The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863, July 24, 1858, Image 1

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TRIMS Tka Aaoos will hi fumithti at
Thru Dollars and Fifty Vtnt$ prr annum, in
adeanei, to tinflt lubicriltrtThrti Dollar!
inch In eluht of tin nt tnt tffictin admnct
Whin thi money it not paid in adeanee. Four
DMart wilt it charged if paid within tit
monlhi, and Fit itlinrt at tht tnd of tht year.
tJT Tie Dullari for tix monthtNo tubtcrif
tioni re.-ticed for a hit period.
Of" Nt piper ditctntinutd until all arrearages
art paid, at tht option of tht puhluher.
Out inart (19 Hum er less) on Insertion, 13,00
two inoai nous, uv
11 three Insertions, 6,10
Each suWuuent Insertion, 1,00
up ft
Rsasnntble deductions to those who advertise hf
th. year.
Tua raorsisTos or tiis AUGl'S n lurrs
to iuform tli. public that lie has just received a
large Monk of JOB TYl'B and oilier new print
ing man-rial, snd will b In Ui. si-tedy rera'pt o
A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to tho Principles of Jefl'ersonian Democracy, and advocating the side of Truth ill every issue.
sdditions suited to all th. riijuirsmrnts of ihis It
nnd other kinds, dune to ordrr, tin short notice.
Vol. IV.
No. 15.
' Thi Right of Hrarcb.
From the National Em, Wellington,!). C
1 In another column may le foiinj ilia re
port of ilia Commiileo on Foreign Alia in
of tli Senate, in relation to tha outrages
Intcly committed on American Commerce
liy British cruisers. It is calm, but do.
eided. Il tnkes tho position, "not to bo
controverted, I hitt by no principle of intor.
national In can a vecsel under ihe flag of
iu country be visited or detained on the
high sens, in timo of pcaco, by any foreign
power, under any protest, or for any pur.
pose whatever, without the consent of thso
over whom the flag waves." It speaks
with just indignation of the extraordinary
otilrsgos on our vessels, and insists that
now i the tinio to settle, once fur all, thin
question of sen'ch, which lint been no of
s"en cause of controversy witli Ureal Brl
tain. Il fully approves of the position la.
ken by-the Executive, and of ita notion in
ordering all our disposable nnvnl force to
iho Gulf, to protect the vessels of llio Uni
ted SlOtc from acnrcli or detention by the
vowels of war of any other naiion, hut for
bear at present to reou:nmniiiJ ny addi
tional legislation, although il atiiiounc."
that, should it become necessnry, such le
gislation wilt be supplied in n!d of the
lSxi'caiivo Tower as t-liw) I be required.
We like the lleport and its determined
tone. ' The Committee on Foreign Affairs
ii under the control of men not likely to
commit themselves or their country to tho
maintenance of tintenubln or extravagant
pfwitimu in an emergency like this.
Recently, nt wo leurn, a proposition wan
introduced in the Committee, in favor of m
resolution recommending the abrogation nf
so much of the Ashburton Trtaty as re
quire a naval force of eighty (.'una to be
maintained by this (Jovernnient on the Af
ricm coat for 1 lie suppression of iheSUve
trade, but it wan positioned. The Com
mittee is continued ns follows: Messrs.
Mason, DonglM, Polk, Slidell, Crittenden,
tiewnrd, nnd Foot.
Judging fmm the character and pecu
liar positions of these geiitlenVn, we must
infer that on a question seriously affecting
nur relations with Great Britain, thuir joint
action would be dutcrniined, not by impulse
or mure resentment, but tho gravest con
nideration of what the honor and welfare of
the country demand.
,. Messrs. Mason, Slid.-ll, ami Seward rep
resent Slates most deeply interested in any
controversy threatening the interests of
Commerce, nnd Messrs. Seward, Critten
l"ii, nnd Fool have always been conspic
tmus for their pacific counsels. When such
ien unil in such a report, the English
Government would do well to consider
uhoth-jr it bo wise to proceed in a course
which can result in nothing else than war,
whether a miserable pretention, winch
has n-ver been urged without provoking
tho deepost indignation and most deter
mined spirit of resistance in this country,
nnd which can never be tulernled, unless
we intend to surrender our indepondenc
piiL'ht nntoiiCR for all to be renounced. It
is vain to talk of substantial friendship be
twecn England and the United Slates, un
lil this nretension bo given up.
