THE OREGON ARGUS. riULMIIKU SVSIV SATI'SIMV UllUMsa, BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS. TKHM-Tka Asuus wilt bt furnUhtd at Thru VotUr. a4 1',tf w. ,,. anwum, , mdcmet, ft ii hi! It tuhtcribtrifkrr, IMImrs ..,'."' '? ''"4 '' ' t- Jr.i- 1M Ikt mimr It ul pvij i iJriutt, t'uur DALu, mill h. rkrgtl if pa.J wilkin moolhl, anil fire Hullurt al Ikt tmlaflkt year. tiullnr, fur ait mantkaSa mbierlp liou rtetlfd fur a hu ftriad. IW W iimUna,4 !! alt arrearage! art paiU.aaltaa allhtmplioaef I hi pahluker. About five years .go there was published t Lauianno, Swiizurland, pamphlet wiih (lie abova tills. Ii is constructed very In jjoniuusly.end summary of iu contents cannot full to be instructive. We copy frxtin the Ladle' Repository ; Eight gentlemen, olj friend, enjoying a good refutation at honorable and upright men, are traveling together. While on llieir excursion, they address loons another tbie qurslion: "Are you happy fully nappy f r.acn one or mem speaks from tlio heart with frankness, and vithout re serve; and tlio following are the answers which they respectively givo : Til lUMKJi. " I have acquired, by long and honest endeavor, a lurge and brilliant fortune. All my wants are easily satisfied without diminishing tny cn;iitnl or my income. I frr nothing for my lorrca I rial future, My fnmla are plaoed in slock t)t a reliable and solid basis; Tlio poor envy my lot, wbilo the wealthy admire tho success of mv operations, posses an amiablo fumily. My v. if.) an J my chil dren combine to spare mo the leant ilegroe of troublo, and to render agreeable ench day of my Ufa. Nevertheless, I am not fully happy. There i one thing which troublea me, wnicli poisons my joys, and wbicb cntta a funeral pull over tho decline of my life ; that ono thing 1 the thought that all these goods, I time riches, this dear family, iheio sweet affection, are transient, perishable, and tlinl very soon I ahull lose them forever. My heart is tad and cast down." Tin CoLixBt.. " I have known the glory of nrm, and the intoxicating triumphs of war. Ilow hut my lieu r I swelled with pride, when, at tho head uf my soldier, I have proslruted the ballnlinn ami scaled tho riimnuru of iho enemy ; nr when, lif ter I ho victory, I have beheld my name oiled i h honor in the hullntint of tho commaudur-in-i'liiel! It seemed to mo that no ho mu u destiny was. inoro noble than my own. Hut now a tcrriMn sentence re echoes in my ear. One day, ufier a deadly ttombnt, I walked over the field of balllo. Seeing an ndicor Weltering in hi blood, l endeavored to lift him up. 'Thank you,' said the dying one, in a languid voice ; and turning hi head he Continued, 'Thank you; but it ia too hue! wo must all die; think upon it, think upon it!' And with liia last sijih ho ulteri-d this solemn sen tence, ' We must all t i !' Ii Ins fastened itself lo my memory iko an iinplacuble fury, from which there la ns deliverance. I have eoino oilmen's of joy ; but, alus! my friend, I mu not fully happy." .The Diplomatist. " Honors b.ive been heaped upnn me in my long career. My country, to which I have rendered some Mtrviee, hua generously recompensed ihe trt which I have employed for its interct's Mild dignity. Public gratitude has met me nt every step ; and the testimony of estoeni is greater than I could havo expected erer to merit. Tho poor have been tho object of my charities. 1 have fed them, and cloth ed them ; and they have not been un grateful. Noaviilistunding, I want some thing; I know nut well what it is; hut my honrt is omp'y. Often I feel myself un. quiet, oppressed, discontented, without any apparent en use fur sadness. I have vague desires after an ideal something which I can not reach, and all my honors are in sufficient to euro the secret malady of my heart. No, my friends, I am not truly happy." Tub Poet. "In my youth the Muses were prodigal of their sweetest smiles. I loved to pursue my delightful reverios in the cool retirement of the loafy woods, or or the flowery banks of tho streamlet. 