The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863, June 21, 1856, Image 2

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l)e (Dngon Clrgua.
oxaoorf OITYl
SATl'KDAV, JUNE 21, 1850.
It cUc at hand, and w would ugget
that il it Llgh lima llio citizen of Oregon
City were muling preparations to Ireat lb
diat Il derv.
iijim win
OCT T!i Supreme Court h-it boen in
tioti in Portland tlia putt fortnight. Soir
cn! ctuse of eoinidcraldo importance were
disposed of; among oibert llmt of IJotin't
l. Ferguson and others hat local interest,
as it aetilod tin rilin of the l.V-n creditor
i, the Willamette Fulli Company. lb
Court bIJ ili'ii lb moi'gage of Robert
Monro iij-.on tin propoity bud priority to
the cither IionW that tboe now occupying
aitba aiguet of tlia holder of the niort
gag mutt account reguUtly to ibo Court
for th receipti of all money by them.
Th cao was remanded to tbe District
Court to ascertain what, if anything, was
due by way of interest upon the mortgage,
and for such other proceeding) oi the equi
table rights of tbe parties may require.
Pratt and Campbell for plaintiffs, Keller
and Holbrouk Si Banker for defndnntt.
t3T W acknowledge the receipt of a
copy of "Session Law 1853 0," by tbe
Southern mail, which from ibe band writ
ing on the envelope, mutt hare come from
our estimable friend A. liuh. We prize
it highly on account of it having the name
of Duluzon Smith, thai great patriot and
pure disinterested philanlhropU, printed
in large capital just a hundred end two
timet. : We regret tbe ndsonco of a full
length portrait of him on tlio cover, and bro.
Puarne't biography a an appendix to the
code, ai it it probably the but time that tbii
emiueut itatetman will figure to contpicu
ouily in the history of legislation.
OCT Businc&i baa been quite lively in
tbii city during tho put week. Our a'.eett
are thronged with team bringing in pro
duce, and carrying out tuppliet. We are
gtad to see our merchant putting down
the price of goods o low that up country
people have little inducement to go below
for poods.
We believe that Miliraio bai about the
but asaorment of hardware, from a mouse
trap to itoAmbont machinery, that there it
in Oregon, and he tell on the best of terms.
Torlliiud deulers would do wjl to tend to
him for slock.
OCT Tbe last Points organ eerve up lo
iti unwashed readers nearly two full col
umn (ite w bole editorial tpaco) of locofoco
aoup, which it ha vomited up, from n
nauiei produced by the lust election, And
by reading the Argus, Oregonian," and
Standard. V piiiod the young man in
Lit low eKlato so much we intended to
leave him to the nursing of Sbiel, O'llura
andShaug, but llio huulhearied Standard
ha taken him from bis tick bed, and after
rolling him in ashes to a to hold him, bas
removed his slimy bide from top to toe.
jCiT We yield a good deal ol'ouropnc
to day, to an interesting latter written by
Mr. Bocson. Mr. D. complaint that other
Oregon papers have detiiod him the use of
their columns. He shall most assuredly
have the use of ours. We have before now
been gagged in this way ournelf, conse
quently ire know how to prize tbe fi oed nn of
tpocch and of llie press, and so long as we
have coutrol of a press, all sides shall have
access toils columns, Christians, Jews, In
fidels, or even locofocos and Mormons.
Mr. Buoson is a peace man, opposed lo
all war and violence, consequently his views
in regard to Indian lighting would not exact
ly Accord wiih outs who have a litilo more
coinUtiveniiis. There is however great
powur in kindness and Christian forbear
ance toward nil our brethren, white bluck,
or red.
Anulhrr Ms llrnwttftl.
On last Loid'tilay morning Wm. Manx,
a lad of about nineteen years of ao, fell
into tho river jmt below the Falls, on the
Linn City aide whiKl engaged in fulling,
and was of course drow ned. Pn tho day
previous, the body of Mr. W bitten, ho
was drow ned at the same place a week be
fore, was recovered. Widow Mann in iho
untimely death of her ton lias been de
prived of her principal means of support,
and we hope our good citizens will all con
tribute their mite toward relaxing her
wants, We have but few poor among us,
and Ihe little we are called upon lo contri
bute in tli ts way will muko us no poorer in
thi world, or in that which is to come.
