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About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View This Issue
DEVOTED TO THE POLITIOAL AND GENERAL INTERESTS OT THE PEOPLE.
EUGENE CITY, OREGON, DECEMBER 15, 1SG2.
THE STATE REPUBLIC AA.
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for, is prima facia evidence uf intentional tiaud.
Iars:i B.owiilow's Speech at Chicago.
From Tlio Chicago Tribune of Oct. 27th, wo
t.iko the following extracts from Parson Drown
low's speech in that city :
I lake tlte ground that wc arc in tho midst ol
:i wickeJ rebellion, for which there is and never
has been any just or sullieient cause ; auj I go
.still further than this I make my statement still
stronger anil mure emphatic we are in the midst
of a rebellion for which there is not, and never
lias existed even a shadow of a pretext. Why
Jo I say so ?
This Government of ours, in its present form,
udjjuiler t ur most excellent Constitution, has
existed a little over seventy-five years. Dining
that time wo have held in this country nineteen
Presidential elections. In that period we at the
sSouth (don't forget my figures, and non't forget
my I icts), we ut the South, with half the States
and Territories you have at iho North, with half
the population, witli nail the electoral voles you
Jiave east in a Presidential contest, havo elected
llio President thirteen times. Wo have graci
tis!y o hi descended to allow you to elect six
li nes. Not only so, but we re-elected, to fill a
second term, live ot oar men nt tho South.
Those live men occupied the chair so long as
forty years. With us down at the South it has
boon a settled policy during all this time never
to permit or tolerate any man north of Mason
mid Dixon's line in filling the otiL-e. a second
time. Not content with having occupied the
presidential chair twice to your once, not con
sent with having controlled tho patronage and
power of the Government twice to your ouee,
we sozjd upon, appropriated and used, for the
-meanest and (Tiniest ol purposes., two or three
-of the six you had elected, who turned out to be
"Northern men with Southern principles."
The last ono of those that was made the cat's
paw of, and the meanest one of the whole crowd,
'by any o lds, was tho Old Public Functionary ol
Pennsylvania. An old man whoso h int and soul
is with the rebellion to-night. I have been in
Lancaster, and all aboutoverthatcountry. I have
not talked with him personally. 1 have not got
so low yet. But J conversed with reliable and
intelligent Peunsy Ivatiians whit had conversed
wiili him, to whom ho said ; "This war is nil
"wrong ; it ought to bo stopped. We ought to
stop it. Yv'e cau never t-ubdua this people,
they are not the people to bo conquered," and so
on ; evidently showing by tho touo and teiwr of
Jiis conversation, that he is with the enemy. You
and I admit that it ought to bo stopped ; that it
is all wrong ; but who inaugurated, who forced
it upon : lie people? Not the Government that
is now prosecuting the war, but those against
whom the Government is prosecuting it with in
creased btreiigth and vigor.
When Jell' Davis made his first levy for troops
J was editing a paper at h'noxville, EastTenn.
at paper they crushed out this day twelve months
jigo. luat makes tins r.iy anniversary, you
know. Laughter. On the 2oth of October
last, they crushed out tho most widely
circulated newspaper by far that floated
wer Jell Davis' ungodly dominions at that time.
and the only religious paper of any denomination :
in the entire Confederacy, and God knows my i Slidell of Louisiana, our benign Government
Knoxviile Whiy was not tous enough to hurt, took out of Fort Warren when we were feeding
Jloais of lauglitei. The rebel soldiers used to j them on who!emc diet, put them on a l'ritish
meet me on the streets, and commence cursing vessel and sent lliem as Ministers to tho Courts
and blackguarding me : "Why didn't I go in for of St. James ar.d St. Cloud, to rep resent Jell'
Jell" Davis and my native South?'' Drunk on Davis' Confederacy. If I had been the Govern
mcan whi-ky for the first levy they brought j ment I would have lied an ordinary sized grind
into tho field were riot the flower of the Southern stone around each one of their necks and cast
youth as they said not tho best blood of the j them over into Do-ton harbor, w lu re John II m
South ; but the rig tig and bobtail of Southern . cock, Simuel Araams, or their friends, a long
society. Raid 1 ; Hal ara you going into ;
his war for ?" "Wo are g'ing in ( r our rights." !
