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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
THE OKKGWi AKCUS.
ruLinp avast ATi'nT mossiso,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
TKRM.STht A so ti witf fumithi al
'"Are ir ' rvm. ,r ,,,,
tdranct, la tinglt tulnrnlieri-Tkret Mian
each to clubt oj tea ml one office in adranrt
When Ike mtmry it vol paid in adeanet, Four
JMIart Kill In ekmged if paid vtlkin tn
ttioniht, ami Fire duthrt al Iht mdaf I lie year.
J2T Two Italian for tit uioiilhtSo talitcriu-
f Ham rereirrit far leu period.
IXT A' paper ditrontiimed Until all arrearage!
are paid, iinlrtt al the option of He puhlitker.
W. T. MATI1C. W. C. JOIINSu.
lArtUocIc dt Johnson,
ATTORNEYS & COUNSKLOIM AT LAW,
And Solicitor In Chancery,
WILL promptly nlteiid to any builties which
limy be enni'iiilted to their prnfeaaiounl
charge belure the District and Suprenn Court.
Olfice in llighlicld' bu.tjiag, immediately op
posite Iho Muiu Hlreet lloiwe.
Oregon City, March 7, ISi7. 47y
XX. O, Snrnott,
ATTORNEY COUNSELOR AT LAW,
And Solicitor in C'nanceryt
fcKTitiu. cocxty, onnooN.
JOHN R. MBRIDE,
ITTQI KIT AND COCMIKLOB AT LAW,
Lafayette, Yamhill County, O. T.,
ILL faithfully attend (o all buuona on
tru.li-il to lin professional vara.
Wm. C. Dement & Co..
"T7"IIULKS Al.lCuml Mail I lealor in Grocr-
T T ira, Provisions, Painta, )il, Itoota and
Wioca, Crockery, Ao. OpfsaMe Ilia Land Office,
.Maui ftl. Ungon City. June I, 1835.
CHARLES POPE, JR.,
TTVE.VLEIt in Hardware, Grocorii, Dry Go.,
nniiinj, uoor ct oiioe. Medicine, Hook
' Maiii-at., Oregon City, April':!!, 1 857 Itf
01:0. ABi;i:mv & Co.,
ORl'.UOS CITY, O. T.
A'jcmcthy, Clsrk & Co.,
COMMISSION AND FOItWARIiINO MERCHANTS,
San Francisco, CaL,
Will attend to wlliiii Oregon produce, anil fill or
der for (loot, Groeeius, Ac, nt the lowed roles.
The pittroiiTige of Iho people or Olefin in re
spectfully solicited. Aug. 'J.
Manufacturer, Wkoleealt and Retail Dealer ia
tth k corrr.a wauk, imtnWAaE, c.,
MaiuSt., oprioaite Main Street II o I I,
ORECOX CITY, O. T.
.Sfeumbout uii'l ju'j'jin work atlen.Ud to with
Uidrnt from the country promptly filled. je7
WV. II K. Ill' I 101. I),
!VroiiH d.iru'.M ul' tiiiifr uuod work dauit wnl
ai well lit "ive nit' u call, a my wliule lime .a (U-
V'it,i to 1 hi- ripa rii jj of ( liroiio neter, Lcvi-r,
J'up.. x, mid li(iri.iit:il wutc;e.4.
An :iiui:t unit ui' Ji'U'eiry 0.1 ttau t.
Jt'vveln mu jo In urd r, and npuired.'
I'ntTs In mil the limes. I am ihuiikful lor punt
f.vnrx, mid liujH' lu t; v i-.it.alWtiuti ill future.
Et1 Liv aid t ili't old ritand, npHisito thuTot
amph UOui; OllLUOS CITY. Feb. 2.
r Erugs, SScdiciiics, Paints, Oils,
lf and i'yo-itafs,
v; nt Hie MiJhiio.N II V UiU'l! STOUK,
wpl.'i Ma.11 Mreei. Oreif iil'it),0.'r.
JOIIT P. LiTOOI3k
Wln.lcdiile R'la.l ltitc- in Urn r.rir, I'n'iliir.e,
I'l'ttitti'i.i. ij'-c . jliVf.f Street.