1 soared like an eagle above all the little in ercsta and the frivolous passions of the World. My poetical inspirations were re ceived with universal applause. My name was heard in the most obscure hamlets of iny native land ; and the fair and beautiful in the public places whispered as I passed, It is tlte poet Many, very many, assured mo that my glory was immortal. But what U such an immortality? If these are dreamers, or rather fools, who demand no thing more, I leave them to their folly. I uppire to another immoitulity. The vain incense of men does not satisfy mo. I look nt final retails at the only true reality ; nd, having no positive assurance of that final result, gentlemen, I declare lo you with candor, I am not fully happy." The Mas or tuk Would." For my self, I have not such bitter complaints to make. I try to laugb at everything. My wisdom consists in looking on the bright aide of things. It is true that I have some times tho ennui; but what signifies that f I endeavor still to bo gay. I go to the theater, to balls, to concerts, and to alt sorts of amusements which 1 find. The best ouilosophy is to amuse one's self as suuen s po?ib!e." ' Hut," demanded the diplomatist, "when" old age sickness; and adversity come upon yM. what will be come of year pleasures and amusements I" .Then," replied the worldling, ffilh av, dent embarrassment, ' 1 willsubm.t to my destiny." " Hut," continued the d.ploraa tist, "in thia uncertainty; are you fully bappy I" " No," replied the gentleman of the world, In a deep, low voice, "and, if you absolutely wish that 1 should confess to yeu, I avow to you that I am not fully hPPr" , . . , The Ou Law tb4.u I have reached the a"e of three score years and ten. Health, fortune, reputatiod, domestic aflec lion. a" 'ha ' Y"- SS 1 .WBV (be midst of business, overwhelmed with -j ..,i!n. nad not having a moment for reflection. 1 sighed afte he time wheal miKht lake repose. Ah . I often aaid to myself, what a sad life ia that of the advocate! Always processes al ways feverish excitement, and heavy labor. But patience and courage ! I will acquire by my economies an easy fortune, and I will enjoy perfect contentment before tbe UJ of mv cajcer.' Will, my fricuJ, I A Weekly NcpaH.'r, devoted to tho Principle's of Jellensonirm Democracy, nnd advocating Vol. IV. have reached the object of my desires no more pro-occup.tions j no mora tangled and painful cases. 1 have at much leisure at an nn.osn mi.h . Inn ,.,,i,i..,..n contentment is not my heritage. I he' hour seem lo me so lung ; when 1 have read my books and newnpaperi two orl three hours, I have enough of them, rtd I ' do not know a in ,1.. i.h it,- ... .r .1.. 1 dav. Mv exinumni i. mnni,.n.. iik.l,,,e Molucca Islands. There, In the do orcd; and I should be telling an u'niruth in saying mat 1 am fully happy." . um uKLio.oua i-hofbssor.-- for my. sc con holiness of tbe law ; I believe in Ihe jus- lice of God; I bu'ieve in the final iudif. meni. But my conscience is not tranquil ; I"""" P?. " lU0,yenw ' "e Uw,le being auperior lo all othera in existence. Peath, which is stealing on, fills me w lh''n10 ua i 1 rt .i i . i. Inq tudo and fright. Evory day I rend I ' lHrse flocki' 8"J al n,B!" my Bible, and nrav with rcculaiitv. OnlPcrchon m tree. They fly very tho Subbath my placo is never empty in the house ol (iod. I can assure you that I nilcnd most fuilhfully to nil the ordi nances of the church. Nevertheless. troublo and anguish accompany me every- where; lalwayaaeein God a severe and aucry Judve; and the thought of anoeir ing before his tribunal, with my innumer able sin, fills mo wilh an insurmountable anxiety. No, I am not fully happy ; I am not happy al all." The Christian Physician. " My dear friends, your avowals have caused me no astonishment. The Bible and experience are united in teaching that neither fortune. glory, honor, genius, nor anything else of una world, can render ua rully happy. God bus creatod our hearts for himself, and so long as they are not given to him, ihry are lilted with uneasiness and an guish. I have gone through tho snmn ex perience as ynurselvea. In my youth I adopted the principles of materialism; and notwithstanding the success which I ob tained in my profession, 1 tasted no happi ness. Rut, by iho grace of God, I have been snatched from those dcnolHting doc trines. The reading of the Scripturea showed me that I was a sinner; and thia conviction was mv first step in the new way. Since then I have turned my eyes to'Lhrtst and lit in crucified ; and a peni Mil trust in my blessed Savior has given inn a peace, a contentment, a joy 'which piisseih all understanding.' I fear nothing; I know the crown of righteousness is re served for me in heaven." " You are then fully happy V said one of the company. " Yes, my friend ; I confide in the love, in the ft Iclity of God, who has given for me his Son, his own Son, in order that I might be rendered happy in this world and in ihnt which is to come." " Yeu therefore do not fear the end," aaid the Colonel. " No, my dear brother; for that which you call the end is for me the