Pur religion and undofilcd, before Cod,
consists in a Very largo part, in vitking
the widow and fatherless in their affliction.
He that teeoili his brother have need end
vbtitletb up hit bowvls of companion bow
dwelleth the lovo of Ciod in him I We
write not these thingi lo censure our good
cilizeuswho are noted for their liberality
and many Christian graces, but to stir up
their pure mind by way of rcnieiabrauce.
OSr Tbe body of Win. Mann, who was
drowned last Sunday, was recovered on
Thursday, and buried yesterday.
Mr. Robbim, who dippeared torn
limn silk from Portland, was found yrs
Urduy above ei'y. h.nnpinj by a rope,
with wh'kh il ii'i;-p.). J . com milted
Lm Coi'Mir. The Stulesman give the
following a tbe official rota of Lino county
Delazon Pmiib 697, Win. Ray 710, H
L. Bron 646 U loco. Oppoxi'loo
Jonathan Ktny35fl, 11 N. George 232
It. II. Crawford 143. For county eeat,
Albany 030, Lebanon 472. Il eem by
this, that Delusion is clouted, althougb l.t
ran coDidorabIy behind bit ticket.
TiUaMoos. No eltellon wa bild iu
Tillamook, consequently Ford i elecUd to
tL Council.
DofuUi CocxTr P.epretonlaiivt, A.
Roe, Iocj, 254, lid ward Sheffield, 250.
Lawk Coi'NirR. Cochran (d) 877, J
Mil ii roe (d) 441, MoMurry, op., 339, P. M
Curry, op., 349.
Jackson Coc.Mr. Rep.,J. S. Miller (d)
442, A. M. Berry, (d) 416, Thoma Smith,
(d) 322, C. Nye, 293, P. P. Prim 268,
Heat ef Oiviniill.
The ofilcial return so fur foot up about
as follow: Portland 117. Salem 1975,
Kugene Ci'y 2200, Corvalli 2233.
Who would be discouraged in laboring
for reform in Oregon, when even Polk
county, which has hitherto been considered
as incorrigibly given up to her loccfooo
Idole, haeat length io far thrown off her
trammel at lo elect Ford, democrat, over
Holmes, loco, beside giving 101 majority
lo Covpor for Sheriff, over Shelton, a rcgu
lar locofoco nominee) Tbii county is
certainly Pokeing out of the brush.
(Kr Those who are in want of harness
ruins, would do well to read the advertise
mentof Roop it Cook nl Rultrillo. O. J
Henderson in Yamhill is still alive and
kicking, but owing to bit advertising, he
has had such a tremendous ruth of business,
that it ie with difficulty he ha kept him'
self in stock, (we believe bas now got a new
supply.) Roop dc Cook at Butteville will
try to accommodate all who call.
XiT We have heard of about 300 of the
Statesman subscribers who intend te "ex
change" the Statesman for ihe Standard,
ai soon a convenient. An old line demo
crat at Milwaukio lately told us that he
would like to exchange hi Statesman for
Tub Argus. We of course offered to
"swap" for 83,50 lo boot. For the infor
mation of those w ho have any doubts as to
the political cbaractor of these paper, we
will stme that The Ahom --advocates Jef-
fa soman democracy, the Standard Polk
deino:rncy, and tbo Statesman Delusion
Smith democracy.
Will those friends in Washington Ter
ritory who have ordered our paper, since
the W. T. paper have "winked out," en
deavor to increase our circulation in thai
direction f
For the Argus.
Mr. Editor Permit me, dear ir, to of
fer a few thought (through ihe medium of
your papor which I believe professes to
advocato th cause of bencvolenco and
truth,) tuggesled by the melancholy oc
currence of the death of a youth of this city
by drowning on last Lord's day morning.
