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About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View This Issue
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DEVOTED TO THE POLITICAL AND GENERAL INTERESTS OF THE PEOPLE.
II 1711 J I I 1 ll I I A
T1IE STATE REPUBLICAN.
Published ererr Saturday by
J. NEWTON GALE.
Terms of Subscription
Tb Rtrriucix will be published at ('2 SO .year in ad
Vac; t l uo it' paid at tliu end of six months ; or (4 00
t tho clone of the year. One dollar additional will be
charged for each yeur payment is neglected.
XJg So papers discontinued until all arrearages are
$aid, except at our option.
Rates of Advertising.
K)ae square (ten Hues or less) one month,
4ach additional insertion,
Business Curds, one square or less, one year,
" " " " six months,
"Four squares and upwards, one year, per square,
" " " - six months, per square,
U M ttltl llinnths, "
Xdininistrator's Notices, and all advertisements re
lating to estates of deceased persons, which
have to be sworn to, one square, lour insertions,
To Advertisers. -Business men throughout Oregon and
"California will hml it reatly to their advantage to advor
ise in the Stats Ubi'idlican.
The Law oi Newspapers.
1. Subscribers who do not give express notice to the
contrary, are considered as wishing to continue their sub
2 If subscribers order the discosunuance of their pa
pers, the publisher may continue to send then till all ar
rearages are paid.
5. If subscribers neglect or refuse to take their papers
from the office to which thev are directed they are held
responsible till they have settled the bill and ordered the
4. If subscribers remove to other places without in
forming the publisher, and the paper is sent to the for
mer direction, they are held responsible.
6. The courts have decided that refusing to take s
paper from the office, or removing and leaving it
uucallcd for, is prima lacia evidence of intentional fraud.
There seems to be some misapprehension in
regard to the particular kind of Stamp required
for a particular transaction. The original Aet
did require each and every kind of transaction
to be stamped with a sUmp denoting that par
ticular branch of business ; but Congress seeing
ttJio difficulty and embarrassment to business
which would necessarily arise from tho stringen
cy of the law, wisely passed mi umendm nt to
the Act. We give the amendment as it was ap
proved, December 25th, 18(52:
" Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no
instrument, document, writing, or paper of any
description, required by law to be stamped,
tillitll bj d.iemed invalid, and of none tffect for
tha w. nit of the. particular kind or denomination
of stamp, designated for and denoting the duty
t'trtrgeT'oii " an" such instrument," document,
writing, or paper, provided a legal stamp or
t a m ps, denoting a duty of equal amount, shall
have been duly affixed and used thereon ; provi
ded, that no prov ision of this section shall apply
to any stamp appropriated to denote the duty
charged on proprietary articles."
In all cases where an adhesive stamp shall be
used tor denoting any duty imposed by this Act,
the person using or affixing the same, shall write
upon it the initials of his name, or deface the
same in such a manner as to show distinctly that
uch stamp has been used, under a penalty of
Bank Check, or Draft at Sight For nn
amount exceeding $20
CertifieatH of Stock-In an Incorporated
Certificate of profits In un Incorporated
Company, for an amount not less than
$10. nor exceeding $50
Promissory Note or Draft-Other than at
sight or on demand, of from $20 to $100
From 100 to 200
" 200 to
" 350 to
" 500 to
" 750 to
" 1,000 to
' 1,500 to 2 500
" 2,500 to 5,000
Every additional 2,500, or fraction..
Broker's Note-Or memorandum ol sale
Protest of Note, etc.-Or Marine Pro-
Power of Attorney To tratsfer stock,
bonds or scrip
I o receive dividends or interest
To vote by proxy
To sell or lease real estate
To receive rent
Warehouse receipt For all goods on
Telegraph dispatches The charge for
which does not exceed twenty cents for
the first ten words
When it does exceed 20 cents
Express Company's or Carrier's Receipt
Where compensation is 25 cts. or less
From 25 cts. to $1
Certificate of Deposit For a sum not
Pill of Exchango (foreign) -In sets of
three or more, not exceeding $150. . .