commencement." Tub Biro op Paradise. There are birds that have more deceived and puzzled tho learned lhau this. Sume have described it as an inhabitautofthe air, living only upon the dew of heaven, and never coming down to earth. Others have ac quiesced in the latlnr part of its history, but have finally cut otTite legs before they brought it to market. Thus concealing its greatest deformity, they considered themselves entitled to rise in their demands when they ofTered it for sale. Ono deceit led to another. The buyer, finding tbe bird without legs, naturally inquired after them ; and the seller as naturally began to assert that it had none. Thus far, the European 'was imposed upon by others; in all tbe rest be imposed upon himself. Seeing so beautiful a bird without legs, ho concluded It could only live in tbe air, where legs were unnecessary. The extra ordinary splendor of its plumage assisted this deception ; and, as it had heavenly beauty, so it was assorted to have a heav enly residence. Hence its name, and all the false reports that have been made con cerning it. Error, however, ia short-lived, and time has discovered that thia bird not only has legs, but very large, strong ones, for its size. Soon after Ibis discovery was made, this harmless bird was branded with the character of being rapacious, of destroying all birds of smaller size, and from the ama zing rapidity of its flight, as well qualified for a vast deal of mischief. The real his tory of this pretty creature la at present tolerably well known ; and it is found to be as harmless aa beautiful. There are several species of the Bird of Paradise. Some of them are as large as a pigeon, though in reality the body ia not much greater than that of the thrush. The tail, which is about ix inches io length, ia as long as the body. The wings are larg, compared with the bird's other dimensions. The head, the throat, and the neck, are of a pale gold color, the base of the bill and side of the bead and throat are surrounded by black feathers, which are as soft as vel vet, and changeable; like, those on the neck of a blackbird. Tbe binder part of tbe head is of a shining green, mixed with gold. The body and wings are chiefly covered with beautiful brown, purple, and gold feathers. The uppermost part or the tail feathers are of a pale yellow, and those under them white and leuger than the for. r. u,hi,fc muos tbe hinder part of mer, h. tail aDoers to be all white. But what i.;,(W excites curiosity are the two long, r.iK. .hich sDrinff from the up- per rart of the rump, above tbe tail, and nothing else, H sticks la ihe party tin.!, are usually about three feet .onj.lpiij.fsrm.MiihM OREGON CITY, OREGON, JULY 10, 1858. These are bearded only at the beginning ,j ihecnd. lht whul, ,haft fur abotll , . , . , . , '. , , , l '' nl" 'ncboa, being of a deep black, lns fc'"'l extremity isofach bongo- u cow, This bird, which for beauty e 0,hor .ni-cle. of thi. m.n. I. . 0,nor I"ol of ,hl Senn" exceeds all native of, j liglstTuI and spicy woods of the country, these beautiful creatures fly in very large flocka, so that h groves which produce the lu" lucmsoivea are periecuy ' of the great beauty of these birds, and give them tho name of " Gou" birds," ! rpidly, and are almost continually on the wine, in nursuit of insects, whieli farm their food. A Caution to Conceited Young Men. voun medical .tmlnnt i,,m M...I.!. pan, who had been attending lecturea in New York fur some months past, and con sidered himself exceedingly good-looking, knowing and fascinating, made a dead on. act upon the heart and fortune of a bloom ing young lady who was hoarding in tbe house with him. After a prolonged aicge, the lady surrendered. Tbey were mar ried on a Vednosday morning. That same afternoon, the "young wifV' sent for and exhibited to the astonished student a "beautiful lilile daughter," three and a half yeare of age. " Good heavens ! then you were a widow !" exclaimed the astoun ded young man. " Yes, my dear, and this Is Amelia, my youngest. To-morrow, Augustus, James and Reuben will arrive from the country, and tln I shall have all my durlings together once more." The unhappy youth replied not a word. Ilia feelings were too deep for utterance. The next day the "ether darlings" arrived. Reuben was six years old, James nine, and Augustus a saucy boy of twelve. They were delighted to bear that they had "new papa," " because they could now live at home, and have all the playthings they wanted!" The new "papa," aa aoon as he could speak, remarked that Augustus and James did not