A (ienrr.il As"."iNH'il k J" evcifd G'imla
Cnneiiinli, M.ireh 'f, IM57.
fl'INCji ) MMMunt'iilU Kic.iud 111 (.)ii't;oii (,'ity.
1) 1 mil P'-epitred 10 c:irrv un Ihv biiKiiiess ut
IN A LL ITS Till I A'C7A'.S'.
ThKt wlio iuvor me with llirir pulraiM;e, miiy
p ct lu have ilifir work l m' ri;iit.
Those te'io frarf G i.V.S' al my S!tn for
repdi-a, and do not cull fur tht'm within mnr
months of the time Mit for the work to be don.',
may expect to have Hu m n"ld lu p 1 v chnigpH.
Juno 27, 18j7. llinld
. Vdl3, "argo & Co 's Express,
' Ltlicffu Ortytt, Ctilinrma. tix' -4'. '
Sales mil Eurniif
HAVING niadeadv.tiiliiifeotm .
jJyjSi arnineiiieiitx with the United .tJj
SssMm Slates and I'artilic Mail St'.'ani- 4Mj6
aliipC'ompaiiira lor n un"Hirtutiou, we ate noiv pr
pared to forward Gold Oast, llullion, Specie,
l'tirkttgcs, Varcelf, and Freight, to and from N
York, N. Orleans Sun Francisco, Portland, and
principal towns of ('al fornia an I Ureiron.
Our refjiilur Memi-moiithly Expreim between
Porllmid and I'lanci co, is dispatched by the
1'acilic .Mail .Stoamhip Co.'s Sioanuliip Cohimb a
.connecting ut .San tmucisco with otir avmi-inont li
ly Express to JVcw York and iVcw Orleant, wliich
is disputched regularly 011 the 1st and 16th of eurb
mouth, by the mail steamers and in charge of our
own messengers, through lo dest illation.
Our I'.xpress from New York leaves regularly
en the 5th nnd 20th ol each month, also iu charge
Treasure insured in the best New York com
panies, or at Lloyd'a in Loudon, at the optiou ul
Omens New Yoik, No. 16, Wall at.; New
Orleans, No. 1 1, Exchange place ; tan Francisco
Jfo. 114, MontL'oni-rV i'et.
' A. U. STEELE, Agtat.
JreCon tiiy, Apiil2M
8. J. UcCOR. -MtUHmo
4IAI CONBTANTLT UN IIASU AT Tll .
ator.E, mont-8T, roe.Ti.AND, oaao. ' r
A Choice televtioo ot Popular Books, At
-A. papers, Mat'ay.inea and Fancy Siatiotiery.
Among the books un hand will be found work,
on Temperance, Agriculture, Horticulture, Ilia
tnry, Poetry, liiofrruphy, Medicine, Keligion,
' J4u ence, School Books, Uomauen, 4.C., iic, Jtc.
HjTSubecrip'.ioDS rci-eived for Harper, Graham,
Godey, Leslie's, or rutuum, at 4 a year, pott
Er Subscriptiona received for any newspaper
published in any part of Hie Union.
Keniemlier the Franklin Book Store and Newa
paper A Tincv, Front street, Portland Oregon.
Cg"A priced catalogue will be published early
" in April, an! will be aeut to any part of lh terri
tory free on application.
Orczoii l.odzu So. 3, I. O. O. V..
MEETS at their Hall er the Oregon City
Orag Store every Wedoelay evening M
- 7 o'clock. Brethren iu good .landing are invited
to vi. L FUED. C HAKMAX, N. G.
Gaoacc PzAfi, Sec'y. '
mEMPI.E OF HOXOILTnahaia Temple of
X Honor, N. 1, meal 00 th 1st and 3d Fri
day evenmuxnf each month at f J o'clock, at Tem-p-.mice
Hail, Fittest Grove.OrifO.
Member of the Order in good atanding ara in
" 'ited to visit tbr Temple.
E. W. WXOX.W.C.T
- M. Tcttlx, W. P.. M
A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to the Principles of Jcflersonian Democracy, and advocating
Far the Argot.