The case w hich I wikh to impress upon llio
minds of Christian parents, the youth, aud
children, of ibis place and all who may take
an interest in the improvement of their fol
low travelers, is ibe Sunday school and
bibln class for tbe young people and child
ren, I believe I Lilt this place affords better
advantages in that way than many or most
others in Oregon according lo the number
of inhabitants j but could not more bo done
by Christians, to gather into these schools
and bible classes more of the youth and
children f Perhaps many are frequenting
other places and seeking other pleasures,
than those derived from the nt'eudance on
pnblio worship, or the Sunday school.
Peihnp some parents aro too poor or are
not enough interested in the subject to pro
cure for their children n suitable suit to
appear in school, (I believe this lo be the
least excuse ill this country w hore the poor
are clad nearly as well as tbe rich) I sug
gest tho expediency of some Christian fo-
males, whoso hearts are warm with benev-
olence, to go out and persuado parents to
send their children ; is there not room for
all t I once lived in the Ptato of Ohio in
a village where the ffiunlcs formed a sewing
society, directors wore chosen who duly
il was to call on such families as above al
luded to, nnd persuade the parents lo send
their children promising them clothes which
the society mode; in this way 13 children
were brought under tho influence of divine
truth, putting them in the right channel of
thought, thereby socuring right action that
may prepare them for the general rcspon-
sibilities of life, to become useful members
of society, and ornaments of religion; in
short to join that army, having truth for
their motto who ro marching fearlessly on
ward to vietery, against errors and false
religion. Truth is mighty and must pre
vail, though earlh may be confused by wars
and disunion. This is predicted by scrip
ture prophecies, yet bible Irulh is onward
and upward, aud those who live according
to its grand precepts, will overcome and
outride every storm, and gain a crown cf
rightousuess at God right hand; then my
young friends will you not become learners
of the Bible, that book which must jud-t
all at the last day f A T AriiM."
Oregon Ciiy, June 20th '5(1.
ttT" A wise miB will irmn o mart tSsa hat
l n.jr jet jurtty. sm toerh, ttnOibsjleehewriUlT,
ao4 tin epos Metutedtjr.
1 rest the War Boats.
Drar Argus have been waiting two
dayt to get tb particular concerning ibo
Indian fight in tha Big Bend of Rogue
River In order to give you correct account
of it, but I dolay do longer to give you th
best Information I hve. It teems that tol
Buclunan permitted an etcortof regular
under Capt. Smith, to accompany Gen
Palmer up Rogue River to make a treaty
if potsibU with Tyeo John. Lpon reach
ing the place of their domination, aud being
in id neighborhood of tho Indian. John
tent word to Smith that he would attack
- -
him next morning, CnptBiniib immediately
stationed his men, some 75 in number, up
ou an devoted situation, deemed a good
one for defence. Next morning John was
punctual to Lis appointment, and came
near enough lo hail the whites ana ten
them that ho intended lo 'whip them, and
hang the survivor. Smith having no idea
of being hung just yet howed right, and
gave the Indians as good a thoy tent.
Tbe battle lasted thirty-two hour without
intermission. Abont night of the econd
day's engngemeut a reinforcemeut from
Buchanan, arrived just at the Indian were
about charging on the white. The In
diant had Smith surrounded, and kept him
away from water during the light of two
dava and niebt. Smith lost eleven men
killed, tesidci having about twenty wound
ed. When th reinforcement arrived John
retreated across the river and camped. The
volunteers about the tarne-dme fell in with
another band of Indian commanded by
George and Limpy, nnd drove ibem down
the river. They ran to Col. Buchanan's
camp, gave up their armt.and are now prist-
oners of war. In tbe rueun limeLamerick
went down on the South tide of the river
and gave battle lo John's band, which fled
to the river and in attempting to cross were
repulsed by tho fire of tho regulars on the
north tide. When the express left they
were still fighting, and most people think
the Indian will be used up this time, but I
expect it will turn out abtut as it hat gen
ernllv done before.
Gen. Palmer it said to hare been in tbe
6gbt with John's baud.
Yours in haste ,' more A I. it A
Roscburg, June 15, 1850.
Oregon Argus So far as I can perceive
from the "signs of the limes," a brighter
day it drawing upon benighted Oregon.
The people are beg ining to think, yea, act
for themselves. Who would have thought,
a year ago, that tiush-ooracy would nave
been to used up, and openly maltreated ;
seen by it former friends, at we tee it now ! !