From 150 to 250
' 250 to 500
500 to 1.000
" 1.000 to 1.500
" 1.500 to 2.250
2.250 to 3.500
" 3,500 to 5.000
5,000 'o 7,500
Every additional 2,500, or fraction. .
Bill of Exchange (foreign) or letter of
Credit-Drawn simply, or other than in
a set of three or more, the sante as a
Promissory Note or Draft at sight
Bond Other than those required in legal
proceeding', and such as are tot other-
wise charged herein
Mortgage or Bond, to secure a Debt
From $100 to $500
" 500 to 1,000
" 1,000 to 2,500
2,500 to 5,000
" 5,000 to 10,000
" 10,000 to 20,000
Every additional $10,000 or fraction. .
Originul Writ-Except those issued by a
J ustice of the Peace, and those issued
in criminal prosecution by the United
States, or any State
Probate Will, or Letter of Administra
tionWhere the estate does not exceed
2,500 to - 8,000..; . . 1
-5,000 to 20,000 2
20,000 to 50,000 5
50.000 to 100.000 10 00
100,000 to 150,000 20 00
Every additional $50,000 or ft action . .
Policy of Insurance on any life or lives
wbrre the amount insured does not
From $1,000 to $5,000
Fire and Marine Risks
Deed of Grant-Where the consideration
is more than $100 and not exceeding
From 500 to 1,000
" 1,000 to 2.500 2
" 2.500 to 5.000 5
" 5,000 to 10,000 10
" 10,000 to 20,000 20 00
Every additional $10,000 or fraction. . 2 00
Leasc-For three years or less
For more than three years 1
Agreements-Other than those mentioned
above, (or any appraisement,) for
every sheet ot paper on which it is
Certificate Other than those mentioned
The stamp duties on Express Companies' re
ceipts do not extend to receipts for articles or
packages transported for the Government, ror
receipts for articles or packages transported by
sucli companies without charge thereon
Take Care of Yourself.
"Take care of yourself !" is a principle, which,
in some respects, is not neglected by mankind in
general, but it is not often carried out in tho wy
it ought to be. Take care of yourself; for be
assured, from the very outset, that if you do not
take cue ot yourself, there are none to be found
who will perform this office for you. In taking
care of yourself, your health, your reputation,
year interest, your bnpptncra arc to be considered
and whatever else combines with them to make
up the individual recognized as yourself. Aeon
trary course, in some instances, may secure you
a temporary popularity, but nothing more.
1 eoplo may call you a clever tellow, and all that:
but heed them not ; fir the day may come, unless
there be a prudei t change in your tacttcts, when
the very same people wiil pass you with a smile
of contemptuous pity, as the man who did not
know how to take care of himself; and this you
will find but a poor reward for sacrificing to the
good of others. Your individual self, rememb
er, is a sacred trust confided to your keeping
and, as that trust is discharged, so will be your
happiness here as well as hereafter.
It is a great fault to neglect your own advance
ment in iite ; see to it always, by every means
of a fair and honorable character. It is folly to
stand aside, w hile others pant and struggle tor a
prie, which might as well be yours as theirs.
Assert your own claims, your own dignity ; and
heed not the sneers that may assail your coining
forward. It is ever so. If you are successful,
these sneers at last will be turned into applause.
What are great men, successlul men, self made
men all men whom the world admires! What
but men who have taken care of themselves 1 It
is not, perhaps, that all of them are endowed
with lofty qualities ; this was not necessary to
the end ; but it is evident that they have been
firm and inflexible in taking care of themselves,
those nearest t them have doubtless often tho t
that they were cold, selfish and wanting in gene
rous sympathies. But let it be remembered that
if you take good care of yourself, it is essential
that you devote yourself to a purpose, always
fixing your energies upon the end you have in
view, and laboring steadily until that end is at
tained. All else must be secondary and insignif
icant. If you pause to chase butterflies, and
P'ay a'nong roses more than is necessary to nour
ish strength, some one else, who better under
stands how to take care of himself, steps fleetly
beyond your place of enervating repose, and you
will never recover the lost ground. Up, then,
and h doino-!