"What rights have you lost ?"' "The right, by !
G il, to carry our iieres into the Territories;" ;
n hen to my pe1 onal knowledge, fur no man in
the South knows more men than I do, two thirds '
of the whole army at that time never owned a
l.i gro in tho world, and never were related by
affinity it consanguinity to any man that ever '
did or ever will own a neg'o. :
I may say to night, honestly, and in the fear
tf God, before this vast audience, they are notation. I wish to prosecute the war until we cx-:
efrt. Th-y r.iikc !Vt the pre
text. Thoy have thrust the negro forward. They
make that the bono of contention. I think it
perfectly right that the Federal army should ac
cept tho challenge tako up tho glove thoy have
thrown down pick up tho rigger and worry
them with tho nigger until they have their fill of
tho nigger. Applause. I shall have occasion
to speak of the President's proclamation before
I havo done, if I do not forget it. If 1 do forget
it, 1 hopo you will jog my memory. I shall
lmvo oeoasion to speak of the proclamation, and
shall have occasion to indorse it.
I Hold and I will utter it now, lest I forget
this part of the subject that everything a rebel
has on the faco of the green earth, a rebel South
or a rebel North; his land, his horses, his money,
his hogs, his property, including his negroes all
he has ought to he confiscated, and then his in.
fernal neck ought to bo confiscated. Immense
applauso and laughter. I deny that tho rebel,
North or South, against this benign Government
of ours, hag any but two rights under the sun ;
the ono is the right to bo hangned, tho other the
right to be damned. Continued laughter.
Tho truth is, these leaders at tho South are,
and havo been for years, sick and tired of a ro
publican form of. Government. I know it. I
havo known it all tho time. In fact renublijan
government never did exist in South Carolina,
if the letter and spirit of tho Costitution of the
United Staies had been adhered to sho never
could havo been admitted into the Federal Union,
as a member thereof, fur sho never had a con
stitution that was in letter, spirit and form re
publican. I havo lived in South Carolina. J
have traveled extensively in South Carolina for
years. Why, in tho legislative assemblies, the
Sergcant-at-Arms and a deputy or two, with
cocked hats and swords, retire and bring in tlio
Speaker of tho House, or tho Speaker of the
Senate, who comes robed in enough black silk to
dress out in all (ho amplitude of fashion any two
ladies here, even in times of tho most extrava
gant hoops. The Slieriif accompanying them,
with cocked hat and sword, gives three raps
upon the floor and cries, "Mako way for tho
Speaker !" Thou ho maivhesj grandly in and
takes his seat. The same pompous forms are
observed w ith one of their Circuit Judges. He
is conducted in tho same way. I have seen old
Judge Dutler, afterwards Senator, march in with
his silk robe on, preceded by his SherifF and
deputies, in cocked hats, and with swords, cry.
iug, "Make room for the Honorable Court !" and
everything squatted like so many quails when a
liawK is about. Laughter.
Do you know that a man has to own so many
negroes in South Carolina before he cau either
vote or occupy a seat in the Legislature The
limit is ten. Now if you, as a South Carolinian,
have nine valuable negroes worth nine thousand
dollars, yon cannot bo admitted ; if i havo ten
or eleven little, yellow ashy ppceaninics, brought
out of an alligator swamp, raised on green per
simmons, laughter, I can take my scat while
you must stanil back.
lam in favor to-night of letting out as a con
tract to the Yankees by our Government the
saw ing of South Carolina out of this Union and
fliatiijg her into tho Atlantic and sinking her
into eternal perdition. Applause and laughter.
It that cannot bo done 1 am in favor of reducing
Charleston to ashes, leaving not ono stone upon
another, and then, I hope, thoso men who are
running for Congress will pledgo themselves to
vole for !i law that it should never again bo re
built while God liveth and man servcth.
