 1SJU was 10,273. The total number of
t-'aihtrs employed during the year was
222. Of this number of Instructors, 197
were women, and 23 were men. During
the fiscal year ending June 30. V94, the
hum of $194,046 was paid out in teachers
salaries. The net cost of maintaining the
schools for the year was J23a.317. an in
crease over the previous year of 36,638.
""his makes the annual cost of maintain
ing the schools of the city to oach Inhab
itant 52 55. The average dally attendance
1 1 the Portland rchools i 792S.2. In this
strict publlc-ssehool Instruction is lim
i'ei to youth between the ages of C and 21
e::rs. Th annual npart on the local
I ul lie schools callp attention to tJie fact
t--t the law goitrnlr.g compulsory educa
tion Ih Inoperative unless enforced by the
board of ducatlon. The city school super
intendent calls special attention to the
fat t that, of the large number of children
c(rc nool age la Portland, but a oompara
ti , slv small number are in regular attend
ance at the city wheels. According to the
Excellent Public Sy stern
of Education.
last school census, which is the basis for
the distribution of state and county school
funds, there were 19.S19 children of school
age in this city. Of this number, 6419 were
not reported at any of the local schools.
These doubtless are made up principally
from the families of ignorant and improv
ident families, who in the hopeless strug
gle in life they themselves have engaged
in have but a. faint appreciation of the
necessity for giving some slight attention
to the instruction of their progeny in the
rudimentary branches of an education.
The courses of study provided in the
primary and grammar depaitments or the
Portland public schools are the best-adapted
methods for the proper development of
the mind In youthful scholars and for im
parting knowledge In the elementary
oranches. The curriculum and methods
of instruction are uniform throughout all
the city schools. The school system is
divided into eight grades, each grade be
ing subdivided into two classes, designated
A and B according to the years of school
attendance. It is interesting to note in
this connection that under a law of Ore
gon it is made the duty of every public
teacher to give suitable instruction In
physiology and hygiene, with particular
reference to the baneful effects of alco
holic drinks, stimulants and narcotics up
on the human s-ystem.
Principles of benevolence and charity
are ineulcatsd into the minds of school
children. Special Thanksgiving exercises
are held annually In the local schools. On
this day donations are accepted from
teachers and pupils alike of such useful
articles as provisions, clothing, etc. For
the charitable homes established in the
city for the care of homeless children a quantity of toys and delicacies are
offered every year by the sympathetic
school children of the city. The homily
that principles of honesty, truth, benevo
lence, sobriety and industry are unalter-
ably fixed before a child has reached his
16th year is generally recognized, and the
Inculcation of these principles, which is
the basis of all good government, in the
unequal public system of education of
the United States, furnishes the key to
the unalterable support which the Amer
ican people give to the public schools, and
their disposition to regard as an cneniy
to the public liberties any man who would
propose to impair the usefulness of these
same schools.
In addition to the special exercises of
Thanksgiving week at the public schools,
exercises are held en Memorial day, Wash
ington's birthday j nd ether public clays of
the year, p.y an act of the legislature ap
proved by Governor Pennoyer February
15, 1SS9. the observance of Arbor day was
made an Imperative cne at all the public
schools of the state. The second Friday,
in the afternoon, In April of each year was
designated as Arbor day. The object
sought to be attained was the special en
couragement In the minds of childien of
treeplantlng and the proper preservation
of our great natural wealth in forest
growth. At the leading schools of the state
treeplanting on this day has become on"
of the most Intel :sting of exercises held
by the school during the year, and it is
an event to which all the school children
cf Portland now look forwaid with the
snme interest that they are expo-ted to
show In anj of the important school func
tions. The Oregon Humane Society now holds
anniversary exercises each year in Port
land, in which the society offers prizes to
school children for the best -essays on
kindness to animals. These essays claim
considerable attention from the pupils,
and, like all competitive efforts, the re
sults have been more than satisfactory to
the faculty of the schools.
In the fall of 1S73 an innovation was
made by the management of the public
schools of the city in opening a night
school for the accommodation of those
who could not attend the day sessions.
