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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
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tack to clulii of ten at out officiin advaiict
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ii;... t... v..
-A "Weekly Newspaper, devoted to tho Principles of Jeffersonian Democracy, and advocating the side of Truth ill every issue.
1 -. ju, ii uiuilll J1U 9UV9CriJf
Horn receited for a leu veriod.
addiUons suilril lo all Ihe rtsiuirriiirnui or tins la.
No piper diicontmurd until all arrearage
calty. Jl AN 1)1111.1., l'OMI.IIS, Itl.AXKR
OREGON CITY, OltEGON, OCTOBER 10, 1857.
CAKIW, I'llX'l I.AlJs, J'AM I'll LET- WoLK
ami other kinds, done to order, on short not ice.
are paid, unleee at the option of the publiehrr.
THE OREGON ARGUS,
MLIIISU EVEBV BATt'SUAV MUR.tl.ia,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
W. T. MATLOCK. W.O. JOHNSON,
lYTatlock & Johnson,
' ATTORNEYS & t'ul'fWELOIM AT LAW
And Solicitor) in Chancery,
WILL promptly attend lo any business which
may be committed lo their professional
charge before the District uml tjuproute Court.
Oflii III lliglitiild'i buildinj, immediately op
pose ilia .limn ntreel I louw.
. Oregon City, March 7, lb57. 47y
2X. O. Burnett,
iATTOUNEY is COl'NSELOU AT LAW,
Ami Solicitor in Chancery,
DKTIIEL, POLK COUNTS, OIIEGON.
JCHN R MtRIDB,
ATTOIKET AND COI'DIELOI AT LAW,
Lafayette, Yamhill County, 0. T.,
WILL faithfully utU-nd to till business en
trusted to In professional cure.
Wm. C. Scmont &. Co,,
"TTrilOLliSALKund retail Dealers in Grocer
V T iea, Provisions, l'uiuls, Oils, Jloola and
Niocs, Crockery, Slo. Opjws.le the Lund Office
Alain bt. un-gnu city. June 1, ldS5
CHARLES POPE, JR.,
DEALEIt in Hardware, Croceri.ii, Dry Goods,
Clotliiiij,', Uooti Si. 8hoea, Medicines, Hooks
Main-!., Oregon City, April 21, 1837-Itf
cieo. ABi:i:i nv & to ,
OREGON CITY, 0. T. '
AbcrncUiy, Clark & Co.,
COMMISSION AND Foil WARM. NO MUtCHANTS,
iS'rm Francisco, Cnl.,
Will attend to feliiiis Orepm pro I yen, and All or
ders for Goods, Groeeriis, Ao., ut the lone-it rates.
The uli oii.io of the poople of Oregon ia re
epoctfully solicited. Aug. 2.
Manufacturer, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
COOIt ASM IM5.J.OE. STOVES,
TIN t COl'I'LK WAilK, IIAitDWARC, AC,
MaiuSt., oppoaite Main .Street Hotel,
OREGON CITY, O. T.
Steamboat and jubhiug work attended to. with
Orders from the country promptly filled. je7
TTT P. II !0 Ii VI K !. I)
V . wa ran. ma k r.n
IViuiih cli-tirout of g lung (.-dud work done wall
(III U'l.ll If, lie,l III,, tl llntl. lltl l.ivi Miii.l.. lima ill ii...
voted to Ilia repairing of (.'hionoiiieter, Lever,
A'UpiCX, UUU lloriil'llllll HUIelie.
An u:'w: tiiit'nt of Jewelry o:i hand.
Jewelry made to ord. r, und repaired.
Price lo anil the limes. I um lluuikl'iil for pant
fi;vors, and hope to u;ivont:fai'tioii in future.
ID' I.W'ii'i-ii nt the old slaii.l, oiipua le tliuTel
oamph Oflke, OREGON CITY. Feb. 2.
Brug-s, rScdiciacs, P.-.iats, Oils,
al (ho OltKiiuN clTV UUVG STORE,
aepla Jlaiu Street, Orefjuii City, O.T.
JOHN P. BROOKS,
Wholesale llrtail Dealer in Grocerin, Produce,
I'lociaione, tj c. Main Street.
A General Astorliueiit k.lupof Selected Goods
Cnueinali, Murcli ZS, l5j7.