No'ttilWiiniling tLe Inrjro mijrily
hiuh wa caai for "Conveniion" t our
lam eiYuliuii, th pruprivty of organizing
State government for Oregon ilill tdinilt
of bug doubt. There wM but ono con
-iiiWion north DoiiVinn which wai. and
mill it, urged Id f,lVor 0f ,(,(, couri- ,,,
ly grati-'itoui luppouiiien on the part
Of lur.ir wonlrl K Ponwrwmpn ihul
, i " 5 "i
M'ii'hout their own invaluable awiataooe at
Washington our war debt wat likeljr to re
main unpaid. Tliii in inolf, every where,
and In every way Ineinted upoo, appealing
ru It did, lo the pocket 1 f almost every one
account for the great change in public
aentirjient at lhat time. In reply it ia iuf-
fieienl to say that the assumption of our
debt by the United Staiee haa met with
nothing that can be culled dungerouaoppo
nilion. The bill providing for tliii wan
not icrutinixcd i closely at army appro
priiition bill uvually are. Without atep
pinjf here I uppral to the record of Con
oresn, with which every one ought lo
familiar, for proof. True, the alteration
by Courv in eur judiciary wat urged
alto. But lhat alteration proving lo be
merely nominal, lius coased to bo an argu
Un the contrary it wa argued that by
buing obliged to aupport a State govrrn
nient our iae wuuld be rentlorcd inaup
iiurtnblc. Our Territorial tax in one mill.
In Cluckuiiia county our totnl tax
amotitils in six niilln 011 1 lie dollar, in Jiick
kon I think to twenty. ' Now al the low est
possible estitiiatu our taxea in lltia county
uiulur a Stale organization will amount to
nine, niul in Jackson lo twctity-three mills,
averaging, perhaps, throughout the Terri
tory Ion inilU. This amount of "material
ns-i-tuiicc there are lew who wouiu not
grumble to n'ie, how much soever they
mar lulk oihcrwue now. I wish to add,
thai itn the influx of immigration prop
i'iv will rii in value and labor full
L'mli'r liivse ciiciunstuiices if we ahull feel
hi' bur Jen of luxation, h"l into become
ul' the thousands who will by nnd by pour
m iiiiou us. noor nn we were one t The
answer n ohviou. Immigration must
. - .
cease or bf beggared when it arrives.
I huVH briefly reviwed thiv discussion for
the purpose of showing ihut it is by no
ni' Hiis ci-rtuin thut xny aort of a convlilu
tinll tt'imlil prove beneficial to Us.
Lett ui n'xl eXHiniiiu tho uomlilino upon
w liie-'i a conscientious 1111111 may aupport
ny iiieiruirii-nt. In all muleia of mere
x 1 n-iiii ticv tilt- i 1.(1 11 1 11 11 1 tiiuat dcuiiJp.
'I'heie nrv ceiimii thingi, however, which
y one's moral simi' condemns instinct-
:wlv. Ami it were Himtiiv a irumni lo
say that m Inn a man consuienlieu'.ly be
lieves l'i 1' wrong lie camiot cousuieiiiinus-
ly kiipHirt. Aain : whprn good aud evil
arc inseparably connected the good does
no' sanctify the bud, but rather the whole
ia vitiated. I conclude that an instrument
must be wholly just. Now injustice dif
fers from inexpediency, in thai it i a rob-b'-ry
of God given rights, while inexpedi-
tic) in an impolitic use of those rights,
kinl while there is no xcuso for injustice
uf any kind, perfect expediency can only
be uri'iil at by patient experience.
riiinirtof merely doubtful expediency may
he tolerable, but injustice, never. If ilia
said that the good of the people should be
consulted in these matters to the exclusion
of moral considerations, I answer, no such
mental hocus pocus will satisfy conscience.
Besides, it is forgotten that an unjust or-
limince caiin.il be for the good of any
The constitution before us tloe not meet
thit condition. Its first section declares
an untruth, end ignores the rights of all
who are not members of a social compact.
