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THE OREGON AMDS,
i : i hi ii
- i resumes svaiv sin-susr uuaxiao,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
rffRV5-n Aioui an l furnuhrJ al
Tkrtt Dillon aid fifty Ctnlt p't annum, in
tdranct, It tinfit mbtcritrriTkrit Dollar!
tneh It tMi of leu at mn ojHctin adman
Ha tht mtnty it mil paid iatihnnie, I'tnr
IbUart wiU it thnrqrd if pi:d vilhin lit
mtn'ki, tnd fire iltllvt ml Ikt tndtif Iht yinr.
fJT Tut DilUrt funis mnntkt Na tuhicrif
Ilea rtftivtd fur a Itn jieriad.
Jf .fh piprr Uitrnnlinurd until all arrtimgn
art paid, ul Ihi option of Iht pahtiiker.
' ' AdutltralrA t.lujucirs. i
Sumo year since, one I'lurre f .acuii c
Bordeaux, in Franc, liming amassed
competency by cultivating the jr;j mul
manufacturing wine, retired from busin -s-.
Hut,' beliii quite chemist, Ins fur hi own
private U-e ami amusement, got Ing -sdier
n (!xtMmivn laboratory, containing nil tin
iaslrumunt neceasary loMiiy chemical ma
bipulm um lie might ih in go in'o. 'Tim
question canm up in his mind Ii-i tier il
M not possible to produce, fiom chemical
reagents, imitations nf the tatioiis kind-of
liquor In ii-, mi neatly at to b fllo the
kilt Of tin heal judges In i!i In I i vuiii.
lerfeit. Cdleituig all 'ho chub varieties
HOI found In hia own cclliir, Ii ic II was very
abundantly supplied alrra.lj, he address d
himself in hit purpose f cm nit i ft il inf
(hem ; and, alter m-aili iliir'y yi arnf pa
lient, persevering study mul loil, s.iL-ceiil.il
tu lii-i 011 entire satisfaction, all the while
keepiti j hi experiment and siicees-a ii pro
found M-crel to himself. Then tnbrtnn bin
proiluciiiiin to I'm lest of oi In r-, lie first
tatted in Ilia own attendants In drink of ili
virion kind. They piuti'timced tlietn all
excellent. , lit; ticX' guv an eiiieriai nil
to lilt wine merchant and other conn. da
seu's in ami abml Hordes ux, arranging
bufote tlu'in liin vurioas liquors in finely cut
glas. decanters, each with a silver label
uifyiiig ilia vineyurd und vintage fniin
which tlm content ii rportcil to have d.cit
produced. Simo gnvo indication of Con
ladling liipiors fifty or i.ty year old.
The c-ni iiy drank round, ami rverv spe
cinieN will prnnmiiicid " Mipcili,'1 " cii.
ul," . ni'M exc ll. iit." ni.Jiiu tllL
Ciiliterfoitii uero kiicIi a In pii-ts llio nrk-iil
of tli very lieftl jinlnex i'limit ili-lrciion,
lie frit (.iiiiiil' l''ly niii.fi il, und piei:ircil
to dicliisn lli- Kt-cri-i. S.iid In-, " (i.'ii'liv
men, you lire all il"tfiri"l. Noiu-nf ilm-e
lirjiiura cmiiain a pailicle of j.iicu fn'm iln
grapf. They r c'ery one of my own
niauul'iiuiuiinu I'ruin nlouliol mul otli'-r
clifinicil fin-nt." This uuiinuticein. n'.
of course, Mi ink (lie CMiipiiiiv nib nu
aniall mirriivc. II further w tit on, niel
ipoko of llin fuel liiul Mii'himI and the
United SihIi h b.iiirbt lnrr' ly "I ! t lli i'
vineyuril irndiicej, and llmt, if iliecmp
rp sliiinlil be tut I'll', an I i!i'-y : him Uhk
tio'liinjj tn nirry In inalet, fmii tliei-e, bv
I hi) method !iv lm I di-unwri d. limy uonlil
Hill Kiijiply ill" ilumiill I, and llial ton lit u
0t coiii'li'rully less than nliat alteiidvd
the u.Niiiil piniliiuliuii.
-.By earnest reqnent, the di-covwr ur
ranged tins re.snlt.s of hi rcM-arcln a in
bo''k f irm, and had it published expr ly
for the liiiiir-iloalera, reci''uiiij: a lare
sum in cn!iiitMiiiion. Tim vvurk was ad
tnissibli to Rimie pnrliuiiliir ponna in eer
lain parts of tVmce, Spain, I'mtiirral, and
Oormany ; no llial even before the viiilnjrea
in Ktirope. ciiiiiinKiiced I'ai'iiiiL', tlife npn
riotw liquors hud b-j;iiii to li a'iit hbr"ad
quite extiivi'ly. And ulien llic (rape.
crop l here cnipletrdy failed, the maikei
wa Mill supplii'd just ubiii aa abiiiidaiiily
as ever. .