The first night s.-hool closed after a brief
session on April 1, 1S74. On January 2,
1SS4, nearly 10 years later, the night school
was ac.ain opened. Regular evening ses
sions wjre held In the Watson school
house. Boys only were admitted. In 1S53
the present successful night schocl was
established. Kegular evjning sessions are
now being held in the high school build
ing, and pupils of both sexes arc admit
ted. The only requirement for admission
is that the pupils must be 15 years of age
or over. Many of the constant attendants
PIBLH NtifOOt tr
s' ' flmffi ? E2E3 s 'i I'w in
Et ' $' 1 1 f 1 1 1 1 v FT" Y S &?' II I 5s It1 imSBfH' lHSSSt v4
at this school have passed the age of
maturity, and are -either of foreign birth
with but a smattering of the English lan
guage, or those who neglected the early
opportunities for obtaining a common
school education. The small tuition fee of
51 a month is charged those enrolled who
are over the legal school age Last year
four teachers were employed in the night
sessions, and 237 pupils were registered.
The practical work of this department has
already won for it the general recognition
by the public as an institution from which
much public benefit may be looked for.
Miss Aphia L. Dimick, principal of the
night school, makes the following report
of its condition for the year ending March
0 last:
"The largest class (nearly one-third of
the school) was composed of American
born children, who through poverty or
other causes were deprived of the advan
tages of the day school. Thty were faith
ful and earnest, and fully appreciated the
privileges afforded them in the night
school The other classes were
composed of foreigenrs from 16 to 30 years
of age, who were learning to read and
write English."
A night school is also conducted in the
Albma Central school building, under the
supervision of D. TV. Jarvis. The school
is conducted on the same general plan as
the evening session on the west side of
the river.
The pupils in attendance at the public
schools of Portland have the advantages
of a hbiary of nearly S00 carefully selected
volumes. Formerly this library was lo
cated in the high school building, but the
books were last year distributed among
13 of the leading schools, and. as they are
all Interchangeable, they circulate more
generally among the students than was
possible under the old regime.
With the consolidation of Portland came
the merging of all the many school dis
tricts in the city and its suburbs into a
single system, under the control and di
rection of the same management. This
has resulted in obtaining for all the
schools of the city better teachers and a
greater degree of efficiency than could be
hoped for with the school Interests di
vided. It has at the same time lessened
the cost of 'the maintenance of the free
schools here, and has given the school
system a prestige, from its very magni
tude, which was altogether lacking before
Portland and its numerous suburbs were
eonsohdated under a single municipal gov
ernment. In addition to the public schools, Port
land supports a number of very efficient
private schools of recognized merit. There
were registered at hece private seats of
learning last year 1017 children. These
schools include the Portland university.
j Bifchop Scott academy. Portland academy.
St. Helen's Hall, St. Mary's academy, St.
Michael's academy, medical departments
of both the Willamette university and the
state university, Portland business col
lege. Holmes business college, and a num-
Ler of other private institutions and
schools devoted to teaching special
Tne actual number of days during the
year 'n which school sessions are held in
Portland is 190. For the year ending June
30. ISSlthe enrollment at the high school
was ., grammar schools 2635, and pri
mary schools 4671. Out of this great num
ber of pupils there were but 55 cases o
suspension during.the year, 176 cases of
corporal punishment, and 1961 cases of
The following table shows the increase
of Portland's school population since 1374:
C2 & l
2.S .B 2 J"1
JUNE. f! ! f"
1S75 1700 110G.5 97 0 90.1
1876...., 1S70 12S1.1 11SG.2 92.6
1S77 20S5 1417.6 1S23.7 93.15
187S 2T2 1C14.2 1512.C 91.3
1S79 :M47 1744..". 1649.2 91.6
1SS0 2313 1S59.6 1775.7 9r..4
1SS! 2S94 20OT0 i:-fo.S 95.0
1S?2 aiSO 22GS.2 21C5.3 I 96.5
1SK3 S4S3 "452.2 2:157.6 96.1
1SS1 SS64 2S97.C 2779.095.9
1SS5 3378 3091.6 2971.8 96.3
18SG 4066 3119.1 299S.S 96.1
1SS7 ; 4132 3173.5 3051.4 95.1
1SSS 49 3212.S 3063.6 95.1
1SS9 : 4362 3360.9 3213.4 95.3
1S90 4S92 35S1.7 I S397.3 94.8
1S91 5215 ! 3S56.2 I 36S6.S 95.5
1S92 9641 I 72S2.7 6973.0 98.0
1833 9S10 I 76S1.4 7364.1 95.S
1S94 10273 I S240.7 I 792S.3 96.1
This shows a gain of 4C3 in registration,
559 in the average number belonging, and
56t in average daily attendance.
