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About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View This Issue
tfHlP R 1 .1 (P, A
DEVOTED TO THE POLITICAL A IT D GENERAL INTEIIESTJJ OF
EUGENE CITY, OREGON, OCTOBER 4, 1SG2.
THE STATE KEFIBLICAX.
Published every Saturday by
J. jS7EArTOT GALE.
Terms of Subscription.
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lating to estates id' deceased persons, which
have to be sworn to, one square, tour insertions,
To AnvETtnsfc-its. Mushies men throughout Orejinn and
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tise in the State Uti'i ulicax.
The Law of Newspapers.
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per from the ottiee, or reinuvmir mid leaving it uncalled
tor, is prima facia evidence of intentional tiaud.
A .Hi: HI CAN SLAVERY.
BY MRS. UEXIilBTTA WELMXUTO.f BOAT!!.
These lines were written in Ihirope several years ao,
in answer to a slave-owner's family w ho invited the author
ess to travel iu the Southern States.
Von tell 1110 of a bright land over the sea,
lint ah ! can yon call it the laud of the free?
Where the image of (Sod, for a handful of gold,
Like a beast in the tield, in a market is sold
Where the child from its mother's fond bosom is torn,
"Where the hither is chained, leaving orphans forlorn
Where the daughter is bartered like merchandize ware,
Then doomed to the lash, aud the groan of despair!
Woe! woe to thee, fair land, fur over the main ;
I'ortlu canker of death dark slavery's stain
Sludl irnaw to the vitals, while evcrv si-'h.
From the victims who writhe, mounts for justice on high;
And lie, the great Lord of the universe w ide.
Shall smite thee to earth in thy strength and thy pride;
l-..r venijr'iinci; must tall tor tm-.l cruelties ttone
Oa toe Tieiugs redeemed by Ilis own beloved Sjii 1
T'l? s ir.n.i of I'm war i!ru:.i hluill thrill thee at niiiht,
A 1 tli v sons and thy brothers are borne to the light ;
The slave and Hie cotton shall stab thee with pain,
And the North and the.Soulh he divided in twain -,
Anil brother 'gainst brother shall strike iu the light,
And battles be' fought in the dead of the night;
And the w hite maid and widow in sorrow shall mourn,
And thetlag of thy freedom in tatters be toru.
And the North in h.T might like a whirlwind shall rise,
And the notes of the cannon be born to the skies;
And thon-.'li the warm blood of her heroes be shed,
The li jilt of h"r freedom shall never be (lend ;
Tin Mars mid the Stripes a:i Kxcelsior shall bo
I'road Liberty's banner by laud and bv sea ;
And the Cuioo, tho' spurned by the slaveholder's scorn,
bltall be guarded by orthinen forages unborn.
Iitiinv ocaiile Acts. Yonder lies ono who has
gone to tlio silent shore; ho realizes now that his
;icts are irrevocable he: feels what before, ho
Jiad fancied, that times cannot charges them. Be"
side tho bier there stands a weeping friend ; and
too late, he finds that tears cannot effaco his acts,
that repentance cannot amend thetn ; too late he
finds that every net of harshness, every bitter
word, every sarcastic expression, lives forever ;
too late he finds that unseen wings have borne
his deeds beyond the (light of love, and that he
can never recall them to his embrace again.
DriNO. There is a dignity ubout that going
away alone we call dying that wrapping the
mantle of immortality about tis ; that putting
aside with a pale hand the nzure curtains that
nre drawn around this cradlo of a world ; that
venturing away from home for the first tiino in
our lives fir we urenot dead to speak of and
seeing foreign countries not laid down upon any
maps we know about. There must bo lovely
lands somewhere st.irward, for none ever return
that go thither, and wo doubt very much if they
would if they could.
Make home beautiful. All to it some com
fort, convenience and beaut v. Make those who
share it with you love it. M ike your homo an
attractive one. No other spot on earth is more
worthy of improvement, and none other will so
richly repay a display of good tasto and liberal
ity, ns the spot we call home.
Ax Eistern exchange says; " The probability
of draft has had a curious clfoct upon the ago of
many. Men who have been wearing wigs and
their hair, and passing for thirty eight or thirty
nine years of age, have suddenly owned up to
forty-five; while young bucks who have passed
with the girls for twenty have suddenly shrunk
to the other side of eighteen."
