Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View This Issue
"The Struggle of to-day is not altogether for
EUGENE CITY, AUGUST Iff, 1862.
AGIWCULTt'RAL COLLEGE ACT.
Among tho many important bills passed by
the late session of Congress, is one donating land
for tho endowment of colleges in the several
States, far the " benefit of agriculture and the
meehanie arts." Although of less importance to
tho masses than tho Pacific Railroad or the
Homestead Kill, it is, nevertheless, calculated to
be of great benefit to some of the new States,
in which but few colleges have yet been estab
lished, for want of the necessary funds to endow
On certain conditions, this Act gives to each
State 30,000 acres of land for each Senator and
Representative in Congress, to which tho State
may be entitled by" the apportionment under the
census of 1800, to be selected from any surveyed
lands in the State, except mineral lands. This
would give Oregon 90,000 acres, worth over
hundred thousand dollars. It could be selected
from the best land east of the Cascades, which
is or soon will be opened for settlement, and
would sell very readily for a dollar and a quarter
per acre. The Act requires that each State, in
order to be entitled to its provisions, shall accept
its conditions, by an act of its Legislature, within
two-years after the Act was approved by the
One of the conditions of the Act requires that
the State shall take charge of the land, manage
and dispose of the same at its own expense, and
invest the entire proceeds of tho sale in United
States or other safe stocks, paying an interest of
not less than five pet cent. The principal is to
remain forever inviolate, and the interest is not
to be used for constructing buildings or for keep.
ing them in repnir, but for (he direct benefit of
tho school. Another condition is that the State
shall erect suitable buildings, for at least one col
lege, within five years, and then keep them in
repair. The Government thus offers the means
to forever defray the expenses of a college,
merely on condition that the State shall furnish
Oregon, as a State, has done but little for the
cause of education yet, and surely could afford to
incur the expenditures necessary to secure this
rich bounty offered to her citizens by the Fede
ral Government, if the Constitutional provisions,
declaring that the Legislature bhall not pass
special laws " providing for supporting common
schools and for the preservation of school funds;"
that " The proceeds of nil tho lands which have
or hereafter may be granted to this State for ed
ucalional purposes bhall be exclusively ap
plied to the support and maintenance of common
schools;" and that "The State shall not sub
suribc to or be interested in tho stock of any
company, association, or corporation," shall not
be so construed and applied as to debar any
Legislation on the subject
Tho Act docs not exclude any of the scientific
or classical studies, but merely adds to these
" such brunches of learning as are related to agri
culture and the mechanic arts," which are what
Oregon, as an agricultural and manufacturing
State, needs. It is the duty of thoso engaged
in the causo of education to acquaint themselves
with this Act, and, if tho Stato can in any way
take advantage of its provisions, bring it before
tho Legislature. As each State must accept the
Act within two years from the date of its appro
val by tho President, it is evident that if Oregon
can claim its benefits, under the Constitution, she
must do it at the next session of the Legislature.
Railroad Incoktohatiox. It is believed that
among tho important measures to be considered
at tho approaching session of the Oregon Legis
la tu re, a bill for the incorporation of Railroad
Companies may become a law. There is no
provision now for Rail read corporations until
there is we can have no advantago of the Paciilo
Kailroad Bill passed by tho Federal Congress.
By the Constitution of Oregon no special law
of incorporation can be passed, the law must bo
general. It is hoped that there will bo interest
enough in this matter not to defer this bill. Per
haps it may bo urged that tlicro is no necessity
for such a law at present, as we can hardly ex
pect tho organization of a company with sufficient
capital for the building of our Oregon branch
for some years, but we must bear in mind that
if we defer action at this session, it is put off for
two years within that timo, what with the iu
reasn of population and the impetus given by
tho wealth of tho mining region, wo shall no
doubt bo in a fair condition for undertaking the
great enterprise. Tho members of our l egisla
ture from this county are specially requested to
give this subject earnest attention, frame a bill
liberal in its provisions, and for a guide we
would refer to the Railroad law of the State of
New York. Every one must bo sensible of tho
great change a railroad through tho valley would
make we should become a new people, the
railroad built would advance us at a single step
furlhor in material progress, than we could hope
for in a hundred years without it, while building
it would also be an element of prosperity, in the
increased activity it would give to all business
in the State. '
Tub thermometer stood at 102 dog., in Red
Bluff Col. on the 2 J inst. ay the Independent.