The following statistical matter will fur
nish an index of the importance of the
local public schools:
School population
School census, March, 1S93 19,015
School census. March. 1894 19.819
Females (white, colored and Chinese)10,355
Males (white, colored and Chinese).. 9,464
Increase over last year 804
Number between 4 and 6 years 2,120
Number entitled to school privileges.17,699
Registration (whole number of pupils
registered during. the year, exclusive
of night school)
Girls 5.239
Hoys 5.034
Total 10,273
Per cent of school population (basis
17,699) 5S.0
Iiegistratlon by departments
High school 548
Grammar schools-'...... 3,lSi
Primary schools,.. 6.532
Total ..., , 10,273
Average number belonging
High school 492.3
Grammar schools 2.S0S.3
Primary schools 4,939.4
Total S.240.C
Average daily attendance
High school 463.7
Grammar schools 2.710.3
Primary schools 4.74S.2
Total 1.S2SJ2
Per cent of attendance..
High school S5.4
Grammar schools &S.2
Primary schools 96.0
All schools 96.1
The nativity of the children in attend
ance at the public schools of the city is
shown by the following statement: Dur
ing the year there were In attendance at
the city schools 3193 children who were
born in Portland, 1530 native-born Orego
nlans, 4591 born in states outside of Ore
gon, 214 natives of British America, 171
born in Great Britain and Ireland, 201
born in Germany and Austria, 124 born in
Norway, Sweden and Denmark, and 24J
ivho were natives of other countries than
those named above.
Among the great schools of Portland, is
the Portland university, which occupies a
valuable and most attractive site on the
peninsula, between the Willamette and
Columbia rivers, and within the city lim
its. This Is a higher seat of learning,
which ranks with the big colleges of the
West, and it is In charge of a thoroughly
efficient corps of instructors.
One- of the Best-Known Schools on
the Con!.
HE Bishop Scott academy be
gins the new year with an in
creased attendance and a
marked advance in proficien
cy on the part of Its students
in both the scholastic and the
military departments. At the
opening of the Christmas
term, Captain William M.
Kimball, V. S. A, was de
tailed by the war department
as professor of 'military sci
ence at the academy. This appointment
gave a new impetus to the military dis
cipline of the academy, and already shows
admirable results In the general bearing
of the individual cadets. The scheme of
thescholastic work adopted by the faculty
has, moreover, within the past year re
ceived recognition from Stanford uni
versity and other colleges, which in con
sequence accept certificates of graduation
from the school in place of entrance ex
aminations, and at all the higher Institu
tions to which they have gone the Bishop
Scott academy boys have acquitted them
selves with credit.
The Bishop Scott academy was founded
in 1S70, and Is yet the only distinctive
boarding school for boys in the Pacific
I Northwest. Its high rank as a prepara
tory school for college and business has
been long conceded, and it now has the
distinction of being the only school of its
class in this region to which a regular
army officer has been detailed as active
Instructor. These features give it a
standing which appeals to the confidence
of parents and secures a widely extended
Panics leave their good effects upon In
stitutions as upon individuals, as parents
are then careful to send to a high-grade
school only boys who demand attention
and who appreciate the advantages of
fered by such an Institution. Consequently
there is a weeding out from the attend
ance of the private schools of much of
the undesirable material, and that which
remains is in a large measure a survival
of the fittest, and therefore of a more se
lect, capable and., ambitious character.
This results in an elevation of the soclil
and moral tone of the'Instituticn.