"Waste not, want not," was well written on
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the walls of the industrious man's kitchen ; but
"Take care of yourself should be placed in let
ters of gold before the eyes of the young, that it
may never, even for a moment, be forgotten.
Pay no regard to unreasonable sneers about tak
ing care of Number One. It is your special
business on earth to take care of that number,
and to have a sharp eye to Number One's wel
fare. It you acknowledge the correctness of this
maxim, awake at once from your dream of disin
terestedness, and look at the fate of those who
were careless of Number Une. See them in
middle life observe them in old age. Alas!
w hat sorrow, what sultering, what remorse ! lie
wise, therefore, while it is morning ; for in pay
ing due attention to yourself you will be able to
assist those w ho stand in need of your assistance;
and there is no greater happiness than in this.
Ladies in London are providing themselves the ship. The object has been to make her supe
whistles to call the police in case of danger. The rior in all respects to any steamer afloat, and
"Ladie's Anti garotter Whistlo" is the .those who have examined think it has been at-
I Litest fancy article in the shops !
CITY, OREGON, APRIL 11, 1863.
Plants Proper for- Wismw Cultukb.
Plants which will continue healthy for u long
time in the confined air rooms are generally those
which have a peculiar surface, or texture in the
foliage such ure tunny of tlu Aloes, Cactuses,
Mcssembryaiithemuins, anion;; w hat are called
succulent plants ; and in a lugger temperature,
some of the curious Epiphaht, or the natural
order Orchidte. We recollect noe seeing a very
interesting collection of more t ian two hundred
species, grow ing in a high stuU- of perfection, in
tne hi. use of an amateur of sue ulcnt plant, liv
ing in the Grand Sablon at Brt- sets. The room
containing them was fitted up'iiuchin the same
way us an ordinary library, with abundance of
light shelves round the walls, and n 1 large table
in tho middle of the room, oi4bii woro plauod
the pots containing the plants. At night the
room was lighted up by t splendid glass lamp,
and it was heated by on a of those ornamental
stoves so common on the continent. Altogether,
it had a very neat appearance. The Chinese are
very attentive to tho house culture of many of
the orchideous epiphyat:, and thereby greatly
increase the beauty and fragrance of their apart
ments ; they have them in ornamental baskets
and vases, and even suspended in the air, where
they last for many years and flower beautifully.
Some of them continue in flower for many months
and diffuse the most delightful fragrance during
It was so cold at St. Petersburg last winter
that people couldn't breathe out of doors. The
streets were empty for days together.
Among the last heard of oddities attracted to
Paris by various motive is said to be a Russian
prince of great wealth, his fortune being estima
ted at the respectable- figure of six hundred cud
fiftv thousand dollars a year.
i - .
Two attorneys got into a game of fistcuff in
the Superior Court of Chicago somo days since,
und, after pummeling each other to their mutual
satisfaction, were each fined one hundred dollars
for contempt of court.
The Portland police discovered a barrel of
liquor the other day, buried deep in the ground
front which n pipe conveyed the beverage to the
counter of the owner with the aid of suction.
It is estimated that in the state ot Louisiana,
thcro are fifteen thousand square miles of fertile
alluvial soil which lio below high water mark,
and which require to be protected by artificial
Late advices show that Japan is in a regular
state of revolution. Important reforms are no.
inr inaugurated and changes mado which will
affect the interests of foreign countries. It is re
ported that the Regent has been murdered.
