THE UKKtiON ARGUS , rutusmu icui juruor Mussisa, -BT WILLIAM L. ADAMg. TERMS Tkt Aou. i Jurni,h,i al Tkrtt Dillart ami fiflo ftnlt ur ammm, in ' tdoanet, It liujili tHktmkrrt'fkrti Ihiltart tath It tlaht of It it oat ojfietia ailennet Yfktn Ikt moaia it mil paid in mlrumt, pour Dillart will It tkargrd if paid teilkia iu . maalkt, on J Pin dtllnrt al Ikt tad f tkt year. 3T Turn UulUrt fur tit monlktNt tauter if liuat rtctttedfur a Ittt periud, Uf" No pap diteoaliautd unlit all arrtnraget art paid, anlnt at Iktnplioaof Ikt piMxtktr. Ws)t . . AOVKtlTIrtINO RATES. Out square (13 line or U) on iiisnia, l,d up n " " iwu uuertuius, 4,1(1 " " iJirvu Insertions, Mm l'uch ukiiucnt insertion, ),c(J ub Koatonabl dtJuctiwn t iIium wliu stlvenus ! . ... . . uiii year, j JOD PRINTING. Tin MorimTot or tiii Ar.Gl'H 11 Hrir to Inform the public that li lian juit received a f ... 1. . I.. II ri'VIH na.il ..I... .T.. A Weekly iNcw8jm)cr, Uvvotcil to tho rnnciplcs of Jeflersonian Democracy, and advocating tho sido of I ruth m every issue. iniriimuraii.anj win te imhe ajmiy u.t eal.iv. 1IAXDI.II.IH, 11.STKIW, lll.A.VhS, (IlKlHIUIlB Kllliru iu mi hid r nuiirmiiiiB kii n Vol. IV. OIIEGOX CITY, OllEGOX, MAY 8, 1858. No. 4. CAKDH, ClUCLXAIW, l'AMrill.kT-WOlllv 1 1, n J other liimln. duiie to order, on tliort notir. RKHOIAIIO Ata y U tVrvahllraa MIU l.oivca T Mas, April Id, l5H. Resolved, 1 l, Hint ihfl Republican party, true to I lis principle llml f r 1 1 ilie bti of our free nml democratic: system of government, reaffirms la them 1 unnlter able devotion, a laid down in the blood bought charter of American liberty, the Declaration of Independence, and devel oped in the Cotis'iiiition of ilm Uniied Stale, and ihnt tbe pru;urity and perne- tuily of our Union depend upuii strict aJhermce 10 tlm doctrine taught, iii the right guarantied in thute honored repo ilorie of republican fniili. Reolvd. 2nd, That in relation la 1I10 institution of domesiio slavery, we remain wuer tho patriot who funned our Insti tution plumed themselves, and where the leading statesmen of nil parties, tinlil with in a recent period, lima harmoniously stood that it i a purely local, mil genur- nl, State, and not nuiional, iusliiutiun determinable by ihn Sia'c, each fir itself -over winch the other btalc luivo no control and for which tin responsibility. It-solved, 3'i, That with Washiugoi:, Jetf'rsjn, Madison, Franklin, und lh.-ir compeer and eotcniporarics, who in the framing of the Constitution made e tF'Ci hhI provision for the annihilatioii tifihe iraXiu in slave, and who were especially anxious that that instrument shoo'd contain no ad minion of the rihtof una man to hold property in nnnihur, we believe slavery to be a political, social, and mural evil; and. wliilo we disoluiui till right and inclination to interfere with it ana municipal regula tion of nny f llio sovereign State of the Union, we believe llmt the organic net of 1747 for the government of all the territo ry then belonging tothu Republic, peiim-d by the tag tcious J.-lH rson, nppniveil hy the imnioriul Wanlinifiloii.a'id utriclly adlierr luade by the bendiiij; of the nrmn and be- Thi i done to nccuttotn ofrivvr and harbor of a national iliar-l Tub Sici.ims or William II. I'aes , ,.,., cnTT. Tlii di.tii''ui.liod bi-iorinii lie U'oen ihe fecL UufAllI lTlll. T ill lit. n.. I ... .1... I 0 I n.u .li.'rec; Zy Z be VubliXd ilV I "P"1'" " l'"' " ' & a pHity mylittif iliem-flvfv ),.imxTi j'n ' I'wrtalj'ttc nature, anil of Mich a character him more confidence and make him feel ihi Territory, which utert the dntv of. l'"'1 f"' ome hour hi life w'a alutont de. ' at eime. Prom uhut we have icen, he a repreeiiiiiiive or del.-j.uie in ome in-ptiired of. Ily prompt and akillful nivdi-' pnni-eMet all the nerve reqiiiniie to the per. .laiite lobe to ub-yihe in.iruclion. ofLj lroutlIIP(,t , , , h,, however, been -o far' fed aocomplUhnient oflhi. tno.t cxtraor lit c'li.liliHMita uIuIh inoiliur. uecihd he I . . , ... . I .. , ' v. .. , , ii Unnd lodi-reard thwn and U,w lu (! r"turid. 