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THE OREGON AUGUS,
ruiLisuso SVKSf DATUKUAT UORXINO,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
TERMS Tht A so us will it furnithtd at
Tkrei Dollar! and Fifty Centl ner annum, in
. edtance, to tingle tuliicribnt Three Dollars
tarn to eluin oj ten at one ojlirtin advance
When the money it not paid in adranre, Four
Dt'.lari will It churned if vaid within tiz
.1. -..J I.':.. .1.11 ..... ... ,i' . , ..
monmw, j n i uuiitHM ui ine tna oj ine year.
JT T uo Dalian for six month No tulncrip
tiont rtctieed for a leu period. .
tif P'tf" discontinued unlit nil arrearages
art lairi. unlets at ii,e uilton ol the publisher.
W. T. MATI.'ira W. 0. JOHIIIklN.
Matlock tSt Johnson,
ATTORNEYS k COUNSELORS AT LAW,
And Solicitor in Chancvi,
WILL promptly attend to any business which
may ba committed lo their professional
charge, belore the District anil Supreme Court
(Mli-elii II ghlielil'i building, immediately op.
powla in roam ntreol House.
Oregon C'ity.ftMprcli 7, Ib57. 47y
XX. Or. Surnott, .
ATTOUXKY t COUNSELOR AT LAW,
And Suliritor in Chancery,
BBTHHL, POLK COfNTT, OIIKGON.
JOHN R M BRIDE,
ATTORNKV AND C ll V N 1. 1.0 AT LAW,
Lafaiette, Yanilull Cminly, O. T.,
WTIM' faithfully atit'iid lo all business en
V V trusted lo In professional eare.
Wm. 0. Dement tit Co.,
TTTUuLIiS XLKatid retail Healers in Groc r.
T irs, l'rciv moiih, Paints, Dili, Moot mid
Shoes, Crockery, &.. Oppos.le His Land Office,
iuam i3i. Ur. giMi City. June 1, Itiib
CHARLES POPE, JR,
j hALr.lt in Hardware, Groceri s, Dry Goods,
j.s 1.101 mux, noon, siioea, Medicines, book.
Main-t.,nreimii (;iiy, April' IflliT-Ilf
J.'h'IW-'II X NTS,
OltLOOX CJTY, 0. T.
Absraotiy, Clarli ek Co.,
COMMISSION AM) ri:i'i)liNIN(i MKKUIIANTH,
Hun J'riinri.icn, Cul.,
Will .iiini'l in selling 'livjf 'ii pro luce, and fill r
,ios f.i. ( .oiN, l..i.-r.' h. &e , at the lowed rule..
Tiie pao u 'ge of Hie pe.ji.c a: Oregon ic re
.pectfully soiteited Aug !i.
Manufacturer, Wholesale and Retail Draler in
won a 10 t'uta.ot: troves,
rtS It CurTKR W.ti:K, IIAKDWVIIK, kC,
M a i ll S t , o p p oh i le .AI a i n Street Hotel,
OHF.r.OS CITY, 0. T.
StemiiWit uml jliiiiiK work ullun kd lo w.lh
llidtrx fr.un the comtlry inmiilly filled. je7
TTT h' . II l(i II h I K I. I). .
VV . WATCH-MAKER. M
IVn-vna d. -iroim ol g liiujf umid work dune "ill
do well in (rive UK a call, tin ui whole lime a de
vi,lid lo lite lypd.iii.'); of Clirotioiueler, Levi-r,
I'npUx, anil IIiiuzhiii.iI uaU-hct.
An tiiwui-litient of Jewelry (nr hiinl,
Jewelry inu.le loord r, and repaired.
I'l-icen In Mitt the limes. I um Ihaukfiil !br pant
f.ivurs, and hopo lo ij ve itt:MlVtvtioii in future.
ILr' 1. "cull (J a I ilm old Kiun.l, niiua,ttt IheTel-e-mph
Oilh i-, OltimOM CJ'l'Y. l-'eb. 2.
DruM, Blcdiciaos, Paints, Oils,
PJ and JBye-ataifo,
i at the OUhCiuN i.ll'Y UUCJG STUItE,
seplj .la u Street. tre;;uuCily,O.T.
JOHN P, ER00II3,
WhoUmh Retail Dealer in (7io. enV, Produce,
Provisions, if-'.. Main Street.
A Ueneral As'oriiiieul kipuipul' Selected Uooda."
Uanemiih, Much itf. I BS7.
Bi'MNCi peiiiinnenlly localidin Oregon City,
I nut prepitreil to carry on the business of
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES.
Tims.' who (iivor me with their piitroun'e, nmy
vxp nl lo liuve their work d .ue nxht.
Thoic who Uaif GUNS at mi Shop for
repiim, and i not cull for them wiihiu ni.vk
Mosriiaorihe lime ml fur the wurk to lie d'ii:,
limy expect lo h ive th in ld to pn cliaiiree.