To ay the least, it ix a very mean attempt
to evade great truths, simply because they
have become uhpalateable to a few slave
The last clause of section five ia the le-
jitimate fruit of an Atheistical element iu
he convention, or a pandering to that ele
ment in the people. I' i an impertinent
; f . .l 1 ... e f...
Ititerierdncu Willi me onsill'ssoi oui l."
itfi'o ' ' ve Au'nblifs- Thuy should be free,
if they oupi 10 , M,l'loy a Mandarin for
their tdiaplain, nlS - 'ailing u. lL ir
own master, the peopit,'-
The o'ljeel of testimony i."iug to elicit
truth, no person, while or blank, on a''
count of religious belief or anything else,
should be rendered inoornpeient aa a wit
ness. But the value of testimony maybe
affected by eerae of these thing. Juriea
should be allowed to accept lestirony for
just wbai il i worth ; and no question by
which the true eii:hl of testimony may
heaace'tained should 0 prohibited. The
last clause of section six ia therefore wrooj.
And what shall I say of section Iweniy
two! Ilia diametrically opposed lo the
great doctrine which lies at the foundation
of all Republics, that all power emanate
from the people, that iber be the right 10
create and dertroT legislate bodies, to!
OREGON CITY, OREGON, OCTOBER 31,
command them as they wish, and to de
mand of them what they wish. These
rights, to securo which should be the
principle object of all constitutions, it
sweeps into oblivion. Its adoption will
render impossible for years lo come the
attainment of that object for which the
Argus and its patrons have been luboring
for years past. And th method of voting
provided for us, by which the Democratic
party expect to remain in power for an in
definite length of time, completes the im
possibility. Il i damnable.
The proscription of Chinamen is another
objectionable feature. Not so much on
the ground that Chinamen art harmless,
Industrious, intelligent and enterprising, as
that there is no right in any legislative
body lo prevent any person, except for
crime, or any class of persons from resid
ing and holding real estate anywhere on the
face of the broad earth. The aam objec
tion, which I merely enunciate, having no
space lo prove, applies also to the last
clause of section thirty -twe, art. one.
I will not eutor al present into a discus
sion of our Stale policy under this consti
tution, although section six, seven, eight,
nine and ten of article eleven fumishan
ample fluid for such discussion. Let it be
remembered, however, that we vote for
the whole constitution er none. There
can V no scratching, no splitting tickets
hare. If we accept it, we accept eve-v
article, every section, every clause. Shall
wet But further still. There is a posu
bility that free Stats Democrats and Re
publicans may be placed in the awkward
position of supporting slavery by voting
for the constitution. The truth of this will
become apparent if we recollect that the
slavery section ia to become a part of our
bill of rights on condition that a majority
of the people vote for it. And if w sup.
port 1 He, constitution we consent that this
hall become operutive upon the same
It inny be asked, when shall ire be more
nb'e to si.p;iori our State officers than now f
I answer that already our export begin to
balancn our imports. In another year or
so the account will be largely in our favor.
That throughout tho whole country there
is an increasing air of thrift. That prop
erty of all kinds is rising in value every
day. And finally, that the counties, many
of which were largely in debt, are fast be
coming solvent, nnd as a consequence our
county taxes will soon be greatly reduced.
Nor is there any dnnger that if this
constitution is rejected we shall have a
worse one submitted to us by another con
vention. Ut mocratiu leaders know very
well that if the next Presidential election
linds 11 in a Territotial condition the feder
al offices will pass out of their power into
the hands of Republicans. Everything
with them, therefore, depend upon our
becoming a State previous to that time.
And if this one is refused I predict that
they will offer us another, comparatively
free from objection.
I have only room left to say that I am
glnd to have an opportunity of casting my
fit st vote against injustice and oppression.
Astronomical marvels. In the recent
works of complete astral catalogues, the
number of stars visible to the naked eye in
a single hemisphere, namely, the northern
is stated in b less than three thousand
result which will strike with astonish
ment, on account or the smallness of the
number, those who have only vaguely ex
amined the sky on a beautiful winter night.