Let me call to your minds Judgo Dauglas, the
late lamented Senator from ibis State. I regret
his death as much as any of you, fir if he were
living to-nght, I know enough of tho man to know
he would he in this war with a cocked hat on his
head, epauletts on his shoulders, his sword by
his side and a commission in his pocket, signed
by his old opponent in law and polities. Abraham
Lincoln. Applause. IIo would be fighting
tho battles of this Union, against this infernal re
bellion, for Douglas lived and died a true Union
man, and if be could bo resurrected hero to nigh
with what infuriate scorn and contempt would
ho look upon these Democrats who are sympa
thising with this rebellion Judgo Douglas,
while in his place in tho Senate, heard a remark
from a Southern Senator which he exposed from
his place in the Senate, and dared a denial, lint
ho never denied it because he knew Douglas
could prove it, and what was that remark ? "No
matter what the North may agree to concede to
us, tho Soula intends to reject anything and eve
rythinu, because we intend to go out." Who
was that Senator 1 It was that most corrupt and
abominable of all old dcina"!;uc.s, that old.
spavined, glandered, distempered,
sway backed, whisky rotted John M. Mason of
Virginia. Laughter and applause.J I know
Mason, and I have known him long, and I know
him, if he is living to-night, in France and Eng
land, as t lie cmbs'Jirnent t original sin. lie
is one of the mn whom associated with John
time ago, threw some boxes of tea. Slidellnaj
worse man than Mason, because Lo has more
sense. Slid. II has lived for til rty years by frg- j
ei v, false swearing, lying and stealing ; but John ;
Siidell be irs on the side of Lis head a face that'
lac Alm'gh.fy put llvre as an rdvprliseim't.t, that
no judge nfhnman nature in L'lrope or America j
ininht rver mistake him for an honest man.
I nin an a Ivoeateof coercion in tl's war. '
I am the advocate of subjugation, if you phase. 1 !
go beyond that ; I am the advocate of extcrmin- i
'-. iH tV.n rail tinn flrf in
prayer to peoplo that country with a better breed j
It is sheer nonsenso to bo raising all this hue
and cry against the Administration and President
Lincoln about his emancipation proclamation.
Ho proposes to give tho rebels now in rebellion
against this Government a hundred days grace
to reflect and di their works over again, and re
turn to the fold from which they hate strayed
away. If they do not choose to do that he pre
poses to emancipate their negroes, and ho pro
poses to pay loyal men for their property, all
any Union man, North or South aught to ask,
and it ought to bo done. The rebels make their
negroes an element of strength in this rebellion.
They keep them by the hundreds of thousands at
homo raising bread and meat, while all tho able
men aro conscripted and out lighting against this
Government. If Lincoln did not take from them
everything which lay in his power, which
strengthens them and enables them to carry on
the war. he would bo Kiiilty before God of
perjurv. I therefore iudor-e tho proclamation.
Wo want somo changes in tho army.
Gentlemen, they are too blow. There' aro a
very few men in the army who come up to my
standard. I can name four or five. I name you
Picaune Dutler of New Orleans for one. Gen.
Miiciioii wiii do lor me. Kosocrans is vuo ot
my sort of men. John C. Fremont is my sort
of man. I don't care any thing about heir black
llepublicanism or Democracy ; lot's go ahead
and mako a spoon or "spile" a horn. I don't
caro what their politics are,
A Voice "Sigel."
I ought to have named Sigel, for ho is the best
man in tho crowd. Dut you need not think
strange that Sigel is all right ; wherever I have
been all over this country, as well as at the
South, the Dutch and other Germans aro all
Union men. I laid in tho knoxvillo .pill with
some of tho best and noblest hearted
who ever breathed Union men put
their principles. I left lliem there
Somo escaned, some died : some followed me in
to Ohio and are at Cincinnati now. The Dutcli
aro till right.
Tub Etrecr As a polite omnibus agent
was going through tho ladies' cur checking
baggage, ho asked a pretty young lady if
sho had any baggage sho wished taken to the
"No sir," was her reply.
The 8v;eiit then asUeJ hor if sVu desired
'No, sir, I am not tn a bussing liutnor this
Tho agent dropped his memorandum book,
hastily retired to tho baggage car and said he
CivaiTy. Civility costs nothing : so wo have
been duly instructed from an early ago ; but,
however little civility may cost us after the habit
is acquired, the civility that has cost us nothing
is of very liltlo worth. For what is in-lit by
civility 1 A "soft voico and a deferential manner?