'l ii" 'k forwitrj lo d.imry A Ht. The little fellow i a native a peni'Li recovery M ni literary power. 01 L,)iiniviiie, nnu m iiimncr i niwayi Ho, hiinelf, however, il it aid, view the' present (luriiit! the praciiins. Sho i en- (overnmeiit from that limn down to einb'diea ihu duly of Cugr.-n in friimiiiif overiiiiieut for ilio Territories I hat U, the noii-exieiiiiion of ahivurv. ltoxolvnl, 4th, That tlio iiul'irtiiniit(J depdr'urn from thai pniioipi in thn latu aut oruaiiizin iIih Torritury of Kanu-i, to which wh directly tracfl ihn bitter niin lion which has destroyed the police, mid reddened with the Ido'ul of lir.iiliim the viiyiu noil, of that fair land, lias proved bv it bitter fruit the wiadum of tlio aiicirnl policy which it lias mipplanted. ib ! veil, !lli, That ue stand by and maintiiin, a did our fur'TutlnT-i, true pop ular Sovereignty, and tlm itiulieualilu riht of the penplt) lo govern lheiu"lves ; hot wu deny that a man U di'priw-d of ihe unlena he enjoy the , i v i.-yo nf eiuhiviu otlierw, and allirin tliutiha result of Mich u doctrine would bo lo limnd lh liberty o!' the ui'iz 'ii upon a li.n-i of li-suiiriiii. , U-ulved, Oth, 'I'hat llin atteinpl upnii the pari of ihu present iK-mot-ratio leluiin. ioraiion in foicn upon the people of Kan a a eunsli till ion abhorrent lo a larnrn in ij irity of in citizen, ami to MiKlain in power a usurping utnl tyraunicul ininoriiy aaiuil tht known will of I lie remainder, i mi outrage, imt to be lioma by a fiea people, mid we hope that, pliiulin I li'-ni aclve .irmly upnn tint iiiiuini'inl truth lust enunciuted by the Ueclaraiiou of lurlepeuil encfl, " that all "overumeiit.s derive tlioir jiHt powers from the eonsenl of ihu giv erned," I hey will bo able lo wrest I ruin their oppressor that wliiuli is iintiinulile to a free people and forinidablu to tyratu only the rielit to compid l he ruler to con form to the wislie nf ihu ruled. lUsutveil, 7'h, That we insixt that tlm riy lit to govern necessarily follows tire riilil to auqtiire and hold territory, and that in providing a !uvernmiit for a Territory under this riht itnliould be busud upon the inalienable ri'lit of the people, and w arraign the inoileni sysleni a praclicully carried out in Kansas fur i'. ullei and nioss violation of lliege priucile, and ullirin llial the dark catalogue of wrongs and crime committed by ilia la'.e and existiii"; Ad mi uit rations against popular rights in that Territory deserve the execration of every lover of freedom of the present dy, anil, a their jut reward in history, mi immor tality of infamy. Resolved, 8lh, Thai lltfi late partisan decision of the Supreme Court in the case of Dred ScO'l, which makes the Coiiliiu- ttona uraiiil tulo ins' rumen t to every will of other, it d'tnviou and anli-reiuih. Mean in it lenduncy, and worthy to he iktained only by a parly (hat every where I known a llieallv orpertoiial vaulge ami ihu advoeate of parti -an deoliiii. IteauUril, 1 lih, I hut we liclieve in the iilitrainmeled right of the citizen to lliiuk and vote n he plcasos, nnd wo utterly de ny the rilil of any reprrnrnlaiivo under any circiiinviniice lo viulute the instruo tiinisor known u ill of the people bo rep-rent-lit. ItpaoUeil, 15ih, Th it (he present y:eni of voting ftVi voce, introduced by I hat party in mibji-ct ilia siiflVage of thuci'izen to the mrveillunee of uniaii inp. ctnrs, and awn him, under the teiialiy of lieiug brimded a a traiior, into abject iibuiiioii, is a relic of barbnri.in, which finds fu friruds in n party mI'iip nlmle oignuixatioii i devoted lo the extihguialiiiienl of eve ry vpark of peittonnl freedom, and Mihjects il uieiulier to the entire control of an ri- literacy of leader; and that with Mich a parly w are prnu I to liuve ncilher nym- pnihv nnr commuiiioii. Til B S'.