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About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View Entire Issue (March 15, 1862)
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DEVOTED TO THE POLITICAL AND GENERAL INTERESTS OF THE PEOPLE.
VOL. I. EUGENE CITY, 011EGON, MARCH 15, 1862. NO. 10.
THE STATE REPUBLICAN.
Published every Saturday by
EE. SHAW & CO.
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All communications to this otlice should be addressed to
II. SHAW 4 Co., Eugene City, Oregon.
To Astkrtisrrs. Business men throughout Oregon and
California will find it greatly to their advantage to adver
tise intlie iST TK KKPrilMPW.
From the Usiox Songster.
Fling abroad its folds to the cooling breeze,
Let it tlout at the ninst-heud high ;
And gather around, all hearts resolv'd,
To sustain it there or die :
An emblem of peace and hope to the world,
Unstained let it ever be ;
And suy to the world, where'er it waves,
Our tlug is the Hag of the free !
That banner proclaims to the list'ning earth,
That the reign of the tyrant is o'er,
The galling chums of despotic sway
Jjhall enslave us no muro :
An emblem of hope to the poor and lost,
O place it where all may see ;
And shout with glad voice as you raise it high,
Our tlug is the Hag of the free !
Then on high, on high let that bunner wave,
And lead us the foe to meet,
Let it tloat in triumph o'er our heads
Or be our winding sheet :
And never, oh never be it furled,
' Till it wave o'er earth and sea ;
And all munkind shall sweel the shout,
Our flag is the flag of the free !
BALLOONING OVER THE REBEL CAMP.
The following is no extract from a balloon as
cension over the rebel camp, by Prof. La Moun
tain and N. Frank White, as given by Mr.
Tho enemy has not passed unnoticed, for,
though I cannot get intide their lines, fortunately
1 am favored with opportunities which few have,
i can go over their lines; and so, with the Pro
4'essor, I paid them a morniug visit a few days
ago. I cannot say what were the remarks of
Jefferson D., Esq., as we floated above his en
campment at Centcrville, and I do not know
that Mr. Beauregard spilt his coffee on receiving
information that the hated Yankees were so near ;
but 1 do know that either of the above-named
gentlemen, by looking straight up from Centcr
ville about ten o'clock that morning, could have
seen, without a very powerful glass, two inquis
itive Yankees taking notes, which in three hours
from that time were in the hand of our General.
We had indeed a glorious ascension, tho wind
being from the east, in the right direction to take
us to Manassas; we cut entirely loose from the
earth, and wer.t up, up, tip, until tho Professor's
ablo assistant, Mr. Albert Kendrick, of Troy,
with our guard of forty men, were a little cluster
of dots, and our barricaded mill a mere hand
breadth square ; off to tho east lay Washington
nd the white tent dotted hills of Maryland ;
then came the Potomac, like a silver ribbon,
narrowing north towards Leesburg, and proad
ening out away to the south and south east ; right
below us, encampment upon encampment, lay
the grand army of the Potomac; the thousands
of white tents covering all the hillsides; tho
black, movii g squares and lines, which we knew
were our own true soldiers ; the brown earth
fortifications upon each commanding eminence,
every angle is marked out to our view as though
a map was beneath and the blended, softened,
harmonized music of many bands, r.ow swelling
out full and clear, as it pulsed up to us, now
toned down to the gentlest strains, were sights
and sounds never to bo forgotten.
k Cut the wind was fast bearing us to the west,
and in a very few moments we were over Fairfax
Court House ; by descending a little we could see
plainly the rebel cavalry, who were scouting in
that vicinity ; with the exception of those scouts,
there was no force there ; a few moments more
brought us over Centcrville, and there, within
and around thousand bough huts, were the mor
tal enemies of those whose tents but a little time
before lay below us on the banks of the Potomac.