Dr. J. W. Hill, the principal, took charge
of the Bishop Scptt,aadeiny in 157S, wnen
Its fortunes wero.ut!nowXbb, and by his
executive afiility A4jinthusiasm as an
educator he has, brought iVto its present
1 1
plane of efficiency. He is devoting his en
tire time, in this his 17th year in charge
of the affairs of the institution, to the
best physical, mental and moral develop
ment of his charges.
Complete- Plant for Their Mannfnc
'J ' ture Established Here.
It is with much pleasure and satisfac
tion that the steady advancement of home
industry among the local enterprising
manufacturers is recorded, there being
nothing more conducive to the prosperity
of the state and city than home produc
tion, and every inducement and encour
agement possible should be extended to
those who, in the face of so many serious
obstacles, display both enterprise and
One of the most important of recent in
dustries started here during the past year
is the manufacturing of the Pacific School
Desk by. the East Portland Mill & Fixture
Company, 441 East Morrison street. The
reputation of this firm for excellent work
and thorough business dealings Is suffi
cient guarantee, they having been suc
cessfully engaged in the manufacturing
business in this city during the past eight
years, and they are so well known to the
general public that any further introduc
tion is quite needless at this time.
Heretofore all school desks used in Port
land and throughout the state have been
supplied at a great expense by Eastern
houses, through representative agents.
This firm, recognizing the opportunity to
gain a profitable market on this coast,
has succeeded In producing a desk not
only equal. but,greatly superior, and at a
less cost, than any ever before introduced
in the American school. With combined
beauty, durability and cheapness, its suc
cessful future is assured. It is also well
worthy of notice that every part of the
seat and desk is made here in Portland,
casting and hinges included, and the
woods are native Oregon maple.
The manufacturers feel greatly encour
aged by the phenomenal success they have
met with. They have furnished all the
desks used in the Portland public schools
during this year, as well as those for the
new public school at Astoria, besides
numerous other schools throughout the
state and coast; and after a thorough in
quiry Into the matter It is found that
wherever they have been placed they have
given the best of satisfaction. The fac
tory has an output of 20,000 desks annu
ally, and the company expects to be oper
ating to it3 full capacity during the com
ing year.
Including stocks and bonds, the railways
of the United States are capitalized at
$60,000 per mile, while those, of Great Brit
ain are capitalized at ?220,000 per mile, or
nearly 400 per cent higher than in this
Prof. A. P. ARMSTRONG, - The, Oregon, December 26, 1804.
Portland, Orecox,
Dear Sir : My son Henry and my daughter Alice will enter your school on Wednesday, Jan. 2nd. Henry is to
take the business course, Alice the shorthand and typewriting. I intended to start them in the fall, but thought I
could not spare the money. I have come to the conclusion that I can't afford not to send them. When young people
reach a certain age it is hard to keep them interested in school. Besides, times are growing better every day.
I want Henry to get a usable education. One must have this in these days, to make any headway in the
world. Alice is to St herself to make her own living, if it ever becomes necessary. I have always been sorry I did not
send my son Frank to your school before he took charge of my saw-mill on Puget Sound. His education docs not seem
practical. Last summer he lost $230 by a slip in commercial law,in making a lumber contract. He also got his books
tangled, but a young man employed in a bank over there (a graduate of your school, by the way) straightened them
out at a cost of $40. I want Henry to make sure of a business education first, so as to avoid such blunders. If he
wants to go to college afterwards, all well and good.
The Portland Business College has a fine reputation here. All I ask of my children is to accomplish as
much as other pupils of yours from this section have. If they do not graduate this season they will return next year.
I think this an excellent feature in your scholarship; and your tuition rates arc very reasonable. You may send reports
of their progress every two weeks, and oblige. Very truly yours,
Editor Oregoxiax: You may print the above in the spare reserved fortius school on the '
The letter reached me this morning, and hits the nail squarely ou the head, to my thinking.
Successful Career of This Leading
Institution of Lenrnins Beauty
of Its Location.