Calij-ohma Democracy. The Secession De
mocracy of California is making a strong effort
to swallow the entire Union Democratic party
of that State. The Secession Democrats of El
Dorado county held a convention on the 2d inst.,
and inr their intense desire to court the favor of
the sham H Union Democracy ," they adopted the
entire legislative ticket which had been nomina
ted by that party, with the exception of one man
whose Union sentiments were too strong for
them to endorse, with all their hypocrisy. This
leaves but two parties in that county Union
and Secession Democratic. In Plumas coi.n'.y
both wings of the party Union Secession Dem
ocracy and Dixie Secession Democracy con
vencd on tho 23d of July, and partially
united. They passed resolutions for the
" Constitution as it is, and tho Union as it was,"
for a " vigorous and effective prosecution of the
war for the purpose of suppressing the existing
rebellion and restoring the Union of the States,"
but denounced tho Administration which is to
prosecute the war. That is, they are in favor of
having secession beheaded, but desperately op
posed to the man w ho dares to do the de:d. The
secession wing of Nevada county met on tho 2J
inst., and offered resolutions denouncing tho war
entirely, but they were thought by some to be
too frank for that latitude, so they were laid over
and the convention adjourned to meet again in
two weeks. In some counties they support the
war and oppose the Administration that carries
on the war ; in others, where they dare to be a
little plainer, they oppose both the war and the
Administration, and favor a peace with the rebels.
At tho time of the approaching election there
will be but two parties in the State Union, and
Democratic, or Disunion.
Didn't Quite Comb It. We learn that Gov
Whitaker, sometimes impolitely called "Old Cut
Gut," or " Fiddling John," on seeing a list of
Townships in which vacant land is to be sold in
October next, understood it to mean that the
lands of persons who did not take the oath of
allegiance before that time would be considered
vacant and be sold. Not wishing to lose his
farm, ho concluded to swallow the bitter pill,
not to save the whole nation, but to save that
small bit of territory in which he is particularly
interested. So he mounted his horse, and came
to Eugene for that purpose, but on being in
formed that his land' was safe, he couldn't near
swear to support tho " Abolition Government."
That's a tall Governor ; He's no Paddy from
Cork, that swears for nothing, be jabers ! It
takes a good farm to bring his Excellency into
Court, may it please your Honor.
Wreck or tub Golden Gate. This large
and splendid steamship, one of tho finest on the
coast, was totally destroyed by fire, July 27th,
off the coast of Mexico, near the port of Manzan
illo. One hundred and ninety-eight passengers,
and one million four hundred thousand dollars in
treasure were lost. The fire originated while the
passengers were at dinner, between the stove
and smoke stacks, and got such a start before
discovered that to savo the ship was impossible.
The vessel was headed to shore, and succeeded
in reaching within a quarter of a mile of the
beach. Hugo breakers were dashing by the
ship, and the passengers being exhausted by their
efforts to subduo the fl imcs, wcro drowned in
tho surf, and washed ashore in heaps. The St.
Louis, coming up from Panama, arrived nt the
scene of disaster on the 29th remained till the
30th then sailed with seventy-eight of the
Golden Gate's passengers, and arrived at San
Francisco the Gth inst.
A Row Ur. Sometime ngo Victor Smith,
Collector of customs for the Puget Sound District,
disappeared suddenly, and it was reported that
he had absquatulated, with a few thousand dollars
of Uncle Sam's money. However, it seems that
this report was not true. lie went to Washing
ton, settled up accounts, and has lately returned
in charge of a large amount of money to pay off
Federal officers on this coast. Cut on arriving ut
Port Townsend, according to tho Washington
and some of tho Oregon papers, he refused to
show his commission to Lieut. Merry man, who
had possession of the Custom House, but de
manded the keys, and on being refused them,
pointed the guns of tho vessel on tho building,
threatening to blow it up, and took possession
forcibly, like a highway robber. They also
charge him with using his influence, while at
Washington, to secure tho removal of tho Cus
torn House from Port Townsend to somo other
little town, merely to raise tho price of town
lots at the latter place. Either this member of
the Smith family has been acting ugly, or tli
pnfer are doing him great injustice.