A feeble readiness to yield in i'ldill'ereiit matters
and a reluctance to give ollense or cause distur
banco 1 Scarcely so. True civility impiles some
degree, however small, of selfsaerifice and sell
sacrilico certainly costs us something. No
doubt there is such a thing as feelingpleasuro in
selfsaerifice, a pleasure keener than can be gain
ed by self seeking. Dut such a pleasuie is it
self an evidence of goodncHi, and must not be
confined with natural passion or instinct. It is
tho friend of an habitual endeavor to act kindly
by thoso with whom we have to do, tuul has
reached maturity after many struggles and con
flits. Thus whoever takes pleasure in civility
generaly lias something good in him ; for the civil
ity we mean is not a mere superficial politeness
"adaody'd deal of courtesy" the indiscriminate
fawning of a spaniel, tho grimace of an unctuous
impostor; but a harty wish to mako others com
fortable even at our own expense. Of course
the wish may f ill when the trial becomes severe.
Civility 'Iocs not nrcessaril v imply a high degree
of self denial. It indicates that the germ of it is
there capable of expansion and so far as it goes,
is a virtuous and wholesome habit of the mind.
Keep Dcsr The idler or, perhaps wo may
give him tho mere legitimate and descriptive
name ot loafer is a sponge on society, a mere
vegetable,!! sort of toadstool, and quite as useless.
IIo never produces a single thought, his hands
are never turned to anything, but hi tolls about
lazy nud miserable, from morning until night.
Fie, fie, man! what is life without activity?
July a door groaning on its rusty hinges. Wo
rare not how rich a man may be; to be happy
he must be busy. 11 'line indolence as you may,
ennui will creep in. The only thing that melan
choly fears is perspiration. Tho best fun in the
world is activity. Who ever saw a wood
sawyer or a hod carrier troubled with the blues,
it is only the rich and comfortable that die f
indigestion. When we set our eyes on a lazy
coniplaing man, we recall Zimmerman's words;
' If you ask me," says the shrewd old philosopher
"which is the real hereditary sin of human nature,
do you suppose I thall answer pride, or luxury
or ambition, or egotism ? No; I shall say indo
iei.ee conquers all the rest." Indeed, all good
principles must stagnate without mental activity
It is with us as with tho things iu tiutura about
us, which, by motion, aro preserved ia their
purity and perfection ; if the waUr runs 'lis ch ar
sweet and fresh, but w hat is more noisorno than
a stagnate pool ! I thagor.is says, that in this
theatre of man's lab it is only reserved for God
and angles to hxA on. Dut, according to Swifc,
even angles irc nut lo be passive. 'Iho royal
arms of Llllipnt, he says, are an angle lifting a
lame begT from the earth.
If you shoot a duck, you may. by jn-nplpg
;,0 the rivtr sf'.rr i, rt l 4u?k.
How tub Pk.nssvlvasia Fioiitiko Men
Votk. In 1SGI, tho Pennsylvania troops were
authorized to vote, and Commissioners were
sent to their camps to tako tho vote, This vote
is publishsd in tho Philadelphia Press of Oct.
11, ISO"), and stands Republican, 11.351 ; Dem
ocrats, 8,173 or three fourths of all tho votes
cist were given to the Republican Union ticket.
Tho vote is given by counties, and tho number
of companies from each, and strango to say,
every county even old Uerksand Ducks are ovy
wholmingly for tho Republican Union ticket.
Lauok Reward. "Dad," said a hopeful sprig
"how many fowls are there on tho table?"
"Why," said tho old gentleman, as ho looked
complacently on a pair of finely roasted chidk
ens that were smoaking on tho table "Why my
son, there are two."'
"Two t" replied young smartness, "thcro are
three, sir, and I'll prove it."
"Three?" replied tho old gentleman who was
a plain manner of fact man, and understood
things as he saw them. "I'd like you to prove
"Easily done, sir, easily done ! Ain't that one,
laying his knife upon the first?"
"Yes that's certain," said his dad.
"And ;.i i't that two f pointing to tlio second
"and don,l two and ono added titgolhcr make
"Really," said tho father, turning to tho old
lady, who was listening in astonishment at the
immense learning of her son "really wife, this
I oy is a Renins and deserves to be encouraged
lor it. Hero, old lady, you tako one fowl, and.
I'll tako the second, and John may have tho third
for his learning."