We were near enough to have a fair view of their
numbers, to get all the information we wanted,
and stir up. quite an excitement in their midst,
if we could judge by the evident agitation of the
living mass ; doubtless their blessings were plen
tifully showered Upon us. But as we were above,
its a natural consequence the Bhower had no
t-flect ; and as we hud made our call sufficiently
lone, we threw over a little ballast bade them
a polite irood momins. and went up in search of
some current that would be obliging enough to
lake us back again under the protection of our
own glorious stars and stripes. I confess that I
was a little nervous lest Boreas should not be in
an obliging mood, in which case our condition
would not be exactly the thing, for we well knew
that many thonsand angry eyes were watching
us below ; many a finger was ready, if we came
in range, to pull the trigger that would speed a
ball towards our hearts wasn't I excusably
nervous t 1 think I was ; though, as the sequel
proved, unnecessarily so that tune, for we noon
reached tho higher current to the east, and rapid
ly sped on lo safely, landing in a very short
time right in tho midst of our camps, not two
miles from our starting place. That was one
day's experience, and I shall probably have
inanv such if this war continues long.
SECESSIONISTS CLAIMING LANDS.
The following Circular has been sent from the
Land Office, Washington, to registers, Re
ceivers and Surveyors-General :
General Land Office, Jan. 6, 1862.
Gentlemen : This office has received a comma
nication, dated the 3d hist., from the Hon. C. B,
Smith, Secretary of the Interior, by which we
are advised that he is in possession of informa
tion in which he places entire confidence, " that
many persons m Oregon, and probably others in
Washington Territory, are claiming and obtain
ing the benefit of the acts of Congress donating
lands to actual settlers, vho openly express sen
timents hostile to the Government whose bounty
they claim, and adherence to and sympathy with
the existing rebellion."
The resources of tho Government, necessary
to sustain its credit in the future, and required so
far as available in the present, to suppress this
rebellion, ouht not to be squandered upon those
aiding and abetting the treason, which it is the
great object of the Government to destroy and
The acts of Congress granting donations of
land, restrict those donations to citizens, and those
who have solemnly declared their intention to
become citizens, before the judicial tribunals.
The spirit of these acts, therefore, confines the
grants of' lands to persons loyal to the United
States, and to such only.
Your office, and tho local offices of the Land
Department, should refuse to execute and deliver
certificates and evidences to disloyal persons,
whether they havo aided and assisted tho existing
rebellion, or nre plotting to render it assistance
in the future.
The act of Congress of March 3d, 1837, (sec
tion 5.) " In addition to an act moro effectually
to .provide for tho punishment of certain crimes
against the United States," recognizes the right
of tho Commissioner of tho Government Land
Office to issue orders, regulations, and instruc
tions respecting the public lands, aud the author
ity of the District Land Officers to administer all
oaths required by Buch orders, regulations, or in
structions. The act of Congress of August, 1801,
" requiring an oath of allegiance and to support
the Constitution of tho United States," to be ad
ministered to all persons in the civil service of
the United states, has prescribed a form of oath,
which, under orders of the Executive, has also
been administered to pensioners and persons
having claims against the United States ; and
which, in my opinion, it is proper to cause to be
administered to all persons claiming certificates
of donations of lands.
These remarks, it will bo observed, apply with
equal force to all persons claiming pre-emption
rights, which are special grants of preference
and favor conferred by the Government and by
it restricted to loyal persons.
In accordance with these views and pursuant
to instructions (1 ). "All persons claiming pre
emptions or donations of lands are required to
take tho oath of allegiance above designated (form
herewith) before obtaining certificates from tho
local land offices."
2. These certificates have already been issued,
and th9 patents in these classes of cases remain
under the control of this office or tho local otlices.
The patents will not be delivered until the re
quired oath is taken by tho party or parties to
whom they are issued, or who have direct inter
est in them.
3. A like oath of allegiance will also bo re
quired of all persons taking contracts in the sur
veying service m any portion ot tho public do
In any and all matters falling within the range
of your duties, upon the aforesaid instructions
may nave a hearing, you aro neroy enjomea to
faithfully observe the said instructions.
You will plcaso acknowledge the receipt ot
this circular, and will promptly report any case
or cases heretofore returned to this office, in
which its interpositions may be required to give
a full effect to the Secretary's instructions.
A supply of the forms of oath will be lur-
nished you by this office.