V have been requested to announce that
there will be a meeting of the stockholders of
the new steamboat company, at tho Court House,
next Saturday, 23d inst., nt 1 o'clock, p. m. Per
sons who have subscribed and all others who
wish to encourago and assist in forwarding this
important enterprise, are requested to attend.
Some definite arrangements must be immediately
mode, and a plan adopted for commencing the
work, if anything i to- be done this season.
There has not yet been a sufficient amount sub
scribed to complete the work, or probably not
even enough to justify commencing it ; and it is
hoped that farmers, from various parts of the
county, who are so deeply interested in this
matter, will come forward and see that the enter
prise does not fail for want of a littl more funds.
Mors Secession Lies. There is a class of
ignorant dupes inhabiting the extreme outskirts
of the anarchy of Long Tom, who make it their
business to go wherever the women assemble,
and where there are no men to contradict their
traitorous falsehoods, ond then reiterate their
infamous tirades of abuse. Recently at one of
these assemblages it was stated by some of this
class that an English iron-clad ram had been sent
to this coast, and further, that tho Federal Gov
ernmeut had sent six war vessels with each one
regiment of troops for this coast, and that the
ram had attacked and sunk tho six vessels, and
then quietly passed on. Only six regiments of
Federal troops drowned off our coast within a
few weeks f It is also stated that there are large
numbers of English troops being secretly sent
here, for what purpose they cannot tell. In re
ply to the question of a lady, one of these snobs
said : " Tho crown of England was preferable to
being ruled by Republicans." There aro a few
toiies in this county who have brains enough to
manufacture such base falsehoods as the above,
for the purpose of blinding the ingorant masses
which constitute about forty-nine fiftieths of the
Jeff Davis-Brcekinridge-Peace-Democracy of this
The war news for this week's issue is com
paratively unimportant. The Administration
seems at last to have, come to the conclusion
that, to stab the rebellion with one hand and
pour on a cordial with the other is only calcu
lated to rouse a more determined resistance on
the- part of tho rebels. This thing of fighting
rebels, and at the same time protecting their
property, and worse returning slaves who are
offering their services against the rebellion, is
pretty effectually " played out." Gen. Jim
Lane of Kansas, has gone home from Washing
ton with permission to fill his number of recruits
irrespective of color. The contrabands arc now
being employed by Government wherever their
services can be made available. General Sigel
is marching through the enemy's country and
subsisting entirely on their effects. This looks
like that Uncle Sam is getting terribly iu earn
est. General McClellan has again assumed the
offensive. Tie has taken possession of Malvern
II II I . It is generally believed that the rebels are
evacuating Richmond, about like they did" Cor
in tli. They have purposely kept up the impres
sion that they were receiving reinforcements,
iu order to make tho necessary preparations for
a grand " skedaddle."
Letter From Powder Jtivcr.
From a letter received by Mr. Atkcson, of
this place, from his son, W. T. Atkcson, now in
the Powder river mines, we are permitted to
lake the following :
Wilson Creek, July 30, 1SG2.
In four days last week four of us took out three
hundred and twenty-one dollars, being the first
work we have done. On Monday wo worked
part of the day and took out forty five dollars.
Yesterday wo took out one hundred and forty
nine dollars, mostly coarse gold, one piece weigh
ing thirty-seven dollars, and a number of pieces
from three to ten dollars each. This evening
we have eighty-five dollars.- There is quite mi
extensive mining region here, and new discoveries
are continually being made.
There is quito an excitement over on Snake
river, near the mouth of Burnt river ; how it will
prove I don't know.
The gold of these mines is worth seventeen and
a half dollars per ounce, but goes here for six
teen.- Powder river Valley is being settled up
some thirty land claims are taken. I shall move
my family here next spring. Some will this fall,
but I prefer waiting till spring to see how the
Indians behave. Produce is high : Flour twenty
five cents per pound ; bacon thirty-five ; dried
apples thirty-five ; sugar thirty-five ; coffee fifty ;
beef twelve to fifteen. There is considerable
flour here from Salt Like ; wo are using of it
now, and it is of good quality. This will be a
great country next spring and summer. These
mountains are covered with nice pino timber, but
no underbrush, and ths climate is very pleasant.
Valuaiilb Monthlies. In exchange we have
received Peterson's Ladies Magazine, published
by C. J. Peterson, Philadelphia, at two dollars
a year. This number, for August, contains sev
eral fino engravings fashion plates and patterns.
