Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View Entire Issue (March 15, 1862)
THE STATE KEFUBLICAX.
EUGENE CITY, SATURDAY, MAE. 15, 1862.
"The Struggle of to-day is not altogether for
to-day, it is for the vast future also."
THE PKECIJiCT DELEGATES.
For tho benefit of our new subscribers who
did not receive last week's issue, we will again
insert the tabic of apportionment of delegates to
be chosen from each precinct of Lane county, to
meet in county convention in accordance with
the call which will be seen in another column.
No. of delegates.
In compiling this table wo have kept an eye
single to the motive principle which should con
trol tho movement, ond which wo was very aptly
expressed in the Statesman of last week ; "These
conventions are intended to represent tho aggre
gate union sentiment of tho district."
In soma county calls wo seo that the precinct
delegation is formed upon a basis of the popular
vote ; others have expressed no special systen:
of precinct representation. This we regard as
altogether a matter of choice, and as we express,
cd our views last week in regard to tho appor.
tionmcnt we havo presented wo need say nothing
further on the matter more than if any seem to
bo dissatisfied with our tablu any needful regula
tion can bo mado at the county convention,
it wo have no doubt will meet tho utmost good
feeling ond candor of judgment to dischargo the
honorablo and responsible business of tho day
EFFECT OF ItECENT VICTOIUE.S.
Short-sighted politicians and captious secession
sympathizers, for the past few mouths have
been loud in their anathemas against those who
have tho management and conduct of tho war,
and havo been much exercised at tho apparent
tardiness of tho forward movement of our ar
mies, whilo those who would fain seo secession
triumph have charged tho Government with ina
bility to put down rebellion. But with sternness
and silence have tho great plans of tho war been
carried forward until one brilliant victory after
another lias been gained, and at tho eastern and
western extremities of the great Union lino tre
mendous blows have been struck, the dread
effects of which must strike terror throughout,
tho entire extent of Soccssia. Loyal men had
scarcely ceased to be tumultuous with joy over
tho capitulation of Roanoke, when they were
again stirred to enthusiasm by tho news of tho
capture of Fort Donelson, with 15,000 rebols,
while those great movements, which were made
almost simultaneously, domonstrato tho ability
of thoso who planned them, and indicato that
they are parts of a great schema which is being
slowly perfected, and which will ultimately and
effectually wipo this damnablo monster from the
Thcso victories havo brought almost within
our grasp somo of the most important channels
of communication in tho South. Tho enpture of
Donelson, " tho Gibralter of tho West," and the
last stronghold of tho rebels in West Tennessee,
opens tho Cumberland river to Nashville, and
tho possession of Bowling Green and Colum
bus will certainly bo followed by the taking
of Nashville, whilo the control of tho Cumber
land and Tennessee, and tho Mississippi above
Memphis, and tho railroads leading thereto,
will cut off tho great Tennessee supply to tho
army if the rebellion in Virginia, and also to
Tho capture of tho ports on tho Virginia and
North Carolina coast line, have enabled tho Po
tomac line to advance, whilo tho stretching out
to tho eastward of tho immense forces in the
southwest, all combine to dissipato, and conse
quently weaken tho strength of tho rebels by
compelling them to resist attack at the same
time at vsrious places with tho same force which
they were heretofore enabled to bring against
ingle and isolated points of attack.
Tho value of these victories U scarcely less
in s moral than in a strategic point oi view. The
steady and successful advanco of the increasing
Union forces have disheartened rebeldom, and
weakened and demoralized its army, which is
now being replenished by drafting those unwil
ling to serve, and constantly diminishing, until
now they are taught the lesson thi:t tho Federal
Government Is terribly in earnest, and that its
power, which is generous and just to all in peace,
is determined and relentless in its efforts to crush
treason and rebellion. And we trust it is also a I
wholesome Ieson to those who have impugned
the motvies of tlx in power for their long si
lence and preparation. 11. c.
OllEGOX tTATK TEACHERS INSTITUTE. The
Oregon State Educational Association and Teach
ers' Instituto met atSalcm on the 12th of Feb
ruary, last, and continued in session four days.