We are among those who. in nearly all
tho controversies in which England ha
brum enoaned in the Old oild, have sym
pathized with her triumph and regretted
bar defeats : who have steaiiily utscoun
tenanced all uttempls to poison the public
mind with suspicion and prejudice against
that great nation ; who have honored her
fir strenuous exertions In suppress the
lace trade, and to discountenance, wher
over she could legitimately, the practice of
Slavery; but this arrogant pretension of
the rit'lil of visitation, which is nothing
less than a claim to the absolute police of
the sens, has always been in the way o
tlia friends of pence, and for one we nover
oould endure it for a mmnent. It is aso
ciated in the American mind with all that
is hateful nnd humiliating.
We detest Slavery and the slave trade as
tniie.h as our cotemporariea of the press in
Now York city, and have given evidence
enough of tins; but we oppose tne esiau
ti.hinAnt of a nolicy." -which, ostensiuiy
and perhaps honestly, aimed at the sub
vnrsion of an infamous traffic, will, if allow
ed, subject all commerce to the espionage
and police or a gigantic commercial power,
not at alf distinguished by its forbearance
or Wit oT devotion to its own aggrandize-
meni. A better way must he found to
nnnress unlawful commerce, than Dy en
slaving lawful commerce. Africa may be
saved from pirates without sacrificing II
independence of America.
"No nation," says the celebrated Lon
Stovcll, n jurist second in authority to no
f?.r-t. indue but Lord Mansfield, "can
T- . -iizht of visitation and search,
eterc. -moa unappropriated parts
pon thoco... ' . tw belligerent
tfc ocean, txo. fc . to1w
edm. No nation na t
emim. i i:k.,.i.,i, a, Africa, by
StaTe drt tho pretence of an em.nenl gooo,
hv means that are unlawful, or lo pres.
5f-Tw great principle, by breaking
Ibrliighoiliereatprincipleswhich stand
'mu'rednress our surprise that nny
portion of the Americ.n Press sho-d.1 a
Lttothisdngeron. pretension There
hM beeneispration, it ;'"
l.!IyJ;.Ln is reported. Twenty-one
wVl authenticated w. believe are
.nrf verr Arrival bring, inielli-
ovrap. Uadbutoneor
K . i,.r.f,end. they inmht hae
iwo insi"" ""i i :, -ni,. r.,i
i. accident. The fcU
necn aurioa---- f.
. , .,,.mu. a svslem. Van
to .hi- f The pretension
. .: . ":.:. .11 .e.seU suspicion.
ones il mav oe iu , - - . . - -of
.hi. valuably I The ' '.'T
j.. nircnmsiance. snsll con
inanou. , .,
.nrance! lie musi
amino -rr A.r
iodga. The British navy, then, may, under
.k;. rlenioo.s!p every Americao el
ment upon him t Not the party whose
ships are arrested j fur the assumption is,
that I lie party arresting baa the right lodo
so ; and if lliU be true, we have no right
to complain. Perlmps we may be at lib
erty to humbly suggest to the British Gov
ernment thai ita olliccra are over sealnut ;
but that Government may differ from us,
and where is our redress t To allow such
a pretention, is lo allow llriiish vessels of
war lo stop and detain any American ves
sel whatsoever.
The pretension Includes the tight lo de
tain any vessel as long ns the British com
mander may think necessary or expedient,
and to exnmine ita papers. Uow long
shall be such detention t Who is to judge t
The British commander. If he consult
disown caprice- or convenience, who shall
call him to account I The American cap
tain may complain of unreasonable delay,
shall our Government lay tbis humble
complaint before the English Government I
We will hear both sides, is the imperious
answer; nnd the British officer, represent
ing that he did not subject the vessel to
unreasonable dulay, the complaint is dis
missed. Where is the remedy!