Those who wish to acquaint themselves with the
model Parisiennes. will find this Magazine one
of tho best on that subject, besides containing
much valuable reading matter.
Also the American Phrenological and Water
Curt Journals, published by Fowler Ss Wells,
New York, each at one dollar n year. These
journals, always interesting, are more so at pres
ent than usual, in consequence of the war es
pecially tho PhrenologicalJournal, each number
of which contains numerous engravings and bi
ographies of distinguished Generals.
Wild Berries. Oregon can beat the world
for wild berries. Along the rivers and creeks
in the mountains east of here, there are miles of
ground literally covered with wild berries. For
the past two or three weeks parties from Eugene
and vicinity, have ben goiiv up along tho
' , . . . i .
era, wd into the mo-ntam, occasionally . nd
have always returned rth a "multitude of
berries. Two months ago we had wild straw-
berries by the bushel, two weeks ago blackbcr-
- - , , . ., : , , .
are informed by Mr. Meador that he will
start 'to day for Powder, and John Day rivers.
LATEST EASTERN NEWS.
Cairo, August Ctb. The Memphis LulUtin,
reports a fight six miles from town, Sunday, bo
tween a force of 4,000 Federals and Jeff. Thomp
son's command. The latter were forced to re
treat with great loss. No particulars given.
Harrisburg, August 0. Tho editor and pub
lishers of the Patriot and Union were arrested
to-night, by order of the War Department, on a
chargo of issuing treasonable posters, calculated
to letard and embarrass recruiting.
Memphis, August G. The fight on Monday
between a Federa' re.o:moitcring party and reb
els, was a small uff.iir about 150 rebels were
surnriseJ at Stonev creek, and lied at the first
4 a. ,
Washington, August 7. The advance of Si
gel's corps is now subsisting entirely upon the
Five hundred leading merchants of Boston
have signed an agreement that young men in
their employ, enlisting, shall have their situations
on their return.
About 23,000 h ve enlisted iu New York
State under the late call.
In Pennsylvania the quota will soon be raised.
The army of tho Potomac has again assumed
the offensive. Troops left camp night bef ire last
and arrived ut Malvern Hill at 4 A. m. yesterday,
where they encountered two regiments of infantry
with batteries behind earthworks. Firing open
ed and lasted two hours, when the rebels inglo-
riously fled, by river road, towards Richmond,
hotly pursued by o.ir troops who took one hun
Col. Averill, with n regiment of cavalry, took
the road to Whito Swamp, where lie found the
10th Virginia cavalry ready to receive them. A
charge immediately occurred which broke the
rebel line, when they fled. Our troops encamped
on Malveru Hill.
Three thousand of our prisoners will arrive
from Richmond in exchange for the same nuin
ber of rebel prisoners.
Loss of the Steamer Golden Gale.
San Francisco, August C. The steamer St.
Louis has ai rived. Tho steamer Golden Gate,
which left hero on the 21st of July, was burned
to the waters ede near Manzanilla, July 27, and
one hundred ai:d ninetr-eight passengers were
The fire originated iu a mysterious manner
and spread with groat rapidity, so much -o that
the clothes of the officers were burned ff their
persons. When the wreck was abandoned the
tiro had burned everything to tho waters edge.
Captains Hudson and Piersou were the last to
leave the ship, at 9 o'clock, when she had broke
up all but her bed-plate am) wheels.
Tho survivors, one hundred and fifteen in nuin
ber, started next morning for Manz.inillii, fifteen
miles distant, having for sustenance nothing but
some Kegs of rice that had washed shore.
A Miss Wallace of the saved distinguished
herself by boldly swimming to shore and after
wards taking care of the sick and bruised. On
Sunday thev had all reached Manzanilla.
Among the lost known here, are Mrs. G. O.
MeMuHiii mid two hildren ; Edward Flint, of
tile Oregon Steamship Line: Mrs. A. J. Green
and child ; Dr. Bodinier, and Dr. Jones, ship
New York, Aug. 6. A letter from off Savan
nah, dated July 29th, gives a report of an us.
sault on rebel batteries in Ogeehec river by the
guubi ats Paul Jone-, Unaili.lu, Huron and Mad
gio. iliy lie.led the works for two hours
inflicting serious damage and receiving none.