HE Portland University was
organized In the year 1S91, un
der the auspice3 of the Metho
dist Episcopal church. The
university is under denomina
tional control, as are most of
tho great schools of the coun
try, but it is not in any sense
sectarirn. The board of trust
ees is composed of some of
the best business men on the
Pacific coast, of which H. W. Scott is
chairman, and ex-Senator illis is sec
retary. The site of the university is on a high
plateau between the Columbia and Wil
lamette rivers, and about three miles
north of the center of the city of Portland,
of which It commands a fine viv. The
beautiful island in the river, the high
range of evergreen hills on the west, the
lofty peaks of five perpetual snow-capped
mountains to the east, the long sweep of
the Cascade mountain range to the north.
steamers from local points on the river,
ships from all the countries throughout
the entire world passing within a stone's
throw of the university building, all com
bine to lend a charm to the scene that is
nowhere excelled.
The attendance has reached a total en
rollment of 500 in less than four years.
Under the presidency of Dr. C. C. Strat
ton. an educator of recognized standing.
sustained by a strong faculty, with the
adfcintage of being located near the corn-
j merclal, railroad and money center of the
Pacific Northwest, and enjoying the as
sured prospect of a splendid endowment,
the university ranks with the leading edu
cational institutions of the Pacific coast.
When the university was located on the
peninsula, the board of trustees, believing
that, bounded as it was on two sides by i
two great rivers navigable by the ships of
the world, this elevated point of land was
some day destined to become a densely
populated portion of the city of Portland,
purchased 600 acres of the choicest of this
land. With the exception of 70 acres le
served for a campus, the whole of the 600
acres was laid out into blocks and lots.
The alternate blocks, or one-half of the
lots, were set aside and reserved for a per
manent endowment, the other: half being
put on the market for sale. About $i09,000
worth of these lots have been sold. There
are now about 2500 people in the vicinity
of University Park who were attracted
here by the healthfulness of the location
and its convenience to the center of the
city, as well as its proximity to the uni
versity. Under the skillful and judicious manage
ment of Francis I. McKenna, the general
land agent of the Institution, wonderful
strides have been made in the way of im
provements. University Park now ha3 all .
What He Wrote About,
Can't Afford
A Slip that Cost Him $330.00
Superior Boarding and
i iflif,
The $T. HHV. B. WISTflr JHOJIS, ft. t., eetot?
The JVIISSES SODEY, Principals
the conveniences of a modern city, in
cluding city water, electric lights, graded
streets, sidewalks, public parks, public
schools, boulevards, etc.
There are three four-room public-school
buildings on that part of the peninsula
convenient to University Paik. The Bap
tist society is just completing a beautiful
little church. An Episcopal church has
been commenced and will be pushed to
completion at an early date. Notwith
standing the monetary panic of the nation,
about $50,000 was expended in building
here in the year 1894. There are practical
ly no vacant houses at the Park, and the
prospects for new buildings to be erected
are very bright for the coming year.
Poiuts In Egryptolosry.
The so-called "Old Empire" includes
the fourth, fifth and sixth dynasties, from
2S30 to 2530 B. C; the "Middle Empire"
th$12th and 13th dynasties, from 2130 to
law B. C; and the "New Empire" the
ISth, 19th and 20th dynasties, from 1330 to
to 1050 B. C. Only these three periods are
taken into serious consideration. There
are no monuments belonging to the first
three dynasties; from the seventh to the
sleventh were periods of political con
fusion, and after the 20th inscriptions
and papyri are too rare to yield satisfac
tory results.
Peculiarities of Hillcr.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Hiller was quarrelsome, but possessed
of such native dignity as to never express
himself in a manner unworthy of a gen
tleman. He disliked extremely the "new
school" that sprung up In his middle life,
but never engaged in personalities with
Wagner or any of the advocates of the
"music of the future."
Not to Send Them.
1 college pace " of the Jcw Year's
Hastily, A. P. Armstrong.
Day School for Girls
100 and 102 Front St,
Portland, - Orcgrorj.
BLAKE, McFALL S. CO.. 100 AND 102
Wholesale and Ratall Dealer In
Vagotis, Buggies, etc.
First-Class Gsods Sold at Democratic Priest.
Store and Varehouse at
lo 194 Front St
Portland. Or.
Has been the favorite throughout tho world lot
oer fifiv veaxs.
I Safe amosuh.szho4c. fwvrauws safe
fflr MmX.