" Why, my dear Mrs. Smith, what have you
tiouew.iii jour imui.o!
" () ! Mr. Smith insisted ntion fnv disposing
L - . ,
of it and buying instead a sawing machine for
tach of tho girls. He says they will be much
more useful and will make less noise.'
It is aid that the Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road will in a few days bo like the rebel armies
in running order.
A fireman's toast " The ladies : Their eyes
kindle the only flames which we cannot extin
guish, and against which there is no insurance."
Tiibri are two classes of disappointed lovers
those whoare disar nointed before marri.i?e.l
iie more unhappy ones who are disappointed
jt- 1W '
11 - . .
" LIKE FATIIL'It, LIKE SON."
UV T. 8. ARTHl'K.
My friend had spoken nil impatient word to
his little son, and 1 saw the child's face stained
by the hot blood of anger. My friend saw the
ttain, also. What did ho do? Repent of his
impatience, and heal tho hurt in his child by a
gentler word ? No. But he grew more impa
tient, and calling sharply to the boy, said, in a
warning tone ;
" Take caro, sir !"
Take care of what? Why, lo punishment
You nsk ns to the child's fmlt that punishment
should be threatened. There was no fault, "lie
had, in passing near a table in tho room where I
sat talking with his father, aivk'ently touched a
book lying on the edge, catling it to fall. The
noise jarred on the father's sensitive nerves.
Naturally irritable, he smote tho child, ns I have
said, with au impatient word, and the child's
spirit answered to tho liatoli rebuke in a not race,
and flashing eyes.
" Take care, sir," repeated my friend, seeing
that his warning admonition had produced no
elleet on the boy's roused spirit, smarting under
nn undeserved blow. Tho stain grew redder on
his cheeks and brow, tho eyes more intense, the
lips more firmly shut. 1 saw defiance in the
Why don't you pick up lliat boo'.;, sir V
There was 1:0 sign of obedience.
" l)o you hear me?" almost fiercely demanded
the father. I shuddered, inwardly, but dared
not iutcrforo between my hot-tempered friend
and his equally hH-tonipered child. Ho might
as well have spoken to deaf cars.
" Pick up that book, I say !"
Tho child did not stir.
" I shall not sneak ngain," said my friend, in a
suppressed voice. Ono minute passed in dumb
silence ; then rising with deliberation, ho approa
ched the boy, w hose face had become pale, but
not weak or fearful, mid grasped ono of his arms
tightly. Time was still given for him to lift the
book; but ho was too angry to yield. I held my
breath painfully, taking a long inspiration as my
friend swept from tho room, dragging tho boy
after him. lie was gone for nearly five minutes,
and then came back, (lushed, nervous and excited,
saying, as ho sat down opposite me, " 1 m out of
all heart with that hoy.
Ho looked sadly discouraged,
swer. After sitting for a fjw
"Such a temper! such a will !
1 did not nn-
I never saw
anything like it !"
Bui 1 answered nothing. What could I say
in approval of my (fiend's conduct? My silence
was on tho side of his own convictions, and ho
felt it to bo so.
" What am 1 to do with the child ?'' ho asked,
interrogating my unspoken thought. ''To give
up to him to let will mid passion have their
sway can only end in moral ruin. Ho must
come under tho yoke. Is it not so?"
"Obedience is essential," 1 answered.
" So I think obedience (it all hazards."
1 did not assent to this extreme proposition.
" At ull hazards," he repented, vith increasing
" It may bo well," said I, " to look at the con
ditions of obedience before exacting the full
measure of obligation."
" I am not sure that 1 understand you," an
swered my friend, with a slightly puzzled nir.
" Obedience may bo impossible."
" Was it impossible lor John to lift that book
from the floor"
" Perhaps," said 1.
" Perhaps !" My friend looked astonished.
" Morally impossible, I menu.''
He shook his head doubtfully.
"A condition may render tho easiest act so
difiioult of performance that a man will look
death in the fieo an I vet not lift a hand in at
tempted execution. Tho act, in this case, becomes j
" 1 do not see how you will npoly that to my
''Suppose, said I, "yon were n ling in one of
our streetcars, and a passenger on entering, and
before you could make roo n fr him, were to
order von. in a rough, imperative maimer, to
move ; what would he tho result I"
" I would sit still in m v place,"' answered un
" And yet it would be the wisest course to
give way, and not to bo disturbed by ungentle
" Perhaps it would ; but I have that iu me
which will not submit to unjust eucroac.mient.