Dates to tl.o 21 from Newburn, N. G, have
been received. An expedition had been sent to
1 oung s cross roads, nt the head 01 h:te Oak
river, where they had a skirmUli with a party
of rebels, completely routing them. Col Hick
man, commander of the expedition, was slightly
A lute Richmond Inquirer hi.s the following
telegrams, dated Savannah August 5th " Five
gunboats opened on our batteries at Genesis
Point yesterday morning. An engagement en
sued, lasting several hours, and resulting in the
repulse of the gunboats. It is thought that one
of them is considerably damaged. The quarters
of the fort were somewhat damaged by shells.
Nobody was hurt on our side."
Lynchburg Va., July 30. A special dispatch
to the Republican, dat-d Narrows of New River,
July 28th savs: Major U.uley, commanding
about 130 men, stormed Lowbersville, Nicholas
county (Western Virginia) on Friday nt day
light, and killed an captured the entire garrison,
including four commissioned officers and sixty
two non commissioned officers and privates.
Not being able to bring away the stores, Major
Bailey burned them.
Tupelo Miss., July 30. General Armstrong,
in full report of the affair at Courtland, Alabama,
says tho Federal loss was three killed. The
Confederate loss was only one. He captured
tho equipments of four companies, six wagons
with horses, and a quantity of supplies, inclu
ding five hundred bushels of corn. The depot of
the telegraph line, a bridge and trestle work
were destroyed. Armstrong also defeated the
U'eJcrals the same day, taking fourteen prison
The Jackson Mississippian says commodore
Brown, of tho rebel ram Arkansas, was wound
ed in the head when he run the Federal gauntlet.
A officer who left Tuscumbia, Alabama, on
Monday says : On Saturday a band of rebel cav
alry burned the station houses at Leighton, ten
miles from Tuscumbia. and at Jonesboro, fifteen
miles from the same place, to stop communica
tion on the Charleston Railroad. The rebel cav
airy are numerous, and hold that region. Being
thoroughly acquainted with the country, they
generally get tho better of our forces.
Vt ashington. Aug. 6. The Union mertinir
at the Capital to-night was an immense affair. I
A. number of the most pr minent and mont dis
tinguisbed gentlemen spoke. President Lincoln
riv-!"la0 sIlo'' pewh principally in justification
i of tho Secretary of ar, taking on himself the
; ,ibility .
, bceu blamed.
Nashville. Aug. 5. General Nelson occupied
j McMinville on Saturday with 6,000 troops.
ibe rebel forces fled at his approach, leaving I
forty straggleri to fall into our hands. Tde
rebel Colonel Forrest is supposed to be at,
. Sparta with 2,000 cavalry. Transportation. be-J
tween Murfreesboro and McMinville is open for
Gen. Neiilv arrived at Columbia yesterday.
f dispersed a large concentration 01 guerriuus
Wi liamsport, twelve miles from Columbia,
on Sunday evening, capturing a number. A
considerable quantity of cotton has been burned
near Columbia. 1 he guerrillas near mere u vo
been trying to concentrata for some time. Tho
utmost vig lance is required to prevent them.
Washington. A112. 7. General Can by is re
lieved from duty in New Mexico, and ordered
. ...i.-o . rV..
10 ropori 111 person iu me otocwi; ui k
The latest advices from Sperrysville, Kappa
haimoi k county Va., state that a deserter from
the Seventh Virginia Cavalry, come into our
lines, havsng left Gordonsvlflo last Saturday.
He says that there is a very largo force nt that
place and Staunardsville, and that-reinlorcements
are arriving daily ; that it is their intention to
uttaek Pope and whip Inm, it they can, ana
then full upon McClellan.
The advance brigade of Sigel a corps aro now
subsisting entirely on the enemy. Lol. Robirr
son, Provost Marshal at Sperrysville, received
orders yerterday to send a hundred ana tort?
citizens of that place and the surrounding country
. .. ... 1.1 t-
who retuso to take tho oatn, oeyonci me iiuus
of our army.
New York, August 0. The Tribune's asli
inston correspondent says: It is believed that
important movements ore about to take place
affecting the fortunes of tho campaign. W hat
movements are not staled.
Washington, August G. Governor Morgan
and Thurlow Weed arrived here last night. Tho
Governor thinks New York's quotaof volunteers
will be furnished by tho end of the week.