much resemble Reuben and Amelia. " Well, no," said the happy mother ; " nty first husband was quite a different style of man from my second' complexion, temperament, color of Lair and eves, all different." This was too much. Ho bad not only married a wid ow, but was her third husband, and the as tounded step-fuiher of four children. " But tlio fortune," thought he ; " that will make amends." lie spoke of her fortune. "These are my treasures!" said she, in the Roman matron style, pointing to her children. The conceit was now quite taken out of the young Michigander, who, finding that he had made a complete goose of himself, at once retired to a farm in his native State, where be could have a chance to render his 'boys' useful, and make them sweat for the deceit practiced upon him by their rhother. Cr The London Times thus caricatures our Congress t " In Congress, on the other side of the great sea, our transatlantic cousins manage these matters expeditiously. When a proposition is brought before the House of Ueprebentatives at Washington, any hon orable gentleman to whom it may bo ob noxious may defeat it 1st, by knocking down the proposer on the floor of the House ; 2d, by slipping across the House with a friend, and canine or cowhiclinc both the proposer and seconder ; 3d, by a rush of all the nays at all the yeas, and by a general ' scrimmage ;' 4th, by speaking against time to avoid an immediate decis ion, and, during adjournment, by pistoling or knifing at the bar of an hotel the pro poser and all members wbo may aeem dis posed lo lend him serious support. It is quite clear that, by this mixture of force and reason, quicker results are obtained than by our own more wearisome forma." Foreign Emigration. The falling off in tbe number of emigrants thia season ia very marked. The total arrivala of emi grants at New York for the present year up to May Stb, were 12,497, against 35, 4U7 for the same period last year. At this rate the emigration for tbe present year will be less than 30,0U0. The report of the Commissioner of emi gration for April shows thai 2,171 passen gers were from Liverpool, 51 from London, 04 from Glasgow, COB from Havre, 105 from Bremen, 016 from Hamburg, and 34 from Aotwerp. Five steamers brought 1, 577 passengers, and 16 aailing vessels 2,880. Pcgh and THE President. Senator Pugb, of Ohio, has only been in the Sen ate a short lime, but he has gained a celeb rity which aome of hia brother Senators fail to achieva after a decade ofeemce. Ha is quite young, and ia known as lb ! talented yoang Senator from Uhio. Ii. is, perhapa, the most Democratic Demo- crat living. 'w;eTes in the party, and advocates all party measures, and supports the parly's President. But it appears that the President Is as faithless to I'ugh as Pugh has been fuithful lo the President. Through the whole of .mv iiuroe nnu uvsperaie ivansas oailie, the .u- c i .i i- i Senator stood bv the Presidoi.t like a broth er, and did nearly at much aa any other man in Congress to aecure iho passage of the English-Bill. Dut when, in return for his arduous services, he desired to ad vise tbe President in relation to some Ohio appoiolment, the President insultingly turns on his heel, and tells the "talented young Senator from Ohio ' to go about bia bus iness. The Washington correspondent of the New loik limes says of the quarrel "Tho difficulty which has occurred bo tweon Senator 1'uuh. of Ohio, and tho Pres ident, ia apparently irreconcilable, though cuoris unve oeen maue to paten up a peace. The quarrel has gone so far that Puph do claro he will never again enter the White House while Buchanan is President, and tho President is reported to have said that he regards I'ugh as no better than Male." Kr Says the Louisville Journal " The Philadelphia Pennsylvanian saya that all parties have cause to thank the President. If ever the American party thank him, it will be for the good service ha has done in breaking up the Domocracy." 