How shall he exercise this right of stop,
psgi, detention, examination I Suppose
he be drunli and insolent ; suppose he use
toward the cnplain S.nd crew of tho vessel
visited, such epithets as nre pot quite un
known on shipboard, what is the remedy t
Who is to avenge the affront! Mow are
such annoyances to bo defined, reduced to
form, made the subject of complaint to the
British Government ! How would it suit
the dignity of our Government to bj stand
ing before the Throne of Hngland as a pe
titioner for some kind of rebuke to bo ad
ministered to Commander Bobadil, because
le exercised the right of visitation on Am
erican vessels in a very ungenucmninv
Suppose tho American vessel, acknowl
L'ioii no authority but that of its own
oi eminent, refuse lo obey the summons
to stop: may tho Hriush otlicerenlorce the
summons! Yes if he has the right of
imitation, lie may resort to all means ne
cessary to its exercise. 1 lie vessel doming
on its course, he fires a shot across her
bow, Sho pays no attention to it, and he
res into her riffninc: and, at lust, deter
mined to bring her to, he fires a broadside.
All ibis, we say, he has a right to do, if he
as the right of visitation, lie has the
ght to destroy our property and life.
'his is not all. Snpposo the American
captain, standing upon bis rights, bid defi
ance lo the Briti-h commander, nnd refuse
to show hi.s papers J what is to be done !
If the cruiser has the right to visit, lor mo
urnose of inspecting the papers, ho may
use tho necessary means lo make it effect-
nl. He mav detniu tho vessel for an in
finite period ; he may order tho captain
under arrest ; he mav institute a search for
the papers.
Surely Iho few editors who nave assent
ed lo this arrogant nnd dangerous preten-
ion. have not weighed deliuorately tne
consequences which miglil and would fol-
low Us recognition. 11 Hie Migiisn nave a
right to visit nnd detain our ships, and ex.
amine their papers, ihey nave a r'giu 10
use force, should resistance bo otic red, anu
to use so much force as is necessary lo
overcome tho resistance. If they may not
use force, then the assertion of such a right
is an absurdity for no American vessel
need be stopped, detained, or examined, un-
ess It please, i uo r.ngiisn uovenimeui
takes no such view. It intends that the
pretension shall be carried out. It assorts
the right, and assumes the authority to en.
force it. If we concede tbis ground, il is
for that Government, not for us, to say how.
when, tfAere, nnd or what, the right shall
bo exerted. Now, it may be on the coast
of Africa, then on our own coast. Now,
it may be to examine papers, now, to see
whether the object ot the voyage oe law
ful, now, to arrest fugitive criminals, now
to seize British deserters or seamen. The
manner may be most gentle and respectful,
or overbearing and insolent; suasive or
coercive ; but, il must not be for us to say.
Away with any such preiensioni e
- , . r. .i
care not now, or now uuen, wucu, m
where, or for what this visitation is to he
performed, it is in itseli an aouse, incom
patible with the interests of commerce, a
vicilminn of the cnualitv of Independent
States, an invasion of the Freedom of the
High Oeas, a gross luuignnjr iu nny
acainst which it may be attempted, and is
inevitably calculated to involve the world
in the horrors of war.