Juno 27, 1957.
Wells, Fargo & Co '8 Express,
Br Iter Orrg"u, Cafi'-rnm. th. Ailtnlir
Sntrn nut Enron
HAVING made advantageous
:. , ttrruiiLreuieutH with the United B2i
.Stiiies and Pacific Mail Steam- ZLsm
hipl'ompaiiiea fortiuil.MMrtution, we are mm' pre .
pared to forward Gold Vast, Bullion, Specie,
Package), Purcell, and Freight, to and from N
York, N-Orleuim, &u Franc. sou, Portland, and
principal towns of ('ul fnruia an I Uremill. .
Our regular Semi-monthly Express belwoen
Jn;Und anil Sun Klunci cu, is dispatched by the
Pacific i.1"'' Sieani.-hipCo.'s steamship Columha,
conneclinit at .s"u" r'nuicisco Willi our seini-iniiulh-ly
Kxprcse lo Kew i'ork Had Sew Orleans, whi' h
indi.palched leJ'ilarly " Ut of
ii.nH, by Ilia mull ..'earner an- m charuo ol our
ewn ine.-feujjera, tliroujli to dem illation.
Our l-.xpr. s. from w YorK ,l."lirM recin,rlj
en Hie .Sill andjWIu ol e.i-di moiull, uUo i cli.irije
if ni' s-eni.'ein.
Triasiiie insured in the best New York com
panies, ur ui Lloyd's in Luu lou, at the option of
Offices New' Yoik, No. I fi, Wall si. ; New
Orleans, No. 1 1, Exchange place; San Francisco
No. 14, Monlgoiin ry street.
A. 11. STEELE, Agent.
'refill City, April 21, 18.7.-ltf
Reading for tho Million.
H. J. M COltMtCK
has conrta.ntlt us iiano at tiii fkankmn soos
SlOSK, PIONT-ST, ror.TLA.tD, OSKUON,
i Choice .iletliim o: Popular I) mks, N'ews
m. paper, .laat.nes and Fancy Stationery.
AmuK tne nek. uu baud will ba louud work
iu Temperaiicr, Agiiculiure, Horticulture, His
lory , 1'oHry, li utraphj, Me.l ernes. Keligiun,
Seence, !chol Uunk, Ito.MiiiiciS, 4te., &c, &c.
trSutxupi ous raeived lor Harper, liraliaai,
Gwley, Uslie s, or PulUiiin, al 94 a er, l
13' Subi-criptious received for auy newspaper
publhed in any part of the L'n on
Keinruilier Ihe Kraukha Book Store and News
paper Agency, Krmit street, I'onlmid Oregon.
tif"A priced catalogue will be published early
in April, and will be seut to auy part of the tern
lory Ire on application.
"reuou l-edse X. 3, I. O. U. F
MEE rs at Uir Hall over ihe Orefosi City
Uru More every Vdnelay eveniug at
7 o clock, llreibrrn in gJo-l staudini are ianled
to twu KuEO. CHAKMA.V. N. U.
Geosoi Pcim, See'y. 31
TEMPLE rF IIOXOS. Toalatia Temple of
Honor, No. , meet oti the M an! 3d Vti
4ay evrDintof each moo'h at 6 o'elock, at Tern-e-.
riiK:e Hail, For el (irove, Ort-oa.
Mrmrs of th Or.ler ia good sundin j art ia
ited l vit Una Temple,
L. W. DIX0X.W.CT.
M. Trm.t, W. R, 3
-A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to the Principles of JefTersonian Democracy, nnd advocating
far the Argui.
Champoeo, Oct. 14,
Mr. Editor t You invito ditoutvion
en the Cuimiitutiun, and intimate that you
shall niipoae il mul vote Agninat it. I htar
thai iho llcpublicanti of Yamhill County
are g-nrrjMy n(;ttiiisl it, and the only rea
son Ihui I hear nwiignrd it that the Coa
vlitutiun was got up by Democrats of. the
Oregon vcliol lo suit thir purputee, and
that in Cnnvcniimi notio tut Democruts
were allowed to participate in it fonnHti"0.
This, Mr. Editor, I fear it the ncrtt cause
of the opposition. Now I ask every Re
publican, is this fjuod cause for rejecting
tho Coti'iitutiun t I know it would jrratil'y
Iliyer and Fnrrnr and Old and MuBride
ami oilers who were o nevenly treatnd
in llm Convention if (lie people would voir
down i he Const imtion. But would it not
ultimately ben dunmge to the country!
While wi are thus seeking togruiify our
wialies in sni. ill mailers we aro permitting
mutter of larger moment and of more iin
oii mice logo uegleuted and uti cured for.