03" The St. Louis Democrat refers to the result of the lato municipal election in Philadelphia as nn evidenco of tho prodi gious power of tho Lecompton fraud. It says: " The Republican candiduto for Mayor was elected oy 4,300 majority. t,ast (Jo tober the city gave Wilmot, the Republi can candidate for Governor, 10,001 votes ; llazelhurst American, 14,33o; Packer, Democrat, 27,740. Combined majority against the Republicans, 32,083. Repub lican cam since Lecompton waa introdu ced, 30,3831" The Second Revival. A correspond- ent of the Newburyport (Mass.) Herald, a Democrat io paper, writes as follows recent ly from Milwaukie, Wisconsin ! " Milwaukie has been visited by two re vivals: one of religion, by which a great and good work hat been accomplished; and the other in politics, which have be come sounder, purer, and bolter. Lecomp ton has done the work for Democracy here, as everywhere I have been, in passing through eight Slates of ibe Union within three months. This fact will show it : Mr. Buchanan carried Milwaukie by 3,400 majority ; but on the 0th inst., at iho charter election, the Anti Lecompton ticket swopt the field almost without a struggle. oo it ia all through Wisconsin, and all through the Northwest. It U difficult to find a man, the office-holders and a few of the Irish excepted, wbo will own that he ever was a Democrat. With one voice they say that Mr. Buchanan's administra tion is a decided failure, and his measures are not to be indorsed by tbe freomen of such a country as this." An Incident. A Washington corres pondent of a New York paper writes un der date of the 10th of May: "There ia a spicy story coine the rounds, to tho effect that one day last week a Western office-seeker, who has been here a long time, and wbo baa been finally dis appointed, called on the President in a rage, and, after indulging in some pretty sharp language, soized Mr. Buchanan by the col lar, and shook a brawny fist under his nosel Ihe venturesome individual was of course immediately collared and kicked out of the White House. The incident is not believed by some of Mr. Buchanan's Penn sylvania friends, because they say he could and would have floored the disappointed pugilist himself, which he did not do." 03" Iton. Eli Thayer, a member of Con gress from Massachusetts, in a recent speech, alluding 18 some assaults which had been made on the history of his native State, said, "There are some things which I never attempt to defend. Among these are the Falls of Niagara, tbe White Moun tains of New Hampshire, the Atlantic Ocean, Plymouth Rock, Bunker Hill, and the History of Massachusetts 1" A Snob. Senator Hammond, wbo in his recent speech stigmatized the laboring classes of tbe North aa " the mudsills of society," and as " white slaves," is the tan of a man who, in his younger days, was a worthy and industrious butcher, and after wards a worker of a saw mill. "Degen erate son of a noble sire." Sales of Public Lands. The aales of public land for cash during ihe last quar ter were large. The proceeds were $3, 056,236. This gratifying result was wholly unanticipated by the Secretary of the Treasury, who in December estimated the total receipts from this source at 83,- 000,000 for tbe nine moatbs following tbe 30th of September. Up to tbis time no sales have been made of the reserved alternate sections with drawn from private entry by tbe laws au tborizing grants for Railroad purposes, but when they shall become oj-en to pur chase, the receipts train that source must be very heavy. The qaaoiliy of land tboa ra- , aerved ia not far from fifteen millions of acres. Ii lies io the Stales of Michigan, ,ow,i Missouii, Arkansas and the side of Truth iu every issue No. 18. Louisiana, and tho Territory of Minnesot The minimum ptice is (2 00 per acre, and as the lands will be in great request, ii need excite no surprise if from this source alono twenty millions of dollars flow Into the Treasury within tho ensuing year. The proceeds of land sales in Wisconsin during the present quartar will be very heavy, the lands previously offored for sale, but withdrawn pending the adjustment of the grants for railroads, having been this month restored to privato entry, Ureal public sulos of land will bo held in Iowa in June, in rCausas in July, and in Nebraska on the 0th of September. I am iuforiucd at the Land Office that the quantity thrown upon tho market in Kansas is three and a half millions of acres, nnd in Ncbratka two and a half millions. During tho coming sum mer twenty, ihreo millions of acres will be offered in California. The U. 8. Senate. Tho Washington correspondent of the Albany Evening Journal writes as follows of (ho leading members of the U. S. Senate : " If a close aiudent of character and a general reader of political biography were asked to designate the five chief men of the Senate, 1 think ho would promptly name Seward, Douglas, Crittenden, Hun ter, and Toombs. Of these. Suwsnl and Hunter are the most philosophical thinkers. and the most polished rhetoricians. Their speeches will be permanently incorporated among ino works- ol American Siatea men. 8eward's will live longest, because they