-a S::bpkxt Onlv Ska N'bkd. A few weeks ago the London Timet pub lished a tiateuieiit, apparently well omlien tiuuted, of a mnnn or tea crprnt having been teen near St. Helena, whereupon Mr. Fred. Smith, of Necntle-on Tyne, who cniiinianded a vessel in 19-18, write to ilia to in tho formation of every lerrilui i.ffl journal an account of what he nnd hi crew saw near the same locality in December of I ha I vcar. llt navs : " Willi I he li I'ncupo we could plainly dis. cent a Iiiih head nnd ieck, cotend with a Ion.' Iiag'jy I iling mane, w hich il kepi lillnig nl inierv.ils out nl he water. Ihis was seen by nil linn 's und ili tlu ed to be the (.'rent Heu seipcnt. rletermined on knowing soiiielliino- about it, nnd aeconl- iii'jly lowered a hunt, in which inV chief ollici-r and four men went, taking with thein only a mnall line, in case it tdiuuld be requited. I watched them very anxiously, and the moiiilrr oeemed not to regard i heir approach. At lengih ihey got close lo tho head. They M-rmed to lie-ilate, and then bii-y themsi vps with the line, the in,, nster all Hie time ducking it heud ami showing its great length. Presently the boat lieo.-in -ll ' I: IILT loWitld I lit ship, the monster following alonly. In about half an hour they gul alimg-ile; a tackle was t;ol on the main yard, und it was hoi-ted on b ard. It appeurcd suinnula' tnpi-le when haiiin-;, ,ut -o completely covered with snaky. lo. k'ng bnniaele, a'mut 18 iiii hes loi.g, that we lind it some lime on board befme it "as !i covered lo be pie-e of L'igantio sen weed, 21) feel lung and 4 inches in diameter, lie' rout end of ivh'eh appeared when in the water like the heud el the aiumil, ami tlm mot inn giver it by the sea enmed it lo cem ulive. In a few day it riii'd up to a hollow lube and as it had a rather ofilusite smell, was thrown ovmb'iurd. I had only been n short time in England when the Dicdalus arrived and reported having seen the great sea serpent to the best of my recolleoilun near the same lo C.ilil.V, ami hieh I hnvo no doubt was f piece of the same weeil. So like a huge living monster ilnl it appear, thai had cir cuiitsiances prevented my sending a boat lo it I should certainly bav believed I had seen the great sea Miake." nutli-r differently, and regard it at a warn ing that he is very toon, if not immediately, to hav the Ink left lo dry forever in a pen I lint ha contributed the most lusting ben efit to hi age and glory to hi country. lie i one of the few men which the United State ha produced who hate de voted their live to literal are, not with any lirrly tntUucd llmt it will result In nufely to her ion. LouinvUle Juurnul. TillKOS AT I'AMIg DaKOEH TO TUB EM' fKBuR. The following extract from a Par is letter lo the X. Y. Herald thows the ter rible nature of the danger that nicuace the French Emperor: That ihn fear of repented nl tempt on . , , t ft".! llin lini. w. ll-l'lllfcVU IlllCllllJt Ul lew to immediate gam, or ilia supply of U,n,,t.ror', if., ,ra noi lnurPy chimer daily necessiliet, but f'Oin a desire o pro duce Work of imperisliublo merit. When quite a young mar:, and a graduuie with high honor at CambriJc, he devoted him self to illustrating the History of the American Continent. Spark and Dun. ciofi have done the crime, and have both published far more. Spark ha collected and preserved voluminous material and thrown great light upon the Revolutionary period of our Country, nnd the biography of tho chief actor in that giganlie struggle. Bancroft ha commenced further bock, and with a vigntou pen and a more glowing and gorgeous stylo of coloring, paiuted the early ,lt lenient of the inf.uit colonies from which this country was formed, I ! ut Mr. I'retcotl has taken a still wider view of i lie province of history, and by his I' ul. some of the circumstances which lit tended thp event of the 14lh sufficiently atteit. The instant il wa known I hut the attempt hud proved abortive, a long, low wliisllo wa distinctly heard by many terson, taken up and curried on through out the whole line of the Doulevurd tip to the column in the Place St. Antoine. No elForl of the police, have a yet b 'cn sue ten.ful in tracing the author concerned, but ilia of itself an evidence of a fearful system of organization. Again, when