It is true that, through the viva voce sys
tem, and ihe remaining strength of the clique
in old Murion, together with tlu lateness of
the nomination of the "Independent Tick-
el," they have Again elected two of the
orient ush-toclt to the Legislature at the
late election. But, thanks to the voters of
Oregon, the Seat of Government (Bush's
stool) is removed from Salem, nnd with it
ill be removed from our midst many of
the Runiites ; and tho clique will depart
with their master Bush 1! and then we can
regenerate and redeem old Maiion from the
ciirjs of Durhamism. Subtract the Rum
ites, nd the Catholic foreigners from our
political strength, and a majority will be
on tbo side of the true friends of our coun
try in old Marion ; yes nnd in nil Oregon,
So soon as as Oregon shall be redeemed
from the foul Durham blot, which mars
ber general character, nn impulse will be
imparted, nnd new lifo and energy will bi
infused into the masses, a flow of emigra
tion will again arrive upon our fertile plains,
and Oregon will again stand forth, in fair
ropuiation at home and abroad. I haro
been a constant correspondent to somo fif
teen newspapers in the U. S. for five years
pal from Oregon, nnd, seeing the state of
things here, by reason of Locofoco misrule,
I have never encouragod any of my numer
ous friends, and relations in the states to
emigrate- here! The two great pillars
upon which our Republic rests, are educa
tion aud morality. Based upon tbeso, Ore
gon will prosper, nnd peace, harmony,
woitlth and affluence will be hers. It is true
that our Indian war, and mutters arising
from it, place us in a rather bad condition.
How fatal for tho interests of the common
people of Oregon is the quarrel gotten up
rarly last fall and winter here amongst the
Hig Durham in the following form : Bush,
drover, Delusion J Co. vs. Paltner, Wool,
and Gardner. The parties ioined issue
before the tribunal of public opinion in the
United States and Oregon, and Judgement
went for the defendents. Damages assess
ed at four millions of loss of Durham war
scrip. Tho 1'llTs being insolvent, the poo-
pie. whom they misrepresented, were held
accountable, and now are about to foot the
bill II And vet these same neoide have
i r
elected many of the Plfls again to Legis
late for them next winter fatal for tbe vital
iutcretts of Oregon ! I Can it be possible
that ignorance did this I If not, why is it so
I blush for the reputation of ray adopted
home. It it true that if I and mine could
leave Oregon without an almost total smash
of our estate, we would follow many others
who have bid adieu to these diggings.
And jet being here, and estimating the
good natural qualities of Oregon, and that
to good a country will not alway be gov
erned by such a jxir, w will stay, and
my rote and my pen tball help to change
ru'ers here, and bring tbout a better state
of thing. There is a g.nertj stir io the
ra.7rjfo tbe subject of education : this
ipv (& hop of a brighter dr. And
Temperance, and opposition to American
slavery, ar gaining ground here, aud for
then I rejoice. And I rejoice that The
Oheoow A anna is gaining giound with
every friend of kil country, in all Oregon.
I ay in conclusion of my ''Joltings," per
severe, W. L. Adams, in your laudable
course in conducting Tm A Root. You
will triumph. There will not a Casey be
found to shoot you down la the trot of
Oregon Ciiy. Ait Old Farmkb.
Marion Co. June 10, '511.
T the Public.
In th Table- Rock Sentinel of Rogue
River valley, 0. T, of May 24, nd
alx in ihe advertising columns of the Off
gon Statesman of June 10, there it an ac
count of a publio meeting, and as the pro
ceedings of which aim a blow ai ihe pies the integrity of the Postal de.
parimcnt, and the constitutional righi of
every citizen, I doubt not but it will bo
deemed a matter of some interest
The object of the meeting appears to bavo
been to express indignation at the course of
an individual in wriliug letter to several
editor in Oregon and the United Statct ;
in proof of which a manuscript letter was
produced by Mr. T'Vault addressed to the
"San Francitco Herald," tigned by John
Bceson. Mr. T'Vault observed that the
ame writer had that very week offered
him for publication in the Sentinel a doc
ument beaded "A Plea for tbe Indians.