And lam quick in my resentment, as you know.
To a gentlemanly demeanor 1 yield everything
that is right; to rule exaction, nothing."
" Therefore it is that tho condition of a demm 1
may render obedience a moral impossibility."
" It is so," answered my friend.
" Has it not often h ippened," I continued,
" that, under a momentary blind excitement, you I
have said or dono things for ulueh you were sor-
ry, and yet, h-iving said or done them, would not !
recede growing more persistent in tho degree
that you were assailed by ungry elhVts to drive
you from the position taken, aid
u . 1.'.. .e..
..oiiLili, 111 your!
heart, you knew that you were wroti"." j
I understand my friend s character, and knew 1
its weak side. j
" It is as you say," was his answer. " I can 1
be led easily, but all tho world ca .not drivo me !
no. not even to do whit is right."
" Has it ever occurred to ycu," I asked, after
a pnuse, " that your son is like you in this re. j
I saw a quick change in my friend's counte-1
nance. The question had taken him unawares.1
A sudden liht had streamed into an obscure
corner .f his mind.
" Liko nie ?'' His tone was like that of a 'nan
just awakening, and in surpri
sc at some uikx-
" Is it strange that he should bo liko you "
" Perhaps not. I am his father." The sur
prise had already gono out of his voh.v, which
had in it a shade of depression.
" ' Like father, liko son.' Tho adage is as
much founded upon iminuub'.o law as upon ob
servation. In homelier rurase, you have a chip
of tho old block. d.ihu's disposition is very
much like your on, my friend. Ho is tpiicl;
tempered, sti'ting-willed, independent, t lid in
stinctively opposed to coercion easily led, hard
to bo driven. Have yon never thought of this ?
Mevtr looked down into tho clear mirror of his
unsullied character, and seen a perfect imago ol
My friend dropped his head upon his bosom,
and sat a long time silent.
"The father," I said, ns ho sat musing, "re
produces himself iu his children, with such modi
fications ns the mother's life may ive. I need
not oiler arguments to prove the fact ; every man
of rational perception sees that it must bo so
t:n. let tho unvarying law of like producing like."
" I have no doubt of its being so," he replied.
" Does not tho fact instruct ns?"' I went on.
" Does it not throw light upon that most dillioult,
yet most important of all our duties, the govern
ment of our children 1 First, we must know lip'
quality, condition, and capability id' any material
upon w hich we nre to w ork. Tho plumber would
fail in his efforts to produce .1 useful result if he
wrought with wood instead of lead ; mid so w ith
tho gold-beater, if, instead of tho most ductile of
all metals, ho subjected iron to his hammer
strokes. As in tho lower world of Nature, diff
erent modes ol treatment in order to eliminate
their proper use, so iu the higher world of mind.
All objective differences nre but images of men
tal dillereuecs. Mind is tho true world, Nature
tho representative and cli'.'ct, and, as such, our
instructor, if we will open our h.-arts to her
" I do not gainsay this," returned my friend.
" I believe that it is so. I comprehend tho im
portant truth you have stated, that my child
bears a likeness to his father. But what 1 do not
see clearly is the way in which I am to deal with
him. How am I to correct in my boy the per
versities which ho has by inheritance from his
" The first thing," I answered, " is for you to
pity him. To think compassionately of him,
burdened ns he is for life, w ith a hasty temper
and a stubborn will."
I saw moisture come into my friend's eyes ;
tho firm mouth gave way a little.
" May I refer to tho scene that passed here a
little while ngo ?" I asked.
" Speak freely," returned my friend.
"John committed 110 fault."
There was a slight motion of surprise in my
" Accidentally he touched a book, and it fell
upon tho Mo r this, and only this."
"Ho was careless," said my friend, with a
slight effort nt self -justification.
' You, or I, or any one, might havo done the
same thing. Nav, every d.iv of our lives we
do just ns careless things. When tho i.iind is
absorbed, wo cannot always guard our move
ments. Now put yourself in John's place. Im
agine the book touched without intention, and
it fail.) upon the floor ; and imagine ns sharp a
word spoken to you as you spoko to him w hat
stnto of mind would have resulted ?"