M.tity great iind momentou evils aie time
olV'titiines stilfcred lo occur while people
are quibbling upun small mailers of no
Listintr importntico. A Very striking in-
tuncH iil'lliis uciti'red at the preiijential
e'i'c'ion hi MM. The utiestion befoVe tiie
Anieiii'iiu pi opletii thai electjun wan the
m rr If
niiiti'ihHiP uiiiiexutiun ot ipxat. rienry
Clay, thnt imbte patrlul and statesman,
ilitvighl it uiiiafi', unwixe and IneXpi'dieni
o annex uliai Statu without the cuittenl ol
Mexi.o. On I In uihor hand Jntnr K.
I'.ilk mis lor iniuirdiiite nnd nil t-tufil imi t
niiiii'xiiiiou. Now, Mr. Cilitor, this whs a
tiioiiii niuu question. A quustiuii that ouht
to huvu iulert -rti'd every voter in the United
Sullen. Yet notwithstanding this, thous
ands upon thousands of voter who were
utiruiidiiioiiully opposed . to annexation
threw their vole away upon Birney ju
to L'ratifv a loir, weak, foolwh whim.
I'ltey wi-ro voiin;; to keep Trxaiuut, and
if lin y hud vou d for Clay they would have
ai cuiitplialiud llicir ol'jvtt. Uut no, tln-y
must vole for Birney, and just ecough vot
ed for him to d. fiui Clay, nnd they tlius
brought about the very object they most
wished to prevent. This ia one instance
where peofio dul ated tbo vrry measure
they wishuil brought about by quiblilini;
upun small nitit'er. .And we will have
another instance, in Oregon if tho Republi-
aiiis defeat this Constitution. The grunt
question now before thn country is alaveiy
or no slavery. Shall our country be cur
ed with aluvery, iho murals oV the people
e based and tht rising generation ruined,
or ahull the sunlight of universal fieclom
continue to bless our border and develope
our re sou ices, and ultimately make us a
huppy and prosperous people ? This Mr.
Editor is the question, and il. i so vastly
more iinporlHiit 'ban all these small mat-li-rs
of etiquette thai one oufilil to blush to
even think of hazarding the former to grut-
il'y the lutter. Now I believe that the
Convention onht to have iiiveii us free
Constitution or a jslnve Const itiition at once
to vote upon. This is the doctrine first
advanced by 1'residi-lit I'olk in bis message
Cinre Uc. 5, whero he says
th.- Convention to form a State Constitution
possess the nolo und exclusive power !o do
termine whether slavery shall or shall not
exist. I hi sliultltng on the respoutitiiltiy
upon the people ia a trick of the Demo
crat:), nnd 1 regard it a mean, contemptible
one, fit only to come from tbo Democratic
lar'.y. But, Mr. Editor, we must take
ib:ngu they are and not a we would
have them ; and inasmuch as the question
is b'oi.ghl before us It tut meet it j and
me"l it as b.-coiiiv tn-n of sense and dis
cretion, xv o can hereafter clianire tne
C' listiltltion to suit, hut we cannot thin
eii.;lv drive out lcry once it pel a f ol
bold bar'. N"w. Editor, 1 b.lieve
that if we adopt ''i Conslitution slavery
will never blackeo ourberoC'" for .." f'
son. To-day ft large majcrity f ihe peo
ple are opposed to slavery, and will to voi."
next month. But if we postpone il auti.
slave holders pel established here with their
slaves, as they sutely will do if this Con
K'itutiouis rej.-cted, then we will lose that
boon for which we are all confnding, and
it will tdk-yeare f patient struggling and
p'-rl-aps bloodsh.-d to r d our country of it.
I do not care whether Williams, Smith,
Dea.iy, NVstii.th, U rorr, and all the oth
er Democratic rascals in Oregon gel to
C'njtress or the gallows, to we, are free
State. The possibility of their being thut
el-tated under this Constitution it aol a
sufficient reason for voting "against it. I
rio not care if part of the mrTmbert of the
Constitutional Couvention were flighted,
and not listened to, and even slightly iu
tutted by the Democrats ia tbe Con veal ion.
Y'el this, although it thows the- breeding
of the Democrat, doe Dot afford good
ground for voting agaiuni tbe Constitution,
and H matter not if the preamble does not
conform lo the Decltratioit of Independ
ence, it is mere matter of theory and
encp t is mere mailer oi ineory anu
la snort Mr. Ldiior, let ui dofl ibis I
OREGON CITY, OllKG
Constitution and be a freo .Slute, and after
we iiel under full sail a a Slate and can
time il to suit and w will make the Detn
ocratio Belshnzzarj shake in their knees,
until the bran fall to the ground nnd
leave exposed their rotten and corrupt
henrlt to ihe full gaze of the people. C.
