The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863, August 28, 1858, Image 1

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    THE OREGON ARGUS,
rUiUlIKO IIT STUUT MOkKiau,
, BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
TERMS- Tht A to vt riVI 1 funitkti at
Thru Dollar! and tifty Ctntt f.r annum. in
adtanat, Wag titburihtriThrtt Dalian
tatk ta clubt ttn at ,ffitt-in adoane,
Wktn tkt wuntw it not paid in tdranct, four
DMnn mill It charged if paid tellkin lit
- mtnlkt, and Fin dollar, at tht ,ndf tht year.
W Ta Dollar, for , it mantktNt tubterip.
tiont rtetittd for a l,tt ptritd,
Of As pitptr diietnlinurd until M arrtnragtt
. art paid, unUtt at tht option of tht pahlitkrr.
r.W Rata t taale.
England bus now entered on the second
Year of her cnmiiaiiru in Imliu: n ml from
, the accurate Information tlmt can be frlcun-
. cu iroin ail sources or intelligence, it would
soera us if tho. spirit of the r:lxll;ii litis
rather Increased than diminished; and tlmt
we ultimate success or tho Kiiglwh iirnui in
tnoro distant thun ever. Tlio assault and
the jiossessiim of the two cities of IKdlii
nd Lueknow nro undoiilitvdly brilliunt in
stances of strategy and courage. But
these victories liavo been followed ly no
p-cat practical advantage; on the contra
ry, England lion lost moro tliun she trained
in these triumplis; English blood and Kng
lislt treasure, when weighed In a just bul-
, ducc, ore by fur a greater loss than all she
has acquired by theso transcendent con
flicts; and as an ancient general ouco said,
after a successful battle " Another such
Victory and I am ruined."
The hot season has now set in, when the
r . I m . .. ' .
ocpoys can maren lony utiles a luy suc
cessively for sevcrul days, and arc oven raid
to bo able to accomplish, when hard press
ed, sixty miles; while tho EunHan soldier
can, with difficulty, for three successive
days, perform half the distance. Knowing
Well that climate, marching, disease, and
fatiguowill thin tho English ranks more
than tho bullet and the sword, the Hindoos
are now "simultaneously" collecting sev
eral small armies at several distant oiuts.
Their movements are so rapid the Euro
peans cannot overtnko them; their points of
jiviiceiiiruiivn aro so utsiuui nicy can ma
. ture their )lans, perfect their commissnrint,
-organize their forces, and bo provided with
all tho munitions of war without fear of
molestation; and lastly, that as the Eng
. lish army is so small the commander-in-chief
cannot divido his forces Into sections
to attack at onco tho various ond distant
positions which they nt this moment occu
py, in compact and well-appointed numbers,
i Experience has taught them that their own
forces, however numerous, Imvo been on
almost all occasions beaten by a handful of
:English troops; they have, therefore, in
thii year changed their tactics. They now
"assemble 0:1 several distant points; and they
Jiope that sickness and climate will waste
and conquer tho army which they nrj un
able to withstand iu pitched battle or in a
regular siege.