After several speeches denunciatory of the
nforesaid John Becson, a series of resolu
lions were adopted and published as the
sense of the meeting, of w hich the follow
ing are the principal.
"Resolved, That said letter contains nu
me rout niisrcpreteninuons ana cusrten
... ii
against the people of southern Oregon, and
has not the least shadow of truth but arc
tbe production of a low and depraved in
to Meet.
"Resolved, That il is the duty of all well
meanintr citizens promptly ond publicly to
expose the author or said teller, as oy neg
lecting to do so the falsehoods set forth
therein might be received as trutu.
I would observe that no statements were
written or otherwise made by me but what
were subject of conversation and belief in
tbe valley. I did not write for other pa
pert until after repeated attempts and fail
ures to be heard through those at home and
a declaration in publio meeting that I would
be heard through those abroad
Tbe manuscript letter alluded to was
sent to the P.O. about the 1st of May, nd
was, by some means not explained, taken
possession of by T'Vault and privately cir
culated for tho purpose of getting up an
excitement of which the abore meeting was
to have been tho expression, but in conse
quence of the predominance of a better
sentiment the object was for the time de
feated. I was invited to the meetipg, but
forbidden the privilege of speaking in self
Now I ask the whole press of the land
shall those upon whom they depend for
items of news be subject to popular violence
for trying to report i truthful statement of
passing events ? I ask, shall our rulers be
misled by deception shall tbe truth be sup
pressed for a waste of treasure and destruc
tion of tho life and morals of our people, and
widespread mischief all around I ask, is
it nof possible that if those letters which I
nra accused of sending lo the editors in Ore
gon (not one of which were published) had
been spread before the people enquiry
would have been induced nnd the southern
war prevented ? 1 therefore appeal to the
authorities for redress. I demand that the
letter which has been purloined or improp
crly detained be immediately forwarded to
its address, as I bold myself responsible to
the laws of the land for its contents,
Through the manly independence of the
editor of The Akgus, who believes in fair
play for all, I shall in succeeding numbers
publish an answer to the foregoing charges
in an address to tho citizens of Rogue River
Also, A Tien for the Indians, so that all
may judge of the amount of censure or pun
isbment due for the same.
Joun Beeson.
Oregon City, June 21, '50.
"At oo time before have we had as many names
Uxn our subscription books as we now have, and
ol no time before have we printed and circulated
as large a weekly edition of the Statesman as we
now do. statesman, June li-
t3T You would do well to talk that to the "dead
man ue" aiiae, empty alt buttles. They may
believe you, we do not. Wt are sufficiently in
formed to dispute your word. You awert the
above to induce the belief among the unwary that
you arc triumphant in your system of proscription.
uuuen mm who are your mends are appalled at
your ooiuncai in uitenug lalslioods. Standard,
The Quickest Trip Ever Pkrformkd.
The Cunard Bteamer Persia, which tail-
ed from New York April 2, arrived at Liv
erpool after a passage of nine days and
Uetlve hours, the quickest trip ever made,
being ttx hour shorter than that of the fa
mous passage of the ill-fated Arctic, which
tailed from New York on the 7th of Feb.,
1852, and arrived at Liverpool in nine days
eighteen hours.
The Asia, under Capt. Judkins, made the
trip from New York to Liverpool in May
lol,in ten days and six hours. These
are the three quickest outward trips ever
performed. Capt. Comstock, in the Collins
steamer Daliic, jet heads the list of quick
inp jrom uvrpooi fo ew York. The
Baltic sailed from Liverpool Au". 6 1851
and arrived in New York in nine days, A
ttsn hours and forty minutes.