"Colnpetii.li" in the last numlier "sub
mite a fu Ihots to ol hooin it ma konseru'
on the subjekl ov ttembotiiig, aud wishes
in li it rs mil (iiv the hwet-l a rol. 8o I wil
gir it a turn and put the lu lin ' a siarbord"
oH.it Kiakaiua anil o noun the. lift id
of Klukama Hand, tearing out about Oct f.
ov tne old dam and improve the chaticl in
Aletl ov triinu In dam it up. The i-nernl
objekshuti to th left cliouel i lis having a
short rokl turn ner ihe loer end ov Ihe
ihind. If the dam wax taken oul nnd Hum
litl iinpouvineul mad at Ihe roki turn, I
hav no dout but thai the prvzeut bm mil
kum over the ntpidz the yer round.
We hav turns and b"iid in the nper
river iiz ditikiill of iiuvioxliuti az ihe ji ft
turn dar be. 01 we want is depth ov wa
ter and h kler chattel, kur not huu kriiked
it ma be if our bot'a boUtins do not rub tu
hard on the bottiiri of ihe rivur. Ye sur.
a boi kan be bill thai ksn uavigat iho riv
er from I'oillatiil tu Oregon bill a'Z the
river nou iz, bi geting bur up in a pro pur
iitanur. Az to it patug luer i lill U:lur-
etice ov opni) un.
XX tilt but litl imprtivmeut the upcr riv
ur mil be lluvignted the hoi yer Willi bol
prupurli kousirukled lor the purpu. The
man ili'ikultv in kuiistiukiini; usteinur for
shol wuiur i. the adherens lo old I'ushuuz
aud old priiisipls bi the bildura und ninsbc-
lists; Hit ar alo to posi ihetiisulvz in lit'1
latest iuipruvment in tuliur kumri..
01 most ul Ibe bots und thor mashuuri in
this kuutii, ur pHiuruz ul lest leu or bl'u n
yers behiml the litnz iu the Allutitiu Stutz.
Yen litl aleiisliuu is pad in Una kuntri lu
ecotiomi iu fuel, hwich is about Willi ihurd
or mar of the tkspeiis ov runing a slt-inr.
Nou an etiini ov the sum pour ov ether ov
our bol kan be bill lo sav al lest 40 or 50
pur sent in fuel ckspens. Il ba bin trid
vv 1 1 L ukseand parshuli adopted in uthur
Stat, why not adopt it on our water.
Let refonmtshun and iiiijiruvinent be our
nolo in ol thing.
1 her is an enoinius ainntint ov I rat go'.
ut) Luutri (iuritlg ihe sumiir srzun hi tems
am veri hi rat huich kud be taken up bi
atemurs for wun haf Ihe pris, if the rivur
wuz stimhxvat Itnpruvd and u propur but
bill for it.
Doullevovri bolinan has figcrd in bis
mind the propr boi aud niushetiri for a lo
water stems r, hvvil ther modi and stil ov
enjina ar domic a varius us ther size.
1 no I hav scvral in mi mind (bat 1 think
wud iinsur the pttrpus.
I thud lik lose a fu of thoz Imn ar inter
ested get tiljji thor iind lonn ashol-walcr
kunipHtii. Let the eksperiiiieul be tiiil on
Kliikumu rupidt furst, and if il Kttkccds
wel, not stop short of Korvali and Ugcu
Sill. And be prepaid for the itekal leltng
of the nml, to kati il tu UgctiSiii wuus a
ek Willi hli in. rn I (jo ul it i n, and I to
skem wil bo prnklikuble. Nou, if Jo Liin
wuil gel an apropriashun sulisheut lo bild
iiurej anil snug bol and kep ilieui up a tu
y rs, we kud liav naviasbun to Ugeil the
most ov tho yer. bttuf al prevent.
fSntTisu Po.-skssion in North Amf.r
ica. We make ihe following extract from
tbe Washington correspondence of the
Halliinoro gun :
As onu half of our North America i:
embmced in the dctniitinn of Queen Vic
toiiii. it i n matter ef seme interest lo u
to see what she i dout'' with il. We Iind
the exclusive privileges and claims of th';
Hudson's Bay Company uo not sustained
by "he British government, aud that the
Canada have triumphed in iheir conflict
with that monopoly. The lino country on
the Red Hiver of the North and other pnr.
lion of the company's territory, are to be
annexed to Canada and opened lo immi
I bis result l not unfavorable lo our
inte.rr.sis. The prosperity of the British
North American colonies ba li really b'it
cfited the trade and inumiiHuinres of the
United Siaton, end there it no reason why
those province should not continue toad
vniii-e in population and wealth, mul ulti
mately b' come a powerful iiHiion under n
federal union. ' It is remarkable with how
much consideration and favor they have of
late been treated by the imperial govern
ment. In conifiliai.ee wills ihejr earnest
remonstrance,' Hie treaty with France.
poncerf'HL' to tho latter nation a further
share in flit fisheries, was ahandnned,
though al the hazard of pivini offense to
ar ally. Many other concessions bavn
been made iu liitir favor.