'. Tills is the most dangerous feature which
tho Indian war has ns yet assumed. . The
"tilinnto is now so intensely hot theso men
. require small covering, whilo they deep iu
the open air on the ground; their constitu
tion requires littlo food, and this food is
merely boiled rico nnd vegetables; henee
their commissariat is easily furnished; while
they can run like hares, climb trees nnd
rocks like cats, d'sappeuring and reassem
bling before the enemy like a flock of
wolves.' ' Iking thus educated in two modes
"of 'warfare namely, their' own guerilla
, fisliou and the hnglish sk.lled maneuver,
t'10 E:wt"rn - mutiny has nssuuied a most
formidahlo nspect; and no doubt is now en
'tertafned in France, in Austria, nnd in nus
sia, that if tub sepoys CAiutY ocr Ihcir
'present military schemo with skill and per
3vcranc3, the Indian cmpiri must be neccs
enrily lost to England. In the easo before
m, tho defeat of a Sepoy army, tho taking
'of nrmod forts, tho possession of fortified
cities, have no sensible effect on the rebel
cause; they assemble again on new points
, nnd make the .sams hostile demonstrations
ns before their defeat. Neither do?s it ap
pear that the slaughter of their battalions
iu the fight or in the retreat diminishes, to
nny despairing extent, tho surviving forces;
' tho hostile population being counted by
itens of thousands, hundreds of thousands,
millions, tens of millions, and hundreds of
millions; -it follows that ail the men who
can bo killed by British valor make no sen
siblo diminution of tho enemy. -. After tho
.successful sieges of Delhi and Lneknow,
their beaten forces seemed as unthinncd and
as numerous as the day before the battle;
' tho hundreds of their spiked or captured
guns, which are said to be lost to them,
jscemcd.to bo all repaired on the following
i day; nnd the rebel troops, which have been
ireported in telegrams as killed in heaps,
ore all replaced within forty-eight hours, ns
'if the swords of Havelock, Outram, and
' Campbell had cut no crimsoned gaps in
1 their reeling and bleeding ranks. Like the
planted dragon's teeth, the dead Sepoys
, cem to rise np from their graves on the
, Held of battle, and even to double their
-numbers in men living men tho day af
ter tho fightj The only hope, under these
new circumstances, on which England can
'nqw rely 'for the final snhjugation of the
country, is the interminable mutual jeal
. ousy and contention of tho petty princes;
their unsteady character; the want of union
.amongst, the people, and their perfect in
difference about what we value so mucli
-namely, the love of country. .
' Sir Colin Campbell already feels the op
" palling difficulties of his situation awl
vshtrtver it can be done, he has ordered his
- troops into summer quarters, to escape sun
stroke, and fbver, and cholera, and dysen
tery and be is compelled to be a motionless
ptctator at? the present momenta while
thousands and tens of thousands are as-
sembled in front; and flank, and rear, defy-
jng his learned strategy, his military feme,
and mocking his northern constitution and
hi vanishing host. " A
In order to m?et this menacing disaster,
'En"tal has employed the Sikhs to con
quer' the Mohammedans! She has taken
the Pnnjanb into pay tosubdiie Hindostan!
- The Times of tho 28th of May states that
a last year she first employed 2,000 Sikhs,
then 10,000, then 20,000, then 35,000;
and that, from repeated trial, finding this
- aation faithful, she has at the present mo
r Bient not kss than 82,000 of these foreign
troops In her Indian service! or, as the
' Times expresses it, she has foreign auxiliary
c4diera who are in the proportion of the
" English troops of three to one .'
r Those who know England and ber policy
" uurt that thesa new levies of the Nortn
La i, mnMnai-nA than tSp late i
tronw o." the E aid t!wt th fore? fro ,
Ik
A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to the Principles of Jeffersonian Democracy, and advocating
Vol. IV.
tho runjaub will, iu time to come, not only
avenge their defeat in Alliwnl, Cbilliunwul
lull, (ionjerat, and the SutlcJ, but will also
udd revenge for the conquest of their coun
try ana me niootl or their companions.
Who, rm rending of these new levies taken
Into Englund's service, from bcliie former
cncmii's, does not remember the history of
ancient Koine under Vulentininn the Elder f
The tottering empire received Its most
deadly blow from the barbarian whom she
once oppressed, whom sho afterward train
ed iu her own discipline, took into her own
service, and who, iu tho end. iu order to
gratify tho revenge of ages, were tho chief
assnilunts wlioso battle-ax shivered the im
perial tyranny. ,
Tho llrst conquest of India by England
was an easy achievement, compared with
her present struggle. Sho then conquered
her enemies In individual succession; she
now contends against several combined
chiefs. She then took advantage of party
f.-uds, religious prejudices of class against
class, of caste ngiiinst caste: but ut present
sho disputes against universal combination,
against the union of all classes, castes, and
religions. In former time she advanced In
her conquests from province to province;
and in one hundred yeuri sho executed the
final conquest of the country; but at pres
ent her quarrel is with tho whole popula
tion at once; nnd tho victory is to be won
in one year, in pluco of one century. In
the language of tho French press, which
seems to know more of Indian politics than
wo do, " if tho Indinns carry out their
irescnt scheme of warfare witli England,
icr .empire of tho East must necessarily be
wrested from her hands." And if this un
toward fate should thus befall the govern
ment of "our Indian empire," tho future
English historiun, in telling the story of
1 858, has only to copy the record on the
fall of ancient Home. This statement will
transmit to tho coming generations tho rc
mnrknbln policy of England, so like that of
ancient Itomo namely, that while she has
carried into all hir dependencies, science,
the urts, emmnerc?, literature, and an ad
vanced civilization, she has never been able
to awaken in htr for. 1 in subjects respect
for her name, trust in h r national honor,
or confidence in the justice of her policy.