Your obedient servant,
J. M. Edmunds. Com.
A Fo .tt-Shooter. The forty-shooter inven
ted by Rev. Mr. Moore, of Iowa a perfect Nim
rod of a preacher is described as a weapon w hich
will kill w ith accuracy at a distance of three
hundred yards. The editor of the St. Louis lie-
pvblican inspected the weapon, and says its cal
iber is ninety-five balls to the pound, and it
has tho May nard primer attached. The powder
and bulls are put into two tubes, which extend
from the chamber about one foot up the barrel,
parallel with each other, and both can be filled
with ammunition in a few seconds. These serve
the purpose of a cartridge box, and the rifle is
charged from them by a partial revolution of the
stock, which is quickly reversed, and the gun is
ready for firing. The ball is rammed into the
chamber with a sliding rammer, by the move
ment of returning the stock to its place. The
contrivance is by no means complicated, and its
' perfect simplicity is a guarantee against its get
ting out of order, lhe manner ot handling it
may also be learned thoroughly in a few minutes.
This rifle may very readily be adopted for army
purposes, made of any caliber required, and
would not prove more expensive than many of
tho fire arms now in use. A capacity ot twenty
charges would be entirely sufficient for an army
cun. and. in the bands of a regiment in action,
would render it equal to at least five regiments
armed with a common musket or rifle. Arrange
ments are being made, at St. Louis, to manufac
ture the weapon. Sae. Lnion.
Saute eok Flotd. The last gun fired at the
Union kaIuIp on Saturday evening, was ClVen
; for Floyd. It comprised a small charge of pow
der and no wadding, resulting in a M fizzle out."
Wreck of the Steamer ColumbCs. The Pan
ama correspondent ot the Bulletin, writing under
date of Jan. 20th, gives the following particulars
of the loss ot the steamerCoIumbus, whose wreck
was announced by telegraph from New York
A Sardinian schooner arrived at Panama a few
days since from Salvador, but brings no letters
or newspapers from the Central American States.
She, however, brings us news of the total loss of
the Panama Railroad Company s steamer Colum
bus, which has been anxiously lookod for at Pan
ama for a month past. The Columbus was
bound up, and safely landed her cargo at Punta
renas do Costa Rica, Realejo, Nicaragua and La
Union, Salvador. On the 8th of December,
while running for the port of Acajutla, and off
1 unta Kemedois, close to the port, she ran on to
the reef, on which the surt always breaks heavily
and commenced breaking up rapidly. In ten
hours there was nothing to be seen of her, she
having gone to pieces. Capt. Ludwig had mis
taken, in the night, a vessel in view, in the harbor,
for the rock near the reef, and running for her,
struck tho rock instead of reaching his anchorage.
ThoColumbus, when she struck, had 1,250 pack
ages of goods on board, principally Guatamala,
valued at $150,000. Only two hundred cases
were picked up, but in so damaged a condition
that the salvos scarcely paid for their trouble.
Tho goods are presumed to bo mostly insured
in Europe, from whence they came. There was
no insurance on tho Columbus. Tho passengers
and crew were all saved, and wero awaiting tho
steamer Guatamala, which could not arrive at
Acajutla till the 6th of the present month. Cal
ifornians will recollect tho Columbus as the
George Law propeller, of about 500 tons, which
in 1850 used to tote them up and down between
San Francisco and Panama, packed like herrings
in a box, for tho trifling sum of three hundred
thousand dollars each. About eighteen months
since, the Railroad Company expended the sum
of forty thousand dollars in re-building her, and
when lost she was sound and in good order.
Their other steamer, tho Guatamala, will have
to do all the steam trade, which has become
very valuable, between Panama and Central
American ports, till July, when the Salvador, a
fine new vessel just launched by the Company at
New York, will join in the business. Tho Guata
mala will arrive to-day, perhaps, and will bring
a cargo valued at not less than two million dol
lars, consisting of indigo, cochineal, balsam and
coffee and she will also bring the officers and
crew of the Columbus.
Parson Brownlow. The following from. the
St. Louis correspondence of the Alta is tho last
intelligence which we have from the indomitable
Tho Parson's adventures are not finished yet.
In tho Confederate Court at Knoxville, on the
27th ult., a nolle prosequi was entered in the case
of Parson Brownlow, on tho ground that having
surrendered himself voluntarily, on condition that
the Government would agreo to convey him out
of East Tennessee, and protect his exit. The
faith of tho Government being pledged, his dis
charge was ordered. Tho Knoxville lieaister re
marks as follows :
" Whether Brownlow was well enough to leave
tho jail last night, or w hat has become of him, we
have not learned ; though we understand it was
the intention of the commander of tho post here
to hold him under arrest, with a view to his
safe conduct beyond the lines, where he may
be able to co-operate with Johnson and Maynnrd.