1 paused for his answer, but ho did not reply.
" Could you have helped tho rush of ungry
waves? Hurt pride a sense of wrong, blind
impulse would have made you as stubborn ns
yon saw him."
" Perhaps it would."
My friend's eyes were on the floor. He spoke
in a subdued voice.
"You cannot overcome tho mind's defects by
external force," I added. " There must bo n
wise appliance of moral means. Deal by him
as you would yourself be dealt by, iu liko cir
cumstances. (Jure his disease, by tho remedies
that reason tells you would heal your own.
Weaken his angry willfulness by removing ex
citements. Control yourself in his pros nee.
Hold back your quick-springing impulses. Never
let him see you angry, nor find you impist or
unreasonable. Always speak mildly an-l kindly,
except w hen in grave rebuke or remonstrance
for unmistakable faults, self-acknowledged. Help
him with his loa l of hereditary evil tendencies,
instead of adding a part of your own burden to 1
the weak shoulders of a child. If you cannot 1
control yourself, with reason, judgment, years, I
and experience on your side, what can you ex-1
pect from him ?''
1 stopped, lest I were pressing homo oil him
too closely. . '
Just at this moment the door opened, an-l the i
child came in. The book still l.iv where it had !
fallen from tho table. 1 turned and saw the little
fellow's questioning eyes upon his fit hor'a face.
There was a look of grief about his lips. Noth
ing was said to him ; in fact, 110 notice, appar
ently, taken of him. My iriet.d changed the
conversation to a new theme. John stole softly
across the room, and sat down noiselessly, taking, I
as he did so, a long, sighing breath. Presently
ho slipped from the chair, and moving quietly to;
w here tho book lay on the floor, lifted it and J
placed it on the table, pushing it to o:no dis
tance from tho edge ; in this very act, showing'
his re og'iition of the fault for w hich he had been I
harshly blamed ns only nn accident, against tho
recurrence of which he would guar I, by placing
the book where it would be in no danger of f II- I
ing. I noticed another deep breath as tho child's
burdened heart sought to relievo the pressure'
that St. II lay heavily upon it. Tin n hu began,1
by slow approaches, to draw near his father,:
and at last stood by iiis knee. My friend placed
his arm around him ns ho ttill talk' d with i.ie, I
and tightened it with a lowi g pressure, mad.;'
stronger by pi:y an 1 repentance. John lookel
up into his face, and then his father stooped and
ki's' d hini, liecoticih.d : yet, '.here bad been
wrong and stili'ering, and tho graver of memory
cuts deepest w hen feeling is most intense, was
not something lost in that brief struggle between
fither and child, which could never bo restored
something hurt, the pain of which would endure
through natural life ?
These arc questions for sober thought.
My friend, with nil his infirmities of temper,
had a strong lovo for children; a quick moral
sense ; a love of right and justice. These were
all on the side of a truer sclf-disciplino as affect
ing the little ones given to him of God, that
they might be trained for heaven. 1 saw him
altenvards under strong provocation, and he did
not forg.'t himself. My presence may havo ro
ivediuhis memory the scene just described,
and so put him on his guard. Ken if that were
s., much w as gained, for all right efforts give a
measure of strength, and erect batteries ngainst
evil. We overcome what is wrong in our natu
ral tempers hy resisting the impulse to net in n
moment of provocation, not by repenting and
resolving only. Tho repentance and the resolu
tiou nre all well enough, and givo strength for
resistance ngainst the hour of temptation ; but
only in tho degree that wo resist aud refrain in
the hour of trial, do we overcome and riso su-
I penor to our enemies.
(living nn account of Jliehard Lee, a private
soldier, w ho had been taken before tho magis
trate of the town of Glasgow (or pitying cards
during divine service.
The sergeant commanded the soldiers at the
church, and w hen the parson had read tho pray
ers, he took the text. Those who had a Bible
took it out ; but ibis soldier had neither Bible
nor Common Prayer Book ; but pulling out n
pack of crds, bespread them out beforo him.
I lo first looked at ono card and (hen another.