Dr. Cahill, of Bangor, W'alet.
Trrrlble Affair In VlorliU.
rot'R nEsPF.cT.Mii.r citizen's of tampa nrxo
BY THE VICII.AXTS.
The Savannnh Republican of June 30th
says: " AVo received yesterday the follow
ing letter from Tampa, in wdiich is recorded
one of the greatest outrages that ever dis
graced a country of law. 'Wo have no
personal knowledge of tho writer, nnd the
reader will form his own opinion of its reli
ability. From recent indications from that
quarter, wc entertain but littlo doubt of the
correctness of his statements. We cannot
believe, however, that mrre political hostil
ity is sufficient to drive men to such desper
ute extremities. , , ,
" Touching tho appeal of the writer for
protection, we can only refer him to the
Governor of Florida, whoso duty it is to
crush out, by aid of the military if neces
sary, all such diabolical proceedings nnd
their authors." .
Tampa, Fla., June 24, 1858,
Tlio existence of nn Executive Commit
tee in this place is doubtless known to you,
and as a law-abiding citizen of this city I
feel it to be my duty to state certain facts
to the world with reference to said commit
tee, and ask a pluce in your columns for tho
publication of them, as our own paper here,
and in fact every paper in this portion of
the State, is either in league, or in fear of
their vigilance and tyranny.
This morning, four of our most promi
nent men, to wit: Jqhn .1. Early, D'Witt
Lucinn, Jeromo Baker, nnd Col. J. Alfon
so Crockett, were found hung to as many
trees in the suburbs of our city. Intense
excitement exists, nnd many of our citizens
are now under arms, for tho protection of
law-abiding citizens, who dare to raise their
hands against these midnight assassins. -
Another remarkable feature is this: ev
ery one of these men were members of the
American party. Is it n proscription ?
Col. Crockett and Mr. Early leave inter
csting families to deplore their loss, while
the death of all has cast, a gloom over this
community from which it will not shortly
recover.
They were followed to the grave by
about two hundred persons, and, remarka
ble to say, there were bnt two Democrats in
the procession, one of whom was the sex
ton. !' :
, You may rely upon this being strictly
correct; and my only excuse for thus ad
dressing a stranger is that " naked truths
might come to light," and these damnable
assassins may receive their just merits.
Asa frieud of Americans, I ask that
50a make an appeal to the General Gov
ernment for protection, or at least demand
nn investigation..
Yours, etc., S. T. Bowex.
' Robert Dalb Owen Converted to
Christianity. Private letters from the
Hon. Robert Dale Owen, United States
Minister at the Court of Xaples, written to
his friends at New Harmony, announce the
gratifying intelligence that he has become
converted to the Christian religion. Terre
UauU iJnd.) Expreu.
Undoubtedly this is gratifying intelli
gence, but some of Mr. Owen's ardent and
intimate personal friends and associates as
sured ns several years ago, on the alleged
authority of his own declaration, that he
had then become a convert to Christianity,
and that his only reawn for not avowing it
to the world was his apprehension that, u
the wou(1 ta chargcd
a M .....
to a desire to advance bis own political j
pnwl'.--I"'W om(.
raw 1111
OREGON CITY, OREGON, AUGUST 28, 1858.
Acrtr tu rro4acltvi Viwcrt, kid Vro-
We call tho attention of our readers to
the following interesting extract from the
last edition of the Encyclopadia Britunnlea.
The high reputation of this work adds the
weight of authority to tho statements of
fact coiituined in the extract:
"Paradoxical as tho fact may appear,
we aro sutufied that the new continent t. 1.