Kinds Akound tiik Uartii Curious' ing oil and rubbing down is continued un- The Cieat Srgxsiouiio Cloci. Henry
Astronomical Spkculatiuns ix F.NO- ill sufficient quantity has been laid on to C. Wright, In Utter to tho Liberator,
land. Professor Nichol, LL. D., dliv- prevent (he varnish from penetrating the thus describes the great clock In the Cathe-
ered the third of a courso of lecture on leather. To the presence of so much lead drat ot Strasbourg ;
Astronomy, at Manchester, F.ngland. The in Patent I.enther wo think we may ascrib
subject treated upon had reference chiefly j 'bo prevalence of lender feet, corns, and
to tho rings of Saturn, and oilier analogous j bunions, among those who are in the habit
phenomena, lie re ferred to an observa- of wearing boots and shoes of this material,
lion made in the introductory lecture rca- as II has a very drying ar.d drawing action ;
peeling there being a ring, or probably sev- and persona who so lodulge, look shiny
eral rings, round the earth. What lind about the feet at the expense ol their
hitherto been colled the zodiacal light was health. They had belter exert ihemselves
CO" The Washington Union, of May 22d
in speaking of the right of searching Am
erica n vessels by vessels of any other pow
er, says : " We would as soon think of
discussing lie question whether justice and
truth should be recognized in the adminis-
J.T'ion of the law, as the assumed right of
resistance to earcb. So far as American
,hi?j are concerned, the ocean is the com
mon highway of the nations, ana u,r
of .,h recognized State in the family have
.i . i absolute immunity ior
iuc iiut
their flaga. Whatever of convenience may
be utged m resulting from a conlrary doc
trine, with a view of suppressing piracy,
only visible here In the form of a cone,
but an American astronomer, who had
gono lo Japan, and other favorable points,
to investigate the subject, found that the
cone opened out and extended across the
henvens from horizon lo horizon, and that
he had, by observation during the night,
seen about three fourths of the circle.
This observer found that we had been
looking at the ring as we might do at a
hoop held edgewise, thus making it assume
a conical form. The learned professor
now proceeded to say that the theory pre
viously held, that the zodiacal light pro
ceeded from a nebulous ring round the
sun, was thought to be premature, and
that the appearance came from a great
nebulous ring surrounding the earth. Ho
explained, by means of a diagram, that we
should see the tnys from the ring reflect
more strongly from our horizon than at its
points higher up In the heavens. No
ring round the aun could explain this ap
pearance, hut ono round the earth would
entirely. They wcic forced Mso to tho
conclusion that it was not one ring only,
hut perhaps several. Its distance was
about 100,000 miles; its breadth 53,000;
its depth was not yet known ; the mass of
matter in il must be enormous, and no
doubt it was fulfilling some important
function in regard to the earth and the so
lar system. Tno composition of Saturn's
rings was then discussed, and an account
given of the changes which had been no
ticcd in litem by various observers.
Fioin the dynamical conclusions of La
place, combined with the changes ascer
tained, the lecturer drew llm iufuicnce that
the lings have no coherence; that they
are neither vapor nor fluid; mid gave as
a theory of their constitution that ihey are
composed of millions of asteroids circula
ting round the plitnel; tlia bright parts
being where they are most thickly strewed
and tho duik lines the absence of ihcm.
There was a faint slate colored ring within
the others, and this appeared grudually op-
roaching the planet. Il had approached
at the ralo of fifty miles a year; latterly
about 80 miles a year; and if it increased
to 100 miles a year, it would reach the
anet itself in 180 years. Tho remain
ing portion of the lecturo was occupied
with a consideration of tho cause of tho
... .1 . -J T.
sun s heat, and now u was sustained, us
heat was estimated to be equivalent to
one-tliTd of n ton of coa' consumed on
every square foot of its surface in an hour.
A certain amount of heat would produce
certain amount of mechanical effect;
and the converse was equally true that no
mechanical effect or force could he des-
troyed without evolving as much heat ns
would reproduce il. The lecturer applied
the latter part of this reasoning to the sun.
If the planel Mercury were to fall upon
the sun, it would be at the rale of 390 mil
lions of miles iu a second. An amount of
mechanical effect would thereby bo des
troyed as would supply the sun with as
much hent as he radiates in three years,
and that hent would immediately flush
through the stellar spaces. The lecturer
attributed the sustained heat of the sun le
vast numbers of meteorites falling upon
his surface, some of which might cause cd
dies in the atmosphere, and produce the
snots which were freouently visible. Af-
tcr expressing his belief that from the re
tarding efP ct of ether in space, all bodies
wete approaching thoir centers, he con
eluded with some remarks of an itcpres-ire
a little, by using paste blacking, anj thus
be able lo walk in comfort and with ease.