Its object, as we understand, is to develop the
Lest methods of teaching. For this purpose
papers were read, and discussions and addresses
made on tho various topics of education by some
of tho first teachers of tho country. By this
means we may hope to have a better system of
instructions urged upon our Oregon teac'.crs,
many of whom teach in a very bungling and
clumsy manner. Ohio has for several years
adopted this method, and her system of schools
is now considered tho best in tho Union. We
would be glad to see every county in the State,
as well as every teacher, take an interest in this
matter. Tho next meeting of this association
will be held in Salem, on the first Wednesday of
August, next. Cannot the teachers of Lane
county bo represented ? n. c.
Ciiivalrv IIi'mblkd. On Sunday morning
after tho fight at Donaldson, Gen. Buckner, who
commanded the rebels, dispatched to Gen. Grant,
requesting an armistice, and the appointment of
Commissioners to agree on terms of capitulation.
Gen. Grant replied that " no terms except un
conditional and immediate surrender can be ac
cepted. I propose to move immediately on your
works." To which Gen. Buckner replied : " The
distribution of forces under my command inci
dent to the unexpected change of commanders,
and tho overwhelming forco under your com
mand, compel me, notwithstanding the brilliant
success of tho Confederate arms yesterday, to
accept tho ungenerous and unchivalrous terms
you propose." A few rnoro such humbling, and
our secession sympathizers abouthero will not
boast that one seeesher can whip three northern
men. u. c.
It is confidently asserted by correspondents
to New York papers that Congress will pass a
bill organizing tho rebel States into Territorial
Governments. This would certainly be a just
and magnanimous punishment for their treason
able course, while it would forever settle the
question of secession, and secure a more pcaco-
ful course of conduct hereafter, and perhaps ulti
mately remove tho causo of disscntion. n. c.
Jonsv Bull, is still inclined to favor the reb
els as much as he dare without getting into an
open rupture with Brother Jonathan. His strin
gent neutrality regulations are so ingloriously
arranged that one of our ships may not sail from
an English port in pursuit of a rebel pirate
within twenty-four hours after the pirate clears
tho port. Wo are seriously doubtful if we
should respect any such " neutrality" as that, it
is verily giving aid and comfort to the rebel pi
rates ; covering them with British guns whilo
they mako their escape from the just retribution
which might overtako them at tho hands of our
vigilant and brave tars.
Retrenchment. There seems to bo a general
determination to cut down tho foes of county
clerks, and we doubt not it will be done at tho
first session of the Legislature. These fees ought
to-havo been reduced rather than county judge's
salaries changed at tho last session. There is no
propriety in paying a man 83,000 14,000 a year
for an amount of work which, applied in any
other business, would yield only if 1,000 or $fl,-
That is a littlo sound common sense, right to
tho point, and in the right time. This subject
should bo brought to the notico of the people bo
foro tho election, and members to tho Legisla
ture should bo sent there instructed to reduce
such salaries as aro known to be too high. This
matter of retrenchment, is like tho man who
could not cover his house while it rained, and
would not cover it in dry weather, because ho
then didn't need a roof. Parties and candidates,
usually make a great blow obout retrenchment
before election, but never think of it again so
long as they are enabled to draw tho high salaries.
They then go out of power, and can't retrench,
leaving it to another set, who do likewise, and so
it goes, tho people paying dearly for their lies.
Now, thisgamo is played out in these hard times,
and tho people are going to have this matter
righted or bring tho lying politicians up standing.
The man who writes tho Corvallis paper is
beginning to see that his politics is played out,
and is getting into a pious strain proposes to do
duty in the Missionary lino. No says 'Church
es without an organ will always find us willing
toobligo them to tho extent of our limited space."
Correspondents must hear with us for a few
weeks. We have a crowd of matter on hand
that must go in at present or be out of time.
Your whole sinking concers will bo likely to
"go iu" one of thoso times.
Wk don't aim to mako a sensation paper, but
one that will acquire character for reliability af
ter a while. Corvallis Toadstool.
If you had said re-lic-ability, you havs that
character already, unequalled in tho State.
O.n fellow townsman William Moodt whose
feet were frozen bctweo the Dalles and Walla
Walla, has sutfered the amputation of a leg.