North nnd South America contains at
least an equal quantity with tho old conti
nent '. . Asia, Africa, Europe, etc., of
useful soil and much more of productive
power. America is indebted for this advan
tage to its comparatively small breadth,
which brings nearly all Its interior within
tho reach of the fertilizing exhalation of the
ocean. In the old continent, owing to its
great extent from east to west, the centrul
ports, deprived of moisture, are almost
every where deserts; and a belt around
the western, southern and eastern shores,
comprises nearly all that contributes to the
support of man. How much fruitful land,
for instance, is there in Continental Asia f
If we draw a line from the Gulf of Cutch
(near the Indus) to tho head of 'he Yellow
Sea, wo cut off India and China, with the
intervening Bnrman Empire, nnd the south
ern valleys of Tlillwt ; and this space, which
comprises only about one-fifth of the surface
of Asia, embraces five sixths of its product
ive power. Arabia, Persia, Central Thibet,
Western India, Chinese nnd Independent
Tnrtary, ore deserts, with scattered patches
of useful soil not amounting to the twen
ticth part or their extent. Siberia, or
northern Asia, is littlo better, owing to
aridity and cold together. Anatolia, Ar
menia, the Punjab, and a narrow slip along
the western shores of the Pacific Ocean
north as far as tho COth parallel, compose
the only vulunblo agricultural territory be
yond Judea nnd China. Europe, which is
merely tho western margin of Asia, is all
fruitful iu the south; but on the north its
fruitfulness terminates at tho COth or 62d
parallel. .Africa, has simply a border of
useful soil round three-fourths of its sea
const, with some detached portions of tol
erably good soil in its interior. Of the 31,
000,000 of square miles which these three
continents occupy, we cannot find after
801110 calculation that the productive soil
constitutes one-third, and of that third a part
is but poor.
"Now, iu estimating the useful Boil in
America, we reject, 1. all the region north
ward of the latitude of 53 deg. amounting to
2,000,000 square miles; 2. a belt of barren
laud about 300 miles wido by 1000 in
length, or 300,000 square miles, lying on
tho east side of the Rocky Mountains; 3.
a belt of arid land, of similar extent, situ
ated on the east side of the Andes, between
21 and 40 deg. of south latitude; 4. the
desert shore of Peru, equal to 100,000
square miles; 0. an extent or 100,000
square miles for tho arid country of Lower
California nnd Sonora; nnd 0. an extent
of 500,000 square miles for the summits of
the Andes nnd the south extremity of Pat
ajroiiia. These make on ' aggregate of
3,900,000 square miles; and this, deducted
from 13,900,000, leaves 10,000,000 square
miles as tho quantity of useful soil in the
new world. 1 : 1 ' . .
" It follows that if tho natural resources
of America were fully developed, it would
afford 'sustenance to 3,GOO,000,000 of in
habitants, a number nearly four times as
great as the entire mass of human beings
now subsisting on the globe I The novelty
of this result may create perplexity and
doubt on a first view; but we ore satisfied
that those who investigate the subject for
themselves will be convinced that our esti
mate is moderate. But, what is even more
surprising, there is every probability that
this prodigious population will be in exist
ence within three, or at most, four centu
ries. ' '
"The imagination is lost in contempla
ting a state of things, which will make so
great and rapid a change in the condition
of tho world. We almost fancy that it is
a dreamy and yet the" result is based on
principles quite as certain as those which
govern men in their ordinary pursuits.
Nearly all social improvements spring from
the reciprocal influence of condensed num
bers and diffused intelligence. What, then,
will be the state of society in America two
centuries hence, when two thousand millions
of men are crowded Into a space compara
tively so narrow, and when this immense
mass of human beings speak only two lan
guages pcrhapi, only one I Snch a state
of things may be said to undo the curse of
Babel, and restore the great mass of man
kind to their pristine facility of intercourse:
for the languages then spoken by the com
munities of Europe and Asia will be as un
important then, in the general scale of the
globe, as the dialects of Ilnngary, Bohemia,
and Finland are in Europe at this day.
History shows that wealth, power, science,
juteratnre, a ronow me train 01 numoer,,
general intelligence and freedom.