An, Sam, so you've been in trouble, have
"Yks, Jim, yes."
"Well, well, cheer up man ; adversity tries
us, and shows up our better qualities."
"An, but adversity didn't try me; it was an
old vagabond of a judge, and ho showed up my
A poor fellow sometimes drives ostentatious
ly a pair of grays when ho is driven by a score
Persons who have tho Fever-and Aguo nrc
not subject to draft, the law expressly says that
shakers are exempt.
Tub ReAsox. '-Little boy why did the
people throw stones at Stephen?"
"Cos, sir I s'poso they wanted to hit him."
It is no mitfortnuo for a nico young woman
to lose her good namo if a nico young man
gives her better.
Teaks aro the magic blossoms of tho heart at
parting, smiles at meeting. Sometimes they
bloom at once ; then joy is sorrow, and sorrow
Cause Axn Effect, ' How mnr.y deaths
asked the hospital physician, while going his
rounds. "Nine," "Why, I ordered medicine for
ten." "Yes but one wouldn't tako it."
Btllets and Socks. There was received by
the Washington Sanitary Commission, lately, a
patriotic old lady's tribute, bearing this inscrip
'These socks wcro ypun and knit by Mrs.
Zeruah Clapp, )G years old, whose hands in
youth were nigased in moulding bullets in tlie
Revolutionary War. Keep the toes toward tho
rebels. Chestcrtown, N. II."
Choose Yb This Dat Whom Y Will
Sebve. Tho rebels nnd their Northern Fympa.
thisers aro doing all they can to lend dignity ami
historic interest to tho word "AIx ilitionist." The
firmer apply it to all Union soldiers, and the
latter to all Union men. Thus they indirectly
recognize w hat has come to h in some sort of the
truth that all unconditional Unionists aro con.
diti. dial abolitionists, whilo all rebels are cham
pions of slavery. If there may bo any pretended
Unionist who would rather be called a traitor
than an enemy of tho great, curse that has as-
sailed tho national life, let him tako his choieo of
epithets and step out of iho way of those whoso
souls aro inarcains on. Mariisvitle Anneal
A man with a largo fimily was cornplainiug
of tho difficulty of supporting all of them.
"hat Naid a friend, you havo sons big enough
to earn something fur you now."
"The difficulty is, they are too big to work."
Wool Statistics. Wc condense the fillowins
ficts from the Oregon Fnrm.?r ; In 1810 the num.
Ler of sheep in the United States was a fraction
under 2 ),0lt0.000. In 1850, tho number was a
trlflj under 22,000.000, and their ield of wool
was put down nt 60,000,000, pounds. Tho gain
in tho decade being only 2,0J 0,000. it is pre.
siirned, says our author, that the increase from
1S50 to 18i0 has only been about. 3,000,000.
t'iven as tho probable number of aheep in the
United States at this time, at 2.1,000,000. They
produce fcbout ono third of the wool used in the
country nunuly. The lowest grades of wool are
worth 40 cents per pound iu the Eastern States.
St lotATifs Collkor, S.iu Franeiier), Is
nearly completed. Its cost will be obout
$100,000. The principal hall on the second
is 2"0 feet long, am will accommodato 3'000
persons. It will he used for a place sjf worship
for some time. Wlu-n tho church be built along
side ot it, the cost f the whole, including the
vaiue tTlari'l five fifty sari Ms svil nwlr
'Gbkesoack" Down South. Parties just in
from the Texan frontier, say that "greenbacks"
are more plentiful on tho Rio Grande In both the
upper and lower valleys, than in this State.
They have been paid out in New Mexico, Ari
zona, and Western Texas, to the regular soldier
and Government coi, tractors, and, ii ead of
being sent homo for exchange, as with us, goat
once into general circulation, many of them
finding their way into Mexico, where tlivr are
taken freely at par, nnd readily changed for
small gold or silver,
Dkatii ok Da. Batks. Dr. Henry Hates,
ono ot tho earliust settlers of California, and who
filled tho ofllco of Stato Treasurer during th.
gubernatorial term of J. Neely Johnson, and
lately a practicing physician In Red Blulf, died
in San Francisco last week. Tho deceased had
many warm friends in this placo, who sincerely
regret his early demise. Ho was a man of upright
character, respected by all who knew him, and
an honor to tho profession. Ho died of con
sumption, in the thirty-ninth year of his age
His remains will bo forwarded to New York Ibr
- . .