A Manufacturer in Connecticut found in a bale
of cotton, tho other clay, a large piece of grind
stone, a common granite boulder that would
weigh nearly a hundred pounds, and a large log
of wood, for which he had paid sixty two ceula a
A son of lion. Mward Jivcrett, who is in
Cambridge College, England, recently mado a
marked impression by the ability he displayed
n n debating society w hich was arguing the
American question. lie demolished the secesh
arguments of young Lords Russcl und Jrevcl-
As a sample of Eng'ish correspondence, the
statement is given in a London pa ier that two
well known Confederate generals are now living
at their ease in Pennesy Ivaniu on $170,000 which
was paid them for surrendering thi torts of New
Orleans to the Union forces without making any
Am Italian beggar, who pretended to be blind,
and was enrched in Philadelphia recently, had
$20 gold piece and $70 in treasury notes on his
person, inegold piece dropped upon me iioor
, ... , i . i n
and rolled awav, when the vagabond s sight came
to him and he sprang after his treasure with the
greed of a miser.
As a company of soldiers was or. the march
through a small country town, the Captain a
strict disciplinarian noticed that one of the
drums did not beat, nnd ordered ft lieutenant to
nquire the cause. The delinquent whispered in
the ear of the lieutenant :
"I've two ducks and a turkey in mv drum, and
tell the Captain the turkey is for him.
This state of affairs being reported to the Cap
tain, he raised his voice to a high key and ex
"Why didn't the fellow say before that he
was lame 1 I don't want any man to drum for
me ho doesn't feel able !"
A drafted soldier in Wisconsin, was discharg
ed by the surgeon, on account of having one short
eg. Soon after, an Irishman, who had been
drafted, applied for his discharge, claiming that
both legs were ton short.
New Steamer for the Pacific The Pacific
Mail Steamship Company have just built at New
ork a new ship for the Panama route, called
the "Golden City," glowing descriptions of which
are given in the papers of that city. She is three
undred and thirty feet long ; breadth of beam,
forty-five feet : tonnage, 3.500 tons. The model
is beautiful, and she cannot fail to be a fast ves
sal. She has been designed with great care and
skill for her special business, no expense having
been spared, w hich is calculated to contribute to
I the comfort of passengers or the excellence of
Slaves at a Discount. The appraisers of the
slave property of the late Charles Carroll, of
Maryland, one of the largest slave owners in the
State, have made returns, assessing the value of
one hundred and thirty slaves at an average of
five dollars. This is the highest price they could
name after consulting with numerous slave owu
ers and dealers, and is considered a striking illus
tration of the depreciation of slave property by
jhe rebellion, and will have a powerful influence
in Mary land.
A sailor dropped out of the rigging on a ship
of war, somo fifteen or twenty feet, and fell
plump on tho first lieutenant. "W retch, said
the oflieer, "where did you come from 1" "I
came from Ireland, your honor."
From the Risiso Tina. I
THOUGHTS ON aiVKHIAUi;.
BY Mil 9. M.
How many Oh ! how many heart-histories,
were they written, would be stranger than tic
tion 1 But they are hid from public gaze, and
none, or perhaps but few, suspect but what they
are happy in their social relations, and enjoy the
full measure of bliss meted out to that most sa
cred tio conjugal union.
Many, I think wo may say the majority, of
those w ho enter those relations have no true idea
of marriage, or that high, pure blending of
spirit which is requisite for future happiness,
and which alone t marriage. Wo nre accus.
tomcd to call tho shadow, the substance, or tho
legal ceremony, marriage, when, perhaps, it
binds those whose natures never can harmonize;
eonsqiiontly discord and hatred will be engen
dered, causing the blight to fall upon life which
is worse than death or annihilation.
Ah ! who that reads from the inner pages of
life, and sees the tall effect ot such bondage;
(no-not the full effect, for that wo cannot know,)
but a tithe of the misery and wretchedness where
only legal marriage exists unsanctified by pure
conjugal love, but must wish to blot this curse
from earth, les, lis tho bitter ot all bitters
the blighting of all that renders life pleasant and
desirable this legal slavery without true mar
Be not alarmed, and say, I wish to do away
with marriage; by no means. I would first be
sure of the true, high, holy union, and then the
ceremonial would not be mockery. JNow we
speak of marriage and divorce only as sanctioned
by law, und not tho blending of soul with soul,
and life with life : and where this docs not exist
the parties are divorced, or never truly married.
A friend rises up before my mental vision.