"The fan cause which transferred, the
sceptre of civilization from the banks of the
Euphrates and tho Xile to Western Eu
rojie, must, In no long time, carry It from
the latter to the plains of the Amazon.
When we reflect on these changes, which
nre not more extraordinary thun they ore
near and certain, the conviction Is forced
upon us that society, nter all its advances,
is yet in its infancy; that the habitable
world, when its productive powers are re
garded, may be said to have been hitherto
an untenanted waste; ond that we have at
present only an imperfect glimpse of the
stato of things nnder which the true destiny
of man, and tho morul schemo of Provi
dence hi this lower world, is to receive Its
full development. Wc nre quite aware
that some will smilo nt these speculations;
but if any one suspects us of drawing on
our fancy, wo would request him to exam
ine thoroughly the conditfon and past pro
gress of the North American Republic.
Let him look at its amazing strides in
wenlth, Intelligence, and social improve
ment; at its habits of order, combined with
an indomitable love for lilicrty; at Its mar
velous instinct of self-government, which
has made tho founding of a new State In
the wilderness as easy as the building of a
house or the planting of a vineyard; let
him look at the prodigious growth of its
population; and let him answer the ques
tion " what power can stop the tide of civ
ilization which is pouring from single source
over nn unoccupied world?" Let him
trace tho laws on which this progress de
pends, and let him then apply them to
unfold the future history of society in the
new continent." Encyclopadia Britun-
nica, 8th cd., vol 2, Edinburgh, 1853, tub
voce " Americana."
Truth Straxoer than Fiction. We
yesterday lenmcd the denouement of a pain
ful story, equal to the most thrilling ro
mance in interest, but with tho circum
stances and actors of which we were per
sonnliy well acquainted.
Some twelve years ago, two young men,
named Clyma and Pnull, lired in a small
village not far from tho sea coast, in the ex
treme west of England. . Both were miners
and worked in tlio samo tin mine near the
village. Both paid their addresses to the
same maiden though not with equal success.
Clyma prospered so well in his suit that a
day was apppointcd for the nuptials, and,
in due course, tho banns of marriage were
asked in tho village church on the three
Sundays prescribed by tho English canon
law.
Before the second Sunday enmo round,
the rivals met nt a wrestling match iu the
village, nnd it chanced that the turn came
for them to wrestle together. Poiill was
excited and cudenvored strenuously to give
his successful nvul in love a wicked full,
but his eagerness worked hij defeat. He
was thrown to the ground amid the shouts
of the villagers. On springing to his feet
he swore that he would be revenged, and
that Clyma should never marry his in
tended bride. From that day ho took to
drinking deeply, and was fierce in his im
precations on his rivul.
The day before that uxeu for the marri
age, 1 null told all his acquaintances that
he would bo at the wedding and would find
means to prevent its taking place. Know
ing his determined character, Clyma ap
peared alarmed at the threat, and got some
friends to intercede witn him, but in vain.
Late tlmt iniflit, Clyma left the house of
his intended bride for his own cottage.
Tho way lay ocross a patch of barren moor,
where there were several open mam shafts,
which had been deserted, and the bottoms
of whoso black depths were now covered
with several fathoms of water. About the
same hour Puull was seen crossing to the
same patch of moor from another direction.
A miner, who passed a littlo Inter toward
tho mine where he worked it being his
turn for night work averred the next day
that he heard a noise as if of a dispute and
scuffle, but it was too dark to distinguish
any one. ,
The marriage was to take place at eleven
o'clock in the morning at the village church.
Long before that hour tho village was the
scene of great excitement. Tho hat and
neckerchief of rnull the Intter torn and
bloody had been found near the deepest
of the abandoned pit-shafts, and of Paull
himself nothing could be found, nor had
lie been seen since ho Went toward the
moor on the preceding night. The ground
where the articles had been found bore
traces of a scuffle having taken place, and
to crown the whole, two buttons, recog
nized as belonging to Clyina's coat, were
discovered among the earth and stones.