A few days after marriage a doting husband
had some peculiar thoughts when putting on his
last clean shirt, as ho saw no appearance of "
washing." Ho thereupon roso earlier than usual
one morning and kindled a fire, When hanging
on the kettle he made a noiso on purpose to at ouse
his wife. Sho peeped over tho blankets and ex
claimed "My dear what aro you doing!" lie da.
liberatly responded, "1 havo put on my last clean
shirt, nnd am going to wash one now for myself
"very well," said Mrs. Easy you had better
wash one for mo, too,"
What is am Ajiolitionist. This question Is
very satisfactorily answered by the highest
Richmond authority the well known Southern
Liberty Messenger. L'uten : "An Abolition'mt
is a man dos'nt not love slavary for its own sake
as a divine institution ; who does not worship it
as a eonur stone of civil liberty ; who doiit adoro
it as tho only possible social condition on which
a permanent republican government can bo cre
ated ; nnd who in his inmost soul desiro to sco it
extended and perpetuated over tho whole, earth
as a nitons of human reformation second in
dignity, importance and Kcicrcdiiess to tho Chris
tain rcligou. He who does not love African
slavery with thislovo is an Abolitionist." When
therefore, tho rebels of iho South, and flippant
presses of the North, inveigh so bitterly against
"Abolitionists, " o can now dctcrmiuo what
A drunken Scotchman returning from a fair
fell asleep by tho roadside, when a pig found
him nnd began licking his mouth. Sawney
roared, " what's kissing mo noo? Yo sco what
it is to be well liked among tho lasses."
The Sknatorsiiip in Pk.nnsvlvania. Hie
"Democrats" claim a majority of ono on joint
ballot In the next Legislature of Pennsylvania,
Tho Breckinridge managers aro exceedingly
anxious to elect Francis W, Hughes, a man of
South Carolina birth and principles, to Succeed
Wilinot iu tho U. S. Senate. Hut there are four
or five who were elected as "Democrats" who
are invincibly opposed to a candidate who has
boldly avowed secession principles and designs.
A correspondent of tho Missouri Pcmocrnt write
from Washington as follows :
"Tho Democrats of Pennsylvania are fearful
of Cameron's return. There aro four or five
doubtful members from their party, who are
threatened direful consequences if they vote for
Simon Cameron is coming homo from Rus
sia to look after Wil mot's seat, and his influence
is dreaded from suflieicnt reasons. He generally
owns k number of Democrats. Ho has been
twice elected to the U. S. Senate under circum
stances nearly similar to those observed in the
incoming Legislature. On tho last occasion he
defeated Forney, although tho Democrats had a
majority of llireo in the Legislature. The pccul
iarities of Hughes will advance Cameron's pros
pects. Tho Union party would doubtless prefer
another candidate, but Cameron will answer .to
defeat a malignant secessionist,
Enouhii Spf.cui.atio. Tho value of tow
English steamers lately captured while attempt
ing to run the blockade, with their cargoes, cannot
fill far ihort ol the largo sum of four millions of
dollars, and it is fair lo suppose that losses of
this magnitude cannot bo nustained for any
lengthy period, no matter how largo tho profit
may be from successful voyages. If Englishmen
like this kind of speculation, it is hoped they
will coiitiuuo iu it. Tim steamers, pariicurlary,
are very valuable to us at this time.
Envious Sei.i-ishskss. Wealth belong to
some men, just as intellect belongs to others.
They would be rich anywhere, just as their envi
ous neighbors would bo poor anywhere. At an
agrarian meeting in this city about twenty years
ago, a gentleman of property obtained a hearing,
and forcibly argued this point. Addressing a
sailor near him, who Lad been prominent in the
proceedings, he asked :
"What would you Lave me do with my mon
"Divide it equally among us II," replied the
"That would give us about ten dollars each,
and to morrow I should h ive nine dollar and
half of mine li ft, while yours would be gone.
What then ?"
"Shiver tny limbers !" exclaimed the tailor U
perplcaity, "hy then divide it again !
Never n??eijt t j rrt?nl a pk after it ii