Tho leather beiug thus prepared, a mix
turo of the linseed oil and lead with fine
ivory black I made, and a little turpentine
added, to make il flow easily ; tbis Is laid
on by means of a soft brush, and five or
six coats nre applied. This gives the sur
face of the leather a rich black, shining,
plinb'e surface, over which, when dry, the
varnish may bo applied. The varnish is
composed of either nsphalte, Prussian blue,
or fino ivory black, ten pounds of thick co
pal uarnish, twenty pounds of linseed oil,
prepnred as before described, (by boiling
with litharge and lead,) and twenty pounds
of spirits of turpentine. The various tints
aro given by the various coloring materials
added ; thus, asphnlle gives a reddish col
or, Prussian blue, a greenish blue metallic
tint, and the Ivory black, which is most
common, a beautiful and brilliant black.
The chief uses for this leather are the man
ufacturo of boots and shoes, nnd the aprons
nnd fittings of wagons nud carriages.
03r Duiing the war of 1912, Mr. Buch
anan, now President of the United States,
volunteered (as he used to often tell the
story himself) to go to Baltimore, and as
sist in defending that city against the then
expected attack of the British troops.
On Lis arrival at York, Pennsylvania, on
his way to Baltimore, news came that the
British troops had returned to their shis,
weighed anchor nnd left ; Mr. Buchanan
then returned homo-
Mr. Clay, who hated Buchanan, and
hearing him repeat this story of his patriot
ism at a dinner table in Washington, in
quired of him : "At what place on your
route did you hear that the British troops
had left Baltimore, Mr. Buchanan.
Buchanan" At York, Pcnnsjlva
ma." Mr. Cla v " The object of my inquiry,
was lo ascertain, if I could, whether you
volunteered after you heard that the Drit'uh
troops had left Baltimore, or whether the
British troops left when they heard that you
were coming
It is said that Buchanan has never told
that story since.
Or Tho United Slates frigate Const!
tution, now upon the railway of the dock
at the Portsmouth navy yard, having been
thoroughly repaired and coppered, will be
floated out into the river soon. A corrcs
pondent of the Boston Journal snya that
the planking outside and in has been taken
off, and between six nnd seven hundred
new timbers hnve been put on ia place of
tho rotten ones removed, and new plank
ing, ceiling, clamps, and docks lake the
Dlaceofold. " Old Ironsides is now as
good as new, when first launched in Bos-
ton sixty years ago. Sho will be fitted
ilh a heavier battery than she has hitu-
rto carried, and with all the improvements
f the age, whilo the model, of course, re
mains as she was originally constructed.
The P'lesis and military have retired,
and I am now sitting in a chair fuoing the
giganlio clock, from tht bottom to the top
not less than 100 fet, and about 30 feet
wide and 15 deep. Around me aro
many a'rangers, waiting to see the work
ing of this clock aa it strikes the hour of
noon. Every eye is upon the clock. It
now itants five minute of twelve. The
clock has struck and ih people are gone,
except a a few whom the sexton, or head
man, with a wand and sword, Is conducting
round the building. The clock has struck
in this way: The dial is some twenty
feet from the floor, on each side of which
I a cherub, or little boy, with a mallet, and
over the dial is a small bell. The cherub
on the left strike the first quarter, and
that on Hie right the second quarter.
Some fifty feet over the dial, in a large
niche, is a huge figure ol lime, a bell In
hi left, a scythe in his right hand. In
Iront stands a figure ol a young man with
a mallet, who strike the third quarter, on
the boll in the hand of Time, and turns and
glide with a slow step, round behind Time.
Then comes out an old man, with a mallet,
and place himself in front of him. As
the hour ot twelve comes, the old man rais
es his mallet, and deliberately strikes
welva time on tho bell that - echoes
through tho building, and is heard all
round the region of the church, the old
man glides slowly behind Father Time,
and the young man comes on readily to
perlorm his part, as the time comes round
again. Soon a tn old man nas struck.