ten day afterward the Kuiperor audKinpres paid their visit lo the English Ambassador, on account of the marriage of the Princess llovul with the l'rinca of Prussia, it i whispered that on quilting the hotel, uhuiiitwo o'clock in the morning, just a they had entered llm carriage a man fired a tliol klruight ut the Kmpeior from n ro vnker. In on instant the short swords fl i-lied from the scabbards of a hundred pulicn who were on duty, ami i ho Einres on the windwaid sido by the cold, duo to I Far Ikt Argut. the increased vertical higlit, and it finally I ' Minio-N Coi'KTtr, April 1st, '59. passe over and strike tlio plain at dry a I Mk. EbtTon In thee exciting political a snonee which hnt been tlinrouirMv I t:in-t it I common for Moit every nerton queezed. Without inoi-lu ro there can be I to bare hi particular candidate picked out no fertility, and without fertility no tigrl-1 as the one ho wi.he to elect. culture ; and a great portion of thi nil- Allow me lo introduco to the niimcroui dernusH, according to Prof. Henry, is a I render of tbe A rgu the name of the lion. sandy as the deaer' of Africa. Truo or Klia Frost Colby 1'sq. (ox-repreeiilaiite fabe, tho theory i worthy of attention. I of Mirion County) a my choice for Stale Tut Dnmri. o P1Btv TI,. n.U S''"r (HV"r '0"rll' UY) f'"" tl.O I... learned by sad experience that a Und cou of ,M,,.rion- Mr; Crlb' V0.r. of tvrant. under whatever name. ... fur "f" w""y " Ferdinand and Inlkllii," his "Conquest of seeing the fact, nnd forgetting the nuture holder of slaves, js a disgrace to the Ju diciary of the nation, nnd a stain upon the character of our country, whose proudest boa si i it love of liberty in ii largest sense and il hatred of tyranny in every pnn. Resolved, Oth, That we congratulate .ourselve and the people of Oregon upon the result of the late election upon lite :qnetion of slavery as a triumph of the Kpuhlican doctrine of uou-exteiisinn, and wo ouly.iuMil that we ouht lo use our iniiaetfte wherever it cm be legitimately done ro secure toniher Territories the same ji'iueleS blessings of freed un which by uuh a grAti'-ing majority we teem o filly to apprevtatn for ourselve. Resolved, 10th-, That the n-ckless prodi. gality of national treamire which has char, eolerizeil the la'ft and present Deiiiuciatic Administrations, bringing to bankruptcy a tieasiiry whose vault have rtsieivi-d $:;(, 0no,93! per annum, and necessituiing a loan in a lime of peaoe, is a clear and le mo:i,tratie proof of iliat wa-tefnl extrav-ai;ane- hie h plutirlered the nation and turned it treasury into a shinplaater machine. . with nothing but it credit to sustain : finances. Kfolved, Uih, Tliat thn Pacific Rail road i no longer an enterprise of doubtful expetliency. but ha become one of imper alive eomniercial and national necessity; and we favor its construction on any cen tral anl practicahle mole by thn aid nf the General Government given in such a man ner a may b best calculated to effect it eety completion. Resolved,' 12lb, That e favor appro priitioinby Confre for tbe improvement Mf.rcantile Statistics. A mercan tile agency in New York say the number of firms in the United Slatis, with the ex ception of California and some of the small retailer in tlm larger cities, is 304,001, giving n More to tvery 123 of our inhabit ants, or to every 25 families. During the recent financial crisis there was lost by 337 swindling hiu1 absconding firms 85,222, 50(1, and by 512 firms that will pay noth ing, their losses and confidential debts ab sorbing cve'y thinj;, 820.3(10,00(1. There are 3,833 firm owing l97,05(,!i03 ihst will nay from 40 to 50 percent., and 41)5 owing 877,199,00!) which will probably p;iy in full. These sum's deduced from the total indebtedness of 121)9,8(10,000 of the 5,123 firms who failed, leaves a final loss of 81 13,780,000. Tho liahilitie of merchants who buvo faihdin Ureal Brit ain are estimnted at 8400,000 000, and their asse's 880,000,(100 ; those of mer chants on the continent of Europe at 830,- 009,009, and