To these ominous facts Clyma could
only reply that he had met PaUlI at the
place mentioned during the night; that
high words were followed by a scuffle; and
that he had beaten Paull, who retired curs
ing him. This account was not considered
satisfactory, and Clyma was taken into cus
tody to await further developments. Sev
eral days passed away; an examination
was made of the pit and the surrounding
locality, but no trace could be found of the
body. It was argued,, however, that if a
stone were attached to the body before it
was thrown into the pit, so as to sink It,
there would be no probability of its ever
being found. After several examinations
before a magistrate the accused was released
from custody, bnt only to be shunned as a
murderer by the whole community. In the
meantime the intended bride became skk
through excitement; a violent fever was
succeeded by a wasting illness, and after
lingering some months, she died of a bro
ken heart. These accumulated ills were
too much for the unhappy object of general
suspicion, and in lest than twelve months
after what should hav been his wedding
the side of Truth iu every issue.
No. 50,
! day, he became the inmate of the insane
1 asylum, where he still reniuins a hoele&s
1 lunatic.
I Among the relatives of Clyma was a sis-
tpp niarrifwl in m fiirmni wlin t iva ai 4lip.n
. r... AA 1
above, removed to this country, and settled
down on a funn in Northern Illinois.
I About ten days since, this sister, whilst
I about taking the cars in Chicago for her
home, suddenly encountered the supposed
murdered man! Her excitement wus in
tense. Drawing him on one side, she made
I herself known to Paull, and wus imnicdi
I ntely recognized by him. The explanation
given by mm or his disappearance, was,
that he' had met Clyma on .the eventful
night witli the purK)so of beating and dis
figuring him so that he could not be mar
ried on the succeeding (lav, but that his ri
val was moro than a mated for him. Burn
ing with rage at his discomfiture, he had
rushed off without knowing or caring what
became of himself, and, on reaching the
beach, had taken an old leuky boat, and
pulled directly out to sea. Next tnorninir.
when the bout was nearly sinking, he was
picked np by an outward bound ship,
which took him to New Orleans. Since
then, he hnd resided several years in Cali
fornia and in the United States, hud lie
come moderately rich, and was now on his
way to his nutive home, with which he had
maintained no communication since his al
rupt departure. On learning tho sad
events which hnd occurred in tho mean
time, he immediately accompanied the sis
ter to her home iu Illinois, and after the
necessary arrraugements were made, he
started with her for England, in order to
rcpnir, as far as possible, the mischief which
hnd been done, They passed through
Cleveland last evening on their way East,
and, huppciiiug accidentally to meet them
at the depot, wo learned the sequel to tho
sad story, with tho earlier portions of which
were already well acquainted.
They go on a joyful, yet mournful, er
rand. The good name of tho unhappy
condemned can be reclaimed, but none can
restore his shuttered reason, or rescue the
broken-hearted dead from her curly grave.
Cleveland Herald, Juue IS.
VTiikrs will it ED f Tho North Amcricnn
: "For niony yearn, wo Imvo been uliipplnj
tone to England, to be there convrrtnl into ciij a
and anucers, nnj into platea, from which we cat
our own buckwheat caliee. The nyMem 'a now,
however, aa wa believe, likely to be extended
arrangcmenle being en foot for the exportation of
iron ore, to be ainelted by menna of Kng!iih coal,
and then returned to ua in the form of pigs. Pro
graming Ihiw backward, aa we do, may we nol
hope to lire to aee the day when our wheat ahull
be required to ernaa the ocean, to be elurned to ua
in the farm of flour 1"
Strands and Revoltino CutroM. A recent
communication to Ihe Indian olfico from the Su
perintendent of Indian Attain at Ban Franchivo
rrporta a atrnnge but allocking cuklom that pre
vaila amoiii; almost all the Indiana of California.
Thia ia tlint of burying alive. When a widow dire
and leavca young children, rather than trouble
thcinnelvea with their auppnrt, tho tribe to which
alie belong! will bury .tho orphana alive. The Su
perintendent italci that he will use all bia eflbrta
to put an end lo thle cruel practioo, but it hue baen
impotable to prevent it entirely aa yet, even on
the Government reitervationi.
A Hard Vitnm. The following dialogue,
which occurred between a lawyer and a witnewi,
in 1 justice) court, la worth relating :
It eecma that Mr. Jonee loaned Mr. Smith a
hone, which died while in Ilia (Smith's,) paracm on.