The character of this astonishment, how
ever, will chnnge, when the number of
stars revealed by the telescope ia consider,
ed. Carrying the enumeration to the s'ars
of. the fourteenth magnitude- the last that
are seeh by powerful telescopes there is
found a number superior to 40,000,000,
and the distance from the farthest of them
is such that the light would take from three
o four thousand years to traverse it. A
photometric experiment, of which the first
indications exist in the Cosmutheoros of
Huygi-n an experiment resumed by
Woltaston a short time before bis death,
teaches us lhat 20,000 stars' the same size
a Sinus, the most brilliant of th firmfl
ment, would need lo be agglomerated to
shi d upon our globe alight equal to thai
of the sun I
Death of a Mknaparte- Charles Lu
cieii Bonaparte, Prince of Caniuo, died on
Wednesday. July 20, at his mansion in the
Rue de Lille, of a djsea.e of the heart,
from which he had lofig been suffering,
lie was ibe eldest ssm of Luci-n Bonaparte,
iheonly one ol Napohou's brothers who
refused a crown. He' was born in Paris
on May 14, 1303. and was consequently
1 the time of hi death to ' hi fffty-fiflh
year. In June, 12'2. he married, at Brus
sels, hi cousin, ibe Princes Zenaid Char
lotte Julie, ihe only daughter of Joseph
Bonaparte, Kin of Spain, who died in
1854. since which tiro the Prince remained
tr A man's own heart mast be ef
given sin that of anotbrf j
1 a Metre a l.tlUrn Vie of Ma-clll-
ltasutv Overruled by Juilga Mct.taa
Case of Mitchell. This was an action
of trespass brought by tho plaintiff, James
U. Uitcliell, a colored man, a citizen of II
linois. in 18H strains! the defendant. Chas.
Lamar, a citizen of Wisconsin, on a charge
of assault and battery, which disabled the
plaintiff from prosecuting his ordinary
business tor months, and permanently tm
paired the sight of one of his eyes. The
defendant plead lo lh jurisdiction of the
court, and avrn d that the plaintiff was a
person 01 color, lo wit, a negro, lo this
plea the plaintiff demurred.
In giving the opinion, in which Judge
Drumraond concurred, J u clue McLean ob
served that, a the leading counsel in the
defense admits that this case i not ruled by
by Iba ured Scot I caie, it will b unncces
sary lo refer to the latter.
There is no protetiso that the plaintiff
was aver a slave, or that be descended
from atlaveanurstry. No such averment
is made in the plea, and the court can pre
sutne nothing in a plea to the jurisdiction.
The objection to the jurisdiction must be
clearly stated, and it must be of such a
character, if true, as to show there i no
lhat the pluriiiff 1 a colored man, to
wit, a negro, are th substantial words of
the averment in the plea. Il is not denied
that his duniicil is in Illinois.
It is knewn lhat in several of the New
Englaud States negroes are citizens in the
broadest sense of the term, having the
right of suffrage. In Vermont, in regard
to the rights of citizenship, there never was
any discrimination as to color.
In a State where si u very does not exist,
every individual, without regard to color,
is presumed to b free; but where color is
a badge of slavery, the presumption is oth
erwise. Ii has never been decided that to enable
an individual to sue in the Federal courts
he must bo an elector. Females have a
right to sue in this court, though they are
not entitled to vote. A corporation has a
right to sue, without regard to the citizen
ship of its stockholders. - It may sue as a
citizen of the State where its corporate
powers are exercised.
The Constitution nnd the act of Congress
of 1780 give jurisdiction in the Federal
courts bdlween citizens of different States.
In the sense hero used, the term citize.n
may bo held to mean a free man, who has a
permanent domicil in a Slate, being sub
ject to its laws in acquiring and holding
property, in the pnyment of laxo.i, and in
the distribution of his estate among cred
itors, or lo his heirs en his decease. Such
a man is a citizen, so as to enablo him to
sue, as I think, in the Federal courts. The
objection has never been made, so far as I
know or believe, to bis right to sue in this
court, lhat he is not entitled to vote.