I sec her in tho. purity and innocence of girlhood
with loving friends around her lifo seems one
happy day. Anon, dark clouds gather in the
horizon ; loved ones pass away ; wealth takes
its flight and she is left struggling in the world
alone. Weary and sad now seems life's path
way r.o fond friends to caress ; v.o cheerful
home to shelter; no loved mother to counsel,
but only toil, daily toil for the pittance which
supplies tho necessities of life. Yet, within I
read, "still pure and good as when first wo met."
Time passes on. I behold her once again. Ah!
how changed ! She is now deck"d in wealth and
fashion, und ouu beside her stands claiming the
sacred name of husband. See him look with
pride upon the lovely one his wealth lias bought,
and drink in the honors lavished upon her good
ness nnd intelligence with the thought, she is
Ah, a sigh escapes her lips what means it 1
surely she is not unhappy amid such wealth and
splendor. A tear-drop too glistens in her eye.
1 analyze it, and read its bitter lesson. She long
had struggled with poverty, loneliness and failing
health, until disheartened, she, like thousands,
gave ('twas all he asked) her lovely person and
sparkling wit, fur a home! Rut uh, she learns
too soon her great mistake. The soul is not sat
isfied. Her afleetional nature meets with no
response. lie gives her all by him deemed req
uisite for happiness, and thinks her so. He
knows her not. He appreciates not her nature
or worth, tho is starving for love and sympathy,
more keenly than when first they met, for now
she is mocked with the scniblanco where no love
The above is not a solitary case, neither a one
sided case, but both parties often feel their utter
unfitness to make the lifo of the other pleasant
and happy. Marriage without the blending of
spirit, is one of the greatest blunders of mankind
and the most diflk-ult to bo remedied.
Methinks Horace Gieclr must bo highly fa
vored of Heaven, nnd never fed on husks for
love, or allowed his sympathies to flow for hu
manity, or he would admit other causes for di
vorce than adultery. That, though a great wrong
is naught compared to a lovelett, haples lifo
tho enduring bondage of only legal marriage.
The Pandkrehs to rebellion to be Met
Promptly. The Administration is growing bold.
I have reason to believe the President is alarmed
at the manifestations in certain free States of a
traitorous spirit, and that ho is determined hence
forth to treat it with severity. If tho Govern
mcnt is not strong enough to nut down the trai
tors at home, it may as well perish now as at
any other time. At any rate I am assurcJ by
those who are in a position to know Mr. Lincoln s
opinions and intentions, that he will hereafter act
with promptness against any man in the army
or out of it who panders to the rebellion, or who
disobeys his orders it he is bound by his oath to
obey. lie is turning down a new page, and we
shall see what the effect will be. If it gives heart
to the loyal men of the country it will answer a
good purpose. Cor. Lot ton Journal.
Yocrn and the lark have their song for the
morning, while age and the nightingale have theirs I
The Mean Xam
" I've known some very mean men in my '
time. There was Deacon Overreach, now he
was mean, ho always can ied a hen on his gig
box when ho traveled to pick up the oats his
horse wasted in the manger, and lay an egg for
his breakfast. And then there was Hugo Him
mclman, who made his wife dig potatoes to pay
for marriage license." " Ltwyurs," he contin
ued, addressing himsolf to Barclay, " I must
tell you that story of Hugo, for it is not a bad
one; and good stories, like potatoes, ain't as
plenty as they were when 1 was a boy. Hugo
is a neighbor of mine, though considerably older
than I be, and a mean neighbor ho is, too. Well,
when bo was going to get marriod to Gretchcii
ivolp, he goes down to Parson Rodgers, at Dig
by, to get a license.
'Parson,' says ho, 'what's the prico of a license?'
'Six dollars,' says he.
'Six dollars!' says Hugo ; 'that's a dreadful
sight of money. Couldn't you take any less V
'No,' says he, 'that's what they cost me to the
Secretary's office, at Halifax.'
'Well how much do they ox for publishing in
Church, then V
Nothing,' says tho parson.