Mr. Jonra brought amt to recover the value of the
horn, attributing Ilia death to bad treatment.-
During the courae of the trial, u witiieM (Mr.
Hrown) wna colled to the Hand to textil'y u to how
Mr. Smith treated horeea.
Lawyer (with a bland and ennfidenee-invokina
mile) Well, air, how does Mr. Hmjlh generally
rina a none i
Wilnesa (with a very merry twinkling in Ilia eye,
olherwiae imperturbable; A-atraddle, I believe,
air.
Lawyer f!lh acarca'y perceptible flush of
vexation upon hia cherk, but 'still aneuklng in hie
smoothest lone) But, air, what gait lioea he
ridef .
Witness Ho never rides any gates, sir. His
boys ride all the gates.
Lawyer (hia bland smile gone, and his voice
slightly husky) Hut how does he ride when in
company with others f
W lines Keeps up II h.s Horse is able, li not,
he goes behind.
Lawyer (triumphantly, and in period fury)
How does he ride when alone, sir 1
Witneaa lWt know; never Waa With him
when he woa alone.
lawyer 1 have done with you, s r.
Vermin HiunANcs. Half an ounce of soap boil
ed In a pint of water, and put on witli a brush
while boiling hot, Infallibly destroys the bugs and
their eggs.
Flies are driven out of a room by hanging tip a
bunch of the Plantain or Flewort plant, after it has
been dipped in milk.
Rata and mica speedily disappear by mixing
equal quantitiea of atrong cheese and powdered
squills ; they devour this mixture with great greed-
hiesa, while it ia innocuous to man.
When It is remembered how many persons have
lost their lives by swallowing, ill mistake, mixtures
of strychnine, ratsbane and corrosive sublimate, it
becomes matter of humanity to publish these
item.
House ants ravenously devour the kernels of
walnats, abelbarka. or hickory puts. Crack some
of these, and place them on a plate near the in
fested places; and when the plate is full of ants,
throw the contents ia the fire.
Cockroaches, aa well as ante, are driven away
by strewing elderbery leaves in the shelves and
other places frequented by these troublssome in
sects.
Bites and Stihos. Hail'a Journal of Health
saya: " As many of our readers aro preparing to
travel or go in tho country for the summer, it may
be useful to remind them, that an ounce vial of
spirits of hartshorn should be considered one of the
indwpensebles, as ia ease of being bitten or stung
by any poisonous animal or Insect, the immediate
and free application of thia alkali aa a wash to the
part bitten gives instant relief, the bite of a mad dog
(ws balice) oot eicapted j so will strong sbs
rater.''
ADVEUTWINO HATK8,
On square (11 lines or less) one Insertion, (3,n9
" two Insertions, 4 ,11')
" tim e insrnlons, ,nu
Each subsequent insertion, 1,00
Itsaannabla deductions to thus who advertise J
the year.
JOB PRINTING. '
Thi raornirroR or tiii ARUl'S n rurrr
to inform the puliiio thai ha ha just received a
large stork of Jolt TYI'E and oilier new print
ing material, and will be In the speedy receipt o
additions suited to all the requirements of this !
polity. IIANDIIII.18, lWriU'H, HI.ANKH,
CARDS, CinCTLAIW, PA M I'll LET-WORK
and other kinds, done to order, nn short notice.
EwnnATioN to the United Status.
Tlio New York Journal of Commerce stutra
that though there has been a falling off In
tho emigration to this country from various:
quarters, yet tliut the avent(fo of capital
brought by tho emigrants hag much In-'
creased, tho proportion of those arriving in
comfortable pecuniar circumstances' being
much larger than In most former yearn.
It in impossible to ascertain all the cash re
sources of tho emigrants, an many of them
studiously conceal their trensurt'. Thiw oil
0110 occasion the total report of capital
among the pn.wngi-i-8 by a Mingle ship wus
$23,500; but a more thorough Investiga
tion having been culled for, the amount ac-'
ttially counted exceeded $S00,000, anil
even thia was more or less below the true
total.
roi.YOAMY in Utah. Jutlgo Ecklm, of
tho United States District Court in Utttli,
charged the grund jury, which recently n-.
ecmblid in that Territory, very pointedly
and decidedly against polygnmy. He in
formed them that polygamy wus prohibited
by tho Mexican luw in Utah when It was
acquired by the United Stutes, nnd tlmt the
municipal Htututes, in that respect, had not
lieea changed by its cession to this country.,
Polygamy was, therefore, illegal in the Ter
ritory, ami those guilty of it were liable to
bo punished by tho statute which roado
adultery a crime.