Tu sub-leasoes of tho State Prison, have
sent word to the Governor to lake the State
prisoners, off their hands.
LATEST EASTERN NEWS
Tlio Daily Times brings us eastern dates up
to March 1.
NASHVILLE TAKEN ! !
STARK ADMITTED TO HIS SEAT.
JEFF DAVIS WANTS A COMPROMISE
GREAT FIRE IN BOSTON.
GREAT GALE AT NEW YORK ! ! !
Southern Oregon Gazette Suppressed!
The Sierra Nevada brought up from San Fran
cisco 000 passengers.
New York, Feb. 21. The Savannah Morning
Xews says that the Yankees would capture and
destroy savannah this week, and Charleston
The President's son died yesterday.
TliK Custom House, banks, insuranco oflkes,
and most places of business, will be closed to.
morrow, 22d, in accordance with a proclamation
issued by the Mayor.
St. Louis, Feb. 21. Gen. Halleck telegraphed
to-day to Gen. McClellan that Oen. Curtis had
taken Bentonville, Arkansas, with a considerable
quantity of baggage, wagons, etc.
A released prisoner at Baltimore says that
thcro is a strong Union sentiment at Richmond.
Tho Union men are 3,000 strong.
In the fight at Sugar Creek, Arkansas, 14 of
tho enemy were killed and 43 wounded. And
1200 or 1300 of our troops were bivouacking 8
miles beyond the camp.
Cairo, Feb. 22. Officers of the guuboats who
have been at Clarksvillo represent tho Union
feeling as strong and testified to in such a man
ner as admits of no doubt of its sincerity. Tho
people stato that they had been led to believo
tho Union army entirely composed of Germans
and negroes, who were making it a war of abo
lition ; now that they havo seen its effect they
are anxious to tako tlie oath of allegiance. Prom
inent officers say a similar feeling will soon per
vado tho whole State.
Cleveland, Feb. 21. Tho steamer North Star
was burned at the wharf last night. Loss $73,
000. Government has released a large number of
political prisoners from Forts Lafayette ond
Warren, on their parole that they will not give
aid and comfort to tho enemy.
Washington, Feb. 22. At a complimentary
supper given Mr. Faulkner, formerly Minister
to Franco, at Martinsburg, Va., a few days since
ho declared in a speech that it was useless for the
South to contend any longer, that tho Southern
Confederacy could not stand, and the sooner the
war ceased tho better for the South.
New York, Feb. 22. The steamer Atlantic,
from Port Royal on the 19th, arrived this morn
ing, bringing 200 bales of cotton.
An editorial in the Richmond Examiner of the
19th states that a large portion of tho foreign
population at Richmond were disaffected.
The Philadelphia Inquirer of to-day says it is
reported that frauds in articles of clothing and
military horse trappings have been discovered,
Uimounting to over a million dollars.
Gen. Scott h is been nominated Minister to
Cumberland Gap and Russelville are iu pos
session of tho Federal troops.
Washington, Feb. 24. Rcconnoisances were
mado this morning from Smith's Division tow
ards Centerville. Eleven mounted pickets were
captured, from whom information was obtained.
Louisville, Feb. 23. It is understood that the
rebels proposed destroying the roads and bridg
es near Nashville on their retreat southward, but
citizens along the road remonstrated.
Beauregard is at Nashville, sick with tho ty
Chicago, Feb. 2 1. Tho official statement of
tho fight at Fort Donelson shows 321 killed,
1,004 wounded and 152 missing on tho Federal
An expedition composed of four gunboats
and two mortar boats, flora Cairo, went down to
Columbus yesterday, and was met by a rebel
Hag of truce. A consultation took place, which
lasted two hours, result not being made public.
Gen. Scott was nominated Minister Extraor
dinary to Mexico, with full powers such as ho ex
ercised in tho Pacific on the northwestern boun
dary (San Juan) matter. Accompanying this
nomination, tho projected treaty went to the
.Senate, the principal feature of which is substan
tially tho assumption of tho Mexican debt, the
interest on which amounts to three million dol
lars a year. Tho treaty guarantees our payment
of it for five years. It is thought that General
Scott's nomination will be confirmed by the Sen
ate, if his functions should be limited to the pac
ification of the armed quarrel against Mexico,
particularly at this moment, when wo cannot
defend tho Monroe doctrine or go to her help;
but it is doubtful whether tho Senate will fivor
a scheme buying oil England, Franco and Spain
for five years.