EI'UXG pcriiiiinenlly loc.ilid in Oregon City,
I ant prppnred la curry on llie business oi
AY ALL ITS L RAX CUES.
Those nliu favor me with their pati'dinge, may
expect to have their work done right.
Those who leave GUNSut my Simp for
repairs, and do not cull for theui wilhiu nine
months of thu lime act for the work to be done,
limy expect to hiive tii. tii sold lo pay charires.
June S7, ISo". Ilml8
Wol's, Farjjo & Co.'s Express,
Between Orrgnu, California, the Atlantic
S'alcs an I Europe.
HAVING made advantageous
rET "nil IIIO Ull.tl'U
T f. . p.i ...... lit niil.1 ii. I. II. ii.. l.l
.States and Pacific Muil Steom
ahip t'oinpauiea for tiunsportutiou, wc aronowpre
pured to forward Gold Dust, Bullion, Specie,
Package, Parcels, and freight, to and from N
York, X. Orleans, Sun Francisco, Portland, and
principal towns of California an I Oregon.
Our regulur Seuii-moullily Express between
Portland anil Sun Franeiicu, is dispatched by the
1'acitic Mail Steamship Co.'s steamship Columbia,
connecting ut Sun Francisco wilh oiir acini-month
ly Enpress to A'eio York and New Orleans, which
is dispatched regularly ou the 1st and lu'thof each
(iionlh, by the mail ttcuuiers and in charge of our
own messengers, through to destination.
Our fix press from Xew York leaves regularly
4n the 5th and SOtlj of each mouth, also in charge
Treabure insured in the best New York com
panies, or at Lloyd's in London, at the option of
OmcEs New Yoik, No. 16, Wall sL; New
Orleans, X'o. 1 1, Exchange place; Sun Francisco,
No. 114, Montgomery street.
A. II. STEELE, ASenl.
Oregon City, April 21, 1857.-ltf
Beading for the Million.
S. J. McCORMICK
AAI CONSTANTLY ON HAND AT Till FRANKLIN BOOK
irOllti, FBONT-BT, FOUTLAND, OBEOON,
A Choice selection of Popular Books, News
. papers, Magazines and Fancy Stationery.
Among the books on hand will be found works
on Temperance, Agriculture, Horticulture, His
tory, Poetry, Hiograph-, Medicines, Religion,
Science, School Hooks, Itoninuces, cVc., A'c, &.C.
CTSuWriplioos rcecived for Harper, Graham,
Godey, Leslie's, or Putnam, at year, post
ID" Subscriptions received for any newspaper
published in any part of the L'uion.
Remeiuber the Franklin Hook Store and News
pa r Agency, Front street, Porllaud Oregon.
f3;A priced catalogue will be published early
in April, and will be sent to any pari of the terri
tory free on application.
Orceou l.odsc ya.Z, I. O.O.F-,
MEETS at their Hall over the Oregon City
Drug Store every Wednesday evening at
7 o'clock. Brethren in goo. I standing are invited
to ti.iL FKED. CHARM AX, N. U.
Geobge Pcase, See')'. 31
rpEMPLE OF HONOR. Toahitin Temple of
L Honor, No. 1, meets on tlx 1st and 3d Fri
day eveuiueof each mon;h at t o'clock, at Tem
perance Hail, Foret Groir, Oregon.
.Members of tlie Order in good standing are in
vited to taut this Temple.
E. W. DIXON, W.C.T.
M. Tittle, W. K. 33
for tlu Argue.
" TLut any one Lita tlie right to rrci
tliit principle of idf defense, we will not
prcton J lo deny." This itdinistion D. B. G.
miiliM In objecting to my notions of aclf
defense as jjiven in TLe Argui of Aug. 10.
Friend G., you ccrtaiuly admit too much.
It appfors lo me that having tho right to
do, in tho unqualified sense of 1 lie term, is
elf evident proof that the tiding cannot be
wrong. Hits a man a riyhl to stent f No ;
and stealing is wrong. Has he a right to
lie, to swenr, to cheat, to murder! No
right; and it huppens that nil these are
wrong. Ou tlie other hand, hits a man a
right to love his neighbor, his children, his
wife rather than other men's wives; has
he a right to tell the truth, to practice be.
nevolcnce, nnd to commit nil munncr of
good ihingi ? Certainly he has ; and it is
not only not wrong to do them, but it u
really a duly. If we have the right lo de
fetid ourselves, Jiow can it bo wrong then-
poor philosophy and bad morality lo do
it f If you did not mean a legal right,
you certainly admit the whole case. Hut
as my eombativeness is aroused, I will ar
guesome oilier points presented.