Mormoxmv. Thurluw Weed sy, In
the Albany Journal: "Within our rrcol-'
lection Mormonism was ' a speck, not big
ger than a man's hand.' Tho original im
postor, Joe Smith, enmo to tho writer of
this article, only thirty-two years ago, with
the manuscript of his Mormon Hible, to bo
printed. Ho then had but one follower, a
respectable and wenlthy farmer of tho town
of Jliiccdon, uanicd Harris, who offered
himself ns security for tho printing. Hut,
after reading a few chapters, it seemed
such a jumble of unintelligible absurdities,
that we refused tho work, advising Harris
not to niortguge his funn and beggnr his
fiimily. Hut Joe crossed over tho way to
our neighbor Klilm F. Marshall, and got
his ' Mormon Bible' printed." .
American Tka a Faim-he. Those who
have mado the experiment of raising ten in
this country, sny: "The plunt will grow"
well enough, but wages are too high. We
cannot afford to pick, roll up, mid dry nny
sort of leaves hero for half a dollar a
pound. In China, where a man is hired for
one dollar n month, and boards himself, it
may bo done." '
JfoT An ollicer of the U. S. ship Tin-;
count's, on tho coast of Africa, visited tho
Liberiun Congress one day lost winter, and
heurd n furious discussion in regard to tho
propriety of increasing tho salaries of tho
judges fifty dollars a yeur. One lionoriibhv
mi'iuber, who made tho " big palaver" on
the subject, said:
"Mr, Speaker and Oemmen: Po gem
man who spoko lust is 'pusetl to raise do
siilnries 'ctiu.se he tinks Liberia is gwlnc to
broke. (Jemmcn, I sny Liberia can't
broke only rich folks broke. . Liberia
eun't broke, 'cuuse she's too poor to broke 1
Yah! yah! ynh!'' ,
JK2T A candidate fur Congress in Or
egon, and his editorial friend, whilo stump
ing tho Territory, got belated, nnd asked to
stay all night at a roadside cabin ; but tlifl
owner thought tlioy looked so much liko
horse-thieves Unit ho told them to move on.
1 ' . ;
BGy An Irishman who was observed to
build a wall nroniid his giirden four fuet
high ami eix feet wido, was nsked his rea
son for doing so. " To save cxpinso, bo
jabers!" he replied; "if tho wind should
blow it over, it would bo higher than it
was nt first!"
KuKNNd Ay Kvb ox yolu MkiohhoH.
There is much satire in tlio following ironi
cal advico by a sharp writer t " Keep
your eyo on your neighbors; tnko caro of
them; don t let them stir without watching
-"they may do somethintr wromr. if you do.
To be sure, you never knew them to do
anything very bad, but It may bo on your
account the have not; perhaps, if it had
not liccn for your kind core, they might
have disgraced themselves and families a
long time ago. Therefore, don't relax any
effort to keep them where they ought to be.
Never mind your own business that will
take care of itself." '
The Clinton Courier says .Mr. Eira Clark,
of .Manchester County, has a sheep that ohewa to
bacco with all tbe relish of 1 veteran lover of tho
weed. A hired man of Ml. Clark was in l!w
habit of stuffing the weed Into his mouth to prevent
him from butting bim ; by this means the sheep
acquired an appetite for it, and now rata all that is
given him. There may be instances of Ilka depra
vity iu dumb animals elsewhere, but we believe
they are very rare.
(7 Two Chicago ladies went to a ball, tho
oth'-r evening, in a furniture-wagon ; no ordinary
cerrLet eould contain the immense dresses they
wore.
3T The euvstous person lives as if Ihe woi li
were made altogether for him, and not he for tho
world j to take in erarything, and part with o
thing.
1- - f .