Col. Corcoran is to be made a Brigadier Gen
eral as soon as he returns from the SoJth.
Fortress Monroe, Feb. 23. The steamer
Georgo Washington arrived this evening from
James river, with threo hundred released prison
crs, the largest number of them belonging to
the Tammany and first California Regiments, a
large portion of them captured at Ball,s Bluff.
There are now no Union prisoners remaining in
Gen. MeKinstry has been released from im
prisonment. Gov. Morton has appoint! the Hon. Joseph
A. Wright U. S. Senator fo.' Indiana, to fill the
place of Jesse D. Bright.
Ciiro, reb. 22. lroops are congregating
here, and preparations are making for a move to
Columbus. The Confederates are extremely
busy, either preparing for an evacuation, or as
some think, to attack us here. Seventeen steam
ers were lying at Columbus this morning, and a
scout reports them laden with troops. The force
is 30,000 strong. There are five gunboats there.
Memphis papers of the 22J just received, rep
resent tho people of Tennessee feeling cloomv
and depressed over the Fort Donelson matter.
The publication of all news 1 1 Union triumphs is
interdicted by military authorities.
The Government of Mississippi has made a
general call upon ull persons capable of bearing
arms to enlist under the alternative of drafting.
The Governor of Alabama calls for twelve
regiments by tho 4th of March for three years or
the war, and threatens to resort to drafting if
not filled by that time.
St Louis, Feb. 24. Gen. Ilallcck, in an order
addressed to the troops engaged iu the advance
to Tennessee, reiterates in strong language the
provisions of his third order, and urges the Fed
eral soldiers to show the misguided Southern
people that they come to restore, not to violate
tho Constitution and laws. Ho forbids fugitive
slaves being admitted within our lines. All per
sons not iu arms are to be regarded as non
combatants not to be molested either in person
or property, unless aiding or assisting tho ene
Fortress Monroe, Feb. 24. The steamer Bal
timore, which left here several days ago with
amuuition for Gen. Burnside's expedition, arrived
yesterday. Her news is not of peculiar interest.
Tho burning of Winton by tho Federal forces is
Tho greater part of Burnside's expedition wss
still at Roanoke Island. Gen. Williams' brigade
was at Ilatteras, and received orders to proceed
Indianopolis, Feb. 23. Gen. Buckner and
stafl'urrived here by special train from Louisville,
at one o'clock this morning ; also 300 more pris
oners. Gen. Buckner is confined alone in a room in
the United States Court House building. There
are now here nt Lafayetto and Terre Haute nearly
Cairo, Feb. 25. Nashville was occupied
yesterday by 10,000 troops under Gen. Buell,
and tho Federal flag was flying over tho State
The Tennessee Legislature, which adjourned
on Saturday week, met again yesterday.
At Memphis it is reported that commissioners
had been nppointed to confer with the Federal
authorities at Washington to arrange terms for
the transfer of her allegiance, and that Governor
Harris had olfered to turn the Confederate forces
over to tho Union.
A gentleman who lives at Columbus and arri
ved here last night, represents a general Union
sentiment in Tennessee. The Legislature will
acquiesce in the recommendation of Gov. Harris,
because it is fearful of raising the Union sentiment.
When ho left Columbus, there were 30.000
Confederate troops there.
Another gentleman who arrived from Nash
ville last night reports that the Confederates
will make another stand. All tho rebel troops
had left Nashville except tho police force.
When Gov. Harris fled with the regiments to
Memphis ho burned tho State Library and dis
tributed a large amount of commissary stores
and provisions among tho citizens, fetores are
closed and business entirely suspended. The
secessionists are leaving with their stock and
negroes, following tho Confederate army.
Chicago, Feb. 20. Pacific Railraod bill was
reported to-day in the Senate.
A fire which destroyed $100,000 worth of
property occurred at Boston yesterday. Seve
ral firemen were killed.