The late inning.""''"" ((("n Scotland
hrou"h Canada lo Wisconsin nnd Minne-
nt. was in confluence ol Ihe eh.'leclen
opposed to the settlement a the Red Riv
er. But it i n"t improbable 'hat thi re-
liable tl.i of immigrant having found
heir way to the United .Slates will Con
tinue to take ihe same direction.
. ATlMBoF TEACE The iNationtl In
telligencer remarks that our relations with
foreign power are in a alate of unwonted,
if not unprecedented, tranquility me trniy
nnseltled matter, we believe, being Hie
cltim of indemnity ajjainst New Granada
for damages sullerru by certain rtmencans
in the rioU al Panama in ISb't. Even
this difficulty would have le-en a ii-V il
bin for the indiscretion or our Minister,
Mr. Mors. In regard fi this affair il is
stated that the negotiation dc--s not prom
ise an rarlv conclusion, Inough in what
the dificlty eensite we nti not advised.
Spapish diplomacy always required lime;
but. Lawevrr formal and deliberate, ll b
but, however lermai sno ueiioeraie, n u
ON, OCTOIJKK 24, 1
' Tut Last llrttdvace of Nauotroa.
Yheii Napiileon ttss lakuu lo his island
prison ond hi tomb, the Northumberland,
in which lift wnt transported, came n
sight of I hn shores af France. The fallen
warrior trazed a lnn' time itiion flint
Fruucn for which he liud lived, and as the
shores rec'li'd from view he raised hi but
und said, ' France I land of ihe brave, I
salute thee: adieu!" Jt is probable thnt
he already foresaw he was inking hi lnt
look of Europe, and ibu scene of hi glory
The bleak and unwholesome residence
that was assigned dim iu St. Helena, Long
wood, made forever meuioiublu by the
sulleriug and death of lliu illiistiiotts cap-
live, had been permllled lo bo Usui us a
klubh', and hJrses and cows were uctuullv
stalled in the same room w hero the spirit
of the Emperor look its flight.
1 In desic rui ion of a memorable historic
place, which piliiriins of all nations visited,
was as disgraceful lo hnulnnd a il wh
olh tl.it e tu the sensitive soil il of Franco
Ih i purl tbe Unite ol XX ellni'uit lock in
advisii g the I'oiiliiieinetil of Napoleon on
the lock of Si. Helena is iho .darkest b!ol
upon hi fame. Short sighted ijovenion lit !
Uverweeiiing and itillaled Duke! Napo
leon at bt. lleleim could no more b blot-
led from the memory of Ihe world, than
wbeu al Ihe head of hi victorious leoions
bis tame was borne io the ends of ibe earth.
Kncliiiid, in Ihu cause of Lecitiitiacv,
prosecuted her wur, ami fostered coali
tion against I hi chosen leader of Franco,
who was elevated to the throne by the uni
leu voice oi minions ol rrenclnnen, al a
cost of hundred of thousand of lives aud
three thousuml mil limit of Ircaslire.
XVheu, confiding in British honor, he
sought the protection of il government,
Napoleon was by that government bidden
from eight iu thn recesses of the Atlantic
Uciiiii. Ships of-vur were hovering rutin. I
the island, thousands of soldiery were sta
tion, d within sight of Longnood, artillery
bristled from every point and u cordon of
sentinels surrounded the islam). It cost
the British covuinincnt SS.OOU.OUU to
guurd this oue man, while at tho siiine
limellio ministry Here higgling, at the
expenses "f iho establishment of the Em
peror like petty huckster.
Now what has been gained for ull ibis
ounriuou cot of I Iu and freusure 1 . The
people of England huve lo pay t lie debt,
uud t ho burden of taxation from this cuttsu
isg'tatrr than nil the olli-r bordu'.a the
people of England have to bvnr. .Legiti
macy Iriumplistl by l lie uid of a mil lion of
servile bayonets ; Louis Xvilt. mounted the
ihiune ; J' tititce was humbled. Hut in fif
teeu year Franco overthrew this dynasty.
She recovered from her humiliation, uud
the nanit' Napoleon which hud been
placed under ban, uguin became a spell lo
rouse the lire of patriotism and tho love of
glory uud renown. Although ptohibitad
from speaking that revered iiunie, French
men cherished it with undying affection.