twelve and disappeared, another set or ma
chinery is put in motion, some 20 feet
higher still. It is thus i I hero is a high
cross, with the imago of Christ on it. The
instant twelve has struck, one ot the apos
tles walks out from behind, come in front,
turns, facing the cross, bows, and walks
around to his place. As he does so, an
other comes out in front, turns, bows, nnd
passes on. So twelve apostles as large
as life, walk lound, bow, and pass on. As
iho last appears, an enormous cock, perched
on tho pinnacle of the clock, slowly flaps
it wings, stretches torth us neck, anu
crows three times, so loud as to be heard
outside of tho church to some distance, and
so nnturnlly as lo be mistaken for a rent
cock. 1 hen all Is silent as death. io
wonder this clock is the admiration of Eu
rope. It was made in 1 751. and has per
formed these mechanicol wonders ever
since, except about fifty years when it
stood out ol repair.
Tim Chi.nkss. Bnyard Taylor, the well
known traveler, thus speaks of tho moral
ity of tho Chinese :
" It is my delibcrnle opinion that the
Chinese are morally tho most debased peo
ple on the Tace of tho earth, l orms or
vice which in other countries barely named,
are in China so common, that they excilo
no comment among the natives. They con
stitute the perfect level, and below them nre
doeps on deeps ol depravity so shocking
and horrible that their charactei conuoi
even bo hinted. Thero are some dark
shadows in human nature which we natu
rally shrink from penelrn ing, nnd I made
no attempt to collect information of this
kind ; and there were enough in the things
that I could not avoid seeing and hearing
which are brought almost daily to tho no.
lice of every foreign resident to inspire
me with a powerful avorsion to the Chinese
race. Their touch is pollution, and, harsh
as the opinion may seem, justice to our own
race demands that they should not bo al
lowed to settle on our soil."
Scene on the Arrival of a Stp.amkr
at San Francisco. It is the fashion, ou
Patent Leather. The Scientific Amer
ican says Ibat in the manufacture of Pat
ent Leather there are two distinct opera
tion,lhe first being the p.cparation of
the leather for the reception of the varnish
and ihe second, coating the leather with
brilliant and transparent varnishes. The
first thing i the preparation of the linseed
or drying oil, which is done as follows:
!Five gallons of linseed oil are boiled with
there ia no right of active intervention .no - - . em ounws of wWu j,
. -I A ffhA r iwll uw"" '
u... via a!.i v ia me commerce w
llcJ V BO saw
weaker powers, except in adherence to the
.:-;nt iW the bi& carries with her,
and maintains for her Government the laws
and jurisdiction of it oWB country-
6- The Methodist Episcopal Cbnrch
Sooth, in General Conference, at Nashville,
are laboring with some of their brethren
who are guil'j of the in of wearing gold
toual amount of litharge, (each in
. --, ..... ,
state of fine division,) until It becomes oi
n.i.tsnev of syrup. Ihis mixture
then united with an ochre or chalk, accoro-
ing to ibe quality of the skins that are to
spectacle. aui the surface is gronno oo-i
(ftr-The TrineipaUturj jdrjingon arubbing down"
.bale. U ...ppa to be .local., 1 jjjj ,,?-ng
ha treated, and il t evenly spread on both
sides of the leather, and well rubbed in.
Three very thin coats are applied, allow
in each to dry before the other ia put on
and th surface is ground down with pum
Thr process of laying on tb
with pnmica
oa the dry
JC5T A subscriber in Connecticut has
been so captivated by the following that he
as scissored it and sent it to us, requesting
its publication in the Argus !
The DulcbmsaH Hoas
The Dutchman loieth hit dog, and tingtth
Oh, vara ! and oh, vara !
Hash ter leetle lojrjy gone t
Oh vara, and oh, vara
Can the raacal log pa gone T
lie's gone unto ter tevil,
He's gone mit him, 1 fear (
lie may pa one pig sewage
Mine log oh tear I oh tesr I
Oh vara ! and oli vare
Can ter yeller tog pe gonsf
Oh vara ! and oh vara
Huh ter scoundrel tog pe gone?
I vood give von foot lallar
To him ash talis lo me
Vare I can fiat ter tnggy,
Ol shows me vsre he pa.
Hi park was full of aiuaehick.