The provision of the Constitution of the
United States which declnres "The citizens
of each State shall be entitled to all the
privileges and immunities of citizens of
the several States," contemplates an inves
titure of political rights, which are in no
respect necessary to enable a person to sue
in the Federal cuurls.
This is a very short sketch of the opin
ion delivered, which was not written at
length. The Judge declined giving us a
copy for publication.
The demurrer was sustained, which held
the plea insufficient, Chicago Press.
Sentence of a Merchant for Forgery
in England. Justice ia promptly admin
istered iu England without regard to per
sons. At Leeds, lately, a merchant of
some standing, named Josoph Manning
Wilson, was charged with forging bills of
exchange of the value of 810,000. The
forgeries were executed in tho years 1805
and 1656, after which Wilson absconded
to Australia. Lie returned to England
with the idea of making America his home,
but was apprehended in the English chan
nel, and after a trial, lasting but eight
hours, was convictud nnd sentenced to
transportation for life.
Qualities of Good Bread. In baking
bread, il is desirable lo avoid the evils of
hardness on the one hand and pastiness on
the other, nor should il be sour, dense or
hesvy. It should be thoroughly and uni
formly kneaded, so that the carbonic acid
will not be liberated in excess in any one
place, forming large hollows and detach
ing the crumb from the crust. The ve
sicles should be numerous, small, and
equally disseminated ; nor should lite crust
be bitter and black, but of an aromatic
agreeable flavor. " If the yeast b so dif
fused throughout the whole mass as Ihut
4 suitable portion of it will act on each
and every panicle of tl.e saccharine mat
ter at the same lime, and if the dough be
of such consistency and temperature as
not to admit of too rapid a fermentation,
then each minute portion of succharine
matter throughout the whole muss will, in
the process of fermentation, produce ils lit
tle volume of air, which will form its little
cell about the size of a pin' bead and
smaller, and this w ill lake place so nearly
at the same time in every part of the
dough, that the whole will be raid and
made as light as a sponge before ibe as
ceious fermentation takes place in any
part. And then, if it be properly moulded
and baked, it will make the most beautiful
and delicious bread, perfectly light and
sweet, without the use of any alkali, and
with all the gluten and nearly all the
. i e .1 t nL.n...rl
,l,rcu ' H" '""3 " """'"
7 &rniB':on. -Graham.
the side of Truth in every issue.
An Amkhicam Uiiil. Two or three
week ago several deserters from tho Brit
ish troops, stationed at Kingston, mad
their way across Wolf Inland and the St.
Lawrence to the United Slates. Some of
them wore badly frozen on their way, and
one was taken in and cured for by Pinches,
n Carllou Island, wiiliiu the juriatliolion
of Ibe United Suites. On tho SOth
British oQicor, with a file of men, came
upon the Island and endeavored to persuade
the deserter to go buck to Kingston, prom
ising that he should not bo punished. He
refused, and the officer determined to take
him by force. Mr. Pluoltcs, with one of
his hired men, w absent. Another man
was chopping wood at tho door, nnd Mrs.
Pluches and two daughters wero in the
house. The women sent tho man off af
ter Mr. P. and his companion, and soon af
terwards tho officer ordered iho deserter
to be brought out.
Five soldiers rushed into the house ; but
tho others wero prevented from entering
by '.he eldest daughter, who dashed the
fifth man back as h entered, and he roll
ed upon the ground outside. She then
ulosed the door and locked it, aud taking
her position before it, duclured lhat if the
four who were left iusijo took the dosori-
er out, they would have to pass over her
dead body. By thistimo Mr. I'ltiches and
his men were seen returning, ontl tho of
ficer out doors called for his men to come
out and run. The thing was easier said
than done, however; the brave girl main
tained her post, and il was only on a sol
emn promise being giveu by them to ob
serve lh law aud respect the soil of tho
United Stales in future, lhat the imprison
ed soldiers were released, nnd with their
officer allowed to beat a hasty retreat.