Tho sergeant of tho company saw him and said :
" Kieh ird, put up the cards; this is no place
" Never mind that," said Richard.
When the service was over, the constable took
Richard a prisoner, and brought him beforo tho
"Well," says the Mayor, "what havo you
brought tic soldier hero for?"
" For playing cards iu church."
" Well, soldier, what have you to say for
" Much, sir, I hope."
" Very good ; if not, I will punish you more
than ever man was punished."
" 1 Imve been," said tho soldier, " nbout six
weeks on the march. I havo neither Bible nor
Common Prayer Book. 1 have nothing but a
pack of cards, and I hope to bo ablo to satisfy
your worship of tho purity of my intentions."
Then spreading tho cards beforo the mayor, he
begin with the ace :
" When I sec the ace it reminds mo that there
is but outs God.
"When I see the deuce it reminds mo of
Father and Son.
" Win n I sec tho tray it remind:; 111c of Father,
Son, and Holy Ghost.
" The four reminds me of tho four Evangel
ists that preached Matthew, Mark, Luke, and
"The five reminds mo of tho five wise virgins
that trimmed their lamps. Thero w i re ten, but
five were wise, and live wero foolish and were
"Tho six reminds me that in six days tho
Lord in lule heaven and earth.
" Tho seven ruminds 1110 that on tho seventh
day God rested from the great -work ho had
made, and hallowed it.
"The eight reminds me of the eight righteous
persons that were saved when God destroyed
the world Noah and his wife, his three sons,
aud their wives.
"The nino reminds mo of tho nine lepers that
were cleansed by our Savior. Thero were nine
out of ten who never returned thanks.
" The ten reminds 1110 of the Ten Command
ments which God handed down to Moses on
tablets of stone.
" Tho king reminds mo of tho Great King of
Heaven, which is God Almighty.
"I ho queen reminds 1110 of tho Queen of
Sheba, who visited Solomon, fur she was as wise
a woman ns ho was a man. Sho brought with
her fifty girls mid fifty boys nil dressed in boys'
apparel, fr King Solomon to tell which were
girls and w hieh were boys. Solomon sent for
clean water fur them to wash ; the girls washed
to the elbows, nnd the boys to the wrists, so
King Solomon told by that."
" Well," said tho mayor, " you havo given a
description of nil tho cards' in tho pack except
" What is tli it ?"
" The knave," said the mayor.
" I will give your honor n description of that,
too, if you w ill not be angry."
" 1 will not," said the mayor, " if you do not
term me to lie the knnvo."
" Well," said the soldier, " the greatest knave
that I know of is the constable w ho brought me
" I do not know," said tho mayor, " if ho is
the greatest knave, but I know ho is the greatest
" Win n I count how many spots in a p.vk of
cards I find !J. as many days as thero nre in a
' When I count the number of card in a pack,
I find there nre .V2 tho number of weeks in a
year ; nn I I find four suits tho number of weeks
in a month.
" I find there nre twelve picture cards in a
pack, representing tho number of months in tho
year; nn l 011 counting the tricks I find thirteen
tho number of weeks in a quarter.
" So you see, sir, a pack of cards serves for a
Bible, Almanac, and Common Prayer Book."
Tub man who docs not i"i it. The land lubber.
The Deer and Bhaii. In a speech at San Fran
ciseo, Gov. Nyo said , " A great many years ngo
I stood upon a mountain in Pennsylvania, when
tho majesty of the storm was abroad, when tho
atmosphere- was filled with fragments picked up
by fho wind in its terrific sweep. And, there,
sir, under tho wide spread branches of an oak, I
saw a tamo deer nnd a ferocious bear, close sido
by side, nwed by tho fury of tho storm king who
was abroad in his might. And there, sir, in
sweet comnuiuiou they stood. It was a moment
and an hour of danger, when the timidity of tho
deer rose to tho ferocity of the bear, and w hen
the ferocity of tho bear sunk down to tho timid
f y of tho deer. And I havo asked myself tho
question, then and often, if instinct teaches tho
brutes iu tho hour of danger to fuso ns sweetly
as they, how much more should reason teach mail
if not instinct alone to fuse, when tho atmos
phero of this country is thick with the fragments
of dissol ving empire."