their nssels ut 8C0, 009,(100 Important DtscoyEity. A Frenchman, M. Collungue, announce from numerous experiments, be has discovered that imm diately after death a mnrinuring sound is heard in the bo ly, lasting five, ten, and even fifreen hour. It diminishes gradu ally, anil censes first in the pur's of the b-ttly which are furthest from the heart. In an amputated member the same sound is heard fir everal minutes. The non ex istence of this sound may be considered as a sure sign of the total cessation of life. M. Collongue call this branch of auscul tation dynameienpia. Dkao Letters. During 1957 there were 8,853 letters containing t49,293, opened in the dead letter office at Wash ington, nine-ttnths of whioh wtre fafdj re turned to their writers.' Mexico," and hi ' Conquest of Peru," has placed hi mime among tho very first hi lorical writers, tint only of the present age and of ti e Engli.h tongue, but of all ages, and cvt ry lai'guogc Possessed of an independent fortune, he ha devoted capital, a life, and a thousand labors and contrivance to surmount the difficulties of hi position and hi underta king. For a large part of his life he has been almost blind, and every ray of light that entered hi room has to bo tempered to tho delicacy of un eyesight which even then did not allow him cither to read or write, Yet he hat thoroughly ransacked the Spanish lilern'lire of three cemuries for hi materials, procured ordinal documents from Eur,, p un government and ecclesiastical archives, and renewed them with such n br a lib ami compass of mind a make them unfold more knowledge of I ho custom of tribes and nations now extinct than any one of the writer alone was able to gather, though a cotemporary and eye-witness. The skill wiih which he has reconstructed thn social system of the Aztec and I he Peruviuns, and the bold and grapliio pen with which he has sketched thn outline, the origin, and tho effects of their peculiar institutions, is only exceeded by the skill with which ho ha filled in the detail of hi narrative. If he has not nidinarliy tho energy and terseness of Tacitus, it it only because he deliberates tu make his narrative more flow ing, simple, and lucid. Hi writini; i quite equal to that of Hume in a certain pnrily and elegance combined with dignity, but he bus spent hour in study ing and weighing every authority where Hume would have been too idle to open book in bis own library, even lo correct the gross est blunders, lie i never cumbered with partisan detail like Alison, nor does lie like Macaulav, allow the vivid sketches of such deluil to divest him from the flowing, mutest ic current of history. Where to look for a more pei f ct specimen of histori cal riling, we do not know. Certainly no) in the English language, and hardly nmong the ancient. Pliila. Ledger, Tub Novel Siiooti.nu Match. It ha been announced that Cap t. 1 ravit has ac cepted a wager to shout, at three oranges, placed upon the head and bands of a boy. Capt. Travis i a man of medium li iiiht and size and well formed. lie has a mild blno eye with a very earnest ex nresston. I he pistol which he intend to use on this trial shot is one made by Mor gan James, of Uric. New York, who has no superior in such workmanship. The oranges a re each lo be 2 inches in diame ter one i laced on the top of hi head, and one on the back of each hand, the arm being extended. In tbi position, at he distance of ten pace or thirty feel. fating the shooter, and with no intervening object. C.iptain John Travi propose to hit each orange, and hat only three shots to hit the three oranges. The feat I lo be performed in ihiscity in June next. The boy who is to support the oranges is ten years of ajre, and a bright ind sprightly lad. He has every confidence In Captain Travis to hit each object, and has equally much in hi own nerve which cannot be surpassed. He is bow onder daily train ing. Tbe boy's feet are placed twelve inche apart and hi band upon bis hips. Tin Captain shwV through tba angle of the body that surrounded