I agree with you that " ' should al
ways endeavor to restrain all our evil pas.
sions," &io., and I ihink I pave no ground
for a sujr gestion to tho contrary. Did 1
not stato that wo should "keep cool"
while others call us liars, fools, or any
thing else f Do not men generally become
nbnut as much angered ul such epithets ns
at the infliction of blows f Nearly, if not
quiie. No, sir ; I offered self-defense on
the basis of subor reason : thai " it is dan
gerous to submit to the rule of a man in
ger." It, is alo iuconvenient.
It is true, as you remark, that men gen-
ct ally resist from anger; this should not
be. Men often turn lliinirs " UDside down."
Not uulreijueiitly men get angry when dis
cussing an opinion ; but they should not
do it they should keep cool like you and
I. Iureuts seldom whip their children
unless rather out of humor; the very
time they should not do it. So, generally
speaking, we "live lo eat," and not "eat
to live," as we onght. Living to drink,
instead of drinking to live, is the foe of
temperance ; but must we quit discussion,
drinking, enliu'', and self-dt fuiise. bi cause
men getieraliy gel lost in the fog of pas
sion ? Not so ; wo will put reason ahead :
we will resist from sense of duly, as the
preacher did I read about when a boy.
Ho was slopped ou the way bv an unbe
lieving fellow, who proposed lo make good
his standing rule, that of whipping every
preacher who passed that way. Our
preacher requested permission to take off
his coat ; it was a preseut from the ladies,
and he would not have it injured. As he
drew his hand from the sleeve, he knocked
the follow down, got on him, and, keeping
active and forcible timo with his fist, sung :
" 0 how happy are they
Who their Suvior obey,
And have laid up their treasures above.'
"Ned" that was the fullow's name
afterward stated in "experience meeting"
that his brother literally pounded the
grnca of God into him. The grace of
common sense might be knocked into
semo specimens of man, on some occasions,
if nothing more; and if music could not
always accompany the performance, unre
strained anger should not, nnd need not.
Again. " Wheuco arises this disposi
tion to give blow for blow to return re-
buff for insult which is nothing mere
than self-defense ?" This is what you may
call self.defense, but my view is differcut.
Tho eld law, "an eye for an eye," &c , is
an exhibition of false justice, having its
real foundation in revenge. I am of opin
ion it was the spirit of the law, revenge,
that Christ abrogated when he said "But
I say unto you that you resist not evil."
No; blow for blow is not self-defense;
but rather two blows for one, and if cir
cumstances require, half a dozen for none.
Self-protection being the object, the num
ber of blows is not material. Nor would
1 wait, always, till the blow be received.
Seeing an enemy raise his gun to shoot me,
I would be foolish iudeed not lo anticipate
him by shooting first. '
I notice one other remark : " It feeling
of self defense seems almost interwoven in
his very naturo; yet if it is, it must be in
his selfish nature ; fur observe it is self that
is to be defended." Grant it is in his self
ih nature; what of it f The disposition
to eat is selfish ; for. notice, ttlf receives
the pleasure and also the benefit of eating;
is eating wrong! Yes, we are selfish;
it is right we are so. We shun evil for
fear of evil consequences W avoid going
to "the bad place," where ttlf would be
badly treated. Also we " learn to do well"
because it makes self happy, and promises
self a happy Lome in the future. It is
often the case however that we do both
evil and good io obedience to ruling forces,
without motive for self or any body else
we do it because '' we wan: to." But
while we are selfish, it is not proper or
uatural to be blindly sellish. While we
eat for self, we may and should feel desir.
ous that others may cat for themselves.
Dlind self would take nil from his neigh
bors, but wide-awake self is willing to
" live and let live" ; indeed, ho sees that
much of his happiness depsnds upon the
happiness of those around him; a fact
that slaveholders and many other foolish
peoplo liavo not yet learned.