' At lengib a copy f llii book fuiind it
way into ihe city of New Yoik, b, n the
liquor fraturniiy had ii published, nni Fir
circulation, but only for their especial hip.
Ilcnce they went imo the inamifdclnriiiy of
lkai Hpiirinu liiii'ir uiihoui b.-in' be
liolden to II f ireigii market fir llieni. The
prnlila prnvuil einiri)cu, fur at a rnl of
p'e.nty-(un cenls n ialloii, tin y would pro.
nucp mi article hriiifriii'.' ihpin m.'vii or
el'lit tJutlarg. 'I'll i - wh tine of some lute
- John lnvkins nmehn nt an inklin:'
that snub book had a h"iti, and set iii..n
tbp pursuit of oiip. fin aeiiruhi'd a'l the
bookstores fir and near tn no purpnv, and
finally ciit to the printer, Mr. It. Cra'i.'
head, of New York, nho informeil liiin ibat
ha knew of no copy hn could possibly t
hold , of thai bo struck ofT ouly just
enough to furnMi ubscrib-ra. Lint dm.
kills, however, Soon gul bold of a real live
copy, which Iip fthibiipd lo us thi other
evening buro in Pi tfield.
t',l'" "f lnn wor'1 r,ln' '''U!l ' " The
Mnofac"u .'! of Liquor, Wines, and Co'
wUiioul Ii'iC aid of lli-lilla'ion. Also,
Ibfl Mauu'auliire of lilfervescing ll.-vrr
gfaj'Syraj, Vinegar, and lliiler. prep.ir
d au'el arrsnJ expressly for I Ii 0 trade Ly
' This work U copy -righted, or it would
soon ba publislmd and pread abroad, o
that the comuiuiiity a'i fvr iLeui
aalvea what rich tu(Ta are palmed otf upon
Ihem."'' ' . j
fiut a il i, Iljwkirw carries ihe rjjr be
poeseS ah-."I wilh liiin, and exliilul il
wbarerrr be leeiare, an thai man have an
opportunity uf gpitin inforinarioo lint
f boajd rousa thm up a.'aiust tb whole li
guor businpi', and lead them to enai'e in
' war atrqinit il of eiiipleeexWrniiiialiiin
'The follpwiuj foaTains ihe na-ms
most of tie ' ariiclaa u-vd in ibi book
rvhlpl, ar. copied ffom i. : .l,
rj ?rt, t
A Weekly NewHj-njier, devoted to the IVincijilert uf Jeffersoninn Democracy, nml advocating
bench wmid, IiiiI-hmi of lY'll. Cat' chil, tniii.
t'c potash, vbarvoi
jus ethers, rx-nhiiu, fl ix-'e l ,eainbo!.'p.
ian iiidior. i.J,p .1.,,,. I ...,.l "
Ifitlltillll. IlidilfO. iititlllp. tfliiwrwwl .iiitu.M..
oiliale of -ilver. Oak balk. Hi'l'lier. red
eaiiders woo I, siirou, niikn ronl, ihe oi of
idove,c-riar. oiiiiiaiiinn. j iiiiper.biveiiiler.
leiimus, mace, rospinarv. rn.e, aafra,
llirpellillle, llnc'lire uf niil-k, qUussill, UX
vomica, and airvcbuiup.''
In ihi lisi will bo noi iced gome of (tie
liiosl active, deadly poisoua. It ia by no
liieaua hrelended llial all nf ilie.e anlole
are .ed in any one kind of drink, but ,1,1 !
f.i.e.,1 arlicl-a in .I.ir. r. i diink. aa may U !
..eeillul to .liPeiuinleifeil. filiveboine. fori
ii i . ... ,
instance, la used la'Ui lv III route kli'd of
ditilled liquors, b'ciuise wiili il ihe same ,
iraiu will produce three or four time us
oiocb spiiil a uilh'Uii. II"lice the profu
to the ililil.-r; but bow bonihle lo the
consumer! Account ia yiun in ume pa
per of a distillery, whera I he h's fed on
slops ilinl in ureal luiinbers. and I lie wash,
iua pound olF in'o the sirraui killed die
fish lo quite a distance, by the strychnine ( A'k ) Iulellii neer, w riling from Table
used. Ul course that tqiiiil killed aln quah, ihe cipilal of the Cilerokee Nation,
muliiiiides nf those who diank it. Still ' u'ivus a v,-ry iiileresti")j bccmiiiiI of the
(loesal laree us a "enlleiiiiill.- .