The telegraph lines were taken possession of
by tho Government to day.
A bill has passed tho House prohibiting all
officers from returning fugitive slaves. Any
officer violating to bo dismissed the service.
Louisville, Feb. 25. A rebel deserter arrived
from Munfordsville today, and reports that the
rebels intend concentrating 20,000 men at Mur
freesboro, purporting to give battle there.
St. Louis, Feb. 23. General Curtis, in his dis
patch to Gen. Halleck, says that most of his pro
visions for the last ten days have been from the
enemy. Ho had again routed Price from his
stronghold. Price burned his extensive barracks
at Cross Hollows, to prevent ouf troops from
Tho Mexican treaty resolutions, etc., were
defeated in executive session of tjio Senate
ayes, 8 ; noes, 28. This carries the rejection of
Gen. Scott as an additional Minister to Mexico.
Threo gunboats from Fort Donaldson had
arrived at Nashville. They reported that Gov.
Harris wished an interview with Gen. Grant.
It is an erroneous statement that he delivered
an " intenso war message" to the Legislature
in which ho declared that Tenncsseo must fight
to the bitter end.
Gen. Nelson's Kentucky brigado reached Fort
Donaldson on Sunday. It was immediately
sent forward to Nashville. Gen. Buell's timely
arrival thero undoubtedly saved the city from
ut'er destruction, as Pillow could not have
saved it from his desperadoes if tho Federal
fore.! had not been in the vicinity.
New York, Feb. 2(5 The British steamer
Lebanon was taken as a prize on the Rio Grande
by tho sloopof-war Portsmouth. She had half
a cargo of cotton aboard ; had previously landed
a cargo of blankets and ordnance at Matamoras.
The President has approved the Treasury
A special from Washington says that tho in
dications in tho Senate to-day clearly are in
favor of tho immediato passage of Trumbull's
Confiscation Bill, with amendments, freeing oil
the slaves of rebels.
Cairo, Feb. 20. Gen. Grant has declared
martial law over Western Tennessee, with the
understanding that upon a sufficient number of
citizens of that stato returning to their allegiance
and showing a desire to maintain law and order,
all military restrictions are to be withdrawn.
Baltimore, Feb. 20. Edisto Island was oc
cupied by Sherman's forces on the 18th, thus
making .mother advance toward Charleston.
McDougall, from tho Special Committee,
reported a bill yesterday, for the establishment
of a railroad and telegraph line from the Mis
souri river to t:ie 1'aeilic.
Washington. Feb. 27. The R,pnhlican inti
mates that Jeir Davis has made overtures for a
compromise. It is said that h" asks for a Con. I
ventiou of nil the Mates to definitely adjust the
question. Its issue requires new guarantees! aro at alia alia and the Dalles awaiting to
lor slarery. be brought down.
F SS .nLTgn J', o!5,e.J '.o" 8Cat in lhe A lETTER frot Salt Lake City to the Sacra
t . 8. Senate by a vote of 20 to 19. 1 mellto thfi Mornfolls are dcler.
Gen. I.ucker and Tilgham have been sent to mined to make a State of Utah, with or without
1- ort arreu. the consent of the Jencral Government.'
New York, Feb. 27. The actual number of
prisoners taken at Roanoke Island was 1,488.
As our forces took undisturbed possession of
Edeuton, part of a flying Artillery regiment,
variously estimated at from 150 to 300, fled
precipitately, without firing a shot, and many
of tho inhabitants also left.
Among the results of tho expedition ore tho
destruction of 8 cannon, nnd one schooner on
the stocks at Edenton, and two schooners in t he
sound. Com. Goldsborough says ho remained two
hours abreast of the town, and was visited by
the authorities and others, many of whom pro
fessed sentiments of loyalty to the Union.
St. Louis, Feb. 27. Gen. Curtis has taken
pessession of Fayetteville, Ark., capturing a
number of prisoners, baggage, stores, etc. The
enemy burnt part of the town before they left.
They have crossed Boston mountains in great
contusion. Wo now possess all their strong
Chicago, Feb. 28. The Governor of Georgia
has called for 12 regiments from that Stato. If
not forthcoming by tho 4th of March drafting
will bo ordered.