It goeejuat like ling, long i
His ear. var. cut on short,
tlia tail vas eat oft long I
II. uah'd to trive ter chickens,
And aay to tern pow wow (
But he'a gone onto ta dicken
Vj ! her. cornea Schnapps bow I
Oh vare ! and oh, var.
Hash ter gnot for nolin peeoT
Oh var. ! and oh, var.
Caa ter raacal teggy peea T
1 link he's pean koon huntin
I link he's goot for koene.
Cans tere's notin else be's goot for,
Cotet ter shtar aad moons.
see, here, for everybody to go down to the
steamer when she lands, lo twig ihe fash-
ions and newly arrived cloths, and seo the
kissing. There's some nwful " bouts" at it ;
and the first rush of husbands nnd propri.
otors of the crinoline aboard is very nva-
iBnchv : they are utterly oblivious and re-
gsrdless of starch, curls, hair, or ucw
" Go in lemons." You ill often see a
chnp go in with n rush, nnd come out with
the Iragmcnts ot siue-coinos in ins whisk?
while the woman has an indistinct idea
of having been sev rely hugged, ruthlessly
kissed, and generally " mussed."
As beards are very genernl In these uo
oncings. and some of them " monstrous,
it is imnossiblo in iho scrimmage for any
nut an "exnen to n-ci kibi hi euiiei--
it is commonly left on the outside ana teie-
eraphed back to the Hps. 1 here great
run sometimes. lAlier jrom oan rmn
The Eclipse of the Sun in September,
Sir John Pakington has offered to place
vessel at the disposal of men of science
for observing the great eclipse of the sun,
which will take plac. in Septomber next
Thi eclipse will be total, and it appear-
anc will be beat seen in South America,
particularly about Lima. It is anticipated
that an astronomical expedition may be or
ganized, and in this case foreign arArono
mere would be invited to joiq the expedition.
Byron. Mr. Trelawny, in his "Pkccol-
lections of the Last Days of Shelley and
Byron," speaks ns follows of Byron's
corpse, and of his feet and leg. The de-
scription of his Infirmity is curious, and
accounts for much of the irritability that
appeared to the world the mere sensitive
ness of vanity :
" No one waa w iihin the house hut
Flotchor; of which I was glad. As if h.
knew my wishes, he led me up a narrow
stair into small room, with nothing in II
but a coffin standing on trestle. No wnid .
was spoken by either of us; be withdrew
the blink pall and the white shroud, nnd
there lay the embalmed body of the Pil
grimmore beautiful in death than in life. -
ml . . . l - i... i
I ns uoni Taction ui me musciea mm isin i
had effaced every line that lime or passiou .
had ever traced on it ; few marble busts '
could have matched ita stninless white, the
harmony of ita proportions, and perfect
finish : yet he had been dissatisfied with
that body, and longed to cast it slough. ,
llow olten 1 find beard hi in curse it. lie
was jealous of the genius of Shokspeare '
that might well bo but where had ho
seen tho fuce or form worthy to excite his
envy I I asked Fletcher to bring me a 1
glass of water. Un lite leaving the room, .
lo confirm or retnoro my doubts as lo the ,
cause of his lameness, I uncovered the '
Pilgrim's feel and was answered the great
mystery was solved. Both his feet were i
clubbed, and his legs withered to the knee, )
the form nnd fenturcs of un Apollo, with ,
the feet nnd legs of A sylvan satyr.
" Knowing nnd sympathizing with By
ron's sensitiveness, his associates avoided ' ,
prying into the cause ef his lameness ; so
did strangers, from good breeding or com. ,
mon humanity. Il was generally thought .
his halting gait originated in some defect
of the right footer ankle: the right foot
was thn most distorted, and it had been
mude worse in his boyhood by vain effort
to set il right, lie told me that for sev- ,
eral years be wore sleel splints, which so
wrenched the sinews nnd tendons of bis t
leg that they increased bis lameness J the
foot waa twisted inwards, only (he edge 1
touched the ground, and that log was -shorter
than the other. His shoes were pe- ,
cnlinrj very high-heeled, with the soles
uncommonly thick on the inside and pared
thin on the outside; I he toes fere stuffed
with cotton wool, and his trousers wern
very largo below tho knee, and strapped
down so as to cover bis fuel. The pecul- .