The release was by tho Court authorities.
Immediately upon his dischargo Brownlow was
re-arrested by Col. Monsarrat, Military Com
mander, and remanded to custody.
Further from the East. From late Eastern
papers, to Jan. 11th, we extract the followin
items of intelligence :
Under the caption of " A year closing under
gloomy auspices," the Richmond Examiner
commences an article thus :
" The year closed under gloomy auspices with
a check at Drancsville and a rumored disaster in
Missouri. Tho year which yesterday began has
opened with evil tidings. We fear that there is
no doubt that the Northern Union has consented
to the surrender of Mason and Sli Jell ; and with
that event all hope of an immediate alliance be
tween the Southern Confederacy and Great Brit
ain must cease."
The Examiner then goes on to portray the
depth of degradation to which the North has been
reduced by the surrender of Mason and Slidell,
in which it can find no consolation, however, be
cause it removes the chance of a war with Eng
land, and because it cannot discover any sign of
a popular revulsion at the North against the ac
tion of the Government, which is evidently sus
tained by tho people. Then it believes that
Palmerston is the friend of the North, but thinks
that the Palmerstoo Ministry must soon be over
thrown, as the interests of the British people are
with the South, and then intervention will assur
edly take place. The editor closes as follows ;
" But, for some time, we may be left alone in
this quarrel. Let us not repine though the task
be heavy on the arm. If we would respect our
selves, consolidate our nationality, insure our
independence and transmit a heroic memory to
posterity, we must prove to ourselves and to all
others that our own unaided strength is sufficient
for our redemption. Ifitisnot, there remains
one resolution by which every citizen that is
worthy of freedom can avoid the sight of its ex
tinction and the spectacle of his country's ruin
to de in the last ditch of their defense."
Black and White Flao. The rebels at Fort
Donaldson raised the black flig on Saturday,
but substituted the white flag on Sunday, which
may be considered a pious move, in order that
the sinners might have opportunity of redeeming
themselves from being subjects of Satan's king,
Fortress Monroe, Feb. 19. Gunboats had
returned to Elizabeth City, all tho fleet was an
chored at Roanoke Island. An immense num
ber of trophies had been captured, including a
splendid State flag ot antiquated arms, flintlock
muskets, old swords, shot guns, pistols, etc
Col. Corcoran and 700 Federal prisoners are
expected hourly at Old Point.
The Sumter is off the coast of Spain.
Gen. Burnslde's fleet is at anchor off Roanoke
Island. Troops havo been sent on enough to in
crease his force to 40,000. Edenton is occupied
by his men, and their picket extend six or eight
miles into the interior from that point.
Tho war in Venezuela continues.
A frightful revolution is progressing in Hon
duras. Gen. Guardiola has been assassinated at
his own house. The troops hud joined the in
surgents, and excesses were being committed in
Advices from St. Thomas to tho 2d February
stato that a british commander had attempted to
take a seaman from an American vessel, but was
prevented by a Federal gunboat. The British
Admiral subsequently arrived, reprimanded tho
commauder and apologized to the American Con
Ship Island Miss. dates reach to tho 7th of
.February. 1'ive ships of rosters expedition
had arrived, and two moro wero spoken off Ha
vanna on the 11th.
Four rebel schooners had arrived at Havanna
from New Orleans on tho 10th, loaded with cot
Washington, Feb. 20th. Tho Senate has
passed the army appropriation bill,
Chicago special dispatches say that out of one
company of tho 1 1th Illinois Regiment, at Ft.
uonaidson there wero only lb men who were
not killed, wounded c missina. There are but
140 effective men I "Is. hi tho regiment.
Of tho rebel prisoner taken at Donaldson
3,000 have asked to bo allowed their arms and
bo enrolled in the union army.
Tennessee has convened tho Legislature of the
State to repeal all laws passed by tho Confeder
ate Legislature inconsistent with tho Federal
White flags are flying at Nashville.
Gens. Floyd and Pillow committed many acts
of vandalism as they passed up the river.