What John Jacoii Abtor Says. Wo find
in an exchange tho following reference to John
Jacob Astor, the only sou of tho wealthiest man
iu America :
" Tho millions of John Jacob Astor plneo him
nbovo any selfish considerations such as govern
many of the " patriots " nnd " statesmen " of tho
Simmons-Morgan stamp. He joined McCIellan's
stall' several months ago, through a desire to
serve his eoimlry and risk his life in its defenses
Ho was with McClellan through all tho battles
before Richmond, and returned to New York a
few days since. Tho Tribune gives us his opin
ion of the treatment McClellan received through
tho medium of Stanton. It says : We aro well
assured that an aid of General Mc-Clcllau, fresh
from that retreat wo mean John Jacob Astor
has been proclaiming through our city that tho
army was deliberately sacrificed by a political
intrigue aimed at (Jen. McClellan.' "
The lJiehmond Examiner, of August IClh
has a scorching article on Jell". Davis, from which
wo take the following extract :
One of the most important duties that will
devolve upon Congress at its approaching session
will be to recruit tho strength of our armies.
The Kxecutivo branch of our Government has
depleted our armies nnd jeopardized our contest
by an easy toleration of desertion and straggling
which havo reduced our military forco to an
alarming extent. It has trifled with tho cause
of tho country ; it has ignored tho death penalty
in our armies; it has neglected its discipline,
winked at capital crime, emasculated tho war,
prenohed oioU eoutimont'ilium, nnr? tonqht tho
country tho misfortune of being saddled with a
Government that takes a monstrous and unnatu
ral pride in defying public sentiment, in treating
the counsels of tho people with insolence, and
snubbing advice with tho nir of autocracy.
The following dispatch was received by tho
Chairman of tho San Francisco Kelief Fund
Committee, from Henry S. Bellows, President
of the U. S. Sanitary Commission, dated New
York, September :
Your magnificent contribution' will electrify
the homes of tho nation. Thanks to God nnd
San Francisco for such unparalleled generosity.
Fquitable distribution shall be mado on the
strength of your bounty. Wo instantly tele
graphed to our ngents on the battlo fields of
Maryland to spare nothing, and your mercy will
be staunching wounds and feeding and cooling
parched lips before this reaches you. Tho cities
of tho North and West, already generous and
devoted, will bo reanimated to tho utmost exer
tions iu our cause, when they find themselves
outstripped nt a bound by their youngest sister,
golden San Francisco, furtherest from tho scclio
of war, but already nearest to the sick nnd woun
ded in tho hospitals aud battlo fields.
Lincoln is a Republican President, and Con
gress will bo Republican until 1S5 1. If this
Government is saved at all, it will bo saved
within that time. If tho rebellion (s put down
ut all, it must be put down within tho next year
and n half, nnd consequently must bo put down
by tho Republican Administration. It is sheer,
bald, naked hypocrisy, then, for a man to say ho
is willing lo do all in his power to prcservo tho
Government, and at the same tiino opposo with
all his might, tho party in w hose hnnds tho vindi
cation of tho Government is irrevocably placed.
Holland is about to docrco tho enfranchise
ment of tho negro rneo in her colonies. Tho
Second Chamber of the States-General voted in
a late sitting the abolition of slavery, taking as
the basis of this great measure : I. Immediate
liberation. 2. A stirveillanco of ten years, des
tined, no doubt, to prepare the transition between
slave work and free labor. 3. Indemnity to tho
colonist of oOO guilders for each slave ; nnd, 4.
Tlio immigration of free laborers nt tho expenso
of tho State.
Mks. Genkiml Scott, in her day was one of
the greatest belles in Virginia, and of the most
brilliant women of tho era of her youth. At
fu st, it is said, sho rejected General Scott, but
told him she would marry him when he had won
a j ositiou in the world worthy of her, and it was
this ambition to win her, it is said, which stimu
lated him to those heroic deeds in tho army
which have immortalized his name.
The following toast was recently given Tlio'
Ladies may we kiss all tho girls we please, and
please all we kiss.
Tin lady whose heart swelled with indigna
tiou has reduced it vith poultices.
The surrender of Norfolk was rather a sheep
ish affair ; Mayor Lamb surrendered to General
Wool, and the mm Merrimac was blown up.
Ir is said tho wheel of fortune revolves for
all ; but many vf us arc broken on the wheel.