Hut ibis is only a soiiiary caso. The,
ciiiiiiry is curwrd wiih tluiu-amJs " of the '
sjnii- snri," who are tlihuliiqr llie land with
their puioti. Indeed, hhulild one of these !
jjenlli mini iiiiscreanla put as much nf bisiapecl and nwo. The room icrupuloiily
ilniys in'o some pump where, a family ob
tain water f ir u-e, as he doe into a ho
head of spirit, lift would sown ba furnished
with a hi iiip collar, or a lif lonc home in 1
ihe stale, prison. And ihe only reason thai
ibis whole fraternity are not dudl uithus
lln ir crimea dciiiand. lies in the fact thai
they ham jionc into tlu ii work so sd alih
ily, uud siiceeed in keepiui the coiiununiiy
so coiii'b'lely beiiiimhed and blinded to
tln-ir wnrks. Had ilm euiiuiry been fully
awake to this business and kiion uliut
wiisir.uiiy on, the people would ere ihi
hme arisen in a iim-s, mid hung up llio-e
peia-lraoia of deaih, or iiicaceiated in-m
in snoie cln-e place, or ihiowti ihem pell
no II into the Atluiiiie. .
I'lvAXCIil I'ansi'Ki TS --The N'ew York
Eeotr'nit iie!i a sound and eiiuoui'iiin
vii-w uf our fitisuciiil fill ii in tllu fol
low iiij reinaik i
" In ilia he-l ten V' sirs the plenieiila f
weal h have oi(fiini.. d ibi inselve in lie
wlmle louuiry, wjih iniiileu-e rapiduv, on.
id Ihev are now j .rl m i U resulia Tbu.
them have arrive. I in ihe i-otiniry in IN
time, 2,000, (Mil uc'iie piodueer, who,
j iiui'd lo the uc'ive outli of ilu-older Stales
have poured over the weal, bri)ilti! umbr
ihe plow a oiiHiiliiy of ii.-w laud equiil to
iwiue ihe emirp siirface of Enjilati'l, and of
equal pri'iliii'liveni ss. In the same time,
$I.OOO,ll(IO,l(M) (a ll.i.iMind millioii of ihil
lurs.) have b-eli speui in huililiiio mean of
eommiiu'ca'H'11 to iimke lli 'se binds, and
that labor applied lo i'. available lu com
nu red. Thus, laud, kilmr, and nii .'itis of
c.immun:ealioii, have ci'inhined oil an iui
nieiiM' m;hI' to (r.i.liicu r.'-ulis which are
now about to be i.niiz d. All tiiail.ili.ir,
and Ilia c.'iptti! it cuiimuuded. has repro.
duel d It oin the virgin mtI it altuckeil, many
lulil iis own value, and the railio.i.1, bmli
al until e.isi, are noW ready to carry oil (be
sniplus lolhe b 'si m.tikels.' T'o rmels are
limit nod absurd no inure capiial, bill m ill v
b'iojj from new reiuns, in a aini;b'
year, n quantity nf capital equal to tl-ir
own entire cost, innpicli the marts of coin
men:". This year ihe season has favor.-d
rnuibined In'i'T, and the products are im
in'il-ie. The producrs of oalnral u-ealth
an- every wit-re bh sed with ahundanue,
and, a a natural n s.ii, their deuiands up
on iii'iiiiifn'turii's f.rif'ods iiiii-I be irr-al
fir "rea'er than die supplies of raw ma.
i.-riid will warrant."
The Dbao LKTrKa Office. A ' verv
Itiijp pro portion of the valuable d. ad lei
teis r'auh llie dead h'tler ullivn thr.ntjrli
the fault of the w rhers either on aecoilnl
of misdireciion, llbgibh 'w riiinjf, or neg
bet lo prepay the pota'r-.' The prompt
returti of valuable (bad letters lo ilo own
ers would be greatly fiuililaied if the wri
(era would, in all eases, observe the follow
injj evidently in cesarv rules: Never mail
a valuable puper or psreel without a letter
accompanying i' in ilm antne envelope ;
always statu at the head of ihe letter the i
proper post office address of the writer, and
aNo of the pany addiessed, and sign the
full name of the writer, I- g lily at ihe
c'oe. The last rule is frequently disre.
gardij by p. r-oiis (e,H-cialv ladies) wti.
ling (o ihrir relatives or friends; pre-nin
ing i he lei'er will certainly reach it desti
nation, they ij. n only the initials or Chris
lian name, and give im ddres;. rostmas
ler should, in all cssa, stamp or ks
mark leiter legib'y, for il i fr qnent!y ihe
only clue to ascertain where the Hler is
written or maiM.