Gen. Ilalleck has telegraphed to McClellan
that Clarkesvillo has been taken, with supplies
enough for tho army for 20 days. Tho place is
iww occupied by Gen. Smith's Division.
Chicago, Feb. 21. Tho Illinois State Conven
tion, now in session at Springfield, has oppropri
ated $500,000 for tho exclusive purpose of ro
lieviug tho wants of the suffering soldiers who
havo been or may be wounded at battles fought
in defeuso of the Union.
A rebel telegram from Augusla says that Gen
Johnson telegraphed to Gen. Grant that he wo'd
surrender Nashville, provided private property
would be respected, io answer was made.
Gordon, tho slaver, was executed to day.
General Grant has been made a Major Gener
General Butler's preparations at Ship Island,
doubtless for an attack on New Orleans, go on
Nothing definite from Savannah yet reac'ies
us. It is certain that l ort l uluski is isolated
from tho land it was built to protect, and that
our forces have a battery on an island lying be
tween it and savannah.
New York, Feb. 20th. The substance of Earl
Russell's letter to tho Lords of tho Admiralty,
states that all ships of war or privateers, of either
belligerent, arc prohibited from making use of
any port or roadstead in tho United Kingdom of
Great Britain, Ireland, tho Channel Islands, or in
any of Her Majesty's colonies, foreign possess
ions dependencies, or ot any waters subject to
the territorial jurisdiction of tho British Crown,
as a place for any warike purposes, or for the
purpose ot obtaining any facilities for warlike
equipments. No ship of war or privateer of
either belligerent, shall bo permitted to sail out
of or leave any port, roadstead, or waters subject
to uritish jurisdiction, from which any vessel of
either belligerent, whether the sumo bo a ship
of war, privateer, or merchant ship, shall have
previously departed, until after tho expiration of
at least twenty-four hours from the departuro of
such last named vessel beyond the territorial ju
risdiction oilier .Majesty, lias order was to go
into effect on tho Gth inst.
Last advices represent that there is but little
doubt but that France will follow the example of
the liritish with still more stringent obligations
of neutrality on the part of French subjects in
reference to tho American belligerents.
Col. Richasdson from tho Committee of the
House on Military Affairs, is preparing a bill
to effect the incarceration of, and refusal to ex
change, all prisoners who have taken tho oath to
support tho Constitution of the United States,
such as Senators, Members of Congress, Foreign
Ministers, all who havo been regular army or
navy officers, or who havo accepted office, cither
civil or military, under tho so called Southern
Confederacy in short to punish tho leaders of
tho rebellion, and under no pretext whatever, al
low them to escape.
Tho recent news from Euiopc, touching the
determination of the Allied Power to put a
Hapsburg as the ruler over Mexico, and thus cre
ate a monarchy on our borders, is exciting pro
found emotion here. The fact that some such
scheme was contemplated has been in possession
of tho State Department for some time past, and
it will be found that dispatches have been sent to
our Ministers in London, Paris nud Madrid, pro
testing energetically against any such project.
It is asserted that tho allies are determined
that their armies shall march on tho Capital of
Mexico next month.
Tho report gains strength that tho Arch-duke
Maximillian will bo tendered the throne of Mex.
Thore have been popular demonstrations at
Parma and Florenco against Papal temporal
power, and in favor of Victor Emanuel.
Andy Johnson will probably proceed to Nash
ville as soon as that place is taken, and assist in
organising a provincial govrnmeent in Tennessee.
That State will probably send a full loyal del.
egation to Congress by tho last of March.
The companies of tho First Regiment of Cav
alry Oregon Volunteers, mustered into tho ser
vice of the United States, aro lettered as follows :
Co. A commanded by Capt. T. S. Harris.
" " Capt. E. J. Harding.
" C " 1st Lieut. Wm. Kelly.
" D Capt. SewalTruax.
" E " 1st Lieut. Geo. B.Curry.
" F " 1st Lieut. D. P. Thompson.
Thus it will be seen that Jackson county leads
tho van in tho Volunteer Regiment, called for by
tho Genoral Government, to protect tho oxposed
frontier of our youthful StaU and to give protec
tion to immigration. When the call was first
announced, secession sympathizers offered to bet
that twenty men could not bo enlisted in this
county. It only took Captain Harris six days to
fill his company.