In the rebel Congress, on Wednesday, resolu
tions were offered declaring that tho people of
tho Confederate States will, to tho last extremity,
maintain the rights of self government, and, to
this end, pledge the last dollar and tho last man
iu tho prosecution of tho war, until independ
ence bo acknowledged.
Tho Raleigh (N. C.) lieyuter of the 20th says
" It would be criminal, as well as idle, to deny
that the present t'uno is tho most gloomy tho
South has ever witnessed sinco the 'commence
ment of tho war."
All the prisoners taken on Roanoko Island
have been released on parole.
St. Louis, Feb. 28. Preparations for evacua
tion by the rebels of Columbes and demolition
of tho fortifications aro being made. The rebels
aro to fall back on Island No. 10, forty miles
below Columbus, which camp commands the
river nnd is to be fortified with heavy guns, and
made impregnable against any river attack.
The Union forces nt Roanoke Island have pos
session of tho seaboard railroad, thus cutting off
all commurication between Norfolk, Richmond,
and the Southern seaboard.
A bill has been prepared by the Committee on
Territories, and will be reported by tho chairman
probably to day, providing a temporary civil
government, under tho protection of the milita
ry and naval forces, in the States in rebellion, the
geographical boundaries t bo fixed by the Prcs-
Chicago, Feb. 23. Tho Richmond II7 of
23d, speaking of JefTDavi's inauguration, says :
" In view of the past, present, and future, tho pa
geant presented is a bitter mockery, and a mis
erable compensation for the ruin cf a free people.
Washington, Feb. 28. In the Senate, Mr.
Stark offered tho following ; Resolved That tho
papers relating to tho loyalty of Benjamin Stark,.
Senator from Oregon, "bo referred to the Com
mittee on Judiciary, with instructions to inves
tigate tho charges, or evidence, which has been
or may bo presented. Mr. Halo objected, and
tho resolution was laid aside.
Consideration of Stark's resolution was re
sumed in the Senate. McDougall urged that
the question was sntisfrctnrily settled. A motion
that the resolution should be tabled wasrtjeeted .
by a vote of 7 to 32. Without any conclusion
the subject was laid ovtr.
St. Louis, March 1. The rebels, in abandon
ing provisions in Arkansas, poisoned them, and
42 officers and men of the Union forces wero
poisoned by eating them.
A bill was introduced into the Senate to-day
to immediately abolish slavery in the District of
A bill is in preparation for tho government of
tho seceded States by a council of uiiic members.
It will be reported next week.
Another Secesh Gone up. We aro inform'd
by a dispatch from the Jacksonville Sentinel
that the Southern Oregon Gazette is suppressed
from tho mails.
Trouble in China. Advices from China, up
to 2d January, are important, as they contain
the intelligence that Ningpoo, an important sea
port north of Shanghai, had fallen into the hands
of the insurgents, or Taipings. This is one of
our treaty ports, and its capture from the Impe
rialist just at the commencement of our com
nieree with China, is unfortunate for American
and British interests. The city was destroyed
in a most savage manner.
LossofSiieep. The California Wool Grow
ers' Association, have made a report in which they
figure up the total loss of sheep in that Stato at
Marysville, California, has completed a levee
for tho protection of the upper part of the city
from future inundation.
Efforts are being made to raise money to open
a pack trail from Portland through to the Dalles,
the south sidd of 4he Columbia river.
Gov. Curry has retired from the editorship of
the Portland Daily Advertiser. Mr. J. L. Alli
son succeeds him.
Salmon Tows. There is qnite a little town of
tents, filled with miners, bound for the Salmon
mines, at the mouth of the Willamette, waiting
for navigation to open in the Colnmbia river,
so that they can proceed on their journey.
New Minks. A. Mr. J. G. Swau states in tho
Xorthtcesf, that there are gold deposits in the
Olympia range of Mountains. He says he has
seen specimens of quartz gold found on the Quin
ault. Also, Pike's Peak miners have found a
rich copper mine on the head of Grande river.
As expedition has left Yreka in search of new
Ir is stated that largo quantities of gold dust