An exchng refuinmend the fol
lowing a an infallible cure fur beastly in
t,.ticiion. Whenever a persnn i in a tu-
....I inuntihle i'e from the abuse of!
. . ,lifn -:,,, !
-i.l- .l.vata b'u left arm. anil t-our told
l,,f ,,own it 4-wlv. IU-fof a con.mi.nl
.mtl,j .t,. man .ill
OUKGON CITY, OHKOON, MAKCII 27, 1 858.
Tub Kxcianix p a Man Tknouk.
Tl.a following lawr b a been addrea-ed,
i n. r. . , ,, (.. . ,,
l,v '''f-"" !.vme, l lha nliU.rof lb-
L"'"lrt Tilllfl I
I ri(iret in Irani that an
oppraiion h ifll I happened In pprfnrm in
ilm Iloyal Infirmary of IMinburjt, has
into I he newpapera; but, a il bus uufor
llinaiely ilone o, ihe public should be Cor.
reclly Informed on the auliji'Cl, I'urtiul re
moval of ihe tongue, for the reiueily of
icani'ir, hating been found worse than u-e.
'' " " ' """ -""'I'''""'' "f
mM n,iht M t tUM,nl r, li"f '
"I""1 P",,eill,B 1 I""""1-'1- W I'-
tiei.l u(Ti;red no bad Coiisi fieici dinxlv
. ' .
I fmtn I lie operntion ; but ill I lie end of the
I uvek, when the external wound wa quite
lu ali'il, died siiddeidy from an internal ills
ease, which inilil have been exci'ed by
niiy oili. r iniia'inn in a person uf hia con
sliiiil'ipii and habit "
Ffl'RK.MIi Col'HT UK TI1K I .V 01 AN XaTIO.X.
A eorrespoiuleiil of ll-a Van lliinn
j J oil):. of jta Supreme Court, fouot of
whom are full blooded Indians, lie (,'ives
ihe following coup d'veil of the Hall of
Ju-liice : As on.) walk mlo the romn
" hi n ihe Suireou Cutin is in ae'sion, be
is tit oikv iiuprrsred niib a f.-rliiiu i f re-
ch illi, the loni; list of Mil. s lacked lo a pol,
the erava and sjj nppen inure of ihe five
judjrea, and the respififul demeanor of the
aM"rueys, remind one of the liijjher couris
of justice in the Stale. A cauliou man
on en,eiiii. the court room will ul once
r'B 1 ihe rules that be may confirm to
i hem hi!o lie remain. Th" mot iuipor.
Hint In st runner are those making it penal
t' spit upon ihe floor or walla nf the room,
lo i liter without fir,! lakim.' of)' the hat, In
siiiokn in the presence of the Com I, or
.ump iu-iile of the bar, while the rule
of most consequence lo priicticinj nl'orneys
seems lo be llmt which din cla the laliiMliifje
i.f Hildres In the Cnlltt. which illllsl bp ill
the follnwiiirr words: "May il please the
conn." There a'o fiv Jude, viz:
Chief Justice Kiley C'eys, and Associate I
Jniii'.i )uvid L'arier, J.-asu Jtussell. J.diu
T. A'loir, and Datiiel. Judjle Carter
is I hn only onu hn ha ever prnctici'd
1 1 . Judje Husi I is a pine blooded In
dinii and speaks Euilih im ju rN ctty .
C 5" Ah. bow deeply, how bitterly the
Di inocracV of our country may regret llial
bey ever passed llie Kaun-N.'hrie-kn bill
in v vintf t'te repeal uf the Mis-ouri Coin
piomisel How earnesily they do wish,
from the center to ihe ciiciiiufi-rc nee of
their himria ami souls that the i!niioiis old
couipiotuise were now in force, an llial K n n -sa
tniiilit Cnine into 'lie Union without in
volviitj; ihe danger of their whole pa'tv
heiuii blown into fragiiien'a by an intestine
explo-ion! touisyillt Journal.
FoitfiBHY BY A Don. A bug" dog had
been acust'itiiiid toget bits of mo'iey from
hia mater lo go lo a meal alall to get his i
lunch of fresh meat. (Inn day, w hen j
change was short, his master l'Xvp Growler 1
a pli-e of white paper, on which was an or
der for the meal. The doa, after much
orgiu;.', carried ii to the meat alall, when,
thinking one piece of paper a good a an
other, Im would pick up pieces of white pa
per and carry tli. in to ihe stall w ithout a
I 1 v ing to hia master. Il w as not long b'-fiire
a long bill camn from llie meat dealer, who
had such confidence in the dog thnt he di I
not think to Ink at th" paper, and the d..i
him-elf wa veiy fat. No arrest was mad.-,
and ilm dog occupies as respectable a po
sition in s"ch IV aa I'vu.Ii.ingor Union
IIathkr iSiMGULAH Ii ia a little sin
gular that the iih si promiiienil etidorsprs
and suppr rti rs of iho l.ecomploii Coiisti
tiiiion, are the Yanbiireti of New York,
Ii gh r uf Pennsylvania, and Fitch of Indi
ana, against each uf whom charges of Free
soilism, aobslantiated bv their own letters
and ajieethes. not more than hall's dozen
U cars old, could be brought; while the
niu,t prominent and vehement npposera of
that Cniislilulinn areSiephrn A. Douglas
ami Henry A. Wise, who have been light
ing agiins'. Freeriilism n! their lives.'