Empire County Aryus,
Brougham on the Press In the course
of a discussion in th'e British House uf
Lords, oo an article in the London Exam
iner, alleged to be a libel on Lord Flunked,
Bishop of Tuam, Lord JJroughnm ro
marked that with regard to the article
which had been road, it was, no doubt,
strictly speaking, a breach of the privileges
of their Lordships JJousoj but of what
use would it be to contend with tho press
in such cases its thesof Ho remembered
on one occasion his friend Mr. Mariolt was
represented in a newspaper as having said
at a public meeting in the city that he
would not go in procession to that "d d
old church," meaning some particular
church in the city of London. He felt
much annoyed at the circumstance, and
wrote a h Iter to the editor, in which he
stated that his ucluul words were that ho
would not go to that ''damp old church."
A laugh. The next day thero appenred
in the newspaper a statement to this effect :
" We have given a place in our columns
to the contradiction which Mr. Mariolt has
mado; but, al the same time, we think il
right to say lhat we have referred tho mut
ter to our reportor, who is cortuin lliitt he
used the words 'd d old church,' nnd to
ndd that we have the most perfect confi
dence in tho accuracy of our reporter."
Great laughter. Tho gentleman com
plained to him of that treatment, and ho
(Lord Brougham) recommended him in
future not to be too hasty in contradicting
any statement lhat might appear in a news
paper. Hear, hear.
t3T In the life of a good man there is
an Indian summer, more beautiful than
that of tho season 5 richer, sunnier, nnd
more sublime than the most glorious In
dian summer the world over knew it is
llie Indian summer of the soul. It is
when the glow of youth has departed, when
the warnuh of middle age has gone, and
the buds and blossoms of spring arc chang
ed to the sere and yellow leaf; then the
mind of the good man, still ripe and vigor
ous, relaxes ils labors, and tho memories
of a well spent life gush forth their secret
fountains, enriching, rejoicing and fertiliz
ing; then the trustful resignation of th
Christian sheds around a sweet and holy
warmth, and the soul, asauminga heaven
ly lustre, is ao longer restricted to the nar
row confines of business, but soars beyond
the winter of hoary age, and dwells peace
ably and happily upon that bright spring
and summer which awaitcth him within
the gates of Paradise furevermoro. Lot
us strive for and look tiustingly forwnrd to
au Indian summer like this.
OCT The mode of veiitilaiing the two
new halls of Congress is to be as follows :
A column of air, previously passed iLrough
hot water pipes in winter, and through ii-u
of ice water in summer, is to be forced, by
means of a large fan worked by sloam, up
a hollow shaft to the space between the
roof and the ceiling, through tho latter of
which, being lhernuc.hly perforated, it will
gain admission intq the room, and displace
me vitiated air through apertures in the
base of the walls.
(r Hon. Edward Everett has already
contributid to the Association lor the pur
chase of Mount Vernon more than ihirtr-
five thousand dollars, the proceed of his
oration on the Life and Character )f Wash
ington and not the first cent has been
retained la meet any of his expenses.
CO" A rapid mind continually struggle,
the feeble oae limps, but a great mind se
lects the surest point, and upoa thcie it
One wjuor (I i liues or Im) on insrrtioB, ."M)
" two Insert!. an, 4.IMI
" three insertion., .',
Each iubsemient inset tain, 1 ,00
RoaMinab! deductions to those wlio advettu by
Tin raorutrroa or tiis AP.fil'H i lurrr
to inform ill public that Ii haa just received a
laiK stwk of dull T Vi. and oilier new print
iiiiT iiiiiler al, and will be in lh sj eedy rece pt of
addition miicl to nil the nquiieieeiit. of ihi lo
e.iltv. J1AM)IIII.I', I'OH'I IIH, IW.AXKH.
VMUM, I IIXL'I.AliM, 1 A.Ml'lll.Ki-WOLK
mid other Linds, dotu to onler, eii shori not ce.
The Voir of Mit-sorRi. An analysi
of tho vo:n of Mistouri show that th
greut gains for Rollins have Ls-in main'
in tho parts of the Slat where there ar
the nio-t commerce, the greatest rail'osd
communication, nnd the lorg"t iinu.ber cf
children Ol f.thool. Tho New York Post
derive the following result from figure 1'
" Il would be easy to moral! on the
significant Ucts presented by the bov
statistic ; but they best tell ihtir own t.iiei
t'hey show clearly ;
1. That in those portions where labor i
stimulated and quickened by railroads, th)
sentiment of freedom is strongest 5 anil
llie converse, that where the sentiment in
fator of free labor is most oc'.ive, there fol
low tho greatest mntcriul development by
railroads and kindred enterprises. .