Lastly, you ask, "Where is our model
of morality 1" I am not certain that 1
can answer this argument either to your
satisfaction or my owu. I will offer a
thought or two for reflection : 1st, the pe
culiarity of Christ's mission may have re
quired difference of conduct not proper for
us in many respects to try to imitate. Cir
cumstances alter cases ; even so with him ;
atone time very meek and submissive, at
another we find him casting out all them
that sold and bought in the temple, and
overthrowing the tables of the money
changers and the seats of those who sold
doves ; and as much as tells them they are
no better than thieves. 2d, Christ came to
die, as generally held, while we came to
live ; hence I hold to self-defenso that no
wild man, mad man, or mad dog may
change my natural destiny.
I will indicate one or twa other reasons
against non-resislanco and for self-defense.
Continued and contented submission to
wrongs will lessen the energy of an indi
vidual or a people. Look nt the down
trodden everywhere; look at their chil
dren inheriting a deplorable want of ener
gy and self-respect. Submission does not
insure future redress or forbearance. In
most cases it encourages the oppressor.
What subject of what king, what hireling,
what slave, will better his condition by sur
rendering more rights to his master t It
is the general tendency in all walks of life
for aggression to grow moro aggressive,
meanness to get meaner. How has it been
with slavery in tho United States At the
first, a few black slaves, with a general dis
position lo get rid of it entirely. Now,
its advocates would cover the wholo coun
try with its curses, even trampling on the
rights of white men to effect the end.
Wind selfishness, what a tyrant fool
thou art !
Yes, tho moro I think of it, the more
fully am I persuaded that men should study
to know their rights, and, knowing them,
properly defend them. Veto.
for the Argu$.
Kotos on a Pleasure Trio.
" All naturo looked smiling end" (smo
ky) as I took my leave of friends and start
ed for the seat of government of our Ter
ritory. Having been afllicted for a brief
period with the complaint which has been
so prevalent for tho past few week, and
which bid fair to ripen into a comfortable
consumption, I deemed it necessary to for
sake the toil of business and tho busy
haunts of city life, and, relying upon the
hospitality of country frieuds, seek in some
tural solitude rest and recreation for body
and mind. My road led near tho bank
of a river, which, though it lack tho ma
jesty of the Hudson, the beauty of the
Ohio, or the importance of 'ho Mississippi,
afforded mo many fine views; und as I
contemplated its glassy surfuco unrufiled
by a single ripple, I was led to instituto a
comparison between its course aud the life
of man. The mighty river an emblem of
a master mind. Unnoticed by the world
at its birth, it flows on, gathering strength
and power io its progress, till finally ihe
ocean, fit emblem of eternity, receives it,
not destroyed, only changed. As great as
is the diversity of character in the human
family, each trait may . here Mud its appro
Unconscieusly I asked myself, To what
am 1 like? the pure, clear mountain
stream, or the slimy, miasmatical slough
which rises in a swamp and spreads mala,
ria and contamination wherever it goes i
Assuredly the clear stream, though shal-
low, is preferred to the depth of the cor-
nipt slough. But incident is liked better
than dull moralizing so I will follow the
stream and let the train of thought go.
Passing , a point well known to
river men and voyagers generally, as it is
at times dangerous, and has been the scene
of several narrow escapes from shipwreck,
my thoughts recurred to my own experi
ence in that regard. Coming down late
one Saiurday night, after a hard week's
work, we were so unfortunate as to strike
a rock while running under full headway,
'and found earsclves involved in circum-
stances of extreme peril. Luckily the
rock rose gradually, and as the boat slid
upon it the shock wm not so violent, and,
though some of the planks were badly
strained and split, if we had struck the
rock fair oor bow mast have been stave in.
The rock rising above the surface and
forming an island about fifteen feet across,
we deposited Ihe greater part of our load
upon it, and laboring without interruption
through Saturday eight and till Sabbslh
morn, we were finally able to eitrica'e our
selves. Severn! years since, a patty com.
ing down with large raft narrowly etcup
ed with their lives. A large body of drift
had accumulated over one channel, and at
the stage of water when they enmo down,
the water ran wilh great violence under
this drift, and they could perceive that they
were hurrying surely on to their destruc
tion. Having a cable or. board, one of the
party made a running noose, and passing a
snag stationary in the chaunel, very dex
trous! y threw the noose of the rope over it.