are intrinsically the ablest, and discuss topics of tho mast enduring interest lo mankind. "Douglas and Toombs are the keencat. strongest debaters; and, in impreasing an immediate auditory, are the most effective speakers. Of these two, Douglas is the more subtle, terse, compact, and pointed. lie nas more intensity but less fertility of mind than Toombs; but the lllinoisan's mail. coat ia closer wrought than the Goor. gian'a ; so, though bo is equally daring and vigorous in onslaught, he is less liable to be pierced with the weapon of bis foe. Indeed, in a hond-lo hand forum. Douulas probably equals any mnn of tho times. "Crittenden is in most respects not a whit buhind his compeers. He is not so ihilosoplucal as steward, nor se classical aa luntcr, nor so dextrous as Dousrlas. nor so impassioned as Toombs ; but, in calm argumentation, loftiness of conception, majesty of mein, and, warmed with hia subject, in power of appeal and glow of imagination, to this day, though silvered over with ago, he sustains the reputation he won in early manhood as second only to Clay among the orators of the Southwest. It is always a rich intellectual treat to hear the Kentucky chief in high Senatorial de bate. Tub Effects of Gold. The present state of the money and commercial world is fraught wlih Interest in respect to the future influence of the coutinued influx of the precious metals. When the discover ies were first confirmed io 1640, tbe world was filled with discussions upon the prob able effect ef tho new supplies Upon the price of produce. If gold was to become very cheap, all other articles would be rel atively high. Thus all debtors would find tbeir burdens lightened, and all credilors and annuitants would find the purchas ing power of their incomes annually declin ing. Silver would, it was thought, rise relatively to gold, and reassume something of the proportion it held before tho discov eries of Peru. These ideas generally pre- vailed, and induced Holland to demonitiso gold-'-adhcririg to silver. Ten years have now passed, and $800,000,000 of gold has been added lo tbe world's gold ! yet prices generully are no higher than b fore. Sil ver holds the same relation to gold that it did, and money within six months has boen higher in the open market than it ever was before. Thus all the prognostics upon the gold influence seem to have failed. The stream ef gold has not lowered Its value, although fed from the three new sourcoa of Russia, Australia, and California. Tbe question (hen recurs, will it so continue? will gold continue to flow in and swell to overflowing the vaults of the banks without ultimately producing the effect anticipated I If we look back upon the events of the last ten years, we shall find that they have been such as to counteract powerfully tbe influence. The discovery of gold followed disastrous famine, when still larger amounts of capital were destroyed and gold boarded. The advent of the French Em pire was followed by a large absorption of capital, in the shape of goods by tbe gold countries. Ibe Kussian war followed, swallowing op immense other sums, and still greater ones were put into railroads in America, in Western Europe, and in In dia. At the same time tbe harvests again failed. All these circumstances were pro. ductivo of high prices, and these price drew produce from Asia, for which ailver waa sent Lack in larno masses. Tbe effect df sending away ailver waa to reduce lU mass of money relatively to commoditiea. All these circumstances have caused gold to fail of its effect. The large Uses by war, bad harvests, and railways, could not have been mct,bul from lha results of the eitrsoidinary productive industry stimula im linn -- niMsiimMMiaMi ADVERTISING RATES. Oat sqaara (13 bum or lew) uus insertion, 13,00 " ' twu iniwrtioM, 4IO " " three Insertion., &,uv Ksrii nilwMurat laMrtim, l.nrj IteasnaafcU deductions to thus wbo advertise hf Ilia year. JOBfRfflTINfl. Tn a ranrsiKTus or Tin ARRI'S is lurVt Iu Inform , puMie that Ut has just rece rrd a largs Murk of Jolt TVl'K and oilier new print Inn nuiteriul, and will ba in tit ajeedy receipt u dlitkHis sailed la all lha n uirMiitats ef tfii tct eafiiy, IIAN()tfl.lJ, I'OhTCftN, llf.ANKH, CAKDH, ClllCL'I.AIlH, l'AMl'll!.KT-WURfi and other kin.li, don to order, short nolle. ted by the anticipated edict of gold. The reaction has now come. All commodities are abundant, and gold while accumulat ing in swelling masses is still poaring (n, the harvests are gooJ, peace onillsturbrd, and prices moderate. What will now be the effect of $800,000,000 more gold added lo the world's stock in tbe next ten yeara t There would seem lo be little doubt but that ihe effects formerly anticipated are now to be realixed lo aome extent, and when confidents in this fact one mora i. vivos, tbe activity of business will cornpeti- sate fur the present stagnation. United States Economist. A Ghbat Gun Killing Madr Easv. The Buffalo Express tells of a warlike nventlon just brought out in llmt city which is of an extraordinary character, provided it possesses all tne qualities represented i It was tested yesterday af ternoon in a vacant building on Washing ton street, between Seneca and Exchange strcots. The piece is a beautiful little brass gun of tbe, usual shape, mounted on wheels, and so constructed that a rotary cylinder constitutes the breech, which con tains four chargos, replenished by meant of a hopper, and fired as rapidly aa a man can work an ordinary lever backward and forward. The piece la discharged by elec tricity, and from this results an important and valuable discovery, which was devel oped after the completion of the piece. By means of the battery and wires connect ing with the cyliudor by which Ignition is caused, the cylinder becomes perfectly . Icctrical, which keeps it as cool as if con tinually bathed with ice. Some I wo bun dred rounds were fired yesterday in rapid succession, at lha rate of B0 rounds per minute, at the end of which lime, without using the swab once, the breech was much colder than when the firing commenced. The rapidity of the firing was much re larded by Ihe bad quality of the cartridge in use, but such as it was, it was sufficient to demonstrate the complete success of the invention. Even 20 rounds per minute would seem to be sufficient for all reason able or unreasonable purposes for thai mat ler; but we cntortnio no doubt that with cartridges properly prepared, the inven tor'a expectation of 60 rounds per minute be fully realixed. We understand that as soon as all arrangements are com pleted, tho inventors will proceed to Wash ington and lay their plans before the gov eminent. The neces-ary steps have been taken to secure Enropean patents, and when all Is complete, and the machine Is in operation, we do not believe that nations can hereafter afford to go to Hat. Spain. It is confidently predicted by American residents in Spain that a respect ablo republican Government will be or gauiaed in that country within a year. The Democratic fercos are Well organised, understand each other, and have agreed up on a declaration ofprinciplcson which they will establish tbe new Government. These are entirely republican, and include the equality of the citizens, universal suffrage, freedom of the press and of speech, and re ligious freedom! with tho severance of the connection of church and Slate. Whether the people of Spain are prepared to organ-, izo and sustain such a (government may be doubted, but '.hero seems to bo a strong conviction that the attempt will soon be made, and that it will bo a formidable one. The New York Tribune publishes a Madrid lcttor, Containing a manifesto of the . Spanish Republicans, which embodies their preparation for revolution, which la pro claimed trt be at band. OtT The Paris correspondent of the N. Y. Commercial says I " An immense activ ity reigns in the marilimo ports of France, and ne nation of the world is Increasing its naval strength at the present moment with ihe same rapidity as this country. Its army now numbers 020,000 men,- and its navy is very nearly, and will soon per. haps be quite, equal to that of England." So.MF.THiNO Wrono. The Paris corres pondent of the New York Times writes : " A singular discrepancy is shown by the last census of France. Thua In 1850 tho population ef the empire stood I Of the male sex, 17,791,040, ef whom 0,072,232 were unmarried, 6,080,223 married, and 830,509 widowers. Of the female aex, 17,088,268 j of whom 0,8.ril,795 were girls, 0,048.825 married, and 1,087,583 widows. How are we to reconcile ibis, discrepancy! 201,801 more wires thsn husbands ! The bureaucrats of the statis tical department scratch their Leads over tbis strange anomaly in ','ne figures, and don't see how to 'nd tbe elua to it. Popit'aiTV of Oksini. Madame Ois siui U left Paris to return lo the Italia village, where she baa long been a school mistreat. It It stated that tie subscription, io Italy and England for Orsioi'a family x ceeds a million of franca. If a fee of fifty cents was charged to .sea the sun rise, nine-tenths ef the world would be up in the morning.