the carriage, and believing a band of desperate assassins were prevent, ready lo complete the work which the pistol shot had missed, flung herself on the bosom of tho I'.mperor, ex claiming, "Mourom tnsentbUy A to the British Embassy itself, such was the atn'e of terror lest anything should occur, that the Ambassador decla ed Im would be responsible fur their Majestic' reception and safety on condition that the house should be placed several day before in thn blind of the police. Only one or two of t he ordinary domestics were rotained on duty, and the hotel wa accordingly fairly invested by the agent of M. I'iutri. The very serving men, arrayed in gorgeous state liveries, with powdered perukes, white kerseymeres, nnd long silk stocking, were thee gentry in disguise, and probab ly accounted for the incompleteness nf their wailing, which was complained of, notwith standing tbe vast number of uttendunls. more In bo dreaded thin a tingle despot, however irresponsible he may be. The for mer, stronger by combination and the con centration of bad passions upwn bad ends, are general ly as destitute of a conscience a a corporation i reputed to be, while the latter, if ho be inioibiMo lo moral appeals, may yel be held In check by fear. The most uotiihlo form of popular tyranny wa exhibited iu the first Freuch Revolution, when, under the sacred name of Liberty, crimes were perpetrated llmt will make the world shudder while history snail lust, lo me intolerable rule of liubet- pierre and hi bloody-miudcd assuciute succeeded tlio military despotism of Nupo leon, which, stern as it was, wu infinitely preferable to the former. It i also a matter of bialory that politi cal purlies a well us governments may degenerate- into despotism j and we need not the winter of 'S3. It is reported that l.o labored very hard for the good of his con stituents; one thing i certain, however, ho got " hi name in tho paper" by making a motion lo adjourn, and another lime mak ing ft motion to elect temporary officer for Tillumook County. Hut to tho point. I Lave alway been " kinder a Know No th in," oud this is the reason why I support Colby (over tho lefi). He gors a litllo farther than the most ultra Know Nothing ever claimed to go. In a conversation with him a short time after tho election on the Coiitlitulion, I gavo as my renion for not entirely endorsing that instrument that il prohibited Chinamen from ever hold ing any real ostute or working any mining claim within the limit of the Slate, utiles lio was a resident of tho State at the timu of the adoption of the Constitution. Colby remarked that that was tho reason he liked it, nnd said that he would go even farther, OiT A correspondent of tho New York Tribune, who writes himself UA European," say ihut the secret of the attempts made upon tho life or the riencli Emperor by Italians, is that Loui Napoleon, while a wanderer, was a sworn member of a secret society known as I ho Carbonari. This so ciety never forgive a renegade member, and " Louis Napoleon ha heen tried by ihe chiefs of the society, formally condemn ed to tleuth, snd received notice of the doom which surely nwaitw him. GCrOriini, the Italian conspirator ar rested for tho recent attempt on the life of the French Emperor, is a man of remark able personal appearance. Pietri, the Cor Mean I'r' fcct of Police, alluding to him after his arrest, said : " He i the handsom est mun in the world ; I never saw any. thing to equal the beauty and grace of this monster. Worth Thinking Adout Prof. Hen. ry, of the Smithsonian Institution, under the bend of ,l Meleor.ilogy, in it connection with Agriculture," has stated a number of fuel, in the form of a report, which will make a deep impression at Washington when they come to be known and under stood. Thn inference from hi fact may be stated in a simple manner. The result is, that I lie entire region of tho Uni'ed State west of the 99ib degree west lon gitude (say the wcsiern boundary of Min. nesota), with tho exception of a small por tion of Western