But the efjjrt was vain the snag was dis
engaged, and the men had barely time to
get into their skiff and pull away, before
ihe doomed raft went crashing uuder the
drift, and proved a total loss. Passing this
sj'ot, the road soon left the river, and I
saw but once more uulil I reached the
capital, whero I halted for the night. I was
much edified and amused by the conversa
tion of a party assembled on the porch of
the hotel, ns they passed the members of
the Convention in review, describing and
criticizing some of them pretty severely.
One of the members was described as re
sembling a crazy jackass, tiling and kick
ing indiscriminately friends and foes. An
ether was declared to have ability but no
principle, while third bad the principle
but lacked ability, and a fourth had neither
ability nor principle. My curiosity being
aroused by what I heard, I determined to
remain the next day and witness the final
proceedings, as the Convention expected to
adjourn, having passed a hill of rights,
constitution, &o., and nothing remaining
but its final adoption, when it would pass
out to the people for them to decide upon
Friday morning I listened with some in
terest to a speech from one of the Demo
cratic chiefs, reviewing and approving the
action of the Convention. A majority of
the members being in favor of the constitu
tion, tho motion to adjourn was carried
aud I departed. Roveb.
for the Argue.
Lebanon, Sept. 19, '67.
Mit. Editor The glorious cause of
out-spoken freedom is not yet extinct in old
Marion, if it is silent. 'We are not of those
who splurge and make a fuss ; we do not
believe in having it all talk and no cider.
We want to work and not show, aud you
can rest assured we do work.
Our glorious cause is on the increase
in this region, and the principles dissemi
nated by your valuable journal arc mak
ing their mark, and the people around
about here are beginuing to think. But
we have a couple of slnveocrats among us
who huve just made the important discov
ery that it is unconstitutional to vote
against a slave Siato. What constitution
thoy have reference to, I am at a loss to
know. These same gents have not this
day chink enough to " buy salt to pickle
a jay bird," but they will vote for this ac
cursed institution of slavery becuuse, say
they, we know it is best for a poor man to
live ia a slave State.
But, thank God, we have but fow such
amongst us. Pro-slavery men are very
scarce in this region. There are not more
than a dozen within six miles of here in
Our honest freedom friends arc alive to
their interests, nnd will do their duty.
No such scurrilous sheets as the Occident
al Messenger or Sentinel, or any other
pro-6lavery paper, can pull the wool over
The miserable curs who are employing
their time in whining and barking at
your paper because of its fearless advoca
cy of truth, are only following the dictates
of their own nature.
Go on, Mr. Editor you aro fighting
whilo (lie true banner floats over you, aud
while a host of friends are around you.
" Thrice armed is he who has his quarrel
We will rout the pro-slavery party by
such a majority that they will he asham
ed of themselves and thn inhuman princi
ples they advocate. .Old Marion will say
td them, We don't lliiuk much of the de
grading influence of slavery, by about
1000 majority, and likely more.
You r's, truly, w. B. D."
Tiik ' Pacificator" of Kansas and
the Conqueror of Utah. In personal
appearance, General Harney is impressive.
lie is considerably over six feet tall, and is
large-boned and muscular. His hair was
red, but is now thickly mixed wilh white,
lie wears it short, and begins to be bald on
the crown of his head. Ilis moustaches
and beard are nearly white, and are also
thick, and clipped short. His eyes are
blue; and dull for he uses spectacles. In
younger years, he must have been a mod
el of physical vigor and strength ; but he
now looks older than be really is, for Lis
age, I believe docs not exceed fifty-five.
While in St. Louis, I heard an anecdote,
illustrative of his character, which I have
never seen io print. Being in New York
manv veart azo.be passed a store in one
tf the principal streets, in wLich nn sue
lioncor was soliciting bids for an engrav.
ing of Central Jackson. Both the seller
and the crowd were no politicul friends of
the subject of the picture, and were ridi
culing it in every possible manner. 'How
much am I offered for tho Hero of New
Orleans I cried the man at the stand.
" Only half cent I Why ho' worth a
cent, surely, after robbing tho bank.
Make it cent, won't you, gentlemen I
Now, then, how much am I offered !"