Nuptileoii in bis will said : ''It is my
wish that my body may repose un the
hunks of ihe Seine, in the mid.t of ihe
rreucli people whom I laved so xvcll,
Leghimncy hud n much lo fear from the
dead Napoleon as from the living Emperor,
uud d. lerinined lo keep hi body on tbe
same spot where it had been vainly at
templed lo break hi soul. But on Hie
overthiow oftho Bourbon dynasty, France
imperatively demanded the nshesof iter
Emperor, and they now rejnsii in the
midst of the r lentil people whom he loved
In the change of time lesslhnn thirty
seven year from the time lliat mighty
spiiillcft the earth, w find England rec
ognizing tho Napoleonic dynasty, rceoj:-
uizitiji the king of Koine a Napuleeu II
and the son ol Louis and Hot tense as Nit
iul"oii HI. Alliance are formed with
linn : the Qtieeu submit her matronly
cheek to his kiss, und hinds u garter about
In knee ' as u sign that Hriiuni regards
him us onu of a law ful family of kieoa."
Everything I hat Englund coii'ended for
ha been surrendered, and the finite of Nu-
pol.-ou shines out with an increasing lustre
before tbe world.
"Ihe concession of Lonowoud to
France," pay tho Albany Trnnscripl, "la
ihu last of I lie expiations which his ureal
eiteinv has lieen pnvii; to III shadow.
The thing itsvlf i of no moment, but il has
an inward meaning which is siynilkaut
nnd expressive. When wr s"e bow the
silent lapse of the stream of Time, bus un
dermined and wa-hetl away so many ideas.
piejudir.es, opinions some of which bad
rantzed themselves Into institutions
winch had seemec lo be nx''(l ana linmut-
able as tne very taw ot is at u re or ner
works we may hope lliat oi bar changes
no less emphatic may yel be wrought in
human affairs ley tbe sameiilent, irresist
ible tide. Time is the nvenger, and not
oulv the uvengcr but the rectifier of the
It i the purpose ol .v.polcon ill lo rn-
pair Longwed, nnd restore it, and the e.
tale g.'tirrally, to ihe condition in which
they were during Nap leon' life-liioe.
IrVJ.NO AS UU I AND WILL DR. Willi,
ill a letter id the Home Journal, descrip
tive of a visit to S'innytide, saj
Mr. Irving, by fr 'he most bonorpd man
in our country, i, ciJ'iuusly enough, even
leg bonored than loved. He i a marvel,
if only by that dtlT-rente frofJi oihern.cn
of genius, whose destiny it seems to be te
have iheir last day sad. ' The setting of
bis sun Is mellnw, the clouds behind und
around him rosier as he gees. There it
another summer day of beauty, too, in bis
decline; the full moon of renown aur
d-ath seen dearly, pven before the setliag
of his sun. Hi fame, to be recognized,
will undergo no change, and there will be
no intervening Ja'kneM before i's rising
- ; ;,H fl,.A full unH . !n.,.ll..i svuiiinrr
only fill th'glowof bislivitig preseace j
'"""' ' e- i
...... t r
the side "of Truth in every issue.
(Jov. Maiicy and Gkm. Scott. Tbo
writer of the interesting "Recollection of
Wm. L. Mercy," In the N. Y. Examiner
gives llto following statement as creditable
to Mr. Mafcy' cundor and patrioiitmas
com, litiieiilaty to tho militury gct.iui of
''In ono of my lat interview with Gov.
Marcy, I received lioin In own lipi a full
tateinenl of the circumstance attending
the appnintiueiil or Oen. Sivtl to Ihe com
mand of tbe army in Mexico. It will bo
remembered that in Gov. Marcy' famous
letter to Gen. Scull, ul th close of Ih war,
ihe Governor referred lo this nppoiutineii!
a one in lbs responsibility of which he
hsd a 'Jtli,ihtre. lhat was modestly
said, '1 lie appointment was in lite tirouK-
esl enr Governor Marcy'1 own. The
'loltp' correspomluiice of Gen. Scott had
given modal olfi-iise lu the lVesideiil uud
In Cubtut't. ll was Gov. Murcy judg
ment, lieverihra'ess. that Cell. Scwlt was the
'proper person lo cominund tho unity, and
helormed thedcliberute purpose of securing
his appoinimriit. Mr. Folk repelled the
preposition nl once. 'But you will hear me,'
suid Gov. Marcy. 'Certainly 1 will hear,'
replied Ihe IVvtident, 'but the breach be
tween tbe Administration and Gait. Scott
is irreparable.' Tbe J 'resident did hear,
aud was convinced. The Cabinet heard,
and were convinced. Thero remained one
dilliculty. There was a man, then power
ful in the Democratic party and tbe Sun
ae, who musl bo reconciled to the meas
ure, in order to make il politically safe.
Gov. Marcy was commissioned to silence
Ihe batteries of iho great thunderer. 'You
have givtn me,' said be, 'the most difficult
task ol my life, but I will uot shrink from
il.' I regret thai I cannot depict the in
terview,of which be gave me so graphic
an account. The commission was success
ful Gen. Scott wu assigned to the com
mand personally unfriendly, a political
opponent, mid a recognized aspirant for
the Presidency. Thn argument used by
Gov. Marcy to sccuro tins result ware as
creditable to his magnanimity, m they
were lo hi wisdom and patriotism."