Well,' says Hugo, that's so cheap I can't tx
pect to give no change Laik. I think H'H be
published. How long docs it take V
'Three Sundays ! says Hugo. 'Well that's a
long time, too. But three Sundays oro only a
fortnight, niter all j two for tho cover and one
for the inside, like ; and six dollars is a great sum
of money for a poor man to throw away. I
So off' ho went jogging towards homo ond look
ing about as mean as a now sheared sheep, when
all at once a bright thought came into his head,
and back ho went as fast as his horse could carry
'Parson,' says he, 'I've changed my mind.
Here's the six dollars. I'll liu tho knot with my
tongue to-night that 1 can't undo with my teeth.'
'Why, what in nature is tho meaning ot all
this V snys tho parson.
'Why,' says Hugo, 'I've been ciphering it out
In my head, and it's cheaper than publishing
bans, after all. You see, sir, it's potato-digging
time ; if 1 wait to bo called iu Church, her futlier
will have her work for nothing; and. as hands
aro scarce and wages high, if J marry her to
night, she can begin to dig our own to-morrow,
and that will pay for tho license, and just seven
shillings over; for thcro ain't a man in all Clem
euts that can dig and carry as many buthels in
a day as Grctuhcn can. And, besides, fresh
wives, like fresh servants, work like smoke at
first, but they get saucy nnd lazy after a while.'"
" Oh, my" said Miss Lucy, "did you over hear
the boat of that ? Well, 1 never."
Corporal punishment should bo the last resort :
never usod except for an atrocious crime, or a
smaller one obstinately persisted in. And, to
render it efficacious, or rather, to prevent its bo-
coming a dangerous evil, it b hou d bo adminis
tered with perfect serenity of temper and unco
tion towards tho offender.
Every kind of punishment that inav terrify
the imagination, ought to bo strictly guarded
against. Tho dark closet is one of that kind.
Severe rcproachos, rough handling, and the has
ty slap, if thoy do not much terrify, lessen right
authority and injures the temper of tho child.
Wildren should not bo punished lor mere ac
cidents; but mildly warned aginst similar care
lessness in future. And yet somo people show
much more displeasure with a child for occidently
breaking a piece of china, or tearing its clothes,
than for telling an untruth. Here tho lesser is
preferred to the greater, and the primary object
of education is lost sight of.
When a child has been punished in any wov. he
should bo restored to favor ns soon as possible ;
and when ho has received forgiveness, treated as
though nothing had happened. He may be af
fectionately reminded of his fault m private, as
a warning for tho future; but to upbraid him
witn it especially in the presence of others, is a
breach of honor and a great unkindncss. Under
any circumstances, to reproach children in com
pany is useless, and ofiou injurious, as well as
painful to them ; and is generally done from ir
ritability of temper, with little view to their
profit. To have the name of a naughty child,
may produce so dtsheatcning an effect on the
mind, that the ill consequences may bo felt to its
The Emancipation Proclamation. The San
Joso Mercury says that it asked a secessionist
the other day what objections he had to the
President's proclamation. "Oh," said he, "it is
useless ; it w ill never reach the niggers : will
stir them up to insurrection ; can't operate only
wncre me army goes ; won t operate there be-
cause the niggers will not run away ; is unconsti
tutional ; robs the rebels ; will fill the free States
with worthless blacks that will drive white folks
out; will oblige white girls to marry niggers ;"
in fact ho went on till we thought of the man
wno said he had the jaundice, dyspepsia, consump
tion, small pox, gout, rheumatism, and was unwell
Clear Headed. A young man recently be
came infatuated with a lady not a thousand miles
from this town, and finally proposed matrimony.
The lady, being a genuine Unionist, and having
ascertained that the fellow was opposed to the
Government asked him where he was from.
Having ascertained that he was a Northern man
she told him that she rever would placo herself
under the protection of any man w ho had not
honor enough to stand up for his own people. If
he was a Northern man and against the war, she
didn't believe he was honest, and didn't want
anything to do with him.
Scnible girl, tliat..
j M'irijtoin Giue'tf.