A Caktet Clkaner. A turioii ma
chine has been invented for cleaning carpels,
and il npcrnliuii ia said lo be very peifecl
and t combine many adval mar. The
machine is twenty-one f.ei in width, ami re.
ceivP ihe carprt upon rollers, which eirry
ii owty through. A il pasws, there are
one hundred fl.-xi'e India-rubber whip
set on a revolving cylinder, al lilF rfnt an
gle which gie to every square yard nf the
bark of the carpet sun- serf n hundred
blvwe. Delicate, soft bru'be follow, which
'com.,,i, h operaiion, cleaning llie ceil
fj more .(T.-j nails limn can lie done !
, , . tnnt, 'r,,:,, ,tli- ,j
Mml ohmii nr iniurv to ihe fabiic
BO Draw upon oooicnl for the deficiso-
I Ai.wra Tixdino I'ault. Tbera ar
c rlaiu la opla who
. , ,.
fault. .No mat
enn ooi live without find.
mailer w but Mihjeri, or per-
oii, comea up in the course uf coiivcraa-
lion, they irt soma fiivolmis olmclion, or
makn anme C' llJotioiis reinaik. Inn'ead of,
trying lo be in charity with their iieijh
hoia, they take malicioii pl. a-uie in apeak
ing evil alsiut ihem, Thry oUlinately
hut their pyea lo good qnalili,; while
(hey employ uiicro'coprs in discover and
muuify evil one; and afterward liny
torture lauiiagtf to exaggerate what they
hate aecn, so aa to depreciate as much a
possible. They do not, however, always
spi ak nut Milly. But they deal in iimut n-
duet, in hints, and in ominous shake of
the heaj. Instead of frankly assailing lu
fnini, they assassinate behind the back.
Practically, they piTsuadu oilier that all
men aie so evil, that there i not even a
chance uf reform. Even in acts iiiciintcst-
ibly g'KiJ. they pretend to find latent self
ii-lines. They spend their live in defiling
human nature, like Ihe foul Yahoo whom
I lio satinet ha depicted. To believe (bum,
there are ii. ilm virtuous but iheiualves; all
the real of lliankiad being kiluvcs, bmtes,
Tim proverbial fault finder lilt lo thinks
that, in crnsuiiiig so maliciously and indiu
criininaiely. he is only puiiuing hi own
pnilrnil. Il ia a secret consciousness of
his d.-merits, a gnawiiii; tnge nt the snpe-
riority uf others, which ia the real cause of
hia waul nf charity, the principal induce,
meiil to hi abuse. Hi own li. iut is the
mirror from which ha describes mankind.
The best men have been those invanably
who spoke llie must kindly of their race.
I'he great type uf all mauhntid, w hose per
fect humanity ia the admiration even of
Pagans and Atheists, ever spike in be
iiiynunt terms, having chuii y rvn fur
" publicans and sinners." It is to hi pre.
cep's that we ewe ihe great d.ic'rine of hu
man brotherhood. In the ideal of iho fall
Lucifer, we have, on the contrary, the in
curnati'in of malice, hate, shindcr, ill. will
mid all evil speaking. As ilm one ia said
to have come to bring " ponce and good
w ill toward men," no the other first defiled
the fair creation with irif , and sowed "war
among the ho-ta of heaven." We never
lira r a piofeased mull finder, hut eur
ihnnghls recur lo hia typrt. We never
listen lo the beneficent lutieuago of one
who is in charity with hia race, without
feeling that he is advancing more and more
to "the p.-rf. et man."
Immigration for le)57. During the
pnal year 184,773 immigrants arrived at
the port of New Yoik. Of these 67.100
were from Ireland, and 73,738 fiom Gar
many. !t ia b.-lieved llmt th immigrn'ion from
Ireland alone will be diminished during
I ho coming spring, in cotisequenco of the
recent financial depression in Ibis country.