" One bund red dollars !" said a voico, very
emphatically, as Colonel Harney eulored
tho door; "one hundred dollars, sir," he
repeated, making his way through the
crowd, half a head taller thau any other
mna in tho room. The auctioneer, natur
ally astonished, inquired if tho man was
iu earnest, and started again on Lis witti
cisms. " sir. I am In earnest, und 1 claim
my bid," interrupted the Colonel ; 11 and
if no one bids more, I claim tho picture."
No oue biding more, Le handed the auc
tioneer the money and his address. " Aud
now, sir," Le remarked, seizing him by the
collar and dragging Lim to tho floor, " I
claim the privilege of applying the basti
nado to your body for your damnable Im
pertinence." And having caned him to
his satisfaction, do ono io the crowd ven
tured to interfere, he strode out of the
store, and coutinucd his walk down tho
street. Analyze the quality of character
necessary for a man to bo tho actor in such
a scene, and I think you will discover tho
traits which military men consider to fit
General Harney eminently as the leader
of this Utah expedition. iV. Y. Tribune.
The following is takon from a work late
ly published by Richard Ru.'h and entitled
" The Domestic Lifo of Washington :"
An anecdote I derived from Col. Lear
shortly before his death In 1818, may hare
be related, showing tho height to which
Washington's passion would riso and yet
bo controlled. It belongs to Lis domestic
life, which I am dealing with, having oc
curred under his own roof, whilst it marks
public feeling tho most iutense, and points
to the moral of his life. I give it in Col.
Lear's words 83 nearly as I can, having
mnde a note of them at the time :
Toward the close of a winter's day in
1701, nn officer in uniform was seen to
dismount in front of tho President's at
Philadelphia, and giving the bridle to his
servant, knocked nt the doer of his man
sion. Loa ruing from the porter that the
President was nt dinner, he said that he
was on publio business, and had dispatch
es for the President. A servant was sent
into the dining-room to give the informa
tion to Mr. Lear, who left the table and
went Into tho hull, whore the officer re
pented what he had said. Mr. Lear re
plied that, as tho President's Secretary, ho
would take charge of the dispatches and
deliver thorn at the proper time. The of
ficer made answer that he had just arrived
from the western army, and his orders
were to deliver thorn with all promptitude,
and lo tho President in person ; but that
he would wail his diroctions. Mr. Lear
returned, and in n whisper imparted to the
President what had passed. General
Washington rising from the table, went to
the officer. Ho was buck in a short time,
made a word, of apology for his absence,
but no allusion to tho cause of it. lie
had company that day. Everything went
on as usuul. Dinner over, tho gentlemen
passed to the drawing-room of Mrs.
Washington, which was open in the eve
ning, llieucnoral spoko courteously to
every lady in the room, ns was his custom.
His heurs wore early, and by ten o clock
all llio company had gene. Mrs. Wash.
ington aud Mr. Lear remained. Soon
Mrs. Washington left the room.
The General now walked backward and
forward slowly for some minutes without
peaking. Then he sat down on a sofa by
the fire, telling Mr. Lear to sit down. To
this moment there had been no change in
his manner since- his interruption at the
table, Mr. Lear now perceived emotion.
This rising in him, he broke out suddenly.
" It's all over St. Clair's defeated rout
ed ; the officers nearly all killed ; the
men by wholesale; the route complute
too shocking lo think of and a surprise
in the bargain !"
He uttered this with great vehemence.
Then he paused, got up from the sofa, and
walked about the room several times agi
tated, but saying nothing. Near the door
he stopped short and stood stil! a few sec
onds, when his wrath became terrible
" Yes," Lo burst forth, " hero on this
very spot I took leave of him ; I wished
him success and lienor; you have your
instructions, I said, from the Secretary of
War. I .,ad a strict eye to them aud will
add but a word beware of a surprise
you know not how the Indians fight us.
lie went on that as my last solemn warn
ing thrown into his ears. And yet! to suf
fer that army lo be cut to pieces, Lacked,
butchered tod tomaka ked by a surprise.-
ihe very thing I guarded him against
Ob God! he's orso than a murderer I
how can he answer lo hi country j the
blood of the slain is upon Lim the curse
of heaven !"
This torrent came out in appalling
lone. 11 was awful, saiu Air. x-eur.
More than once Le threw Lis Laud up as
ho hurled imprecation upoo Cen, St.