A Nkxv Masonic Movkmemt IY'it
CHASE OF MT. VERNON. We find the f.l
lowing miiiounceirient in the Richmond
Dispatch : ,
We tin Jurslan j that ono or more tf the
Musoiiio Lodge of this' city have orig
inn'ed a plan for the purchase of Ml.
Vernon, which, if luke'n buld of in earnest
by the "brother of the mystic lio" through
out the Union, tuntiol full of success. The
plan proposed is In (jet the subordinate
lodge to contribute $1 for each member.
The price asked fur the Ml. Vernon eslule
is S-uO.OOO, und tlm Masouiu snui'tic
show the order numbers three hundred
thousund ; so that if all ibe lodge in the
Union accede to iho proposition and the
probability is that they will the purchase
of Mount Vernon nmy bu looked upon as u
fixed fact. But the suggestion, as given
out. does not stop here.
When the laud which contains the Inst
mortal reiimins of the imtnortnl Wash me
lon is possessed by the Ma-ons, they pro
pose to present ll to l ho State ol X irgtnia,
only reserving to their order tho right to
meet around lite tomb of their deceased
brother once every year, to cVlcbrato his
impeiishahlu deeds and lo keep alive his
g.rst name. Wo have strong faith in this
patriotic plan for the purchase of Mount
Vernon, knowing a we do, that the order
from which il emanate are ever ready for
good deeds, and never look back when I hey
put their hands to the plough. Lei eve
ry lino Ma9oii feel thai the tomb of Wash
ington can only be preserved from decay
by hi efforts, and but a few short months
will roll by ere it will be the properly of
lhat Slute which gavo him birth, and to
whose keeping alone, hii italics should be
The following extract from a ser
moil by the celebrated Mr. Spurgeon, of
London, is said to bo charsclerislic of his
general htylo uud iiiuniier. Mr. S. is one
of the most runiaikiiblu pulpit orator of the
"Nighl is the season of terror and alarm
lo most men. Have you ever stood by
the seu-Mdo ul nighl und beard the pebbles
sing ! Or have you never risen from
your conch, aud tbrowu up llto window of
your chamber and listened there! . List-,
eiied lo what ! Silence save now and
then a inurmuiing sound, which secnts
sweet music then. And hnvoyoii not fan
cied (bat you heard the harp of God play
ing in heaven I Liu you not conceive
hut yon stars, thai those eyet of God,
looking down on you, were also mouths of
song ; lliul every star wu singing uou
glory a it shone I We need not much
poetry in our spirit to catch tho song of
nighl, and her tho spheres as they chant
praises, which are loud to the heart, though
they be silent to the ear.
Many Ming we bear our fellow-crea-
torts singing in the streets will not do lo
sing by and by ; 1 guess they will sing a
dilfeieiil kind of tune soon. Tbny can
sin; now.a days any rolicking, drinking
songs, but they will not sing thetn when
lb ) cme to ilie J they are not exactly the
songs with which to cross Jordan' billows.
It will nut do to enter heaven singingont
of those unchaste, unholy sonnets. No;
but the christian will out huvt to leave off
hi song ; Le may keep on tinging it for
State or Imtp.llioiimcii. Th State of
Ohio count among her honor tlral she
opened tbp first femaUcollege ; introduced
or ralber created, Iho culture ol in grap.
in America; discovered ibe true method
of tukinp,' magnetically, the tscennion and
declension of ihe stars : invented the steam
fire engine, and pave birth to a noble tenet
.7 . .i,.i,. .n,l men nf
mm itm m wtit wm dam uK'', 4
Out squar (13 lilies or less) olio in.ortlun, tS.OO1
11 " , two insertions, 4,00
M . H thite insenloiu, 6,u0
Each subsequent Insertion, 1,00
Reasonable deductions to thua who tdvartit by
. JOB PRINTING.
Tin rnoraitTO ur th ARGUS is HArrt
to inform the public that lit has just waived
larie stock of JOli TVl'IC and oilier new print
iiiK mulir.al, and wiU ba in tin speedy receipt of
additions suited to all the requirements ef this la
..I... II I Vlbllll I J lUik'I'Lhd Iff 1 h'VU
eui.iy. Jll iiiii.i-, lunir.iiTi i).niio,'
CAUDS, CIUCLLAIW, 1'AMPIILiST-WOUK
and other kinds, done lo order, on uliorl notice.
Tiik Tabifp and the Finances. Tho
Washington correspondent of tht Tribuos)
"Tho fret lit in the new UrilT work'
well. Notwithstanding the great import,
lion and the admission to entry during
the month of July of vast amount of nier
chnndist ncoumuliiled in tbe public stores
during the previous quarter, the receipts nt
revenuo are not io excess of ike average,
and the lurplui it gradually diminishing.