The emigration from (Jermany will prob
ably, on llin contrary, be as la'ae as ever
at that eaaon
Thu expected llucluatiuii
in the number of iuimiranl fmm llie two
countries w hich supply our lureirjn recruits,
1 accounted for by the fact, thai the Irish
generally come here for lalair, w hich is just
now not abundant, nor likely to bo for
some mouths yet, and that the Germans
(nine with money lo buy land, which is now
Hiiiuiig iho cbciiprst things in iho mar
ket. Tub Dbp.i'kst Wbu i.n thk Wonto.
The Louisville Courier says thn A rlesian
well of ihe Messrs. Dtipniil, of I hat city, has
now reached the depth of 1900 feet. .' It
Thi I the deepest well nnw known to
us in the world. The next in depth ia lliu
wtI! at Crenelle, near Paris, which is 1S00
f.'el. Louisville ba iherefore the deepest
well in the world, and lm tallest steeple in
l he United Slates ihe cr'i-a oil llie St.
Louis Cathedral bi ino C8'l feel hi'h, while
the aiiuimit of Trinity, N.Y., ia utilv 204
JcstSo. A Icctureral HaivardCollrge
said in a lecture not long ago: ' Viewing
the suhj.-ul from t lid esoteric standpoint of
Christian, exegetical analysis, ami agglu'i
Hitting the polsymhrlical rc'o'.liisls uf ho
iiiogi'iieoo asceticism, we percivn al once
llie absolute individuality of this entity;
shile froin the other standpoint nfiiicrrdu.
Ion sj in h wis, whieh characleiize the X
nocratio hierarchy of the Jews, we are con
stantly impiessed with the precisely anli
perislatic qti.di'y therenl."
(T II will be rememhered that Judge
(fOodlne of the Fayette Ciauii Court, of
Kentucky, decided, in llie case of Morgan
vs. Dudley, that naturalization by the State
Co'irt was not valid. The cn-e waa car
ritd up, and the Court of ApfieaU has re
versed the decision. '
03 " Look here, Clem, can you tell (lis
nigger why rial woolly head ob yours and
J moon am alike f
" Well, Sanibo, I cues il s caie dey am
aff round." .
No. dai am not il ; ii cause dcr am
bof 'tpossd to bs iobsbited."
tlie mo o Truth in every wsue.-
Address to the People of tho TJaitcd
By Hon F. P. tluuln, lalt Secretary
(if Kuntm Territory.
IIaiiiif been leci inly reoioVrd from llie
"rtiL''' of Scr"ry of Kaniiia Territory, un
di r circumstances w hu h imply severe ceu
sure nn llie part uf Ihe President, and hav
ing had no official iiiformation of my remo
val, nor any opportunity for explanation or
di feme, I have deemed il necessary to pre
sent lo the People uf ihe United States a
brief statement of far-la in vindication of
my motives and in explanation of the re
su!is of iho act fjr which I have been con.
The office In question wns not given at
my solicitation. My acceptance of it, un
der all the citciiiiistanees, win a proof of
strong fiietuMiip for the President, and of
iiiiisjuiidi'd confidence in the firmness and
faithfulness wjih which ho would adhere to
the line of policy deliberately Agreed upon
between Idin, his whole Cabinet, nml Gov.
On my arrival In the Territory in April
lul. in adianceof Gov. Walker, I confess
hat I had an imperfect knowledge of ilm
real condition of alLirs. I supposed the
question of slavery to be the only cause nf
dissension and dillicully among the people;
and, in my brief inaugural address un llie
I7ih of April, treated this a the chief
subject of difference upon which a stihuus
siun lo the people w0uld bo likely to be de.
mantled. soon found, however, that ibis
view wa altogether loo limited, and did
not reach the Iruo ground of controversy.
The great mas of tho inhabitant f the
Tinimry were dissatisfied with tho local
government, and earnestly denied the va
lidity of the existing law. Asserting that
ilia previous Legislatures had been forced
upon them by tin. fraud and violence of a
neighboring people, ihey proclaimed their
dclerminalion nevpr to submit lo the en
actment of legislative bodies thus believed
to be illegitimate and nut entitled lo obedi
Tb! waa tho condition of thinj-s when
Gov. Walker came lo the Teriitory in the
bitter pait of May. It was ovident lliat
the just policy of permitting the people lo
regula'r their ow n iifiiiira could not he sue
oeafuly carried mil, unless llicy could be
inspired with cnnfiib nco in the agents of
Government through whom thin rrsull was
to ho ellected. If a mere minority of the
people had b -en thus dissatisfied and Con
tumaci'iiis, i hey might possibly have been
pronounced fuciioiis and treated aa disturb
ers of Ilm peace; but when tho dissatisfac
tion wa general, comprising almost the
whole people, a more respectful considera
tion waa indiapetisuble lo it peaceable ad.