Clair. Mr. Leur retnaiued speechless;
awed into breathless silence.
Ihe routed chief ml down on tho sofa
ono mure, lie seemed eoncious 01 in
passion, and uucomfortolls. He wo al
ien!. Hi warmth begiuniog to subside,
he at length said in on altered voice :
"This must not go beyoud this room."-'
Another pause fol!od a longer one
when ho said in a tone quito low, "Gen.
eralSt. CI air shall have justico; I looked
hastily through tho dispatches, saw the
whole disaster; but not all tho particulars;
I will receive him without displeasure;
I will hear Lim without prejudice; Le
shall Lave full justice."
He wa now, said Mr. Lear, perfectly
calm. Half an hour Lad gone by. The
storm was over and no sign of il was af
terwards teen in hi conduct or heard ia
his conversation. The result is know.
The whole case was investigated ly Con.
gress. St. Cluir was exculpated and re
gained tho confidence Washington bad in
him when appointing him to that command.
Ho had put himself into the thickest of
the fight aud escaped unhurt, though so ill
as to be carried on a litter, and unnblo to
mount his horse without help.
Tits Ashland Dutbict. Jarae B.
Clay has a majority of 130 for Congress in
the Ashland disttict. The Leuisvill
Journal speaks of the result as follows:
The heart of every ttuo patriot in tht
Sinto will be aaddened by the intelligence
of this result, and the admirer of the
Great Commoner, the immortal Sage of
Ashland, everywhere will mourn over thi
triumph of his life-long enemies in Ihe dis.
trict which first gave hi splendid taleute
and lowering eloquence to the councils of
tho nation and which is now the saored
resting place of his honored ashes. The
election of the apostate son who has taken
to his embroco the enemies of his fit her,
llinsn who hunted that noL'.o father throuch
a quarter of a century with fiend-like ma.
Itgmty, and crushed out Lis great neart
with the foulest ami blackest caluninios, i
thn rnwiiinr curse of lh nt Democratic ha
tred which persecuted Uuiiry Clay living
nnd thus' insults the memory of Henry
The Ashland District has fallen Into the
hands of the spoilers. The hallowed
shiine of tho great dead, endeared to the
hearts of milliout of hi countrymen, is re
sounding with the shouts of triumph of
those who followed him wilh sternest Laired
ntid imprecations from earliest mauhood to '
the very close of his long and useful and
OT A Little Monc English Filiuus
terino. Recent arrivals toll us that "ac
counts from India statu that the govern
or general on the advice of his counsel had
declared the annexation to the Anglo-Indian
empire of the Stalos of Bijey-Singb,
llnjsh of Hindoo Khouch, who died on
tho 11th of April without heirs. Tho ter
ritories which have just been annexed to the
British possessions are situated ou the
southern slopes of the Hindoo Khouch, a
vast cli u in of mountains culled tho Indian
Caucasus, which extend from the frontier
of Persia lo tlm Indus. In the north of
Affgunistnn, nnd in the South of Budako
ban and Independent Turkestan. The
States of Bijoy-Singh contain very rich
and fertile district, and possess, trom their
geographical position, grtut political im
portance.". fJr party lines wero not strictly ob-'
served in voting upon the new Constitu
tion of Iowa. The Constitution La been
approved, though tho independent clause
in regard to negro suffrage has been voted
down by a vory large mnjority. Thi pro.
vision seems to have been equally objee- -tionable
lo both parties.
03" Mrs. Sigourney U still in excellent
health and cheerful spirits. Although far
advancod on tlm journey of life, thi dis
tinguished American poetess i yet ena
bled to receive her friends, who aro nu-
merous, witli much of the wit tnd sprightly
conversation which characterized her ears .
Removi.no a.nu Previntino Rust .
Some persons employ an acid to remove
rust from knives ; this, the best authority
declares, should never be done under any
circumstances. Nothing surpasses rotten
stone and oil for scouring knives and forks.
To prevent kloves and grates from rusting
during summer, if placed io damp situs,
lions, ;;ive them a thin coat of lard and re
sin, melted together, in the proportion
of three parts of the former lo one of the
03" People who tako cart loads of
medicine every day they imagine they are
going to bo sick, are the fool upon wlie-ce,
the quacks feed and fatten. -