iaritynfhis gait was now accounted for:
he entered a mom with a sort of run, as if -he
could not slop, then plan'ed his best log
well forward, throwing back his body to i-.
keep bis balance In early lilo whilst his ,
frame was light and clastic, with the aid
of a stick he might have tottered along for
a miln or two; but oner lie had waxed
heavier, be seldom attempted to walk moio i
than a fuw hundred yards, without squat
ling down or leaning against the first wall, ,
bank, rock, or tree at liand never sitting t
on Ihe ground, hs il would have been diffi
cult for him to get up again. In tho
company of strangers, occasionally, he
would make desperate efforts to conceal ,
his infirmity; but the hectio flnsh on his
fuce, his swelling veins and quivering ;
nerves, betrayed him, and he suffered for
many days after such exertions. Disposed
to fatten, incapsblo of taking exercise lo
check l lie tendency, what could he do f If
ho added to his weight, his fuel w ould not
have supported him : in this dilemma lie
was compelled to exist in a state of semi
starvation J he was less than eleven stone :
when ol Genoa, and said he had been :
fourteen nt Venice. Tho pnngs of hun
ger which travelers and shipwrecked mar
iners have described wcro nothing to what
he suffered ; their privaliona were tem
porary, bis were for life, and more tin
endurable as he was in the midst of abundance."
Com. bare, 7 m. wsgabon. ! Var. b.v
yon peen, en r un, mio poi.
rone aah von un sehkmkf 1 vip you bow mit
tar proom, for having to do mit so pad peoples sah
achkonka. II you rune away ag.n, i puia juu iu
ter papers, aod yon iab raised forever.
Fni Ardent Youno Men. Young men
who would prosper iu love should woo gen
tly. It is not fashionable (r young ladies
to tk orient tpiriti.
An Active Old General. It i aaid
that Sir Colin Campbell, In twenty-one
daya, traveled 900 miles, forced an en
trance into a city defended by 60,000 fight
ing men, relieved a garrison beasiged for
five months, withdrew 900 women and
children in the face of an overwhelming
force, relieved bis detachment at Lawnpore,
twice defeated an enemy thrice his own
strength, and finally stripped them of
every vestigs of artillery.
Admirals in tub Navt op the United
Status. Congress not long sinoe author
ized the commanders of the squadrons of
our ships of war to be designated " Flag
Officers," I. e. Admirals. Acoording to
tho etiquette of all the navies of the world, '
those who wear their flags at (he fore aro
called ReAr Admirals, while those wearing
them on the mizwn are Vice Admirals.
The following order from the Secretary of
the Navy rolors lo this subject:
General Ororr. It is hereby ordered
that in lieu of the Broad Pendant now
worn by Flag Officers in command of
squadrons, they shall wear a plain blue
Hug, or the dimensions proportionate vu nm
different class of vessels, prescribed for the
Jack in the Tables of Allowance approved
July 20, 1854.
Flag Ufficers, whose oste oi commission
as Captain is over twenty years, shall wear
it at the fore ; all others at the mizzen.
Isaac Topcet, ;
Secretary of the Navy,
Navy Department, May 18, 1858
The Union or the British American
Provinces,. The New York Albion, a
jhigh. class, independent journal conducted
by Englishmen, and which never says any
thing rashly or ill-acviseoiy, iook. wuu
great favor on the project of a Federal Un
ion of Ihe British American province. It
advocates wresting the immense territory
of the Hudson Bay Company out of the
corrupt grasp of that gigantic monopoly,
and then erecting th. different province
into Sovereign States, belonging lo nn
Federal Union. A glance at th. map will
show what a mighty empire, reaching from
the Atlanlio to th. Pacific, would thus bo
added to th. roll of nation.
(Cr W. have nothing to enjoy till wa
j have somethipf to impart,
that any of it officers may eboo to &m-1
:dcr'ticio:i,!' " " ,BJ',d'i
areefen cu;ht pu inf