justiiient. It was evident thai tho policy
of repression rigid attempt to enforoj
aiibmisnion without an efi'ori al conciliation,
would iuevl iddy result in a renewal of
Ihe civil war. With commendable anxiety
lo avoid this couliiii'i.icv. Gov. Walker re.
pi! to go among the people, t0 listen to
their complaints, to give them assurance of
a fair and just administration of the Tcr.
ritoiiai Government, mid lo induce them, if
pos-.iblo, te abandon their hostility, and to
enter upon the pcinuful but decisive strug
gle, of lint ballot box. I was often with the
Governor when he addressed tho people,
and I'uvt) inv best i (Torts in aid of the irreat
purpose of conciliation.
Il was loo l.ilo lo induce I ho penplo to go
into the June election for delegates to the
Convention, The rt gislialion required by
law hud been impeifict in all l ho counties,
ami bail been wholly omitted in one half of
ihem ; nor could (ho oroide of these dis-
franchized comities vote in any adjacent
county, na has been falsely suggested. In
uch of ihem n subsequently look a census
or registry of their ow n, the delegates cho
sen were not admitted to scats in the Con
vention. Nrvi rlheless, it Is not ta be de
nied that the great central fact, which con
liolled thu whole cse, wa Ihe utter wont
nf confidence by the people in tho whole
machinery of the Territorial Government.
They iillegul tliut the local officers, in all
instances, were unscrupulous partisans, who
had previously defrauded them in the elec
tions, ntidwho were ready to repeat the
same outiagea again ; that, even if intru
ders from abroad should not be permitted
to ovorpowvr them, they would be cheated
by fa!s ret urns, which it would not be possible-
for tha Governor and Secretary to da
feat. Allhoii'jli at that time these njipre.
Iii-miniis seemed lo me lo be preposterous
ami unfounded, il was impossible to deny
the earnestness and sincerity wilh which
they wem urged, or tu duubl they were the
resitllof deep convictions, having their ori
tin in seme previous experience of that na
The worst portion of the small minority
in Kansas, who had poessioa of the Ter.
rilnrinl organization, loudly and bitterly
complained of Gov, Walker's policy of re.
pr.-ssion. And when, under the solemn as
urancr given I hat tha elections should be
fairly eoduo4, aod no frauds waicli
Oac uuut (li lii.ca ur lii M ih.r.i,n, ifit
" two iiwn i.ia, 4,00 '
" " tlmw limnioiu, io
Haeh (ulswqiivnl liwartlon, l,0 ;
Rtaimnable JcJuciiwn to i)n wlm ailvtnix l y ,
Tn rooraiKToa ur Tin AliOI'S la wm '
lu inforiii tha ub lo llmt Ii liu jiwt rreivrd a
large oek of JtiH 'I'VI't ami wlirr new print
uii' mnleral, and will h in lb t tn'.j leir pt e
iiiM lieu tin ul I o nit lli nquiieiiirn: of liiin If
enliy. llANUIIII.lJs, 1'TI IIS, I'l.ANKM,
fAKIW, I IHCI I.AI.S, 1'A.MI III.KT.WOl:K
nd nllier liiinla. ilnne lo order, en ilmn I ot'ra.
cu, n Hch bo tountenanced or lolcrnted, '
il hail become apparent thai ihe ma of
ihe penplo were prepared and determined .
tn psiliripste in the Oclubrr eleclian, ihe '
minority endeavored o defeat the result by '
leiiving ihe lax qnaltfiiatiun for electors, j
which had been repealed by the previous ,
Legislature. Opinion were obtained from ,
high legal sources, the effect of which, has)
hey prevailed, would have been lo exclude '
the ma of the people from voting, to re.
lain the control in Ihe hands of the minor!. ,
iy, and a a consequence m keep up ngita ,
lion and to render civil war inevitable.
Hut the intrepid resolution of GoV. Walker, '
in spite of fierce opposition and denuncia
tion far and nvar, carriej him through this
dangerous crisis, and he bad lbs proud sl ,
isfcriinof having achieved a peai-t ful trl- 1
timph, by inducing the people lo submit to
lb arbitrament of the bdlot-box.
Iu the minority w orn determined not to ;
submit In defeat. The lionuloui county of t
Douglas had been attached lo ihe border '
county of Johnson, with a large and con :
rolling representation iu the Legislature.