It is believed that General Bumsido has
reached his new field of operation, and may soon
by act of his own, anr.ounco his exact locality.
There is authority for emphatically denying tho
truth of tho statement that Secretary Seward
lias made a remonstrance to franco against the
presence in the Gulf of Mexico of a powerful
The latest advices from Sperryvillo say that
prisoners continue to be brought in from Madi
son Court House. Loyal blacltsare coming intc
the lines in great numbers, from the direction of
Stannardsville. They are represented as a very
superior class and will make excellent teamsters,
A scouting party yesterday found between
twenty unci thirty negroes in irons, twclvo miles
from Madison Court House, in nearly a starving
condition. They were caught by the atibeU
while trying to escape.
New York, August G. The Times' Washing
ton special dispatch says well informed circles
are lull of stories about a movement either pro
gressing or impending in McClellun's army. Tho
'resident is cited as authority for the declaration
that the present week must bring Stirling new
Irom the poaiiisula. Much stress is laid upon
Halleck's refusal to grant passes to any one on
any account, to visit the peninsula, for the reason
that the stato of affairs is too critical to permit
any passing to and from the lines, even by mili
Washington, August G. The heavy drafi by
ihe Government is variously reg rded, but tho
prevailing sentiment is one of approval. A
strong feeling of confidence succeeds the discour
ugement of tho past month.
Philadelphia, August G. Recruiting is going
mi bravely. The quota of volunteers from this
Statu will soon be raised. The whole foroo re
quired from this city, under both ca. Is, will prob
anly bo raised without draft.
New York, August 6. W. II. Webb has con
traded with tho Government to build an iron
steamer, to bo covered with six-inch iron and to
have two revolving turrets like the Monitor,
w Inch are to be covered wilh twelve-inch iron.
The vessel is to have a solid iron rum, half the
length of the ship. Price, one and a quarter
Admiral Goldsboro has asked to be relieved
from his present command. Rumor says Cap
tain Wilkes is to take the p ace of Goldsboro.
Porter, of the mortar flotilla, is to be flag officer
of the naval forces before Richmond.
A special dispatch to tho Post, from Washing,
ton, says : Reports from Pope's headquarters
state that the rebels are concentrating their
forces ut Go.donsvillc, with the evident inten
tion of attacking Pope.
Several Governors of loyal Stntes are hero
consulting with the President iu relation to the
new orders for drafting.
The Post professes to have reliable informa
tion from Richmond that the entire rebel army
never exceeded 350,000 effectives fiom tho Po
tomac to the Rio Grande. Tho forces about
Richmond reached at tho highest 120,000, of
whom 90,000 were on the peninsula during tho
memorable seven days fight. The rebel loss in,
that fight was 28,000 killed and wounded. Rich
inond since has becu one vast hospital.
Washington, August G. A treaty of com
merce and navigation between the United States
and the Ottoman Empire is officially proclaimed.
Philadelphia, August 6. Subscriptions to tho
Bounty Fund now reach $345,000.
Washington, August G. A dispatch from tho
headquarters of the army of tho Potomac, to
day, says : The army of the Potomac has again.
assumed the offensive. A rccounoisance was
made yesterday by General Hooker to Malvern
Hill, and bite Oak Swamp bridge, and m the
direction of New Market and Richmond, which.
was in every respect a complete success. The
troops left camp after dark the night before last.
and arrived at Malvern Hill at four o'clock yes
terday morning. They encountered two regi
ments of infantry and a battery posted behind
an earthwork. Fire was opened on them br
Benson's battery. The infantry were not enea-
bed. The fire lasted three hours, when the rebel,
ingloriously fled by tho river road towards Rich
mond, hotly pursued by our troops who took. 10O
prisoners. 1 he loss on our side was three killed
and eleven wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Laun.
die, of the Lighth Illinois Cavalry, was severely
wounded in the breast while driving in the ene
Washington, August 8. A dwoatoh dated
Fortress Monroe, Aug. 6, says: A reconnois
sance an Monday night, to Malvern Hill result-
ed favorably. Wa now bold that position with-
j sufficient force to hold it and also to carry on alh
Since the arrival Gen. Curtis vt Helena Ark-
he has freed over 3,000 slaves, mostly thoso
ho had worked at Forts Wri"ht and Donelson.