There it no necessity of devising7 new
method of depleting ihe Treasury. Tbo
laritr will produce not ever $00,000,000
during ibe current year, and all other re
ceipt will not exceed 93,000,000. Tho
expenditure, under all head, aie very
heuvy, bot particularly to for tiie support'
of the Army mid Naval establishments.
Huh military grins aro declared pets of
tho administration. They will absorb
enormous turns. 1 lit publio debt is now
reduced to thirty millions, and it will bo
difficult to get in more thnn five or six mil'
lions during the year, but wb.il is saved1
under that bead will be expended In In
dian wars, public buildings, Ac, Very
few people have an idea of tbe extent It
which the passion for magnificent publio'
structures is carried her. The Treasury
extension, which was begun with a moder
ato nppropiialinnof 9300,000, has already
swallowed $700,000, and will require at
least', 91,000,000 In addition to complete'
tt. The new w ings of the Capitol will cost
910,000,000; ihe New Orleans Custom'
House 93,000,000; the Charleston Cut'
torn House from 91,750,000 to (2,000,000,,
when the turn total collected since tbe be
ginr ing of tho government is less, prob
ably, than this expenditure for a single ob-
ject. At Philadelphia, lit governmeut
bought at fair and moderate price lb
United State Bank the mere skclatoa
carcass nnd whitened bones of the mon
ster for a Custom House, nnd iben for
8300,000 purchased another bank build
in? for a lost Ollice. Il is now proposed
lostop work on tho latter building, which,
is under alterution for a Post Ollice, and'
tuke the present Custom House for a Pott
Ollice a scheme involving th appropri.
alion of say 92,000,000 for the erection of
a now Custom IIoimo.
Cuinesb Scoar Ca.nb Soaroely nv.T
than two year have elapsed since tbe
Chinese Sugar Cutis was introduced Into'
tho United Slute. Tht high price of
sugar, however, have so far stimulated ex
periment with the Chinese Sugar Can;
that over 100,000 acre have been planted.'
with it this year. The months of Septemv
ber and October will Route the question,,
whether it cuti be depended upon a at
auxiliary lo tbe sugar crop tf tht United
Slates. It is beliuvod by many that it will
prove a failure. Wt have seen reportt of
nodecisivo experiments which warrant th
belief that crystali.ed sugar can bt obtain--oil
from it, of a quality that can comf)fele
oilher with the Louisiana nr Cuba produot.
It yield nn abundant syrup, nnd ia very
prolific fodder. The fall boilings will ba'
looked to with much interest throughout
the entire country, as upon them will do
hend whether tho North is to ben compet
itor with the South and Ih West Indios in
the protluction of sugar. If a thorough'
experiment to granulute sugar from the'
Sorghum syrup, wilb all the proper appli
ances, and the aid of scieuce and experi
ence, shonlJ result in the announcement,
thut a good, marketable tugur cannot b
obtained from it, then tho Chinese Sugar
Cano will bo consigned to the tomb with;
Morns Ixfulticuiilis and other plant that, at
different periods, have created an agricul
tural mania in every Stale of ihe Union,
linully 10 be abandoned in disgust. Saint
Quickest Trip to Ecftorc. The steam--er
Vandeibili has accomplished the quick
est trip between the United States and
Lnglatid ever achieved. She left New
York nt 12:20 a. m., August I', and arrived
at 1:20 a. M. on tho 11th ; deducting dif
ference, of longitude, making ihe passage to
Liverpool equal to nine day and one hour.
The Persia s last passage was made in
nine days one hour and thirty minute.
The Vanderbili arrived at Havre al aon on
the I lib August, twelve hour intdvtnca-
of ibe Atlantic al Liverpool, and having:
landed passenger, mail and pecie, en
route at Cowe. The Atlantic left New
York at the tamo timo with tbe Vander
bili. The Population or Prussia. The sta--listical
tables of tbe population of tbe Prus
sian monarchy, down to the end of iho'
yearl'soii, have been published. I0y
give the number of civil inhabitants of all"
age at 10,091,100, including ihe Hohen
Zollorn Piincipalitie ; and tho military,
including wives, children, servants, invalids,
nnd persons of all kinds and description
irnnv dialely connected with the army, at
21 1,73V; or a lotnl of 17.202,931 souls.
Of the civilians, 4,700,729 inhabit town,
and 12.230,372 the rural bamlut aaa
fttT A letter from Frankfort 10 tbe Stat
Department, isys the Sound Due hav
been abolished by the extrliont of all gov.
ernments interested. Th United States
having taken the lead, the attention of th
commercial public in Germany is now at
traoted to tbe removal of th restriction
on navigation in the German stresms, es
fioeially th Rhine and Eibev