I'he celebrated Oxfoidftaud was perpetra-
ten w ith a view to obtain majorities in both
Houses of Assembly. When these returns '
were received at my office, in Gov. Wel- '
kt-r's ubaunce, I had fully dele'minrd nut
to give certificates based upou ihem. If
they had been so formal and cornel as to 1
t.-ive made ii my duty lo certify ihem, I
would bate resi.'iu d my ollice in order to
testily my anise of the enormity of tho .
wrong. Gov. Walker, at Leavenworth, '
hud formed the sunn; resolution, ashe stated
n me and tosiverul o'her. and we were
both gratified thai we found the papers so
impel fret as to make it our duty to reject
llieni. Great excitement followed in iho'
Territory. The. minority, thus righteously
defeated in tho fibrt tu prolong their power,
became fierce in opposition and resorted to
every means nf intimidation. Uul I am led '
lo belirve that ihey found their most iffro
tual menus uf operation by undermining us
wi'.h the administratis)! at Washington.
The Constitutional Convention, which
had adjourned over until after the October '
lection, nictation in Lecomptuiitu resume
ila Ihbots. Many of tha members uf that '
body were bitterly hostile loihe Guvernur
mid Secretary, on accouul uf their rejeciiwu
of the Oxi'ord nml MeCoe frauds, in which ,
soiuo uf the mam'icia uud ullicrrs uf the .
Convention bud a direct pa'tii-ipaiion. In
lacl, this body, w it It soinu hoiuiiablu excep
tions, weh n presented the luiuuiiiy parly .
in the Terriiory, und were folly imbuvd
with the same spirit ami designs. Il was
obviously not tin irdcaite lo secure the real
pcoplu uf Kansas tho control of their own
att'.iiis. In the constitution suoo afterwards
adopted ill. y etidviavoied lo supersede tho
Legislature which had been elected by tho
people, by providing, in iho second section
nf'lhdstlicduli!, tliut "all laws now of force
in I ho Territory shall coutinuu to be ul' force
until tillered, amended, or repealed by a
Legislalaro under the provision ul this
Cousliiilliun," Tlir-y provided still more
flKcluiilly, us thry supposed, for the per.
peiiiaiion of their minority government, by
ailepiiiig the Oxlord fraud aa the bus uf
their appoitiuiimeiil, giving a great prepon
derance of represent ut ion to l he counties on
the Missouri bonier, and allbrdiug, at the
s.-iuiu line', every possible facility for the in :
lioiluctiun of apiiiious votes, The l'iei
dent of the Coiivrmiou was clothed wild un. ,
limited power in conducting ibe elec'ious
und receiving the returns, w bile the officer
are tint required lo lake the usual oath ta
secuie fair and honest dealing. The
rleuiiotis were hurried on in mid. w inter .
the 2 1st of December and the 4llt of Jan
uary when emigrants could coma ouly
fiom llto immed.ato burders, under ilia
qualification which invited to the ballot-box '
every while mule inhabitant "in Ihe 2'er
ritory on I lull iltiy." The snmo ltn.ii who
did litis had previously denounced Gov
ernor Walker for the suggestion in his in-'
augural address, und in bis Trqu ka speech,
that the Constitution should he submitted
to all iho imirl Jidc iiihubilaiils, allhougli
he invariably aisled, when Asked for ex
planation, that i-ume reasonable, h-ngih uf,
n-si.lt nco ought lo he r-qoiri'il, a evidence
of thu bona Jitk character of inhabitancy.
Ii was apparent that nil the machinery
had been atlt'ully prepared ror a repetition
of gross fiands, similar lo those which had
been attempted in October; and il was in
view of all these facts, alter the oi'joura
nn lit of ilm Cottveulion, thai the pce-ple of
the Teriitory, hy an almost uiiaifimou de
mand, culled upon me', as the acting Gov.
ernor in convene an extra session of (he
Legislature, in order lo enable them peace
i.bly to protect themselves against the
w rong evidently contemplated by theadop.
liotl uf this Constitution, There, was no
taw lo punish frauds in election rc-tu'ss
The people were intensely exciled J and it
was the opinion of llie contest men in I ho
Territory, thai, without a call of ihe Leg is.
:a ore, the elcc'iuii under the Constitution
could nnl have taken ph.cn without collis
ion and blood-bed. I'he mcclin" of tho
legislature diverted the a'lanlioii of ihe
piople from the schemes of violence upon
which ihey were brooding, subs'iiuted the
eici'ement of debate and iiivealigatw-a for
that of fierce and warlike hatred, and ena
bled i heir representatives devise mean for
counteracting ibe wrongs which they justly
U- ceiit evrnt have shown tliat their ap
prehension were well founded, lnor
inou f-au'ls have been perpetrated at the
precinct of Oxford, Shawnee, and Kicka
poo; and it may well be believeJ that this
result wa actually designed by ihe artful
leaders who devicd the plan and framework
of ihe Lecomp'co Cuustitotion. I hsa
!ily been at Shawnee, isJ I have Mefa
riot, toe V-k