Texa and the narrow border along the Pacific (including Culifor nia), it a sterile waste of comparatively lit tle value, and which cannererle valuable lo the agriculturist. The statement will astonish the reader when we direct hi at tention to the fact that the line of Prof. Henry, which extends southward from Lake Winnipeg to the Mexican dulf, will divide the surface of the United State into two nearly equal part. If this be true, what become of the great national drama lo be played on the North-Western Empire of the American Continent, of which politi cian have harangued and poets sung I The intense heat and extreme drynen of this region, which will mako the Ureal American Plain a barren waste forever, are caused to a large extent, according lo Prof. Henry' theory, by the fact ihalthe returning Trade Winds, weeping ovr the elevated masse of the Rocky Mountain, are deprived of their moisture; in other words, th btated air which ascends at the quator, aatorated with inoisiuje it hssab- tractrd in its passage over the ocean, after epositing portion of it vapor in the tropic at the "rain eaon," is farther desiccated by tha ridge and mooeiain which it meat, ib Taper beiag condensed ifn linvnnd tlm Iidiiiu! if nnr nu:n -,,mt,lri- to find one thoroughly Imbued will, the n,u.'J H,ibil 'T! "l T"? principle of tyranny, us the hentt of nny single tyrant thul can be named. Wbul one element of freedom is discoverable iu the rule of tho present Adinjuutiaiion or of that which preceded it t Instead of be ing tho exponent! and executors of tho pop ulur will, they have been f..Ue to their tiusl in both these particulars, to far as tho ouly vital question nt issue is concerned. The repeal of tlio Missouri Compromise was clearly efficted in opposition to tho will of a latge mojority of tho nation; nnd tho subsequent war upon tho people of Kan sasinvolving many atrocities no less sav age nnd bloody llian those which have- made ihu French Involution infamously memor able. ha been even mora opposed to the popular sentiment of tin) country. The evidence of the latter fact is unmistakable, yet tho Administration doggedly persists iu coiisumating il iniquitous work by forcing upon the people of Kansas a Constitution which they have indignantly rejected in ev ery form in which it Was possible to make their wishes known. It tyrannous appe tite ha to grow n with what it fed on, that now it nut only deficstbe people, but deiioun ces vengeance against nny official ho bhull dure lo questiou it iufallihilily. To tin meanly subservient its promises aro gra cious nnd it reward liberal; lo the lion- eslly stubborn it deals out swift punishment The President and hi Cabinet, like Louis XIV. of France, ass u mo to bo the " Slute," and have a fur us possiblo monopolized all Ihe power of the Government. What need have we of a National Legislature if they, by the President nlone, can dictuto and carry measures in oppnsiiion lo the will of the people 1 What need of a Court of Supreme jurisdiction, when, through the tyranny of a rccklcs party, il can bo dragged down from it high position as a dispenser of law, and a tribunal to deter mine the highest constitutional questions, and converted into a mero instrument for confirming thut tyranny ? The great strcngih of parly despotism, a now exhibited by the Administration, lie in tho vast dispensing power of the President, which, unfortunately, become vaster with every passing year. This is a subject over which the patriot may well pause, and fearfully ponder upon tho fu ture of hi country. If, as wo soc, the Ad ministration now, through this power, feels itself strong enough to defy the will of the people, what act of tyranny may not a fu ture one dure unless the peoplo shull in lime assert their proper sovereignty? Chicago PrcM. Preparing rort the worst. The editor of the New York Courier it Enquirer, who claim lo know all about the Emperor of France, in 1851 reported a conversation of Loui Napoleon' a follows; "My life present four phase. The first comprised