" -My lad. . ,dT , . :
.-pry Mil u., um ; z rv.-w., .g
-1 N Ml tkiu Ite toe. 4. r
x. ai Vsmllr taa 1'rtealt
River Valley i
The oiroti instance of my departure and
continued absence from your midst have I
know occasioned you anxious thoughts as
to ny wbreoboul and welfare. Having
an opportunity, I avail myielf of the po
liteness of The Arouj to relieve your anxi
eties by addressing you all at once j nnd as
littlo incident are endowed with Interest
amongst fiieuds, you will be ideated to
know tome of the detail of what I have
observed ilnco my tojourn amongst ttran-
Haiing a natural objection to unnatural
treatment, and being informed that the re
ccntly disbanded volunloer companies
(many of whom were encamped in my vi
cinity) were highly exasperated by the read
ing of a "manuscript letter" and comment
upon the same by Mr. T'Vault and others,
and being informed that violence was do
termined upon, at a mailer of prudence I
left borne at 1 1 o'clock at night of tho 24 th
of May arrived at Fort Lane by daylight
on Sunday ihe 2."nb spent several hours in
agreeable conversation with the gentle
manly Captain Underbill, commandant et
the port. I was particularly struck with
iim act order and discipline wntcn
;b pre
polite, vailed: even the blacksmith was po
and ilia demeanor of the tleward wai as
eny and courteoua at that of a polished
gentleman. I Inquired of the Captain if
tho observance of such constant ttiqu.-tte
wot not irksome lo rouih, unculiureil men.
lie said they not only soon learned, but
If I could bave doubted the Cuplain's
word I should have been reassured by the
narration I heard the other evening by a
returned Volunteer from tho Norlh, who
said: "When Volunteers under Ncsmitli
met with the Ilejrtilars under duller thoy
exchanged muiuul salutes of three cheprs
each, but (said he with emplinn; ' luey
beat us. They swung their enps with
such a graceful sweep, it was beautiful to
see, ana iheir voices were all of iho same
uitch and limn ; it was as the shout of one
man, expressive of tbo feeling they meant
to convey."
I think this subject deserve more atten
tion than is commonly given, for, truly, if
mind makes the man, manners give the fin
ish ; and in connection with this, I am
sure I cannoi do belter than commend to
my friends tbe "Illuitraled Manners Hook,"
by Dr. Nichols, of Cincinnati, lilaysdown
the principle nnd illustrates the practice in
every phase of human intercourse in such
a manner ai carcely any can read without
greatly enhancing their own and others'
happiness. 1 believe thai book is destined
to be a national standard in manners, as
Webster's is in words. It is sent by mail
free for one dollar.
At three o'clock in the afternoon an es-
co i t under the command of a youn; Lieu
tenant, whoe name I have fo'oiteii, (ivui
he was an unliable and cmirteou- nhV-er)
started with me for Emus' Fori, 23 mile.
The following incident Kiiirgi'sti d thoughts
which it may not bo out of place lo record :
Immediately on landing from the ferry
boat, a pet deer approached us with nil the
confidence of an old friend, putting her
noso in our hands and upon our persons.
I he question arose, why Hits atneealile fa
miliarity in a creature naturally so timid)
Doubtless it is tho result of proper treat
ment with kindness. Now suppose I speak
lo it in the language and tone with which
Capiain Smith says he spoke lo the Indi
ans, when with others he went before sun
rise to their ranch after a missing horse.
U ould not its huurt hrob with fear ) Ami
if I bhould make it conscious of my intent
to kill by shooting down its mate by its
side, would nol its muscles tremble nnd its
eyes, now so mild, glisten with terror ? and
it 1 pursued ami cornered it, would it not
assume tbo attitude of one determiued io
flee if it could, or fight if it must! Infer,
ence If Bitch an unpleasant relative
change takes place from such a cause in
the feelings nnd conduct of a deer, we need
not wonder that another creature called a
"buck," possessing equal sense and higher
reason, should be correspondingly afff cipd.
During our ride 1 found it difficult lo
keep my horse (a Cayuse) in due military
order of march j whether it was diffidence
arising from a feeling of inferiority, or
wuettier it was emblematic of another race,
I will not determine ; but certain it is I
could not induce bitn to travel abreast with
his American brethren but nt ihe same
time he would not be left far behind, but
followed close on their heels, treading in
their footsteps.