2. lhat even among the lurgest slave
holders the feclinzin regard to ft ee labor
nnd emancipation is undergoing a change
for the better.
3. That the old politic! lira are fust
breaking asunder, and lhat the slavo. driv
ing party can no longer rely upon parly
names to accomplish their objects."
OtT Th growth of Wisconsin has beri
on of the marvel of th western worlJ;
In 1810 its population was only 30,043.
Iu IS JO, il was 305,333. Iu 1855, it wa
oOJ.lOO. The number of vote polled at
the late Presidential eloo'.ion, was in rcund
numbers 120,000, indicating a population
of at bust 000,000. The rapid increase
of emigration to the State makes it prob
able that it now numbers 1,000,000 souls.
And ils sanguine friends predict a showing
of one million and a half at the c'lisuS of
Kr Thero is a turning point in the lov
of a wife for a husband which should be
carefully watched. In tome it occurs very
early, long before thirty, especially if tho
match was one of passion or family con.
veniencc ; but in the nmjority of instan
ces ils appearance ninnifests itself about
the approach to the middle age of woman;
from ihirty-6ve lo forty-two. There it
revolution in the whole moral and menul
being a kind of chilling cold indifference'
which the slightest unkindncsi on the port
of the husband at once kindles into a flame.
It is difficult to account far this trantitorrt
condition, but there is much proof that
woman loves twice. S'uo loves the hut
band of her spring ; in the summer her
attachment requires other sustenance than
that of habit and association it hunger
for the spiritual element, becomes dreamy
and every word of nnger, every slight, ev.
cry inattention, every woakne on Iho pait
of ihe husband crowds on tho memory of
iho wife anil bIi becomes miserable with
out knowing wherefore. The husbaud
then should become a lover again.
A Beautiful Idea. Away among the
AlUghanies there is n spring, so smull that
a single ox, in a summer's day, could
drain it dry. It steals its unobtrusive way
among tho hills, till it spread out into the
beautiful Ohio. Thence it stretches away
a thousand miles, leaving on ils banks more
than a hundred villages and cities nnd
many a cultivated farm, and bearing oil ils
bosom more than half a thousand alcam.
boats. Then joining the Mississippi, It
stretches away and away some twelve
huiulrod miles more, till it falls into the
great ocean. It is ono of the great
tributaries of the ocean, which, obedient
only to God, shall roll and roar till the an
gel, with one foot on the sea nnd tho oth
er nn the land, shall lift up hia hand to
heaven, nnd swear that time shall bo no
longer. So with moral influence. It is ft
'I iWnlet o river nn fife all. hltndlcss
as eternity. Southern
Spots on ihr Sun. According to ob.
servntions mad by M. Rodulphe, Director
of th Observatory at Berno, it appar
lhat the numbar of spots on the sun have
their maximum and minimum at the snma
lime as (he variations of the needle. It
follows from this, that the cause of these
two changes on the sun and on the earth
must be the same, nnd consequently, from
this discovery, it will be possible to solve
several important problems in connection
with these well-known phenomena, the so
lution of which lias hitherto never been
The Tf-ixgrapu Lines or the Wonr.n.
The number of telegraph lines which
have been constructed ince the discovery
of Prof. Bsor Morse, amount to about 78,
000, of which one hall is in iho Uuittd
States and the oilier in Europe, all of which
will be connected by the laying ol th
great cablo across tho Atlantic.
The revenue of the United State
during the present fiscal year, it is calcu
lated at Washington, will reach eighty
millions, or thirty millions more than are
necessary. This, added lo the thirty mil.
lions surplus last year, will make fifty
03r Every lie, great or small, is th
brink of a precipice, lha depth of which
J nothing bit Omnieif nee cn fa'hom.