tho follies of my youth, such a the expidition of Slrasburg and Boulogue ; t lies served lo make me knor n. Ihe t-coud is my Presidency; the ihird, my Dictatorship ; and tbe fourth will close wiVA my fall beneath Ihe asiastin't blow." A Lowo Wise New York city and New Orleans were connected by lb wires nf tbe National Telegraph line early in January, and a number f me'sages were transmitted to and f'om esch city direct, without repeating at any point on the line, a distance of sboul two thouisnd mile, a feat never before performed. r One hour's study daily would make an ignorant man wise in tea yaari, acs brighten op bit rusting faculties. this right until they had made this their permanent home, remarking at tho same time that none of tho Jews hero ever in tended to muko ihi their permanent home, thut uon of tbetu ever died lidre tint, when '.hey got whit chink they wanted they left for the Old World uud cared no t liing fur tho United Slates. He made tho same statement in substance to one of my neighbors at a different timoi Now I wish to see if nil ihe democratic for cigncrs (including the Jews) will gulp Ihi gcutlcman dow n nt tho Juno election with, out greasing. He may attempt to deny these statements, but they can be proven on him. Your', w. The Faculty op FistaNiNQ Dbath. Thero aro cases on record of porson who could spontaneously full into a death trnncr. Monti, in n letter to Hallcr, mentions sev eral. A priest of the name of CVIius lthodagiiius bad tho same faculty. But the most eelebrnted Instance is that of Col, Townsheud, mentioned in ihe inrgicul woik of Oooch, by whom and by Dr. Cheyne and Dr. Ueyuard, the performance of Col. Townshcud wa seen and attested They hud lung attended him, for be wa an habitual invalid and ho bad often in. vilod them to witness tbe phenomenon of his dying nnd coming to life again, but they hud hitherto refused from fear of the consequences to himself. Accordingly in their presence, Colonel Tuwushoud laid himself down on bl back after a few tec conds, pulse, breathing, and the action of tlio heart were no longer to bo observed. Each of llio witnesses sutUfied himself oi tho ontiio cessation of these phenomena. When the death trance had lasted hulf tin hour, '.he doctors began to fear that thoir pniietil had pushed ihe experiment loo fur And was dead in enrnust J and limy were preparing to leave tho house, when a slight movement of the body atroctcd their al tcntion. They renewed their routine of observation, wheu ihe pulse and tensiblu motion of the heart gradually returned, nnd breathing nnd consciousness. The se quel of tho tale i strange. ; Colonel Towns bend on recovering, sent for hi attorney, nirtdo hi will, and died, for good and all, six hours afterward. Sthesoth (if the army. The effective force of the United Slates is, according to the latest return received at the Adjutant General' Office, as follows, distributed among the military department; Depart ment of the hii't, 8o9 ; department of I' lo rida,837 ; in Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota and Arkansas, 3,000; department of Texas, 2,045; department of New Mexico, 2,254 J department of the Pacific, 2,517 ; army of Utah, 1,897. Total, 13.S75. 03"The Daplist Almanac for 1959,givea the number of regular flaplists in tha United Slate At 697,718; in the British Province at 29,912, and in tho West India Island at 30,050; total in North Amer ica, 902,580. Tho total number baptized in 1850 wnk 05.159. Or Prince Tzi Kuen, nephew of tha emperor of Japan, on hi way to this coun try, with a corps of Japanese aivil engin eer, to examine our railroad and other iinprovtroent. The model of tbe railroad aud telegraph which Coin. Perry took out, have evidently set the Japanese to. thinking. Legal Pathos. In a suburban court in a case of injuiy to a cow, somewhat too hastily driven into a pound, the counsel for the plaintiff made the following eloquent, deels ration: "A parish pound should be an asylum not only for lb roaring bull( but for the tender heifer."