We do not believe that Capt. Truax has as
high an alphabetical position as ho is entitled to.
It may bo wo aro mistaken, however. We are
willing that honor should be given whero tho
honoris due. Sentinel.
Thf Prospective Dkiit n the ITrmu s
retary Chaso sums up tho prospective debt of
tho country at the closo of the financial year
ending Juno 30th, 1803, as follows :
It only remains to completo tho viow of tho
financial situation, to submit a statement of the
1. 1: j i . . . ..
puuno ueoi, as it was on tho 1st day of July, in
1800 and 18G1. and will ln nr-pni-.li.,,. b
statement now presented, at tho same date in
eiieu oi me years 19W ana J Sua.
The statement, in brief, is as follows :
July 1, lKilil, the public debt was - - $(51,709,903 03
uuiy i, mm, ule purine ueot wn .... 9n,87t) 8:2 6
JtllV' 1. ISi'f. tile Itlllllif ili.l.l will , Rt u-o'o.i no
I l i , w ........... - - t'l t jO I tOi.'a Pt
July 1, lstis, the public debt will be . - 897,372,802 93
We learn that a private in Company C, Ore
gon Cavalry Volunteers, goo in g thero was no
chance for any of tho Southern rebels to do th
job for him, concluded to relieve the Government
ot tiirthor expense by cutting his throat. Unfor
tunately for tho Government hut perhaps fortu
nately for him, ho did not succeed in completing
the job, henco ho is now undergoing medical
treatment in the military hospital at this nhi.
V Telegraph. 1
From Kern Riv er. Tim I.os Anm.l,,a ?Vi,.
of tho 12th, hasndvices from Kern river, which
show a damage of some $20,000 in value to
that locality by the floods. Three quartz mills
were swept on wnn a lou-uriugo una many mi
ning improvements. On Greo'diorn mountain
t line river aiiu ill i.iiin s valley the damage
was also VOI'V larcp. Thn nnnnlx rif I.innV
tlemeiit. on Kern rivi r lml n nnpriv cr.ir r.
their lives, the entire scttlemnt bein-j swept off
uy mo uooa.
Why is it necessary for tho rebels lo carry a
while-wash bucket in fighting? Because its con
tents nre needed to white-wash tho black flag.
TlIK IllRKPKKRHlHI.K REPORTER. Colonel Ba-
kcr's funeral ceremonics'took place at Webb's.
Tho friends, tho honorables and the military,
filled tho house, and reporters were sh :t out.
Now came the tug of war. One reporter's ef
forts alone I will give as a sample, selecting the
victor in tho case. Having failed in all other
efforts to get in, he brassed it up to Gen. McClel
Ian and asked a pass. This was redieulous, of
courso, as it was neither MeClelJan's house nor
funeral, anil reporter was snubbed. OfTho goes
to Gen. Marcy, Chief of McClellan's staff and
was as cavalierly treated as he deserved. Round
tho house ho goes, and finding tho omnipresent
contraband, gives him a dollar to shoot him down
tho scuttlo hole, when round through the lobby
and larder ho creeps to the side of tho Parson.
But he dare not use his pencil lest it bring on a
gentlo leading out by tho car. Down ho sits,
with ono eye half closed in full funeral flow, .and
tho other on tho Parson's manuscript. The ad
dress over, down knelt reporter, meek and mous
ing, and when all hearts were melting and all
eyes wero closed savo reporter's one, ho stolo tho
manuscript and " slid cannie out." Long tho
weary Parson looked fir his truant address, but
when morning dawned ho was ablo to read it
entire in tho papers. Cleavelaml Plaindealer.
Modern DF.rixmovs Oversight To leave
your old umbrella in a new room and carry
away a new one.
I'nfortunato Man Ono born with a conscience.
Progress of Time A peddler going through
the land with wooden clocks.
Rigid Justice A juror on a murder case fast
Honesty Almost obsolete; a term formerly
used in tho case of a man who paid for his paper.
Credit A wise (?) provision by which cons
table and sheriffs get a living.
Love An ingredient used in romance and
Religion Damning your neighbor for not
thinking exactly as you do.
A wng of a Union man nays that many men
have raised a largo crop of hemp, and ho is con
soled with the idea of reciprocity, that a large
crop of hemp will raise many men this year.