Before commencing our march on the
morning of the 27th tho Lieut, iiifoimed
me that ihpre were two or three places
along our tome, owing to deflections in the
mountain and heavy timber, suitable for an
ambuscade, which it was customary to pass
at a rapid pace. So in order to be fully
prepared for any emergency, 1 inquired of
Mr. Evans if he could sell tne a pair of
spurs. H soon presented me with a pair
of very large ones with tingles and all com
plete lor B, but ns I had never before in
my life had such nn amiend.-irjre to mv heels
I thought one was enough j so I bouht
but one. After traveling a mile or two we
came to one of those dangerous points.
ny guaras suaaemy spurred on in a rapid
canter. V e bad proceeded but a few rods
with this increased speed before mv steed
drew up in a sudden halt, and no spurring
or puuuumg wotitu cause liim to stir an
inch J but such was the imnetm !) i..,,.
s had attained that ihoso in the rear .Imt
ahead for some distance before they per
ceived Ihe difficulty. Well, I thought.
heres a pretty fix; )f old Limpy and bis
warriors, or any other blondv assassin.
emerpe from their hidins-Dlace. what
I do I have no revolver or knife, nnd if
t. nau i snouiu oe loin to use them. Quick
as thought the resolve was made: I'll m.ii
off my hat, and make a pleasar.; bow. "'
will see at once there ; r. . ). , ' "
and then 1 knew
Smile, a frienrtlv Unb f
recogmtion toward an Indian or a China'
man, or any of the. ou-casts, which I al
ways try to eive. has nn tA ..t: -. .
park, a flash of sympathy, indicative of
any thing but mutual hate. So I felt as
surance, and in fact mv cm,.
faded for I ihought let ihe worst come, I
would expect ihe Savior. 'j
rather die making peace lhan waging war.
But my horsewhat was the matter f
L pon placinsr mv hand nnnn k;. .kj
1 perceived an inward flutter or tremor, in
dicative of inflammation. I toon scer.
tamed that contrary to my request the sta
bleman,outof pur good wiiL hadri
him a full feed of oats and old corn with
t itsb'.e-'ej hr-?f ; r:-e cp-,
from grass could not d;gel such a niej
and travel nt ihe same lime. However
the guard traveled mom slowly, nni by eJ
ting him drink a small quantity at (T(ry
strnani, in ihe course of an hour be ,
able lo perform with tho rest. I took (h(
first opportunity to reliev my foot fom
the spur, which, when on, gave tbe W
omewbat the appearance of a miuitur
steamboat with a siern wheel, J threw (
in a deep -ravine, where 1 hone it wj fi
mnln, and thought 93 was little enough
penally for thetorturo of a suffering brol
although I could find no spur gall on hi
aide, aud when I afteward saw mg ridlnt
before me with a similnr thing, and notice
how ho elevated his heel in iu use, j katw
I bad made no such motions; so possibly
my poor horse never felt it touch.
Hiving pasted one of the Volunteer forts
and believing myself beyond the scene of
the excitement, and the escort having ac
companied mo a far as tho commander
of Fort Lnno had directed, I cheerfully
took leave of my military friends, and pur
sued my course alone.
On the 28th, passed through the Can- '
yon, and did not wonder at the many te.
rie I had heard of failing learnt and broken
wagons, for truly it is both mnddy and
rough in iho extreme; nevertheless I had
very pleiisaiil thought whilst passing along.
I full no fear of Indiaus or of evil of aoy
kind, Tho de.ip solitude and mnjeslio tim
ber seemed to apprise me of the presence
or liim wuoowciiiiui not in temple mad
with bands, and the tree and tbe rocks
the birds and the rivulet inspired feelings
of holy worship toward the great Creator
of ALL.
When near the north end I met a droro
of hogs, all in tolerable order and size ex
cept one little fellow, which I suppose was
the only survivor of his brothers, who were
all dead and buried in the mud, and it
seemed as though it ought either to be
killed or carried, for il evidently "travailed
in pain." In the rear of tbe bogs were
several drivers, and behind them an escort
of mounted men, whom I took to be a "de
tachment from the North battalion of tbe
Southern Army." Afterwards, I think on
the following day, I met a train of several
wagons, each drawn by four yoke of oxen.
I supposed they were loaded wiih bacon,
butler, Ac, for the mines, but upon inqui
ry was informed the loading consisted of
ammunition and medicine bound for Jack
sonville. I was particularly delighted with the va
ried and beautiful scenery which ever and
anon presented iiself to my view as I trav
eled through the Umpqua. I spent ono
night and a part of the next day with my
good old frieiids-of tweniy years' acquaint
ance, the K-v Messrs. Royal, of the Ump.
qu i Academy ; visited ihe instiiiipof learn
ing in which i hey are enimged, and was
plt-11-.ei1 with wind I saw of the intellectual
productions of the students. Sinning form
ed a par' ( is I think il -h Mild in all ch"oU)
"f tln-ir ihiily . x, rci.-'', and its cheering
anil elevating i-lF el is visible in the bright
anil happy countenances of both teachor
nnd taught, ns well as in the kind demean
or toward each other which the frequent
blending of voices in cheerful song natural
ly lends tu induce. I counted 32 liiile
ones, or uges Ironi o lo 12, arranged in a
circle, who sang several piece in excellent
style, without notea and without leaders,
Mrs. Royal only giving the pitch. These
children were not selected on account of
natural gift, neither were they acquainted
with nots, but had learned by practice lo
sing in hni-inonv. Every child sang, and
scarcely did 1 perceive a discordant note.
w hy then, thought I, cannot every child
bo learned, and ALL in every congregation
sing, and thus realize tbn poet's exclama
tion :
''Oh, how itrliirhlful 'tis to see
The whole aweaibly worsli'p Thee,
At once Ihey at onee they pray,
Thoy hear of Heaven and learn the way."
By request I delivered a short address:
and tho persuasive control of tho teacher,
the willing obedience of 'he pupils, the thrill
of sweet sounds, tho general appearance of
comfort in tho surrounding section, the
pure air, and beoutif'ttl landscape, all con
spired to su.'gmt the theme of Harmony
and Order as Heaven's first law. Here
(it was observed) are the conditions and
surroundings for a high development of
intellectual and social happiness. God
here speaks- from tha lowering monuments
of His power, and in the sweet breeze
which, as the breath of Heaven, imparts a
z-st and enjoyment to all the blessings of
Karlh. "lie ye holy, for I am holy."
Whilst making the foregoing remarks,
the idea occurred, if these favorable condi
tions are so conducive to tho culture of the
higher faculties iu us, were they no' pro-
portionably so in respect to the people w ho
occupied this region before we took possess
ion. And I felt the impression that there
must of necessity be some correspondence
between the physical and intellectual con
dition of the inhabitants and the country
they occupy. It is too true that the influ
ence of evil example, contact with civilized
vice, nnd ibe use of tobacco and arcoRoii,
must necessarily deteriottale any primitive;
race. Therefore, making duo a&bwtmeV
I cannot but believe that a fair investigation
in regard to the intellectual capacity and
moral facuitrcs of the Indian tribes would.
develop a far higher grade than what i.
generally admitted they Dossess.. J iew
of tbe law of harmony, 1 could) ant but feel
now oicoMantis war, and that tf our peos
pic adhered strictly to purity, love, and
truth, the races would be a mutual benefit
and both grow in peace and pleuty,
In crossing the Culapoola mountains, t
w as agreeably disappointed in fading them
not high or precipitous, but to consist of
rolling nills Covered with vorious timber
'ud hazel bushes. The soil appeared
adapted for grass and grain, and I ahtfch
paie but a few years will pass before muh
titudes of people will here find subsistence
and thrift.
Before reaching the Willamette my horse
seemed tired, sp I traded for a fresh one
givicg 915 to boot. It is a black, with a
white face, and numerous white mark from
his mane to his tail, evidences of tbe suf
fering to which be has been subject. The
man said, "You must frequently give him a
good pounding, for these ponies are liks) ih
Indians saucy, unless yon keep ihpm well
under." Finding him a good traveler, I
made headway for several miles, until I
alighted at a broolt to drink, but to my dis
eppointment found it impossible to remount.
The beast seemed to expect tbe usual
"pounding," and whenever I approached
his tide, he tbied back, trembled, and
snorted with excite nient. As I believed a
nor-iv- wci. x Ttr a; awn-a-'ta